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  • 1.
    Ahlbeck Bergendahl, Ida
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
    Salvanes, Anne Gro V.
    Braithwaite, Victoria A.
    Determining the effects of duration and recency of exposure to environmental enrichment2016In: Applied Animal Behaviour Science, ISSN 0168-1591, E-ISSN 1872-9045, Vol. 176, 163-169 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Experience can help animals adapt their behaviour to fit the environment or conditions that they find themselves in. Understanding how and when experience affects behaviour is important for the animals we rear in captivity. This is particularly true when we rear animals with the intent of releasing them into the wild as part of population rehabilitation and conservation efforts. We investigated how exposure to a changing, more complex environment promotes behavioural development in juvenile trout. Four groups of fish were compared; (i) fish that were maintained without enrichment, (ii) fish that were exposed to an early period of enrichment, but were then returned to a plain environment, (iii) fish that were maintained in plain conditions, but were then exposed to enrichment towards the end of the rearing phase, (iv) a group that were kept in enriched conditions throughout the 12 week rearing period. We then assessed fish anxiety levels, their spatial learning ability, and the capacity of the fish to find their way through a barrier where different routes were presented across 4 different trials. Fish that experienced enriched conditions for the longest duration had superior spatial learning abilities, and they were better at finding the correct route to get past the barrier than fish from the remaining three treatments. Positive effects on behaviour were, however, also found in the fish that only experienced enrichment in the last part of the rearing period, compared to the control, or fish exposed to early enrichment. No effect of enrichment was found on levels of anxiety in any of the groups.

  • 2.
    Ahsan, Murshidul
    et al.
    Bangladesh Agricultural University (BAU), Bangladesh.
    Hasan, Badrul
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science. Uppsala University .
    Algotsson, Magnus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
    Sarenbo, Sirkku
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
    Handling and Welfare of Bovine Livestock at Local Abattoirs in Bangladesh2014In: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, ISSN 1088-8705, E-ISSN 1532-7604, Vol. 17, no 4, 340-353 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) allows rope casting and the tying of legs for nonhuman animals laughter without stunning. Thehandling and welfare of bovine livestock (Bosindicus and Bubalus bubalis) were studied in 8 local abattoirs in 5 districts of Bangladesh. A totalof 302 animals were evaluated. At the local abattoirs, approximately 1/3 of the cattle and water buffalo were eithere maciated orinjured/sick. The size and vigor of the animals determined the casting method. Small and weak animals were cast on concrete floors by lifting a foreleg followed by pushing, or simply by twisting the head of the animal and then binding the legs with rope. Vigorous animals such as buffalo were castusing ropes and human force. Bleeding was slow and flaying was sometimes initiated before the animals were unconscious. Pulling and tearing of the trachea and pouring of water into the exposed trache a shortly after cutting were also observed in some cases.The over all animal handling was unnecessarily rough and he OIE standards were not implemented. Animals are subjected to considerable mistreatment, and there is an urgent need for the training nde ducation of the staff in a battoirs concerning humanes laughtering practices as well as a need to build moderns laughtering plants in Bangladesh.

  • 3.
    Algers, Bo
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    45 Contemporary Issues in Farm Animal Housing and Management: Swine2012In: Sustainable Agriculture / [ed] Christine Jakobsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1500, 329-337 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 4.
    Appleby, Michael C.
    World Society for the Protection of Animals, London.
    49 Can Farm Animal Welfare Standards be Compatible with Free Trade?2012In: Sustainable Agriculture / [ed] Christine Jakobsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1500, 352-357 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5.
    Arney, David
    Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu.
    42 What is Animal Welfare and How is it Assessed?2012In: Sustainable Agriculture / [ed] Christine Jakobsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1500, 311-315 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Arney, David
    et al.
    Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu.
    Aland, Andres
    Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu.
    44 Contemporary Issues in Farm Animal Housing and Management: Cattle Housing and Welfare2012In: Sustainable Agriculture / [ed] Christine Jakobsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1500, 324-328 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 7.
    Arney, David
    et al.
    Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu.
    Aland, Andres
    47 Humane Transport and Slaughter of Farm Animals2012In: Sustainable Agriculture / [ed] Christine Jakobsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1500, 344-348 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8.
    Berg, Charlotte
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences .
    48 Monitoring Animal Welfare at Slaughterhouses2012In: Sustainable Agriculture / [ed] Christine Jakobsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1500, 349-351 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9. Carneiro, Miguel
    et al.
    Piorno, Vicente
    Rubin, Carl-Johan
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology.
    Alves, Joel M.
    Ferrand, Nuno
    Alves, Paulo C.
    Andersson, Leif
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology.
    Candidate genes underlying heritable differences in reproductive seasonality between wild and domestic rabbits2015In: Animal Genetics, ISSN 0268-9146, E-ISSN 1365-2052, Vol. 46, no 4, 418-425 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Reproductive seasonality is a trait that often differs between domestic animals and their wild ancestors, with domestic animals showing prolonged or even continuous breeding seasons. However, the genetic basis underlying this trait is still poorly understood for most species, and because environmental factors and resource availability are known to play an important role in determining breeding seasons, it is also not clear in most cases to what extent this phenotypic shift is determined by the more lenient captive conditions or by genetic factors. Here, using animals resulting from an initial cross between wild and domestic rabbits followed by two consecutive backcrosses (BC1 and BC2) to wild rabbits, we evaluated the yearly distribution of births for the different generations. Similar to domestic rabbits, F1 animals could be bred all year round but BC1 and BC2 animals showed a progressive and significant reduction in the span of the breeding season, providing experimental evidence that reduced seasonal breeding in domestic rabbits has a clear genetic component and is not a simple by-product of rearing conditions. We then took advantage of a recently published genome-wide scan of selection in the domesticated lineage and searched for candidate genes potentially associated with this phenotypic shift. Candidate genes located within regions targeted by selection include well-known examples of genes controlling clock functions (CRY1 and NR3C1) and reproduction (PRLR).

  • 10.
    Chee-Sanford, Joanne C.
    et al.
    U.S. Department of Agriculture , Agricultural Research Service, Urbana, IL, USA.
    Krapac, Ivan J.
    Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign, IL, USA.
    Yannarell, Anthony C.
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
    Mackie, Roderick I.
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
    29. Environmental Impacts of Antibiotic Use in the Animal Production Industry2012In: Ecology and Animal Health / [ed] Leif Norrgren and Jeffrey Levengood, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 2, 228-239 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11.
    Danielsson-Tham, Marie-Louise
    et al.
    Department of Food Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala.
    Prag, Mårten
    Dep of Infectious Diseases, Örebro County Hospital, Örebvro, Sweden.
    Rocourt, Jocelyne
    Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.
    Seeliger, Heinz
    Institut für Hygiene und Mikrobiologie der Universität Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.
    Tham, Wilhelm
    Department of Food Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala.
    Vikerfors, T.
    Dep of Infectious Diseases, Örebro County Hospital, Örebvro, Sweden.
    A fatal case of Listeria endocarditis in a man following his tending of goats suggests an epidemiological link which is not supported by the results1997In: Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series B-Infectious Diseases and Veterinary Public Health, ISSN 0931-1793, E-ISSN 1439-0450, Vol. B 44, no 1-10, 253-256 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A man died in endocarditis due to listeriosis in the late autumn. He had been looking after two goats during the summer. Listeria monocyto?enes was isolated from a rectal swab from one of the goats. The goat faeces isolate and the human blood isolate were of identical serovar. The two isolates, however, were shown to be different by multilocus electrophoretic enzyme analysis and ribotyping, as well as by biotyping, Thus, these results do not support the hypothesis that the man was infected by the goat.

  • 12.
    Doane, Marie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
    Sarenbo, Sirkku
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
    Exposure of Farm Laborers and Dairy Cattle to Formaldehyde from Footbath Use at a Dairy Farm in New York State2014In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 487, 65-71 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Formalin footbaths are commonly used in the dairy industry to prevent cattle hoof diseases. Although formalin is a well-documented disinfectant, it is also a carcinogen and irritant. The aim of this study was to estimate the exposure of farm workers and dairy cattle to formaldehyde from footbaths located in a milking facility and a heifer facility at a dairy farm in western New York, USA. The dairy farm included approximately 3900 dairy cattle including young stock; of these, 1670 cows were milked three times per day in a 60-stall carousel milking parlor, and approximately 800 heifers were located at the heifer facility where footbaths with formalin were in use. The formaldehyde concentration of the air was measured using a Formaldemeter™ htV approximately 50 cm above the 3% formalin footbaths in the milking (one footbath location) and heifer (three footbath locations) facilities on three consecutive days. The measured formaldehyde concentrations varied between 0.00 and 2.28 ppm, falling within the safety guidelines established by the Occupation Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) of the United States. Significant differences were found in the formaldehyde concentrations at the different footbath locations in the heifer facility, potentially due to the varying levels of ventilation at each location. Changes in the ambient temperature during the 3-day sampling period did not significantly affect the concentrations. We believe that the substantial ventilation at both the heifer and milking facilities ensured that the formaldehyde concentrations did not exceed OSHA guidelines, thus permitting the safe use of formalin footbaths in this farm.

  • 13.
    Ericsson, Henrik
    et al.
    Inst för livsmedelshygien, Veterinärhögskolan, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Unnerstad, Helle
    Avd för mastit och substratproduktion, SVA, Uppsala, Sverige.
    Alderborn, Anders
    Pyrosequencing AB, Uppsala, Sverige.
    Tham, Wilhelm
    Örebro University, School of Hospitality, Culinary Arts & Meal Science.
    Danielsson-Tham, Marie-Louise
    Örebro University, School of Hospitality, Culinary Arts & Meal Science.
    Mattsson, Jens G.
    Avd för parasitologi, SVA, Uppsala, Sverige.
    Pyrosekvensering som typningsmetod för Listeria monocytpgenes2003In: Svensk veterinärtidning, ISSN 0346-2250, Vol. 55, no 4, 23-26 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Felleki, Majbritt
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Genetic Heteroscedasticity for Domestic Animal Traits2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Animal traits differ not only in mean, but also in variation around the mean. For instance, one sire’s daughter group may be very homogeneous, while another sire’s daughters are much more heterogeneous in performance. The difference in residual variance can partially be explained by genetic differences. Models for such genetic heterogeneity of environmental variance include genetic effects for the mean and residual variance, and a correlation between the genetic effects for the mean and residual variance to measure how the residual variance might vary with the mean.

    The aim of this thesis was to develop a method based on double hierarchical generalized linear models for estimating genetic heteroscedasticity, and to apply it on four traits in two domestic animal species; teat count and litter size in pigs, and milk production and somatic cell count in dairy cows.

    The method developed is fast and has been implemented in software that is widely used in animal breeding, which makes it convenient to use. It is based on an approximation of double hierarchical generalized linear models by normal distributions. When having repeated observations on individuals or genetic groups, the estimates were found to be unbiased.

    For the traits studied, the estimated heritability values for the mean and the residual variance, and the genetic coefficients of variation, were found in the usual ranges reported. The genetic correlation between mean and residual variance was estimated for the pig traits only, and was found to be favorable for litter size, but unfavorable for teat count.

  • 15.
    Felleki, Majbritt
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Lee, Dongwhan
    Department of Statistics, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-747, Korea .
    Lee, Youngjo
    Department of Statistics, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-747, Korea .
    Gilmour, Arthur R.
    School of Mathematics and Applied Statistics, Faculty of Informatics, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia.
    Rönnegård, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Estimation of breeding values for mean and dispersion, their variance and correlation using double hierarchical generalized linear models2012In: Genetics Research, ISSN 0016-6723, Vol. 94, no 6, 307-317 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The possibility of breeding for uniform individuals by selecting animals expressing a small response to environment has been studied extensively in animal breeding. Bayesian methods for fitting models with genetic components in the residual variance have been developed for this purpose, but have limitations due to the computational demands. We use the hierarchical (h)-likelihood from the theory of double hierarchical generalized linear models (DHGLM) to derive an estimation algorithm that is computationally feasible for large datasets. Random effects for both the mean and residual variance parts of the model are estimated together with their variance/covariance components. An important feature of the algorithm is that it can fit a correlation between the random effects for mean and variance. An h-likelihood estimator is implemented in the R software and an iterative reweighted least square (IRWLS) approximation of the h-likelihood is implemented using ASReml. The difference in variance component estimates between the two implementations is investigated, as well as the potential bias of the methods, using simulations. IRWLS gives the same results as h-likelihood in simple cases with no severe indication of bias. For more complex cases, only IRWLS could be used, and bias did appear. The IRWLS is applied on the pig litter size data previously analysed by Sorensen & Waagepetersen (2003) using Bayesian methodology. The estimates we obtained by using IRWLS are similar to theirs, with the estimated correlation between the random genetic effects being −0·52 for IRWLS and −0·62 in Sorensen & Waagepetersen (2003).

  • 16.
    Felleki, Majbritt
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics. Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet.
    Lundeheim, Nils
    Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet.
    Genetic Control of Residual Variance for Teat Number in Pigs2013In: Proc. Assoc. Advmt. Anim. Breed. Genet., AAABG , 2013, 538-541 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The genetic improvement in litter size in pigs has been substantial during the last 10-15 years. The number of teats on the sow must increase as well to meet the needs of the piglets, because each piglet needs access to its own teat. We applied a genetic heterogeneity model on teat numberin sows, and estimated medium-high heritability for teat number (0.5), but low heritability for residual variance (0.05), indicating that selection for reduced variance might have very limited effect. A numerically positive correlation (0.8) between additive genetic breeding values for mean and for variance was found, but because of the low heritability for residual variance, the variance will increase very slowly with the mean.

  • 17.
    Felleki, Majbritt
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Lundeheim, Nils
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen för husdjursgenetik.
    Genetic Heteroscedasticity for Teat Count in PigsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Foyer, Pemilla
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Wilsson, Erik
    Wright, Dominic
    Jensen, Per
    Early experiences modulate stress coping in a population of German shepherd dogs2013In: Applied Animal Behaviour Science, ISSN 0168-1591, E-ISSN 1872-9045, Vol. 146, no 1-4, 79-87 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Early experiences may alter later behavioural expressions in animals and these differences can be consistent through adulthood. In dogs, this may have a profound impact on welfare and working ability and, it is therefore interesting to evaluate how experiences during the first weeks of life contribute to shaping the long-term behaviour. We analysed data from 503 dogs from 105 litters, bred at the Swedish Armed Forces Dog Kennel. For each dog, the data comprised information on dam and sire, sex, litter size, sex ratio of litter, date of birth, and weight at birth, and at 10 days of age. Between the ages of 377 and 593 days, the dogs were tested in a temperament test, assessing their suitability as working dogs. The behaviour test comprised 12 different sub-tests, and was scored on a behavioural rating scale. A principal component analysis showed that the test performance could largely be attributed to four principal components (explaining 55.7% of variation), labelled Confidence, Physical Engagement, Social Engagement and Aggression. We analysed the effects of the different early life variables and sex on the principal component scores (PC scores) using linear modelling. PC scores on Confidence were affected by parity, sex and litter size, and Physical Engagement was affected by parity, growth rate, litter size and season of birth. Social Engagement was affected by growth rate and sex, and Aggression was affected by sex. Some of these effects disappeared when they were combined into a single linear model, but most of them remained significant also when controlling for collinearity. The results suggest that the early environment of dogs have long-lasting effects on their behaviour and coping styles in a stressful test situation and this knowledge can be used in the work with breeding of future military or police working dogs.

  • 19.
    Graunke, K L
    et al.
    Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology (FBN), Dummerstorf, Germany.
    Nürnberg, Gerd
    Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology (FBN), Dummerstorf, Germany.
    Repsilber, Dirk
    Institute of Genetics and Biometry, Bioinformatics and Biomathematics Unit, Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology (FBN), Dummerstorf, Germany.
    Schön, P C
    Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology (FBN), Dummerstorf, Germany.
    Langbein, Jan
    Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology (FBN), Dummerstorf, Germany.
    Temperamentbeschreibung am Beispiel des Rinds: ein multidimensionaler Ansatz mit Originaldaten2012In: 13th Day of the Doctoral Student: abstracts, 24 May 2012 Dummerstorf, Dummerstorf: FBN , 2012, 39-42 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 20. Groenen, M. A.
    et al.
    Archibald, A. L.
    Uenishi, H.
    Tuggle, C. K.
    Takeuchi, Y.
    Rothschild, M. F.
    Rogel-Gaillard, C.
    Park, C.
    Milan, D.
    Megens, H. J.
    Li, S.
    Larkin, D. M.
    Kim, H.
    Frantz, L. A.
    Caccamo, M.
    Ahn, H.
    Aken, B. L.
    Anselmo, A.
    Anthon, C.
    Auvil, L.
    Badaoui, B.
    Beattie, C. W.
    Bendixen, C.
    Berman, D.
    Blecha, F.
    Blomberg, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Medicine, Clinical Virology.
    Bolund, L.
    Bosse, M.
    Botti, S.
    Bujie, Z.
    Byström, M.
    Capitanu, B.
    Carvalho-Silva, D.
    Chardon, P.
    Chen, C.
    Cheng, R.
    Choi, S. H.
    Chow, W.
    Clark, R. C.
    Clee, C.
    Crooijmans, R. P.
    Dawson, H. D.
    Dehais, P.
    De Sapio, F.
    Dibbits, B.
    Drou, N.
    Du, Z. Q.
    Eversole, K.
    Fadista, J.
    Fairley, S.
    Faraut, T.
    Faulkner, G. J.
    Fowler, K. E.
    Fredholm, M.
    Fritz, E.
    Gilbert, J. G.
    Giuffra, E.
    Gorodkin, J.
    Griffin, D. K.
    Harrow, J. L.
    Hayward, Alexander
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Howe, K.
    Hu, Z. L.
    Humphray, S. J.
    Hunt, T.
    Hornshoj, H.
    Jeon, J. T.
    Jern, Patric
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Jones, M.
    Jurka, J.
    Kanamori, H.
    Kapetanovic, R.
    Kim, J.
    Kim, J. H.
    Kim, K. W.
    Kim, T. H.
    Larson, G.
    Lee, K.
    Lee, K. T.
    Leggett, R.
    Lewin, H. A.
    Li, Y.
    Liu, W.
    Loveland, J. E.
    Lu, Y.
    Lunney, J. K.
    Ma, J.
    Madsen, O.
    Mann, K.
    Matthews, L.
    McLaren, S.
    Morozumi, T.
    Murtaugh, M. P.
    Narayan, J.
    Nguyen, D. T.
    Ni, P.
    Oh, S. J.
    Onteru, S.
    Panitz, F.
    Park, E. W.
    Park, H. S.
    Pascal, G.
    Paudel, Y.
    Perez-Enciso, M.
    Ramirez-Gonzalez, R.
    Reecy, J. M.
    Rodriguez-Zas, S.
    Rohrer, G. A.
    Rund, L.
    Sang, Y.
    Schachtschneider, K.
    Schraiber, J. G.
    Schwartz, J.
    Scobie, L.
    Scott, C.
    Searle, S.
    Servin, B.
    Southey, B. R.
    Sperber, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiology.
    Stadler, P.
    Sweedler, J. V.
    Tafer, H.
    Thomsen, B.
    Wali, R.
    Wang, J.
    White, S.
    Xu, X.
    Yerle, M.
    Zhang, G.
    Zhang, J.
    Zhao, S.
    Rogers, J.
    Churcher, C.
    Schook, L. B.
    Analyses of pig genomes provide insight into porcine demography and evolution2012In: Nature, ISSN 0028-0836, E-ISSN 1476-4687, Vol. 491, no 7424, 393-398 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For 10,000 years pigs and humans have shared a close and complex relationship. From domestication to modern breeding practices, humans have shaped the genomes of domestic pigs. Here we present the assembly and analysis of the genome sequence of a female domestic Duroc pig (Sus scrofa) and a comparison with the genomes of wild and domestic pigs from Europe and Asia. Wild pigs emerged in South East Asia and subsequently spread across Eurasia. Our results reveal a deep phylogenetic split between European and Asian wild boars approximately 1 million years ago, and a selective sweep analysis indicates selection on genes involved in RNA processing and regulation. Genes associated with immune response and olfaction exhibit fast evolution. Pigs have the largest repertoire of functional olfactory receptor genes, reflecting the importance of smell in this scavenging animal. The pig genome sequence provides an important resource for further improvements of this important livestock species, and our identification of many putative disease-causing variants extends the potential of the pig as a biomedical model.

  • 21.
    Hidalgo, Christian
    et al.
    Univ Andres Bello, Fac Ecol & Recursos Nat, Escuela Med Vet, Santiago, Chile..
    Pia Garcia, Maria
    Univ Andres Bello, Fac Ecol & Recursos Nat, Escuela Med Vet, Santiago, Chile..
    Stoore, Caroll
    Univ Andres Bello, Fac Ecol & Recursos Nat, Escuela Med Vet, Santiago, Chile..
    Pablo Ramirez, Juan
    Univ Andres Bello, Fac Ecol & Recursos Nat, Escuela Med Vet, Santiago, Chile..
    Monteiro, Karina Mariante
    Univ Fed Rio Grande Sul UFRGS, Lab Genom Estrutural & Func, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.;Univ Fed Rio Grande Sul UFRGS, Lab Biol Mol Cestodeos, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Hellman, Ulf
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research.
    Zaha, Arnaldo
    Univ Fed Rio Grande Sul UFRGS, Lab Genom Estrutural & Func, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.;Univ Fed Rio Grande Sul UFRGS, Lab Biol Mol Cestodeos, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Ferreira, Henrique Bunselmeyer
    Univ Fed Rio Grande Sul UFRGS, Lab Genom Estrutural & Func, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.;Univ Fed Rio Grande Sul UFRGS, Lab Biol Mol Cestodeos, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Galanti, Norbel
    Univ Chile, Fac Med, Inst Ciencias Biomed, Programa Biol Celular & Mol, Santiago 7, Chile..
    Landerer, Eduardo
    Univ Andres Bello, Fac Med, Escuela Med, Santiago, Chile..
    Paredes, Rodolfo
    Univ Andres Bello, Fac Ecol & Recursos Nat, Escuela Med Vet, Santiago, Chile..
    Proteomics analysis of Echinococcus granulosus protoscolex stage2016In: Veterinary parasitology, ISSN 0304-4017, E-ISSN 1873-2550, Vol. 218, 43-45 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Echinococcus granulosus protoscolex proteins were separated using two-dimensional electrophoresis and then identified using mass spectrometry; we identified 61 proteins, 28 which are newly described of which 4 could be involved in hydatid cyst fertility molecular mechanisms.

  • 22.
    Jensen, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Hur smart är din hund?: praktiska övningar att göra hemma2015Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Vad tänker din hund egentligen? Förstår den vad du säger? Är den empatisk och har den känsla för rättvisa? Hundars speciella intelligens handlar om att kommunicera med oss människor, och etologer beteendeforskare har på senare år kartlagt hundens inre liv med hjälp av olika vetenskapliga undersökningar.

    I den här boken har Per Jensen anpassat en rad av dessa experiment till enkla test som du kan göra själv tillsammans med din hund. Boken är en handbok för hemmaetologen och de olika försöken kan enkelt byggas ut till mer omfattande experiment. Och det bästa av allt är att din hund och du får några roliga stunder ihop och lär känna varandra bättre!

  • 23.
    Jeppsson, Sofia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Purebred Dogs and Canine Wellbeing2013In: Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, ISSN 1187-7863, E-ISSN 1573-322X, Vol. 27, no 3, 417-430 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Breeders of purebred dogs usually have several goals they want to accomplish, of which canine wellbeing is one. The purpose of this article is to investigate what we ought to do given this goal. Breeders typically think that they fulfil their wellbeing-related duties by doing the best they can within their breed of choice. However, it is true of most breeders that they could produce physically and mentally healthier dogs if they switched to a healthier breed. There are a few breeds that are healthier than other breeds as well as mutts; we could maximize wellbeing for the next generations by focusing all our breeding resources on those. However, in the long run such a strategy would severely deplete the canine gene pool. If we are to breed for wellbeing in the long run, we must thus weigh the benefits of selection against physical and mental problems against the benefits of genetic diversity. The optimal breeding strategy for canine wellbeing is to preserve many breeds, though not all of them. Furthermore, we ought to combine strict health programs with looser barriers between breeds. Such a policy conflicts with the goal of breed preservation, at least if we think of breeds as populations registered within kennel clubs rather than types of dogs, but not with the goal of producing good working dogs capable of performing various tasks.

  • 24.
    Jäderkvist, Kim
    et al.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Anim Breeding & Genet, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Holm, Niina
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Anim Breeding & Genet, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Imsland, Freyja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology.
    Arnason, Thorvaldur
    IHBC AB, SE-74494 Morgongava, Sweden.
    Andersson, Leif
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology.
    Andersson, Lisa S.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Anim Breeding & Genet, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Gabriella
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Anim Breeding & Genet, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden.
    The importance of the DMRT3 'Gait keeper' mutation on riding traits and gaits in Standardbred and Icelandic horses2015In: Livestock Science, ISSN 1871-1413, E-ISSN 1878-0490, Vol. 176, 33-39 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies have shown that a single base-pair mutation, a change from cytosine (C) to adenine (A), in the DMRT3 gene affects both the ability to show ambling and lateral gaits in a wide range of horse breeds, as well as racing performance and trotting technique in Standardbred and Nordic trotters. The variant allele is present in gaited breeds but is absent, or found at a very low frequency, in breeds used for Western-European style riding and flat racing, like the Swedish Warmblood and Thoroughbreds as well as in draught horses. This indicates that the variant allele might have a negative effect on certain riding performance traits in horses. Therefore, one aim of this study was to investigate whether the DMRT3 variant affects canter in Standardbred trotters, and to test if heterozygous horses (CA) were better suited for Western-European style riding than homozygous horses (M). Riding traits were studied in 115 Standardbred horses, and a similar study was also performed with data from 55 Nordic trotters. The results showed that CA Standardbreds had significantly better balance in canter, both collected and extended canter, than M horses. The CA horses also got significantly higher scores for transitions in collected canter. For the rhythm we found no significant differences between the genotypes. In the Nordic trotters we were unable to establish any significant difference for canter ability. Another aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the variant allele on riding abilities and gaits in the Icelandic horse (n=446). Practically all horse breeds considered to be three-gaited have a CC genotype, in contrast Icelandic CC horses can show tolt We therefore tested whether the variant influenced how difficult it was to initiate tolt training for these horses. It was also investigated whether the variant affects which gaits Icelandic horses choose, both at liberty and during initial training. Icelandic CC horses were significantly more difficult to train to tolt compared to CA and AA horses. The M Icelandic horses showed the lateral gaits tolt and pace significantly more frequent, both at liberty and during initial training, than CA or CC horses. The majority of the Icelandic CC and CA horses chose trot at liberty and during initial training.

  • 25.
    Kaasik, Allan
    Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu.
    41 Relationship between Livestock Nutrition and Excreted Nitrogen and Phosphorus Content2012In: Sustainable Agriculture / [ed] Christine Jakobsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1500, 304-307 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 26.
    Kvist, Roger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Rennomadismens dilemma: det rennomadiska samhällets förändring i Tuorpon och Sirkas 1760-18601989Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The areas of study for this dissertation are the Turopon and Sirkas lappbyar (communities) in the parish of Jokkmokk during the period 1760—1860. The starting point for discussion is a decrease in population through migration to Norway, from 667 inhabitants in 1781, to 353 in 1868. The primary cause was the ecological instability of reindeer herding with recurring crises caused by poor grazing, adverse snow conditions, epizootics, and predators. The stability in reindeer herding is finally determined by the numbers of grazing animals and the carrying capacities of the pastures. A disturbance in the balance between people and animals could occur if competition from the settlers limited available pastures, or the government through taxes appropriated so much of the surplus that the subsistence level was markedly increased. A closer examination reveals, however, that no outside influences can be indicated as being responsible for the population decline.

    Attention must thus be directed toward the inner social processes of this pastoralist society. While the reindeer herding population diminished, the total number of reindeer remained on a relatively constant level. The resulting process of accumulation consolidated the reindeer into the hands of fewer owners. While these conclusions indicate an economically differentiated society, the marriage pattern shows that the social distance between the economic groupings was very small.

    By promoting economic differentiation, trade had an important potential as agent of social stratification. This potential was, however, not fully realized. The equalizing factors were stronger than the differentiating forces.

  • 27.
    Leming, Ragnar
    Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu.
    39 Consumer Demands: Feeding in Organic Farming2012In: Sustainable Agriculture / [ed] Christine Jakobsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1500, 284-287 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 28. Lindahl, Elisabet
    et al.
    Westergaard, Jørgen M.
    Biosecurity and livestock production: The proceedings of a Nordic-Baltic seminar on biosecurity highlighting experiences gained in livestock production, and future challenges with special reference to motivation, training and economic aspects, 6–8 May 2014, Rimbo, Sweden2016Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Biosecurity is important for a healthy livestock production; it may be defined as the prevention of disease causing agents entering or leaving any place where livestock including poultry are present. A number of biosecurity measures are available to minimize the risk of introducing and of spreading diseases of which some are zoonotic; i.e. diseases transmissible between animals and humans.

    This report provides information on biosecurity measures safeguarding animal health and animal welfare and it highlights topics such as barriers and motivation to  biosecurity, training and education, value of partnership and economy.

    Broadly speaking biosecurity describes the process and objective of managing biological risks associated with food and feed production in agriculture and fisheries.

  • 29.
    Lundin, Jessie
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Anderberg, Carolina
    Halmstad University.
    Den lyckliga pensionathunden: Tillståndspliktiga hundpensionat och hunddagis i Skåne2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Länsstyrelsen i Skåne ville ha bättre översikt och skapa sig en bättre uppfattning om hur många hundpensionat och hunddagis som finns i länet idag. För att uppnå detta ville man genomföra en undersökning av hur det ser ut i dagsläget. Därför valde vi att göra en inventering av samtliga verksamheter inom området.

     

    För att djurskyddet ska hålla samma kvalitet över hela landet och för att inspektionen ska hålla en jämnare standard gick ansvaret för djurskydd över från att vara kommunernas ansvar till att bli länsstyrelsens den 1 januari 2009. Länsstyrelsen är idag den enhet som ansvarar för att tilldela tillstånd att bedriva verksamheter som till exempel hunddagis och hundpensionat och även se till att dessa verksamheter uppfyller kraven som ställs i Djurskyddslagen (1988:534) samt föreskriften Statens jordbruksverks föreskrifter och allmänna råd om hållande av hund och katt (SJVFS 2008:5). Om länsstyrelsen ska klara detta behövs en god kännedom om de verksamheter som finns och hur det bedriver sin verksamhet.

     

    För att inventera hunddagis och hundpensionat började vi med att ringa till Skånes 33 kommuner för att begära ut de tillstånd de hade utfärdat och godkänt innan ansvaret gick över till länsstyrelsen. Vi jämförde länsstyrelsens register med kommunernas och sorterade ut de verksamheter som inte länsstyrelsen fått in i sina diariesystem från kommunerna. Slutligen gjorde vi en genomsökning på sociala medier för att få fram de verksamhetsutövare som annonserade om sina tjänster på internet.    

     

    De hunddagis och hundpensionat som vi befarade bedrev sin verksamhet olagligt åkte vi, tillsammans med länsstyrelsen, ut och gjorde en inspektion på. I resultatet kan vi visa att det finns verksamheter som inte har tillstånd idag av olika anledningar och vi kan presentera alla verksamheter som bedrivs i Skåne idag samt kortfattat beskriva de verksamheter vi gjort en kontroll på. Utförliga beskrivningar av verksamheterna bifogas som kontrollrapporter. För att belysa varför det är viktigt med en god tillsyn av dessa verksamheter har vi också genomfört en litteraturstudie av hur hundar påverkas av att vistas på hundpensionat eller hunddagis. Litteraturgenomgången visar att hundar kan bli stressade i hundpensionatmiljö och hur man med enkla medel kan förhindra att stressnivån blir så pass hög att den påverkar hundens välmående.  

  • 30.
    Magnusson, Ulf
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    21. Overview of Infectious Diseases and the Wildlife-Livestock Interface2012In: Ecology and Animal Health / [ed] Leif Norrgren and Jeffrey Levengood, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, 183-185 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 31.
    Newberry, Ruth C.
    Washington State University Pullman, Washington.
    46 Contemporary Issues in Farm Animal Housing and Management: Poultry Well-being2012In: Sustainable Agriculture / [ed] Christine Jakobsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1500, 338-343 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32.
    Pettigrew, James E.
    et al.
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
    Baker, Rodney B.
    North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA.
    27. Health Management with Reduced Use of Antibiotics in Pig Production2012In: Ecology and Animal Health / [ed] Leif Norrgren and Jeffrey Levengood, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, 214-221 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 33.
    Redmalm, David
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Biopolitik och husdjurssorg2017In: Fronesis, ISSN 1404-2614, no 56-57, 147-159 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 34. Redmalm, David
    Review of Humans, Animals and Biopolitics: The More-than-Human Condition, Edited by Kristin Asdal, Tone Druglitrö and Steve Hinchliffe2017In: Nordic Journal of Science and Technology Studies, ISSN 1894-4647, Vol. 5, no 1, 38-39 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Michel Foucault’s concept of biopolitics captures the way a decentralized form of governing measures and mobilizes life itself through a number of technologies, such as demographics, surveillance and health initiatives, with the aim to prolong and enhance the lives of a population. According to Foucault, this biopolitical form of governing characteristic of modernity implies a detached and technical stance towards individual lives. In short, biopolitics turns individual lives into life as a mass noun. Interestingly, when human life is treated as a resource, human’s self-proclaimed position as the crown of creation is unsettled and humans find themselves part of the same biopolitical nexus as many other animals. The technologies and consequences of the biopolitization of humans and other animals is the subject of the volume Humans, Animals and Biopolitics, edited by Kristin Asdal, Tone Druglitrö and Steve Hinchliffe. It is a book that should be required reading for Foucauldian theorists and human-animal studies scholars alike.

  • 35. Reimert, Inonge
    et al.
    Fong, Stephanie
    Wageningen University & Research, The Netherlands.
    Rodenburg, T. Bas
    Bolhuis, J. Elizabeth
    Emotional states and emotional contagion in pigs after exposure to a positive and negative treatment2017In: Applied Animal Behaviour Science, ISSN 0168-1591, E-ISSN 1872-9045, Vol. 193, 37-42 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    After-effects of events that elicit an emotional state on both the animals that experienced these events and on their group members have only scarcely been studied. We investigated effects of a positive vs. negative treatment on the behaviour and emotional state of pigs and their naive pen mates afterwards. Behaviour of 96 pigs was observed in the home pen for 5 min on two different days (day 2 and 18), directly after two pigs per pen (N = 16) had been subjected to a positive or negative treatment in a test room. On day 2, treated pigs lay down more (30.78 +/- 4.07 vs. 15.25 +/- 3.74% of time, P = 0.01), walked less (17.91 +/- 2.82 vs. 26.87 +/- 2.32% of time, P = 0.02) and explored the pen less (12.30 +/- 1.34 vs. 18.29 +/- 1.71% of time, P = 0.01) after the negative compared to the positive treatment. Naive pigs simultaneously also lay more (45.67 +/- 6.00 vs. 18.79 +/- 5.88% of time, P = 0.003), walked less (6.33 +/- 0.80 vs. 12.83 +/- 1.74% of time, P < 0.001) and explored the pen less (6.80 +/- 1.23 vs. 13.47 +/- 2.34% of time, P = 0.02) after their pen mates' negative treatment. After their pen mates' positive treatment, in contrast, naive pigs showed more nosing behaviour, nose nose (0.83 +/- 0.14 vs. 0.40 +/- 0.06 freq./min, P = 0.004) and nose-body contact (0.73 +/- 0.10 vs. 0.47 +/- 0.06 freq./min, P = 0.02), and tended to play more (0.10 +/- 0.03 vs. 0.01 +/- 0.01 freq./min, P = 0.09). On day 18, treated pigs were only found to eat longer after the negative than the positive treatment (10.75 +/- 3.73 vs. 0.96 +/- 0.79% of time, P = 0.02), whereas their naive pen mates, similar to day 2, lay more (45.01 +/- 5.16 vs. 22.59 +/- 5.52% of time, P = 0.006), stood (40.73 +/- 3.84 vs. 57.32 +/- 4.29% of time, P = 0.007) and walked less (7.00 +/- 1.21 vs. 10.88 +/- 1.04% of time, P = 0.01). After their pen mates' positive treatment, at day 18, they still nosed the nose (0.52 +/- 0.06 vs. 0.21 +/- 0.04 freq./min, P < 0.001) and body of their pen mates more (0.68 +/- 0.06 vs. 0.29 +/- 0.05 freq./min, P = 0.002) than after their pen mates' negative treatment, and they tended to wag their tails more (2.30 +/- 0.95 vs. 0.68 +/- 0.41% of time, P = 0.08). Thus, pigs still appeared to be in a negative emotional state for some time after the negative treatment had ended. Furthermore, their pen mates also seemed to be (emotionally) affected even though they were not subjected to the treatment themselves. Negative and positive events may thus have consequences that extend beyond the duration of these events, for both the welfare of the exposed animals and their group members.

  • 36.
    Ribó, Oriol
    et al.
    European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy.
    Blokhuis, Harry
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    51 Risk Assessment Methodology and Identification of Animal-based Indicators to Assess Animal Welfare at Farm Level2012In: Sustainable Agriculture / [ed] Christine Jakobsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1500, 362-368 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 37.
    Roasto, Mati
    et al.
    Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu, Estonia.
    Hörman, Ari
    Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu, Estonia.
    Hänninen, Marja-Liisa
    University of Helsinki.
    26. Antimicrobial Resistance: a Food Safety Perspective2012In: Ecology and Animal Health / [ed] Leif Norrgren and Jeffrey Levengood, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 2, 212-213 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 38.
    Roasto, Mati
    et al.
    Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu, Estonia.
    Hörman, Ari
    Finnish Defence Forces, Helsinki, Finland.
    Hänninen, Marja-Liisa
    University of Helsinki.
    34. Food-borne Pathogens and Public Health2012In: Ecology and Animal Health / [ed] Leif Norrgren and Jeffrey Levengood, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, 271-282 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 39.
    Rollin, Bernard
    Colorado State University Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.
    50 An Opinion on the Role of Ethics in Modern Animal Production Systems2012In: Sustainable Agriculture / [ed] Christine Jakobsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1500, 358-361 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 40.
    Sarenbo, Sirkku
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
    Min hund är egentligen snäll: Jag vet inte varför den gjorde så här2016 (ed. 2)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Min hund är egentligen snäll är i första hand riktad till den myndighet som handlägger tillsynsärenden, enligt lag om tillsyn (2007:1150) över hundar och katter. I boken redovisas bakgrunden till rasförbuden i Danmark och Norge, och demografi över hundpopulationer i Sverige av de hos grannländerna förbjudna raserna, samt en analys av 107 stycken överklagade beslut enligt tillsynslagen. I boken redovisas också de många olika brottstyper där hundar kan vara inkluderade, vilket kan vara av intresse för brottsutredare och åklagare. Boken kan vara av intresse även för andra aktörer som arbetar med djurskyddsfrågor, beslutsfattare, veterinärer, forskare, studenter m.fl.

  • 41.
    Sarenbo, Sirkku
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
    Pitbullterrier som djurskyddsproblem2015Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I analysen ”Pitbullterrier som djurskyddsproblem” går JP Infonets expert Sirkku Sarenbo, universitetslektor, docent och ansvarig för påbyggnadsutbildningen i djurskydd vid Linnéuniversitetet i Kalmar, igenom anledningen till varför en pitbullterrier/american staffordshire terrier plötsligt kan visa aggressivt beteende. Författaren använder konkreta exempel för att illustrera varför pitbullterriern/american staffordshire terriern utgör ett djurskyddsproblem mot andra hundar och för sin egen del.

    Författaren menar att när en pitbullterrier plötsligt angriper och dödar en annan hund är det ett förväntat beteende och kan därför inte anses som en olyckshändelse eller ett oväntat beteende, som ofta görs gällande i rätten. Därför, menar författaren, utgör pitbullterriern ett allvarligt och förbisett djurskyddsproblem mot andra hundar och för sin egen del. Denna analys finns publicerad i JP Djurnet.

  • 42.
    Skarin, Anna
    et al.
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Sandström, Per
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Alam, Moudud
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Buhot, Yann
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Nellemann, Christian
    Rhipto-Norwegian Center for Global Analyses.
    Renar och vindkraft II: Vindkraft i drift och effekter på renar och renskötsel2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A surge in wind power development and associated road and powerline infrastructure is currently taking place worldwide. In Sweden and Fennoscandia, plans of large-scale wind power mill farms counting several hunderd windmills and their associated infrastructure of roads and powerlines are being implemented. In this report we describe how wind farms not only during construction, but also during operational phases impact reindeer and reindeer husbandry.

    Reindeer behaviour in relation to wind farms were studied in three different study areas in Västerbotten County in northern Sweden. In the Malå reindeer herding community the effects of Storliden and Jokkmokkliden wind farms were assessed during the calving and summer grazing period. In Vilhelmina Norra reindeer herding community, use of the winter grazing range around Stor-Rotliden wind farm was studied.

    Finally, the use of the Lögdeålandets winter grazing range by reindeer from the Byrkije reindeer herding community from Norway was assessed in relation to the Gabrielbergets wind farm. Reindeer habitat use was assessed through reindeer fecal pellet-group counts and by the use of GPS-collars. Data were before and during the construction phase and during the operational phase. We estimated reindeer habitat selection by developing resource selection function (RSF) models for each area in relation to the wind farm areas before, during and after construction. In addition, reindeer use was assessed around Gabrielsberget when 1) the wind farm was turned off for 40 days; 2) during operation when the reindeer were supplementary fed, and 3) during operation without supplementary feeding. Finally, the perception, experiences and views of reindeer herders were assessed through qualitative interviews.

    Our results showed that the reindeer in both calving and winter grazing areas were negatively affected by the wind farm developments. The reindeer avoided grazing in areas where they could see and/or hear the wind turbines and preferred to use areas where the wind turbines were topographically sheltered. In Malå, the reindeer increased the use by 60% of areas topographically sheltered away from the operating wind farms compared to before construction. In winter at Gabrielsberget wind farm, with no supplementary feeding, reindeer largely avoided a 3 km zone.

    When the reindeer were fed inside the wind farm and intensively perimeter herded to stay close to the wind farm, the reindeer still increased their use of areas locally where the wind turbines were sheltered by the topography with 13 %, compared to when they were not fed nor intensively herded. In the calving area in Malå, the use decreased with 16-20 % within 5 km from the wind farm. Moreover, the reindeer significantly increased their movement rate by 18 % within 4 km from the wind farm area during operation phase, compared to before the wind farms were developed.

    Reindeer actively avoid or reduce use of areas within 3 km from wind power farms both during construction and operational phases. Reindeer are more active or vigilant when close to wind power farms. Finally, reindeer tend to – but at more modest extent – to select more sheltered areas close to windmills if forced through supplementary feeding and herding.

    During winter, wind farms situated in upland terrain may reduce the availability and access to reindeer of important higher-altitude winter grazing areas. This may have particular adverse effects and reduce the resilience of reindeer husbandry against extreme weather such as icing by restraining range accessibility. As extreme weather events are expected to be more frequent with climate change, also the ability of reindeer husbandry to adapt becomes reduced with continuing piecemeal infrastructure development.

    The results from our projects have shown that wind farm developments have considerable impacts on reindeer and reindeer husbandry both during the calving season and during the winter season. The impacts for reindeer husbandry may be expected to be most severe in the winter grazing areas, where it often is difficult to find alternative grazing areas. A direct effect of a wind farm in the middle of the winter grazing area, such as Gabrielsberget wind farm, may be that the reindeer need to be supplementary fed and intensively herded to keep the reindeer in the area, subsequently increasing the work load on the reindeer herders. It also reduces the ability of herders to mitigate extreme weather by moving reindeer to dwindling alternative grazing sites.

    Other infrastructure, such as roads and power lines, also affect the reindeer habitat selection. Prior to wind farm development, reindeer avoided areas in the vicinity of larger (>5 m wide) roads. After the wind farm was developed, the reindeer at Stor-Rotliden stopped avoiding the large roads and instead increased the habitat use closer to the large roads in the only alternative foraging areas. At Gabrielsberget, the reindeer also used areas close to the large roads, including the highway E4, when the reindeer were freely ranging in order to avoid the wind farm. This obviously increases the risk of traffic accidents and herders are subsequently required to intensify herding.

    Mitigation measures for herders and developers in areas where wind farms are already established are presented. Especially, established associated road infrastructure to the windmills should be closed for public use to avoid recreational activities, whether by ATVs or snowmobiles, or by hunters. Furthermore, a close contact should be maintained between the power company and the reindeer herding community to prevent road or mill maintenance work during sensitive periods for the reindeer. Other more regional measures to facilitate reindeer movement and migration between different grazing ranges may be to establish fences along major roads and railways (eg. E4 or the main railroad through Sweden) combined with strategically placed ecoducts.

  • 43.
    Surovtsev, Vladimir
    et al.
    North-West Research Institute of Economics and Organization of Agriculture St Petersburg – Pushkin, Russia.
    Nikulina, Julia
    North-West Research Institute of Economics and Organization of Agriculture St Petersburg – Pushkin, Russia.
    18 Environmental Effects of Cattle Rearing and Milk Production2012In: Sustainable Agriculture / [ed] Christine Jakobsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1500, 142-145 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 44. Tomczak-Wandzel, Renata
    et al.
    Vik, Eilen Arctander
    Wandzel, Tomasz
    BAT in fish processing industry: Nordic perspective2015Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic Council of Ministers, the BAT Group under the Working Group for sustainable consumption and production, has requested the consultant to prepare a report on Best Available Techniques (BAT) in fish processing industry in the Nordic countries. The project describes the present status of the used techniques, their emissions and impacts on the environment and technologies that can be considered BAT. The provided information can be utilized by operators, environmental consultants and competent environmental authorities. The report will also be used as an input from the Nordic countries to the EU process under the Industrial Emissions Directive (IED) for preparation of the BAT Reference Document for Best Available Techniques in the Food, Drink and Milk Industries (FDM BREF) concerning the fish processing sector.

  • 45. Velie, Brandon D.
    et al.
    Jaederkvist, Kim
    Imsland, Freyja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology.
    Viluma, Agnese
    Andersson, Lisa S.
    Mikko, Sofia
    Eriksson, Susanne
    Lindgren, Gabriella
    Frequencies of polymorphisms in myostatin vary in Icelandic horses according to the use of the horses2015In: Animal Genetics, ISSN 0268-9146, E-ISSN 1365-2052, Vol. 46, no 4, 467-468 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Viiralt, Rein
    et al.
    Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu.
    Selge, Are
    Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu.
    40 Producing High Quality Feed: Grassland Management2012In: Sustainable Agriculture / [ed] Christine Jakobsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1500, 288-303 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 47. Welderufael, B. G.
    et al.
    de Koning, D. J.
    Janss, L. L. G.
    Franzen, Jessica
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics.
    Fikse, W. F.
    Simultaneous genetic evaluation of simulated mastitis susceptibility and recovery ability using a bivariate threshold sire model2016In: Acta agriculturae Scandinavica. Section A, Animal science, ISSN 0906-4702, E-ISSN 1651-1972, Vol. 66, no 3, 125-134 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to develop a new approach for joint genetic evaluation of mastitis and recovery. Two mastitis incidences (0.28 and 0.95) measured via somatic cell count and three between traits genetic correlations (0.0, 0.2, and -0.2) were simulated for daughter group sizes of 60 and 240. A transition model was applied to model transitions between healthy and disease state. The RJMC package in DMU was used to estimate (co)variances. Heritabilities were consistent with the simulated value (0.039) for susceptibility and a bit upward biased for recovery. Estimates of genetic correlations were -0.055, 0.205, and -0.192 for the simulated values of 0.0, 0.2, and -0.2, respectively. For daughter group size of 60, accuracies of sire EBV ranged from 0.56 to 0.69 for mastitis and from 0.26 to 0.48 for recovery. The study demonstrated that both traits can be modeled jointly and simulated correlations could be correctly reproduced.

  • 48.
    Wergård, Eva-Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Zoology. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Westlund, Karolina
    Spångberg, Mats
    Fredlund, Helene
    Forkman, Björn
    Training success in group-housed long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) is better explained by personality than by social rank2016In: Applied Animal Behaviour Science, ISSN 0168-1591, E-ISSN 1872-9045, Vol. 177, 52-58 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using training to prepare laboratory animals for biomedical research is one important behavior management task. With increased knowledge about factors influencing training success, training programs may be optimized, resulting in a refinement of primate husbandry. Even when animals are trained under the same conditions there are individual differences in how they respond to training. The current paper focuses on two of the factors potentially influencing training success: social rank and personality. Five observers rated the personality and the social rank of 34 long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) in an observer trait rating survey. Training success was measured in 22 of these individuals and from four of their shaping protocols; hand-feeding, target training, presenting hands and presenting feet. From the factor analysis four personality traits could be identified: 'Emotionality', 'Activity', 'Sociability', and 'Tolerance'. A Multiple linear regressions with backward elimination showed that the personality trait 'Activity' was associated with training success (adj.R-2 = 0.71, p < 0.0005), and unexpectedly, social rank had less influence (adj.R-2 = 0.30, p = 0.005) on training success in group-housed long-tailed macaques. We propose that training success can be conceptualized as consisting of two components: access to the trainer and problem solving. In the case of personality, the two components combine to promote training success: curious animals gain access to trainers, and playful animals are good problem solvers; both these adjectives were present in the trait 'Activity'. In contrast, with regards to rank, qualities that increase access to the trainer (dominance) and traits that promote problem solving (subordinance) counteract one another, potentially explaining why in this study, training was better explained by personality than by rank. We discuss the importance of successfully training different types of personalities in order for the selection of animals in biomedical research to remain random and non-biased, rather than excluding those that do not respond well to training.

  • 49.
    Wierup, Martin
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    25. Principles and Strategies for the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases in Livestock and Wildlife2012In: Ecology and Animal Health / [ed] Leif Norrgren and Jeffrey Levengood, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 2, 203-211 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 50.
    Wierup, Martin
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Bengtsson, Björn
    National Veterinary Institute, Uppsala, Sweden.
    28. Antimicrobial Resistance in Scandinavia after Termination of Antimicrobials for Growth Promotion2012In: Ecology and Animal Health / [ed] Leif Norrgren and Jeffrey Levengood, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 2, 222-227 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
12 1 - 50 of 52
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