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  • 1.
    Abozidan, Elias
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    On the Second-Generation Migrants’ Hybridity and Otherness in Hanif Kureishi’s The Buddha of Suburbia. 2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Grumme løver og menstruerende mænd2012In: RAMBAM: tidsskrift for jødisk kultur og forskning, ISSN 0907-2160, Vol. 21, 78-93 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article examines the portrayal of Jews in medieval texts written in Danish before 1515. It begins by describing the theological basis for and creation of a ‘fantasy Jew’. The perception of Jews was fundamentally shaped by the idea that they had tortured and killed the Christian messiah. Devotional texts, sermons and Passion stories which describe the Jews as Christ killers are therefore discussed in detail, and the image of the deicide Jew in vernacular texts is shown to be malleable and changing. The image of the violent Jew who tortured and killed Jesus was used to arouse empathy among readers and to chastise them for being too like the Jews by behaving sinfully. Other Jewish ‘types’ that occur in the material are also investigated: effeminate, Satanic and usurious Jews as well as comparisons with animals. The preliminary results of an investigation into the type of language that was used to shape the image of Jews show that certain ‘negative’ words were used disproportionately more frequently in descriptions of Jews than of non-Jews. This suggests a powerful association between such words and the perception of Jews — a connection that was supported and further enhanced through religious art and theatre. The article concludes by noting what is missing in the extant material and what this might tell us about medieval Danish attitudes towards Jews.

  • 3.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Det Danske Sprog- og Litteraturselskab.
    Tre gammeldanske prædikener: Et nyt tilskud til den gammeldanske homiletiske litteratur2004In: Danske studier, ISSN 0106-4525, no 99, 5-41 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Fjerne spejle: Jøder og muslimer i østnordisk litteratur2015In: Årsskrift for Det Unge Akademi, 10-13 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [da]

    De fleste studier om jøder, muslimer og kristne i middelalderens Europa fokuserer på de områder, hvor de levede sammen. Behandlingen af de ikke-kristne i de komplekse spændinger mellem kirken og de sekulære myndigheder danner kernen i disse studier, som fx sigter på at undersøge de spontane udbrud af antijødisk vold i dele af Central- og Vesteuropa eller virkeligheden bag den fredelige sameksistens, ”convivencia”, i Spanien. Følgerne af bl.a. korstogene, pesten, økonomisk nedtur samt politisk og social uro i disse områder regnes som de vigtigste faktorer i de skiftende forhold mellem de tre grupper naboer. Forholdene påvirkede også de skriftlige fremstillinger, da litteratur i middelalderen ligesom nu var et af de vigtigste midler, hvorved man udtrykte sin verdensopfattelse og skabte mening og struktur i det omkringliggende samfund. Disse tekster giver en et vigtigt indblik i, hvordan kristne europæere tænkte og hvad der optog dem.

  • 5.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    ‘Beware of false prophets’: A Fragment of the Old Swedish Miracle Homily Book2016In: Medieval Sermon Studies, ISSN 1366-0691, E-ISSN 1749-6276, Vol. 60, no 1, 5-20 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article comprises an introduction to and an edition and translation of an Old Swedish sermon fragment found in the Hannaas Collection at the Ethno-Folkloristic Archive, University of Bergen, Norway (Hannaas 66). This previously unpublished paper fragment is one of the missing parts of the Old Swedish Homily Book (known as Svensk järteckens postilla), dating from the second half of the fifteenth century and now housed at the Royal Library in Stockholm, Sweden (Cod. Holm. A 111). The text in Hannaas 66 comprises a sermon for the 8th Sunday after Trinity based on Matthew 7. 15–16 and includes a miracle exemplum that illustrates the importance of acting justly and following the will of God.

  • 6.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    The Revelations of St Birgitta: A Study and Edition of the Birgittine-Norwegian Texts, Swedish National Archives, E 89022015Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In The Revelations of St Birgitta: A Study and Edition of the Birgittine-Norwegian Texts, Swedish National Archives, E 8902, Jonathan Adams offers a detailed analysis of the manuscript and its contents as well as a new edition of this puzzling text. The Birgittine-Norwegian texts are very distinctive from the main Birgittine vernacular corpus of literature and have taxed scholars for decades as to why and for whom they were written.

    The linguistic study of the manuscript is combined with contextual and historical information in order to reinforce the arguments made and offer explanations within a cultural context. This provides a welcome new dimension to earlier research that has otherwise been pursued to a large degree within a single academic discipline.

     

    CONTENTS

     

    Table of contents

    List of Figures

    List of Tables

    Acknowledgements

    List of Abbreviations

     

    I Background

     

    1 St Birgitta and her Revelations

    1.1 Why St Birgitta?

    1.2 The life of St Birgitta

    1.3 The Revelations of St Birgitta (Latin tradition)

    1.4 The Revelations of St Birgitta (Swedish tradition)

    1.5 This book

     

    2 Textual history of the vernacular Scandinavian manuscripts

    2.1 Extant Swedish manuscripts

    2.1.1 Swedish retranslation

    2.2 Other Scandinavian manuscripts

    2.2.1 Old Danish

    2.2.2 Middle Norwegian

    2.3 Summary

     

    3 Birgitta and Norway

    3.1 Towards Nordic union in the fourteenth century: Royalty and the nobility

    3.2 Birgitta’s own personal contacts with Norway

    3.3 Birgitta’s family connections with Norway

    3.4 The Birgittine Movement in Norway and Munkeliv

    3.5 Summary

     

    4 Summary of previous research into the manuscript

    4.1 Gustaf E. Klemming

    4.2 Robert Geete

    4.3 Knut B. Westman

    4.4 Vilhelm Gödel

    4.5 Salomon Kraft

    4.6 Marius Sandvei

    4.7 Didrik Arup Seip

    4.8 Elias Gustaf Adolf Wessén

    4.9 Lars Wollin

    4. 10 Lennart Moberg

    4.11 Hans Torben Gilkær

    4.12 General evaluation of earlier theories

     

    II Manuscript

     

    5 Manuscript description

    5.1 Date and origin

    5.2 Provenance

    5.3 Contents

    5.4 Make-up and description

    5.4.1 Foliation

    5.4.2 Materials and dimensions

    5.4.3 Quiring

    5.4.4 Ruling and pricking

    5.4.5 Catchwords

    5.5 Script

    5.5.1 Scribal characteristics

    5.5.2 Abbreviations

    5.5.3 Punctuation

    5.5.4 Hyphenation and Word Division

    5.5.5 Spacing

    5.5.6 Rubrics and Guide Letters

    5.5.7 Marginal Notes

    5.6 Binding

    5.7 Damage

    5.8 Scribal error

     

    III Language

     

    6 Lexicon: idiosyncracies, foreign influence, and dialectal forms

    6.1 Hapax Legomena

    6.1.1 *drøvuker

    6.1.2 *iakilse and *iatilse

    6.1.3 *nidherflytilse

    6.1.4 *solbadh

    6.1.5 *spailse

    6.1.6 *søkiarinna

    6.1.7 *unsæld

    6.1.8 *urfamse/orfamse

    6.1.9 Distribution

    6.1.10 Discussion

    6.2 Middle Low German loanwords

    6.2.1 Unbound Morphemes

    6.2.2 Bound Morphemes

    6.2.3 Summary

    6.3 Latin words and phrases in E 8902

    6.3.1 Adjectives and Common Nouns

    6.3.2 Proper Nouns

    6.4 Vadstenaspråk-like, Östgötska, and Danish features

     

    7 Language mixture in medieval Scandinavian manuscripts

    7.1 Causes of Swedish influence on Norwegian in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries

    7.1.1 Early definitions

    7.1.2 The problem of defining “norm” in the context of Old Norwegian 

    7.1.3 Internal causes of mixture

    7.1.4 External causes of mixture

    7.1.5 A diglossic situation in late medieval Norway?

    7.2. Intentional types of language mixture in medieval Scandinavian manuscripts

    7.2.1 Terminology

    7.2.2 Summary

    7.3 Causes of unintentional language mixture (“interference”) in medieval Scandinavian manuscripts

    7.3.1 Scribe’s own idiolect

    7.3.2 Scribe’s own dialect

    7.3.3 Dialect of the original

    7.3.4 Dialect of the area

    7.3.5 Norm of the genre

    7.3.6 Norm of the scriptorium

    7.3.7 Audience

    7.3.8 Summary

    7.4 Concluding remarks

     

    8 Analysis of language mixture in E 8902

    8.1 The use of statistics in literary research

    8.2 The diagnostic test features for E 8902 

    8.2.1 Diagnostic test feature A: Progressive i-mutation

    8.2.2 Diagnostic test feature B: Itacism

    8.2.3 Diagnostic test feature C: Diphthongisation

    8.2.4 Diagnostic test feature D: Monophthongisation

    8.2.5 Diagnostic test feature E: Vowel merger

    8.2.6 Diagnostic test feature F: Elision

    8.2.7 Diagnostic test feature G: Dental assimilation

    8.2.8 Diagnostic test feature H: First person singular pronoun

    8.2.9 Diagnostic test feature I: Relative particle

    8.2.10 Diagnostic test feature J: Anglo-Saxon letter forms

    8.3 Statistical procedure

    8.3.1 Total number of occurrences and proportion

    8.3.2 Rate of occurrence

    8.3.3 Ellegård’s distinctiveness ratio

    8.3.4 Testing for significance

    8.3.5 Pearson’s product-moment correlation coefficient

    8.3.6 Summary

    8.4 Language mixture

    8.4.1 Findings of the statistical analysis of language mixture

    8.5 Miscellaneous south-eastern Norwegian Forms

    8.5.1 The intrusive svarabhakti vowel

    8.5.2 Metaphony

    8.5.3 Metathesis of “vr”

    8.6 Summary of hand mixture types

    8.6.1 Hand 1

    8.6.2 Hand 2

    8.6.3 Hand 3

    8.6.4 Hand 4

    8.7 Summary of linguistic analysis

     

    9 Conclusion

    9.1 Summary of aims, methods, and findings

    9.2 Writing E 8902 

    9.2.1 Scribes

    9.2.2 Language

    9.2.3 Place of composition

    9.2.4 The manuscript’s place in the Swedish tradition

    9.3 Contents and audience

     

    IV Edition

     

    10 Text and commentary

    10.1 Editorial procedure

    10.2 Transcription

     

    11 Commentary, references, and indexes

    11.1 Commentary and references

    11.2 Index of names and places in E 8902

     

    Bibliography

    Index

     

  • 7.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    The Life of the Prophet Muḥammad in East Norse2015In: Fear and Loathing in the North: Jews and Muslims in Medieval Scandinavia / [ed] Jonathan Adams & Cordelia Heß, Berlin: De Gruyter , 2015, 203-237 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Preaching about an Absent Minority: Medieval Danish Sermons and Jews2014In: The Jewish-Christian Encounter in Medieval Preaching / [ed] Jonathan Adams and Jussi Hanska, New York: Routledge, 2014, 92-116 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Det Danske Sprog- og Litteraturselskab.
    Displaced Texts: An Old Swedish Birgittine Revelation in Copenhagen, GkS 1154 fol. and Three Sermons in Vienna, Cod. Vind. 130132008Book (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Ferocious lions and menstruating men: The portrayal of Jews in medieval Danish manuscripts2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Birgitta and Bernard: Five Old Swedish Fragments in the Danish National Archives2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Danish National Archives in Copenhagen houses several thousand manuscript fragments, the remains of numerous works that were cut up and used in the bindings of later books. The majority of these fragments are written in Latin, Middle Low German, or Danish, although a few in Old Swedish also survive. Five of these Old Swedish fragments are published and discussed in this article. They contain parts of two of St Birgitta’s Revelations (Liber Caelestis) and of St Bernard’s A Rule of Good Life (Ad sororem modus bene vivendi in christianam religionem), known in Old Swedish as Ett gudhelikt lifwærne. The Birgittine texts are from an early stage of the retranslation process when compared to other extant versions and include several unique wordings that demonstrate the specific use of the original manuscript in a monastic environment. The Bernard fragments are one of just two extant versions and appear to predate the version in Stockholm, Royal Library, A 9; as such, they are an important witness to the propagation of the saint’s writings in Sweden.

  • 12.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    The Image of Muslims, Islam and Muḥammad in East Norse Texts2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Inside and Outside. The Role of the “Others” in Medieval Societies around the Baltic Coast: Preaching about Jews in Medieval Denmark2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Bampi, Massimiliano
    A Venetian Miscellany2017In: Beyond the Piraeus Lion: East Norse Studies from Venice / [ed] Jonathan Adams & Massimiliano Bampi, Copenhagen: Syddansk Universitetsforlag, 2017, 11-14 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Afrasiabi, Soran
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    The River as a Symbol of Liberty: An analysis regarding the Significance of the Mississippi River in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the extensive research on slavery during the antebellum, few authors have investigated the connection between the Mississippi river and its importance and status as a symbol of freedom throughout The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, written by Mark Twain. Therefore, this essay attempts to analyze just how much the river actually meant for Huck and Jim during their journey towards freedom. The methodology of this analysis is based on a qualitative content analysis where categories are created and put it in relation to the historical and political landscape the novel presents. By investigating how the river functioned as an optional escape route that would lead the slaves far away from the notoriously bad treatment on the cotton fields, as well as the dangerous riverside settings which involved several risks for both Huck and Jim, this essay concludes that the river does not only work as an escape route away from captivity and civilization, it also provided the characters with a comfortable and safe home which alone could symbolize liberty.

  • 16.
    Afzal, Amina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    The Beauty and the Beast: Magical Realism in Salman Rushdie’s Shame2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mild psychological effects, such as sleep-deprivation, on an oppressed and tortured human being can be characterized as “normal”. However, Shame by Salman Rushdie uses magical realist style to describe the psychological effects of shame in a patriarchal society which is based on capitalistic class values. This essay will focus on the Marxist feminist reading of the novel with a psychoanalytical perspective which is going to help analyse the effects of the oppressed female characters, Bilquis Hyder, Sufiya Zinobia and Rani Harappa.  The essay focuses on different incidents in the lives of these characters with the help of critics such as Aijaz Ahmad and Timothy Brennan. Both have written critically about Rushdie. This essay will discuss the different aspects of Marxism, feminism as well as psychoanalysis and connecting them to the novel, which would give the answers as to what shame can do to a person’s psyche. The Beauty and the Beast fairy-tale gets a different perception in this story, as Sufiya Zinobia is both the characters in one.

  • 17.
    Ahlqvist, Fredrik
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Flodin, Madeleine
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Dystopiernas möjligheter: En litteraturdidaktisk studie om hur dystopisk skönlitteratur kan användas i ämnesövergripande arbete2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I det här arbetet undersöker vi hur man kan arbeta med dystopisk skönlitteratur som primärt verktyg i ämnesövergripande arbete på gymnasiet. Vi undersöker också hur ett sådant arbete kan främja elevernas kritiska tänkande och hur det kan gynna lärare i yrket. Uppsatsen vilar på en teoretisk grund vilken utgår från ett sociokulturellt lärande. Teoretikerna vi använder som stöd är Roger Säljö och Lev Vygotskij. Vi använder de skönlitterära verken Brave New World av Aldous Huxley, Kallocain av Karin Boye, 1984 av George Orwell och The Hunger Games av Suzanne Collins, som exempel i ett ämnesövergripande arbete. I studien har vi kommit fram till att ett ämnesövergripande arbete med dystopisk skönlitteratur som nyckeltext fungerar mellan svenska och flera olika kurser på gymnasiet. Vi har även kommit fram till att arbete med dystopisk skönlitteratur kan gynna elevers kritiska tänkande, vissa berättelser mer än andra. Genom att använda dystopisk skönlitteratur som nyckeltext i ett ämnesövergripande arbete får läraren avlastning i arbetsbördan. Det finns även dubbel kompetens att tillgå i ett sådant arbete, även för eleverna som genom textsamtal utifrån olika perspektiv har bättre förutsättningar till högre måluppfyllelse. 

  • 18.
    Ahlsén, Agnes
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Det är förstås lite konstigt att vara flicka: En queerfeministisk läsning av fyra Sigge Stark-romaner2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, I make a queer feminist analysis of four novels written by the Swedish author Sigge Stark. The novels are: Uggleboet, Manhatareklubben, Cirkus Demonio och Baskerflickan. Using Judith Butler's theories I examine the relations between sex/gender and sexuality in the four books and show how the construction of gender is performed and the heterosexual normativity is jeopardized. I also examine whether, and if so how, Sigge Stark uses the romantic and the gothic genres to include transcending gender identities and sexualities in her work. The essay also includes a contextualisation of her prerequisities as an author and the necessity in performing a critical analysis of mass produced romantic literature.

  • 19.
    Ahrfeldt, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Space and Infelicitous Place in the Poetry of Sylvia Plath2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sylvia Plath’s poetry has received considerable critical attention with respect to a wide range of themes and critical approaches. Variously labeled feminist, political, mythical and suicidal, Plath has been subject to enormous biographical scrutiny but the critical responses available today offer increasingly nuanced understandings of Plath’s work.  However, sufficient attention has not been given to the significant prevalence of images of places and spaces in Plath’s poetry. With particular focus on a selection of poems from The Collected Poems, this thesis argues that the personae in the poems confront “infelicitous places” and that the poems resonate with a tension between place (here referring to a space that is delimited by certain values) and space (in the sense of an expansion without the restrictions of place). What I here refer to as infelicitous place can be understood as an inversion of Gaston Bachelard’s conception of “felicitous space” and accounts for the way in which places in Plath’s poetry are marred with anxiety and ambivalence as opposed to Bachelard’s benevolent, protective spaces. The places and spaces in the poems are dealt with in relation to the notion of infelicitous place, as well as the significance of walls and the affinity between place and poetics.

  • 20.
    Al Saadi, Tania
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Oriental Languages.
    Des despotes et des opprimés dans les romans de Ğamāl al-Ġītānī2014In: Arabica, ISSN 0570-5398, E-ISSN 1570-0585, Vol. 61, no 6, 664-696 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on the three following novels by Ǧamāl al-Ġīṭānī: al-Zaynī Barakāt (1971), Waqāʾiʿ ḥārat al-Zaʿfarānī (1976) and Ḥikāyat al-muʾassasa (1997). It aims to discuss the author’s handling of despotism and the popular revolt against it. The eventsin the three novels occur in different contexts: political, religious and economical. The first part of the article is a discussion of the formal aspects of the novels, namely theirstructure, their techniques of enunciation and other devices which show how the various themes of the novels are presented. The second part is an analysis of the portrayals of the despots and how they act, the basis on which the relation between the oppressor and the oppressed persons is built and the methods used by the despot to control the population. The third and last part is a study of the representation of the oppressed persons, their revolt against the power and the results which that revolt achieves.Finally, the conclusion of the article sheds light on the place of al-Ġīṭānī on the scene of Egyptian novel, and on the historical context in which his vision of despotism could be placed.

  • 21.
    Al Saadi, Tania
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Oriental Languages.
    Three Arabic Novels Starting with a Crime2012In: Edebiyât A journal of Middle Eastern literatures, ISSN 1475-262X, Vol. 15, no 1, 1-19 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study treats three Arabic novels which belong to different periods and use different narrative techniques. Yet they all start with the same theme: the discovery of a murder. Despite this apparent similarity in their beginnings, the murder plot develops in a different way in the three cases. Each beginning contains elements that announce the development of the story. The three beginnings serve the special purposes of their respective novels, in the way the murder is presented to the reader, in the elements each beginning tries to draw attention to, in the language used in this purpose, in the identity of the character who discovers the murder and even in the type of the murder itself. The three novels have, beside the murder plot, various thematic and ideological objectives which influence the way the novel starts and even overshadow, in some cases, the murder plot. 

  • 22.
    Alexander, Bengtsson
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Media Literacy i klassrummet: Filmadaptionens relevans i det vidgade textbegreppet, en adaptionsanalys av Kim Novakbadade aldrig i Genesarets sjö2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 23.
    Alexander, Ezra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Transmedial Migration: Properties of Fictional Characters Adapted into Actual Behavior2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research in the field of fictional and possible worlds examines the real and its hypothetical counterparts. The interaction between the actual and the fictional is a cause of debate within this field, and includes questions concerning the ontological status of fictional characters and their relation to reality. The following discussion will engage current positions in this debate. These include questions of reference regarding the correlation between fictional characters and actual personalities. Studying the transmedial migration of character properties from fictional worlds into the actual world engages with the possible as dependent on the actual, as well as the influence fiction can have on reality, by demonstrating how individual characters are perceived as packages of properties, some of which we identify and recognize as adaptable to our own behavior. Transmedial migration requires compatibility between different media. Accordingly, it is explained through the direct correspondence of fictional properties to actual properties, and the indirect correspondence of fictional characters to actual people. I am claiming that an interaction can be observed between different media, such as fictional worlds and the actual world, with particular emphasis on the example of fictional characters and their properties. In order to comprehend this we need a robust framework and the model that I am proposing here comprises the essential elements for such a framework. The transmedial migration of character properties from a textual medium, such as a Sherlock Holmes story, into the physical, social medium of the actual world is the action of adapting a fictional character’s package of properties into an actual person’s behavior. The agency of actual people in adapting fictional character properties to their corporal, social actions is what constitutes transmedial migration. This is a specific example of behavioral learning that recognizes certain behavior by the means of a label or trademark that is acquired from a fictional character. It is conceivable that any number of behavioral attributes, such as attitudes or habits, could be scientifically proven to have transmedially migrated by means of experimentation. Nevertheless, culturally and socially, it is only the definite identification of such character properties that substantiates my argument of transmedial migration through adaptation.

  • 24.
    Algotsson, Anna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wilhelmsson, Cornelia
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Litteratursamtalet som didaktiskt verktyg: Forskningslägets förändring mellan 2005 och 20152015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att studera forskningen om muntlig bearbetning av skönlitteratur mellan 2005 och 2015. Ett speciellt fokus har legat på forskningen mellan 2010 och 2015, detta för att ge en överblick över forskningens aktuella läge och troliga utveckling. I ljuset av det katastrofala resultatet i PISA-undersökningen 2012 valde vi att rikta fokus mot litteratursamtalets läsutvecklande möjligheter och den forskning som bedrivits på området. För att studien ska ha hög yrkesrelevans har studerats benämningar och modeller för bearbetningen, men också konkreta effekter av bearbetningen och hur man rent praktiskt uppnår dessa på bästa sätt i undervisningen. Studien har genomförts med utgångspunkt i en systematisk litteraturstudie och har tagit avstamp ur ett sociokulturellt perspektiv. Det har framkommit att bearbetningen av skönlitteratur har flera olika benämningar vilket kan orsaka förvirring, och flertalet modeller och teorier, både nya och äldre, har presenterats. De goda effekterna av den muntliga bearbetningen kan summeras i två teman: läslust och läsutveckling. För att dessa effekter ska uppnås bör ett dialogiskt klassrumsklimat råda, enligt forskarna, vilket i praktiken har visat sig svårt. Forskarna ägnar dessutom stort utrymme till aspekter kring lärarens roll och dennes frågeställningar. I jämförelse med tidigare forskning (såsom Chambers, Langer och Dysthe) framkom att liten del av senare forskning går emot den tidigare, snarare har forskningen blivit mer specifik samt till viss del öppnat upp för nya former av litteratursamtal.

  • 25.
    Almgren White, Anette
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Language and Literature.
    Gojor som gojar!?: En intertextuell belysning av Cornelis Vreeswijks ’Cloës goja'2012In: Ett specialnummer av HumaNetten, Våren 2012. Festskrift för Ulf Carlsson., ISSN 1403-2279, 25-32 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Almström, Magdalena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Svanberg, Henrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Sjörättsmål: En jämförelse mellan målen i Sveriges sjörättsdomstolar2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden seven courts has been appointed to specialize in admiralty law cases. These cases are either civil or criminal cases with connection to shipping on Swedish territory.

    The objective was to examine and describe the admiralty law verdicts over time with focus on what types of cases, differences between courts and variation over time. The study focused on merchant shipping.

    Study of literature was chosen as method and with follow-up questions interviews were made with agencies and experts. The literature in this study was the 153 verdicts that were announced between 2009 and 2013.

    Of all verdicts collected were five civil cases and 148 criminal cases with 13 classifications. The largest difference between the courts was the sum of verdicts. A change over time could not be observed.

    Other conclusions that were made were that ships’ masters, that have the utmost responsibility, avoided prosecution when they were not present for the event of the prosecution. 

  • 27.
    Aman, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning.
    Swedish Colonialism, Exotic Africans and Romantic Anti-Capitalism: Notes on the Comic Series Johan Vilde2016In: Third Text, ISSN 0952-8822, E-ISSN 1475-5297, Vol. 30, no 1-2, 60-75 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The award-winning Johan Vilde comic series deals with what has been referred to as a concealed part of Swedish history – namely Sweden’s involvement in the slave trade during the seventeenth century. The protagonist is a cabin boy on a Swedish merchant ship who is forced to escape after being accused of mutiny. After jumping ship, he floats ashore in Cabo Corso – located in modern-day Ghana – where he is eventually adopted by a local clan and grows up in an African kingdom. From there, he will go on to witness the harshness and brutality of the slave trade with his own eyes. Comprising four albums published between 1977 and 1982, the comic aligns itself with, and is a prime popular cultural example of, what can be classified in broad terms as a wave of international solidarity movements in Sweden. What this essay discusses is how the anti-colonial and anti-capitalist underpinnings of the Johan Vilde series rekindle a much older Romanticist position. This essay will argue that this well-intended ethically dimension of attempting to subvert the imperially established border between civilisation and where the wild things roam also relies on a position produced by colonial discourse. 

  • 28.
    Anderssom, Mattias
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Brcic, Johan
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Att främja läsintresse och läsförmåga: – En litteraturstudie om pedagogens arbete kring läsning2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 29.
    Andersson, Alma Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    L'habit fait l'homme: Étude des vêtements et de leur rôle dans les conditions sociales et psychologiques dans Madame Bovary par Gustave Flaubert et deux nouvelles de Guy de Maupassant; «Boule de Suif» et «La Parure»2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Gustave Flaubert and Guy de Maupassant were friends and realist authors who wanted to describe the totality of society as artisans rather than artists. In doing so both of them used  the way their characters dressed to discover society, the stratification in society and the characters in their literary work. However, in spite of their will to work as artisans they were stylistically prominent with styles precise and elaborated.From a socio-critical point of view this essay tries to understand:

    • How the out-fit unveils the social position of the characters.
    • How the out-fit unveils the story and psychology of the characters.
    • How the out-fit symbolises the characters in a wider literary context.
  • 30.
    Andersson, Bo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Modern Languages, German.
    Female Writing in Manuscript and Print: Two German Examples from the Cultural and Political Context of Late Seventeenth-Century Sweden - Maria Aurora von Konigsmarck (1662-1728) and Eva Margaretha Frolich (?-1692)2014In: Studia Neophilologica, ISSN 0039-3274, Vol. 86, no S1, 9-28 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aurora von Konigsmarck and Eva Margaretha Frolich, two noblewomen of German descent in late seventeenth-century Sweden, were both influenced by currents in contemporary theology and piety. Aurora von Konigsmarck, her sister, and two of their female cousins formed a circle around the Swedish queen Ulrica Eleonora (the elder). Together they wrote strongly emotional religious poetry in German, which is preserved in an exquisite volume in the Uppsala University Library.Eva Margaretha Frolich expected the Swedish king Charles XI to play a central role in the imminent apocalyptic drama and become the ruler of the world. After she had been exiled from Sweden, she propagated for these views in a number of tracts published in Amsterdam.The present article explores some important paratextual features in Nordischer weyrauch', the manuscript collection of religious poetry written in Aurora von Konigsmarck's hand, and in the works by Eva Margaretha Frolich. The discussion shows the importance of paratextual analysis for the interpretation of texts from the literary and intellectual culture of early modern Europe.

  • 31.
    Andersson Burnett, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Archipelagos: poems from Writing the North2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Andersson Edén, Therese
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    The Shakespearean Stahr: Using Genette’s Theory of Intertextuality to Compare The Last Tycoon to Shakespeare’s Tragedies2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay uses Gerard Genette’s theory of intertextuality – in particular, architextuality - in order to establish the connection between Shakespearean tragedies and F. Scott Fitzgerald’s last novel, The Last Tycoon. The essay relies mainly on known Shakespeare critic A.C Bradley and the categories he uses in order to establish what makes a Shakespearean tragedy a Shakespearean tragedy. This framework will then be used to further elaborate upon the architextual connection between Shakespeare and Fitzgerald. The essay also compares the characters from The Last Tycoon directly to characters from Shakespeare’s tragedies in order to further show the intertextual connections. For example, Fitzgerald's main character Monroe Stahr is compared to Julius Caesar, from Shakespeare's play of the same name, while the antagonist Mr Brady is compared to both Cassius from the previously mentioned Julius Caesar, as well as Iago from Othello

  • 33.
    Andersson, Emelie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    "The history books tell it, they tell it so well": Minoritetselever och historieundervisning i den svenska gymnasieskolan2013Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 34.
    Andersson, Filippa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Åkesson, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Elevers läsvanor: Vad motiverar elever i årskurs 6 till läsning?2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet   med denna studie är att beskriva vad som motiverar elever i årskurs 6 till   läsning av sköntlitteratur och facklitteratur samt vilka läsvanor eleverna   har. Studien baseras på följande frågeställningar:

    •   Hur beskriver   eleverna sin motivation till läsning av skönlitteratur respektive facklitteratur?
    •   Hur   beskriver eleverna sina läsvanor?
    •   Vilka   anledningar beskriver eleverna till att de inte läser?
    •   Vad   beskriver eleverna att skolan kan göra för att stimulera dem att läsa?

    I   studien används en kvalitativ forskningsmetod i form av halvstrukturerade   intervjuer. Sammanlagt intervjuades 14 elever i årskurs 6. Då intervjuerna   genomförts transkriberades och analyserades de. Resultatet visar att en del   av de intervjuade eleverna tycker att läsning är roligt, medan en del tycker   det är tråkigt. Alla elever uppger att de läser i skolan, både skönlitteratur   och facklitteratur. På fritiden däremot är det inte alla elever som läser. I   vilken utsträckning eleverna läser varierar mycket från elev till elev. De   anledningar eleverna ger till att de inte läser är bland annat för att   intresset saknas och för att böckerna är för svåra eller för tråkiga. För att   eleverna ska läsa är det spännande och roliga böcker som efterfrågas. Enligt   resultatet tycker många av eleverna att skolan kan motivera dem till att läsa   mer. Förslag som har kommit upp i intervjuerna är bland annat att ge eleverna   mer tid till läsning och att köpa in nyare och roligare böcker.

  • 35.
    Andersson, Gunnar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Critical rationalism and the principle of sufficient reason2009In: Rethinking Popper, Berlin: Springer , 2009, 21-30 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    According to the principle of sufficient reason we should always try to give sufficient reasons for the truth (or high probability) of our opinions. All such attempts lead to a trilemma of justification: they force us to choose between infinite regress, logical circle, or dogmatism. According to the principle of critical testing we should always try to test our opinions critically. It is reasonable to claim that opinions that has survived critical tests are true. Such truthclaims are conjectural and do not confront us with any trilemma of justification. Scientific theories can be tested through observations and experiments. Statements about observations and experiments can be tested by experience. Although Critical Rationalism is a philosophical position, it can also be critically discussed. If we follow the principle of critical testing, no trilemma of justification arises when we claim that it is reasonable to accept Critical Rationalism. This opens the way for a critical philosophy stressing the fallibility of human knowledge.

  • 36.
    Andersson, Ingemar
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Leden, Ido
    Centralsjukhuset, Kristianstad.
    Vården av skönlitteratur hälsosamt för medicinare2014In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, no 48, 2172-2173 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Andersson, Mattias
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Werkmäster möter Dickens: – Vad händer när Lysande utsikter skrivs om till en lättläst version?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien analyserar Charles Dickens verk, översatt av Margareta Ångström, Lysande utsikter (1970) och kommer ställas emot en återberättad version av Johan Werkmäster (2011). Syftet med studien är att jämföra dessa två versioners paratext, språk och innehåll samt att undersöka om versionerna skulle passa till elever i årskurs 4–6.Studiens analys utgår från en komparativ metod och därför görs jämförelse versionerna emellan.Resultatet från analysen visar på att Werkmäster har genomfört en kraftig förenkling av Dickens original. Däremot har Werkmäster omarbetat handlingen på så vis att det centrala i händelseförloppen är kvar samt att han lyckats omarbetat den till en lättläst bok som mycket väl skulle fungera för elever i årskurs 4–6.

  • 38.
    Andersson, Matz
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    The Quest for a Transcendental Experience: A Deconstruction of Binary Oppositions in Jon Krakauer’s Into the Wild2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 39. Andersson, Mikael
    The Art of Carrying the Fire: Carrying the Fire: Motivation for Survival in Cormac McCarthy’s The Road2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is working on exploring what it is that motivates the man and the boy to survive despite the harsh reality they live in. The purpose of the essay is to show four main factors for motivation: morality, religion, society and paternal love. The first factor is the fundamental inner voice of morality which tells them why they should do something. In order to be able to productively discuss the topic of moral motivation I will introduce W.D. Ross's theory of Pluralistic Deontology as a means to find a framework in which to discuss this aspect of the novel. The second factor discussed is religion, which somewhat functions in the same way as morality does but seems to be more of a driving force, primarily for the man. The third factor is society in the sense of how it motivates one to take certain actions. I will use Thomas Hobbes’s idea of the state of nature, but also make it clear how, specifically, a postapocalyptic scenario affects the protagonists. The fourth factor and also the overarching factor discussed is paternal love. This factor is inter-located throughout the whole essay. Probably the most significant phrase from Cormac McCarthy’s The Road is “carrying the fire” (79). It is a central focal point in the man and the boy's overall interaction. The importance of the phrase cannot be stressed enough and does, without a doubt, carry a significant meaning for them both. However, we never really get an explanation to what the phrase really means, which inevitably invites the readers to draw their own conclusions as to what the phrase conveys. It remains ambiguous throughout the novel but in terms of motivation it has to do with surviving and/or the upholding of values remembered from the pre-apocalyptic society. As I address the phrase this meaning it also becomes possible to see that there are motivating factors for both the man and the boy that affect their morale to keep the fire going. This essay will investigate three possible motivating factors found in the novel, and, in addition to this, an overarching factor that can, arguably, function as connection between the other three factors.  

  • 40.
    Andersson, Oskar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    A contest for excellence: A narratological analysis and interpretation of Xenophon’s Anabasis 4.7.1–142017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 41.
    Andersson, Sara
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    VALET FÖR FRIHETEN: En struktur- och genreanalys av Niklas Krogs fantasyroman En krigares hjärta2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 42.
    Andersson, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM).
    Skyddande pojkar och omtänksamma flickor?: En språklig studie av personbeskrivande ord i barnböcker ur ett genusperspektiv.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med det här arbetet var att undersöka hur huvudkaraktärerna i tio barnböcker rent språkligt gestaltas ur ett genusperspektiv i en jämförelse med de traditionella stereotyperna för vad som anses manligt respektive kvinnligt. I studien undersöktes även likheter och skillnader mellan positivt och negativt laddade ord ur ett genusperspektiv. Metoderna för undersökningen gick ut på att först dela in de personbeskrivande orden i barnböckerna i tre olika semantiska kategorier: känslor, psykiska egenskaper och fysiska egenskaper. Sedan gavs orden en positiv eller negativ laddning.Baserat på de vanligast förekommande orden finns ingen skillnad mellan beskrivningar av manliga och kvinnliga huvudpersoner. Baserat på alla förekommande personbeskrivande ord finns dock en skillnad mellan ord som beskriver manliga och kvinnliga huvudpersoner. Resultatet följer de traditionella genusstereotyperna vi har om manligt och kvinnligt: nämligen att pojkar beskrivs som skyddande och flickorna som omtänksamma och omsorgsfulla. Denna skillnad tyder dock på en mer jämställd situation, jämfört med studier av barnböcker från 1960-talet. Två tredjedelar av de personbeskrivande orden är negativt laddade. Jag kunde inte se någon skillnad mellan positiva och negativa laddningar på orden i en jämförelse mellan manliga och kvinnliga personbeskrivningar. De stereotypa beskrivningarna av manliga och kvinnliga personer överensstämmer även med vissa av huvudkaraktärerna i de enskilda böckerna.

  • 43.
    Appelbaum, Robert
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of English.
    The Values of Literary Studies: Critical Institutions, Scholarly Agenda2016In: Studia Neophilologica, ISSN 0039-3274, E-ISSN 1651-2308, Vol. 88, no 2, 240-246 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Arborelius, Jon
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Literature.
    Den implicite författaren: En diskussion kring begreppet "implicit författare", med en exemplifierande analys av Karl Ove Knausgårds roman Min kamp2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen undersöker och diskuterar begreppet "implicit författare" med utgångspunkt i en hypotetisk-intentionalistisk tolkningsmodell för skönlitterära texter. Uppsatsens syfte är att fördjupa och precisera begreppet "implicit författare", samt att visa hur begreppet kan vara behjälpligt vid en analys av ett skönlitterärt verk. Uppsatsen avslutas med en exemplifierande analys av inledningen till Karl Ove Knausgårds roman Min kamp.

  • 45.
    Arborelius, Marcus
    Royal College of Music in Stockholm, Department of Music Education.
    Musik, utbildning och genus: En litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det primära syftet med denna litteraturstudie är att granska och jämföra de tre senaste svenska avhandlingarna i ämneskombinationen musik, genus och utbildning. Författarna är Cecilia Björck (2011), Carina Borgström Källén (2014) och Victor Kvarnhall (2015). Utifrån dessa avhandlingar syftar föreliggande uppsats även till att identifiera diskurser inom svensk musikutbildning och inom forskningsfältet för genus, utbildning och musik i sig – detta för att synliggöra brister och vita fläckar som är tänkta att ge upphov till nya idéer om framtida forskning.

    Uppsatsen lutar sig mot ett genusteoretiskt ramverk i huvudsak hämtat från Butler (1990/2007) och Green (1997), och använder begreppen kön och genus som synonymer. Vidare är analyserna i huvudsak byggda på den diskursanalytiska metoden diskursteori. Detta innebär en poststrukturalistisk syn på verkligheten som konstituerad via sociala handlingar.

    Resultaten består bl.a. i en redovisning av hur det går till när den manliga norm som styr dagens populärmusikdiskurs skapas och reproduceras. Resultatet indikerar även att lärares vetskap om denna norm är avgörande vad gäller att ordna en jämställd musikundervisning i svenska skolor. I min analys framkommer också att även forskningsfältet som sådant präglas av en patriarkal norm, då problembeskrivningar och lösningsförslag tenderar att utformas utifrån en manlig utgångspunkt.

  • 46.
    Aronsson, Mattias
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, French.
    Marguerite Duras et les étudiants nordiques: quatre mémoires universitaires publiés en 2011 et 20122013In: Bulletin de la Société Internationale Marguerite Duras, ISSN 1470-8787, Vol. 1, no 32, 115-122 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Aronsson, Mattias
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    Vilhelm Ekelund och extremhögern: en sekellång förbindelse2016In: Tidningen Kulturen, ISSN 2000-7086, no 3 novArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 48.
    Aronsson, Mattias
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    Ethnic Differentiation and Assimilation in Marguerite Duras's Indochinese Texts2016In: Transcultural Identity Constructions in a Changing World / [ed] Irene Gilsenan Nordin, Chatarina Edfeldt, Lung-Lung Hu, Herbert Jonsson, André Leblanc, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2016, 95-107 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Aronsson, Peter
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Review essay: Grete Swensen (ed.), Å lage kulturminner. Hvordan kulturarv forstås, formes og forvaltes, Oslo: Novus Forlag 20132015In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 9, no 1, 148-151 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Aronsson, Robin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Language Education. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Making the Muggle: A Study of Processes of Othering in J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter and how Teachers Can Use the Novels to Work with Issues of Ableism2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The magical fictional setting of the Harry Potter novels is not one separated from our own. It features the same nations and the same history as the real world. Its society is parallel to ours due to similar traditions and hierarchies, such as heteronormativity, ageism, racism, and fascism. Some of these are clearly problematised in the novels, others are not. While issues of racism and blood status are clearly at the forefront of the story of Harry Potter, there are layers to the conflict which reveal that there is more to the discriminatory dilemma than the issue of blood purity. This essay aims to investigate how teachers can use J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter series to lead a discussion about othering and discrimination, focusing on the issue of ableism in particular.

    The goal when studying processes of othering in Harry Potter is not necessarily for the reader to identify with the protagonists. Instead, textual silences will be interpreted to investigate whether the othering of people like the readers themselves, an othering the reader partakes in when empathising with the protagonists, can be compared to ableism in the real world, and how teachers can use Harry Potter as means to introduce the idea of able-bodiedness as a social construct. By applying crip theory to the text, it can be stated that the division between the protagonist and his non-magical Other is based on ableist ideologies, which result in a positioning of the non-magical as disabled in the magical society. This position is maintained by naturalising the link between impairment and character flaws.

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