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Review of efficient manual fire extinguishing methods and equipment for the fire service
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Safety.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5143-6854
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Safety.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3445-8074
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Safety.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4630-1445
2020 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The late 90s and the early 2000s was a period with relative extensive research and innovation in the area of manual fire extinguishing methods and equipment for the fire service. New equipment such as the cutting extinguisher and extinguishing spears allowed to conduct offensive attacks from the exterior of a building, reducing the exposure of fire fighters to fire and smoke and their associated risks in general. This led to the development of new firefighting tactics, as for example the Quadrant Model of the Dutch fire service, which extends the “traditional” offensive interior attack and defensive exterior attack by the offensive exterior attack and defensive interior attack.Recently the research focus has furthermore increasingly shifted to environmental aspects, such as the water consumption and effect of additives (i.e., foam) on humans and the environment. Extinguishing with smaller amounts of water is beneficial for the environment, reduces water damage and lowers the burden on the water delivery system.ConclusionIn conclusion, the systems most relevant to be further tested in a fire situation in a small house or dwelling are the cutting extinguisher and the extinguishing spear.These systems are different in operation but have both shown to be promising with regard to fulfilling the different objectives of the overall project. Being relatively easy to utilize with the right training during internal extinguishing efforts executed from the outside of the building, and being only water based to minimize contamination, due to lower water consumption, of the surrounding areas give these systems advantages over conventional equipment.Especially if the systems are used in combination with an IR camera to locate the fire, the extinguishing efforts can be started early and effectively, and the water amount needed to control the fire may be reduced. The need for firefighters with breathing apparatus is reduced as well, hence reducing the smoke exposure to firefighters.The fact that the fire service also recognizes the potential of using these systems early in the extinguishing efforts, and is working on implementing them, prompts the need for scientific backup.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 23
Series
FRIC Report ; D4.1-2020.05
Keywords [en]
Fire extinguishing, Firefighting, Efficient extinguishing
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-52932ISBN: 978-91-89167-94-0 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-52932DiVA, id: diva2:1542854
Available from: 2021-04-08 Created: 2021-04-08 Last updated: 2023-03-02Bibliographically approved

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Aamodt, EdvardMeraner, ChristophBrandt, Are W
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