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Title [sv]
#metoo-aktivism i Sverige: Utveckling, konsekvenser, strategier
Title [en]
#metoo activism in Sweden: Development, consequences, strategies
Abstract [en]
# the metoo movement´s has made personal, often silenced experiences of sexual harassment and abuse political through quantification and public recognition. The movement has developed globally in closed groups, outside established political movements, and has been publicly discussed in newspapers´ leading articles, in talk shows, and in seminars.Trade unions, political parties and authorities have responded with legislative proposals and investigations, and certain individuals have been exposed and in some cases forced to leave their jobs.The intense media attention for #metoo has been described both as a revolution and as a collapse of democratic institutions, and this directs our focus to some interesting research questions regarding changes in norms and practices:How did the #metoo-activism in Sweden develop? How is activism described and legitimized in different media?What are the consequences of #metoo for different sectors? How are activists, journalists, union representatives, and employers affected?How can we design strategies and tools supporting the participating processes the #metoo activism represents?In this 4 years long interdisciplinary research project, we will investigate this locally situated and globally connected movement, with a mix methods approach and from different scientific perspectives: Computer and Systems Sciences, Social Psychology, Gender Studies, and Media and Communication Studies.
Publications (10 of 11) Show all publications
Hansson, K., Sveningsson, M. & Ganetz, H. (2024). #MeToo in the Manosphere: The Formation of a Counter Discourse on the Swedish Online Forum Flashback. NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>#MeToo in the Manosphere: The Formation of a Counter Discourse on the Swedish Online Forum Flashback
2024 (English)In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

In Sweden, a relative consensus of liberal and feminist values has long been dominant in public discourse. This could be observed in coverage of the #MeToo movement, which was largely presented in a positive light by legacy media, where critical voices were instead found on alternative and social media. This article contributes to a more nuanced understanding of the impact of #MeToo beyond the mainstream discourse by investigating how #MeToo was discussed on the online forum Flashback during the period spanning October-December 2017. Our findings show how the #MeToo debate in this forum reproduced an anti-feminist discourse from the manosphere but also challenged it, as attitudes towards sexual harassment were negotiated and reframed in dialogue with mainstream media. #MeToo thus also contributed to an increased awareness about sexual harassment in this context. However, while a feminist agenda was being strengthened in legacy media, the anti-feminist views on Flashback became more pronounced. Interestingly, while the dominant feminist discourse around Swedish #MeToo avoided the concept "feminism", it was often used in this counter discourse on Flashback, where it signified a hated, albeit powerful and transformative, force in society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2024
Keywords
#MeToo, anti-feminism, feminism, counter discourse, manosphere
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-53817 (URN)10.1080/08038740.2024.2330381 (DOI)001195141500001 ()2-s2.0-85189802904 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2018-01824_VR
Available from: 2024-04-15 Created: 2024-04-15 Last updated: 2024-04-16Bibliographically approved
Hansson, K., Ganetz, H. & Sveningsson, M. (2024). The significance of feminist infrastructure: #MeToo in the construction industry and the green industry in Sweden. Gender, Work and Organization, 31(3), 1092-1112
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The significance of feminist infrastructure: #MeToo in the construction industry and the green industry in Sweden
2024 (English)In: Gender, Work and Organization, ISSN 0968-6673, E-ISSN 1468-0432, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 1092-1112Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To better understand the interplay between digital activism and feminist infrastructure, this study investigates #MeToo activism in the Swedish construction industry and green industry. Both are industries in transition characterized by a dissonance between formal incentives, that encourage women and others to work in environments previously dominated by white men, and the informal power structures hosting a toxic masculinity. Based on media texts and interviews with key persons from the industries, the article situates #MeToo in a local context and shows how it was embedded in a supportive social, cultural, and technical infrastructure. In both industries, at the time of #MeToo this feminist infrastructure was already in place consisting of: an awareness of the problem of sexual harassment and abuse, knowledge of feminist explanatory models, established feminist online networks, and a supportive feminist culture, which together with widespread digital and feminist literacy became instrumental in the organization of the movement. Social media connected activists and created a critical mass by supporting the uniting of conflicting identity positions around shared differences. The established feminist infrastructure meant that the #MeToo activism, by articulating a widespread affective dissonance, pushed open doors that were already half open and forced them wide. This can explain some of the movement's success in Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2024
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51402 (URN)10.1111/gwao.12994 (DOI)000968753800001 ()2-s2.0-85152449890 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2018‐01824
Available from: 2023-05-02 Created: 2023-05-02 Last updated: 2024-05-13Bibliographically approved
Hansson, K., Sveningsson, M. & Ganetz, H. (2023). #metoo-aktivismen i Sverige: Förklaringar, betydelser och strategier. Angered: Jämställdhetsmyndigheten
Open this publication in new window or tab >>#metoo-aktivismen i Sverige: Förklaringar, betydelser och strategier
2023 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Angered: Jämställdhetsmyndigheten, 2023. p. 25
Series
Underlagsrapport ; 2023:5
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51403 (URN)
Available from: 2023-05-02 Created: 2023-05-02 Last updated: 2023-05-05Bibliographically approved
Hansson, K., Sveningsson, M. & Ganetz, H. (2022). Att legitimera en feministisk agenda: #metoo-uppropen i svenska nyhetsmedier. In: Hillevi Ganetz; Karin Hansson; Malin Sveningsson (Ed.), Maktordningar och motstånd: Forskarperspektiv på #metoo i Sverige (pp. 127-141). Lund: Nordic Academic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att legitimera en feministisk agenda: #metoo-uppropen i svenska nyhetsmedier
2022 (Swedish)In: Maktordningar och motstånd: Forskarperspektiv på #metoo i Sverige / [ed] Hillevi Ganetz; Karin Hansson; Malin Sveningsson, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2022, p. 127-141Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2022
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-50417 (URN)9789189361492 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2018-01824
Available from: 2022-12-20 Created: 2022-12-20 Last updated: 2023-04-20Bibliographically approved
Sveningsson, M., Ganetz, H. & Hansson, K. (2022). #deadline och sexuella trakasserier bland svenska journalister: Förklaringar, konsekvenser och strategier. In: Hillevi Ganetz; Karin Hansson; Malin Sveningsson (Ed.), Maktordningar och motstånd: Forskarperspektiv på #metoo i Sverige (pp. 227-254). Lund: Nordic Academic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>#deadline och sexuella trakasserier bland svenska journalister: Förklaringar, konsekvenser och strategier
2022 (Swedish)In: Maktordningar och motstånd: Forskarperspektiv på #metoo i Sverige / [ed] Hillevi Ganetz; Karin Hansson; Malin Sveningsson, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2022, p. 227-254Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2022
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-50374 (URN)9789189361492 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2018-01824
Available from: 2022-12-14 Created: 2022-12-14 Last updated: 2023-04-20Bibliographically approved
Hansson, K., Ganetz, H. & Sveningsson, M. (2022). Feministiska infrastrukturer: #sistaspikenikistan och #skiljagnarnafrånvetet. In: Hillevi Ganetz; Karin Hansson; Malin Sveningsson (Ed.), Maktordningar och motstånd: Forskarperspektiv på #metoo i Sverige (pp. 303-327). Lund: Nordic Academic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Feministiska infrastrukturer: #sistaspikenikistan och #skiljagnarnafrånvetet
2022 (Swedish)In: Maktordningar och motstånd: Forskarperspektiv på #metoo i Sverige / [ed] Hillevi Ganetz; Karin Hansson; Malin Sveningsson, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2022, p. 303-327Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2022
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51405 (URN)9789189361492 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2018-01824
Available from: 2023-05-02 Created: 2023-05-02 Last updated: 2023-12-12Bibliographically approved
Ganetz, H., Hansson, K. & Sveningsson, M. (Eds.). (2022). Maktordningar och motstånd: forskarperspektiv på #metoo i Sverige. Lund: Nordic Academic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Maktordningar och motstånd: forskarperspektiv på #metoo i Sverige
2022 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Den svenska #metoo-rörelsen samlade under sina första två år (2017–2019) mer än 100 000 deltagare från över 70 olika yrken och samhällsområden. I Maktordningar och motstånd belyser en grupp forskare rörelsen ur olika perspektiv och tecknar en flerdimensionell bild av hur #metoo-aktivismen i Sverige utvecklades i samspelet mellan teknik och kultur, sociala och traditionella medier, och enskilda aktörers initiativ.

Genom nedslag i olika miljöer visar forskarna hur ett strukturellt förtryck i form av sexism, sexuella trakasserier och sexuellt våld uttrycks och förklaras. De visar även hur förtrycket normaliseras och förstärks i sammanhang som kännetecknas av gränslösa beteenden, maskulinitetsgörande och en utbredd tystnadskultur. Inte minst viktigt framkommer i studien att sexuella trakasserier handlar om maktutövning. Förtrycket blir särskilt tydligt i branscher där många arbetar under prekära omständigheter och där bristen på utvägar ökar risken för de som vågar säga ifrån. Forskningsresultaten visar också hur olika diskriminerande grunder, som till exempel kön, ålder och anställningsform samverkar.

Boken ger en överblick över den svenska #metoo-rörelsens utveckling samt ger en större kunskap om särskilda riskfaktorer. Författarna pekar även ut strategier för att motverka förtryck och möjliggöra förändring.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2022. p. 352
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-50373 (URN)9789189361492 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2018-01824
Available from: 2022-12-14 Created: 2022-12-14 Last updated: 2023-04-20Bibliographically approved
Ganetz, H., Hansson, K. & Sveningsson, M. (2022). #metoo – ett tvärsnitt genom samhället. In: Hillevi Ganetz; Karin Hansson; Malin Sveningsson (Ed.), Maktordningar och motstånd: Forskarperspektiv på #metoo i Sverige (pp. 7-20). Lund: Nordic Academic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>#metoo – ett tvärsnitt genom samhället
2022 (Swedish)In: Maktordningar och motstånd: Forskarperspektiv på #metoo i Sverige / [ed] Hillevi Ganetz; Karin Hansson; Malin Sveningsson, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2022, p. 7-20Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2022
Keywords
#metoo, feministisk aktivism, jämställdhetsarbete, nätaktivism, sexuella trakasserier
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-50376 (URN)9789189361492 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2018-01824
Available from: 2022-12-15 Created: 2022-12-15 Last updated: 2023-04-20Bibliographically approved
Sveningsson, M., Hansson, K. & Ganetz, H. (2022). ”Något annat än ’vem ska hängas ut nu?’”: En innehållsanalys av svenska tidningars rapportering före och under uppropen. In: Hillevi Ganetz; Karin Hansson; Malin Sveningsson (Ed.), Maktordningar och motstånd: Forskarperspektiv på #metoo i Sverige (pp. 21-61). Lund: Nordic Academic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>”Något annat än ’vem ska hängas ut nu?’”: En innehållsanalys av svenska tidningars rapportering före och under uppropen
2022 (Swedish)In: Maktordningar och motstånd: Forskarperspektiv på #metoo i Sverige / [ed] Hillevi Ganetz; Karin Hansson; Malin Sveningsson, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2022, p. 21-61Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2022
Keywords
#metoo, feministisk aktivism, jämställdhetsarbete, nätaktivism, sexuella trakasserier
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-50375 (URN)9789189361492 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2018-01824
Available from: 2022-12-15 Created: 2022-12-15 Last updated: 2023-04-20Bibliographically approved
Hansson, K., Pargman, T. C. & Bardzell, S. (2021). Materializing activism. Computer Supported Cooperative Work: The Journal of Collaborative Computing and Work Practices, 30, 617-626
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Materializing activism
2021 (English)In: Computer Supported Cooperative Work: The Journal of Collaborative Computing and Work Practices, ISSN 0925-9724, E-ISSN 1573-7551, Vol. 30, p. 617-626Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Online activism showcases how available digital tools allow social movements to emerge, scale up, and extend globally by fundamentally enabling new forms of power. This special issue brings together eight research articles that engage with the collaborative efforts embedded in various types of activism by studying features such as the socio-technical systems involved; how the activism is organized; relations between traditional and social media; and the complex network of systems, information, people, values, theories, histories, ideologies, and aesthetics that constitutes such activisms. The articles show the spaces in which this activism materializes, and particularly their situation in several intersecting dimensions including motivation, culture, language, and infrastructure. Together, these articles reflect the methodological breadth required to materialize online activism and the need to develop a more nuanced conceptualization of the media ecologies involved. By mapping out how activism is enabled and constrained by human-computer interfaces, this special issue contributes to open up the black box of online activism.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2021
National Category
Human Aspects of ICT
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-46695 (URN)10.1007/s10606-021-09412-5 (DOI)000710835000001 ()2-s2.0-85117783244 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2018-01824
Available from: 2021-11-08 Created: 2021-11-08 Last updated: 2023-08-24Bibliographically approved
Principal InvestigatorHansson, Karin
Co-InvestigatorGanetz, Hillevi
Co-InvestigatorSveningsson, Malin
Coordinating organisation
Södertörn University
Funder
Period
2019-01-01 - 2022-12-31
National Category
Media StudiesHuman Aspects of ICTInformation Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
DiVA, id: project:3002Project, id: 2018-01824_VR