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  • 9551.
    Åkesson Ugballa, Angelica
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Center for Social Analysis (CESAM), Centre for Studies of Political Science, Communication and Media (CPKM).
    Migrationsprocessen: Begreppsutredande studie av nya migrationsprocessen utifrån ett styrningsperspektiv.2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom att Sverige reformerat migrationsprocessen samt förnyat utlänningslagen 2006 skall denna studie genom en beskrivande begreppsanalys se på hur man förhåller sig till de gemensamma mål EU satt upp utifrån Haagprogrammet. Studien behandlar regeringens proposition samt utvärderingen vilka belyses från det hierarkiska styrningsperspektivet. Materialet är avgränsat till begreppen ”Tvåpartsprocessen”, ”Effektivt förfarande” samt ”Gemensamt asylområde”, utifrån Haagprogrammets tredje av de tio viktigaste vägledande direktiven för en harmoniserad migrationspolitik. Resultaten påvisar att propositionens förhållningssätt till programmet är god medan utvärderingen fått i tilläggsdirektiv att skjuta behandlingen av relationen till överordnade EG-instrument på framtiden, vilket gör att det har en väldigt begränsad hantering. Överlag och med stöd i tidigare studier anses den nya migrationsprocessen och förvaltningens omorganisering ha tydliga influenser av ett framtida ökat mellanstatligt samarbete. De mål, riktlinjer eller strategier som EU tar beslut om implementeras i det här fallet i Sverige vilket kan anses ge goda effekter på migrationspolitiken.

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  • 9552.
    Åkesson Ugballa, Angelica
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    MOTTAGANDE OCH INTRODUKTION AV NYANLÄNDA BARN OCH UNGDOMAR: En kartläggning av kommunerna i Hallands län2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to identify the municipalities of Hallands’ methods, guidelines and policies in integration concerning new arrivals of children and teenagers. Some of the new arrivals are under the power of Swedish Migration Board and some of them are by a contract handed over to the municipalities. The evaluation is based on Michael Lipskys street-level bureaucracy which puts its focus on the lower level of bureaucrats meeting with clients. The frame is Skolverkets guideline for education of new arrivals which is more or less a way towards a common policy. The other document used to put up evaluation criteria’s is the Integration office united goals towards the receiving of new arrivals. The material for this evaluation is empirical in the sense of interviews made in the municipalities and document handed from each responsible bureaucrat. The result shows implications of the wide interpretation that the municipalities have. Some of them follow the directions and stop there, while others form routines and policies which go beyond the expectations. The conclusion of this study is that some municipalities have a lack of structure in the area for new arrivals of children and teenagers. This is in most of the cases because there also is a lack of liability areas. Most of the jobs are handed over to the principals who in the same way hand theirs over to the teachers. Bureaucrats need to know what is expected and there need to be documents or a reliable structure to work under.

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  • 9553.
    Ånell, Anton
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Ånell, Noah
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Adaptation - According to who?: Specific adaptive capacity, democracy, and selectorate theory in China & Brazil: A qualitative document analysis2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 9554.
    Ångström, Jan
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Duyvesteyn, Isabelle
    Utrecht University, Netherlands.
    Evaluating realist explanations of internal conflict: The case of Liberia2001In: Security Studies, ISSN 0963-6412, E-ISSN 1556-1852, Vol. 10, p. 186-218Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9555.
    Ångström, Jan
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Hedenström, Erik
    Ström, Lars-Inge
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Survival of the most cited: Small political science communities and international influence : the case of Sweden2003In: European Political Science, ISSN 1680-4333, Vol. 2, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9556.
    Åsard, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of English.
    Den sårbara supermakten: USA:s väg från John F Kennedy till Barack Obama2010Book (Other academic)
  • 9557.
    Åsard, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of English, The Swedish Institue for North American Studies.
    Det dunkelt tänkta: Konspirationsteorier om morden på John F. Kennedy och Olof Palme2006Book (Other academic)
  • 9558.
    Åsard, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of English.
    Hillary Rodham Clinton: en politisk biografi2008Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9559.
    Åsard, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    LO och löntagarfondsfrågan: en studie i facklig politik och strategi1978Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 9560.
    Åsard, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of English.
    The Stigmatization of the Liberal Label in Modern American Politics2009In: American Studies in Scandinavia, ISSN 0044-8060, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 23-35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Liberalism was the dominant political ideology in the United States from the early 1930s until the mid to late 1960s. During that period, Franklin Roosevelt's definition of "liberal" and "conservative" was widely accepted in America. Beginning in the late 1960s and continuing in the 1970s and 1980s, the liberal label became increasingly contested and maligned, and as a result many, if not most, liberal politicians stopped using it. Liberal politicians have not abandoned their liberal world-view, but nowadays they are much more inclined to refer to themselves as "progressives." This article describes the rise and fall of the liberal label in modern U.S. politics and explains why it became a pejorative, shunned by all the recent Democratic candidates for president, from Bill Clinton to Barack Obama.

  • 9561.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Kris! Perspektiv på Norrmalmstorgsdramat2014Book (Other academic)
  • 9562.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Monarkins makt: Nationell gemenskap i svensk demokrati2009 (ed. 5000)Book (Other academic)
  • 9563.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Vi är överens: Om monarki och demokrati2008In: Sverigebilder: Det nationellas betydelse i politik och vardag, Institutet för Framtidsstudier , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9564.
    Åström, Alexander
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    The Korean Peninsula: Where the Cold War Never Ended: The Foreign Policy of the Republic of Korea on a peaceful reunification with the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines different foreign policies of the Republic of Korea (South Korea) towards the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) with regards to a peaceful reunification of the Korean Peninsula. The paper uses the theoretical framework of Social Constructivism to analyze what impact the different foreign policies of South Korea towards North Korea have had on their relations, thus providing an understanding of what impact those foreign policies have had on the peaceful reunification process of the Korean Peninsula. The paper will also look at the First Korean Nuclear Crisis, the Second Korean Nuclear Crisis, the ROKS Cheonan sinking and the shelling of Yeonpyeong, and with the help from the theoretical framework of Social Constructivism, analyze what impact those incidents have had on South Korea’s foreign policy and relations with North Korea, thus providing an understanding what impact those incidents have had on the peaceful reunification process of the Korean Peninsula.

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  • 9565.
    Åström, Joachim
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Mot en digital demokrati?: Teknik, politik och institutionell förändring2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    New information and communication technologies are today put forward as one possible solution to the perceived problems of democracy. Seeing that the Internet enables new forms of communication and eases information gathering, one view says that the Internet will open up new participatory avenues and radically transform patterns of political participation. Another view says that nothing will change because the new technology will be embedded within power structures that are not likely to change. The aim of this thesis is to discern the causes and consequences of the Swedish local governments´ use of the Internet in the democratic process, and also to use variation and similarities in the response to new technology to illuminate answers to fundamental questions about politics and institutional change. On the one hand, the analysis reveals that the Internet has raised high expectations of vitalisation and change of political democracy. The major documents stating the central government´s current intentions with regard to developing are all in favour of placing the new technology in the service of democracy, and in the municipalities a majority of the most important political decision-makers - the chairs of the municipal executive boards - are in favour of many of the proposals put forward in the debate. Political action, on the other hand, often speaks a different language. To a great extent, the step from intentions to actual initiatives may be described as a development from two-way communication to one-way information; from early information to late information; from active end users to passive end users; and from ideological arguments of an interactive or direct democracy to a limited modernisation of indirect democracy. The study recognizes several constraints that institutions impose on action. Local governments trying to make full use of their new digital opportunities are faced with a series of strategic dilemmas or tensions: between different democratic ideals as well as local government ideologies. The way in which local governments seek to balance these compteting pressures or resolve dilemmas is, however, often characterized by limited comparison and ad-hoc processess, without arousing any particular attention at the higher reaches. Without political involvement and strategic decision-making, developments towards digital democracy becomes less a matter of big changes stemming from explicit choices and reforms, and more one of gradual evolution restricted by previous decisions and institutions. Despite many grounds for caution, this study gives some evidence suggesting that "politics as usual" may be altered in a longer time perspective. Reciprocal effects between technology and institutions are not sequential and direct but complex and highly interdependent, forming a new kind of dynamics. Digital technologies are creating new opportunities, pressures and incitaments; influencing attitudes and preferences; and they alter the balance of resources and power among individuals within local governments. This indicates that new technologies may reshape the goals that animate political action, weaken the constraints that institutions impose on action, and thus become a contributory cause for institutional change.

  • 9566.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Denk, Thomas
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Generationslarmet2017In: Larmar och gör sig till: SOM-undersökningen 2016 / [ed] Andersson, Ulrika; Ohlsson, Jonas; Oscarsson, Henrik; Oskarson, Maria, Göteborg: SOM-institutet , 2017, p. 155-168Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Finns det ökade motsättningar mellan äldre och yngre i Sverige? Andelen äldre i Sverige ökar med högre kostnader för vård, omsorg och pensioner som följd. Denna utveckling förutsätter att mer resurser omfördelas mellan generationer, vilket kan förväntas öka motsättningarna mellan äldre och yngre. Med detta som bakgrund undersöker kapitlet om människor upplever att motsättningar mellan äldre och yngre ökar i Sverige. Resultaten visar att 32 procent upplever ökade motsättningar mellan generationer, medan 24 procent inte anser att motsättningar ökar. Andelen som upp-lever ökade motsättningar är högre bland lågutbildade än högutbildade. Även personer som anser att allt mindre resurser går till att tillgodose äldres behov upplever i större utsträckning att motsättningarna ökar. Kapitlet visar också att upplevelsen av ökade motsättningar mellan äldre och yngre är oförändrad sedan 2001. Den sammantagna bilden är att Sverige inte präglas av intensiva motsättningar mellan generationer som formar grunden för politiska konfliktlinjer mellan äldre och yngre.

  • 9567.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Freschi, Anna-Carola
    University of Bergamo, Bergamo, Italy.
    Montin, Stig
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Electronic and representative democracy: A happy couple?: Comparing online dialogues in the UK, Sweden and Italy2010In: New forms of citizen participation: Normative implications / [ed] Erik Amnå, Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG , 2010, 1, p. 35-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9568.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Granberg, Mikael
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Medborgerligt deltagande och interaktivt beslutsfattande: kontinuitet och förändring inom fysisk planering2009In: Governance på svenska / [ed] Gun Hedlund, Stig Montin, Stockholm: Santérus Academic Press Sweden , 2009, p. 159-178Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9569.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Granberg, Mikael
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Medborgerligt deltagande och interaktivt beslutsfattande: kontinuitet och förändring inom fysisk planering2009In: Governance på svenska / [ed] Gun Hedlund, Stig Montin, Stockholm: Santérus Academic Press Sweden , 2009, p. 159-178Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9570.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Granberg, Mikael
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Urban planners, wired for change?: Understanding elite support for e-participation2007In: Journal of Information Technology & Politics, ISSN 1933-1681, E-ISSN 1933-169X, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 63-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What do elites really mean when they display positive attitudes toward increased citizen participation via ICTs? Are they aiming for institutional change or the reinforcement of existing institutions? What are the assumptions that underlie and condition support for e-participa-tion? In addressing these questions, this article draws upon a survey questionnaire mapping the support for e-participation in the field of urban planning, targeting the heads of the planning departments in all Swedish local governments in 2006. The results show confusing or conflicting elite attitudes towards participation, supporting as well as challenging the classic normative theories of participatory democracy and communicative planning.

  • 9571.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Granberg, Mikael
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Urban planners, wired for change?: Understanding elite support for e-participation2007In: Journal of Information Technology & Politics, ISSN 1933-1681, E-ISSN 1933-169X, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 63-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What do elites really mean when they display positive attitudes toward increased citizen participation via ICTs? Are they aiming for institutional change or the reinforcement of existing institutions? What are the assumptions that underlie and condition support for e-participa-tion? In addressing these questions, this article draws upon a survey questionnaire mapping the support for e-participation in the field of urban planning, targeting the heads of the planning departments in all Swedish local governments in 2006. The results show confusing or conflicting elite attitudes towards participation, supporting as well as challenging the classic normative theories of participatory democracy and communicative planning.

  • 9572.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Jonsson, Magnus
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Karlsson, Martin
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Can democratic innovations generate trust?: an e-­petitioning case study2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Declining trust in representative institutions is considered to be one of the most significant political problems of our time. It is often assumed that democratic innovations or mechanisms that aim to increase and deepen citizen participation in the political decision-making process - can help reversing this trend. However, skeptics claim that any impact on perceived trust is dubious at best. With survey data representing 1,470 e-petitioning participants in Swedish local government, this study aims to empirically assess the relationship between democratic innovations and trust. First we ask whether e-petitioning primarily engage dissatisfied or already satisfied democrats. This is interesting considering that conventional participation usually is biased towards satisfied democrats, while unconventional participation usually is biased towards dissatisfied democrats. How about democratic innovations? Second we ask to what extent the participants´ perceived trust in local government is affected by their participation. Results show that e-petitioning successfully engages both satisfied and dissatisfied democrats, as well as that political participation affects their trust in local government. However, changes in perceived trust vary according to participants’ predisposition toward government.

  • 9573.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Jonsson, Magnus
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Karlsson, Martin
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Democratic Innovations: Reinforcing or changing perceptions of trust?2017In: International Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 0190-0692, E-ISSN 1532-4265, Vol. 40, no 7, p. 575-587Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Declining trust in representative institutions is considered one of the most significant political problems of our time. It is often suggested that democratic innovations—or mechanisms which aim to increase and deepen citizen participation in the political decision-making process—can help reverse this trend. However, empirical research about actual effects of participation on trust is scarce, and weakened by causality problems. With survey data representing 1,470 participants in a landmark Swedish e-petition system, the article shows that both generalized attitudes and process evaluations matter in how trust is affected by democratic innovations.

  • 9574.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Sedelius, Thomas
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Representativ demokrati 2.0: en utvärdering av Malmöinitiativet och Malmöpanelen2010Report (Other academic)
  • 9575.
    Åström, Linda A.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Gatekeepers of democracy?: a comparative study of elite support for democracy in Russia and the Baltic States2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study deals with the consolidation of democracy in general and with political support for democracy, in particular. The theoretical reason for observing support for democracy rests on the assumption that this kind of support is a vital factor that will foster (or its absence will obstruct) the development of democracy in the countries analysed in this study, i.e. Russia, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. A democratic regime cannot be sustained without legitimacy or popular and/or elite support. The aim of this study is to map and compare political support among local elites in five regions in Russia, using eight regions in the Baltic states as points of references. The major theoretical point of departure is David Easton's identification of three objects of support, namely, the political community, the regime and the authorities. The local elites (political, administrative, civil society, and economic) were surveyed in 1999 and 2000. The analyses show that the elites in Russia, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania generally support the political community, the first object of support in the theoretical model. There are varying degrees of support among the elites for regime values and principles, norms and the regime structure, which constitute the second object of support. And finally, only the Estonian elites could be said to have some support for the authorities, the third object of support. The study also illustrates that support is a multidimensional phenomenon, and the respondents differentiate between diffuse and specific support.

  • 9576. Åström, Linda
    et al.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Demokratins vägvisare?: Demokratiattityder på elitnivå och massnivå i Estland, Lettland och Litauen2004In: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, no 1, p. 7-24Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9577.
    Åström, Petter
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Turkiet och EU: En studie i turkiska medborgares förhållningssätt till det europeiska integrationsprojektet2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    Euro barometer surveys show quite an astonishing change in Turkish opinion towards European Union. In 2004, 73 % of the population considered EU as a good thing. In 2008, only 49 % were of the same opinion. At the same time, skepticism towards European integration is explained differently in earlier research. Some scholars claim that partisanship may explain attitudes of citizens better than “cost and benefit” approaches. The first aim of this study is to distinguish whether young Turkish citizens show a similar level of skepticism to the EU compared to the rest of the population. The second aim is to show how earlier research-identified factors can explain the EU attitudes of younger Turkish citizens. To map this out, a questionnaire based on Euro barometer survey questions has been used. The Turkish “youths” have been selected based on three conditions: age, profession and gender. To identify these individuals, the author has used what is sometimes referred to as the “snowball” technique. This basically means that the first identified individuals further contact people who fit the sample criterion. The result indicates that level of education; partisanship and strong nationalism all have an impact on EU membership attitudes. The result also showed that people who visited worship and other religious meetings on a regular basis, had a tendency to be more skeptical to a Turkish EU membership.

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  • 9578.
    Çakanlar, Aylin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    White, Katherine
    UBC Sauder School of Business, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
    A systematic review on political ideology and persuasion2023In: Psychology & Marketing, ISSN 0742-6046, E-ISSN 1520-6793, Vol. 40, no 12, p. 2526-2538Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasing political polarization in the United States and worldwide necessitates understanding of the key factors that can help shift different political groups' attitudes and behaviors regarding vital issues. In this article, we provide a systematic review of the research literature on political ideology and persuasion. By organizing the literature at three levels (self, social, and system), we propose an organizing framework for thinking about various persuasive factors that can encourage attitude and behavior change among conservatives and liberals. Our review highlights that considering the three levels at which persuasion operates can guide future theory and research, as well as provide practical tools for marketers and policymakers wishing to decrease ideological extremity and foster attitude and behavior change across both sides of the political divide.

  • 9579.
    Öberg, Jakob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Faith-based organizations in multilateral humanitarian aid: A closer look at Country-Based Pooled Funds2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Religion has played a central part in human history and is still a foundation in many societies. Faith-based organizations are in some countries the largest providers of social services and were pioneers in the humanitarian aid sector. There is in academia a growing interest in faith-based organizations and a perception that they have an advantage over their secular counterparts. This study has identified those established theories and provided a comprehensive overview of the research field. It has been argued that faith-based organizations for one should be more cost-effective than their secular counterparts. The faith of their staff members is a significant part of their motivation. They, therefore, accept lower salaries or volunteer to a higher degree. It has also been argued that projects implemented by faith-based organizations could be more rooted in local communities due to a long history of cooperation and collaboration. The claims have been mostly theoretical or supported by qualitative studies. This study contributed to filling the quantitative research gap by analyzing key differences between projects implemented by faith-based and secular organizations that were financed by the United Nations Country-Based Pooled Funds. The data selection provided a scenario where the institutional pressure from strict processes, monitoring, and evaluation theoretically minimizes differences between implementers and therefore tested the study’s hypotheses in a least-likely scenario. The analysis found that there was no significant difference between how many beneficiaries the projects reached. Faith-based organizations did however implement projects that with 95 % certainty costed between 2.20 to 7.87 % less compared to their secular counterparts. Their projects with 95 % certainty also had a four percent higher direct-to-total project cost ratio. This provides support for the theoretical claims and contributed to building a foundation for future research in this emerging field. The study surprisingly also found a significant and large difference in project cost between national and international implementers. Projects implemented by national organizations with 95 % certainty cost between 27.98 and 31.50 % less than projects implemented by international organizations. They with 95 % certainty also had a six percent higher direct-to-total project cost ratio. It was not in the scope of this paper to determine what these results depended on but they give further fuel to the current localization debate in both academia and public administration.

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  • 9580.
    Öberg, Ludvig
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Economics.
    Almquist, Isak
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Economics.
    The Use of Management Control in Decentralized Autonomous Organizations: A descriptive case study on the use of management control in three Ethereum blockchain based DAOs2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Decentralized autonomous organizations, or DAOs, are spoken highly of in cryptocurrency spaces as a new way of organizing capital and labor. The basic concept is an organization with a shared vision or goal, where the participants and/or outside stakeholders own tokens that grant governing rights over resources through smart contracts. The smart contract usage allows the organization to govern resources without relying on any trusted third parties such as governments, banks, companies or other entities, at least in theory. It also allows the governing of resources without a legal entity. As the name suggests, DAOs have a large focus on decentralization, which raises the issue of how it moves in the right direction. Management control offers suggestions for how traditional organizations move in the right, or intended, direction, and this report tries to apply theory from that field to the DAO organization type.

    The purpose of this report is to investigate, describe and analyze how management control systems are used within DAOs. The report is an interpretive multiple case study, which gathers data from interviews, observations and a literature study. The data is analyzed by primarily using Malmi and Brown (2008), Olve and Nilsson (2018) and Simons (1994) to filter and identify management control systems.

    This report investigates three DAOs, DXdao, Index Coop and ENS DAO, that attempts to answer the question of how they use management control. DXdao develops products for the blockchain ecosystem, Index Coop creates index fund-like products that bundle together blockchain based assets and ENS DAO owns and furthers a product that lets users claim names on the Ethereum blockchain to be used as URLs, usernames or for other causes.

    The report identifies that many management control systems, such as budget, planing and values, are used in similar ways as in traditional companies. While some other systems such as rewards and compensation, and governance structure seem to have unique aspects to them though the use of tokens for compensation, and a governance process through blockchain based voting.

    Furthermore, the report identifies the different definition of Decentralization between the management control field and the blockchain industry. Where the blockchain industry focus on the distribution of decision-making and control, whereas in Management Controlthe focus is on the division of responsibility to managers. The report concludes that one can view decentralization as a position on a scale, between complete individual decision making to a completely collective decision-making, where most DAOs lay in between these two extremes. 

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    The Use of Management Control in Decentralized Autonomous Organizations
  • 9581.
    Öberg, Magnus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Taub, Samuel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Möller, Frida
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Challenges from within: Introducing the Uppsala Coup Events Dataset2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9582.
    Öberg, Michael
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Förvaltningen och verkligheten: Ett implementeringsperspektiv på verkställigheter av utvisningsdomar i brottmål2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

     

    I det föreliggande arbetet undersöks dels huruvida verkställigheten av domstolsbeslut gällande utvisning med återreseförbud omgärdas av några implementeringsproblem, dels av vilken karaktär dessa är och ur vad de är sprungna. Undersökningen, som är inom ramarna för det som brukar kallas policyanalys, sker med utgångspunkt i en teoretisk modell som tar hänsyn till tre olika typer av generella villkor som måste vara uppfyllda för att en lyckad implementering av ett överordnat beslut skall kunna sägas vara för handen. Studien bygger på en numerär genomgång av alla utvisningsärenden  som handlagts av Polismyndigheten i Västernorrlands län under en femårsperiod, samt på intervjuer med tillämpare på olika nivåer. Syftet med arbetet är att svara på frågorna: finns implementeringsproblem i den studerade kontexten? Om så är fallet, vilken karaktär har problemen och vad är det som gör att de uppstår?

     

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 9583.
    Öberg, Nils
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Gränslös rättvisa eller rättvisa inom gränser?: om moraliska dilemman i välfärdsstaters invandrings- och invandrarpolitik1994Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 9584.
    Öberg, PerOla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Särintresse och allmänintresse: korporatismens ansikten1994Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 9585.
    Öberg, PerOla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Är ett organiserat civilt samhälle bra för demokratin?2013In: Statsvetenskapens frågor / [ed] Li Bennich-Björkman, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013, 1, p. 93-105Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9586.
    Öberg, PerOla
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hallberg Adu, Kajsa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The deceptive juncture: The temptation of attractive explanations and the reality of political life2009In: The evolution of path dependence / [ed] Lars Magnusson and Jan Ottosson, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2009, p. 108-138Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book chapter discusses path dependence theory in relation to analysis of political processes, suggesting that path dependence explanations are only sometimes helpful, but often overlook critical features of political life. We argue that a path dependence approach has to take into account rational actors in a broader way, and in so doing would make a great difference. Furthermore, we discuss the nature of chance, whether it is continuous or non-contiguous, exogenous or endogenous, common or rare, and propose that this part of the theory should be more elaborated. Accordingly, this has consequences for how we view one of the corner stones of path dependence: In our view, there are good reasons to be more careful about singling out critical junctures. We illustrate our position with three empirical cases often used in path dependence discussions. These three cases are examples of central components of the Swedish model; its comprehensive welfare state, the extensive integration of interest groups into public policy, and the very co-ordinated wage-bargaining system. We conclude with a discussion about methods that are suitable for understanding stability and change. However, before doing that, we review some of the recent path dependence studies and take a closer look at the ideas that have transitioned from economics.

  • 9587.
    Öberg, PerOla
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hermansson, Jörgen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Berg, Per-Åke
    I väntan på solnedgången: Arbetslivsfondens tillkomst och verksamhet : en studie av makt och rationalitet inom förvaltningspolitiken : en bok från PISA-projektet1999Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The largest programme ever to deal with occupational safety in Sweden was implemented in 1990-1995. A temporary government agency, The Swedish Working Life Fund, was estab-lished for the administration of the programme.

  • 9588.
    Öberg, PerOla
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Oskarsson, Sven
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Svensson, Torsten
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Making Capitalism Work: Fair Institutions and Trust2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

     

     

    In the field of political science researchers have shown empirically that the perception of relevant political institutions as fair may produce political (vertical), as well as interpersonal (horizontal) trust. By making use of these overlapping but separate theoretical frameworks, we formulated three hypotheses that we tested on data from a survey conducted in Sweden in 2006. First, we investigated whether the extent to which an employee perceives formal institutions as fair and duly enforced lower the probability that he/she will behave opportunistically. Second, we tested whether an employee’s trust in the opposite party had equivalent effects. Third , we examined whether an employee’s perception of formal institutions as fair and duly enforced increased his/her trust in the opposite party. All three hypotheses were supported by the data. Our interpretation is that that there is indeed an effect on cooperative behavior and willingness to enter into flexible contracts from perceptions of fair and enforced institutions, but it is indirect. Trust, however, has direct effects and, consequently, mediates the effects of institutions as well.

     

     

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 9589.
    Öberg, PerOla
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Svensson, Torsten
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Does power drive out trust?: Relations between labour market actors in Sweden2010In: Political Studies, ISSN 0032-3217, E-ISSN 1467-9248, Vol. 58, no 1, p. 143-166Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although power and trust are crucial to human cooperation, and considerable attention has been paid to both these concepts in the social sciences, the relationship between them has been poorly investigated. In this article, based on data about a complete network of labour market actors in Sweden, it is investigated whether power ‘drive out trust’ or if power a requirement of trust. In contrast to previous research, it is concludes that there is a positive relationship between power and trust, although it levels out when power is at a very high level. Also in disagreement with previous findings, it is shown, that symmetry in power relations is not a guarantee of trust: two actors with symmetric low power do not trust each other, at least not in this specific institutional setting. Moreover, the theoretical argument is developed and refined by showing that shared beliefs and group membership also have independent impact on trust, as well as a perception that the other actor is pursuing the common good. Hence, the presumed negative impact of power on trust, is not only neutralised, but also transformed into a positive impact in the social context investigated here. However, more research is needed to show whether this finding is true only within certain institutional settings, and, if so, within which ones.

  • 9590.
    Öberg, PerOla
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Svensson, Torsten
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Power, Trust and Deliberation in Swedish Labour-Market Politics2002In: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 451-490Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article focuses on labour market relations and particularly the following aspects:

    To what extent do main actors share key opinions? Which actors are considered influential? Who is trusted by whom, and how much? Does communication take the character of deliberation?

    Since relational data in industrial relations is rare, 71 actors in Sweden were asked about each other (770 elite positions, slightly more that 300 answered).

    Asserted changes as regards power in the Swedish industrial relations system seem over-estimated. The state still hold key positions. The peak-organisations and the Social Democratic Party are also influential, although less than the ministries. All these powerful actors are less trusted over class borders, while the Labour Court and the Conciliators’ Office are considered trustworthy, rational ‘deliberators’. It is hypothesised that they produce “the cement of society” that holds the system together.

  • 9591.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Allt frid och fröjd?: Liberalismen och den mångkulturella utmaningen2001In: Politologen, ISSN 0345-9462, no 1, p. 46-49Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 9592.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Climate refugees: Normative problems and institutional solutions2010In: Democracy and governance for civil society / [ed] Yoshihisa Hagiwara, Tokyo: Fukosha Publishing , 2010, p. 123-142Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9593.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Efter floden: Klimatmigration och den rika världens skyldigheter2011In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, no 1, p. 140-147Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 9594.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Egalitarianism and Responsibility for Beliefs2002In: Presented at the Fourth Annual Graduate Conference in Political Theory, University of Warwick, 2002Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9595.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Ekonomisk globalisering och global rättvisa2010In: Myt eller verklighet?: Om samband mellan demokrati och ekonomisk tillväxt / [ed] Sven Oskarsson och Sten Widmalm, Stockholm: Norstedts , 2010, p. 91-104Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9596.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Förord till den svenska utgåvan2016In: Politiskt tänkande - En introduktion / [ed] Peri Roberts & Peter Sutch, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, 2, p. 7-8Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9597. Ödalen, Jörgen
    Förord till den svenska utgåvan2016In: Politiskt tänkande - En introduktion, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB , 2016, p. 7-8Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9598.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Integration eller assimilation?: Invandrarpolitikens etik och den svenska integrationspolitiken2000Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a normative study of immigrant policy. The main question asked is how liberal democracies should respond in terms of immigrant policy to the fact that they now constitute multicultural societies. Divergent answers to this question are provided by two different schools of thought in the liberal tradition of political philosophy - liberal nationalism and liberal multiculturalism. The arguments presented by some prominent proponents of these two political philosophies are investigated and a favourable stance is taken towards liberal multiculturalism and its policy of immigrant integration as opposed to a liberal nationalist policy of immigrant assimilation. A question of great importance for liberal multiculturalists is whether the social stability and unity provided by national identity can be replaced in the multicultural society by new forms of postnational identities and communities. Some thoughts regarding this issue are presented and it is concluded that the development of such postnational identities and communities is likely since they already exist in some multinational states. The next object of investigation is the current Swedish immigrant policy expressed in a 1997 government bill. It is concluded that the current Swedish immigrant policy accords well with the policy of immigrant integration favoured by liberal multiculturalists.

  • 9599.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kan en stat gå under, men ändå finnas kvar?: Stigande havsnivåer och avterritorialiserade östater2015In: Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 1402-2710, E-ISSN 2002-3383, no 2, p. 26-43Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns en risk att klimatförändringar i framtiden leder till att hela stater går under. Det är framförallt små östater som är utsatta för detta hot eftersom de är känsliga för höjningar av havsvattennivån. Att befolkningarna på dessa östater kan bli tvungna att i framtiden helt överge sina territorier väcker frågor om vad som händer med dessa staters suveränitet och politiska självbestämmande.

    Vi tänker oss vanligen att det krävs ett territorium för att ett folk ska kunna vara politiskt självbestämmande. Men är detta verkligen nödvändigt? Vissa folkrättsjurister har hävdad att det är möjligt för ett folk att fortsätta utöva självbestämmande även efter att de tvingats överge sitt territorium. De har dessutom föreslagit att detta att tillåta existensen av avterritorialiserade stater kan vara en lösning på problemet att klimatförändringar i framtiden kan komma att undergräva självbestämmandet för vissa östater.

    I denna artikel granskas detta förslag kritiskt. Skulle ett sådant förslag verkligen bevara självbestämmande i någon meningsfull betydelse? Är förslaget moraliskt acceptabelt i betydelsen att det fullgör några av de skyldigheter som det

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    fulltext
  • 9600. Ödalen, Jörgen
    Kan en stat gå under, men ändå finnas kvar?: Stigande havsnivåer och avterritorialiserade östater2015In: Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 1402-2710, E-ISSN 2002-3383, no 2, p. 26-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Det finns en risk att klimatförändringar i framtiden leder till att hela stater går under. Det är framförallt små östater som är utsatta för detta hot eftersom de är känsliga för höjningar av havsvattennivån. Att befolkningarna på dessa östater kan bli tvungna att i framtiden helt överge sina territorier väcker frågor om vad som händer med dessa staters suveränitet och politiska självbestämmande. Vi tänker oss vanligen att det krävs ett territorium för att ett folk ska kunna vara politiskt självbestämmande. Men är detta verkligen nödvändigt? Vissa folkrättsjurister har hävdad att det är möjligt för ett folk att fortsätta utöva självbestämmande även efter att de tvingats överge sitt territorium. De har dessutom föreslagit att detta att tillåta existensen av avterritorialiserade stater kan vara en lösning på problemet att klimatförändringar i framtiden kan komma att undergräva självbestämmandet för vissa östater. I denna artikel granskas detta förslag kritiskt. Skulle ett sådant förslag verkligen bevara självbestämmande i någon meningsfull betydelse? Är förslaget moraliskt acceptabelt i betydelsen att det fullgör några av de skyldigheter som det

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