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Produktionsnoveller: Om Folkforms arbete med Masonite och andra material
University of Arts, Crafts and Design. KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
2023 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic) [Artistic work]Alternative title
Production Novellas : About Folkform´s Work With Masonite and Other Materials (English)
Abstract [en]

A large part of the production today is manufactured so far from the consumer that there is no connection to the production. That there have historically been direct connections between an industry and the people, local traditions and material assets of the place is easily forgotten. The thesis makes these relationships visible through an artistic exploration conducted through a combination of materials, form,craft, image and text. Furthermore, through design work, to show how production processes and knowledge of the industrial cultural heritage can be shaped and documented through practice-based design research.

The starting point in the thesis is the design and documentation of Masonite, which the design duo Folkform worked on for more than a decade. Masonite has become synonymous with an entire range of different types of fibreboard. This investigation takes its starting point in sheets of the Masonite brand, spelled with a capital ”M” and a lowercase ”e” at the end, a wood fibre material invented by William H. Mason in the United States in the 1920s. When the last Masonite factory in Sweden closed in 2011, Masonite became a historical and cultural heritage.

This thesis work can be seen as a form of industrial memory research, through design, where the physical material, the piece of furniture and the experiences from ongoing production form part of the investigation. Consequently, these subjects are used to communicate stories regarding manufacturing techniques, places, people and cultural heritage. The documentation, in combination with design work, has developed into an autoethnographic design research method – namely, the Production Novella. This methodology is used by the researcher to apply her own personal experiences as part of the research. The Production Novellas comprise written memories, diary entries, letter correspondence and photographic documentation from the production, along with exhibitions, material samples and also the finished piece of furniture.

In this thesis, the Production Novellas are used as an empirical and narrative method to describe design and manufacturing methods in a practical research context. The thesis portrays the collaboration between designers and craftsmen in various workshops, mainly within the Swedish manufacturing industry. It highlights the importance of a design process close to production and shows the many relationships hidden behind the product’s creation process. ●

Abstract [sv]

En stor del av den produktion som sker idag tillverkas så långt ifrån konsumenten att anknytning till tillverkningen helt saknas. Att det historiskt funnits direkta kopplingar mellan en industri och platsens människor, lokala traditioner och materialtillgångar glöms lätt bort. Avhandlingen synliggör dessa relationer genom ett konstnärligt utforskande som bedrivits genom en kombination av material, form, hantverk, bild och text. Vidare att genom formgivningsarbete visa hur produktionsprocesser och kunskap om det industriella kulturarvet kan gestaltas och dokumenteras genom praktikbaserad designforskning.

Utgångspunkt är i avhandlingen den formgivning och dokumentation av Masonite, som designduon Folkform utfört under mer än ett decennium. Masonite har kommit att bli synonymt med en hel rad olika typer av träfiberskivor. Den här undersökningen tar sin utgångspunkt i skivor av varumärket Masonite, stavat med stort ”M” och ett litet ”e” på slutet, ett träfibermaterial som uppfanns av William H. Mason i USA på 1920-talet. I och med att den sista fabriken som tillverkat Masonite i Sverige stängde 2011, blev Masoniteskivan historia och ett kulturarv.

Avhandlingsarbetet kan ses som en form av industriminnesforskning genom design, där även det fysiska materialet, möbeln och upplevelserna från den då pågående produktionen utgör del av undersökningen för att kommunicera berättelser om tillverkningstekniker, platser, människor och kulturarv. Denna dokumentation i kombination med det konstnärliga gestaltningsarbetet har under arbetet utvecklats till en autoetnografisk designforskningsmetod – produktionsnovellen. Det är en metodologi där forskaren använder sina egna personliga erfarenheter som del i sin forskning. Produktionsnovellerna består av korta minnesberättelser, dagboksanteckningar, brevkorrespondens och fotografisk dokumentation från produktionen samt utställningar, materialprover och även den färdiga möbeln. I denna avhandling används produktionsnovellerna som empiri och narrativ metod för att berätta om formgivning och tillverkningsmetoder i en praktikforskningskontext. Avhandlingen gestaltar samarbetet mellan formgivare och hantverkare i olika verkstäder inom främst svensk tillverkningsindustri och lyfter fram vikten av en produktionsnära gestaltningsprocess och visar de många relationer som döljer sig bakom en produkts tillblivelseprocess.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2023. , p. 576
Series
Konstfack Dissertation Collection ; 4
Keywords [en]
Industrial craftsmanship, design, narrative methodology, practice-led research, material, Masonite, Production Novellas, design research, Folkform
Keywords [sv]
Industriellt hantverk, design, narrativ metod, praktikbaserad forskning, material, Masonite, produktionsnoveller, designforskning, Folkform
National Category
Humanities and the Arts Design
Research subject
Art, Technology and Design
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:konstfack:diva-8919ISBN: 978-91-8040-506-5 (print)ISBN: 978-91-85549-55-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:konstfack-8919DiVA, id: diva2:1751314
Public defence
2023-04-14, Konstakademien - Kungliga Akademien för de fria konsterna, hörsalen, Fredsgatan 12, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
Folkform
Note

Avhandlingen utgjordes utöver boken även av utställningarna:

Folkform produktionsnoveller på Vandalorums konsthall (2019) och

Den sista Masoniteskivan på Konstakademien - Kungliga Akademien för de fria konsterna i Stockholm (2023)

Available from: 2023-04-17 Created: 2023-04-17 Last updated: 2023-04-17Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. The Production Novella as a Textual and Visual Narrative Method in Craft-Based Design
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Production Novella as a Textual and Visual Narrative Method in Craft-Based Design
2022 (English)In: Craft sciences / [ed] Westerlund, Tina; Groth, Camilla; Almevik, Gunnar, Göteborg: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis, 2022, p. 272-290Chapter in book (Refereed) [Artistic work]
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis, 2022
National Category
Arts Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:konstfack:diva-8797 (URN)978-91-7963-093-5 (ISBN)978-91-7963-103-1 (ISBN)978-91-7963-104-8 (ISBN)978-91-7963-094-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-12-07 Created: 2022-12-07 Last updated: 2023-04-17Bibliographically approved
2. Reinventing tradition: Exploring the creation of new meaning through innovations involving craft-based design
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reinventing tradition: Exploring the creation of new meaning through innovations involving craft-based design
2019 (English)In: Creativity and Innovation Management, ISSN 0963-1690, E-ISSN 1467-8691, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 124-137Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many studies in the field of innovation focus on novelty and technology, but recent literature and contemporary design practices have proposed an alternative view. Innovation has instead been suggested to bring about new meanings, often driven by design, and lately the role of tradition has been highlighted as a source of innovation rather than an obstacle. However, research has thus far not explained how tradition is actually used in innovation practice. By exploring design elements from craft-based design practice, the overall aim of this study is to identify and explore how craft-based design leads to new meaning and Innovation Through Tradition (ITT). To gain further insights into craft-based design for ITT, the Research Through Design method in combination with narrative writing was used, investigating innovation from inside design practice. The empirical design work highlights the innovation potential when craft-based design and production processes deliberately use tradition, not only by embracing the value of tradition itself, but also by creating new meaning through its unexpected combination with novel components. Finally, a visualization of key elements that can be reinvented is outlined to highlight tensions between different design elements that have the potential to produce new and valuable product meanings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley, 2019
National Category
Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:konstfack:diva-7107 (URN)10.1111/caim.12297 (DOI)000459053200011 ()2-s2.0-85058847112 (Scopus ID)
Conference
CINet Conference, 2016, Turin, ITALY
Available from: 2019-03-12 Created: 2019-12-11 Last updated: 2023-04-17Bibliographically approved
3. The shaping of dissonance in craft-based innovation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The shaping of dissonance in craft-based innovation
2017 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:konstfack:diva-8921 (URN)
Conference
Conference proceedings of the design management academy, Research perspectives on creative intersections
Available from: 2023-03-30 Created: 2023-04-14 Last updated: 2023-04-17Bibliographically approved
4. Exploring industrial heritage through the design process: the case of the last masonite factory
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring industrial heritage through the design process: the case of the last masonite factory
2014 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
National Category
Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:konstfack:diva-8920 (URN)
Conference
The Art of research V conference : Experience, materiality, articulation, 26-27 November 2014, Helsinki.
Available from: 2023-03-30 Created: 2023-04-14 Last updated: 2023-04-17Bibliographically approved
5. FOLKFORM PRODUCTION NOVELLAS
Open this publication in new window or tab >>FOLKFORM PRODUCTION NOVELLAS
2017 (English)Artistic output (Unrefereed)
Abstract [en]

Through the manufacturing of Production Novellas, Folkform aim to communicate knowledge of the design production process behind objects, focusing on past industrial processes and craft techniques. The production novellas are an ongoing investigation of manufacturing traditions and old industrial processes in local contexts and craft techniques that are threatened to disappear.  The Production Novellas include momories, situations, fragments and scenes from the production process as described by the designer, through both visual and textual material. 

Place, publisher, year, pages
Stockholm: , 2017. p. 78
Keywords
craft, design, tradition, innovation, heritage, material
National Category
Humanities and the Arts Design
Research subject
Art, Technology and Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:konstfack:diva-6557 (URN)
Available from: 2018-10-18 Created: 2018-10-18 Last updated: 2024-04-19Bibliographically approved

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