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Not-Too-Deep Channel Charting (N2D-CC)
Wireless Communications and Networks Department, Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute, Berlin, Germany; Technische Universitat Berlin, Germany.
Wireless Communications and Networks Department, Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute, Berlin, Germany.
Wireless Communications and Networks Department, Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute, Berlin, Germany; Technische Universitat Berlin, Germany.
Communications Research Laboratory Technische Universitat Ilmenau, Germany.
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2022 (English)In: 2022 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC), IEEE, 2022, p. 2160-2165Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Channel charting (CC) is an emerging machine learning method for learning a lower-dimensional representation of channel state information (CSI) in multi-antenna systems while simultaneously preserving spatial relations between CSI samples. The driving objective of CC is to learn these representations or channel charts in a fully unsupervised manner, i.e., without the need for having access to explicit geographical information. Based on recent findings in deep manifold learning, this paper addresses the problem of CC via the "not-too-deep" (N2D) approach for deep manifold learning. According to the proposed approach, an embedding of the global channel chart is first learned using a deep neural network (DNN)-based autoencoder (AE), and this embedding is subsequently searched for the underlying manifold using shallow clustering methods. In this way we are able to counter the problem of collapsing extremities - a well known deficiency of channel charting methods, which in previous research efforts could only be mitigated by introducing side-information in form of distance constraints. To further exploit the ever-increasing spatio-temporal CSI resolution in modern multi-antenna systems, we propose to augment the employed AE with convolutional neural network (CNN) input layers. The resulting convolutional autoencoder (CAE) architecture is able to automatically extract sparsely distributed spatio-temporal features from beamspace domain CSI, yielding a reduced computational complexity of the resulting model.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2022. p. 2160-2165
National Category
Computer Sciences Computer Vision and Robotics (Autonomous Systems)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-62791DOI: 10.1109/WCNC51071.2022.9771913OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-62791DiVA, id: diva2:1807630
Conference
2022 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC), 10-13 April 2022, Austin, TX, USA
Available from: 2023-10-27 Created: 2023-10-27 Last updated: 2023-10-27Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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