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  • 1. Adams, Mike
    et al.
    Andersson, Lars-Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Hardwick, Philip
    Lindmark, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Firm size and growth in Sweden's life insurance market between 1855 and 1947: A test of Gibrat's law2014In: Business History, ISSN 0007-6791, E-ISSN 1743-7938, Vol. 56, no 6, 956-974 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using data for the period from 1855 to 1947 and the two sub-periods, 1855-1902 and 1903-47, the article examines whether the organic growth rates of 38 Swedish life insurance firms are independent of size, as predicted by Gibrat's (1931) Law of Proportionate Effects. Using panel unit root tests and panel Generalised Method of Moments (GMM) regression, the article finds a significant difference between the growth rates of small and large Swedish life insurance firms (with smaller firms tending to grow faster than larger firms), a result that clearly contradicts Gibrat's Law as a long-run tendency in the Swedish life insurance sector. significant influences were also found on firm growth from profitability, organisational form, reinsurance, the real rate of interest and the Swedish regulatory environment.

  • 2.
    Adjei, Evans
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Social proximity and firm performance: the importance of family member ties in workplaces2016In: Regional Studies, Regional Science, ISSN 0080-0694, E-ISSN 2168-1376, Vol. 3, no 1, 304-320 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study empirically assesses the role of social proximity, defined as the concentration of family members (FM) in firms, on firm performance. Based on longitudinal micro-data for the period 1995–2010 connecting information on workers and their workplaces in the Swedish labour market, the effects of FM (parents, children, siblings and grandparents) on per capita productivity in 15,359 firms were analysed. The results indicate that FM positively affect firm performance. In particular, the results suggest that in specialized regions (mainly small regions) FM have a positive influence on performance and can thus compensate for relative shortage of regional agglomeration economies.

  • 3.
    Alderin, Clara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Made in Ethiopia: Challenges and opportunities in the emerging textile industry in Ethiopia2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4.
    Alriksson, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Idrott som platsmarknadsföring: En studie av idrottens roll i Växjö kommuns marknadsföringsarbete2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 5.
    Amcoff, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Mohall, Marcus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Waxell, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Östh, John
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Detaljhandelns förändrade geografi2015Report (Other academic)
  • 6. Andersen, Otto
    et al.
    Gössling, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Simonsen, Morten
    Walnum, Hans Jakob
    Peeters, Paul
    Neiberger, Cordula
    CO2-emissions from the transport of China’s exported goods.2010In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, Vol. 38, no 10, 5790-5798 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Emissions of greenhouse gases in many European countries are declining, and the European Union (EU) believes it is on track in achieving emission reductions as agreed upon in the Kyoto Agreement and the EU's more ambitious post-Kyoto climate policy. However, a number of recent publications indicate that emission reductions may also have been achieved because production has been shifted to other countries, and in particular China. If a consumption perspective is applied, emissions in industrialized countries are substantially higher, and may not have declined at all. Significantly, emissions from transports are omitted in consumption-based calculations. As all trade involves transport, mostly by cargo ship, but also by air, transports add considerably to overall emissions growth incurred in production shifts. Consequently, this article studies the role of transports in creating emissions of CO2, based on the example of exports from China. Results are discussed with regard to their implications for global emission reductions and post-Kyoto negotiations.

  • 7. Andersson, A. E.
    et al.
    Andersson, D. E.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Hårsman, Björn
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Location and spatial clustering of artists2014In: Regional Science and Urban Economics, ISSN 0166-0462, Vol. 47, no 1, 128-137 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Surveys of artists' location choices show that they disproportionately reside in large cities. This paper introduces a model that attempts to explain this urban preference. The model includes four factors: access to other artists; access to consumer demand; access to service jobs; and housing affordability. These four factors are combined in a spatial equilibrium model. An equilibrium spatial distribution of artists is derived from the model and is correlated with the actual distribution among Swedish municipalities. Subsequently, the model is used for an econometric estimation of factor effects. The results show that access to other artists and local access to service jobs are important localization factors. Educated labor used as a proxy for consumer demand has a significant effect on artists' location choices.

  • 8. Andersson, Elias
    et al.
    Keskitalo, E. Carina H.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Technology use in Swedish reindeer husbandry through a social lens2017In: Polar Geography, ISSN 1088-937X, E-ISSN 1939-0513, Vol. 40, no 1, 19-34 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rationalizing production more effectively, technological developments and innovations also have effects on, for example, skills, knowledge and social relations, that connect the specific technique to large processes and rationalities. In the conflict between user rights and ownership rights in northern Sweden, the introduction of new techniques within reindeer husbandry is studied on a local and embodied level. Through observations and interviews, the tension between empowerment and control in their implementation is further explored by utilizing a labor process theoretical framework. The results illustrate a shift in the definition of skills and knowledge, in relation to the use of GPS and GIS, that reshape, reorganize, restructure and embody the labor process of reindeer husbandry and spatial, temporal and ecological relations. Through its production of subjective conditions and dependence, the disciplinary logic of these techniques contributes to shape and enact governable spaces and subjects within the context. Operating as technologies of government, the techniques emphasize the responsibilities of the reindeer herding community and shape their participation, by reinforcing the demand for certain kind of subjectivities and accountability – governmental rationales that contribute to a technologicalization and depoliticizing of policy and conflict managing.

  • 9.
    Andersson, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Hotels as flagship buildings: Emerging economies in small towns2012In: Hotel spaces: urban and economic geographical perspectives on hotels and hotel developments / [ed] Lukas Smas, Stockholm: Stockholms universitet, Kulturgeografiska institutionen , 2012, , 20 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Andersson, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Branding and networking: Hotels as creators of new economic spaces in post-industrial towns2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Andersson, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Geographies of Place Branding: Researching through small and medium sized cities2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Place branding is commonly conceptualized with a focus on big cities, such as London, New York and Singapore, building from concepts and models from mainstream branding theory. In contrast to such conceptualizations, this thesis focuses on place branding in small and medium-sized cities. The present thesis aims to study place branding from a geographical perspective. It starts with debates theoretical and empirical understandings of place branding; what it is and how it is affecting the places where it is introduced. The thesis develops and argues for a perspective of territoriality and relationality to place branding discussing concepts, methods and empirical approaches to carry out place branding research using geographical perspectives. Empirically, this thesis focuses on in-depth studies of place branding in small and medium-sized cities in Sweden. By analyzing the development of place branding over the course of time, nuances and aspects of both territorial and relational origin emerge, situating place branding practices within a wider spatial contextualization. Four individual papers are presented, which taken together contribute to the aim of the thesis. Paper 1 introduces the place branding research field in geography and how it has developed; Paper 2 investigates the phenomena of flagship buildings located in small cities and towns; Paper 3 discusses the relationship between policy tourism and place branding; and Paper 4 analyzes how local environmental policies are affected by green place branding. The thesis demonstrates the complex and continuously interchangeable spatial structures and place contexts that create and re-produce the geographies of place branding. Here, research models and methodological examples are presented to illustrate how place branding can be studied from a geographical perspective and thus improve theoretical understandings of place branding.

  • 12.
    Andersson, Ida
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    James, Laura
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    From the greenest city in Europe to green heptathlon: place branding and policy tourism in Växjö, Sweden’Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the motivations and practices of cities engaging in policy boosterism, ‘a subset of traditional branding and marketing activities that involves the active promotion of locally developed and/or locally successful policies, programs, or practices across wider geographical fields as well as to broader communities of interested peers' (McCann, 2013: 5). The paper draws together literatures on policy boosterism, policy tourism, and place branding to explore the motivations of cities sharing policies in a competitive policy environment through policy tourism.  Using the case of environmental and urban sustainability policies in Växjö, Sweden, we examine how the rationale for sharing policy has changed over time, and how this both reflects and shapes the organization of policy tourism through technical visits and the branding of Växjö as ‘the greenest city in Europe’. Our study suggests that policy tourism and urban policymaking co-evolve in the context of policy boosterism. In Växjö what began as opportunistic branding now drives local environmental policymaking as the city strives to remain at the cutting edge. We suggest that detailed, longitudinal case studies are required to build a picture of the relationship between policy boosterism, policy tourism and urban policymaking in a variety of contexts. 

  • 13.
    Andersson, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Sveriges framtida vinterturism: företags och kommuners anpassningar till klimatförändringarna2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Svenska fjällområdet är välbesökt av både utländska och svenska turister. Kalfjällen och det öppna landskapet utgör en omtyckt vandringsmiljö och de alpina skidområdena har årligen miljontals besökare.

    Klimatförändringarna diskuteras flitigt idag och fjällområdet står inför enförändring. Djur- och växtarter flyttar norrut och kalfjällen växer igen. Den alpina skidsäsongen förväntas bli kortare, vilket får ekonomiska konsekvenser för de berörda verksamheterna. Skistar AB, som är den dominerande aktören inom alpin verksamhet i Norden, ökar ständigt användandet av snökanoner för att säkerställa skidsäsongen. I samband med detta ökar vatten- och energianvändningen och utsläppen. Företaget vill kunna bli ett alternativ för de turister som väntas lämna skidåkningen i Alperna på grund av snöbrist.

    Framtidens klimat kan komma att kräva ännu mer av de alpina verksamheterna och de berörda kommunerna för att behålla en högbesöksfrekvens. Expansionen av områden som till exempel Sälen och Åre är idag enorm, och stora planer finns för ytterliggare utbyggnader för framtiden. För att ha en hållbar utveckling av dessa områden så kan samspelet mellan kommuner och företag handla om att förändra verksamheten så att den blir bättre anpassad till ett framtida klimat.

  • 14.
    Andersson, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Inomföretagshandel: en deskriptiv studie av de gängse ekonomiska modellernas förmåga att förklara inomföretagshandel2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay in economic geography describes what intra-firm trade as a concept is and different ways to determine in which cases trade is to be labeled as intra-firm trade (IFT) or not. The method used by the author is most easily described as descriptive. This method was chosen in order to test if existing theories; classic and neoclassic economics, new trade theory and international business studies, are capable to explain the phenomena of IFT. The theories are tested trough primary and secondary literature but also trough reasoning by the author.

    The conclusion is that the most reasonable way to determine whether trade occurs intra-firm or not, is to decide upon a 5-% rule where it when one part owns 5-% of the voting strength in the other company is to be considered intra-firm trade. This is a conclusion based on several reasons; the strongest one being that a common view on IFT could boost comparative studies as the U.S already collects data based on the 5-% rule.

    Classic and neoclassic economics are incapable of explaining IFT as aprerequisite for these theories is that markets are perfect. IFT can only beexplained by models building on imperfect markets hence new trade theory and international business are more successful in explaining IFT.

  • 15.
    Andersson, Linda
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Det offentliga rummets renässans?: Exemplet Uppsala2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 16.
    Andersson, Roger
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Housing, Contexts, and the Well-Being of Children and Youth: A European Perspective2014In: Cityscape: a journal of policy development and research, Vol. 16, no 1, 185-188 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Andersson, Roland
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Wilhelmsson, Mats
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Universities, knowledge transfer and regional development: Geography, entrepreneurship and policy2012In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 91, no 2, 477-479 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Andersson Schwarz, Jonas
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Plattformarna tar makten2016In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 16 jan, 34-35 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    En handfull nätjättar, som Facebook och Google, har fått mycket stor makt. Denna plattformisering påverkar hela samhället och ekonomin, och är en förändring jämförbar med fordismen eller taylorismen, skriver medieforskaren Jonas Andersson Schwarz.

    Plattformssamhället, del 1

    Ett fåtal stora aktörer har blivit alltmer dominerande på internet och i människors vardag. SvD Kultur belyser hur utvecklingen påverkar samhället, ekonomin, kulturen och människan.

  • 19.
    Andersson Schwarz, Jonas
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Plattformsekonomin ur ett konsumentperspektiv2015In: Marknadsföring, reklam och tjänstefiering i det digitaliserade samhället / [ed] Agne Sandberg, Karlstad: Konsumentverket , 2015, 13-23 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 20.
    Annadotter, Kerstin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Werner, Inga Britt
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Motiv för inflyttning till Dalen och Östbergahöjden samt inflyttades värdering av områdena: Arbetsrapport nr 5 i projektet Grannskapseffekter på områdesnivå- en fördjupad studie av bostadsrättsombildning i allmännyttan2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Huvudsyftet med denna studie är att få kunskaper om varför man flyttar till Östbergahöjden och Dalen samt vilka kvaliteter och eventuella problem de nyinflyttade upplever i respektive område.

     

    Metoden för att erhålla svar på frågorna är skriftliga enkäter där inbjudan att delta i en webbaserad enkät sändes ut via brev till personer som flyttat in till Östbergahöjden respektive Dalen under år 2014. Data på inflyttade personer 2014 erhölls från SPAR. Såväl brevet med inbjudan som enkäten var på både svenska och engelska.

     

    Antalet inflyttade år 2014 var 341 personer i Östbergahöjden och 320 personer i Dalen. Svarsfrekvensen efter två påminnelser blev totalt ca 12% i båda områdena, en mycket låg siffra.

    En analys av delgrupper av svarande indikerar att de som svarat kan anses vara representativa för de som har köpt en bostadsrätt eller fått en hyresrätt i respektive område.

     

    Priserna på bostäderna i Dalen och Östbergahöjden uppfattas som billiga och prisvärda. Det är den mest omnämnda orsaken för flytt till båda områdena. Man har kunnat köpa sin bostad eller köpa en större bostad. Man har i båda områdena i viss utsträckning flyttat från hyresrätt till bostadsrätt vilket talar för att områdena till del har fungerat som ett insteg på bostadsrättsmarknaden för de inflyttande.

    De svarande i båda områdena tillsammans bedömer att bostadsområdet de bodde i tidigare var tryggare, hade bättre rykte, att man hade bättre förtroende för grannar, att man tog mer hänsyn till varandra och att man höll mer rent och snyggt. Svaren per område visar att man i Östbergahöjden upplever att trygghet och områdets rykte är de faktorer där skillnaderna är störst och negativa jämfört med det bostadsområde där man bodde innan flytten.

    Att läget är centralt med goda kommunikationer och bra service är det näst mest omnämnda orsaken till varför man flyttat in, både för Dalen och Östbergahöjden. Andra ofta omnämnda orsaker till att flytta till Dalen är: ”nära natur, grönt”; ”trevligt område, fin arkitektur”; ”barnvänligt, bra skola, dagis ”samt att ”vänner, släkt har rekommenderat området”. Andra ofta nämnda orsaker att flytta till Östbergahöjden är att man ”flyttar ihop eller isär”; ”flyttat med släkt och familj” samt ”fick möjligheten; var tvungen”.

    Det bästa med att bo i både Dalen och Östberga är att områdena ligger nära Stockholms centrum. För Dalen omnämns också ”nära natur”; ”trevliga grannar, bra gemenskap”; ”trevligt område, ”fina innergårdar” samt ”bra lägenhet, stor lägenhet, billigt att bo”.

    Det mest omnämnda problemet med att bo i Östbergahöjden är ”anlagd brand”. Därefter kommer ”ungdomsgäng, knark, störande beteende, otryggt”, vilket också är de problem som omnämns mest i Dalen. I Dalen kommer därefter ”nedskräpning, dålig sophantering” samt ”dålig bostadskvalitet, planlösning, ljudisolering”.

    I Dalen upplever man att tex ungdomskriminaliteten minskat och att befolkningen håller på att gentrifieras. I Östbergahöjden fortsätter problemen med kriminalitet och bränder vilket oroar de boende. Östbergahöjden ser ut att lida större brist på socialt förtroende, gemenskap och samarbete än Dalen.

  • 21.
    Annala, Kaisu
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers.
    Teräs, Jukka
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Nordic working group for green growth – innovation and entrepreneurship 2013-2016 Synthesis report2017 (ed. 2)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The synthesis report summarizes the work done by the Nordic Working Group during their four-year mandate period and puts it in a broader European and international context. The report focuses on the role and relevance of the regional level and regional players in promoting green growth in the Nordic countries and internationally and gives policy recommendations on how the Nordic regions can benefit from enhanced cooperation on green growth activities. The report focuses on two central areas of green growth: bioeconomy and industrial symbiosis. It analyses the key global drivers for green growth in these areas and positions the Nordic regional green growth - its strengths and weaknesses - against these global drivers.

  • 22.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    The spawning salmon as a resource by recreational use : the case of the wild Baltic salmon and conditions for angling in north Swedish rivers2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis is to analyse the preconditions for increasedsalmon angling in the remaining wild salmon rivers in Upper Norrland in northernSweden, as well as to evaluate the present and possible future impacts on the localeconomy. It includes the identification of the internal and external conditions, in what ishere called the Salmon Utilisation Landscape, that influence the present use as well asfuture development of the Baltic salmon as a resource in angling. The empirical materialsderive from two mail surveys, 1) a survey of anglers in the River Byske and 2) a jointNordic survey on the economic value of recreational fishing.Interest in recreational fishing is widespread in Sweden. About 35 % of adultSwedes fish for recreation. Recreational fishery and angling can be seen as one expressionof the urbanised society's need for contact with nature and outdoor recreation. Salmonangling is one part of recreational fishery. Salmon are considered by many to be the 'biggame' of angling. Salmon anglers are often the most devoted kind of anglers, investingconsiderable resources into this leisure activity. The subgroup of Swedish salmon anglingspecialists is estimated at 10-30,000 persons. The wider category of Active River anglersconsists of approximately 170,000 persons.Salmon fishing in the River Byske has turned out to be representative of salmonangling in Upper Norrland, comparable with other high-class Scandinavian salmon rivers.The growing proportion of remote anglers in the 1990s indicates that the Byske hasbecome a rather specialised angling water. The groups of Fishing tourists and Home fishersmake up two distinctive categories. Fishing tourists fish more intensively, have higher dailyexpenditures and show higher consumer surplus. They fish the river almost entirely forsalmon in. On the other hand, Home fishers to a large extent claim the right to fish fordecent prices and without any particular restrictions. During the 1990s, the average annualincome to the local economy of Byske river valley derived from salmon angling fishingtourism was about 850,000 SEK.Many river habitats have been depleted during the 20th century and many salmonstocks were exterminated by severe degeneration factors linked to industrialisation. To thisis added the over-fishing on wild stocks of salmon and the mortality syndrome, M74. Theavailable estimates of the potential production of wild salmon smolt in Upper Norrlandaggregates close to 1.2 million. This can be converted to an angling activity of some250,000 fishing days.On the basis of the prevailing cost level, the potential angling activity in UpperNorrland would amount to a direct annual turnover of 75 million SEK, however theimpact caused by fishing tourism is likely to remain within the interval of 10 - 30 millionSEK. The Active River anglers' average willingness to pay for annual access to a salmon andsea trout scenario was 1,100 SEK per capita. There is a widespread attitude among manyanglers that fishing should be accessible for all and prices should be kept low. In theNordic context such opinions are especially evident among Swedish anglers in general, butless frequent among devoted salmon anglers.

  • 23.
    Arnek, Magnus
    et al.
    Transport och Samhälle (ToS), Högskolan Dalarna.
    Eriksson, Per
    Vägverket Region Norr.
    Hultkrantz, Lars
    Transport och Samhälle (ToS), Högskolan Dalarna.
    Persson, Lars-Olof
    Centrum för forskning om drift och underhåll (CDU), Kungliga tekniska högskolan, KTH.
    Westin, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Österberg, Richard
    Centrum för forskning om drift och underhåll (CDU), Kungliga tekniska högskolan, KTH.
    Upphandling av drift och vägunderhåll i norra Sveriges inland: Om marknadsförutsättningar och regionala effekter1999Report (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Asheim, Bjørn
    et al.
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Coenen, Lars
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Moodysson, Jerker
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Medicon Valley - A globally competitive, transnational bioregion2007Report (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Asheim, Bjørn
    et al.
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Coenen, Lars
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Moodysson, Jerker
    Department of Social and Economic Geography, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Vang, Jan
    Copenhagen Institute of Technology, Aalborg University, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Constructing knowledge-based regional advantage: Implications for regional innovation policy2007In: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, ISSN 1368-275X, E-ISSN 1741-5098, Vol. 7, no 2-5, 140-155 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A focus on constructing regional advantage requires an 'unpacking' of what makes territorial agglomerations important for innovation and competitiveness by disclosing and revealing the contingencies, particularities and specificities of the various contexts and environments where knowledge creation, innovation and entrepreneurship take place. In order to achieve more effective regional innovation policy, this paper presents and discusses three dimensions along which such unpacking can take place. These dimensions refer to (1) specific industrial knowledge bases, (2) globally distributed knowledge networks and (3) different territorial competence bases.

  • 26.
    Asheim, Bjørn
    et al.
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Coenen, Lars
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Moodysson, Jerker
    Department of Social and Economic Geography, Lund University.
    Vang, Jan
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Regional innovation system policy: A knowledge-based approach2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A focus on constructing regional advantage requires an unpacking of what makes territorial agglomerations important for innovation and growth by disclosing and revealing the contingencies, particularities and specificities of the various contexts and environments where knowledge creation, innovation and entrepreneurship take place. In order to achieve more effective regional innovation policy, the paper presents and discusses five dimensions along which such unpacking can take place. These dimensions refer to different perspectives that originate in different industrial knowledge bases, different territorial competence bases, the distributed knowledge base, the importance of creative knowledge environments and different institutional frameworks.

  • 27.
    Asheim, Bjørn
    et al.
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Isaksen, Arne
    University of Agder, Norway.
    Moodysson, Jerker
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Sotarauta, Markku
    University of Tampere, Finland.
    Knowledge bases, modes of innovation and regional innovation policy: a theoretical re-examination with illustrations from the Nordic countries2011In: Beyond territory: Dynamic geographies of knowledge creation, diffusion, and innovation / [ed] Harald Bathelt, Maryann Feldman and Dieter F. Kogler, Milton Park: Routledge, 2011, 227-249 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Ashton, Philip
    et al.
    University of Illinois at Chicago.
    Christophers, Brett
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    On arbitration, arbitrage and arbitrariness in financial markets and their governance: Unpacking LIBOR and the LIBOR scandal2015In: Economy and Society, ISSN 0308-5147, E-ISSN 1469-5766, Vol. 44, no 2, 188-217 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Amongst a series of scandals to hit international financial markets in recent years, that surrounding the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) – a highly influential interest rate benchmark – has attracted particularly intense media scrutiny. This paper seeks to push beyond conventional understandings to unpack critically both LIBOR itself and the scandal involving its manipulation by major international banks. Envisioning LIBOR as a commodity beset by inherent contradictions, the paper mobilizes the tropes of arbitration, arbitrage and arbitrariness to illuminate, respectively: the market-making work performed by LIBOR; its role in enabling the transfer of financial risk, most notably when fraudulently manipulated; and the nature of the regulatory prosecution of such manipulation.

  • 29.
    Asino, Wilhelmina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Evaluating aspects of sustainability in tourism at a mountain destination: Accessibility and economic impacts assessment in Sälen: Case of Sälen in Sweden2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Travelling to, from and within the destination area accounts for a high level of tourism emissions. Yet, little has been done to improve and direct the travelling pattern at reducing carbon dioxide emissions. By encouraging visitors to use public rather private transport also limits traffic congestion and increases the use of public space by means of walking and cycling therefore enhancing destination competitiveness. Although there have a number of attempts to encourage the use of public transportation over car use, it still remains a challenge. This paper reports the findings of surveys of tourists who visited Sälen during the peak season of Easter break and projected their travel choice and spending patterns within the destination. The results shows that there is a relationship between location, accessibility and tourist expenditure.

    Therefore, understanding the pattern of visitors’ expenditures within a destination can serve as a strategic element in economic sustainability and capturing factors that have a high expenditure at a destination.

  • 30.
    Assmo, Per
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics.
    Creative Industry Cluster Growth for Regional Development: Illustrations from Sweden2008In: Uddevalla Symposium 2008: Spatial Dispersed Production and Network Governance : Revised papers presented at the 11th Uddevalla Symposium, 15-17 May, 2008, Kyoto, Japan  / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2008, 99-113 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To survive and thrive in market economy, actors seek for continuous increased productivity and effectiveness. To do so, there is a dominant argument that concentration or clustering of economic activities might enhance economic performance and growth. In an increasingly global market, knowledge and creativity are often highlighted as increasingly important factors for economic growth in post-industrial societies. Changes in the economic landscape mean that the location of human capacity becomees a key aspect for knowledge creation and regional economic growth, especially for the development of the creative industry. In many EU countries, political institutions at various levels strive to assist the growth of, or even develop creative economic clusters. But is it possible, through political means, to actually construct a flourishing and sustainable creative industry clusters? And if so, is it possible to attract and/or develop the creative capital, the essential element for the development and growth of the creative industry. The article aims to critically discuss and further develop the conceptual discussion of creative capital, its relation in time and space, and thereby impact on regional economic growth. In an attempt to take the theoretical discussion a step forward, the creative capital theory will be critically analysed, where the author apply comparative studies to examine the impact of creative capital at national, regional and local level in a time-spatial context.  

  • 31.
    Assmo, Per
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    A Time-geographic Appraisal for Local Sustainable Development2015In: International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, ISSN 1832-2077, Vol. 10, 15-26 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable development is often described as including ecological, social and economic dimensions. The conventional view of "sustainable" development is largely based on ideas of economic growth, which promotes expansion in space and compression in time – what we call a global market economy. Furthermore, the dominant conventional view also enhances a technical-economic approach that results in a rather narrow subject specific research focus on specific problems. Thereto connected strategies thereby use general technological and institutional policies and solutions that tend to conceal the reality of how people act and respond in relation to resources and constraints in a time-spatial context. So, the conventional development perspective seems in many ways to be unsustainable in ecological, social and thereby also economic terms. This article is of a conceptual character and focuses on local development in a time-space context. The article is inspired by Hägerstrand's time-geographical approach, and explores an approach that contextualizes processes of change in time and space. This time-spatial approach thereby enhances an alternative view for integrated local social-, economic- and ecological sustainable development processes. In so doing, this approach has the potential to enhance a more all-embracing sustainable development approach applicable to design local policy instruments and strategies.This article is of a conceptual character and focuses on local development in a time-space context. The article is inspired by Hägerstrand's time-geographical approach, and explores an approach that contextualizes processes of change in time and space. This time-spatial approach thereby enhances an alternative view for integrated local social-, economic- and ecological sustainable development processes. In so doing, this approach has the potential to enhance a more all-embracing sustainable development approach applicable to design local policy instruments and strategies.

  • 32.
    Assmo, Per
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Fox, Roddy
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    International collaboration for pedagogical innovation: Understanding multiracial interaction through a time-geographic appraisal2015In: Knowledge for a sustainable world: A southern African–Nordic contribution / [ed] Tor Halvorsen, Hilde Ibsen and Vyvienne RP M’kumbuzi, Cape Town: African Minds, 2015, 207-226 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Assmo, Per
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University.
    Home: The Arena for Sustainable Development: A Conceptual Discussion2009In: Uddevalla Symposium 2009: The Geography of Innovation and Entrepreneurship: Revised papers presented at the 12th Uddevalla Symposium, 11-13 June, 2009, Bari, Italy / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2009, 91-105 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In contemporary society, environmental problems are most often regarded as global phenomena that require international attention and solutions. However, global environmental problems can be regarded as symptoms and results of people´s daily activities at a local level where, the focus is on the household, defined as a space where individuals live together, where everyday life is organised and takes place. Interpretations and analyses of households and everyday life vary in different academic disciplinary contexts. Even in everyday language, different meanings are attributed to the term. The aim of this paper is to distinguish between, and discuss, understandings of the household as a physical dwelling, as a node of economic resource management, and finally as a social and emotional space. These three dimensions of everyday life are related to the three dimensions of sustainable development and an analysis that can indentify and integrate these dimensions can provide openings to enhance sustainable development processes combining the local and the global.

  • 34.
    Assmo, Per
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University.
    Turning Time-Spatial Modes: An Alternative Perspective to Integrate Environmental-economic Processes of Change2008In: Uddevalla Symposium 2008: Spatial Dispersed Production and Network Governance : Revised papers presented at the 11th Uddevalla Symposium, 15-17 May, 2008, Kyoto, Japan  / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2008, 115-128 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The global market economy is built on a political institutional arrangement promoting free and open trade. The existing natural and human resources make up the basis for all productive activities. The dominating economy strive to reach efficient use of human and natural resources, by enhancing processes of spatial expansion and time-compression.   The conceptual argument in this paper takes its starting point in Hägerstrand´s traditional time-space model. It illustrates two conflicting perspectives the global market economic horizontal norm (expansion in space, compression in time) and the environmental sustainable vertical processes (expansion over time in limited spaces). These two norms head in different directions and environmental sustainability is therefore conflicting with the common meaning of economic development.   In a time-spatial perspective, a sustainable use of resources is spatially limited, and extended over time. A development process, in terms of environmental sustainability, relies on local resource use and extension in time, to limit the use of external input of energy. This process is the opposite to what today is seen as economic development (growth) that compresses time and expands in space, to reach the most favourable comparative advantages.    The monetary market economy is a political construction. What activities and resources that are given a price on the market depend on the istitutional arrangements of property rights, prices and legal structures. Our conceptual conclusion is that the current political construction of the economy is "in-complete" and thus creates and fosters a mis-match with environmental pre-conditions. The political system can have the capacity to use the tools and power to harmonise economic development with environmental sustainability, locally, nationally and globally.

  • 35.
    Assmo, Per
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Local alternative development through a time-spatial lens: A case study of Ydre inspired by Hägerstrand2012In: Entrepreneurship, Social Capital And Governance: Directions for the Sustainable Development and Competitiveness of Regions / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Börje Johansson, Roger R Stough, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012, 378-391 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the contemporary market-oriented society, we seem to be more globally interdependent. The market economy system enhances large-scale production where search for increased productivity strives to 'compress' time. At the same time, the market economy tends to expand in space, for example sells products over longer distances. A result of this 'space expansion' and 'time compression' through the conventional economic market system is that local small-scale production and trade have increasing difficulty in competing and surviving (Assmo and Wihlborg, 2007). Even so, conventional economic growth (valued in monetary terms) is commonly seen as the only way to cure any development problem arising from poverty, unemployment, crime, pollution and depletion of natural resources. In a provocative manner similar to Daly (1992), one can argue that this conventional monetary valued growth perspective is trapped in a terminal state of 'growthmania'. People's organization of daily activities to improve or sustain their livelihood is much more than what is generally calculated and thereby shown in monetary values.

  • 36.
    Assmo, Per
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University.
    An Alternative Time-Spatial Approach Towards Post-Monetarism2011In: Uddevalla Symposium 2010. Innovation and Multidimensional Entrepreneurship - Economic, Social and Academic Aspects : Revised papers presented at the 13th Uddevalla Symposium, 19-22 August, 2010, Jönköping, Sweden  / [ed] Irene Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2011, 71-84 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Assmo, Per
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Political entrepreneurship and sustainable growth in rural areas2016In: Political Entrepreneurship: Regional Growth and Entrepreneurial Diversity in Sweden / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Charlotte Silander and Daniel Silander, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016, 83-98 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Political entrepreneurs in local rural settings play a partly different, but still crucial role for local development. Here the prospects for development are more constrained: there are fewer resources and people, but mainly because of a limited local market and transportation constraints. Thus, political entrepreneurs have to use specific time-spatial power strategies to make changes. However, the concept of political entrepreneur includes a variety of roles, actions and characteristics. We will thus elaborate on the meaning of political entrepreneurs in their local time-spatial setting of rural communities. If local political entrepreneurs are to become crucial actors in policy-making and local development, we have to get to know them and no longer consider them as anomalies in the policy process and use them for improved local development. This chapter contributes in three ways to the general aim of the book to show the role that the political entrepreneur might play in promoting entrepreneurship, enterprise and entrepreneurial diversity. First, we will show the importance of the time-spatial setting of the political entrepreneur by using a time-geographical approach. Second, we elaborate on different types of political entrepreneurs. Finally, we will show how differently political entrepreneurs can promote local development by presenting three illustrations based on extensive bottom-up qualitative field studies.

  • 38.
    Assmo, Per
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Wilhborg, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering.
    Local Policy Entrepreneurs and Sustainable Development in Rural Areas2015In: Uddevalla Symposium 2015. Regional Development in an International Context. Regional, National, Cross Border and International Factors for Growth and Development: Revised papers presented at the 18th Uddevalla Symposium, 11-13 June, Sönderborg, Denmark / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2015, 59-74 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Axbard, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Income Opportunities and Sea Piracy in Indonesia: Evidence from Satellite Data2016In: American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, ISSN 1945-7782, E-ISSN 1945-7790, Vol. 8, no 2, 154-194 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effect of climatic variation on conflict and crime is well established, but less is known about the mechanism through which this effect operates. This study contributes to the literature by exploiting a new source of exogenous variation in climate to study the effect of fishermen's income opportunities on sea piracy. Using satellite data to construct a monthly measure of local fishing conditions it is found that better income opportunities reduce piracy. A wide range of approaches are employed to ensure that these effects are driven by income opportunities rather than other mechanisms through which climate could affect piracy.

  • 40.
    Aydogan Cifci, Merve
    et al.
    Istanbul University, Turkey.
    Gurel, Cetin
    Istanbul University, Turkey.
    Dincer, Fusun Istanbullu
    Istanbul University, Turkey.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Reintermediation for Small and Medium Hospitality Enterprises2016In: Consumer Behavior in Tourism Symposium (CBTS 2016), 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Back, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Vem bestämmer egentligen?: Om handelsetableringar och kommunal samhällsplanering2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with municipal planning, with special focus on retail localisation issues. The paper takes its inspiration from the process of externalising and concentration that has characterised the past few decades of the retail industry. This development is both local and regional, and has meant that retailers have concentrated their localisations to the important city centers and out-of-town shopping centres. The purpose of this paper is to explore which agent that controls this development. The agents examined are the retail grocery industry and municipalities. From these agents a few people are interviewed: managers at Axfood, Coop and ICA, as well as municipal politicians and officials from Borlänge, Säter and Örnsköldsvik municipalities. Furthermore, a number of people from a local interest group in Husum are interviewed. The material shows that retail grocery companies are active and trendsetting, while the municipalities are relatively passive and trying to cope as well as possible based on their current situations. In the end, the paper finds that retail rather than the municipalities are in charge of the process of externalisation and concentration. Amongst other things, this raises the question of whether future cooperation in retail policy may be necessary across municipal borders.

  • 42. Backman, Mikaela
    et al.
    Lööf, Hans
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    The geography of innovation and entrepreneurship2015In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 55, no 1, 1-6 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This introduction to the special issue "The Geography of Innovation and Entrepreneurship" in the Annals of Regional Science surveys a collection of nine papers which consider agglomeration economies and spatial heterogeneity of regions and firms through the lenses of innovation and entrepreneurship. They all make use of extensive and detailed data sources that enable models to provide a richer picture of how firms, industries and regions are affected by innovation and entrepreneurship but also how these entities shape and foster renewal. These factors include spatial concentration, industry composition, labor market characteristics, immigration, firm characteristics, R&D activities and R&D collaboration. The papers add to the understanding of the geography of innovation and entrepreneurship by suggesting alternative ways of identifying spillovers, combing and integrating internal and external knowledge sources, and by estimating the impact on innovation, new firm formation and growth.

  • 43.
    Backman, Mikaela
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Nilsson, Pia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    The role of cultural heritage in attracting skilled individuals2016In: Journal of Cultural Economics, ISSN 0885-2545, E-ISSN 1573-6997Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the role played by built heritages and cultural environments, alongside other locational factors, in explaining the growth of human capital in Sweden. We distinguish between urban, natural and cultural qualities as different sources of regional attractiveness and estimate their influence on the observed growth of individuals with at least three years of higher education during 2001–2010. Neighborhood-level data are used, and unobserved heterogeneity and spatial dependencies are modeled by employing random effects estimations and an instrumental variable approach. Our findings indicate that the local supply of built heritages and cultural environments explain a significant part of human capital growth in Sweden. Results suggest that these types of cultural heritages are important place-based resources with a potential to contribute to improved regional attractiveness and growth.

  • 44.
    Baggio, Rodolfo
    et al.
    Bocconi University, Italy.
    Moretti, Vincenco
    Giuseppe Di Vittorio Foundation, Rome, Italy.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Beauty and its role in fostering economic growth and social development2016In: Valuing and Evaluating Creativity for Sustainable Regional Development / [ed] Laven D. & Skoglund, W., Mid Sweden University , 2016, 157-159 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Balalia, Alina
    et al.
    Academy of Economic Studies in Bucharest.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Assessing TerritorialImpact Assessment: the Case of Services of General Interest2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Barin, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Sverige banar väg mot kontinenten: Höghastighetsbanor – ett hållbart transportsystem för framtiden2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 47.
    Bassin, Mark
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES). Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, History of ideas.
    National Metanarratives after Communism2012In: Eurasian geography and economics, ISSN 1538-7216, Vol. 53, no 5, 553-556 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Bastian, Anne
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport planning, economics and engineering.
    Maria, Börjesson
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport planning, economics and engineering.
    Peak Car for urban Swedish men?2014In: Proceedings of Symposium of the European Association for Research in Transportation (hEART),September 10, 2014 – September 12, 2014, Leeds, UK, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study long-term trends in regional car travel demand within and across socio-demographic groups in Sweden, using cross-sectional data from National Travel Surveys, spanning the period from 1978 to 2011. We find that the reduction in per-adult driving in Sweden mainly occurs among urban men. Urban men of all income groups reduced their driving for both commuting and non-commuting trips in conjunction with rising gasoline prices, which may have contributed to this development. We find that driving among those socio-demographic groups, who have better opportunities to reduce their driving, and driving for discretionary rather than commute purposes is being reduced over time. Sweden is ranked among the most gender-equal countries in the world; yet we find a substantial remaining gender gap in the share of adults driving a car on an average day, even when controlling for other socio-economic differences.

     

  • 49. Bentley, R. Alexander
    et al.
    Acerbi, Alberto
    University of Bristol (United Kingdom).
    Omerod, Paul
    Lampos, Vasileios
    Books average previous decade of economic misery2014In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 9, no 6, e99737Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Berg, Su-Hyun
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography. Department of Geography, University of Kiel, Germany.
    Creative Cluster Evolution: The case of the film and TV industries in Seoul, South Korea2015In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 23, no 10, 1993-2008 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Can the concept of co-evolution help to analyse and explain the dynamics of creative industries? This article tackles the question by investigating the film and TV cluster in Seoul, South Korea. The analysis of the 35 semi-structured interviews confirms the dynamics of the film and TV industries in Korea. First, Hallyu began with the export of Korean TV drama series across East Asia. The state deregulation and neo-liberal reforms during the 1990s in Korea boosted an explosion of the export of the Korean film and TV industry. Second, the core of the film and TV production is concentrated within Seoul, while dispersion of those industries occurred in Gyeong-gi province. Third, from an institutional perspective, tensions between the central government and the film and TV industry can be observed, which have been intensifying since 2006. This paper concludes that particularly co-evolution could potentially be an important concept to explain and analyse dynamics in creative industries.

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