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  • 801.
    Stjernström, Olof
    et al.
    Umeå university, Sweden; Nord University, Norway.
    Pettersson, Örjan
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Svante
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013). Department of Geography and Economic History, Umeå University, Umeå.
    How can Sweden deal with forest management and municipal planning in the system of ongoing land-use and multilevel planning?2018In: European Countryside, ISSN 1803-8417, E-ISSN 1803-8417, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 23-37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article studies the relation between territorial and functional planning by investigating the Swedish local comprehensive planning system and the forest management. The former is locally based and the latter is functionally based or sector-orientated. By interviewing planners from the County Administrative Boards responsible for monitoring the national interests in the Swedish municipalities and forest managers from the Regional Forest Agency Administration, we found out that forest- and municipality related issues that coincide or interact with each other is normally considered in the collaborative planning process based on consultations and cooperation between the involved stakeholders. Weaknesses in the collaborative planning system consists of lack of coordination between the involved legal frameworks as well as lack of local planning resources and in some cases competences.

  • 802.
    Stockman Tell, Johanna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Hardegård, Therese
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Ett terrorattentats påverkan på hotellaktörers krishantering: Före, under & efter ett attentat2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Terrorist attacks have in recent years been showing a growing focus in causing damage on the tourism industry and the threat directed on hotels is now greater than ever. Crisis management strategies have become an important key in the hotel industry, the work to prepare and prevent for crises has therefore been a basic enforcement.The study was brought forward to analyze the terrorist attack that occurred on Drottninggatan in Stockholm, Sweden on the 7th of April 2017 and how it has affected hotel operators established nearby the incident and their work with crisis management. The aim has been studied through designed and formed research questions, which concerns the hotels crisis management before, under and after the attack. The empirical material is based on qualitative interviews with six hotel managers or security managers, from various hotel operators located nearby Drottninggatan. The study is deriving from a critical realism approach that has created guidelines for the selection of a qualitative method.The theoretical framework highlights the connection between terrorism and tourism, crisis management, safety, the hotels responsibility to the visitors, communication and models which can be applied in the tourism and hotel industry. The result of the study is then represented in mechanisms to analyze and identify the connections of links to the theoretical framework. Based on the result, it’s possible to draw the conclusion that the majority of the hotels in this study, had prepared established crisis management strategies before the terrorist attack. All the prepared and established strategies were not implemented at the time of the attack though. The result of this study reveals that most of the hotel operators have reviewed and developed their crisis management strategies after the terrorist attack.

  • 803.
    Stolare, Martin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for the Studies of Social Sciences Didactics (from 2013).
    Bladh, Gabriel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for the Studies of Social Sciences Didactics (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Kristiansson, Martin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for the Studies of Social Sciences Didactics (from 2013).
    Specialised Knowledge and Transformation: Supporting Knowledge Practices for Teachers' Professional Development2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 804.
    Strandlund, Jonathan
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Grahn, Sofie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Från kampanj till givakt: En intervjustudie om kommunikationens roll för en jämställd försvarsmakt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2017 the Swedish government decided that the defense should be based on both volunteerism and duty. The military service had then been dormant since 2010 and built entirely on volunteerism. From this political decision, the duty is now gender neutral, which means that the same opportunities and obligations apply to both men and women. The Swedish Armed Forces have an active desire for more women to carry out the military service - an organisation that historically has been strongly associated with masculine norms. 

    From campaign to attention” is a qualitative interview study on the military conscripts’ experience of government communication, which aims to contribute to increased gender equality in the defense. The study aims to illustrate how communication that challenges stereotypes to change norms is received by men and women who carry out their basic education in the Armed Forces. 

    In order to find out the military conscripts’ view of the chosen authorities’ communication, we conducted ten qualitative interviews with military conscripts who are in the middle of their basic education. All respondents belonged to the armory regiment P4 in Skövde, Sweden. The material selected for the study consists of a campaign from the Recruitment Authority (2017) and two campaigns from the Swedish Armed Forces (2018).

    The theories from which the study is based on are Stuart Hall’s encoding / decoding theory, theories on framing and theories on advertising, stereotypes and mirror theories. These theories help the study to shed light on the different parts of the process when a message is packaged and coded and how they are finally interpreted by their recipients. 

    The study shows that the military conscripts believe that the authorities have chosen appropriate efforts to increase gender equality in the Swedish Armed Forces in the long term. They believe that the authorities communicate a broader picture of who can be a soldier, they consider contributing to reaching new target groups, including both women and men who do not identify with the historical norm of a soldier. 

    The respondents, however, highlight a gap between how the authorities communicate the distribution between men and women versus reality. Although the picture does not correspond to reality, they understand the purpose for which the authorities have chosen to show women to the extent they do.

    The study shows that government communication with such realistic images of military service as possible is the one that the target group interpret in the most efficient way and which is best appreciated. Our study also shows that the respondents do not automatically believe that the authorities' communication loosens the stereotypical image of a soldier simply because they show women instead of men. Instead, there are other factors (such as attributes or charisma) that contribute to the presentation being perceived as stereotyped.

  • 805.
    Stridh, Linda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Tignes - from a "white" to a "green" summer: A study of Tignes' development in alpine summer tourism2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 806. Strömbäck, Jesper
    et al.
    Karlsson, Michael
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Sjunkande förtroende för svenska medier?: En analys av hur medborgarnas medieförtroende och betydelsen av partisympati har förändrats mellan 2014 och 20162017In: Misstron mot medier / [ed] Lars Truedsson, Stockholm: Institutet för mediestudier , 2017, p. 84-99Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 807.
    Sundholm, John
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    From Nivea to Paper Landscape. An Archaeology of Expanded Cinema as Transmedial Becomings2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 808.
    Sundholm, John
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Stories of National and Transnational Memory: Renegotiating the Finnish Conception of Moral Witness and National Victimhood2013In: Finland's Holocaust: Silences of History / [ed] Simo Muir and Hana Worthen, Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, p. 31-45Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 809.
    Sunnemark, Viktor
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Elingbo, Isak
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Svenska dåd – eviga historier: En kritisk diskursanalys av hur mytologiska föreställningar används för att representera Rakhmat Akilov och Anton Lundin Pettersson i Aftonbladet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Studies of journalism show that archetypal myths exist in everything from sports news to stories of crime. This research is mainly based on English language journalism, which makes it adequate to study this phenomenon in a Swedish context to broaden the research field. Studies also show that the journalistic practice differs between nations and cultures, therefore a knowledge gap exists regarding the use of archetypal myths in Swedish media. By studying the media representation of two well-known Swedish perpetrators, Rakhmat Akilov and Anton Lundin Pettersson, we examine the usage of these myths and archetypes in twenty online news articles (ten articles each) from the Swedish tabloid magazine Aftonbladet. To study the newspaper’s representation of the perpetrators – and how these archetypal myths are present in the representation of them – Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) combined with semiotic concepts are used. This method allows us to analyse the overall theme and subjects of the articles, as well as their specific use of language. To further examine how traditional myths and archetypes are used in the representation of Akilov and Lundin Pettersson, this analysis ties in to well-known theories of how archetypal myths figure in journalistic products. The study shows that a lot of myths and archetypes can be seen in the representations of both cases, mainly to create distance between the perpetrators and the majority in the context in which the text is both produced and consumed. Akilov, on the one hand, is represented as a stereotypical islamist terrorist, where the religious and ideological aspects of his beliefs are intimidating enough on its own to create a character which has its place far from the norm. Therefore, there is no need for more attributes or descriptions to distance Akilov from what we consider to be ourselves and ours. This creation of distance is effectively increased by the myths and archetypes in the representation of Akilov. Even Akilov’s jihadistic motive gets mythological proportions, were Akilov is placed in the context of other islamist terrorist; the wave of jihadistic terror that has raged through Europe in the last decade. Lundin Pettersson, on the other hand, is not as simple and clearly represented as abnormal. The representation of this perpetrator is instead created by multiple factors such as right-wing extremism, subcultural interests, mental illness and social alienation. The newspaper’s representation of Lundin Pettersson also gets intertextually connected to other right-wing perpetrators and school shooters. All these factors offset the perpetrator from the collective in which the texts are produced and consumed and intensifies through myths and archetypes, which is similar to the case of Akilov. There is also a big difference in how Lundin Pettersson to a higher degree is portrayed as a victim to his surroundings, which the representation of Akilov lacks. Finally, the study indicates that these archetypal myths work as journalistic tools made to make a complicated reality more manageable for both the producers and the consumers.

  • 810.
    Sunnemark, Viktor
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Elingbo, Isak
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Ljungberg, Oscar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Myter, kön och styckmord: En kritisk diskursanalys av Aftonbladets rapportering om styckmorden i Askersund och Boden2018Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Statistically, crimes of violence are predominantly a male phenomenon, leading to the media coverage of crimes such as manslaughter and homicide – and the media studies based on the reports – often portrays a male perpetrator. A logical result of this is a lack of studies regarding female crime offenders: How does the media represent female culprits? Does the representation differ from reports of a man committing a similar crime? If so – Why? Through a Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA), we have studied the newspaper Aftonbladets coverage of two murder cases: 1. The killing and dismemberment of Lovisa Lindh in Askersund, 2014. 2. The killing and dismemberment of Vatchareeya Bangsuan in Boden, 2013. The Askersund case has a female perpetrator and victim, while the Boden case has a male perpetrator and a female victim. This gives us an opportunity to study if – and how – the representation in each case differs from one another. To locate eventual differences, we are performing a CDA using semiotic concepts. Then, we seek to apply Jack Lules theories of traditional myths in journalism, along with medial gender studies – to see if these differences may be connected to any of Lules stated archetypes, or to be explained by gender conventions of our culture. Looking at the cases, we found plenty of differences on how the two perpetrators were represented. Jonna Henningsson, the perpetrator in the Askersund case, is represented as a dangerously unpredictable murderer. Kristoffer Johansson, the perpetrator in the Boden case, does not at all get the same amount of coverage or emphasis on any of his personal traits. Instead, the Boden case reports are heavily revolving around his female victim – Vatchareeya Bangsuan. Since the cases are much alike in every other aspect but the perpetrators gender, we draw the conclusion that this difference hails from the established convention that women does not kill, and if they do – it creates a fascination. If men do – it’s somewhat along the lines of male behavior and therefore not nearly as newsworthy, leaving the journalists to focus on the female victim.

  • 811.
    Svahn, Stefan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    3D-scanning: Volymberäkning vid scanning av bergvägg2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Scanning är ett verktyg som har utvecklats mycket och används mer och mer inom geodetisk mätning. Instrumenten har blivit mer pålitliga med högre kvalité på resultaten, därför är det viktigt att eliminera de problem som kan skada scanningens pålitlighet. Det problemet som ska undersökas och testas i det här examensarbetet uppstår när man till exempel scannar en bergvägg. Man vill få en så lik avbildning av bergväggen som möjligt för att sedan kunna göra volymberäkningar emot bergväggen. Avbildningen av bergväggen består av ett moln av punkter som tillsammans skapar en 3D-modell av bergväggen.

     

    Om det ska fyllas med betong emot bergväggen så måste man veta vilken volym betong det kommer gå åt, därför är det viktigt att modellen av bergväggen stämmer. Problemet är att modellen kan visa sig att vara fel beroende på hur man har scannat. Det är när bergväggen är så pass ojämn och att man inte kan scanna från alla vinklar som det uppstår så kallade skuggor i modellen, en hålighet i berget kan då i modellen istället vara fylld. Detta gör att det går åt mer volym när man ska fylla igen vilket kan bli dyrt för alla inblandade.

     

    För att testa detta ska flera olika metoder testas under arbetet, olika typer av instrument, täthet mellan punkter, olika infallsvinklar och manuell scanning. Det som är intressant att se är hur pass mycket metoderna skiljer sig mellan varandra och genom att jämföra dessa så kan man få fram ett resultat som visar vilken metod som är mest trovärdig.

     

    Arbetets resultat och analys finns att läsa senare i den här rapporten där man också får svar hur arbetet genomfördes och hur metoderna skilde sig emot varnadra. 

  • 812.
    Svedberg, Johan
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Nilsson, Lina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Hej och välkommen till Stockholm!: Uppfattningar och åsikter om Stockholm ur ett HBTQ-perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har haft som syfte att belysa hur Stockholm uppfattas utav en specifik målgrupp, i

    detta fall HBTQ. Detta för att skapa diskussion bland Stockholms turismproducenter för att

    locka mer HBTQ-turism till staden. Utifrån frågeställningen var det relevant då att titta på vilka

    som hade viktigast åsikter för just detta syfte och en enkät skickades ut till medlemmar hos RFSL.

    Studien ville undersöka HBTQ-personers åsikter på Stockholm och dess varumärke “The Capital

    of Scandinavia”. För detta valdes en kvantitativ metod och en enkätundersökning lades ut på

    Facebook på rekommendation från RFSL. Enkäten fick sammanlagt 109 svar och utgjorde av 14

    frågor uppdelat på tre delar; sex sakfrågor, sju påståendefrågor och en öppen fråga. Empirin

    ställdes sedan mot teori och analyserades där det framkom att svenska HBTQ-personers åsikter

    är viktiga för Stockholms utveckling. Detta på grund av de efterfrågar en tydligare HBTQ-scen

    och mer kunskap om HBTQ-rättigheter generellt i staden. Staden bör tydligare lyfta fram sitt

    varumärke, inte enbart mot marknader utomlands men även mot en svensk marknad då svenskar,

    boende i Stockholm eller ej, fungerar som platsambassadörer för hela landet. Studien har även

    belyst hur viktigt det är med identitet och plats och det symboliska värdet som går att ta vara på

    och lyfta fram.

  • 813.
    Svels, Kristina
    et al.
    Nordland Research Institute, Norway .
    Åkerlund, Ulrika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    The commons and emergent land in Kvarken Archipelago, Finland: governing an expanding recreational resource2018In: Fennia, ISSN 0015-0010, E-ISSN 1798-5617, Vol. 196, no 2, p. 154-167Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we explore governance structures of the recreational landscape of Kvarken Archipelago in Western Finland, an area where shore displacement occurs due to land rise and emergent (pristine) land is continuously created. Traditionally a production landscape, of fishing and small-scale agriculture, the recreational value of the archipelago has been acknowledged. The area is a popular second home destination and was designated UNESCO World Heritage in 2006. There are roughly 10,000 second homes within the study area, of which 14% are leaseholds located on emergent land. The emergent land thus makes up a common-pool resource system where private and collective use rights overlap. This article aims to understand the implications for recreational use (second home ownership) through interviews with different local stakeholders such as municipality planners, representatives of commons, local communities, and with environmental and land survey authorities. Especially, it sets out to ask, what kinds of value are created within the recreational resource system, what power relationships within the commons steer the management of the recreational resource system, and what are the implications for recreational use of the landscape. The results show different logics of recreational resource management locally in the studied commons. Access to second homes located within the collectively owned emergent land is limited to part-owners of the commons and tend to be less commercialized and also less modernized than privately owned second home plots.

  • 814.
    Svensson, Daniel
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Nilsson, Adam
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Trygghet för alla – en omöjlighet i ett segregerat samhälle?: - En studie om etnisk boendesegregation och dess inverkan på tryggheten i det offentliga rummet2018Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    I följande studie har vi valt att undersöka kring hur den etniska boendesegregationen i Karlstad påverkar livsmönster och levnadsvillkor i den urbana miljön sett till kvinnliga studenters känsla av trygghet i det offentliga rummet. Otrygghet anses som ett stort socioekonomiskt såväl som humanitärt problem i samhället idag, något som ofta gör sig till känna i den urbana miljön. Otryggheten har på flera sätt en inverkan på hur vi lever vårt vardagliga liv, och grundar sig ofta i vår rädsla för att utsättas för brott, och kan bland annat inskränka på våra rörelsemönster i det offentliga rummet. Med avstamp i tidigare relevant forskning på området, och med empiri från vår personligt administrerad trygghetsundersökning har vi fokuserat på två olika stadsdelar med skiljande boendestrukturer och social status. Resultatet från vilka vi jämför och försöker sammankoppla den etniska boendesegregationens betydelse i bemärkelse på trygghet. Vi försöker även redogöra kring hur företeelsen kan anses vara ett resultat av sociala eller fysiska faktorer som den upplevda otryggheten grundar sig i. Slutsatser vi drar ifrån vår studie är att den upplevda tryggheten tenderar att vara lägre i den mer etniskt segregerade stadsdelen. Vi slår även fast att rädslan bland våra kvinnliga respondenter gemensamt grundar sig i samma punkt, nämligen i rädslan för okända män.

    Nyckelord: Etnisk boendesegregation, Trygghet, Kvinnors rädsla, Urban utveckling, Social exkludering

  • 815.
    Svensson, Elin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Adolfsson, Miriram
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Karlstad tätorts dagvattenhantering: En studie om hanteringen av dagvatten ur ett hållbarhetsperspektiv2019Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The stormwater management is topical in today’s urban planning. The research that this study is based of shows how today's traditional system can not cope with future climate change with more intense precipitation. Stormwater also spreads pollution and environmental toxins such as nitrogen and phosphorus, but also heavy metals as chloride, oil, organic pollutants and bacteria. The traditional system often leads the stormwater straight into our waters via the recipients. Only 8 percent of Sweden's stormwater was purified in 2016. For a deeper understanding about this, the study is based on theories in sustainable development, anthropocentrism, ecocentrism and the spatial perspective. The study is based on the theories above, previous research as well as four interviews with a consultant, one who works on a industry sector organisation and two people who works on Karlstad kommun. The people are chosen for a deeper understanding about stormwater, how a sustainable stormwater management is defined and how Karlstad kommuns visions for stormwater management are.

    The result of this thesis has revealed that the informants view of stormwater is in line with the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency's guideline on sustainable stormwater management. The visions of stormwater in Karlstad kommun also live up to this definition. Based on the empirical data, the essay can show that the informants have a broad knowledge of future climate impact on the subject and its measures. The theories are linked with the result, where it is possible to see how the spatial perspectives are affected depending on how stormwater is managed and that an intergenerational anthropocentrism and weak ecocentrism perspective can be read from the interviews.

  • 816.
    Svensson, Elin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Jansson, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Ett kulturarvs plats i Bohusprofilen.: En studie om samarbeten och marknadsföring.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 817.
    Svensson, Frida
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Borgström, Lovisa
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Miljonprogrammet 2.0?: Bostadsbrist, planering och medborgarinflytande i ett föränderligt samhälle2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien har utförts under våren år 2017 och behandlar, i en tid av bostadsbrist i Sverige, frågor om demokrati och effektivitet i kommunerna Varberg och Skövde. Syftet har varit att utröna om det går att kombinera ett högt medborgardeltagande och ett aktivt bostadsbyggande i ett allt mer nyliberalt samhälle. En gyllene medelväg efterfrågas, där snabba planprocesser och högt deltagande sammanfogas. Frågeställningarna rör lagändringar i plan- och bygglagen, överklagandefrekvens och bostadsbrist, alla faktorer som sägs påverka en effektiv planprocess.

    Det teoretiska ramverket fokuserar på en nyliberalisering av bostadsmarknaden och kommunikativ planering, där tidigare forskning belyser dilemmat effektivitet kontra demokrati. Studien påvisar ett tudelat spänningsfält, där medborgardeltagandet kan vara effektiv men ack så problematiskt. För att kunna studera den komplexitet som frågan innefattar, har kvalitativa metoder använts för att utröna skillnader och likheter mellan de två valda kommunerna, Skövde och Varberg. Innehållsanalyser av strategiska dokument och intervjuer utgör den empiriska grunden för att kunna besvara syfte och frågeställningar.

    Resultaten pekar på att bostadsbristen, lagstiftning, överklagande och medborgardeltagande hänger ihop och påverkar varandra. Medborgardeltagandet ses som viktigt för att kunna uppnå effektivitet. Effektiviteten är avhängt av ett flertal faktorer där lagstiftningen i sig inte är ett hinder, lagförändringar i plan- och bygglagen år 2015 och 2016 verkar dock inte leda till ökad effektivitet, vilket var syftet med ändringarna. De begränsade planförfarandet har inte påverkat medborgardeltagandet negativt, snarare tvärtom då det krävs en annan slags dialog för att finna samstämmighet. Det finns dock andra förlorande parter, exempelvis länsstyrelsen som påverkas negativt av ett snabbare förfarande. Att ha möjlighet att påverka är en demokratisk rättighet, så även att kunna överklaga lagvunna beslut, dock bör vem som ska få överklaga ses över och så även handläggningstid och instansordning. Överklagandet av detaljplaner påverkar bostadsbyggandet, med det som stoppat upp byggnation i de valda kommunerna var den dåvarande lågkonjunkturen. Marknaden har alltså en avgörande roll i bostadsbyggandet i dagsläget och politiskt styre verkar inte påverka nybyggnation i de valda kommunerna. Dilemmat som studerats, effektivitet kontra demokrati, tycks samspela och vara avhängt av varandra i studerade kommuner.

  • 818.
    Svensson, Sara
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Kallin, Madeleine
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Den fysiska resebyrån: En studie om de anställdas perspektiv på resebyråns framtid2016Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 819.
    Svensson, Tobias
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Kassow, Jens
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Integrerad CSR: E​n fallstudie på Löfbergs internkommunikation och Corporate Social Responsibility2016Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractCorporate Social Responsibility is a term that means that organizations take responsibility for the implications that their business have on society, such as the social, economic or environmental impact. The term is becoming more common among organizations. In the future more organizations will likely get involved in issues regarding CSR. In this study we have chosen to do a “best case study” where we investigate how an organization with successful CSR management operate, communicate and integrate CSR within the organization. One company with excellent and successful CSR is the coffee manufacturer Löfbergs. The purpose of this study is to examine how Löfbergs integrate CSR in their organization and how it is being communicated to its workers. We have based our study on the following questions: - How do the organization concretize a vague term such as CSR to its workers? - How is CSR integrated within the entire organization? - How does the internal communication affect the organization?- Must the organization engage the workers in their CSR and does it matter if the workers share the organization's values?  

    In order to investigate the problem we have chosen the qualitative research method of semistructured interviews, where we have interviewed four employees at Löfbergs. Two of them work with the top management, while the other two work with service and production. These groups (management and workers) got to answer questions based on two separate interview manuals, depending on if they worked with the management or worked on the floor. The management were asked questions about how they wanted to communicate and how they interpreted the organization. The workers answered questions concerning how they interpret the communication from the management and how they interpret the organization itself.

    Our investigation is based upon earlier theories and research from an organizational perspective that concerns CSR, storytelling, organizational cultures, corporate identity and employee engagement. The theories highlight how an organization creates genuine CSR within, mainly through translation processes that affects the corporate structure and the employees and a daily basis. Our analysis indicates that Löfbergs has successfully created an organization where the workers and management share the same values, which allows different parts of the organization to strive for the same goals. This is possible through the company’s internal communication.

    Our conclusion is that Löfbergs has concretized and integrated CSR within the company by making CSR a vital part of the company structure and culture. By adapting CSR to the company’s local context and the workers daily tasks Löfbergs makes the CSR work physical and concrete. The internal communication becomes a central part of the CSR work because it allows Löfbergs to build and enforce the values within the already existing culture. The internal communication also becomes the foundation for the external communication that is communicated by Löfbergs “self-appointed” ambassadors.

  • 820.
    Syrén, Fredric
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Fabian, Schwarz
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Politisk fragmentering på grund av Facebooks filtrering: En studie om hur Facebook rekommenderar innehåll beroende på politiska preferenser2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is about Facebook’s role in political representation. The goal of the study is to examine the occurrence of filter bubbles on Facebook’s  recommendations-page. This page is called “Like pages” and provides Facebook-users with recommendations of new pages to like and is created by algorithms that take into account personal information of the user, which pages the user has liked earlier, friends on the network and other websites the user has visited. The two latter factors however have been left aside in this study, which focuses instead on personal information and interaction with Facebook-pages.

                          Besides the filter bubble-theory, this paper includes theories about “cyberbalkanization”, “echo chambers” and “selective exposure” in order to explain how information can influence and is influenced by people’s choices on the internet. The results of this research are discussed in the light of the large consequences which information has on internet users and society in general.

                          The experimental part of the study includes the creating of six fictitious Facebook-profiles with help of several statistics, in order to make the profiles as representative as possible. Those profiles then interact with different political pages from Sweden. That has an impact on the recommendations-page, which subsequently is studied with help of a quantitative content analysis to see what content the user gets back, based on her earlier interactions.

                          A central aim of this paper is to understand the global discussion about Facebook’s role as a political influencer in the US-election 2016, which has taken place during the same period of time as this paper has been written. When beginning this research, “filter bubbles” was something that was discussed in science and among media-interested. After the results of the election were final, the discussions about Facebook’s role as a propagator of fake-news culminated and the company was accused to have influenced voters. As a reaction to this, Facebook’s CEO Zuckerberg announced the company will find ways for stopping the distribution of fake-news on Facebook. Those consequences are already visible in this research and possible consequences on a political debate on Facebook are discussed. However, the changes that have been made on Facebook have not been communicated publicly in any way by the company. For this reason this study also discusses problems that can occur studying online-content and makes demands on a higher transparency of how Facebook’s algorithms work.

                          The analysis of the results show that Facebook before the changes has recommended its users pages with political content in a much higher extent than after the change, when the recommendations-page is mainly based on local-fixed Facebook-pages. The authors draw the conclusion that Facebook, before the changes, politicized a political active user, while a political inactive user is not presented for political material in the same extent. Even a filter bubble could be observed, based on block-political preferences of the user. The authors agree upon that the changes, Facebook made will have an impact on Facebook’s role as a political forum. Even if this study only focuses on the recommendations-page on Facebook, the changes that Facebook made can make Facebook to a less political platform and potentially affect the democracy in Sweden and all around the world.

  • 821.
    Tagrit, Lamia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Audience 2.0? Case Study: Implications of the New Audience Shift in International College Students’ Social Media Usage2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 822.
    Talic, Alemdina
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Abdirizak, Ahmed
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Bostadssegregeringen i Tensta: Bostadssegregation i Tensta och dess påverkan på skolresultaten hos ungdomarna.2018Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    TACK

    Vi vill rikta ett stort tack till våra respondenter som medverkat i studien. Vi vill även tacka våra handledare som med god kommunikation och respons bidragit till att fullfölja studien på bästa möjliga sätt.

  • 823.
    Tatarevic, Azra
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Therese, Henningsson
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Sociala intranät - ett intranät för alla?: Uppfattningar bland leverantörer och beställare2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A social intranet is an information and communication channel that is relatively new. There is still a small amount of research done around social intranet and what it is, and also on what organizations and their members may benefit from using such an intranet. Therefore, this paper was written with the purpose to em-phasize the reasons, possibilities and difficulties of implementing and using a so-cial intranet. With interview as method we took part of the experiences and views on social intranet from a number of organizations that are using or is about to establish a social intranet, and also from companies who deliver the service. Through the use of previous research in organizational communication, we then analysed the responses we received from our respondents. Our results and con-clusions show that social intranet are meant to open up a two-way communication in the organization and should be seen as a work tool. Employees get a chance to contribute information and knowledge on the intranet, which creates a greater participation and solidarity in the organization. The results also showed interest-ing differences in perceptions of social intranet between suppliers and clients. The big difference here was how far the employees would be involved in the process of creating a social intranet. Suppliers pushed more on employee involvement than some of the clients did. Differences that existed in both groups were also how they termed social intranets, and how they named the various groups that can be created in the social intranets.

  • 824.
    Tavangar Rizi, Armin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Fernandez Rojas, Sabina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Evenemangens bidragande till destinationsutveckling i Karlstad: En turismvetenskaplig studie om evenemangens bidragande till destinationsutveckling och offentliga aktörers roll i planeringen2019Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 825.
    Teigen, Aleksander
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Personal characteristics in job ads: Strategic communication in urban and rural municipalities2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Platsannonser är medveten kommunikation från arbetsgivare med avsikten att framförallt locka nya medarbetare, men fungerar även som marknadsföring av den rekryterande organisationen. I platsannonser är efterfrågan på personliga egenskaper hos den som ska anställas ett vanligt förekommande fenomen. Dessa egenskaper är av intresse i denna studie.

    ”Personliga egenskaper i platsannonser” är en kvantitativ innehållsanalysstudie av platsannonser från media och kommunikationsområdet där förekomsten av efterfrågade personliga egenskaper är vad som analyseras. Studien syftar till att belysa hur platsannonser kan ses som strategiska i sin kommunikation i form av att efterfråga personliga egenskaper. Hur denna efterfråga ser ut och om det finns någon skillnad mellan storstad och landsbygd i Sverige kommer utredas.

    För att ta reda på vilka personliga egenskaper som efterfrågas oftast utformades ett kodningsschema och 654 platsannonser samlades in från Arbetsförmedlingen jobbförmedlartjänst Platsbanken. De 20 mest efterfrågade egenskaperna från dessa genomgick sedan ett chi2-test för att se om det fanns någon statistisk signifikant skillnad mellan kommuner i storstad och landsbygd eftersom storlek på kommun kan ha betydelse för hur arbetet utförs.

    Teorierna som studien baseras på är strategisk kommunikation och femfaktorteorin eller big five teorin som den heter som den heter på engelska. Dessa teorier visar på varför en platsannons kan ses som strategisk kommunikation och hur personlighet utgör en aspekt i rekryteringsprocessen. Femfaktorteorin bygger på att människans personlighet bygger på de fem faktorerna. Dessa faktorer består av adjektiv som beskriver personlighet, såsom t.ex. ansvarsfull, nyfiken och noggrann Alla människor har mer eller mindre av dessa faktorer.

    Studiens resultat visar att vissa personliga egenskaper efterfrågas mer frekvent än andra och från ett femfaktorteoretiskt perspektiv är vissa av dess faktorer mer förekommande än andra. Vilket i sin tur pekar på att platsannonser är strategisk kommunikation. Det fanns skillnader mellan storstad och landsbygd i vilka egenskaper som efterfrågas men likheterna var fler än olikheterna.

    Den vanligaste personliga egenskapen som efterfrågades i det insamlade materialet var strukturerad. Denna egenskap tillhör personlighetsfaktorn samvetsgrannhet. Att inneha mer av faktorn samvetsgrannhet är en bra indikation på framtida yrkesmässiga lycka, nöjdhet och prestation.

  • 826.
    Temnerud, J.
    et al.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Aquat Sci & Assessment, Uppsala, Sweden.;Swedish Meteorol & Hydrol Inst, Res Dept, S-60176 Norrkoping, Sweden..
    von Bromssen, C.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Econ, Unit Appl Stat & Math, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Folster, J.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Aquat Sci & Assessment, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Buffam, I.
    Univ Cincinnati, Dept Biol Sci, Cincinnati, OH USA.;Univ Cincinnati, Dept Geog, Cincinnati, OH USA..
    Andersson, Jan-Olov
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Nyberg, Lars
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Climate and Safety (from 2013).
    Bishop, K.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Aquat Sci & Assessment, Uppsala, Sweden.;Uppsala Univ, Dept Earth Sci, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Map-based prediction of organic carbon in headwater streams improved by downstream observations from the river outlet2016In: Biogeosciences, ISSN 1726-4170, E-ISSN 1726-4189, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 399-413Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In spite of the great abundance and ecological importance of headwater streams, managers are usually limited by a lack of information about water chemistry in these headwaters. In this study we test whether river outlet chemistry can be used as an additional source of information to improve the prediction of the chemistry of upstream headwaters (size < 2 km(2)), relative to models based on map information alone. We use the concentration of total organic carbon (TOC), an important stream ecosystem parameter, as the target for our study. Between 2000 and 2008, we carried out 17 synoptic surveys in 9 mesoscale catchments (size 32-235 km(2)). Over 900 water samples were collected in total, primarily from headwater streams but also including each catchment's river outlet during every survey. First we used partial least square regression (PLS) to model the distribution (median, interquartile range (IQR)) of headwater stream TOC for a given catchment, based on a large number of candidate variables including sub-catchment characteristics from GIS, and measured river chemistry at the catchment outlet. The best candidate variables from the PLS models were then used in hierarchical linear mixed models (MM) to model TOC in individual headwater streams. Three predictor variables were consistently selected for the MM calibration sets: (1) proportion of forested wetlands in the sub-catchment (positively correlated with headwater stream TOC), (2) proportion of lake surface cover in the sub-catchment (negatively correlated with headwater stream TOC), and (3) river outlet TOC (positively correlated with headwater stream TOC). Including river outlet TOC improved predictions, with 5-15% lower prediction errors than when using map information alone. Thus, data on water chemistry measured at river outlets offer information which can complement GIS-based modelling of headwater stream chemistry.

  • 827.
    Tesfahuney, Mekonnen
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Arise, ye (in)debtariats of the world!2018In: Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography, ISSN 0435-3684, E-ISSN 1468-0467, Vol. 100, no 1, p. 12-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Revolution and the Critique of Human Geography. Prospects for the Right to the City After 50 Years’ is the paper that Don Mitchell read for the plenary lecture at the 7th Nordic Geographic Meet, held in Stockholm in June 2017. The paper was the Geografiska Annaler B Lecture, at the invi- tation Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geography and the conference organizers.

    Proceeding from the premise that ‘revolution is a geographical act’, Mitchell relies on two key revolutionary thinkers cum protagonists to convey the profoundly spatial nature of revolution. The first, Henri Lefebvre is a well-known thinker in geographical circles not least through his oft- cited 1967 text The Right to The City, with the likes of David Harvey, Edward Soja, Neil Smith, Andy Merrifield, Bob Shields, Neil Brenner and Stuart Elden, and of course Don Mitchell himself, as interlocutors. The second protagonist, Guy Debord is a significant thinker in his own right, Lefebvre’s former student and political antagonist, well known in Marxian, media, film and cultural theory, but not so well known in geographical circles. Debord’s book The Society of the Spectacle (1995) is a pioneer work on commodified life, culture and power in the contemporary (Merrifield 2004). It is only apposite then that Mitchell grants Debord more space (15 entries on The Society of the Spectacle compared to the 4 or 5 entries on the Right to the City) in his deliberations on revo- lution. Even with the numbered format (reminiscent of Debord’s numbered Theses), one can discern an introduction, corpus and a coda. In what follows, I present my take on Don Mitchell’s lecture/ paper by focusing on two themes. The first revolves around issues of time and history, the second is parallel readings of Debord-Mitchell on questions of space, revolution and the critique of human geography. I wind up by offering an alternative take on revolution and the critique of human geography. 

  • 828.
    Tesfahuney, Mekonnen
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Who is the Tourist?: Reflection on the ideal subject of our time2016In: Privileged Mobilities: Tourism as World Ordering, New Castle upon Thyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2016, 1, p. 97-110Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 829.
    Tesfahuney, Mekonnen
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Dahlstedt, Magnus
    Bortom förorten2018In: Förortsdrömmar: Ungdomar, utanförskap och viljan till inkludering / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2018, 1, p. 223-227Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 830.
    Tesfahuney, Mekonnen
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Ek, Richard
    Planning as War by Other Means2015In: Planning against the political: Democratic Deficits in European Territorial Governance / [ed] Jonathan Metzger, Phil Allmendinger & Stinj Oosterlynck, New York: Routledge, 2015, p. 171-189Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 831.
    Tesfahuney, Mekonnen
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Ek, Richard
    The Paradigmatic Tourist2015In: Tourism Research Paradigms: Critical and Emergent Knowledges / [ed] Ana Maria Munar & Tazim Jamal, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2015, p. 113-121Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 832.
    Tesfahuney, Mekonnen
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Ek, Richard
    Lund University.
    What Would Zarathustra Say?2014In: Monstrous Geographies, 2014, , p. 12Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we address the contemporary interest for the monstrous and non-human beings in popular culture, fiction as well as in academia, make some speculations about its popularity and ask ourselves what Zarathustra would say? Jameson remark that it is easier to imagine the end of the world rather than the end of capitalism (1998) – itself a précis of the monstrous condition we find ourselves in – serves as a door opener for our deliberations. Agamben’s claim that the human and the non-human are positioned on a threshold rather than on either side of the walls of polis, allows us to imagine monstrous geographies’ topological spaces that fuse the human/non-human, bios/zoē and biopolitics/thanatopolitics. The monstrous, in other words, is the doppelganger of the human. Out of this we make two tentative inferences regarding the current popularity of the monstrous. First, an increasing awareness in the collective cultural imaginary that the corporeal, psychological and cognitive capacities of the human will soon be inadequate to live up to the demands of ‘turbo’ capitalism, a capitalism on steroids so monstrous that we do not see its monstrosity any longer. Secondly, predatory capitalism follows the logic of active nihilism, one that relies primarily on topological rather than Euclidian spatial logics. As such it is ‘blind’ to ontological distinctions (gender, race, human, non-human). Thirdly, this does not imply that passive nihilism is no longer relevant for the logics of predatory capital. Indeed, monstrous figures may embody passive nihilism more fully than the non-monstrous. For if capitalism is the true monster, then monstrosity – in its active and passive guises – is now banal. Is not the monstrous, then, really the non-monstrous? We conceive the tree interpretations as interrelated and central to the post-political condition. Post-politics can thus be conceived as the era of banal monstrosity, a nihilistic condition in which the whole world is being violently subdued by predatory capitalism. Does this presage the dawn of the higher men, a post-nihilist era? What would Zarathustra say?

     

    Key Words: Monster, nihilism, post-political, capitalism, anthropological machine, biopolitics.

  • 833.
    Tesfahuney, Mekonnen
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Schough, Katarina
    Privileged Mobilities: Tourism as World Ordering2016 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    If you’re looking for a book about the experience and adventure industry, a manual in designing authentic places, tips on how to market an attractive destination, or a guide for event fixers, then you’ve picked up the wrong book. If, on the other hand, you’re looking for critical depictions of the grip that tourism has on our existence, you have come to the right place.

    Privileged Mobilities contributes to a growing school of critical studies of tourism. Mobility is about power and space. In this anthology, a series of questions are raised regarding privileged mobiles –who travels, where and whence, and why – not least from the standpoint of class, gender, ethnicity and citizenship. The authors portray tourism as a force of re- and de-terrritorialization: tourism conquers, re-encodes and exploits everything from sea bottom to outer space: places, cultures, histories and life sequences.

    To paraphrase Guy Debord, tourism “is the mode of appropriation of the natural and human environment by capitalism, which true to its logical development toward absolute domination, can (and now must) refashion the totality of space into its own decor.” In a touristified world, we all become tourists and are fostered to see, experience and act accordingly - whether we want to or not. The tourist emerges as the ideal subject: an a-political being, steeped in experience, adventure and enjoyment. 

  • 834.
    Tesfahuney, Mekonnen
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Schough, Katarina
    Linneuniversitetet.
    Privileged Mobilities: Tourism as World Ordering2016In: Privileged Mobilities: Tourism as World Ordering, New Castle upon Thyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2016, 1, p. 1-10Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 835.
    Tesfahuney, Mekonnen
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Schough, Katarina
    Linneuniversitetet.
    The Nomos of Tourism2016In: Privileged Mobilities: Tourism as World Ordering, New Castle upon Thyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2016, 1, p. 11-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 836.
    Thörn, Marina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Skolämnet geografi iSverige, Australien och Sydafrika: - En jämförande studie av tre länders kursplaner i geografi.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 837.
    Tilhon, Fredrik A.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Bra och opålitlig: Attityder till och användning av Wikipedia på högstadiet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis presents a descriptive case study of a Swedish secondary school that sought out to investigate what status Wikipedia has at secondary schools today. In order to do that surveys answered by teachers and students were used and student essays were analysed. Geography was used to illustrate the school’s education. The mainly used sources were examinations of the encyclopaedia’s quality, similar studies of Wikipedia in education and reports from the Swedish National Agency for Education. The study shows that there are different attitudes toward Wikipedia both among teachers and among students that focus on different advantages and disadvantages. Students consider Wikipedia to be good while they also distrust the information that could potentially have been edited by anyone. Teachers tolerate Wikipedia but emphasise that students must use source criticism while using the information. A majority of the students do not disclose Wikipedia as a utilized source in essays. Better education in using websites of Wikipedia’s kind is needed in schools. 

  • 838.
    Tomic, Viktoria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Kulturevenemangs inverkan på destination.: En studie om Hammarkullekarnevalens kulturella påverkan av Göteborg.2016Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 839.
    Tomic, Viktoria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Museer i en tid av förändring: En studie om museers förhållningssätt utifrån delaktighet, upplevelser och digitalisering.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 840.
    Torbjörnsson, Tomas
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Lundholm, Cecilia
    Stockholms universitet.
    Harring, Niklas
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Environmental Sustainability and Legal Education: Swedish Law Student´s Value Orientation2018In: Retfærd. Nordisk Juridisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0105-1121, Vol. 41, no 3-4, p. 99-115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we compare Swedish law students’ value orientation with students in economics and political science and investigate how law students’ value orientation change during their first year of training. Drawing on theories and research from environmental psychology “values” are operationalized in three main categories: altruistic, biospheric and egoistic. Considering our sample groups as future power-professionals and potential agents of environmental and social change, we believe that a better understanding regarding the impact of legal education on students’ value orientation is essential. Our starting point is that when coping with bigger-than-self problems, as climate change, self-transcendence values as altruism and biospherism are important. Our findings demonstrate that legal education beginners report weaker biospheric values than the comparison groups. Another finding is that egoistic value orientation is not strengthened after one year of law education, a result that is counter indicative to previous research and debate among law scholars from U S and other countries outside of Sweden.

  • 841.
    Torstensson, Urban
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Ajourhållning av höjdkurvor2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här examensarbetets syfte är att ta fram en metod för att på ett enkelt och effektivt sätt med låg mätosäkerhet ajourhålla höjdkurvor på platser där marknivån har förändrats i en omfattning så att kommunens höjdkurvor behöver revideras. 

    Eftersom det tidigare inte har funnits en utarbetad metod för att ajourhålla höjdkurvor har jag fått pröva mig fram till en metod som har gett tillfredsställande resultat. 

    Metoden som har tagits fram är lätt att använda och gör att man på ett enkelt sätt kan uppdatera kommunenens baskarta med ny information. Genom att mäta in punkter med hjälp av GNSS-teknik och sedan använda programmet AutoCAD Civil 3D, har det gått att få de resultat som eftersträvades. 

    Metoden som tagits fram ger kommunen möjlighet att uppdatera mindre områden i sina kartor på ett enkelt sätt. Det som krävs är en mottagare som en person kan hantera, programmet AutoCAD Civil 3D och ett område som inte är större än att en person på ett rimligt sätt kan mäta in det till fots.

  • 842.
    Trum, Julia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Sjöstedt, Elin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Hållbarturism ur ett konsumentperspektiv: En undersökning av den miljömedvetna konsumentens syn på hållbarturism2015Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Turismen som näring ökar hela tiden och för att bevara jordens resurser krävs det av såväl aktörer som konsumenter att de gör hållbara val för att minimera påverkan, vilket allt fler svenska konsumenter gör idag. Vi har i denna uppsats valt att fokusera på konsumenten och har därför som syfte att kartlägga vad specifikt miljömedvetna konsumenter har för kunskap och beteende när det handlar om hållbar turism. För att ta reda på det så hade vi frågeställningar kring vad miljömedvetna konsumenter har för kännedom om hållbar turism, hur de handlar utefter det i vardagen kontra resande samt hur de önskar att få information om begreppet.

    Den metod vi använt oss av för att utreda detta är en kvantitativ metod i form av en enkätundersökning med 100 respondenter som vi analyserat med hjälp av teorier kring hållbar turism, den miljömedvetna konsumenten, skillnaden mellan attityd och beteende samt resebeteende.

    Det som framkom i denna undersökning var att de miljömedvetna konsumenterna har kännedom om hållbar turism men inte så mycket kunskap om att begreppet har tre dimensioner. Tydligt är också att deras attityd till hållbarhet förändras när de går utanför vardagen, framförallt när det gäller hur viktigt de tycker det är i valet av matprodukter. Slutligen så vill de ha mer konkret information om hållbar turism i form av tips och tillgängliga alternativ.

    Nyckelord: miljömedveten konsument, hållbar turism, attityd, beteende. 

  • 843.
    Udd, Sara
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Zettergren, Eric
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Vad är boendeattraktivitet?: En studie av boendeattraktivitetens mening och betydelse i Dalarna2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Studiens syfte är att ta reda på vad boendeattraktivitet innebär i Dalarna. Frågeställningarna innefattar dels ett regionalt perspektiv på begreppet boendeattraktivitet samt hur kommunerna i länet ser och förhåller sig till begreppet.

    • Hur beskrivs boendeattraktivitet på regionalnivå i Dalarna?
    • Hur ser kommunerna i Dalarna på begreppet boendeattraktivitet?

     

    För den regionala nivån står politiker och tjänstepersoner från Länsstyrelsen Dalarna som i en kvalitativ studieform intervjuas via en strukturerad intervjuguide. För frågan kring den kommunala nivån utgår studien från både en kvalitativ enkätundersökning där kontaktpersoner från respektive kommun kontaktas via mail med fem stycken frågor där de utan svarsalternativ fritt fick svara på frågorna. Det ingår även en dokumentstudie till den kommunala nivån där kommunernas översiktsplaner studeras och ordet attraktiv eller attraktivitet eftersöktes för att kunna urskilja mönster i dess användningsområde vilket summeras likt en kvantitativ ansatts i ett diagram. Enkätundersökningen och dokumentstudien jämförs sedan men varandra och får sedermera utgöra empirin för den andra frågeställningen

    Det teoretiska ramverket utgår från regionalism, attraktioner, Floridas kreativa klassen, Lee´s push & pull modell och Syssner och Anholts platsmarknadsföring. Tidigare studier från Telemarksforskning om attraktivitetens betydelse som illustreras till en attraktivitetspyramid, har även en central roll i studien.

    Resultatet av intervjuerna visar att det är omöjligt att peka ut en specifik faktor som är attraktiv, det varierar istället kraftigt beroende på individens livssituation. På den kommunala nivån däremot pekas sjönära läge ut som någonting särskilt attraktivt. Både från intervjuer och enkätundersökning går det att urskilja vikten av varierade lägen och boendeformer för att kunna uppnå en attraktivitet för majoriteten. I jämförelsen mellan enkätsvaren och dokumentstudien kunde det sammanfattas att ordet attraktiv används i marknadsföringssyfte och blivit allt vanligare med åren att använda sig utav.

    Studiens slutsats visar att boendeattraktivitet på regionalnivå kan angripas från tre olika håll. För invånare skiljer sig boendeattraktivitet beroende på deras livssituation. Attraktivitet kan mätas i fastighetspris, ett högre pris är lika med högre attraktivitet. För att kunna skapa attraktivitet i en region eller kommun krävs det variation i både lägen och boendeformer.

    Den kommunala nivån ser något annorlunda ut då de har möjlighet att utgå från sin egna geografiska avgränsning och dess förutsättningar. Även där angrips dock boendeattraktiviteten från tre håll. Det sjönära läget är det attraktiva läget i en kommun, kommunerna använder sig av begreppet boendeattraktivitet i platsmarknadsföringssyfte och liksom den regionala nivån krävs det variation för att kunna vara attraktiv för alla.

  • 844.
    Uhlenwinkel, Anke
    et al.
    Alpen-Adria-Universität, Austria.
    Béneker, Tine
    University of Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Bladh, Gabriel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for the Studies of Social Sciences Didactics (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Tani, Sirpa
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Lambert, David
    Institute of Education, United Kingdom.
    GeoCapabilities and curriculum leadership: Balancing the priorities of aims-based and knowledge-led curriculum thinking in schools2017In: International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education, ISSN 1038-2046, E-ISSN 1747-7611, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 327-341Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The small-scale research presented in this paper was conducted as part of the GeoCapabilities project. Though originating in the Anglophone world, the project attempts to address the purposes and values of geography education internationally. Using the idea of “powerful disciplinary knowledge” the project asks what geography has to offer that helps young people develop the human capabilities they need in order to live a life that they consider valuable. In this paper, we explore the challenges and opportunities presented by GeoCapabilities in several European national contexts. We asked selected teachers and teacher educators in four different countries (Finland, Germany, The Netherlands and Sweden) what role they thought geography plays in enhancing students’ “human potential.” Despite marked differences relating to the legal and structural background in each country we found major similarities in teachers’ and teacher educators’ curriculum thinking in relation to geography's contribution to the future well-being of their students.

  • 845.
    Ulvenfalk, Daniel
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Larsson, Anton
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    "Kan vi köpa den bilen, mamma?": En studie om hur föräldrar upplever att deras barn påverkas av tevereklam2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The TV audience in today’s consumer society gets bombarded with commercial advertising about different products and services. The television has, despite a converging media landscape constituted by numerous new technological innovations, maintained its strong position in the Swedish households and is still the most frequently used medium among children.

    With a mutual interest for advertising and its affections as a starting point, Piaget’s theory about children’s cognitive development led us towards scrutinizing parents’ experiences on how TV commercials affect their children. The purpose was to contribute to an increased understanding on how parents’ experience that their children is affected by the TV commercials whose aim is to persuade people into purchasing products. 

    To answer the research question a comprehensive study were done of a defined population consisting of exclusively parents with children between the ages of four and six at nine preschools in Karlstad. To our help we used two different methods – survey research and in-person interviews. 

    The population contained a total of 227 potential respondents of which 85 parents chose to participate in the study. We approached the research question by measuring correlations and differences between a set of diverse factors such as the children’s age, consumption amount, and preferred type of TV channel. To interpret the collected material we analyzed the empirical data with origin in previous research, The Persuasion Knowledge Model, and Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s theories of children’s cognitive development.

    The result demonstrates that a significant part of the parents in the population experience that children are indeed affected by TV commercials. This affection manifests itself in an expression of a desire to buy or use the products seen in the commercials. The degree of impact is controlled by a number of various factors, and the result show that the children’s affection is associated with consumption amount, age, preferred TV channel, and level of self-determination. Four and five year olds are more affected by TV commercials than six year olds for instance. Children that consume most TV are more affected than children who consume less, and children who in a greater extent decide for themselves what they are watching are also more affected than children who do not determine what they are watching in an equal magnitude. By the same principals are the children who watch commercial TV channels more affected than vice versa.

  • 846.
    Uppal, Charu
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Claiming Their Heritage: Citizens  and Digital Communication2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 847.
    Uppal, Charu
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Claiming Their Heritage: Re-Discovering India Through Cyber-Dialogue2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 848.
    Uppal, Charu
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Diaspora, Meaning and Assimilation: Geography, Media and Communication2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 849.
    Uppal, Charu
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Digital Divide, Diasporic Identity, and a Spiritual Upgrade2017In: Digital Hinduism: Dharma and Discourse in the Age of New Media / [ed] Balaji, Murali, USA: Lexington Books, 2017Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 850.
    Uppal, Charu
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Over time and beyond disney-visualizing princesses through a comparative study in India, Fiji, and Sweden2019In: Social Sciences, ISSN 2076-0760, E-ISSN 2076-0760, Vol. 8, no 4, article id 105Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Disney animated princesses are broadcasted around the world through Disney Channel and its global affliates as well as through numerous other networks that purchase distribution rights. In an attempt to provide diversity in the last 25 years, Disney has featured nonwestern princesses such as those in Aladdin (1992), Pocahontas (1995), Mulan (1998), and Moana (2016). This study examines how princesses in animated Disney movies are perceived and understood by girls (8-15 years) in three different countries, over two time-periods with a gap of nearly a decade (2009 and 2018). The primary research question, considering Disney's global reach, is how race, culture, and presence of a royal family interact with transnational access to the same media content in the perception of the princess concept and about being a girl. The selected countries provide an opportunity to explore differences in perception of Disney princesses between girls raised in countries with and without a royal family, and between girls in nonwestern and western countries. Differences in the perception are attributed to local and national cultures that allow a different lens to view the same content. A mixed method combining interviews, focus groups, and participant-generated images was used to gather data in India, Fiji, and Sweden. Results indicate Disney princesses, with their ubiquitous presence in various formats, e.g., media content, costumes and school stationery, have created a uniform idea of beauty across countries. Princesses in Disney were perceived by participants as being Caucasian and American, regardless of the race or country they represented. Girls in India and Fiji did not identify with Jasmine or Mulan, whom they considered 'American', whereas girls in Sweden considered Jasmine and Mulan as princesses of nonwestern origin. Girls in India and Fiji did not think they could be princesses because of their skin color, and did not want to lead a life 'restricted with responsibilities', but girls in Sweden considered the same question from the place of a choice, i.e., they preferred not to lead a 'boring' and regulated life like that of a princess. Participants from Fiji, with the least access to domestic programming that showed girls of their same Fijian origin, were least likely to consider themselves capable of being a princess.

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