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  • 1. Aad, G
    et al.
    Jovicevic, Jelena
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics.
    Kuwertz, Emma
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics.
    Lund-Jensen, Bengt
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics.
    Morley, Anthony
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics.
    Strandberg, Jonas
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics.
    Zwalinski, L.
    et al.,
    Measurement of differential production cross-sections for a Z boson in association with b-jets in 7 TeV proton-proton collisions with the ATLAS detector2014In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1029-8479, E-ISSN 1126-6708, no 10, 141- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Measurements of differential production cross-sections of a Z boson in association with b-jets in pp collisions at root s = 7 TeV are reported. The data analysed correspond to an integrated luminosity of 4.6 fb(-1) recorded with the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider. Particle-level cross-sections are determined for events with a Z boson decaying into an electron or muon pair, and containing b-jets. For events with at least one b-jet, the cross-section is presented as a function of the Z boson transverse momentum and rapidity, together with the inclusive b-jet cross-section as a function of b-jet transverse momentum, rapidity and angular separations between the b-jet and the Z boson. For events with at least two b-jets, the cross-section is determined as a function of the invariant mass and angular separation of the two highest transverse momentum b-jets, and as a function of the Z boson transverse momentum and rapidity. Results are compared to leading-order and next-to-leading-order perturbative QCD calculations.

  • 2. Aad, G
    et al.
    Jovicevic, Jelena
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics.
    Kuwertz, Emma
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics.
    Lund-Jensen, Bengt
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics.
    Morley, Anthony
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics.
    Strandberg, Jonas
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics.
    Zwalinski, L.
    et al.,
    Measurements of fiducial and differential cross sections for Higgs boson production in the diphoton decay channel at TeV with ATLAS2014In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1029-8479, E-ISSN 1126-6708, no 9, 1-61 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Measurements of fiducial and differential cross sections are presented for Higgs boson production in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of TeV. The analysis is performed in the H -> gamma gamma decay channel using 20.3 fb(-1) of data recorded by the ATLAS experiment at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The signal is extracted using a fit to the diphoton invariant mass spectrum assuming that the width of the resonance is much smaller than the experimental resolution. The signal yields are corrected for the effects of detector inefficiency and resolution. The pp -> H -> gamma gamma fiducial cross section is measured to be 43.2 +/- 9.4(stat.) (-aEuro parts per thousand 2.9) (+ 3.2) (syst.) +/- 1.2(lumi)fb for a Higgs boson of mass 125.4GeV decaying to two isolated photons that have transverse momentum greater than 35% and 25% of the diphoton invariant mass and each with absolute pseudorapidity less than 2.37. Four additional fiducial cross sections and two cross-section limits are presented in phase space regions that test the theoretical modelling of different Higgs boson production mechanisms, or are sensitive to physics beyond the Standard Model. Differential cross sections are also presented, as a function of variables related to the diphoton kinematics and the jet activity produced in the Higgs boson events. The observed spectra are statistically limited but broadly in line with the theoretical expectations.

  • 3. Aad, G
    et al.
    Jovicevic, Jelena
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics.
    Kuwertz, Emma
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics.
    Morley, Anthony
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics.
    Strandberg, Jonas
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics.
    Zwalinski, L.
    et al.,
    Search for Scalar Diphoton Resonances in the Mass Range 65-600 GeV with the ATLAS Detector in pp Collision Data at root s=8 TeV2014In: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 113, no 17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A search for scalar particles decaying via narrow resonances into two photons in the mass range 65-600 GeV is performed using 20.3 fb(-1) of root s = 8 TeV pp collision data collected with the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider. The recently discovered Higgs boson is treated as a background. No significant evidence for an additional signal is observed. The results are presented as limits at the 95% confidence level on the production cross section of a scalar boson times branching ratio into two photons, in a fiducial volume where the reconstruction efficiency is approximately independent of the event topology. The upper limits set extend over a considerably wider mass range than previous searches.

  • 4. Aartsen, M. G.
    et al.
    Ackermann, M.
    Adams, J.
    Aguilar, J. A.
    Ahlers, M.
    Ahrens, M.
    Altmann, D.
    Anderson, T.
    Arguelles, C.
    Arlen, T. C.
    Auffenberg, J.
    Bai, X.
    Barwick, S. W.
    Baum, V.
    Bay, R.
    Beatty, J. J.
    Tjus, J. Becker
    Becker, K. -H
    BenZvi, S.
    Berghaus, P.
    Berley, D.
    Bernardini, E.
    Bernhard, A.
    Besson, D. Z.
    Binder, G.
    Bindig, D.
    Bissok, M.
    Blaufuss, E.
    Blumenthal, J.
    Boersma, David J.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Bohm, C.
    Bos, F.
    Bose, D.
    Boeser, S.
    Botner, Olga
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Brayeur, L.
    Bretz, H. -P
    Brown, A. M.
    Buzinsky, N.
    Casey, J.
    Casier, M.
    Cheung, E.
    Chirkin, D.
    Christov, A.
    Christy, B.
    Clark, K.
    Classen, L.
    Clevermann, F.
    Coenders, S.
    Cowen, D. F.
    Silva, A. H. Cruz
    Danninger, M.
    Daughhetee, J.
    Davis, J. C.
    Day, M.
    De Andre, J. P. A. M.
    De Clercq, C.
    De Ridder, S.
    Desiati, P.
    De Vries, K. D.
    De With, M.
    DeYoung, T.
    Diaz-Velez, J. C.
    Dunkman, M.
    Eagan, R.
    Eberhardt, B.
    Eichmann, B.
    Eisch, J.
    Euler, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Evenson, P. A.
    Fadiran, O.
    Fazely, A. R.
    Fedynitch, A.
    Feintzeig, J.
    Felde, J.
    Feusels, T.
    Filimonov, K.
    Finley, C.
    Fischer-Wasels, T.
    Flis, S.
    Franckowiak, A.
    Frantzen, K.
    Fuchs, T.
    Gaisser, T. K.
    Gaior, R.
    Gallagher, J.
    Gerhardt, L.
    Gier, D.
    Gladstone, L.
    Gluesenkamp, T.
    Goldschmidt, A.
    Golup, G.
    Gonzalez, J. G.
    Goodman, J. A.
    Gora, D.
    Grant, D.
    Gretskov, P.
    Groh, J. C.
    Gross, A.
    Ha, C.
    Haack, C.
    Ismail, A. Haj
    Hallen, P.
    Hallgren, Allan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Halzen, F.
    Hanson, K.
    Hebecker, D.
    Heereman, D.
    Heinen, D.
    Helbing, K.
    Hellauer, R.
    Hellwig, D.
    Hickford, S.
    Hill, G. C.
    Hoffman, K. D.
    Hoffmann, R.
    Homeier, A.
    Hoshina, K.
    Huang, F.
    Huelsnitz, W.
    Hulth, P. O.
    Hultqvist, K.
    Hussain, S.
    Ishihara, A.
    Jacobi, E.
    Jacobsen, J.
    Jagielski, K.
    Japaridze, G. S.
    Jero, K.
    Jlelati, O.
    Jurkovic, M.
    Kaminsky, B.
    Kappes, A.
    Karg, T.
    Karle, A.
    Kauer, M.
    Keivani, A.
    Kelley, J. L.
    Kheirandish, A.
    Kiryluk, J.
    Klaes, J.
    Klein, S. R.
    Koehne, J. -H
    Kohnen, G.
    Kolanoski, H.
    Koob, A.
    Koepke, L.
    Kopper, C.
    Kopper, S.
    Koskinen, D. J.
    Kowalski, M.
    Kriesten, A.
    Krings, K.
    Kroll, G.
    Kroll, M.
    Kunnen, J.
    Kurahashi, N.
    Kuwabara, T.
    Labare, M.
    Larsen, D. T.
    Larson, M. J.
    Lesiak-Bzdak, M.
    Leuermann, M.
    Leute, J.
    Luenemann, J.
    Madsen, J.
    Maggi, G.
    Maruyama, R.
    Mase, K.
    Matis, H. S.
    Maunu, R.
    McNally, F.
    Meagher, K.
    Medici, M.
    Meli, A.
    Meures, T.
    Miarecki, S.
    Middell, E.
    Middlemas, E.
    Milke, N.
    Miller, J.
    Mohrmann, L.
    Montaruli, T.
    Morse, R.
    Nahnhauer, R.
    Naumann, U.
    Niederhausen, H.
    Nowicki, S. C.
    Nygren, D. R.
    Obertacke, A.
    Odrowski, S.
    Olivas, A.
    Omairat, A.
    O'Murchadha, A.
    Palczewski, T.
    Paul, L.
    Penek, OE.
    Pepper, J. A.
    Heros, Carlos Perez de los
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Pfendner, C.
    Pieloth, D.
    Pinat, E.
    Posselt, J.
    Price, P. B.
    Przybylski, G. T.
    Puetz, J.
    Quinnan, M.
    Raedel, L.
    Rameez, M.
    Rawlins, K.
    Redl, P.
    Rees, I.
    Reimann, R.
    Relich, M.
    Resconi, E.
    Rhode, W.
    Richman, M.
    Riedel, B.
    Robertson, S.
    Rodrigues, J. P.
    Rongen, M.
    Rott, C.
    Ruhe, T.
    Ruzybayev, B.
    Ryckbosch, D.
    Saba, S. M.
    Sander, H. -G
    Sandroos, J.
    Santander, M.
    Sarkar, S.
    Schatto, K.
    Scheriau, F.
    Schmidt, T.
    Schmitz, M.
    Schoenen, S.
    Schoeneberg, S.
    Schoenwald, A.
    Schukraft, A.
    Schulte, L.
    Schulz, O.
    Seckel, D.
    Sestayo, Y.
    Seunarine, S.
    Shanidze, R.
    Smith, M. W. E.
    Soldin, D.
    Spiczak, G. M.
    Spiering, C.
    Stamatikos, M.
    Stanev, T.
    Stanisha, N. A.
    Stasik, A.
    Stezelberger, T.
    Stokstad, R. G.
    Stoessl, A.
    Strahler, E. A.
    Ström, Rickard
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Strotjohann, N. L.
    Sullivan, G. W.
    Taavola, Henric
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Taboada, I.
    Tamburro, A.
    Tepe, A.
    Ter-Antonyan, S.
    Terliuk, A.
    Tesic, G.
    Tilav, S.
    Toale, P. A.
    Tobin, M. N.
    Tosi, D.
    Tselengidou, M.
    Unger, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Usner, M.
    Vallecorsa, S.
    van Eijndhoven, N.
    Vandenbroucke, J.
    van Santen, J.
    Vehring, M.
    Voge, M.
    Vraeghe, M.
    Walck, C.
    Wallraff, M.
    Weaver, Ch.
    Wellons, M.
    Wendt, C.
    Westerhoff, S.
    Whelan, B. J.
    Whitehorn, N.
    Wichary, C.
    Wiebe, K.
    Wiebusch, C. H.
    Williams, D. R.
    Wissing, H.
    Wolf, M.
    Wood, T. R.
    Woschnagg, K.
    Xu, D. L.
    Xu, X. W.
    Yanez, J. P.
    Yodh, G.
    Yoshida, S.
    Zarzhitsky, P.
    Ziemann, J.
    Zierke, S.
    Zoll, M.
    Atmospheric and astrophysical neutrinos above 1 TeV interacting in IceCube2015In: Physical Review D, ISSN 1550-7998, Vol. 91, no 2, 022001- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The IceCube Neutrino Observatory was designed primarily to search for high-energy (TeV-PeV) neutLrinos produced in distant astrophysical objects. A search for. greater than or similar to 100 TeV neutrinos interacting inside the instrumented volume has recently provided evidence for an isotropic flux of such neutrinos. At lower energies, IceCube collects large numbers of neutrinos from the weak decays of mesons in cosmic-ray air showers. Here we present the results of a search for neutrino interactions inside IceCube's instrumented volume between 1 TeV and 1 PeV in 641 days of data taken from 2010-2012, lowering the energy threshold for neutrinos from the southern sky below 10 TeV for the first time, far below the threshold of the previous high-energy analysis. Astrophysical neutrinos remain the dominant component in the southern sky down to a deposited energy of 10 TeV. From these data we derive new constraints on the diffuse astrophysical neutrino spectrum, Phi(v) = 2.06(-0.3)(+0.4) x 10(-18) (E-v = 10(5) GeV)-2.46 +/- 0.12GeV-1 cm(-2) sr(-1) s(-1) for 25 TeV < E-v < 1.4 PeV, as well as the strongest upper limit yet on the flux of neutrinos from charmed-meson decay in the atmosphere, 1.52 times the benchmark theoretical prediction used in previous IceCube results at 90% confidence.

  • 5. Aartsen, M. G.
    et al.
    Ackermann, M.
    Adams, J.
    Aguilar, J. A.
    Ahlers, M.
    Ahrens, M.
    Altmann, D.
    Anderson, T.
    Arguelles, C.
    Arlen, T. C.
    Auffenberg, J.
    Bai, X.
    Barwick, S. W.
    Baum, V.
    Beatty, J. J.
    Tjus, J. Becker
    Becker, K. -H
    BenZvi, S.
    Berghaus, P.
    Berley, D.
    Bernardini, E.
    Bernhard, A.
    Besson, D. Z.
    Binder, G.
    Bindig, D.
    Bissok, M.
    Blaufuss, E.
    Blumenthal, J.
    Boersma, David J.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Bohm, C.
    Bos, F.
    Bose, D.
    Boeser, S.
    Botner, Olga
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Brayeur, L.
    Bretz, H. -P
    Brown, A. M.
    Casey, J.
    Casier, M.
    Chirkin, D.
    Christov, A.
    Christy, B.
    Clark, K.
    Classen, L.
    Clevermann, F.
    Coenders, S.
    Cowen, D. F.
    Silva, A. H. Cruz
    Danninger, M.
    Daughhetee, J.
    Davis, J. C.
    Day, M.
    de Andre, J. P. A. M.
    De Clercq, C.
    De Ridder, S.
    Desiati, P.
    de Vries, K. D.
    de With, M.
    DeYoung, T.
    Diaz-Velez, J. C.
    Dunkman, M.
    Eagan, R.
    Eberhardt, B.
    Eichmann, B.
    Eisch, J.
    Euler, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Evenson, P. A.
    Fadiran, O.
    Fazely, A. R.
    Fedynitch, A.
    Feintzeig, J.
    Felde, J.
    Feusels, T.
    Filimonov, K.
    Finley, C.
    Fischer-Wasels, T.
    Flis, S.
    Franckowiak, A.
    Frantzen, K.
    Fuchs, T.
    Gaisser, T. K.
    Gallagher, J.
    Gerhardt, L.
    Gier, D.
    Gladstone, L.
    Gluesenkamp, T.
    Goldschmidt, A.
    Golup, G.
    Gonzalez, J. G.
    Goodman, J. A.
    Gora, D.
    Grandmont, D. T.
    Grant, D.
    Gretskov, P.
    Groh, J. C.
    Gross, A.
    Ha, C.
    Haack, C.
    Ismail, A. Haj
    Hallen, P.
    Hallgren, Allan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Halzen, F.
    Hanson, K.
    Hebecker, D.
    Heereman, D.
    Heinen, D.
    Helbing, K.
    Hellauer, R.
    Hellwig, D.
    Hickford, S.
    Hill, G. C.
    Hoffman, K. D.
    Hoffmann, R.
    Homeier, A.
    Hoshina, K.
    Huang, F.
    Huelsnitz, W.
    Hulth, P. O.
    Hultqvist, K.
    Hussain, S.
    Ishihara, A.
    Jacobi, E.
    Jacobsen, J.
    Jagielski, K.
    Japaridze, G. S.
    Jero, K.
    Jlelati, O.
    Jurkovic, M.
    Kaminsky, B.
    Kappes, A.
    Karg, T.
    Karle, A.
    Kauer, M.
    Kelley, J. L.
    Kheirandish, A.
    Kiryluk, J.
    Klaes, J.
    Klein, S. R.
    Koehne, J. -H
    Kohnen, G.
    Kolanoski, H.
    Koob, A.
    Koepke, L.
    Kopper, C.
    Kopper, S.
    Koskinen, D. J.
    Kowalski, M.
    Kriesten, A.
    Krings, K.
    Kroll, G.
    Kroll, M.
    Kunnen, J.
    Kurahashi, N.
    Kuwabara, T.
    Labare, M.
    Larsen, D. T.
    Larson, M. J.
    Lesiak-Bzdak, M.
    Leuermann, M.
    Leute, J.
    Luenemann, J.
    Macias, O.
    Madsen, J.
    Maggi, G.
    Maruyama, R.
    Mase, K.
    Matis, H. S.
    McNally, F.
    Meagher, K.
    Medici, M.
    Meli, A.
    Meures, T.
    Miarecki, S.
    Middell, E.
    Middlemas, E.
    Milke, N.
    Miller, J.
    Mohrmann, L.
    Montaruli, T.
    Morse, R.
    Nahnhauer, R.
    Naumann, U.
    Niederhausen, H.
    Nowicki, S. C.
    Nygren, D. R.
    Obertacke, A.
    Odrowski, S.
    Olivas, A.
    Omairat, A.
    O'Murchadha, A.
    Palczewski, T.
    Paul, L.
    Penek, Oe.
    Pepper, J. A.
    Heros, Carlos Perez de los
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Pfendner, C.
    Pieloth, D.
    Pinat, E.
    Posselt, J.
    Price, P. B.
    Przybylski, G. T.
    Puetz, J.
    Quinnan, M.
    Raedel, L.
    Rameez, M.
    Rawlins, K.
    Redl, P.
    Rees, I.
    Reimann, R.
    Resconi, E.
    Rhode, W.
    Richman, M.
    Riedel, B.
    Robertson, S.
    Rodrigues, J. P.
    Rongen, M.
    Rott, C.
    Ruhe, T.
    Ruzybayev, B.
    Ryckbosch, D.
    Saba, S. M.
    Sander, H. -G
    Sandroos, J.
    Santander, M.
    Sarkar, S.
    Schatto, K.
    Scheriau, F.
    Schmidt, T.
    Schmitz, M.
    Schoenen, S.
    Schoeneberg, S.
    Schnoewald, A.
    Schukraft, A.
    Schulte, L.
    Schulz, O.
    Seckel, D.
    Sestayo, Y.
    Seunarine, S.
    Shanidze, R.
    Sheremata, C.
    Smith, M. W. E.
    Soldin, D.
    Spiczak, G. M.
    Spiering, C.
    Stamatikos, M.
    Stanev, T.
    Stanisha, N. A.
    Stasik, A.
    Stezelberger, T.
    Stokstad, R. G.
    Stoessl, A.
    Strahler, E. A.
    Ström, Rickard
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Strotjohann, N. L.
    Sullivan, G. W.
    Taavola, Henric
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Taboada, I.
    Tamburro, A.
    Tepe, A.
    Ter-Antonyan, S.
    Terliuk, A.
    Tesic, G.
    Tilav, S.
    Toale, P. A.
    Tobin, M. N.
    Tosi, D.
    Tselengidou, M.
    Unger, E.
    Usner, M.
    Vallecorsa, S.
    van Eijndhoven, N.
    Vandenbroucke, J.
    van Santen, J.
    Vehring, M.
    Voge, M.
    Vraeghe, M.
    Walck, C.
    Wallraff, M.
    Weaver, Ch.
    Wellons, M.
    Wendt, C.
    Westerhoff, S.
    Whelan, B. J.
    Whitehorn, N.
    Wichary, C.
    Wiebe, K.
    Wiebusch, C. H.
    Williams, D. R.
    Wissing, H.
    Wolf, M.
    Wood, T. R.
    Woschnagg, K.
    Xu, D. L.
    Xu, X. W.
    Yanez, J. P.
    Yodh, G.
    Yoshida, S.
    Zarzhitsky, P.
    Ziemann, J.
    Zierke, S.
    Zoll, M.
    Multipole analysis of IceCube data to search for dark matter accumulated in the Galactic halo2015In: European Physical Journal C, ISSN 1434-6044, E-ISSN 1434-6052, Vol. 75, no 1, 20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Dark matter which is bound in the Galactic halo might self-annihilate and produce a flux of stable final state particles, e. g. high energy neutrinos. These neutrinos can be detected with IceCube, a cubic-kilometer sized Cherenkov detector. Given IceCube's large field of view, a characteristic anisotropy of the additional neutrino flux is expected. In this paper we describe a multipole method to search for such a large-scale anisotropy in IceCube data. This method uses the expansion coefficients of a multipole expansion of neutrino arrival directions and incorporates signal-specific weights for each expansion coefficient. We apply the technique to a high-purity muon neutrino sample from the Northern Hemisphere. The final result is compatible with the null-hypothesis. As no signal was observed, we present limits on the self-annihilation cross-section averaged over the relative velocity distribution <sigma(A)v > down to 1.9x10(-23) cm(3) s(-1) for a dark matter particle mass of 700-1,000 GeV and direct annihilation into nu(nu) over bar. The resulting exclusion limits come close to exclusion limits from gamma-ray experiments, that focus on the outer Galactic halo, for high dark matter masses of a few TeV and hard annihilation channels.

  • 6. Abat, E.
    et al.
    Grahan, Karl-Johan
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics.
    Lafaye, Remi
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics.
    Lund-Jensen, Bengt
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics.
    Zhou, N.
    et, al
    Photon reconstruction in the ATLAS Inner Detector and Liquid Argon Barrel Calorimeter at the 2004 Combined Test Beam2011In: Journal of Instrumentation, ISSN 1748-0221, Vol. 6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The reconstruction of photons in the ATLAS detector is studied with data taken during the 2004 Combined Test Beam, where a full slice of the ATLAS detector was exposed to beams of particles of known energy at the CERN SPS. The results presented show significant differences in the longitudinal development of the electromagnetic shower between converted and unconverted photons as well as in the total measured energy. The potential to use the reconstructed converted photons as a means to precisely map the material of the tracker in front of the electromagnetic calorimeter is also considered. All results obtained are compared with a detailed Monte-Carlo simulation of the test-beam setup which is based on the same simulation and reconstruction tools as those used for the ATLAS detector itself.

  • 7. Abazov, V. M.
    et al.
    Abbott, B.
    Acharya, B. S.
    Adams, M.
    Adams, T.
    Agnew, J. P.
    Alexeev, G. D.
    Alkhazov, G.
    Alton, A.
    Askew, A.
    Atkins, S.
    Augsten, K.
    Avila, C.
    Badaud, F.
    Bagby, L.
    Baldin, B.
    Bandurin, D. V.
    Banerjee, S.
    Barberis, E.
    Baringer, P.
    Bartlett, J. F.
    Bassler, U.
    Bazterra, V.
    Bean, A.
    Begalli, M.
    Bellantoni, L.
    Beri, S. B.
    Bernardi, G.
    Bernhard, R.
    Bertram, I.
    Besancon, M.
    Beuselinck, R.
    Bhat, P. C.
    Bhatia, S.
    Bhatnagar, V.
    Blazey, G.
    Blessing, S.
    Bloom, K.
    Boehnlein, A.
    Boline, D.
    Boos, E. E.
    Borissov, G.
    Borysova, M.
    Brandt, A.
    Brandt, O.
    Brock, R.
    Bross, A.
    Brown, D.
    Bu, X. B.
    Buehler, M.
    Buescher, V.
    Bunichev, V.
    Burdin, S.
    Buszello, Claus P.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Camacho-Perez, E.
    Casey, B. C. K.
    Castilla-Valdez, H.
    Caughron, S.
    Chakrabarti, S.
    Chan, K. M.
    Chandra, A.
    Chapon, E.
    Chen, G.
    Cho, S. W.
    Choi, S.
    Choudhary, B.
    Cihangir, S.
    Claes, D.
    Clutter, J.
    Cooke, M.
    Cooper, W. E.
    Corcoran, M.
    Couderc, F.
    Cousinou, M. -C
    Cutts, D.
    Das, A.
    Davies, G.
    de Jong, S. J.
    De la Cruz-Burelo, E.
    Deliot, F.
    Demina, R.
    Denisov, D.
    Denisov, S. P.
    Desai, S.
    Deterre, C.
    DeVaughan, K.
    Diehl, H. T.
    Diesburg, M.
    Ding, P. F.
    Dominguez, A.
    Dubey, A.
    Dudko, L. V.
    Duperrin, A.
    Dutt, S.
    Eads, M.
    Edmunds, D.
    Ellison, J.
    Elvira, V. D.
    Enari, Y.
    Evans, H.
    Evdokimov, V. N.
    Faure, A.
    Feng, L.
    Ferbel, T.
    Fiedler, F.
    Filthaut, F.
    Fisher, W.
    Fisk, H. E.
    Fortner, M.
    Fox, H.
    Fuess, S.
    Garbincius, P. H.
    Garcia-Bellido, A.
    Garcia-Gonzalez, J. A.
    Gavrilov, V.
    Geng, W.
    Gerber, C. E.
    Gershtein, Y.
    Ginther, G.
    Gogota, O.
    Golovanov, G.
    Grannis, P. D.
    Greder, S.
    Greenlee, H.
    Grenier, G.
    Gris, Ph.
    Grivaz, J. -F
    Grohsjean, A.
    Gruenendahl, S.
    Gruenewald, M. W.
    Guillemin, T.
    Gutierrez, G.
    Gutierrez, P.
    Haley, J.
    Han, L.
    Harder, K.
    Harel, A.
    Hauptman, J. M.
    Hays, J.
    Head, T.
    Hebbeker, T.
    Hedin, D.
    Hegab, H.
    Heinson, A. P.
    Heintz, U.
    Hensel, C.
    Heredia-De la Cruz, I.
    Herner, K.
    Hesketh, G.
    Hildreth, M. D.
    Hirosky, R.
    Hoang, T.
    Hobbs, J. D.
    Hoeneisen, B.
    Hogan, J.
    Hohlfeld, M.
    Holzbauer, J. L.
    Howley, I.
    Hubacek, Z.
    Hynek, V.
    Iashvili, I.
    Ilchenko, Y.
    Illingworth, R.
    Ito, A. S.
    Jabeen, S.
    Jaffre, M.
    Jayasinghe, A.
    Jeong, M. S.
    Jesik, R.
    Jiang, P.
    Johns, K.
    Johnson, E.
    Johnson, M.
    Jonckheere, A.
    Jonsson, P.
    Joshi, J.
    Jung, A. W.
    Juste, A.
    Kajfasz, E.
    Karmanov, D.
    Katsanos, I.
    Kaur, M.
    Kehoe, R.
    Kermiche, S.
    Khalatyan, N.
    Khanov, A.
    Kharchilava, A.
    Kharzheev, Y. N.
    Kiselevich, I.
    Kohli, J. M.
    Kozelov, A. V.
    Kraus, J.
    Kumar, A.
    Kupco, A.
    Kurca, T.
    Kuzmin, V. A.
    Lammers, S.
    Lebrun, P.
    Lee, H. S.
    Lee, S. W.
    Lee, W. M.
    Lei, X.
    Lellouch, J.
    Li, D.
    Li, H.
    Li, L.
    Li, Q. Z.
    Lim, J. K.
    Lincoln, D.
    Linnemann, J.
    Lipaev, V. V.
    Lipton, R.
    Liu, H.
    Liu, Y.
    Lobodenko, A.
    Lokajicek, M.
    de Sa, R. Lopes
    Luna-Garcia, R.
    Lyon, A. L.
    Maciel, A. K. A.
    Madar, R.
    Magana-Villalba, R.
    Malik, S.
    Malyshev, V. L.
    Mansour, J.
    Martinez-Ortega, J.
    McCarthy, R.
    McGivern, C. L.
    Meijer, M. M.
    Melnitchouk, A.
    Menezes, D.
    Mercadante, P. G.
    Merkin, M.
    Meyer, A.
    Meyer, J.
    Miconi, F.
    Mondal, N. K.
    Mulhearn, M.
    Nagy, E.
    Narain, M.
    Nayyar, R.
    Neal, H. A.
    Negret, J. P.
    Neustroev, P.
    Nguyen, H. T.
    Nunnemann, T.
    Orduna, J.
    Osman, N.
    Osta, J.
    Pal, A.
    Parashar, N.
    Parihar, V.
    Park, S. K.
    Partridge, R.
    Parua, N.
    Patwa, A.
    Penning, B.
    Perfilov, M.
    Peters, Y.
    Petridis, K.
    Petrillo, G.
    Petroff, P.
    Pleier, M. -A
    Podstavkov, V. M.
    Popov, A. V.
    Prewitt, M.
    Price, D.
    Prokopenko, N.
    Qian, J.
    Quadt, A.
    Quinn, B.
    Ratoff, P. N.
    Razumov, I.
    Ripp-Baudot, I.
    Rizatdinova, F.
    Rominsky, M.
    Ross, A.
    Royon, C.
    Rubinov, P.
    Ruchti, R.
    Sajot, G.
    Sanchez-Hernandez, A.
    Sanders, M. P.
    Santos, A. S.
    Savage, G.
    Savitskyi, M.
    Sawyer, L.
    Scanlon, T.
    Schamberger, R. D.
    Scheglov, Y.
    Schellman, H.
    Schwanenberger, C.
    Schwienhorst, R.
    Sekaric, J.
    Severini, H.
    Shabalina, E.
    Shary, V.
    Shaw, S.
    Shchukin, A. A.
    Simak, V.
    Skubic, P.
    Slattery, P.
    Smirnov, D.
    Snow, G. R.
    Snow, J.
    Snyder, S.
    Soeldner-Rembold, S.
    Sonnenschein, L.
    Soustruznik, K.
    Stark, J.
    Stoyanova, D. A.
    Strauss, M.
    Suter, L.
    Svoisky, P.
    Titov, M.
    Tokmenin, V. V.
    Tsai, Y. -T
    Tsybychev, D.
    Tuchming, B.
    Tully, C.
    Uvarov, L.
    Uvarov, S.
    Uzunyan, S.
    Van Kooten, R.
    van Leeuwen, W. M.
    Varelas, N.
    Varnes, E. W.
    Vasilyev, I. A.
    Verkheev, A. Y.
    Vertogradov, L. S.
    Verzocchi, M.
    Vesterinen, M.
    Vilanova, D.
    Vokac, P.
    Wahl, H. D.
    Wang, M. H. L. S.
    Warchol, J.
    Watts, G.
    Wayne, M.
    Weichert, J.
    Welty-Rieger, L.
    Williams, M. R. J.
    Wilson, G. W.
    Wobisch, M.
    Wood, D. R.
    Wyatt, T. R.
    Xie, Y.
    Yamada, R.
    Yang, S.
    Yasuda, T.
    Yatsunenko, Y. A.
    Ye, W.
    Ye, Z.
    Yin, H.
    Yip, K.
    Youn, S. W.
    Yu, J. M.
    Zennamo, J.
    Zhao, T. G.
    Zhou, B.
    Zhu, J.
    Zielinski, M.
    Zieminska, D.
    Zivkovic, L.
    Measurement of the Forward-Backward Asymmetry in the Production lof B-+/- Mesons in p(p)over-bar Collisions at root s=1.96 TeV2015In: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 114, no 5Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a measurement of the forward-backward asymmetry in the production of B-+/- mesons, A(FB)(B-+/-) using B-+/- -> J/ Psi K-+/- decays in 10.4 fb(-1) of p (p) over bar collisions at root s = 1.96 TeV collected by the D0 experiment during Run II of the Tevatron collider. A nonzero asymmetry would indicate a preference for a particular flavor, i.e., b quark or (b) over bar antiquark, to be produced in the direction of the proton beam. We extract A(FB) (B-+/-) from a maximum likelihood fit to the difference between the numbers of forward-and backward-produced B-+/- mesons. We measure an asymmetry consistent with zero: A(FB) (B-+/-) = [-0.24 +/- 0.41 (stat) +/- 0.19 (syst)] %.

  • 8. Abbas, Syed Sohail
    et al.
    Popov, Sergei Yu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Optics and Photonics (Closed 20120101), Optics (Closed 20120101).
    Compact Er 3+-doped ZBLAN green upconversion fibre laser2011In: World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology: An International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology, ISSN 2010-376X, E-ISSN 2070-3740, Vol. 78, 756-758 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, a fibre laser at 546 nm has been studied for a signal power of -30 dB. Er 3+-doped ZBLAN fibre has been used by upconversion pumping of a 980 nm laser diode. Gain saturation effect has been investigated in detail. Laser performance has also been discussed. An efficiency of 35% has been calculated with a length of 5 mm fibre laser. Results show that Er 3+-doped ZBLAN is a promising candidate for optical amplification at 546 nm.

  • 9.
    Abedi-Valugerdi, Manuchehr
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Mercury and silver induce B cell activation and anti-nucleolar autoantibody production in outbred mouse stocks: are environmental factors more important than the susceptibility genes in connection with autoimmunity?2009In: Clinical and Experimental Immunology, ISSN 0009-9104, E-ISSN 1365-2249, Vol. 155, no 1, 117-124 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental and predisposing genetic factors are known to play a crucial role in the development of systemic autoimmune diseases. With respect to the role of environmental factors, it is not known how and to what extent they contribute to the initiation and exacerbation of systemic autoimmunity. In the present study, I considered this issue and asked if environmental factors can induce autoimmunity in the absence of specific susceptible genes. The development of genetically controlled mercury- and silver-induced B cell activation and anti-nucleolar autoantibodies (ANolA) production in genetically heterozygous outbred Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), Naval Medical Research Institute (NMRI) and Black Swiss mouse stocks were analysed. Four weeks of treatment with both mercury and silver induced a strong B cell activation characterized by increased numbers of splenic antibody-secreting cells of at least one or more immunoglobulin (Ig) isotype(s) in all treated stocks. The three stocks also exhibited a marked increase in the serum IgE levels in response to mercury, but not silver. More importantly, in response to mercury a large numbers of ICR (88%), NMRI (96%) and Black Swiss (100%) mice produced different levels of IgG1 and IgG2a ANolA (a characteristic which is linked strictly to the H-2 genes). Similarly, but at lower magnitudes, treatment with silver also induced the production of IgG1 and IgG2a ANolA in 60% of ICR, 75% of NMRI and 100% of Black Swiss mice. Thus, the findings of this study suggest that long-term exposure to certain environmental factors can activate the immune system to produce autoimmunity per se, without requiring specific susceptible genes.

  • 10.
    Abel, Martin
    et al.
    University of Texas, Physics Department.
    Frommhold, Lothar
    University of Texas, Physics Department.
    Gustafsson, Magnus
    Department of Chemistry, University of Gothenburg.
    Collision-induced absorption at wavelengths near 5 μm by dense hydrogen gas2009In: Journal of Chemical Physics, ISSN 0021-9606, E-ISSN 1089-7690, Vol. 131, no 18, 181102Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on a recent ab initiointeraction-induced dipole surface of collisionally interacting molecular hydrogen pairs H2–H2, we compute the binary absorption coefficients at wavelengths near 5 μm at temperatures of 77.5 and 297 K for comparison with existing laboratory measurements. We observe satisfactory agreement of the measurements with our calculations, thereby concluding an earlier study [Gustafsson et al., J. Chem. Phys.119, 12264 (2003)], which was based on an ab initiointeraction-induced dipole surface that was inadequate for the 5 μm band.

  • 11.
    Abel, Martin
    et al.
    University of Texas, Physics Department.
    Frommhold, Lothar
    University of Texas, Physics Department.
    Wang, Fei
    Physics Department, Beijing Institute of Technology, China, University of Texas, Physics Department.
    Gustafsson, Magnus
    Department of Chemistry, University of Gothenburg.
    Li, Xiaoping
    Department of Chemistry, Michigan State University.
    Hunt, Katherine L.C.
    Department of Chemistry, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Department of Chemistry, Michigan State University.
    Collision-induced absorption by supermolecular complexes from a new potential energy and induced dipole surface, suited for calculations up to thousands of kelvin2010In: 20th International Conference on Spectral Line Shapes: St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada, 6 - 11 June 2010 ; [20th ICSLS] / [ed] John K.C. Lewis; Adriana Predoi-Cross, Melville, NY: American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2010, 251-257 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Absorption by pairs of H2 molecules is an important opacity source in the atmospheres of the outer planets, and thus of special astronomical interest. The emission spectra of cool white dwarf stars differ significantly from the expected blackbody spectra, amongst other reasons due to absorption by H2-H2, H2-He, and H2-H collisional complexes in the stellar atmospheres. To model the radiative processes in these atmospheres, which have temperatures of several thousand kelvin, one needs accurate knowledge of the induced dipole (ID) and potential energy surfaces (PES) of such collisional complexes. These come from quantum-chemical calculations with the H2 bonds stretched or compressed far from equilibrium. Laboratory measurements of collision-induced (CI) absorption exist only at much lower temperature. For H2 pairs at room temperature, the calculated spectra of the rototranslational band, the fundamental band, and the first overtone match the experimental data very well. In addition, with the newly obtained IDS it became possible to reproduce the measurements in the far blue wing of the rototranslational spectrum of H2 at 77.5 K, as well as at 300 K. Similarly good agreement between theory and measurement is seen in the fundamental band of molecular deuterium at room temperature. Furthermore, we also show the calculated absorption spectra of H2-He at 600 K and of H2-H2 at 2,000 K, for which there are no experimental data for comparison

  • 12.
    Abergel, David
    et al.
    KTH, Centres, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics NORDITA.
    Edge, Jonathan M.
    Balatsky, Alexander V.
    KTH, Centres, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics NORDITA.
    The role of spin-orbit coupling in topologically protected interface states in Dirac materials2014In: New Journal of Physics, ISSN 1367-2630, E-ISSN 1367-2630, Vol. 16, 065012- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We highlight the fact that two-dimensional (2D) materials with Dirac-like low energy band structures and spin-orbit coupling (SOC) will produce linearly dispersing topologically protected Jackiw-Rebbi modes at interfaces where the Dirac mass changes sign. These modes may support persistent spin or valley currents parallel to the interface, and the exact arrangement of such topologically protected currents depends crucially on the details of the SOC in the material. As examples, we discuss buckled 2D hexagonal lattices such as silicene or germanene, and transition metal dichalcogenides such as MoS2.

  • 13.
    Abidin, Aysajan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Information Coding. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Pacher, Christoph
    Austrian Institute of Technology, Austria.
    Lorünser, Thomas
    Austrian Institute of Technology, Austria.
    Larsson, Jan-Åke
    Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Information Coding. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Peev, Momtchil
    Austrian Institute of Technology, Austria.
    Quantum cryptography and authentication with low key-consumption2011In: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2011, 818916- p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Quantum Key Distribution (QKD - also referred to as Quantum Cryptography) is a technique for secret key agreement. It has been shown that QKD rigged with Information-Theoretic Secure (ITS) authentication (using secret key) of the classical messages transmitted during the key distribution protocol is also ITS. Note, QKD without any authentication can trivially be broken by man-in-the-middle attacks. Here, we study an authentication method that was originally proposed because of its low key consumption; a two-step authentication that uses a publicly known hash function, followed by a secret strongly universal2 hash function, which is exchanged each round. This two-step authentication is not information-theoretically secure but it was argued that nevertheless it does not compromise the security of QKD. In the current contribution we study intrinsic weaknesses of this approach under the common assumption that the QKD adversary has access to unlimited resources including quantum memories. We consider one implementation of Quantum Cryptographic protocols that use such authentication and demonstrate an attack that fully extract the secret key. Even including the final key from the protocol in the authentication does not rule out the possibility of these attacks. To rectify the situation, we propose a countermeasure that, while not informationtheoretically secure, restores the need for very large computing power for the attack to work. Finally, we specify conditions that must be satisfied by the two-step authentication in order to restore informationtheoretic security.

  • 14. Ablikim, M.
    et al.
    Achasov, M. N.
    Ai, X. C.
    Albayrak, O.
    Albrecht, M.
    Ambrose, D. J.
    Amoroso, A.
    An, F. F.
    An, Q.
    Bai, J. Z.
    Ferroli, R. Baldini
    Ban, Y.
    Bennett, D. W.
    Bennett, J. V.
    Bertani, M.
    Bettoni, D.
    Bian, J. M.
    Bianchi, F.
    Boger, E.
    Bondarenko, O.
    Boyko, I.
    Briere, R. A.
    Cai, H.
    Cai, X.
    Cakir, O.
    Calcaterra, A.
    Cao, G. F.
    Cetin, S. A.
    Chang, J. F.
    Chelkov, G.
    Chen, G.
    Chen, H. S.
    Chen, H. Y.
    Chen, J. C.
    Chen, M. L.
    Chen, S. J.
    Chen, X.
    Chen, X. R.
    Chen, Y. B.
    Cheng, H. P.
    Chu, X. K.
    Cibinetto, G.
    Cronin-Hennessy, D.
    Dai, H. L.
    Dai, J. P.
    Dbeyssi, A.
    Dedovich, D.
    Deng, Z. Y.
    Denig, A.
    Denysenko, I.
    Destefanis, M.
    De Mori, F.
    Ding, Y.
    Dong, C.
    Dong, J.
    Dong, L. Y.
    Dong, M. Y.
    Du, S. X.
    Duan, P. F.
    Fan, J. Z.
    Fang, J.
    Fang, S. S.
    Fang, X.
    Fang, Y.
    Fava, L.
    Feldbauer, F.
    Felici, G.
    Feng, C. Q.
    Fioravanti, E.
    Fritsch, M.
    Fu, C. D.
    Gao, Q.
    Gao, Y.
    Garzia, I.
    Goetzen, K.
    Gong, W. X.
    Gradl, W.
    Greco, M.
    Gu, M. H.
    Gu, Y. T.
    Guan, Y. H.
    Guo, A. Q.
    Guo, L. B.
    Guo, T.
    Guo, Y.
    Guo, Y. P.
    Haddadi, Z.
    Hafner, A.
    Han, S.
    Han, Y. L.
    Harris, F. A.
    He, K. L.
    He, Z. Y.
    Held, T.
    Heng, Y. K.
    Hou, Z. L.
    Hu, C.
    Hu, H. M.
    Hu, J. F.
    Hu, T.
    Hu, Y.
    Huang, G. M.
    Huang, G. S.
    Huang, H. P.
    Huang, J. S.
    Huang, X. T.
    Huang, Y.
    Hussain, T.
    Ji, Q.
    Ji, Q. P.
    Ji, X. B.
    Ji, X. L.
    Jiang, L. L.
    Jiang, L. W.
    Jiang, X. S.
    Jiao, J. B.
    Jiao, Z.
    Jin, D. P.
    Jin, S.
    Johansson, Tord
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Julin, A.
    Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N.
    Kang, X. L.
    Kang, X. S.
    Kavatsyuk, M.
    Ke, B. C.
    Kliemt, R.
    Kloss, B.
    Kolcu, O. B.
    Kopf, B.
    Kornicer, M.
    Kuehn, W.
    Kupsc, Andrzej
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Lai, W.
    Lange, J. S.
    Lara, M.
    Larin, P.
    Li, C. H.
    Li, Cheng
    Li, D. M.
    Li, F.
    Li, G.
    Li, H. B.
    Li, J. C.
    Li, Jin
    Li, K.
    Li, P. R.
    Li, T.
    Li, W. D.
    Li, W. G.
    Li, X. L.
    Li, X. M.
    Li, X. N.
    Li, X. Q.
    Li, Z. B.
    Liang, H.
    Liang, Y. F.
    Liang, Y. T.
    Liao, G. R.
    Lin, D. X.
    Liu, B. J.
    Liu, C. L.
    Liu, C. X.
    Liu, F. H.
    Liu, Fang
    Liu, Feng
    Liu, H. B.
    Liu, H. H.
    Liu, H. M.
    Liu, J.
    Liu, J. P.
    Liu, J. Y.
    Liu, K.
    Liu, K. Y.
    Liu, L. D.
    Liu, P. L.
    Liu, Q.
    Liu, S. B.
    Liu, X.
    Liu, X. X.
    Liu, Y. B.
    Liu, Z. A.
    Liu, Zhiqiang
    Liu, Zhiqing
    Loehner, H.
    Lou, X. C.
    Lu, H. J.
    Lu, J. G.
    Lu, R. Q.
    Lu, Y.
    Lu, Y. P.
    Luo, C. L.
    Luo, M. X.
    Luo, T.
    Luo, X. L.
    Lv, M.
    Lyu, X. R.
    Ma, F. C.
    Ma, H. L.
    Ma, L. L.
    Ma, Q. M.
    Ma, S.
    Ma, T.
    Ma, X. N.
    Ma, X. Y.
    Maas, F. E.
    Maggiora, M.
    Malik, Q. A.
    Mao, Y. J.
    Mao, Z. P.
    Marcello, S.
    Messchendorp, J. G.
    Min, J.
    Min, T. J.
    Mitchell, R. E.
    Mo, X. H.
    Mo, Y. J.
    Morales, C. Morales
    Moriya, K.
    Muchnoi, N. Yu.
    Muramatsu, H.
    Nefedov, Y.
    Nerling, F.
    Nikolaev, I. B.
    Ning, Z.
    Nisar, S.
    Niu, S. L.
    Niu, X. Y.
    Olsen, S. L.
    Ouyang, Q.
    Pacetti, S.
    Patteri, P.
    Pelizaeus, M.
    Peng, H. P.
    Peters, K.
    Ping, J. L.
    Ping, R. G.
    Poling, R.
    Pu, Y. N.
    Qi, M.
    Qian, S.
    Qiao, C. F.
    Qin, L. Q.
    Qin, N.
    Qin, X. S.
    Qin, Y.
    Qin, Z. H.
    Qiu, J. F.
    Rashid, K. H.
    Redmer, C. F.
    Ren, H. L.
    Ripka, M.
    Rong, G.
    Ruan, X. D.
    Santoro, V.
    Sarantsev, A.
    Savrie, M.
    Schönning, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Schumann, S.
    Shan, W.
    Shao, M.
    Shen, C. P.
    Shen, P. X.
    Shen, X. Y.
    Sheng, H. Y.
    Shepherd, M. R.
    Song, W. M.
    Song, X. Y.
    Sosio, S.
    Spataro, S.
    Spruck, B.
    Sun, G. X.
    Sun, J. F.
    Sun, S. S.
    Sun, Y. J.
    Sun, Y. Z.
    Sun, Z. J.
    Sun, Z. T.
    Tang, C. J.
    Tang, X.
    Tapan, I.
    Thorndike, E. H.
    Tiemens, M.
    Toth, D.
    Ullrich, M.
    Uman, I.
    Varner, G. S.
    Wang, B.
    Wang, B. L.
    Wang, D.
    Wang, D. Y.
    Wang, K.
    Wang, L. L.
    Wang, L. S.
    Wang, M.
    Wang, P.
    Wang, P. L.
    Wang, Q. J.
    Wang, S. G.
    Wang, W.
    Wang, X. F.
    Wang, Y. D.
    Wang, Y. F.
    Wang, Y. Q.
    Wang, Z.
    Wang, Z. G.
    Wang, Z. H.
    Wang, Z. Y.
    Weber, T.
    Wei, D. H.
    Wei, J. B.
    Weidenkaff, P.
    Wen, S. P.
    Wiedner, U.
    Wolke, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Wu, L. H.
    Wu, Z.
    Xia, L. G.
    Xia, Y.
    Xiao, D.
    Xiao, Z. J.
    Xie, Y. G.
    Xu, G. F.
    Xu, L.
    Xu, Q. J.
    Xu, Q. N.
    Xu, X. P.
    Yan, L.
    Yan, W. B.
    Yan, W. C.
    Yan, Y. H.
    Yang, H. X.
    Yang, L.
    Yang, Y.
    Yang, Y. X.
    Ye, H.
    Ye, M.
    Ye, M. H.
    Yin, J. H.
    Yu, B. X.
    Yu, C. X.
    Yu, H. W.
    Yu, J. S.
    Yuan, C. Z.
    Yuan, W. L.
    Yuan, Y.
    Yuncu, A.
    Zafar, A. A.
    Zallo, A.
    Zeng, Y.
    Zhang, B. X.
    Zhang, B. Y.
    Zhang, C.
    Zhang, C. C.
    Zhang, D. H.
    Zhang, H. H.
    Zhang, H. Y.
    Zhang, J. J.
    Zhang, J. L.
    Zhang, J. Q.
    Zhang, J. W.
    Zhang, J. Y.
    Zhang, J. Z.
    Zhang, K.
    Zhang, L.
    Zhang, S. H.
    Zhang, X. J.
    Zhang, X. Y.
    Zhang, Y.
    Zhang, Y. H.
    Zhang, Z. H.
    Zhang, Z. P.
    Zhang, Z. Y.
    Zhao, G.
    Zhao, J. W.
    Zhao, J. Y.
    Zhao, J. Z.
    Zhao, Lei
    Zhao, Ling
    Zhao, M. G.
    Zhao, Q.
    Zhao, Q. W.
    Zhao, S. J.
    Zhao, T. C.
    Zhao, Y. B.
    Zhao, Z. G.
    Zhemchugov, A.
    Zheng, B.
    Zheng, J. P.
    Zheng, W. J.
    Zheng, Y. H.
    Zhong, B.
    Zhou, L.
    Zhou, Li
    Zhou, X.
    Zhou, X. K.
    Zhou, X. R.
    Zhou, X. Y.
    Zhu, K.
    Zhu, K. J.
    Zhu, S.
    Zhu, X. L.
    Zhu, Y. C.
    Zhu, Y. S.
    Zhu, Z. A.
    Zhuang, J.
    Zou, B. S.
    Zou, J. H.
    Precision measurement of the D*(0) decay branching fractions2015In: Physical Review D, ISSN 1550-7998, Vol. 91, no 3, 031101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using 482 pb(-1) of data taken at root s = 4.009 GeV, we measure the branching fractions of the decays of D*(0) into D-0 pi(0) and D-0 gamma to be B(D*(0) -> D-0 pi(0)) = (65.5 +/- 0.8 +/- 0.5)% and B(D*(0) -> D0 gamma) = (34.5 +/- 0.8 +/- 0.5)%, respectively, by assuming that the D*(0) decays only into these two modes. The ratio of the two branching fractions is B(D*(0) -> D-0 pi(0))/B(D*(0) -> D-0 gamma) = 1.90 +/- 0.07 +/- 0.05, which is independent of the assumption made above. The first uncertainties are statistical and the second ones systematic. The precision is improved by a factor of 3 compared to the present world average values.

  • 15. Abramov, V.
    et al.
    Paal, E.Tallinn University of Technology.Silvestrov, Sergei D.Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.Stolin, A.Chalmers University of Techology.
    Proceedings of the 3rd Baltic-Nordic Workshop “Algebra, Geometry, and Mathematical Physics”2008Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
  • 16. Abramowski, A.
    et al.
    Acero, F.
    Aharonian, F.
    Akhperjanian, A. G.
    Anton, G.
    Balzer, A.
    Barnacka, A.
    Becherini, Yvonne
    Université Paris Diderot.
    Becker, J.
    Bernloehr, K.
    Birsin, E.
    Biteau, J.
    Bochow, A.
    Boisson, C.
    Bolmont, J.
    Bordas, P.
    Brucker, J.
    Brun, F.
    Brun, P.
    Bulik, T.
    Buesching, I.
    Carrigan, S.
    Casanova, S.
    Cerruti, M.
    Chadwick, P. M.
    Charbonnier, A.
    Chaves, R. C. G.
    Cheesebrough, A.
    Cologna, G.
    Conrad, J.
    Couturier, C.
    Dalton, M.
    Daniel, M. K.
    Davids, I. D.
    Degrange, B.
    Deil, C.
    Dickinson, H. J.
    Djannati-Atai, A.
    Domainko, W.
    Drury, L. O 'C.
    Dubus, G.
    Dutson, K.
    Dyks, J.
    Dyrda, M.
    Egberts, K.
    Eger, P.
    Espigat, P.
    Fallon, L.
    Fegan, S.
    Feinstein, F.
    Fernandes, M. V.
    Fiasson, A.
    Fontaine, G.
    Foerster, A.
    Fuessling, M.
    Gajdus, M.
    Gallant, Y. A.
    Garrigoux, T.
    Gast, H.
    Gerard, L.
    Giebels, B.
    Glicenstein, J. F.
    Glueck, B.
    Goering, D.
    Grondin, M. -H
    Haeffner, S.
    Hague, J. D.
    Hahn, J.
    Hampf, D.
    Harris, J.
    Hauser, M.
    Heinz, S.
    Heinzelmann, G.
    Henri, G.
    Hermann, G.
    Hillert, A.
    Hinton, J. A.
    Hofmann, W.
    Hofverberg, P.
    Holler, M.
    Horns, D.
    Jacholkowska, A.
    Jahn, C.
    Jamrozy, M.
    Jung, I.
    Kastendieck, M. A.
    Katarzynski, K.
    Katz, U.
    Kaufmann, S.
    Khelifi, B.
    Klochkov, D.
    Kluzniak, W.
    Kneiske, T.
    Komin, Nu
    Kosack, K.
    Kossakowski, R.
    Krayzel, F.
    Laffon, H.
    Lamanna, G.
    Lenain, J. -P
    Lennarz, D.
    Lohse, T.
    Lopatin, A.
    Lu, C. -C
    Marandon, V.
    Marcowith, A.
    Masbou, J.
    Maurin, G.
    Maxted, N.
    Mayer, M.
    McComb, T. J. L.
    Medina, M. C.
    Mehault, J.
    Moderski, R.
    Mohamed, M.
    Moulin, E.
    Naumann, C. L.
    Naumann-Godo, M.
    de Naurois, M.
    Nedbal, D.
    Nekrassov, D.
    Nguyen, N.
    Nicholas, B.
    Niemiec, J.
    Nolan, S. J.
    Ohm, S.
    Wilhelmi, E. de Ona
    Opitz, B.
    Ostrowski, M.
    Oya, I.
    Panter, M.
    Arribas, M. Paz
    Pekeur, N. W.
    Pelletier, G.
    Perez, J.
    Petrucci, P. -O
    Peyaud, B.
    Pita, S.
    Puehlhofer, G.
    Punch, Michael
    Univ Paris Diderot, APC, AstroParticule & Cosmology, CNRS,IN2P3,CEA,Irfu, Observ Paris,Sorbonne Paris C, 10 Rue Alice Domon & Leonie Duquet, F-75205 Paris 13, France.
    Quirrenbach, A.
    Raue, M.
    Reimer, A.
    Reimer, O.
    Renaud, M.
    de los Reyes, R.
    Rieger, F.
    Ripken, J.
    Rob, L.
    Rosier-Lees, S.
    Rowell, G.
    Rudak, B.
    Rulten, C. B.
    Sahakian, V.
    Sanchez, D. A.
    Santangelo, A.
    Schlickeiser, R.
    Schulz, A.
    Schwanke, U.
    Schwarzburg, S.
    Schwemmer, S.
    Sheidaei, F.
    Skilton, J. L.
    Sol, H.
    Spengler, G.
    Stawarz, L.
    Steenkamp, R.
    Stegmann, C.
    Stinzing, F.
    Stycz, K.
    Sushch, I.
    Szostek, A.
    Tavernet, J. -P
    Terrier, R.
    Tluczykont, M.
    Valerius, K.
    van Eldik, C.
    Vasileiadis, G.
    Venter, C.
    Viana, A.
    Vincent, P.
    Voelk, H. J.
    Volpe, F.
    Vorobiov, S.
    Vorster, M.
    Wagner, S. J.
    Ward, M.
    White, R.
    Wierzcholska, A.
    Zacharias, M.
    Zajczyk, A.
    Zdziarski, A. A.
    Zech, A.
    Zechlin, H. -S
    Spectral Analysis and Interpretation of the γ-ray Emission from the Starburst Galaxy NGC 2532012In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 757, no 2, 158- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Very high energy (VHE; E >= 100 GeV) and high-energy (HE; 100 MeV <= E <= 100 GeV) data from gamma-ray observations performed with the H. E. S. S. telescope array and the Fermi-LAT instrument, respectively, are analyzed in order to investigate the non-thermal processes in the starburst galaxy NGC 253. The VHE gamma-ray data can be described by a power law in energy with differential photon index Gamma = 2.14 +/- 0.18(stat) +/- 0.30(sys) and differential flux normalization at 1 TeV of F-0 = (9.6 +/- 1.5(stat)(+5.7, -2.9)(sys)) x 10(-14) TeV-1 cm(-2) s(-1). A power-law fit to the differential HE gamma-ray spectrum reveals a photon index of Gamma = 2.24 +/- 0.14(stat) +/- 0.03(sys) and an integral flux between 200 MeV and 200 GeV of F(0.2-200 GeV) = (4.9 +/- 1.0(stat) +/- 0.3(sys)) x 10(-9) cm(-2) s(-1). No evidence for a spectral break or turnover is found over the dynamic range of both the LAT instrument and the H.E.S.S. experiment: a combined fit of a power law to the HE and VHE gamma-ray data results in a differential photon index Gamma = 2.34 +/- 0.03 with a p-value of 30%. The gamma-ray observations indicate that at least about 20% of the energy of the cosmic rays (CRs) capable of producing hadronic interactions is channeled into pion production. The smooth alignment between the spectra in the HE and VHE gamma-ray domain suggests that the same transport processes dominate in the entire energy range. Advection is most likely responsible for charged particle removal from the starburst nucleus from GeV to multiple TeV energies. In a hadronic scenario for the gamma-ray production, the single overall power-law spectrum observed would therefore correspond to the mean energy spectrum produced by the ensemble of CR sources in the starburst region.

  • 17.
    Abramson, Nils H.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering, Metrology and Optics.
    Appearance of Objects at Relativistic Velocities, a Holographic Approach2010In: SEARCH FOR FUNDAMENTAL THEORY / [ed] Amoroso RL, Rowlands P, Jeffers S, MELVILLE, NY: AMER INST PHYSICS , 2010, Vol. 1316, 118-124 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A diagram borrowed from holographic interferometry has been applied to visualize phenomena in Special Relativity. It displays how a sphere of observation is by velocity elongated into an ellipsoid of observation and produces graphically all the well accepted equations of Einsteins Special Relativity. The Lorentz contraction, however, is explained as an elongation of the measuring rod, the meter, which by definition is based on either a specific number of wavelengths or the velocity of light multiplied by time. The diagram displays the total apparent object distortions including not only the Lorentz contraction but also larger apparent contractions and elongations caused by the classic Doppler Effect. The reasons of these deformations are the delays caused by variations in distance from observer to different parts of the moving object. In this paper we do not discuss the meaning of apparent, as compared to real, deformation.

  • 18.
    Abramson, Nils H.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering.
    Elliptic visualizing optical resolution and kinetic energy2017In: Applied Optics, ISSN 1559-128X, E-ISSN 2155-3165, Vol. 56, no 5, 1413-1416 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Diffraction limited resolution as introduced by Abbe is well established, but interference limited resolution was not well known until holographic interferometry was introduced. The holodiagram is used to simplify holography and in a new way visualize the distribution, ratio, and relation among resolutions of different optical techniques, including relativistic phenomena. Resolution, when measured by optical methods based on the number of wavelengths of light, is defined in the following as the minimum distance between resolvable points, or the largest object needed to be resolved. Everywhere in the diagram this resolution is represented by two orthogonal diagonals of rhombs.

  • 19.
    Abramson, Nils H.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering, Metrology and Optics.
    Holodiagram: elliptic visualizing interferometry, relativity, and light-in-flight2014In: Applied Optics, ISSN 1559-128X, E-ISSN 2155-3165, Vol. 53, no 11, 2398-2404 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In holographic interferometry, there is usually a static distance separating the point of illumination and the point of observation. In Special Relativity, this separation is dynamic and is caused by the velocity of the observer. The corrections needed to compensate for these separations are similar in the two fields. We use the ellipsoids of the holodiagram for measurement and in a graphic way to explain and evaluate optical resolution, gated viewing, radar, holography, three-dimensional interferometry, Special Relativity, and light-in-flight recordings. Lorentz contraction together with time dilation is explained as the result of the eccentricity of the measuring ellipsoid, caused by its velocity. The extremely thin ellipsoid of the very first light appears as a beam aimed directly at the observer, which might explain the wave or ray duality of light and entanglement. Finally, we introduce the concept of ellipsoids of observation.

  • 20.
    Abramson, Nils H.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM).
    Holographic Metrology and Basic Physics2013In: Journal of Physics, Conference Series, ISSN 1742-6588, E-ISSN 1742-6596, Vol. 415, no 1, 012030- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A short pulse of light is emitted from one point followed by a short observation from another point separated in space and time from the first. Even if space is full of scattering particles no sphere of expanding light is seen from outside by the observer, instead he finds himself inside an ellipsoid of light. We use this ellipsoid for measurement and in a graphic way to explain and evaluate optical resolution, gated viewing, radar, holography, 3-D interferometry and Special Relativity. In the later case the Lorentz Contraction together with the Time Dilation are explained as results of the eccentricity of the measuring ellipsoid, caused by its velocity. Finally, the extremely thin ellipsoid of the very first light appears as a beam aimed directly at the observer which might explain the wave or ray duality of light and entanglement.

  • 21.
    Abramson, Nils H.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering, Metrology and Optics.
    INSTANT RANDOM INFORMATION2010In: SEARCH FOR FUNDAMENTAL THEORY / [ed] Amoroso RL, Rowlands P, Jeffers S, MELVILLE, NY: AMER INST PHYSICS , 2010, Vol. 1316, 113-117 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Information is carried by matter or by energy and thus Einstein stated that "no information can travel faster than light." He also was very critical to the "Spooky action at distance" as described in Quantum Physics. However, many verified experiments have proven that the "Spooky actions" not only work at distance but also that they travel at a velocity faster than light, probably at infinite velocity. Examples are Young's fringes at low light levels or entanglements. My explanation is that this information is without energy. In the following I will refer to this spooky information as exformation, where "ex-" refers to existence, the information is not transported in any way, it simply exists. Thus Einstein might have been wrong when he stated that no information can travel faster than light. But he was is right in that no detectable information can travel faster than light. Phenomena connected to entanglement appear at first to be exceptions, but in those cases the information can not be reconstructed until energy is later sent in the form of correlation using ordinary information at the velocity of light. In entanglement we see that even if the exformation can not be detected directly because its luck of energy it still can influence what happens at random, bemuse in Quantum Physics there is by definition no energy difference between two states that happen randomly.

  • 22. Abrikosov, I. A.
    et al.
    Ponomareva, A. V.
    Barannikova, S. A.
    Hellman, O.
    Vekilova, O.Yu.
    Simak, S. I.
    Ruban, Andrei V.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Applied Material Physics.
    Multiscale approach to theoretical simulations of materials for nuclear energy applications: Fe-Cr and Zr-based alloys2013In: Advances in materials for nuclear energy: symposium held November 25-30, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A., Materials Research Society, 2013, 3-14 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We review basic ideas behind state-of-the-art techniques for first-principles theoretical simulations of the phase stabilities and properties of alloys. We concentrate on methods that allow for an efficient treatment of compositional and thermal disorder effects. In particular, we present novel approach to evaluate free energy for strongly anharmonic systems. Theoretical tools are then employed in studies of two materials systems relevant for nuclear energy applications: Fe-Cr and Zr-based alloys. In particular, we investigate the effect of hydrostatic pressure and multicomponent alloying on the mixing enthalpy of Fe-Cr alloys, and show that in the ferromagnetic state both of them reduce the alloy stability at low Cr concentration. For Zr-Nb alloys, we demonstrate how microscopic parameters calculated from first-principles can be used in higher-level models.

  • 23.
    Adenier, Guillaume
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering. Mathematics.
    Khrennikov, Andrei
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering. Mathematics.
    Is the fair sampling assumption supported by EPR experiments?2007In: Journal of Physics B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys., ISSN 0953-4075, Vol. 40, no 1, 131-141 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyse optical EPR experimental data performed by Weihs et al in Innsbruck 1997–1998. We show that for some linear combinations of the raw coincidence rates, the experimental results display some anomalous behaviour that a more general source state (like non-maximally entangled state) cannot straightforwardly account for. We attempt to explain these anomalies by taking account of the relative efficiencies of the four channels. For this purpose, we use the fair sampling assumption, and assume explicitly that the detection efficiencies for the pairs of entangled photons can be written as a product of the two corresponding detection efficiencies for the single photons. We show that this explicit use of fair sampling cannot be maintained to be a reasonable assumption as it leads to an apparent violation of the no-signalling principle.

  • 24.
    Adlmann, Franz A.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
    Gutfreund, P.
    Ankner, J. F.
    Browning, J. F.
    Parizzi, A.
    Vacaliuc, B.
    Halbert, C. E.
    Rich, J. P.
    Dennison, A. J. C.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
    Wolff, Max
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
    Towards neutron scattering experiments with sub-millisecond time resolution2015In: Journal of applied crystallography, ISSN 0021-8898, E-ISSN 1600-5767, Vol. 48, 220-226 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Neutron scattering techniques offer several unique opportunities in materials research. However, most neutron scattering experiments suffer from the limited flux available at current facilities. This limitation becomes even more severe if time-resolved or kinetic experiments are performed. A new method has been developed which overcomes these limitations when a reversible process is studied, without any compromise on resolution or beam intensity. It is demonstrated that, by recording in absolute time the neutron detector events linked to an excitation, information can be resolved on sub-millisecond timescales. Specifically, the concept of the method is demonstrated by neutron reflectivity measurements in time-of-flight mode at the Liquids Reflectometer located at the Spallation Neutron Source, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, USA, combined with in situ rheometry. The opportunities and limitations of this new technique are evaluated by investigations of a micellar polymer solution offering excellent scattering contrast combined with high sensitivity to shear.

  • 25.
    Adlmann, Franz A.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
    Pálsson, Gunnar Karl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
    Bilheux, J. C.
    Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Spallat Neutron Source, Oak Ridge, TN USA..
    Ankner, J. F.
    Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Spallat Neutron Source, Oak Ridge, TN USA..
    Gutfreund, P.
    Inst Laue Langevin, BP 156, F-38042 Grenoble, France..
    Kawecki, M.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
    Wolff, Max
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
    Överlåtaren: a fast way to transfer and orthogonalize two-dimensional off-specular reflectivity data2016In: Journal of applied crystallography, ISSN 0021-8898, E-ISSN 1600-5767, Vol. 49, 2091-2099 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Reflectivity measurements offer unique opportunities for the study of surfaces and interfaces, and specular reflectometry has become a standard tool in materials science to resolve structures normal to the surface of a thin film. Off-specular scattering, which probes lateral structures, is more difficult to analyse, because the Fourier space being probed is highly anisotropic and the scattering pattern is truncated by the interface. As a result, scattering patterns collected with (especially time-of-flight) neutron reflectometers are difficult to transform into reciprocal space for comparison with model calculations. A program package is presented for a generic two-dimensional transformation of reflectometry data into q space and back. The data are represented on an orthogonal grid, allowing cuts along directions relevant for theoretical modelling. This treatment includes background subtraction as well as a full characterization of the resolution function. The method is optimized for computational performance using repeatable operations and standardized instrument settings.

  • 26. Adoo, N.A.
    et al.
    Nyarko, B.J.B.
    Akaho, E.H.K.
    Alhassan, Erwin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Agbodemegbe, V.Y.
    Bansah, C.Y.
    Della, R.
    Determination of thermal hydraulic data of GHARR-1 under reactivity insertion transients using the PARET/ANL code2011In: Nuclear Engineering and Design, ISSN 0029-5493, E-ISSN 1872-759X, Vol. 241, 5303-5210 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The PARET/ANL code has been adapted by the IAEA for testing transient behaviour in research reactors since it provides a coupled thermal hydrodynamic and point kinetics capability for estimating thermalhydraulic margins. A two-channel power peaking profile of the Ghana Research Reactor-1 (GHARR-1) has been developed for the PARET/ANL (Version 7.3; 2007) using the Monte Carlo N-Particle code (MCNP) to determine the thermal hydraulic data for reactivity insertion transients in the range of 2.0×10^−3k/k to 5.5×10^−3k/k. Peak clad and coolant temperatures ranged from 59.18 ◦C to 112.36 ◦C and 42.95 ◦C to 79.42 ◦C respectively. Calculated safety margins (DNBR) satisfied the MNSR thermal hydraulic design criteria for which no boiling occurs in the reactor core. The generated thermal hydraulic data demonstrated a high inherent safety feature of GHARR-1 for which the high negative reactivity feedback of the moderator limits power excursion and consequently the escalation of the clad temperature.

  • 27. Adriani, O.
    et al.
    Barbarino, G. C.
    Bazilevskaya, G. A.
    Bellotti, R.
    Boezio, M.
    Bogomolov, E. A.
    Bongi, M.
    Bonvicini, V.
    Bottai, S.
    Bruno, A.
    Cafagna, F.
    Campana, D.
    Carbone, R.
    Carlson, Per
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics. AlbaNova University Centre, Sweden.
    Casolino, M.
    Castellini, G.
    De Pascale, M. P.
    De Santis, C.
    De Simone, N.
    Di Felice, V.
    Formato, V.
    Galper, A. M.
    Giaccari, U.
    Karelin, A. V.
    Kheymits, M. D.
    Koldashov, S. V.
    Koldobskiy, S.
    Krut'kov, S. Yu.
    Kvashnin, A. N.
    Leonov, A.
    Malakhov, V.
    Marcelli, L.
    Martucci, M.
    Mayorov, A. G.
    Menn, W.
    Mikhailov, V. V.
    Mocchiutti, E.
    Monaco, A.
    Mori, N.
    Munini, Riccardo
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics. INFN, Italy; AlbaNova University Centre, Sweden; University of Trieste, Italy.
    Nikonov, N.
    Osteria, G.
    Papini, P.
    Pearce, Mark
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics. AlbaNova University Centre, Sweden.
    Picozza, P.
    Pizzolotto, C.
    Ricci, M.
    Ricciarini, S. B.
    Rossetto, Laura
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics. AlbaNova University Centre, Sweden.
    Sarkar, R.
    Simon, M.
    Sparvoli, R.
    Spillantini, P.
    Stozhkov, Y. I.
    Vacchi, A.
    Vannuccini, E.
    Vasilyev, G. I.
    Voronov, S. A.
    Wu, J.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics. AlbaNova University Centre, Sweden; China University of Geosciences, China .
    Yurkin, Y. T.
    Zampa, G.
    Zampa, N.
    Zverev, V. G.
    The PAMELA Mission: Heralding a new era in precision cosmic ray physics2014In: Physics reports, ISSN 0370-1573, E-ISSN 1873-6270, Vol. 544, no 4, 323-370 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On the 15th of June 2006, the PAMELA (Payload for Antimatter Matter Exploration and Light-nuclei Astrophysics) satellite-borne experiment was launched onboard the Russian Resurs-DK1 satellite by a Soyuz rocket from the Baikonur space centre. The satellite was placed in a quasi-polar 70 degrees inclination orbit at an altitude varying between 350 km and 600 km. New results on the antiparticle component of the cosmic radiation were obtained. The positron energy spectrum and positron fraction were measured from 400 MeV up to 200 GeV revealing a positron excess over the predictions of commonly used propagation models. This can be interpreted either as evidence that the propagation models should be revised or in terms of dark matter annihilation or a pulsar contribution. The antiproton spectrum was measured over the energy range from 60 MeV to 350 GeV. The antiproton spectrum is consistent with secondary production and significantly constrains dark matter models. The energy spectra of protons and helium nuclei were measured up to 1.2 TV. The spectral shapes of these two species are different and cannot be described well by a single power law. For the First time the electron spectrum was measured up to 600 GeV complementing the information obtained from the positron data. Nuclear and isotopic composition was obtained with unprecedented precision. The variation of the low energy proton, electron and positron energy spectra was measured from July 2006 until December 2009 accurately sampling the unusual conditions of the most recent solar minimum activity period (2006-2009). Low energy particle spectra were accurately measured also for various solar events that occurred during the PAMELA mission. The Earth's magnetosphere was studied measuring the particle radiation in different regions of the magnetosphere. Energy spectra and composition of sub-cutoff and trapped particles were obtained. For the first time a belt of trapped antiprotons was detected in the South Atlantic Anomaly region. The flux was found to exceed that for galactic cosmic-ray antiprotons by three order of magnitude.

  • 28.
    Afanasiev, Sergey V.
    et al.
    Joint Institute for Nuclear Research Joliot-Curie 6.
    Afonin, Alexander G.
    Institute of High Energy Physics - Moscow Region.
    Ambrosi, Giovanni
    INFN Sezione di Perugia.
    Azzarello, Philipp
    INFN Sezione di Perugia.
    Baranov, Vladimir T.
    Institute of High Energy Physics - Moscow Region.
    Baricordi, Stefano
    INFN Sezione di Ferrara.
    Battiston, Roberto
    INFN Sezione di Perugia.
    Bertucci, Bruna
    INFN Sezione di Perugia.
    Bolognini, Davide
    Università dell'Insubria.
    Burger, William J.
    INFN Sezione di Perugia.
    Carnera, Alberto
    INFN Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro.
    Cavoto, Gianluca
    INFN Sezione di Roma.
    Chesnokov, Yury A.
    Institute of High Energy Physics - Moscow Region.
    Dalpiaz, Pietro
    INFN Sezione di Ferrara.
    Mea, Gianantonio Della
    INFN Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro.
    Denisov, Alexander S.
    Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute.
    Salvador, Davide De
    INFN Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro.
    Fiorini, Massimiliano
    INFN Sezione di Ferrara.
    Foggetta, Luca
    Università dell'Insubria.
    Gavrikov, Yury A.
    Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute.
    Guidi, Vincenzo
    INFN Sezione di Ferrara.
    Hasan, Said
    Università dell'Insubria.
    Ionica, Maria
    INFN Sezione di Perugia.
    Ivanov, Yuri M.
    Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute.
    Ivochkin, Vladimir G.
    Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute.
    Vomiero, Alberto
    INFN Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro.
    Zuccon, Paolo
    INFN Sezione di Perugia.
    Experimental apparatus to study crystal channeling in an external SPS beamline2007In: Proceedings of SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering, ISSN 0277-786X, E-ISSN 1996-756X, Vol. 6634Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For the new generation of high intensity hadronic machines as, for instance, LHC, halo collimation is a necessary issue for the accelerator to operate at the highest possible luminosity and to prevent the damage of superconductor magnets.1 We propose an experiment aimed to systematic study of the channeling phenomenology and of the newly observed "volume reflection" effect. This experiment will be performed for an external SPS beamline and will make use of a primary proton beam with 400 GeV/c momentum and very small (∼ 3 μrad) divergence. The advantage of a proposed experiment is precise tracking of particles that interacted with a crystal, so that to determine the single-pass efficiency for all the processes involved. For this purpose, a telescope equipped with high-resolution silicon microstrip detectors will be used. New generation silicon crystals and an extra-precise goniometer are mandatory issues. Main goal of the experiment is to get the precise information on channeling of relativistic particles and, ultimately, on the feasibility of such technique for halo collimation at LHC. In this contribution we review the status of the setting-up of experimental apparatus and its future development in sight of the planned run in September 2006.

  • 29.
    Aftab, A.
    et al.
    Faculty of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.
    Ismail, Abdul Razak
    Faculty of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.
    Ibupoto, Zafar
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
    Akeiber, Hussein J.
    Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.
    Malghani, M.G.K.
    Department of Environmental Management and Policy, BUITEMS Quetta, Pakistan.
    Nanoparticles based drilling muds a solution to drill elevated temperature wells: a review2017In: Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, E-ISSN 1879-0690, Vol. 76, 1301-1313 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Demand of the oil and gas energy is increasing very drastically. Conventional hydrocarbon reservoirs contain below the sealing cap rock (shale) and easily move towards wellbore are at the depletion stage. Therefore, drilling engineers in collaboration with mud engineers, geologists and geophysicists are looking for innovative materials to drill unconventional hydrocarbons reservoir which are distributed at the basin scale and cannot approach easily. Geo-thermal energy wells and most of unconventional reservoirs are occurred at high pressure high temperature (HPHT) conditions. Conventional micro-macro organic drilling mud additives with heat insulator in nature can minimize efficiency while drilling HPHT wells. Oil-based muds (OBM) are strictly restricted due to high toxic level and poor emulsion stability at HT. However, this review suggests that addition of macro size organic particles and inorganic nanoparticles can enhance rheological performance, reduce filtrate loss volume and improve shale inhibition characteristics of environmental friendly water-based mud (WBM). Despite an impressive amount of experimental work has been done over drilling additives and their effect over rheological and shale inhibition, taking into account their literature review are rare. In addition, there is no review work of the knowledge gained to date. This work will hope fully trigger further development and new research topics in the area of drilling muds system.

  • 30.
    Agvik, Simon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    A deformable terrain model in multi-domain dynamics using elastoplastic constraints: An adaptive approach2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Achieving realistic simulations of terrain vehicles in their work environment does not only require a careful model of the vehicle itself but the vehicle's interactions with the surroundings are equally important. For off-road ground vehicles the terrain will heavily affect the behaviour of the vehicle and thus puts great demands on the terrain model.

    The purpose of this project has been to develop and evaluate a deformable terrain model, meant to be used in real-time simulations with multi-body dynamics. The proposed approach is a modification of an existing elastoplastic model based on linear elasticity theory and a capped Drucker-Prager model, using it in an adaptive way. The original model can be seen as a system of rigid bodies connected by elastoplastic constraints, representing the terrain. This project investigates if it is possible to create dynamic bodies just when it is absolutely necessary, and store information about possible deformations in a grid.

    Two methods used for transferring information between the dynamic bodies and the grid have been evaluated; an interpolating approach and a discrete approach. The test results indicate that the interpolating approach is preferable, with better stability to an equal performance cost. However, stability problems still exist that have to be solved if the model should be useful in a commercial product.

  • 31.
    Ahdikari, Rajesh
    et al.
    Centre for Energy, Materials and Telecommunications, Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, 1650 Boul. Lionel-Boulet, Varennes.
    Jin, Lei
    Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique Energie Varennes.
    Pardo, Fabola Navarro
    Centre for Energy, Materials and Telecommunications, Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, Varennes.
    Benetti, Daniele
    INRS, Quebec University, Varennes, Centre for Energy, Materials and Telecommunications, Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, Varennes.
    Otabi, Bandar Al
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McGill University, Montreal.
    Vanka, Srinivas
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McGill University, Montreal.
    Zhao, Haiguang
    Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique Energie Varennes, INRS Centre for Energy, Materials and Telecommunications, CNR-INO SENSOR Lab, Centre for Energy, Materials and Telecommunications, Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, 1650 Boul. Lionel-Boulet, Varennes.
    Mi, Zetian
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McGill University, Montreal.
    Vomiero, Alberto
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
    Rosei, Frederico
    Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique Energie Varennes, Centre for Energy, Materials and Telecommunications, Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, 1650 Boul. Lionel-Boulet, Varennes.
    High Efficiency, Pt-free Photoelectrochemical Cells for Solar Hydrogen Generation based on “Giant” Quantum Dots2016In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, Vol. 27, 265-274 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Quantum dot (QD) sensitized TiO2 is considered as a highly promising photoanode material for photoelectrochemical (PEC) solar hydrogen production. However, due to its limited stability, the photoanode suffers from degradation of its long-term PEC performance. Here, we report the design and characterization of a high-efficiency and long-term stable Pt-free PEC cell. The photoanode is composed of a mesoporous TiO2 nanoparticle film sensitized with “giant” core@shell QDs for PEC solar hydrogen generation. The thick shell enhances light absorption in the visible range, increases the stability of the QDs and does not inhibit charge separation, injection and transport, needed for proper operation of the device. We prepared thin films of Cu2S nanoflakes through a simple and reproducible procedure, and used them as counter-electrodes replacing the standard Pt film, resulting in equivalent performances of the PEC cell. We obtained an unprecedented photocurrent density (~10 mA/cm2) for “giant” QDs based PEC devices (and corresponding H2 generation) and a very promising stability, indicating that the proposed cell architecture is a good candidate for long-term stable QD-based PEC solar hydrogen generation.

  • 32.
    Ahmad, Noor Azlinda
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Electricity.
    Broadband and HF Radiation from Cloud Flashes and Narrow Bipolar Pulses2011Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Remote measurement of electric field generated by lightning has played a major role in understanding the lightning phenomenon. Even though other measurements such as photographic and channel base current have contributed to this research field, due to practical reasons remote measurements of electric field is considered as the most useful tool in lightning research.

    This thesis discusses the remotely measured radiation field component of electric field generated by cloud flashes (ICs) and narrow bipolar pulses (NBPs). The associated HF radiation of these events at 3 MHz and 30 MHz are also discussed. To understand the initiation process of these discharges, a comparative study of the initial pulse of cloud flashes against the initial pulse of cloud to ground flashes was conducted. The result suggests that both discharges might have been initiated by similar physical processes inside the thunderclouds. Comparing the features of initial pulse of cloud and ground flashes with that of pulses that appeared in the later stages of cloud flashes suggests that the initiation process involved in both flashes are not very much different from the initiation of cloud flashes at the later stage. The average spectral amplitudes of electric field of full duration cloud flashes (180 ms) showed -1 frequency dependence within the interval of 10 kHz to approximately 10 MHz. This is in contrast to the standard -2 decrement (or even steeper ) at high frequency region for other lightning processes such as return strokes. It was suggested that small pulses which repeatedly appeared at the later stage of cloud flashes might have contributed to enhance the spectral amplitude at higher frequencies.

    Electric fields generated by Narrow Bipolar Pulses (NBPs), which are considered as one of the strongest sources of HF radiation, were measured in the tropics of Malaysia and Sri Lanka.  Their features were also studied and show a good agreement with previously published observations of NBPs from other geographical regions. Thorough analyses and observations of these pulses found previously unreported sharp, fine peaks embedded in the rising and decaying edge of the electric field change of NBPs. Therefore it was suggested that these fine peaks are mostly responsible for the intense HF radiation at 30 MHz.

  • 33.
    Ahmadi, Sareh
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
    Agnarsson, Björn
    Bidermane, Ieva
    Wojek, Bastian M.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
    Noël, Quentin
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
    Sun, Chenghua
    Göthelid, Mats
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
    Site-dependent charge transfer at the Pt(111)-ZnPc interface and the effect of iodine2014In: Journal of Chemical Physics, ISSN 0021-9606, E-ISSN 1089-7690, Vol. 140, no 17, 174702- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The electronic structure of ZnPc, from sub-monolayers to thick films, on bare and iodated Pt(111) is studied by means of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, and scanning tunneling microscopy. Our results suggest that at low coverage ZnPc lies almost parallel to the Pt(111) substrate, in a non-planar configuration induced by Zn-Pt attraction, leading to an inhomogeneous charge distribution within the molecule and an inhomogeneous charge transfer to the molecule. ZnPc does not form a complete monolayer on the Pt surface, due to a surface-mediated intermolecular repulsion. At higher coverage ZnPc adopts a tilted geometry, due to a reduced molecule-substrate interaction. Our photoemission results illustrate that ZnPc is practically decoupled from Pt, already from the second layer. Pre-deposition of iodine on Pt hinders the Zn-Pt attraction, leading to a non-distorted first layer ZnPc in contact with Pt(111)-I(root 3x root 3) or Pt(111)-I(root 7x root 7), and a more homogeneous charge distribution and charge transfer at the interface. On increased ZnPc thickness iodine is dissolved in the organic film where it acts as an electron acceptor dopant.

  • 34.
    Ahmadi, Sareh
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
    Agnarsson, Björn
    Bidermane, Leva
    Wojek, Bastian M.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
    Noël, Quentin
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
    Sun, Chenghua
    Göthelid, Mats
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
    Effect of the iodineon the site-dependent charge transfer at the Pt(111)-ZnPc interfaceManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Ahmadi, Sareh
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
    Bidermane, Leva
    Noël, Quentin
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
    Sun, Chenghua
    Göthelid, Mats
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
    Dissociative bonding of 4-tert-butyl pyridine to Pt(111) and surface passivation by iodineManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Ahmadi, Sareh
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
    Shariati, M. Nina
    Yu, Shun
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
    Göthelid, Mats
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
    Molecular layers of ZnPc and FePc on Au(111) surface: Charge transfer and chemical interaction2012In: Journal of Chemical Physics, ISSN 0021-9606, E-ISSN 1089-7690, Vol. 137, no 8, 084705- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have studied zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) and iron phthalocyanine (FePc) thick films and monolayers on Au(111) using photoelectron spectroscopy and x-ray absorption spectroscopy. Both molecules are adsorbed flat on the surface at monolayer. ZnPc keeps this orientation in all investigated coverages, whereas FePc molecules stand up in the thick film. The stronger inter-molecular interaction of FePc molecules leads to change of orientation, as well as higher conductivity in FePc layer in comparison with ZnPc, which is reflected in thickness-dependent differences in core-level shifts. Work function changes indicate that both molecules donate charge to Au; through the pi-system. However, the Fe3d derived lowest unoccupied molecular orbital receives charge from the substrate when forming an interface state at the Fermi level. Thus, the central atom plays an important role in mediating the charge, but the charge transfer as a whole is a balance between the two different charge transfer channels; pi-system and the central atom.

  • 37.
    Ahmadi, Sareh
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
    Yu, Shun
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
    Soldemo, Markus
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
    Sun, Chenghua
    Göthelid, Mats
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
    Reduced Au-MPc hole injection barrier by an intermediate iodine layerManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Ahmadi, Sareh
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
    Yu, Shun
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
    Soldemo, Markus
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
    Zuleta, Marcelo
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
    Palmgren, Pål
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
    Göthelid, Mats
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
    Charge transfer and band bending on TiO2(110)-MgPcManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 39. Ahmed, T.
    et al.
    Albers, R. C.
    Balatsky, Alexander V.
    KTH, Centres, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics NORDITA.
    Friedrich, C.
    Zhu, J. -X
    G W quasiparticle calculations with spin-orbit coupling for the light actinides2014In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 89, no 3, 035104- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report on the importance of GW self-energy corrections for the electronic structure of light actinides in the weak-to-intermediate coupling regime. Our study is based on calculations of the band structure and total density of states of Np, U, and Pu using a one-shot GW approximation that includes spin-orbit coupling within a full potential LAPW framework. We also present RPA screened effective Coulomb interactions for the f-electron orbitals for different lattice constants, and show that there is an increased contribution from electron-electron correlation in these systems for expanded lattices. We find a significant amount of electronic correlation in these highly localized electronic systems.

  • 40. Ahrentorp, Fredrik
    et al.
    Astalan, Andrea
    Blomgren, Jakob
    Jonasson, Christian
    Wetterskog, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Svedlindh, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Lak, Aidin
    Ludwig, Frank
    Van IJzendoorn, Leo J.
    Westphal, Fritz
    Gruettner, Cordula
    Gehrke, Nicole
    Gustafsson, Stefan
    Olsson, Eva
    Johansson, Christer
    Effective particle magnetic moment of multi-core particles2015In: Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, ISSN 0304-8853, Vol. 380, 221-226 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we investigate the magnetic behavior of magnetic multi-core particles and the differences in the magnetic properties of multi-core and single-core nanoparticles and correlate the results with the nanostructure of the different particles as determined from transmission electron microscopy (TEM). We also investigate how the effective particle magnetic moment is coupled to the individual moments of the single-domain nanocrystals by using different measurement techniques: DC magnetometry, AC susceptometry, dynamic light scattering and TEM. We have studied two magnetic multi-core particle systems BNF Starch from Micromod with a median particle diameter of 100 am and FeraSpin R from nanoPET with a median particle diameter of 70 nm - and one single-core particle system - SHP25 from Ocean NanoTech with a median particle core diameter of 25 nm. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 41.
    Ai, Yuejie
    et al.
    KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Theoretical Chemistry and Biology.
    Tian, Guangjun
    KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Theoretical Chemistry and Biology.
    Liao, Rongzhen
    Stockholm University.
    Zhang, Qiong
    KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Theoretical Chemistry and Biology.
    Fang, Weihai
    Beijing Normal University.
    Luo, Yi
    KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Theoretical Chemistry and Biology.
    Intrinsic property of flavin mononucleotide controls its optical spectra in three redox states2011In: ChemPhysChem, ISSN 1439-4235, E-ISSN 1439-7641, Vol. 12, no 16, 2899-2902 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Airey, John
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Physics Didactics. Linneaus University.
    Changing to Teaching and Learning in English2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Airey, John
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Physics Didactics.
    Changing to Teaching and Learning in English2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    In this presentation I give some of the background to my work in Language choice in higher education and present research on learning in English, teaching in English and disciplinary differences in the attitudes to English language use. The presentation ends with a summary of factors involved in language choice in order to facilitate a discussion amongst faculty about language choice in training courses for university staff.

  • 44.
    Airey, John
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Physics Didactics.
    Disciplinary literacy2013In: Scientific literacy: teori och praktik / [ed] E. Lundqvist, R. Säljö & L. Östman, Malmö, Sweden: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2013, 41-58 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta kapitel läggs fram ett nytt begrepp, disciplinary literacy, som ett alternativ till scientific literacy. För varje ämne, disciplinary literacy inriktar sig mot kommunikativa praktiker inom tre miljöer: akademin, arbetsplatsen och samhället och definieras som förmågan att delta i dessa ämnesrelaterade kommunikativa praktiker på ett lämpligt sätt. Frågeställningen för kapitlet är om det kan vara givande att betrakta främjandet av studenters disciplinary literacy som ett av de huvudsakliga målen med universitetsstudier. Tillämpningen av begreppet illustreras genom material hämtat från ett forskningsprojekt där högskolelärare i fysik från Sverige och Sydafrika diskuterar de lärandemål de har för sina studenter.

  • 45.
    Airey, John
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Materials Science, Physics Didactics.
    Language and Engineering: Towards Bilingual Scientific Literacy2008In: Paper presented at the Engineering Education Development Conference, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden, 26-27 November., 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Airey, John
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics, Physics Didactics. Physics Education Research.
    När undervisningsspråket blir engelska2006In: Språkvård, ISSN 0038-8440, no 4, 20-25 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Engelska blir vanligare och vanligare som undervisningsspråk i högre utbildning. Vad händer med ämnesinlärningen när undervisningsspråket blir engelska? John Airey har undersökt svenska fysikstudenter. Det behövs många goda råd för att undervisningen ska fungera.

  • 47.
    Airey, John
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics, Physics Didactics.
    Physics Students' Experiences of the Disciplinary Discourse Encountered in Lectures in English and Swedish2006Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 48.
    Airey, John
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Physics Didactics.
    Representations in Undergraduate Physics2014Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Representations in undergraduate physics

    Problem solving is one of the most important parts of undergraduate physics education, yet a huge body of international research has clearly shown that simply being able to solve a set of physics problems correctly is not a good indicator of students having attained appropriate physics understanding. Grounded in a comparison of the way experts and novices solve problems, the research focus has gradually shifted towards the importance of representational competence in solving physics problems.Physicists use a wide range of representations to communicate physics knowledge (e.g. mathematics,  graphs, diagrams, and spoken and written language, etc.). Many of these representations are highly specialized and have been developed and refined into their present form over time. It is the appropriate coordination of these different representations that allows complex physics meanings to be made and shared. Experienced physicists naturally maintain coherence as they move from one representation to the next in order to solve a physics problem. For students, however, learning to appropriately use physics representations in this way is a challenging task. This lecture addresses the critical role that representations play in undergraduate physics education. The research that has been carried out in this area will be summarized and a number of theoretical constructs that have been developed in the Division of Physics Education Research will be presented and illustrated using empirical data. The consequences of this research work for the teaching and learning of undergraduate physics will be discussed.

  • 49.
    Airey, John
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Physics Didactics.
    Social Semiotics in Higher Education: Examples from teaching and learning in undergraduate physics2015In: SACF Singapore-Sweden Excellence Seminars, Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research in Higher Education (STINT) , 2015, 103- p.Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Social semiotics is a broad construct where all communication in a particular social group is viewed as being realized by the use of semiotic resources. In social semiotics the particular meaning assigned to these semiotic resources is negotiated within the group itself and has often developed over an extended period of time. In the discipline of physics, examples of such semiotic resources are; graphs, diagrams, mathematics, language, etc. 

    In this presentation, social semiotics is used to build theory with respect to the construction and sharing of disciplinary knowledge in the teaching and learning of university physics. Based on empirical studies of physics students, a number of theoretical constructs have been developed in our research group. These constructs are: disciplinary affordance, disciplinary discourse, discursive fluency, discourse imitation and critical constellations. I will present these constructs and examine their usefulness for problematizing teaching and learning with multiple representations in higher education.

  • 50.
    Airey, John
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Materials Science, Physics Didactics.
    Teaching in English: The effects of language choice on student learning in Swedish university science2008In: Paper presented at the International Research Conference on Language Planning and Language Policy, Saltsjöbaden, Stockholm, 9-10 June., 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
1234567 1 - 50 of 2909
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