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  • 1.
    Aagaard, Johannes
    Århus univ..
    Mission, Konfession, Kirche: die Problematik ihrer Integration im 19. Jahrhundert in Deutschland1967Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Aasmundsen, Hans Geir
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Pentecostalism, Globalisation and Society in Contemporary Argentina2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Argentina, Pentecostalism had a breakthrough in the early 1980s, and today more than 10 per cent of the population are Pentecostals. The revival coincided with a socio-political transformation of Argentinean society. After half a century of dictatorships and Peronism, democracy was restored, and structural changes paved the way for a certain “autonomisation” of politics, law, economy, science and religion. The "new" form of society that developed resembles what in this study is called a Western model, which to a large degree is currently being diffused on a global scale. This work examines the new religious sphere and how Pentecostals relate to society at large, and the political and judicial sphere in particular.

    Social systems theory and an idea of communication as constitutive of social spheres, such as religious, political and judicial ones, form the theoretical foundation for the study. Methods that have been used are fieldwork, interviews and analyses of written material. It is concluded that evangelisation and transformation are of major concern to Pentecostals in contemporary Argentina and that this follows a global trend. Evangelisation has always been important to, even a hallmark of, Pentecostalism. What has become as important is the urge for transformation, of the individual, the family and society. This leads to increased socio-political engagement. However, Pentecostals do not have a “fixed” idea of how society should be organised, i.e., they do not yet have a full-fledged political theology, a public theology or what could be called a Pentecostal ideology. This is mainly because they experience a lack of “compatibility” between the Pentecostal and the political communication. Their approaches to socio-political concerns seem to be based on an understanding of certain “values” as the fundamental building block of society.

  • 3.
    Aasmundsen, Hans-Geir
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Study of religions.
    Contemporary Pentecostal-Catholic encounters in Argentina2009In: Global Pentecostalism: Encounters with other Religious Traditions / [ed] David Westerlund, London: I. B. Tauris , 2009, 243-259 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Abrahamson, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Efter korsfästelsen: Om tro, förnuft och Jesu uppståndelse2005Book (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 5.
    Abrahamson, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Wolfhart Pannenberg och Jesu uppståndelse2004In: Tro & Liv: Tidskrift för kristen tro och förkunnelse, Vol. 63, no 3-4, 13-21 p.Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 6.
    Abrahamson, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Jesu uppståndelse som historiskt problem: En studie av Rudolf Bultmanns och Wolfhart Pannenbergs tolkningar2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study is to make a critical examination of Rudolf Bultmann´s (1884–1976) and Wolfhart Pannenberg´s (b. 1928) interpretations of the resurrection of Jesus. Bultmann is best known for seeking to demythologize the miracles of the New Testament. Pannenberg has gained much attention for arguing that the resurrection of Jesus is an event in chronological history.

    In this thesis I first present Bultmann´s and Pannenberg´s interpretations of the resurrection of Jesus. In order to help the reader understand the context in which these interpretations were made, I give a brief sketch of the German theological setting. Second, I compare the theologies of Bultmann and Pannenberg from the concept of background theory, principles of interpretation, exegetical reasoning, the meaning of the resurrection and what it means to accept the resurrection. Third, I categorize different ways that the resurrection could be interpreted today. Fourth, I critically discuss the way that Bultmann and Pannenberg argue and give some proposals for how their theologies can be developed. Developing the theology of Bultmann I give more attention to chronological history than he does. I also make alterations in the way he understands God´s action. Concerning Pannenberg I discuss the importance of rational arguments in his theology. I argue that the resurrection should be interpreted from the perspective of a faith or an interpretation which seeks understanding.

  • 7.
    Abrahamsson, Christian
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Abrahamsson, Sebastian
    Oxford University, School of Geography.
    Kreativiteten och socialisationen2007In: Reclaim the Science!: Om vetenskapens avakademisering, Hedemora: Gidlund , 2007, 81-97 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Abrahamsson, Christoffer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology. Johannelunds Teologiska Högskola.
    En trumslagare för freden!: En kritisk granskning av Martin Luther King Jr:s ickevåldsideologi2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this Master thesis is to give an account of and review the ideology yhat King presented through his preaching, speeches and other sources. The metod I have chosen for this purpose is to systematize King’s ideology and the to critically analyze it. When doing so I have discoverd that King’s non-violent ideology is coherent, but that his argumentation is somewhat defective, especially when examing its plausibility.                      King’s non-violence ideology was based on a theocentric wordview and a natural law pholosophy. He tought that all men are created in the image of God and that all humans have the possibility to do good. King’s non-violence ideology is based on active resistance where people use love and civil disobedience as tools to enforce subversive changes. King was against all types of violent actions and stated that violence never leads to sustainable change, that violence is immoral and unworthy of any human. King also said that non-violence is the only way to combat societal problems in a long-term perspective.

  • 9.
    Abusabib, Mohamed
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM, Aesthetics and Cultural Studies.
    Political Islam and the Arts: the Sudanese Experience2001In: ISIM Newsletter, no 8Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 10.
    Acheamong, Fredrick
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences.
    Decoupling Church-State Relation in Sweden: A Brief Post-Mortem2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Five decades’ process of breaking more than four centuries of Church-State ties saw a major break-through at the stroke of the new millennium (the year 2000), with the implementation of legislative reforms aimed at giving the Church of Sweden a greater degree of liberty, while extending greater freedom to other religious communities in Sweden. Almost a decade after this historic legislation most stakeholders claim the impact of the reform has been significant. Indeed the decision to server Church-State ties for whatever purpose or reason, after such a long standing relation between the two, will by all means have implications for the Church that is separated, the State and the so called free churches and other religions in Sweden. Thus, this field study seeks to investigate the resultant impact of delimiting governmental power in the religious domain on the now autonomous church and the implications the separation has had for other “non-state churches” as well as the secularized state government in Sweden almost ten years after the reforms.

  • 11.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Kristi mordere: Jøder i danske passionsberetninger fra middelalderen2013In: Danske studier, ISSN 0106-4525, 25-47 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The image of the Jews as the killers of Jesus has its origins in the Gospels where Jews are portrayed as responsible – directly or indirectly – for the Crucifixion. The enduring myth of the Christ-killer has evolved over nearly two millennia to find a variety of expressions in religion, politics, philosophy, literature and drama. In this article, I examine how Jews are portrayed as murderers in late medieval descriptions of the Passion found in Old Danish sermons and devotional literature. The influence of the saints Augustine of Hippo, Thomas Aquinas and Birgitta of Sweden is examined as also is the question of Jewish culpability in each of the texts and what this would have meant to the audience and readers. The Christkiller motif is shown to be an effective and flexible tool for the Church in marking the boundaries of vita christiana and in teaching empathy and spirituality to its members.

  • 12.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Grumme løver og menstruerende mænd2012In: RAMBAM: tidsskrift for jødisk kultur og forskning, ISSN 0907-2160, Vol. 21, 78-93 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article examines the portrayal of Jews in medieval texts written in Danish before 1515. It begins by describing the theological basis for and creation of a ‘fantasy Jew’. The perception of Jews was fundamentally shaped by the idea that they had tortured and killed the Christian messiah. Devotional texts, sermons and Passion stories which describe the Jews as Christ killers are therefore discussed in detail, and the image of the deicide Jew in vernacular texts is shown to be malleable and changing. The image of the violent Jew who tortured and killed Jesus was used to arouse empathy among readers and to chastise them for being too like the Jews by behaving sinfully. Other Jewish ‘types’ that occur in the material are also investigated: effeminate, Satanic and usurious Jews as well as comparisons with animals. The preliminary results of an investigation into the type of language that was used to shape the image of Jews show that certain ‘negative’ words were used disproportionately more frequently in descriptions of Jews than of non-Jews. This suggests a powerful association between such words and the perception of Jews — a connection that was supported and further enhanced through religious art and theatre. The article concludes by noting what is missing in the extant material and what this might tell us about medieval Danish attitudes towards Jews.

  • 13.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Charisma and Religious Authority: Jewish, Christian, and Muslim Preaching 1200–1500. Edited by Katherine L. Jansen and Miri Rubin. Europa sacra, 4. Pp. xi + 260. Turnhout: Brepols. 2010. ISBN: 978-2-503-52859-52012In: Medieval Sermon Studies, ISSN 1366-0691, Vol. 56, 66-69 p.Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Lessons in Contempt: Poul Ræff’s Translation and Publication in 1516 of Johannes Pfefferkorn’s The Confession of the Jews2013Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Published in 1516, Poul Ræff's Iudeorum Secreta, a translation of Johannes Pfefferkorn's The Conlession of the Jews, was a landmark in the development of anti-Jewish polemics in Denmark.

    For the first time, Danes were presented with descriptions of Jewish ceremonies that aimed to portray these practices as dangerously anti-Christian, superstitious and deviating from 'real' Biblical Judaism. Contemporary Judaism is described as a rabbinical construction that is worthy of nothing but ridicule and mockery.  Lessons in Contempt explores this key text that comprises a valuable source for a range of academic disciplines: the history of antisemitism, the study of Jewish-Christian relations, social history, the history of religious culture, and medieval and early modern Danish language and literature.

    This book includes an outline of how Jews were portrayed in medieval Danish vernacular literature; a description of Pfefferkorn's life and works; a discussion of Ræff's translation and publication of Iudeorum Secreta; a presentation of the language and style of the Danish version, as well as an edition of the text together with the Latin original, an English translation and an extensive commentary.

  • 15.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Det Danske Sprog- og Litteraturselskab.
    Roger Andersson, De birgittinska ordensprästerna som traditionsförmedlare och folkfostrare. En studie i svensk medeltidspredikan på den 8:e söndagen efter trefaldighet, Runica et Mediævalia, Scripta minora, 4 (Stockholm: Sällskapet Runica et Mediævalia, 2001); and Roger Andersson, Sermones sacri Svecice. The Sermon Collection in Cod. AM 787 4°, SFSS 1, 86 (Uppsala: Svenska fornskriftsällskapet, 2006)2008In: Medieval Sermon Studies, no 52, 85-90 p.Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    ‘Beware of false prophets’: A Fragment of the Old Swedish Miracle Homily Book2016In: Medieval Sermon Studies, ISSN 1366-0691, E-ISSN 1749-6276, Vol. 60, no 1, 5-20 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article comprises an introduction to and an edition and translation of an Old Swedish sermon fragment found in the Hannaas Collection at the Ethno-Folkloristic Archive, University of Bergen, Norway (Hannaas 66). This previously unpublished paper fragment is one of the missing parts of the Old Swedish Homily Book (known as Svensk järteckens postilla), dating from the second half of the fifteenth century and now housed at the Royal Library in Stockholm, Sweden (Cod. Holm. A 111). The text in Hannaas 66 comprises a sermon for the 8th Sunday after Trinity based on Matthew 7. 15–16 and includes a miracle exemplum that illustrates the importance of acting justly and following the will of God.

  • 17.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    The Revelations of St Birgitta: A Study and Edition of the Birgittine-Norwegian Texts, Swedish National Archives, E 89022015Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In The Revelations of St Birgitta: A Study and Edition of the Birgittine-Norwegian Texts, Swedish National Archives, E 8902, Jonathan Adams offers a detailed analysis of the manuscript and its contents as well as a new edition of this puzzling text. The Birgittine-Norwegian texts are very distinctive from the main Birgittine vernacular corpus of literature and have taxed scholars for decades as to why and for whom they were written.

    The linguistic study of the manuscript is combined with contextual and historical information in order to reinforce the arguments made and offer explanations within a cultural context. This provides a welcome new dimension to earlier research that has otherwise been pursued to a large degree within a single academic discipline.

     

    CONTENTS

     

    Table of contents

    List of Figures

    List of Tables

    Acknowledgements

    List of Abbreviations

     

    I Background

     

    1 St Birgitta and her Revelations

    1.1 Why St Birgitta?

    1.2 The life of St Birgitta

    1.3 The Revelations of St Birgitta (Latin tradition)

    1.4 The Revelations of St Birgitta (Swedish tradition)

    1.5 This book

     

    2 Textual history of the vernacular Scandinavian manuscripts

    2.1 Extant Swedish manuscripts

    2.1.1 Swedish retranslation

    2.2 Other Scandinavian manuscripts

    2.2.1 Old Danish

    2.2.2 Middle Norwegian

    2.3 Summary

     

    3 Birgitta and Norway

    3.1 Towards Nordic union in the fourteenth century: Royalty and the nobility

    3.2 Birgitta’s own personal contacts with Norway

    3.3 Birgitta’s family connections with Norway

    3.4 The Birgittine Movement in Norway and Munkeliv

    3.5 Summary

     

    4 Summary of previous research into the manuscript

    4.1 Gustaf E. Klemming

    4.2 Robert Geete

    4.3 Knut B. Westman

    4.4 Vilhelm Gödel

    4.5 Salomon Kraft

    4.6 Marius Sandvei

    4.7 Didrik Arup Seip

    4.8 Elias Gustaf Adolf Wessén

    4.9 Lars Wollin

    4. 10 Lennart Moberg

    4.11 Hans Torben Gilkær

    4.12 General evaluation of earlier theories

     

    II Manuscript

     

    5 Manuscript description

    5.1 Date and origin

    5.2 Provenance

    5.3 Contents

    5.4 Make-up and description

    5.4.1 Foliation

    5.4.2 Materials and dimensions

    5.4.3 Quiring

    5.4.4 Ruling and pricking

    5.4.5 Catchwords

    5.5 Script

    5.5.1 Scribal characteristics

    5.5.2 Abbreviations

    5.5.3 Punctuation

    5.5.4 Hyphenation and Word Division

    5.5.5 Spacing

    5.5.6 Rubrics and Guide Letters

    5.5.7 Marginal Notes

    5.6 Binding

    5.7 Damage

    5.8 Scribal error

     

    III Language

     

    6 Lexicon: idiosyncracies, foreign influence, and dialectal forms

    6.1 Hapax Legomena

    6.1.1 *drøvuker

    6.1.2 *iakilse and *iatilse

    6.1.3 *nidherflytilse

    6.1.4 *solbadh

    6.1.5 *spailse

    6.1.6 *søkiarinna

    6.1.7 *unsæld

    6.1.8 *urfamse/orfamse

    6.1.9 Distribution

    6.1.10 Discussion

    6.2 Middle Low German loanwords

    6.2.1 Unbound Morphemes

    6.2.2 Bound Morphemes

    6.2.3 Summary

    6.3 Latin words and phrases in E 8902

    6.3.1 Adjectives and Common Nouns

    6.3.2 Proper Nouns

    6.4 Vadstenaspråk-like, Östgötska, and Danish features

     

    7 Language mixture in medieval Scandinavian manuscripts

    7.1 Causes of Swedish influence on Norwegian in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries

    7.1.1 Early definitions

    7.1.2 The problem of defining “norm” in the context of Old Norwegian 

    7.1.3 Internal causes of mixture

    7.1.4 External causes of mixture

    7.1.5 A diglossic situation in late medieval Norway?

    7.2. Intentional types of language mixture in medieval Scandinavian manuscripts

    7.2.1 Terminology

    7.2.2 Summary

    7.3 Causes of unintentional language mixture (“interference”) in medieval Scandinavian manuscripts

    7.3.1 Scribe’s own idiolect

    7.3.2 Scribe’s own dialect

    7.3.3 Dialect of the original

    7.3.4 Dialect of the area

    7.3.5 Norm of the genre

    7.3.6 Norm of the scriptorium

    7.3.7 Audience

    7.3.8 Summary

    7.4 Concluding remarks

     

    8 Analysis of language mixture in E 8902

    8.1 The use of statistics in literary research

    8.2 The diagnostic test features for E 8902 

    8.2.1 Diagnostic test feature A: Progressive i-mutation

    8.2.2 Diagnostic test feature B: Itacism

    8.2.3 Diagnostic test feature C: Diphthongisation

    8.2.4 Diagnostic test feature D: Monophthongisation

    8.2.5 Diagnostic test feature E: Vowel merger

    8.2.6 Diagnostic test feature F: Elision

    8.2.7 Diagnostic test feature G: Dental assimilation

    8.2.8 Diagnostic test feature H: First person singular pronoun

    8.2.9 Diagnostic test feature I: Relative particle

    8.2.10 Diagnostic test feature J: Anglo-Saxon letter forms

    8.3 Statistical procedure

    8.3.1 Total number of occurrences and proportion

    8.3.2 Rate of occurrence

    8.3.3 Ellegård’s distinctiveness ratio

    8.3.4 Testing for significance

    8.3.5 Pearson’s product-moment correlation coefficient

    8.3.6 Summary

    8.4 Language mixture

    8.4.1 Findings of the statistical analysis of language mixture

    8.5 Miscellaneous south-eastern Norwegian Forms

    8.5.1 The intrusive svarabhakti vowel

    8.5.2 Metaphony

    8.5.3 Metathesis of “vr”

    8.6 Summary of hand mixture types

    8.6.1 Hand 1

    8.6.2 Hand 2

    8.6.3 Hand 3

    8.6.4 Hand 4

    8.7 Summary of linguistic analysis

     

    9 Conclusion

    9.1 Summary of aims, methods, and findings

    9.2 Writing E 8902 

    9.2.1 Scribes

    9.2.2 Language

    9.2.3 Place of composition

    9.2.4 The manuscript’s place in the Swedish tradition

    9.3 Contents and audience

     

    IV Edition

     

    10 Text and commentary

    10.1 Editorial procedure

    10.2 Transcription

     

    11 Commentary, references, and indexes

    11.1 Commentary and references

    11.2 Index of names and places in E 8902

     

    Bibliography

    Index

     

  • 18.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    The Life of the Prophet Muḥammad in East Norse2015In: Fear and Loathing in the North: Jews and Muslims in Medieval Scandinavia / [ed] Jonathan Adams & Cordelia Heß, Berlin: De Gruyter , 2015, 203-237 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Preaching about an Absent Minority: Medieval Danish Sermons and Jews2014In: The Jewish-Christian Encounter in Medieval Preaching / [ed] Jonathan Adams and Jussi Hanska, New York: Routledge, 2014, 92-116 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Idolaters, Warriors, and Lovers: Muslims in Medieval Swedish and Danish Texts2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Between the Viking Age and the Middle Ages, there was a noticeable change in relations between Scandinavia and the Islamic world – the sources point to a shift from travel and trade to hostility and war. Muslims did not settle in the North until the eighteenth century, and during the Middle Ages there was little contact between Scandinavians and ‘real’ Muslims. So how did Danes and Swedes imagine and describe this Other? Is there anything unusual or unexpected about the portrayal of Muslims? How does this image compare to that of the other great religious opponent, the Jew? By investigating East Norse devotional texts, travel literature, saints’ lives, romances and accounts of Ottoman warfare, this paper aims to draw out some of the major themes in medieval Scandinavian descriptions of Muslims and Islam.

  • 21.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Ferocious lions and menstruating men: The portrayal of Jews in medieval Danish manuscripts2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Images of Jews and Saracens in Old Danish and Old Swedish sermons and wall paintings: Sources for an investigation of the spread of images and ideas from “continental” Europe and the Mediterranean to medieval Denmark and Sweden2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Jews were not permitted to settle in Scandinavia until the modern era (Denmark 1622, Sweden 1718) and Muslims did not arrive in significant numbers until the late twentieth century. Yet despite the fact that there was no resident population, Muslims and, in particular, Jews can be found in many different literary genres (including sermons) and works of art (including wall-paintings, altar pieces and sculptures). These two non-Christian groups in medieval Scandinavia are thus an example of what Gloria Cigman with regard to England has called “absent-presence”, although in Denmark and Sweden they were not a memory or continuation from a pre-expulsion era but rather manifestations of the imagination that drew upon pre-existing classical and foreign traditions.

    This paper surveys the extant vernacular sermon material from medieval Denmark and Sweden that mentions Muslims and Jews and attempts to categorise the different types and uses of the representations. As the extant corpus of sermon material from medieval Denmark and Sweden is rather small, I shall look briefly at the saints’ lives and legends that were often used to fashion exempla in sermons. The paper will also consider the rich treasury of wall paintings and how these pictures reinforced the ideas about Jews propagated in sermons. (There are no unequivocal images of Muslims, Saracens or Turks in medieval Danish and Swedish wall paintings.)

    Finally, the paper will attempt to trace the Scandinavian imagery and influences back to ‘continental’ Europe and uncover what sorts of ideas about Muslims and Jews were useful enough to Scandinavians to survive the long journey north.

  • 23.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    The Image of Muslims, Islam and Muḥammad in East Norse Texts2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Fremstillingen af jøder i tekster fra den danske senmiddelalder: Et skifte i antijødisk polemisk litteratur i den tidlige reformatoriske periode?2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Inside and Outside. The Role of the “Others” in Medieval Societies around the Baltic Coast: Preaching about Jews in Medieval Denmark2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Det Danske Sprog- og Litteraturselskab.
    Preaching about Jews without Jews2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Hanska, Jussi
    University of Tampere.
    Introduction: The Jewish-Christian Encounter in Medieval Preaching2014In: The Jewish-Christian Encounter in Medieval Preaching / [ed] Jonathan Adams and Jussi Hanska, New York: Routledge, 2014, 1-20 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Hanska, JussiDepartment of History, University of Tampere, Finland.
    The Jewish-Christian Encounter in Medieval Preaching2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book explores the complexity of preaching as a phenomenon in the medieval Jewish-Christian encounter. This was not only an "encounter" as physical meeting or confrontation (such as the forced attendance of Jews at Christian sermons that took place across Europe), but also an "imaginary" or theological encounter in which Jews remained a figure from a distant constructed time and place who served only to underline and verify Christian teachings. Contributors also explore the Jewish response to Christian anti-Jewish preaching in their own preaching and religious instruction.

     

    Contents:

    1. Jonathan Adams and Jussi Hanska, Introduction: The Jewish-Christian Encounter in Medieval Preaching

     

    Part I: Regional Studies

    2. Raúl González Salinero, Preaching and Jews in Late Antique and Visigothic Iberia

    3. Regina D. Schiewer, Sub Iudaica Infirmitate — "Under the Jewish Weakness": Jews in Medieval German Sermons

    4. Jonathan Adams, Preaching about an Absent Minority: Medieval Danish Sermons and Jews

     

    Part II: Preachers and Occasions

    5. Kati Ihnat, "Our Sister Is Little and Has No Breasts": Mary and the Jews in the Sermons of Honorius Augustodunensis

    6. Filippo Sedda, The Anti-Jewish Sermons of John of Capistrano: Matters and Context

    7. Maria Giuseppina Muzzarelli, The Effects of Bernardino da Feltre’s Preaching on the Jews

    8. Jussi Hanska, Sermons on the Tenth Sunday After Holy Trinity: Another Occasion for Anti-Jewish Preaching

     

    Part III: Symbols and Images

    9. David I. Shyovitz, Beauty and the Bestiary: Animals, Wonder, and Polemic in Medieval Ashkenaz

    10. Giacomo Todeschini, The Origin of a Medieval Anti-Jewish Stereotype: The Jews as Receivers of Stolen Goods (Twelfth to Thirteenth Centuries)

    11. Pietro Delcorno, The Roles of Jews in the Florentine Sacre Rappresentazioni: Loyal Citizens, People to be Converted, Enemies of the Faith

    12. Nirit Ben-Aryeh Debby, Mendicants and Jews in Florence

    13. Martine Boiteux, Preaching to the Jews in Early Modern Rome: Words and Images

  • 29.
    Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Heß, CordeliaGöteborgs universitet.
    Fear and Loathing in the North: Jews and Muslims in Medieval Scandinavia and the Baltic Region2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the scarcity of sources regarding actual Jewish and Muslim communities and settlements, there has until now been little work on either the perception of or encounters with Muslims and Jews in medieval Scandinavia and the Baltic Region. The volume provides the reader with the possibility to appreciate and understand the complexity of Jewish-Christian-Muslim relations in the medieval North. The contributions cover topics such as cultural and economic exchange between Christians and members of other religions; evidence of actual Jews and Muslims in the Baltic Rim; images and stereotypes of the Other.

    The volume thus presents a previously neglected field of research that will help nuance the overall picture of interreligious relations in medieval Europe.

    Contents

    Introduction

    1. Jonathan Adams and Cordelia Heß: Encounters and Fantasies: Muslims, Jews and Christians in the North

    I. Contact

    2. Bjørn Bandlien: Trading with Muslims and the Sámi in Medieval Norway

    3. Christian Etheridge: The Evidence for Islamic Scientific Works in Medieval Iceland

    4. Kay Peter Jankrift: Fire-Worshipping Magicians of the North: Muslim Perceptions of Scandinavia and the Norsemen

    5. Stefan Schröder: The Encounter with Islam Between Doctrinal Image and Life Writing: Ambrosius Zeebout’s Report of Joos van Ghistele’s Travels to the East 1481–1485

    II. Settlement

    6. Cordelia Heß: Jews and the Black Death in Fourteenth-Century Prussia: A Search for Traces

    7. Michalina Duda: Jewish Physicians in the Teutonic Order’s Prussian State in the Late Middle Ages

    8. Krzysztof Kwiatkowski: The Muslim People of Desht-i Qipchaq in Fifteenth-Century Prussia

    9. Veronika Klimova: Karaite Settlement in Medieval Lithuania

    III. Images and Stereotypes: Scandinavia

    10. Yvonne Friedman: Christian Hatred of the Other: Theological Rhetoric vs. Political

    Reality

    11. Jonathan Adams: The Life of the Prophet Muḥammad in East Norse

    12. Richard Cole: Kyn / Fólk / Þjóð / Ætt: Proto-Racial Thinking and its Application to Jews in Old Norse Literature

    IV. Images and Stereotypes: Baltic Region

    13. Sarit Cofman-Simhon: Missionary Theatre on the Baltic Frontier: Negotiating the Imagined Jew in the Riga Ludus Prophetarum

    14. Elina Räsänen: Advocating, Converting, and Torturing: Images of Jews (and Muslimized Pagans) in the Kalanti Altarpiece

    15. Shlomo Lotan: The Teutonic Knights and their Attitude about Muslims: Saracens in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem and in the Baltic Region

    16. Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė: The Image of the Infidelis in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania: A Comparison of the Trends in the Creation of Anti-Jewish and Anti-Muslim Stereotypes

    17. Madis Maasing: Infidel Turks and Schismatic Russians in Late Medieval Livonia

  • 30.
    Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Luetzelschwab, Ralf
    Freie Universität Berlin.
    Editorial2015In: Medieval Sermon Studies, ISSN 1366-0691, E-ISSN 1749-6276, Vol. 59, no 1, 1-1 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Lützelschwab, RalfFreie Universität Berlin.
    Medieval Sermon Studies2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Medieval Sermon Studies (MSS) is published annually under the auspices of the International Medieval Sermon Studies Society. This refereed journal features insightful articles on sermon studies and related areas; reviews; sermon transcriptions; and information about work in progress are also included. MSS is an essential resource not only for sermon specialists but also for researchers working in the field of religious culture, history, and literature. It has a world-wide circulation among eminent academics and institutional subscribers.

     

    CONTENTS

    Editorial

    Society News

    Conference News

    Articles:

    Medieval Sermon Studies since The Sermon: A Deepening and Broadening Field; Anne Thayer

    A Witness to the Early Reception of Bonaventure’s Collationes in Hexaemeron: Nicholas of Ockham’s Leccio at Oxford (c. 1286) — Introduction and Text; Joshua Benson

    The Bildungsroman of an Anonymous Franciscan Preacher in Late Medieval Italy (Biblioteca Comunale di Foligno, MS C. 85); Yoko Kimura

    Legal Frameworks in the Sermons of Caesarius of Arles; Igor Filippov

    Reviews:

    Alexander Andrée, ed. and trans., Christopherus Laurentii de Holmis, Sermones, Disputatio in vesperiis et Recommendatio in aula. Academic Sermons and Exercises from the University of Leipzig, 1435–1438 (Georg Strack); Claes Gejrot and Erika Kihlman, ed. and trans., Bero Magni de Ludosia, Sermones et Collationes. Sermons from the University of Vienna in the Mid-Fifteenth Century (Georg Strack); Timothy J. Johnson, Franciscans and Preaching: Every Miracle from the Beginning of the World Came about through Words (Neslihan Şenocak); Thom Mertens and others, eds, The Last Judgement in Medieval Preaching (Virginia Langum); Stephen Morrison, ed., A Late Fifteenth-Century Dominical Sermon Cycle Edited from Bodleian Library MS E Musaeo 180 and Other Manuscripts (Matti Peikola); Martha W. Driver and Veronica O’Mara, eds, Preaching the Word in Manuscript and Print in Late Medieval England: Essays in Honour of Susan Powell (Phyllis B. Roberts); Lorenza Tromboni, ed., Inter omnes Plato et Aristoteles: gli appunti filosofici di Girolamo Savonarola (Eleonora Lombardo)

  • 32.
    Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Lützelschwab, RalfFreie Universität Berlin.
    Medieval Sermon Studies2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Medieval Sermon Studies (MSS) is published annually under the auspices of the International Medieval Sermon Studies Society. This refereed journal features insightful articles on sermon studies and related areas; reviews; sermon transcriptions; and information about work in progress are also included. MSS is an essential resource not only for sermon specialists but also for researchers working in the field of religious culture, history, and literature. It has a world-wide circulation among eminent academics and institutional subscribers.

    Editors: Jonathan Adams and Ralf Lützelschwab

    CONTENTS 

    Editorial

    Society News

    Conference News

    Articles:

    Rêves et visions dans le Liber de exemplis et similitudinibus rerum de Jean de San Gimignano; Franco Morenzoni

    Girolamo Savonarola’s Critique of Astrology through the De doctrina Aristotelis; Lorenza Tromboni

    Robert Rypon and the Creation of London, British Library, MS Harley 4894: A Master Preacher and his Sermon Collection; Holly Johnson

    The Elephant In and Out of the Room: Remigio dei Girolami’s Responses to Charles de Valois; Teresa Rupp

    The Critical Edition of the Medieval Waldensian Sermons; Andrea Giraudo

    Reviews:

    Jonathan Adams and Jussi Hanska, eds, The Jewish-Christian Encounter in Medieval Preaching (Cordelia Heß); Nirit Ben-Aryeh Debby, The Cult of St Clare of Assisi in Early Modern Italy (Pietro Delcorno); Pietro Delcorno, Lazzaro e il ricco epulone. Metamorfosi di una parabola fra Quattro e Cinquecento (Jussi Hanska); Jean Longère, Iacobi de Vitriaco sermones vulgares vel ad status. Prologus, I–XXXVI (Marjorie Burghart); Maria Giuseppina Muzzarelli, From Words to Deeds. The Effectiveness of Preaching in the Late Middle Ages (Ralf Lützelschwab); Daniele Solvi, L’agiografia su Bernardino santo (1450–1460) (Pietro Delcorno).

  • 33.
    Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Lützelschwab, RalfQuinto, Riccardo
    Medieval Sermon Studies2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Medieval Sermon Studies (MSS) is published annually under the auspices of the International Medieval Sermon Studies Society. This refereed journal features insightful articles on sermon studies and related areas; reviews; sermon transcriptions; and information about work in progress are also included. MSS is an essential resource not only for sermon specialists but also for researchers working in the field of religious culture, history, and literature. It has a world-wide circulation among eminent academics and institutional subscribers.

  • 34.
    Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Lützelschwab, RalfQuinto, Riccardo
    Medieval Sermon Studies2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Medieval Sermon Studies (MSS) is published annually under the auspices of the International Medieval Sermon Studies Society. This refereed journal features insightful articles on sermon studies and related areas; reviews; sermon transcriptions; and information about work in progress are also included. MSS is an essential resource not only for sermon specialists but also for researchers working in the field of religious culture, history, and literature. It has a world-wide circulation among eminent academics and institutional subscribers.

  • 35.
    Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    Det Danske Sprog- og Litteraturselskab.
    Lützelschwab, RalfQuinto, Riccardo
    Medieval Sermon Studies2011Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Medieval Sermon Studies (MSS) is published annually under the auspices of the International Medieval Sermon Studies Society. This refereed journal features insightful articles on sermon studies and related areas; reviews; sermon transcriptions; and information about work in progress are also included. MSS is an essential resource not only for sermon specialists but also for researchers working in the field of religious culture, history, and literature. It has a world-wide circulation among eminent academics and institutional subscribers.

  • 36.
    Adborn, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Lärares yrkesetik.: En litteraturstudie.2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka hur läraretik definieras, motiveras och förvärvas enligt yrkesetisk litteratur för lärare och lärarstudenter. Förhoppningen är att undersökningen ska bidra till att ge kunskap om den etiska dimensionen i lärares arbete och om den kompetens lärare behöver för att kunna hantera etiska konflikter i skolans vardag.

    Uppsatsen är en kvalitativ textanalys av tre böcker om yrkesetik som används på lärarprogrammen i Sverige. Böckerna är:

    • Läraren i etikens motljus av Trygve Bergem, professor i pedagogik.

    • Lärares yrkesetik av Roger Fjellström, docent i praktisk filosofi.

    • Den värdefulla praktiken av Kennert Orlenius, fil.dr. i pedagogik och Airi Bigsten, förskollärare och

      doktorand i pedagogik.

      Böckerna analyseras utifrån följande frågor:

    • Varför finns det yrkesetik för lärare?

    • Vad innefattar lärares yrkesetik?

    • För vem är yrkesetiken bra?

    • Hur förvärvas/utvecklas yrkesetiken?

      Undersökningen visar att:

      • Skolan består av en etisk/moralisk dimension inför vilken läraren behöver god

        handlingsberedskap.

      • Introduktionen av yrkesetik bör ske under lärarutbildningen, vilket ökar möjligheten för läraren att

        tidigt utveckla sin etiska kompetens.

      • Yrkesetiken är viktig för att yrket skall ses som en profession. 

  • 37. Adcock, Tina
    et al.
    Roberts, Peder
    Nations, Natures, and Networks: The New Environments of Northern Studies2015In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 9, no 1, 7-11 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Ader, Weronica
    University of Gävle, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för kultur- och religionsvetenskap.
    Den icke-konfessionella religionskunskapen: en studie om lärares upplevelser kring religionskunskapen och det kristna arvet2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att undersöka om religionslärare på grundskolans senare år upplever en konflikt mellan läroplanens mål om en icke-konfessionell, saklig och allsidig undervisning och den tradition som finns inom religionskunskapen med en nära koppling till kristendomen. Undersökningen bygger dels på litteraturstudier, där jag ger en bakgrund till och en definition av relevanta begrepp som icke-konfessionell undervisning, saklig och allsidig undervisning, sekularisering, religionsfrihet samt mångkultur, dels intervjuer med tio religionslärare i Jönköpings kommun. Resultatet visar att lärarna inte upplever någon konflikt kring detta något motsägelsefulla, men att de är mycket medvetna om problematiken som finns kring dessa begrepp och kopplingen till undervisningen i religionskunskap.

  • 39.
    Adetorp, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Identitet och verksamhet: Hjulbärande gudinnor och attribut i mellaneuropeisk järnåldersikonografi2015In: Chaos. Dansk-norsk tidsskrift for religionhistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, Vol. 64, no 2, 53-76 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the difference between identifying and classifying attributes and analyzes the problematic implications if we confuse the two. The empirical material consists of Gallic stone reliefs depicting goddesses with a wheel as attribute. Male deities depicted with wheels have mainly been identified as a Celtic Jupiter or a male sky god sometimes called Taranis. The Gallic goddesses show that the wheel attribute was not an identifying attribute exclusive to this god, but that it rather served as a marker for an activity shared by several deities, both male and female. The articles argument that we need to distinguish between identifying and classifying attributes in order to make a source critical and methodological correct iconographical interpretation, especially when we interpret iconographical representation without the aid of any written sources.

  • 40.
    Adetorp, Johan
    Lunds Universitet.
    De guldglänsande ryttarna : C-brakteaternas ikonografi i ny belysning2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Adetorp, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Förhistoriska bilder som religionsvetenskaplig källa: Några kriterier att beakta vid tolkningar av religionsikonografiskt material2011In: Chaos. Dansk-norsk tidsskrift for religionhistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, Vol. 56, no 2, 65-79 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A challenge when interpreting prehistoric art is that we often lack written source material, a contemporary text written by people who lived in the cultural context that is studied. It is therefore not uncommon to use texts that are younger than the material that we want to interpret. This could lead to misinterpretations and circular arguments. Images are cultural products formed by their contemporaries and influenced by older idea traditions. This article presents four criteria that might be worth taking into consideration when interpreting prehistoric religious iconography. The article discusses how one might proceed to study prehistoric religious art and what could be helpful to keep in mind when analyzing religions by means of pictures and material culture. 

  • 42.
    Adetorp, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Celt and Germans in Iron Age Europe: Imagined Communities and strategies among scholars2015In: Concurrences in postcolonial research - perspectives, methodologies, engagements, 20-23 aug, Kalmar, 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 43. Adler, Mortimer J.
    Konsten att läsa med penna2016In: Poros, Vol. 1, no 1, 84-91 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 44. Adorno, Theodor W.
    et al.
    Martinson, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, Studies in Faith and Ideologies, Systematic Theology and Studies in World Views.
    Teser om konst och religion idag2005In: Glänta, ISSN 1104-5205, no 5Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Översättning från engelskan Mattias Martinson. Original: "Theses upon Art and Religion Today", ur Adorno: Gesammelte Schriften bd 11, red. Rolf Thiedemann

  • 45.
    af Burén, Ann
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Study of religions.
    Queer jihad: HBT-muslimer i väst2008In: Svensk religionshistorisk årsskrift, ISSN 0283-0302, Vol. 15, no 2006-2007, 120-137 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 46.
    af Burén, Ann
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Study of religions.
    Especially Loved by Allah: Muslim and LGBTQ in Istanbul2011In: Temenos, ISSN 0497-1817, E-ISSN 2342-7256, Vol. 47, no 1, 61-76 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article builds on ethnographic fieldwork within the LGBTQ (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Queer) milieu of Istanbul. It is based on material collected through participant observation and semi-structured interviews with people who at the same time self-identify as practicing Muslims and have romantic and sexual relations with people of their own sex. The protagonist of the article is a pious Muslim woman who can be placed in the category of LGBTQ Muslims who do not seek coherence and are not involved in a reinterpretation of their Islamic tradition. The article explores the complex ways in which this woman handles the potential conflicts between her sex life and her religious beliefs, and points specifically to the way she supports herself on the firm belief that Allah loves and protects her.

  • 47.
    af Burén, Ann
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions. Göteborgs universitet.
    Living Simultaneity: On religion among semi-secular Swedes2015Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims at contributing to a critical discussion on the supposedly far-reaching secularity of Sweden on the one hand, and on the incongruence and inconsistency of lived religion on the other. At the center are people referred to as semi-secular Swedes – a group that is often neglected in the study of religion. These people do not go to church or get involved in any other alternative organized spiritual activities, neither are they actively opposed to religion or entirely indifferent to it. Most of them describe the ways they are – or are not – religious as in line with the majority patterns in Swedish society.

    The study is qualitative in method and the material has been gathered through interviews and a questionnaire. It offers a close reading of 28 semi-secular Swedes’ ways of talking about and relating to religion, particularly in reference to their everyday lives and their own experiences, and it analyzes the material with a focus on incongruences.

    By exploring how the term religion is employed vernacularly by the respondents, the study pinpoints one particular feature in the material, namely simultaneity. The concept of simultaneity is descriptive and puts emphasis on a ‘both and’ approach in (1) the way the respondents ascribe meaning to the term religion, (2) how they talk about themselves in relation to different religious designations, and (3) how they interpret experiences that they single out as ‘out-of-the-ordinary’. These simultaneities are explained and theorized through analyses focusing on intersubjective and discursive processes.

    In relation to theorizing on religion and religious people this study offers empirical material that nuance a dichotomous understanding of ‘the religious’ and ‘the secular’. In relation to methodology it is argued that the salience of simultaneity in the material shows that when patterns of religiosity among semi-secular Swedes are studied there is a need to be attentive to expressions of complexity, contradiction and incongruity.

  • 48.
    af Burén, Ann
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Study of religions.
    Ramadan på ålderns höst2009In: Ramadan: en svensk tradition / [ed] Jenny Berglund & Simon Sorgenfrei, Lund: Arcus , 2009, 67-78 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 49.
    af Burén, Ann
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Multiplicity of religious self-descriptions among semi-secular Swedes2015In: Abstract Book: XXI Quinquennial World Congress of the Interna-tional Association for the History of Religions (IAHR), Erfurt, Germany, August 23-29, 2015, 2015, 280- p.Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 50.
    af Edholm, Klas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Människooffer i fornnordisk religion: En diskussion utifrån arkeologiskt material och källtexter2016In: Chaos. Dansk-norsk tidsskrift for religionhistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, Vol. 1, no 65, 125-148 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The discussion of ritual killing and sacrifice of humans in Old Norse religion has a long

    tradition. In the more text oriented discipline of history of religions, the opinion has

    sometimes been very critical to the theories that human sacrifices were performed, while

    the discipline of archaeology has been more inclined to interpret some finds as the traces

    of sacrifice, although sometimes due to a too wide definition of the word ‘sacrifice’. Since

    the two disciplines use different sources, the research needs an analysis of the religious

    phenomenon with a consideration of the archaeological material, and with respect to

    how the two disciplines may contribute to the analysis. The written sources mention and

    describe human sacrifices, but the question of their authenticity is problematic. Some new

    archaeological surveys have revealed finds that has raised the question of human sacrifices

    during Late Iron Age in the northern countries anew. The new archaeological material

    may provide an altered interpretation of the written texts. But then we need to discuss the

    definition of ‘human sacrifice’ from the perspectives of both disciplines.

1234567 1 - 50 of 16276
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