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  • 201.
    Abou Soultan, Jasmine
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    Åsberg Davidsson, Erika
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    Påtvingad distansundervisning - en väg till lärande: Gymnasielärares upplevelser av en omställning till distansarbete2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Distansundervisning kan fungera som ett bra komplement när en plötslig förändringsprocess i samhället uppstår och digitala verktyg snabbt behöver implementeras i verksamheten. Denna studie vill bidra till ökad förståelse kring en påtvingad distansundervisning i gymnasieskolor och dess påverkan på gymnasielärare och elever. Studiens övergripande syfte är att undersöka hur gymnasielärare upplever sitt förändringsarbete gällande den påtvingade distansundervisningen i en krissituation. Studien kommer även undersöka gymnasielärares reflektioner kring den påtvingade distansundervisningen.

    Vår studie bygger på en kvalitativ metodansats där sex semistrukturerade intervjuer med lärare från olika gymnasieskolor runt om samma kommun utfördes. Intervjuerna utfördes digitalt genom plattformen Zoom. Vidare presenteras det empiriska innehållet utifrån lärarnas upplevelser och tolkningar kring krissituationen, och sedan analyseras det empiriska materialet utifrån ett sociokulturellt perspektiv. Resultatet visade att lärarna upplevde distansundervisningen som ett relativt bra alternativ för undervisningen i samband med den snabba omställningen. Studiens resultat indikerar däremot att det sociala samspelet mellan lärare och elever har försvårats efter att distansundervisningen påbörjade. Studien har även tydliggjort att lärarna har tagit lärdomar av denna distansundervisning, och hur olika lärandekontexter kan påverka elevernas presterande.

    Avslutningsvis presenterar studien vidare forskning som kan berika kunskapsfältet. Där lyfts intresset kring vidare forskning som exempelvis undersöker gymnasieundervisning innan, under och efter den påtvingade distansundervisningen.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 202.
    Abouaoun, Mona
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen för barndom, utbildning och samhälle (BUS).
    Joulani, Jeliza
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen för barndom, utbildning och samhälle (BUS).
    Högläsningens betydelse på barns språkutveckling: En studie av förskollärares syn på högläsningens betydelse för barns språkutveckling2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 203.
    Abou-Chakra, Adnan
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle.
    Att synliggöra, reflektera och utveckla. En Learning study om bråkräkning i matematik.2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 204.
    Aboud, Azel
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Bajraliu, Eduena
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Pedagogers syn om lärandet genom iPads i förskolan: En studie om användandet av pedagogiska appar samt konsekvenser som uppstår.2021Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Inledning

    Studien handlar om att undersöka pedagogers syn om möjligheter till lärandet som sker genom iPads. Studien handlar också om att undersöka vilka pedagogiska appar som används i förskoleverksamheter, samt vilka hinder som kan bemötas.

    Syfte

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka pedagogers syn om lärandet genom iPads och vilka konsekvenser som uppstår vid användandet av iPads.

    Metod

    Kvalitativ metod med fokus på semistrukturerade intervjuer har använts för insamling av data. I studien medverkade sammanlagt fem respondenter från fyra kommunala förskolor. Undersökningen genomfördes digitalt, då vi befinner oss i en pandemi.

    Resultat

    Forskningsresultatet som vår studie gav oss, valde vi att dela in i olika teman. Dessa är: Appar som utvecklar barns matematiska kunskaper, Appar som bidrar till barns språkutveckling och hinder i arbetet med iPads. Sammanfattningsvis i resultatdelen framgår tydligt att pedagogerna använder iPaden i ett lärande syfte, där barnen får möjlighet att utveckla språk och matematiska kunskaper, och att de pedagogiska apparna kan inkludera flerspråkiga barn och barn i behov av särskilt stöd. Respondenterna ser även utmaningar som kan uppstå vid användandet av iPaden. Resultatet visar även att det finns andra digitala verktyg som används i anslutning till iPaden exempelvis Osmo och projektor.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 205.
    Abou-Gabal, Safaa
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för matematikämnets och naturvetenskapsämnenas didaktik.
    Systematiska undersökningar på gott och ont: Om lärandemål och utmaningar med systematiska undersökningar i NO på mellanstadiet samt hur de hanteras2022Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Genomförandet av systematiska undersökningar är ett kunskapskrav och utgör en central del av kursinnehållet i de naturvetenskapliga ämnena, flertalet lärare väljer dock bort arbete med systematisk undersökning. Det finns mycket tidigare forskning kring systematiska undersökningar i hög-och lågstadiet, dock är mellanstadiet dessvärre inte lika utforskat. Syftet med studien är således att undersöka vilka lärandemål och utmaningar NO-lärare i åk 4-6 har vid arbete med systematiska undersökningar samt hur de hanterar dem. Studien baseras på en enkätstudie där datan bearbetades via jämförelse för att finna liknelser, skillnader och samband mellan svaren. Genom att dela in svaren utefter tema undersöks huruvida informantsvaren tyder på att utmaningarna i mellanstadiet i någon grad samstämmer med dem som framkommer i tidigare forskning för andra årskurser. Resultatdelen visade på att lärare har liknande lärandemål vid arbete med systematiska undersökningar men att deras formulering kan vara olika. Vidare visade resultaten på att NO-lärare upplever begränsningar och svårigheter vid val av och arbete med systematiska undersökningar. NO-lärare i mellanstadiet utsätts för utmaningar som liknar dem som framkommit i tidigare forskning, bland annat är de mest framkommande utmaningarna dem av tids-, ekonomi-, resurs- och materialbrist. Studien tillförser således läsaren med kunskap kring vilka lärandemål lärare har vid genomförande av systematiska undersökningar, vilka utmaningar som kan stötas på samt olika förslag på hur utmaningarna kan hanteras. Det finns ett fortsatt behov av mer forskning kring årskurserna 4-6, speciellt av den form där lärar- och elevperspektiv lyfts.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Abou-Gabal.Safaa
  • 206.
    Abou-Gabal, Safaa
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för matematikämnets och naturvetenskapsämnenas didaktik.
    Alabdali, Zenah
    Systematiska undersökningar i naturvetenskapliga ämnen: Vilka är syftena med att låta elever arbeta med systematiska undersökningar och vilka utmaningar kan lärare ställas inför vid undervisningen?2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna litteraturstudie ämnar behandla syftet med att undervisa systematisk undersökning i årskurserna 4–6 i de naturvetenskapliga ämnena samt att lyfta potentiella utmaningar som läraren kan ställas inför vid undervisningen. Systematisk undersökning är en positiv arbetsmetod som leder till att eleverna utvecklar sin förståelse för naturvetenskap samt ökar elevernas intresse och motivation för ämnet. I läroplanen framkommer det tydligt att en av de förmågorna eleverna ska utveckla är att genomföra systematiska undersökningar. Däremot undviker många NO-lärare att arbeta med systematiska undersökningar fastän det är ett krav i läroplanen på grund av brist på kunskap om användandet av laborationer. Därför var det intressant att undersöka potentiella syften och utmaningar som läraren stöter på vid undervisningen av systematiska undersökningar för att underlätta deras arbete. Metodens urval av artiklar har skett målstyrt, artiklarna har även bearbetats och analyserats utifrån den tematiska analysen. I resultatdelen framkom de viktiga syftena som ligger bakom arbetet med systematiska undersökningar såsom; att utveckla elevernas begrepp och fenomen. Vidare framkom det även några utmaningar som läraren ska vara medveten om när hen undervisar i systematiska undersökningar såsom; att få tiden att räcka till.  Studien hjälper läsarna att få en helhetsbild och förståelse för viktiga syften och utmaningar som framkommer vid undervisningen av systematiska undersökningar, för att öka intresse och motivation att undervisa mer i ämnet.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Safaa_Abou-Gabal
  • 207.
    Abouryya, Manal
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Backey, Midya
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    De flerspråkiga barnen: En intervjustudie om förskollärares förhållningssätt till flerspråkiga barns språkutveckling2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka vilket förhållningssätt förskollärare har till flerspråkiga barns språkutveckling. Studien är inspirerad av ett interkulturellt perspektiv, och de analysbegrepp som använts är monokulturalitet och interkulturalitet. En annan teoretisk utgångspunkt är den utvidgade didaktiska triangeln. Utifrån detta har vi gjort en kvalitativ undersökning, där vi har intervjuat nio förskollärare i två olika kommuner i Sverige. Vi ville undersöka deras inställning till flerspråkighet, strategier de använder för att stimulera flerspråkiga barns språkutveckling samt vilka utmaningar de upplever i arbetet med dessa barn. Resultaten visar på att det finns spår av både monokulturellt och interkulturellt tankesätt i de intervjuade förskollärarnas förhållningssätt till flerspråkiga barns språkutveckling. Minoriteten av de intervjuade förskollärarna hade ett monokulturellt tankesätt vilket visar på en uppdelning mellan ”vi och dem”. Majoriteten av de intervjuade förskollärarna visar dock att de har börjat anamma ett interkulturellt tankessätt. Men även om de intervjuade förskollärarna uttrycker ambition med att arbeta interkulturellt så kan det vara svårt att genomföra i praktiken. Dessutom upplever de flera utmaningar som påverkar förskolans arbetssätt och därmed också förutsättningarna för barns språkutveckling.

  • 208.
    Abou-Shakra, Hanan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för lärande, humaniora och samhälle.
    Lind, Tess
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för lärande, humaniora och samhälle.
    En litteraturstudie om läsförståelse och vilka faktorer som påverkar den hos elever i grundskolan2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att ta reda på vad som påverkar elevers läsförståelse i grundskolan. Utifrån syftet kunde en frågeställning formuleras: “Vad säger forskningen om vilka faktorer som kan påverka elevernas läsförståelse i grundskolan?” Litteraturstudien bygger på systematiska sökningar som har gjorts i databaserna SwePub och ERIC. Resultatet visar att de faktorer som påverkar läsförståelsen hos elever i grundskolan är Faktorer från elevernas hemförhållande och bakgrund, Faktorer i undervisningen och Hur olika texttyper kan påverka läsförståelsen. Resultaten i litteraturstudien visar även att elever behöver stöd i sin undervisning med hjälp av olika metoder samt att föräldrarna har en betydelse för elevers lärande i skolan. Fortsatt forskning inom området läsförståelse är att mer ingående se på hur föräldrars utländska härkomst påverkar lärandet hos eleverna. Att konkretisera vilka strategier som lärare kan använda sig av för att utveckla elevernas läsförståelse i undervisningen i ämnet svenska kan också vara ett nytt forskningsområde.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 209.
    Abou-Soultan, Fattma
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    Dhraief, Rahma
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    Behandlas de fem matematiska förmågorna?: En studie av hur olika matematiska förmågor behandlas i svenska läroböcker i matematik för årskurs 1 och 32019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 210.
    Abovarda, Adam
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Master Östlund, Christian
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Pålsson, Paul
    NU Hospital Group (SWE); University of Gothenburg (SWE).
    E-learning as Part of Residency Education2023Ingår i: Caring is Sharing: Exploiting the Value in Data for Health and Innovation. Proceeddings of MIE 2023 / [ed] Maria Hägglund, Madeleine Blusi, Stefano Bonacina, Lina Nilsson, Inge Cort Madsen, Sylvia Pelayo, Anne Moen, Arriel Benis, Lars Lindsköld, Parisis Gallos, IOS Press, 2023, Vol. 302, s. 496-497Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Through a literature review in combination with qualitative analysis of course evaluations, this study examines aspects that contribute to enhancing elearning for physicians in a residency education program. The literature review and the qualitative analysis outline three main factors (pedagogical, technological, and organizational), highlighting the importance of a holistic approach that includes learning and technology in context when integrating e-learning strategies in adult learning programs. The findings contribute insights and practical guidance for education organizers on how to conduct e-learning during and after the pandemic.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 211.
    Abraha, Feben
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    ”If it's important to you, you will find a way. If not you will find an excuse.”: - en kritisk fokusgruppsstudie om det meritokratiska talet om ansträngning utifrån icke-vita elevers föreställningar om agens, framgång och framtid2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens övergripande syfte ligger i att problematisera meritokratins grundläggande idéer om ansträngning och ’vilja att lyckas’ som nyckeln till framgång (Carlbaum, 2012). Föreställningar som härrör ifrån nyliberala idéer om ’individens ansvar’ riskerar att förbise strukturella problem och ojämlika maktförhållanden som håller individen ansvarig för sitt eget ’misslyckande’ (ibid.). Elever som hålls ansvariga för sina egna misslyckanden tenderar att kategoriseras som ”omotiverade” eller ”skoltrötta” där deras vilja att lyckas ifrågasätts snarare än deras grundförutsättningar(ibid.). Mot denna bakgrund vill uppsatsen därför ge utrymme för barn att komma till tals i frågor som direkt berör dem och som skildrar barns perspektiv i komplexa samhällsfrågor och maktförhållanden (UNICEF Sverige, 2009).

    Studien utgår ifrån ett normkritiskt förhållningssätt som vill synliggöra postkoloniala perspektiv på orsakssamband mellan möjlighetsstrukturer och samhällsnormer som problematiserar ’individers vilja att lyckas’.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 212.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    A post-colonial perspective on African education systems2020Ingår i: African Journal of Education and Practice, E-ISSN 2519-0296, Vol. 6, nr 5, s. 40-54Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this article is to discuss about precolonial and colonial education and the development of the education systems in the postcolonial Africa. The paper will deal with the questions whether there were any education systems in precolonial Africa and motives for introducing the colonial education systems. Further the relation of the colonial education systems with the needs of the local society, the postcolonial education systems and their future will be analysed. 

    Methodology: Postcolonial perspective is a theoretical frame for the study. A desk-research was conducted to identify and select the relevant literature. Content analysis was used as a method to understand, analyse and interpret the literature. 

    Findings: The results of the literature review show that there were socialization mechanisms before colonialism in African societies. Education introduced in its modern form by missionaries was supposed to serve mainly religious purposes and to train low level functionaries by colonial states. Instead of focusing on local realities education was used to teach the glories of the colonial countries, spread their language and culture as well as introduce a new way of life by condemning all that was native. After independence the inherited colonial education systems continued isolating the masses who had no access to the colonial languages. 

    Unique contribution to theory, practice and policy: Findings of this study shows some limitations in African education systems. It is necessary that education policy makers and other concerned stakeholders´ to increase the use of local languages to reach the society at large, to focus on contents relevant to their contexts, to provide both theoretical and skill-based education useful for development of society and to aim towards educating productive, conscious, critical and democratic citizens.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    African Education Systems
  • 213.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    A post-colonial perspective on African education systems2020Ingår i: African Journal of Education and Practice, E-ISSN 2519-0296, Vol. 6, nr 5, s. 40-54Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this article is to discuss about precolonial and colonial education and the development of the education systems in the postcolonial Africa. The paper will deal with the questions whether there were any education systems in precolonial Africa and motives for introducing the colonial education systems. Further the relation of the colonial education systems with the needs of the local society, the postcolonial education systems and their future will be analysed. 

    Methodology: Postcolonial perspective is a theoretical frame for the study. A desk-research was conducted to identify and select the relevant literature. Content analysis was used as a method to understand, analyse and interpret the literature. 

    Findings: The results of the literature review show that there were socialization mechanisms before colonialism in African societies. Education introduced in its modern form by missionaries was supposed to serve mainly religious purposes and to train low level functionaries by colonial states. Instead of focusing on local realities education was used to teach the glories of the colonial countries, spread their language and culture as well as introduce a new way of life by condemning all that was native. After independence the inherited colonial education systems continued isolating the masses who had no access to the colonial languages. 

    Unique contribution to theory, practice and policy: Findings of this study shows some limitations in African education systems. It is necessary that education policy makers and other concerned stakeholders´ to increase the use of local languages to reach the society at large, to focus on contents relevant to their contexts, to provide both theoretical and skill-based education useful for development of society and to aim towards educating productive, conscious, critical and democratic citizens.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 214.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Estetisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    African education systems, a postcolonial perspective2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 215.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    African education systems, a postcolonial perspective2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 216.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    African Higher Education: Focus on local context.2022Ingår i: The 14th SANORD International Conference. / [ed] University of Limpopo, 2022Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Africa have about 1225 officially registered higher education institutions

    (https://www.4icu.org/Africa/). Some of them are founded by formal colonizers and while

    others through national and local initiatives. The majority of these institutions are Euro-

    Centric in their approach. This text will investigate briefly what is expected of African higher

    education to transform societies to the better.

    The study is based on analysis of secondary data searched and found from Google Scholar,

    ERIC, and Primo database. Terms such as Higher education in Africa, African higher

    education, possibilities and limitations of African higher education are used for the search.

    15 articles relevant to the purpose of the study are identified and used.

    The result of the study shows that African universities need local epistemologies and

    knowledge production systems to identify, research and propose solutions to local

    problems. Teaching and research should take in to consideration social experiences and

    knowledge of the local communities. Local languages should be considered to undertake

    research, to distribute knowledge and to secure communities’ engagement.

    Teachings and research need to address the political unrest, social injustice, economic

    underdevelopment and technological backwardness most countries are facing. Focus on the

    local realities and transformation should be prioritized instead of international competition

    and commodification of higher education. For transforming higher education to focus on

    local context, there is a need that the management, administration and academic staff

    students as well as the society at large should stand together.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 217.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    Book Review: Finnish Lessons, What can the world learn from educational change in Finland?2012Ingår i: Karlstads Pedagogiska Tidskrift, ISSN 1653-4743, Vol. 8, nr 1, s. 121-125Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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    Book Review: Finnish Lessons, What can the world learn from educational change in Finland?
  • 218.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Book Review: Finnish Lessons, What can the world learn from educational change in Finland?2012Ingår i: Kapet (avslutad tryckt version), ISSN 1653-4743, Vol. 8, nr 1, s. 121-125Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 219.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Book review: Education, Social Progress, and Marginalized Children in Sub-Saharan Africa: Historical Antecedents and Contemporary Challenges2018Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Book Review
  • 220.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Book review: Education, Social Progress, and Marginalized Children in Sub-Saharan Africa: Historical Antecedents and Contemporary Challenges2018Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 221.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Compulsory School Curricula of South Africa (RNCS, 2002) and Sweden (Lpo94).2008Ingår i: Compulsory School Curricula of South Africa (RNCS, 2002) and Sweden (Lpo94)., 2008Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Compulsory School Curricula of South Africa (RNCS1, 2002) and Sweden (Lpo 294).

    Abstract

    The aim of this paper is to analyse the compulsory school curricula of South Africa and Sweden. It focuses on contexts for their introduction, main actors in the process, democratic values they contain and their similarities and differences. Norman Fairclough’s Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) is used for analysis. The curricula and references to other literatures show similarities and differences. Contextual similarities are that both countries were once under oppression and their masses were isolated from the education process and more resources were invested on their elites. At present the curricula of both countries strives for democratic education. A major difference is equal opportunities for the students to attend a school of their choice are higher in Sweden than in South Africa. The Swedish curriculum is more concrete on issues related to students, teachers and other school staff’s rights and responsibilities, and on relations between school, home and society.

    Key words: South Africa, Sweden, Curricula, and Democratic values

  • 222.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Compulsory School Curricula of South Africa (RNCS, 2002) and Sweden (Lpo94).2008Ingår i: Compulsory School Curricula of South Africa (RNCS, 2002) and Sweden (Lpo94)., 2008Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Compulsory School Curricula of South Africa (RNCS1, 2002) and Sweden (Lpo 294).

    Abstract

    The aim of this paper is to analyse the compulsory school curricula of South Africa and Sweden. It focuses on contexts for their introduction, main actors in the process, democratic values they contain and their similarities and differences. Norman Fairclough’s Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) is used for analysis. The curricula and references to other literatures show similarities and differences. Contextual similarities are that both countries were once under oppression and their masses were isolated from the education process and more resources were invested on their elites. At present the curricula of both countries strives for democratic education. A major difference is equal opportunities for the students to attend a school of their choice are higher in Sweden than in South Africa. The Swedish curriculum is more concrete on issues related to students, teachers and other school staff’s rights and responsibilities, and on relations between school, home and society.

    Key words: South Africa, Sweden, Curricula, and Democratic values

  • 223.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013).
    Critical Pedagogy: Origin, Vision, Action & Consequences2014Ingår i: KAPET, ISSN 1653-4743, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 90-98Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Critical pedagogy is a transformation-based approach to education. The aim of this article is to introduce the origin, vision, action and consequences of critical pedagogy. It also aims on finding out about educators’ possibility of actualising it in their practice. As a source materials articles, book chapters and books are used. The literature shows that critical pedagogy has its origin in the tradition of critical theory of the Frankfurt School and the work of the Brazilian pedagog Paulo Freire. According to the literature, its major theses is that education should go beyond transfer of knowledge and training the future labour force; to help developing critical consciousness, which leads to transformation of the individual, learning environment and society at large. Critical pedagogy is criticised for a focus on macro level system, for not having a model for classroom implementation and for being abstract. Despite some critics, I argue that critical pedagogy has still the potential to empower those in the field of education to increase their consciousness about the injustice in their society and to involve in transforming it.

     

    Keywords: Critical pedagogy, critical thinking, critical theory, dialogue, Frankfurt School, transformation.

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    fulltext
  • 224.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013).
    Critical Pedagogy: Origin, Vision, Action & Consequences2014Ingår i: Kapet (avslutad tryckt version), ISSN 1653-4743, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 90-98Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Critical pedagogy is a transformation-based approach to education. The aim of this article is to introduce the origin, vision, action and consequences of critical pedagogy. It also aims on finding out about educators’ possibility of actualising it in their practice. As a source materials articles, book chapters and books are used. The literature shows that critical pedagogy has its origin in the tradition of critical theory of the Frankfurt School and the work of the Brazilian pedagog Paulo Freire. According to the literature, its major theses is that education should go beyond transfer of knowledge and training the future labour force; to help developing critical consciousness, which leads to transformation of the individual, learning environment and society at large. Critical pedagogy is criticised for a focus on macro level system, for not having a model for classroom implementation and for being abstract. Despite some critics, I argue that critical pedagogy has still the potential to empower those in the field of education to increase their consciousness about the injustice in their society and to involve in transforming it.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 225.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Curriculum Reform and Life Orientation Education in Post Apartheid South Africa2010Ingår i: Education Policy / [ed] Gregory Papanikos, Athens: Athens Institute for Education and Research , 2010, s. 79-102Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 226.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Curriculum Reform and Life Orientation Education in Post Apartheid South Africa2010Ingår i: Education Policy / [ed] Gregory Papanikos, Athens: Athens Institute for Education and Research , 2010, s. 79-102Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 227.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    Democratic Values in the Comprehensive Schools Curricula of the Nordic Countries.2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Democratic values in the comprehensive schools curricula of the Nordic countries.

     

    The major focus of this paper is to find out which aspects of democratic values are emphasised in the comprehensive schools curricula of the five Nordic countries. It is also an intention of the paper to find out similarities and differences in emphasis and if available data allows to further investigate the reasons for differences and similarities.

    Major sources for the work were curricula of comprehensive schools from the different Nordic countries. Each countries current curriculum was closely read to understand their contents and to undertake comparative analysis. Text analysis was used as a major tool to look closely at the text and context. For further knowledge journals on curriculum studies and other relevant materials were consulted.

    A preliminary review of the general section of comprehensive schools curricula of these countries show:

    In the Danish curriculum participation, responsibility and understanding rights and duties are emphasised.

    The Finnish curriculum raises issues on human rights, equality, natural diversity, preservation of environment and multiculturalism. Responsibility, a sense of community and respect for the right and freedom of the individual are emphasised. General diversity and gender equality are given significant attention.

    In the Icelandic curriculum the major focus is human rights, collective responsibility, participation, influencing, and respect. Concern for people, animal and the environment are included in the curriculum. Critical thinking and reflection, active cooperation & collective responsibility are also emphasised.

    The Norwegian curriculum mentions understanding, cooperation, independence, individual freedom and tolerance as important issues.

    Swedish curriculum raises issues on respect for human rights, respect for persons and the environment. It considers inviolability of human life, individual freedom and integrity, equality between women and men, solidarity with the weak and vulnerable as crucial points. Sense of justice, generosity of spirit, tolerance and responsibility, well-being and development of the individual, no discrimination and personal responsibility were among the areas the curriculum lifted up.

    The curricula in these five countries give room for democratic values. There are some variations on emphasises on specific issues. But all the curricula include issues of rights and responsibilities.

    Keywords: curricula, democratic values, Nordic countries

  • 228.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Democratic Values in the Comprehensive Schools Curricula of the Nordic Countries.2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Democratic values in the comprehensive schools curricula of the Nordic countries.

     

    The major focus of this paper is to find out which aspects of democratic values are emphasised in the comprehensive schools curricula of the five Nordic countries. It is also an intention of the paper to find out similarities and differences in emphasis and if available data allows to further investigate the reasons for differences and similarities.

    Major sources for the work were curricula of comprehensive schools from the different Nordic countries. Each countries current curriculum was closely read to understand their contents and to undertake comparative analysis. Text analysis was used as a major tool to look closely at the text and context. For further knowledge journals on curriculum studies and other relevant materials were consulted.

    A preliminary review of the general section of comprehensive schools curricula of these countries show:

    In the Danish curriculum participation, responsibility and understanding rights and duties are emphasised.

    The Finnish curriculum raises issues on human rights, equality, natural diversity, preservation of environment and multiculturalism. Responsibility, a sense of community and respect for the right and freedom of the individual are emphasised. General diversity and gender equality are given significant attention.

    In the Icelandic curriculum the major focus is human rights, collective responsibility, participation, influencing, and respect. Concern for people, animal and the environment are included in the curriculum. Critical thinking and reflection, active cooperation & collective responsibility are also emphasised.

    The Norwegian curriculum mentions understanding, cooperation, independence, individual freedom and tolerance as important issues.

    Swedish curriculum raises issues on respect for human rights, respect for persons and the environment. It considers inviolability of human life, individual freedom and integrity, equality between women and men, solidarity with the weak and vulnerable as crucial points. Sense of justice, generosity of spirit, tolerance and responsibility, well-being and development of the individual, no discrimination and personal responsibility were among the areas the curriculum lifted up.

    The curricula in these five countries give room for democratic values. There are some variations on emphasises on specific issues. But all the curricula include issues of rights and responsibilities.

    Keywords: curricula, democratic values, Nordic countries

  • 229.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Utbildningsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Göteborgs universitet.
    Education for Democracy?: Life Orientation: Lessons on Leadeship Qualities and Voting in South African Comprehensive Schools2010Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This study takes as its starting point how teachers understand, interpret and teach social development aspects of Life Orientation in South African comprehensive schools. The specific focus is on lessons on leadership qualities and voting for third grade learners in four schools, each dominated by either Black, Coloured, White or mixed groups of learners. Field work with an ethnographic approach and a qualitative strategy was used to gain access to empirical data. Policy and curriculum documents, guidelines and textbooks were used. Classroom observations in four classes and interviews with 14 third grade teachers were conducted. Theoretical concepts of construction, deconstruction and reconstruction are applied. Ulf P Lundgren’s Frame Factor Theory is used to study school organization. Basil Bernstein’s Pedagogical Devices are considered when examining the different levels of pedagogical activities. To be a teacher in South Africa one needs to attend at least two years of teacher education after completing high school. Teachers in the classes studied underwent their teacher education during apartheid years. Due to limited in-service training, they sometimes experience problems of understanding and interpreting the learning area, which they usually tackle by consulting documents, colleagues or school authorities. The learners’ understanding varied based on their family background and type of school they attended. There were enormous differences in material, financial and organisational resources between classes and schools. The resources for teaching leadership qualities and voting were not, however, different between the classes. The lessons were teacher dominated and direct transmission was used as a method. The way teachers facilitated the lesson on leadership qualities and voting varied but all showed some democratic shortcomings. Apart from answering questions, learners were neither invited nor encouraged to participate to further their understanding of the theme. Limited aspects of leadership qualities were discussed, individual leaders’ roles were emphasised and the teachers picked candidates for class leaders in three of the classes. It was also evident that the class environments were not suitable for critical or creative thinking and democratic upbringing. The schools reproduced norms, values, languages and cultures of the different groups. Officially, teachers emphasised the common national South African identity. This emphasis on national identity could disguise the injustice some groups experience in society.

  • 230.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Utbildningsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Göteborgs universitet.
    Education for Democracy?: Life Orientation: Lessons on Leadeship Qualities and Voting in South African Comprehensive Schools2010Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This study takes as its starting point how teachers understand, interpret and teach social development aspects of Life Orientation in South African comprehensive schools. The specific focus is on lessons on leadership qualities and voting for third grade learners in four schools, each dominated by either Black, Coloured, White or mixed groups of learners. Field work with an ethnographic approach and a qualitative strategy was used to gain access to empirical data. Policy and curriculum documents, guidelines and textbooks were used. Classroom observations in four classes and interviews with 14 third grade teachers were conducted. Theoretical concepts of construction, deconstruction and reconstruction are applied. Ulf P Lundgren’s Frame Factor Theory is used to study school organization. Basil Bernstein’s Pedagogical Devices are considered when examining the different levels of pedagogical activities. To be a teacher in South Africa one needs to attend at least two years of teacher education after completing high school. Teachers in the classes studied underwent their teacher education during apartheid years. Due to limited in-service training, they sometimes experience problems of understanding and interpreting the learning area, which they usually tackle by consulting documents, colleagues or school authorities. The learners’ understanding varied based on their family background and type of school they attended. There were enormous differences in material, financial and organisational resources between classes and schools. The resources for teaching leadership qualities and voting were not, however, different between the classes. The lessons were teacher dominated and direct transmission was used as a method. The way teachers facilitated the lesson on leadership qualities and voting varied but all showed some democratic shortcomings. Apart from answering questions, learners were neither invited nor encouraged to participate to further their understanding of the theme. Limited aspects of leadership qualities were discussed, individual leaders’ roles were emphasised and the teachers picked candidates for class leaders in three of the classes. It was also evident that the class environments were not suitable for critical or creative thinking and democratic upbringing. The schools reproduced norms, values, languages and cultures of the different groups. Officially, teachers emphasised the common national South African identity. This emphasis on national identity could disguise the injustice some groups experience in society.

  • 231.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    Failed grades, schools, families and neighborhoods: Swedish Immigrant pupils’ reflections on their reality2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
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    fulltext
  • 232.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Failed grades, schools, families and neighborhoods: Swedish Immigrant pupils’ reflections on their reality2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 233.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Immigrant Students Reflections on Their Failed Results from Compulsory School: Reconsidering Multi-dimensional Solutions2018Ingår i: Journal of Education and Cultural Studies, ISSN 2573-0401, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 213-226Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to investigate reasons students with an immigrant background in one Swedish high school gives for their failure in some subjects at the end of their compulsory education. An interview with 18 students with an immigrant background is used as a method. According to the students, schools’ employment of substitute teachers without subject knowledge, reducing and firing competent teachers and less time for Swedish language lessons are reasons for failure in relation to schools. Other reasons given that affect results relate to family issues; leaving their country of origin, having many siblings and not getting enough attention from parents, parents inability to help them with school work, limited family financial resources and social obligations to support family members in their country of origin. In their residential area; not meeting persons with Swedish origin, lack of recreational facilities and meeting place, higher unemployment and crime rate are emphasized as affecting their lives and influencing their results. Based on the research findings and reviewed literature, students’ failure is mainly related to school, family and residential areas. The problems vary to a great extent, hence, the solutions should also bemulti-dimensional.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 234.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Immigrant Students Reflections on Their Failed Results from Compulsory School: Reconsidering Multi-dimensional Solutions2018Ingår i: Journal of Education and Cultural Studies, ISSN 2573-0401, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 213-226Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to investigate reasons students with an immigrant background in one Swedish high school gives for their failure in some subjects at the end of their compulsory education. An interview with 18 students with an immigrant background is used as a method. According to the students, schools’ employment of substitute teachers without subject knowledge, reducing and firing competent teachers and less time for Swedish language lessons are reasons for failure in relation to schools. Other reasons given that affect results relate to family issues; leaving their country of origin, having many siblings and not getting enough attention from parents, parents inability to help them with school work, limited family financial resources and social obligations to support family members in their country of origin. In their residential area; not meeting persons with Swedish origin, lack of recreational facilities and meeting place, higher unemployment and crime rate are emphasized as affecting their lives and influencing their results. Based on the research findings and reviewed literature, students’ failure is mainly related to school, family and residential areas. The problems vary to a great extent, hence, the solutions should also bemulti-dimensional.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 235.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Innan doktorshatten: Granskning av utbildningsvetenskapliga avhandlingar2018Ingår i: Samhälle, genus och pedagogik-utbildningsvetenskapliga perspektiv: Vänbok till Inga Wernersson / [ed] Kerstin von Brömssen, Signild Risenfors & Lena Sjöberg, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2018, s. 219-238Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 236.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Innan doktorshatten: Granskning av utbildningsvetenskapliga avhandlingar2018Ingår i: Samhälle, genus och pedagogik-utbildningsvetenskapliga perspektiv: Vänbok till Inga Wernersson / [ed] Kerstin von Brömssen, Signild Risenfors & Lena Sjöberg, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2018, s. 219-238Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 237.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    International practicum for what and on whose terms?2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    International practicum for what and on whose terms?

     

                                                                     Getahun Yacob Abraham

                                                                                           Senior Lecturer

                                                                                           Karlstad University

     

    The aim of this paper is to investigate about the aims of international practicum and who is benefiting from it. If it is found that one side, the North or the South, is benefiting, to look at the possibilities to reconsider the practicum in order to benefit both. Review of literature in the field and my own experiences as a Swedish university lecturer involved in the teacher students practicum in the South will be the base for this paper. Some preliminary results of my literature review show that practicum in the South mainly focuses on giving the teacher students from the North the possibility of intercultural understanding with specific focus of dealing with change taking place at home, the diversity of students in classrooms (Abraham & von Brömssen, 2018; Bosire & Brigham, 2009;  Marx & Moss, 2011; Wiken & Klein, 2017). Long time experiences show that in the movement of students from the North to the South, the economically and politically dominant countries can dictate the terms (Bosire & Brigham, 2009; Yang, 2002). In addition to that the countries in the center gain more advantages than the countries in the periphery (Barnet & Reggie, 1995).

     

    Keywords: Internationalization, International practicum, teacher students, North, South. 

     

    References

     

    Abraham, G.Y. & von Brömssen, K. (2018). Internationalisation in teacher education: Student teachers reflections on experiences from a field study in South Africa. Education Inquiry.  

    https://www-tandfonline-com.bibproxy.kau.se/doi/full/10.1080/20004508.2018.1428035

     

    Barnet, G.A. & Yingli Wu, R. (1995). The international student exchange network. 1970&1980, Higher Education, 30, 353-368.

     

    Bosire, M.M. & Brigham, S. (2009). Preparing North American preserivice teachers for global perspectives: An international teaching practicum experiences in Africa, The Alberta Journal of Education Research, 55 (3), 415-428.

     

    Marx, H. & Moss, D.M. (2011). Please mind the culture gap: Intercultural development during a teacher education study abroad program, Journal of Teacher Education, 62 (1), 35-37.

     

    Wikan, G. & Klein, J. (2017). Can international practicum foster intercultural competence among teacher students? Journal of the European Teacher Education Network, 12, 95-104. 

     

    Yang, R. (2002). University internationalization: Its meaning, rationales and implications, Intercultural Education, 13 (1), 81-95.

     

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    fulltext
  • 238.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    International practicum for what and on whose terms?2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    International practicum for what and on whose terms?

     

                                                                     Getahun Yacob Abraham

                                                                                           Senior Lecturer

                                                                                           Karlstad University

     

    The aim of this paper is to investigate about the aims of international practicum and who is benefiting from it. If it is found that one side, the North or the South, is benefiting, to look at the possibilities to reconsider the practicum in order to benefit both. Review of literature in the field and my own experiences as a Swedish university lecturer involved in the teacher students practicum in the South will be the base for this paper. Some preliminary results of my literature review show that practicum in the South mainly focuses on giving the teacher students from the North the possibility of intercultural understanding with specific focus of dealing with change taking place at home, the diversity of students in classrooms (Abraham & von Brömssen, 2018; Bosire & Brigham, 2009;  Marx & Moss, 2011; Wiken & Klein, 2017). Long time experiences show that in the movement of students from the North to the South, the economically and politically dominant countries can dictate the terms (Bosire & Brigham, 2009; Yang, 2002). In addition to that the countries in the center gain more advantages than the countries in the periphery (Barnet & Reggie, 1995).

     

    Keywords: Internationalization, International practicum, teacher students, North, South. 

     

    References

     

    Abraham, G.Y. & von Brömssen, K. (2018). Internationalisation in teacher education: Student teachers reflections on experiences from a field study in South Africa. Education Inquiry.  

    https://www-tandfonline-com.bibproxy.kau.se/doi/full/10.1080/20004508.2018.1428035

     

    Barnet, G.A. & Yingli Wu, R. (1995). The international student exchange network. 1970&1980, Higher Education, 30, 353-368.

     

    Bosire, M.M. & Brigham, S. (2009). Preparing North American preserivice teachers for global perspectives: An international teaching practicum experiences in Africa, The Alberta Journal of Education Research, 55 (3), 415-428.

     

    Marx, H. & Moss, D.M. (2011). Please mind the culture gap: Intercultural development during a teacher education study abroad program, Journal of Teacher Education, 62 (1), 35-37.

     

    Wikan, G. & Klein, J. (2017). Can international practicum foster intercultural competence among teacher students? Journal of the European Teacher Education Network, 12, 95-104. 

     

    Yang, R. (2002). University internationalization: Its meaning, rationales and implications, Intercultural Education, 13 (1), 81-95.

     

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 239.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Internationalisation and international practicum for what and on whose terms?2020Ingår i: Global and Intercultural Competence through Practicum in the Global South. / [ed] Kirsten Andreassen, Birgit Breusch och Jacob Clausen, Köpenhamn: Københavns Professionshøjskole , 2020, 2, s. 22-33Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper will investigate the aims of internationalisation and international practicum, with the focus on the later. It is important to consider whether both partners in the exchange receive benefits, and if not to reconsider the practicum arrangements to ensure greater equity of benefit. Review of literature in the field and my own experiences as a Swedish university lecturer involved in student teacher practica will be the base for this paper. Some preliminary results of my literature review show that practicum in the South mainly focuses on giving the teacher students from the North the possibility of intercultural understanding with specific goal of dealing with demographic change taking place in the student teacher´s home country. This demographic change has typically resulted in an increased cultural diversity of students in classrooms (Abraham & von Brömssen, 2018; Bosire & Brigham, 2009;  Marx & Moss, 2011; Wiken & Klein, 2017). Experiences show that in the movement of students from the North to the South, economically and politically dominant countries are more likely to dictate the terms of relationships (Bosire & Brigham, 2009;  Yang, 2002). Viewed from another perspective, countries considered in the center due to their economic and political influence gain more advantages than countries considered in the periphery (Barnet & Reggie, 1995).

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Internationalisering
  • 240.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Internationalisation and international practicum for what and on whose terms?2020Ingår i: Global and Intercultural Competence through Practicum in the Global South. / [ed] Kirsten Andreassen, Birgit Breusch och Jacob Clausen, Köpenhamn: Københavns Professionshøjskole , 2020, 2, s. 22-33Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper will investigate the aims of internationalisation and international practicum, with the focus on the later. It is important to consider whether both partners in the exchange receive benefits, and if not to reconsider the practicum arrangements to ensure greater equity of benefit. Review of literature in the field and my own experiences as a Swedish university lecturer involved in student teacher practica will be the base for this paper. Some preliminary results of my literature review show that practicum in the South mainly focuses on giving the teacher students from the North the possibility of intercultural understanding with specific goal of dealing with demographic change taking place in the student teacher´s home country. This demographic change has typically resulted in an increased cultural diversity of students in classrooms (Abraham & von Brömssen, 2018; Bosire & Brigham, 2009;  Marx & Moss, 2011; Wiken & Klein, 2017). Experiences show that in the movement of students from the North to the South, economically and politically dominant countries are more likely to dictate the terms of relationships (Bosire & Brigham, 2009;  Yang, 2002). Viewed from another perspective, countries considered in the center due to their economic and political influence gain more advantages than countries considered in the periphery (Barnet & Reggie, 1995).

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 241.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Is it enough with diversity in higher education?2023Ingår i: ECER2023, 2023Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 242.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Estetisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Lektioner om ledarskapskvalitet och röstningsförfarande i sydafrikanska grundskolor2011Ingår i: Kapet (avslutad tryckt version), ISSN 1653-4743, KAPET. Karlstads universitets Pedagogiska Tidskrift, ISSN 1653-4743, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 96-107Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie tar sin utgångspunkt i hur lärare undervisar om den sociala utvecklingsdelen av ”Life Orientation” i sydafrikanska grundskolan. Specifikt fokus ligger på lektioner om ledarskapskvalitet och om att rösta för tredjeklasselever i fyra skolor. Var och en av klasserna dominerades av antingen svarta, färgade, vita eller blandade grupper av elever. Ulf P Lundgrens ramfaktorteori användes för att studera skolans organisation. Basil Bernsteins ”Pedagogic device” användes för att förstå olika pedagogiska verksamheter i klassrummet. Fältarbeten med en etnografisk metod och en kvalitativ strategi användes för att få tillgång till empiriska data. Policy- och läroplansdokument, riktlinjer och läroböcker analyserades. Klassrumsobservationer i fyra klasser och intervjuer med 14 tredjeklasslärare genomfördes. För att vara lärare i Sydafrika krävs minst två års lärarutbildning efter avslutad gymnasieskola. Lärarna i de klasser som studerades genomgick sin lärarutbildning under apartheidtiden. På grund av begränsad fortbildning och bristande erfarenheter av den nya läroplanen hade de ibland svårigheter att förstå och tolka det aktuella ämnet. Enorma skillnader i material, ekonomiska och organisatoriska resurser förelåg mellan olika klasser och skolor. Lärarna dominerade lektionerna och direkt överföring användes som metod. Det sätt lärarna höll lektion om ledaregenskap och om att rösta varierade, men alla visade demokratiska brister. Lärarna valde själva kandidater till klassledare i tre av klasserna. Det blev också tydligt att klassernas miljöer inte befrämjade vare sig kritiskt och kreativt tänkande eller demokratisk fostran.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 243.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Lektioner om ledarskapskvalitet och röstningsförfarande i sydafrikanska grundskolor2011Ingår i: Kapet (avslutad tryckt version), ISSN 1653-4743, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 96-107Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie tar sin utgångspunkt i hur lärare undervisar om den sociala utvecklingsdelen av ”Life Orientation” i sydafrikanska grundskolan. Specifikt fokus ligger på lektioner om ledarskapskvalitet och om att rösta för tredjeklasselever i fyra skolor. Var och en av klasserna dominerades av antingen svarta, färgade, vita eller blandade grupper av elever. Ulf P Lundgrens ramfaktorteori användes för att studera skolans organisation. Basil Bernsteins ”Pedagogic device” användes för att förstå olika pedagogiska verksamheter i klassrummet. Fältarbeten med en etnografisk metod och en kvalitativ strategi användes för att få tillgång till empiriska data. Policy- och läroplansdokument, riktlinjer och läroböcker analyserades. Klassrumsobservationer i fyra klasser och intervjuer med 14 tredjeklasslärare genomfördes. För att vara lärare i Sydafrika krävs minst två års lärarutbildning efter avslutad gymnasieskola. Lärarna i de klasser som studerades genomgick sin lärarutbildning under apartheidtiden. På grund av begränsad fortbildning och bristande erfarenheter av den nya läroplanen hade de ibland svårigheter att förstå och tolka det aktuella ämnet. Enorma skillnader i material, ekonomiska och organisatoriska resurser förelåg mellan olika klasser och skolor. Lärarna dominerade lektionerna och direkt överföring användes som metod. Det sätt lärarna höll lektion om ledaregenskap och om att rösta varierade, men alla visade demokratiska brister. Lärarna valde själva kandidater till klassledare i tre av klasserna. Det blev också tydligt att klassernas miljöer inte befrämjade vare sig kritiskt och kreativt tänkande eller demokratisk fostran.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 244.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Life Orientation: Lessons on leadership qualities and voting in grade three classes in South African schools2013Ingår i: Online Educational Research Journal, E-ISSN 2044-0294Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Life Orientation: lessons on leadership qualities and voting in grade three classes

    Abstract

    The focus of this study was lessons on leadership qualities and voting in grade three classes in four Eastern Cape schools. Frame factor theory and theory of pedagogical devices were used. The study employed text analysis, classroom observation in four 3rd grade classes and interviews with 14 third grade teachers as sources of data. The results of the study indicated there were differences among teachers when it came to understanding and interpreting the theme. The teachers interviewed have general qualifications but lacked training to teach this theme. Between the schools there were differences in manpower, material and financial resources. There were similar teaching procedures although there were differences in teachers’ approaches. Learners’ understanding was influenced by family background. In general, teachers dominated and controlled the whole procedure by proposing candidates and vote counters. Findings from this study could be relevant for teachers and other school personnel for their future commitment to teaching democracy by practising it. Keywords: Classroom, democracy, differences, leadership qualities, learners, life orientation, participation, South Africa, teachers, voting

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Life Orientation
  • 245.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Life Orientation: Lessons on leadership qualities and voting in grade three classes in South African schools2013Ingår i: Online Educational Research Journal, E-ISSN 2044-0294Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Life Orientation: lessons on leadership qualities and voting in grade three classes

    Abstract

    The focus of this study was lessons on leadership qualities and voting in grade three classes in four Eastern Cape schools. Frame factor theory and theory of pedagogical devices were used. The study employed text analysis, classroom observation in four 3rd grade classes and interviews with 14 third grade teachers as sources of data. The results of the study indicated there were differences among teachers when it came to understanding and interpreting the theme. The teachers interviewed have general qualifications but lacked training to teach this theme. Between the schools there were differences in manpower, material and financial resources. There were similar teaching procedures although there were differences in teachers’ approaches. Learners’ understanding was influenced by family background. In general, teachers dominated and controlled the whole procedure by proposing candidates and vote counters. Findings from this study could be relevant for teachers and other school personnel for their future commitment to teaching democracy by practising it. Keywords: Classroom, democracy, differences, leadership qualities, learners, life orientation, participation, South Africa, teachers, voting

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 246.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT. Högskolan i Borås, University of Borås.
    Multidimensional Role of Teachers as Pedagogues, Intellectuals and Activists for Promoting Social Justice through Education2023Ingår i: Journal of Education and Culture Studies, ISSN 2573-0401, Vol. 7, nr 2, s. 52-65Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates roles teachers could play in developing their students’ critical thinking and transforming society. The study is based on a literature review. Critical pedagogy is used as a theoretical point of departure. The results show three important roles of teachers, the pedagogical, intellectualand activist roles. Teachers acting as pedagogues can help their students understand the subjects they are focusing on and develop a critical understanding of their own and their society’s situation. Teachers as intellectuals produce knowledge through research on their practice and other fields of knowledge, learn on how to disseminate such knowledge and understanding its consequences. As citizens, teachers use their own and their students’ experiences and knowledge of needs of their community/society to play an activist role in transforming society. Thus, the ideal teacher plays a multidimensional role as a pedagogue, an intellectual and an activist.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 247.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    New Public Management in the Swedish Higher Education2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this study is to find out about the neoliberal New Public Management entry into the Swedish higher education institutions, its effect and the possible alternative to it. The study is based on articles in academic journals, policy documents and government sponsored reports. The result of the study shows that the Swedish higher education institutions are influenced by New Public Management. This is visible as market characters such as efficiency, competition, quality control, customer satisfaction is highly valued at present in the higher education. There is also emphasis on manpower training for the labour market. Easily measurable knowledge for immediate use of economic growth are prioritized at the expense of critical and analytical knowledge. Higher education’s autonomy is to some extent violated, collegial leadership is replaced by appointee leadership, staff are under pressure to follow instructions instead of exercising their academic freedom. Based on these findings I will argue against these trends and emphasis on the importance of all partners in higher education to review the present condition in order to facilitate the possibility for keeping higher education (universities) as public autonomous institution, to keep academic freedom intact, to assure that higher education should have both professional and democratic contents, and that higher education should continue to undertake basic long term and short term research for immediate use.

  • 248.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    New Public Management in the Swedish Higher Education2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this study is to find out about the neoliberal New Public Management entry into the Swedish higher education institutions, its effect and the possible alternative to it. The study is based on articles in academic journals, policy documents and government sponsored reports. The result of the study shows that the Swedish higher education institutions are influenced by New Public Management. This is visible as market characters such as efficiency, competition, quality control, customer satisfaction is highly valued at present in the higher education. There is also emphasis on manpower training for the labour market. Easily measurable knowledge for immediate use of economic growth are prioritized at the expense of critical and analytical knowledge. Higher education’s autonomy is to some extent violated, collegial leadership is replaced by appointee leadership, staff are under pressure to follow instructions instead of exercising their academic freedom. Based on these findings I will argue against these trends and emphasis on the importance of all partners in higher education to review the present condition in order to facilitate the possibility for keeping higher education (universities) as public autonomous institution, to keep academic freedom intact, to assure that higher education should have both professional and democratic contents, and that higher education should continue to undertake basic long term and short term research for immediate use.

  • 249.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    Nukruma’s and nyerere’s educational visions: what could contemporary africa learns from them?2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    NUKRUMA’S AND NYERERE’S EDUCATIONAL VISIONS – WHAT COULD CONTEMPORARY AFRICA LEARNS FROM THEM?

     

    Getahun Yacob Abraham

    Senior Lecturer

    Institution for Pedagogical Studies

    Karlstad University  

     

     

    This study tries to assess the educational visions of two post independent African leaders, Kwame Nkrumah and Julius Nyerere. The focus is on, what could contemporary Africa learn from their visions on developing the welfare of society through education? To answer this question a literature review of their own works and other writers was conducted. The review shows that they emphasised on the need for education for further development in their own and other countries in the continent. They also focused on relating education with the local reality with due concern on the relevance of knowledge of the global reality. The instrumentality of education to change the life of the masses was given a vital place. For them  education should aim at including all sectors of society and on creating equality among the population instead of contributing to evolving an elite class that selfishly prioritize its own interest than the society at large. They stressed that education should not be too theoretical in the expense of the practical activities. According to them the purpose of education should go beyond individual gains and take into consideration the welfare of the whole society. In line with their visions information technology and welfare development in the continent should be assumed in a way that benefits the broad masses.  

     

     

    Key words: contemporary Africa, Education, Nkrumah, Nyerere, visions

  • 250.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Nukruma’s and nyerere’s educational visions: what could contemporary africa learns from them?2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    NUKRUMA’S AND NYERERE’S EDUCATIONAL VISIONS – WHAT COULD CONTEMPORARY AFRICA LEARNS FROM THEM?

     

    Getahun Yacob Abraham

    Senior Lecturer

    Institution for Pedagogical Studies

    Karlstad University  

     

     

    This study tries to assess the educational visions of two post independent African leaders, Kwame Nkrumah and Julius Nyerere. The focus is on, what could contemporary Africa learn from their visions on developing the welfare of society through education? To answer this question a literature review of their own works and other writers was conducted. The review shows that they emphasised on the need for education for further development in their own and other countries in the continent. They also focused on relating education with the local reality with due concern on the relevance of knowledge of the global reality. The instrumentality of education to change the life of the masses was given a vital place. For them  education should aim at including all sectors of society and on creating equality among the population instead of contributing to evolving an elite class that selfishly prioritize its own interest than the society at large. They stressed that education should not be too theoretical in the expense of the practical activities. According to them the purpose of education should go beyond individual gains and take into consideration the welfare of the whole society. In line with their visions information technology and welfare development in the continent should be assumed in a way that benefits the broad masses.  

     

     

    Key words: contemporary Africa, Education, Nkrumah, Nyerere, visions

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