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  • 1.
    A. Manneh, Ilana
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Supporting Learning and Teaching of Chemistry in the Undergraduate Classroom2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is agreement in research about the need to find better ways of teaching chemistry to enhance students’ understanding. This thesis aims to contribute to the understanding of how we better support teaching and learning of undergraduate chemistry to make it meaningful and intelligible for students from the outset. The thesis is concerned with examining the interactions between student, specific content and teacher in the undergraduate chemistry classroom; that is, the processes making up the three relations of the didactic triangle. The data consists of observations of students and tutors during problem-solving activities in an introductory chemistry course and interviews with graduate students.

    Systematic analyses of the different interactions between the student, the chemistry content, and the tutor are made using the analytical tool of practical epistemology analysis. The main findings of the thesis include detailed insights into how undergraduate chemistry students deal with newly encountered content together with didactic models and concrete suggestions for improved teaching and for supporting continuity and progression in the undergraduate chemistry classroom. Specifically, I show how students deal with the chemistry content through a complex interaction of knowledge, experiences, and purposes on different levels invoked by both students and tutors as they interact with each other. Whether these interactions have a positive or negative effect on students’ learning depends on the nature of knowledge, experiences and purposes that were invoked. Moreover, the tutor sometimes invoked other purposes than the ones related to the task at hand for connecting the activity to the subject matter in general. These purposes were not always made continuous with the activity which resulting in confusion among students. The results from these analyses were used for producing hypotheses and models that could support continuity and progression during the activity. The suggested models aim to make the content more manageable and meaningful to students, enabling connections to other experiences and purposes, and helping teachers and tutors to analyze and reflect on their teaching. Moreover, a purpose- and activity-based progression is suggested that gives attention to purposes in chemistry education other than providing explanations of chemical phenomena. The aim of this ‘progression in action’ is to engage students in activities were they can see the meaning of chemical concepts and ideas through their use to accomplish different chemical tasks. A general conclusion is that detailed knowledge about the processes of teaching and learning is important for providing adequate support to both undergraduate students and university teachers in the chemistry classroom.

  • 2.
    A. Manneh, Ilana
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Hamza, Karim M.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Rundgren, Carl-Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Progression in action for developing chemical knowledgeManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we discuss the well-known teaching challenge of how to provide undergraduate students with basic chemistry knowledge without making them experience these basics as meaningless and unintelligible. First, we situate the challenge in a classic dilemma: should we teach the necessary basic facts before the chemical explanations or should the explanations be taught before or in parallel to these facts? Here we draw on examples from interviews with graduate students reflecting on their experiences regarding their studies at the undergraduate level. Second, we suggest a way out of the dilemma, through a shift in perspective from the typical progression of facts and explanations towards a purpose and activity-based progression. We conclude with a discussion of implications of such a shift for university chemistry education together with suggestions for future research.

  • 3.
    A. Manneh, Ilana
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Hamza, Karim
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Rundgren, Carl-Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    The role of anthropomorphisms in students’ reasoning about chemical structure and bonding2018In: Asia-Pacific Forum on Science Learning and Teaching, ISSN 1609-4913, E-ISSN 1609-4913, Vol. 19, no 2, article id 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Anthropomorphisms are widespread at all levels of the educational system even among science experts. This has led to a shift in how anthropomorphisms are viewed in science education, from a discussion of whether they should be allowed or avoided towards an interest in their role in supporting students’ understanding of science. In this study we examine the role of anthropomorphisms in supporting students’ understanding of chemistry. We analyze examples from undergraduate students’ discussions during problem-solving classes through the use of practical epistemology analysis (PEA). Findings suggest that students invoked anthropomorphisms alongside technical relations which together produced more or less chemically appropriate explanations. Also, anthropomorphisms constitute potentially productive points of departure for rendering students’ explanations more chemically appropriate. The implications of this study refer to the need to deal with anthropomorphisms explicitly and repeatedly as well as to encourage explicit connections between different parts of the explanation - teleological as well as causal.

  • 4.
    A. Manneh, Ilana
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Rundgren, Carl-Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Hamza, Karim M.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Tutor-student interaction in undergraduate chemistry: a case of learning to make relevant distinctions of molecular structures for determining oxidation states of atoms2018In: International Journal of Science Education, ISSN 0950-0693, E-ISSN 1464-5289, Vol. 40, no 16, p. 2023-2043Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we explore the issues and challenges involved in supporting students’ learning to discern relevant and critical aspects of determining oxidation states of atoms in complex molecules. We present a detailed case of an interaction between three students and a tutor during a problem-solving class, using the analytical tool of practical epistemology analysis (PEA). The results show that the ability to make relevant distinctions between the different parts of a molecule for solving the problem, even with the guidance of the tutor, seemed to be challenging for students. These shifts were connected to both purposes that were specific for solving the problem at hand, and additional purposes for general learning of the subject matter, in this case how to assign oxidation states in molecules. The students sometimes could not follow the additional purposes introduced by the tutor, which made the related distinctions more confusing. Our results indicate that in order to provide adequate support and guidance for students the tutor needs to consider how to sequence, move between, and productively connect the different purposes introduced in a tutor-student interaction. One way of doing that is by first pursuing the purposes for solving the problem and then successively introduce additional, more general purposes for developing students’ learning of the subject matter studied. Further recommendations drawn from this study are discussed as well.

  • 5.
    Aaby, Jacqueline
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Olsson, Andreas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Ett deltagande, för vem?: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om gymnasieelevers deltagande i Idrott och hälsa 12016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate, at first, why students in upper secondary school in Sweden participate or not in Physical education and health (PEH) and also find out what changes the subject need that can affect their participation. To get answers out of the in-vestigation, we formulated questions about what preconceptions the students of an specific group have about participation and non-participation in PEH and what changes the subject need, according to the students, to become a subject for all students. The study was based on a qualitative method, by using interviews of ten students from Swedish upper secondary school. The students were from two schools in a mediumsized region and from different programmes.

    The results of the study shows clearly that the content and the grades in PEH affects the student’s participation, which was crucial to whether they felt they wanted to participate actively in the lessons or not. The grades were considered as important and affected the participation even though some of the students were not interested in the content, but they still did the things that the teacher demanded. Despite this, the attitudes towards the subject were positive among the interviewed students. The factors the students think can change the participation to more actively is implement more activities as dance, individual training but also, delimit ballsports. It seems like the interviewed students are searching for meaningfulness in the lessons of the subject with a link between the curriculum and grading criteria.

  • 6.
    Aadalen, Sandra
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    Arbetslagsledarens uppdrag - distribuerat ledarskap i gymnasieskolan2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the formation of the teacher team leaders´ role, using interviews and job descriptions at comprehensive upper secondary schools in a Swedish metropolitan municipality. The theoretical framework includes a social constructionist and critical perspective, through Foucault, based on analysis of power. Analysis of power illuminates contemporary practices and techniques through a historical lens, using questions that are related to the basis and logics of power.

    The job descriptions proclaim a diverse, extensive and somewhat scattered mission consisting of administrative duties as well as managing development and evaluation of processes. According to the job description, the teacher team leader is responsible for initiating learning processes as well as implementing decisions by principals, each advocating a different theory. Teacher team leaders describe a complex mission where a substantial amount of time is spent on tasks less prevalent or unmentioned in the job description. Acting as a messenger, yet a constant search for information and administrative duties are tasks that teacher team leaders emphasize.

    In conclusion, it appears as if a comprehensive view of the mission at hand is deficient and that actual practice appears relatively different from the job description. The teacher team leaders operate as a link between school leaders, the Student Health Team and teachers where they contribute to continuity and stability in a school where school leaders more frequently are exchanged. A new and complex organization involving several distributed leadership roles requires thorough work in terms of co-ordination. Future studies may address how interplay and collaboration can work in a complex organization, where preconditions are continuously altered.

  • 7.
    Aagaard, Kirsten
    et al.
    VIA University College, Denmark.
    Andersson, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Halttunen, Timo
    University of Turku, Finland.
    Hansen, Brian Benjamin
    VIA University College, Denmark.
    Nistrup, Ulla
    VIA University College, Denmark.
    Quality in Validation of Prior Learning: Experiences in researching the practice of the Nordic Model for Quality in Validation of Prior Learning2017In: The Learner at the Centre: Validation of Prior Learning strengthens lifelong learning for all / [ed] Ruud Duvekot, Dermot Coughlan and Kirsten Aagaard, Houten/Aarhus: European Centre Valuation of Prior Learning/ VIA University College , 2017, p. 89-102Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter presents findings from a study of quality work in validation (recognition of prior learning) in three cases in Denmark, Finland, and Sweden. The quality work is based on a Nordic model for quality in validation and the study has an interactive approach.

  • 8.
    Aaltonen, Lisa
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Holmberg, Moa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Ord för ord, kapitel för kapitel: En studie om hur lärare arbetar med högläsning av skönlitteratur i sin undervisning.2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 9.
    Aarnio-Linnanvuori, Essi
    University of Helsinki.
    Environmental issues in Finnish school textbooks on religious education and ethics2013In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 2013:1, p. 131-157Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Solving global environmental problems requires a major change of values. As relates to environmental education, worldview, ethics and spiritual issues are important elements. But how are environmental issues included in such school subjects that especially discuss values and ethics? In this article I examine 24 Finnish religious education and ethics textbooks to analyze, to what extent environmental issues are integrated and discussed in them. I conclude that there is confusion about what environmental education can be in societal school subjects. The environmental texts in textbooks do not always draw on the specific content of the societal subject in question but repeat content from the natural sciences. Therefore, I suggest contexts and perspectives for discussing environmental issues that would comport with these subjects and supplement existing environmental education at school.

  • 10.
    Aarsand, Liselott
    et al.
    NTNU.
    Aarsand, Pål
    Familjeliv och lärande2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 11. Aarsand, Pål
    Family members as ‘fieldworkers’: Researching children’s everyday lives2012In: Nordic Journal of Digital Literacy, Vol. 6, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Aarsand, Pål
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. Uppsala University.
    Players animation in computer gaming: Real/virtual and subject/object in interaction2010In: M3 Interaction: From a conference / [ed] Hernwall, Patrik, Södertörn: Södertörn högskola , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Aarsand, Pål
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    The Ordinary Player: Teenagers talk about digital games2012In: Journal of Youth Studies, ISSN 1367-6261, E-ISSN 1469-9680, Vol. 15, no 8, p. 961-977Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Aarsand, Pål
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Young Boys Playing Digital Games: From console to the playground2010In: Nordic Journal of Digital Literacy, ISSN 1891-943X, E-ISSN 1891-943X, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 38-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article studies how digital games are part of the everyday lives of Swedish 6 to 7-year-old boys. The data consist of video recordings from two schools, two after-school centres and four homes. The focus is on how children engage in, organize and use digital games in face-to-face interaction. It is argued that digital game competence matters not only in front of the screen, but also in the playground. In addition, it is argued that what counts as game competence is negotiated in the peer group.

  • 15.
    Aarsand, Pål Andre
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Aronsson, Karin
    Barn och ungdomsvetenskap, Stockholms universitet.
    Response cries and other gaming moves-Building intersubjectivity in gaming2009In: Journal of Pragmatics, ISSN 0378-2166, E-ISSN 1879-1387, Vol. 41, no 8, p. 1557-1575Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study focuses on the ways in which response cries (Goffman, 1981) are deployed as interactional resources in computer gaming in everyday life. It draws on a large-scale data set of video recordings of the everyday lives of middleclass families. The recordings of gaming between children and between children and parents show that response cries were not arbitrarily located within different phases of gaming (planning, gaming or commenting on gaming). Response cries were primarily used as interactional resources for securing and sustaining joint attention (cf. Goodwin, 1996) during the gaming as such, that is, during periods when the gaming activity was characterized by a relatively high tempo. In gaming between children, response cries co-occurred with their animations of game characters and with sound making, singing along, and code switching in ways that formed something of an action aesthetic, a type of aesthetic that was most clearly seen in gaming between game equals (here: between children). In contrast, response cries were rare during the planning phases and during phases in which the participants primarily engaged in setting up or adjusting the game.

  • 16.
    Aarsand, Pål Andre
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Forsberg, Lucas
    Producing children’s corporeal privacy: ethnographic video recording as material-discursive practice2010In: Qualitative Research, ISSN 1468-7941, E-ISSN 1741-3109, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 249-268Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the use of video cameras in participant observation drawing on approximately 300 hours of video data from an ethnographic study of Swedish family life. Departing from Karen Barad's post-humanistic perspective on scientific practices, the aim is to critically analyse how researchers, research participants and technology produce and negotiate children's corporeal privacy. Ethnographic videotaping is understood as a material-discursive practice that creates and sustains boundaries between private and public, where videotaping is ideologically connected to a public sphere that may at times 'intrude' on children's corporeal privacy. The limits of corporeal privacy are never fixed, but open for negotiation; ethnographers may therefore unintentionally transgress the boundary and thus be faced with ethical dilemmas. The fluidity of privacy calls for ethical reflexivity before, during and after fieldwork, and researchers must be sensitive to when ethical issues are at hand and how to deal with them.

  • 17.
    Aarsand, Pål
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Assarsson, Liselott
    VILL, NTNU.
    Intergenerational encounters: Digital literacy in family settings.2009In: Learning in the network society and the digitized school / [ed] Krumsvik Rune, New York: Nova Science Publishers , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Aarsand, Pål
    et al.
    Department of Education and Life Long Learning, Norwegian University of Technology and Science.
    Melander, Helen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Appropriation through guided participation: Media literacy activities in children's everyday lives2016In: Discourse, Context & Media, ISSN 2211-6958, E-ISSN 2211-6966, Vol. 12, p. 20-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores media literacy practices in children’s everyday lives and some of the ways in which young children appropriate basic media literacy skills through guided participation in situated activities. Building on an ethnomethodological perspective, the analyses are based on video recordings documenting the activities in which four target children, aged 6-7 years old, participated at home and in school. Through the detailed analysis of two mundane media literacy activities – online calling and word processing – similarities and differences in media usage within and out-of-school are examined. It is shown how children’s media literacy activities encompass verbal, embodied and social competencies that are made relevant, and thus accessible for learning, in interaction between the adults and children in the form of norms and guidelines for what constitutes knowledgeable participation in media literacy activities, and that are appropriated and reactualized by the children in interaction with their peers. The findings show how the participants coordinate their actions on and in front of the screen and where spatiality and temporality are oriented to as crucial aspects of the organization of the activities. Moreover, it is demonstrated how old and new technologies are linked together in culturally and historically embedded conceptualizations of literacy. 

  • 19.
    Aarsand, Pål
    et al.
    Pedagogisk institutt, Norges Teknisk-Naturvitenskaplige Universitet.
    Melander, Helen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Evaldsson, Ann-Carita
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Om media literacy-praktiker i barns vardagsliv2013In: Literacy-praktiker i och utanför skolan / [ed] Sangeeta Bagga-Gupta, Ann-Carita Evaldsson, Caroline Liberg & Roger Säljö, Stockholm: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2013, p. 41-63Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Aarts, Karolina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Andersson, Isabella
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Konstruktion av sjukdomsidentiteter: En diskursanalytisk studie om identitetskonstruktion på ett internetbaserat stödforum för utmattningssyndrom2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie har ett internetbaserat stödforum för utmattningssyndrom analyserats i syfte att bidra med ny kunskap om identitetsskapande i interaktion, mellan individer med egen erfarenhet av utmatningssyndrom. Studien har utgått från en diskurspsykologisk inramning och sökt svar på frågeställningarna; I) vilka föreställningar om sjukdomsidentiteter förhandlas fram på ett internetbaserat stödforum för utmattningssyndrom? och II) hur konstrueras normalitet inom ramen för de sjukdomsidentiteter som produceras? Analys av medlemskategoriseringar har använts som huvudsakligt analytiskt verktyg vilket syftat till att synliggöra vilka kategorier som gjorts relevanta av forumdeltagarna. Analysen visar fem identitetspositioner vilka uttryckts som att vara: sjuk, utmattad, kunnig, inte ensam och snart bättre. På forumet görs försäkringskassan till en utanför- grupp vilket stärker gemenskapen av sjukdom bland forumdeltagarna. Denna gemenskap legitimerar att dela med sig av egna erfarenheter av utmattningssyndrom och att positionera sig som kunniga gentemot vårdapparaten. Samtidigt synliggör analysen hur forumdeltagarna konstruerar samsyn kring normalitet i utmattningen och vad som anses som normal sjukskrivningsperiod med anledning av utmattningssyndrom. I sin tur möjliggörs också identitetspositionen av att vara på bättringsvägen.

  • 21.
    Aas, Marit
    et al.
    Oslo universitet.
    Blom, Thomas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    Benchlearning as professional development of school leaders in Norway and Sweden2018In: Professional Development in Education, ISSN 1941-5257, E-ISSN 1941-5265, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 62-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we investigate a new national collaborative Benchlearning program for principals in Norway and Sweden. Four process leaders have been running the program. The aim is to give the participants the knowledge to develop a leadership practice and school environment that are more innovative. The program includes theoretical inputs, sharing experiences, school visits, training, and trialing of new leadership practices. Drawing on data from surveys, participants’ reflections, and the leaders’ descriptions of new leadership practice, we examine and identify successful and critical aspects of the learning process. The findings show that principals’ motivation and willingness to start change processes can be created in a synergy between structured school visits, work in learning groups, and a theoretical foundation. Working in groups across schools in two countries seems to enhance principals’ sense of efficacy, which in turn is shown to have a positive effect on their willingness to trial new practices. Two implications of the study are suggested. First, in the design of principal programs, systematic and critical reflection about authentic practice should be the basis. Second, educators should be trained to be process leaders who can support principals’ learning during a critical and social construction of a new practice.

  • 22.
    Aas, Marit
    et al.
    Oslo universitet.
    Törnsen, Monika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Principal Development.
    Norske og svenske skolelederprogram: en sammenligning2016In: Bedre Skole, ISSN 0802-183X, no 2, p. 56-61Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [no]

    De nasjonale lederprogrammene i Sverige og Norge blir sammenlignet ved hjelp av et forskningsbasert internasjonalt rammeverk for hva som kjennetegner god ledelse. Målet er å undersøke om og i hvilken grad de nordiske programmene er influert av internasjonal forskning om profesjonsutvikling av skoleledere. Noen områder for videreutvikling av de nordiske lederprogrammene blir foreslått.

  • 23.
    Aas, Marit
    et al.
    Oslo universitet.
    Törnsén, Monika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Principal Development.
    Examining Norwegian and Swedish Leadership training programs in light of international research2016In: Nordic Studies in Education, ISSN 1891-5914, E-ISSN 1891-5949, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 173-187, article id 10.18261Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines and compares principal training programs in Sweden and Norway, the two Nordic countries with national leadership programs for already active school leaders. To investigate the knowledge base and design of the programs we draw on two research-derived tools about successful professional learning programs for school leaders. Based on the examinations, we suggest that the programs reflect international research both in terms of content and process factors. In addition, we identify topics and issues, such as balancing democratic participation with managerial decision-making, which can be characterized as making up a Nordic profile.

  • 24.
    Aase, Laila
    Universitetet i Bergen.
    Fagdidaktikk og skoleutvikling i Norge2007In: Eskilsson, Olle, Redfors, Andreas (red.), Ämnesdidaktik ur ett nationellt och internationellt perspektiv: rapport från Rikskonferensen i ämnesdidaktik 2006, Kristianstad: Kristianstad University Press , 2007, p. 9-17Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Abadir Guirgis, Georg
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction.
    Lärarperspektiv på riskutbildningen för motorcyklister2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last decade it has become increasingly popular to ride a motorcycle in Sweden. A mandatory risk education for competence A and A1 was introduced from the 1st of November 2009. Since the education is new, few evaluations have been conducted so far.

    This study evaluates the risk education for motorcyclists based on the perspective of driving instructors. The goal was to compile the instructors' comments and experiences with respect to the new risk training. An additional objective was to examine the driving instructors' perceived effects of the education on their students' driving behavior. Six semi-structured interviews with driving instructors and an observational study of the education at various driving schools were conducted. In addition, a participant observation study was performed during a further education of 15 driving instructors. The results show that the instructors experience a great need for the new risk training and that the implementation of the training itself has been good. Students have been referring to the risk training, which according to the instructors indicate that the students have embraced the essence of the training. As a result, the students drive more carefully now and think twice in certain situations according to the instructors. This was considered a desirable result.

  • 26.
    Abadir Guirgis, Georg
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction.
    Peters, Björn
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction.
    Simulatorbaserad utbildning i ERTMS: utvärdering av utbildning och träning för lokförare i VTI:s tågsimulator2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the VTI train simulator with regard to simulator-based training and education in the ERTMS (European Rail Traffic Management System) system for train drivers, compared to the ERSA simulator. The purpose was also to study two different ways of combining theoretical education with practical training in a simulator. In the future, the major railway routes in Sweden will be equipped with ERTMS. This will require considerable training for Sweden’s approximately 3,500 train drivers in future need of ERTMS education. It is unrealistic to think that these should be trained on real tracks. Therefore, there is a need for a more realistic ERTMS simulator compared to the European Rail Software Applications (ERSA) simulator that Trafikverket provides. The study was conducted as a between group design with two measurements. Three different groups were compared under different conditions. Theoretical education in ERTMS combined with training in the ERSA simulator (group 0), theoretical education in ERTMS ending with training in the VTI-simulator (group 1) and theoretical education in ERTMS partly alternated with training in the VTI-simulator (group 2).

  • 27.
    Abarghache, Nadia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    Johansson, Ellen
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    Kan en läshund bidra till att positivt påverka barns läsförmåga?: En metainspirerad innehållsannanlys2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att få en djupare förståelse om på vilket sätt läshunden kan bidra till att förbättra barns läsförmåga. Studien använder sig av en metainspirerad innehållsanalys. Metaanalys användes för att samla in information till studien samt att kunna dra slutsatser om tidigare forskning. Innehållsanalys användes för att skapa teman och kodning, med hjälp av innehållsanalys kan man skapa en djupare mening med textens innehåll. Artiklarna från resultatdelen samlades in från vetenskapliga databaser där alla artiklar är peer-reviewe.

     

    Studien undersöker på vilket sätt kan en läshund bidra till att positivt påverka barns läsförmåga? Är det hunden i sig som påverkar barnets läsförmåga eller är det miljön? Resultat visar på att läshunden påverkar barn positivt både psykiskt, fysiskt och socialt. Resultatet visar även på att det är läshunden som påverkar barnen positivt och inte miljön de vistas i under lästiden. Slutsatsen man kan dra av denna studie är att läshunden visar på en positiv påverkan på barn och har givit oss förståelse om på vilket sätt läshunden påverkar barnen.

  • 28.
    Abazi, Adelina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Uggla, Caroline
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Läraren i praktiken: En studie om lärares förmåga att inspirera och medvetandegöra elevers inlärning, samt omforma sina akademiska ämneskunskaper2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats, Läraren och den praktiska verkligheten, handlar om hur lärare gör för

    att omforma sina ämneskunskaper till ämnesdidaktiska, vilka metoder de använder i

    undervisningen för att medvetandegöra elevernas inlärning, samt hur lärarna gör för att

    utmana och inspirera elevernas lärande och kunskapsutveckling. Teorierna som använts

    i studien är läranderum, proximala utvecklingszonen, autonomous learning, learning to

    learn och pedagogical content knowledge, vilka även ligger till grund för den

    analyserande delen.

    Resultaten i studien visar att en fungerande gruppdynamik är avgörande för en god

    arbetsmiljö, en ständig dialog utifrån elevens perspektiv bör föras för att skapa

    medvetenhet hos eleven gällande lärprocessen. Utveckling av självständigt lärande sker

    genom tydlig kommunikation mellan lärare och elever, det vill säga att läraren är tydlig

    med anledningen till arbetsområdet, informationen kring anvisningarna, samt finns som

    en tydlig vägledare för att guida eleven genom ämnet. Vidare handlar omformning av

    ämneskunskaper för lärare i praktiken om att reflektera, utvärdera och utveckla

    planeringen och den genomförda undervisningen.

  • 29.
    Abazi, Louicé
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Elou, Rodjin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Hjälpmedel eller maktmedel?: En kvalitativ studie om lärares didaktiska reflektioner kring behavioristiska verktyg2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 30.
    Abbas, Amal
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Ledarskap i klassrummet: En kvalitativ studie om hur fyra lärare förhåller sig till pedagogiskt ledarskap2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to analyse the attitude of four teachers to leadership in the classroom. The main research questions asked were:

    • What are the teachers` views on leadership in the classroom?
    • What does good versus  bad leadership mean to the teachers?
    • What factors influence the teachers' leadership in the classroom, according to themselves?

    The method used is the qualitative method and interviews, which is my empirical material, I relate to different theories and previous research of leadership.

    The curriculum for the compulsory school system, the pre-school class and the leisure-time centre, Lpo 94, says a lot about how both the school and the teacher must pursue a democratic activity; the teacher must have a democratic leadership in the classroom (Lpo 94, s. 5). At school, the pupils should be met with respect, they should feel safe and be motivated to learn. They must constantly develop and have lots of opportunities to experience the joy of making progress (Lpo 94, s. 7).

    A teacher's leadership is all about control and leading students to the goals that are set up and that pupils should achieve. Knowledge and development are the most important factors in school and therefore it is important to find out what different leadership styles that are most successful.

  • 31.
    Abbas, Batool
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Dahlbom, Carolin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Elevers uppfattningar om lässtrategier och läsdebut: en kvalitativ studie utifrån ett livsvärldsfenomenologiskt perspektiv2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Enligt den svenska läroplanen, Läroplan för grundskolan, förskoleklassen och fritidshemmet 2011 (Skolverket, 2017) ska elever lära sig olika sorters strategier som de kan ha användning av på olika sätt vid läsning. Tidigare forskning visar att elever använder sig av ett antal olika lässtrategier, men inte alltid så medvetet. Det är heller inte alltid som en strategi hjälper eleven i hens förståelse. Lässtrategin kan snarare göra det svårare för eleven att förstå en text. När vi startade upp vårt arbete märkte vi att det finns en lucka i svensk forskning, där man intresserar sig för elevers uppfattningar om lässtrategier. Därför anser vi att det då förefaller intressant att ta reda på mer om hur elevers uppfattningar om lässtrategier är i ett svenskt sammanhang.

    Syfte: Syftet med vår studie har varit att undersöka elevers uppfattningar och användande av lässtrategier i årskurs 3. Det innefattar också elevers uppfattningar om sin läsdebut.

    Metod: Studien utgår från en kvalitativ metod som bottnar i den livsvärldsfenomenologiska ansatsen. Empiri har samlats in genom både enskilda intervjuer och gruppintervjuer med elever från sammanlagt fyra skolor, varav tre kommunala och en friskola, i tre olika kommuner.

    Resultat: Resultatet av vår studie visar att elever har olika uppfattningar om både lässtrategier och läsdebut. Eleverna använder inte längre lässtrategierna ur undervisningsmodellen "En läsande klass" på samma sätt, som när de befann sig i årskurs 1. Detta eftersom eleverna nu har en uppfattning om att de inte längre är i behov av att tillämpa de strategierna vid läsning. Eleverna har likartade men också olika uppfattningar gällande användandet av en eller flera lässtrategier. De lässtrategier som eleverna mest använder är "be om hjälp" och "läsa om", men det framkommer även andra strategier som "googla svåra ord", "läsa bokens baksida", "använda bilder" och "hoppa över text". Studiens resultat visar även elevernas olika uppfattningar om deras upplevelser av läsutveckling och läsdebut. De flesta elever uppfattar sin läsdebut som ansträngande, eftersom den enligt dem handlade mycket om att avkodningsförmågan skulle automatiseras. Eleverna har även positiva uppfattningar om sina upplevelser gällande läsdebuten, då eleverna uppger att de kände en trygghet när de kunde ta reda på ny information på egen hand genom läsning.

  • 32.
    Abbas, Batool
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Törnqvist, Carolin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Att utveckla elevers läsförståelse i årskurs 1 och 2: en kvalitativ studie utifrån några lärares perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det övergripande syftet med vår studie har varit att undersöka vilka undervisningsmodeller lärare i årskurs 1 och 2 använder, för att utveckla elevers läsförståelse och hur dessa modellers strategier undervisas av lärarna. En undervisningsmodell innehåller ett antal läsförståelsestrategier som elever ska kunna tillämpa vid läsning (Skolverket, 2016a).

     För att besvara våra frågeställningar valde vi att ta hjälp från tidigare forskning och litteratur, som behandlar olika modeller inom området läsförståelse. I denna kvalitativa studie har semistrukturerade intervjuer med fem lärare, som arbetar på tre olika skolor i årskurserna 1 och 2 inom samma västsvenska kommun, samlats in. Dessutom har observationer av de fem lärarnas läsförståelseundervisning fungerat som underlag för vår studie. I vår studie betonar de medverkande lärarna att det är olika från lärare till lärare hur man tar sig an en undervisningsmodell. Vilka läsförståelsestrategier som ligger i fokus beror på elevgruppens behov och förutsättningar.

  • 33.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    EIDI Handelshögskolan i Jönköping.
    Vad är en bra universitetslärare?: En kritisk reflektion2009In: Professionalitet i fokus : reflekterande studier av universitetslärarpraktik / [ed] Lotta Jons, Stockholm: Universitetspedagogiskt centrum (UPC), Stockholms universitet , 2009, p. 90-111Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Abbes, Yacine
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology.
    Educational studies in heat and power technology: how students learn with multimedia tools and problem-based learning2005Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Higher education is undergoing continuous changes and new learning tools and methods are implemented. Researchers in education do not always agree upon the effectiveness of some of the methods introduced into engineering education. The present thesis consists of two case studies on educational methods introduced at the Department of Energy Technology, at Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Sweden. The qualitative research methodology has been used in case one and a combination of qualitative and quantitative methodology has been used in the second case. The sources of evidences consisted of: unstructured interviews, analysis of video recording, questionnaires, and analysis of a variety of documents. In the first case, an educational program in heat and power technology was analysed. The second case consists in an in-depth study of group dynamics in a Problem –Based Learning course. These studies showed that the learning approach adopted by students depends strongly on the way they view the particular learning tool or method. The first case study revealed the existence of two types of learners. Surfacelearners follow the structure suggested by the designers of the multimedia program. This category of learners focuses only on the material available in the program. Deep-learners go beyond the information and the structure suggested in the program and combine different learning tools in their learning. These students do not follow the structure of the tutorials’ of the multimedia program. This study showed that students who had a strong view how to learn with a multimedia program or a learning method benefited less from the learning tools available. Students with weak views on how to learn from educational program or leaning tool benefit less from the presentation and engage in more surface learning. Self-motivated learners use the multimedia presentation in novel ways and crosscheck the information given with other material. The second study showed that students have unclear and weak views on how to learn with student-directed Problem- Based Learning model. Four types of learners were identified in Problem-Based Learning project: Leaders, Key Actors, Common Students and Social Loafers. Leaders and Key Actors are self-motivated individuals and participate most in the projects. Students who viewed themselves or were viewed as leaders were held responsible to take most of the decisions and students expected them to work more than the average student. Students who viewed themselves as common team members expected a lower workload than leaders’. Key Actors are self-motivated students who do not view themselves as separate from other group members but who participate more than others. Leaders learned more group and social processes, that they did not fully take part in, while common students learned more from the project management aspects that they did not take part in. The study also found that Problem-Based Learning groups can become very cohesive, and can develop distorted views on how to learn with Problem-Based Learning, and un-common group dynamics phenomena such as groupthink can occur in Problem-Based Learning setting.

  • 35.
    Abd, Assil
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences. 9101270685.
    Fritidspedagogens arbetssätt i arbetet med nyanlända barn: En kvalitativ studie om fritidspedagogers arbetssätt med nyanlända barn i fritidshem med fokus på svårigheter2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att undersöka fritidspedagogens arbetssätt med nyanlända barn i fritidshem.

  • 36.
    Abdallah, Laila
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    ICT-Based Learning in Knowledge Intense Micro-Sized Enterprises2003In: 2nd International Conference on Multimedia and Information and Communication Technologies in Education 2003: Advances in Technology-Based Education: Toward a Knowledge-Based Society, Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Multimedia and Information & Communication Technologies in Education / [ed] J. A. Mesa González, Antonio Méndez Vilas (eds.), 2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Abdallah, Laila
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Process eller Resultat?: Trender inom utvärdering av svensk högskoleutbildning under1990-talet2002Report (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Abdallah, Mounawara
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Johansson, Sara
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Att skapa goda relationer i förskolan: Förskolepersonalens syn på relationsskapande till barn i förskolan.2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Goda relationer påverkar barns utveckling och lärande. Personalen i förskolan ska skapa relationer som är personliga till varje enskilt barn oavsett deras olika förutsättningar och behov så att de får möjlighet att utvecklas och lära sig. Studiens syfte är att medvetandegöra och öka kunskapen om vilka olika uppfattningar förskolepersonal har om relationsskapande till barnen i förskolan. I en kvalitativ studie med semistrukturerade intervjuer som har sin utgångspunkt i fallbeskrivningar har vi undersökt detta. Resultatet visar att förskolepersonal uttrycker att respekten för individen samt bekräftelsen av barnets känslor är en viktig del i det relationsfrämjande arbetet. Relationens kvalitet ses av de intervjuade förskollärarna och barnskötarna som ett resultat av positiva händelser som gynnar såväl barn som personal. Vår slutsats är att förskolepersonalens relationskompetens har betydelsen för hur relationen till det enskilda barnet blir.

  • 39.
    Abdallah, Nathalie
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Bjurman, Elin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Koncentrationssvårigheter hos elever i grundskolan2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 40.
    Abdallah, Nour
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Nyman, Caroline
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Naturvetenskap i förskolan: en kvalitativ studie om förskollärares syn på naturvetenskap i förskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien har syftat till att ta reda på hur pedagoger tänker kring arbetet samt vilka möjligheter och svårigheter det finns med att arbeta med naturvetenskap i förskolan. Under vår undersökning har vi utgått ifrån olika övergripande frågeställningar som vilka arbetssätt pedagoger utgår från när det gäller naturvetenskap i förskolan, vad ser pedagoger för möjligheter att arbeta med naturvetenskap i förskolan samt vad för svårigheter pedagoger ser med att arbeta med naturvetenskap i förskolan? I studien utgick vi från den kvalitativa metoden där åtta intervjuer utfördes på två olika förskolor. Intervjufrågorna var öppna för att försöka fånga in så mycket av de intervjuades upplevelser och tankar kring ämnet naturvetenskap. Resultaten i studien visar att pedagoger har olika tankar om hur man arbetar med naturvetenskap samt att pedagoger arbetar på ett varierat sätt. När det gäller arbetsformen fann vi fyra subkategorier, att arbeta med begreppsförståelse, att ha spontana och planerade aktiviteter, att barnen ska upptäcka själva och att uppmuntra barnen till att lära sig genom sociala samspelet.Vi kom även fram till att det finns olika möjligheter samt svårigheter med naturvetenskap somexempelvis att ha en skog nära kan vara en stor möjlighet eftersom det kan underlätta pedagogers arbete. Svårigheter som kan uppstå är att om det förekommer brister på kunskaphos pedagoger kring ämnet naturvetenskap kan detta innebära att det blir svårt att lära barnen om naturvetenskap. Det blir svårt att exempelvis att svara på frågor.

  • 41.
    Abdallah, Sam
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Grupputvecklingssamtal - lärande för individen?: En kvalitativ studie om grupputvecklingssamtal och lärande hos medarbetare2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka grupputvecklingssamtal mellan chef och medarbetare på en avdelning på Akademiska sjukhuset som grund för medarbetarens lärande. Lärandet som undersöks är hur individer kan tillgodogöra sig arbetskunskap utifrån de lärandeprocesser som eventuellt uppstår i samband med gruppsamtal. Frågeställningarna som följer i denna uppsats är ”vad innefattar ett grupputvecklingssamtal på avdelningen på Akademiska sjukhuset?”, ”hur upplever medarbetarna grupputvecklingssamtalet som grund för deras professionella lärande?” och ”vilket slags lärande har premierats?”. Undersökningsmetoderna för denna studie är observation och intervju. Observation har genomförts för att ge svar på vad ett grupputvecklingssamtal på avdelningen på Akademiska sjukhuset innefattar och intervjuer har genomförts för att ge en bild av hur medarbetarna upplever grupputvecklingssamtalen som grund för deras professionella lärande. De analysverktyg som använts för att framställa studiens resultat är det empiriska materialet som framkommit från observationen samt intervjuerna och de teoretiska infallsvinklarna, ”kollektivt lärande” och ”dialog”. Resultaten har visat att ett grupputvecklingssamtal innefattar ett möte där medarbetarna får information om olika saker gällande arbetet och vad som händer på arbetsplatsen. Vidare har resultaten indikerat på att medarbetarna upplever grupputvecklingssamtalen som grund för deras professionella lärande och att det är kollektivt lärande som premierats. Denna studie har främst bidragit till att ge avdelningschefen och gruppcheferna som genomför dessa samtal en uppfattning om att samtalen gynnar medarbetarna i den mån att det ger dem ett kollektivt lärande. Det gör också medarbetarna uppmärksamma på att samtalen kan främja interaktionen mellan dem liksom utförandet av deras arbetsuppgifter.

  • 42. Abdelhai, Rehab
    et al.
    Yassin, Sahar
    Ahmad, Mohamad F.
    Fors, Uno
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    An e-learning reproductive health module to support improved student learning and interaction: a prospective interventional study at a medical school in Egypt2012In: BMC Medical Education, ISSN 1472-6920, E-ISSN 1472-6920, Vol. 12, p. 11-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The Public Health (PH) course at the medical college of Cairo University is based on traditional lectures. Large enrollment limits students' discussions and interactions with instructors. Aim: Evaluate students' learning outcomes as measured by improved knowledge acquisition and opinions of redesigning the Reproductive Health (RH) section of the PH course into e-learning and assessing e-course utilization. Methods: This prospective interventional study started with development of an e-learning course covering the RH section, with visual and interactive emphasis, to satisfy students' diverse learning styles. Two student groups participated in this study. The first group received traditional lecturing, while the second volunteered to enroll in the e-learning course, taking online course quizzes. Both groups answered knowledge and course evaluation questionnaires and were invited to group discussions. Additionally, the first group answered another questionnaire about reasons for non-participation. Results: Students participating in the e-learning course showed significantly better results, than those receiving traditional tutoring. Students who originally shunned the e-course expressed eagerness to access the course before the end of the academic year. Overall, students using the redesigned e-course reported better learning experiences. Conclusions: An online course with interactivities and interaction, can overcome many educational drawbacks of large enrolment classes, enhance student's learning and complement pit-falls of large enrollment traditional tutoring.

  • 43.
    Abdi, Mona
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Konflikter i den fria leken på fritidshemmet: En kvalitativ studie om konflikter och konflikthantering i den fria leken på fritidshemmet2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to examine whether there is a connection between conflicts that arise between the students and the free play at the leisure center, and how these conflicts are handled. I answered the study's question with the help of qualitative interviews and observations. I interviewed four educators at four different leisure centers, and observed these activities. I have analyzed the empirical data from the sociocultural perspective. The result showed a clear connection between conflicts that arise between the students and the free play. The results also showed that the teachers in the leisure activities make use of the conflict management method mediation.

  • 44.
    Abdi Sheikh Ali, Mandeq
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Flerspråkighet i förskolan: En intervjustudie om hur förskollärare stimulerar flerspråkiga barns språkutveckling2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Jag har undersökt hur förskollärare beskriver att de stödjer flerspråkiga barn i att utveckla både det svenska språket och deras modersmål. I och med att det befinner sig alltmer flerspråkiga barn i de svenska förskolorna är mitt syfte med studien att ta reda på fem förskollärares uppfattningar om flerspråkiga barns språkutveckling och vilka verktyg de beskriver att de använder i arbetet med att stimulera barns språkutveckling. Metoden för denna studie är kvalitativa intervjuer där jag har intervjuat fem förskollärare som arbetar på två olika förskolor. Studiens resultat diskuteras utifrån forskning om hur förskollärare arbetar med flerspråkiga barns språkutveckling. I resultatdiskussionen har även resonemang förts i relation till den sociokulturella teorin. Resultatet visar att förskollärarna menar att barn behöver kunna sitt modersmål så att de kan lära sig eller utveckla ett andraspråk i förskolan. Därför behövs det modersmålslärare som stödjer barnen i att utveckla modersmålet. Förskollärarna beskriver att de använder sig av vardagliga situationer för att stimulera barnens språk.

  • 45.
    Abdi Sheikh Ali, Muna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Flerspråkiga barns språkutveckling i förskolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att studera flerspråkiga barns modersmålsutveckling i förskolan och hur pedagogerna kan hjälpa barnen med sitt modersmål när pedagogerna har svenska som sitt förstaspråk. Studien tar ett sociokulturellt perspektiv på lärande och metoden som använts för att samla in material för studien är kvalitativ intervju med fyra pedagoger från två förskolor. Slutsatsen från studien visade sig att pedagogerna använder olika sätt att stötta och utveckla flerspråkiga barnens modersmål och andraspråkutveckling genom att använda olika uttryckningsformer, till exempel upprepningar, bilder, symboler och kroppsspråk. Pedagogerna lyfter upp också att barnen känner trygghet när pedagogerna använder barnens modersmål, vilket gjorde att pedagogerna lärde sig enkla ord på barnens språk för att underlätta kommunikationen mellan barnen och pedagoger och mellan barn och barn.

  • 46.
    Abdiladif, Abdullahi
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Framing King: En kvalitativ studie om hur Martin Luther King gestaltas i medier2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 300 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This piece of research examines how the speech Beyond Vietnam by Martin Luther King Jr. is framed by four newspapers in the United States. The aim of the thesis is to contribute to the existing body of research in framing as a field of study in general. More specifically, the aim is to expand the existing literature on media research regarding Martin Luther King Jr. while he was alive. Entman’s definition of framing is operationalized through the use of a deductive method. The results show that King is framed in a negative manner. In terms of framing, Conflict Frame is the most common frame used by newspapers in response to King’s speech. This is most likely due to the cold war politics prevalent during this era. 

  • 47.
    Abdiladif, Abdullahi
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Newspapers, frames & King: A qualitative framing analysis of how Martin Luther King Jr. was portrayed in three U.S. Newspapers & how this relates to the ESL classroom2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this piece of research is to analyze how Martin Luther King Jr. was portrayed in three U.S newspapers based on framing theory. Through the use of qualitative frame analysis, ten newspaper articles are studied from the period 20/04/1967-11/05/1967. The dates were selected in relation to King’s public opposition to the Vietnam war. The results show that the articles are in most cases characterized by a focus on difference of opinion, polemic responses, and appeals to MLK to stop opposing the war. When understood from the lens of framing theory, this way of writing has been termed the conflict frame. Furthermore, three classroom tasks related to the newspaper articles are suggested. These activities are based on the Swedish curriculum for teaching English as a second language, schema theory, and framing theory.

  • 48.
    Abdu, Hayat
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Lindqvist, Martina
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    ”Fröken! kan du hjälpa mig att ta ner den där leksaken?”: Förskolepersonals beskrivning på om de utformar förskolans inomhusmiljö samt barns materialtillgång utifrån barns förutsättningar och behov2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Förskolans verksamhet är barns arena där alla barn har rätt att på ett jämlikt sätt främjas i deras utveckling och lärande. Studiens syfte är att undersöka om och hur förskolepersonal utformar förskolans inomhusmiljö samt barns materialtillgång utifrån alla barns förutsättningar och behov. Studien är baserad på en kvantitativ enkätundersökning med kvalitativa inslag som riktar sig till förskolepersonal, där vi utgått från 40 respondenters svar. I relation till det sociokulturella perspektivet har resultatet analyserats utifrån förskolepersonals perspektiv. I resultatet framgick det att miljön är betydande för barns utveckling och lärande samt att jämlikhet i relation till förskolans inomhusmiljö och materialtillgång är en komplex fråga. Slutsatsen är att om förskolepersonal ska kunna utforma inomhusmiljön samt barns materialtillgång utifrån alla barns förutsättningar och behov behöver de finna metoder och strategier som passar den aktuella barngruppen.

  • 49.
    Abdu Mohamed, Ali
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Förståelsen av interkulturell pedagogik: En studie om förståelsen före detta Södertörnstudenter har gällande den interkulturella pedagogiken och om de använder den i arbetslivet2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is through a teacher perspective gain insight to the knowledge former Sodertorn teacher students possess of intercultural pedagogy and if they use it at work. The studies main perspective is the intercultural perspective, which has been the study's lead perspective. This study also made use out of a sociocultural perspective as it fits with the intercultural perspective and puts its mark in the study.

    This study has used interviews for data collection. Five former Sodertorn teacher students were interviewed, the interview participants work as teachers. These five teachers’ experiences and statements were the focus of this study, the teachers had to demonstrate their intercultural skills and how they use these skills in their classroom. The study showed that four out of five interviewed teachers use intercultural education, these teachers always try to find students development zones and prior knowledge. Intercultural pedagogy approach for example focuses on the students' culture, knowledge, belongings and background. The four out of five interview participants that use intercultural pedagogy hope that their students get a deeper understanding of people that possess a different culture, religion and background. The four out of five teachers use intercultural strategies and these strategies are considered applicable when it comes to intercultural perspective.

  • 50.
    Abdul Basheer, Abdul Naeem
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Teachers’ perceptions about constructivist learning in Afghan Schools.: Mathematics teachers’ perceptions and usage of question-answer, individual and group work methods considering constructivism.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A special attention has been given to education system in Afghanistan after new government established in 2001.Initially in 2001, the ways of teaching and learning were mainly based on behaviorist approaches. This behaviorist approach to learning and teaching is gradually changed to cognitive and constructivist approaches which are mostly used in advanced education systems. These approaches to learning and teaching are mainly focused on learners themselves. Therefore, student-centered and active learning became the buzzwords in education system in Afghanistan. This study investigates constructivist learning in Afghan secondary schools. It is vast to investigate each and every aspect of constructivist learning. So, I have selected to investigate the mostly used methods (question-answer, individual and group-work) considering constructivism in Afghan secondary schools. The mentioned methods are investigated in the light of constructivism. I have investigated the methods considering four criteria of constructivist method given by Baviskar et.al, (2009). The criteria are: assessing student’s prior knowledge, differentiating what is already known and what should be learnt, changing students pre-concept in the context of new knowledge and reflection on learning. Teachers’ perceptions were found through questionnaires and their use of these methods was observed from classroom observation.

    Findings show that, around half of the teachers perceive the mentioned methods in line with constructivism while remaining teachers still perceive to use these methods as a traditional way of teaching. Furthermore, teachers perception based on their answers is not similar to their teaching practices considering constructivism. It means teachers’ responses in the questionnaires did not conform to their teaching practices from classroom observations. Moreover, generally teachers seem to be more constructivists in perception and applying individual work method as compared to group-work activities. In some cases, teachers who participated in pedagogical workshops answered questionnaire more in line with constructivism as compare to the teachers who did not participate in pedagogical workshops in the past.

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