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  • 1. Aalborg, T.
    et al.
    Strandmark, Margaretha
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för hälsa och miljö.
    The baby was the focus of attention: First-time patients' experiences of their marital relationship2001Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 15, s. 318-325Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 2. Aalborg, T.
    et al.
    Strandmark, Margaretha
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för hälsa och miljö.
    Dahlöf, LG
    First time parents' sexual relationschips2000Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Sexology 3; 127-139Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 3. Aareleid, Tiiu
    et al.
    Leinsalu, Mall
    Rahu, Mati
    Baburin, Aleksei
    Lung cancer in Estonia in 1968-87: time trends and public health implications.1994Ingår i: European Journal of Cancer Prevention, ISSN 0959-8278, E-ISSN 1473-5709, Vol. 3, nr 5, s. 419-425Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Changes in lung cancer incidence and mortality in Estonia were studied for 20 years (1968-87). A steady upward trend was observed for men and women. The 1983-87/1968-72 age-standardized incidence rate ratio was 1.22 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.15-1.29) in men and 1.34 (95% CI 1.16-1.54) in women. The corresponding mortality rate ratio was 1.26 (95% CI 1.18-1.34) in men and 1.35 (95% CI 1.16-1.57) in women. The age-specific incidence and mortality rates increased clearly towards the younger birth cohorts. For men and women, the increase was most evident for the age group 45-64 years. In women there was a more rapid increase in incidence and mortality than in men. It may be a result of a substantial increase of tobacco smoking, particularly among women, after the World War II. The high and still rising occurrence of lung cancer is closely related to the high prevalence of smoking; in addition, high tar yields in domestic cigarettes could have been responsible for an elevated lung cancer risk during the past decades. There is not tobacco control programme in Estonia, and existing legislation and regulations do not defend the non-smoking population.

  • 4. Aarseth, Espen
    et al.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD). Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Helmersson Bergmark, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    van Rooij, Antonius J.
    Scholars’ open debate paper on the World Health Organization ICD-11 Gaming Disorder proposal2017Ingår i: Journal of Behavioral Addictions, ISSN 2062-5871, E-ISSN 2063-5303, Vol. 6, nr 3, s. 267-270Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Concerns about problematic gaming behaviors deserve our full attention. However, we claim that it is far from clear that these problems can or should be attributed to a new disorder. The empirical basis for a Gaming Disorder proposal, such as in the new ICD-11, suffers from fundamental issues. Our main concerns are the low quality of the research base, the fact that the current operationalization leans too heavily on substance use and gambling criteria, and the lack of consensus on symptomatology and assessment of problematic gaming. The act of formalizing this disorder, even as a proposal, has negative medical, scientific, public-health, societal, and human rights fallout that should be considered. Of particular concern are moral panics around the harm of video gaming. They might result in premature application of diagnosis in the medical community and the treatment of abundant false-positive cases, especially for children and adolescents. Second, research will be locked into a confirmatory approach, rather than an exploration of the boundaries of normal versus pathological. Third, the healthy majority of gamers will be affected negatively. We expect that the premature inclusion of Gaming Disorder as a diagnosis in ICD-11 will cause significant stigma to the millions of children who play video games as a part of a normal, healthy life. At this point, suggesting formal diagnoses and categories is premature: the ICD-11 proposal for Gaming Disorder should be removed to avoid a waste of public health resources as well as to avoid causing harm to healthy video gamers around the world.

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  • 5.
    Aarts, Clara
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    Kylberg, Elisabeth
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    Hofvander, Yngve
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    Gebre-Medhin, Meharigm
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    Growth under privileged conditions of healthy Swedish infants exclusively breastfed from birth to 4-6 months:  a longitudinal prospective study based on daily records of feeding2003Ingår i: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 92, nr 2, s. 145-151Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim:

    In most studies the methodology used to study growth in relation to breastfeeding patterns cannot ensure that exclusive breastfeeding has in fact occurred since birth. The aim of this study was to investigate the growth of healthy infants in Sweden in whom exclusive breastfeeding for the first 4–6 mo was ascertained through daily feeding records and to compare the results with the World Health Organization (WHO) “12-month breastfed pooled data set” and the Euro-Growth references for exclusively breastfed infants, as well as with the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS)/WHO reference.

    Methods:

    147 exclusively breastfed infants and 325 non-exclusively breastfed Swedish infants, with a birthweight of ≥3 kg, were included. The mothers had previous breastfed at least one infant for at least 4 mo. Weight was recorded fortnightly and length monthly.

    Results:

    Infants exclusively breastfed since birth showed similar growth in weight and height to that of the non-exclusively breastfed infants. During the first 6 mo of life the growth of exclusively breastfed infants was also similar to that of the infants regularly receiving formula at 12–16 wk of age, mostly in addition to breast milk. The monthly growth increments were fairly similar to those of the “WHO pooled breastfed data set” and the Euro-Growth references for exclusively breastfed infants.

    Conclusion:

    In an affluent society truly exclusively breastfed infants seem to have the same growth during the first half year of life as non-exclusively breastfed infants with a high breastfeeding rate.

  • 6.
    Aarts, Clara
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    Kylberg, Elisabeth
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    Hornell, A
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    Hofvander, Yngve
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    Gebre-Medhin, Mehari
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    Greiner, Ted
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    How exclusive is exclusive breastfeeding? A comparison of data since birth with current status data:  2000Ingår i: International Journal of Epidemiology, ISSN 0300-5771, E-ISSN 1464-3685, Vol. 29, nr 6, s. 1041-1046Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND:

    There is no accepted and widely used indicator for exclusive breastfeeding since birth. Indeed, the difference between 'current status' data on exclusive breastfeeding and data on 'exclusive breastfeeding since birth' is rarely recognized. We used data from a longitudinal study to examine this issue.

    METHODS:

    A descriptive longitudinal, prospective study design was used in which 506 mother-infant pairs were included. The mothers completed daily recordings on infant feeding during the first nine months after birth. A research assistant conducted fortnightly home visits with structured interviews. The resulting data on breastfeeding patterns are presented in two different ways: analysis of 'current status' data based on a single 24-hour recording of infant feeding at 2, 4 and 6 months of age, and analysis of data 'since birth', i.e. data on infant feeding for every day, starting from birth until the ages of 2, 4 and 6 months.

    RESULTS:

    A wide discrepancy between the results obtained from the two analyses was found. The difference in the exclusive breastfeeding rate was over 40 percentage points at both 2 and 4 months of age (92% versus 51% at 2 months and 73% versus 30% at 4 months) and 9 percentage points at 6 months (11% versus 1.8%).

    CONCLUSIONS:

    Current status indicators based on a 24-hour period may be inadequate and even misleading for many purposes. We propose that in many studies an indicator called 'exclusive breastfeeding since birth' could be added.

  • 7. Aartsen, Marja
    et al.
    Rothe, Franziska
    The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on social isolation and loneliness: A Nordic research review2023Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The COVID-19 pandemic has in many ways challenged the health and well-being of people, and more widely, the welfare systems in the Nordic countries. Due to regulations and lockdowns, many people have experienced social isolation, and certain vulnerable groups – such as older adults and those with disabilities – have been hit especially hard. As loneliness has implications for people’s long-term mental and physical health, the consequences of the pandemic are significant for health and social care as a whole.

    This literature review describes the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on loneliness and social isolation among younger and older adults living in the Nordic countries, with and without disabilities, and in different situations.

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  • 8.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi.
    Lundell, Sara
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi.
    Barnekow-Bergkvist, Margareta
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi.
    Jansson, Eva
    Westerståhl, Maria
    The Swedish physical activity and fitness cohort born in 1958 - dropout analysis and overview at 36-year follow-up2017Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 27, nr 4, s. 418-429Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim of the Swedish physical activity and fitness cohort study (SPAF-1958) was to describe physical fitness, physical activity, health, and lifestyle across part of the lifespan, and to assess the influences on these factors from the environment, personal factors, and genetics. There is inevitable dropout from longitudinal studies, and it may be systematic. The aim of this first paper of the second follow-up of SPAF-1958 was to provide a dropout analysis to consider to what extent the participants, at 52 years of age, remain a representative sample of the original adolescent study population. Additional aims were to provide an overview of the study protocol and the ongoing study population. Ongoing study participants in SPAF born in 1958 were, at the second follow-up at the age of 52, still representative of the study cohort in terms of sex, adolescent geographical area, upper secondary school program, adolescent body composition, muscular strength, and muscular endurance. However, a higher physical activity and, among women, a higher aerobic capacity in adolescence decreased the risk for dropout. It is important when interpreting results from longitudinal studies to adjust for the systematic dropout that could bias the conclusions drawn from the results.

  • 9.
    Aasheim, Vigdis
    et al.
    Western Norway Univ Appl Sci, Fac Hlth & Social Sci, Bergen, Norway..
    Nilsen, Roy M.
    Western Norway Univ Appl Sci, Fac Hlth & Social Sci, Bergen, Norway..
    Vik, Eline Skirnisdottir
    Western Norway Univ Appl Sci, Fac Hlth & Social Sci, Bergen, Norway.;Univ Bergen, Dept Global Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Bergen, Norway..
    Small, Rhonda
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Womens & Childrens Hlth, Stockholm, Sweden.;Judith Lumley Ctr, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Schytt, Erica
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning Dalarna. Western Norway Univ Appl Sci, Fac Hlth & Social Sci, Bergen, Norway..
    Epidural analgesia for labour pain in nulliparous women in Norway in relation to maternal country of birth and migration related factors2020Ingår i: Sexual & Reproductive HealthCare, ISSN 1877-5756, E-ISSN 1877-5764, Vol. 26, artikel-id 100553Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To investigate associations between maternal country of birth and other migration related factors (length of residence, reason for migration, paternal origin) and epidural analgesia for labour pain in nulliparous women in Norway.

    Design: Population-based register study including nulliparous migrant women (n = 75,922) and non-migrant women (n = 444,496) with spontaneous or induced labour. Data were retrieved from the Medical Birth Registry and Statistics Norway, 1990-2013. Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated by logistic regression, and adjusted for maternal age, marital status, maternal education, gross income, birth year, hospital size and health region.

    Main outcome: Epidural analgesia for labour pain.

    Results: Epidural analgesia was administered to 38% of migrant women and 31% of non-migrant women. Compared with non-migrants, the odds of having epidural analgesia were lowest in women from Vietnam (adjOR 0.54; CI 0.50-0.59) and Somalia (adjOR 0.63; CI 0.58-0.68) and highest in women from Iran (adjOR 1.32; CI 1.19-1.46) and India (adjOR 1.19; CI 1.06-1.33). Refugees (adjOR 0.83; CI 0.79-0.87) and newly arrived migrants (adjOR 0.92; CI 0.89-0.94) had lower odds of epidural analgesia. Migrant women with a non-migrant partner (adjOR 1.14; CI 1.11-1.17) and those with length of residence >= 10 years (adjOR 1.06; CI 1.02-1.10) had higher odds.

    Conclusion: The use of epidural analgesia varied by maternal country of birth, reason for migration, paternal origin and length of residence. Midwives and obstetricians should pay extra attention to the provision of adequate information about pain relief options for refugees and newly arrived migrants, who had the lowest use.

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  • 10.
    Aasum Hultberg, Rosanna
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Det är väl på sätt och vis det heteronormativa samhället som har gjort mig till transperson […]”: En enkätstudie med transpersoner2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens övergripande syfte var att studera transpersoners erfarenheter av, och reaktionerpå, omgivningens attityder samt samhällets normer i relation till deras könsidentitet. Ytterligare en fråga som var relevant att besvara var hur deras liv påverkas av heteronormen. Forskning kring transpersoner och hur de påverkas av normer och det omgivande samhället är relativt begränsat vilket var en av anledningarna till valet av ämne. Data samlades in genom enkäter publicerade på webben där 35 respondenter svarade. Kriterierna för att delta var att man var transperson och över 18 år. Svaren som kom in var från transpersoner spridda i Sverige. Enkäten bestod av både kvantitativa och kvalitativa frågor. Majoriteten av frågorna hade hämtats från Folkhälsomyndighetens frågeformulärriktat till transpersoner. Insamlat material har analyserats med hjälp av beskrivande statistik samt innehållsanalys. Resultatet tyder på att transpersoners livsvillkor i stor utsträckning påverkas av normer samt att de får utstå en hel del negativt bemötande på grund av sin könsidentitet. Att ”passera” som antingen man eller kvinna visade sigvara något som gör det enklare för transpersoner att undvika negativt bemötande. Kränkande behandling kom vanligast från främlingar och personer på internet. Negativt bemötande var något som respondenterna var vana vid och många berättade om händelser i vården där de blivit negativt bemötta av personalen. En förhoppning är att detta arbete kan bidra till att sprida kunskap till människor inom olika instanser i samhället för att öppna upp för ett mer normkritiskt perspektiv. Slutsatsen blev att transpersoner i stor utsträckning påverkas av normer och av det omgivande samhället. Dock beror mycket på hur stark man är som person, vilka förebilder som finns och hur mycket stöd man får från omgivningen.

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  • 11.
    Abbafati, Cristiana
    et al.
    Univ Roma La Sapienza, Dept Jurid & Econ Studies, Rome, Italy..
    Abbas, Kaja M.
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Infect Dis Epidemiol, London, England..
    Abbasi, Mohammad
    Hamadan Univ Med Sci, Dept Internal Med, Hamadan, Iran..
    Abbasifard, Mitra
    Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci, Clin Res Dev Unit, Rafsanjan, Iran.;Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci, Dept Internal Med, Rafsanjan, Iran..
    Abbasi-Kangevari, Mohsen
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Abbastabar, Hedayat
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Adv Diagnost & Intervent Radiol Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Abd-Allah, Foad
    Cairo Univ, Dept Neurol, Cairo, Egypt..
    Abdelalim, Ahmed
    Cairo Univ, Dept Neurol, Cairo, Egypt..
    Abdollahi, Mohammad
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Sch Pharm, Tehran, Iran.;Univ Tehran Med Sci, Inst Pharmaceut Sci TIPS, Tehran, Iran..
    Abdollahpour, Ibrahim
    Isfahan Univ Med Sci, Neurosci Res Ctr, Esfahan, Iran..
    Abedi, Aidin
    Univ Southern Calif, Dept Orthopaed Surg, Los Angeles, CA 90007 USA..
    Abedi, Parisa
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Sch Med, Tehran, Iran.;Harvard Univ, Neuroendocrine, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Abegaz, Kedir Hussein
    Near East Univ, Biostat Dept, Nicosia, Cyprus.;Madda Walabu Univ, Biostat & Hlth Informat, Bale Robe, Ethiopia..
    Abolhassani, Hassan
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Res Ctr Immunodeficiencies, Tehran, Iran.;Karolinska Univ Hosp, Huddinge, Sweden..
    Abosetugn, Akine Eshete
    Debre Berhan Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia..
    Aboyans, Victor
    Dupuytren Univ Hosp, Dept Cardiol, Limoges, France.;Univ Limoges, Limoges, France..
    Abrams, Elissa M.
    Univ Manitoba, Sect Allergy & Clin Immunol, Winnipeg, MB, Canada.;Univ British Columbia, Dept Pediat, Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Abreu, Lucas Guimaraes
    Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Dept Pediat Dent, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil..
    Abrigo, Michael R. M.
    Philippine Inst Dev Studies, Dept Res, Quezon City, Philippines..
    Abu Haimed, Abdulaziz Khalid
    Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal Univ, Dept Internal Med, Dammam, Saudi Arabia..
    Abualhasan, Ahmed
    Cairo Univ, Dept Neurol, Cairo, Egypt..
    Abu-Gharbieh, Eman
    Univ Sharjah, Dept Clin Sci, Sharjah, U Arab Emirates..
    Abu-Raddad, Laith Jamal
    Weill Cornell Med Coll Qatar, Dept Healthcare Policy & Res, Doha, Qatar..
    Abushouk, Abdelrahman I.
    Harvard Univ, Harvard Med Sch, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Ain Shams Univ, Dept Med, Cairo, Egypt..
    Acebedo, Alyssa
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Ackerman, Ilana N.
    Monash Univ, Sch Publ Hlth & Prevent Med, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Adabi, Maryam
    Hamadan Univ Med Sci, Hamadan, Iran..
    Adair, Tim
    Univ Melbourne, Melbourne Sch Populat & Global Hlth, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Adamu, Abdu A.
    Stellenbosch Univ, Dept Global Hlth, Cape Town, South Africa.;South African Med Res Council, Cochrane South Africa, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Adebayo, Oladimeji M.
    Univ Coll Hosp, Coll Med, Ibadan, Nigeria..
    Adedeji, Isaac Akinkunmi
    Olabisi Onabanjo Univ, Dept Sociol, Ago Iwoye, Nigeria..
    Adekanmbi, Victor
    Cardiff Univ, Sch Med, Cardiff, Wales..
    Adelson, Jaimie D.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Adeoye, Abiodun Moshood
    Univ Coll Hosp, Sch Lab Med & Sci, Ibadan, Nigeria.;Univ Ibadan, Inst Cardiovasc Dis, Ibadan, Nigeria..
    Adetokunboh, Olatunji O.
    Stellenbosch Univ, Ctr Excellence Epidemiol Modelling & Anal, Cape Town, South Africa.;Stellenbosch Univ, Dept Global Hlth, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Adham, Davoud
    Ardabil Univ Med Sci, Sch Hlth, Ardebil, Iran..
    Advani, Shailesh M.
    NIH, Social Behav Res Branch, Bldg 10, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA.;Georgetown Univ, Dept Oncol, Washington, DC USA..
    Afarideh, Mohsen
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Endocrinol & Metab Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Mayo Clin, Dept Dermatol, Rochester, MN USA..
    Afshari, Mahdi
    Zabol Univ Med Sci, Dept Community Med, Zabol, Iran..
    Afshin, Ashkan
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Agardh, Emilie E.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Global Publ Hlth, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Agarwal, Gina
    McMaster Univ, Dept Family Med, Hamilton, ON, Canada..
    Agasthi, Pradyumna
    Mayo Clin, Dept Cardiovasc Med, Rochester, MN USA..
    Agesa, Kareha M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Aghaali, Mohammad
    Qom Univ Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Qom, Iran..
    Aghamir, Seyed Mohammad Kazem
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Urol Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Agrawal, Anurag
    CSIR, Inst Genom & Integrat Biol, Delhi, India.;Baylor Coll Med, Internal Med, Houston, TX 77030 USA..
    Ahmad, Tauseef
    Southeast Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Hlth Stat, Nanjing, Peoples R China..
    Ahmadi, Alireza
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Publ Hlth, Stockholm, Sweden.;Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Anesthesiol, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Ahmadi, Keivan
    Univ Nottingham, Lincoln Med Sch, Nottingham, England.;Univ Lincoln, Lincoln Med Sch, Lincoln, England..
    Ahmadi, Mehdi
    Ahvaz Jundishapur Univ Med Sci, Environm Hlth Engn, Ahwaz, Iran.;Ahvaz Jundishapur Univ Med Sci, Environm Technol Res Ctr, Ahwaz, Iran..
    Ahmadieh, Hamid
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Dept Ophthalmol, Tehran, Iran.;Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Ophthalm Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Ahmadpour, Ehsan
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Infect & Trop Dis Res Ctr, Tabriz, Iran..
    Ahmed, Muktar Beshir
    Jimma Univ, Dept Epidemiol, Jimma, Ethiopia.;Univ South Australia, Australian Ctr Precis Hlth, Adelaide, SA, Australia..
    Aji, Budi
    Jenderal Soedirman Univ, Fac Med & Publ Hlth, Purwokerto, Indonesia..
    Akalu, Temesgen Yihunie
    Univ Gondar, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Gondar, Ethiopia..
    Akinyemi, Rufus Olusola
    Univ Ibadan, Inst Adv Med Res & Training, Ibadan, Nigeria.;Newcastle Univ, Inst Neurosci, Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne & Wear, England..
    Akinyemiju, Tomi
    Duke Univ, Dept Populat Hlth Sci, Durham, NC USA.;Duke Univ, Duke Global Hlth Inst, Durham, NC USA..
    Akombi, Blessing
    Univ New South Wales, Sch Publ Hlth & Community Med, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Akunna, Chisom Joyqueenet
    Intercountry Ctr Oral Hlth ICOH Africa, Dept Publ Hlth, Jos, Nigeria.;Fed Minist Hlth, Dept Publ Hlth, Garki, Nigeria..
    Alahdab, Fares
    Mayo Clin Fdn Med Educ & Res, Mayo Evidencebased Practice Ctr, Rochester, MN USA..
    Al-Aly, Ziyad
    Washington Univ, John T Milliken Dept Internal Med, St Louis, MO 63110 USA.;Dept Vet Affairs, Clin Epidemiol Ctr, St Louis, MO USA..
    Alam, Khurshid
    Murdoch Univ, Murdoch Business Sch, Perth, WA, Australia..
    Alam, Noore
    Queensland Hlth, Prevent Div, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.;Griffith Univ, Ctr Environm & Populat Hlth, Nathan, Qld, Australia..
    Alam, Samiah
    Dalhousie Univ, Dept Community Hlth & Epidemiol, Halifax, NS, Canada..
    Alam, Tahiya
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Alanezi, Fahad Mashhour
    Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal Univ, Dammam, Saudi Arabia..
    Alanzi, Turki M.
    Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal Univ, Hlth Informat Management & Technol Dept, Dammam, Saudi Arabia..
    Albertson, Samuel B.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Alcalde-Rabanal, Jacqueline Elizabeth
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Ctr Hlth Syst Res, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Alema, Niguse Meles
    Adigrat Univ, Dept Pharm, Adigrat, Ethiopia..
    Alemu, Biresaw Wassihun
    Arba Minch Univ, Coll Med & Hlth Sci, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.;Arba Minch Univ, Dept Midwifery, Arba Minch, Ethiopia..
    Alemu, Yihun Mulugeta
    Bahir Dar Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia..
    Alhabib, Khalid F.
    King Saud Univ, Dept Cardiac Sci, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..
    Alhassan, Robert Kaba
    Univ Hlth & Allied Sci, Inst Hlth Res, Ho, Ghana..
    Ali, Muhammad
    Quaid I Azam Univ, Dept Biotechnol, Islamabad, Pakistan..
    Ali, Saqib
    Sultan Qaboos Univ, Coll Econ & Polit Sci, Dept Informat Syst, Muscat, Oman..
    Alicandro, Gianfranco
    Italian Natl Inst Stat, Directorate Social Stat & Populat Census, Rome, Italy..
    Alijanzadeh, Mehran
    Qazvin Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Qazvin, Iran..
    Alinia, Cyrus
    Urmia Univ Med Sci, Dept Hlth Care Management & Econ, Orumiyeh, Iran..
    Alipour, Vahid
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Hlth Econ Dept, Tehran, Iran.;Iran Univ Med Sci, Hlth Management & Econ Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Alizade, Hesam
    Hormozgan Univ Med Sci, Infect & Trop Dis Res Ctr, Bandar Abbas, Iran..
    Aljunid, Syed Mohamed
    Kuwait Univ, Dept Hlth Policy & Management, Safat, Kuwait.;Natl Univ Malaysia, Int Ctr Casemix & Clin Coding, Bandar Tun Razak, Malaysia..
    Alla, Francois
    Univ Bordeaux, Bordeaux Sch Publ Hlth, Bordeaux, France..
    Allebeck, Peter
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Global Publ Hlth, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Almadi, Majid Abdulrahman Hamad
    King Saud Univ, Coll Med, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.;McGill Univ, Div Gastroenterol & Hepatol, Montreal, PQ, Canada..
    Almasi, Ali
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Environm Hlth Engn, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Almasi-Hashiani, Amir
    Arak Univ Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol, Arak, Iran..
    Almasri, Nihad A.
    Univ Jordan, Physiotherapy Dept, Amman, Jordan..
    Al-Mekhlafi, Hesham M.
    Jazan Univ, Med Res Ctr, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.;Sanaa Univ, Dept Parasitol, Sanaa, Yemen..
    Almulhim, Abdulaziz M.
    Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal Univ, Coll Med, Dammam, Saudi Arabia..
    Alonso, Jordi
    Pompeu Fabra Univ, Res Program Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, Barcelona, Spain.;Biomed Res Networking Ctr Epidemiol & Publ Hlth C, Dept Expt & Hlth Sci, Madrid, Spain..
    Al-Raddadi, Rajaa M.
    King Abdulaziz Univ, Dept Community Med, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia..
    Altirkawi, Khalid A.
    King Saud Univ, Pediat Intens Care Unit, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..
    Alumran, Arwa Khalid
    Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal Univ, Hlth Informat Management & Technol Dept, Dammam, Saudi Arabia..
    Alvis-Guzman, Nelson
    Univ Cartagena, Hlth Econ Res Grp, Cartagena, Colombia.;Univ Costa, Res Grp Hosp Management & Hlth Policies, Barranquilla, Colombia..
    Alvis-Zakzuk, Nelson J.
    Univ Costa, Dept Econ Sci, Barranquilla, Colombia.;Natl Inst Hlth, Colombian Natl Hlth Observ, Bogota, Colombia..
    Amare, Azmeraw T.
    Bahir Dar Univ, Coll Med & Hlth Sci, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.;Univ Adelaide, Sch Med, Adelaide, SA, Australia..
    Amare, Bekalu
    Mekelle Univ, Dept Pharmacol, Mekelle, Ethiopia..
    Amini, Saeed
    Arak Univ Med Sci, Hlth Serv Management Dept, Arak, Iran..
    Amini-Rarani, Mostafa
    Isfahan Univ Med Sci, Hlth Management & Econ Reasearch Ctr, Esfahan, Iran..
    Aminorroaya, Arya
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran Heart Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Amiri, Fatemeh
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Radiol & Nucl Med, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Amit, Arianna Maever L.
    Univ Philippines Manila, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Manila, Philippines.;Johns Hopkins Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Amugsi, Dickson A.
    African Populat & Hlth Res Ctr, Maternal & Child Wellbeing, Nairobi, Kenya..
    Amul, Gianna Gayle Herrera
    Natl Univ Singapore, Lee Kuan Yew Sch Publ Policy, Singapore, Singapore..
    Anbesu, Etsay Woldu
    Samara Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Samara, Ethiopia..
    Ancuceanu, Robert
    Carol Davila Univ Med & Pharm, Dept Pharm, Bucharest, Romania..
    Anderlini, Deanna
    Univ Queensland, Ctr Sensorimotor Performance, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.;Royal Brisbane & Womens Hosp, Dept Neurol, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Anderson, Jason A.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Andrei, Catalina Liliana
    Carol Davila Univ Med & Pharm, Dept Cardiol, Bucharest, Romania..
    Andrei, Tudorel
    Bucharest Univ Econ Studies, Dept Stat & Econometr, Bucharest, Romania..
    Androudi, Sofia
    Univ Thessaly, Dept Med, Volos, Greece..
    Angus, Colin
    Univ Sheffield, Sch Hlth & Related Res, Sheffield, S Yorkshire, England..
    Anjomshoa, Mina
    Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Rafsanjan, Iran..
    Ansari, Fereshteh
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Evidence Based Med, Tabriz, Iran.;Agr Res Educ & Extens Org AREEO, Razi Vaccine & Serum Res Inst, Tehran, Iran..
    Ansari, Iman
    Shahed Univ, Med Students Res Comm, Tehran, Iran..
    Ansari-Moghaddam, Alireza
    Zahedan Univ Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Zahedan, Iran..
    Antonazzo, Ippazio Cosimo
    Univ Milano Bicocca, Res Ctr Publ Hlth, Monza, Italy..
    Antonio, Carl Abelardo T.
    Univ Philippines Manila, Dept Hlth Policy & Adm, Manila, Philippines.;Hong Kong Polytech Univ, Dept Appl Social Sci, Hong Kong, Peoples R China..
    Antony, Catherine M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Antriyandarti, Ernoiz
    Sebelas Maret Univ, Agribusiness Study Program, Surakarta, Indonesia..
    Anvari, Davood
    Mazandaran Univ Med Sci, Dept Parasitol, Sari, Iran.;Iranshahr Univ Med Sci, Dept Parasitol, Iranshahr, Iran..
    Anwer, Razique
    Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic Univ, Dept Pathol, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..
    Appiah, Seth Christopher Yaw
    Kwame Nkrumah Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Sociol & Social Work, Kumasi, Ghana.;Ludwig Maximilians Univ Munchen, Ctr Int Hlth, Munich, Germany..
    Arabloo, Jalal
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Hlth Management & Econ Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Arab-Zozani, Morteza
    Birjand Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Birjand, Iran..
    Aravkin, Aleksandr Y.
    Univ Washington, Dept Appl Math, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Arba, Aseb Arba Kinfe
    Wolaita Sodo Univ, Dept Nursing, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia..
    Aremu, Olatunde
    Birmingham City Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Birmingham, W Midlands, England..
    Ariani, Filippo
    Local Hlth Unit Tuscany Ctr, Reg Ctr Anal Data Occupat & Workrelated Injuries, Florence, Italy..
    Aripov, Timur
    Tashkent Inst Postgrad Med Educ, Publ Hlth & Healthcare Management, Tashkent, Uzbekistan.;Boston Childrens Hosp, Boston, MA USA..
    Armoon, Bahram
    Saveh Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Saveh, Iran.;Yasuj Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Yasuj, Iran..
    Arnlov, Johan
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Stockholm, Sweden.;Dalarna Univ, Sch Hlth & Social Studies, Falun, Sweden..
    Arowosegbe, Oluwaseyi Olalekan
    Swiss Trop & Publ Hlth Inst, Dept Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, Basel, Switzerland.;Univ Basel, Dept Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, Basel, Switzerland..
    Aryal, Krishna K.
    Abt Associates Nepal, Monitoring Evaluat & Operat Res Project, Lalitpur, Nepal..
    Arzani, Afsaneh
    Babol Univ Med Sci, Sch Nursing & Midwifery, Babol, Iran.;Babol Univ Med Sci, Babol, Iran..
    Asaad, Malke
    Univ Texas Houston, Dept Plast Surg, Houston, TX USA..
    Asadi-Aliabadi, Mehran
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Prevent Med & Publ Hlth Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Asadi-Pooya, Ali A.
    Shiraz Univ Med Sci, Epilepsy Res Ctr, Shiraz, Iran.;Thomas Jefferson Univ, Dept Neurol, Philadelphia, PA 19107 USA..
    Asgari, Samaneh
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Prevent Metab Disorders Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Asghari, Babak
    Hamadan Univ Med Sci, Dept Microbiol, Hamadan, Iran..
    Jafarabadi, Mohammad Asghari
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Dept Biostat & Epidemiol, Tabriz, Iran.;Zanjan Univ Med Sci, Dept Biostat & Epidemiol, Zanjan, Iran..
    Ashbaugh, Charlie
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Assmus, Michael
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Atafar, Zahra
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Social Dev & Hlth Promot Res Ctr, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Athari, Seyyed Shamsadin
    Zanjan Univ Med Sci, Dept Immunol, Zanjan, Iran..
    Atnafu, Desta Debalkie
    Bahir Dar Univ, Dept Hlth Syst & Hlth Econ, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia..
    Atout, Maha Moh'd Wahbi
    Philadelphia Univ, Fac Nursing, Amman, Jordan..
    Atre, Sachin R.
    Johns Hopkins Univ, Ctr Clin Global Hlth Educ, Baltimore, MD USA.;DY Patil Vidyapeeth, DY Patil Med Coll Hosp & Res Ctr, Pune, Maharashtra, India..
    Atteraya, Madhu Sudhan
    Keimyung Univ, Dept Social Welf, Daegu, South Korea..
    Ausloos, Floriane
    Univ Liege, Dept Gastroenterol, Liege, Belgium..
    Ausloos, Marcel
    Bucharest Univ Econ Studies, Dept Stat & Econometr, Bucharest, Romania.;Univ Leicester, Sch Business, Leicester, Leics, England..
    Avila-Burgos, Leticia
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Ctr Hlth Syst Res, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Avokpaho, Euripide Frinel Gbenato Arthur
    Benin Clin Res Inst IRCB, Epidemiol & Clin Res, Abomey Calavi, Benin.;Fdn Sci Res FORS, Epidemiol & Clin Res, Cotonou, Benin..
    Quintanilla, Beatriz Paulina Ayala
    La Trobe Univ, Judith Lumley Ctr, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Ayano, Getinet
    Curtin Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Perth, WA, Australia..
    Ayanore, Martin Amogre
    Univ Hlth & Allied Sci, Dept Hlth Policy Planning & Management, Ho, Ghana..
    Aynalem, Getie Lake
    Univ Gondar, Dept Clin Midwifery, Gondar, Ethiopia..
    Aynalem, Yared Asmare
    Debre Berhan Univ, Dept Nursing, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia..
    Ayza, Muluken Altaye
    Mekelle Univ, Dept Pharmacol & Toxicol, Mekelle, Ethiopia..
    Azari, Samad
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Hlth Management & Econ Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Azarian, Ghasem
    Hamadan Univ Med Sci, Dept Environm Hlth Engn, Hamadan, Iran..
    Azene, Zelalem Nigussie
    Univ Gondar, Dept Reprod Hlth, Gondar, Ethiopia..
    Azhar, Gulrez
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Azzopardi, Peter S.
    Burnet Inst, Global Adolescent Hlth Grp, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;South Australian Hlth & Med Res Inst, Wardliparingga Aboriginal Res Unit, Adelaide, SA, Australia..
    Darshan, B. B.
    Babaee, Ebrahim
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Prevent Med & Publ Hlth Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Badawi, Alaa
    Publ Hlth Agcy Canada, Publ Hlth Risk Sci Div, Toronto, ON, Canada.;Univ Toronto, Dept Nutr Sci, Toronto, ON, Canada..
    Badiye, Ashish D.
    Govt Inst Forens Sci, Dept Forens Sci, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India..
    Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba
    Sharif Univ Technol, Dept Chem, Tehran, Iran..
    Bagli, Eleni
    Univ Hosp Ioannina, Dept Ophthalmol, Ioannina, Greece.;Fdn Res Technol, Inst Mol Biol & Biotechnol, Ioannina, Greece..
    Bahrami, Mohammad Amin
    Shiraz Univ Med Sci, Dept Healthcare Management & Educ, Shiraz, Iran..
    Baig, Atif Amin
    Sultan Zainal Abidin Univ, Biochem Unit, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia..
    Bairwa, Mohan
    All India Inst Med Sci, Ctr Community Med, New Delhi, India..
    Bakhshaei, Mohammad Hossein
    Hamedan Univ Med Sci, Dept Anesthesiol, Hamadan, Iran..
    Bakhtiari, Ahad
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Dept Hlth Policy Management & Econ, Tehran, Iran..
    Bakkannavar, Shankar M.
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Dept Forens Med & Toxicol, Mangalore, India..
    Balachandran, Arun
    Univ Groningen, Dept Demog, Groningen, Netherlands.;Inst Social & Econ Change, Populat Res Ctr, Bengaluru, India..
    Balakrishnan, Senthilkumar
    Haramaya Univ, Dept Med Microbiol, Harar, Ethiopia..
    Balalla, Shivanthi
    Auckland Univ Technol, Dept Psychol & Neurosci, Auckland, New Zealand..
    Balassyano, Shelly
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Baldasseroni, Alberto
    Local Hlth Author Florence, Dept Epidemiol, Florence, Italy..
    Ball, Kylie
    Deakin Univ, Inst Phys Act & Nutr, Burwood, Vic, Australia..
    Ballew, Shoshana H.
    Johns Hopkins Univ, Dept Epidemiol, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Balzi, Daniela
    USL Tuscany Ctr, Dept Prevent, Florence, Italy..
    Banach, Maciej
    Med Univ Lodz, Dept Hypertens, Lodz, Poland.;Polish Mothers Mem Hosp Res Inst, Lodz, Poland..
    Banerjee, Srikanta K.
    Walden Univ, Sch Hlth Sci, Minneapolis, MN USA..
    Banik, Palash Chandra
    Bangladesh Univ Hlth Sci, Dept Noncommunicable Dis, Dhaka, Bangladesh..
    Bannick, Marlena S.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Bante, Agegnehu Bante
    Arba Minch Univ, Dept Nursing, Arba Minch, Ethiopia..
    Bante, Simachew Animen
    Bahir Dar Univ, Dept Midwifery, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia..
    Baraki, Adhanom Gebreegziabher
    Univ Gondar, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Gondar, Ethiopia..
    Barboza, Miguel A.
    Costa Rican Dept Social Secur, Dept Neurosci, San Jose, Costa Rica.;Univ Costa Rica, Sch Med, San Pedro, Costa Rica..
    Barker-Collo, Suzanne Lyn
    Univ Auckland, Sch Psychol, Auckland, New Zealand..
    Barnighausen, Till Winfried
    Harvard Univ, TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Heidelberg Univ, Heidelberg Inst Global Hlth HIGH, Heidelberg, Germany..
    Barrero, Lope H.
    Pontifical Javeriana Univ, Dept Ind Engn, Bogota, Colombia..
    Barthelemy, Celine M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Barua, Lingkan
    Bangladesh Univ Hlth Sci, Dept Noncommunicable Dis, Dhaka, Bangladesh..
    Barzegar, Akbar
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Occupat Hlth Engn, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Basaleem, Huda
    Aden Coll, Sch Publ Hlth & Community Med, Aden, Yemen.;Int Ctr Diarrhoeal Dis Res, Maternal & Child Hlth Div, Dhaka, Bangladesh..
    Bassat, Quique
    Univ Barcelona, Barcelona Inst Global Hlth, Barcelona, Spain.;Catalan Inst Res & Adv Studies ICREA, Barcelona, Spain..
    Basu, Sanjay
    Harvard Univ, Ctr Primary Care, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, London, England..
    Baune, Bernhard T.
    Univ Munster, Dept Psychiat, Munster, Germany.;Melbourne Med Sch, Dept Psychiat, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Bayati, Mohsen
    Shiraz Univ Med Sci, Hlth Human Resources Res Ctr, Shiraz, Iran..
    Baye, Bayisa Abdissa
    Ambo Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Ambo, Ethiopia..
    Bazmandegan, Gholamreza
    Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci, Clin Res Dev Unit, Rafsanjan, Iran.;Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci, Dept Internal Med, Rafsanjan, Iran..
    Becker, Jacob S.
    Univ N Carolina, Dept Environm Sci & Engn, Chapel Hill, NC 27515 USA..
    Bedi, Neeraj
    Jazan Univ, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.;Gandhi Med Coll Bhopal, Dept Community Med, Bhopal, India..
    Beghi, Ettore
    Mario Negri Inst Pharmacol Res, Dept Neurosci, Milan, Italy..
    Behzadifar, Masoud
    Lorestan Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Khorramabad, Iran..
    Bejot, Yannick
    Univ Hosp Dijon, Dept Neurol, Dijon, France.;Univ Burgundy, Dijon Stroke Registry UFR Sci Sante, Dijon, France..
    Bekuma, Tariku Tesfaye Tesfaye
    Wollega Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Nekemte, Ethiopia..
    Bell, Michelle L.
    Yale Univ, Sch Environm, New Haven, CT USA..
    Bello, Aminu K.
    Univ Alberta, Dept Med, Edmonton, AB, Canada..
    Bender, Rose G.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Bennett, Derrick A.
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Populat Hlth, Oxford, England..
    Bennitt, Fiona B.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Bensenor, Isabela M.
    Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Internal Med, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Benziger, Catherine P.
    Essentia Hlth, Heart & Vasc Ctr, Duluth, MN USA..
    Berhe, Kidanemaryam
    Mekelle Univ, Dept Nutr & Dietet, Mekelle, Ethiopia..
    Berman, Adam E.
    Augusta Univ, Med Coll Georgia, Dept Med, Augusta, GA USA..
    Bernabe, Eduardo
    Kings Coll London, Fac Dent Oral & Craniofacial Sci, London, England..
    Bernstein, Robert S.
    Emory Univ, Hubert Dept Global Hlth, Atlanta, GA 30322 USA..
    Bertolacci, Gregory J.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Bhagavathula, Akshaya Srikanth
    United Arab Emirates Univ, Dept Internal Med, Al Ain, U Arab Emirates.;Charles Univ Prague, Dept Social & Clin Pharm, Prague, Czech Republic..
    Bhageerathy, Reshmi
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Dept Hlth Informat Management, Mangalore, India.;Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Mangalore, India..
    Bhala, Neeraj
    Queen Elizabeth Hosp Birmingham, Inst Appl Hlth Res, Birmingham, W Midlands, England.;Queen Elizabeth Hosp Birmingham, Inst Translat Med, Birmingham, W Midlands, England.;Univ Birmingham, Inst Appl Hlth Res, Birmingham, W Midlands, England..
    Bhandari, Dinesh
    Univ Adelaide, Sch Publ Hlth, Adelaide, SA, Australia.;Tribhuvan Univ, Publ Hlth Res Lab, Kathmandu, Nepal..
    Bhardwaj, Pankaj
    All India Inst Med Sci, Dept Community Med & Family Med, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India..
    Bhat, Anusha Ganapati
    Univ Massachusetts, Sch Med, Div Gen Internal Med, Springfield, MA USA..
    Bhattacharyya, Krittika
    Natl Inst Biomed Genom, Dept Stat & Computat Genom, Kalyani, W Bengal, India.;Univ Calcutta, Dept Stat, Kolkata, India..
    Bhattarai, Suraj
    Global Inst Interdisciplinary Studies, Dept Global Hlth, Kathmandu, Nepal..
    Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.
    Univ Toronto, Ctr Global Child Hlth, Toronto, ON, Canada.;Aga Khan Univ, Ctr Excellence Women & Child Hlth, Karachi, Pakistan..
    Bibi, Sadia
    Univ Agr Faisalabad, Inst Soil & Environm Sci, Faisalabad, Pakistan..
    Biehl, Molly H.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Bijani, Ali
    Babol Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Babol, Iran..
    Bikbov, Boris
    Mario Negri Inst Pharmacol Res, Milan, Italy..
    Bilano, Ver
    Creativ Ceut, Hlth Econ & Outcomes Res, London, England..
    Bin Sayeed, Muhammad Shahdaat
    Australian Natl Univ, Natl Ctr Epidemiol & Populat Hlth, Canberra, ACT, Australia.;Univ Dhaka, Dept Clin Pharm & Pharmacol, Dhaka, Bangladesh..
    Biondi, Antonio
    Univ Catania, Dept Gen Surg & Med Surg Specialties, Catania, Italy..
    Birihane, Binyam Minuye
    Ethiopian Publ Hlth Inst, Adis Ababa, Ethiopia.;Debre Tabor Univ, Dept Nursing, Debretabor, Ethiopia..
    Bisanzio, Donal
    Res Triangle Inst Int, Global Hlth Div, Res Triangle Pk, NC USA.;Univ Nottingham, Sch Med, Nottingham, England..
    Bisignano, Catherine
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Biswas, Raaj Kishore
    Univ New South Wales, Transport & Rd Safety TARS Res Ctr, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Bitew, Helen
    Mekelle Univ, Sch Pharm, Mekelle, Ethiopia..
    Bjorge, Tone
    Univ Bergen, Dept Global Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Bergen, Norway.;Canc Registry Norway, Oslo, Norway..
    Bockarie, Moses John
    European & Developing Countries Clin Trials Partn, Cape Town, South Africa.;Univ Cape Town, Dept Med, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Bohlouli, Somayeh
    Islamic Azad Univ, Dept Vet Med, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Bohluli, Mehdi
    Inst Adv Studies Basic Sci, Dept Comp Sci & Informat Technol, Zanjan, Iran.;Petanux Res GmBH, Dept Res & Innovat, Bonn, Germany..
    Bojia, Hunduma Amensisa
    Haramaya Univ, Sch Pharm, Harar, Ethiopia..
    Bolla, Srinivasa Rao
    Nazarbayev Univ, Dept Biomed Sci, Nur Sultan City, Kazakhstan..
    Boloor, Archith
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Dept Internal Med, Mangalore, India..
    Boon-Dooley, Alexandra S.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Borges, Guilherme
    Ramon de la Fuente Muniz Natl Inst Psychiat, Dept Epidemiol & Psychosocial Res, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Borzi, Antonio Maria
    Univ Catania, Dept Clin & Expt Med, Catania, Italy..
    Borzouei, Shiva
    Hamadan Univ Med Sci, Dept Endocrinol, Hamadan, Iran..
    Bose, Dipan
    World Bank, Transport Global Practice, 1818 H St NW, Washington, DC 20433 USA..
    Bosetti, Cristina
    Mario Negri Inst Pharmacol Res, Dept Oncol, Milan, Italy..
    Boufous, Soufiane
    Univ New South Wales, Transport & Rd Safety TARS Res Ctr, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Bourne, Rupert
    Anglia Ruskin Univ, Vis & Eye Res Unit, Cambridge, England..
    Brady, Oliver J.
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Infect Dis Epidemiol, London, England..
    Braithwaite, Dejana
    Georgetown Univ, Div Hematol & Oncol, Washington, DC USA..
    Brauer, Michael
    Univ British Columbia, Sch Populat & Publ Hlth, Vancouver, BC, Canada.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Brayne, Carol
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Cambridge, England..
    Breitborde, Nicholas J. K.
    Ohio State Univ, Dept Psychol, Columbus, OH 43210 USA.;Ohio State Univ, Psychiat & Behav Hlth Dept, Columbus, OH 43210 USA..
    Breitner, Susanne
    Ludwig Maximilian Univ Munich, Inst Med Informat Proc Biometry & Epidemiol, Munich, Germany.;German Res Ctr Environm Hlth, Inst Epidemiol, Neuherberg, Germany..
    Brenner, Hermann
    German Canc Res Ctr, Div Clin Epidemiol & Aging Res, Heidelberg, Germany..
    Breusov, Alexey V.
    RUDN Univ, Inst Med, Moscow, Russia..
    Briant, Paul Svitil
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Briggs, Andrew M.
    Curtin Univ, Sch Physiotherapy & Exercise Sci, Perth, WA, Australia..
    Briko, Andrey Nikolaevich
    Bauman Moscow State Tech Univ, Dept Biomed Technol, Moscow, Russia..
    Briko, Nikolay Ivanovich
    IM Sechenov First Moscow State Med Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Evidence Based Med, Moscow, Russia..
    Britton, Gabrielle B.
    Inst Sci Res & High Technol Serv, Neurosci Unit, Panama City, Panama.;Gorgas Mem Inst Hlth Studies, Panama City, Panama..
    Brugha, Traolach
    Univ Leicester, Dept Hlth Sci, Leicester, Leics, England..
    Bryazka, Dana
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Buchbinder, Rachelle
    Monash Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Prevent Med, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Cabrini Inst, Cabrini Hosp, Monash Dept Clin Epidemiol, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Bumgarner, Blair R.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Burkart, Katrin
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Burnett, Richard Thomas
    Hlth Canada, Populat Studies Div, Ottawa, ON, Canada..
    Nagaraja, Sharath Burugina
    Employee State Insurance Post Grad Inst Med Sci &, Dept Community Med, Bengalore, India..
    Busse, Reinhard
    Tech Univ Berlin, Dept Hlth Care Management, Berlin, Germany..
    Butt, Zahid A.
    Univ Waterloo, Sch Publ Hlth & Hlth Syst, Waterloo, ON, Canada.;Al Shifa Trust Eye Hosp, Al Shifa Sch Publ Hlth, Rawalpindi, Pakistan..
    Caetano dos Santos, Florentino Luciano
    Fed Polytech Sch Lausanne, Inst Microengn, Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Cahill, Leah E.
    Harvard Univ, Dept Nutr, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Dalhousie Univ, Dept Med, Halifax, NS, Canada..
    Cahuana-Hurtado, Lucero
    Peruvian Univ Cayetano Heredia, Sch Publ Hlth & Adm, Lima, Peru..
    Cai, Tianji
    Univ Macau, Dept Sociol, Macau, Peoples R China..
    Callender, Charlton S. K. H.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Camera, Luis Alberto
    Hosp Italiano Buenos Aires, Dept Internal Med, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.;Argentine Soc Med, Board Directors, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina..
    Campos-Nonato, Ismael R.
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Hlth & Nutr Res Ctr, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Rincon, Julio Cesar Campuzano
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico.;Univ Valley Cuernavaca, Sch Med, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Cao, Jackie
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Car, Josip
    Imperial Coll London, Dept Primary Care & Publ Hlth, London, England.;Nanyang Technol Univ, Ctr Populat Hlth Sci, Singapore, Singapore..
    Cardenas, Rosario
    Metropolitan Autonomous Univ, Dept Hlth Care, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Carreras, Giulia
    Inst Canc Res Prevent & Clin Network, Florence, Italy..
    Carrero, Juan J.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Carvalho, Felix
    Univ Porto, Res Unit Appl Mol Biosci UCIBIO, Porto, Portugal..
    Castaldelli-Maia, Joao Mauricio
    Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Psychiat, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Castaneda-Orjuela, Carlos A.
    Natl Inst Hlth, Colombian Natl Hlth Observ, Bogota, Colombia.;Univ Nacl Colombia, Epidemiol & Publ Hlth Evaluat Grp, Bogota, Colombia..
    Castelpietra, Giulio
    Univ Udine, Dept Med, Udine, Italy.;Healthcare Agcy Friuli Occidentale, Dept Mental Hlth, Pordenone, Italy..
    Castle, Chris D.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Castro, Emma
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Castro, Franz
    Gorgas Mem Inst Hlth Studies, Panama City, Panama..
    Catala-Lopez, Ferran
    Inst Hlth Carlos III, Natl Sch Publ Hlth, Madrid, Spain.;Ottawa Hosp Res Inst, Clin Epidemiol Program, Ottawa, ON, Canada..
    Causey, Kate
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Cederroth, Christopher R.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Physiol & Pharmacol, Stockholm, Sweden.;Univ Nottingham, Natl Inst Hlth Res Nottingham Biomed Res Ctr, Nottingham, England..
    Cercy, Kelly M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Cerin, Ester
    Australian Catholic Univ, Mary MacKillop Inst Hlth Res, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Univ Hong Kong, Sch Publ Hlth, Hong Kong, Peoples R China..
    Chalek, Julian
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Chandan, Joht Singh
    Univ Birmingham, Inst Appl Hlth Res, Birmingham, W Midlands, England..
    Chang, Alex R.
    Geisinger Hlth Syst, Kidney Hlth Res Inst, Danville, PA USA..
    Chang, Angela Y.
    Univ Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Chang, Jung-Chen
    Natl Taiwan Univ, Coll Med, Taipei, Taiwan.;Natl Taiwan Univ Hosp, Dept Nursing, Taipei, Taiwan..
    Chang, Kai-Lan
    Univ Colorado, Cooperat Inst Res Environm Sci, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.;NOAA, Div Chem Sci, Earth Syst Res Lab, Boulder, CO USA..
    Charan, Jaykaran
    All India Inst Med Sci, Dept Pharmacol, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India..
    Charlson, Fiona J.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Queensland, Queensland Ctr Mental Hlth Res, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Chattu, Vijay Kumar
    Univ Toronto, Dept Med, Toronto, ON, Canada..
    Chaturvedi, Sarika
    DY Patil Univ, Res Dept, Pune, Maharashtra, India..
    Cherbuin, Nicolas
    Australian Natl Univ, Res Sch Populat Hlth, Canberra, ACT, Australia..
    Chimed-Ochir, Odgerel
    Univ Occupat & Environm Hlth, Inst Ind Ecol Sci, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka, Japan..
    Chin, Ken Lee
    Monash Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Prevent Med, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Univ Melbourne, Melbourne Med Sch, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Chirinos-Caceres, Jesus Lorenzo
    Cayetano Heredia Univ, Dept Publ Hlth Adm & Social Sci, Lima, Peru..
    Cho, Daniel Youngwhan
    Univ Washington, Div Plast Surg, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Choi, Jee-Young Jasmine
    Seoul Natl Univ Hosp, Biomed Informat, Seoul, South Korea..
    Christensen, Hanne
    Univ Copenhagen, Bispebjerg Hosp, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Chu, Dinh-Toi
    Hanoi Natl Univ Educ, Fac Biol, Hanoi, Vietnam..
    Chung, Michael T.
    Wayne State Univ, Dept Otolaryngol, Detroit, MI 48201 USA..
    Chung, Sheng-Chia
    UCL, Dept Hlth Informat, London, England.;Hlth Data Res UK, London, England..
    Cicuttini, Flavia M.
    Monash Univ, Sch Publ Hlth & Prevent Med, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Ciobanu, Liliana G.
    Univ South Australia, Sch Pharm & Med Sci, Adelaide, SA, Australia.;Univ Adelaide, Adelaide Med Sch, Adelaide, SA, Australia..
    Cirillo, Massimo
    Univ Naples Federico II, Dept Publ Hlth, Naples, Italy..
    Cislaghi, Beniamino
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Global Hlth & Dev, London, England..
    Classen, Thomas Khaled Dwayne
    North Rhine Westphalia NRW Ctr Hlth, Dept Key Quest & Int Cooperat, Bochum, Germany.;Bielefeld Univ, Bielefeld Sch Publ Hlth, Bielefeld, Germany..
    Cohen, Aaron J.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Hlth Effects Inst, Boston, MA USA..
    Collins, Emma L.
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Med, Oxford, England..
    Comfort, Haley
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Compton, Kelly
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Conti, Sara
    Univ Milano Bicocca, Sch Med & Surg, Monza, Italy..
    Cooper, Owen R.
    Univ Colorado, Cooperat Inst Res Environm Sci, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.;NOAA, Chem Sci Lab, Boulder, CO USA..
    Corso, Barbara
    CNR, Inst Neurosci, Padua, Italy..
    Cortesi, Paolo Angelo
    Univ Milano Bicocca, Sch Med & Surg, Monza, Italy..
    Costa, Vera Marisa
    Univ Porto, Res Unit Appl Mol Biosci UCIBIO, Porto, Portugal..
    Cousin, Ewerton
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Postgrad Program Epidemiol, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Cowden, Richard G.
    Univ Free State, Dept Psychol, Park West, South Africa..
    Cowie, Benjamin C.
    Univ Melbourne, Dept Med, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Peter Doherty Inst Infect & Immun, WHO Collaborating Ctr Viral Hepatitis, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Cromwell, Elizabeth A.
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Croneberger, Andrew J.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Cross, Di H.
    NIH, Off Director, Bldg 10, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Cross, Marita
    Univ Sydney, Fac Med & Hlth, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Crowe, Christopher Stephen
    Univ Washington, Div Plast & Reconstruct Surg, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Cruz, Jessica A.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Cummins, Steven
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Publ Hlth Environm & Soc, London, England..
    Cunningham, Matthew
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Dahlawi, Saad M. A.
    Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal Univ, Dept Environm Hlth, Dammam, Saudi Arabia..
    Dai, Haijiang
    Cent South Univ, Dept Cardiol, Changsha, Peoples R China.;York Univ, Dept Math & Stat, Toronto, ON, Canada..
    Dai, Hancheng
    Peking Univ, Coll Environm Sci & Engn, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Damasceno, Albertino Antonio Moura
    Eduardo Mondlane Univ, Fac Med, Maputo, Mozambique..
    Damiani, Giovanni
    Univ Milan, IRCCS Ist Ortoped Galeazzi, Dermatol Clin, Milan, Italy.;Case Western Reserve Univ, Dept Dermatol, Cleveland, OH 44106 USA..
    D'Amico, Emanuele
    Univ Catania, Dept GF Ingrassia, Catania, Italy..
    Dandona, Lalit
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Publ Hlth Fdn India, Gurugram, India..
    Dandona, Rakhi
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Publ Hlth Fdn India, Gurugram, India..
    Daneshpajouhnejad, Parnaz
    Johns Hopkins Univ, Dept Pathol, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Dangel, William James
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Danielsson, Anna-Karin
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Global Publ Hlth, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Gela, Jiregna Darega
    Ambo Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Ambo, Ethiopia..
    Dargan, Paul I.
    Kings Coll London, Fac Life Sci & Med, London, England.;Guys & St Thomas NHS Fdn Trust, Dept Clin Toxicol, London, England..
    Darwesh, Aso Mohammad
    Univ Human Dev, Dept Informat Technol, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq..
    Daryani, Ahmad
    Mazandaran Univ Med Sci, Toxoplasmosis Res Ctr, Sari, Iran..
    Das, Jai K.
    Aga Khan Univ, Div Women & Child Hlth, Karachi, Pakistan..
    Das Gupta, Rajat
    Univ South Carolina, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Columbia, SC 29208 USA.;BRAC Univ, James P Grant Sch Publ Hlth, Dhaka, Bangladesh..
    Das Neves, Jose
    Univ Porto, Inst Res & Innovat Hlth, Porto, Portugal.;Univ Porto, Inst Biomed Engn INEB, Porto, Portugal..
    Dash, Aditya Prasad
    Cent Univ Tami Nadu, Thiruvarur, India..
    Davey, Gail
    Brighton & Sussex Med Sch, Dept Global Hlth & Infect, Brighton, E Sussex, England.;Addis Ababa Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Davila-Cervantes, Claudio Alberto
    Latin Amer Fac Social Sci Mexico, Dept Populat & Dev, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Davis, Adrian C.
    Imperial Coll London, Dept Surg & Canc, London, England.;UCL, Ear Inst, London, England..
    Davitoiu, Dragos Virgil
    Carol Davila Univ Med & Pharm, Dept Gen Surg, Bucharest, Romania.;Clin Emergency Hosp Sf Pantelimon, Dept Surg, Bucharest, Romania..
    Davletov, Kairat
    Al Farabi Kazakh Natl Univ, Hlth Res Inst, Alma Ata, Kazakhstan..
    De Leo, Diego
    Griffith Univ, Australian Inst Suicide Res & Prevent, Nathan, Qld, Australia..
    De Neve, Jan-Walter
    Heidelberg Univ, Heidelberg Inst Global Hlth HIGH, Heidelberg, Germany..
    Dean, Frances E.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    DeCleene, Nicole K.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Deen, Amanda
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Degenhardt, Louisa
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ New South Wales, Natl Drug & Alcohol Res Ctr, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    DeLang, Marissa
    Univ N Carolina, Dept Environm Sci & Engn, Chapel Hill, NC 27515 USA..
    Dellavalle, Robert Paul
    Dept Vet Affairs, Dermatol Serv, St Louis, MO USA.;Univ Colorado Denver, Dept Dermatol, Aurora, CO USA..
    Demeke, Feleke Mekonnen
    Bahir Dar Univ, Dept Med Lab Sci, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia..
    Demoz, Gebre Teklemariam
    Aksum Univ, Sch Pharm, Aksum, Ethiopia..
    Demsie, Desalegn Getnet
    Adigrat Univ, Dept Pharm, Adigrat, Ethiopia..
    Denova-Gutierrez, Edgar
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Ctr Nutr & Hlth Res, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Dereje, Nebiyu Dereje
    Addis Ababa Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.;Wachemo Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Hossana, Ethiopia..
    Deribe, Kebede
    Brighton & Sussex Med Sch, Wellcome Trust Brighton & Sussex Ctr Global Hlth, Brighton, E Sussex, England.;Addis Ababa Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Dervenis, Nikolaos
    Royal Liverpool Univ Hosp, St Pauls Eye Unit, Liverpool, Merseyside, England.;Aristotle Univ Thessaloniki, Dept Ophthalmol, Thessaloniki, Greece..
    Desai, Rupak
    Atlanta Vet Affairs Med Ctr, Div Cardiol, Decatur, GA USA..
    Desalew, Assefa
    Haramaya Univ, Sch Nursing & Midwifery, Harar, Ethiopia..
    Dessie, Getenet Ayalew
    Bahir Dar Univ, Dept Nursing, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia..
    Deuba, Keshab
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Global Publ Hlth, Stockholm, Sweden.;Save Children, Natl Ctr AIDS & STD Control, Kathmandu, Nepal..
    Dharmaratne, Samath Dhamminda
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Peradeniya, Dept Community Med, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka..
    Dhungana, Govinda Prasad
    Far Western Univ, Dept Microbiol, Mahendranagar, Nepal..
    Dianatinasab, Mostafa
    Shiraz Univ Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol, Shiraz, Iran.;Shahroud Univ Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Shahroud, Iran..
    da Silva, Diana Dias
    Univ Porto, Toxicol Lab, Porto, Portugal..
    Diaz, Daniel
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Ctr Complex Sci, Mexico City, DF, Mexico.;Autonomous Univ Sinaloa, Fac Vet Med & Zootechn, Culiacan, Sinaloa, Mexico..
    Forooshani, Zahra Sadat Dibaji
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Dichgans, Martin
    Ludwig Maximilians Univ Munchen, Inst Stroke & Dementia Res, Munich, Germany..
    Didarloo, Alireza
    Urmia Univ Med Sci, Dept Publ Hlth, Orumiyeh, Iran..
    Dingels, Zachary V.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Dippenaar, Ilse N.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Dirac, M. Ashworth
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Swedish Family Med First Hill, Seattle, WA USA..
    Djalalinia, Shirin
    Minist Hlth & Med Educ, Dev Res & Technol Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Do, Hoa Thi
    Nguyen Tat Thanh Univ, Ctr Excellence Publ Hlth Nutr, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam..
    Dokova, Klara
    Med Univ Varna, Dept Social Med & Hlth Care Org, Varna, Bulgaria..
    Doku, David Teye
    Univ Cape Coast, Dept Populat & Hlth, Cape Coast, Ghana..
    Dolecek, Christiane
    Univ Oxford, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;Mahidol Oxford Trop Med Res Unit, Bangkok, Thailand..
    Dolgert, Andrew J.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Dorostkar, Fariba
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Fac Allied Med, Tehran, Iran..
    Doshi, Chirag P.
    Univ Southern Calif, Keck Sch Med, Los Angeles, CA 90007 USA..
    Doshi, Pratik P.
    Duke Univ, Sch Med, Durham, NC USA..
    Doshmangir, Leila
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Dept Hlth Policy & Management, Tabriz, Iran..
    Douiri, Abdel
    Kings Coll London, Sch Populat Hlth & Environm Sci, London, England..
    Doxey, Matthew C.
    Seattle Indian Hlth Board, Urban Indian Hlth Inst, Seattle, WA USA..
    Doyle, Kerrie E.
    Western Sydney Univ, Sch Med, Sydney, Vic, Australia.;RMIT Univ, Hlth Sci, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Driscoll, Tim Robert
    Univ Sydney, Sydney Sch Publ Hlth, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Dubljanin, Eleonora
    Univ Belgrade, Inst Microbiol & Immunol, Belgrade, Serbia..
    Dunachie, Susanna J.
    Univ Oxford, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;Mahidol Oxford Trop Med Res Unit, Bangkok, Thailand..
    Duncan, Bruce B.
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Postgrad Program Epidemiol, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Duraes, Andre Rodrigues
    Univ Fed Bahia, Sch Med, Salvador, BA, Brazil.;Escola Bahiana Med & Saude Publ, Dept Internal Med, Salvador, BA, Brazil..
    Eagan, Arielle Wilder
    Harvard Univ, Dept Global Hlth & Social Med, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Tufts Med Ctr, Dept Social Serv, Boston, MA 02111 USA..
    Ebrahimi, Hedyeh
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Liver & Pancreaticobilliary Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Univ Tehran Med Sci, Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Kalan, Mohammad Ebrahimi
    Florida Int Univ, Dept Epidemiol, Miami, FL 33199 USA..
    Edvardsson, David
    La Trobe Univ, Sch Nursing & Midwifery, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Umeå Univ, Dept Nursing, Umeå, Sweden..
    Effiong, Andem
    Univ Newcastle, Ctr Clin Epidemiol & Biostat, Newcastle, NSW, Australia..
    Ehrlich, Joshua R.
    Univ Michigan, Dept Ophthalmol & Visual Sci, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA.;Univ Michigan, Inst Hlth Care Policy & Innovat, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA..
    El Nahas, Nevine
    Ain Shams Univ, Dept Neurol, Cairo, Egypt..
    El Sayed, Iman
    Alexandria Univ, Biomed Informat & Med Stat Dept, Alexandria, Egypt..
    Zaki, Maysaa El Sayed
    Mansoura Univ, Dept Clin Pathol, Mansoura, Egypt..
    El Tantawi, Maha
    Alexandria Univ, Pediat Dent & Dent Publ Hlth Dept, Alexandria, Egypt..
    Elbarazi, Iffat
    Abu Dhabi Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Khalifa City, U Arab Emirates..
    Elgendy, Islam Y.
    Harvard Univ, Dept Cardiol, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Div Cardiol, Boston, MA 02114 USA..
    Elhabashy, Hala Rashad
    Cairo Univ, Dept Neurophysiol, Cairo, Egypt..
    El-Jaafary, Shaimaa I.
    Cairo Univ, Dept Neurol, Cairo, Egypt..
    Elsharkawy, Aisha
    Cairo Univ, Endem Med & Hepatogastroentrol Dept, Cairo, Egypt..
    Elyazar, Iqbal R. F.
    Eijkman Inst Mol Biol, Eijkman Oxford Clin Res Unit, Jakarta, Indonesia..
    Emamian, Mohammad Hassan
    Shahroud Univ Med Sci, Ophthalm Epidemiol Res Ctr, Shahroud, Iran..
    Emmons-Bell, Sophia
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Erskine, Holly E.
    Univ Queensland, Sch Publ Hlth, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.;Queensland Ctr Mental Hlth Res, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Eshrati, Babak
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Prevent Med & Publ Hlth Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Eskandari, Khalil
    Kerman Univ Med Sci, Dept Med Chem, Kerman, Iran.;Kerman Univ Med Sci, Pharmaceut Res Ctr, Kerman, Iran..
    Eskandarieh, Sharareh
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Multiple Sclerosis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Esmaeilnejad, Saman
    Islamic Azad Univ, Tehran Med Sci Branch, Kermanshah, Iran.;Tarbiat Modares Univ, Dept Physiol, Tehran, Iran..
    Esmaeilzadeh, Firooz
    Maragheh Univ Med Sci, Dept Publ Hlth, Maragheh, Iran..
    Esteghamati, Alireza
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Endocrinol & Metab Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Esteghamati, Sadaf
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Endocrinol & Metab Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Estep, Kara
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Etemadi, Arash
    NCI, Div Canc Epidemiol & Genet, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Etisso, Atkilt Esaiyas
    Hawassa Univ, Unit Med Physiol, Hawassa, Ethiopia..
    Ezekannagha, Oluchi
    Int Inst Trop Agr, Ibadan, Nigeria..
    Fanzo, Jessica
    Johns Hopkins Univ, Sch Adv Int Studies, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Farag, Tamer
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Farahmand, Mohammad
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Sch Publ Hlth, Tehran, Iran..
    Faraj, Anwar
    Univ Human Dev, Dept Polit Sci, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq..
    Faraon, Emerito Jose A.
    Univ Philippines Manila, Dept Hlth Policy & Adm, Manila, Philippines..
    Fareed, Mohammad
    Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic Univ, Coll Med, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..
    Faridnia, Roghiyeh
    Mazandaran Univ Med Sci, Dept Med Parasitol, Sari, Iran..
    Farinha, Carla Sofia e Sa
    Natl Inst Stat, Disseminat Div, Lisbon, Portugal.;Directorate Gen Hlth DGS, Activ Planning & Control Unit, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Farioli, Andrea
    Univ Bologna, Dept Med & Surg Sci, Bologna, Italy..
    Faris, Pawan Sirwan
    Univ Pavia, Dept Biol & Biotechnol Lazzaro Spallanzani, Pavia, Italy.;Salahaddin Univ Erbil, Dept Biol, Erbil, Iraq..
    Faro, Andre
    Univ Fed Sergipe, Dept Psychol, Sao Cristovao, Brazil..
    Faruque, Mithila
    Bangladesh Univ Hlth Sci, Dept Noncommunicable Dis, Dhaka, Bangladesh..
    Farzadfar, Farshad
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Fattahi, Nazir
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Environm Determinants Hlth, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Fazaeli, Ali Akbar
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Dept Hlth Policy Management & Econ, Tehran, Iran..
    Fazlzadeh, Mehdi
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Dept Environm Hlth Engn, Tehran, Iran.;Ardabil Univ Med Sci, Dept Environm Hlth Engn, Ardebil, Iran..
    Feigin, Valery L.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Auckland Univ Technol, Natl Inst Stroke & Appl Neurosci, Auckland, New Zealand..
    Feldman, Rachel
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol, Stockholm, Sweden.;Univ Ottawa, Div Neurol, Ottawa, ON, Canada..
    Fernandes, Eduarda
    Univ Porto, Associated Lab Green Chem LAQV, Porto, Portugal..
    Ferrara, Giannina
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Ferrara, Pietro
    Univ Milano Bicocca, Res Ctr Publ Hlth, Monza, Italy..
    Ferrari, Alize J.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Queensland, Sch Publ Hlth, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Ferreira, Manuela L.
    Univ Sydney, Inst Bone & Joint Res, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Feyissa, Garumma Tolu
    Jimma Univ, Dept Hlth Educ & Behav Sci, Jimma, Ethiopia..
    Filip, Irina
    Kaiser Permanente, Dept Psychiat, Fontana, CA USA.;AT Still Univ, Sch Hlth Sci, Mesa, AZ USA..
    Fischer, Florian
    Ravensburg Weingarten Univ Appl Sci, Inst Gerontol Hlth Serv & Nursing Res, Weingarten, Germany..
    Fisher, James L.
    Ohio State Univ, James Canc Hosp, Columbus, OH 43210 USA..
    Fitzgerald, Ryan
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Flohr, Carsten
    Kings Coll London, Unit Populat Based Dermatol Res, London, England..
    Flor, Luisa Sorio
    Sergio Arouca Natl Sch Publ Hlth, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil.;Univ Fed Espirito Santo, Vitoria, ES, Brazil..
    Foigt, Nataliya A.
    Natl Acad Med Sci Ukraine, Inst Gerontol, Kiev, Ukraine..
    Folayan, Morenike Oluwatoyin
    Obafemi Awolowo Univ, Dept Child Dent Hlth, Ife, Nigeria..
    Fomenkov, Artem Alekseevich
    Timiryazev Inst Plant Physiol, Dept Cell Biol & Biotechnol, Moscow, Russia..
    Force, Lisa M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;St Jude Childrens Res Hosp, Dept Global Pediat Med, 332 N Lauderdale St, Memphis, TN 38105 USA..
    Fornari, Carla
    Univ Milano Bicocca, Sch Med & Surg, Monza, Italy..
    Foroutan, Masoud
    Abadan Sch Med Sci, Abadan Fac Med Sci, Abadan, Iran..
    Fox, Jack T.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Francis, Joel Msafiri
    Univ Witwatersrand, Dept Family Med & Primary Care, Johannesburg, South Africa..
    Frank, Tahvi D.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Franklin, Richard Charles
    James Cook Univ, Coll Publ Hlth Med & Vet Sci, Douglas, Qld, Australia..
    Freitas, Marisa
    Univ Porto, Associated Lab Green Chem LAQV, Porto, Portugal..
    Fu, Weijia
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Fukumoto, Takeshi
    Kobe Univ, Dept Dermatol, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan..
    Fukutaki, Kai
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Fuller, John E.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Fullman, Nancy
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Furtado, Joao M.
    Univ Sao Paulo, Div Ophthalmol, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Gad, Mohamed M.
    Univ N Carolina, Gillings Sch Global Publ Hlth, Chapel Hill, NC 27515 USA.;Cleveland Clin, Dept Cardiovasc Med, Cleveland, OH 44106 USA..
    Gaidhane, Abhay Motiramji
    Datta Meghe Inst Med Sci, Dept Community Med, Wardha, India..
    Gakidou, Emmanuela
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Galles, Natalie C.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Gallus, Silvano
    Mario Negri Inst Pharmacol Res, Dept Environm Hlth Sci, Milan, Italy..
    Gamkrelidze, Amiran
    Natl Ctr Dis Control & Publ Hlth, Tbilisi, Georgia..
    Garcia-Basteiro, Alberto L.
    Manh Hlth Res Ctr CISM, Dept TB, Manhica, Mozambique.;Barcelona Inst Global Hlth, Viral & Bacterial Infect Res Program, Barcelona, Spain..
    Gardner, William M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Geberemariyam, Biniyam Sahiledengle
    Madda Walabu Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Bale Robe, Ethiopia..
    Gebrehiwot, Abiyu Mekonnen
    Haramaya Univ, Dept Med Lab Sci, Harar, Ethiopia..
    Gebremedhin, Ketema Bizuwork
    Addis Ababa Univ, Dept Nursing & Midwifery, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Gebremeskel, Gebreamlak Gebremedhn
    Mekelle Univ, Dept Nursing, Mekelle, Ethiopia.;Aksum Univ, Dept Nursing, Aksum, Ethiopia..
    Gebremeskel, Leake G.
    Mekelle Univ, Dept Pharm, Mekelle, Ethiopia.;Aksum Univ, Sch Pharm, Aksum, Ethiopia..
    Gebresillassie, Begashaw Melaku
    Univ Gondar, Dept Clin Pharm, Gondar, Ethiopia.;Newcastle Univ, Sch Med & Publ Hlth, Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne & Wear, England..
    Gebreslassie, Assefa Ayalew Ayalew Ayalew
    Mekelle Univ, Dept Reprod Hlth, Mekelle, Ethiopia..
    Geramo, Yilma Chisha Dea
    Arba Minch Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Arba Minch, Ethiopia..
    Geremew, Abraham
    Haramaya Univ, Dept Environm Hlth, Harar, Ethiopia..
    Hayoon, Anna Gershberg
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Gesesew, Hailay Abrha
    Mekelle Univ, Dept Epidemiol, Mekelle, Ethiopia.;Flinders Univ S Australia, Coll Med & Publ Hlth, Adelaide, SA, Australia..
    Gething, Peter W.
    Curtin Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Perth, WA, Australia.;Telethon Kids Inst, Perth, WA, Australia..
    Gezae, Kebede Embaye
    Mekelle Univ, Dept Biostat, Mekelle, Ethiopia..
    Ghadimi, Maryam
    Johns Hopkins Univ, Dept Radiol & Radiol Sci, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Ghadiri, Keyghobad
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Infect Dis Res Ctr, Kermanshah, Iran.;Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Pediat, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Ghaffarifar, Fatemeh
    Tarbiat Modares Univ, Dept Parasitol & Entomol, Tehran, Iran..
    Ghafourifard, Mansour
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Dept Med Surg Nursing, Tabriz, Iran..
    Ghajar, Alireza
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Endocrinol & Metab Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Ghamari, Farhad
    Arak Univ Med Sci, Dept Occupat Hlth, Arak, Iran..
    Ghashghaee, Ahmad
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Hlth Management & Econ Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Iran Univ Med Sci, Student Res Comm, Tehran, Iran..
    Ghiasvand, Hesam
    Univ Exeter, Inst Hlth Res, Exeter, Devon, England..
    Ghith, Nermin
    Tech Univ Denmark, Res Grp Genom Epidemiol, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Gholamian, Asadollah
    Islamic Azad Univ, Dept Biol, Kermanshah, Iran.;Islamic Azad Univ, Young Researchers & Elite Club, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Ghosh, Rakesh
    Univ Calif San Francisco, Inst Global Hlth Sci, San Francisco, CA 94143 USA..
    Giampaoli, Simona
    Italian Natl Inst Hlth, Dept Cardiovasc Endocrine Metab Dis & Aging, Rome, Italy..
    Gilani, Syed Amir
    Univ Lahore, Fac Allied Hlth Sci, Lahore, Pakistan.;Afro Asian Inst, Lahore, Pakistan..
    Gill, Paramjit Singh
    Univ Warwick, Sch Med, Coventry, W Midlands, England..
    Gill, Tiffany K.
    Univ Adelaide, Adelaide Med Sch, Adelaide, SA, Australia..
    Gillum, Richard F.
    Howard Univ, Dept Community & Family Med, Washington, DC 20059 USA.;Howard Univ, Div Gen Internal Med, Washington, DC 20059 USA..
    Ginawi, Ibrahim Abdelmageed
    Minist Hlth, Family Med Res Ctr, Hail, Saudi Arabia..
    Ginindza, Themba G.
    Univ KwaZulu Natal, Discipline Publ Hlth Med, Durban, South Africa..
    Gitimoghaddam, Mojgan
    Univ British Columbia, Dept Pediat, Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Giussani, Giorgia
    Mario Negri Inst Pharmacol Res, Lab Neurol Disorders, Milan, Italy..
    Glagn, Mustefa
    Arba Minch Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Arba Minch, Ethiopia..
    Glushkova, Ekaterina Vladimirovna
    IM Sechenov First Moscow State Med Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Evidence Based Med, Moscow, Russia..
    Gnedovskaya, Elena V.
    Res Ctr Neurol, Dept Neurol 3, Moscow, Russia..
    Godinho, Myron Anthony
    Univ New South Wales, Sch Publ Hlth & Community Med, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Goharinezhad, Salime
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Prevent Med & Publ Hlth Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Golechha, Mahaveer
    Indian Inst Publ Hlth Gandhinagar, Hlth Syst & Policy Res, Gandhinagar, India..
    Goli, Srinivas
    Jawahar Lal Nehru Univ, Ctr Studies Reg Dev CSRD, New Delhi, India.;Univ Western Australia, Publ Policy Inst, Perth, WA, Australia..
    Gomez, Ricardo Santiago
    Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Dept Oral Surg & Pathol, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil..
    Gona, Philimon N.
    Univ Massachusetts Boston, Dept Exercise & Hlth Sci, Boston, MA USA..
    Gopalani, Sameer Vali
    Univ Oklahoma, Hlth Sci Ctr, Hudson Coll Publ Hlth, Oklahoma City, OK USA.;Govt Federated States Micronesia, Dept Hlth & Social Affairs, Palikir, Micronesia..
    Goren, Emily
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Gorini, Giuseppe
    Inst Canc Res Prevent & Clin Network, Oncol Network Prevent & Res Inst, Florence, Italy..
    Gorman, Taren M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Gottlich, Harrison Chase
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Goudarzi, Houman
    Hokkaido Univ, Ctr Environm & Hlth Sci, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan.;Hokkaido Univ, Dept Resp Med, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan..
    Goudarzian, Amir Hossein
    Mazandaran Univ Med Sci, Fac Nursing & Midwifery, Sari, Iran..
    Goulart, Alessandra C.
    Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Clin & Epidemiol Res, Sao Paulo, Brazil.;Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Internal Med, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Goulart, Barbara Niegia Garcia
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Postgrad Program Epidemiol, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Grada, Ayman
    Boston Univ, Dept Dermatol, Boston, MA 02215 USA..
    Greaves, Felix
    Imperial Coll London, Dept Primary Care & Publ Hlth, London, England.;Publ Hlth England, Hlth Improvement Directorate, London, England..
    Grivna, Michal
    United Arab Emirates Univ, Inst Publ Hlth, Coll Med & Hlth Sci, Al Ain, U Arab Emirates.;Charles Univ Prague, Dept Publ Hlth & Prevent Med, Prague, Czech Republic..
    Grosso, Giuseppe
    Univ Catania, Dept Biomed & Biotechnol Sci, Catania, Italy..
    Gubari, Mohammed Ibrahim Mohialdeen
    Univ Sulaimani, Dept Family & Community Med, Sulaimani, Iraq..
    Gudi, Nachiket
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Dept Hlth Policy, Mangalore, India..
    Gugnani, Harish Chander
    St James Sch Med, Dept Epidemiol, The Valley, Anguilla.;St James Sch Med, Dept Microbiol, The Valley, Anguilla..
    Guimaraes, Andre Luiz Sena
    Univ Estadual Montes Claros, Sch Dent, Montes Claros, MG, Brazil..
    Guimaraes, Rafael Alves
    Univ Fed Goias, Inst Trop Pathol & Publ Hlth IPTSP, Goiania, Go, Brazil..
    Guled, Rashid Abdi
    Jigjiga Univ, Coll Med & Hlth Sci, Jijiga, Ethiopia..
    Gultie, Teklemariam
    Arba Minch Univ, Dept Midwifery, Arba Minch, Ethiopia..
    Guo, Gaorui
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Guo, Yuming
    Monash Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Prevent Med, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Binzhou Med Univ, Dept Epidemiol, Yantai, Peoples R China. Mahatma Gandhi Inst Med Sci, Dept Community Med, Sevagram, India..
    Gupta, Rahul
    Eternal Heart Care Ctr & Res Inst, Dept Prevent Cardiol, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.;March Dimes, Med Resources, Arlington, VA USA..
    Gupta, Rajeev
    Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci, Dept Med, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.;West Virginia Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Hlth Policy Management & Leadership, Morgantown, WV 26506 USA..
    Sharan, Subodh
    Gupta, Tarun
    Indian Inst Technol Kanpur, Dept Civil Engn, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India..
    Haagsma, Juanita A.
    Erasmus MC, Dept Publ Hlth, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Hachinski, Vladimir
    Univ Western Ontario, Clin Neurol Sci, London, ON, Canada.;Lawson Hlth Res Inst, London, ON, Canada..
    Haddock, Beatrix
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Hafezi-Nejad, Nima
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Sch Med, Tehran, Iran.;Johns Hopkins Univ, Dept Radiol & Radiol Sci, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Hafiz, Abdul
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Epidemiol Programme, London, England.;Umm AL Qura Univ, Coll Med, Mecca, Saudi Arabia..
    Hagins, Hailey
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Haile, Lydia M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Haile, Teklehaimanot Gereziher
    Aksum Univ, Dept Nursing, Aksum, Ethiopia..
    Haj-Mirzaian, Arvin
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Obes Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Univ Tehran Med Sci, Dept Pharmacol, Tehran, Iran.;Johns Hopkins Univ, Dept Radiol & Radiol Sci, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Haj-Mirzaian, Arya
    Hall, Brian J.
    Univ Macau, Dept Psychol, Macau, Peoples R China..
    Halvaei, Iman
    Tarbiat Modares Univ, Dept Anat Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Hamadeh, Randah R.
    Arabian Gulf Univ, Dept Family & Community Med, Manama, Bahrain..
    Abdullah, Kanaan Hamagharib
    Univ Human Dev, Coll Law & Polit Sci, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq..
    Hameed, Sajid
    Univ Lahore, Univ Inst Publ Hlth, Lahore, Pakistan..
    Hamidi, Samer
    Hamdan Bin Mohammed Smart Univ, Sch Hlth & Environm Studies, Dubai, U Arab Emirates..
    Hamilton, Erin B.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Hammer, Melanie S.
    Washington Univ, Dept Energy Environm & Chem Engn, St Louis, MO 63110 USA.;Dalhousie Univ, Dept Phys & Atmospher Sci, Halifax, NS, Canada..
    Han, Chieh
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Han, Hannah
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Handiso, Demelash Woldeyohannes
    Wachemo Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Hossana, Ethiopia..
    Hanif, Asif
    Univ Lahore, Univ Inst Publ Hlth, Lahore, Pakistan..
    Hankey, Graeme J.
    Univ Western Australia, Sch Med, Perth, WA, Australia.;Sir Charles Gairdner Hosp, Dept Neurol, Perth, WA, Australia..
    Haririan, Hamidreza
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Tabriz, Iran..
    Haro, Josep Maria
    Univ Barcelona, Res Unit, Barcelona, Spain.;Biomed Res Networking Ctr Mental Hlth Network Cib, Barcelona, Spain..
    Harvey, James D.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Hasaballah, Ahmed I.
    Al Azhar Univ, Dept Zool & Entomol, Cairo, Egypt..
    Hasan, Md Mehedi
    Univ Queensland, ARC Ctr Excellence Children & Families Life Cours, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.;Univ Queensland, Social Sci Res Inst, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Hasanpoor, Edris
    Maragheh Univ Med Sci, Dept Healthcare Management, Maragheh, Iran..
    Hasanzadeh, Amir
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Dept Microbiol, Tehran, Iran.;Maragheh Univ Med Sci, Dept Microbiol, Maragheh, Iran..
    Hashemian, Maryam
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Digest Dis Res Inst, Tehran, Iran.;Utica Coll, Dept Biol, Utica, NY 13502 USA..
    Hashi, Abdiwahab
    Jigjiga Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Jijiga, Ethiopia..
    Hassan, Amr
    Cairo Univ, Dept Neurol, Cairo, Egypt..
    Hassan, Shoaib
    Univ Bergen, Ctr Int Hlth CIH, Bergen, Norway.;Univ Bergen, Bergen Ctr Eth & Prior Setting BCEPS, Bergen, Norway..
    Hassanipour, Soheil
    Guilan Univ Med Sci, Caspian Digest Dis Res Ctr, Rasht, Iran.;Guilan Univ Med Sci, Gastrointestinal & Liver Dis Res Ctr, Rasht, Iran..
    Hassankhani, Hadi
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Sch Nursing & Midwifery, Tabriz, Iran..
    Havmoeller, Rasmus J.
    Skaane Cty Council, Skaane Univ Hosp, Malmö, Sweden..
    Hay, Roderick J.
    Kings Coll London, St Johns Inst Dermatol, London, England.;Int Fdn Dermatol, London, England..
    Hay, Simon I.
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Hayat, Khezar
    Univ Vet & Anim Sci, Inst Pharmaceut Sci, Lahore, Pakistan.;Xi An Jiao Tong Univ, Dept Pharm Adm & Clin Pharm, Xian, Peoples R China..
    Heibati, Behzad
    Univ Oulu, Ctr Environm & Resp Hlth Res, Oulu, Finland..
    Heidari, Behnam
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Endocrinol & Metab Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Heidari, Golnaz
    Heidari-Soureshjani, Reza
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Sch Nursing & Midwifery, Tehran, Iran..
    Hendrie, Delia
    Curtin Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Perth, WA, Australia..
    Henny, Kiana
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Henok, Andualem
    Mizan Tepi Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Mizan Teferi, Ethiopia..
    Henrikson, Hannah J.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Henry, Nathaniel J.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Herbert, Molly E.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Herteliu, Claudiu
    Bucharest Univ Econ Studies, Dept Stat & Econometr, Bucharest, Romania.;London South Bank Univ, Sch Business, London, England..
    Heydarpour, Fatemeh
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Med Biol Res Ctr, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Hird, Thomas R.
    Univ Bath, Dept Hlth, Bath, Avon, England..
    Ho, Hung Chak
    Univ Hong Kong, Dept Urban Planning & Design, Hong Kong, Peoples R China..
    Hoek, Hans W.
    Univ Groningen, Dept Psychiat, Groningen, Netherlands.;Columbia Univ, Dept Epidemiol, New York, NY USA..
    Hole, Michael K.
    Univ Texas Austin, Dept Pediat, Austin, TX 78712 USA..
    Holla, Ramesh
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Kasturba Med Coll, Mangalore, India..
    Hollingsworth, Bruce
    Univ Lancaster, Dept Hlth Econ, Lancaster, Lancs, England..
    Hoogar, Praveen
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Ctr Bio Cultural Studies CBiCS, Mangalore, India..
    Hopf, Kathleen Pillsbury
    Operat Smile, Metr & Evaluat, Virginia Beach, VA USA..
    Horita, Nobuyuki
    NHGRI, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA.;Yokohama City Univ, Dept Pulmonol, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan..
    Hosgood, H. Dean
    Albert Einstein Coll Med, Dept Epidemiol & Populat Hlth, Bronx, NY 10467 USA..
    Hossain, Naznin
    Bangladesh Ind Gases Ltd, Dept Pharmacol, Tangail, Bangladesh..
    Hosseini, Mostafa
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Tehran, Iran.;Univ Tehran Med Sci, Pediat Chron Kidney Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Hosseinzadeh, Mehdi
    Univ Human Dev, Dept Comp Sci, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq..
    Hostiuc, Mihaela
    Carol Davila Univ Med & Pharm, Dept Internal Med, Bucharest, Romania..
    Hostiuc, Sorin
    Carol Davila Univ Med & Pharm, Dept Legal Med & Bioeth, Bucharest, Romania.;Natl Inst Legal Med Mina Minovici, Clin Legal Med Dept, Bucharest, Romania..
    Househ, Mowafa
    Hamad Bin Khalifa Univ, Div Informat & Comp Technol, Doha, Qatar..
    Hoy, Damian G.
    Univ Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Hsairi, Mohamed
    Univ Tunis El Manar, Fac Med Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia..
    Hsiao, Thomas
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Hsieh, Vivian Chia-Rong
    China Med Univ, Dept Hlth Serv Adm, Taichung, Taiwan..
    Hu, Guoqing
    Cent South Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Hlth Stat, Changsha, Peoples R China..
    Hu, Kejia
    Zhejiang Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Hangzhou, Peoples R China..
    Huda, Tanvir M.
    Univ Sydney, Sydney Sch Publ Hlth, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Hugo, Fernando N.
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Dept Prevent & Social Dent, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Humayun, Ayesha
    Shaikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan Med Coll, Dept Publ Hlth & Community Med, Lahore, Pakistan..
    Hussain, Rabia
    Univ Sci Malaysia, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, George Town, Malaysia..
    Huynh, Chantal K.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Hwang, Bing-Fang
    Kings Coll London, Sch Populat Hlth & Environm Sci, London, England.;China Med Univ, Dept Occupat Safety & Hlth, Taichung, Taiwan..
    Iannucci, Vincent C.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Iavicoli, Ivo
    Univ Naples Federico II, Dept Publ Hlth, Naples, Italy..
    Ibeneme, Charles Ugochukwu
    African Field Epidemiol Network, Nigerian Field Epidemiol & Lab Training Program, Abuja, Nigeria.;Minist Hlth, Dept Publ Hlth & Dis Control, Umuahia, Nigeria.;Duke Kunshan Univ, Global Hlth Res Ctr, Kunshan, Peoples R China..
    Ibitoye, Segun Emmanuel
    Univ Ibadan, Dept Hlth Promot & Educ, Ibadan, Nigeria..
    Ikeda, Nayu
    Natl Inst Biomed Innovat Hlth & Nutr, Int Ctr Nutr & Informat, Tokyo, Japan..
    Ikuta, Kevin S.
    Univ Washington, Div Allergy & Infect Dis, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Ilesanmi, Olayinka Stephen
    Univ Coll Hosp, Dept Community Med, Ibadan, Nigeria.;Univ Ibadan, Dept Community Med, Ibadan, Nigeria..
    Ilic, Irena M.
    Univ Belgrade, Fac Med, Belgrade, Serbia..
    Ilic, Milena D.
    Univ Kragujevac, Dept Epidemiol, Kragujevac, Serbia..
    Imani-Nasab, Mohammad Hasan
    Lorestan Univ Med Sci, Dept Publ Hlth, Khorramabad, Iran..
    Inbaraj, Leeberk Raja
    Bangalore Baptist Hosp, Div Community Hlth & Family Med, Bangalore, Karnataka, India..
    Ippolito, Helen
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Iqbal, Usman
    Taipei Med Univ, Coll Publ Hlth, Taipei, Taiwan..
    Irvani, Seyed Sina Naghibi
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Res Inst Endocrine Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Irvine, Caleb Mackay Salpeter
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Islam, M. Mofizul
    Taipei Med Univ, Grad Inst Biomed Informat, Taipei, Taiwan..
    Islam, MdMohaimenul
    La Trobe Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Islam, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful
    Deakin Univ, Inst Phys Act & Nutr, Burwood, Vic, Australia.;Univ Sydney, Sydney Med Sch, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Islami, Farhad
    Amer Canc Soc, Surveillance & Hlth Serv Res, Atlanta, GA 30329 USA..
    Iso, Hiroyasu
    Osaka Univ, Dept Social Med, Suita, Osaka, Japan..
    Ivers, Rebecca Q.
    Univ New South Wales, Sch Publ Hlth & Community Med, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Iwu, Chidozie C. D.
    Univ Ft Hare, Dept Biochem & Microbiol, Alice, South Africa..
    Iwu, Chinwe Juliana
    Stellenbosch Univ, Dept Global Hlth, Cape Town, South Africa.;South African Med Res Council, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Iyamu, Ihoghosa Osamuyi
    Univ British Columbia, Sch Populat & Publ Hlth, Vancouver, BC, Canada.;Ctr Hlth Evaluat & Outcome Sci, Knowledge Translat, Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Jaafari, Jalil
    Guilan Univ Med Sci, Dept Environm Hlth Engn, Rasht, Iran..
    Jacobsen, Kathryn H.
    George Mason Univ, Dept Global & Community Hlth, Fairfax, VA 22030 USA..
    Jadidi-Niaragh, Farhad
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Dept Immunol, Tabriz, Iran..
    Jafari, Hussain
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Jafarinia, Morteza
    Isfahan Univ Med Sci, Dept Immunol, Esfahan, Iran..
    Jahagirdar, Deepa
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Jahani, Mohammad Ali
    Babol Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Babol, Iran..
    Jahanmehr, Nader
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Safety Promot & Injury Prevent Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Sch Management & Med Educ, Tehran, Iran..
    Jakovljevic, Mihajlo
    IM Sechenov First Moscow State Med Univ, NA Semashko Dept Publ Hlth & Healthcare, Moscow, Russia.;Univ Kragujevac, Dept Global Hlth Econ & Policy, Kragujevac, Serbia..
    Jalali, Amir
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Hlth Inst, Kermanshah, Iran.;Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Subst Abuse Prevent Res Ctr, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Jalilian, Farzad
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Social Dev & Hlth Promot Res Ctr, Kermanshah, Iran..
    James, Spencer L.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Janjani, Hosna
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Dept Environm Hlth Engn, Tehran, Iran.;Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Janodia, Manthan Dilipkumar
    Javaheri, Tahereh
    Boston Univ, Hlth Informat Lab, Boston, MA 02215 USA..
    Javidnia, Javad
    Mazandaran Univ Med Sci, Dept Med Mycol, Sari, Iran..
    Jayatilleke, Achala Upendra
    Univ Colombo, Postgrad Inst Med, Colombo, Sri Lanka.;Inst Violence & Injury Prevent, Fac Grad Studies, Colombo, Sri Lanka..
    Jeemon, Panniyammakal
    Sree Chitra Tirunal Inst Med Sci & Technol, Achutha Menon Ctr Hlth Sci Studies, Trivandrum, Kerala, India..
    Jenabi, Ensiyeh
    Hamadan Univ Med Sci, Autism Spectrum Disorders Res Ctr, Hamadan, Iran..
    Jha, Ravi Prakash
    Baba Saheb Ambedkar Med Coll & Hosp, Dept Community Med, Delhi, India.;Banaras Hindu Univ, Dept Community Med, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India..
    Jha, Vivekanand
    Univ New South Wales, George Inst Global Hlth, Sydney, NSW, Australia.;Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Mangalore, India..
    Ji, John S.
    Duke Univ, Nicholas Sch Environm, Durham, NC USA.;Duke Kunshan Univ, Environm Res Ctr, Kunshan, Peoples R China..
    Jia, Peng
    Univ Twente, Dept Earth Observat Sci, Enschede, Netherlands..
    Johansson, Lars
    John, Oommen
    Univ New South Wales, Dept Med, Sydney, NSW, Australia.;Univ New South Wales, Renal & Cardiovasc Div, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    John-Akinola, Yetunde O.
    Univ Ibadan, Dept Hlth Promot & Educ, Ibadan, Nigeria..
    Johnson, Catherine Owens
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Johnson, Sarah Charlotte
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Jonas, Jost B.
    Heidelberg Univ, Dept Ophthalmol, Heidelberg, Germany.;Beijing Tongren Hosp, Beijing Inst Ophthalmol, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Joo, Tamas
    Semmelweis Univ, Hlth Serv Management Training Ctr, Budapest, Hungary..
    Joshi, Ankur
    All India Inst Med Sci, Dept Community Med & Family Med, Bhopal, India..
    Joukar, Farahnaz
    Guilan Univ Med Sci, Caspian Digest Dis Res Ctr, Rasht, Iran.;Guilan Univ Med Sci, Gastrointestinal & Liver Dis Res Ctr, Rasht, Iran..
    Jozwiak, Jacek Jerzy
    Univ Opole, Dept Family Med & Publ Hlth, Opole, Poland..
    Jurisson, Mikk
    Univ Tartu, Inst Family Med & Publ Hlth, Tartu, Estonia..
    Kabir, Ali
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Minimally Invas Surg Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Kabir, Zubair
    Univ Coll Cork, Sch Publ Hlth, Cork, Ireland..
    Kalani, Hamed
    Univ Washington, Dept Neurol, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Golestan Univ Med Sci, Infect Dis Res Ctr, Gorgan, Golestan, Iran..
    Kalani, Rizwan
    Kalankesh, Leila R.
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Hlth Serv Management Res Ctr, Tabriz, Iran..
    Kalhor, Rohollah
    Qazvin Univ Med Sci, Hlth Serv Management Dept, Qazvin, Iran.;Qazvin Univ Med Sci, Inst Prevent Noncommunicable Dis, Qazvin, Iran..
    Kamath, Aruna M.
    Univ Washington, Dept Anesthesiol & Pain Med, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Kamiab, Zahra
    Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci, Clin Res Dev Unit, Rafsanjan, Iran.;Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci, Dept Family Med, Rafsanjan, Iran..
    Kanchan, Tanuj
    All India Inst Med Sci, Dept Forens Med & Toxicol, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India..
    Kapoor, Neeti
    Govt Inst Forens Sci, Dept Forens Sci, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India..
    Matin, Behzad Karami
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Environm Determinants Hlth, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Karanikolos, Marina
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Hlth Serv Res & Policy, London, England.;London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, European Observ Hlth Syst & Policies, London, England..
    Karch, Andre
    Univ Munster, Inst Epidemiol & Social Med, Munster, Germany..
    Karim, Mohd Anisul
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Populat Hlth, Oxford, England.;Ctr Therapeut Target Validat, Cambridge, England..
    Karimi, Salah Eddin
    Karimi, Seyed Asaad
    Karimi, Seyed M.
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Tabriz, Iran.;Hamedan Univ Med Sci, Dept Neurosci, Hamadan, Iran.;Hamedan Univ Med Sci, Dept Physiol, Hamadan, Iran.;Univ Louisville, Dept Hlth Management & Syst Sci, Louisville, KY 40292 USA.;Louisville Metro Dept Publ Hlth & Wellness, Ctr Hlth Equ, Louisville, KY USA..
    Kasa, Ayele Semachew
    Bahir Dar Univ, Dept Adult Hlth Nursing, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia..
    Kassa, Getachew Mullu
    Debre Markos Univ, Coll Hlth Sci, Debre Markos, Ethiopia..
    Kassebaum, Nicholas J.
    Univ Washington, Dept Anesthesiol & Pain Med, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Katikireddi, Srinivasa Vittal
    Univ Glasgow, MRC CSO Social & Publ Hlth Sci Unit, Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland..
    Kawakami, Norito
    Univ Tokyo, Dept Mental Hlth, Tokyo, Japan..
    Kayode, Gbenga A.
    Inst Human Virol Nigeria, Int Res Ctr Excellence, Abuja, Nigeria.;Univ Utrecht, Julius Ctr Hlth Sci & Primary Care, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Karyani, Ali Kazemi
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Environm Determinants Hlth, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Keddie, Suzanne H.
    Univ Oxford, Big Data Inst, Oxford, England..
    Keiyoro, Peter Njenga
    Univ Nairobi, Open Distance & eLearning Campus, Nairobi, Kenya..
    Keller, Cathleen
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Kemmer, Laura
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Kendrick, Parkes J.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Kereselidze, Maia
    Natl Ctr Dis Control & Publ Hlth, Tbilisi, Georgia..
    Khader, Yousef Saleh
    Jordan Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Publ Hlth, Irbid, Jordan..
    Khafaie, Morteza Abdullatif
    Ahvaz Jundishapur Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Ahwaz, Iran..
    Khalid, Nauman
    Univ Management & Technol, Sch Food & Agr Sci, Lahore, Pakistan..
    Khammarnia, Mohammad
    Zahedan Univ Med Sci, Hlth Promot Res Ctr, Zahedan, Iran..
    Khan, Ejaz Ahmad
    Hlth Serv Acad, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Islamabad, Pakistan..
    Khan, Gulfaraz
    United Arab Emirates Univ, Dept Med Microbiol & Immunol, Al Ain, U Arab Emirates..
    Khan, Maseer
    Jazan Univ, Dept Epidemiol, Jazan, Saudi Arabia..
    Khang, Young-Ho
    Seoul Natl Univ, Dept Hlth Policy & Management, Seoul, South Korea.;Seoul Natl Univ, Inst Hlth Policy & Management, Seoul, South Korea..
    Khatab, Khaled
    Sheffield Hallam Univ, Fac Hlth & Wellbeing, Sheffield, S Yorkshire, England.;Ohio Univ, Coll Arts & Sci, Zanesville, OH USA..
    Khater, Amir M.
    Cairo Univ, Natl Hepatol & Trop Med Res Inst, Cairo, Egypt..
    Khater, Mona M.
    Cairo Univ, Dept Med Parasitol, Cairo, Egypt..
    Khatib, Mahalaqua Nazli
    Datta Meghe Inst Med Sci, Global Evidence Synth Initiat, Wardha, India..
    Khayamzadeh, Maryam
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Tehran, Iran.;Iranian Acad Med Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Khazaei, Salman
    Hamadan Univ Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol, Hamadan, Iran..
    Khazaie, Habibolah
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Psychiat, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Khodayari, Mohammad Taghi
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Dept Publ Hlth, Tabriz, Iran.;Maragheh Univ Med Sci, Dept Publ Hlth, Maragheh, Iran..
    Khoja, Abdullah T.
    Johns Hopkins Univ, Dept Hlth Policy & Management, Baltimore, MD 21218 USA.;Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..
    Khubchandani, Jagdish
    Ball State Univ, Dept Nutr & Hlth Sci, Muncie, IN 47306 USA..
    Khundkar, Roba
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Surg Sci, Oxford, England..
    Kianipour, Neda
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Publ Hlth, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Kieling, Christian
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Dept Psychiat, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.;Clin Hosp, Div Child & Adolescent Psychiat, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Kim, Cho-Il
    Korea Hlth Ind Dev Inst, Cheongju, South Korea..
    Kim, Daniel
    Northeastern Univ, Dept Hlth Sci, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Kim, Young-Eun
    Korea Univ, Dept Prevent Med, Seoul, South Korea..
    Kim, Yun Jin
    Xiamen Univ Malaysia, Sch Tradit Chinese Med, Sepang, Malaysia..
    Kimokoti, Ruth W.
    Simmons Univ, Dept Nutr, Boston, MA USA..
    Kinfu, Yohannes
    Univ Canberra, Fac Hlth, Canberra, ACT, Australia.;Qatar Univ, Coll Med, Doha, Qatar..
    Kisa, Adnan
    Kristiania Univ Coll, Sch Hlth Sci, Oslo, Norway.;Tulane Univ, Global Community Hlth & Behav Sci, New Orleans, LA 70118 USA..
    Kisa, Sezer
    Oslo Metropolitan Univ, Dept Nursing & Hlth Promot, Oslo, Norway..
    Kissimova-Skarbek, Katarzyna
    Jagiellonian Univ, Coll Med, Dept Hlth Econ & Social Secur, Krakow, Poland..
    Kissoon, Niranjan
    Univ British Columbia, Dept Pediat, Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Kivimaki, Mika
    UCL, Dept Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, London, England.;Univ Helsinki, Dept Publ Hlth, Helsinki, Finland..
    Kneib, Cameron J.
    Univ Washington, Div Plast Surg, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Knibbs, Luke D.
    Univ Queensland, Sch Publ Hlth, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Knight, Megan
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Knudsen, Ann Kristin Skrindo
    Norwegian Inst Publ Hlth, Ctr Dis Burden, Bergen, Norway..
    Kocarnik, Jonathan M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Fred Hutchinson Canc Res Ctr, Div Publ Hlth Sci, 1124 Columbia St, Seattle, WA 98104 USA..
    Kochhar, Sonali
    Univ Washington, Dept Global Hlth, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Global Healthcare Consulting, New Delhi, India..
    Koh, David S. Q.
    Natl Univ Singapore, Saw Swee Hock Sch Publ Hlth, Singapore, Singapore.;Inst Hlth Sci, Gadong, Brunei..
    Kohler, Stefan
    Heidelberg Univ, Heidelberg Inst Global Hlth HIGH, Heidelberg, Germany..
    Kolola, Tufa
    Ambo Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Ambo, Ethiopia..
    Komaki, Hamidreza
    Hamadan Univ Med Sci, Neurophysiol Res Ctr, Hamadan, Iran.;Inst Res Fundamental Sci, Brain Engn Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Kopec, Jacek A.
    Univ British Columbia, Sch Populat & Publ Hlth, Vancouver, BC, Canada.;Arthrit Res Canada, Richmond, BC, Canada..
    Korotkova, Anna V.
    Minist Hlth FRIHOI, Fed Res Inst Hlth Org & Informat, Moscow, Russia..
    Korshunov, Vladimir Andreevich
    IM Sechenov First Moscow State Med Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Evidence Based Med, Moscow, Russia..
    Kosen, Soewarta
    Kotlo, Anirudh
    Vancouver Virol Ctr, Dept Global Hlth, Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Koul, Parvaiz A.
    Sheri Kashmir Inst Med Sci, Dept Internal & Pulm Med, Srinagar, India..
    Koyanagi, Ai
    Catalan Inst Res & Adv Studies ICREA, Barcelona, Spain.;Biomed Res Networking Ctr Mental Hlth Network CIB, San Juan Dios Sanitary Pk, St Boi De Llobregat, Spain..
    Kraemer, Moritz U. G.
    Harvard Univ, Harvard Med Sch, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Univ Oxford, Dept Zool, Oxford, England..
    Kravchenko, Michael A.
    Res Ctr Neurol, Moscow, Russia..
    Krishan, Kewal
    Panjab Univ, Dept Anthropol, Chandigarh, India. Govt Med Coll Thrissur, Dept Psychiat, Trichur, India. Kerala Univ Hlth Scinces, Trichur, India..
    Krohn, Kris J.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Kromhout, Hans
    Univ Utrecht, Inst Risk Assessment Sci IRAS, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Shaji, K. S.
    Defo, Barthelemy Kuate
    Univ Montreal, Dept Demog, Montreal, PQ, Canada.;Univ Montreal, Dept Social & Prevent Med, Montreal, PQ, Canada..
    Bicer, Burcu Kucuk
    Gazi Univ, Dept Med Educ & Informat, Ankara, Turkey..
    Kugbey, Nuworza
    Univ Hlth & Allied Sci, Dept Family & Community Hlth, Ho, Ghana..
    Kulkarni, Vaman
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Dept Community Med, Mangalore, India..
    Kumar, G. Anil
    Kumar, Manasi
    UCL, Div Psychol & Language Sci, London, England.;Univ Nairobi, Dept Psychiat, Nairobi, Kenya..
    Kumar, Nithin
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Dept Community Med, Mangalore, India..
    Kumar, Pushpendra
    Kumar, Vivek
    Harvard Univ, Brigham & Womens Hosp, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Kumaresh, Girikumar
    Indian Inst Technol, Mech & Ind Engn, Roorkee, Uttar Pradesh, India..
    Kurmi, Om P.
    McMaster Univ, Dept Med, Hamilton, ON, Canada.;Univ Birmingham, Inst Occupat & Environm Med, Birmingham, W Midlands, England..
    Kusuma, Dian
    Imperial Coll London, Imperial Coll Business Sch, London, England.;Univ Indonesia, Fac Publ Hlth, Depok, Indonesia..
    Kyu, Hmwe Hmwe
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    La Vecchia, Carlo
    Univ Milan, Dept Clin Sci & Community Hlth, Milan, Italy..
    Lacey, Ben
    Lal, Dharmesh Kumar
    Publ Hlth Fdn India, Gurugram, India..
    Lalloo, Ratilal
    Univ Queensland, Sch Dent, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Lallukka, Tea
    Univ Helsinki, Dept Publ Hlth, Helsinki, Finland..
    Lam, Jennifer O.
    Kaiser Permanente, Div Res, Fontana, CA USA..
    Lami, Faris Hasan
    Univ Baghdad, Dept Community & Family Med, Baghdad, Iraq..
    Lan, Qing
    NCI, Div Canc Epidemiol & Genet, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Landires, Ivan
    Inst Med Sci, Unit Genet & Publ Hlth, Las Tablas, Panama.;Minist Hlth, Herrera, Panama..
    Lang, Justin J.
    Publ Hlth Agcy Canada, Ctr Surveillance & Appl Res, Toronto, ON, Canada..
    Langan, Sinead M.
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Fac Epidemiol & Populat Hlth, London, England.;Guys & St Thomas NHS Fdn Trust, St Johns Inst Dermatol, London, England..
    Lansingh, Van Charles
    HelpMeSee, New York, NY USA.;Mexican Inst Ophthalmol, Queretaro, Mexico..
    Lansky, Sonia
    Municipal Hlth Dept Belo Horizonte, Belo Horizonte City Hall, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil..
    Larson, Heidi Jane
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Infect Dis Epidemiol, London, England.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Larson, Samantha Leigh
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Larsson, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Klinisk kemi. Uppsala Univ Hosp, Dept Clin Chem & Pharmacol, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Lasrado, Savita
    Father Muller Med Coll, Dept Otorhinolaryngol, Mangalore, India..
    Lassi, Zohra S.
    Univ Adelaide, Robinson Res Inst, Adelaide, SA, Australia..
    Lau, Kathryn Mei-Ming
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Lauriola, Paolo
    CNR, Inst Clin Physiol, Padua, Italy..
    Lavados, Pablo M.
    German Clin Santiago, Dept Neurol & Psychiat, Santiago, Chile.;Univ Dev, Fac Med, Santiago, Chile..
    Lazarus, Jeffrey V.
    Leal, Lisiane F.
    McGill Univ, Epidemiol Biostat & Occupat Hlth, Montreal, PQ, Canada.;Jewish Gen Hosp, Ctr Clin Epidemiol, Montreal, PQ, Canada..
    Leasher, Janet L.
    Nova Southeastern Univ, Coll Optometry, Ft Lauderdale, FL 33314 USA..
    Ledesma, Jorge R.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Lee, Paul H.
    Hong Kong Polytech Univ, Sch Nursing, Hong Kong, Peoples R China..
    Lee, Shaun Wen Huey
    Monash Univ, Sch Pharm, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Taylors Univ Lakeside Campus, Sch Pharm, Subang Jaya, Malaysia..
    Leever, Andrew T.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    LeGrand, Kate E.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Leigh, James
    Univ Sydney, Asbestos Dis Res Inst, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Leonardi, Matilde
    Carlo Besta Neurol Inst IRCCS, Neurol Publ Hlth & Disabil Unit, Milan, Italy..
    Lescinsky, Haley
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Leung, Janni
    Univ Queensland, Ctr Youth Subst Abuse Res, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Levi, Miriam
    USL Tuscany Ctr, Dept Prevent, Florence, Italy..
    Lewington, Sarah
    Univ Oxford, Med Res Council Populat Hlth Res Unit, Oxford, England.;Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Populat Hlth, Oxford, England..
    Li, Bingyu
    Shenzhen Univ, Dept Sociol, Shenzhen, Peoples R China..
    Li, Shanshan
    Monash Univ, Sch Publ Hlth & Prevent Med, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Lim, Lee-Ling
    Univ Malaya, Dept Med, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.;Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Dept Med & Therapeut, Shatin, Peoples R China..
    Lin, Christine
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Lin, Ro-Ting
    China Med Univ, Coll Publ Hlth, Taichung, Taiwan.;Asbestos Dis Res Inst, Concord, NSW, Australia..
    Linehan, Christine
    Univ Coll Dublin, UCD Ctr Disabil Studies, Dublin, Ireland..
    Linn, Shai
    Univ Haifa, Sch Publ Hlth, Haifa, Israel..
    Listl, Stefan
    Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Dept Dentistry Qual & Safety Oral Hlth Care, Nijmegen, Netherlands.;Heidelberg Univ Hosp, Dept Translat Hlth Econ, Heidelberg, Germany..
    Liu, Hung-Chun
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Liu, Shiwei
    Brown Univ, Dept Epidemiol, Providence, RI 02912 USA..
    Liu, Simin
    Liu, Xuefeng
    Univ Michigan, Dept Syst Populat & Leadership, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA..
    Liu, Yang
    Emory Univ, Rollins Sch Publ Hlth, Atlanta, GA 30322 USA..
    Liu, Zichen
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Lo, Justin
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Lodha, Rakesh
    All India Inst Med Sci, Dept Paediat, New Delhi, India..
    Logroscino, Giancarlo
    Univ Bari Aldo Moro, Dept Basic Med Sci Neurosci & Sense Organs, Bari, Italy.;Fdn Cardinale Giovanni Panico Hosp, Dept Clin Res Neurol, Tricase, Italy..
    Looker, Katharine J.
    Univ Bristol, Populat Hlth Sci, Bristol, Avon, England..
    Lopez, Alan D.
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Melbourne, Melbourne Sch Populat & Global Hlth, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Lopez, Jaifred Christian F.
    Univ Philippines Manila, Dept Nutr, Manila, Philippines.;Alliance Improving Hlth Outcomes Inc, Quezon City, Philippines..
    Lopukhov, Platon D.
    IM Sechenov First Moscow State Med Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Evidence Based Med, Moscow, Russia..
    Lorkowski, Stefan
    Friedrich Schiller Univ Jena, Inst Nutr Sci, Jena, Germany.;Competence Cluster Nutr & Cardiovasc Hlth nutriCA, Jena, Germany..
    Lotufo, Paulo A.
    Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Med, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Lozano, Rafael
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Lu, Alton
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Lucas, Tim C. D.
    Univ Oxford, Big Data Inst, Oxford, England..
    Lugo, Alessandra
    Mario Negri Inst Pharmacol Res, Dept Environm Hlth Sci, Milan, Italy..
    Lunevicius, Raimundas
    Liverpool Univ Hosp NHS Fdn Trust, Dept Gen Surg, Liverpool, Merseyside, England.;Univ Liverpool, Dept Surg, Liverpool, Merseyside, England..
    Lyons, Ronan A.
    Swansea Univ, Sch Med, Swansea, W Glam, Wales..
    Ma, Jianing
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Machado, Daiane Borges
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Ctr Global Mental Hlth CGMH, London, England.;Oswald Cruz Fdn FIOCRUZ, Ctr Integrat Data & Hlth Knowledge, Salvador, BA, Brazil..
    MacLachlan, Jennifer H.
    Peter Doherty Inst Infect & Immun, Epidemiol, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Madadin, Mohammed
    Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal Univ, Dept Pathol, Dammam, Saudi Arabia..
    Maddison, Emilie R.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Maddison, Ralph
    Deakin Univ, Inst Phys Act & Nutr, Burwood, Vic, Australia..
    Madotto, Fabiana
    IRCCS MultiMed, Value Based Healthcare, Sesto San Giovanni, Italy..
    Abd El Razek, Hassan Magdy
    Mansoura Fac Med, Dept Radiol, Mansoura, Egypt..
    Abd El Razek, Muhammed Magdy
    Minist Hlth Populat, Dept Ophthalmol, Aswan, Egypt..
    Mahasha, Phetole Walter
    South African Med Res Council, Grants Innovat & Product Dev Unit, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Mahdavi, Mokhtar Mahdavi
    Saveh Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Saveh, Iran.;Michigan State Univ, Acad Med Sci, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA..
    Mahmoudi, Morteza
    Michigan State Univ, Radiol & Precis Hlth Program, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA..
    Mai, Hue Thi
    Duy Tan Univ, Inst Global Hlth Innovat, Da Nang, Vietnam..
    Majeed, Azeem
    Imperial Coll London, Dept Primary Care & Publ Hlth, London, England..
    Malagon-Rojas, Jeadran N.
    Natl Inst Hlth, Dept Publ Hlth Res, Bogota, Colombia.;El Bosque Univ, Fac Med, Bogota, Colombia..
    Maled, Venkatesh
    Rajiv Gandhi Univ Hlth Sci, Dept Forens Med, Dharwad, Karnataka, India.;Shri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara Univ, Dept Forens Med, Dharwad, Karnataka, India..
    Maleki, Afshin
    Kurdistan Univ Med Sci, Environm Hlth Res Ctr, Sanandaj, Iran..
    Maleki, Shokofeh
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Clin Res Dev Ctr, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Malekzadeh, Reza
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Digest Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Shiraz Univ Med Sci, Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Shiraz, Iran..
    Malta, Deborah Carvalho
    Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Dept Maternal & Child Nursing & Publ Hlth, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil..
    Mamun, Abdullah A.
    Univ Queensland, Social Sci Res Inst, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Manafi, Amir
    Univ Virginia, Dept Surg, Charlottesville, VA USA..
    Manafi, Navid
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Dept Ophthalmol, Tehran, Iran.;Univ Manitoba, Dept Ophthalmol, Winnipeg, MB, Canada..
    Manda, Ana Laura
    Carol Davila Univ Med & Pharm, Dept Gen Surg, Bucharest, Romania.;Emergency Univ Hosp Bucharest, Dept Gen Surg 1, Bucharest, Romania..
    Manguerra, Helena
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Mansour-Ghanaei, Fariborz
    Guilan Univ Med Sci, Caspian Digest Dis Res Ctr, Rasht, Iran.;Guilan Univ Med Sci, Gastrointestinal & Liver Dis Res Ctr, Rasht, Iran..
    Mansouri, Borhan
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Subst Abuse Prevent Res Ctr, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Mansournia, Mohammad Ali
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Tehran, Iran..
    Herrera, Ana M. Mantilla
    Univ Queensland, Sch Publ Hlth, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.;Queensland Ctr Mental Hlth Res, Psychiat Epidemiol & Burden Dis Res, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Mapoma, Chabila Christopher
    Univ Zambia, Dept Populat Studies, Lusaka, Zambia..
    Maravilla, Joemer C.
    Univ Queensland, Social Sci Res Inst, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Marks, Ashley
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Martin, Randall V.
    Dalhousie Univ, Dept Phys & Atmospher Sci, Halifax, NS, Canada.;Washington Univ, Dept Energy Environm & Chem Engn, St Louis, MO USA..
    Martini, Santi
    Airlangga Univ, Fac Publ Hlth, Surabaya, Indonesia.;Indonesian Publ Hlth Assoc, Surabaya, Indonesia..
    Martins-Melo, Francisco Rogerlandio
    Fed Inst Educ Sci & Technol, Campus Caucaia, Caucaia, Brazil..
    Martopullo, Ira
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Masaka, Anthony
    Botho Univ Botswana, Fac Hlth & Educ, Gaborone, Botswana..
    Masoumi, Seyedeh Zahra
    Hamadan Univ Med Sci, Dept Midwifery, Hamadan, Iran..
    Massano, Joao
    Univ Porto, Dept Clin Neurosci & Mental Hlth, Porto, Portugal.;Univ Hosp Ctr Sao Joao, Dept Neurol, Porto, Portugal..
    Massenburg, Benjamin Ballard
    Univ Washington, Div Plast & Reconstruct Surg, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Mastrogiacomo, Claudia I.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Mathur, Manu Raj
    Publ Hlth Fdn India, Hlth Policy Res, Gurugram, India.;Univ Liverpool, Inst Populat Hlth Sci, Liverpool, Merseyside, England..
    Matsushita, Kunihiro
    Johns Hopkins Univ, Dept Epidemiol, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Maulik, Pallab K.
    Univ New South Wales, Sch Med, Sydney, NSW, Australia.;Univ New South Wales, Div Res, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    May, Erin A.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Mazidi, Mohsen
    Kings Coll London, Dept Twin Res & Genet Epidemiol, London, England..
    McAlinden, Colm
    Singleton Hosp, Dept Ophthalmol, Swansea, W Glam, Wales..
    McGrath, John J.
    Univ Queensland, Queensland Brain Inst, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.;Aarhus Univ, Natl Ctr Register Based Res, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Mckee, Martin
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Hlth Serv Res & Policy, London, England..
    Medina-Solis, Carlo Eduardo
    Autonomous Univ Hidalgo State, Acad Area Dent, Pachuca, Hidalgo, Mexico..
    Meharie, Birhanu Geta
    Wollo Univ, Dept Pharm, Dessie, Ethiopia..
    Mehndiratta, Man Mohan
    Janakpuri Super Specialty Hosp Soc, Dept Neurol, New Delhi, India.;Govind Ballabh Inst Med Educ & Res, Dept Neurol, New Delhi, India..
    Nasab, Entezar Mehrabi
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran Heart Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Mehri, Fereshteh
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Nutr Hlth Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Mehrotra, Ravi
    Indian Council Med Res, India Canc Res Consortium, New Delhi, India..
    Mehta, Kala M.
    Univ Calif San Francisco, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, San Francisco, CA USA..
    Meitei, Wahengbam Bigyananda
    Int Inst Populat Sci, Dept Publ Hlth & Mortal Studies, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India..
    Mekonnen, Teferi
    Univ Oslo, Dept Nutr, Oslo, Norway..
    Melese, Addisu
    Bahir Dar Univ, Dept Med Lab Sci, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia..
    Memiah, Peter T. N.
    Univ Maryland, Inst Human Virol, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA..
    Memish, Ziad A.
    Alfaisal Univ, Coll Med, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.;Minist Hlth, Res & Innovat Ctr, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..
    Mendoza, Walter
    United Nations Populat Fund UNFPA, Peru Country Off, Lima, Peru..
    Menezes, Ritesh G.
    Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal Univ, Forens Med Div, Dammam, Saudi Arabia..
    Mengesha, Endalkachew Worku
    Bahir Dar Univ, Dept Reprod Hlth & Populat Studies, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia..
    Mengesha, Meresa Berwo
    Adigrat Univ, Dept Midwifery, Adigrat, Ethiopia..
    Mensah, George A.
    Univ Cape Town, Dept Med, Cape Town, South Africa.;NIH, Ctr Translat Res & Implementat Sci, Bldg 10, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Mereke, Alibek
    Asfendiyarov Kazakh Natl Med Univ, Dept Cardiovasc Surg, Alma Ata, Kazakhstan..
    Mereta, Seid Tiku
    Jimma Univ, Dept Environm Hlth Sci & Technol, Jimma, Ethiopia..
    Meretoja, Atte
    Univ Melbourne, Sch Hlth Sci, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Helsinki Univ Hosp, Neurol Unit, Helsinki, Finland..
    Meretoja, Tuomo J.
    Univ Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.;Helsinki Univ Hosp, Breast Surg Unit, Helsinki, Finland..
    Mestrovic, Tomislav
    Zora Profoz Polyclin, Clin Microbiol & Parasitol Unit, Zagreb, Croatia.;Univ North, Univ Ctr Varazdin, Varazhdin, Croatia..
    Miazgowski, Bartosz
    Pomeranian Med Univ, Ctr Innovat Med Educ, Szczecin, Poland.;Pomeranian Med Univ, Szczecin, Poland..
    Miazgowski, Tomasz
    Pomeranian Med Univ, Dept Propedeut Internal Dis & Arterial Hypertens, Szczecin, Poland..
    Michalek, Irmina Maria
    Vaud Univ Hosp Ctr, Dept Women Mother Child, Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Mihretie, Kebadnew Mulatu
    Bahir Dar Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia..
    Miller, Ted R.
    Curtin Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Perth, WA, Australia.;Pacific Inst Res & Evaluat, Calverton, MD USA..
    Mills, Edward J.
    McMaster Univ, Dept Hlth Res Methods Evidence & Impact, Hamilton, ON, Canada..
    Milne, George J.
    Univ Western Australia, Dept Comp Sci & Software Engn, Perth, WA, Australia..
    Mini, G. K.
    Ananthapuri Hosp & Res Inst, Global Inst Publ Hlth, Trivandrum, Kerala, India.;Womens Inst Social & Hlth Studies, Trivandrum, Kerala, India.;Sabzevar Univ Med Sci, Dept Environm Hlth, Sabzevar, Iran..
    Miri, Mohammad
    Sabzevar Univ Med Sci, Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Sabzevar, Iran..
    Mirica, Andreea
    Bucharest Univ Econ Studies, Dept Stat & Econometr, Bucharest, Romania..
    Mirrakhimov, Erkin M.
    Kyrgyz State Med Acad, Internal Med Programme, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan.;Natl Ctr Cardiol & Internal Dis, Dept Atherosclerosis & Coronary Heart Dis, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan..
    Mirzaei, Hamed
    Kashan Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Biochem & Nutr Metab Dis, Kashan, Iran..
    Mirzaei, Maryam
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Rehabil & Sports Med, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Mirzaei, Roya
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Water Qual Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Iran Univ Med Sci, Comprehens Res Lab, Tehran, Iran..
    Mirzaei-Alavijeh, Mehdi
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Social Dev & Hlth Promot Res Ctr, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Misganaw, Awoke Temesgen
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Mitchell, Philip B.
    Univ New South Wales, Sch Psychiat, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Mithra, Prasanna
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Dept Community Med, Mangalore, India..
    Moazen, Babak
    Heidelberg Univ, Heidelberg Inst Global Hlth HIGH, Heidelberg, Germany.;Frankfurt Univ Appl Sci, Inst Addict Res ISFF, Frankfurt, Germany..
    Moghadaszadeh, Masoud
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Biotechnol Res Ctr, Tabriz, Iran.;Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Mol Med Res Ctr, Tabriz, Iran..
    Mohajer, Bahram
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Mohamad, Osama
    Univ Calif San Francisco, Dept Radiat Oncol, San Francisco, CA USA..
    Mohamadi, Efat
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Hlth Equ Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Mohammad, Dara K.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med, Stockholm, Sweden.;Salahaddin Univ Erbil, Dept Forestry, Erbil, Iraq..
    Mohammad, Yousef
    King Saud Univ, Dept Internal Med, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..
    Mezerji, Naser Mohammad Gholi
    Hamadan Univ Med Sci, Dept Biostat, Hamadan, Iran..
    Mohammadbeigi, Abolfazl
    Qom Univ Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Qom, Iran.;Qom Univ Med Sci, Neurosci Res Ctr, Qom, Iran..
    Mohammadian-Hafshejani, Abdollah
    Shahrekord Univ Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Shahrekord, Iran..
    Mohammadifard, Noushin
    Isfahan Univ Med Sci, Isfahan Cardiovasc Res Inst, Esfahan, Iran..
    Mohammadpourhodki, Reza
    Mashhad Univ Med Sci, Kashmar Ctr Higher Hlth Educ, Mashhad, Razavi Khorasan, Iran..
    Mohammed, Ammas Siraj
    Haramaya Univ, Sch Pharm, Harar, Ethiopia..
    Mohammed, Hussen
    Dire Dawa Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia..
    Mohammed, Jemal Abdu
    Samara Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Samara, Ethiopia..
    Mohammed, Shafiu
    Heidelberg Univ, Heidelberg Inst Global Hlth HIGH, Heidelberg, Germany.;Ahmadu Bello Univ, Hlth Syst & Policy Res Unit, Zaria, Nigeria..
    Mohebi, Farnam
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Natl Inst Hlth Res NIHR, Tehran, Iran.;Univ Tehran Med Sci, Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Bandpei, Mohammad A. Mohseni
    Univ Social Welf & Rehabil Sci, Pediat Neurorehabilitat Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Mokari, Amin
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Dept Community Nutr, Tehran, Iran..
    Mokdad, Ali H.
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Molokhia, Mariam
    Kings Coll London, Fac Life Sci & Med, London, England..
    Momen, Natalie C.
    Aarhus Univ, Natl Ctr Register Based Res, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Monasta, Lorenzo
    Burlo Garofolo Inst Maternal & Child Hlth, Clin Epidemiol & Publ Hlth Res Unit, Trieste, Italy..
    Mondello, Stefania
    Messina Univ, Dept Biomed & Dent Sci & Morphofunct Imaging, Messina, Italy..
    Mooney, Meghan D.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Moosazadeh, Mahmood
    Mazandaran Univ Med Sci, Hlth Sci Res Ctr, Sari, Iran..
    Moradi, Ghobad
    Kurdistan Univ Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Sanandaj, Iran.;Kurdistan Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Sanandaj, Iran..
    Moradi, Masoud
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Environm Determinants Hlth, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Moradi-Joo, Mohammad
    Iran Hlth Insurance Org, Natl Ctr Hlth Insurance Res, Tehran, Iran..
    Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Prevent Med & Publ Hlth Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Moradzadeh, Rahmatollah
    Arak Univ Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol, Arak, Iran..
    Moraga, Paula
    Univ Bath, Dept Math Sci, Bath, Avon, England..
    Morales, Linda
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Ctr Poplulat Hlth Res, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Morawska, Lidia
    Queensland Univ Technol, Int Lab Air Qual & Hlth, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Velasquez, Ilais Moreno
    Gorgas Mem Inst Hlth Studies, Panama City, Panama..
    Morgado-da-Costa, Joana
    Univ Porto, Hosp Ctr Porto, Porto, Portugal..
    Morrison, Shane Douglas
    Univ Washington, Div Plast & Reconstruct Surg, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Mosapour, Abbas
    Babol Univ Med Sci, Dept Clin Biochem, Babol, Iran.;Tarbiat Modares Univ, Dept Clin Biochem, Tehran, Iran..
    Mosser, Jonathan F.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Mouodi, Simin
    Babol Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Babol, Iran..
    Mousavi, Seyyed Meysam
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Dept Hlth Policy Management & Econ, Tehran, Iran..
    Khaneghah, Amin Mousavi
    Univ Campinas Unicamp, Dept Food Sci, Campinas, Brazil..
    Mueller, Ulrich Otto
    Ctr Populat & Hlth, Wiesbaden, Germany..
    Mukhopadhyay, Satinath
    Seth Sukhlal Karnani Mem Hosp, Dept Endocrinol & Metab, Kolkata, India..
    Mullany, Erin C.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Mumford, John Everett
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Munro, Sandra B.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Muriithi, Moses K.
    Univ Nairobi, Sch Econ, Nairobi, Kenya..
    Musa, Kamarul Imran
    Sci Univ Malaysia, Sch Med Sci, Kubang Kerian, Malaysia..
    Mustafa, Ghulam
    Childrens Hosp & Inst Child Hlth, Dept Pediat Med, Multan, Pakistan.;Inst Mother & Child Care, Dept Pediat & Pediat Pulmonol, Multan, Pakistan..
    Muthupandian, Saravanan
    Mekelle Univ, Dept Microbiol & Immunol, Mekelle, Ethiopia..
    Nabavizadeh, Behnam
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Dept Urol, Tehran, Iran..
    Nabhan, Ashraf F.
    Ain Shams Univ, Dept Obstet & Gynecol, Cairo, Egypt.;Egyptian Ctr Evidence Based Med, Knowledge Translat & Utilizat Unit, Mansoura, Egypt..
    Naderi, Mehdi
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Clin Res Dev Ctr, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Nagarajan, Ahamarshan Jayaraman
    Initiat Financing Hlth & Human Dev, Res & Analyt Dept, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.;Bioinsilico Technol, Dept Res & Analyt, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India..
    Nagel, Gabriele
    Ulm Univ, Inst Epidemiol & Med Biometry, Ulm, Germany..
    Naghavi, Mohsen
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Naghshtabrizi, Behshad
    Hamedan Univ Med Sci, Dept Cardiol, Hamadan, Iran..
    Naik, Gurudatta
    Univ Alabama Birmingham, Ctr Comprehens Canc, Birmingham, AL 35294 USA..
    Naimzada, Mukhammad David
    Moscow Inst Phys & Technol, Lab Publ Hlth Indicators Anal & Hlth Digitalizat, Dolgoprudnyi, Russia.;Kursk State Med Univ, Expt Surg & Oncol Lab, Kursk, Russia..
    Nair, Sanjeev
    Govt Med Coll Trivandrum, Dept Pulm Med, Trivandrum, Kerala, India.;Hlth Act People, Trivandrum, Kerala, India..
    Najafi, Farid
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Epidemiol & Biostat Dept, Kermanshah, Iran.;Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Environm Determinants Hlth, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Naldi, Luigi
    San Bortolo Hosp, Dept Dermatol, Vicenza, Italy.;Italian Grp Epidemiol Res Dermatol GISED Study Ct, Study Ctr, Bergamo, Italy..
    Nandakumar, Vishnu
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Nandi, Anita K.
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Med, Oxford, England..
    Nangia, Vinay
    Suraj Eye Inst, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India..
    Nansseu, Jobert Richie
    Minist Publ Hlth, Dept Control Dis Epidem & Pandem, Yaounde, Cameroon.;Univ Yaounde I, Dept Publ Hlth, Yaounde, Cameroon..
    Naserbakht, Morteza
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Mental Hlth Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Iran Univ Med Sci, Prevent Med & Publ Hlth Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Nayak, Vinod C.
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Dept Forens Med & Toxicol, Mangalore, India..
    Nazari, Javad
    Arak Univ Med Sci, Dept Pediat, Arak, Iran..
    Ndejjo, Rawlance
    Makerere Univ, Dis Control & Environm Hlth, Kampala, Uganda..
    Ndwandwe, Duduzile Edith
    South African Med Res Council, Cochrane South Africa, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Negoi, Ionut
    Carol Davila Univ Med & Pharm, Dept Gen Surg, Bucharest, Romania.;Emergency Hosp Bucharest, Dept Gen Surg, Bucharest, Romania..
    Negoi, Ruxandra Irina
    Carol Davila Univ Med & Pharm, Dept Anat & Embryol, Bucharest, Romania.;Cardio Aid, Bucharest, Romania..
    Netsere, Henok Biresaw
    Univ Gondar, Sch Nursing, Gondar, Ethiopia.;Bahir Dar Univ, Sch Hlth Sci, Dept Surg Nursing, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia..
    Neupane, Subas
    Univ Tampere, Dept Hlth Sci, Tampere, Finland..
    Ngari, Kiirithio N.
    Synotech Consultants, Res & Stat Unit, Nairobi, Kenya..
    Nguefack-Tsague, Georges
    Univ Yaounde I, Dept Publ Hlth, Yaounde, Cameroon..
    Ngunjiri, Josephine W.
    Univ Embu, Dept Biol Sci, Embu, Kenya..
    Nguyen, Cuong Tat
    Duy Tan Univ, Inst Global Hlth Innovat, Da Nang, Vietnam..
    Nguyen, Diep Ngoc
    Duy Tan Univ, Inst Global Hlth Innovat, Da Nang, Vietnam.;Duy Tan Univ, Fac Pharm, Da Nang, Vietnam..
    Nguyen, Huong Lan Thi
    Duy Tan Univ, Inst Global Hlth Innovat, Da Nang, Vietnam..
    Nguyen, Jason
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Nguyen, Michele
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Oxford, Malaria Atlas Project, Oxford, England..
    Nguyen, Ming
    Nguyen, Trang Huyen
    Nguyen Tat Thanh Univ, Ctr Excellence Behav Med, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam..
    Nichols, Emma
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Nigatu, Dabere
    Nigatu, Yeshambel T.
    Bahir Dar Univ, Dept Reprod Hlth & Populat Studies, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.;Ctr Addict & Mental Hlth, Inst Mental Hlth Policy Res, Toronto, ON, Canada.;Inst Clin Evaluat Sci, Dept Clin Epidemiol, Ottawa, ON, Canada..
    Nikbakhsh, Rajan
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Obes Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Nikpoor, Amin Reza
    Hormozgan Univ Med Sci, Bandar Abbas, Iran..
    Nixon, Molly R.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Nnaji, Chukwudi A.
    South African Med Res Council, Cape Town, South Africa.;Univ Cape Town, Sch Publ Hlth & Family Med, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Nomura, Shuhei
    Univ Tokyo, Dept Global Hlth Policy, Tokyo, Japan.;Keio Univ, Dept Hlth Policy & Management, Tokyo, Japan..
    Norheim, Ole F.
    Harvard Univ, Dept Global Hlth & Populat, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Univ Bergen, Dept Global Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Bergen, Norway..
    Norrving, Bo
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Malmö, Sweden..
    Noubiap, Jean Jacques
    Univ Adelaide, Ctr Heart Rhythm Disorders, Adelaide, SA, Australia..
    Motlagh, Soraya Nouraei
    Lorestan Univ Med Sci, Dept Publ Hlth, Khorramabad, Iran..
    Nowak, Christoph
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Nsoesie, Elaine Okanyene
    Boston Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Global Hlth, Boston, MA 02215 USA..
    Nunez-Samudio, Virginia
    Inst Med Sci, Unit Microbiol & Publ Hlth, Las Tablas, Panama.;Minist Hlth, Dept Publ Hlth, Herrera, Panama..
    Oancea, Bogdan
    Univ Bucharest, Adm & Econ Sci Dept, Bucharest, Romania..
    Odell, Christopher M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Ogbo, Felix Akpojene
    Western Sydney Univ, Translat Hlth Res Inst, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Oghenetega, Onome Bright
    Univ Ibadan, Dept Obstet & Gynecol, Ibadan, Nigeria..
    Oh, In-Hwan
    Kyung Hee Univ, Dept Prevent Med, Seoul, South Korea..
    Okunga, Emmanuel Wandera
    Minist Hlth, Dis Surveillance & Epidem Response, Nairobi, Kenya..
    Oladnabi, Morteza
    Golestan Univ Med Sci, Gorgan Congenital Malformat Res Ctr, Gorgan, Golestan, Iran..
    Olagunju, Andrew T.
    McMaster Univ, Dept Psychiat & Behav Neurosci, Hamilton, ON, Canada.;Univ Lagos, Dept Psychiat, Lagos, Nigeria..
    Olusanya, Bolajoko Olubukunola
    Ctr Healthy Start Initiat, Lagos, Nigeria..
    Olusanya, Jacob Olusegun
    Ctr Healthy Start Initiat, Lagos, Nigeria..
    Oluwasanu, Mojisola Morenike
    Univ Ibadan, Dept Hlth Promot & Educ, Ibadan, Nigeria..
    Bali, Ahmed Omar
    Univ Human Dev, Diplomacy & Publ Relat Dept, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq..
    Omer, Muktar Omer
    Jigjiga Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Jijiga, Ethiopia..
    Ong, Kanyin L.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Ong, Sokking
    Pantai Jerudong Specialist Ctr, Early Detect & Canc Prevent Serv, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei.;Pantai Jerudong Specialist Ctr, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei.;Minist Hlth, Noncommunicable Dis Prevent Unit, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei..
    Onwujekwe, Obinna E.
    Univ Nigeria Nsukka, Dept Pharmacol & Therapeut, Enugu, Nigeria..
    Oren, Eyal
    Univ Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;San Diego State Univ, Grad Sch Publ Hlth, San Diego, CA 92182 USA..
    Orji, Aislyn U.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Orpana, Heather M.
    Publ Hlth Agcy Canada, Subst Related Harms Div, Toronto, ON, Canada.;Univ Ottawa, Sch Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, Ottawa, ON, Canada..
    Ortega-Altamirano, Doris V.
    Natl Publ Hlth Inst, Hlth Syst Res Ctr, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Ortiz, Alberto
    Autonomous Univ Madrid, Dept Med, Madrid, Spain.;Fdn Jimenez Diaz Univ Hosp, Inst Hlth Res, Dept Hypertens & Nephrol, Madrid, Spain..
    Osarenotor, Osayomwanbo
    Univ Benin, Dept Environm Management & Toxicol, Benin, Nigeria..
    Osei, Frank B.
    Univ Twente, Fac Geoinformat Sci & Earth Observat, Enschede, Netherlands.;Univ Energy & Nat Resources, Dept Math & Stat, Sunyani, Ghana..
    Ostojic, Sergej M.
    Univ Novi Sad, Biomed Sci, Novi Sad, Serbia..
    Ostroff, Samuel M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Oiu, Adrian O.
    Otstavnov, Nikita
    Moscow Inst Phys & Technol, Lab Publ Hlth Indicators Anal & Hlth Digitalizat, Dolgoprudnyi, Russia..
    Otstavnov, Stanislav S.
    Moscow Inst Phys & Technol, Lab Publ Hlth Indicators Anal & Hlth Digitalizat, Dolgoprudnyi, Russia.;Natl Res Univ Higher Sch Econ, Dept Project Management, Moscow, Russia. Jagadguru Sri Shivarathreeswara Acad Hlth Educ &, Dept Resp Med, Mysore, Karnataka, India..
    Overland, Simon
    Univ Bergen, Dept Psychosocial Sci, Bergen, Norway.;Norwegian Inst Publ Hlth, Div Mental & Phys Hlth, Bergen, Norway..
    Owolabi, Mayowa O.
    Univ Coll Hosp, Dept Med, Ibadan, Nigeria.;Univ Ibadan, Dept Med, Ibadan, Nigeria..
    Section, Mahesh P. A.
    Padubidri, Jagadish Rao
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Dept Forens Med, Mangalore, India..
    Pakhale, Smita
    Ottawa Hosp Res Inst, Dept Med, Ottawa, ON, Canada..
    Pakhare, Abhijit P.
    All India Inst Med Sci, Dept Community Med & Family Med, Bhopal, India..
    Pakshir, Keyvan
    Shiraz Univ Med Sci, Dept Parasitol & Mycol, Shiraz, Iran..
    Palladino, Raffaele
    Imperial Coll London, Dept Primary Care & Publ Hlth, London, England.;Univ Naples Federico II, Dept Publ Hlth, Naples, Italy..
    Pana, Adrian
    Bucharest Univ Econ Studies, Dept Stat & Econometr, Bucharest, Romania.;Ctr Hlth Outcomes & Evaluat, Dept Hlth Metr, Bucharest, Romania..
    Panda-Jonas, Songhomitra
    Heidelberg Univ, Dept Ophthalmol, Heidelberg, Germany..
    Pandey, Anamika
    Publ Hlth Fdn India, Dept Res, Gurugram, India..
    Pangaribuan, Helena Ullyartha
    Minist Hlth, Natl Inst Hlth Res & Dev, Jakarta, Indonesia..
    Park, Eun-Kee
    Kosin Univ, Dept Med Humanities & Social Med, Busan, South Korea..
    Park, James
    Harvard Univ, Dept Biostat, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Parmar, Priya G. Kumari
    Auckland Univ Technol, Dept Biostat & Epidemiol, Auckland, New Zealand.;Auckland Univ Technol, Natl Inst Stroke & Appl Neurosci, Auckland, New Zealand..
    Parry, Charles D. H.
    Stellenbosch Univ, Dept Psychiat, Cape Town, South Africa.;South African Med Res Council, Alcohol Tobacco & Other Drug Res Unit, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Pasovic, Maja
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Pasupula, Deepak Kumar
    Univ Pittsburgh, Med Ctr, Div Gen Internal Med, Pittsburgh, PA USA..
    Patel, Jenil R.
    Univ Arkansas Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol, Little Rock, AR 72205 USA..
    Patel, Sangram Kishor
    Populat Council, Dept Poverty Gender & Youth, New Delhi, India..
    Paternina-Caicedo, Angel J.
    Univ Sinu, Sch Med, Cartagena, Colombia..
    Pathak, Ashish
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Global Publ Hlth Hlth Syst & Policy HSP Med, Stockholm, Sweden.;RD Gardi Med Coll, Dept Pediat, Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, India..
    Pathak, Mona
    Kalinga Inst Med Sci, Dept Res & Dev, Bhubaneswar, India..
    Patten, Scott B.
    Univ Calgary, Dept Community Hlth Sci, Calgary, AB, Canada..
    Patton, George C.
    Univ Melbourne, Dept Paediat, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Murdoch Childrens Res Inst, Populat Hlth Theme, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Paudel, Deepak
    Ludwig Maximilians Univ Munchen, Ctr Int Hlth, Munich, Germany.;Save Children, Hlth Nutr & HIV AIDS Program, Kathmandu, Nepal..
    Paudel, Sagun
    Publ Hlth Youth Soc Nepal, Pokhara, Nepal.;Publ Hlth Update, Pokhara, Nepal..
    Paulson, Katherine R.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Toroudi, Hamidreza Pazoki
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Dept Physiol, Tehran, Iran.;Iran Univ Med Sci, Physiol Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Pease, Spencer A.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Peden, Amy E.
    Univ New South Wales, Sch Publ Hlth & Community Med, Sydney, NSW, Australia.;James Cook Univ, Coll Publ Hlth Med & Vet Sci, Douglas, Qld, Australia..
    Pennini, Alyssa
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Pepito, Veincent Christian Filipino
    Ateneo Manila Univ, Ctr Res & Innovat, Pasig, Philippines..
    Peprah, Emmanuel K.
    NYU, Sch Global Publ Hlth, New York, NY USA..
    Pereira, Alexandre
    Harvard Univ, Dept Genet, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Univ Sao Paulo, Lab Genet & Mol Cardiol, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Pereira, David M.
    Univ Porto, Associated Lab Green Chem LAQV, Porto, Portugal..
    Pereira, Jeevan
    Yenepoya Med Coll, Dept Orthoped, Mangalore, India..
    Perico, Norberto
    Mario Negri Inst Pharmacol Res, Milan, Italy..
    Pescarini, Julia Moreira
    Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Ctr Integrat Data & Hlth Knowledge, Salvador, BA, Brazil..
    Pesudovs, Konrad
    Univ New South Wales, Sch Optometry & Vis Sci, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Pham, Hai Quang
    Duy Tan Univ, Inst Global Hlth Innovat, Da Nang, Vietnam..
    Phillips, Michael R.
    Columbia Univ, Dept Psychiat, New York, NY USA.;Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Shanghai Mental Hlth Ctr, Shanghai, Peoples R China..
    Piccinelli, Cristiano
    City Hlth & Sci Univ Hosp Turin, SSD Epidemiol Screening, Turin, Italy..
    Pierce, Maxwell
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Pigott, David M.
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Pilgrim, Thomas
    Univ Bern, Dept Cardiol, Bern, Switzerland..
    Pilz, Tessa M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Pinheiro, Marina
    Univ Porto, Dept Chem, Porto, Portugal..
    Piradov, Michael A.
    Res Ctr Neurol, Moscow, Russia..
    Pirsaheb, Meghdad
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Environm Determinants Hlth, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Pishgar, Farhad
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Univ Tehran Med Sci, Urooncol Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Plana-Ripoll, Oleguer
    Aarhus Univ, Natl Ctr Register Based Res, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Plass, Dietrich
    German Environm Agcy, Dept Environm Hyg, Dessau Rosslau, Germany..
    Pletcher, Martin
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Pokhrel, Khem Narayan
    Integrated Dev Fdn Nepal, HIV & Mental Hlth Dept, Kathmandu, Nepal..
    Polibin, Roman V.
    IM Sechenov First Moscow State Med Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Evidence Based Med, Moscow, Russia..
    Polinder, Suzanne
    Erasmus MC, Dept Publ Hlth, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Polkinghorne, Kevan R.
    Monash Univ, Dept Med, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Pond, Constance Dimity
    Univ Newcastle, Discipline Gen Practice, Newcastle, NSW, Australia..
    Postma, Maarten J.
    Univ Groningen, Sch Business & Econ, Groningen, Netherlands.;Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Pottoo, Faheem Hyder
    Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal Univ, Dept Pharmacol, Dammam, Saudi Arabia..
    Pourjafar, Hadi
    Alborz Univ Med Sci, Dietary Supplements & Probiot Res Ctr, Karaj, Iran.;Maragheh Univ Med Sci, Dept Nutr & Food Sci, Maragheh, Iran..
    Pourmalek, Farshad
    Univ British Columbia, Sch Populat & Publ Hlth, Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Kalhori, Reza Pourmirza
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Emergency Med, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Pourshams, Akram
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Digest Dis Res Inst, Tehran, Iran..
    Poznanska, Anna
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Dept Populat Hlth Monitoring & Anal, Warsaw, Poland..
    Prada, Sergio I.
    ICESI Univ, Clin Res Ctr, Valle Lili Fdn, Cali, Colombia.;ICESI Univ, Ctr Studies Social Protect & Hlth Econ, Cali, Colombia..
    Prakash, Sanjay
    Smt BKS Med Inst & Res Ctr, Dept Neurol, Vadodara, India..
    Prakash, V.
    Charotar Univ Sci & Technol, Rita Patel Inst Physiotherapy, Anand, Gujarat, India..
    Prasad, Narayan
    Sanjay Gandhi Postgrad Inst Med Sci, Dept Nephrol, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India..
    Preotescu, Liliana
    Carol Davila Univ Med & Pharm, Dept Infect Dis, Bucharest, Romania.;Natl Inst Infect Dis, Bucharest, Romania..
    Pribadi, Dimas Ria Angga
    Muhammadiyah Univ Surakarta, Dept Hlth Sci, Sukoharjo, Indonesia..
    Pupillo, Elisabetta
    Mario Negri Inst Pharmacol Res, Dept Neurosci, Milan, Italy..
    Quazi Syed, Zahiruddin
    Datta Meghe Inst Med Sci, Dept Community Med, Wardha, India..
    Rabiee, Mohammad
    Amirkabir Univ Technol, Dept Biomed Engn, Tehran, Iran..
    Rabiee, Navid
    Sharif Univ Technol, Dept Chem, Tehran, Iran..
    Radfar, Amir
    Univ Cent Florida, Coll Med, Orlando, FL 32816 USA..
    Rafiee, Ata
    Univ Alberta, Dept Med, Edmonton, AB, Canada..
    Rafiei, Alireza
    Mazandaran Univ Med Sci, Dept Immunol, Sari, Iran.;Mazandaran Univ Med Sci, Mol & Cell Biol Res Ctr, Sari, Iran..
    Raggi, Alberto
    Carlo Besta Neurol Inst IRCCS, Neurol Publ Hlth & Disabil Unit, Milan, Italy..
    Rahim, Fakher
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Metabol & Genom Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Ahvaz Jundishapur Univ Med Sci, Thalassemia & Hemoglobinopathy Res Ctr, Ahwaz, Iran..
    Rahimi-Movaghar, Afarin
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Iranian Natl Ctr Addict Studies INCAS, Tehran, Iran..
    Rahman, Mohammad Hifz Ur
    La Trobe Univ, Sch Nursing & Midwifery, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Maharishi Markandeshwar Inst Med Sci & Res, Dept Community Med, Ambala, India..
    Rahman, Muhammad Aziz
    Federat Univ Australia, Sch Nursing & Healthcare Profess, Berwick, Vic, Australia..
    Rajabpour-Sanati, Ali
    Birjand Univ Med Sci, Fac Med, Birjand, Iran..
    Rajati, Fatemeh
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Environm Determinants Hlth, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Rakovac, Ivo
    World Hlth Org WHO, European Off Prevent & Control Noncommunicable Di, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Ram, Pradhum
    Emory Univ, Div Cardiol, Atlanta, GA 30322 USA..
    Ramezanzadeh, Kiana
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Sch Pharm, Tehran, Iran..
    Rana, Saleem Muhammad
    Univ Lahore, Univ Inst Publ Hlth, Lahore, Pakistan.;Univ Hlth Sci, Dept Publ Hlth, Lahore, Pakistan..
    Ranabhat, Chhabi Lal
    Policy Res Inst, Res Dept, Kathmandu, Nepal.;Global Ctr Res & Dev, Hlth & Publ Policy Dept, Kathmandu, Nepal..
    Ranta, Annemarei
    Univ Otago, Dept Med, Wellington, New Zealand.;Capital & Coast Dist Hlth Board, Dept Neurol, Wellington, New Zealand..
    Rao, Puja C.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Rao, Sowmya J.
    Srinivas Inst Dent Sci, Dept Oral Pathol, Mangalore, India..
    Rasella, Davide
    Univ Fed Bahia, Inst Collect Hlth, Salvador, BA, Brazil..
    Rashedi, Vahid
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Tehran Inst Psychiat, Tehran, Iran..
    Rastogi, Prateek
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Dept Forens Med & Toxicol, Mangalore, India..
    Rath, Goura Kishor
    All India Inst Med Sci, Dept Radiat Oncol, New Delhi, India.;All India Inst Med Sci, Dept Radiat Oncol, New Delhi, India..
    Rathi, Priya
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Kasturba Med Coll, Mangalore, India..
    Rawaf, David Laith
    Imperial Coll London, WHO Collaborating Ctr Publ Hlth Educ & Training, London, England.;Univ Coll London Hosp, London, England..
    Rawaf, Salman
    Imperial Coll London, Dept Primary Care & Publ Hlth, London, England.;Publ Hlth England, Acad Publ Hlth England, London, England.;Publ Hlth England, Acad Publ Hlth England, London, England..
    Rawal, Lal
    CQ Univ, Sch Hlth Med & Appl Sci, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Rawassizadeh, Reza
    Boston Univ, Dept Comp Sci, Boston, MA 02215 USA..
    Rawat, Ramu
    Int Inst Populat Sci, Dept Math Demog & Stat, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India..
    Razo, Christian
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Boston, Sofia
    Regassa, Lemma Demissie
    Haramaya Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Harar, Ethiopia..
    Reiner, Robert C., Jr.
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Reinig, Nickolas
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Reitsma, Marissa Bettay
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Remuzzi, Giuseppe
    Mario Negri Inst Pharmacol Res, Milan, Italy..
    Renjith, Vishnu
    Royal Coll Surg Ireland Bahrain, Sch Nursing & Midwifery, Muharraq Governorate, Bahrain..
    Renzaho, Andre M. N.
    Western Sydney Univ, Sch Social Sci & Psychol, Sydney, Vic, Australia.;Western Sydney Univ, Translat Hlth Res Inst, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Resnikoff, Serge
    Univ New South Wales, Sch Optometry & Vis Sci, Sydney, NSW, Australia.;Brien Holden Vis Inst, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Rezaei, Negar
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Endocrinol & Metab Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Univ Tehran Med Sci, Res Ctr Immunodeficiencies, Tehran, Iran.;Univ Sci Educ & Res Network USERN, Network Immun Infect Malignancy & Autoimmun NIIMA, Tehran, Iran..
    Rezaei, Nima
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Rezai, Mohammad Sadegh
    Mazandaran Univ Med Sci, Pediat Infect Dis Res Ctr, Sari, Iran..
    Rezapour, Aziz
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Hlth Management & Econ Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Rhinehart, Phoebe-Anne
    Riahi, Seyed Mohammad
    Birjand Univ Med Sci, Cardiovasc Dis Res Ctr, Birjand, Iran..
    Ribeiro, Antonio Luiz P.
    Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Ctr Telehlth, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.;Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Dept Internal Med, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil..
    Ribeiro, Daniel Cury
    Univ Otago, Sch Physiotherapy, Wellington, New Zealand..
    Ribeiro, Daniela
    Univ Porto, Dept Chem Sci, Porto, Portugal..
    Rickard, Jennifer
    Univ Minnesota, Dept Surg, Box 242 UMHC, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA.;Univ Teaching Hosp Kigali, Dept Surg, Kigali, Rwanda..
    Rivera, Juan A.
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Hlth & Nutr Res Ctr, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Robalik, Toshana
    Roberts, Nicholas L. S.
    Roberts, Shaun
    Auckland Univ Technol, Natl Inst Stroke & Appl Neurosci, Auckland, New Zealand..
    Robinson, Stephen R.
    RMIT Univ, Dept Psychol, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Rodriguez-Ramirez, Sonia
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Ctr Nutr & Hlth Res, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Roever, Leonardo
    Univ Fed Uberlandia, Dept Clin Res, Uberlandia, MG, Brazil..
    Rolfe, Sam
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Romoli, Michele
    Univ Perugia, Dept Neurosci, Perugia, Italy.;Rimini Infermi Hosp AUSL Romagna, Dept Neurol, Rimini, Italy..
    Ronfani, Luca
    Burlo Garofolo Inst Maternal & Child Hlth, Clin Epidemiol & Publ Hlth Res Unit, Trieste, Italy..
    Room, Robin
    La Trobe Univ, Ctr Alcohol Policy Res CAPR, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Stockholm Univ, Ctr Social Res Alcohol & Drugs, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Roshandel, Gholamreza
    Golestan Univ Med Sci, Golestan Res Ctr Gastroenterol & Hepatol GRCGH, Gorgan, Golestan, Iran..
    Rostamian, Morteza
    Gonabad Univ Med Sci, Sch Med, Gonabad, Iran..
    Roth, Gregory A.
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Div Cardiol, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Rothenbacher, Dietrich
    Ulm Univ, Inst Epidemiol & Med Biometry, Ulm, Germany..
    Rubagotti, Enrico
    Agrosavia, Palmira, Colombia..
    Rumisha, Susan Fred
    Univ Oxford, Malaria Atlas Project, Oxford, England.;Natl Inst Med Res, Dept Hlth Stat, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania..
    Rwegerera, Godfrey M.
    Univ Botswana, Dept Internal Med, Gaborone, Botswana..
    Saadatagah, Seyedmohammad
    Mayo Clin, Dept Cardiovasc Med, Rochester, MN USA..
    Sabour, Siamak
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol, Tehran, Iran..
    Sachdev, Perminder S.
    Univ New South Wales, Sch Psychiat, Sydney, NSW, Australia.;Prince Wales Hosp, Neuropsychiat Inst, Randwick, NSW, Australia..
    Saddik, Basema
    Univ Sharjah, Dept Family & Community Med, Sharjah, U Arab Emirates..
    Sadeghi, Ehsan
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Environm Determinants Hlth, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Sadeghi, Masoumeh
    Isfahan Univ Med Sci, Cardiac Rehabil Res Ctr, Esfahan, Iran..
    Saeedi, Reza
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Dept Hlth Safety & Environm HSE, Tehran, Iran..
    Moghaddam, Sahar Saeedi
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Saeidi, Shahram
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Social Dev & Hlth Promot Res Ctr, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Safari, Yahya
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Environm Determinants Hlth, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Safi, Sare
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Ophthalm Epidemiol Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Ophthalm Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Safiri, Saeid
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Aging Res Inst, Tabriz, Iran.;Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Dept Community Med, Tabriz, Iran..
    Sagar, Rajesh
    All India Inst Med Sci, Dept Psychiat, New Delhi, India..
    Sahebkar, Amirhossein
    Mashhad Univ Med Sci, Neurogen Inflammat Res Ctr, Mashhad, Razavi Khorasan, Iran.;Food & Drug Adm Islamic Republ Iran, Halal Res Ctr IRI, Tehran, Iran..
    Sahraian, Mohammad Ali
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Multiple Sclerosis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Sajadi, S. Mohammad
    Soran Univ, Dept Phytochem, Soran, Iraq.;Cihan Univ Erbil, Dept Nutr, Kurdistan Region, Iraq..
    Salahshoor, Mohammad Reza
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Anat Sci, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Salam, Nasir
    Cent Univ Punjab, Dept Microbiol, Bathinda, India..
    Salama, Joseph S.
    Univ Calif San Francisco, Hlth Hub, San Francisco, CA 94143 USA..
    Salamati, Payman
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Sina Trauma & Surg Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Zahabi, Saleh Salehi
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Radiol & Nucl Med, Kermanshah, Iran.;Taleghani Hosp, Res Dept, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Salem, Hosni
    Cairo Univ, Dept Urol, Cairo, Egypt..
    Salem, Marwa R.
    Cairo Univ, Publ Hlth & Community Med Dept, Cairo, Egypt..
    Salimi, Yahya
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Kermanshah, Iran.;Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Social Dev & Hlth Promot Res Ctr, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Salimzadeh, Hamideh
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Digest Dis Res Inst, Tehran, Iran..
    Salman, Omar Mukhtar
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Global Hlth & Dev, London, England.;Amer Univ Beirut, Global Hlth Inst, Beirut, Lebanon..
    Salomon, Joshua A.
    Stanford Univ, Ctr Hlth Policy, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, Ctr Primary Care & Outcomes Res, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Salz, Inbal
    Minist Hlth, Hlth & Disabil Intelligence Grp, Wellington, New Zealand..
    Samad, Zainab
    Duke Univ, Dept Med, Durham, NC USA..
    Kafil, Hossein Samadi
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Drug Appl Res Ctr, Tabriz, Iran..
    Sambala, Evanson Zondani
    South African Med Res Council, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Samy, Abdallah M.
    Ain Shams Univ, Dept Entomol, Cairo, Egypt..
    Sanabria, Juan
    Case Western Reserve Univ, Dept Nutr & Prevent Med, Cleveland, OH 44106 USA.;Marshall Univ, Dept Surg, Huntington, WV USA..
    Sanchez-Pimienta, Tania G.
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Santomauro, Damian Francesco
    Univ Queensland, Sch Publ Hlth, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.;Queensland Ctr Mental Hlth Res, West Moreton Hosp Hlth Serv, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Santos, Itamar S.
    Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Clin & Epidemiol Res, Sao Paulo, Brazil.;Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Internal Med, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Santos, Joao Vasco
    Univ Porto, Ctr Hlth Technol & Serv Res, Porto, Portugal.;Northern Reg Hlth Adm, ACES Grande Porto VIII Espinho Gaia, Publ Hlth Unit, Vila Nova De Gaia, Portugal..
    Santric-Milicevic, Milena M.
    Univ Belgrade, Fac Med, Belgrade, Serbia.;Univ Belgrade, Sch Publ Hlth & Hlth Management, Belgrade, Serbia..
    Saraswathy, Sivan Yegnanarayana Iyer
    PSG Inst Med Sci & Res, Dept Community Med, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.;PSG FAIMER South Asia Reg Inst, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India..
    Sarmiento-Suarez, Rodrigo
    Univ Appl & Environm Sci, Fac Med, Bogota, Colombia.;Carlos III Hlth Inst, Natl Sch Publ Hlth, Madrid, Spain..
    Sarrafzadegan, Nizal
    Isfahan Univ Med Sci, Isfahan Cardiovasc Res Inst, Esfahan, Iran.;Univ British Columbia, Sch Populat & Publ Hlth, Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Sartorius, Benn
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Fac Infect & Trop Dis, London, England.;Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Sarveazad, Arash
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Colorectal Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Sathian, Brijesh
    Hamad Med Corp, Dept Geriatr & Long Term Care, Doha, Qatar.;Bournemouth Univ, Fac Hlth & Social Sci, Bournemouth, Dorset, England..
    Sathish, Thirunavukkarasu
    McMaster Univ, Populat Hlth Res Inst, Hamilton, ON, Canada..
    Sattin, Davide
    Carlo Besta Neurol Inst IRCCS, Neurol Publ Hlth & Disabil Unit, Milan, Italy..
    Savic, Miloje
    GSK Biol, Wavre, Belgium..
    Sawyer, Susan M.
    Univ Melbourne, Dept Paediat, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Murdoch Childrens Res Inst, Ctr Adolescent Hlth, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Saxena, Deepak
    Datta Meghe Inst Med Sci, Dept Community Med, Wardha, India.;Indian Inst Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Gandhinagar, India..
    Saxena, Sonia
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, London, England..
    Saylan, Mete
    Bayer, Market Access, Istanbul, Turkey..
    Sbarra, Alyssa N.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Schaeffer, Lauren E.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Schiavolin, Silvia
    Carlo Besta Neurol Inst IRCCS, Neurol Publ Hlth & Disabil Unit, Milan, Italy..
    Schlaich, Markus P.
    Univ Western Australia, Dobney Hypertens Ctr, Perth, WA, Australia.;Baker Heart & Diabet Inst, Hypertens & Kidney Dis Lab, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Schmidt, Maria Ines
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Postgrad Program Epidemiol, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Schutte, Aletta Elisabeth
    Univ New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia. George Inst Global Hlth, Sydney, NSW, Australia.;North West Univ, Unit Hypertens & Cardiovasc Dis, Potchefstroom, South Africa..
    Schwebel, David C.
    Univ Alabama Birmingham, Dept Psychol, Birmingham, AL 35294 USA..
    Schwendicke, Falk
    Charite Univ Med Ctr Berlin, Oral Diag Digital Hlth & Hlth Serv Res, Berlin, Germany..
    Seedat, Soraya
    Stellenbosch Univ, Dept Psychiat, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Sekerija, Mario
    Univ Zagreb, Dept Med Stat Epidemiol & Med Informat, Zagreb, Croatia.;Croatian Inst Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Prevent Chron Noncommunicable Di, Zagreb, Croatia..
    Senbeta, Anbissa Muleta
    Jigjiga Univ, Dept Food Sci & Nutr, Jijiga, Ethiopia..
    Senthilkumaran, Subramanian
    Manian Med Ctr, Emergency Dept, Erode, India..
    Sepanlou, Sadaf G.
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Digest Dis Res Inst, Tehran, Iran.;Shiraz Univ Med Sci, Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Shiraz, Iran..
    Serdar, Berrin
    Univ Colorado Denver, Sch Publ Hlth, Aurora, CO USA.;Environm Hlth Associates LLC, Englewood, CO USA..
    Serre, Marc L.
    Univ N Carolina, Dept Environm Sci & Engn, Chapel Hill, NC 27515 USA..
    Servan-Mori, Edson
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Ctr Hlth Syst Res, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Sha, Feng
    Shenzhen Inst Adv Technol, Ctr Biomed Informat Technol, Shenzhen, Peoples R China..
    Shabani, Mahsima
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Johns Hopkins Univ, Dept Cardiol, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Shackelford, Katya Anne
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Shadid, Jamileh
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Queensland, Sch Publ Hlth, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Shafaat, Omid
    Johns Hopkins Univ, Dept Radiol & Radiol Sci, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Shahabi, Saeed
    Shiraz Univ Med Sci, Ctr Hlth Policy Res, Shiraz, Iran..
    Shahbaz, Mohammad
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol, Tehran, Iran..
    Shaheen, Amira A.
    An Najah Natl Univ, Publ Hlth Div, Nablus, Palestine..
    Shaikh, Masood Ali
    Shalash, Ali S.
    Ain Shams Univ, Dept Neurol, Cairo, Egypt..
    Shams-Beyranvand, Mehran
    Alborz Univ Med Sci, Sch Med, Karaj, Iran..
    Shamsi, MohammadBagher
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Rehabil & Sports Med, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Shamsizadeh, Morteza
    Univ Borås, Fac Caring Sci Work Life & Social Welf, Borås, Sweden..
    Shannawaz, Mohammed
    BLDE Univ, Dept Community Med, Vijayapur, India..
    Sharafi, Kiomars
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Environm Determinants Hlth, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Sharafi, Zeinab
    Lorestan Univ Med Sci, Razi Herbal Med Res Ctr, Khorramabad, Iran..
    Sharara, Fablina
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Sharifi, Hamid
    Kerman Univ Med Sci, HIV STI Surveillance Res Ctr & WHO Collaborating, Kerman, Iran..
    Sharma, Rajesh
    Delhi Technol Univ, Univ Sch Management & Entrepreneurship, Delhi, India..
    Shaw, David H.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Sheena, Brittney S.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Sheikh, Aziz
    Harvard Univ, Div Gen Internal Med, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Univ Edinburgh, Med Informat Ctr, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Sheikhtaheri, Abbas
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Hlth Informat Management, Tehran, Iran..
    Shetty, B. Suresh Kumar
    Publ Hlth Fdn India, Gurugram, India..
    Shetty, Ranjitha S.
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Dept Community Med, Mangalore, India.;Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Dept Forens Med & Toxicol, Mangalore, India..
    Shibuya, Kenji
    Kings Coll London, Inst Populat Hlth, London, England..
    Shield, Kevin David
    Univ Toronto, Dalla Lana Sch Publ Hlth, Toronto, ON, Canada.;Ctr Addict & Mental Hlth, Inst Mental Hlth Policy Res, Toronto, ON, Canada..
    Shiferaw, Wondimeneh Shibabaw
    Debre Berhan Univ, Dept Nursing, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia..
    Shigematsu, Mika
    Natl Inst Infect Dis, Bucharest, Romania..
    Il Shin, Jae
    Yonsei Univ, Coll Med, Seoul, South Korea..
    Shin, Min-Jeong
    Korea Univ, Seoul, South Korea..
    Shiri, Rahman
    Finnish Inst Occupat Hlth, Helsinki, Finland..
    Shirkoohi, Reza
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Canc Biol Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Univ Tehran Med Sci, Canc Res Inst, Tehran, Iran..
    Shivakumar, K. M.
    Krishna Inst Med Sci, Fac Dent Sci, Karad, India..
    Shrime, Mark G.
    Harvard Univ, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Shuval, Kerem
    Univ Haifa, Sch Publ Hlth, Haifa, Israel..
    Siabani, Soraya
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Hlth Educ & Hlth Promot, Kermanshah, Iran.;Univ Technol Sydney, Sch Hlth, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Sierpinski, Radoslaw
    Med Res Agcy, Warsaw, Poland.;Cardinal Wyszynski Univ, Sch Med, Warsaw, Poland..
    Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora
    Columbia Univ, Dept Hlth & Behav Studies, New York, NY USA.;Reykjavik Univ, Dept Psychol, Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Sigurvinsdottir, Rannveig
    Reykjavik Univ, Dept Psychol, Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Silva, Diego Augusto Santos
    Univ Fed Santa Catarina, Dept Phys Educ, Florianopolis, SC, Brazil..
    Silva, Joao Pedro
    Univ Porto, Res Unit Appl Mol Biosci UCIBIO, Porto, Portugal..
    Simonetti, Biagio
    Univ Sannio, Dept Law Econ Management & Quantitat Methods, Benevento, Italy.;WSB Univ, Gdansk, Poland..
    Simpson, Kyle E.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Singh, Ambrish
    Univ Tasmania, Menzies Inst Med Res, Hobart, Tas, Australia.;Eli Lilly & Co, Global Patient Outcome & Real World Evidence, Indianapolis, IN 46285 USA..
    Singh, Jasvinder A.
    Univ Alabama Birmingham, Sch Med, Birmingham, AL USA.;US Dept Vet Affairs VA, Med Serv, Birmingham, AL USA..
    Singh, Pushpendra
    Indian Inst Technol, Dept Humanities & Social Sci, Roorkee, Uttar Pradesh, India..
    Sinha, Dhirendra Narain
    Sch Prevent Oncol, Dept Epidemiol, Patna, Bihar, India.;Healis Sekhsaria Inst Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India..
    Skiadaresi, Eirini
    Hywel Dda Univ Hlth Board, Dept Ophthalmol, Llanelli, Wales..
    Skou, Soren T.
    Univ Southern Denmark, Dept Sports Sci & Clin Biomech, Odense, Denmark.;Naestved Slagelse Ringsted Hosp, Dept Physiotherapy & Occupat Therapy, Slagelse, Denmark..
    Skryabin, Valentin Yurievich
    Moscow Res & Pract Ctr Addict, Dept 16, Moscow, Russia..
    Sliwa, Karen
    Univ Cape Town, Hatter Inst Dept Med, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Smith, Amanda
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Smith, Emma U. R.
    Univ Sydney, Inst Bone & Joint Res, Sydney, NSW, Australia.;Univ Sydney, Pain Management Res Inst PMRI, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Sobngwi, Eugene
    Univ Yaounde I, Dept Internal Med & Specialties, Yaounde, Cameroon.;Yaounde Cent Hosp, Dept Endocrinol & Diabet, Yaounde, Cameroon..
    Soheili, Amin
    Semnan Univ Med Sci, Nursing Care Res Ctr, Semnan, Iran..
    Sokhan, Anton
    Kharkiv Natl Med Univ, Dept Infect Dis, Kharkiv, Ukraine..
    Soltani, Shahin
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Environm Determinants Hlth, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Somefun, Oluwaseyi Dolapo
    Univ Witwatersrand, Demog & Populat Studies Dept, Johannesburg, South Africa..
    Soofi, Moslem
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Social Dev & Hlth Promot Res Ctr, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Sorensen, Reed J. D.
    Univ Washington, Dept Global Hlth, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Soriano, Joan B.
    Autonomous Univ Madrid, Princess Univ Hosp, Madrid, Spain.;Ctr Invest Biomed Red Enfermedades Resp CIBERES, Madrid, Spain..
    Sorrie, Muluken Bekele
    Arba Minch Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Arba Minch, Ethiopia..
    Soshnikov, Sergey
    Moscow Inst Phys & Technol, Lab Publ Hlth Indicators Anal & Hlth Digitalizat, Dolgoprudnyi, Russia.;Minist Hlth FRIHOI, Fed Res Inst Hlth Org & Informat, Res Dev Dept, Moscow, Russia..
    Soyiri, Ireneous N.
    Univ Hull, Hull York Med Sch, Kingston Upon Hull, N Humberside, England..
    Spencer, Cory N.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Spotin, Adel
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Dept Parasitol & Mycol, Tabriz, Iran..
    Spurlock, Emma Elizabeth
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Sreeramareddy, Chandrashekhar T.
    Int Med Univ, Div Community Med, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia..
    Srinivasan, Vinay
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, David Geffen Sch Med, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA..
    Sripada, Kam
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Ctr Global Hlth Inequal Res CHAIN, Trondheim, Norway..
    Stanaway, Jeffrey D.
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Stark, Benjamin A.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Steel, Nicholas
    Publ Hlth England, London, England.;Univ East Anglia, Dept Primary Care & Publ Hlth, Norwich, Norfolk, England..
    Stefan, Simona Catalina
    Bucharest Univ Econ Studies, Dept Management, Bucharest, Romania..
    Stein, Caroline
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Postgrad Program Epidemiol, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Stein, Dan J.
    South African Med Res Council, Risk & Resilience Mental Disorders Res Unit, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Steiner, Caitlyn
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Steiner, Timothy J.
    Imperial Coll London, Div Brain Sci, London, England.;Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Neuromed & Movement Sci, Trondheim, Norway..
    Steuben, Krista M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Stockfelt, Leo
    Univ Gothenburg, Occupat & Environm Med Dept, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Stokes, Mark A.
    Deakin Univ, Dept Psychol, Burwood, Vic, Australia..
    Stovner, Lars Jacob
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Neuromed & Movement Sci, Trondheim, Norway.;St Olavs Hosp, Dept Neurol & Clin Neurophysiol, Trondheim, Norway..
    Straif, Kurt
    Boston Coll, Schiller Inst, Boston, MA USA..
    Stranges, Saverio
    Univ Western Ontario, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, ON, Canada.;Luxembourg Inst Hlth, Dept Populat Hlth, Strassen, Luxembourg..
    Stubbs, Jacob L.
    Univ British Columbia, Dept Psychiat, Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Suchdev, Parminder S.
    Emory Univ, Dept Pediat, Atlanta, GA 30322 USA..
    Sudaryanto, Agus
    Muhammadiyah Univ Surakarta, Dept Nursing, Sukoharjo, Indonesia..
    Sufiyan, Mu'awiyyah Babale
    Ahmadu Bello Univ, Dept Community Med, Zaria, Nigeria..
    Suleria, Hafiz Ansar Rasul
    Univ Melbourne, Dept Agr & Food Syst, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Abdulkader, Rizwan Suliankatchi
    Indian Council Med Res, Natl Inst Epidemiol, New Delhi, India.;Manonmaniam Sundaranar Univ, Dept Stat, Tirunelveli, India..
    Sulo, Gerhard
    Norwegian Inst Publ Hlth, Bergen, Norway..
    Sultan, Iyad
    King Hussein Canc Ctr, Serv Pediat, Amman, Jordan.;Univ Jordan, Dept Pediat, Amman, Jordan..
    Swope, Carolyn B.
    Delos Living, Delos Labs, New York, NY USA..
    Sykes, Bryan L.
    Univ Calif Irvine, Dept Criminol Law & Soc, Irvine, CA USA..
    Sylte, Dillon O.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Szocska, Miklos
    Semmelweis Univ, Fac Hlth & Publ Adm, Budapest, Hungary..
    Szumowski, Lukasz
    Inst Cardiol Poland, Minister Hlth, Warsaw, Poland..
    Tabares-Seisdedos, Rafael
    Biomed Res Networking Ctr Mental Hlth Network Cib, Carlos III Hlth Inst, Barcelona, Spain.;Univ Valencia, Dept Med, Valencia, Spain..
    Tabb, Karen M.
    Univ Illinois, Sch Social Work, Urbana, IL 61801 USA..
    Tabuchi, Takahiro
    Osaka Int Canc Inst, Canc Control Ctr, Osaka, Japan..
    Tadakamadla, Santosh Kumar
    Griffith Univ, Sch Dent & Oral Hlth, Nathan, Qld, Australia..
    Taddele, Biruk Wogayehu
    Arbaminch Coll Hlth Sci, Dept Pharm, Arbaminch, Ethiopia..
    Tadesse, Degena Bahrey
    Aksum Univ, Dept Nursing, Aksum, Ethiopia..
    Taherkhani, Amir
    Hamadan Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Mol Med, Hamadan, Iran..
    Tahir, Zarfishan
    Inst Publ Hlth, Lahore, Pakistan..
    Tajdini, Masih
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran Heart Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Takahashi, Ken
    Asbestos Dis Res Inst, Concord, NSW, Australia..
    Takala, Jukka S.
    Univ Tampere, Dept Hlth Sci, Tampere, Finland.;Monteporzio Catone, Int Comion Occupat Hlth, Rome, Italy..
    Tamiru, Animut Tagele
    Univ Gondar, Dept Midwifery, Gondar, Ethiopia..
    Tang, Muming
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Tanser, Frank C.
    Africa Hlth Res Inst, Berea, South Africa..
    Tareque, Md Ismail
    Univ Rajshahi, Dept Populat Sci & Human Resource Dev, Rajshahi, Bangladesh..
    Tarigan, Ingan Ukur
    Natl Inst Hlth Res Dev, Res & Dev Ctr Humanities & Hlth Management, Jakarta, Indonesia..
    Taveira, Nuno
    Univ Inst Egas Moniz, Monte De Caparica, Portugal.;Univ Lisbon, Res Inst Med, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Taylor, Heather Jean
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Teagle, Whitney L.
    NIH, NEI, Bldg 10, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Teame, Hirut
    Adigrat Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Adigrat, Ethiopia..
    Tediosi, Fabrizio
    Univ Basel, Basel, Switzerland..
    Tefera, Yonas Getaye
    Univ Gondar, Dept Clin Pharm, Gondar, Ethiopia..
    Tehrani-Banihashemi, Arash
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Dept Community & Family Med, Tehran, Iran.;Iran Univ Med Sci, Prevent Med & Publ Hlth Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Teklehaimanot, Berhane Fseha
    Adigrat Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Adigrat, Ethiopia..
    Tela, Freweini Gebrearegay
    Mekelle Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Mekelle, Ethiopia..
    Temsah, Mohamad-Hani
    King Saud Univ, Pediat Intens Care Unit, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..
    Terrason, Sonyah
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Tesema, Getayeneh Antehunegn
    Univ Gondar, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Gondar, Ethiopia..
    Tessema, Zemenu Tadesse
    Univ Gondar, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Gondar, Ethiopia..
    Thakur, Bhaskar
    Harvard Univ, Massachusetts Vet Epidemiol Res & Informat Ctr MA, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Texas Tech Univ, Div Biostat & Epidemiol, El Paso, TX USA..
    Thankappan, Kavumpurathu Raman
    Cent Univ Kerala, Dept Publ Hlth & Community Med, Kasaragod, India..
    Thapar, Rekha
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Dept Community Med, Mangalore, India..
    Thomas, Nihal
    Christian Med Coll & Hosp CMC, Dept Endocrinol Diabet & Metab, Vellore, India..
    Thomson, Azalea M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Thrift, Amanda G.
    Monash Univ, Dept Med, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Thurston, George D.
    NYU, Dept Environm Med, 550 1St Ave, New York, NY 10016 USA..
    Titova, Mariya Vladimirovna
    Moscow Inst Phys & Technol, Lab Publ Hlth Indicators Anal & Hlth Digitalizat, Dolgoprudnyi, Russia.;Russian Acad Sci, Timiryazev Inst Plant Physiol, Moscow, Russia..
    Tlou, Boikhutso
    Univ KwaZulu Natal, Discipline Publ Hlth Med, Durban, South Africa..
    Tohidinik, Hamid Reza
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Tehran, Iran.;Kerman Univ Med Sci, HIV STI Surveillance Res Ctr & WHO Collaborating, Kerman, Iran..
    Tonelli, Marcello
    Univ Calgary, Dept Med, Calgary, AB, Canada..
    Topor-Madry, Roman
    Jagiellonian Univ, Coll Med, Inst Publ Hlth, Krakow, Poland.;Agcy Hlth Technol Assessment & Tariff Syst, Warsaw, Poland..
    Topouzis, Fotis
    Aristotle Univ Thessaloniki, Dept Ophthalmol 1, Thessaloniki, Greece..
    Torre, Anna E.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Touvier, Mathilde
    Natl Inst Hlth & Med Res INSERM, Nutrit Epidemiol Res Team EREN, Paris, France.;Sorbonne Paris Nord Univ, Hlth Med & Human Biol, Bobigny, France..
    Tovani-Palone, Marcos Roberto
    Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Pathol & Legal Med, Sao Paulo, Brazil.;Modestum LTD, London, England..
    Traini, Eugenio
    Univ Utrecht, Inst Risk Assessment Sci IRAS, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Tran, Bach Xuan
    Hanoi Med Univ, Dept Hlth Econ, Hanoi, Vietnam..
    Travillian, Ravensara
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Trias-Llimos, Sergi
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Noncommunicable Dis Epidemiol, London, England..
    Troeger, Christopher E.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Truelsen, Thomas Clement
    Univ Copenhagen, Rigshosp, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Tsai, Alexander C.
    Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Dept Psychiat, Boston, MA 02114 USA.;Mbarara Univ Sci & Technol, Mbarara, Uganda..
    Tsatsakis, Aristidis
    Univ Crete, Dept Med, Iraklion, Greece..
    Car, Lorainne Tudor
    Nanyang Technol Univ, Lee Kong Chian Sch Med, Singapore, Singapore..
    Tyrovolas, Stefanos
    Biomed Res Networking Ctr Mental Hlth Network Cib, Barcelona, Spain.;St John God Hlth Pk, San Juan Dios Sanitary Pk, St Boi De Llobregat, Spain..
    Uddin, Riaz
    Univ Queensland, Sch Hlth & Rehabil Sci, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.;Deakin Univ, Inst Phys Act & Nutr, Burwood, Vic, Australia..
    Ullah, Irfan
    Iqra Natl Univ, Dept Microbiol, Peshawar, Pakistan.;Mufti Mehmood Mem Teaching Hosp, TB Culture Lab, Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan..
    Ullah, Saif
    Univ Agr Faisalabad, Inst Soil & Environm Sci, Faisalabad, Pakistan..
    Umeokonkwo, Chukwuma David
    Alex Ekwueme Fed Univ Teaching Hosp Abakaliki, Dept Community Med, Abakaliki, Nigeria..
    Undurraga, Eduardo A.
    Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Sch Govt, Santiago, Chile.;Brandeis Univ, Schneider Inst Hlth Policy, Waltham, MA USA..
    Unnikrishnan, Bhaskaran
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Kasturba Med Coll, Mangalore, India..
    Upadhyay, Era
    Amity Univ Rajasthan, Amity Inst Biotechnol, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India..
    Uthman, Olalekan A.
    Univ Warwick, Div Hlth Sci, Coventry, W Midlands, England..
    Vacante, Marco
    Univ Catania, Dept Gen Surg & Med Surg Specialties, Catania, Italy..
    Vaicekonyte, Regina
    Delos Living, Delos Labs, New York, NY USA..
    Vakilian, Alireza
    Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci, Dept Neurol, Rafsanjan, Iran.;Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci, Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Rafsanjan, Iran..
    Valdez, Pascual R.
    Argentine Soc Med, Board Directos, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.;Velez Sarsfield Hosp, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina..
    Valli, Alessandro
    Univ Catania, Dept Gen Surg & Med Surg Specialties, Catania, Italy..
    Van Donkelaar, Aaron
    Washington Univ, Dept Energy Environm & Chem Engn, St Louis, MO 63110 USA.;Dalhousie Univ, Dept Phys & Atmospher Sci, Halifax, NS, Canada..
    Vardavas, Constantine
    Univ Crete, Toxicol Lab, Iraklion, Greece..
    Varughese, Santosh
    Christian Med Coll & Hosp CMC, Dept Nephrol, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India..
    Vasankari, Tommi Juhani
    UKK Inst, Tampere, Finland..
    Vasconcelos, Ana Maria Nogales
    Univ Brasilia, Dept Stat, Brasilia, DF, Brazil..
    Vasseghian, Yasser
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Environm Determinants Hlth, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Veisani, Yousef
    Ilam Univ Med Sci, Psychosocial Injuries Res Ctr, Ilam, Iran..
    Venketasubramanian, Narayanaswamy
    Natl Univ Singapore, Yong Loo Lin Sch Med, Singapore, Singapore.;Raffles Hosp, Raffles Neurosci Ctr, Singapore, Singapore..
    Vidale, Simone
    Infermi Hosp, Dept Neurol, Rimini, Italy.;St Anna Hosp, Dept Neurol, Como, Italy.;St Anna Hosp, Stroke Unit, Como, Italy..
    Violante, Francesco S.
    Univ Bologna, Dept Med & Surg Sci, Bologna, Italy.;St Orsola Malpighi Hosp, Occupat Hlth Unit, Bologna, Italy..
    Vlassov, Vasily
    Natl Res Univ Higher Sch Econ, Dept Hlth Care Adm & Econ, Moscow, Russia..
    Vollset, Stein Emil
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Vongpradith, Avina
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Vos, Theo
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Vu, Giang Thu
    Nguyen Tat Thanh Univ, Ctr Excellence Behav Med, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam..
    Vujcic, Isidora S.
    Univ Belgrade, Fac Med, Inst Epidemiol, Belgrade, Serbia..
    Vukovic, Ana
    Univ Belgrade, Dept Pediat & Prevent Dent, Belgrade, Serbia..
    Vukovic, Rade
    Univ Belgrade, Sch Med, Belgrade, Serbia.;Mother & Child Healthcare Inst Serbia Dr Vukan Cu, Dept Pediat Endocrinol, Belgrade, Serbia..
    Hawariat, Feleke Gebremeskel W.
    Arba Minch Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Arba Minch, Ethiopia..
    Waheed, Yasir
    Fdn Univ Islamabad, Fdn Univ Med Coll, Islamabad, Pakistan..
    Wallin, Mitchell Taylor
    Univ Maryland, Sch Med, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA.;George Washington Univ, Dept Neurol, Washington, DC USA..
    Walters, Magdalene K.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Wamai, Richard G.
    Univ Nairobi, Sch Publ Hlth, Nairobi, Kenya.;Northeastern Univ, Cultures Soc & Global Studies & Integrated Initia, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Wang, Fang
    Wuhan Univ, Sch Hlth Sci, Wuhan, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Haidong
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Hong Kong Univ Sci & Technol, Div Social Sci, Hong Kong, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Hongbo
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Wang, Jiayu
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Wang, Yafeng
    Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Psychiat, Sao Paulo, Brazil.;Wuhan Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Wuhan, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Yanzhong
    Wang, Yuan-Pang
    Ward, Joseph L.
    UCL, Great Ormond St Inst Child Hlth, London, England..
    Watson, Alexandrea
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Watson, Stefanie
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Wei, Jingkai
    George Washington Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Washington, DC USA..
    Wei, Melissa Y. Wei
    Univ Michigan, Sch Med, Ann Arbor, MI USA..
    Weintraub, Robert G.
    Murdoch Childrens Res Inst, Crit Care & Neurosci Dept, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Royal Childrens Hosp, Dept Cardiol, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Weiss, Daniel J.
    Univ Oxford, Malaria Atlas Project, Oxford, England..
    Weiss, Jordan
    Univ Penn, Leonard Davis Inst Hlth Econ, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA.;Univ Penn, Ctr Populat Studies, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA..
    Welay, Fissaha Tekulu
    Adigrat Univ, Dept Midwifery, Adigrat, Ethiopia..
    Weldesamuel, Girmay Teklay
    Aksum Univ, Dept Nursing, Aksum, Ethiopia..
    Werdecker, Andrea
    Fed Inst Populat Res, Demog Change & Aging Res Area, Wiesbaden, Germany..
    West, J. Jason
    Univ N Carolina, Dept Environm Sci & Engn, Chapel Hill, NC 27515 USA..
    Westerman, Ronny
    Fed Inst Populat Res, Competence Ctr Mortal Follow Up German Natl Cohor, Wiesbaden, Germany..
    Whisnant, Joanna L.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Whiteford, Harvey A.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Queensland, Sch Publ Hlth, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Wiangkham, Taweewat
    Naresuan Univ, Dept Phys Therapy, Phitsanulok, Thailand..
    Wickramasinghe, Nuwan Darshana
    Rajarata Univ Sri Lanka, Dept Community Med, Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka..
    Wiens, Kirsten E.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Wijeratne, Tissa
    Univ Melbourne, Dept Neurol, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Univ Rajarata, Dept Med, Saliyapura Anuradhapuray, Sri Lanka..
    Wilner, Lauren B.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Wilson, Shadrach
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Wiysonge, Charles Shey
    South African Med Res Council, Cape Town, South Africa.;Univ Cape Town, Sch Publ Hlth & Family Med, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Wojtyniak, Bogdan
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Dept Populat Hlth Monitoring & Anal, Warsaw, Poland..
    Woldu, Gebremariam
    Aksum Univ, Sch Pharm, Aksum, Ethiopia..
    Wolfe, Charles D. A.
    Kings Coll London, Sch Populat Hlth & Environm Sci, London, England.;Guys & St Thomas Hosp, NIHR Biomed Res Ctr, London, England.;Kings Coll London, London, England..
    Wondmeneh, Temesgen Gebeyehu
    Samara Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Samara, Ethiopia..
    Wondmieneh, Adam Belay
    Addis Ababa Univ, Sch Nursing & Midwifery, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.;Wollo Univ, Dept Nursing, Dessie, Ethiopia..
    Wool, Eve E.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Wozniak, Sarah S.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Wu, Ai-Min
    Wenzhou Med Univ, Dept Orthopaed, Wenzhou, Peoples R China..
    Wu, Chenkai
    Duke Univ, Duke Global Hlth Inst, Durham, NC USA..
    Wu, Junjie
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Hanson, Sarah Wulf
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Wunrow, Han Yong
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Xie, Yang
    Beijing Adv Innovat Ctr Big Data Based Precis Med, Dept Behav & Operat Management, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Xu, Gelin
    Nanjing Univ, Sch Med, Nanjing, Peoples R China..
    Xu, Rixing
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Yadgir, Simon
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Jabbari, Seyed Hossein Yahyazadeh
    Milad Gen Hosp, Clin Canc Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Yamada, Tomohide
    Univ Tokyo, Dept Diabet & Metab Dis, Tokyo, Japan..
    Yamagishi, Kazumasa
    Osaka Univ, Grad Sch Med, Suita, Osaka, Japan.;Univ Tsukuba, Res & Dev Ctr Hlth Serv, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan..
    Yaminfirooz, Mousa
    Babol Univ Med Sci, Gen Educ Dept, Babol, Iran.;Babol Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Babol, Iran..
    Yano, Yuichiro
    Duke Univ, Dept Family Med & Community Hlth, Durham, NC USA..
    Yaya, Sanni
    Univ Oxford, George Inst Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;Univ Ottawa, Sch Int Dev & Global Studies, Ottawa, ON, Canada..
    Yazdi-Feyzabadi, Vahid
    Kerman Univ Med Sci, Dept Hlth Management Policy & Econ, Kerman, Iran.;Kerman Univ Med Sci, Hlth Serv Management Res Ctr, Kerman, Iran..
    Yearwood, Jamal A.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Yeheyis, Tomas Y.
    Hawassa Univ, Sch Nursing, Hawassa, Ethiopia..
    Yeshitila, Yordanos Gizachew
    Arba Minch Univ, Dept Nursing, Arba Minch, Ethiopia..
    Yilgwan, Christopher Sabo
    Univ Jos, Dept Pediat, Jos, Nigeria.;Jos Univ Teaching Hosp, Dept Pediat, Jos, Nigeria..
    Yilma, Mekdes Tigistu
    Wollega Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Nekemte, Ethiopia..
    Yip, Paul
    Univ Hong Kong, Ctr Suicide Res & Prevent, Hong Kong, Peoples R China.;Univ Hong Kong, Dept Social Work & Social Adm, Hong Kong, Peoples R China..
    Yonemoto, Naohiro
    Natl Ctr Neurol & Psychiat, Dept Neuropsychopharmaol, Kodaira, Tokyo, Japan.;Juntendo Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Tokyo, Japan..
    Yoon, Seok-Jun
    Korea Univ, Dept Prevent Med, Seoul, South Korea..
    Lebni, Javad Yoosefi
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Dept Hlth Educ & Promot, Tehran, Iran..
    York, Hunter W.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Younis, Mustafa Z.
    Jackson State Univ, Dept Hlth Policy & Management, Jackson, MS USA.;Tsinghua Univ, Sch Med, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Younker, Theodore Patrick
    Univ Pittsburgh, Dept Immunol, Pittsburgh, PA USA..
    Yousefi, Bahman
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Mol Med Res Ctr, Tabriz, Iran..
    Yousefi, Zabihollah
    Mazandaran Univ Med Sci, Dept Environm Hlth, Sari, Iran..
    Yousefifard, Mahmoud
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Physiol Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Yousefinezhadi, Taraneh
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Injury Prevent & Safety Promot Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Yousuf, Abdilahi Yousuf
    Jigjiga Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Jijiga, Ethiopia..
    Yu, Chuanhua
    Wuhan Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Wuhan, Peoples R China.;Wuhan Univ, Global Hlth Inst, Wuhan, Peoples R China..
    Yu, Yong
    Hubei Univ Med, Sch Publ Hlth & Management, Shiyan, Peoples R China..
    Yuan, Chun-Wei
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Yuce, Deniz
    Hacettepe Univ, Inst Canc, Ankara, Turkey..
    Yusefzadeh, Hasan
    Urmia Univ Med Sci, Dept Hlth Care Management & Econ, Orumiyeh, Iran..
    Zadey, Siddhesh
    Duke Univ, Duke Global Hlth Inst, Durham, NC USA..
    Moghadam, Telma Zahirian
    Ardabil Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Ardebil, Iran..
    Zaidi, Syed Saoud
    Dow Univ Hlth Sci, Dept Pharmaceut, Karachi, Pakistan..
    Zaki, Leila
    Tarbiat Modares Univ, Dept Parasitol & Entomol, Tehran, Iran..
    Zakzuk, Josefina
    Univ Cartagena, Immunol Res Inst, Cartagena, Colombia..
    Bin Zaman, Sojib
    Monash Univ, Monash Hlth, Sch Clin Sci, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Int Ctr Diarrhoeal Dis Res, Maternal & Child Hlth Div, Dhaka, Bangladesh..
    Zamani, Mohammad
    Arak Univ Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol, Arak, Iran.;Babol Univ Med Sci, Student Res Comm, Babol, Iran..
    Zamanian, Maryam
    Zandian, Hamed
    Ardabil Univ Med Sci, Dept Community Med, Ardebil, Iran.;Ardabil Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Ardebil, Iran..
    Zangeneh, Alireza
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Social Dev & Hlth Promot Res Ctr, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Zarafshan, Hadi
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Psychiat & Psychol Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Zastrozhin, Mikhail Sergeevich
    Moscow Res & Pract Ctr Addict, Lab Genet & Genom, Moscow, Russia.;Russian Med Acad Continuous Profess Educ, Addictol Dept, Moscow, Russia..
    Zewdie, Kaleab Alemayehu
    Mekelle Univ, Sch Pharm, Mekelle, Ethiopia..
    Zhang, Jianrong
    Univ Melbourne, Dept Gen Practice, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Victorian Comprehens Canc Ctr, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Zhang, Yunquan
    Wuhan Univ Sci & Technol, Hubei Prov Key Lab Occupat Hazard Identificat & C, Wuhan, Peoples R China.;Wuhan Univ Sci & Technol, Sch Publ Hlth, Wuhan, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Zhi-Jiang
    Wuhan Univ, Sch Med, Wuhan, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Jeff T.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Zhao, Xiu-Ju George
    Wuhan Univ, Sch Hlth Sci, Wuhan, Peoples R China.;Wuhan Polytech Univ, Sch Biol & Pharmaceut Engn, Wuhan, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Yingxi
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Med, Oxford, England..
    Zheleva, Bistra
    Childrens HeartLink, Global Strategy & Advocacy Unit, Minneapolis, MN USA..
    Zheng, Peng
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Zhou, Maigeng
    Chinese Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Natl Ctr Chron & Noncommunicable Dis Control & Pr, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, Cong
    Univ Texas Hlth Sci Ctr Houston, Dept Epidemiol Human Genet & Environm Sci, Houston, TX 77030 USA..
    Ziapour, Arash
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Hlth Educ & Hlth Promot, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Zimsen, Stephanie R. M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Zlavog, Bianca S.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Zodpey, Sanjay
    Publ Hlth Fdn India, Indian Inst Publ Hlth, Gurugram, India..
    Lim, Stephen S.
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Murray, Christopher J. L.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Global burden of 369 diseases and injuries in 204 countries and territories, 1990-2019: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 20192020Ingår i: The Lancet, ISSN 0140-6736, E-ISSN 1474-547X, Vol. 396, nr 10258, s. 1204-1222Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In an era of shifting global agendas and expanded emphasis on non-communicable diseases and injuries along with communicable diseases, sound evidence on trends by cause at the national level is essential. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) provides a systematic scientific assessment of published, publicly available, and contributed data on incidence, prevalence, and mortality for a mutually exclusive and collectively exhaustive list of diseases and injuries. Methods GBD estimates incidence, prevalence, mortality, years of life lost (YLLs), years lived with disability (YLDs), and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) due to 369 diseases and injuries, for two sexes, and for 204 countries and territories. Input data were extracted from censuses, household surveys, civil registration and vital statistics, disease registries, health service use, air pollution monitors, satellite imaging, disease notifications, and other sources. Cause-specific death rates and cause fractions were calculated using the Cause of Death Ensemble model and spatiotemporal Gaussian process regression. Cause-specific deaths were adjusted to match the total all-cause deaths calculated as part of the GBD population, fertility, and mortality estimates. Deaths were multiplied by standard life expectancy at each age to calculate YLLs. A Bayesian meta-regression modelling tool, DisMod-MR 2.1, was used to ensure consistency between incidence, prevalence, remission, excess mortality, and cause-specific mortality for most causes. Prevalence estimates were multiplied by disability weights for mutually exclusive sequelae of diseases and injuries to calculate YLDs. We considered results in the context of the Socio-demographic Index (SDI), a composite indicator of income per capita, years of schooling, and fertility rate in females younger than 25 years. Uncertainty intervals (UIs) were generated for every metric using the 25th and 975th ordered 1000 draw values of the posterior distribution. Findings Global health has steadily improved over the past 30 years as measured by age-standardised DALY rates. After taking into account population growth and ageing, the absolute number of DALYs has remained stable. Since 2010, the pace of decline in global age-standardised DALY rates has accelerated in age groups younger than 50 years compared with the 1990-2010 time period, with the greatest annualised rate of decline occurring in the 0-9-year age group. Six infectious diseases were among the top ten causes of DALYs in children younger than 10 years in 2019: lower respiratory infections (ranked second), diarrhoeal diseases (third), malaria (fifth), meningitis (sixth), whooping cough (ninth), and sexually transmitted infections (which, in this age group, is fully accounted for by congenital syphilis; ranked tenth). In adolescents aged 10-24 years, three injury causes were among the top causes of DALYs: road injuries (ranked first), self-harm (third), and interpersonal violence (fifth). Five of the causes that were in the top ten for ages 10-24 years were also in the top ten in the 25-49-year age group: road injuries (ranked first), HIV/AIDS (second), low back pain (fourth), headache disorders (fifth), and depressive disorders (sixth). In 2019, ischaemic heart disease and stroke were the top-ranked causes of DALYs in both the 50-74-year and 75-years-and-older age groups. Since 1990, there has been a marked shift towards a greater proportion of burden due to YLDs from non-communicable diseases and injuries. In 2019, there were 11 countries where non-communicable disease and injury YLDs constituted more than half of all disease burden. Decreases in age-standardised DALY rates have accelerated over the past decade in countries at the lower end of the SDI range, while improvements have started to stagnate or even reverse in countries with higher SDI. Interpretation As disability becomes an increasingly large component of disease burden and a larger component of health expenditure, greater research and development investment is needed to identify new, more effective intervention strategies. With a rapidly ageing global population, the demands on health services to deal with disabling outcomes, which increase with age, will require policy makers to anticipate these changes. The mix of universal and more geographically specific influences on health reinforces the need for regular reporting on population health in detail and by underlying cause to help decision makers to identify success stories of disease control to emulate, as well as opportunities to improve. Copyright (C) 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.

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  • 12.
    Abbafati, Cristiana
    et al.
    Univ Roma La Sapienza, Dept Jurid & Econ Studies, Rome, Italy.
    Larsson, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Klinisk kemi.
    Murray, Christopher J. L.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA; Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA; Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.
    Five insights from the Global Burden of Disease Study 20192020Ingår i: The Lancet, ISSN 0140-6736, E-ISSN 1474-547X, Vol. 396, nr 10258, s. 1135-1159Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2019 provides a rules-based synthesis of the available evidence on levels and trends in health outcomes, a diverse set of risk factors, and health system responses. GBD 2019 covered 204 countries and territories, as well as first administrative level disaggregations for 22 countries, from 1990 to 2019. Because GBD is highly standardised and comprehensive, spanning both fatal and non-fatal outcomes, and uses a mutually exclusive and collectively exhaustive list of hierarchical disease and injury causes, the study provides a powerful basis for detailed and broad insights on global health trends and emerging challenges. GBD 2019 incorporates data from 281 586 sources and provides more than 3.5 billion estimates of health outcome and health system measures of interest for global, national, and subnational policy dialogue. All GBD estimates are publicly available and adhere to the Guidelines on Accurate and Transparent Health Estimate Reporting. From this vast amount of information, five key insights that are important for health, social, and economic development strategies have been distilled. These insights are subject to the many limitations outlined in each of the component GBD capstone papers.

  • 13.
    Abbara, Aula
    et al.
    Imperial College, London, United Kingdom.
    Almalla, Mohamed
    American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.
    AlMasri, Ibrahim
    O'Brien Institute for Public Health, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada.
    AlKabbani, Hussam
    Department of Health and Nutrition Al-Ameen for Humanitarian Support, Gaziantep, Turkey.
    Karah, Nabil
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Molekylär Infektionsmedicin, Sverige (MIMS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för molekylärbiologi (Medicinska fakulteten).
    El-Amin, Wael
    King's College Hospital London, United Arab Emirates.
    Rajan, Latha
    Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, LA, New Orleans, United States.
    Rahhal, Ibrahim
    Hand in Hand for Aid and Development, Gaziantep, Turkey.
    Alabbas, Mohammad
    Hand in Hand for Aid and Development, Gaziantep, Turkey.
    Sahloul, Zaher
    Department of Pulmonology and Critical Care, University of Illinois, IL, Chicago, United States.
    Tarakji, Ahmad
    Syrian American Medical Society, Washington DC, United States.
    Sparrow, Annie
    Department of Population Health Sciences and Policy, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, United States.
    The challenges of tuberculosis control in protracted conflict: The case of Syria2020Ingår i: International Journal of Infectious Diseases, ISSN 1201-9712, E-ISSN 1878-3511, International Journal of Infectious Diseases, ISSN 1201-9712, Vol. 90, s. 53-59Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: Syria's protracted conflict has resulted in ideal conditions for the transmission of tuberculosis (TB) and the cultivation of drug-resistant strains. This paper compares TB control in Syria before and after the conflict using available data, examines the barriers posed by protracted conflict and those specific to Syria, and discusses what measures can be taken to address the control of TB in Syria.

    Results: Forced mass displacement and systematic violations of humanitarian law have resulted in overcrowding and the destruction of key infrastructure, leading to an increased risk of both drug-sensitive and resistant TB, while restricting the ability to diagnose, trace contacts, treat, and follow-up. Pre-conflict, TB in Syria was officially reported at 22 per 100 000 population; the official figure for 2017 of 19 per 100 000 is likely a vast underestimate given the challenges and barriers to case detection. Limited diagnostics also affect the diagnosis of multidrug- and rifampicin-resistant TB, reported as comprising 8.8% of new diagnoses in 2017.

    Conclusions: The control of TB in Syria requires a multipronged, tailored, and pragmatic approach to improve timely diagnosis, increase detection, stop transmission, and mitigate the risk of drug resistance. Solutions must also consider vulnerable populations such as imprisoned and besieged communities where the risk of drug resistance is particularly high, and must recognize the limitations of national programming. Strengthening capacity to control TB in Syria with particular attention to these factors will positively impact other parallel conditions; this is key as attention turns to post-conflict reconstruction.

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  • 14. Abbara, Aula
    et al.
    Rawson, Timothy M.
    Karah, Nabil
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för molekylärbiologi (Medicinska fakulteten). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Molekylär Infektionsmedicin, Sverige (MIMS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR).
    El-Amin, Wael
    Hatcher, James
    Tajaldin, Bachir
    Dar, Osman
    Dewachi, Omar
    Abu Sitta, Ghassan
    Uhlin, Bernt Eric
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Molekylär Infektionsmedicin, Sverige (MIMS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för molekylärbiologi (Medicinska fakulteten).
    Sparrow, Annie
    A summary and appraisal of existing evidence of antimicrobial resistance in the Syrian conflict2018Ingår i: International Journal of Infectious Diseases, ISSN 1201-9712, E-ISSN 1878-3511, Vol. 75, s. 26-33Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in populations experiencing war has yet to be addressed, despite the abundance of contemporary conflicts and the protracted nature of twenty-first century wars, in combination with growing global concern over conflict-associated bacterial pathogens. The example of the Syrian conflict is used to explore the feasibility of using existing global policies on AMR in conditions of extreme conflict. The available literature on AMR and prescribing behaviour in Syria before and since the onset of the conflict in March 2011 was identified. Overall, there is a paucity of rigorous data before and since the onset of conflict in Syria to contextualize the burden of AMR. However, post onset of the conflict, an increasing number of studies conducted in neighbouring countries and Europe have reported AMR in Syrian refugees. High rates of multidrug resistance, particularly Gram-negative organisms, have been noted amongst Syrian refugees when compared with local populations. Conflict impedes many of the safeguards against AMR, creates new drivers, and exacerbates existing ones. Given the apparently high rates of AMR in Syria, in neighbouring countries hosting refugees, and in European countries providing asylum, this requires the World Health Organization and other global health institutions to address the causes, costs, and future considerations of conflict-related AMR as an issue of global governance. (c) 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of International Society for Infectious Diseases.

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  • 15.
    Abbasi, Seyed Hesameddin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden; Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Iranian Petroleum Health Research Institute, Tehran, Iran .
    De Leon, Antonio Ponce
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Universidade do Estado de Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    Kassaian, Seyed Ebrahim
    Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Karimi, Abbasali
    Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Sundin, Örjan
    Department of Psychology, Mid-Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Jalali, Arash
    Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Soares, Joaquim
    Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden; Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Macassa, Gloria
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap. Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden; Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Socioeconomic status and in‑hospital mortality of acute coronary syndrome: can education and occupation serve as preventive measures?2015Ingår i: International Journal of Preventive Medicine, ISSN 2008-7802, E-ISSN 2008-8213, Vol. 6, artikel-id 36Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic status (SES) can greatly affect the clinical outcome of medical problems. We sought to assess the in-hospital mortality of patients with the acute coronary syndrome (ACS) according to their SES.

    METHODS: All patients admitted to Tehran Heart Center due to 1(st)-time ACS between March 2004 and August 2011 were assessed. The patients who were illiterate/lowly educated (≤5 years attained education) and were unemployed were considered low-SES patients and those who were employed and had high educational levels (>5 years attained education) were regarded as high-SES patients. Demographic, clinical, paraclinical, and in-hospital medical progress data were recorded. Death during the course of hospitalization was considered the end point, and the impact of SES on in-hospital mortality was evaluated.

    RESULTS: A total of 6246 hospitalized patients (3290 low SES and 2956 high SES) were included (mean age = 60.3 ± 12.1 years, male = 2772 [44.4%]). Among them, 79 (1.26%) patients died. Univariable analysis showed a significantly higher mortality rate in the low-SES group (1.9% vs. 0.6%; P < 0.001). After adjustment for possible cofounders, SES still showed a significant effect on the in-hospital mortality of the ACS patients in that the high-SES patients had a lower in-hospital mortality rate (odds ratio: 0.304, 95% confidence interval: 0.094-0.980; P = 0.046).

    CONCLUSIONS: This study found that patients with low SES were at a higher risk of in-hospital mortality due to the ACS. Furthermore, the results suggest the need for increased availability of jobs as well as improved levels of education as preventive measures to curb the unfolding deaths owing to coronary artery syndrome.

  • 16.
    Abbasi, Seyed Hesameddin
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Section of Public Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden; Tehran Heart Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Sundin, Örjan
    Department of Psychology, Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Jalali, Arash
    Tehran Heart Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Soares, Joaquim
    Department of Health Sciences, Section of Public Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Macassa, Gloria
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap. Department of Health Sciences, Section of Public Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Ethnic Differences in the Risk Factors and Severity of Coronary Artery Disease: a Patient-Based Study in Iran2018Ingår i: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, ISSN 2197-3792, Vol. 5, nr 3, s. 623-631Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Diverse ethnic groups may differ regarding the risk factors and severity of coronary artery disease (CAD). This study sought to assess the association between ethnicity and CAD risk and severity in six major Iranian ethnic groups.

    Methods

    In this study, 20,165 documented coronary artery disease patients who underwent coronary angiography at a tertiary referral heart center were recruited. The demographic, laboratory, clinical, and risk factor data of all the patients were retrieved. The Gensini score (an indicator of CAD severity) was calculated for all, and the risk factors and severity of CAD were compared between the ethnical groups, using adjusted standardized residuals, Kruskal–Wallis test, and multivariable regression analysis.

    Results

    The mean age of the participants (14,131 [70.1%] men and 6034 [29.9%] women) was 60.7 ± 10.8 years. The Fars (8.7%) and Gilak (8.6%) ethnic groups had the highest prevalence of ≥4 simultaneous risk factors. The mean Gensini score was the highest for the Gilaks (77.1 ± 55.9) and the lowest among the Lors (67.5 ± 52.8). The multivariable regression analysis showed that the Gilaks had the worst severity (β 0.056, 95% CI 0.009 to 0.102; P = 0.018), followed by the Torks (β 0.032, 95% CI 0.005 to 0.059; P = 0.020). Meanwhile, the Lors showed the lowest severity (β −0.087, 95% CI −0.146 to −0.027; P = 0.004).

    Conclusions

    This study found that there was heterogeneity in CAD severity and a diverse distribution in its well-known traditional risk factors among major Iranian ethnic groups.

  • 17.
    Abbasi, Seyed Hesameddin
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (HOV). Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, United States.
    Sundin, Örjan
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Jalali, Arash
    Soares, Joaquim
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (HOV).
    Macassa, Gloria
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (HOV). University of Gävle.
    Mortality from Acute Coronary Syndrome: Does Place of Residence Matter?2022Ingår i: Journal of Tehran University Heart Center, ISSN 1735-8620, E-ISSN 2008-2371, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 56-61Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Current evidence shows inequality in the outcomes of rural and urban patients treated at their place of residence. This study compared in-hospital mortality between rural and urban patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) to find whether there were differences in the outcome and received treatment. Methods: Between May 2007 and January 2018, patients admitted with ACS were included. The patients’ demographic, clinical, and laboratory data, as well as their in-hospital medical courses, were recorded. The association between place of residence (rural/ urban) and in-hospital mortality due to ACS was evaluated using logistic regression adjusted for potential confounders. Results: Of 9088 recruited patients (mean age =61.30±12.25 y; 5557 men [61.1%]), 838 were rural residents. A positive family history of coronary artery disease (P=0.003), smoking (P=0.002), and hyperlipidemia (P=0.026), as well as a higher body mass index (P=0.013), was seen more frequently in the urban patients, while the rural patients had lower education levels (P<0.001) and higher unemployment rates (P=0.009). In-hospital mortality occurred in 135 patients (1.5%): 10 rural (1.2%) and 125 urban (1.5%) patients (P=0.465). The Firth regression model, used to adjust the effects of possible confounders, showed no significant difference concerning in-hospital mortality between the rural and urban patients (OR, 1.57; 95% CI, 0.376 to 7.450; P=0.585). Conclusion: This study found no significant differences in receiving proper treatment and in-hospital mortality between ru-ral and urban patients with ACS. 

  • 18.
    Abbasi, Seyed
    et al.
    Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran; Mid-Sweden University; Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.
    Sundin, Örjan
    Mid-Sweden University.
    Jalali, Arash
    Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
    Soares, Joaquim
    Mid-Sweden University.
    Macassa, Gloria
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för folkhälso- och idrottsvetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap. Mid-Sweden University.
    Mortality from Acute Coronary Syndrome: Does Place of Residence Matter?2022Ingår i: Journal of Teheran University Heart Center, ISSN 1735-8620, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 56-61Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Current evidence shows inequality in the outcomes of rural and urban patients treated at their place of residence. This study compared in-hospital mortality between rural and urban patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) to find whether there were differences in the outcome and received treatment.

    Methods: Between May 2007 and January 2018, patients admitted with ACS were included. The patients’ demographic, clinical, and laboratory data, as well as their in-hospital medical courses, were recorded. The association between place of residence (rural/urban) and in-hospital mortality due to ACS was evaluated using logistic regression adjusted for potential confounders.

    Results: Of 9088 recruited patients (mean age =61.30±12.25 y; 5557 men [61.1%]), 838 were rural residents. A positive family history of coronary artery disease (P=0.003), smoking (P=0.002), and hyperlipidemia (P=0.026), as well as a higher body mass index (P=0.013), was seen more frequently in the urban patients, while the rural patients had lower education levels (P<0.001) and higher unemployment rates (P=0.009). In-hospital mortality occurred in 135 patients (1.5%): 10 rural (1.2%) and 125 urban (1.5%) patients (P=0.465). The Firth regression model, used to adjust the effects of possible confounders, showed no significant difference concerning in-hospital mortality between the rural and urban patients (OR, 1.57; 95% CI, 0.376 to 7.450; P=0.585).

    Conclusion: This study found no significant differences in receiving proper treatment and in-hospital mortality between rural and urban patients with ACS.

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  • 19.
    Abbott, Rebecca
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Arbetshälsovetenskap. Högskolan i Gävle, Centrum för belastningsskadeforskning.
    Straker, Leon
    Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Arbetshälsovetenskap. Högskolan i Gävle, Centrum för belastningsskadeforskning.
    Patterning of children's sedentary time at and away from school2013Ingår i: Obesity, ISSN 1930-7381, E-ISSN 1930-739X, Vol. 21, s. E131-E133Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective:

    Sedentary behavior in children is positively associated with an increased risk of both obesity and insulin resistance. Children spend a considerable portion of their awake time in sedentary behavior; however, the pattern of accumulation is not known. Thus the objective of this study was to describe the patterning of sedentary behavior of children at and away from school.

    Design and Methods:

    The patterns of sedentary time in a sample of 53 children (28 girls) aged 10-12 years during school-term time were examined. Children wore an accelerometer for 1 week. Total sedentary time, prolonged sequences (bouts) of sedentary time, and frequency of active interruptions to sedentary were examined on school days and weekends and within school time and non-school time on school days.

    Results:

    The data did not support our hypothesis that children accumulated more sedentary time on school days when compared with weekend days (mean [SD]: 64.4% [5.3] vs. 64.9% [9.0], P = 0.686). However, when comparing school time with non-school time on school days, children accumulated more sedentary time at school (66.8% [7.3] vs. 62.4% [5.2], P < 0.001) and spent more time at school in sustained sedentary sequences, that is, uninterrupted sedentary time for 30 min or more (75.6 min [45.8] vs. 45.0 min [26.8], P < 0.002). The children also recorded less breaks per sedentary hour within school time when compared with non-school time (8.9 h−1 vs. 10.2 h−1, P < 0.001).

    Conclusion:

    Reducing total sedentary time spent both in and out of school remains an important challenge. Interrupting sedentary time more often in the “working” (school) day could also reap important musculoskeletal and metabolic health rewards for children.

  • 20.
    Abdelaziz, Amr Abdelaziz Badrawy
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Troeller, Kenan Craig
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Endovascular versus Open Repair of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in Sweden2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Approximately 600 people die from ruptured abdominal aortic aneurism annually in Sweden. Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a widening of the abdominal aorta. If a ruptured aortic aneurysm occurs (RAAA), it is a medical emergency and it is a life-threatening condition. The two interventions used to treat RAAA patients are known as the endovascular strategy (EVAR) and the open repair method (OR). Given the life-threatening nature of RAAA, mortality rates are quite high especially considering that this medical condition affects predominantly the elderly. Determining whether a patient is more suitable for EVAR or OR depends on —among other clinical factors— whether technical expertise and resources are available to perform EVAR. The Swedish Agency for Health and Technology Assessment (SBU) explain that it is currently unclear as to which of the two intervention is the cost-effective alternative in treating RAAA in Sweden. 

    Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate whether the non-invasive EVAR (endovascular) or traditional surgery known as OR (open repair) is more cost-effective in treating RAAA in Sweden.

    Methods: A Cost-effectiveness analysis with healthcare provider perspective using secondary data from relevant peer-reviewed literature from Sweden, other European countries, Swedvascs' and Socialstyrelsens' registries. The model of choice for this evaluation is a decision tree. The target population is males and females who suffer from RAAA in Sweden ranging from ages 50 – 90+, the majority of which were >65. Two subgroups were analyzed; RAAA patients treated with EVAR  and RAAA patients treated with OR. Total RAAA patients n=178. EVAR n= 73. OR n= 105. The time horizon in the base-case is 90 days. The outcome measures are incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER), QALYs and cost/QALY. A one-way deterministic sensitivity analyses, in addition to a probabilistic sensitivity analysis were performed in order to assess the level of confidence that may be associated with the conclusion of this economic evaluation

    Results: Results from the base-case analysis shows that EVAR's cost per QALY gained is SEK 715,823.82 with an ICER of SEK 1,113,499.44 per QALY gained. Results of the base-case analysis shows that EVAR is not cost-effective when considering the commonly accepted threshold of SEK 500,000 per QALY gained. Results of the deterministic sensitivity analyses show that under all suggested scenarios EVAR was not cost-effective. However, results of the probabilistic sensitivity analysis result shows that there is a considerable uncertainty around the cost-effectiveness of EVAR.

    Conclusion: EVAR is not cost-effective with marginal clinical benefits compared to OR. Since it is a high cost intervention which lacks national guidelines from "Socialstyrelsen", individual county councils in Sweden will likely have to make the decision individually if they want to adopt EVAR as a treatment method for RAAA. While RAAA is a very severe health condition it also has a low prevalence in Sweden meaning county councils with larger population centers, budgets and availability of technical expertise/equipment can still introduce EVAR to treat RAAA even if the cost-effectiveness analysis results exceed the commonly accepted threshold value of SEK 500,000 per QALY gained. Due to uncertainties vis-à-vis a lack of more conclusive data in a Swedish context, further investigation is required before recommending EVAR for subsidization. It would however be worth pursuing this end given the promise of EVAR as a non-invasive and more benign treatment method for patients. 

  • 21.
    Abdelhay, Amro Gaber
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Antibiotic misuse in Egypt from the community pharmacists' perspective.: A study protocol.2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction/Background: Antibiotic resistance (AR) has become a danger threats to all countries and regions in the world. Decreased effectiveness of antibiotics in treating some infections due to antibiotic resistance is leading to more suffering for patients, increased treatment costs, increased days of hospitalization as well as increasing morbidity and mortality. In order to tackle AR, a much more responsible use of antibiotics is needed including avoidance of overuse, overprescribing and any other type of inappropriate use of antibiotics. Egypt is one of the countries with high rate of antibiotic misuse- In the study that this study protocol is outlining, the reasons for misuse will be explored from the community pharmacists’ perspectives in order to suggest possible solutions.

    Objective: The general objective is to study factors contributing to antibiotic misuse in Egypt from the perspective of community pharmacists.

    Method: A cross sectional study will be conducted using structured questionnaire. Answers will be collected from community pharmacists in Fayoum governorate in Egypt whereafter data analysis will be done.

    Study work plan: It is intended that the study period altogether will be six months.

  • 22. Abdella, R.
    et al.
    Kautiainen, Susanna
    Takkinen, H.M.
    Khan, W.
    Erkkola, M.
    Luukainen, P.
    Veijola, R.
    Simell, O.
    Knip, M.
    Virtanen, S.M.
    Relationship of duration of breastfeeding to childhood overweight at 3 years of age2012Ingår i: Obesity Facts, ISSN 1662-4025, E-ISSN 1662-4033, Vol. 5, nr Suppl. 1, s. 247-247Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 23. Abdelmagid, Nada
    et al.
    Southgate, Rosamund J
    Alhaffar, Mervat
    Ahmed, Matab
    Bani, Hind
    Mounier-Jack, Sandra
    Dahab, Maysoon
    Checchi, Francesco
    Sabahelzain, Majdi M
    Nor, Barni
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell kvinno- och mödrahälsovård och migration.
    Rao, Bhargavi
    Singh, Neha S
    The Governance of Childhood Vaccination Services in Crisis Settings: A Scoping Review2023Ingår i: Vaccines, E-ISSN 2076-393X, Vol. 11, nr 12, artikel-id 1853Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The persistence of inadequate vaccination in crisis-affected settings raises concerns about decision making regarding vaccine selection, timing, location, and recipients. This review aims to describe the key features of childhood vaccination intervention design and planning in crisis-affected settings and investigate how the governance of childhood vaccination is defined, understood, and practised. We performed a scoping review of 193 peer-reviewed articles and grey literature on vaccination governance and service design and planning. We focused on 41 crises between 2010 and 2021. Following screening and data extraction, our analysis involved descriptive statistics and applying the governance analysis framework to code text excerpts, employing deductive and inductive approaches. Most documents related to active outbreaks in conflict-affected settings and to the mass delivery of polio, cholera, and measles vaccines. Information on vaccination modalities, target populations, vaccine sources, and funding was limited. We found various interpretations of governance, often implying hierarchical authority and regulation. Analysis of governance arrangements suggests a multi-actor yet fragmented governance structure, with inequitable actor participation, ineffective actor collaboration, and a lack of a shared strategic vision due to competing priorities and accountabilities. Better documentation of vaccination efforts during emergencies, including vaccination decision making, governance, and planning, is needed. We recommend empirical research within decision-making spaces.

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  • 24.
    Abdelmenan, Semira
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa. Addis Continental Inst Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.;Univ Gondar, Inst Publ Hlth, Coll Med & Hlth Sci, Gondar, Ethiopia..
    Berhane, Hanna
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa. Addis Continental Inst Publ Hlth, Dept Nutr & Behav Sci, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Turner, Christopher
    Fac Epidemiol & Populat Hlth, Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Populat Hlth, London, England..
    Worku, Alemayehu
    Addis Continental Inst Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Ekholm Selling, Katarina
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa.
    Ekström, Eva-Charlotte
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa.
    Berhane, Yemane
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa. Addis Continental Inst Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Perception of affordable diet is associated with pre-school children's diet diversity in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: the EAT Addis survey2024Ingår i: BMC Nutrition, E-ISSN 2055-0928, Vol. 10, artikel-id 47Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Despite improvements in food access and nutrition security over the last few decades, malnutrition remains a major public health problem. One of the significant contributors to these problems is affordability of nutritious food. This study aimed to examine the association between perceived food affordability and pre-school children's diet diversity in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

    Methods: Cross-sectional data from 2017 to 18 were used for the analysis. A 24-hour dietary recall assessment was done to assess children's dietary diversity (DD). We used a modified operational definition of affordability indicator called perceived affordability of dietary diversity (afford-DD) to evaluate the impact of the food environment in terms of affordability at the household level. A sample (n 4,898) of children aged 6-59 months representative of households in Addis Ababa was randomly selected using a multistage sampling procedure including all districts in the city. Mixed-effects linear regression models were used to assess the association between children's DD and afford-DD.

    Results: The survey revealed that the mean (standard deviation [SD]) of children's DD was 3.9 [±1.4] while the mean [SD] of afford-DD was 4.6 [±2.1]. Overall, 59.8% of children met the minimum dietary diversity (≥ 4 food groups). White roots and tubers were the most commonly consumed food groups regardless of their affordability. Considerable variations were observed between households that reported the food item affordable and not affordable in consumption of Vitamin A rich vegetables and fruits, meat and fish, egg, and dairy. The children's DD was positively associated with afford-DD after adjusting for maternal education, household wealth status and other relevant confounding. Higher maternal education modified the association between affordability and children's diet diversity.

    Conclusions: This study suggests higher perceived food affordability was associated with better diet diversity in children. A higher level of maternal education had the potential to mitigate affordability challenges in meeting the children's dietary diversity needs. Our study emphasizes the need for inclusive food programs and nutrition interventions addressing social differences, intensifying efforts to make nutrient-rich diets affordable for the less privileged, and highlights the potential benefits of targeting maternal education in addressing child dietary diversity.

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  • 25.
    Abdelmenan, Semira
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH), Internationell barnhälsa och nutrition. Addis Continental Institute of Public Health, 26751/1000 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, 196 Gondar, Ethiopia.
    Berhane, Hanna Y.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH), Internationell barnhälsa och nutrition. Addis Continental Institute of Public Health, 26751/1000 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    Jirström, Magnus
    Trenholm, Jill
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH), Internationell kvinno- och mödrahälsovård och migration.
    Worku, Alemayehu
    Ekström, Eva-Charlotte
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH), Internationell barnhälsa och nutrition. Addis Continental Institute of Public Health, 26751/1000 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    Berhane, Yemane
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH), Internationell barnhälsa och nutrition. Addis Continental Institute of Public Health, 26751/1000 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    The Social Stratification of Availability, Affordability, and Consumption of Food in Families with Preschoolers in Addis Ababa: The EAT Addis Study in Ethiopia2020Ingår i: Nutrients, E-ISSN 2072-6643, Vol. 12, nr 10, artikel-id 3168Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to understand the quality of diet being consumed among families in Addis Ababa, and to what extent social stratification and perceptions of availability and affordability affect healthy food consumption. Data were collected from 5467 households in a face-to-face interview with mothers/caretakers and analyzed using mixed effect logistic regression models. All family food groups, except fish were perceived to be available by more than 90% of the participants. The food groups cereals/nuts/seeds, other vegetables, and legumes were considered highly affordable (80%) and were the most consumed (>75%). Households with the least educated mothers and those in the lowest wealth quintile had the lowest perception of affordability and also consumption. Consumption of foods rich in micronutrients and animal sources were significantly higher among households with higher perceived affordability, the highest wealth quintile, and with mothers who had better education. Households in Addis Ababa were generally seen to have a monotonous diet, despite the high perceived availability of different food groups within the food environment. There is a considerable difference in consumption of nutrient-rich foods across social strata, hence the cities food policies need to account for social differences in order to improve the nutritional status of the community.

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  • 26.
    Abdelmoety, Ahmed
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    An investigation into the lived experiences of parents and health professionals involved in the treatment of children with cleft lip and/ or cleft palate in Egypt2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 27.
    Abdi Ali Ahmed, Yousra
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    Factors associated with utilization of Antenatal Care in Zambia.: A secondary analysis of 2018 Zambia Demographic Health Survey2020Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    ANC comprises of trainings and treatments provided to promote a healthy pregnancy, labour and child delivery. Any complications or issues with pregnancy are identified during ANC visits. The aim of this study is to identify and analyse the factors which affect the basic antenatal care utilization by women in Zambia and to give an overall view of the status of women in the country with the 2018 Zambia Demographic Health Survey (ZDHS).

    Method

    After the correlations were found, bivariate logistic regression was done with all exposure variables against the dependent variable. A multivariate analysis was conducted with significant variable against the dependent variable, in order to find the association between the variables.

    Result

    The type of place of residence was significant as well as education which showed lower education was associated with lower basic ANC use. Wealth also demonstrated a negative association to basic ANC visits for poor and for the middle class. Working women had a higher likelihood of attending basic ANC along with those who attended ANC with a doctor and nurse or midwife. To not have a health insurance showed a lower likelihood to attend basic ANC visits

    Conclusion

    The study found that factors such as type of place of residence, education, wealth, occupation, health insurance coverage and ANC with doctor, midwife or nurse are associated with utilization of basic ANC in Zambia among women aged between 15-49.

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  • 28.
    Abdi, Parvin Monika
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Har elever tillräckligt med tid för att äta?: En undersökning på högstadieelevers upplevelser av skolmåltiden2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Måltiden i skolan är en del av skolarbetet, den har betydelse för hälsan men är även en förutsättning för både lärande och trivsel. Skolan är också en viktig miljö för barn eftersom det är där de utvecklas och blir tränade till olika kompetenser exempelvis problemlösningsförmåga och förmågan att samarbeta.  Man spenderar ungefär åtta timmar i skolan dagligen och där i mellan behöver man äta. Skolmåltiden kan ge skolelever en möjlighet till att återhämta sig från skolarbetet men ibland kan elever uppfatta måltidssituationen som stressande. Det är viktigt att måltidsmiljön i skolan fungerar väl för att skolelever inte ska behöva stressa under måltiden och få möjlighet att äta i lugn och ro.  Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka hur elever upplever matrasten i skolan. Om de upplever att de får tillräckligt med tid för att äta samt hur de upplever måltiden och måltidssituationen i skolmatsalen. Forskningsansatsen för den här undersökningen var kvalitativ och metoden för insamling av data är fokusgrupper. Data har analyserats som en innehållsanalys.  Målgruppen för undersökningen var högstadieelever i årskurs 7 och 9. Det är en klass från respektive årskurs som valdes. Studien har genomförts på en högstadieskola i en kommun i Sverige med ca 210 000 invånare.     Resultatet i studien visar att eleverna på högstadieskolan upplever att de har tillräckligt med tid för att äta vid matbordet men lunchrasten i sig är för kort. Måltidsmiljön i skolrestaurangen upplevs som väldigt rörig och stressande. Måltidssituationen upplevs mer stressig hos årskurs 7 eleverna än årskurs 9.  Slutsatsen är att eleverna behöver längre lunchrast och måltidsmiljön upplevs som stressig och bör åtgärdas av skolan.

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  • 29.
    Abdi, Saida
    et al.
    Univ Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN 55414 USA..
    Akinsulure-Smith, Adeyinka M.
    CUNY City Coll, New York, NY USA.;CUNY, New York, NY USA..
    Sarkadi, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Socialmedicin/CHAP.
    Fazel, Mina
    Univ Oxford, Oxford, England..
    Ellis, B. Heidi
    Harvard Med Sch, Boston, MA USA..
    Gillespie, Sarah
    Univ Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN 55414 USA..
    Juang, Linda P.
    Univ Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany..
    Betancourt, Theresa S.
    Boston Coll, Sch Social Work, Chestnut Hill, MA USA..
    Promoting positive development among refugee adolescents2023Ingår i: Journal of research on adolescence, ISSN 1050-8392, E-ISSN 1532-7795, Vol. 33, nr 4, s. 1064-1084Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Of the estimated 35.3 million refugees around the world (UNHCR, Figures at a Glance, 2022), approximately 50% are children under the age of 18. Refugee adolescents represent a unique group as they navigate developmental tasks in an unstable and often threatening environment or in resettlement contexts in which they often face marginalization. In addition to physiological, social, and psychological changes that mark adolescence, refugee youth often face traumatic experiences, acculturative stress, discrimination, and a lack of basic resources. In this consensus statement, we examine research on refugee adolescents' developmental tasks, acculturative tasks, and psychological adjustment using Suarez-Orozco and colleague's integrative risk and resilience model for immigrant-origin children and youth proposed by Suarez-Orozco et al. Finally, we discuss recommendations-moving from proximal to more distal contexts.

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  • 30.
    Abdi, Yakoub Aden
    et al.
    Amoud University College of Health Sciences, Borama, Somaliland; Somali-Swedish Researchers’ Association (SSRA), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Said, Nasir Ibrahim
    Amoud University College of Health Sciences, Borama, Somaliland.
    Abdi Hared, Yusuf
    Amoud University College of Health Sciences, Borama, Somaliland.
    Ayeh, Ismail
    Amoud University College of Health Sciences, Borama, Somaliland.
    Walhad, Said Ahmed
    Amoud University College of Health Sciences, Borama, Somaliland.
    Mental health care delivery in poor settings through trained female community health workers: a five-year intervention program in Somaliland2021Ingår i: Somali Health Action Journal, E-ISSN 2004-1985, Vol. 1, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The situation of mental health globally is alarming particularly in developing countries. In Somaliland/Somalia, every third person may be suffering from some sort of mental illness according to the World Health Organization. Major barriers to improve mental health include stigma and lack of skilled human resources.

    Objectives: The aim was to explore the feasibility of organizing integrated community-based mental, epilepsy and mother and child health services delivered by trained female community health workers (FCHWs) in three urban sites (Borama, Baki and Dila) in the Awdal Region, Somaliland.

    Methods: After selection of the 3 project sites and recruitment and training of project staff, a baseline survey was carried out. First, the sites were properly mapped based on existing geographical administrative sectors and sub-sectors of the sites. Then a representative sample of 2,722 households was randomly selected from all the 3 sites. The female head of each of those households were then interviewed using a questionnaire containing 22 questions on the target groups. The questionnaire responses were coded, and data analysed using Statistical software program, SPSS. After the baseline survey, the FCHWs were deployed in the sites assigning a specified area to each female worker. The FCHWs worked 6 hours per day 6 days per week and were required to visit 6 families each day including follow-ups. Their activities included identification of patients with severe mental illness (SMI) or with epilepsy, counselling, distribution of medications, follow-up of patients already on medication, referral, stigma reduction and documentation of their daily activities in logbooks.

    Results: The baseline study showed that 12% of the households were taking care of at least one person with SMI each, while 7% had one person with epilepsy each. Of the patients with SMI, 18% were on chains. During the project period (2015-2019), the number of people with SMI or with epilepsy who benefited from the project was 2.225 and 738 respectively and their families empowered through increased mental health awareness. Among the patients with SMI, 237 were on chains before intervention and 85% of them were successfully released from their shackles.

    Conclusions: This project has shown that deployment of trained and supported FCHWs can be used to reduce the mental health care gap in Somaliland. It is suggested as a model project which could, hopefully, be replicated and tested in other similar settings.

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  • 31.
    Abdimaxmud, Nagaad
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Elevhälsoteamets upplevelser av covid-19-pandemin: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2021Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
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  • 32. Abdollahi, Abbas
    et al.
    Abu Talib, Mansor
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen, Klinisk psykologi.
    Harvey, Richard
    Yaacob, Siti Nor
    Ismail, Zanariah
    Problem-solving skills and perceived stress among undergraduate students: The moderating role of hardiness2018Ingår i: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 23, nr 10, s. 1321-1331Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study was designed to examine the relationships between problem-solving skills, hardiness, and perceived stress and to test the moderating role of hardiness in the relationship between problem-solving skills and perceived stress among 500 undergraduates from Malaysian public universities. The analyses showed that undergraduates with poor problem-solving confidence, external personal control of emotion, and approach-avoidance style were more likely to report perceived stress. Hardiness moderated the relationships between problem-solving skills and perceived stress. These findings reinforce the importance of moderating role of hardiness as an influencing factor that explains how problem-solving skills affect perceived stress among undergraduates.

  • 33. Abdollahi, Abbas
    et al.
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen, Klinisk psykologi.
    Coping Style as a Moderator of Perfectionism and Suicidal Ideation Among Undergraduate Students2017Ingår i: Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, ISSN 0894-9085, E-ISSN 1573-6563, Vol. 35, nr 3, s. 223-239Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Suicide is a serious and growing public health problem and remains an unnecessary cause of death globally. In Iran, the highest prevalence of acute and chronic suicidal ideation is among young people aged 16-24. This study investigates the relationship between coping style, two types of perfectionism, and suicidal ideation among undergraduates, and examines coping style as a moderator of the relationship between perfectionism and suicidal ideation. Multi-stage cluster random sampling was employed to recruit 547 undergraduate students aged 19-24 years from the Islamic Azad University of Karaj. Structural Equation Modelling indicated that suicidal ideation was negatively associated with adaptive perfectionism and task-focused coping but positively associated with emotion-focused coping, avoidance coping, and maladaptive perfectionism. Coping style (including the three styles of task-focused, emotion-focused, and avoidance coping) was found to moderate the relationship between perfectionism and suicidal ideation. The study advances understanding of the importance of coping style in this context and explains how perfectionism affects suicidal ideation.

  • 34.
    Abdou, Ahmed
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Experiences and Perspectives of Arabic- speaking Migrants about Healthcare in Sweden2023Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 35.
    Abduljabar, Fada
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, lärande och teknik.
    Fayete, Marthe
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, lärande och teknik.
    Kvinnors upplevelser av att leva med polycystiskt ovarialsyndrom: En litteraturstudie2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstrakt

    Bakgrund: Polycystiskt ovarialsyndrom är en endokrin sjukdom som drabbar 5-10% av kvinnor i fertil ålder. Orsaken till diagnosen är ännu inte fastställd men kan ha en viss anknytning till ärftlighet. I samband med diagnosen förekommer ett flertal symtom som medför lidande. Syftet: Var att beskriva kvinnors upplevelser av att leva med Polycystiskt ovarialsyndrom. Metod: Fjorton vetenskapliga studier analyserades med en kvalitativ innehållsanalys med manifest induktiv ansats. Resultat: Fem slutliga kategorier framkom i resultatet: Att leva med bristande förmåga att bli gravid, Att känna skam och dölja sitt utseende, Att påverkas av diagnosen inifrån och utifrån, Att leva med en diagnos som förändrar relationer och Att känna sig missnöjd i mötet med sjukvårdspersonal. Slutsats: Att leva med kronisk sjukdom innebär förändringar i vardagen. En djupare förståelse av kvinnors upplevelser av PCOS kan bidra till förbättrad omvårdnad utifrån ett helhetsperspektiv.

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  • 36.
    Abdulla, Hana
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    FYSISK INAKTIVITET OCH STILLASITTANDE BLAND BARN OCH UNGA I GRUNDSKOLAN2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Children and youth inactivity and sedentary at school is increasing. This means that some of the students have a significant unhealthy lifestyle with physical inactivity, which in turn implies risks of suffering from various diseases, including obesity, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, all related to a sedentary lifestyle. To prevent illness, it is important that children and young people early get a positive attitude towards physical activity.

    The purpose of this study was to study the causes of child and adolescent physical inactivity in school, based on teachers 'and parents' perspectives.

    A qualitative research has been selected. To achieve the study objectives, the author has conducted seven semi-structured interviews, with an appropriate choice of five teachers and two parents with children in school. Data was analyzed with a manifest content analysis.

    The results show that teachers and parents felt that physical activity is a protective factor for children's health. There are several reasons for physical inactivity in students today, blah new technologies, various transportation facilities and family finances. Some measures that can reduce the physical inactivity, for example be to increase sports lesson 'time and by starting with children and young people's interest to make them feel joy in moving, which increases the interest in physical activity.

    The conclusion of this work is that children's movement is important for their health. Children and youth in elementary school in need of physical activity so that they feel good. Both schools and parents have a responsibility to promote children's physical activity so that they can preserve their health, before improving their learning ability, have more energy and to manage the school in a good way.

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  • 37.
    Abdulla, Salim
    et al.
    Ifakara Hlth Inst, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania..
    Ashley, Elizabeth A.
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Clin Med, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;Mahidol Univ, Mahidol Oxford Trop Med Res Unit MORU, Fac Trop Med, Bangkok 10700, Thailand..
    Bassat, Quique
    Univ Barcelona, Ctr Invest Saude Manhica Manhica Mozamb & ISGloba, Barcelona Ctr Int Hlth Res CRESIB, Hosp Clin, Barcelona, Spain..
    Bethell, Delia
    AFRIMS, Dept Immunol & Med, Bangkok, Thailand..
    Bjorkman, Anders
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Tumour & Cell Biol, Malaria Res, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Borrmann, Steffen
    Kenya Govt Med Res Ctr, Wellcome Trust Res Programme, Kilifi, Kenya.;Univ Magdeburg, Sch Med, D-39106 Magdeburg, Germany..
    D'Alessandro, Umberto
    Inst Trop Med, Unit Malariol, B-2000 Antwerp, Belgium.;MRC Unit, Fajara, Gambia..
    Dahal, Prabin
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Clin Med, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;WorldWide Antimalarial Resistance Network WWARN, Oxford, England..
    Day, Nicholas P.
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Clin Med, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;Mahidol Univ, Mahidol Oxford Trop Med Res Unit MORU, Fac Trop Med, Bangkok 10700, Thailand..
    Diakite, Mahamadou
    Univ Bamako, Malaria Res & Training Ctr, Bamako, Mali..
    Djimde, Abdoulaye A.
    Dondorp, Arjen M.
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Clin Med, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;Mahidol Univ, Mahidol Oxford Trop Med Res Unit MORU, Fac Trop Med, Bangkok 10700, Thailand..
    Duong, Socheat
    Ctr Parasitol Entomol & Malaria Control, Phnom Penh, Cambodia..
    Edstein, Michael D.
    Fairhurst, Rick M.
    NIAID, Lab Malaria & Vector Res, NIH, Rockville, MD USA..
    Faiz, M. Abul
    Malaria Res Grp MRG & Dev Care Fdn, Dhaka, Bangladesh..
    Falade, Catherine
    Univ Ibadan, Coll Med, Ibadan, Nigeria..
    Flegg, Jennifer A.
    Monash Univ, Sch Math Sci, Clayton, Vic 3800, Australia..
    Fogg, Carole
    Univ Portsmouth, Portsmouth, Hants, England..
    Gonzalez, Raquel
    Ctr Invest Saude Manhica Manhica Mozamb, Barcelona, Spain.;CRESIB, Barcelona, Spain..
    Greenwood, Brian
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Fac Infect & Trop Dis, London WC1, England..
    Guerin, Philippe J.
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Clin Med, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;WorldWide Antimalarial Resistance Network WWARN, Oxford, England..
    Guthmann, Jean-Paul
    Epicentre, Paris, France..
    Hamed, Kamal
    Novartis Pharmaceut, E Hanover, NJ USA..
    Hien, Tran Tinh
    Htut, Ye
    Dept Med Res, Lower Myanmar, Yangon, Myanmar..
    Juma, Elizabeth
    Kenya Govt Med Res Ctr, Nairobi, Kenya..
    Lim, Pharath
    NIAID, Lab Malaria & Vector Res, NIH, Rockville, MD USA.;US & Natl Ctr Parasitol Entomol & Malaria Control, Phnom Penh, Cambodia..
    Mårtensson, Andreas
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning i Sörmland (CKFD). Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Cell & Tumour Biol, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, Malaria Res, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Mayxay, Mayfong
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Clin Med, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;Mahosot Hosp, Lao Oxford Mahosot Hosp, Wellcome Trust Res Unit LOMWRU, Viangchan, Laos.;Univ Hlth Sci, Fac Postgrad Studies, Viangchan, Laos..
    Mokuolu, Olugbenga A.
    Univ Ilorin, Dept Paediat & Child Hlth, Ilorin, Nigeria..
    Moreira, Clarissa
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Clin Med, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;WorldWide Antimalarial Resistance Network WWARN, Oxford, England..
    Newton, Paul
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Clin Med, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;Mahosot Hosp, Lao Oxford Mahosot Hosp, Wellcome Trust Res Unit LOMWRU, Viangchan, Laos..
    Noedl, Harald
    Med Univ Vienna, Inst Specif Prophylaxis & Trop Med, Vienna, Austria..
    Nosten, Francois
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Clin Med, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;Mahidol Univ, Shoklo Malaria Res Unit, Mahidol Oxford Trop Med Res Unit, Fac Trop Med, Bangkok 10700, Thailand..
    Ogutu, Bernhards R.
    Kenya Govt Med Res Ctr, US Army Med Res Unit, Kisumu, Kenya..
    Onyamboko, Marie A.
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Clin Med, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;Kinshasa Sch Publ Hlth, Kinshasa, DEM REP CONGO..
    Owusu-Agyei, Seth
    Kintampo Hlth Res Ctr, Kintampo, Ghana..
    Phyo, Aung Pyae
    Mahidol Univ, Shoklo Malaria Res Unit, Mahidol Oxford Trop Med Res Unit, Fac Trop Med, Bangkok 10700, Thailand..
    Premji, Zul
    Muhimbili Univ Hlth & Allied Sci, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania..
    Price, Ric N.
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Clin Med, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;WorldWide Antimalarial Resistance Network WWARN, Oxford, England.;Menzies Sch Hlth Res, Global & Trop Hlth Div, Darwin, NT, Australia.;Charles Darwin Univ, Darwin, NT 0909, Australia..
    Pukrittayakamee, Sasithon
    Mahidol Univ, Fac Trop Med, Bangkok 10700, Thailand..
    Ramharter, Michael
    Med Univ Vienna, Div Infect Dis & Trop Med, Dept Med 1, Vienna, Austria.;Univ Tubingen, Inst Tropenmed, Tubingen, Germany.;Ctr Rech Med Lambarene, Lambarene, Gabon..
    Sagara, Issaka
    Univ Bamako, Fac Med Pharm & Odontostomatol, Dept Epidemiol Parasit Dis, Malaria Res & Training Ctr, Bamako, Mali..
    Se, Youry
    AFRIMS, Phnom Penh, Cambodia..
    Suon, Seila
    Natl Ctr Parasitol Entomol & Malaria Control, Phnom Penh, Cambodia..
    Stepniewska, Kasia
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Clin Med, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;WorldWide Antimalarial Resistance Network WWARN, Oxford, England..
    Ward, Stephen A.
    Univ Liverpool, Liverpool Sch Trop Med, Dept Parasitol, Liverpool L3 5QA, Merseyside, England..
    White, Nicholas J.
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Clin Med, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;Mahidol Univ, Mahidol Oxford Trop Med Res Unit MORU, Fac Trop Med, Bangkok 10700, Thailand..
    Winstanley, Peter A.
    Univ Warwick, Warwick Med Sch, Coventry CV4 7AL, W Midlands, England..
    Baseline data of parasite clearance in patients with falciparum malaria treated with an artemisinin derivative: an individual patient data meta-analysis2015Ingår i: Malaria Journal, ISSN 1475-2875, E-ISSN 1475-2875, Vol. 14, artikel-id 359Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Artemisinin resistance in Plasmodium falciparum manifests as slow parasite clearance but this measure is also influenced by host immunity, initial parasite biomass and partner drug efficacy. This study collated data from clinical trials of artemisinin derivatives in falciparum malaria with frequent parasite counts to provide reference parasite clearance estimates stratified by location, treatment and time, to examine host factors affecting parasite clearance, and to assess the relationships between parasite clearance and risk of recrudescence during follow-up. Methods: Data from 24 studies, conducted from 1996 to 2013, with frequent parasite counts were pooled. Parasite clearance half-life (PC1/2) was estimated using the WWARN Parasite Clearance Estimator. Random effects regression models accounting for study and site heterogeneity were used to explore factors affecting PC1/2 and risk of recrudescence within areas with reported delayed parasite clearance (western Cambodia, western Thailand after 2000, southern Vietnam, southern Myanmar) and in all other areas where parasite populations are artemisinin sensitive. Results: PC1/2 was estimated in 6975 patients, 3288 of whom also had treatment outcomes evaluate d during 28-63 days follow-up, with 93 (2.8 %) PCR-confirmed recrudescences. In areas with artemisinin-sensitive parasites, the median PC1/2 following three-day artesunate treatment (4 mg/kg/day) ranged from 1.8 to 3.0 h and the proportion of patients with PC1/2 > 5 h from 0 to 10 %. Artesunate doses of 4 mg/kg/day decreased PC1/2 by 8.1 % (95 % CI 3.2-12.6) compared to 2 mg/kg/day, except in populations with delayed parasite clearance. PC1/2 was longer in children and in patients with fever or anaemia at enrolment. Long PC1/2 (HR = 2.91, 95 % CI 1.95-4.34 for twofold increase, p < 0.001) and high initial parasitaemia (HR = 2.23, 95 % CI 1.44-3.45 for tenfold increase, p < 0.001) were associated independently with an increased risk of recrudescence. In western Cambodia, the region with the highest prevalence of artemisinin resistance, there was no evidence for increasing PC1/2 since 2007. Conclusions: Several factors affect PC1/2. As substantial heterogeneity in parasite clearance exists between locations, early detection of artemisinin resistance requires reference PC1/2 data. Studies with frequent parasite count measurements to characterize PC1/2 should be encouraged. In western Cambodia, where PC1/2 values are longest, there is no evidence for recent emergence of higher levels of artemisinin resistance.

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  • 38.
    Abdullah, Abu Sayeed Md.
    et al.
    Centre for Injury Prevention and Research Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Dalal, Koustuv
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap. Faculty of Medicine and Health Care, al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
    Yasmin, Masuma
    Kolkata, India.
    Ussatayeva, Gainel
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Care, al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
    Halim, Abdul
    Centre for Injury Prevention and Research Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Biswas, Animesh
    Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Perceptions and practices on newborn care and managing complications at rural communities in Bangladesh: a qualitative study2021Ingår i: BMC Pediatrics, ISSN 1471-2431, E-ISSN 1471-2431, Vol. 21, artikel-id 168Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Community misperception on newborn care and poor treatment of sick newborn attributes to neonatal death and illness severity. Misperceptions and malpractices regarding neonatal care and neonatal complications are the leading causes of neonatal deaths in Bangladesh. The study was conducted to explore neonatal care’s perceptions and practices and manage complications among Bangladesh’s rural communities.

    Methods: A qualitative study was conducted in Netrakona district of Bangladesh from April to June 2015. Three sub-districts (Upazilas) including Purbadhala, Durgapur and Atpara of Netrakona district were selected purposively. Five focus group discussions (FGDs) and twenty in-depth interviews (IDIs) were conducted in the rural community. Themes were identified through reading and re-reading the qualitative data and thematic analysis was performed.

    Results: Community people were far behind, regarding the knowledge of neonatal complications. Most of them felt that the complications occurred due to lack of care by the parents. Some believed that mothers did not follow the religious customs after delivery, which affected the newborns. Many of them followed the practice of bathing the newborns and cutting their hair immediately after birth. The community still preferred to receive traditional treatment from their community, usually from Kabiraj (traditional healer), village doctor, or traditional birth attendant. Families also refrained from seeking treatment from the health facilities during neonatal complications. Instead, they preferred to wait until the traditional healers or village doctors recommended transferring the newborn.

    Conclusions: Poor knowledge, beliefs and practices are the key barriers to ensure the quality of care for the newborns during complications. The communities still depend on traditional practices and the level of demand for facility care is low. Appropriate interventions focusing on these issues might improve the overall neonatal mortality in Bangladesh.

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    Supplementary information
  • 39. Abdullahi, A.
    et al.
    Kalid, Mohamed
    Högskolan Dalarna, Institutionen för hälsa och välfärd, Vårdvetenskap. Högskolan Dalarna, Institutionen för hälsa och välfärd, Omvårdnad.
    Kipchumba, E.
    Sulaiman, M.
    Supporting Micro-enterprise in Humanitarian Programming: Impact Evaluation of Business Grants versus Unconditional Cash Transfer2023Ingår i: Journal of African Economies, ISSN 0963-8024, E-ISSN 1464-3723, Vol. 32, nr 4, s. 415-437Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Humanitarian programming in fragile economies often use unconditional cash transfers (UCTs) to offset food insecurity. However, there is an increasing focus on using cash transfers to boost household incomes beyond the short-term through micro-enterprise start-up and growth. This paper conducts a randomised control trial to measure the impact of three different sizes of business grants against UCT in Somalia. We find that giving the same amount of money as a lump sum business grant results in higher likelihood of business ownership and income compared with UCT in the short run (3-4 months after the transfers). However, the impacts are larger and persist 3 years later only for those who received larger amount of grants. The results indicate our 'medium'-sized grant being more cost-effective. © 2022 The Author(s).

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  • 40.
    Abdullahi, Mohamed Farah
    et al.
    Department of Research and Development, Puntland University of Science and Technology , Galkayo City, Somalia..
    Stewart Williams, Jennifer
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa. Research Centre for Generational Health and Ageing, Faculty of Health, University of Newcastle , Callaghan, Australia.
    Sahlen, Klas-Göran
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Bile, Khalif
    enior National Advisor Health Systems and Policy and Board Member Somali and Swedish Researchers' Association (SSRA) , Vällingby, Sweden.
    Kinsman, John
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa. Department of Public Health Sciences, Global Health (IHCAR), Karolinska Institutet , Stockholm, Sweden.
    Factors contributing to the uptake of childhood vaccination in Galkayo District, Puntland, Somalia2020Ingår i: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 13, nr 1, artikel-id 1803543Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: As in many Sub-Saharan African countries, the health system in Somalia is not operating at the capacity needed to lift childhood vaccination coverage to ninety percent or above, as recommended by United Nations Children's Fund. Current national estimates of coverage for the six major vaccine preventable childhood diseases range from thirty to sixty percent. Infectious disease outbreaks continue to pose significant challenges for the country's health authorities.

    OBJECTIVE: This important qualitative study, conducted in Galkayo District, Somalia, investigates limiting factors associated with childhood vaccination uptake from the perspective of both communities and health care workers.

    METHODS: Qualitative information was collected through six focus group discussions with parents (n = 48) and five one-to-one interviews with health workers (n = 15) between March and May 2017, in three settings in the Galkayo District - Galkayo city, Bayra and Bacadwayn.

    RESULTS: From a health system perspective, the factors are: awareness raising, hard to reach areas, negative attitudes and perceived knowledge of health workers, inadequate supplies and infrastructure, and missed vaccination opportunities. From the perspective of individuals and communities the factors are: low trust in vaccines, misinterpretation of religious beliefs, vaccine refusals, Somalia's patriarchal system and rumours and misinformation. Parents mostly received immunization information from social mobilizers and health facilities. Fathers, who are typically family decision-makers, were poorly informed. The findings highlight the need for in-service training to enable health workers to improve communication with parents, particularly fathers, peripheral communities and local religious leaders.

    CONCLUSIONS: Enhancing knowledge and awareness of vaccination among parents is crucial. Fathers' involvement is lacking. This may be boosted by highlighting fathers' obligation to protect their children's health through vaccination. It is also important that men engage with the wider community in decision-making and advance towards the global vaccination targets.

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  • 41.
    Abdulwasai, Kalid
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Det blir bara värre och värre..: En kvalitativ studie om kriminalvårdarnas arbetsmiljö inne på anstalten2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett arbete kan både vara en risk eller friskfaktor och de krav som ställs på arbetstagaren kan leda till olika konsekvenser. Arbetsmiljö innefattar den fysiska och den psykosociala arbetsmiljön, den fysiska arbetsmiljön handlar om exempelvis buller, ventilation och ljus medan psykosocial arbetsmiljö handlar om exempelvis socialt stöd, krav, inflytande och belöning. Arbetsmiljö är en viktig pelare inom folkhälsan eftersom en stor del av dygnet spenderas på arbetsplatsen. Syftet med denna studie är att beskriva hur kriminalvårdare upplever sin arbetsmiljö inne i anstalten. Krav-kontroll-stöd-modellen har tillämpats till studien som teoretiskt perspektiv.

    För att få syftet besvarat gjordes en kvalitativ metod med ett målstyrturval där fem kriminalvårdare intervjuades enskilt. Samtliga intervjuer var semistrukturerade som spelades in och sedan transkriberades och analyserades. Intervjupersonerna arbetar på samma anstalt och har varit anställda olika länge.

     Resultatet visade att intervjupersonerna upplevde att ledningen sätter hög press trots personalbristen och att inget förändras trots flera påpekningar av personalen. Gällande den psykosociala delen upplevde intervjupersonerna att yrket är psykiskt påfrestande på grund av den höga kraven från ledningen men även det dagliga hotet från de intagna. Trots detta upplevde intervjupersonerna att samarbetet bland kollegorna är god vilket kan öka arbetsglädjen.

    Nyckelord: Arbetsmiljö, Krav-kontroll-stöd-modellen, Kriminalvårdare, Kvalitativ metod

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  • 42.
    Abdulwasai, Kalid
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    SOCIALA MEDIER OCH STRESS BLAND UNGDOMAR: En kvantitativ studie om användning av sociala medier och stress bland gymnasieelever2023Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Stress kan vara både positiv och negativt för människans kropp. Långvarig stress utan återhämtning kan leda till folkhälsoproblem. Användning av sociala medier är något som ökar bland ungdomar. Även hög användning av sociala medier kan leda till allvarliga konsekvenser. Stress-och sårbarhetsmodellen har tillämpats till denna studie som teoretiskt ramverk. 

    Syfte: Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka om det finns ett samband mellan användandet av sociala medier och stress bland gymnasieelever.

    Metod: En kvantitativ studie har tillämpats till denna undersökning med tvärsnittsdesign. Deltagarna var gymnasielever. Bekvämlighetsurval användes till denna studie där svarsfrekvensen låg på 100 procent bland 105 respondenter. Spearmans rangkorrelation tillämpades för att analysera sambandet. För att besvara syftet har tre frågeställningar formulerats.

    Resultat: Den största delen av respondenterna använder sociala medier i minst tre timmar per dag. Tre av fyra respondenter känner sig stressade dagligen. Studien visade ett svagt positivt samband mellan sociala medier och stress.

    Slutsats: Studien visade att nästan alla respondenter använder sociala medier. Majoriteten spenderade tre timmar eller mer per dag på sociala medier. Studien visade även ett svagt positivt signifikant samband mellan användning av sociala medier och stress

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  • 43.
    Abedi, Oscar
    et al.
    Aide Rapide aux victimes des catastrophes et Recherche, South Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo..
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Mwambari, David
    African Leadership Centre, Social Science & Public Policy, King’s College London (UK)..
    Parashar, Swati
    Gothenburg Centre for Globalization and Development, Sweden. School of Global Studies, Gothenburg University, Sweden..
    Toppo, Anju Oseema Maria
    Department of History, St. Xavier’s College, Ranchi in Jharkhand, India.
    Vincent, James B.M.
    The Covid-19 Opportunity: Creating More Ethical and Sustainable Research Practices2020Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Contributing to the “Covid-19 and the Social Sciences” essay series, Oscar Abedi, Maria Eriksson Baaz, David Mwambari, Swati Parashar, Anju Oseema Maria Toppo, and James Vincent outline various paths toward reducing field research’s potential for exploitation, especially that of Global South collaborators. The pandemic has highlighted inequalities and immobility that differently affect facilitating researchers and contracting researchers. In response, the authors identify key issues that institutions, publishers, and individual researchers must reflect on in order to counteract these imbalances—and take advantage of an opportunity to fundamentally transform field research into collaborative knowledge production.

  • 44.
    Abedpour Dehkordi, Adel
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Mental health in Northern Sweden: focusing on depressive symptoms; a risk factors analysis2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: World Health Organization (WHO) and Global Burden of Disease (GBD) have classified depressive disorders as the unique most burdensome disease from the point of overall DALYs (disability-adjusted life years) among individuals in working ages. The continuous monitoring is of great importance for prevention and controlling strategies and it could be linked to economic development in the country via reducing DALYs. The rate of mental disorders has increased in Sweden during last years. In the present thesis, we aim to analyze the risk factors and prevalence of clinical depression in Northern Sweden.

    Material & Methods:An empirical cross-sectional study performed based on a questionnaire distributed to a random sample of inhabitants in Northern Sweden. 23560 individuals responded to the question about taking medicine for depression in last three months, which considered as the target sample. Descriptive statistics was used to measure prevalence of depression across different sociodemographic, social and behavioral factors. Pearson Chi square test was used for comparative purposes. Univariate/Multiple logistic regressions were conducted to estimate crude and adjusted odds ratio for depression across different explanatory variables (P<0.05 considered significant). Hosmer-Lemeshow test was applied for goodness of fit in regression models (P>0.05 considered good fit).

    Results & Discussion:The point prevalence of clinical depression estimated 6.06% (4.24% in male and 7.61% in female) in Northern Sweden for 2014. Logistic regression showed that using medicines (for anxiety, sleeplessness, diabetes), physical inactivity, vegetable-free diet were all associated with increased risk of depression in north of Sweden (P<0.00.5-0.05). High physical activity, being Farmer and Self-employed, high social support were strongly associated with low risk of depression (P<0.00.5-0.05). No ascending linear association was observed for clinical depression in relation to increasing age, education, and vegetable (P>0.05). However, a gradient was detected for income, physical activity and social support (P<0.05).

    Conclusion:This study shows that the depressive symptoms is relatively higher in Northern Sweden than whole Sweden on average. There is a slight increase in the rate of depression in Northern Sweden compared to 2009. Meanwhile, women are more susceptible to get diagnosed with clinical depression in Northern Sweden. Protective factors for clinical depression are being employed as a farmer and being physically active. Nevertheless, a combination of different risk factors related to depression was observed. Further research is required to find underlying causes of the higher rate of depression in women, risk factors related to different age groups.

  • 45.
    Abeid, Muzdalifat
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH). Department of Obstetrics/Gynecology, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS), Dar es Salaam, Tanzania .
    Muganyizi, Projestine
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH). Department of Obstetrics/Gynecology, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS), Dar es Salaam, Tanzania .
    Massawe, Siriel
    Department of Obstetrics/Gynecology, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS), Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
    Mpembeni, Rose
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS), Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
    Darj, Elisabeth
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    Axemo, Pia
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH). Department of Public Health and General Practice, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway .
    Knowledge and attitude towards rape and child sexual abuse - a community-based cross-sectional study in Rural Tanzania2015Ingår i: BMC Public Health, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 15, nr 1, artikel-id 428Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Violence against women and children is globally recognized as a social and human rights concern. In Tanzania, sexual violence towards women and children is a public health problem. The aim of this study was to determine community knowledge of and attitudes towards rape and child sexual abuse, and assess associations between knowledge and attitudes and socio-demographic characteristics.

    METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken between May and June 2012. The study was conducted in the Kilombero and Ulanga rural districts in the Morogoro Region of Tanzania. Men and women aged 18-49 years were eligible for the study. Through a three-stage cluster sampling strategy, a household survey was conducted using a structured questionnaire. The questionnaire included socio-demographic characteristics, attitudes about gender roles and violence, and knowledge on health consequences of rape. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software, version 21. Main outcome measures were knowledge of and attitudes towards sexual violence. Multivariate analyses were used to assess associations between socio-demographic characteristics and knowledge of and attitudes towards sexual violence.

    RESULTS: A total of 1,568 participants were interviewed. The majority (58.4%) of participants were women. Most (58.3%) of the women respondents had poor knowledge on sexual violence and 63.8% had accepting attitudes towards sexual violence. Those who were married were significantly more likely to have good knowledge on sexual violence compared to the divorced/separated group (AOR = 1.6 (95% CI: 1.1-2.2)) but less likely to have non-accepting attitudes towards sexual violence compared to the single group (AOR = 1.8 (95%CI: 1.4-2.3)). Sex of respondents, age, marital status and level of education were associated with knowledge and attitudes towards sexual violence.

    CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that these rural communities have poor knowledge on sexual violence and have accepting attitudes towards sexual violence. Increasing age and higher education were associated with better knowledge and less accepting attitudes towards sexual violence. The findings have potentially important implications for interventions aimed at preventing violence. The results highlight the challenges associated with changing attitudes towards sexual violence, particularly as the highest levels of support for such violence were found among women.

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  • 46.
    Abhishek, Sarabjot
    et al.
    Dr BR Ambedkar Natl Inst Technol, Dept Phys, GT Rd Bye Pass, Jalandhar 144027, Punjab, India..
    Kaur, Sarabjot
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Kärnfysik.
    Mehra, Rohit
    Dr BR Ambedkar Natl Inst Technol, Dept Phys, GT Rd Bye Pass, Jalandhar 144027, Punjab, India..
    Estimation of Uranium and Related Health Risks Due to Consumption of Groundwater in Lower Himalayas2023Ingår i: Indian Journal of Pure & Applied Physics, ISSN 0019-5596, E-ISSN 0975-1041, Vol. 61, nr 6, s. 478-483Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Exposure to uranium via ingestion of edible products may lead to serious health hazards when taken in quantities more than recommended limit. Hence, to assess the uranium content in groundwater and concerned health hazards 64 groundwater samples were collected from Hamirpur and Mandi districts of Himachal Pradesh. The samples were collected in pre monsoon season from the handpumps and bowries. The region lies in Lower Himalayan range which is storehouse of various granatic rocks. Presence of uranium deposits in Tileli (Mandi), Rajpura (Una), Lambehra (Hamirpur) makes the area more vulnerable for the study. The groundwater samples were analysed to measure concentration of uranium using LED Fluorimeter developed by Quantalase Private. Limited. The uranium concentration in groundwater samples varied from 0.25 to 17.29 & mu;g L-1, with an average value of 1.97. Uranium concentration in none of the samples surpassed the limit of 30 & mu;g L-1 recommended by WHO(2011), 60 & mu;g L-1 set by AERB(2004). Health risks were estimated in terms radiological and chemical toxicity for different isotopes of uranium. The calculated average mortality and morbidity risks were lower than the actual prescribed limit. The average Lifetime Average Daily Dose (LADD) was calculated as 0.04 and Hazard Quotient (HQ) below unity. Annual ingestion doses for different age groups were also measured which lies under safe limit. Thus, it is recommended that the groundwater is safe for consumption by public. Using Hair Compartment Model for uranium and mean daily uranium intake of 2.71 & mu;g for 60-year exposure period, organ specific doses due to uranium radioisotopes in prime organs/tissues and excretion rates via urine, faeces and hair pathway are estimated.

  • 47.
    Abioye, Ajibola I.
    et al.
    Brown Univ, RI 02912 USA; Rhode Isl Hosp, RI USA; Rhode Isl Hosp, RI USA.
    Park, Sangshin
    Brown Univ, RI 02912 USA; Rhode Isl Hosp, RI USA; Rhode Isl Hosp, RI USA.
    Ripp, Kelsey
    Brown Univ, RI 02912 USA.
    McDonald, Emily A.
    Brown Univ, RI 02912 USA; Rhode Isl Hosp, RI USA; Rhode Isl Hosp, RI USA.
    Kurtis, Jonathan D.
    Brown Univ, RI 02912 USA; Rhode Isl Hosp, RI USA; Rhode Isl Hosp, RI USA.
    Wu, Hannah
    Brown Univ, RI 02912 USA; Rhode Isl Hosp, RI USA; Rhode Isl Hosp, RI USA.
    Pond-Tor, Sunthorn
    Rhode Isl Hosp, RI USA.
    Sharma, Surendra
    Brown Univ, RI 02912 USA; Women and Infants Hosp Rhode Isl, RI 02908 USA.
    Ernerudh, Jan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Diagnostikcentrum, Klinisk immunologi och transfusionsmedicin.
    Baltazar, Palmera
    Res Inst Trop Med, Philippines; Remedios Trinidad Romualdez Hosp, Philippines.
    Acosta, Luz P.
    Res Inst Trop Med, Philippines.
    Olveda, Remigio M.
    Res Inst Trop Med, Philippines.
    Tallo, Veronica
    Res Inst Trop Med, Philippines.
    Friedman, Jennifer F.
    Brown Univ, RI 02912 USA; Rhode Isl Hosp, RI USA; Rhode Isl Hosp, RI USA.
    Anemia of Inflammation during Human Pregnancy Does Not Affect Newborn Iron Endowment2018Ingår i: Journal of Nutrition, ISSN 0022-3166, E-ISSN 1541-6100, Vol. 148, nr 3, s. 427-436Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: To our knowledge, no studies have addressed whether maternal anemia of inflammation (AI) affects newborn iron status, and few have addressed risk factors for specific etiologies of maternal anemia. Objectives: The study aims were to evaluate 1) the contribution of AI and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) to newborn iron endowment, 2) hepcidin as a biomarker to distinguish AI from IDA among pregnant women, and 3) risk factors for specific etiologies of maternal anemia. Methods: We measured hematologic biomarkers in maternal blood at 12 and 32 wk of gestation and in cord blood from a randomized trial of praziquantel in 358 pregnant women with Schistosoma japonicum in The Philippines. IDA was defined as anemia with serum ferritin amp;lt; 30 ng/mL and non-IDA (NIDA), largely due to AI, as anemia with ferritin amp;gt;= 30 ng/mL. We identified cutoffs for biomarkers to distinguish IDA from NIDA by using area under the curve (AUC) analyses and examined the impact of different causes of anemia on newborn iron status (primary outcome) by using multivariate regression modeling. Results: Of the 358 mothers, 38% (n = 136) had IDA and 9% (n = 32) had NIDA at 32 wk of gestation. At 32 wk of gestation, serum hepcidin performed better than soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) in identifying women with NIDA compared with the rest of the cohort (AUCs: 0.75 and 0.70, respectively) and in identifying women with NIDA among women with anemia (0.73 and 0.72, respectively). The cutoff that optimally distinguished women with NIDA from women with IDA in our cohort was 6.1 mu g/L. Maternal IDA, but not NIDA, was associated with significantly lower newborn ferritin (114.4 ng/mL compared with 148.4 mu g/L; P = 0.042). Conclusions: Hepcidin performed better than sTfR in identifying pregnant women with NIDA, but its cost may limit its use. Maternal IDA, but not NIDA, is associated with decreased newborn iron stores, emphasizing the need to identify this cause and provide iron therapy.

  • 48.
    Aboka, Deliana
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Prescribing practices of oral anticoagulants in atrial fibrillation stroke prophylaxis: An online survey among practitioners from Sweden and the United Kingdom2014Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 49.
    Abolhassani, Hassan
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Biosci & Nutr, S-14183 Huddinge, Sweden.;Univ Tehran Med Sci, Res Ctr Immunodeficiencies, Pediat Ctr Excellence, Childrens Med Ctr, Tehran, Iran.
    Vosughimotlagh, Ahmad
    North Khorasan Univ Med Sci, Dept Pediat, Bojnurd, Iran.
    Asano, Takaki
    Rockefeller Univ, Rockefeller Branch, St Giles Lab Human Genet Infect Dis, 1230 York Ave, New York, NY 10021 USA.
    Landegren, Nils
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Autoimmunitet. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinsk biokemi och mikrobiologi. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Klinisk diabetologi och metabolism. Karolinska Inst, Ctr Mol Med, Dept Med Solna, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Boisson, Bertrand
    Rockefeller Univ, Rockefeller Branch, St Giles Lab Human Genet Infect Dis, 1230 York Ave, New York, NY 10021 USA.;Necker Hosp Sick Children, Necker Branch, Lab Human Genet Infect Dis, INSERM U1163, Paris, France.;Univ Paris, Imagine Inst, Paris, France.
    Delavari, Samaneh
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Res Ctr Immunodeficiencies, Pediat Ctr Excellence, Childrens Med Ctr, Tehran, Iran.
    Bastard, Paul
    Necker Hosp Sick Children, Necker Branch, Lab Human Genet Infect Dis, INSERM U1163, Paris, France.;Univ Paris, Imagine Inst, Paris, France.
    Aranda-Guillen, Maribel
    Karolinska Inst, Ctr Mol Med, Dept Med Solna, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wang, Yating
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Biosci & Nutr, S-14183 Huddinge, Sweden.
    Zuo, Fanglei
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Biosci & Nutr, S-14183 Huddinge, Sweden.
    Sardh, Fabian
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinsk biokemi och mikrobiologi. Karolinska Inst, Ctr Mol Med, Dept Med Solna, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Marcotte, Harold
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Lab Med, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ, Hosp Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Du, Likun
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Biosci & Nutr, S-14183 Huddinge, Sweden.
    Zhang, Shen-Ying
    Rockefeller Univ, Rockefeller Branch, St Giles Lab Human Genet Infect Dis, 1230 York Ave, New York, NY 10021 USA.
    Zhang, Qian
    Rockefeller Univ, Rockefeller Branch, St Giles Lab Human Genet Infect Dis, 1230 York Ave, New York, NY 10021 USA.
    Rezaei, Nima
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Res Ctr Immunodeficiencies, Pediat Ctr Excellence, Childrens Med Ctr, Tehran, Iran.
    Kampe, Olle
    Karolinska Inst, Ctr Mol Med, Dept Med Solna, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ Hosp, Dept Endocrinol Metab & Diabet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Casanova, Jean-Laurent
    Rockefeller Univ, Rockefeller Branch, St Giles Lab Human Genet Infect Dis, 1230 York Ave, New York, NY 10021 USA.;Necker Hosp Sick Children, Necker Branch, Lab Human Genet Infect Dis, INSERM U1163, Paris, France.;Univ Paris, Imagine Inst, Paris, France.;Howard Hughes Med Inst, New York, NY USA.
    Hammarstrom, Lennart
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Biosci & Nutr, S-14183 Huddinge, Sweden.
    Pan-Hammarstrom, Qiang
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Biosci & Nutr, S-14183 Huddinge, Sweden.
    X-Linked TLR7 Deficiency Underlies Critical COVID-19 Pneumonia in a Male Patient with Ataxia-Telangiectasia2022Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Immunology, ISSN 0271-9142, E-ISSN 1573-2592, Vol. 42, nr 1, s. 1-9Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) exhibits a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations, ranging from asymptomatic to critical conditions. Understanding the mechanism underlying life-threatening COVID-19 is instrumental for disease prevention and treatment in individuals with a high risk.

    Objectives We aimed to identify the genetic cause for critical COVID-19 pneumonia in a patient with a preexisting inborn error of immunity (IEI).

    Methods Serum levels of specific antibodies against the virus and autoantibodies against type I interferons (IFNs) were measured. Whole exome sequencing was performed, and the impacts of candidate gene variants were investigated. We also evaluated 247 ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) patients in the Iranian IEI registry.

    Results We report a 7-year-old Iranian boy with a preexisting hyper IgM syndrome who developed critical COVID-19 pneumonia. IgM only specific COVID-19 immune response was detected but no autoantibodies against type I IFN were observed. A homozygous deleterious mutation in the ATM gene was identified, which together with his antibody deficiency, radiosensitivity, and neurological signs, established a diagnosis of A-T. Among the 247 A-T patients evaluated, 36 had SARS-CoV-2 infection, but all had mild symptoms or were asymptomatic except the index patient. A hemizygous deleterious mutation in the TLR7 gene was subsequently identified in the patient.

    Conclusions We report a unique IEI patient with combined ATM and TLR7 deficiencies. The two genetic defects underlie A-T and critical COVID-19 in this patient, respectively.

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  • 50.
    Abong'o, Deborah
    et al.
    University of Nairobi, Kenya.
    Wandiga, Shem
    University of Nairobi, Kenya.
    Jumba, Isaac
    University of Nairobi, Kenya.
    Madadi, Vincent
    University of Nairobi, Kenya.
    Kylin, Henrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema vatten i natur och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Impacts of pesticides on human health and environment in the River Nyando catchment, Kenya2014Ingår i: International Journal of Humanities, Arts, Medicine and Sciences, ISSN 2348-0521, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 1-14Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The population of the River Nyando catchment largely relies on rain fed agriculture for their subsistence.

    Important crops grown include cereals, cash crops fruits and vegetables. Farming is one of the contributors of pollution to Lake Victoria. Organophosphates and other banned organochlorine pesticides such as lindane, aldrin and dieldrin were used by farmers. The pesticides transport was by storm water run-off and air drift into the lake. Environmental risk assessment background information was collected through questionnaire and interviews of farmers to determine knowledge and safe use of pesticides. Fourteen pesticides were identified as commonly used of which four are toxic to bees and five to birds. The farmers identified declines in the number of pollinating insects, the disappearance of Red-billed Oxpecker (Buphagus erythrorthynchus) and wild bird’s fatalities. The general knowledge among farmers about chemicals risks, safety, and chronic illnesses was low. Activities that increases environmental awareness and safety of pesticides should be initiated by the agrochemical firms and government.

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    River Nyando catchment 1
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