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  • 1.
    Aasum Hultberg, Rosanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Det är väl på sätt och vis det heteronormativa samhället som har gjort mig till transperson […]”: En enkätstudie med transpersoner2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim was to study transgender persons’ experiences of, and reactions upon, attitudes and social norms in relation to their gender identity. Another question that was relevant to answer was how transgender persons are affected by the hetero norm. The method used to collect data was through questionnaires published on the internet. The only requirement to participate was to be a transgender over 18 years old, and when the survey closed, 35 respondents had answered it. The questionnaire consisted of both quantitative and qualitative questions. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and content analysis.

    The results indicate that transgender persons living conditions are largely affected by norms, and that they encounter a considerable amount of negative attitudes due to their gender identity. To "pass" as either man or woman turned out to be something that made it easier for transgender people to evade negative attitudes.

    One hope is that this study can provide knowledge to different instances in the community to open up to be more open to critical thinking around norms.

    The conclusion was that persons with a transgender identity are affected by societal norms and by heteronormativity. It takes a lot of courage to be able to be one self but everything boils down to how strong a person are and the availability of support and role models in the surrounding society. 

  • 2. Abels, Gabriele
    et al.
    Braun, Kathrin
    Kulawik, Teresa
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 3, Gender studies.
    Feministisch-politologische Perspektiven auf Biomedizinpolitik: Einleitung2003In: Österrreichische Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft, ISSN 1615-5548, Vol. 32, no 2, 125-136 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [de]

    PolitologInnen sind in der gegenwärtigen kontroversen Debatte zur Biomedizinpolitik sowohl mit wissenschaftlichen Analysen als auch als ExpertInnen in einschlägigen Beratungsgremien erstaunlich abwesend. Dabei könnte die Politikwissenschaft mit ihren unterschiedlichen Teildisziplinen wichtige Beiträge zur Erforschung von Biomedizinpolitik leisten. Für das Fehlen kann ein Bündel von Faktoren identifiziert werden, von der Spezifik des Politikfeldes über methodologische und theoretische Orientierungen der Politikwissenschaft bis hin zu wissenschaftspolitischen Motiven. Ein zentraler Grund ist die Überschneidung dreier Themen- und Problemfelder, die im politikwissenschaftlichen Mainstream tendenziell als außerpolitisch gelten und/ oder in unzureichender Weise theoretisch erfasst sind: Körper, Ethik und Naturwissenschaften/ Technologie. Feministische Politikwissenschaft ist in verschiedener Hinsicht für die Analyse von Biomedizinpolitik besser gerüstet, da sie mit der Analyse von Körperpolitik und mit normativen Fragen Erfahrungen hat.' (Autorenreferat)

  • 3.
    Abiala, Kristina
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Världens mest jämställda land?2014In: Det långa 1990-talet: när Sverige förändrades / [ed] Ivarsson Westerberg, Anders, Waldemarson, Ylva, Östberg, Kjell, Umeå: Boréa Bokförlag, 2014, 1, 319-351 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Abiala, Kristina
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Young Moldovan Women at the Crossroads: Between Patriarchy and Transnational Labour Markets2014In: The Sea of Identities: A Century of Baltic and East European Experiences with Nationality, Class, and Gender / [ed] Götz, Norbert, Huddinge: Södertörn University , 2014, 269-289 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Adebrink, Fanny
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Nilsson, Sarah
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Jämställdhetsplan och informell jämställdhet på en politisk arbetsplats2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the fall of 2007 we have carried out an investigative work in a workplace connected to politics and an elected political assembly. Our investigation started with a survey being sent out to all employees. The results of this survey allowed us to formulate the precise aim of the study: to investigate how gender equality work can continue and also evolve in a workplace that seems to already have an established gender equality work. As a part of fulfilling our aim we asked the question how the informal gender equality may appear and whether it can be related to the equal opportunities and diversity plan of the workplace? Throughout the investigation we used a gender theory perspective and applied theories concerning gender coding, informal networks, gender segregation and resistance against equality. Apart from the survey, qualitative interviews and field observation were used. We found that the equal opportunity and diversity plan had a relatively low status, which might be connected to the fact that it tended to be placed outside the overall gender equality discussion. This could be a result of workers already perceiving the workplace as “gender equal”. One reason for this could be that the equal opportunities and diversity plan is not adequately focusing on the gender equal related problems that are described as mostly informal. Examples of informal gender equality problems are: informal networks, division of labor based on gender and the differences in status thereof. Another example is the imbalance between the sexes considering verbal communication in public arenas. Despite the fact that the workplace already has an established gender equality work there is still work to be done. Gender equality is an ongoing process and we find that the workplace has a good chance to face these above-mentioned ongoing challenges.

  • 6.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History, Gender studies.
    "Jag har aldrig sett dig som svart": Anna Adeniji läser Sara Ahmed2010In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, no 1/2, 83-87 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 7. Adeniji, Anna
    Ordningsstörande begär: biteori som kritik av antropologisk sexualitetsforskning2001In: Lambda Nordica: Tidskrift om homosexualitet, ISSN 1100-2573, Vol. 5, no 1/2, 54-69 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History, Gender studies.
    [Recension av] Tove Ingebjørg Fjell: Å si til meningen med livet? En kulturvitenskapelig analyse av barnfrihet2010In: Tidsskrift for kjønnsforskning, ISSN 0809-6341, no 1, 175-179 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History, Gender studies.
    Därför gifter sig feminister2009In: Arena, ISSN 1652-0556, no 5, 40-43 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 10. Adeniji, Anna
    När Brad och Angelina inte ville gifta sig: en berättelse om heterosexuell melankoli och politiska beslut i vardagen2007In: Bang : feministisk kulturtidskrift, ISSN 1102-4593, no 1, 39-41 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

     Artikelnhandlar om skvallerpressens representation av celebriteterna BradPitt och Angelina Jolie, och hur deras icke-gifta status producerarmoralpanik och genusproblem i den populärkulturellaheteronormativiteten. Artikeln tar också upp "äktenskapsfrågan" ien svensk kontext och hur frågan om äktenskapsmotstånd glömts bortav feminismen.  

  • 11. Adeniji, Anna
    Alla säger I Love You: om orden som gör känslor och känsliga formuleringar2007In: Bang : feministisk kulturtidskrift, ISSN 1102-4593, no 3, 91-93 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln handlarom hur orden "jag älskar dig" respektive "I love you" får betydelse både personligt, socialt och politiskt. Exempel hämtas från tv-serierna "Förhäxad" och "Sex and the City" och författaren resonerar kring hur orden skapar affektiva betydelser i kropp och genuspositioner. 

  • 12.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Södertörns högskola, Genusvetenskap.
    [Recension av] Tove Ingebjørg Fjell: Å si til meningen med livet? En kulturvitenskapelig analyse av barnfrihet2010In: Tidsskrift for kjønnsforskning, ISSN 0809-6341, E-ISSN 1891-1781, no 1, 175-179 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Södertörns högskola, Genusvetenskap.
    "Jag har aldrig sett dig som svart": Anna Adeniji läser Sara Ahmed2010In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, no 1/2, 83-87 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Södertörns högskola ; Linköpings universitet.
    Därför gifter sig feminister2009In: Arena, ISSN 1652-0556, no 5, 40-43 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Äktenskapet står starkt som juridiskt skydd i Sverige, samtidigt som man fokuserar på jämställdhet och allas lika värde. Kungahuset ordnar bröllop med jämlik aura. Har kritiken av äktenskapet glömts bort?

  • 15.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Tema Genus.
    Inte den typ som gifter sig?: Feministiska samtal om äktenskapsmotstånd2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Den här avhandlingen undersöker frågan om äktenskapsmotstånd i dagens svenska samhälle, media och kultur. Boken belyser olika sätt att uttrycka äktenskapsmotstånd och vad det betyder att formulera feministisk kritik av normerande familjevärderingar.

    Undersökningen baseras på etnografi och kritisk kulturanalys och granskar synen på äktenskap, relationer och familj som ett kulturellt imaginärt fält. Det empiriska materialet består av intervjuer med kvinnor som inte har velat gifta sig, liksom ett brett material från tv, webbsidor, dagstidningar, skvallerpress och bloggar.

    I avhandlingen genomförs och presenteras en feministisk metodologisk process, grundat i akademiskt kreativt och självreflexivt skrivande. Detta innebär att skrivprocessen, textformatet, liksom minnesarbete, olika intervjutekniker och andra kreativa analytiska praktiker är en del av det metodologiska ramverket.

    De teoretiska perspektiven som ligger till grund för denna studie består av flera feministiska strömningar: radikalfeminism, queerfeminism, liberealfeminism, anarkafeminism och ett socialt rättviseperspektiv. De belyser, på olika sätt, intersektioner mellan äktenskap, genus, sexualitet, nationalitet, klass och makt. En gemensam utgångspunkt är att identitetskategorier, möjligheter att agera liksom vår plats i världen är konstruerade av maktrelationer och normativa föreställningar om genus. Dessa perspektiv tillhandahåller analytiska verktyg för att diskutera och dekonstruera kulturella föreställningar om äktenskap och äktenskapsmotstånd.

  • 16. Adeniji, Anna
    Ordningsstörande begär: biteori som kritik av antropologisk sexualitetsforskning2001Book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Linköpings universitet.
    Inte den typ som gifter sig?: feministiska samtal om äktenskapsmotstånd2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här avhandlingen undersöker frågan om äktenskapsmotstånd i dagens svenska samhälle, media och kultur. Boken belyser olika sätt att uttrycka äktenskapsmotstånd och vad det betyder att formulera feministisk kritik av normerande familjevärderingar.

    Undersökningen baseras på etnografi och kritisk kulturanalys och granskar synen på äktenskap, relationer och familj som ett kulturellt imaginärt fält. Det empiriska materialet består av intervjuer med kvinnor som inte har velat gifta sig, liksom ett brett material från tv, webbsidor, dagstidningar, skvallerpress och bloggar.

    I avhandlingen genomförs och presenteras en feministisk metodologisk process, grundat i akademiskt kreativt och självreflexivt skrivande. Detta innebär att skrivprocessen, textformatet, liksom minnesarbete, olika intervjutekniker och andra kreativa analytiska praktiker är en del av det metodologiska ramverket.

    De teoretiska perspektiven som ligger till grund för denna studie består av flera feministiska strömningar: radikalfeminism, queerfeminism, liberealfeminism, anarkafeminism och ett socialt rättviseperspektiv. De belyser, på olika sätt, intersektioner mellan äktenskap, genus, sexualitet, nationalitet, klass och makt. En gemensam utgångspunkt är att identitetskategorier, möjligheter att agera liksom vår plats i världen är konstruerade av maktrelationer och normativa föreställningar om genus. Dessa perspektiv tillhandahåller analytiska verktyg för att diskutera och dekonstruera kulturella föreställningar om äktenskap och äktenskapsmotstånd.

  • 18.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Royal Love: Gender, Power, and National Identity in the Swedish Crown Princess Wedding2014In: Love: A Question for Feminism in the Twenty-First Century / [ed] Anna G. Jónasdóttir and Ann Ferguson, New York and London: Routledge, 2014, 48-62 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Södertörns högskola, Genusvetenskap.
    The royal wedding as true love story.: Emotional politics intersecting culture, nationalism, modernity and heteronormality2010In: GEXcel work in progress report. Vol. 8: Proceedings from GEXcel theme 10 : Love in our time - a question for feminism : spring 2010 / [ed] Sofia Strid, Anna G. Jónasdóttir, Linköping: Institute of Thematic Gender Studies, Department of Gender Studies, Linköping University , 2010, 85-92 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History, Gender studies.
    The royal wedding as true love story: emotional politics intersecting culture, nationalism, modernity and heteronormality2010In: GEXcel work in progress report. Vol. 8: Proceedings from GEXcel theme 10 : Love in our time - a question for feminism : spring 2010 / [ed] Sofia Strid, Anna G. Jónasdóttir, Linköping: Linköping University , 2010, Vol. S. 85-92, 85-92 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Adrian, Stine
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, The Department of Gender Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Gustavson, MalenaLinköping University, The Tema Institute, The Department of Gender Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.Lykke, NinaLinköping University, The Tema Institute, The Department of Gender Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    GEXcel Work in Progress Report Volume I: Proceedings from GEXcel Kick-off Conference2007Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The report gives an introduction to the Linköping-Örebro Centre of Gender Excellence: GEXcel - Gendering EXcellence: Towards a European Centre of Excellence in Transnational and Transdisciplinary Studies of Changing Gender Relations, Intersectionalities and Embodiment.

  • 22. af Petersens, Lovisa
    Klokt tal af kloka kvinnor: En kort presentation av Kvinnokonferensen i Stockholm 18972001In: Kvinnovetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 0348-8365, Vol. 22, no 2, 47-52 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Agge, Ida
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Magioglou, Dimitra
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Polis, polis, kvinnogris: En studie om kvinnliga poliser i dagens samhälle2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Polisyrket har alltid varit ett mansdominerat yrke men fler och fler insatser görs för att mängden kvinnor ska öka inom kåren eftersom att de fortfarande är underrepresenterade. Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att ta reda på hur kvinnliga poliser i anseende med att de är just kvinnor, upplever att de bemöts av allmänheten, manliga kollegor och organisationen. För att ta reda på detta har vi genomfört sex kvalitativa intervjuer med kvinnliga poliser i Sverige. Vi har utgått från litteratur om genus, kvinnliga poliser och andra könsrelaterade teorier. I studien har det framkommit att de kvinnliga poliserna inte upplever kombinationen av deras kvinnlighet och yrket polis som något problemskapande. De känner sig heller inte mindre respekterade varken av manliga kollegor eller organisationen, när det kommer till allmänheten uppvisar den ibland tvivel mot en kvinnlig polis. Många är av den uppfattningen att kvinnor inte hör hemma hos polisen då de inte har samma fysiska styrka som män. Den här studien visar på att så är inte fallet utan även kvinnor kan ha styrkan som krävs och kan också med sin kvinnlighet komplettera kåren. Myten om att polisyrket endast är för män lever fortfarande kvar i viss mån då vissa individer som är i kontakt med polisen föredrar en manlig polis framför en kvinnlig.

  • 24.
    Agné, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    "-Hallå, bajskorv!": Om hur könad subjektivitet skapas i språkandet mellan mig som pedagog och barn i förskolan.2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsens syfte är att undersöka vad ett feministiskt poststrukturalistiskt subjektsteoretiskt angreppssätt kan ge för kunskap om barns subjekt- och könsskapande i förskolan. Detta teoretiskt/metodologiska perspektiv innebär i den här uppsatsen att kön ses som något som görs inom språk och diskurser i vardagliga lokala pedagogiska processer och att jag, både som pedagog och forskare, deltar som medskapande i dessa. I undersökningen analyseras samtalet mellan mig och fem barn under en aktivitet som jag leder och som handlar om bokstavssymboler och bokstavsljud. Barnen var i åldrarna fem till sex år och samtalet är inspelat med mp3-spelare. Genom diskursanalys och dekonstruktion gör jag olika läsningar av tre sekvenser från ljudinspelningen. Jag skriver fram ett antal verksamma diskurser: Vuxen/barn-diskursen, rolig pojke-diskursen, fina flickan-diskursen, bokstavs-diskursen, utvecklings-diskursen, tävlings- och samarbetsdiskurserna samt den kompensatoriska genus-diskursen. Dessa diskurser som jag identifierar/skapar bildar sammantaget diskursiva kedjor som sätter gränser för vad som är möjligt att göra och bli, som kön och subjekt, i den här situationen. I mina läsningar blir alla vi som deltar, både barnen och jag, aktiva i att skapa könad subjektivitet. Särskilt intressant ur mitt perspektiv som blivande förskollärare är hur jag, i egenskap av pedagog och vuxen, omedvetet och trots mina ambitioner att göra annorlunda, deltar i att skapa stereotypa könssubjekt. Den roliga och tävlingsinriktade pojken och den fina samarbetande flickan positioneras via den makt jag ges i samtalet.

  • 25.
    Ah-King, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Sexual selection revisited– towards a gender-neutral theory and practise: A Response to Vandermassen’s Sexual Selection, A Tale of Male Bias and Feminist Denial2007In: The European Journal of Women's Studies, ISSN 1350-5068, E-ISSN 1461-7420, Vol. 14, no 4, 341-348 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a recent issue of this journal, Vandermassen suggested that feminists should include sexual selection theory and evolutionary psychology in a unifying theory of human nature. In response, this article aims to offer some insight into the development of sexual selection theory, to caution against Vandermassen’s unreserved assimilation and to promote the opposite ongoing integration – an inclusion of gender perspectives into evolutionary biology. In society today, opinions about maintaining traditional sex roles are often put forward on the basis of what is natural and how animals behave. However, the natural sciences have proved to be pervaded by gendered values and interests; Darwin’s theory of sexual selection has been criticized for being male biased, and partly due to the unwillingness of Darwin’s scientific contemporaries to accept female choice, research has been overwhelmingly focused on males. More recently, theory has become less gender biased and research has come to include a large variety of issues not present in the first version of the theory. However, there is a need to increase the awareness of gender bias in order to develop a gender-neutral evolutionary biology.

  • 26.
    Ah-King, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Queer nature: towards a non-normative perspective on biological diversity2009In: Body Claims, 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Ah-King, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Toy story: En vetenskaplig kritik av forskningom apors leksakspreferenser2009In: Tidskrift för genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, no 1, 45-63 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Biological sex differences have long been used as argumentsjustifying male dominance and sexist oppression. Animal studies ofsex differences are used to claim that human sex roles have a longevolutionary history. For example, in a study of toy preferences invervet monkeys, the authors conclude that sex-differentiatedobject preferences arose early in human evolution. In this paper Iscrutinize the study and reveal that both the hypotheses, theperformed preference tests and the conclusions drawn are flawed.In the study, the authors hypothesise that male vervets shouldprefer a ball and a car based on the human hunter-gathererhypothesis. Men are suggested to be selected for navigatingabilities useful for hunting and women for nurturing babies. Thishypothesis is then transferred to vervets which is a tree-livingspecies, subsisting of a mainly vegetarian diet, where skills such asnavigating in space ought to be necessary for survival - in bothmales and females. Furthermore, the presentation of toys isconducted in groups, individual interactions with a toy is taken as apreference for the sex of that individual. Therefore it is impossibleto derive individual preferences from these tests. Vervets arematrilinear with females sometimes being dominant to males. Froman animal behaviour framework, I would interpret the preferencesas an interaction between individuals. Perhaps low-rankedindividuals approach new objects first, as they may be dangerous.The results are interpreted and presented with graphs and picturesin order to tell the convincing story about sex differences in toypreference that the authors wanted to find, but there is no support tfor these conclusions.Hence, from the evidence presented in this study, we cannotconclude that human sex-differentiated toy preferences date morethan 23 million years back in time.

  • 28.
    Ah-King, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Gender and queer perspectives on Evolutionary Biology2010In: Never mind the gap!: Gendering Science in Transgressive Encounters / [ed] M. Blomqvist & E. Ensmyr, Centre for Gender Research, Uppsala University. , 2010, 143-171 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Ah-King, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Queering animal sexual behavior in biology textbooks2013In: Confero: Essays on Education, Philosophy and Politics, ISSN 2001-4562, Vol. 1, no 2, 46-89 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Ah-King, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Nature queer, vers un point de vue non-normatif sur la diversité biologique.2013In: Le sexe biologique - Anthologie historique et critique Volume 1, Femelles et Mâles ? Histoire naturelle des (deux) sexes / [ed] Thierry Hoquet, Editions Hermann, 2013Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Ah-King, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Challenging popular myths of sex, gender and biology2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Ah-King, Malin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Queering biology teaching2016In: Queering MINT: Impulse für eine dekonstruktive Lehrer_innenbildung / [ed] Nadine Balzter, Florian Cristobal Klenk, Olga Zitzelsberger, Verlag Barbara Budrich, 2016Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Ah-King, Malin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Barron, Andrew B.
    Herberstein, Marie E.
    Genital Evolution: Why Are Females Still Understudied?2014In: PLoS biology, ISSN 1544-9173, E-ISSN 1545-7885, Vol. 12, no 5, e1001851- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The diversity, variability, and apparent rapid evolution of animal genitalia are a vivid focus of research in evolutionary biology, and studies exploring genitalia have dramatically increased over the past decade. These studies, however, exhibit a strong male bias, which has worsened since 2000, despite the fact that this bias has been explicitly pointed out in the past. Early critics argued that previous investigators too often considered only males and their genitalia, while overlooking female genitalia or physiology. Our analysis of the literature shows that overall this male bias has worsened with time. The degree of bias is not consistent between subdisciplines: studies of the lock-and-key hypothesis have been the most male focused, while studies of cryptic female choice usually consider both sexes. The degree of bias also differed across taxonomic groups, but did not associate with the ease of study of male and female genital characteristics. We argue that the persisting male bias in this field cannot solely be explained by anatomical sex differences influencing accessibility. Rather the bias reflects enduring assumptions about the dominant role of males in sex, and invariant female genitalia. New research highlights how rapidly female genital traits can evolve, and how complex coevolutionary dynamics between males and females can shape genital structures. We argue that understanding genital evolution is hampered by an outdated single-sex bias.

  • 34.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    The scientific reproduction of gender inequality: A discourse analysis of research texts on women's entrepreneurship2004Book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Entrepreneurship and Gender2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Marlow, Susan
    Entrepreneurship and the postfeminist turn: Women’s final emancipation or the same old story?2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Nelson, Teresa
    Simmons College, USA.
    Moving forward: Institutional perspectives on gender and entrepreneurship2010In: International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1756-6266, Vol. 2, no 1, 5-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to propose a re‐directed and purposeful attention to the design of research on gender and entrepreneurship moving forward.

    Design/methodology/approach – The paper questions the value of more studies on the men v. women binary and encourages research on the institutions supporting the gendered construction.

    Findings – The paper suggests a re‐framing of gender (to include men, women, femininity, masculinity, etc.) both in topics investigated and in building the cadre of scholars engaged. It asks for discrimination of gender from biological sex in language use and believes that dialogue will be improved if the word “gender” is maintained as a socially constructed phenomenon directed at distinguishing the norms around “what women do” and “what men do”. Researchers, too, must necessarily confront personal pre‐existing ideas and language shaped by the norms and habits of one's upbringing and daily life in societies that are not acute observers of gender in action.

    Originality/value – The paper assesses trends in research on gender and entrepreneurship and recommends ideas regarding new directions to create better research and application in practice, teaching, and training.

  • 38.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University.
    Swedish welfare state retrenchment and the call for women’s entrepreneurship to fill the void2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The last two decades have seen major welfare state retrenchment in Sweden. The public sector, which used to be a large and stable employer for women, was downsized. Public schools and public health and care services were privatized. Customer choice models were introduced. The rhetoric connected to privatization stressed the unique opportunities for women formerly employed by the state to start their own businesses in this sector, now open for competition and private initiatives. In this paper we ask what the results were. We discuss the results from a feminist perspective, i.e we ask if privatization and business ownership has improved women’s situation on the labor market, or not. The paper draws together the research findings from our own empirical research (about fifteen different studies) as well as from research done by other Nordic scholars in the field.

  • 39.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University.
    Swedish welfare state retrenchment and the call for women’s entrepreneurship to fill the void2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The last two decades have seen major welfare state retrenchment in Sweden. The public sector, which used to be a large and stable employer for women, was downsized. Public schools and public health and care services were privatized. Customer choice models were introduced. The rhetoric connected to privatization stressed the unique opportunities for women formerly employed by the state to start their own businesses in this sector, now open for competition and private initiatives. In this paper we ask what the results were. We discuss the results from a feminist perspective, i.e we ask if privatization and business ownership has improved women’s situation on the labor market, or not. The paper draws together the research findings from our own empirical research (about fifteen different studies) as well as from research done by other Nordic scholars in the field.

  • 40. Ahlbäck, Andreas
    et al.
    Sundevall, FiaStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Gender war and peace: Breaking up the Borderlines2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 41. Ahlgreen, Mette
    et al.
    Dahlerup, DrudeStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The Nordic BRYT-Project: final report1990Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Ahlgren, Christina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Fjellman-Wiklund, Anncristine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Hamberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Johansson, Eva E
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Stålnacke, Britt-Marie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Medicine.
    The meanings given to gender in studies on multimodal rehabilitation for patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain: a literature review2016In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 38, no 23, 2255-2270 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to assess and describe the meanings given to "gender" in scientific publications that evaluate multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary or multimodal rehabilitation for patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain.

    Method: A systematic literature search for papers evaluating multimodal rehabilitation was conducted. The PubMed and EBSCO databases were searched from 1995 to 2015. Two or three researchers independently read each paper, performed a quality assessment and coded meanings of gender using qualitative content analysis.

    Results: Twenty-seven papers were included in the review. Gender was used very differently in the MMR studies investigated but primarily it referred to factual differences between men and women. Only one paper provided a definition of the concept of gender and how it had been used in that study. In the content analysis, the meaning of gender formed three categories: "Gender as a factual difference", "The man is the ideal" and "Gender as a result of social role expectations".

    Conclusions: The meaning of the concept of gender in multimodal rehabilitation is undefined and needs to be developed further. The way the concept is used should be defined in the design and evaluation of multimodal rehabilitation in future studies.

    Implications for rehabilitation

    Healthcare professionals should reflect on gender relations in encounters with patients, selection of patients into rehabilitation programs and design of programs. In rehabilitation for chronic pain the patients' social circumstances and cultural context should be given the same consideration as biological sex and pain symptoms.

  • 43.
    Ahlsén, Agnes
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Straight Línea: A phenomenological approach to women's response to piropos in contemporary Havana2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates women's feelings on being subjected to piropos (catcalling) in their everyday lives. Through interviews with four Cuban women living in Havana, I analyse women's experiences of piropos through a phenomenological lens and through speech theory, investigating how norms surrounding sexualities and gender are materialised in and between language, bodies and spaces. I also investigate which acts of resistance and defence mechanisms my interviewees employ in order to cope with piropos. The first part of the analysis investigates the gendered dimensions of piropos, discussing how it constitutes gendered subject positions while enforcing gender inequality. My interviewees describe how being subjected to piropos makes them feel more feminine and links the occurrence of piropos directly to their self-esteem. They also describe how the occurrence of piropos conditions their possibility to move freely around the city. In the second part of the analysis I look at piropos as a heterosexual game in which different rules apply depending on gender. Lastly, this thesis focuses on my interviewees' accounts of resistance by analysing silence as well as verbal responses to piropos as a way of breaking the rules of the heterosexual game.

  • 44.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete. Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Islamic Feminism in Iran: Feminism in a New Islamic Context2006In: Journal of feminist studies in religion, ISSN 8755-4178, E-ISSN 1553-3913, Vol. 22, no 2, 33-54 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Challenging the clergy’s monoclinic interpretational power, Islamic feminists in Iran, by emphasizing the historical context of the holy texts and reformulating Islamic concepts and law from a “feminist” perspective, are developing a new direction in rethinking gender in Islam. By opening the doors of interpretation of sacred texts and debates on women issues to other groups than Muslims, they have braked with reactive gender conservatism and West phobia prevailing among fundamentalists, and have embarked on connecting themselves with Western feminism and weaving new textual connections between Muslim women and Western feminism.

  • 45.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Andersson, Lina (current name Aldén, Lina)
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Perceptions of gay, lesbian, and heterosexual domestic violence among undergraduates in Sweden2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an experimental study of perceptions about gay, lesbian, and heterosexual domestic violence in Sweden. More than 1,000 participants were asked to read one out of eight possible fictitious scenarios of domestic violence in married couple relationships and subsequently respond to a questionnaire. Sexual orientation, victims’ and batterers’ gender, and severity of the violence varied across the different scenarios. The clearest result of this study was that participants perceived domestic violence to be significantly more serious when a man battered his wife than in any other case (i.e., when a woman battered her husband, when a gay man battered his husband, or when a lesbian woman battered her wife). In all types of relationships, participants matched their perceptions of domestic violence to the level of severity of the violence and participants with more negative attitudes toward women perceived domestic violence as less serious. Female participants were more concerned about lesbian domestic violence than male participants. Attitudes toward gays and lesbians mattered little for the perceptions of domestic violence.

  • 46. Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Andersson, Lina (current name Aldén, Lina)
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Sexual orientation and full-time monthly earnings, by public and private sector: Evidence from Swedish register data2013In: Review of Economics of the Household, ISSN 1569-5239, E-ISSN 1573-7152, Vol. 11, no 1, 83-108 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we explore annual earnings as well as full-time monthlyearnings differentials resulting from sexual orientation. We observe that gay malesare at an earnings disadvantage compared to male heterosexuals regardless of whichearnings measure we use. This earnings disadvantage is found to be larger when wecompare gay and heterosexual males who are working full-time. In addition, thedisadvantage is larger in the private than in the public sector. Lesbians, however,earn more than heterosexual females. This earnings advantage is considerablysmaller when we study full-time monthly rather than annual earnings but an earningsadvantage for lesbians at the top of the earnings distribution is documentedregardless of which earnings measure we use. In addition, lesbians are doing betterthan female heterosexuals in the public sector. To sum up, the results indicate thatgay males face obstacles on the labor market that hinder them from reaching toplevelpositions and high earnings. The earnings advantage observed for lesbians islikely to stem from the fact that lesbians devote more time to market work thanheterosexual females.

  • 47.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Sköld, Tryggve
    KNAPSU2014In: Tornionlaakson vuosikirja 2013-2014: Tornedalens årsbok 2013-2014 / [ed] Tapio Salo, Kyösti Satokangas, Minna Lehtola, Tornedalsrådet Nordkalottens kultur- och forskningscentrum , 2014, 30-42 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Alberti, Benjamin
    et al.
    Framingham State University, USA.
    Back Danielsson, Ing-Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Gender, Feminist, and Queer Archaeologies: USA Perspective2014In: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology / [ed] Claire Smith, New York: Springer-Verlag New York, 2014, 2988-2997 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This entry presents a brief history of the emergence of feminism, gender, and queer in North American archaeology, which, along with the United Kingdom and Scandinavia to a lesser degree, represents the geographic origin and center of such work. The key concepts as used by archaeologists are defined; the relationship among them is explored and shown to be both problematic and productive. The place of feminism, gender, and queer within North American archaeology today is characterized and, finally, likely avenues of future research are suggested. The greatest impact of feminist, gender, and queer archaeologies has been on the authority of positivist approaches, the objectivity of interpretation, equity issues within the profession, collaborative knowledge making, and the understanding of key archaeological interpretive concepts.

  • 49.
    Albinsson, Gunilla
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Arnesson, Kerstin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Sustainable gender equality within the Swedish healthcare2013In: FALF-konferens - Arbetslivets föränderlighet, 2013, 3- p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the presentation is to discuss whether or not a methodological approach can promote a process of making visible gender equality within the health and medical care.

    Although Sweden has come a long way in making sure that women and men are treated equally in the workplace there are few countries with so obvious gender based occupational segregation. Within Swedish health- and medical care for example 81 per cent of the employees are women. The majority of these work in a hierarchical structure where the lower and intermediate levels primarily are comprised of women. With this point of departure we have studied the construction of gender equality in every day meetings between women and men working in health- and medical care.

    Aim

    The overarching purpose of the study was to describe and problematize the perspective of gender equality within the health- and medical care. Two main questions were posed:

    • How is the aspect of gender equality expressed in work related meetings between women and men working in health care?
    • Which opportunities and hindrances exist for creating sustainable gender equality within the health- and medical care?

    Method

    The empirical material comprised 23 women and men studying health care or public health at Blekinge Institute of Technology. The informants were also working as professional nurses. The study was carried through in two steps. Firstly four introductory lectures were conducted. Two of them were about qualitative methods with a particular emphasis on focus groups as an interview technique. The other two focused on current gender equality research. The informants also deepened their knowledge by reading articles about gender equality. In the second step qualitative interviews in focus groups were conducted. Before these occasions the interviewees had prepared themselves by reading a research report which made it possible to relate the text to personal experiences from working life.

    Result

    The empirical material showed that the knowledge about gender equality differed within the studied group. Most informants considered the problem area of vital importance and stressed the necessity of continual discussions in the workplace. However some of the interviewed had never thought of the issue as they regarded gender equality being a question without any interest. All our informants were aware of the plan of action for equality which is required at the workplace but only few of them had read it or worked actively with the implementation. When the interviewees reflected upon the hierarchical structure in their workplaces a common view was that an obvious difference between women’s and men’s opportunities to influence and exercise domination could be seen.

  • 50. Alenius Wallin, Linn
    et al.
    Goedecke, Klara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    With a little help from my friends: Gender and intimacy in two friendship research projects2016In: LIR.journal, E-ISSN 2001-2489, no 7, 55-73 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Friendship is an undertheorized but increasingly important relationship in late modernity. In this article, the authors present findings from two ongoing research projects about friendship, gender and age in contemporary Sweden. They argue that discourses about gender and friendship are very relevant for how friendship is conceptualized both among men and women, but that the well-known ideas about men’s inability and women’s capacity to be close friends ought to be problematized further, from feminist perspectives. Furthermore, they discuss friendships practices, problematizing the frequent equation of friendship and “deep”, intimate dialogues. Intimate dialogues are important but may overshadow other friendship practices, like various kinds of support, but the authors show that support is negotiated in relation to ideas of ideal friendship, permeated by reciprocity and equality. The authors call for further feminist research about friendship, arguing that a feminist perspective can destabilize gendered dichotomies and make it possible to problematize power relations, vulnerabilities and exclusions in friendships.

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