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  • 1.
    Abrahamsson, Christian
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Abrahamsson, Sebastian
    Oxford University, School of Geography.
    Kreativiteten och socialisationen2007Inngår i: Reclaim the Science!: Om vetenskapens avakademisering, Hedemora: Gidlund , 2007, 81-97 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2.
    Abrahamsson, Christoffer
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Teologiska fakulteten, Teologiska institutionen. Johannelunds Teologiska Högskola.
    En trumslagare för freden!: En kritisk granskning av Martin Luther King Jr:s ickevåldsideologi2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen är en kritisk analys av King och hans ickevåldsideologi. Uppsatsens syfte och avgränsning är att granska och redogöra för den ideologi som King genom sina tal, predikningar och övriga skrifter redogjorde för. Metoden jag använt mig av är att systematisera Kings ideologi för att därefter analysera den. Efter en kritisk granskning av Kings ickevåldsideologi står det klart att den är koherent, men att hans argumentation emellanåt är bristfällig. I synnerhet brister King vid en rimlighetsprövning.                       Kings ickevåldsideologi utgick från en teocentrisk världsbild med naturrättslig filosofi. Han menade att alla människor är skapade till Guds avbild och att alla människor har möjligheten att göra gott. Kings ickevåldsideologi grundar sig på aktivt motstånd där människan med kärleken som redskap och civil olydnad kan åstadkomma samhällsförändringar. Han tog tydligt avstånd från all typ av våldshandlingar och menade att våld aldrig medför en varaktig förändring, att våld är omoraliskt och ovärdigt en människa samt att ickevåld är det enda sättet att förändra samhällsproblem sett ur ett långsiktigt perspektiv.

  • 3. Adler, Mortimer J.
    Konsten att läsa med penna2016Inngår i: Poros, Vol. 1, nr 1, 84-91 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 4.
    Afzelius, Fredrik Georg
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Dissertatio Aristotelicam summi boni notionem exponens. Quam venia ampl. facult. philos. Upsal. p. p. ... Fredericus Georgius Afzelius stip. reg. Caroli Johannis et Carolus Andreas Kullberg Vestrogothus. In audit. Gustav. die XI Decembris MDCCCXXXVII ... p. V.1837No name for locale no (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 5.
    Afzelius, Fredrik Georg
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Dissertatio Aristotelicam summi boni notionem exponens. Quam venia ampl. facult. philos. Upsal. p. p. ... Fredericus Georgius Afzelius stip. reg. Caroli Johannis et Elias Samuel Engelbertus Grenander Vestrogothus stip. Victorin. In audit. Gustav. die IX Decembris MDCCCXXXVII ... p. IV.1837No name for locale no (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 6.
    Afzelius, Fredrik Georg
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Dissertatio Aristotelicam summi boni notionem exponens. Quam venia ampl. facult. philos. Upsal. p. p. ... Fredericus Georgius Afzelius stip. reg. Caroli Johannis et Johannes Ericus Fant stip. Leijel. Roslago-Uplandi. In audit. Gustav. die VI Decembris MDCCCXXXVII ... p. I.1837No name for locale no (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 7.
    Afzelius, Fredrik Georg
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Dissertatio Aristotelicam summi boni notionem exponens. Quam venia ampl. facult. philos. Upsal. p. p. ... Fredericus Georgius Afzelius stip. reg. Caroli Johannis et Martinus Christianus Jungmarker Vestrogothus. In audit. Gustav. die XI Decembris MDCCCXXXVII ... p. VI.1837No name for locale no (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 8.
    Afzelius, Fredrik Georg
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Dissertatio Aristotelicam summi boni notionem exponens. Quam venia ampl. facult. philos. Upsal. p. p. ... Fredericus Georgius Afzelius stip. reg. Caroli Johannis et Mauriz Ferdinandus Ösell stip. Possieth. Roslago-Uplandi. In audit. Gustav. die VI Decembris MDCCCXXXVII ... p. II.1837No name for locale no (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9.
    Afzelius, Fredrik Georg
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Dissertatio Aristotelicam summi boni notionem exponens. Quam venia ampl. facult. philos. Upsal. p. p. ... Fredericus Georgius Afzelius stip. reg. Caroli Johannis et Petrus Sveno Willgott Lundblad Vestrogothus. In audit. Gustav. die XI Decembris MDCCCXXXVII ... p. VII.1837No name for locale no (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 10.
    Afzelius, Fredrik Georg
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Dissertatio Aristotelicam summi boni notionem exponens. Quam venia ampl. facult. philos. Upsal. p. p. ... Fredericus Georgius Afzelius stip. reg. Caroli Johannis et Vilhelmus Ekblom stip Nessel. Roslago-Uplandi. In audit. Gustav. die IX Decembris MDCCCXXXVII ... p. III.1837No name for locale no (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 11.
    Afzelius, Fredrik Georg
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Framställning af den philosophiska methodens utveckling från Kant till Hegel. Academisk afhandling hvilken ... under inseende af Mag. Fredrik Georg Afzelius ... till offentlig granskning framställes af författaren Axel Nyblæus stip. Josephin, uppländning på gustavianska lärosalen d. 20 febr. 1850 ... 1.1841No name for locale no (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 12.
    Afzelius, Fredrik Georg
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Framställning af den philosophiska methodens utveckling från Kant till Hegel. Academisk afhandling hvilken ... under inseende af Mag. Fredrik Georg Afzelius ... till offentlig granskning framställes af författaren Axel Nyblæus stip. Josephin, uppländning på gustavianska lärosalen den 16 april 1851 ... 2.1841No name for locale no (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 13.
    Agell, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet.
    Frågan efter livets mening: om kunskap och konst i Nietzsches tänkande2002Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 14.
    Agevall, Ola
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    A Science of Unique Events: Max Weber's Methodology of the Cultural Sciences1999Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 15.
    Agevall, Ola
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Heinrich Rickert och vetenskapsläran2013Inngår i: Kulturvetenskap och naturvetenskap / [ed] Heinrich Rickert / Ola Agevall, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2013, 7-32 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 16.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    A Critical Comment on Collste2011Inngår i: Public Health Ethics, ISSN 1754-9973, E-ISSN 1754-9981, Vol. 4, nr 2, 203-205 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This article claims that the account of specification as a way to solve conflicts between rights, suggested by Göran Collste, is unsatisfactory. It is argued that specification is not a solution on its own, but is better described as a remedy in response to a political failure.

  • 17.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    A Secular State?2010Inngår i: Identity and pluralism : ethnicity, religion and values / [ed] Göran Collste, Linköping: LiU-Tryckk , 2010, 80-102 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 18.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Lunds universitet.
    Bör den liberala staten privilegiera religion i samhället?2013Inngår i: Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 1402-2710, Vol. 17, nr 3, 1-21 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det anses ofta att en liberal stat måste förhålla sig neutral till religiösa element i samhället. Att bryta mot neutralitetskravet och därmed privilegiera religiösa element i samhället är uteslutet, hävdas det, eftersom ett sådant privilegierande skulle innebära att man medvetet gynnar en grupp uppfattningar om det goda livet – vilket skulle vara synnerligen icke-liberalt.

    I den här artikeln ifrågasätts det neutralitetskrav som åläggs den liberala staten. Istället försvaras idén att en liberal stat i vissa fall kan ha en prima facie skyldighet att privilegiera vissa religiösa element i samhället. I artikeln presenteras tre villkor som måste vara uppfyllda för att ett avsteg från neutralitetskravet ska vara rättfärdigat.

    Efter en kortare diskussion om den relevanta empiriska forskningen konkluderas att en liberal stat i vissa fall är berättigad att privilegiera religiösa element i samhället utan att därmed kompromissa med sin liberala status.

  • 19.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    En rimlig samvetsklausul2016Inngår i: Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 1402-2710, Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 2002-3383Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 20.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Introduktion2013Inngår i: Varför inte Socialism? och Om den egalitära rättvisans valuta / [ed] G. A. Cohen, Daidalos, 2013Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 21.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Michael Sandel: What Money Can’t Buy: The Moral Limits of Markets2014Inngår i: Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 1402-2710, Vol. 18, nr 1, 37-44 s.Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 22.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Mixing Interest and Control?: Assessing Peter Vallentyne’s Hybrid Theory of Rights2015Inngår i: Philosophia (Ramat Gan), ISSN 0048-3893, E-ISSN 1574-9274, Vol. 43, nr 4, 933-949 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The relationship between libertarianism and state is a contested one. Despite pressing full and strict ownership of one’s person and any justly acquired goods, many libertarians have suggested ways in which a state, albeit limited, can be regarded as just. Peter Vallentyne has proposed that all plausible versions of libertarianism are compatible with what he calls ‘private-law states’. His proposal is underpinned by a particular conception of rights, which brings Interest Theory of rights and Will Theory of rights together. If convincing, Vallentyne’s theory of rights enables libertarians to accommodate a limited but nevertheless coercive state that can act without the full consent of the affected citizen. In this paper, it is argued that Vallentyne’s hybrid theory of rights is implausible from a libertarian perspective as well as fails to align itself with common and deeply held moral intuitions. Hence the conflict between mainstream libertarianism and the state is not solved by Vallentyne’s proposal.

  • 23.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Quality of Government and the Treatment of Immigrants2013Inngår i: Ecumenical Review Sibiu / Revista Ecumenica Sibiu, ISSN 2065-5940, Vol. 5, nr 1, 25-41 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Normative questions concerning the treatment of immigrants can be approached from various perspectives: consequentialistic, deontological, fairness-based, rectificatory, or similar. In this paper, the implications of the idea of quality of government for the treatment of immigrants are examined. It is argued that an acceptable definition of quality of governance includes a principle of beneficence, which prescribes a beneficial treatment of immigrants whenever laws and policies allow. The principle, which is not novel in itself, is presented in a more specified form and is provided with a philosophical justification.

  • 24.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Quality of Government: Toward a More Complex Definition2013Inngår i: American Political Science Review, ISSN 0003-0554, E-ISSN 1537-5943, Vol. 107, nr 3, 433-445 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Concepts such as “quality of government” and “good governance” refer to a desired character of the exercise of public authority. Recently the interest in good governance, the quality of government, and similar concepts has increased considerably. However, despite this increasing interest and use, an adequate definition of the concept of quality of government has proved difficult to find. This article criticizes recent attempts at such a definition and proposes an alternative, more complex definition that includes moral content and also encompasses a plurality of values and virtues at its core. An acceptable definition of the quality of governance must be consistent with the demands of a public ethos, the virtues of good decision making and reason giving, the rule of law, efficiency, stability, and a principle of beneficence. The article describes these components in detail and the relations among them.

  • 25.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Reassessing Walzer’s social criticism2012Inngår i: Philosophy & Social Criticism, ISSN 0191-4537, E-ISSN 1461-734X, Vol. 38, nr 9, 917-937 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    It is often argued that Michael Walzer's theory of social criticism, which underpins his theory of justice, is not much of a theory at all, but rather an impressionistic collection of historical anecdotes. Contrary to this perception, I argue that Walzer's method can be accurately described as a version of John Rawls' well-known method of wide reflective equilibrium. Through a systematic comparison it can be shown that the two methods are strikingly similar. This implies that, far from the critics' claim, Walzer's method can be described as a philosophically sophisticated method. This also adds credibility to Walzer's views on politics and justice.

  • 26.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    The Ethics of Free Soloing2010Inngår i: Climbing: because it's there / [ed] Stephen E. Schmid, Wiley-Blackwell, 2010, 158-168 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 27.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Lund University, Sweden .
    When Do We Share Moral Norms?2012Inngår i: Journal of Value Inquiry, ISSN 0022-5363, E-ISSN 1573-0492, Vol. 46, nr 3, 303-315 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 28.
    Agrell, Göran & Ulfvarson, Barbro
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Teologiska fakulteten, Teologiska institutionen.
    Födkrok eller livsmening. Om arbete och arbetslöshet1995Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    En studiebok om synen på arbete och arbetslöshet hos några klassiska filosofer och i bibliskt material. Eftersom synen på arbete och arbetslöshet påverkas av människosyn, samhällssyn, synen på makten och livstron presenteras också mycket kort några teorie

  • 29.
    Agulanna, Christopher
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik.
    Informed Consent in Sub-Saharan African Communal Culture: The2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Some scholars argue that the principle of voluntary informed consent is rooted in the Western ethos of liberal individualism; that it would be difficult to implement this requirement in societies where the norms of decision-making emphasize collective rather than individual decision-making (for example, Sub-Saharan Africa); that it would amount to “cultural imperialism” to seek to implement the principle of voluntary informed consent in non-Western societies. This thesis rejects this skepticism about the possibility of implementing the informed consent requirement in non-Western environments and argues that applying the principle of voluntary informed consent in human subjects’ research in Sub-Saharan African communal culture could serve as an effective measure to protect vulnerable subjects from possible abuses or exploitations. The thesis proposes the “multi-step” approach to informed consent as the best approach to the implementation of the principle in the African communal setting. The thesis argues that the importance of the “multi-step” approach lies in the fact that it is one that is sensitive to local culture and customs. On the question of whether the principle of voluntary informed consent should be made compulsory in research, the thesis answers that we have no choice in the matter.

  • 30.
    Ahamadu, Ibrahim
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik.
    Intellectual Property Rights: A Barricade to Technological Development. An Ethical Analysis on the Less Developed Countries2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Debate over Intellectual Property Rights ‘IPRs’ particularly patent and copyrights is mainly on forward-looking industries in computer software. As part of a trade deal reached in 1994, the member nations of the World Trade Organisation must adhere to a global agreement known as TRIPS, for the Trade- Related Aspect of Intellectual Property Rights.

    This study is to analyse the ethical conception of Intellectual Property Rights and in particular its implications on the developing countries in relation to TRIPS. The approach will be to analyse a broad philosophical theories of property to see if there is any justification for a software program to be treated as private property and also argue base on John Rawls two principles of justice in relation to TRIPS Agreement. Some reflections will be put on the use of open-source software by less developing countries.

    From the study it was asserted that, strong IPRs protection would hinder technological transfer and indigenous learning activities in the early stage of industrialisation when learning takes place through reverse engineering. And policy makers should consider differentiation in terms of the level of economic and industrial development, if protection and enforcement of IPRs is intended to enhance technological development.

  • 31.
    Ahlberg, Per
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysiologi och utvecklingsbiologi. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysiologi och utvecklingsbiologi, Evolutionär organismbiologi. Evolutionär organismbiologi.
    Tankefrihet eller pseudovetenskap?2005Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 32.
    Ahlberg, Per
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysiologi och utvecklingsbiologi. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysiologi och utvecklingsbiologi, Evolutionär organismbiologi. Evolutionär organismbiologi.
    Tro, vetande och tankefrihet.2005Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 33. Ahlenius, Henrik
    et al.
    Tännsjö, Torbjörn
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Chinese and Westerners Respond Differently to the Trolley Dilemmas2012Inngår i: Journal of Cognition and Culture, ISSN 1567-7095, E-ISSN 1568-5373, Vol. 12, nr 3-4, 195-201 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A set of moral problems known as The Trolley Dilemmas was presented to 3000 randomly selected inhabitants of the USA, Russia and China. It is shown that Chinese are significantly less prone to support utility-maximizing alternatives, as compared to the US and Russian respondents.

    A number of possible explanations, as well as methodological issues pertaining to the field of surveying moral judgment and moral disagreement, are discussed.

  • 34.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    School of Education and Communication in Engineering Sciences (ECE), KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Pagin, Peter
    Department of Philosophy, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Persson, Olle
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Svedberg, Maria
    Department of Philosophy, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bibliometric analysis of two subdomains in philosophy: free will and sorites2015Inngår i: Scientometrics, ISSN 0890-3670, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 103, nr 1, 47-73 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we tested the fruitfulness of advanced bibliometric methods for mapping subdomains in philosophy. The development of the number of publications on free will and sorites, the two subdomains treated in the study, over time was studied. We applied the cocitation approach to map the most cited publications, authors and journals, and we mapped frequently occurring terms, using a term co-occurrence approach. Both subdomains show a strong increase of publications in Web of Science. When we decomposed the publications by faculty, we could see an increase of free will publications also in social sciences, medicine and natural sciences. The multidisciplinary character of free will research was reflected in the cocitation analysis and in the term co-occurrence analysis: we found clusters/groups of cocited publications, authors and journals, and of co-occurring terms, representing philosophy as well as non-philosophical fields, such as neuroscience and physics. The corresponding analyses of sorites publications displayed a structure consisting of research themes rather than fields. All in all, both philosophers involved in this study acknowledge the validity of the various networks presented. Bibliometric mapping appears to provide an interesting tool for describing the cognitive orientation of a research field, not only in the natural and life sciences but also in philosophy, which this study shows.

  • 35.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    School of Education and Communication in Engineering Sciences (ECE), KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Pagin, Peter
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Persson, Olle
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen..
    Svedberg, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Bibliometric analysis of two subdomains in philosophy: free will and sorites2015Inngår i: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 103, nr 1, 47-73 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we tested the fruitfulness of advanced bibliometric methods for mapping subdomains in philosophy. The development of the number of publications on free will and sorites, the two subdomains treated in the study, over time was studied. We applied the cocitation approach to map the most cited publications, authors and journals, and we mapped frequently occurring terms, using a term co-occurrence approach. Both subdomains show a strong increase of publications in Web of Science. When we decomposed the publications by faculty, we could see an increase of free will publications also in social sciences, medicine and natural sciences. The multidisciplinary character of free will research was reflected in the cocitation analysis and in the term co-occurrence analysis: we found clusters/groups of cocited publications, authors and journals, and of co-occurring terms, representing philosophy as well as non-philosophical fields, such as neuroscience and physics. The corresponding analyses of sorites publications displayed a structure consisting of research themes rather than fields. All in all, both philosophers involved in this study acknowledge the validity of the various networks presented. Bibliometric mapping appears to provide an interesting tool for describing the cognitive orientation of a research field, not only in the natural and life sciences but also in philosophy, which this study shows.

  • 36.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    School of Education and Communication in Engineering Sciences (ECE), KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Pagin, Peter
    Stockholms universitet, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Persson, Olle
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen..
    Svedberg, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Bibliometric analysis of two subdomains in philosophy: free will and sorites2015Inngår i: The Scientist (Philadelphia, Pa.), ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 103, nr 1, 47-73 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we tested the fruitfulness of advanced bibliometric methods for mapping subdomains in philosophy. The development of the number of publications on free will and sorites, the two subdomains treated in the study, over time was studied. We applied the cocitation approach to map the most cited publications, authors and journals, and we mapped frequently occurring terms, using a term co-occurrence approach. Both subdomains show a strong increase of publications in Web of Science. When we decomposed the publications by faculty, we could see an increase of free will publications also in social sciences, medicine and natural sciences. The multidisciplinary character of free will research was reflected in the cocitation analysis and in the term co-occurrence analysis: we found clusters/groups of cocited publications, authors and journals, and of co-occurring terms, representing philosophy as well as non-philosophical fields, such as neuroscience and physics. The corresponding analyses of sorites publications displayed a structure consisting of research themes rather than fields. All in all, both philosophers involved in this study acknowledge the validity of the various networks presented. Bibliometric mapping appears to provide an interesting tool for describing the cognitive orientation of a research field, not only in the natural and life sciences but also in philosophy, which this study shows.

  • 37.
    Ahlin, Jesper
    Filosofi och historia, KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och teknikhistoria, Filosofi.
    Reflective Equilibrium DefendedManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Reflective equilibrium is a method of justification in ethics. In this essay, I account for an argument against reflective equilibrium put forth by Theo van Willigenburg from a position of (weak) foundationalism. I attempt to demonstrate why it is flawed and how reflective equilibrium as a method of justification can withstand the foundationalist critique.

  • 38.
    Ahlin, Jesper
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och teknikhistoria, Filosofi.
    The Ethics of Immigration2015Inngår i: Theoria, ISSN 0040-5825, E-ISSN 1755-2567, Vol. 81, nr 4, 380-384 s.Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 39.
    Ahlin, Jesper
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    What is Wrong Between Us?: On the problem of circularity in Scanlon's contractualism2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, the Scanlonian contractualist formula will be understood as follows: Within the domain of morality of what we owe to each other, an action is morally wrong if it follows principles that similarly motivated people can reasonably reject. Consequently, the concept of ‘reasonable rejection’ is the operative element in moral valuation, thus begging the question of what it is for a rejection to be reasonable. The problem of circularity in Scanlon’s contractualism builds upon a reading according to which Scanlon’s explanation of what it is to be ‘reasonably rejected’ seems to be understood as ‘when the action is morally wrong’. If this is the case, then Scanlon’s contractualism refers to its own thesis when performing moral valuations: that is wrong which can be reasonably rejected, and for an action to be reasonably rejected it must be morally wrong. The problem of circularity apparently renders Scanlon’s contractualism ‘empty’ as it cannot explain what it is for an action to be morally wrong without referring to its own thesis.

    In this essay I will try to clarify the difference between welfarist and structural charges of circularity. I will argue that the structural charges of circularity are due to a fallacious constructivist reading of What We Owe to Each Other. As I understand Scanlon, the constructivist reading places Scanlon’s theory too close to the contractualist tradition. I will also argue that critics holding Scanlon’s contractualism to be circular have failed to note that his theory only claims to cover a narrow domain of morality. Where critics hold Scanlon’s contractualism to refer to its own thesis when performing moral valuations I will argue that the theory refers to moral domains outside that of what we owe to each other. Hopefully my discussion on constructivism and circularity will shed some light on the simple brilliance and practical applicability of Scanlon’s contractualism.

    I will give a brief overview of What We Owe to Each Other before I present the critique put forth by Onora O’Neill, Mark Timmons and Joseph Raz. Then I will show how Scanlon treats the problem of circularity in his book, and how his defense targets substantial and not structural charges of circularity. I will then show that the structural critique is fallacious by analyzing the domain of morality that Scanlon’s contractualism targets. Finally I will try to apply Scanlon’s formula on personal relationships and on environmental issues. As of this point I will refer to Scanlon’s thesis as ‘contractualism’ while other theories following the contractualist tradition will be referred to as ‘contractarian’.

  • 40.
    Ahlström, Carl Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Schediasma academicum, de sensu hominis morali, quod consent. ampl. ord. philos. Upsal. publico examini subjiciunt, auctor Carolus Johannes Alström ... et respondens Olaus Norberg, Vestmanni. Ad diem XXI: Novembr. MDCCLXIV. in audit. Carol. maj. h. a. m. s.1764No name for locale no (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 41.
    Aili, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk. Latin.
    St. Birgitta and the Text of the Revelationes: A Survey of Some Influences Traceable to Translators and Editors1986Inngår i: The Editing of Theological and Philosophical Texts from the Middle Ages: Acts of the Conference Arranged by the Department of Classical Languages, University of Stockholm, 29-31 August 1984, 1986Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 42.
    Ajagán-Lester, Luis
    Stockholms universitet, Lärarhögskolan i Stockholm (LHS), Institutionen för undervisningsprocesser, kommunikation och lärande (UKL).
    Mot en pluritopisk hermeneutik2005Inngår i: Text och existens: hermeneutik möter samhällsvetenskap / [ed] Staffan Selander, Per-Johan Ödman, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2005, 143-160 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Luis Ajagán-Lester fokuserar i sin artikel `den andres hermeneutik` - mötet mellan medlemmar av olika kulturer och frågan hur hermeneutiken kan bidra med förståelse av den Andre. Både tolkningar som är baserad på avstånd i tid respektive rum aktualiserar frågan om hur man förstår sig själv genom bilden av den andre/det andra. Den bildade européns slutenhet i sin egen värld har bidragit till hermeneutikens `monotopika` karaktär. Begreppet `takt`framskrivs en central kategori mi mötet med den andre och i utvecklandet av en `pluritopisk`hermeneutik och `polyfon tolkningsprocess`.

  • 43.
    Ajalinus, Andreas
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Dissertatio naturam Logices & Universalium sive Praedicabilium exhibens, quam ... ex consensu & suffragio amplissimae facultatis philosophicae, in illustri & celeberrima Sveonum ad Salam regia academia. Praeside M. Andrea Ajalino ... publicae censurae ingenii exercendi gratia proponit Benedictus E. Paulander Uplandus. In auditorio veteri majori [tomrum] Kalend. Decembris anni 1647. horis a 7. matutinis.1647No name for locale no (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 44.
    Akca, Uljana
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation.
    Att övervinna det mänskliga: En läsning av återkomsttanken i Nietzsches Så talade Zarathustra i ljuset av Heideggers kritik2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to discuss the meaning of the human and its possible overcoming in Friedrich Nietzsche’s doctrine of the eternal recurrence of the same, with Martin Heidegger’s readings of Nietzsche as point of departure.

    According to Heidegger, Nietzsche’s doctrine of the eternal recurrence of the same represents the end of occidental metaphysical thinking. The thought concludes a thinking of being as the presence of beings, where the original question of being was never developed out of its own ground.

    But at the heart of this interpretation, often considered “violent”, lies the question of whether man is able to think being out of his finitude. This is the question I will unfold, through a reading of Nietzsche’s thought of the eternal recurrence of the same, as it is presented in his Thus spoke Zarathustra, as an attempt to think beings in their being beyond a “humanization” of them, expressed in transcendental aims, purposes and categories. This attempt, I argue, is essentially bound up with a comportment toward the human self as the finite and the corporal. In this sense the human being in its finitude and corporeality is thefocus and the basis for the search for “the overman”.

    But this focus on man, as he who can overcome himself, is at the same time a focus that canbe said to lead man away from himself, in not asking the deeper question about what it means to be this human being.

    I will furthermore consider the tragic as the theme where this question of the overcoming of the human comes to the fore; the dionysic-tragic reveals both a view of man as the being that is mastered by the abyss that underlies this world, and therefore mastered by his finitude - and as the being who can master this same abyss, in thinking it as one with the human self.

    The purpose is not to take a position for or against Heidegger’s reading, but to develop a discussion between Heidegger and Nietzsche about the human self as always being both the closed and the open, and about the ways in which human thinking can approach this.

     

     

  • 45.
    Alanen, Lilli
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Descartes och filosofihistorieskrivningen i Finland och Sverige sedan 1950-talet2006Inngår i: Sphinx: Årsbok för Finska Vetenskaps-Societeten 2005-2006, ISSN 0783-5892, 47-58, s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 46.
    Alanen, Lilli
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Descartes's Mind-Body Composites, Psychology and Naturalism2008Inngår i: Inquiry, ISSN 0020-174X, E-ISSN 1502-3923, Vol. 51, nr 5, 464-484 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reflects on the status of Descartes' notion of the mind-body union as an object of knowledge in the framework of his new philosophy of nature, and argues that it should be taken seriously as representing a third kind of real thing or reality—that of human nature. Because it does not meet the criteria of distinctness that the two natures composing it—those of thinking minds and extended bodies— meet, the phenomena referred to it, which are objects of psychology as traditionally understood, fall outside the scope of clear and distinct perception required for knowledge. The prospects for rationalist psychology are bleak, since because of the mind-body union so little of the contents of the human mind are accessible to rational inspection or introspection. Mechanistic natural philosophy on the other hand gives us knowledge only of the physiological and corporeal aspects of the phenomena Descartes classifies as mental. What pertains to the mind-body union can only be known through the senses, moreover, we learn to conceive the mind-body union only through daily experience (“usant seulement de la vie et des conversations ordinaries”, AT 3, 695). I discuss the nature of this experience, and the sense in which Cartesian psychology without being part of his philosophy of nature in the strict sense of the term, can still be seen as a naturalist undertaking in a more traditional sense of nature where life, sentience, reasoning and rational action are all seen as natural phenomena.

  • 47.
    Alanen, Lilli
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Emotions in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century2014Inngår i: Sourcebook for the History of the Philosophy of Mind: Philosophical Psychology from Plato to Kant / [ed] Simo Knuuttila, Juha Sihvola, Dordrecht: Springer, 2014Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 48.
    Alanen, Lilli
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Förstående och aktivitet i Spinozas Etiken2013Inngår i: Filosofisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0348-7482, nr 3Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 49.
    Alanen, Lilli
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Intuition, Assent and Necessity1999Inngår i: Norms and Modes of Thinking in Descartes, Philosophical Society of Finland , 1999, 97-121 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 50.
    Alanen, Lilli
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Logical Modality and Attitudes to Propositions1999Inngår i: Actions, Norms, Values: Discussions with Georg Henrik von Wright, Walter De Gruyter, Berlin , 1999, 212-226 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
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