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  • 1.
    Abong'o, Deborah
    et al.
    University of Nairobi, Kenya.
    Wandiga, Shem
    University of Nairobi, Kenya.
    Jumba, Isaac
    University of Nairobi, Kenya.
    Madadi, Vincent
    University of Nairobi, Kenya.
    Kylin, Henrik
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Impacts of pesticides on human health and environment in the River Nyando catchment, Kenya2014In: International Journal of Humanities, Arts, Medicine and Sciences, ISSN 2348-0521, Vol. 2, no 3, 1-14 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The population of the River Nyando catchment largely relies on rain fed agriculture for their subsistence.

    Important crops grown include cereals, cash crops fruits and vegetables. Farming is one of the contributors of pollution to Lake Victoria. Organophosphates and other banned organochlorine pesticides such as lindane, aldrin and dieldrin were used by farmers. The pesticides transport was by storm water run-off and air drift into the lake. Environmental risk assessment background information was collected through questionnaire and interviews of farmers to determine knowledge and safe use of pesticides. Fourteen pesticides were identified as commonly used of which four are toxic to bees and five to birds. The farmers identified declines in the number of pollinating insects, the disappearance of Red-billed Oxpecker (Buphagus erythrorthynchus) and wild bird’s fatalities. The general knowledge among farmers about chemicals risks, safety, and chronic illnesses was low. Activities that increases environmental awareness and safety of pesticides should be initiated by the agrochemical firms and government.

  • 2.
    Behrens, Thomas
    et al.
    Bremen Inst Prevent Res & Social Med, D-28359 Bremen, Germany.;Ruhr Univ Bochum, Inst Prevent & Occupat Med German Social Accid In, Bochum, Germany..
    Lynge, Elsebeth
    Univ Copenhagen, Inst Publ Hlth, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Cree, Ian
    UCL, Inst Ophthalmol, London, England..
    Lutz, Jean-Michel
    Univ Zurich, NICER, Zurich, Switzerland..
    Eriksson, Mikael
    Univ Lund Hosp, Dept Oncol, S-22185 Lund, Sweden..
    Guenel, Pascal
    INSERM, CESP Ctr Epidemiol & Populat Hlth, U1018, Villejuif, France.;Univ Paris Sud, UMRS 1018, Villejuif, France..
    Merletti, Franco
    Univ Turin, Canc Epidemiol Unit, Piemonte, Italy.;CPO, Piemonte, Italy..
    Morales-Suarez-Varela, Maria
    Univ Valencia, Dept Prevent Med, Unit Publ Hlth & Environm Care, Valencia, Spain.;CIBER Act Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, Res Grp CIBER CB06 02 0045, Valencia, Spain.;Ctr Publ Hlth Res CSISP, Valencia, Spain..
    Afonso, Noemia
    Inst Portugues Oncol Francisco Gentil, Med Oncol Serv, Oporto, Portugal..
    Stengrevics, Aivars
    Latvia Canc Registry, Riga, Latvia..
    Fevotte, Joelle
    Umrestte UCB Lyon 1 InVS Inrets, F-69373 Lyon, France..
    Sabroe, Svend
    Univ Aarhus, Dept Epidemiol, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Llopis-Gonzalez, Agustin
    Univ Valencia, Dept Prevent Med, Unit Publ Hlth & Environm Care, Valencia, Spain.;CIBER Act Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, Res Grp CIBER CB06 02 0045, Valencia, Spain..
    Gorini, Giuseppe
    ISPO Canc Prevent & Res Inst, Environm & Occupat Epidemiol Unit, Florence, Italy..
    Hardell, Lennart
    Örebro University Hospital. Department of Oncology.
    Stang, Andreas
    Univ Halle Wittenberg, Inst Clin Epidemiol, Halle, Germany.;Univ Duisburg Essen, Inst Med Informat Biometry & Epidemiol, Essen, Germany..
    Ahrens, Wolfgang
    Bremen Inst Prevent Res & Social Med, D-28359 Bremen, Germany.;Univ Duisburg Essen, Inst Med Informat Biometry & Epidemiol, Essen, Germany..
    Pesticide exposure in farming and forestry and the risk of uveal melanoma2012In: Cancer Causes and Control, ISSN 0957-5243, E-ISSN 1573-7225, Vol. 23, no 1, 141-151 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since pesticides are disputed risk factors for uveal melanoma, we studied the association between occupational pesticide exposure and uveal melanoma risk in a case-control study from nine European countries.

    Incident cases of uveal melanoma and population as well as hospital controls were included and frequency-matched by country, 5-year age groups and sex. Self-reported exposure was quantified with respect to duration of exposure and pesticide application method. We calculated the exposure intensity level based on application method and use of personal protective equipment. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were estimated by unconditional logistic regression analyses and adjusted for several potential confounders.

    293 case and 3,198 control subjects were interviewed. We did not identify positive associations with activities in farming or forestry, pesticide application or pesticide mixing. No consistent positive associations were seen with exposure intensity level scores either. The only statistically significantly raised association in this study was for exposure to chemical fertilizers in forestry (OR = 8.93; 95% CI 1.73-42.13), but this observation was based on only six exposed subjects. Results did not change when we restricted analyses to morphologically verified cases and excluded proxy interviews as well as cancer controls. We did not observe effect modification by sex or eye color.

    Risk estimates for pesticide exposures and occupational activities in agriculture and forestry were not increased and did not indicate a hormonal mechanism due to these exposures.

  • 3.
    Karlsson, Niclas
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Övervakningssystem av Grisstall med detektion av blod2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The work in this project demonstrates how a system for monitoring pigs could be handled andtests a camera for this kind of system. Automatic detection of blood will help in a keeper’s dutiesand give him or her a different view of the box. Management of multiple camera modulesis done automatically via a server application that can manage a different number of cameramodules in the system. More camera modules can be included simply by modifying the serverprogram.Display of each box is made web based causing environmental and economic sustainabilitywhen the keeper can handle the daily monitoring by the home instead of on the farms especiallyon weekends. It is also possible to keep check during the night when the night visionapplication on the camera is available and retroactive supervision since the images are savedfor twenty four hours.When young pigs are introduced into the living area they need more food than normally resultingin increased feed supply. By monitoring via a web based application the keeper cansupply an increase or decrease of food if necessary. By continuing to work on this project implementationof more features and more user-friendly details can be included. Detection ofblood can also be extended to the estimate of food levels and manage food delivery via the web application.

  • 4.
    Karlsson, Thomas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Classon, Elisabet
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuroscience. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
    Den hjärnvänliga arbetsplatsen: kognition, kognitiva funktionsnedsättningar och arbetsmiljö2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Dagens arbetsliv ställer allt större krav på kognitiva förmågor. Vi arbetar alltmer med information inte bara i traditionellt intellektuella yrken, utan även inom industri, hantverk och sjukvård. Informationsteknologi i form av datorer, avancerad teknisk utrustning och andra komplexa system blir allt viktigare att kunna hantera. Detta ställer nya krav på arbetsmiljöarbetet, något som gäller för alla arbetstagare, men särskilt för de av oss som har en kognitiv funktionsnedsättning.

    I denna rapport sammanfattar vi arbetsmiljörelaterade hinder förknippade med nedsatt funktion inom nio kognitiva områden: språk, exekutiva funktioner, minnesfunktioner, visuospatiala funktioner, snabbhet, uppmärksamhet, emotion/social kognition, mental trötthet samt global kognitiv förmåga/intelligens. Vi uppmärksammar även mental trötthet (”fatigue”) som ett viktigt problemområde i  sammanhanget.

    Den första delen av rapporten ger en bakgrund till området. Avsnittet ger en kort översikt över neuropsykologi och kognitiv neurovetenskap.

    Den andra delen sammanfattar kunskap om omfattningen av problemet: hur vanliga är kognitiva funktionsnedsättningar i arbetslivet? En stor del av de människor som är i yrkesverksam ålder antingen har, eller kommer någon gång under yrkeslivet att drabbas av kognitiva funktionsproblem. Vi uppskattar att detta berör en femtedel till en tredjedel av de yrkesverksamma. Eftersom kognitiv funktionsnivå långt ifrån enbart beror på individens begränsningar till följd av sjukdom eller annan funktionsnedsättning, utan även på miljön och dess krav på individen, är problemen och lösningar på dessa både giltiga och viktiga för alla.

    Rapportens andra del visar att kognitiv nedsättning inte begränsas till ett enstaka funktionellt område, exempelvis minnesbesvär, utan kan innefatta flera av de funktionella områden som berörs. Det finns alltså ingen enkel koppling mellan en sjukdom och vilka kognitiva funktionsproblem den medför för den enskilde arbetstagaren. Problemen måste ses i ljuset av både de erfarenheter och begränsningar den enskilde personen har och den aktuella arbetsuppgiften.

    Rapportens tredje del diskuterar mer ingående arbetsmiljörelaterade konsekvenser av kognitiva funktionsnedsättningar. Den börjar med att sammanfatta en modell för att analysera funktionsnedsättningar som en produkt av fyra samverkande faktorer: individen (till exempel kognitiva funktionsbegränsningar efter en sjukdom), individens förhållningssätt (till exempel motivation), arbetsuppgiften och miljön. En kognitiv funktionsproblematik finns aldrig enbart i en av dessa faktorer utan i skärningspunkten mellan dessa faktorer. Av detta skäl är kunskap om arbetsmiljömässiga aspekter av kognitiva funktionsnedsättningar giltig för alla. Även de som inte har nedsatt kognitiv funktion hamnar i situationer där faktorer kopplade till miljön eller arbetsuppgiften (eller vår inställning till uppgiften) resulterar i att kognitiva förmågor belastas!

    Vidare identifierar och sammanfattar rapportens tredje del praktiska lösningar som stödjer arbetsförmåga vid nedsättning av funktioner inom de nio områden som rapporten omfattar: språk, exekutiva funktioner, minnesfunktioner, visuospatiala funktioner, snabbhet, uppmärksamhet, emotion/social kognition, mental trötthet samt global kognitiv förmåga/intelligens. Särskilt betonas att det idag finns många tillgängliga men sannolikt mindre ofta utnyttjade åtgärder som kan utnyttjas för att mildra eller eliminera arbetsmiljöproblem relaterade till kognitiva funktionsnedsättningar. Rapporten redovisar sju sådana övergripande åtgärder. Därtill diskuteras kognitiva funktionsnedsättningar i samband med arbetstagare som är över 65 år och arbetsgivarens roll. Avslutningsvis identifieras kunskapsbehov för fortsatt arbete inom området.

  • 5.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Agrifood and Bioscience.
    Arbetsmiljö och säkerhet vid arbete runt verkstolen2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Hoof trimming – work environment and safety around the trimming chuteA regular work task on dairy farms is hoof trimming, which is usually performed 2-3 times a year. Hoof trimming is time consuming, interrupts the daily work routine, and is often perceived as stressful by farmers. In Sweden, hoof trimming is commonly performed by a professional hoof trimmer who brings the trimming chute and other gear to the farm. Usually the farmer or an employee assists the hoof trimmer by moving cows to the trimming chute and also by fixating the cow’s legs in the chute.

    The aim of the study was to investigate Swedish hoof trimmers’ work environment and safety. Furthermore, the aim was to study work routines and the collaboration between the hoof trimmer and the person assisting on the farm. The results of the study will be used as a basis for improving the work environment and routines.

    The study included a literature review, a survey and a field study. The survey was sent to hoof trimmers and included questions on perceived work environment, injury risk, experienced work-related injuries, and working routines. The field study included four farm visits, where both the hoof trimmer and the person assisting on the farm were studied during hoof trimming. A questionnaire was used to estimate perceived strain, stress and energy levels throughout the day. Video recordings of the work around the trimming chute were used to assess working postures, routines and injury risks.

    The results showed that work injuries were common among the hoof trimmers. The most frequent sources of injury were the cows and the grinding machine. Injuries by the grinder were mainly cuts to fingers, hands and arms. Common injuries by cows were fractures from being kicked or crushed. For the assistant, the tasks related to a high injury risk was leading cows to the chute and attaching the rope around the cow’s legs when in the chute. Several hoof trimmers had also experienced musculoskeletal problems and the conclusion from the field study was that some working postures must be corrected to decrease work load and muscle strain. Sufficient knowledge in ergonomics is essential for the hoof trimmers to be able to improve their working postures during hoof trimming to prevent strain injuries.

    The study identified a need for improvements regarding the trimming chute, the grinder and the personal safety equipment. Furthermore, for hoof trimmers to find ways to lower the stress levels during their work may also be an important measure to decrease injury risks and improve the psychosocial work environment. Various advices regarding the safety and work environment during hoof trimming, aimed at both the hoof trimmer and the person assisting at the farm, is presented in the report.

  • 6.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Agrifood and Bioscience.
    Lind, Ann-Kristina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Agrifood and Bioscience.
    Wistrand, Stefan
    Säker Arbetsmiljö Sverige.
    Tjurar – en olycksfallsrisk i lösdriften2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There seem to be an increasing trend among Swedish dairy farmers to have bulls in the herd to facilitate estrous detection. However, a bull is involved with increased injury risk to the farmer and the employees, especially if the bull is housed with the dairy cows in the free stall. Of the fatalities in farms, where cattle were involved, an attack from a bull of dairy breed was the most common incident during a 7-year period.The aim of the study was to investigate how bulls are handled and housed on dairy farms, and also to get a deeper understanding of the frequency, character and underlying causes of bull-related incidents. Furthermore, the aim was to investigate the motives behind farmers’ decision to have bulls in the herd and their perception of the risks related to handling the bull.The results showed that farmers had strong arguments, both economical and job-saving, to why they chose to have a bull in the herd. Many used bulls only with the heifers, but it was also common to use the bull on cows where the artificial insemination (AI) was unsuccessful. The bull was seen as an opportunity to save costs for AI. Among the farmers in the study who chose not to have a bull, the injury risk was a major argument.Farmers considered the main injury risks related to handling of bulls to be ignorance by the handler and stressful situations. Other factors mentioned were deficiencies in management systems and routines and the fact that bulls are dangerous animals. It was 29% of farmers who had a bull in the herd, who stated that there had been a work related injury involving a bull on the farm. However, a majority of farmers assessed the injury risk related to bull handling as low.The results indicate that there were shortcomings in the routines for estrous detection in many of the farms. In the farms where the bull was housed in the free stall with the dairy cows, the majority lacked aids and written routine procedures for estrus detection. Some possible alternatives to improve fertility in the herd without the need of a bull are to implement routines for systematic estrus detection, to invest in estrous detection aids (e.g. activity monitors), training staff in estrous signals and to look over the barn environment, feed, etc. to make sure that these factors do not prevent the cows from showing heat. It would be interesting to evaluate these various options economically, to see which measures are the most cost effective.When deciding to have a bull in the dairy herd, it is important that interior fittings and handling systems are adapted to the size and strength of a bull, and that as much work as possible can be done with the handler having minimal contact with the bull. Furthermore, it is important that the working routines are clear and well thought-out for how to handle the bull safely during different working tasks. The results from the survey show that the majority of farmers had pronounced routines for handling of the bull, even though few had written routines. However, the results of the interviews indicate that the routines were insufficient, as they mainly involved not working alone with the bull and always to plan an escape route. For the routines to be applicable and efficient they need to be more specific and preferably describe step-by-step howdifferent work tasks should be carried out when the bull must be handled. This will ensure that all employees follow the same procedures so that the bull can learn and get used to the routines, which will increase safety.

  • 7.
    Pellbring, Mats
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Gustavsson, Marie
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    "Idén är bra...": en genomlysning och uppföljning av Familjehusen i Motala2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hösten 2010 kontaktades Centrum för kommunstrategiska studier vid Linköpings universitet av Motala kommun med en förfrågan om att genomföra en genomlysning och uppföljning av Familjehusen i Motala. Efter samtal med kommunen kring uppdragets omfattning inleddes ett arbete som under vårterminen 2011 utförts av fil dr Mats Pellbring, som rekryterades från avdelningen för sociologi, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, och fil dr Marie Gustavsson, Centrum för kommunstrategiska studier.

    De frågeställningar som bildat utgångspunkt för genomförandet av genomlysningen/uppföljningen är följande:

    1. Hur fungerar samverkan på Familjehusen? Vad fungerar bra och vad kan förbättras, för att uppnå målen?
    2. Hur ser Familjehusens relation till basverksamheterna (skola samt socialtjänst) ut? Vad har basverksamheterna för förväntningar på Familjehusen? Vad fungerar bra och vad kan förbättras i denna relation?
    3. Vilka uppfattningar har brukarna (föräldrar/barn) om Familjehusens service? Vad fungerar bra och vad kan förbättras?

    Genomlysningen bygger främst på beskrivningar av upplevelser och synpunkter från de skilda parter som arbetar i, eller i relation till, Familjehusen (metoderna för genomlysningen är beskrivna i kapitel 2 i rapporten). Förutom intervjuer och fokusgrupper har vi också gjort en genomgång av dokument kring processen som ledde fram till familjehusen, samt en mindre webb-enkät till besökande föräldrar på familjehusen och telefonintervjuer med föräldrar. Arbetet går att se som en uppsamling av ståndpunkter och upplevelser av Familjehusen. Ett värde av genomlysningen är att ställa olika ståndpunkter och upplevelser mot varandra. Dessa resultat kan användas i syfte att utveckla arbetet med Familjehusen i den riktning som kommunen sedan uppfattar som mest önskvärd.

    Rapporten inleds med en beskrivning av processen som ledde fram till familjehusen. Därefter försöker vi sätta Motala kommuns arbete med familjehusen i relation till den nationella kontexten innan vi kommer in på delar av den kunskapsbildning som sedan tidigare är känd kring samverkan och förebyggande arbete. Det mest omfattande kapitlet kring upplevelser och erfarenheter av familjehusen bygger på de intervjuer och fokusgrupper som genomförts. Varje del i detta kapitel inleds med en kursiv sammanfattning. Avslutningsvis diskuteras resultaten i relation till tidigare kunskapsbildning på området.

    En något omarbetad version kommer att publiceras i CKS rapportserie under hösten 2011.

  • 8.
    Pyykkönen, Markus
    et al.
    Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, Helsinki.
    Aherin, Bob
    University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Illinois, USA.
    53 Occupational Health and Safety in Agriculture2012In: Sustainable Agriculture / [ed] Christine Jakobsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1500, 391-401 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9.
    Rosendahl, Magdalena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Institute of Design.
    Underlätta bearbetning av hästskor2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    3

    In the last couple of decades there has not happened much in

    the “farriery”- department. The work procedure, methods and

    farrier´s tools have stayed the same over time, which have led

    to a huge workload that is wearing the active participants out.

    So think if you were able to ease the working process of horseshoeing

    for a farrier. The farriery is still first and foremost a

    profession based on handicraft that has to relay on the farrier´s

    good memory, sight and sense. The workplaces for a farrier

    is most of the time at the hiring horse owner`s stables, which

    makes it harder for the farrier´s to have influence over their

    working situation. In Sweden shoes horses by both educated

    and uneducated people, but there is hopes to legalise the profession

    title by year 2030.

    One of the greatest advantages through this project, has been

    to observe and the participant in a farrier´s everyday work.

    Experimentally mockups and visually shown images have been

    used as the basis for the discussions with people within the

    horse industry. The farrier`s work a ethics and work environment

    are very unexplored subjects in modern time, which influenced

    the work material in the project´s needs and analysis. The

    inspiration for the project’s end-result is, among other things,

    based on horsey´s and the farrier´s ancient origin. As well as the

    requisites of technology in the work.

    The end-result is based to decrease the unnecessary repeating

    work that happens everytime a shoeing emerges. With the help

    of the Hoof scanner, can the farrier´s have a profile for every

    single horse i.e. visually images of the hoof, choice of shoes,

    need of elaboration work, necessary balance adjustments, history

    and clarified pictures. The functions are able to adjust to

    every farrier´s need of scene. Documented and visual information

    can be transcribed (pay it forward) between farrier, veterinary

    and horse owner.

1 - 9 of 9
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