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  • 1.
    Abdallah, Laila
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Forskningsfinansiering genom regional samverkan: Studier i de nya universitetens och högskolornas ekonomi2003Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vad kan högskolorna göra för att finansiera forskning i framtiden? Är nya universitet och regionala högskolor beroende av regionala medel för att utveckla forskning ochforskarutbildning? I denna rapport undersöks ett urval högskoleenheter: 1) nya universitet, 2) högskolor som tilldelats vetenskapsområde, samt 3) högskolor som etablerats efter 1996. Sammantaget ingår tre universitet och sju högskolor i undersökningen där finansiering av forskning och forskarutbildning granskas på detaljnivå. Med avseende på forskning och forskarutbildning har högskolorna expanderat snabbt sedan fem år tillbaka. Deras externa forskningsmedel är fortsatt viktiga trots att den statliga direktfinansieringen i flera fall har ökat med 150 procent. Endast 40-45 procent är direkta statliga anslag till forskning och forskarutbildning, vilket jämfört med UoH-sektorn i sin helhet utgör en något lägre andel. Resultaten pekar mot att högskolorna i urvalet i många fall är starkt anknutna till sina regioner. Detta antyds av den höga andelen medel från svenska företag samt från kommuner och landsting. Enligt beräkningarna i rapporten bör drygt tio procent av de totala medlen komma från sådana källor år 2001. Innebörden av detta är att drygt en femtedel av de externa FoU-medlen har någon form av lokal eller regional anknytning. Utöver detta kan noteras att medel från de nya forskningsstiftelserna visar sig vara av stor betydelse och dessa samvarierar i stor utsträckning med de lokala och regionala medlen. Vidare indikerar rapporten att det finns ett starkt samband mellan vetenskapsområde och regional anknytning. De högskolor och universitet som arbetar inom tekniskt vetenskapsområde har en stark och betydande anknytning till regionala forskningsbeställare. Sådan inriktning är samtidigt en konkurrensfördel vad gäller KK-stiftelsens medel. I ett tentativt index som prövas i rapportens andra del konstateras att tre högskoleenheter förtjänar att lyftas fram som framgångsrika i sin regionala samverkan: Mälardalens högskola, Malmö högskola och Karlstads universitet. Dessa har höga andelar FoU-medel från såväl den kommunala sektorn som svenska företag. Rapporten inleds med en problematiserande genomgång som visar att forskning för att vara användbar för företag och kommuner behöver arbeta mot excellens. Internationellt sett starka forskare och forskarmiljöer erbjuder goda samarbetsmöjligheter. Detta fordrar långsiktighet och uthållig forskningsfinansiering. Om de öronmärkta resurser som hittills kanaliserats till nya universitet och högskolor i en framtid kommer att bli mer konkurrensutsatta fordras strategier för att fokusera och koncentrera forskningsmedel. KK-stiftelsens satsningar förefaller ha gått i den riktningen. Frågan är om de regionala forskningsbeställarna kan arbeta i samma riktning?

  • 2.
    Abiala, Kristina
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    "Som en i familjen": invandrade kvinnor i turkiska hushåll2013In: Arbete & Jämställdhet: Förändringar under femtio år / [ed] Eva Blomberg, Kirsti Niskanen, Stockholm: SNS Förlag , 2013, 133-159 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Abidin, Crystal
    et al.
    University of Western Australia.
    Ots, Mart
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media Management and Transformation Centre. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    The Influencer’s dilemma: The shaping of new brand professions between credibility and commerce2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The new "liquid" media environment involves a range of new professions, practices and practitioners (Deuze 2011). Based on a rich ethnographic study containing personal interviews and participant observation, this paper looks at semi-professional Influencers in the social media marketing industry and asks how these new branding professions and their practices emerge and institutionalize. Specifically, the material draws on data collected between 2011 and 2015 among women Influencers in the ‘lifestyle’ genre in Singapore who advertise products and services in the industry verticals of Fashion, Beauty, and Electronic goods on blogs, Twitter, and Instagram.

  • 4.
    Ablahad, Marlen
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture.
    Bära Sorg Föra Liv: En studie om begravningsritualer bland syrianer/assyrier i hemlandet och i Sverige.2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay describes the phases of funeral rituals between the Syrian/Assyrian, and compares the homeland with Sweden. It describes the stage of rituals according to Victor Turner schema of separation, margin or limin, and aggregation. The rituals religious significance agrees with Clifford Geertz’s theory about the importance of religious beliefs for the human being

  • 5.
    Abokor, Axmed Cali
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Suugaanta Geela1986Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    For centuries livestock have formed the backbone of the Somali economy. Camels are especially highly valued by Somali herdsmen.

    The practical uses of the camel have been eloquently described by Somalis in their extensive oral poetry, handed down through generations from father to son. It forms a complete literacy tradition composed of poems, proverbs, metaphors and tales of wisdom.

    The collection and preservation of Somali oral literature are important subjects that require urgent attention. This rich literature was transmitted to us orally from generation to generation. The cultural and historical life of the Somali people is reflected in this ancient oral data.

    The present collection of oral literature on the Somali camel is the result of an extensive research work. Oral literature has been one of the subjects studied by the "Somali camel research project", a bilateral undertaking between Somalia and Sweden (the Somali Academy of Sciences and Arts, SOMAC, and the Swedish Agency for Research Cooperation with Developing Countries, SAREC).

  • 6.
    Adolfo, Eldrigde
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Nyström, Daniel
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Electoral Violence in Africa2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the time period 2012–2013, over 20 national elections and two constitutional referendums are scheduled in Africa. In several of these elections, violence is anticipated to play a prominent role. There is great urgency to support the establishment of effective and legitimate electoral institutions and electoral frameworks; institute reforms aimed at lowering the stakes of elections; encourage the devolution of powers; improve the socio-economic standing of the populace; and devise strategies to prevent and manage electoral violence.

  • 7.
    Aguirre Vidal, Gladis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Om känslor på jobbet: intimitet, omsorg och hushållstjänster i Barcelona2013In: Rena hem på smutsiga villkor? : hushållstjänster, migration och globalisering / [ed] Anna Gavanas & Catharina Calleman, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2013, 143-160 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Aida Niendorf, Mariya
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Migration, transformation, and the homecoming of a culture: Tango in Finland and Japan as an example2016In: Migration, transformation, and the homecoming of a culture: Tango in Finland and Japan as an example, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Finland, a great distance away from Buenos Aires, people crowd dance floors nightly to dance to tango music, while the tango has also captured the hearts of the people on the other side of the world in Japan. The popularity of the tango in both Finland and Japan, however, is not so familiar to the outside world.

     

    In this paper, I will discuss the motives and the paths by which a culture travels, settles and shapes itself into a new form, using the tango as an example. First, the tango’s relationship to society and history in each of these countries are explored using archives and literature. Then such aspects as inner emotion, solitude, illusion, and liminality are analyzed through data collected from surveys, interviews, and forum discussions in the SNS.

     

    Some scholars suggest that the tango reflects the personality, mentality, and identity of the Finnish and Japanese peoples. Though this may be partially true, it is difficult to generalize about the Finnish or Japanese personality. It is argued, rather, that the tango's prosperity in these two countries has significant connections to some shared historical and social factors. I also propose that the 'liminality' of tango dancing plays an important role in both nations that went through difficult struggles to recover from the damage caused by war. “The liminal phase is considered sacred, anomalous, abnormal and dangerous, while the pre- and post-liminal phases are normal and a profane state of being” (Selänniemi 1996). Tango dancing can be considered an escape or a vacation from the hardship of everyday life as well as a fuel which enables the people to keep moving forward.

    The tango’s transformation in Finland and Japan, and its homecoming back to Argentina are also examined. The results reveal some of the unusual paths a culture can travel.

  • 9.
    Aida Niendorf, Mariya
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Finland and Japan: A peek into shared histories through tango's migration, transformation, and assimilation2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Ainamo, Antti
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Across disciplines and cultures: Harnessing diversity2015Other (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Alkarp, Jesper
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology, Cultural Anthropology.
    Women in Nationalist Discourse: An Anthropological Perspective on Korean Gendered Nationalism2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12. Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    Jensen, MikaelUniversity of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
    Kognitionsvetenskap2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Alm, Björn
    Socialantropologiska institutionen, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholms universitet.
    The un/selfish leader: Changing notions in a Tamil Nadu village2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    'The un/selfish' leader explores notions of selfishness, as they were perceived by people in the village of Ekkaraiyur, Tamil Nadu, India, at a time they associated with thorough changes in their lives.

    Discussing locally held notions about agrarian change, seen as causing the erosion of earlier village loyalties and leading to the emergence of a new type of leaders, the study focus on the censure of the alleged corruption of these leaders. Expressed in a rich repertoire of stories about the ideals of leadership and about the excellence of the past and foreign societies, the censure was routinely voiced in public debates and in everyday conversations.

    Set against a background an increasing role of the state for the people in Ekkaraiyur, the censure of leaders implied a critique of the contemporary society they were taken to represent. Moreover, the study argues that the critique was grounded in evaluations of individualism and selfishness in human nature.

    The study is based on fieldwork carried out in Ekkaraiyur between 1988 and 1990

  • 14.
    Alm, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    The un/selfish leader: Changing notions in a Tamil Nadu village2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    'The un/selfish' leader explores notions of selfishness, as they were perceived by people in the village of Ekkaraiyur, Tamil Nadu, India, at a time they associated with thorough changes in their lives.

    Discussing locally held notions about agrarian change, seen as causing the erosion of earlier village loyalties and leading to the emergence of a new type of leaders, the study focus on the censure of the alleged corruption of these leaders. Expressed in a rich repertoire of stories about the ideals of leadership and about the excellence of the past and foreign societies, the censure was routinely voiced in public debates and in everyday conversations.

    Set against a background an increasing role of the state for the people in Ekkaraiyur, the censure of leaders implied a critique of the contemporary society they were taken to represent. Moreover, the study argues that the critique was grounded in evaluations of individualism and selfishness in human nature.

    The study is based on fieldwork carried out in Ekkaraiyur between 1988 and 1990

  • 15.
    Alneng, Victor
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    The Right Price: Local Bargains for Global Players2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Alneng, Victor
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Review of: Beyond the Beach: an Ethnography of Modern Travellers in Asia, by Klaus Westerhausen2004In: Pacific affairs, Vol. 77, no 1, 99-101 p.Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 17.
    Alneng, Victor
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    What the Fuck is a Vietnam?: Touristic Phantasms and the Popcolonization of (the)Vietnam (War)2002In: Critique of anthropology, ISSN 0308-275X, E-ISSN 1460-3721, Vol. 22, no 4, 461--489 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the introduction of the reform project doi moi in 1986, Vietnam turned to tourism as a major new economic resource. Demands from international visitors have entailed a commodification of the Vietnam War. This article approaches tourism as an ideologically saturated nexus where identities and worldviews are continuously being represented, consumed, reconfirmed, negotiated and modified. Practices and narrations of Western backpackers, who travel to Vietnam spurred by phantasms of Vietnam as a war, are related to discourses of Vietnam in tourism literature, popular media, academia, journalism and politics, and traced to a `popcolonial' fantasy of Western superiority. At the core are the hegemonic implications the `been there, done that' cliché carries when war and tourism go hand in hand. It is argued that the dichotomies of here/there and war/peace need to be dislodged in order to understand the ideologies of both tourism and war.

  • 18.
    Alneng, Victor
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Book review of:: Finding meaning in pleasure travel by Julia Harrison, 2003.2005In: Ethnos, ISSN 0014-1844, E-ISSN 1469-588X, Vol. 70, no 2, 273-274 p.Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    Alneng, Victor
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    The modern does not cater for natives: Travel ethnography and the conventions of form2002In: Tourist Studies, ISSN 1468-7976, E-ISSN 1741-3206, Vol. 2, no 2, 119-142 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As a response to editors Adrian Franklin and Mike Crang’s outline of ‘the trouble with tourism and travel theory’, this article sketches some further troubles. It is argued that researchers have adopted modernist spatio-temporal distinctions that reproduce a singularity of the Tourist-as-Westerner. Meanwhile non-Westerners are mostly seen as immobile pre-modern participants of Western tourism. As non-Western tourism involves considerably more people than Western tourism, tourism theories on the whole do not necessarily fit most tourists of the world today, and they may even serve to re-enforce the global geopolitical hierarchy. Illustrated with ethnographic examples from Vietnam, it is suggested that a radical questioning of autocentric spatio-temporal distinctions is needed to arrive at a more heterogeneous and complex view of both modernity and tourism. While this will open up the field of inquiry, a sensitivity to socio-cultural diversities and, more importantly, global inequalities and the situated knowledge production is needed.

  • 20.
    Alneng, Victor
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Zen and the art of tourism maintenance: a meditation on so-called prototourism in Vietnam2009In: Domestic tourism in Asia: diversity and divergence / [ed] Shalini Singh, London: Earthscan , 2009, 31-49 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    Alphonce, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Uncovered Faith: Examples of Sunni Muslim Beliefs in Adana, Turkey2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about uncovered women's faith and worship in an urban setting in contemporary Turkey. It researches the possibility of any common factors for uncovered Sunni Muslims' faith and worship as well as what parts of classical Muslim faith they have found negotiable. The essay relates to current literature and research on the topic as well as provides an insider perspective based on interviews with Turkish women.

  • 22.
    Alphonce, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture.
    Äktenskap i Adana, Turkiet: Attraktion eller arrangemang?2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about marriages in an urban setting in contemporary Turkey. It exemplifies how a marriage arrangement is done and whether the migration into cities from the country has influenced them. I will mainly give an insider perspective by interviewing Turkish women but the essay also relates to articles about modernization’s effects on marriage forms.

  • 23.
    Aléx, Peder
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    Sparsamhetsnorm biter inte på dagens svenskar.2007In: Konsumera mera: dyrköpt lycka / [ed] Birgitta Johansson, Formas , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Andersson, Janicke
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Society, Diversity, Identity. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Konsten att leva längre: Föreställningar om livets förändring i handböcker 1700-19302007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to explore discursive changes in conceptions of life course and ageing. I am particularly concerned with the relationship between knowledge and power in the distribution of prolongevity and body- technologies, and as referential frame in the definition of normal and deviant bodies and behaviour. Following the historical processes this study includes advisory literature in the field of prolongevity from 1700-1930. As a conclusion I have distinguished four categories of legends in the material. In analyzing the legends: Antediluvian legends, Hyperborean legends, Fountain legends, and Centenarian legends. The legends of prolongevity intermediate ideas of human ageing in, and between cultures, On a meta-level there has been three discourses intertwining each other in the making of present images on prolongevity and successful ageing: Religion, Science and The Natural. In e discursive struggle during the studied years those components have been competing for domination and space on the prolongevity agenda. The advices reflect a belief in the possibility to transform by means of moderation and harmony; a belief that grew in the eighteenth century and enhanced during the following centuries. The aim was to improve human nature to an ennobled version of her self according to divine standards. Prolongevity was in 1700-1930 a question of reaching a pre-designated length of life given by God or Nature. Today we do not believe in pre-designated life-length we only believe in prolongation. We do want the paradise but we want it here on earth, and we want to be in charge.

  • 25.
    Andersson, Jenny
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Från segregation till segregation: En familjs ackulturation i en mångkulturell miljö2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hageby is a district in Norrköping, which is mainly perceived as segregated with a large number of inhabitants of foreign origin. It's also associated with low socioeconomic status, criminality, high unemployment and social exclusion. The external perception of the area is mainly negative, whilst the internal experiences and views, on the contrary are quite positive. Some internal conflicts, based on ethnicity and religion is clearly present here, but most informants expresses a positive view of the Swedish people, though many have little opportunity to interact with ethnic Swedes. Living in a multicultural area, seems for many of the local inhabitants to be something partly positive. For newcomers living there, closeness to family and their ethnic group, also helps soften the stress of settling in and adjusting to a new community. Extensive research shows that living in a segregated area, tend to slow the integration process, having negative effect on learning the new language, developing networks necessary for finding work, understanding of and full participation in society. Newer the less, my informants show that living in a segregated area, does not necessarily have these effects on an individual level. Although the extended influence of negative stereotyping of the area and the people who live there, tend to have an effect on self image and the construction of identity.

  • 26.
    Andersson, Jenny
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Det otänkbara i att dansa med en afrikan utan taktkänsla och få sin pizza bakad av en svensk: – om fördomar och rasism2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Through this study I will attempt to show how a public might understand and relate to prejudice, racism and discrimination. How perceptions about ethnicity, race and nationality relate to cultural differences and how othering and stereotypes are being motivated by the informants and how they view them. The participating informants generally show significant tolerance towards others, but also show clear tendencies of othering and in-group bias. In their interpretation of “the cultural other”, assumptions and reasoning suggests that they are based on collective and individual group stereotypes. They do not accept interpersonal racism and discrimination but are seemingly unaware of what constitutes and creates structural discrimination and they are more tolerant towards discrimination based on economic interest. 

  • 27.
    Andersson, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Svärmorsdröm goes Punk: En studie om den senmoderna människan2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how the late modern man's opinions manifest themselves with regards to education, work, leisure, travel, consumption and faith. Furthermore, I examine whether the informants and their views may be linked to Mary Douglas's cultural theory of cultural types. I also want to analyze whether they are classifiable as David Brooks` recently introduced type, BoBos. Finally, I examine whether my informantsare typical of today's late modern society.

    The conclusion I came to was that the informants are typical of today's late modern society and that they usefully can be referred to as BoBos. They are individualistic, relativistic and partly paradoxical, which is apparent in their views of themselves as being classifiable as a group.

  • 28.
    Andersson, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Trend eller Etik - Vad styr?: En studie om ekologisk medvetenhet och vilka som besitter den2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    The purpose of this study is to examine whether the informants interviewed for the study believe that ecological awareness is a trend or a permanent aspect of the clothing industry and whether ecological thinking manifests itself in the work and private life of the informants.  The interviews investigated their views on environmental issues and the ethical aspects of organic production. Similarly, analysis of informants can be categorized as an analysis of a newly introduced cultural type, Bobo.

    The conclusion I achieved was that the informants have an ecological awareness which manifests itself in their work and personal life. Their views and awareness can be characterized as boboitian and is considered to be timely for today's society.

  • 29.
    Andersson, Oscar
    Lunds universitet.
    Chicagoskolan: institutionaliseringen, idétraditionen och vetenskapen2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskarna inom Chicagoskolan var de första i ett akademiskt ramverk som systematiskt och etnografiskt satte gruppen och människan i centrum i en modern urban kontext. Det hade förekommit andra som skrivit om industrialism, modernism, urbanitet och de fattiga i slummen, men inte på ett lika systematiskt och genomträngande sätt som Chicagoskolan. Skolans strävan att förankra sina antaganden om det industriella, moderna och urbana i empiriska studier var banbrytande och hade antropologin, journalistiken och reformismens surveyundersökningar som etnografiska förebilder. William I. Thomas, Robert E. Park, Ernest W. Burgess och deras studenter gjorde empiriska studier om olika sociala situationer där konkreta människor interagerade, vilket fortfarande är något förhållandevis ovanligt inom urbana studier. I denna empiriska/historiska studie påvisar Oscar Andersson hur Chicagoskolan växte fram mellan 1915 och 1935, genom att i detalj kartlägga olika aktörers bidrag till framväxten av skolan samt hur institutionen gick ifrån att vara en förhållandevis löst sammanhållen organisation med spretande idéer och intresseinriktningar till att bli en fullfjädrad vetenskaplig institution med relativt homogent ämnesinnehåll och forskningsfokus. I merparten av samtida studier av Chicagoskolan tas det många gånger för givet att skolan företräddes av vissa personer och hade ett visst ämnesinnehåll, i denna studie kartlägger författaren genom en noggrann empirisk/historisk undersökning vilka personer som verkligen ingick i Chicagoskolan och vilket vetenskapligt förhållningssätt och vilka empiriska metoder de praktiserade i fältet. Genom att studien påvisar hur den sociologiska och antropologiska institutionen i Chicago utvecklade en empiriskt grundad vetenskap, framgår det också vilka förutsättningar som fordras för kunskapsproduktion i en akademisk miljö. I studier av kunskapsprocesser framhålls vanligtvis den idéhistoriska bakgrunden, i detta arbete visar författaren att det också krävs en administrativ och finansiell grund för att kunskap ska kunna ackumuleras, utvecklas, reproduceras och föras vidare till nya forskargenerationer vid ett universitet. Författarens främsta bidrag till studier av Chicagoskolan, är att på ett analytiskt och empiriskt plan visa på likheter respektive skillnader mellan antropologi och sociologi i Förenta staterna på 1920-talet. Skolan använde sig framför allt av filosofiska och sociologiska förebilder, men arbetade, enligt författaren, i en antropologisk anda. De förde samman antropologins etnografiska forskningsfokus, genom att i fältet studera verkliga människor, med sociologins komparativa och universella syn på samhället och människan. Dessutom var antropologi en del av den sociologiska institutionen mellan 1892 och 1929, vilket gjorde att det fanns unika kopplingar mellan ämnena redan från början. Detta faktum skulle sedermera sätta sin prägel på både antropologin och sociologin i Chicago. Trots att den urbana antropologin har hämtat inspiration och legitimitet från Chicagoskolan på 1920-talet har ingen tidigare i detalj undersökt vad som var ”antropologiskt” med skolan. Det tas ofta för givet inom antropologisk litteratur att Chicagoskolan hade en antropologisk prägling, denna studie går ut på att undersöka om så verkligen var fallet. Omvänt är det mycket ovanligt att någon mer i detalj har påvisat hur Chicagoskolan påverkade antropologin, annat än att skolans forskning utgör den historiska källan till urbanantropologi.

  • 30.
    Andersson, Oscar
    Malmö högskola.
    William Foote Whyte, Street Corner Society and social organization2014In: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, ISSN 0022-5061, E-ISSN 1520-6696, Vol. 50, no 1, 79-103 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social scientists have mostly taken it for granted that William Foote Whyte’s sociological classic Street Corner Society (SCS, 1943) belongs to the Chicago school of sociology’s research tradition or that it is a relatively independent study which cannot be placed inany specific research tradition. Social science research has usually overlooked the fact that William Foote Whyte was educated in social anthropology at Harvard University, and was mainly influenced by Conrad M. Arensberg and W. Lloyd Warner. What I want to show, based on archival research, is that SCS cannot easily be said either to belong to the Chicago school’s urban sociology or to be an independent study in departmental and idea-historical terms. Instead, the work should be seen as part of A. R. Radcliffe-Brown’s and W. LloydWarner’s comparative research projects in social anthropology.

  • 31.
    Andersson, Ruben
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology. London School Economics & Political Science Univeristy London.
    Hunter and prey: Patrolling Clandestine Migration in the Euro-African Borderlands2014In: Anthropological Quarterly, ISSN 0003-5491, E-ISSN 1534-1518, Vol. 87, no 1, 119-149 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the past decade, the European Union and its member states have invested heavily in a far-reaching, diffuse, and technologized border regime targeting the elusive figure of the clandestine or illegal African migrant. Taking the mismatch between these large investments and the statistically small number of overland irregular migrants as its starting point, this article explores the embodied effects of illegality engendered in the policing of the Euro-African borderlands. Based on fieldwork with West African police forces, aid organizations, and migrants, it focuses on the migration circuit between the Sahel and Spain, where a joint European response to irregular flows was first tried and tested under the umbrella of the EU border agency Frontex. By highlighting the means of detection used to apprehend illegal migrants - from bodily signs to presumed intentions to migrate - the article looks at how an increasingly reified and embodied modality of migrant illegality is produced on the circuit between West Africa and Europe's southern shores. This production of illegality crucially depends on the incentives offered to African forces for participating in European controls. Tensions among African officers over the unequal gains from such incentives and ambivalence over the rationale for controls, I argue, make the transnational policing of clandestine migration a fraught site of state investment and concern.

  • 32.
    Andersson Sköld, Lisa
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Water usage behaviour and discourse in Cambodia2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Cambodia is one of the poorest countries in Asia and the mortality and morbidity due to lack of improved water supply sources are high. Improvement in this area could better the situation for many Cambodians and as a consequence better the situation for the state of Cambodia.

    The purpose of this thesis is to depict how water issues are being handled in Cambodia. This is done from an anthropological point of view and as a result the focus is on the interviewees of this study. Issues that will be of interest are water consumption and management behaviour, and their explanations. Thoughts and knowledge on water treatments, water safety and how to prevent water related health issues will also be of interest. Other important aspects are sanitation, garbage and the work of non-governmental organizations and the Royal Government of Cambodia. The field work was carried out though interviews and observations in three main areas, urban Phnom Penh, Khsach Kandal and Angk Snuol.

    The result focuses on risk behaviour and behaviour change and shows that there is a lack of knowledge among the people I talked to when it comes to water related health risks. There is a big mistrust in the quality of the water and most people regard boiling a necessity before drinking the water. However, storage is generally the big problem as well as lack of information on how, where and why water gets contaminated.

    Another problem that emerged is that there is a lack of financial commitment from the Royal Government of Cambodia and much work is done by NGOs which might be the reason for conflicting and confusing messages towards the public.

  • 33.
    Andersson Sköld, Lisa
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Livet med gränsen: Norsk närvaros påverkan på gränskommunen Strömstad2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Increasing globalization and mobility has reduced as well as enhanced the significance of borders. The Swedish-Norwegian border has barely changed in the last 350 years. During this time both national and cultural identities have been created. Strömstad’s location at the national border creates a situation where it is affected by national events in a different way than most of Sweden and at the same time Strömstad is strongly influenced by the national politics of another state.

    The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of the Norwegian presence on Strömstad from a social and cultural perspective. Most noticeable are the effects in the financial sector; however effects can also be seen in the way the borderers see themselves as well as their community.

  • 34.
    Andersson Trovalla, Ulrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology, Cultural Anthropology.
    Medicine for Uncertain Futures: A Nigerian City in the Wake of a Crisis2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nigerian city of Jos used to be seen as a peaceful place, but in 2001 it was struck by clashes that arose from what was largely understood as issues of ethnic and religious belonging. The event, which would become known as ‘the crisis’, was experienced as a rupture and a loss of what the city had once been, and as the starting point of a spiral of violence that has continued up to today. With the crisis, Jos changed. Former friends became enemies, and places that had been felt to be safe no longer were so. Previous truths were thrown into confusion, and Jos’s inhabitants found themselves more and more having to manoeuvre in an unstable world coloured by fear and anger. Life in Jos became increasingly hard to predict, and people searched for different ways forward, constantly trying out new interpretations of the world. This book, which is inspired by pragmatism, analyses the processes that were shaping the emergent city of Jos and its inhabitants in the aftermath of the crisis. At its core are some of Jos’s practitioners of traditional medicine. As healers, diviners, and providers of spells to protect from enemies or solve conflicts, they had special skills to influence futures that were becoming more and more unpredictable. Still, the medical practitioners were as vulnerable to the changing circumstances as everyone else. Their everyday lives and struggles to find their footing and ways forward under the changing circumstances are used as a point of departure to explore larger wholes: life during times characterised by feelings of uncertainty, fragmentation, fear, and conflict – in Jos as a city and Nigeria as a nation.

  • 35.
    Andersson, Åsa
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture. University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Knife in the Heart: Suburban mythology in the new post-industrial order2010In: (Re)searching Gothenburg: Essays on a Changing City / [ed] Holgersson, Helena m. fl., Göteborg: Glänta produktion , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Annersten, Mikael
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture.
    Lönearbetet, Arbetslösheten och Möllevången: En studie i arbetslöshetens vardag och dess platser2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study is divided into three parts – the development of wage labour towards becoming the dominant norm in society, how this norm is challenged in a specific geographical context, and lastly a study of two unemployed individuals and their everyday activities, what and especially why certain behaviour occurs. The main purpose with the text is to study unemployed people in a specific geographical context in a overall society where wage labour is thought to be the norm. Questions that is being asked is how the unemployed individual works in a society where wage labour is the dominant activity for the day. This is connected to a study of Möllevången, a district of Malmö, where the wage labour norm can be thought of as being challenged. Employment and unemployment is categorised as part of the same activity, in a perspective they share the same functions, the demand for spending time in the system and they constitute, in principle, the only ways of earning a living, the wage or unemployment benefit, which both comes with similar demands towards the individual.

  • 37.
    Antelius, Eleonor
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Att leva i nuet: förvärvad hjärnskada, hopp(löshet) & identitet2011In: Diagnos och Identitet / [ed] Georg Drakos, Lars-Christer Hydén, Stockholm: Gothia Förlag AB, 2011, 1, 78-99 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Antelius, Eleonor
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Traphagan, John
    Dept. of religious studies, University of Texas at Austin, USA.
    Ethnocultural contextualization of dementia care: cross-cultural perceptions on the notion of self.2015In: Care Management Journals, ISSN 1521-0987, Vol. 16, no 2, 62-63 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Antoncich, Ivan
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Resan med FC Nörd: Gemenskap i utanförskap2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    I will in this paper to use my own experience and my own perspective to retell that which can be crucial to a football team must clear all obstacles in front of him . What that might mean for untrained individuals to be in a group and try to act as a group . What leadership role mean for a group or whatever it may cause problems if that becomes the leader does not know how a leader should be or what its role is in fotboll.vad it means to be in a group and what it takes to a group to work as a team.

  • 40.
    Antoncich, Ivan
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Resan med FC Nörd: Gemenskap i utanförskap2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay i will retell my experience and my view on what can be crucial for a soccer team to clear all obstacles in front of a team. The paper focus on how different individuals kan create a unity and kinship when they share a context when they are viewed as outsiders in the society. The unity in the exclusion connects to theories about ethnic groups and group structures.

  • 41.
    Antoniou, Vasilia Lilian
    Univestiy of Essex, UK.
    David E. Sutton's Memories Cast in Stone: The Relevance of the Past in Everyday Life2001In: Journal of Southern Europe and the Balkans, ISSN 1461-3190, E-ISSN 1469-963X, Vol. 3, no 2, 212-213 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Araujo, Sandra Gil
    et al.
    Instituto de Investigaciones Gino Germani, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Buenos Aires.
    González, Tania
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Migraciones, género y trabajo en España: El tránsito obligado de las trabajadoras inmigrantes por el empleo de hogar2012In: Mora, ISSN 1853-001X, Vol. 18, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Several researches have shown the importance of domestic work as a main sector of inclusion for migrant women in Spain, mainly during first years of immigration, regardless of their educational level. This concentration, far from responding to labor trajectories of these workers, is the result of the articulation of several variables within the reception context (immigration policies, employment policies, gender relations, labor market characteristics, ideas on domestic work, etc.) and the ways in which migrant families organize productive and reproductive work. In this case, this paper aims to analyze the variables which have influenced the feminization process of migration towards Spain and its connection with the importance of domestic work as the main sector of labor insertion for non-EU migrant women. Afterwards, we summarize some statistical data, and moreover therefore we present the results of an exploratory fieldwork with domestic workers in an irregular situation in Madrid, paying attention to working conditions, relations with employers, gender relations, migration projects, family life and ideas on care work in origin and destination.

  • 43.
    Arbin, Louise
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology, Cultural Anthropology.
    ”Mandom, mod och morske män” – en militär i förändring2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 44.
    Arnfred, Signe
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Re-thinking sexualities in Africa2004Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The volume brings together papers by African and Nordic/Scandinavian gender scholars and anthropologists, in attempts to investigate and critically discuss existing lines of thinking about sexuality in Africa, while at the same time creating space for alternative approaches. Issues of colonial and contemporary discourses on 'African sexuality' and on 'female genital mutilation' are being discussed, as well as issues of female agency and of feminists' engagement with HIV/AIDS. The volume contributes to contemporary efforts of re-thinking sexualities in the light of feminist, queer and postcolonial theory.

  • 45.
    Arnfred, Signe
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Cheru, Fantu
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Hammar, Amanda
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Havnevik, Kjell
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Kamete, Amin Y.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Lourenco-Lindell, Ilda
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Myhre, Knut Christian
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Ngangjoh Hodu, Yenkong
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Oinas, Elina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Palmberg, Mai
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Thorsen, Dorte
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Re-thinking Africa: A Contribution to the Swedish Government White Paper on Africa2007Report (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Asklöf, Linn
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Slöjan: om "av-slöjning": – En uppsats om unga, obeslöjade, svensk-muslimska kvinnors syn på slöjan och slöjdebatten2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay presents four not-/unveiled Swedish Muslim women's perceptions and experiences regarding the headscarf, the choice not to wear a headscarf, and the dominant understanding of the headscarf in Swedish society. Drawing on narratives of these women, this study aims to examine what it is that lies behind the choice not to wear the veil. Qualitative semi-structured interview was used as method for the collection of empirical data, and empirically guided thematic approach to the analysis of it. Moreover, set out from theoretical concepts of identity, classification, symbols, norms and social control, the obtained data is discussed.

    The participants in this study explains that they have never felt forced to wear the veil. They are of the opinion that one does not have to wear a headscarf in order to identify oneself as Muslim women. Islam, or ones level of religiosity, is not connected with a headscarf, rather, ones relationship as a Muslim is between that person and God. Moreover, the result indicates that the informants born in countries categorized as Muslim countries have been more affected by the Swedish secular society and its norms than those born in countries not categorized as Muslim countries. Nevertheless, they all fear potential rejection, negative sanctions and aggressions of society, causing them to stand by the decision not to wear a veil.            

  • 47.
    Avrahami, Dina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Vi dansar inte på bordet: Lesbiska invandrarkvinnor i Sverige: stigmatisering & stolthet2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This research was carried out during the years 200-2004. The theoretical basis of the thesis is found within the fields of Lesbian Studies and IMER-studies (studies of International Migration and Ethnic Relations). In the thesis the life experiences of 21 informants, originating from 15 different countries are studied. The 21 informants are all immigrant women living in Sweden. The point of departure of the research is that of sexuality and migration.

    The main questions of the research are: through which processes do women obtain consciousness about their lesbian orientation, how do they “learn “to “be” lesbians and within which social context do these processes take place? Answers to these questions are given through an analysis of the life experiences of the 21 informants. The analysis is focuses on the connection and the interaction between lesbianism and migration.

    The study is ethnographic and qualitative. The narrative method is applied to obtain the empirical material containing transcribed interviews and notes from participant observation. Theories of social relationship, heteronormativity, stigmatization, agency, and migration are applied.

    The study shows that the informants’ experience of stigmatization and marginalization are very similar irrespective of which society they grew up in. Marginalization of lesbian women is very much a consequence of social structure, which oppresses female sexuality. It is through the coming out process that lesbian women “learn” to “be” lesbian. Stigmatization is the social context in which the lesbian women becomes aware of her sexual orientation and grows into conscious lesbian. It is through conscious action (agency) that she alters her social position in the margin and becomes an independent and proud lesbian subject. In the course of this process she seeks contact with other homosexuals (women and men) and she develops a sense of belonging to a group of people who share similar life experiences of stigmatization on the grounds of their homosexuality. This feeling is crucial for the establishment of a lesbian community, irrespective of ethnic and national background. The lesbian community (and gay community as a whole) is international.

  • 48.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Samisk forskning – eftersatt och efterfrågad2006In: Tvärsnitt: Humanistisk och samhällsvetenskaplig forskning, ISSN 0348-7997, Vol. 1, 18-22 p.Article, review/survey (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 49.
    Ayalew, Tekalign
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    The emerging risks and developmental challenges to children and youth in Ethiopia: the case of Arba Minch town2012In: Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities, ISSN 1810-4487, Vol. 8, no 2, 47-74 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about the developmental challenges and adversities to children and the youth in Arba Minch which is one of the emerging towns of Ethiopia. Primary data for the study was collected through case stories, in-depth interview with key informants from families, experts in concerned organizations, FGD and observation methods. The purpose of the research was to explore how the emerging risk situations in the family, community and school environments are threatening the socio-economic and intellectual developments of children and the youth in the town. It is identified that there are adverse situations for thousands of children and the youth in the family, school and community environments. Risk factors in the community include high rate of substance abuse, crime and violence, unemployment, idleness and absence of children and youth recreational centers. The presence of shops that show pornographic and action video, drug centers around schools, shortage of educational inputs or teaching-learning facilities, absence of variety of learning styles, students’ misbehaviors, and low academic achievements have made schools ineffective. The family environment is also not comfortable for positive child development due to the prevalence of child abuse, child neglect, poverty and family disorganization.

  • 50.
    Azis, Georgios
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Rising up against the subordination of life in Barcelonès: an ethnography of the struggle of the afectadas for a future without debt chains2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The collapse of the Spanish real-estate market in 2007-8, and the colossal destruction of jobs it provoked, put an abrupt end to a decade-long model of growth, which was based on the construction and tourism industries as its primary motors as well as on the massive indebtedness of the labouring masses. In the severe economic downturn that ensued, a social conflict appeared: on the one side, the many indebted people forming the movement of the Plataforma de Afectados por la Hipoteca (PAH) and, on the other side, the financial industry. This study offers an ethnographic account of the aforementioned conflict as it unfolds in the precarious reality of Barcelona and Santa Coloma de Gramenet, with a particular emphasis on the experience and struggle of the affected persons. The argument advanced is that the main predicament of the debt conflict is the subordination of life processes to the imperatives of financial accumulation; a situation enabled by a specific constellation of forces, involving the successive governments of Spain, the financial elite, the police, and the courts.

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