Change search
Refine search result
1234567 1 - 50 of 2220
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Oldest first
  • Newest first
Select all
  • 1. Aad, G.
    et al.
    Jovicevic, Jelena
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics.
    Kuwertz, Emma
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics.
    Lund-Jensen, Bengt
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics.
    Morley, Anthony
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics.
    Strandberg, Jonas
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics.
    Zwalinski, L.
    Measurement of event-plane correlations in root s(NN)=2.76 TeV lead-lead collisions with the ATLAS detector2014In: Physical Review C. Nuclear Physics, ISSN 0556-2813, E-ISSN 1089-490X, Vol. 90, no 2, 024905- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A measurement of event-plane correlations involving two or three event planes of different order is presented as a function of centrality for 7 mu b(-1) Pb + Pb collision data at v root s(NN) = 2.76 TeV, recorded by the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. Fourteen correlators are measured using a standard event-plane method and a scalar-product method, and the latter method is found to give a systematically larger correlation signal. Several different trends in the centrality dependence of these correlators are observed. These trends are not reproduced by predictions based on the Glauber model, which includes only the correlations from the collision geometry in the initial state. Calculations that include the final-state collective dynamics are able to describe qualitatively, and in some cases also quantitatively, the centrality dependence of the measured correlators. These observations suggest that both the fluctuations in the initial geometry and the nonlinear mixing between different harmonics in the final state are important for creating these correlations in momentum space.

  • 2.
    Abd Alrahman, Chadi
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Khodabakhsh, Amir
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Schmidt, Florian M.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    Qu, Zhechao
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    Foltynowicz, Aleksandra
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Cavity-enhanced optical frequency comb spectroscopy of high-temperature H2O in a flame2014In: Optics Express, ISSN 1094-4087, Vol. 22, no 11, 13889-13895 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We demonstrate near-infrared cavity-enhanced optical frequency comb spectroscopy of water in a premixed methane/air flat flame. The detection system is based on an Er:fiber femtosecond laser, a high finesse optical cavity containing the flame, and a fast-scanning Fourier transform spectrometer (FTS). High absorption sensitivity is obtained by the combination of a high-bandwidth two-point comb-cavity lock and auto-balanced detection in the FTS. The system allows recording high-temperature water absorption spectra with a resolution of 1 GHz and a bandwidth of 50 nm in an acquisition time of 0.4 s, with absorption sensitivity of 4.2 x 10 (9) cm(-1) Hz(-1/2) per spectral element.

  • 3.
    Abdollahi, Elham
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Development of breath sampling system for detection of exhaled nitric oxide by Faraday modulation spectroscopy2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Technological developments over the years have resulted in many different techniques for detection of nitric oxide (NO) in both the atmosphere and from biological sources. One such technique is Faraday Modulation Spectroscopy (FAMOS), which is a laser-based spectroscopic technique for detection of paramagnetic molecules in gas phase. The technique uses a modulated magnetic field that introduce rotation of the polarization plane of linearly polarized laser light, which can be related to the concentration of the molecules. This enables sensitive and selective detection of paramagnetic gaseous compounds and the technique is thus well suited for detection of NO for biomedical applications in low concentrations which is essential for breath analysis.

    In this thesis, a system for breath analysis is developed and coupled to a Faraday modulation spectrometer for sensitive detection of NO at 5.33 μm based on a room temperature continuous wave distributed feedback (DFB) QCL. It also provides a theoretical model of FAMOS utilizing the most sensitive Q3/2 (3/2 ) transition in NO. The results from this study indicate that the mid-infrared FAMOS system, which was built around a continuous wave (cw) quantum cascade laser (QCL) emitting light with an output power of approximately 70 mW, is fully capable of detection of ppb levels of NO in exhaled human breath.

  • 4.
    Abdollahi, Elham
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Realization of an instrumentation for detection of acetylene in breath by the NICE-OHMS technique2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Measurement is an important activity in nearly all branches of science and technology. A measurement technique provides an observer with a numerical value corresponding to the variable being measured. Researchers envision that laser spectroscopy will serve as a functional tool for measurement to detect molecules in gas phase. One such a laser spectroscopic technique for measurement is noise-immune cavity enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy (NICE-OHMS), which is a highly sensitive laser-based spectroscopic technique for detection of molecules in gas phase. The technique was developed in the mid-1990s at the Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics (JILA).

    In this thesis, a realization of instrumentation for detection of acetylene in breath by a fiber laser-based NICE-OHMS instrumentation working in the near-infrared wavelength region is obtained. The results of this study show that the NICE-OHMS system is fully capable of detection of parts-per-billion (ppb) levels of acetylene in exhaled human breath.

  • 5. Abeywickrama, Sandu
    et al.
    Furdek, Marija
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Monti, Paolo
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Wosinska, Lena
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Wong, Elaine
    Protecting core networks with dual-homing: A study on enhanced network availability, resource efficiency, and energy-savings2016In: Optics Communications, ISSN 0030-4018, E-ISSN 1873-0310, Vol. 381, 327-335 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Core network survivability affects the reliability performance of telecommunication networks and remains one of the most important network design considerations. This paper critically examines the benefits arising from utilizing dual-homing in the optical access networks to provide resource-efficient protection against link and node failures in the optical core segment. Four novel, heuristic-based RWA algorithms that provide dedicated path protection in networks with dual-homing are proposed and studied. These algorithms protect against different failure scenarios (i.e. single link or node failures) and are implemented with different optimization objectives (i.e., minimization of wavelength usage and path length). Results obtained through simulations and comparison with baseline architectures indicate that exploiting dual-homed architecture in the access segment can bring significant improvements in terms of core network resource usage, connection availability, and power consumption.

  • 6. Ablikim, M.
    et al.
    Achasov, M. N.
    Ai, X. C.
    Albayrak, O.
    Albrecht, M.
    Ambrose, D. J.
    Amoroso, A.
    An, F. F.
    An, Q.
    Bai, J. Z.
    Ferroli, R. Baldini
    Ban, Y.
    Bennett, D. W.
    Bennett, J. V.
    Bertani, M.
    Bettoni, D.
    Bian, J. M.
    Bianchi, F.
    Boger, E.
    Bondarenko, O.
    Boyko, I.
    Briere, R. A.
    Cai, H.
    Cai, X.
    Cakir, O.
    Calcaterra, A.
    Cao, G. F.
    Cetin, S. A.
    Chang, J. F.
    Chelkov, G.
    Chen, G.
    Chen, H. S.
    Chen, H. Y.
    Chen, J. C.
    Chen, M. L.
    Chen, S. J.
    Chen, X.
    Chen, X. R.
    Chen, Y. B.
    Cheng, H. P.
    Chu, X. K.
    Cibinetto, G.
    Cronin-Hennessy, D.
    Dai, H. L.
    Dai, J. P.
    Dbeyssi, A.
    Dedovich, D.
    Deng, Z. Y.
    Denig, A.
    Denysenko, I.
    Destefanis, M.
    De Mori, F.
    Ding, Y.
    Dong, C.
    Dong, J.
    Dong, L. Y.
    Dong, M. Y.
    Du, S. X.
    Duan, P. F.
    Fan, J. Z.
    Fang, J.
    Fang, S. S.
    Fang, X.
    Fang, Y.
    Fava, L.
    Feldbauer, F.
    Felici, G.
    Feng, C. Q.
    Fioravanti, E.
    Fritschm, M.
    Fu, C. D.
    Gao, Q.
    Gao, Y.
    Gao, Z.
    Garzia, I.
    Goetzen, K.
    Gong, W. X.
    Gradl, W.
    Greco, M.
    Gu, M. H.
    Gu, Y. T.
    Guan, Y. H.
    Guo, A. Q.
    Guo, L. B.
    Guo, T.
    Guo, Y.
    Guo, Y. P.
    Haddadi, Z.
    Hafner, A.
    Han, S.
    Han, Y. L.
    Harris, F. A.
    He, K. L.
    He, Z. Y.
    Held, T.
    Heng, Y. K.
    Hou, Z. L.
    Hu, C.
    Hu, H. M.
    Hu, J. F.
    Hu, T.
    Hu, Y.
    Huang, G. M.
    Huang, G. S.
    Huang, H. P.
    Huang, J. S.
    Huang, X. T.
    Huang, Y.
    Hussain, T.
    Ji, Q.
    Ji, Q. P.
    Ji, X. B.
    Ji, X. L.
    Jiang, L. L.
    Jiang, L. W.
    Jiang, X. S.
    Jiao, J. B.
    Jiao, Z.
    Jin, D. P.
    Jin, S.
    Johansson, Tord
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Julin, A.
    Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N.
    Kang, X. L.
    Kang, X. S.
    Kavatsyuk, M.
    Ke, B. C.
    Kliemt, R.
    Kloss, B.
    Kolcu, O. B.
    Kopf, B.
    Kornicer, M.
    Kuehn, W.
    Kupsc, Andrzej
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Lai, W.
    Lange, J. S.
    Lara, M.
    Larin, P.
    Li, C. H.
    Li, Cheng
    Li, D. M.
    Li, F.
    Li, G.
    Li, H. B.
    Li, J. C.
    Li, Jin
    Li, K.
    Li, P. R.
    Li, T.
    Li, W. D.
    Li, W. G.
    Li, X. L.
    Li, X. M.
    Li, X. N.
    Li, X. Q.
    Li, Z. B.
    Liang, H.
    Liang, Y. F.
    Liang, Y. T.
    Liao, G. R.
    Lin, D. X.
    Liu, B. J.
    Liu, C. X.
    Liu, F. H.
    Liu, Fang
    Liu, Feng
    Liu, H. B.
    Liu, H. H.
    Liu, H. M.
    Liu, J.
    Liu, J. P.
    Liu, J. Y.
    Liu, K.
    Liu, K. Y.
    Liu, L. D.
    Liu, P. L.
    Liu, Q.
    Liu, S. B.
    Liu, X.
    Liu, X. X.
    Liu, Y. B.
    Liu, Z. A.
    Liu, Zhiqiang
    Liu, Zhiqing
    Loehner, H.
    Lou, X. C.
    Lu, H. J.
    Lu, J. G.
    Lu, R. Q.
    Lu, Y.
    Lu, Y. P.
    Luo, C. L.
    Luo, M. X.
    Luo, T.
    Luo, X. L.
    Lv, M.
    Lyu, X. R.
    Ma, F. C.
    Ma, H. L.
    Ma, L. L.
    Ma, Q. M.
    Ma, S.
    Ma, T.
    Ma, X. N.
    Ma, X. Y.
    Maas, F. E.
    Maggiora, M.
    Malik, Q. A.
    Mao, Y. J.
    Mao, Z. P.
    Marcello, S.
    Messchendorp, J. G.
    Min, J.
    Min, T. J.
    Mitchell, R. E.
    Mo, X. H.
    Mo, Y. J.
    Morales, C. Morales
    Moriya, K.
    Muchnoi, N. Yu.
    Muramatsu, H.
    Nefedov, Y.
    Nerling, F.
    Nikolaev, I. B.
    Ning, Z.
    Nisar, S.
    Niu, S. L.
    Niu, X. Y.
    Olsen, S. L.
    Ouyang, Q.
    Pacetti, S.
    Patteri, P.
    Pelizaeus, M.
    Peng, H. P.
    Peters, K.
    Ping, J. L.
    Ping, R. G.
    Poling, R.
    Pu, Y. N.
    Qi, M.
    Qian, S.
    Qiao, C. F.
    Qin, L. Q.
    Qin, N.
    Qin, X. S.
    Qin, Y.
    Qin, Z. H.
    Qiu, J. F.
    Rashid, K. H.
    Redmer, C. F.
    Ren, H. L.
    Ripka, M.
    Rong, G.
    Ruan, X. D.
    Santoro, V.
    Sarantsev, A.
    Savrie, M.
    Schönning, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Schumann, S.
    Shan, W.
    Shao, M.
    Shen, C. P.
    Shen, P. X.
    Shen, X. Y.
    Sheng, H. Y.
    Shepherd, M. R.
    Song, W. M.
    Song, X. Y.
    Sosio, S.
    Spataro, S.
    Spruck, B.
    Sun, X.
    Sun, J. F.
    Sun, S. S.
    Sun, Y. J.
    Sun, Y. Z.
    Sun, Z. J.
    Sun, Z. T.
    Tang, C. J.
    Tang, X.
    Tapan, I.
    Thorndike, E. H.
    Tiemens, M.
    Toth, D.
    Ullrich, M.
    Uman, I.
    Varner, G. S.
    Wang, B.
    Wang, B. L.
    Wang, D.
    Wang, D. Y.
    Wang, K.
    Wang, L. L.
    Wang, L. S.
    Wang, M.
    Wang, P.
    Wang, P. L.
    Wang, Q. J.
    Wang, S. G.
    Wang, W.
    Wang, X. F.
    Wang, Y. D.
    Wang, Y. F.
    Wang, Y. Q.
    Wang, Z.
    Wang, Z. G.
    Wang, Z. H.
    Wang, Z. Y.
    Weber, T.
    Wei, D. H.
    Wei, J. B.
    Weidenkaff, P.
    Wen, S. P.
    Wiedner, U.
    Wolke, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Wu, L. H.
    Wu, Z.
    Xia, L. G.
    Xia, Y.
    Xiao, D.
    Xiao, Z. J.
    Xie, Y. G.
    Xu, G. F.
    Xu, L.
    Xu, Q. J.
    Xu, Q. N.
    Xu, X. P.
    Yan, L.
    Yan, W. B.
    Yan, W. C.
    Yan, Y. H.
    Yang, H. X.
    Yang, L.
    Yang, Y.
    Yang, Y. X.
    Ye, H.
    Ye, M.
    Ye, M. H.
    Yin, J. H.
    Yu, B. X.
    Yu, C. X.
    Yu, H. W.
    Yu, J. S.
    Yuan, C. Z.
    Yuan, W. L.
    Yuan, Y.
    Yuncu, A.
    Zafar, A. A.
    Zallo, A.
    Zeng, Y.
    Zhang, B. X.
    Zhang, B. Y.
    Zhang, C.
    Zhang, C. C.
    Zhang, D. H.
    Zhang, H. H.
    Zhang, H. Y.
    Zhang, J. J.
    Zhang, J. L.
    Zhang, J. Q.
    Zhang, J. W.
    Zhang, J. Y.
    Zhang, J. Z.
    Zhang, K.
    Zhang, L.
    Zhang, S. H.
    Zhang, X. Y.
    Zhang, Y.
    Zhang, Y. H.
    Zhang, Y. T.
    Zhang, Z. H.
    Zhang, Z. P.
    Zhang, Z. Y.
    Zhao, G.
    Zhao, J. W.
    Zhao, J. Y.
    Zhao, J. Z.
    Zhao, Lei
    Zhao, Ling
    Zhao, M. G.
    Zhao, Q.
    Zhao, Q. W.
    Zhao, S. J.
    Zhao, T. C.
    Zhao, Y. B.
    Zhao, Z. G.
    Zhemchugov, A.
    Zheng, B.
    Zheng, J. P.
    Zheng, W. J.
    Zheng, Y. H.
    Zhong, B.
    Zhou, L.
    Zhou, Li
    Zhou, X.
    Zhou, X. K.
    Zhou, X. R.
    Zhou, X. Y.
    Zhu, K.
    Zhu, K. J.
    Zhu, S.
    Zhu, X. L.
    Zhu, Y. C.
    Zhu, Y. S.
    Zhu, Z. A.
    Zhuang, J.
    Zou, B. S.
    Zou, J. H.
    Measurement of y(CP) in D-0-(D)over-bar(0) oscillation using quantum correlations in e(+)e(-) -> D-0(D)over-bar(0) at root s=3.773 GeV2015In: Physics Letters B, ISSN 0370-2693, Vol. 744, 339-346 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report a measurement of the parameter y(CP) in D-0-(D) over bar (0) oscillations performed by taking advantage of quantum coherence between pairs of D-0(D) over bar (0) mesons produced in e(+)e(-) annihilations near threshold. In this work, doubly-tagged D-0(D) over bar (0) events, where one D decays to a CP eigenstate and the other D decays in a semileptonic mode, are reconstructed using a data sample of 2.92 fb(-1) collected with the BESIII detector at the center-of-mass energy of root s = 3.773 GeV. We obtain y(CP) = (-2.0 +/- 1.3 +/- 0.7)%, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. This result is compatible with the current world average.

  • 7.
    Ablikim, M.
    et al.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Achasov, M. N.
    GI Budker Inst Nucl Phys SB RAS BINP, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia.;Novosibirsk State Univ, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia..
    Ai, X. C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Albayrak, O.
    Carnegie Mellon Univ, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA..
    Albrecht, M.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Ambrose, D. J.
    Univ Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627 USA..
    Amoroso, A.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy. Univ Piemonte Orientale, I-15121 Alessandria, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    An, F. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    An, Q.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Bai, J. Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ferroli, R. Baldini
    INFN Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Ban, Y.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Bennett, D. W.
    Indiana Univ, Bloomington, IN 47405 USA..
    Bennett, J. V.
    Carnegie Mellon Univ, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA..
    Bertani, M.
    INFN Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Bettoni, D.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy..
    Bian, J. M.
    Univ Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA..
    Bianchi, F.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy. Univ Piemonte Orientale, I-15121 Alessandria, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Boger, E.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia.;Moscow Inst Phys & Technol, Moscow 141700, Russia..
    Boyko, I.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia..
    Briere, R. A.
    Carnegie Mellon Univ, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA..
    Cai, H.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China..
    Cai, X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Cakir, O.
    Istanbul Aydin Univ, TR-34295 Istanbul, Turkey.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;Ankara Univ, TR-06100 Ankara, Turkey..
    Calcaterra, A.
    INFN Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Cao, G. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Cetin, S. A.
    Istanbul Bilgi Univ, TR-34060 Istanbul, Turkey.;Ankara Univ, TR-06100 Ankara, Turkey..
    Chang, J. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Chelkov, G.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia.;Moscow Inst Phys & Technol, Moscow 141700, Russia.;Tomsk State Univ, Funct Elect Lab, Tomsk 634050, Russia..
    Chen, G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Chen, H. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Chen, H. Y.
    Beihang Univ, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China..
    Chen, J. C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Chen, M. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Chen, S.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Chen, S. J.
    Nanjing Univ, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Chen, X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Chen, X. R.
    Lanzhou Univ, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China..
    Chen, Y. B.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Cheng, H. P.
    Huangshan Coll, Huangshan 245000, Peoples R China..
    Chu, X. K.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Cibinetto, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy..
    Dai, H. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Dai, J. P.
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China..
    Dbeyssi, A.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Dedovich, D.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia..
    Deng, Z. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Denig, A.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Denysenko, I.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia..
    Destefanis, M.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy. Univ Piemonte Orientale, I-15121 Alessandria, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    De Mori, F.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy. Univ Piemonte Orientale, I-15121 Alessandria, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Ding, Y.
    Liaoning Univ, Shenyang 110036, Peoples R China..
    Dong, C.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Dong, J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Dong, L. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Dong, M. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Du, S. X.
    Zhengzhou Univ, Zhengzhou 450001, Peoples R China..
    Duan, P. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Fan, J. Z.
    Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China..
    Fang, J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Fang, S. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Fang, X.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Fang, Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Fava, L.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy. Univ Piemonte Orientale, I-15121 Alessandria, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Feldbauer, F.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Felici, G.
    INFN Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Feng, C. Q.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Fioravanti, E.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy..
    Fritsch, M.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.;Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Fu, C. D.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Gao, Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;GSI Helmholtzctr Heavy Ion Res GmbH, D-64291 Darmstadt, Germany..
    Gao, X. L.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Gao, X. Y.
    Beihang Univ, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China..
    Gao, Y.
    Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China..
    Gao, Z.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Garzia, I.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy..
    Goetzen, K.
    GSI Helmholtzctr Heavy Ion Res GmbH, D-64291 Darmstadt, Germany..
    Gong, W. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Gradl, W.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Greco, M.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy. Univ Piemonte Orientale, I-15121 Alessandria, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Gu, M. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Gu, Y. T.
    Guangxi Univ, Nanning 530004, Peoples R China..
    Guan, Y. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Guo, A. Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Guo, L. B.
    Nanjing Normal Univ, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Guo, R. P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Guo, Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Guo, Y. P.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Haddadi, Z.
    Univ Groningen, KVI CART, NL-9747 AA Groningen, Netherlands..
    Hafner, A.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Han, S.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China..
    Hao, X. Q.
    Henan Normal Univ, Xinxiang 453007, Peoples R China..
    Harris, F. A.
    Univ Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA..
    He, K. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Held, T.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Heng, Y. K.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Hou, Z. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Hu, C.
    Nanjing Normal Univ, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Hu, H. M.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Hu, J. F.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy. Univ Piemonte Orientale, I-15121 Alessandria, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Hu, T.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Hu, Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Huang, G. M.
    Cent China Normal Univ, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China..
    Huang, G. S.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Huang, J. S.
    Henan Normal Univ, Xinxiang 453007, Peoples R China..
    Huang, X. T.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Huang, Y.
    Nanjing Univ, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Hussain, T.
    Univ Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan..
    Ji, Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ji, Q. P.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Ji, X. B.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ji, X. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Jiang, L. W.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China..
    Jiang, X. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Jiang, X. Y.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Jiao, J. B.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Jiao, Z.
    Huangshan Coll, Huangshan 245000, Peoples R China..
    Jin, D. P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Jin, S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Johansson, Tord
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Julin, A.
    Univ Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA..
    Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N.
    Univ Groningen, KVI CART, NL-9747 AA Groningen, Netherlands..
    Kang, X. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Kang, X. S.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Kavatsyuk, M.
    Univ Groningen, KVI CART, NL-9747 AA Groningen, Netherlands..
    Ke, B. C.
    Carnegie Mellon Univ, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA..
    Kiese, P.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Kliemt, R.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Kloss, B.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Kolcu, O. B.
    Istanbul Bilgi Univ, TR-34060 Istanbul, Turkey.;Ankara Univ, TR-06100 Ankara, Turkey.;Istanbul Arel Univ, TR-34295 Istanbul, Turkey..
    Kopf, B.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Kornicer, M.
    Univ Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA..
    Kuehn, W.
    Univ Giessen, Phys Inst 2, D-35392 Giessen, Germany..
    Kupsc, Andrzej
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Lange, J. S.
    Univ Giessen, Phys Inst 2, D-35392 Giessen, Germany..
    Lara, M.
    Indiana Univ, Bloomington, IN 47405 USA..
    Larin, P.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Leng, C.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Li, Cui
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Li, Cheng
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Li, D. M.
    Zhengzhou Univ, Zhengzhou 450001, Peoples R China..
    Li, F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Li, F. Y.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Li, G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Li, H. B.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Li, H. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Li, J. C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Li, Jin
    Seoul Natl Univ, Seoul 151747, South Korea..
    Li, K.
    Hangzhou Normal Univ, Hangzhou 310036, Zhejiang, Peoples R China.;Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Li, Lei
    Beijing Inst Petrochem Technol, Beijing 102617, Peoples R China..
    Li, P. R.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Li, T.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Li, W. D.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Li, W. G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Li, X. L.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Li, X. M.
    Guangxi Univ, Nanning 530004, Peoples R China..
    Li, X. N.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Li, X. Q.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Li, Z. B.
    Sun Yat Sen Univ, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Liang, H.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Liang, J. J.
    Guangxi Univ, Nanning 530004, Peoples R China..
    Liang, Y. F.
    Sichuan Univ, Chengdu 610064, Peoples R China..
    Liang, Y. T.
    Univ Giessen, Phys Inst 2, D-35392 Giessen, Germany..
    Liao, G. R.
    Guangxi Normal Univ, Guilin 541004, Peoples R China..
    Lin, D. X.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Liu, B. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, C. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, D.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Liu, F. H.
    Shanxi Univ, Taiyuan 030006, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Fang
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Feng
    Cent China Normal Univ, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China..
    Liu, H. B.
    Guangxi Univ, Nanning 530004, Peoples R China..
    Liu, H. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Henan Univ Sci & Technol, Luoyang 471003, Peoples R China..
    Liu, H. M.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, J. B.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Liu, J. P.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China..
    Liu, J. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, K.
    Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China..
    Liu, K. Y.
    Liaoning Univ, Shenyang 110036, Peoples R China..
    Liu, L. D.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Liu, P. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Q.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, S. B.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Liu, X.
    Lanzhou Univ, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Y. B.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Z. A.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Zhiqing
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Loehner, H.
    Univ Groningen, KVI CART, NL-9747 AA Groningen, Netherlands..
    Lou, X. C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;Univ Texas Dallas, Richardson, TX 75083 USA..
    Lu, H. J.
    Huangshan Coll, Huangshan 245000, Peoples R China..
    Lu, J. G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Lu, Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Lu, Y. P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Luo, C. L.
    Nanjing Normal Univ, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Luo, M. X.
    Zhejiang Univ, Hangzhou 310027, Zhejiang, Peoples R China..
    Luo, T.
    Univ Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA..
    Luo, X. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Lyu, X. R.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ma, F. C.
    Liaoning Univ, Shenyang 110036, Peoples R China..
    Ma, H. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ma, L. L.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Ma, M. M.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ma, Q. M.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ma, T.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ma, X. N.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Ma, X. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Maas, F. E.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Maggiora, M.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy. Univ Piemonte Orientale, I-15121 Alessandria, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Mao, Y. J.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Mao, Z. P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Marcello, S.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy. Univ Piemonte Orientale, I-15121 Alessandria, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Messchendorp, J. G.
    Univ Groningen, KVI CART, NL-9747 AA Groningen, Netherlands..
    Min, J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Mitchell, R. E.
    Indiana Univ, Bloomington, IN 47405 USA..
    Mo, X. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Mo, Y. J.
    Cent China Normal Univ, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China..
    Morales, C. Morales
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Moriya, K.
    Indiana Univ, Bloomington, IN 47405 USA..
    Muchnoi, N. Yu.
    GI Budker Inst Nucl Phys SB RAS BINP, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia.;Novosibirsk State Univ, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia..
    Muramatsu, H.
    Univ Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA..
    Nefedov, Y.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia..
    Nerling, F.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Nikolaev, I. B.
    GI Budker Inst Nucl Phys SB RAS BINP, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia.;Novosibirsk State Univ, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia..
    Ning, Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Nisar, S.
    COMSATS Inst Informat Technol, Lahore 54000, Pakistan..
    Niu, S. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Niu, X. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Olsen, S. L.
    Seoul Natl Univ, Seoul 151747, South Korea..
    Ouyang, Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Pacetti, S.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-06100 Perugia, Italy.;Univ Perugia, I-06100 Perugia, Italy.;Ankara Univ, TR-06100 Ankara, Turkey..
    Pan, Y.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Patteri, P.
    INFN Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Pelizaeus, M.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Peng, H. P.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Peters, K.
    GSI Helmholtzctr Heavy Ion Res GmbH, D-64291 Darmstadt, Germany..
    Pettersson, Joachim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Ping, J. L.
    Nanjing Normal Univ, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Ping, R. G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Poling, R.
    Univ Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA..
    Prasad, V.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Qi, M.
    Nanjing Univ, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Qian, S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Qiao, C. F.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Qin, L. Q.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Qin, N.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China..
    Qin, X. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Qin, Z. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Qiu, J. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Rashid, K. H.
    Univ Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan..
    Redmer, C. F.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Ripka, M.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Rong, G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Rosner, Ch.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Ruan, X. D.
    Guangxi Univ, Nanning 530004, Peoples R China..
    Sarantsev, A.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia.;Petersburg Nucl Phys Inst, NRC Kurchatov Inst, Gatchina 188300, Russia..
    Savrie, M.
    Univ Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy..
    Schönning, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Schumann, S.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Shan, W.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Shao, M.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Shen, C. P.
    Beihang Univ, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China..
    Shen, P. X.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Shen, X. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Sheng, H. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Shi, M.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Song, W. M.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Song, X. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Sosio, S.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy. Univ Piemonte Orientale, I-15121 Alessandria, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Spataro, S.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy. Univ Piemonte Orientale, I-15121 Alessandria, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Sun, G. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Sun, J. F.
    Henan Normal Univ, Xinxiang 453007, Peoples R China..
    Sun, S. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Sun, X. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Sun, Y. J.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Sun, Y. Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Sun, Z. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Sun, Z. T.
    Indiana Univ, Bloomington, IN 47405 USA..
    Tang, C. J.
    Sichuan Univ, Chengdu 610064, Peoples R China..
    Tang, X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Tapan, I.
    Uludag Univ, TR-16059 Bursa, Turkey.;Bogazici Univ, TR-34342 Istanbul, Turkey..
    Thorndike, E. H.
    Univ Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627 USA..
    Tiemens, M.
    Univ Groningen, KVI CART, NL-9747 AA Groningen, Netherlands..
    Ullrich, M.
    Univ Giessen, Phys Inst 2, D-35392 Giessen, Germany..
    Uman, I.
    Istanbul Bilgi Univ, TR-34060 Istanbul, Turkey.;Ankara Univ, TR-06100 Ankara, Turkey..
    Varner, G. S.
    Univ Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA..
    Wang, B.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Wang, D.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Wang, D. Y.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Wang, K.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Wang, L. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wang, L. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wang, M.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Wang, P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wang, P. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wang, S. G.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Wang, W.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Wang, W. P.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Wang, X. F.
    Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Y. D.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Wang, Y. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Y. Q.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Wang, Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Z. G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Z. H.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Z. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Weber, T.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Wei, D. H.
    Guangxi Normal Univ, Guilin 541004, Peoples R China..
    Wei, J. B.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Weidenkaff, P.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Wen, S. P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wiedner, U.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Wolke, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Wu, L. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wu, L. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wu, Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Xia, L.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Xia, L. G.
    Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China..
    Xia, Y.
    Hunan Univ, Changsha 410082, Hunan, Peoples R China..
    Xiao, D.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Xiao, H.
    Univ South China, Hengyang 421001, Peoples R China..
    Xiao, Z. J.
    Nanjing Normal Univ, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Xie, Y. G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Xiu, Q. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Xu, G. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Xu, J. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Xu, L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Xu, Q. J.
    Hangzhou Normal Univ, Hangzhou 310036, Zhejiang, Peoples R China..
    Xu, X. P.
    Soochow Univ, Suzhou 215006, Peoples R China..
    Yan, L.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy. Univ Piemonte Orientale, I-15121 Alessandria, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Yan, W. B.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Yan, W. C.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Yan, Y. H.
    Hunan Univ, Changsha 410082, Hunan, Peoples R China..
    Yang, H. J.
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China..
    Yang, H. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Yang, L.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China..
    Yang, Y.
    Cent China Normal Univ, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China..
    Yang, Y. X.
    Guangxi Normal Univ, Guilin 541004, Peoples R China..
    Ye, M.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Ye, M. H.
    China Ctr Adv Sci & Technol, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China..
    Yin, J. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Yu, B. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Yu, C. X.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Yu, J. S.
    Lanzhou Univ, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China..
    Yuan, C. Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Yuan, W. L.
    Nanjing Univ, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Yuan, Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Yuncu, A.
    Istanbul Bilgi Univ, TR-34060 Istanbul, Turkey.;Ankara Univ, TR-06100 Ankara, Turkey..
    Zafar, A. A.
    Univ Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan..
    Zallo, A.
    INFN Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zeng, Y.
    Hunan Univ, Changsha 410082, Hunan, Peoples R China..
    Zeng, Z.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, B. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, B. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, C.
    Nanjing Univ, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, C. C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, D. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, H. H.
    Sun Yat Sen Univ, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, H. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, J. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, J. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, J. Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, J. W.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Y. T.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Yu
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Z. H.
    Cent China Normal Univ, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Z. P.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Z. Y.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, J. W.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, J. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, J. Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Lei
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Ling
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, M. G.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Q. W.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, S. J.
    Zhengzhou Univ, Zhengzhou 450001, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, T. C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Y. B.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Z. G.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhemchugov, A.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia.;Moscow Inst Phys & Technol, Moscow 141700, Russia..
    Zheng, B.
    Univ South China, Hengyang 421001, Peoples R China..
    Zheng, J. P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zheng, W. J.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Zheng, Y. H.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhong, B.
    Nanjing Normal Univ, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Zhou, L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhou, X.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China..
    Zhou, X. K.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhou, X. R.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhou, X. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, K.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, K. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, S. H.
    Univ Sci & Technol Liaoning, Anshan 114051, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, X. L.
    Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, Y. C.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, Y. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, Z. A.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhuang, J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zotti, L.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy. Univ Piemonte Orientale, I-15121 Alessandria, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Zou, B. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zou, J. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Study of decay dynamics and CP asymmetry in D+ -> K(L)(0)e(+)nu(e) decay2015In: Physical Review D, ISSN 1550-7998, E-ISSN 1550-2368, Vol. 92, no 11, 112008Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using 2.92 fb(-1) of electron-positron annihilation data collected at root s = 3.773 GeV with the BESIII detector, we obtain the first measurements of the absolute branching fraction B(D+ -> K(L)(0)e(+)nu(e)) = (4.481 +/- 0.027(stat) +/- 0.103(sys))% and the CP asymmetry A(CP)(D+-> KL0e+nu e) = (-0.59 +/- 0.60(stat) +/- 1.48(sys))%. From the D+ -> K(L)(0)e(+)nu(e) differential decay rate distribution, the product of the hadronic form factor and the magnitude of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix element, f(+)(K)(0)vertical bar V-cs vertical bar, is determined to be 0.728 +/- 0.006(stat) +/- 0.011(sys). Using vertical bar V-cs vertical bar from the SM constrained fit with the measured f(+)(K)(0)vertical bar V-cs vertical bar, f(+)(K)(0) = 0.748 +/- 0.007(stat) +/- 0.012(sys) is obtained, and utilizing the unquenched Lattice QCD (LQCD) calculation for f(+)(K)(0), vertical bar V-cs vertical bar = 0.975 +/- 0.008(stat) +/- 0.015(sys) +/- 0.025(LQCD).

  • 8.
    Ablikim, M.
    et al.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Achasov, M. N.
    GI Budker Inst Nucl Phys SB RAS BINP, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia.;Novosibirsk State Univ, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia..
    Ai, X. C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Albayrak, O.
    Carnegie Mellon Univ, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA..
    Albrecht, M.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Ambrose, D. J.
    Univ Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627 USA..
    Amoroso, A.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    An, F. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    An, Q.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Bai, J. Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ferroli, R. Baldini
    INFN Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy..
    Ban, Y.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Bennett, D. W.
    Indiana Univ, Bloomington, IN 47405 USA..
    Bennett, J. V.
    Carnegie Mellon Univ, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA..
    Bertani, M.
    INFN Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy..
    Bettoni, D.
    INFN Sez Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy..
    Bian, J. M.
    Univ Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA..
    Bianchi, F.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Boger, E.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia.;Moscow Inst Phys & Technol, Moscow 141700, Russia..
    Boyko, I.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia..
    Briere, R. A.
    Carnegie Mellon Univ, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA..
    Cai, H.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China..
    Cai, X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Cakir, O.
    Istanbul Aydin Univ, TR-34295 Istanbul, Turkey.;Ankara Univ, TR-06100 Ankara, Turkey..
    Calcaterra, A.
    INFN Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy..
    Cao, G. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Cetin, S. A.
    Dogus Univ, TR-34722 Istanbul, Turkey..
    Chang, J. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Chelkov, G.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia.;Moscow Inst Phys & Technol, Moscow 141700, Russia.;Tomsk State Univ, Funct Elect Lab, Tomsk 634050, Russia..
    Chen, G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Chen, H. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Chen, H. Y.
    Beihang Univ, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China..
    Chen, J. C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Chen, M. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Chen, S. J.
    Nanjing Univ, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Chen, X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Chen, X. R.
    Lanzhou Univ, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China..
    Chen, Y. B.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Cheng, H. P.
    Huangshan Coll, Huangshan 245000, Peoples R China..
    Chu, X. K.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Cibinetto, G.
    INFN Sez Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy..
    Dai, H. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Dai, J. P.
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China..
    Dbeyssi, A.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Dedovich, D.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia..
    Deng, Z. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Denig, A.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Denysenko, I.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia..
    Destefanis, M.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    De Mori, F.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Ding, Y.
    Liaoning Univ, Shenyang 110036, Peoples R China..
    Dong, C.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Dong, J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Dong, L. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Dong, M. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Du, S. X.
    Zhengzhou Univ, Zhengzhou 450001, Peoples R China..
    Duan, P. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Eren, E. E.
    Dogus Univ, TR-34722 Istanbul, Turkey..
    Fan, J. Z.
    Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China..
    Fang, J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Fang, S. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Fang, X.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Fang, Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Fava, L.
    Univ Piemonte Orientale, I-15121 Alessandria, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Feldbauer, F.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Felici, G.
    INFN Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy..
    Feng, C. Q.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Fioravanti, E.
    INFN Sez Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy..
    Fritsch, M.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.;Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Fu, C. D.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Gao, Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Gao, X. Y.
    Beihang Univ, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China..
    Gao, Y.
    Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China..
    Gao, Z.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Garzia, I.
    INFN Sez Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy..
    Goetzen, K.
    GSI Helmholtzctr Heavy Ion Res GmbH, D-64291 Darmstadt, Germany..
    Gong, W. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Gradl, W.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Greco, M.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Gu, M. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Gu, Y. T.
    Guangxi Univ, Nanning 530004, Peoples R China..
    Guan, Y. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Guo, A. Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Guo, L. B.
    Nanjing Normal Univ, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Guo, Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Guo, Y. P.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Haddadi, Z.
    Univ Groningen, KVI CART, NL-9747 AA Groningen, Netherlands..
    Hafner, A.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Han, S.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China..
    Hao, X. Q.
    Henan Normal Univ, Xinxiang 453007, Peoples R China..
    Harris, F. A.
    Univ Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA..
    He, K. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    He, X. Q.
    Univ Sci & Technol Liaoning, Anshan 114051, Peoples R China..
    Held, T.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Heng, Y. K.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Hou, Z. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Hu, C.
    Nanjing Normal Univ, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Hu, H. M.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Hu, J. F.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Hu, T.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Hu, Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Huang, G. M.
    Cent China Normal Univ, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China..
    Huang, G. S.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Huang, J. S.
    Henan Normal Univ, Xinxiang 453007, Peoples R China..
    Huang, X. T.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Huang, Y.
    Nanjing Univ, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Hussain, T.
    Univ Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan..
    Ji, Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ji, Q. P.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Ji, X. B.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ji, X. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Jiang, L. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Jiang, L. W.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China..
    Jiang, X. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Jiang, X. Y.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Jiao, J. B.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Jiao, Z.
    Huangshan Coll, Huangshan 245000, Peoples R China..
    Jin, D. P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Jin, S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Johansson, Tord
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Julin, A.
    Univ Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA..
    Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N.
    Univ Groningen, KVI CART, NL-9747 AA Groningen, Netherlands..
    Kang, X. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Kang, X. S.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Kavatsyuk, M.
    Univ Groningen, KVI CART, NL-9747 AA Groningen, Netherlands..
    Ke, B. C.
    Carnegie Mellon Univ, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA..
    Kiese, P.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Kliemt, R.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Kloss, B.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Kolcu, O. B.
    Dogus Univ, TR-34722 Istanbul, Turkey.;Istanbul Arel Univ, TR-34295 Istanbul, Turkey..
    Kopf, B.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Kornicer, M.
    Univ Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA..
    Kuehn, W.
    Univ Giessen, Phys Inst 2, D-35392 Giessen, Germany..
    Kupsc, Andrzej
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Lange, J. S.
    Univ Giessen, Phys Inst 2, D-35392 Giessen, Germany..
    Lara, M.
    Indiana Univ, Bloomington, IN 47405 USA..
    Larin, P.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Leng, C.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Li, Cui
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Li, Cheng
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Li, D. M.
    Zhengzhou Univ, Zhengzhou 450001, Peoples R China..
    Li, F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Li, F. Y.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Li, G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Li, H. B.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Li, J. C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Li, Jin
    Seoul Natl Univ, Seoul 151747, South Korea..
    Li, K.
    Hangzhou Normal Univ, Hangzhou 310036, Zhejiang, Peoples R China.;Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Li, Lei
    Beijing Inst Petrochem Technol, Beijing 102617, Peoples R China..
    Li, P. R.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Li, T.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Li, W. D.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Li, W. G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Li, X. L.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Li, X. M.
    Guangxi Univ, Nanning 530004, Peoples R China..
    Li, X. N.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Li, X. Q.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Li, Z. B.
    Sun Yat Sen Univ, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Liang, H.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Liang, Y. F.
    Sichuan Univ, Chengdu 610064, Peoples R China..
    Liang, Y. T.
    Univ Giessen, Phys Inst 2, D-35392 Giessen, Germany..
    Liao, G. R.
    Guangxi Normal Univ, Guilin 541004, Peoples R China..
    Lin, D. X.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Liu, B. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, C. L.
    Carnegie Mellon Univ, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA..
    Liu, C. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, F. H.
    Shanxi Univ, Taiyuan 030006, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Fang
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Feng
    Cent China Normal Univ, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China..
    Liu, H. B.
    Guangxi Univ, Nanning 530004, Peoples R China..
    Liu, H. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Henan Univ Sci & Technol, Luoyang 471003, Peoples R China..
    Liu, H. M.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, J. B.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Liu, J. P.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China..
    Liu, J. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, K.
    Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China..
    Liu, K. Y.
    Liaoning Univ, Shenyang 110036, Peoples R China..
    Liu, L. D.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Liu, P. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Q.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, S. B.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Liu, X.
    Lanzhou Univ, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Y. B.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Z. A.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Zhiqing
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Loehner, H.
    Univ Groningen, KVI CART, NL-9747 AA Groningen, Netherlands..
    Lou, X. C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;Univ Texas Dallas, Richardson, TX 75083 USA..
    Lu, H. J.
    Huangshan Coll, Huangshan 245000, Peoples R China..
    Lu, J. G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Lu, Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Lu, Y. P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Luo, C. L.
    Nanjing Normal Univ, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Luo, M. X.
    Zhejiang Univ, Hangzhou 310027, Zhejiang, Peoples R China..
    Luo, T.
    Univ Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA..
    Luo, X. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Lyu, X. R.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ma, F. C.
    Liaoning Univ, Shenyang 110036, Peoples R China..
    Ma, H. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ma, L. L.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Ma, Q. M.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ma, T.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ma, X. N.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Ma, X. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Maas, F. E.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Maggiora, M.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Mao, Y. J.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Mao, Z. P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Marcello, S.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Messchendorp, J. G.
    Univ Groningen, KVI CART, NL-9747 AA Groningen, Netherlands..
    Min, J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Mitchell, R. E.
    Indiana Univ, Bloomington, IN 47405 USA..
    Mo, X. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Mo, Y. J.
    Cent China Normal Univ, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China..
    Morales, C. Morales
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Moriya, K.
    Indiana Univ, Bloomington, IN 47405 USA..
    Muchnoi, N. Yu.
    GI Budker Inst Nucl Phys SB RAS BINP, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia.;Novosibirsk State Univ, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia..
    Muramatsu, H.
    Univ Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA..
    Nefedov, Y.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia..
    Nerling, F.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Nikolaev, I. B.
    GI Budker Inst Nucl Phys SB RAS BINP, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia.;Indiana Univ, Bloomington, IN 47405 USA.;Novosibirsk State Univ, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia..
    Ning, Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Nisar, S.
    COMSATS Inst Informat Technol, Lahore 54000, Pakistan..
    Niu, S. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Niu, X. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Olsen, S. L.
    Seoul Natl Univ, Seoul 151747, South Korea..
    Ouyang, Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Pacetti, S.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-06100 Perugia, Italy.;Univ Perugia, I-06100 Perugia, Italy..
    Patteri, P.
    INFN Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy..
    Pelizaeus, M.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Peng, H. P.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Peters, K.
    GSI Helmholtzctr Heavy Ion Res GmbH, D-64291 Darmstadt, Germany..
    Pettersson, Joachim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Ping, J. L.
    Nanjing Normal Univ, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Ping, R. G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Poling, R.
    Univ Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA..
    Prasad, V.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Qi, M.
    Nanjing Univ, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Qian, S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Qiao, C. F.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Qin, L. Q.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Qin, N.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China..
    Qin, X. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Qin, Z. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Qiu, J. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Rashid, K. H.
    Univ Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan..
    Redmer, C. F.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Ripka, M.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Rong, G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Rosner, Ch.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Ruan, X. D.
    Guangxi Univ, Nanning 530004, Peoples R China..
    Santoro, V.
    INFN Sez Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy..
    Sarantsev, A.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia.;NRC Kurchatov Inst, PNPI, Gatchina 188300, Russia..
    Savrie, M.
    Univ Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy..
    Schoenning, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Schumann, S.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Shan, W.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Shao, M.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Shen, C. P.
    Beihang Univ, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China..
    Shen, P. X.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Shen, X. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Sheng, H. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Song, W. M.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Song, X. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Sosio, S.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Spataro, S.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Sun, G. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Sun, J. F.
    Henan Normal Univ, Xinxiang 453007, Peoples R China..
    Sun, S. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Sun, Y. J.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Sun, Y. Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Sun, Z. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Sun, Z. T.
    Indiana Univ, Bloomington, IN 47405 USA..
    Tang, C. J.
    Sichuan Univ, Chengdu 610064, Peoples R China..
    Tang, X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Tapan, I.
    Uludag Univ, TR-16059 Bursa, Turkey..
    Thorndike, E. H.
    Univ Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627 USA..
    Tiemens, M.
    Univ Groningen, KVI CART, NL-9747 AA Groningen, Netherlands..
    Ullrich, M.
    Univ Giessen, Phys Inst 2, D-35392 Giessen, Germany..
    Uman, I.
    Dogus Univ, TR-34722 Istanbul, Turkey..
    Varner, G. S.
    Univ Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA..
    Wang, B.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Wang, D.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Wang, D. Y.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Wang, K.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Wang, L. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wang, L. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wang, M.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Wang, P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wang, P. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wang, S. G.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Wang, W.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Wang, X. F.
    Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Y. D.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Wang, Y. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Y. Q.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Wang, Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Z. G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Z. H.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Z. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Weber, T.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Wei, D. H.
    Guangxi Normal Univ, Guilin 541004, Peoples R China..
    Wei, J. B.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Weidenkaff, P.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Wen, S. P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wiedner, U.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Wolke, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Wu, L. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wu, Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Xia, L. G.
    Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China..
    Xia, Y.
    Hunan Univ, Changsha 410082, Hunan, Peoples R China..
    Xiao, D.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Xiao, H.
    Univ South China, Hengyang 421001, Peoples R China..
    Xiao, Z. J.
    Nanjing Normal Univ, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Xie, Y. G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Xiu, Q. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Xu, G. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Xu, L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Xu, Q. J.
    Hangzhou Normal Univ, Hangzhou 310036, Zhejiang, Peoples R China..
    Xu, X. P.
    Soochow Univ, Suzhou 215006, Peoples R China..
    Yan, L.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Yan, W. B.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Yan, W. C.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Yan, Y. H.
    Hunan Univ, Changsha 410082, Hunan, Peoples R China..
    Yang, H. J.
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China..
    Yang, H. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Yang, L.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China..
    Yang, Y.
    Cent China Normal Univ, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China..
    Yang, Y. X.
    Guangxi Normal Univ, Guilin 541004, Peoples R China..
    Ye, M.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Ye, M. H.
    China Ctr Adv Sci & Technol, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China..
    Yin, J. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Yu, B. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Yu, C. X.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Yu, J. S.
    Lanzhou Univ, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China..
    Yuan, C. Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Yuan, W. L.
    Nanjing Univ, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Yuan, Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Yuncu, A.
    Dogus Univ, TR-34722 Istanbul, Turkey.;Bogazici Univ, TR-34342 Istanbul, Turkey..
    Zafar, A. A.
    Univ Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan..
    Zallo, A.
    INFN Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy..
    Zeng, Y.
    Hunan Univ, Changsha 410082, Hunan, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, B. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, B. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, C.
    Nanjing Univ, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, C. C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, D. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, H. H.
    Sun Yat Sen Univ, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, H. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, J. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, J. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, J. Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, J. W.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, J. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, J. Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, K.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, X. Y.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Y. N.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Y. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Y. T.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Yu
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Z. H.
    Cent China Normal Univ, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Z. P.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Z. Y.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, J. W.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, J. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, J. Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Lei
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Ling
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, M. G.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Q. W.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, S. J.
    Zhengzhou Univ, Zhengzhou 450001, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, T. C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Y. B.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Z. G.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhemchugov, A.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia.;Moscow Inst Phys & Technol, Moscow 141700, Russia..
    Zheng, B.
    Univ South China, Hengyang 421001, Peoples R China..
    Zheng, J. P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zheng, W. J.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Zheng, Y. H.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhong, B.
    Nanjing Normal Univ, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Zhou, L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhou, X.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China..
    Zhou, X. K.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhou, X. R.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhou, X. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, K.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, K. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, S. H.
    Univ Sci & Technol Liaoning, Anshan 114051, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, X. L.
    Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, Y. C.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, Y. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, Z. A.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhuang, J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zotti, L.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Zou, B. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zou, J. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Study of dynamics of D-0 -> K(-)e(+)nu(e) and D-0 -> pi(-)e(+)nu(e) decays2015In: Physical Review D, ISSN 1550-7998, E-ISSN 1550-2368, Vol. 92, no 7, 072012Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In an analysis of a 2.92 fb(-1) data sample taken at 3.773 GeV with the BESIII detector operated at the BEPCII collider, we measure the absolute decay branching fractions B(D-0 -> K(-)e(+)nu(e)) = (3.505 +/- 0.014 +/- 0.033)% and B(D-0 -> pi(-)e(+)nu(e)) = (0.295 +/- 0.004 +/- 0.003)%. From a study of the differential decay rates we obtain the products of hadronic form factor and the magnitude of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa (CKM) matrix element f(+)(K)(0)vertical bar V-cs vertical bar = 0.7172 +/- 0.0025 +/- 0.0035 and f(+)(pi)(0)vertical bar V-cd vertical bar = 0.1435 +/- 0.0018 +/- 0.0009. Combining these products with the values of vertical bar V-cs(d)vertical bar from the SM constraint fit, we extract the hadronic form factors f(+)(K)(0) = 0.7368 +/- 0.0026 +/- 0.0036 and f(+)(pi)(0) = 0.6372 +/- 0.0080 +/- 0.0044, and their ratio f(+)(pi)(0)/f(+)(K)(0) = 0.8649 +/- 0.0112 +/- 0.0073. These form factors and their ratio are used to test unquenched lattice QCD calculations of the form factors and a light cone sum rule (LCSR) calculation of their ratio. The measured value of f(+)(K(pi))(0)vertical bar V-cs(d)vertical bar and the lattice QCD value for f(+)(K(pi))(0) are used to extract values of the CKM matrix elements of vertical bar V-cs vertical bar = 0.9601 +/- 0.0033 +/- 0.0047 +/- 0.0239 and vertical bar V-cd vertical bar = 0.2155 +/- 0.0027 +/- 0.0014 +/- 0.0094, where the third errors are due to the uncertainties in lattice QCD calculations of the form factors. Using the LCSR value for f(+)(pi)(0)/f(+)(K)(0), we determine the ratio vertical bar V-cd vertical bar/vertical bar V-cs vertical bar = 0.238 +/- 0.004 +/- 0.002 +/- 0.011, where the third error is from the uncertainty in the LCSR normalization. In addition, we measure form factor parameters for three different theoretical models that describe the weak hadronic charged currents for these two semileptonic decays. All of these measurements are the most precise to date.

  • 9.
    Abramson, Nils
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering, Metrology and Optics.
    Article may have left false impression that light-in-flight method is new2008In: Laser Focus World, ISSN 1043-8092, Vol. 44, no 4, 10-10 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Abramson, Nils
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering, Metrology and Optics.
    FEMTOSECOND IMAGING Motion picture of short pulses2011In: Nature Photonics, ISSN 1749-4885, Vol. 5, no 7, 389-390 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Abramson, Nils H.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering, Metrology and Optics.
    Optical resolution and the duality of light2008In: Applied Optics, ISSN 0003-6935, E-ISSN 1539-4522, Vol. 47, no 19, D1-D5 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For 15 years, lensless microscopes have been constructed based on the use of holography, a digital CCD detector, and a computer for image reconstruction by use of, e.g., Fourier transformation. Thus, no lens is involved and therefore the conventional resolution limit of half the wavelength no longer applies. Instead of being limited by the wavelength, the resolution is in this case limited by how exact one can measure the phases of the light. It is remarkable that the interference-limited resolution is approximately 0.01X, whereas the diffraction-limited resolution is only of the order of 0.5X. It is my hope that by combining these two techniques it will be possible to increase the magnification in optical systems by at least an order of magnitude. The calculations at so indicate that information does not necessarily decrease with distance.

  • 12.
    Adamsson, Carl
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Reactor Technology.
    Measurements of Film Flow Rate in Heated Tubes with Various Axial Power Distributions2006Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Measurements of film mass flow rate for annular, diabatic steam-water flow in tubes are presented. The measurements were carried out with four axial power distributions and at several axial positions at conditions typical for boiling water reactors, i.e. 7 MPa pressure and total mass flux in a range from 750 to 1750 kg/m2s. The results show that the influence of the axial power distribution on the dryout power corresponds to a consistent tendency in the film flow rate and that the film tends to zero when dryout is approached. Furthermore it is demonstrated that two selected phenomenological models of annular flow well predict the present data. A model for additional entrainment due to boiling is shown to degrade the predictions.

  • 13.
    Adamsson, Carl
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Reactor Technology.
    Dryout and Power Distribution Effects in Boiling Water Reactors2009Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Film flow measurements at several axial positions in round pipes with variousaxial power distributions are presented for conditions corresponding to normaloperation of a BWR. It is confirmed that the film flow rate approaches zero atthe onset of dryout. Selected phenomenological models of annular two-phaseflow are shown to reasonably reproduce the measurements. It is concluded thatmodels are in better agreement with measurements if terms corresponding topossible boiling induced entrainment are excluded.

    A method to perform film flow analysis in subchannels as a post-processto a standard two-field subchannel code is suggested. It is shown that thisapproach may yield accurate prediction of dryout power in rod bundles to alow computational cost and that the influence of the power distribution is wellpredicted by the model.

  • 14.
    Adamsson, Carl
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Reactor Technology.
    Anglart, Henryk
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Reactor Technology.
    Film flow measurements for high-pressure diabatic annular flow in tubes with various axial power distributions2006In: Nuclear Engineering and Design, ISSN 0029-5493, E-ISSN 1872-759X, Vol. 236, no 23, 2485-2493 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Measurements of film flow rates in diabatic annular flow in tubes with various axial power distributions were carried out in the high-pressure two-phase flow loop at the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Sweden. The measurements were performed at conditions typical for boiling water reactors, i.e. 7 MPa pressure and total mass flux in a range from 750 to 1750 kg/m(2)s. Four different axial power distributions were used and the film mass flow was measured at 7 axial locations for each set of boundary conditions. The results show that the outlet peaked distribution gives less film than the inlet peaked one. This result is consistent with well known trends from measurements of dryout power. The measurements also show that the film flow at the onset of dryout is very small at investigated conditions in agreement with earlier studies. Finally it is shown that the present data is well predicted by two selected phenomenological models of annular flow.

  • 15.
    Adamsson, Carl
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Reactor Technology.
    Anglart, Henryk
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Reactor Technology.
    Eperimental Investigation of the Liquid Film for Annular Flow in a Tube with Various Axial Power Distributions2005In: NURETH 11, Avignon, France, October 2–6, 2005, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper was published when the measurements with non-uniform powerdistribution were still ongoing. Therefore only the measurements with uniformand top-peaked power profiles were included. The paper compares the measured data with deposition and entrainmentmodels by Hewitt & Govan (1990) and Okawa et al. (2003). These models are also discussed in Sections 4.2.1 and 4.2.2. The issue of a correct boundarycondition at the onset of annular flow was avoided by starting the integrationof the film flow model from the most upstream measurement point. In this way the net mass exchange rate (deposition less entrainment) could be studied without any initial bias from the boundary condition.The entrainment correlation proposed by Okawa et al. (2003) included a heat flux dependent term to account for boiling entrainment (Section 4.2.2). Paper 2 concludes that the model agrees better with measurements if this term is omitted. The result suggests that boiling entrainment may not be an important effect at the investigated conditions.

  • 16.
    Adamsson, Carl
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Reactor Technology.
    Anglart, Henryk
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Reactor Technology.
    Influence of Axial Power Distribution on Dryout: Film-Flow Models and Experiments2010In: Nuclear Engineering and Design, ISSN 0029-5493, E-ISSN 1872-759X, Vol. 240, no 6, 1495-1505 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The influence of axial power distributions on dryout occurrence in nuclear fuel assemblies has been studied extensively for several decades. Even though it is well known that axial power shapes which may significantly vary in nuclear reactors during their operation significantly change the dryout power level, this particular influence is rather difficult to capture with current correlations. In this paper it is shown that this influence can be captured using a phenomenological liquid film model coupled to a standard sub-channel code. The model has been applied to various geometries, including a round pipe, as well as 5 x 5 and 8 x 8 fuel rod assemblies, and highly accurate predictions have been obtained.

  • 17.
    Adamsson, Carl
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Reactor Technology.
    Henryk, Anglart
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Reactor Technology.
    Measurements of the Liquid Film Flow Rate in High Pressure Annular Flow with Various Axial Power Distributions2005In: HEAT 2005, Gdansk, Poland, June 26–30, 2005, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents film flow measurement technique and the results with uniform power distribution. Based on these measurements it is possible to estimate the critical film thickness. The measured film thickness was plotted versus steam quality and slightlyextrapolated up to the measured critical steam quality. The conclusions werein line with Hewitt et al. (1965), i.e. that the critical film thickness is insignificantly small. This does not contradict e.g. Ueda & Isayama (1981) since the conditions were not the same, but for the flow conditions and heat fluxes that are typical for BWR operation it was concluded that the critical film thickness is, for practical purposes, zero.

  • 18.
    Adamsson, Carl
    et al.
    Westinghouse Electric Sweden.
    Le Corre, J. M.
    Westinghouse Electric Sweden.
    Modeling and Validation of a Mechanistic Tool (MEFISTO) for the Prediction of Critical Power in BWR Fuel Assemblies2011In: Nuclear Engineering and Design, ISSN 0029-5493, E-ISSN 1872-759X, Vol. 241, no 8, 2843-2858 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Westinghouse is currently developing the MEFISTO code with the main goal to achieve fast, robust, practical and reliable prediction of steady-state dryout Critical Power in Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) fuel bundle based on a mechanistic approach. A computationally efficient simulation scheme was used to achieve this goal, where the code resolves all relevant field (drop, steam and multi-film) mass balance equations, within the annular flow region, at the sub-channel level while relying on a fast and robust two-phase (liquid/steam) sub-channel solution to provide the cross-flow information. The MEFISTO code can hence provide highly detailed solution of the multi-film flow in BWR fuel bundle while enhancing flexibility and reducing the computer time by an order of magnitude as compared to a standard three-field sub-channel analysis approach. Models for the numerical computation of the one-dimensional field flowrate distributions in an open channel (e.g. a sub-channel), including the numerical treatment of field cross-flows, part-length rods, spacers grids and post-dryout conditions are presented in this paper. The MEFISTO code is then applied to dryout prediction in BWR fuel bundle using VIPRE-W as a fast and robust two-phase sub-channel driver code. The dryout power is numerically predicted by iterating on the bundle power so that the minimum film flowrate in the bundle reaches the dryout criteria. Predicted dryout powers (including trends with flow, pressure, inlet subcooling and power distribution) and predicted dryout locations (both axial and radial) are compared to experimental results, using the entire Westinghouse SVEA-96 Optima3 dryout database, and are shown to yield excellent results.

  • 19.
    Adenier, Guillaume
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Khrennikov, Andrei
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Fair Sampling vs No-Signalling Principle in EPR experiments2007In: Beyond the Quantum, World Scientific Publishing, Singapore , 2007, 181-187 p.Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    We present some recent results of a new statistical analysis of the optical EPR experiment performed by Weihs et al in Innsbruck 1997-1998. Under the commonly used assumption of fair sampling, we show that the coincidence counts exhibit a small and anomalous non-signalling component, which seems impossible to explain by using the conventional quantum mechanics, and we discuss some possible interpretations of this phenomenon.

  • 20.
    Adenier, Guillaume
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Khrennikov, Andrei
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Fair sampling and rotational invariance in EPR experiments2007In: The Nature of Light: What Are Photons?, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We have previously shown that the use of the fair sampling assumption in EPR experiments could be questioned on the basis of experimental data. We continue our analysis of the data from the optical EPR experimental performed by Weihs et al. in Innsbruck 1997-1998, and we discuss whether a non-rotationally invariant source can account for the experimental results.

  • 21.
    Adenier, Guillaume
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering. Mathematics.
    Khrennikov, Andrei
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering. Mathematics.
    Is the fair sampling assumption supported by EPR experiments?2007In: Journal of Physics B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys., ISSN 0953-4075, Vol. 40, no 1, 131-141 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyse optical EPR experimental data performed by Weihs et al in Innsbruck 1997–1998. We show that for some linear combinations of the raw coincidence rates, the experimental results display some anomalous behaviour that a more general source state (like non-maximally entangled state) cannot straightforwardly account for. We attempt to explain these anomalies by taking account of the relative efficiencies of the four channels. For this purpose, we use the fair sampling assumption, and assume explicitly that the detection efficiencies for the pairs of entangled photons can be written as a product of the two corresponding detection efficiencies for the single photons. We show that this explicit use of fair sampling cannot be maintained to be a reasonable assumption as it leads to an apparent violation of the no-signalling principle.

  • 22.
    Adesso, Gerardo
    et al.
    Centre for Quantum Computation, DAMTP, Univ. of Cambridge, UK.
    Ericsson, Marie
    Centre for Quantum Computation, DAMTP, Univ. of Cambridge, UK.
    Optical implementation and entanglement distribution in Gaussian valence bond states2007In: Optics and Spectroscopy, ISSN 0030-400X, E-ISSN 1562-6911, Vol. 103, no 2, 178-186 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study Gaussian valence bond states of continuous variable systems, obtained as the outputs of projection operations from an ancillary space of M infinitely entangled bonds connecting neighboring sites, applied at each of $N$ sites of an harmonic chain. The entanglement distribution in Gaussian valence bond states can be controlled by varying the input amount of entanglement engineered in a (2M+1)-mode Gaussian state known as the building block, which is isomorphic to the projector applied at a given site. We show how this mechanism can be interpreted in terms of multiple entanglement swapping from the chain of ancillary bonds, through the building blocks. We provide optical schemes to produce bisymmetric three-mode Gaussian building blocks (which correspond to a single bond, M=1), and study the entanglement structure in the output Gaussian valence bond states. The usefulness of such states for quantum communication protocols with continuous variables, like telecloning and teleportation networks, is finally discussed.

  • 23.
    Adiels, L
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics, The Manne Siegbahn Laboratory.
    Antonelli, A
    Backenstoss, G.
    Institute for Physics, University of Basle.
    Beltrami, I
    Bergström, I.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics, The Manne Siegbahn Laboratory.
    Bloch, P
    Burgun, G
    DPhPe, CENSaclay.
    Carius, S.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics, The Manne Siegbahn Laboratory.
    Chardalas, M
    Charalambous, S.
    Dept. of Nuclear Physics, Univerity of Tessaloniki.
    Dedoussis, S
    Derré, J
    Dousse, J. C.
    University of Fribourg.
    Dris, M
    Faure, J L
    Fetscher, W
    Fry, J R
    Filokyprou, G
    Gabathuler, Erwin
    Gamet, R
    Garreta, D
    Geralis, J
    Gerber, H J
    Guyot, C
    Hatzifotiadou, D.
    Hayman, P
    Hugi, M
    Institute for Physics, University of Basle.
    Kern, J
    Kerek, A.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics, The Manne Siegbahn Laboratory.
    Kesseler, G
    Kochowski, Claude
    Kokinias, P
    Kostarakis, P
    Kuzminski, J
    Lefas, C
    Lindblad, T
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics, The Manne Siegbahn Laboratory.
    Mall, U
    Marel, Gérard
    Mason, P
    Milshtein, A I
    Nakada, Tatsuya
    Nilsson, A
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics, The Manne Siegbahn Laboratory.
    Papadopoulos, I M
    Pavlopoulos, P.
    Institute for Physics, University of Basle.
    Pauli, E
    Rickenbach, R
    Schaller, L A
    Schopper, A
    Tauscher, L.
    Institute for Physics, University of Basle.
    Tröster, D.
    Institute for Physics, University of Basle.
    Tzamouranis, Yu
    Watson, E. J.
    CERN.
    Zevgolatakos, S
    Study of CP violation in a tagged neutral kaon beam.1986In: Topical European Meeting on the Quark Structure of Matter in the Rhine Valley, 1986Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Adlmann, Franz A.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
    Pálsson, Gunnar Karl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
    Bilheux, J. C.
    Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Spallat Neutron Source, Oak Ridge, TN USA..
    Ankner, J. F.
    Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Spallat Neutron Source, Oak Ridge, TN USA..
    Gutfreund, P.
    Inst Laue Langevin, BP 156, F-38042 Grenoble, France..
    Kawecki, M.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
    Wolff, Max
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
    Överlåtaren: a fast way to transfer and orthogonalize two-dimensional off-specular reflectivity data2016In: Journal of applied crystallography, ISSN 0021-8898, E-ISSN 1600-5767, Vol. 49, 2091-2099 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Reflectivity measurements offer unique opportunities for the study of surfaces and interfaces, and specular reflectometry has become a standard tool in materials science to resolve structures normal to the surface of a thin film. Off-specular scattering, which probes lateral structures, is more difficult to analyse, because the Fourier space being probed is highly anisotropic and the scattering pattern is truncated by the interface. As a result, scattering patterns collected with (especially time-of-flight) neutron reflectometers are difficult to transform into reciprocal space for comparison with model calculations. A program package is presented for a generic two-dimensional transformation of reflectometry data into q space and back. The data are represented on an orthogonal grid, allowing cuts along directions relevant for theoretical modelling. This treatment includes background subtraction as well as a full characterization of the resolution function. The method is optimized for computational performance using repeatable operations and standardized instrument settings.

  • 25. Agate, B.
    et al.
    Rafailov, E. U.
    Sibbett, W.
    Saltiel, S. M.
    Koynov, K.
    Tiihonen, Mikael
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Physics.
    Wang, Shunhua
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Physics.
    Laurell, Fredrik
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Physics.
    Battle, P.
    Fry, T.
    Roberts, T.
    Noonan, E.
    Portable ultrafast blue light sources designed with frequency doubling in KTP and KNbO32004In: IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, ISSN 1077-260X, E-ISSN 1558-4542, Vol. 10, no 6, 1268-1276 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We demonstrate an effective means of achieving compact, truly portable, and entirely self-contained ultrafast blue light sources. Using a variety of nonlinear media to achieve simple second-harmonic generation of a femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser, we investigate the relative merits of aperiodically poled bulk and waveguide nonlinear crystals in comparison to periodically poled structures. Such a compact and convenient source of ultrashort laser pulses in the blue spectral region could be of great interest for on-site applications spanning a host of disciplines, such as biomedical imaging, optical micromanipulation, and high-resolution spectroscopy.

  • 26. Aggerstam, Thomas
    et al.
    Lovqvist, Anita
    Stevens, Renaud
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Marcks von Würtemberg, Richard
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Applied Physics, MAP. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Dubois, Mardjan
    Ghisoni, Marco
    Selectively oxidized vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers for high-speed data communication2001In: Proc. SPIE 4286, SPIE's Optoelectronics 2001, Photonics West, San Jose, US, Bellingham, WA, ETATS-UNIS: Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers , 2001, Vol. 4286, 96- p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    MITEL Semiconductor is developing the next generation low cost, high performance transceivers for data communication. The increasing quantity of data being transferred over the Internet demands very high capacity interconnects. A low cost, high-performance alternative is the use of parallel fiber interconnects where the light is, for example, coupled into a 12-channel fiber-ribbon. Parallel interconnects require good uniformity in order to reduce escalating costs and complexity. In this paper we report on the static and the modulation properties of 850nm multimode oxide VCSELs for use in such Gb/s transceiver system. Static power-current-voltage characteristics with good uniformity were obtained for different structures, with threshold currents down to sub-mA. A maximum small signal 3-dB bandwidth of 10 GHz and a modulation current efficiency up to 8.4 GHz/√[mA] were measured. Single channel results are presented for VCSELs operated at data rates from 2.5-10Gb/s.

  • 27.
    Agåker, Marcus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Molecular and condensed matter physics.
    Andersson, Joakim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Molecular and condensed matter physics.
    Englund, J.C.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Molecular and condensed matter physics.
    Rausch, Joachim
    Giessen University.
    Rubensson, Jan-Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Molecular and condensed matter physics.
    Nordgren, Joseph
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Molecular and condensed matter physics.
    Spectroscopy in the vacuum-ultraviolet2011In: Nature Photonics, ISSN 1749-4885, E-ISSN 1749-4893, Vol. 5, 248- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28. Ahlfeldt, H.
    et al.
    Holm, J.
    Lindgren, S.
    Backlin, L.
    Vieider, C.
    Klinga, T.
    Kerzar, B.
    Nilsson, M.
    Svensson, M.
    Nilsson, S.
    Kjebon, Olle
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Applied Physics, MAP. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    20 GHz bandwidth of lasers flip-chip-mounted on microstructured carriers with integrated electrical waveguides1998In: Optical Communication, 1998. 24th European Conference on, 1998, Vol. 1, 205-206 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A flip-chip-mounting scheme for high-speed lasers has been realised. The mounting scheme involves a microstructured silicon carrier with integrated membrane transmission lines and self-aligning solder bumps

  • 29.
    Ahlquist, Mårten S. G.
    KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Theoretical Chemistry.
    Iridium catalyzed hydrogenation of CO2 under basic conditions-Mechanistic insight from theory2010In: Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, ISSN 1381-1169, Vol. 324, no 1-2, 3-8 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The iridium(III) catalyzed hydrogenation of carbon dioxide under basic conditions was studied with density functional theory. It was found that the insertion of CO2 into an Ir-H bond proceeds via a two-step mechanism. The rate-limiting step was calculated to be the regeneration of the iridium(III) trihydride intermediate, and the overall barrier for the reaction was calculated to 26.1 kcal mol(-1). The formation of the iridium trihydride proceeds via formation of a cationic Ir(H)(2)(H-2) complex at which the base abstracts a proton from the dihydrogen ligand. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 30.
    Ahmed, J
    et al.
    KTH.
    Monti, Paolo
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Wosinska, Lena
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Spadaro, S
    Enhancing restoration performance using service relocation in PCE-based resilient optical clouds2014In: Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Technical Digest Series, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the benefits of dynamic restoration with service relocation in resilient optical clouds. Results from the proposed optimization model show that service availability can be significantly improved by allowing a few service relocations.

  • 31.
    Ahmed, Rizwan
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Abbas, Shahid
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Electrical and Optical Characteristics of InP Nanowires based p-i-n Photodetectors2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Photodetectors are a kind of semiconductor devices that convert incoming light to an electrical signal. Photodetectors are classified based on their different structure, fabrication technology, applications and different sensitivity. Infrared photodetectors are widely used in many applications such as night vision, thermal cameras, remote temperature sensing, and medical diagnosis etc.

     

    All detectors have material inside that is sensitive to incoming light. It will absorb the photons and, if the incoming photons have enough energy, electrons will be excited to higher energy levels and if these electrons are free to move, under the effect of an external electric field, a photocurrent is generated.

     

    In this project Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectroscopy is used to investigate a new kind of photodiodes that are based on self-assembled semiconductor nanowires (NWs) which are grown directly on the substrate without any epi-layer. The spectrally resolved photocurrent (at different applied biases) and IV curves (in darkness and illumination) for different temperatures have been studied respectively. Polarization effects (at low and high Temperatures) have been investigated.  The experiments are conducted for different samples with high concentration of NWs as well as with lower concentration of NWs in the temperature range from 78 K (-195ºC) to 300 (27ºC). These photodiodes are designed to work in near infrared (NIR) spectral range.

     

    The results show that the NW photodetectors indeed are promising devices with fairly high break down voltage, change of photocurrent spectra with polarized light, low and constant reverse saturation current (Is). The impact of different polarized light on photocurrent spectra has been investigated and an attempt has been made to clarify the observed double peak of InP photocurrent spectrum. Our investigations also include a comparison to a conventional planar InP p-i-n photodetector.

     

  • 32.
    Ahvenniemi, Esko
    et al.
    Aalto Univ, Dept Chem, POB 16100, FI-00076 Espoo, Finland..
    Akbashev, Andrew R.
    Stanford Univ, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Ali, Saima
    Aalto Univ, Sch Chem Technol, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, POB 16200, FI-00076 Aalto, Finland..
    Bechelany, Mikhael
    Univ Montpellier, ENSCM, CNRS, IEM,UMR 5635, Pl Eugene Bataillon, F-34095 Montpellier 5, France..
    Berdova, Maria
    Univ Twente, Ind Focus Grp XUV Opt, NL-7522 ND Enschede, Netherlands..
    Boyadjiev, Stefan
    Bulgarian Acad Sci, Inst Solid State Phys, 72 Tzarigradsko Chaussee Blvd, Sofia 1784, Bulgaria..
    Cameron, David C.
    Masaryk Univ, CEPLANT, Kotlarska 267-2, CS-61137 Brno, Czech Republic..
    Chen, Rong
    Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Sch Mech Sci & Engn, Sch Opt & Elect Informat, 1037 Luoyu Rd, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Chubarov, Mikhail
    Univ Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, SIMAP, F-38000 Grenoble, France..
    Cremers, Veronique
    Univ Ghent, CoCooN, Dept Solid State Sci, Krijgslaan 281-S1, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Devi, Anjana
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, Inorgan Mat Chem, D-44801 Bochum, Germany..
    Drozd, Viktor
    St Petersburg State Univ, Inst Chem, Univ Skaya Emb 7-9, St Petersburg 199034, Russia..
    Elnikova, Liliya
    Inst Theoret & Expt Phys, Bolshaya Cheremushkinskaya 25, Moscow 117218, Russia..
    Gottardi, Gloria
    Fdn Bruno Kessler, Ctr Mat & Microsyst, I-38123 Trento, Italy..
    Grigoras, Kestutis
    VTT Tech Res Ctr Finland, POB 1000,Tietotie 3, FI-02044 Espoo, Vtt, Finland..
    Hausmann, Dennis M.
    Lam Res Corp, Tualatin, OR 97062 USA..
    Hwang, Cheol Seong
    Seoul Natl Univ, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, Coll Engn, Seoul 08826, South Korea.;Seoul Natl Univ, Interuniv Semicond Res Ctr, Coll Engn, Seoul 08826, South Korea..
    Jen, Shih-Hui
    Globalfoundries, Albany, NY 12203 USA..
    Kallio, Tanja
    Aalto Univ, Sch Chem Engn, Dept Chem, POB 16100, FI-00076 Aalto, Finland..
    Kanervo, Jaana
    Aalto Univ, Sch Chem Engn, Dept Chem, POB 16100, FI-00076 Aalto, Finland.;Abo Akad Univ, FI-20500 Turku, Finland..
    Khmelnitskiy, Ivan
    St Petersburg Electrotech Univ LETI, Res & Educ Ctr Nanotechnol, Ul Prof Popova 5, St Petersburg 197376, Russia..
    Kim, Do Han
    MIT, Dept Chem Engn, 77 Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA..
    Klibanov, Lev
    Techinsights, 3000 Solandt Rd, Ottawa, ON K2K2X2, Canada..
    Koshtyal, Yury
    Ioffe Inst, Lab Lithium Ion Technol, 26 Politekhnicheskaya, St Petersburg 194021, Russia..
    Krause, A. Outi I.
    Aalto Univ, Sch Chem Technol, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, POB 16200, FI-00076 Aalto, Finland..
    Kuhs, Jakob
    Univ Ghent, CoCooN, Dept Solid State Sci, Krijgslaan 281-S1, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Kaerkkaenen, Irina
    Sentech Instruments GmbH, Schwarzschildstr 2, D-12489 Berlin, Germany..
    Kaariainen, Marja-Leena
    NovaldMed Ltd Oy, Telkantie 5, FI-82500 Kitee, Finland..
    Kaariainen, Tommi
    NovaldMed Ltd Oy, Telkantie 5, FI-82500 Kitee, Finland.;Univ Helsinki, Inorgan Chem Lab, POB 55,AI Virtasen Aukio 1, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland..
    Lamagna, Luca
    STMicroelectronics, Via C Olivetti 2, I-20864 Agrate Brianza, MB, Italy..
    Lapicki, Adam A.
    Seagate Technol Ireland, 1 Disc Dr, Derry BT48 7BD, North Ireland..
    Leskela, Markku
    Univ Helsinki, Dept Chem, POB 55, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland..
    Lipsanen, Harri
    Aalto Univ, Dept Micro & Nanosci, Tietotie 3, Espoo 02150, Finland..
    Lyytinen, Jussi
    Aalto Univ, Sch Chem Technol, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, POB 16200, FI-00076 Aalto, Finland..
    Malkov, Anatoly
    Tech Univ, St Petersburg State Inst Technol, Dept Chem Nanotechnol & Mat Elect, 26 Moskovsky Prosp, St Petersburg 190013, Russia..
    Malygin, Anatoly
    Tech Univ, St Petersburg State Inst Technol, Dept Chem Nanotechnol & Mat Elect, 26 Moskovsky Prosp, St Petersburg 190013, Russia..
    Mennad, Abdelkader
    CDER, UDES, RN 11 BP 386 Bou Ismail, Tipasa 42415, Algeria..
    Militzer, Christian
    Tech Univ Chemnitz, Inst Chem, Phys Chem, Str Nationen 62, D-09111 Chemnitz, Germany..
    Molarius, Jyrki
    Summa Semicond Oy, PL 11, Espoo 02131, Finland..
    Norek, Malgorzata
    Mil Univ Technol, Fac Adv Technol & Chem, Dept Adv Mat & Technol, Str Kaliskiego 2, PL-00908 Warsaw, Poland..
    Ozgit-Akgun, Cagla
    ASELSAN Inc, Microelect Guidance & Electroopt Business Sect, TR-06750 Ankara, Turkey..
    Panov, Mikhail
    St Petersburg Electrotech Univ LETI, Ctr Microtechnol & Diagnost, Ul Prof Popova 5, St Petersburg 197376, Russia..
    Pedersen, Henrik
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Phys Chem & Biol, SE-58183 Linkoping, Sweden..
    Piallat, Fabien
    KOBUS, F-38330 Montbonnot St Martin, France..
    Popov, Georgi
    Univ Helsinki, Dept Chem, POB 55, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland..
    Puurunen, Riikka L.
    VTT Tech Res Ctr Finland, POB 1000,Tietotie 3, FI-02044 Espoo, Vtt, Finland..
    Rampelberg, Geert
    Univ Ghent, CoCooN, Dept Solid State Sci, Krijgslaan 281-S1, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Ras, Robin H. A.
    Rauwel, Erwan
    Tallinn Univ Technol, Tartu Coll, Puiestee 78, EE-51008 Tartu, Estonia..
    Roozeboom, Fred
    Eindhoven Univ Technol, Dept Appl Phys, Grp Plasma & Mat Proc, POB 513, NL-5600 MB Eindhoven, Netherlands.;TNO, High Tech Campus 21, NL-5656 AE Eindhoven, Netherlands..
    Sajavaara, Timo
    Univ Jyvaskyla, Dept Phys, POB 35, Jyvaskyla 40014, Finland..
    Salami, Hossein
    Univ Maryland, Dept Chem & Biomol Engn, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Savin, Hele
    Aalto Univ, Dept Micro & Nanosci, Tietotie 3, Espoo 02150, Finland..
    Schneider, Nathanaelle
    IRDEP CNRS, 6 Quai Watier, F-78401 Chatou, France.;IPVF, 8 Rue Renaissance, F-92160 Antony, France..
    Seidel, Thomas E.
    Seitek50, POB 350238, Palm Coast, FL 32135 USA..
    Sundqvist, Jonas
    Fraunhofer Inst Ceram Technol & Syst IKTS, Syst Integrat & Technol Transfer, Winterbergstr 28, D-01277 Dresden, Germany..
    Suyatin, Dmitry B.
    Lund Univ, Div Solid State Phys, Box 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden.;Lund Univ, NanoLund, Box 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Törndahl, Tobias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    van Ommen, J. Ruud
    Delft Univ Technol, Dept Chem Engn, Van der Maasweg 9, NL-2629 HZ Delft, Netherlands..
    Wiemer, Claudia
    CNR, IMM, Lab MDM, Via C Olivetti 2, I-20864 Agrate Brianza, MB, Italy..
    Ylivaara, Oili M. E.
    VTT Tech Res Ctr Finland, POB 1000,Tietotie 3, FI-02044 Espoo, Vtt, Finland..
    Yurkevich, Oksana
    Immanuel Kant Balt Fed Univ, Res & Educ Ctr Funct Nanomat, A Nevskogo 14, Kaliningrad 236041, Russia..
    Recommended reading list of early publications on atomic layer deposition-Outcome of the "Virtual Project on the History of ALD"2017In: Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology. A. Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films, ISSN 0734-2101, E-ISSN 1520-8559, Vol. 35, no 1, 010801Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Atomic layer deposition (ALD), a gas-phase thin film deposition technique based on repeated, self-terminating gas-solid reactions, has become the method of choice in semiconductor manufacturing and many other technological areas for depositing thin conformal inorganic material layers for various applications. ALD has been discovered and developed independently, at least twice, under different names: atomic layer epitaxy (ALE) and molecular layering. ALE, dating back to 1974 in Finland, has been commonly known as the origin of ALD, while work done since the 1960s in the Soviet Union under the name "molecular layering" (and sometimes other names) has remained much less known. The virtual project on the history of ALD (VPHA) is a volunteer-based effort with open participation, set up to make the early days of ALD more transparent. In VPHA, started in July 2013, the target is to list, read and comment on all early ALD academic and patent literature up to 1986. VPHA has resulted in two essays and several presentations at international conferences. This paper, based on a poster presentation at the 16th International Conference on Atomic Layer Deposition in Dublin, Ireland, 2016, presents a recommended reading list of early ALD publications, created collectively by the VPHA participants through voting. The list contains 22 publications from Finland, Japan, Soviet Union, United Kingdom, and United States. Up to now, a balanced overview regarding the early history of ALD has been missing; the current list is an attempt to remedy this deficiency.

  • 33. Ai, Yue-jie
    et al.
    Tian, Guangjun
    Liao, Rong-zhen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Zhang, Qiong
    Fang, Wei-hai
    Luo, Yi
    Intrinsic Property of Flavin Mononucleotide Controls its Optical Spectra in Three Redox States2011In: ChemPhysChem, ISSN 1439-4235, E-ISSN 1439-7641, Vol. 12, no 16, 2899-2902 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Ako, Thomas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Optics and Photonics.
    Yan, Min
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Optics and Photonics, Photonics.
    Qiu, Min
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Optics and Photonics, Photonics.
    Design of invisibility cloaks with an open tunnel2010In: Optics Express, ISSN 1094-4087, Vol. 18, no 26, 27060-27066 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we apply the methodology of transformation optics for design of a novel invisibility cloak which can possess an open tunnel. Such a cloak facilitates the insertion (retrieval) of matter into (from) the cloak's interior without significantly affecting the cloak's performance, overcoming the matter exchange bottleneck inherent to most previously proposed cloak designs. We achieve this by applying a transformation which expands a point at the origin in electromagnetic space to a finite area in physical space in a highly anisotropic manner. The invisibility performance of the proposed cloak is verified by using full-wave finite-element simulations. (C) 2010 Optical Society of America

  • 35. Akram, N. M.
    et al.
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Marcinkevicius, Saulius
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Kjebon, Olle
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Berggren, Jesper
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Integrated Devices and Circuits.
    Experimental evaluation of carrier transport, gain, T0 and chirp of 1.55 mu;m MQW structures with different barrier compositions2005In: Optical Communication, 2005. ECOC 2005. 31st European Conference on, 2005, Vol. 2, 297-298 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Direct carrier transport measurements were performed for different InGaAsP/InGaAlAs MQW test structures. Shallow InGaAlAs barrier QW showed faster carrier transport. Semi-insulating regrown FP lasers with InGaAlAs barrier QW showed improved high temperature operation, modal gain, differential modal gain and chirp.

  • 36.
    Akram, Nadeem
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Optics and Photonics, Photonics.
    Kjebon, Olle
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Optics and Photonics, Photonics.
    Chacinski, Marek
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Applied Physics, MAP. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Optics and Photonics, Photonics.
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Applied Physics, MAP. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Optics and Photonics, Photonics.
    Berggren, Jesper
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Material Physics, Semiconductor Materials, HMA.
    Olsson, Fredrik
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Material Physics, Semiconductor Materials, HMA.
    Lourdudoss, Sebastian
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Material Physics, Semiconductor Materials, HMA.
    Berrier, Audrey
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Applied Physics, MAP.
    Experimental characterization of high-speed 1.55 mu m buried heterostructure InGaAsP/InGaAlAs quantum-well lasers2009In: Journal of the Optical Society of America. B, Optical physics, ISSN 0740-3224, Vol. 26, no 2, 318-327 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Detailed experimental characterization is performed for 1550 nm semi-insulating regrown buried heterostructure Fabry-Perot (FP) lasers having 20 InGaAsP/InGaAlAs strain-balanced quantum wells (QWs) in the active region. Light-current-voltage performance, electrical impedance, small-signal response below and above threshold, amplified spontaneous emission spectrum below threshold and relative intensity noise spectrum are measured. Different laser parameters such as external differential quantum efficiency eta(d), background optical loss alpha(i), K-factor, D-factor, characteristic temperature T-0, differential gain dg/dn, gain-compression factor epsilon, carrier density versus current, differential carrier lifetime tau(d), optical gain spectrum below threshold, and chirp parameter alpha are extracted from these measurements. The FP lasers exhibited a high T-0 (78-86.5 degrees C) and very high-resonance frequency (23.7 GHz). The results indicate that appropriately designed lasers having a large number of InGaAsP well/InGaAlAs barrier QWs with shallow valence-band discontinuity can be useful for un-cooled high-speed direct-modulated laser applications.

  • 37.
    Akram, Nadeem
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Optics and Photonics, Photonics.
    Kjebon, Olle
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Optics and Photonics, Photonics.
    Chacinski, Marek
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Optics and Photonics, Photonics.
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Optics and Photonics, Photonics.
    Berggren, Jesper
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Olsson, Fredrik
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Lourdudoss, Sebastian
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Berrier, Audrey
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    High-Speed Performance of 1.55 µm Buried Hetero-Structure Lasers with 20 InGaAsP/InGaAlAs Quantum-Wells2006In: 2006 European Conference on Optical Communications Proceedings, ECOC 2006, IEEE , 2006, 1-2 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    1550 nm re-grown FP lasers having 20 InGaAsP/InGaAlAs strain-balanced QWs exhibit low threshold current density, high T0 (78.0 #x000B0;C) and high resonance frequency (24 GHz) indicating that a large number of shallow barrier QWs are attractive for un-cooled high-speed direct-modulation applications.

  • 38.
    Akram, Nadeem
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Silfvenius, Christofer
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Berggren, Jesper
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Material Physics (Closed 20120101), Semiconductor Materials, HMA (Closed 20120101).
    Kjebon, Olle
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Design optimization of InGaAsP-InGaAlAs 1.55 mu;m strain-compensated MQW lasers for direct modulation applications2004In: Indium Phosphide and Related Materials, 2004. 16th IPRM. 2004 International Conference on, IEEE , 2004, 418-421 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A comprehensive simulation study of InGaAsP (well)/InGaAlAs(barrier) 1.55 mu;m strain-compensated MQW lasers is presented. For MQWs, a uniform vertical distribution of holes is achieved due to a reduced effective hole confinement energy by optimizing the bandgap and strain of the barriers and p-doping in the active region. Some preliminary results are also presented for the manufactured lasers using these QWs indicating a good material platform.

  • 39. Alagia, M
    et al.
    Coreno, M
    Farrokhpour, H
    Franceschi, P
    Mihelic, A
    Moise, A
    Omidyan, R
    Prince, K C
    Richter, R
    Söderström, J
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Molecular and condensed matter physics.
    Stranges, S
    Tabrizchi, M
    Åœitnik, M
    Angular effects in autoionization of 3 P doubly excited states in He2009In: Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Vol. 194Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The first members of dipole allowed 3 P o doubly excited series in helium have been observed in resonant photoexcitation of 1 s 2 s 3 S e metastable atoms. A good agreement measured relative photoionization cross sections is achieved when theory includes the radiation damping and, also important, the effects of spin-orbit multiplet splitting on electron angular distribution.

  • 40. Alagia, M
    et al.
    Coreno, M
    Farrokhpour, H
    Franceschi, P
    Mihelič, A
    Moise, A
    Omidyan, R
    Prince, K C
    Richter, R
    Söderström, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Molecular and condensed matter physics.
    Stranges, S
    Tabrizchi, M
    Åœitnik, M
    Angular effects in autoionization of 3 P doubly excited states in He2009In: Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Vol. 194, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The first members of dipole allowed 3 P o doubly excited series in helium have been observed in resonant photoexcitation of 1 s 2 s 3 S e metastable atoms. A good agreement measured relative photoionization cross sections is achieved when theory includes the radiation damping and, also important, the effects of spin-orbit multiplet splitting on electron angular distribution.

  • 41. Alessi, D
    et al.
    Martz, Dale
    Colorado State Univ, Engn Res Ctr Extreme Ultraviolet Sci & Technol.
    Wang, Y
    Berrill, M
    Luther, B M
    Rocca, J J
    Gain-saturated 10.9 nm tabletop laser operating at 1 Hz repetition rate2010In: Optics Letters, ISSN 0146-9592, E-ISSN 1539-4794, Vol. 35, no 3, 414-6 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report the demonstration of a gain-saturated 10.9 nm tabletop soft x-ray laser operating at 1 Hz repetition rate. Lasing occurs by collisional electron impact excitation in the 4dS01-->4pP11 transition of nickel-like Te in a line-focus plasma heated by a chirped-pulse-amplification Ti:sapphire laser. With an average power of 1muW and pulse energy up to approximately 2microJ, this laser extends the ability to conduct tabletop laser experiments to a shorter wavelength.

  • 42. Alessi, D.
    et al.
    Wang, Y.
    Luther, B. M.
    Yin, L.
    Martz, D. H.
    epartment of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado.
    Woolston, M. R.
    Liu, Y.
    Berrill, M.
    Rocca, J. J.
    Efficient Excitation of Gain-Saturated Sub-9-nm-Wavelength Tabletop Soft-X-Ray Lasers and Lasing Down to 7.36 nm2011In: PHYSICAL REVIEW X, ISSN 2160-3308, Vol. 1, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have demonstrated the efficient generation of sub-9-nm-wavelength picosecond laser pulses of microjoule energy at 1-Hz repetition rate with a tabletop laser. Gain-saturated lasing was obtained at λ=8.85  nm in nickel-like lanthanum ions excited by collisional electron-impact excitation in a precreated plasma column heated by a picosecond optical laser pulse of 4-J energy. Furthermore, isoelectronic scaling along the lanthanide series resulted in lasing at wavelengths as short as λ=7.36  nm. Simulations show that the collisionally broadened atomic transitions in these dense plasmas can support the amplification of subpicosecond soft-x-ray laser pulses.

  • 43.
    Ali, S.
    et al.
    Univ Stockholm, Dept Phys, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Orban, I.
    Univ Stockholm, Dept Phys, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Mahmood, S.
    Univ Stockholm, Dept Phys, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Altun, Z.
    Marmara Univ, Dept Phys, TR-81040 Istanbul, Turkey.
    Glans, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of applied science and design.
    Schuch, R.
    Univ Stockholm, Dept Phys, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    ELECTRON-ION RECOMBINATION RATE COEFFICIENTS FOR C II FORMING C I2012In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 753, no 2, Art. no. 132- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have determined absolute dielectronic recombination rate coefficients for C II, using the CRYRING heavy-ions storage ring. The resonances due to 2s-2p (Delta n= 0) core excitations are detected in the center-of-mass energy range of 0-15 eV. The experimental results are compared with intermediate coupling AUTOSTRUCTURE calculations. Plasma rate coefficients are obtained from the DR spectrum by convoluting it with a Maxwell-Boltzmann energy distribution for temperatures in the range of 10(3)-10(6) K. The derived temperature-dependent plasma recombination rate coefficients are presented graphically and parameterized by using a fit formula for convenient use in plasma modeling codes. The experimental rate coefficients are also compared with the theoretical data available in literature. In the temperature range of 10(3)-2 x 10(4) K, our experimental results show that previous calculations severely underestimate the plasma rate coefficients and also our AUTOSTRUCTURE calculation does not reproduce the experimental plasma rate coefficients well. Above 2x10(4) K, the agreement between the experimental and theoretical rate coefficients is much better, and the deviations are smaller than the estimated uncertainties.

  • 44.
    Ali, Safdar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Electron - Ion Recombination Data for Plasma Applications: Results from Electron Beam Ion Trap and Ion Storage Ring2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis contains results of electron-ion recombination processes in atomic ions relevant for plasma applications. The measurements were performed at the Stockholm Refrigerated Electron Beam Ion Trap (R-EBIT) and at the CRYRING heavy-ion storage ring. Dielectronic recombination (DR) cross sections, resonant strengths, rate coefficients and energy peak positions in H-like and He-like S are obtained for the first time from the EBIT measurements. Furthermore, the experimentally obtained DR resonant strengths are used to check the behaviour of a scaling formula for low Z, H-and He-like iso-electronic sequences and to update the fitting parameters. KLL DR peak positions for initially He- to B-like Ar ions are obtained experimentally from the EBIT measurements. Both the results from highly charged sulfur and argon are compared with the calculations performed with a distorted wave approximation.

    Absolute recombination rate coefficients of B-like C, B-like Ne and Be-like F ions are obtained for the first time with high energy resolution from storage ring measurements. The experimental results are compared with the intermediate coupling AUTOSTRUCTURE calculations. Plasma rate coefficients of each of these ions are obtained by convoluting the energy dependent recombination spectra with a Maxwell-Boltzmann energy distribution in the temperature range of 103-106 K. The resulting plasma rate coefficients are presented and compared with the calculated data available in literature.

  • 45.
    Ali, Safdar
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Mahmood, Sultan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Orban, Istvan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Tashenov, Stanislav
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Li, Y. M.
    Wu, Z.
    Schuch, Reinhold
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Electron-ion recombination of H- and He-like sulfur2011In: Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, ISSN 0953-4075, E-ISSN 1361-6455, Vol. 44, no 22, 225203- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Electron-ion recombination of sulfur ions with electrons in the energy range of 1.6-3 keV was studied at the Stockholm Refrigerated Electron Beam Ion Trap. We obtained the KLn dielectronic recombination (DR) cross sections up to n = 5 for H-like and He-like sulfur ions by observing the x-rays from the trapped ions. A fully relativistic distorted wave approximation method was used for calculating the DR cross sections, while the resonance energies were obtained with a multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock approach using the GRASP II code. The calculations agree with the experimental results within the experimental error bars. Additionally, the obtained total DR resonance strengths were used to check the behaviour of a scaling formula for low-Z, He-like iso-electronic sequence (Watanabe et al 2001 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 34 5095).

  • 46.
    Ali, Safdar
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Mahmood, Sultan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Orban, Istvan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Tashenov, Stanislav
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Li, Y. M.
    Wu, Z.
    Schuch, Reinhold
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Photo-recombination studies at R-EBIT with a Labview control and data = quisition system2011In: Journal of Instrumentation, ISSN 1748-0221, Vol. 6, C01016- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Equipment at the Stockholm Refrigerated Electron Beam Ion Trap (R-EBIT) was developed for photo-recombination studies. A LabView-based event mode data acquisition and R-EBIT control system was implemented. The energies of KLL dielectronic recombination resonances in Li- to C-like argon ions were determined and compared with theoretical calculations performed using a distorted wave approximation. The theoretical and experimental peak positions for Li-, Be-, and C-like argon ions agree within the error bars. For B-like argon we observe an energy shift of 9 eV between the experimentally obtained peak position and the calculated result.

  • 47.
    Almlöf, Jonas
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Quantum Electronics and Quantum Optics, QEO.
    Quantum error correction2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Quantum error correction is the art of protecting quantum states from the detrimental influence from the environment. To master this art, one must understand how the system interacts with the environment and gives rise to a full set of quantum phenomena, many of which have no correspondence in classical information theory. Such phenomena include decoherence, an effect that in general destroys superpositions of pure states as a consequence of entanglement with the environment. But decoherence can also be understood as “information leakage”, i.e., when knowledge of an encoded code block is transferred to the environment. In this event, the block’s information or entanglement content is typically lost.

    In a typical scenario, however, not all types of destructive events are likely to occur, but only those allowed by the information carrier, the type of interaction with the environment, and how the environment “picks up” information of the error events. These characteristics can be incorporated into a code, i.e., a channel-adapted quantum error-correcting code.

    Often, it is assumed that the environment’s ability to distinguish between error events is small, and I will denote such environments “memory-less”. But this assumption is not always valid, since the ability to distinguish error events is related to the temperature of the environment, and in the particular case of information coded onto photons, kBTR «ℏω typically holds, and one must then assume that the environment has a “memory”. In the thesis I describe a short quantum error-correction code adapted for photons interacting with a “cold” reservoir, i.e., a reservoir which continuously probes what error occurred in the coded state.

    I also study other types of environments, and show how to distill meaningful figures of merit from codes adapted for these channels, as it turns out that resource-based figures reflecting both information and entanglement can be calculated exactly for a well-studied class of channels: the Pauli channels. Starting from these resource-based figures, I establish the notion of efficiency and quality and show that there will be a trade-off between efficiency and quality for short codes. Finally I show how to incorporate, into these calculations, the choices one has to make when handling quantum states that have been detected as incorrect, but where no prospect of correcting them exists, i.e., so-called detection errors.

  • 48.
    Almlöf, Jonas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Quantum Electronics and Quantum Optics, QEO.
    Björk, Gunnar G. E.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Quantum Electronics and Quantum Optics, QEO.
    Fidelity as a figure of merit in quantum error correction2013In: Quantum information & computation, ISSN 1533-7146, Vol. 13, no 1-2, 0009-0020 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We discuss the fidelity as a figure of merit in quantum error correction schemes. We show that when identifiable but uncorrectable errors occur as a result of the action of the channel, a common strategy that improves the fidelity actually decreases the transmitted mutual information. The conclusion is that while the fidelity is simple to calculate and therefore often used, it is perhaps not always a recommendable figure of merit for quantum error correction. The reason is that while it roughly speaking encourages optimisation of the "mean probability of success", it gives no incentive for a protocol to indicate exactly where the errors lurk. For small error probabilities, the latter information is more important for the integrity of the information than optimising the mean probability of success.

  • 49.
    Almlöf, Jonas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Optics and Photonics, Quantum Electronics and Quantum Optics, QEO.
    Björk, Gunnar G. E.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Optics and Photonics, Quantum Electronics and Quantum Optics, QEO.
    A short and efficient error correcting code for polarization coded photonic qubits in a dissipative channel2011In: Optics Communications, ISSN 0030-4018, E-ISSN 1873-0310, Vol. 284, no 1, 550-554 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose a short and efficient non-degenerate quantum error correcting code that is adapted for qubits encoded on two orthogonal, single-photon states (e.g., horizontally and vertically polarized) subject to a dissipative channel. The proposed code draws its strength from the fact that it is adapted to the physical characteristics of the information-carrying basis states under the action of the channel. The code combines different energy manifolds and consists of only 3 spatio-temporal modes and on average 2 photons per code word.

  • 50.
    Al-Mulla, S Y Yousif
    University of Borås, School of Engineering.
    Modification of The Atomic Scattering Factor in Electric Field2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Quantum mechanical calculations of a modification of the X-ray scattering form factor of an atom/ion in an electric field using a three parameter wave function have been performed. These calculations are compared with the previous two parameter wave function calculations.

1234567 1 - 50 of 2220
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf