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  • 1.
    Aberkan, Niama
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    "200 meter, varav 50 meter i ryggläge": – En studie om utvalda skolors simkunnighet i årskurs 62014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte

    Mitt övergripande syfte med uppsatsen är att jämföra hur simkunnigheten ser ut i årskurs 6 utifrån hur lärarna arbetar med simundervisning i två olika skolor.

    Frågeställningar

    – Hur organiserar och arbetar idrottslärarna med simning i skolan?

    – Hur ser simkunnigheten ut bland elever i årskurs 6?

    Metod

    En kvalitativ och en kvantitativ metod i form av enkäter och intervjuer har använts för att få frågeställningarna besvarade. De som deltog i enkätundersökningen var elever i årskurs 6 från en skola i Stockholmsstad och en annan skola på Lidingöstad. Eleverna fick besvara frågor om hur deras simkunnighet ser ut idag och vart de lärt sig simma. De som intervjuades var tre lärare i idrott och hälsa, en från skolan på Lidingö stad och två från skolan i Stockholms stad. Frågor som besvarades handlade om hur de bearbetar och organiserade simning i sin skola.

    Resultat

    Intervjuresultatet från lärarna visar att båda skolorna har samma upplägg. Eleverna får lära sig simma i lågstadiet och sedan, när de blir äldre och ska få betyg, har skolorna simtest, vilket innebär att eleverna får simma 200 meter varav 50 meter i ryggläge. Klarar eleverna testet får de godkänt i simmomentet. Simtestet visar att 78 % och 73 % av eleverna i skolorna får godkänt i simtestet. 7% och 12 % av eleverna klarar inte simtestet och får då betyget F i idrott och hälsa. 15 % av eleverna i vardera skola är frånvarande under simtestet. Vidare anser lärarna att det i första hand är föräldrarnas ansvar att lära barnen simma men i och med att det finns som ett kunskapskrav i läroplanen så är det nu också lärarnas ansvar.

    Slutsats

    Resultatet visar att båda skolorna arbetar likartat och har samma problem, vilket är att få tillgång till simhallen. Detta kan kopplas till ramfaktorsteorin som säger att om det finns ett krav i läroplanen ska det finnas möjlighet till att uppfylla kraven, som i detta fall tillgång till simhallar. Utifrån transformeringsarenan i läroplansteorin kan läroplanen tolkas olika av lärarna. Även här diskuteras hur man ska tolka simningskravet. Kan man simma 150 meter hundsim och 50 meter flytandes på rygg med bensprattel?

  • 2.
    Abou-Shakra, Hanan
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Lind, Tess
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    En litteraturstudie om läsförståelse och vilka faktorer som påverkar den hos elever i grundskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att ta reda på vad som påverkar elevers läsförståelse i grundskolan. Utifrån syftet kunde en frågeställning formuleras: “Vad säger forskningen om vilka faktorer som kan påverka elevernas läsförståelse i grundskolan?” Litteraturstudien bygger på systematiska sökningar som har gjorts i databaserna SwePub och ERIC. Resultatet visar att de faktorer som påverkar läsförståelsen hos elever i grundskolan är Faktorer från elevernas hemförhållande och bakgrund, Faktorer i undervisningen och Hur olika texttyper kan påverka läsförståelsen. Resultaten i litteraturstudien visar även att elever behöver stöd i sin undervisning med hjälp av olika metoder samt att föräldrarna har en betydelse för elevers lärande i skolan. Fortsatt forskning inom området läsförståelse är att mer ingående se på hur föräldrars utländska härkomst påverkar lärandet hos eleverna. Att konkretisera vilka strategier som lärare kan använda sig av för att utveckla elevernas läsförståelse i undervisningen i ämnet svenska kan också vara ett nytt forskningsområde.

  • 3.
    Abrahamsson, Oliver
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Engströms praktiker i praktiken: en studie om gymnasieelevers praktiktillhörighet utifrån Lars-Magnus Engströms teorier.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    The purpose of this study is to research and map Swedish secondary school students’ taste for sports (practice belonging) based on Lars-Magnus Engström’s practice division. The purpose is also to explore how gender, participation in organized sports and socioeconomic capital might be related to practice belonging. The study will also explore what type of learning the different practices contributes to. – How is the practice belonging among Swedish secondary school students? – Is there a relationship between practice belonging and learning?

    Method

    A survey was conducted on 270 Swedish secondary school students. The students went to three different schools, all located in the Stockholm suburbs. The results were analyzed in SPSS and significance levels were tried through Pearson’s Chi-Square test. The study’s theoretical base consisted of Bourdieu’s concept of habitus, Vygotsky’s sociocultural learning theory as well as Hirdman’s and Fagrell’s rendering of the gender system. 

    Results

    Challenge, physical training as well as competition and ranking were practices who most felt a strong belonging to. Skill training was a practice that boys to a larger extent than girls belonged to and movement to music was a practice that girls in a larger extent than boys belonged to. The students who had a higher grade in PE felt a strong practice belonging to all practices but movement to music as well as interaction with animals. There were no significant results between economic capital and practice belonging. Those with a high or semi-high educational capital felt a strong practice belonging for all practices but movement to music, interaction with animals and competition and ranking. The students who were participating in organized sports felt a stronger belonging to all performance practices as well as physical training and skill training than those who weren’t participating in organized sports. The results in the comparison between practice belonging and learning showed that those with strong practice belonging to a greater extent agreed with the assertions connected to the practice’s learning.

    Conclusions

    There seems to be differences in practice belonging depending on which gender one belongs to. One’s practice belonging can also differ depending on educational capital and participation in organized sports. It seems to be some practices that to a greater extent lead to a higher grade in PE. The results also indicate that there is learning within each practice.

  • 4.
    Abrandt Dahlgren, Madeleine
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Fenwick, Tara
    University of Stirling, Scotland.
    Hopwood, Nick
    University of Technology Sydney, Australia.
    Theorising simulation in higher education: difficulty for learners as an emergent phenomenon2016In: Teaching in Higher Education, ISSN 1356-2517, E-ISSN 1470-1294, Vol. 21, no 6, 613-627 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the widespread interest in using and researching simulation in higher education, little discussion has yet to address a key pedagogical concern: difficulty. A sociomaterial view of learning, explained in this paper, goes beyond cognitive considerations to highlight dimensions of material, situational, representational and relational difficulty confronted by students in experiential learning activities such as simulation. In this paper we explore these dimensions of difficulty through three contrasting scenarios of simulation education. The scenarios are drawn from studies conducted in three international contexts: Australia, Sweden and the UK, which illustrate diverse approaches to simulation and associated differences in the forms of difficulty being produced. For educators using simulation, the key implications are the importance of noting and understanding (1) the effects on students of interaction among multiple forms of difficulty; (2) the emergent and unpredictable nature of difficulty; and (3) the need to teach students strategies for managing emergent difficulty.

  • 5. Abrant Dahlgren, Madeleine
    et al.
    Hult, Håkan
    Dahlgren, Lars Owe
    Hård af Segerstad, Helene
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Vom Hochschulabschluss zum Berufseinstieg: Lernverläufe in Politikwissenschaft, Psychologie und Machinenbau2013In: Studium und Beruf: Studienstrategien - Praxiskonzepte - Professionsverständnis / [ed] Hessler, Gudrun, Oechsle, Mechtild, Scharlau, Ingrid, Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag, 2013, 1, 115-141 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Acson, Dennis
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Att lära sig vara hälsosam: en fallstudie om arbetet i en hälsoprofilerad skola2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Aim

    The aim of this study has been to investigate how a health-profiled school works with its’ health promotion and if the studied school fulfils the stipulated criterias for a health-promoting school.. The more specific issues are:

    1. What are the chareteristic of the school's health promotion?
    2. How does the designated key persons describe their work and responsibilities in the school's health promotion?
    3. What results of the school's health promotive actions are visible?

     

    Method

    A case study method was used to collect data for the study. This case study includes both qualitative interviews and a textual content analysis of related documents (evaluated reports, the school’s business plan and text from the school’s website). The selected school has been based on a strategic sample of schools. Five persons have been interviewed. As a theoretical frame work a sociocultural perspective on learning has been used.

    Results

    The school’s healthpromotion has a structure, announced in their business-plan, with a so called Health Team in the lead. Besides that, the school has been certified by Korpen’s health diploma. The school’s Health Team is the main hub of the school's health promotion and consists of the principal, the physical education (PE) teacher, the health educators, the school nurse, and the school restaurant manager. The principal sees himself as the overall responsible for the school's health promoting. The PE-teacher, the health educator, and the school nurse find it natural to work with health promotion within their profession. The restaurant manager, sees his primarily responsibility as to ensure that there is a nutritionally balanced diet offered in the school restaurant. The respondents stated the importance of their role as role models. Communication and engagement are key components in their health promotion. Regarding  aspects of the departure points for the learning of health, it reveals that the Health Team sees the interaction between the individual and context as essential components for their work. It comes foreward that the result of the school’s health promotion work is difficult to assess, or make visible. There have been attempts to measure the impact of the health promotion, but the respondents note that ensuring out comes of health promotion is a long-term goal.

    Conclusion

    The conclusion of the study is that the studied school fulfil the existing criteria for a health profiled school. The school has a structure, an organization and a distinct approach to learning about health. From a sociocultural perspective on learning, the school’s health promotion is characterized by an approach to learning as a social, situated and distributed. The key persons’ (the Health team) goal of theír health promoting is to let the students embrace tools and acquire different patterns of health promoting behaviors and actions. The effect or rather the results from their health promoting appear to be difficult to measure and therefore it is important to see the important to see health promotion from a long term perspective.

     

  • 7.
    Adam, Linda
    Södertörn University, Lärarutbildningen.
    Språket inom matematiken: En studie om vikten av det svenska språkets betydelse för matematikundervisningen2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is a multicultural country and because of this the Swedish school-system should be adapted so that all pupils can develop their linguistic skills so that they can participate andunderstand the education. By using scientific work from other researchers and my own experiences from a general point of view, I noticed that pupils with foreign origin perform less good in mathematics than pupils with Swedish origin, in the Swedish education system.

    The purpose of this research is to find out if communication and interplay between the pupils makes it easier for them to understand mathematics and its’ concepts. My research involves acertain school class were all pupils have another etnicity then the Swedish one. My aim was to find out if the pupils reached the knowledge-goals for mathematics in the third grade. Especially in the areas of solution solving and the understanding of mathematical texts. I wanted to find out if communication and interplay between the pupils lead to increasedprogress in the Swedish language and increased understanding of mathematical texts. I also examined what possibilities the pupils have to absorb and understand the education and how favourable the conditions are in their teaching process. My starting points were Vygotskijs’ sociocultural perspective. The main research questions were:

    • Is the language a barrier for the pupils in my research group when they develop their mathematical knowledge?
    • Which approach may enhance the pupils knowledge in mathematics?

    The research is based on interviews with the teacher and observations of the pupils during mathematic lessons. With the help of the empirical material I wanted to increase myunderstanding about the process of learning and development in the class and about how the teacher labours and reflects around the situation. She practiced silent and individual studies in the class. The result of this research showed that the pupils were not benefited by the teachersmethods and that they did not reach the main goals in Swedish and mathematics for the earlier years in Swedish compulsory school. The reason to this result is mainly that language and learning go hand in hand and that mathematics requires a good vocabulary and good reading comprehension.

  • 8. Adams, Robin
    et al.
    Fincher, Sally
    Pears, Arnold
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computer Systems.
    Börstler, Jürgen
    Boustedt, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Scientific Computing.
    Dalenius, Peter
    Eken, Gunilla
    Heyer, Tim
    Jacobsson, Andreas
    Lindberg, Vanja
    Molin, Bengt
    Moström, Jan Erik
    Wiggberg, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computer Systems.
    What is the word for "Engineering" in Swedish: Swedish students' conceptions of their discipline2007Report (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Adilagic, Dalila
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Adilagic, Edin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Omsorgsfull bedömning: en studie av högstadieelevers upplevelser av utvecklande bedömning och vad lärares omsorg kan betyda för dessa upplevelser2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här undersökningen beskriver vad som karakteriserar bedömning som en grupp högstadieelever upplever som utvecklande, samt vilken betydelse lärares omsorg kan ha för detta förfarande. Enligt forskning är kommunikationen mellan elever och lärare viktig när det gäller bedömning. Stor vikt läggs idag vid formativ bedömning som betydande faktor för elevers lärande i skolan. Formativ bedömning kräver ett samarbete mellan eleven och läraren. I undersökningen intervjuades elva elever i årskurs 9. Undersökningen visar att tydlig kommunikation mellan elever och lärare är av stor betydelse för att bedömningen ska upplevas som utvecklande. En utvecklande bedömning upplevs när läraren tydligt visar på elevers styrkor och svagheter. I undersökning framkommer också att elever känner sig bekräftade och upplever bedömning som utvecklande när läraren tar sig tid till bedömningen. Resultatet analyserades utifrån Noddings omsorgsetiska teori. Omsorg från lärares sida visade sig då ha stor betydelse för att bedömningen ska upplevas som utvecklande; för att elever ska uppleva en vilja att lära sig. Det vi kallar ”omsorgsfull bedömning” riktas både mot vad eleven kan i nuläget och mot hur eleven kan ta ett steg framåt. Vidare riktas den såväl mot eleven som individ som mot elevens prestationer.

  • 10.
    Adler, Sebastian
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Missner, Mario
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Dömd till livstids lärande: Lärande och kompetensutveckling inom företagshälsovården2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens samhälle är ständig utveckling och förnyelse viktiga överlevnadsvillkor för företag inte minst inom branschen företagshälsovård. Konkurrensen ökar och företagen måste ständigt se till att ligga i framkant och det har allt oftare konstaterats att den viktigaste tillgången är att utveckla de anställdas kompetens. Syftet med studien är att studera personals uppfattningar kring kompetensutvecklingen inom företagshälsans olika yrkesgrupper samt att genom den identifiera hur gynnsamma förhållanden för lärande kan skapas. För att få svar på syftet har vi använt oss av kvalitativa intervjuer som datainsamlingsmetod. Sammanlagt genomfördes sex intervjuer där fem olika yrkesgrupper representerades och företagets Vd. Studien har en fenemenografisk ansats som medför dataanalysmetod som består av sju steg. Eftersom vi var ute efter variationer av yrkesgruppernas olika uppfattningar var den fenemenografiska ansatsen mest optimal.

    I resultatet framkommer det ett flertal uppfattningar kring kompetensutveckling, lärandestrategier och hur gynnsamma förhållanden för lärande kan skapas. Vidare finns det gemensamma uppfattningar om att yrkesgrupperna har ett stort handlingsutrymme och att det är nödvändigt för att arbetet ska fungera. En av studiens slutsatser är att tid för reflektion är viktigt för gynnsamma förhållanden. Genom att få mer tid att kunna reflektera över det som har skett tror vi medför ett mer kreativt tänkande och en utveckling av kompetens. En annan intressant slutsats som framkom är att varje yrkesgrupp är i behov av den konsultativa kompetensen och att den aldrig är färdigutvecklad.

  • 11.
    Adolfsson, Elin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Möller, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Utomhusmiljöns möjlighter: miljöns betydelse för pedagogernas tankar om utomhusverksamhet på och kring förskolor.2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12.
    Adolfsson, Mikael
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Simuleringsstöd för modeller i fysikundervisning2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report is part of my master thesis, concerning the subject of how to develop a simulation tool for teaching physics, mainly focused on the concept of force and free body diagrams as taught in secondary schools. The work is based on previous studies on how to design a digital tool for teaching environments. The final result is not to be considered as a finished product but more as a prototype of a product of this nature. The report also stresses the importance of the fact that programs of this kind can't alone give students understanding, instead it places greater demands on teachers and the teaching environment. The program is meant to be used, exactly as mentioned in this report, as a support tool for teachers and students, to facilitate physics teaching and the understanding of the concept of force, by adding the possibility to be able to draw and test free body diagrams.

  • 13.
    Agevall, Lena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University.
    Broberg, Pernilla
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Högskolan Kristianstad.
    Umans, Timurs
    Högskolan Kristianstad.
    The new generation of auditors meeting praxis2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes an exploratory study of whether and in what way ‘double-edged learning’ can develop from understanding the relationship between structure and judgment and thus capture students’ experience of the audit profession. The study is based on a focus group/individual interviews conducted with students performing their work-integrated learning assignments where they interact with auditors. Identifying two themes defined as Perceiving the profession and auditing and Entering into and forming in the audit profession derived from the data, it appears that when positioned within a work-integrated learning context, students develop awareness of the use of standards and checklists on one hand as well as the importance of discretional judgment on the other. Based on these results, we theorise as to how double-edged learning manifests itself in students’ experiences and understanding of the relationship between structure and judgment.

  • 14.
    Ahlgren, Thorbjörn
    et al.
    Avdelningen för beteendevetenskap och socialt arbete, Hälsohögskolan, Jönköping University.
    Näslund, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Rosander, Michael
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ungdomars attityder och beteende när det gäller att köpa och sälja sex: en studie i Jönköpings län våren 20082009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kunskapen om i vilken omfattning ungdomar har sålt eller köpt sex är begränsad. Delvis kan det bero på svårigheten med att bestämma vad som omfattas i begreppen sälja och köpa sex. Studier visar också att det i ungdomsrelationer förekommer att gåvor ges efter sexuella aktiviteter.

    I denna studie har totalt 16 personer (1,9 %) uppgett att de i olika omfattning utfört sexuella tjänster mot ersättning och att 79 personer (9,1 %) blivit erbjudna pengar eller annan ersättning för sexuella tjänster. Det är fler killar än tjejer som säljer sex. När det gäller att ha blivit erbjuden sex mot ersättning är det flest tjejer som svarat ja. Resultatet visar också att 131 personer (15,1 %) kan tänka sig att utföra sexuella tjänster mot ersättning. I svaren kan vi också utläsa att 348 personer (40,1%), mestadels killar, accepterar att andra utför sexuella tjänster mot ersättning.

    När det gäller i vilka kretsar de som säljer sex umgås är det tydligt att ungdomarna tittar mer på porr, att det är vanligare att de visar sig i sexuella situationer och att de har mindre tolerans mot homosexuella. Samlagsdebuten var ett år tidigare än hela undersökningsgruppen. Det är vanligare att man blivit utsatt för olika sexuella handlingar mot sin vilja, men man har också utsatt andra för sexuella handlingar mot deras vilja. Sammantaget kan vi se att ungdomarna i denna studie som sålt sex lever ett påtagligt mer sexualiserat liv än vad andra ungdomar i motsvarande ålder gör.

  • 15.
    Ahn, Song-Ee
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Rimpiläinen, Sanna
    University of Gothenburg.
    Theodorsson, Annette
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Neurosurgery.
    Fenwick, Tara
    University of Stirling.
    Abrandt Dahlgren, Madeleine
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Learning in Technology-Enhanced Medical Simulation:Locations and Knowings2015In: Professions & Professionalism, ISSN 1893-1049, Vol. 5, no 2, 1-12 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study focuses on how knowings and learning take place in full-scale simulation training of medical and nursing students, by drawing upon actor-network theory (ANT). ANT situates materiality as a part of the social practic-es. Knowing and learning, according to ANT, are not simply cognitive or social phenomena, but are seen as emerging as effects of the relation between material assemblages and human actors being performed into being in particular locations. Data consists of observations of simulations performed by ten groups of students. The analysis focuses on the emerging knowings in the socio-material—arrangements of three locations involved in the simulation—the simulation room, the observation room and the reflection room. The findings indicate that medical knowing, affective knowing and communicative knowing are produced in different ways in the different locations and material arrangements of the simulation cycle.

  • 16. Airey, John
    Teaching and Learning in English: The experiences of students and teachers2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Physics Didactics.
    Linder, Anne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Physics Didactics.
    Mayaba, Nokhanyo
    Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University.
    Webb, Paul
    Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University.
    Problematising Disciplinary Literacy in a Multilingual Society: The Case of University Physics in South Africa.2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Problematising Disciplinary Literacy in a Multilingual Society:The Case of University Physics in South Africa

     

    John Airey1,3 Anne Linder1, Nokhanyo Mayaba 2 & Paul Webb2

    1 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Sweden.

    2 Centre for Educational Research, Technology and Innovation, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, South Africa.

    3 School of Languages and Literature, Linnæus University, Sweden

    john.airey@physics.uu.se, anne.linder@physics.uu.se, nokhanyo.mayaba@nmmu.ac.za, paul.webb@nmmu.ac.za

    Abstract

    Over a decade has passed since Northedge (2002) convincingly argued that the role of the university lecturer should be viewed as one of leading students on excursions into the specialist discourse of their field. In his view, disciplinary discourses have come into being in order to create and share disciplinary knowledge that could not otherwise be appropriately construed in everyday discourse. Thus, Northedge’s conclusion is that in order for disciplinary learning to occur, students will need explicit guidance in accessing and using the specialist discourse of their chosen field. Building on this work, Airey (in press) argues that all university lecturers are, at least to some extent, teachers of language—even in monolingual settings. A radical approach to this claim has been suggested by Wickman and Östman (2002) who insist that learning itself be treated as a form of discourse change.

    In an attempt to operationalise Wickman and Östman’s assertion, Airey (2011b) suggests that the goals of any undergraduate degree programme may be framed in terms of the development of disciplinary literacy. Here, disciplinary literacy is defined as the ability to appropriately participate in the communicative practices of a discipline. Further, in his subsequent work, Airey (2011a) claims that all disciplines attempt to meet the needs of three specific sites: the academy, the workplace and society. He argues that the relative emphasis placed on teaching for these three sites will be different from discipline to discipline and will indeed vary within a discipline depending on the setting. In the South African setting two questions arise from this assertion. The first is: For any given discipline, what particular balance between teaching for the academy, the workplace and society is desirable and/or practicable? The second question follows on from the first: Having pragmatically decided on the teaching balance between the academy, workplace and society, what consequences does the decision have for the language(s) that lecturers should be helping their students to interpret and use? In order to address these two questions we conducted an interview-based case study of the disciplinary literacy goals of South African university lecturers in one particular discipline (physics). Thus, our overarching research question is as follows: How do South African physics lecturers problematise the development of disciplinary literacy in their students?

    The data collected forms part of a larger international comparative study of the disciplinary literacy goals of physics lecturers in Sweden and South Africa. A disciplinary literacy discussion matrix (Airey, 2011a) was employed as the starting point for conducting in-depth, semi-structured interviews with 20 physics lecturers from five South African universities. The choice of these five universities was purposeful—their student cohorts encompassing a range of different first languages and cultural backgrounds. The interviews were conducted in English, lasted between 30 and 60 minutes, and were later transcribed verbatim. The transcripts were then analysed qualitatively. This involved “working with data, organizing it, breaking it into manageable units, synthesizing it, searching for patterns, discovering what is important and what is to be learned, and deciding what you will tell others” (Bogdan & Biklen, 1992:145).

    The main finding of this study is that all the lecturers mentioned language as being problematic in some way. However, there were a number of important differences in the ways the lecturers problematise the development of disciplinary literacy both across and within the different university physics departments. These differences can be seen to involve on the one hand, the lecturers’ own self-image in terms of whether they are comfortable with viewing themselves as language teachers/literacy developers, and on the other hand, their recognition of the diverse linguistic and cultural backgrounds of their students. The differences will be illustrated and discussed using transcript excerpts. These findings are in contrast to parallel data collected in Sweden. In that particular (bilingual) setting, language was viewed as unproblematic, and the most striking characteristic was the very similarity of the responses of physics lecturers (Airey, in press). It is thus suggested that the differences in findings between Sweden and South Africa are a product of the latter’s diverse multilingual and multicultural environment. One pedagogical conclusion is that, given the differences in approach we find, inter- and intra faculty discussions about undergraduate disciplinary literacy goals would appear to have the distinct potential for reforming undergraduate physics. Similarly, an administrative conclusion is that a one-size-fits-all language policy for universities does not appear to be meaningful in such a diverse multilingual/multicultural environment.

    Finally, it should be mentioned that our choice of physics as an exemplar in this study has important implications for the interpretation of the findings. Drawing on Bernstein (1999), Martin (2011) suggests that disciplines have predominantly horizontal or hierarchical knowledge structures. Here it is claimed that physics has the most hierarchical knowledge structure of all disciplines. Thus, the findings presented here should be taken as illustrative of the situation in disciplines with more hierarchical knowledge structures (such as the natural and applied sciences). Kuteeva and Airey (in review) find that the issue of the language of instruction in such disciplines is viewed as much less problematic than in disciplines with more horizontal knowledge structures (such as the arts, humanities and, to some extent, social sciences). See Bennett (2010) for a provocative discussion of language use in such disciplines.

    Funding from the Swedish National Research Council and the South African National Research Foundation is gratefully acknowledged.

    References:

    Airey, J. (2011a). The Disciplinary Literacy Discussion Matrix: A Heuristic Tool for Initiating Collaboration in Higher Education. Across the disciplines, 8(3).

    Airey, J. (2011b). Initiating Collaboration in Higher Education: Disciplinary Literacy and the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning. Dynamic content and language collaboration in higher education: theory, research, and reflections (pp. 57-65). Cape Town, South Africa: Cape Peninsula University of Technology.

    Airey, J. (in press). I Don’t Teach Language. The Linguistic Attitudes of Physics Lecturers in Sweden. AILA Review, 25(2012), xx-xx.

    Bennett, K. (2010). Academic discourse in Portugal: A whole different ballgame? Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 9(1), 21-32.

    Bernstein, M. (1999). Vertical and horizontal discourse: An essay. British Journal of Sociology Education, 20(2), 157-173.

    Bogdan, R. C., & Biklen, S. R. (1992). Qualitative research for education: An introduction to theory and methods. (2 ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon, Inc.

    Kuteeva, M., & Airey, J. (in review). Disciplinary Differences in the Use of English in Swedish Higher Education: Reflections on Recent Policy Developments  Studies in Higher Education.

    Martin, J. R. (2011). Bridging troubled waters: Interdisciplinarity and what makes it stick. In F. Christie & K. Maton (Eds.), Disciplinarity (pp. 35-61). London: Continuum International Publishing.

    Northedge, A. (2002). Organizing excursions into specialist discourse communities: A sociocultural account of university teaching. In G. Wells & G. Claxton (Eds.), Learning for life in the 21st century. Sociocultural perspectives on the future of education (pp. 252-264). Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

    Wickman, P.-O., & Östman, L. (2002). Learning as discourse change: A sociocultural mechanism. Science Education, 86(5), 601-623.

     

  • 18.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages. Uppsala University.
    Linder, Anne
    Uppsala University.
    Mayaba, Nokhanyo
    Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, South Africa.
    Webb, Paul
    Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, South Africa.
    Problematising Disciplinary Literacy in a Multilingual Society: The Case of University Physics in South Africa2013In: 21st Annual Conference of the Southern African Association for Research in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, University of the Western Cape, Bellville, South Africa, 14 - 17 January, 2013, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over a decade has passed since Northedge (2002) convincingly argued that the role of the university lecturer should be viewed as one of leading students on excursions into the specialist discourse of their field. In his view, disciplinary discourses have come into being in order to create and share disciplinary knowledge that could not otherwise be appropriately construed in everyday discourse. Thus, Northedge’s conclusion is that in order for disciplinary learning to occur, students will need explicit guidance in accessing and using the specialist discourse of their chosen field. Building on this work, Airey (in press) argues that all university lecturers are, at least to some extent, teachers of language—even in monolingual settings. A radical approach to this claim has been suggested by Wickman and Östman (2002) who insist that learning itself be treated as a form of discourse change.

    In an attempt to operationalise Wickman and Östman’s assertion, Airey (2011b) suggests that the goals of any undergraduate degree programme may be framed in terms of the development of disciplinary literacy. Here, disciplinary literacy is defined as the ability to appropriately participate in the communicative practices of a discipline. Further, in his subsequent work, Airey (2011a) claims that all disciplines attempt to meet the needs of three specific sites: the academy, the workplace and society. He argues that the relative emphasis placed on teaching for these three sites will be different from discipline to discipline and will indeed vary within a discipline depending on the setting. In the South African setting two questions arise from this assertion. The first is: For any given discipline, what particular balance between teaching for the academy, the workplace and society is desirable and/or practicable? The second question follows on from the first: Having pragmatically decided on the teaching balance between the academy, workplace and society, what consequences does the decision have for the language(s) that lecturers should be helping their students to interpret and use? In order to address these two questions we conducted an interview-based case study of the disciplinary literacy goals of South African university lecturers in one particular discipline (physics). Thus, our overarching research question is as follows: How do South African physics lecturers problematise the development of disciplinary literacy in their students?

    The data collected forms part of a larger international comparative study of the disciplinary literacy goals of physics lecturers in Sweden and South Africa. A disciplinary literacy discussion matrix (Airey, 2011a) was employed as the starting point for conducting in-depth, semi-structured interviews with 20 physics lecturers from five South African universities. The choice of these five universities was purposeful—their student cohorts encompassing a range of different first languages and cultural backgrounds. The interviews were conducted in English, lasted between 30 and 60 minutes, and were later transcribed verbatim. The transcripts were then analysed qualitatively. This involved “working with data, organizing it, breaking it into manageable units, synthesizing it, searching for patterns, discovering what is important and what is to be learned, and deciding what you will tell others” (Bogdan & Biklen, 1992:145).

    The main finding of this study is that all the lecturers mentioned language as being problematic in some way. However, there were a number of important differences in the ways the lecturers problematise the development of disciplinary literacy both across and within the different university physics departments. These differences can be seen to involve on the one hand, the lecturers’ own self-image in terms of whether they are comfortable with viewing themselves as language teachers/literacy developers, and on the other hand, their recognition of the diverse linguistic and cultural backgrounds of their students. The differences will be illustrated and discussed using transcript excerpts. These findings are in contrast to parallel data collected in Sweden. In that particular (bilingual) setting, language was viewed as unproblematic, and the most striking characteristic was the very similarity of the responses of physics lecturers (Airey, in press). It is thus suggested that the differences in findings between Sweden and South Africa are a product of the latter’s diverse multilingual and multicultural environment. One pedagogical conclusion is that, given the differences in approach we find, inter- and intra faculty discussions about undergraduate disciplinary literacy goals would appear to have the distinct potential for reforming undergraduate physics. Similarly, an administrative conclusion is that a one-size-fits-all language policy for universities does not appear to be meaningful in such a diverse multilingual/multicultural environment.

    Finally, it should be mentioned that our choice of physics as an exemplar in this study has important implications for the interpretation of the findings. Drawing on Bernstein (1999), Martin (2011) suggests that disciplines have predominantly horizontal or hierarchical knowledge structures. Here it is claimed that physics has the most hierarchical knowledge structure of all disciplines. Thus, the findings presented here should be taken as illustrative of the situation in disciplines with more hierarchical knowledge structures (such as the natural and applied sciences). Kuteeva and Airey (in review) find that the issue of the language of instruction in such disciplines is viewed as much less problematic than in disciplines with more horizontal knowledge structures (such as the arts, humanities and, to some extent, social sciences). See Bennett (2010) for a provocative discussion of language use in such disciplines.

  • 19.
    Albinsson, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    ”De va svinhögt typ 250 kilo”: Förskolebarns mätande av längd, volym och tid i legoleken2016Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the dissertation is to study, describe and analyses which comparative measurement activities preschool children construct and use, and how they solve problems and communicate when they use the comparative measurement activities whilst playing with Lego (“the Lego play”). The measurement activities chosen are length/height, quantity and time.

    The empirical material is based on data from two preschool classes with children aged 2 – 5 year, It was collected through participant observation (video captures) of the children’s Lego play. The theoretical starting points in this study are grounded in childhood sociology and the sociocultural perspective. The study assumes the childhood sociology perspective by viewing the children as competent and active in creating meaning as well as controlling and influencing their own and others’ social environment. The sociocultural perspective gives prominence to development and learning, and its related tools and concepts are used to analyses the results of the study. That is, the Lego play is studied in a social context from the child’s perspective, and the sociocultural perspective describes and analyses the child’s use of mathematics and the acquisition of knowledge in the Lego play in a sociocultural context.

    The results show that children measuring length/height and quantity explored a store of measurement tools in order to make comparisons, and adapted these to the context in question. These were own body, other body, artefacts, numbers and counting. The measurements were used individually and with others, and the solving of the own or shared problems constituted a large share of the time spent constructing models during Lego play. By contrast, the time concept was used mainly as a tool when the children played with their finished Lego models. Thus, a time perspective was added to the child’s finished model, which inspired thoughts and reflections about time used in the Lego play. The children used the time concepts of the present, the past and the future, and also considered the concept of velocity in the context of the timescale. The children’s communication had a large impact on the Lego play, and they expressed their ideas verbally, physically and through action. The children’s use of mathematics was prominent and meaningful during the Lego play.

  • 20.
    Albinsson, Gunilla
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Arnesson, Kerstin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Team learning activities: reciprocal learning through the development of a mediating tool for sustainable learning2012In: Learning Organization, ISSN 0969-6474, E-ISSN 1758-7905, Vol. 19, no 6, 257-287 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this article is to show how a model for sustainable learning has been formed in the meetings between practitioners and researchers.

    Design/methodology/approach – With the point of departure in an interactive research approach, the authors have worked with learning and common knowledge development. Empirical data were collected from nine learning seminars, which were carried out within the framework of an EU project.

    Findings – It is shown by means of empirical examples from an ongoing EU project how the pedagogic method of learning seminars came to be a mediating tool for reciprocal learning between researchers, project leaders and project participants.

    Originality/value – The learning seminars constituted an important part of a reflexive learning process where the learning consists of both practicable and theoretically anchored knowledge. Together with the project participants, the authors developed a model for sustainable learning. This model consists of a reflection model, which rests on four fundamental conditions; pedagogic leadership, the learning group, problem areas/situation and time aspects. This article fills a significant knowledge gap in terms of the development of learning within organizations.

  • 21. Alfredsson, Lena
    et al.
    Bråting, Kajsa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Erixon, Patrik
    Heikne, Hans
    Matematik 5000: kurs 3c, läromedel 2012Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Alhabib, Mohammed
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Balic, Amel
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Att bryta mönster: Att inkludera nya generationens invandrare i idrottsundervisning2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige genomgår en utveckling där en generationsväxling som har formats av tidigareflyktingströmmar från exempelvis forna Jugoslavien och Mellanöstern. Även idag tar Sverigeemot och hjälper individer med utländsk bakgrund in i det svenska samhället. Detta innebäratt skolor också står inför en förändring som skall anpassa sig till behovet som finns isamhället. Det övergripande syftet i detta arbete är att undersöka hur elever med utländskbakgrund i årskurs nio i en mindre svensk kommun upplever sin idrottsundervisning utifråninkluderande aspekter. Ett delsyfte är att undersöka hur läraren upplever att hon/han formarsin idrottsundervisning utifrån inkluderande aspekter. Denna studie har bedrivits medkvalitativa forskningsmetoder, metoderna vi har använt oss av är intervjuer och observationer.Insamlingen av empirisk data är gjord på två grundskolor i mellersta Sverige med sammanlagttvå lärare och sex elever. I resultatet går det att utläsa att lärarna anser att delaktigheten inomundervisningen är viktigt. Från elevernas upplevelser kan vi konstatera att de upplever attläraren inte lyssnar på dem, samt att genomgångarna av olika aktiviteter kan brista. Resultatetvisar också att elevernas motivation gentemot och delaktighet i idrottsundervisningen kanavta. Att relationen mellan de olika aktörerna inom idrottsundervisningen kan bidra till ökadmotivation, men även hämma den.

  • 23.
    Aliti, Albert
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    The Modern Colonizer: Travelling, Orientalism and Colonialism in Alex Garland's The Beach2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 24.
    Aliti, Albert
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Chukwuemeka, Jordan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Changes in English Language Textbooks in Relation to English as an International Language and Curricula for English in Swedish Upper Secondary School2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25. Allansson, Jimmy
    Informationskompetens: Elevers hantering av information på internet2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 26.
    Allodi Westling, Mara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Decline, Crisis and Turnaround in the Swedish School Market:: the case of a school that has come through2013In: Creativity and Innovation in Educational Research, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    he principles of New Public Management (Adcroft & Willis, 2005, Deifenbach, 2008) have inspired educational reforms in Sweden during the last 20 years with the introduction of a large array of reforms: educational standards, national assessments, new grading system, accountability, vouchers, independent schools, school inspectorate (Allodi, in press, NAE, 2013). One of the assumptions is that the schools will perform better if they are exposed to concurrence from other schools, through the parents’ free choice of school. The system requires therefore that inspectorate reports and various measures of school performance are made publicly available. Measures of students’ achievements, grades, qualification rates, are included in the accountability system, while measures of school performance on other shared educational goals, as inclusiveness, fairness and equity, are usually not considered.  It is inevitable that some schools will be identified as low performers, or as performing less well than expected - in models that take account of school composition. The models employed in the Swedish school accountability system, however, do not take account of students with special educational needs and/or disabilities. Schools that recruit large numbers of disadvantaged students or that recruit students with special educational needs from the whole districts to special units, risk getting lower results than expected, may get consequently a bad reputation and eventually smaller numbers of students, which may conduce to economic trouble and budget cuts. Schools like these may be penalized and risk ending up in a situation of demoralization and crisis (Allodi, in press).The school’s organizational climate has been identified as a factor that influences school performance and students’ well being and results (Rutter & Maughan, 2002; Leithwood, 2011). The aim of the intervention program Social climate participation and learning was to sustain changes in the schools’ organizational climate, by mean of activities for the staff as workshops, evaluations and planning, in collaboration with a researcher. The broad theoretical framework of the intervention includes theories of learning environments, universal human needs and values (Allodi, 2007, 2010 a, 2010b, Schwartz, 1995), organizational  learning and change (Mintzberg, 1983, Senge, 1995, Kaplan , 2007). The changes were expected to make the school more equitable and inclusive, increasing the number of students that were qualified to secondary education, and also to raise the average qualification value of the students and their well-being. Pinehill school was one of the two schools that participated in the program. Pinehill school is a junior public high school with about 300 students located in a suburban municipality, in a neighborhood of about 16 thousand inhabitants. The employment rate in the area is about 84 % and 17 % of the population have an immigrant background. Pinehill school has a district commissioned special unit for students with special educational needs. The situation of the school at the beginning and some of the development and changes that occurred and were manifested at Pinehill school during three years are described and analyzed in this paper.

    The study is a case study of a school participating in a program aimed to change the school's organizational climate and performance. The school was recruited through the person in charge for development in the district, who identified it as a school in decline, a school that needed support to start a change. The principals, the teachers, the students and their parents were informed about the program and could avoid participating. The design of the program was approved by the regional ethical committee. The program adopted an approach that combined elements of research diffusion development and evidence-based practices. The key principles were: information on theories and research on social climate and supportive relationships in learning environments, evaluations of students’ experiences, reflection and analysis, flexible adaptations to local issues, long-term, sustainable development. The study has a mixed methods approach (Teddlie & Tashakkori, 2010) and analyzes the data collected within the school during a three-year period. The data about the school organization and performance was collected through teacher surveys (organizational climate) student surveys (school climate) participation to meetings and workshops, and includes documents, reports, available official school statistics from the NAE, and the Swedish School Inspectorate.When the program started in Autumn 2009, Pine Hill school was in decline. After a period the crisis accentuated due to internal and external factors. Several developments and changes were introduced in the school organization during the following years. Pine Hill made a turnaround: the school has the best average qualification value among the municipal schools in the district and has consistently reduced the achievement gap between girls and boys. The students have better perceptions of the social climate (creativity, safety, helpfulness, participation and influence). At Pine Hill all the subjects are considered important and the esthetic-practical activities are highly valued. The students' number has increased, which make it possible to recruit new teachers. The mission of inclusive education and participation is important for the staff and they are involved in several new research projects. Besides the special unit for students with special educational needs Pine Hill plans to give place to recently immigrated students, a new commission from the school district. Nevertheless, a recent report of the Inspectorate found reason to yet give criticism to several aspects of the school functioning. The changes and development are analyzed and related to research and theories of organizational change.

  • 27.
    Allodi Westling, Mara
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Linikko, Jari
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Learning technologies and special educational needs: a liiterature review of empirical research2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Learning technologies are used in educational settings as tools to communicate, design learning environments, and stimulate learning processes. Many of these tools are applied in the field of special educational needs.  We have identified several types of applications that have been reported in scientific international journals as technology-enhanced learning, augmentative and alternative communication, computer-assisted instruction,  interventions with computer-based games, multi-user virtual environment  (as virtual case, visualization and simulation activities), web-based inquiry learning, computer-supported collaborative learning, application software, digital literacy, learning platforms, e- learning and mobile learning. These developments in the field of learning technologies should be introduced in teacher training and in particular in special needs education training, since several of these technologies may be momentous in improving education for students with learning disabilities.  This study wants to contribute to synthesize the research in these subjects in order to disseminate knowledge and in order to stimulate to further research in this field in  teacher training. In fact, despite the rapid growth of technological applications in the Swedish schools, where many students have access to an own PC, the contents of the teacher programs are always adapted to the new, technology-enhanced educational conditions that are nowadays common in the schools. A literature review of research is valuable also to investigate which evidence that is available for the efficacy of various methods.  The literature review aim is to encourage a scientific approach on these matters, which means also a rigorous scrutiny of results. Besides the risk connected to a lack of knowledge, in fact, there is also the risk that commercial interests and marketing will influence investments in the educational sector, to a greater extent than research evidence. A comprehensive theoretical framework for the literature review has been Universal Design for Learning (Rose & Gravel, 2010, CUDE, 2012). Under this concept different didactic approaches fit that offer multiple means of representation and communication, using a variety of resources for activities and expression, and create numerous ways of engagement. ULD is based on principles that are fundamental for all learning and teaching activities. It provides the opportunity to explore a wide range of possibilities and processes related to the theme of inclusive education (inclusion) that strives for objectives of an equal education and to reduce barriers to learning. The aims are to investigate a) which  learning technologies have been developed and are reported in research; b) which theoretical models and concepts are employed in empirical studies of learning technologies and special educational needs; c) to make a mapping of the contents of the field; d) to make a synthesis of research results within a specific area e) to develop a database of research literature to identify questions and issues for future research (interventions, replication of quasi-experimental studies).

    The study has followed the recommended approach for systematic reviews (CRD, 2009, Gough, Oliver, & Thomas, 2012; Roberts & Petticrew, 2006, SBU, 2011). The searches were conducted mainly in databases that collect suitable Journals on special educational needs and learning technologies (EBSCO, Scopus) during the autumn 2012. Other databases at universities, research institutes, national and international authorities were also searched (e.g. OECD, EPPI, EIPPEE, European Agency for Special Needs Education, The Swedish National Agency for Education, Becta). The reference found was exported to an online database established in RefWorks (2012). A title- and abstract review of about 1300 references were performed according to a protocol. Required inclusion criteria concern population, educational context, special educational needs content, type of technology application, language and availability. The included references were sorted and reviewed in full text. The protocol for the full text review include: methods, subjects, type of special educational needs, relevance for the local educational context, quality. The literature review will map the existent research that is relevant for the special educational needs field and will synthesize the research conducted within a more specific area. Possible candidates are: a) serious games for numeracy, prevention of reading difficulties, training of working memory; b) virtual simulations. We expect that the results of the literature review willl be taken into account in teacher training and special educational needs training

  • 28.
    Almers, Ellen
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    Östklint, Olle
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    Naturvetenskap som allmänbildning - lärarutbildare prioriterar i stoffträngseln2003Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    I debatten om den naturvetenskapliga undervisningen i grundskolan framförs flera möjliga orsaker till att elever under grundskolans senare år tappar intresset för naturvetenskapen. En av dem är stoffträngseln, ett fråga som länge varit aktuell.

    Vår frågeställning har varit: Vilken bild ger lärarutbildare inom det naturvetenskapliga fältet av den viktigaste ”kärnan” av naturvetenskaplig bildning - den kärna som de allra flesta elever bör ha med sig från grundskolan?

    Vi har gjort intervjuer med sju lärarutbildare med olika ämnesbakgrund. Intervjuerna har analyserats genom att vi har kopplat de naturvetenskapliga begrepp de intervjuade nämnt till uppnåendemål för skolår 9. Detta har gett oss en bild av hur intervjupersonerna prioriterar i förhållande till grundskolans kursplanemål för ämnesområdet.

    Några kursplanemål, t ex. kemins ”- ha kunskap om några grundämnen, kemiska föreningar och kemiskt-tekniska produkter.”  har funnits med i många intervjuer och andra,  t ex biologins ”- ha kunskap om vad befruktning innebär” helt har utelämnats. Den naturvetenskapliga kärnan beskrivs ofta utifrån förklaringsmodeller och naturvetenskapens användning i den demokratiska processen.

  • 29.
    Almqvist, Linnea
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Fredriksson, Petter
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    ”Det är ju inget bi-ämne”: Förhållningssätt vid planering och genomförande av SO-undervisning på lågstadiet2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 30.
    Almqvist, Martina
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Anttila, Isabelle
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Muntlig kommunikation i skolmatematik: En litteraturstudie om vikten av muntlig kommunikation i mellanstadiets matematikundervisning2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att redogöra för forskning kring muntlig kommunikation i matematik. Studien syftar till att se över vilka arbetssätt elever möter när muntlig kommunikation i matematik är i fokus, samt lärares val av matematiskt språk vid matematikundervisning. Syftet är dessutom att ta reda på vilken betydelse muntlig kommunikation i matematik har för kunskapsutvecklingen hos elever, bland annat för elever med dyslexi och elever med annat modersmål än svenska.

     

    I denna studie beskrivs muntlig kommunikation i matematik, arbetssätt, matematiskt språk samt kunskapsutvecklingen hos elever, utifrån existerande forskning, föregående läroplan samt nuvarande läroplan.

     

    Resultatet visar att utomhusmatematik är ett lämpligt arbetssätt för att elever ska kunna utveckla matematisk kommunikation. Även laborativ matematik har visat sig vara ett arbetssätt som bidrar till grupparbete och muntlig kommunikation. Elevers logiska tänkande utvecklas i samband med muntlig kommunikation i matematik och eleverna får möjlighet att utveckla förmågor som lyfts fram i Lgr11. Lärares val av det matematiska språket påverkar vilket språk elever använder när de kommunicerar med varandra. Det är viktigt att lärare möter elever på ett vardagsspråk men samtidigt måste lärare presentera matematiska begrepp på ett vetenskapligt språk för att undvika förvirring hos eleverna. Forskning visar även att det är viktigt för elever med svenska som andraspråk att lärare inte växelvis blandar mellan ett vardagsspråk och vetenskapligt språk. 

  • 31.
    Almroth, Sofia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Kangeryd, Ida
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Kan du läsa om du inte förstår vad du läser?: En studie kring hur lärare i årskurs ett till tre beskriver läsförståelse2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur sex lärare i årskurs ett till tre beskriver sitt arbete med läsförståelse samt betydelsen av att ha en god läsförståelse. En kvalitativ metod har använts i form av intervjuer med de sex lärarna, vilka alla är behöriga att undervisa i ämnet svenska. Datamaterialet har analyserats med utgångspunkt i ett fenomenologiskt perspektiv där vi utgått ifrån de två frågeställningarna:

    • Hur beskriver sex lärare i årskurs ett till tre att de arbetar med läsförståelse?

    • Hur beskriver de sex lärarna läsförståelsens betydelse för eleverna?

    Resultatet av studien visar att lärarna arbetar med läsförståelse i olika stor omfattning men alla understryker vikten av att läsa med förståelse och inte enbart med flyt. Lärarna anser att läsförståelse är essentiellt för att eleverna ska kunna fungera i dagens informationssamhälle, men även för deras vidare utbildning och yrkesval. Studien visar även vilka metoder och strategier lärarna använder i undervisningen för att stärka läsförståelsen, där LTG och Reciprok undervisning är två återkommande metoder.

  • 32.
    Almén, Lars
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    "De har den alltid med sig": Lärares uppfattningar om ett iPad-projekt2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nine teachers have been interviewed about their expectations before and experiences during a project where teachers and pupils will have access to iPads in class. The thesis approach is phenomenological. The purpose of the study is to investigate which impact the nine teachers who teach the pupils expect that the introduction of iPads will have on the daily work in the classroom. Further is the study investigating if, and if that is the case, how the teachers experience that their classroom work have changed since the pupils have got access to iPads in class for a couple of months.

    The research questions of the study are; “Which expectations do the teachers have on the introduction of iPads in the daily work in school?”, and “Which impact do the teachers experience that the iPad have to the teachers and pupils in the classroom?”

    The teachers experienced that with the iPad they could work in a way similar to the way the pupils are used to outside school. Pupils with learning problems were expected to be benefited. The teachers were worried that the pupils would lose focus from class. The teachers experienced need for further education and they were worried about technological problems. After a couple of months with iPads the teachers experienced that class activities had changed for the better. The pupils always brought their iPad in class and they worked more during breaks and at home. They took initiative to help each other and the teachers when technological problems occurred. The teachers experienced that the pupils easy access to e-books benefitted reading and the classroom became calmer. Pupils with learning problems benefitted when all study material where gathered in the iPad. There have been problems with integrating the schools learning portal with the iPad.

  • 33.
    Alneskog, Sebastian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Lusten till lärande: Dokumentationsarbete i förskolans läraoplan som verktyg för regementalitet och normalisation2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie är att belysa hur dokumentation som arbetsform kan förstås som ett redskap för regementalitet och normalisation i förskolans verksamhet. I studien har förskolans läroplan, samt två ytterligare dokument från skolverket och regeringen studerats med diskursanalytisk metod och begrepp hämtade från Foucault. Detta med syfte att bilda förståelse för hur dessa instanser skapar förutsättningar för förskolans dokumentationsarbete. Studien belyser hur dessa givna förutsättningar söker bidra till att barn styrs till att utveckla vissa specifika förmågor, som kommer att utgöra norm för förskolans barn. Vidare visar studien att dokumentation förväntas utsätta också pedagogerna för styrningstekniker då de genom detta arbete ska bli utsatta för synliggörande praktiker, och granskade, av sig själva och sina medarbetare. Detta ska åstadkommas genom att ge pedagoger möjlighet att övervaka förskolans verksamhet och individerna som verkar där. Resultatet visar att dokumentation i det studerade materialet förs fram som ett redskap med vilket pedagoger  kan övervaka barn, andra pedagoger och sig själva samt styra individer mot ett sanktionerat beetende. Studien belyser också på vilket sätt den diskurs som de studerade dokumenten är en del av fungerar normaliserande i förhållande till utvecklandet av vissa förmågor, bland annat lust till lärande.

  • 34.
    Alphonce, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning.
    Workplace Learning Across Boundaries: An interview study on professional development and identity formation in intercultural work contexts2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis I discuss workplace learning during international assignments in a variety of work sectors. In addition to normal adjustments to a new workplace, foreign language acquisition and cultural adaptation are necessary. By collecting and analyzing narratives of a group of Swedish professionals with international work assignments, I have found some regularities and variations of workplace learning as well as some significant effects that these assignments had on their identity. Recommendations are given to providers of preparatory courses for international work assignments as well as sending organizations and employers.

    The main finding is that workplace learning for international workers follows a trajectory starting already long before departure and continues throughout different phases of the assignment. It also has effects on work life after the return to one’s home culture. The learning resulting from the work assignment affected all areas of life (not only work life) and contributed towards an intercultural identity. This kind of assignment often included networking with several organizations and groups of people of varying nationalities. Instead of working towards becoming full members of one work community, the participants in this study often found themselves in the peripheries of multiple ones. This peripheral albeit influential situation provided many opportunities for learning, both for the individual and the groups they work with. In this way, these international workers have the potential to be agents of change and development in all work communities they relate to. 

  • 35.
    Alsterdal, Lotte
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Essäskrivande som utforskning2014In: Konst och lärande: essäer om estetiska lärprocesser / [ed] Anders Burman, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2014, 47-73 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Alsterdal, Lotte
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Omtankar: Praktisk kunskap i äldreomsorg2011Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här är en bok om praktisk kunskap i äldreomsorg. Boken inleds med sju reflekterande berättelser skrivna av omsorgspersonal om dilemman de möter i sitt arbete. Dilemman i den mening som ges i texterna är svårbedömda situationer där det inte finns några enkla lösningar och där författaren själv är involverad som handlande aktör. Under flera års tid samarbetade vi lärare och forskare vid Centrum för praktisk kunskap vid Södertörns högskola i en serie vidareutbildningar med anställda i äldreomsorgen i Huddinge kommun. De flesta var undersköterskor eller vårdbiträden som inte tidigare kommit i kontakt med högre utbildning, men deltog gjorde också arbetsterapeuter, sjukgymnaster, sjuksköterskor, administratörer och en enhetschef. Deltagarna kom från ett brett spektrum av verksamheter; korttidshem, dagvård, gruppboende, ålderdomshem och hemtjänst.

    Att uppmärksamma och undersöka praktisk kunskap är att rikta blicken mot handlingar med kraft att göra skillnad i enskilda människors vardag. Praktisk kunskap kommer ur de erfarenheter vi gör i livet och hur vi förhåller oss till och ansvarar för dem. Det är kunnande som bottnar, och som utvecklingsarbeten och omtankar kan ta avstamp i. Praktisk kunskap äger rum i ett specifikt sammanhang och uttrycks i handling. Ett av de språk som kan förflytta den till andra rum är berättelsen. Genom berättelser och exempel som gestaltar kan handlingskunskap och erfarenhet bli synlig och reflekteras till nytta för de handlande personerna själva, men också för andra som bryr sig om och vill lära av erfarenheter från äldreomsorg. Ur de enskilda exemplen kan vi förstå och se nya saker i vår egen praktik, men också få syn på det allmängiltiga. Men alla berättelser har inte denna kraft bara för att de är berättelser. Att reflektera över berättelser om handlingssituationer på ett sätt som blir meningsfullt förutsätter ett blottläggande av den egna erfarenheten med dess brister och möjligheter som kräver mod, men också ödmjukhet.

  • 37.
    Alsterdal, Lotte
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Erfarenhetens spelrum2011In: Omtankar: Praktisk kunskap i äldreomsorg / [ed] Lotte Alsterdal, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2011, 99-123 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Alsterdal, Lotte
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Pröckl, MariaSödertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Inifrån och utifrån: Om praktisk kunskap i förskolan2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Här tecknar studenter på den erfarenhetsbaserade förskollärarutbildningen, och forskare som undervisar på samma utbildning, en bild av förskolepedagogens praktiska kunskap. Texterna rör sig mellan ett förtroget inifrånperspektiv och ett teoretiskt utifrånperspektiv. Boken kombinerar på så vis en djupgående undersökning av dagsaktuella frågor som relationen mellan omsorg och lärande, det ökade antalet diagnostiserade barn, resursbrist, lek och utbildningens betydelse, samtidigt som den sätter dessa frågor i relation till vilken förskola, och vilket samhälle, vi vill ha.

  • 39.
    Amir, Alia
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tracing micro-level language-policy in foreign language classrooms: a case study of English as a foreign language (EFL) in Sweden2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Amir, Alia
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Musk, Nigel
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Modern Languages. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Language policing: Micro-level language policy-in-process in the foreign language classroom2013In: Classroom Discourse, ISSN 1946-3014, E-ISSN 1946-3022, Vol. 4, no 2, 151-167 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines what we call micro-level language policy-in-process – that is, how a target-language-only policy emerges in situ in the foreign language classroom. More precisely, we investigate the role of language policing, the mechanism deployed by the teacher and/or pupils to (re-)establish the normatively prescribed target language as the medium of classroom interaction in the English as a foreign language classroom of an international school in Sweden. Using ethnomethodological conversation analysis, we have identified a regular three-step sequence for language policing: (1) a (perceived) breach of the target-language-only rule, (2) an act of language policing and (3) an orientation to the target-language-only rule, usually in the guise of medium switching to the target language. Focusing primarily on teacher-to-pupil policing, where the teacher polices pupils’ (perceived) use of their L1 (Swedish), we identify three different categories of teacher-policing. These categories are based on particular configurations of features deployed in the three steps, such as initiator techniques (e.g.reminders, prompts, warnings and sanctions) and pupils’ responses to being policed (e.g. compliance or contestation).

  • 41.
    Anderberg, Elsie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Literacy Research.
    Åkerblom, Annika
    Lunds universitet.
    The epistemological role of language use in children’s explanations of physical phenomena2011In: Cambridge Journal of Education, ISSN 0305-764X, E-ISSN 1469-3577, Vol. 41, no 4, 489-505 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article investigates the interplay between the meaning given to certain key expressions and pupils’ understanding of science subject matter, in a qualitative study of learning. The intentional-expressive approach to the epistemological role of language use served as a theoretical frame, within the wider context of phenomenographic research on learning. Data were collected using a particular dialogue structure. Micro-process analysis was employed to examine the data. Two descriptive categories emerged: 1) Exploring the function of meaning, and 2) Inventory of meaning. Pupils who explored the function of meaning related their explanations, both to other expressions, and to their personal understanding of the physical problem. Pupils who made inventories of meaning mostly directed attention towards expressions as words. Emphasis was on correct reproduction of scientific terminology. Inventory of meaning was most common in the dialogues with the fourteen-year-olds, while exploring the function of meaning dominated in dialogues with the ten-year-olds.

  • 42.
    Anderhag, Per
    et al.
    Department of Research and Development Education Administration, City of Stockholm, Sweden.
    Berge, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Science and Mathematics Education.
    The Role of Situated Humour and Joking for Cognitive Learning in the Science Classroom2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research in science education reveals that teachers and students use humour when they communicate with each other in a science education context. In this paper we explore consequences of humour for learning in two different contexts of physics education using video-data: a physics classroom in year nine and a group of four undergraduate students learning basic mechanics together. The video data was analysed with practical epistemology analysis (PEA). The findings showed that the participants in situations of cognitive indeterminacy made jokes to clarify how reasoning and actions tallied with the task at hand. These humorous situations positively affected students’ capability to act intentionally towards the aim of the activity and the results show that this way of joking can have positive consequences for student learning. Therefore, humour ought to be viewed as a significant resource for meaning making in the science classroom. 

  • 43.
    Anderson, Trevor
    et al.
    Purdue University, USA.
    Schönborn, Konrad
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    du Plessis, Lynn
    University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
    Gupthar, Abindra
    University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
    Hull, Tracy
    University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
    Identifying and Developing Students' Ability to Reason with Concepts and Representations in Biology2013In: Multiple Representations in Biological Education / [ed] D.F. Treagust and C.-Y. Tsui, Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2013, -390 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This new publication in the Models and Modeling in Science Education series synthesizes a wealth of international research on using multiple representations in biology education and aims for a coherent framework in using them to improve higher-order learning. Addressing a major gap in the literature, the volume proposes a theoretical model for advancing biology educators’ notions of how multiple external representations (MERs) such as analogies, metaphors and visualizations can best be harnessed for improving teaching and learning in biology at all pedagogical levels.The content tackles the conceptual and linguistic difficulties of learning biology at each level—macro, micro, sub-micro, and symbolic, illustrating how MERs can be used in teaching across these levels and in various combinations, as well as in differing contexts and topic areas. The strategies outlined will help students’ reasoning and problem-solving skills, enhance their ability to construct mental models and internal representations, and, ultimately, will assist in increasing public understanding of biology-related issues, a key goal in today’s world of pressing concerns over societal problems about food, environment, energy, and health. The book concludes by highlighting important aspects of research in biological education in the post-genomic, information age. 

  • 44.
    Andersson, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Ledstjärna i arbetet: Föräldrars och pedagogers uppfattningar om läroplanens inflytande på förskoleverksamheten.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Jag har valt att fördjupa mig i den nya läroplanen för förskolan, (Lpfö98 reviderad 2010). Här kommer jag att belysa inflytande och delaktighet ur ett föräldraperspektiv samt ur ett pedagogperspektiv. Detta genom att göra kvalitativa intervjuer för att få en uppfattning om hur mycket och vad föräldrarna vet om läroplanen för förskolan. Jag anser att detta är en viktig aspekt då vårdnadshavare enligt läroplanen ska vara delaktiga i verksamheten och kunna påverka denna. För mig som blivande pedagog är det då viktigt att först ta reda vilken information föräldrar fått kring den nya läroplanen som började gälla 1 juli 2011 samt hur pedagogerna i verksamheten arbetar för att etablera en föräldrasamverkan. Jag vill genom denna rapport belysa föräldrarnas och pedagogernas tankar om denna delaktighet i en förskola i Halmstads kommun. Frågeställningarna som jag valt att fördjupa mig i är: Vad betyder läroplanen för föräldrar och pedagoger kopplade till förskolan? Hur vill pedagogerna att kontakten med hemmet etableras och gestaltas? Anser sig föräldrarna vara delaktiga i verksamheten, om inte vad beror det på?

    Resultatet i föreliggande studie visar hur förskoleverksamheten bör vara utformas och för vad som bör utvecklas för att få en bra dialog mellan pedagoger och vårdnadshavare och vice versa.  

     

  • 45.
    Andersson, Annika
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Boundary work and boundary awareness: a case study of an emergency exercise with blue light students2015In: Proceedings of the ISCRAM 2015 Conference - Kristiansand, May 24-27 / [ed] Palen, Büscher, Comes & Huges, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Andersson, Cecilia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Åberg, Julia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    “Han tar av sig klänningen för att han inte är en riktig flicka”: En kvalitativ studie om barns uppfattningar om genus (kring bilder i barnlitteratur)2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Genus har varit en diskurs i flera årtionden där åsikterna kring ämnet är likartade än idag som för femtio år sedan. Det finns fortfarande uttryck i dagens barnlitteratur om att pojkar respektive flickor ska tilldelas olika aktiviteter samt att de besitter olika färdigheter och personlighetsdrag. Vi kan trots allt se att det idag finns mer och mer litteratur för barn som utmanar normerna och visar genusöverskridanden.

     

    Syfte: Frågeställningarna i vår studie utgick från barnen. Vi ville fördjupa vår kunskap om hur genus uppfattas kring bilder i en barnbok sett från ett barns perspektiv samt om det är skillnader i hur pojkar och flickor uppfattar genus. Våra frågeställningar var: 1. Vad lägger barnen märke till när de ska kategorisera vad som är pojkigt och flickigt? 2. Hur tolkas karaktärernas beteenden på bilderna av barnen?

     

    Metod: Vårt examensarbete grundar sig på en kvalitativ studie som vi genomförde med intervjuer och observationer. Intervjuerna genomfördes med barn, två vid varje tillfälle. Observationerna genomfördes med filmning av intervjuerna samt genom att vi båda var med under intervjuerna, så att en kunde vara observatör. De observationer som genomfördes var en hjälp vid analyseringen av barnens svar i de intervjuer som genomfördes.

     

    Resultat: Resultaten i studien visade utifrån våra frågeställningar att pojkar och flickor fortfarande upprätthåller de äldre genusnormerna. Barnen redogjorde för olikheter mellan pojkar och flickor genom att se till klädsel, frisyr och beteende. Det visade sig att genusöverskridande är någonting som de flesta barnen även idag har svårt att acceptera. Men det fanns också olikheter i barnens svar, det vill säga några barn hade en mer genusneutraliserad syn och tyckte inte det var konstigt att Kenta i boken bröt mot “pojknormerna”.

  • 47.
    Andersson Chronholm, Jannika
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Physics Didactics.
    Andersson, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Physics Didactics.
    Lär för din framtid: så lyckas du med högskolestudier2011Book (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Andersson, Emma
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Nilsson, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Att stöta på hinder i religionsundervisning: En litteraturstudie om problematik och förbättringsförslag för lärare och lärarstudenter2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Mångkulturella samhället växer större och större i Sverige och detta medför att lärare i skolor behöver anpassa sig efter elevers olika religiösa bakgrunder. En utmaning kan vara att undervisa religionskunskap i en mångkulturell klass. Denna litteraturstudie har undersökt lärares och lärarstudenters problematik i religionsundervisning. Syftet med studien var att kartlägga tidigare forskning om problematik inom religionsundervisning och även förslag på hur denna problematik kan mötas. Åtta studier från USA, England, Norge och Sverige har analyserats. Problematiken som lyfts fram är lärares bristande kunskaper och förhållningssätt, osäkerhet, tidsfördelning och hur lärare ska förhålla sig neutrala. Studien lyfter även fram olika förslag för hur religionsundervisningen kan förbättras. Förslagen är att lärare kan variera arbetssätt och undervisningsformer, gå på studiebesök, bjuda in gäster samt att lärares material kan behövas kompletteras. Det som också lyfts fram är att lärarutbildningarna behöver förbättras genom att ge lärarstudenter vetenskaplig grund att stå på och möjlighet till att få beprövade erfarenheter. Vidare forskning inom detta område krävs, eftersom det saknas studier kopplade till dagens läroplan, Lgr 11. Forskning inom religionsundervisningen i årskurs 4-6 saknas och därför är detta något att forska vidare inom.

  • 49.
    Andersson, Emma
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Unnestam, Evelina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Blanda experiment med elevers vardag, det löser sig!: En aktionsforskning om yngre elevers sätt att uttrycka sin förståelse för kemi vid ett experimentellt arbetssätt2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Students´ knowledge of science have deteriorated both internationally and nationally PISA studies. We have also experienced a lack of chemistry teaching in the lower ages. The purpose of the study is to contribute with knowledge of an everyday related and an experimental approach and make visible the importance of the scientific language for younger pupils' knowledge in chemistry. The study was conducted as an action research which involves forming a knowledge based on their own practice and then conducts a research that leads to a change. The actions we performed consisted of two experiments with the associated pre- and after work. The study was conducted in year one and two with 40 of 49 students. The documentation consisted of students’ stencils, tests, post-it notes and videodocumentation. The study shows that the students' understanding of chemistry through an experimental approach is expressed in several different ways. Students express their understanding when they communicate about hypotheses, uses and explain concepts, giving examples of mixtures and solutions, find connections, and explain the experiments and their results. The study's overall conclusion is that an experimental approach creates opportunities for students to feel the joy of chemistry and a belief in their own ability. The way in which teachers and students use the language of chemistry teaching is of great importance for the students´ opportunities to acquire knowledge in chemistry. The didactic implications we see with the study is that it is beneficial to work with experiments in the younger ages.

  • 50.
    Andersson, Erik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Öhman, Johan
    School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Young people's conversations about environmental and sustainability issues in social media2017In: Environmental Education Research, ISSN 1350-4622, E-ISSN 1469-5871, Vol. 23, no 4, 465-485 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Young people’s conversations about environmental and sustainability issues in social media and their educational implications are under-researched. Understanding young people’s meaning-making in social media and the experiences they acquire could help teachers to stage pluralistic and participatory approaches to classroom discussions about the environment and sustainability. The aim of the article is to explore the characteristics of meaning-making in young people’s conversations about environmental and sustainability issue in social media, more precisely in an online community. The study takes a public pedagogy and citizenship-as-practice approach and uses Epistemological Move Analysis. The conversation are shown to be argumentative, sophisticated, elaborative and competitive and create an educational situation in which facts about the world and moral and political values and interests are confronted and argued. The findings raise questions about pluralistic and participatory approaches and the staging of classroom conversations in environmental and sustainability education.

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