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  • 74551.
    Zheng, Ruoxi
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Jiang, Nan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Cross-border acquisitions in Chinese manufacturing industry: An institutional perspective2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Cross-border acquisitions as effective strategic choicesare used widely to enhance competitive advantages inChinese enterprises in manufacturing industry. The decisionmaking is influenced by certain institutions under theuniqueness of Chinese socialism system. This study investigatesthe influence of institutions towards the decisionmaking of cross-border acquisitions.

    The study aims to build a conceptual model to identifythe major regulative institutions and how they are influencingthe decision making of cross-border acquisitionsin Chinese manufacturing industry.

    The study conducts a case study on Lenovo and Geelybased on secondary data to investigate the influence ofregulative institutions on cross-border acquisitions.

    The decision making of cross-border acquisitions inmanufacturing enterprises is influenced by regulative institutionsfrom international and national level which presentedin three ways. First, the supportive regulation institutionscreate a favorable environment for cross-borderacquisitions. Second, government promotes cross-borderacquisitions by using policy as guidance. Third, the imperfectof the legal system impede the organizationsprogress.

  • 74552.
    Zheng, Tian
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    The Variance between Brand Positioning and Brand Perception: -A Case Study about Volvo Cars in China2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 74553.
    Zheng, Wei
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Oil Price and Economic Growth: Evidence of China2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 74554.
    Zheng, Xiaoshu
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Shi, Yuan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    The case of Geely acquiring Volvo Car: A study on low brand equity acquiring high brand equity2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Much previous research has studied high brand equity acquiring high brand equity or high brand equity acquiring low brand equity. However, very little research has been conducted to understand how that low brand equity acquiring high brand equity changes the low brand equity especially in China. This paper is on the case of Geely Group acquiring Volvo Car which was a typical acquisition of a high brand equity company by a low brand equity company. The aim of the paper is to verify whether this type of acquisition could increase the acquirer’s brand equity evaluated by consumers. This paper selects two brand strategies, ‘the house of brands strategy’ and ‘the endorsed brand strategy’, as the study objects of post-acquisition brand integration, and attempts to find the differences on consumers’ expectations and what is better suited for the new joint company. Therefore, a survey research strategy was used in this paper. A conceptual framework which included brand loyalty and perceived quality was developed from a review of the existing literature. Samples of data collected from Chinese consumers have been analyzed for the changes of consumers’ evaluation on the brand equity of Geely after its successful acquisition. Our research result proved that, a low brand equity company could enhance its brand value through acquiring an internationally known brand. After the acquisition, no matter what brand strategy applied, consumers had a more positive attitude towards the brand. The conclusion reached was that firms should be careful to choose an acquisition strategy by considering its strengths. But when faced with a decision of acquisition, the most important thing is to focus on the final success of the acquisition, while the brand integration strategy might be adjusted flexibly.

  • 74555.
    Zhetibaeva Elvung, Gulzat
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Employment in New Firms: Mobility and Labour Market Outcomes2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies the role of new firms in the labour market and uses Swedish data to analyze labour mobility in new firms, including both transitions of workers into and from new firms. In particular, it focuses on employees’ wages in new firms and post-new firm employment labour market outcomes as transitions into long-term employment and entrepreneurship. 

    This thesis consists of four essays. The first two essays concern labour mobility into new firms. The last two essays focus on post-new firm employment mobility.

    The first essay explores the role of new firms as an entry point into the labour market for individuals with little (or no) labour market experience. The findings show that the wage penalty found in previous research, which includes more heterogeneous groups of employees, decreases once the focus is solely on labour market entrants. 

    The second essay investigates whether there is a wage penalty for being employed at a new firm if the individual employee’s experience and status in the labour market are taken into account; this essay focuses on individuals who decide to switch jobs. The findings show that there is a wage penalty for being employed at a new firm; however, considering a random selection into new firms may underestimate the wage differentials.

    The third essay studies the role that new firms play for the career path of their employees. In particular, this paper analyzes whether short-term employment in new firms (employment lasting less than one year) may serve as a stepping stone toward long-term employment (at least two years of employment with the same employer) for non-employed individuals. The findings indicate that short-term employment in new firms may serve as a stepping stone toward long-term employment.

    The fourth paper examines the new firm effect on entrepreneurship, which the findings indicate is positive and statistically significant; this effect remains even after controlling for a worker's ability and shows that employees with both high and low levels of ability may transition to entrepreneurship.

  • 74556.
    Zhetibaeva Elvung, Gulzat
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    The effect of employment in new firms on a career path: Is it a stepping stone toward long-term employment?Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research shows that new firms provide unstable employment because the risk of failure of new firms is high. At the same time, new firms attract and employ a disproportionately larger share of individuals with weaker positions in the labour market. This paper studies the role new firms play in determining the career paths of their employees and analyses whether short- term employment in new firms (employment lasting less than one year) may serve as a stepping stone towards long-term employment (at least two years of employment with the same employer) for non-employed individuals. Individual-level data from a Swedish matched employee-employer database are used collected from five years (2001-2005). A propensity score analysis is used in the empirical analysis. The findings indicate that short-term employment in new firms may serve as a stepping stone towards a long-term employment for both women and men. Moreover, the new firm effect on the probability of long-term employment is positive even for new firm employees who leave their firms involuntarily due to firm closure.

  • 74557.
    Zhetibaeva Elvung, Gulzat
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    The new firm effect on entrepreneurshipManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the new firm effect on entrepreneurship and investigates the new firm employee transition to entrepreneurship and controls for the worker's ability in terms of income residuals. For empirical analysis, dataset collected from Swedish matched employee-employer database from five different cohorts (2001-2005), is used and competing risk models are employed. The findings indicate that the new firm effect on entrepreneurship is positive and statistically significant and remains even after controlling for a worker's ability. Moreover, workers with the lowest and the high- est abilities are more likely to enter entrepreneurship. This effect on worker's ability is also true for the entrepreneurial transition among incumbent firm employees. In contrast, among new firm employees, women entering into entrepreneurship are drawn from the lowest and the next highest tails of the income residual distribution, while men entering into entrepreneurship are drawn only from the lowest tails of the income residual distribution.

  • 74558.
    Zhiyu, Chang
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Nguyen, Paul
    Manestam, Erik
    Product Placement In Games: A quantitative study of how product placement in games affect on consumers' attitude towardthe brand.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this research paper was to explain how product placement in games influences the consumer’s attitude towards the brand. The aims during this work with the purpose in mind were to utilize quantitative methods in the pursuit of fulfilling the objective of answering how certain placement strategies can affect individual consumer’s attitudes. As said, quantitative methods are used in combination with deductive reasoning, hence meaning that researchers of this paper make use of such programs like google docs questionnaire (for collecting data and creating surveys), SPSS statistics (for measuring the given data and assembling patterns/relationships). Since these kinds of methods were used, it means that both primary and secondary sources were made use of by the authors. Findings concerning the research put forward in this paper indicates that the most significant kind of placement strategy which is motivated why its significance value, is Plot and narrative placement. research presented in this work is represented by three hypotheses. H1-screen placement, H2 -script placement and H3 plot placement. All hypothesis except the third one was accepted through 2 produced positive results (H2, H3) while one produced negative results (H1). As a wrap-up summary of this, consumers who play games seem to have a more positive attitude towards brands utilizing screen and plot placement rather than script placement. Hence having a better attitude when it comes to product placement in games compared from the previous studies. Researchers suggest using qualitative research to cover for more factors concerning product placement in games which may affect consumers'' attitude toward brands. This together with a further focus on random sampling may produce an interesting result.

  • 74559.
    Zhong, Lijing
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    The Role of Content in Facilitating Social Media Engagement with Consumers in China: - A study on foreign fashion brands on Sina Weibo2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 74560.
    Zhou, Chuanhui
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Yu, Anqi
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    The World Heritage on Öland: An investigation into the Motivations of Chinese Travelers toTravel abroad2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this research is to explore how Öland could attract Chinese tourists to sustain its development. This study is conducted on the basis of group interviews among 20 respondents selected from Chinese tourists. This research reveals that learning and experiencing, building a social relationship and enjoying natural landscape are the major reason for Chinese tourists traveling abroad, among which, the main motivations for Chinese tourists visiting Öland is the attractive spot. The research finds that not many Chinese tourists have been to Öland before. However, among those who have been, they said that Borgholm Castle was the most attractive tourist spot. The major approaches for Chinese tourists accessing information of Öland are travel agencies, travel apps, TV shows, movies and the internet , whereas little marketing strategies such as advertising (in Chinese) and cooperating with local travel agencies has been utilized by the government. An analysis of the key motivations of Chinese tourist reveals one challenge in attracting Chinese tourists facing the government: Öland is not well recognized as a World Heritage among Chinese tourists compared to other popular travel destinations. The strength and weakness of Öland tourism indicates that Öland need to take more active marketing strategies to brand their tourism targeting Chinese tourists.

  • 74561.
    Zhou, Chunyan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    From a university-run enterprise to a leading group of regional IT industrial clusters: In a perspective of an academia-government-industry triple helix2012In: Technological Entrepreneurship in China: How Does it Work? / [ed] Petti, C; Ederer, M, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012, p. 66-85Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 74562.
    Zhou, Chunyan
    et al.
    ITHI -International Triple Helix Institute, Palo Alto, USA.
    Lundström, Anders
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    The rise of social innovation parks2014In: Social entrepreneurship: leveraging economic, political and cultural dimension / [ed] A Lundström, C Zhou, Y von Friedrichs, E Sundin, Springer, 2014, p. 259-272Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 74563.
    Zhou, Haoyong
    et al.
    Keele Management School, Staffordshire, UK.
    He, Fan
    Department of Finance, School of Business, Central Connecticut State University, New Britain, CT, United States.
    Wang, Yangbo
    SKK Graduate School of Business, Seoul, South Korea.
    Did family firms perform better during the financial crisis?: New insights from the S&P 500 firms2017In: Global Finance Journal, ISSN 1044-0283, E-ISSN 1873-5665, Vol. 33, p. 88-103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides new evidence on whether family firms performed better during the global financial crisis (2008–2010). Using the dataset of the S&P 500 nonfinancial firms during the period 2006–2010, we find that family firms outperformed nonfamily firms during the crisis. Among family firms, the ones that contributed to the outperformance were those where the founder was still present. We also find that during the global financial crisis, founder firms invested significantly less and had better access to the credit market than nonfamily firms. Our analysis suggests that the superior performance of founder firms is largely caused by their having less incentive to overinvest in order to boost short-term earnings during the crisis. 

  • 74564.
    Zhou, Jianzhi
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Kasikitvorakul, Chanida
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Cash-back Websites: An empirical study of factors influencing customer loyalty2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Customer loyalty is an important issue for the success and sustainability of an online business. Moreover, the concept of affiliate marketing online business has become well-known among online shoppers in the past several years. Nevertheless, there is little research investigating customer loyalty towards affiliate marketing websites, especially in China, where this kind of websites are known as ‘cash-back website’. Therefore, this research investigates customer loyalty towards cash-back websites (51fanli.com as the leading cash-back website) in the China market. Based on previous studies and interview, this research applies six factors (cash-back promotion, price comparison service, WOM in social community, quality web design, privacy and security, trust) as core and supplementary services which influence customer perspective in loyalty. This study aims to find out which factors in cash-back websites can influence customer loyalty in the China online market. In this research, questionnaires are sent to cash-back website users to collect quantitative data. A statistical analysis is used to verify the nine hypotheses to analyze the collected data. The result points to five factors in both core and supplementary services that support customer perspective towards loyalty, while only ‘WOM in social community’ has no correlation with Chinese customer perspective towards loyalty. After comparing the results of the two groups of customers, those used 51fanli.com and those who did not use 51fanli.com, the research discover that customers who used 51fanli.com have stronger opinions on ‘privacy and security’ factor. Customer perceived value has significant positive relations to customer satisfaction that may influence customer loyalty. Furthermore, managing the loyalty programme in order to maintain high switching cost is only applicable to customers who have high satisfaction towards the website. Finally, some managerial implications suggested cash-back websites to adapt unique strategies to gain more customers and cautiously use switching cost. Maintaining a good reputation on privacy and security is another key success factor of cash-back websites in China market.

  • 74565.
    Zhou, Jiawen
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Liu, Meiyuan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Job training in multinational companies: The case of Carl Zeiss in China2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    Title:

    Job training in multinational companies --The case of Carl Zeiss in China

    Level:

    Final assignment for Master Degree in Business Administration

    Author:

    Jiawen Zhou, Meiyuan Liu

    Supervisor:

    Ehsanul Huda Chowdhury

    Examiner:

    Maria. Fregidou-Malama

    Date:

    05/2014

    Aim:

    Job training has been treated as the most popular approach to help with improving employees’ performance as well as company’s performance. However, some studies argue that there is some ineffectiveness in job training. This study aims to investigate employees’ needs for job training, the effectiveness and ineffectiveness of job training.

    Method:

    This study used both qualitative method and quantitative method through questionnaire and interviews. The findings were reported by analysis of mean method and standard deviation method.

    Result & Conclusions:

    This study shows that the more job training employees receivethe better performance they have. Another result of this study is that technology department employees have higher turnover intentionthan other departments after they receivejob training.

    Suggestions for future research:

    The limitation of this study is that it did not show much about the financial benefit of job training. Future research coulddone focusingmoreon this aspect. In addition, the transfer from training to application is also needed to be investigated later.

    Contribution of the thesis:

    For human resource managers, this study can givethem some suggestions toplantheirjobtraining program, in order to be more effective For other researchers, it can provide a vividunderstanding on the effects of job trainingin multinational companies.

    Key words:

    Job training, effectiveness, risk, evaluation, retention

  • 74566.
    Zhou, Lu
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Liu, Jiaqi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Lu, Yanzhu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    The Main Influencing Factors of Customer Trust in China’s Import Cross-Border E- commerce Business Model2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    China’s import cross-border e-commerce (CICBEC) business model differs from other online shopping business models in both the participators and transaction processes. Government as an important participator has greatly promoted the healthy and rapid development of this business model. As a vital topic in all kinds of businesses, customer trust is also a core research topic in online shopping. Many scholars have studied customer trust in traditional online shopping while few of them focused on cross-border online shopping, let alone the CICBEC business model. The government is a new participator, whose contribution on customer trust is not clear. Also, other known variables’ influences on customer trust are still worthy of discussion. This research aims to address existing research gap by contributing to Lee and Turban (2001)’s Customer Trust in Internet Shopping (CTIS) Model and constructing a new customer trust model. A number of influencing factors of customer trust were defined and tested in this research. It shows that influencing factors from four participators, the e-retailers, e- commerce platforms, government and third-parties, have a significant correlation with customer trust. The final results show that order fulfillment, government actions, e-retailer reputation, information quality, e-commerce platform security and e-commerce platform reputation have significant influences on customer trust. 

  • 74567.
    Zhou, Lu
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Qiu, Chenyun
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Cultural Influence on Customer Expectation to Swedish Banking Service: Study of Swedish Banking Industry2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

     

     

    This thesis is a part of a larger collaboration between students during the spring semester of 2009. The aim was to work together in order to collect more data and allow deeper analysis in the specific area chosen by each student-group. The goal was to come up with advice for banks on how to target immigrants in Sweden.

    During this process a common theoretical framework was decided on and a questionnaire was developed. The questionnaire was written in English and later translated to several other languages in order to reach some of the target groups that were not fluent in English.

    The chosen structure of each paper was to write it more like an article than a “traditional” master thesis.

  • 74568.
    Zhou, Meng Meng
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business.
    Does ownership affect performance?: Evidence from Chinese listed companies2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 74569.
    Zhou, Meng Meng
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business.
    Panbunyuen, Podjaman
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business.
    The association between board composition and different types of voluntary disclosure: A quantitative study of Chinese and Swedish listed companies2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Company’s annual report has been widely used by stakeholders such as investors, employees, suppliers, customers and creditors. Information included in annual report consists of both mandatory information required by law, regulations as well as accounting standard and voluntary information depended on management’s judgments. We find that voluntary information vary from company to company. From corporate governance field, we find that the company’s board of directors plays an important role in monitoring the management’s performance and have an impact on management’s judgment, including their decision to disclose information in annual report. Board of directors comprises inside and independent directors. Both of them have incentives to disclose information in annual report.

    In this study, we use quantitative method to examine the association between board composition and different types of voluntary disclosure in listed companies in the Shanghai stock exchange (SSE) of China and OMX Nordic Exchange Stockholm. The board composition is measured by the proportion of independent directors to total number of directors on the board. Voluntary disclosure has been classified into three categories: Strategic information, non-financial information and financial information.

    The results show that there is no significant association between board composition and voluntary disclosure from our samples Chinese and Swedish companies. However, we find association between different types of voluntary disclosure and firm characteristics. We find significant negative association between strategic information and financial leverage for Chinese companies. We find significant negative association between financial information and equity-based management compensation in Swedish companies. On comparison, we find that Swedish companies is inclined to disclose more financial information than Chinese companies while Chinese companies would like to disclose more strategic information than Swedish companies.

  • 74570.
    Zhou, Na
    et al.
    Gotland University, School of the Humanities and Social Science.
    Shanturkovska, Gergana
    Gotland University, School of the Humanities and Social Science.
    Chinese Consumer Behavior in the Mobile Phone Market: Nokia Case2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To become successful in China is a challenge not every international company can cope with. The competition is cruel as everyone struggle for a larger piece of share. Some manage to find the “secret” formula, others simply are left behind. Still, the market is too big to be neglected and extremely unpredictable to be easily handled. Nokia has proved to be foreseeing and wise enough to not only enter that market, but also climb up the ladder of success and stay there for a decade. This work aims to give a clear and thorough picture of Nokia’s successful strategy in penetrating the Chinese market. It follows and explains the steps Nokia took back in the days in building strong brand awareness and thousands of loyal customers in the face of the Chinese consumer. Its purpose is not only to tell the story of success, but also to teach important lesson future investors and perhaps give a precious insight into the topic. The Chinese market needs to be studied and analyzed as well in order to build a better understanding for it. We need to find out how they feel, what they think and what factors influence their behavior and finally how to approach them. A series of different research methods like secondary data, personal and group interviews, and online survey will be used here. The approach in this study will be inductive, where specific theory will be developed based on research.

  • 74571.
    Zhou, Shoujin
    et al.
    Peking University, China.
    Caccamo, Marta
    University of International Business and Economics, China.
    Review And Revision: Theory And Practice of Corporate Philanthropy in China2013In: Journal of International Business Ethics, ISSN 1940-1485, Vol. 6, no 1/2, p. 42-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Corporate philanthropy has played an indispensable role in public welfare areas 1 in China since its emergence in the 1990s. As an "emerging philanthropic market" (Michon & Tandon, 2012) where entrepreneurship or corporate citizenship is still to be entrenched in the society, the progress of corporate philanthropy in China is crucial for cultivating the philanthropic spirit of society and fostering the growth of civil society. Therefore, it is worthwhile to pay more attention and make more investigation into the theory and practice of corporate philanthropy in China (Lu, 2002; Ge, 2007). The present paper aims to make a general review of the state of this particular area and to discuss potential ways to optimize current frameworks.

  • 74572.
    Zhou, Taoyuan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Liu, Huarong
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Empirical study on CAPM on China stock market2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 74573.
    Zhou, Xueqin
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    A study of Chinese housing price in 1996-20052010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 74574.
    Zhou, Ye
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business.
    How can professional service industry achieve sustainable competitive advantage through relationship marketing strategy?: A qualitative Study on Self-financed Overseas Study Agencies in Hubei, China2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    Purpose

    The aim of this study is to provide an insight into relationship marketing from a strategic view in Chinese context.Meanwhile, it analyzes how empirical study such as self-financed overseas study consulting agency could use this relationship marketing as a strategic tool to help it to achieve competitive advantage.

     

    Theoretical methodology

    Theoretical methodology covers theoretical considerations that influence how the study is designed and conducted.

     

    Theoretical framework and literature review

    This section gives readers a general understanding with related literature. . In order to access this perception, this study employs a related theory as the main conceptual framework for examining theories and major findings. Furthermore, by studying empirical findings, it acts as mirror to reflect prior scholar’s literature in order to have a critical and in-depth research study.

     

    Practical methodology

    Several practical techniques were chosen for this research, such as qualitative approach, semi-constructed interviews, samplings etc. The purpose of this study is to find out how relationship marketing can bring to a self-financed overseas study consulting agency in China sustainable competitive advantage based on customer satisfaction and customer retention perspective.

     

    Empirical observation and analysis

    The thesis is based on the case studies within the Chinese market, with two special Agencies: Hubei Education Service Center for Scholary Exchange, Hubei Jinmao Foreign consultants Managerial co., Ltd. The questions are addressed using information obtained in interview with respondents from the agencies and from secondary data. (Documentary secondary data)

     

    Conclusion

    The author found that by using customer retention to ‘individual clients’ and by using customer satisfaction (eventually by using word of mouth) to individual clients can bring a self-financed overseas study consulting agency in China sustainable competitive advantages based on the commitment and trust mechanism. However, author could not find out the evidence to prove that using relationship marketing tools is the single solution to compete more successfully than without it. It is further argued by author that relationship marketing is just one aspect strengthening the generic strategy in order to gain sustainable competitive advantage.

  • 74575.
    Zhou, Zixu
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics.
    Yang, Siqi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics.
    How do stock return movements behave in pharmaceutical industry?: A 2008-2010 study2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 74576.
    Zhu, Bingchao
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business.
    Jiang, Songxue
    Mälardalen University, School of Business.
    A study of brand image of ANTA Company in China’s sportswear market2008Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Date: June 5, 2008

    Course: Master Thesis (International Marketing)

    Course Code: EF0705

    Authors: Bingchao Zhu 840501-P613 bzu07001@student.mdh.se

    Songxue Jiang 840506-P386 sjg07001@student.mdh.se

    Tutor: Tobias Eltebrandt

    Title: A study of brand image of ANTA Company in China’s sportswear market

    Problem statement: What are the mismatches between ANTA Company’s wanted brand image and the perceived brand image by the target consumer group?

    Purpose: The aim of this study is to find out the mismatches between ANTA Company’s wanted brand image and consumer’s perception about ANTA’s brand image in China’s sportswear market in order to suggest how ANTN Company should deal with those mismatches.

    Methodology: The method of this case study is mainly based on the primary and secondary information. The primary information mainly comes from the interview with the manager and questionnaires from the respondents. The books, articles and internet are used as the secondary information.

    Conceptual Framework: The theoretical framework includes three aspects which consist of marketing mix, brand image and attitude.

    Conclusion: The conclusion arises from the analysis and research based on the methods, theoretical framework, finding. And there are 5 mismatches which ANTA Company need to deal with. In order to deal with the mismatches, it is very necessary for ANTA to adjust the current marketing strategy and analyze systematically the mismatches for improving the brand image.

  • 74577.
    Zhu, Bingchao
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Zheng, Yang
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Entrepreneurship and network: SAP's network in the entrepreneurial organization2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Date:  June 5, 2009

    Course: Master Thesis (International Business and Entrepreneurship)

    Course Code: EFO705, EFO704

    Authors: Bingchao Zhu     840501-P399   bzu07001@student.mdh.se        Yang Zheng        840925-T272   yzg08002@student.mdh.se

    Tutor:   Sven-Åke Nyström

    Title: Entrepreneurship and Network: SAP’ Network in the Entrepreneurial Organization

    Research question: What are the competitive advantages gained by SAP through developing partnership and buyer-seller relationship in its entrepreneurial organization?

    Purpose: The main purpose of this research is to identify and describe what competitive advantages SAP gain through analyzing the relationship between corporate entrepreneurship and network..

    Methods: The methods of this research can be identified as primary information and secondary information. The primary information is the interview designed; the secondary information is the documents from the internet, school library, SAP library.

    Conceptual Framework: The theoretical framework includes two aspects which include entrepreneurial organization and network.

    Conclusion: The conclusion comes from the analysis based on literature review, theoretical framework, and empirical case. SAP can gain three aspects of competitive advantages through developing the network in the entrepreneurial organization, which include cost advantage, differentiation advantage and economic advantages.

     

  • 74578.
    Zhu, Hong
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Honkanen, Daniel
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Disruptive Talent Management: A case study of a talent management system in times of disruptive technology advancements2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The relatively new concept of talent management has been recognized to have a strategic role in disruptive business environments by both researchers and practitioners. A resourced-based view proposes that organizations should focus on internal resources and foster their own unique resources, for instance human resources. These unique and valuable resources are managed to become a core competence for facilitating organizations to seclude imitators and achieve competitive advantages. The proposition that initiate the research question of this thesis aims at delving into the relationships between talent management systems (TMS) and environmental volatility. The concept of talent management and other related theoretical concepts have formerly been theoretically ambiguous and remains empirically unexplored.

    This thesis aims to find out how TMS are managed in times of technology advancements. In order to achieve that goal, the authors integrated theoretical knowledge from the field of talent management and further developed a resource-based integrated TMS framework accordingly. Based upon a qualitative and abductive research approach, a single case study of a Nordic company operating in financial services was conducted to answer the research question and to test the framework. By following the order and structure of the framework, the semi-structured interviews were designed and analyzed respectively. The empirical findings reveal that strategic talent management proved to be of great importance in times of technology advancements. A lightweight structured talent management system addressing on flexibility and agility is managed to adapt to environmental uncertainty. Accordingly, the resource-based integrated TMS framework is reviewed and modified for future researchers and practitioners to use and further elaborate upon.

  • 74579.
    Zhu, Li
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Xu, Dan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Marketing Strategic Change in Expansionof Disneyland: Cases Study of Disneyland's Overseas Expansion in Shanghai2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem: The international theme park industry is growing but is also facing a series of bottleneck problems. Disneyland as one of the most famous theme parks, is trying to expand its kingdom to China. With the success and failure of the three previous oversea Disneyland, marketing strategic changes are becoming crucial and critical in the expansion of theme parks. Recognizing the elements that lead to strategic changes and generate proper strategies are preconditions of any successful expansion of theme parks, especially to Shanghai Disneyland

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to identify the main factors affecting Shanghai Disneyland’s marketing strategic changes. Through the empirical study, we are going to describe the strategic changes made in all oversea Disneyland and try to identify “the main drivers and motivations of strategic change for the future Shanghai Disneyland”.

    Method: In this thesis we have adopted the case study approach. Disneyland is one of the most famous theme parks over the world. The data was collected with the help of open ended interviews from high-level managers to ordinary employees in different Disneyland.

    Results: Disneyland is a successful example in its efforts to expand overseas. However, Paris Disneyland and Hong Kong Disneyland are not as profitable as expected. In the year 2012, Shanghai Disneyland is going to open. Based on the analysis of strategic changes Disney made in Tokyo, Paris, Hong Kong and Shanghai, authors will get the main drivers and motivations for these strategic changes.

  • 74580.
    Zhu, Liang
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Das, Monojit
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Assessing Students' Perceptions of Service Quality in Higher Education. Students' viewpoint from Mid Sweden University2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is identify how the students at MIUN perceive the higher education service delivered and what is most important to their over-all satisfaction with that service. It is also part of the purpose to find out if there are differences in the way Swedish and international students perceive the service quality performed.

     

     

    Method: We have used a quantitative approach in our collection of empirical data. The investigation is carried out as a survey on students at Mid Sweden University (MIUN), students that were selected through the convenience procedure. The Google Drive was used as a platform for collect data, and the survey was administered using the students e-mail addresses presented on MIUN student portal. The analysis has been carried out in two steps. First, we ran a factor analysis (rotated Varimax) and extracted factors that we tested in a reliability test (Cronbach’s Alpha). The created factors were then used in the second step that was a Regression Analysis in which they served as independent variables with a quality index as the dependent variable.

     

     

    Finding: The finding indicates that the most influential satisfied factors of service quality that students perceived at MIUN is ‘teaching’ and the least influential satisfied factor that students perceived at MIUN is ‘infrastructure’. Moreover another finding indicates  that,  there  have  differences  in  perceptions  of  service  quality  between Swedish students and international students.

     

     

    Implication: The outcome of this study can be used in order to improve internal and external  quality  of  higher  education  institutions  (HEIs).  More  specifically,  the outcome can be directly used by HEIs for improving quality as perceived by students. On top of that this research provides a view of the current condition of service quality of the MIUN and offered some suggestion that would be implemented to develop service quality.

  • 74581.
    Zhu, Liang
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Das, Monojit
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Assessing Students' Perceptions of Service Quality in Higher Education: Students' viewpoint from Mid Sweden University2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is identify how the students at MIUN perceive the higher education service delivered and what is most important to their over-all satisfaction with that service. It is also part of the purpose to find out if there are differences in the way Swedish and international students perceive the service quality performed.

    Method: We have used a quantitative approach in our collection of empirical data. The investigation is carried out as a survey on students at Mid Sweden University (MIUN), students that were selected through the convenience procedure. The Google Drive was used as a platform for collect data, and the survey was administered using the students e-mail addresses presented on MIUN student portal. The analysis has been carried out in two steps. First, we ran a factor analysis (rotated Varimax) and extracted factors that we tested in a reliability test (Cronbach’s Alpha). The created factors were then used in the second step that was a Regression Analysis in which they served as independent variables with a quality index as the dependent variable.

    Finding: The finding indicates that the most influential satisfied factors of service quality that students perceived at MIUN is ‘teaching’ and the least influential satisfied factor that students perceived at MIUN is ‘infrastructure’. Moreover another finding indicates  that, there  have differences  in  perceptions  of  service  quality  between Swedish students and international students.

    Implication: The outcome of this study can be used in order to improve internal and external quality  of  higher  education  institutions  (HEIs).  More  specifically, the outcome can be directly used by HEIs for improving quality as perceived by students. On top of that this research provides a view of the current condition of service quality of the MIUN and offered some suggestion that would be implemented to develop service quality.

  • 74582.
    Zhu, Miaomiao
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Is East Asian economy more dependent on exports?: A panel data approach2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 74583.
    Zhu, YuFei
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Asmelash, Amanuel
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Lilieholm, Jonas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    What we want to see? The Instagram photo in business2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The authors of this study want to build a classification model which can help researchers and marketers to evaluate what kind of characteristics that photo online especially on Instagram can attract more attention. The process of this case of study can be divided into two steps. First of all, the authors of this paper will create a classification model of the characteristics of these pictures on Instagram based on several theories and previous studies. Then the authors of this paper will conduct nineteen semi-structured interviews with participants to reinforce the classification of categories color, visual composition, image type and emotional expression, and further develop this model to make it more comprehensive.

  • 74584.
    Zhu, Yuqi
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Zhang, Yunbu
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    A Comparative Case Study on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) between SMEs and MNCs2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to describe the behaviors that multinational corporations(MNCs) and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are taking for carrying outcorporate social responsibility (CSR) under the context of sustainable development.Besides, the factors which drive and influence the performance are further exploredand discussed.The thesis is to be analyzed by means of a literature review, qualitative case study,semi-structured interviews, within case study and cross case study.By adopting these methods, the thesis shows that both MNCs and SMEs are aware ofand actively shouldering CSR in spite of different contents and approaches. MNCs areable to integrate economic, environment and social values into CSR strategy whileSMEs focus more on economic values. Competitive pressures, social expectations andinternal governance system are the main drivers of MNCs. By contrast, owners’ desiregives rise to the performance of carrying out CSR strategy by SMEs.It is suggested that a new domain of CSR namely, political social responsibility isfound through the study. It demonstrates that MNCs with the state-owned nature haveparticular missions and responsibilities to serve the country and society, which is notcommon but exists in the world.

  • 74585.
    Zhuang, Aofeng
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Huang, Kai
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Exchange Rate Risk Management at Chinese Small- and Medium-Size Enterprises2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of this thesis concerns how Chinese SMEs manage foreign exchange risk. Since the financial reform in 2005, China has adopted the managed floating foreign exchange system and Chinese companies have to face the risk bought by exchange rate. Chinese companies have realized the damage and loss, which is caused by foreign exchange exposure and it, is more essential for Chinese companies to build risk management for identifying, assessing and responding to foreign exchange risk. In general, there are financial hedging tools when companies respond to foreign exchange risk, such as forward hedging, option hedging and so on, and operating hedging tools can be potential options for Chinese SMEs to use. Compared to the large companies, Chinese SMEs have few resource and ability to build their risk management and few channels and tools to deal with foreign exchange risk and diminish the loss. There are researches that have been done on how SMEs deal with foreign exchange and the hedging tools these SMEs use. But only few research relates to Chinese companies and even few research talks about Chinese SMEs and how they conduct risk management and what tools they have. The purpose is to fill in this blank.

    This research adopts qualitative research strategy and is based on the interview with owner or financial managers of Chinese SMEs. Authors adopt a qualitative case study to collect empirical evidence and invite five interviewees for data collection. These Interviewees are CEO or financial managers of Chinese SMEs.

    Through the research, authors find the appreciation of Chinese Yuan (CNY) is the main threat to Chinese SMEs. Although most of Chinese SMEs have realized the foreign exchange exposure, only part of Chinese SMEs has risk management towards the risk. Most Chinese SMEs use operating hedging tools to deal with transaction exposure and economic exposure. But only part of Chinese SMEs can use financial hedging tools to handle transaction exposure because they have resources and ability to use these tools. In the other hand, forward hedging is chosen by most Chinese SMEs and the banks which have permission from government to offer forward service are the only channel for Chinese SMEs to use forward hedging tool. Lack of knowledge, resources and capability is main challenge for Chinese SMEs in forecasting future exchange rate, building risk management and conducting risk response to foreign exchange exposure.

  • 74586.
    Zhubi, Adrian
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Zhubi, Albert
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    K2 eller K3: Motiv till att redovisa enligt K32016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: K2 or K3 : Reasons to account according to K3 

    Authors: Adrian Zhubi and Albert Zhubi 

    Published: Spring 2016 

    Tutor: Eva Berggren 

    Background: Since 2004 BFN has given accounting standards, which started the K-project that divides companies into four different categories based on company size. The K-project's most common regulations are the main regulation principles-based K3 and the alternative regulation rules-based K2. Since 2015 it became mandatory for all joint-stock companies and economic associations to apply one of these two regulations. Companies should therefore reflect on its business and stakeholders when making a choice of regulation. This requires that the annual report should be relevant to the stakeholders. With the study we therefore want to examine the main differences that explains why companies choose K3 instead of K2 from accounting advisors’ perspective. 

    Aim: The aim of the study is to describe why companies prefer K3 instead of K2 according to accounting advisors. 

    Formulation of the problem: What do accounting advisors consider explains the companies’ choice of K3 instead of K2? 

    Methodology: The study is based on a qualitative approach. The empirical data contains a total of five interviews, one of those is a pilot interview. The study's respondents are three auditors, an accounting expert and an accounting specialist. The respondents have different experiences and are from different accounting firms.

    Results: The study shows that accounting advisors consider differences in tangible, intangible and financial assets between K2 and K3 makes companies prefer K3. Factors as depositions, deferred taxes and stakeholders also affects the choice. According to the study’s respondents, K2 is easier to apply because the regulation contains robust rules for accounting. K3 require greater knowledge at professional judgement, because the regulation includes companies with a complex business with many stakeholders.

  • 74587.
    Zhuozhuo, Zhang
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    The Relationship Between House Price and Economy during Financial Crisis2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 74588.
    Ziadkhani Ghasemi, Sandra
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Palmet, Merili
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Driving Online Brand Engagement, Trust, and Purchase Intention on Instagram: The Effect of Social Commerce Marketing Stimuli2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Building on the stimulus-organism-response model, this paper aims to fill the considerable research gap by developing a deeper understanding of social commerce as a global emerging phenomenon and investigating the effectiveness of social commerce marketing stimuli and its consequences on consumer behavior on Instagram. The study adopts a mixed-methodology approach, including a web-based survey and a focus group interview, to build a deeper understanding of the phenomenon and account for the social aspects of social commerce. Based on a sample of 317 international consumers, the analysis demonstrates that all dimensions of social commerce marketing stimuli have significant effects on online brand engagement on Instagram; which consequently positively influences brand trust and online purchase intention. Moreover, the focus group interview complements the findings and provides potential explanations for the discovered relationships.

  • 74589.
    Zidan, Hussain
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Otálvaro Herrera, Nasly Andrea
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    How does leadership develop contextual ambidexterity in project – basedorganizations?2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Statistics show that a large number of companies struggle for their survival.About 20 % of the EU companies in all the different industries that were born in 2015 couldnot survive till 2016. More specifically, only less than half of the companies that were born in2011 are still active in 2016 (Eurostat, 2018). Moreover, corporate bankruptcies in Swedenincreased by 20 % in the years 2017 to 2018 compared to 2016 (Tillvaxtanalys, 2019 ).Therefore, the main challenge for managers is to consolidate short-term and long-termthinking, encourage visions while remaining focused on execution within employees.

    Problem background: While the current literature acknowledges both the importance oforganizational ambidexterity for companies’ survival, and the role played by managers todevelop ambidexterity, research on how to achieve such ambidexterity is still narrow.Moreover, the influence of the different leadership styles on contextual ambidexterity and itseffects on individuals have hardly been attended in the literature.

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to develop an understanding on how leaders, throughambidextrous leadership styles, create a context that enables individuals to achieve contextualambidexterity. More specifically, this master’s thesis aims to define a conceptual frameworkthat shows the influence of the leadership styles on contextual ambidexterity

    Methodology: In order to answer our research question, a qualitative research was conductedwith a deductive approach. Eight Interviews, four managers and four employees, wereconducted in four project-based organizations within the software industry in Sweden.

    Findings: The key findings are that transformational leadership style was found to foster “trustand support” in social support, and “stretch” in performance management, while thetransactional leadership style was only found in discipline in the organizational context.

    Conclusions: This study shows how developing adaptability in an organization requiresmanagers to apply transformational leadership style to the social support dimensions of theorganizational context. On the other hand, developing alignment in an organization requiresmanagers to apply both transformation and transactional styles rather than transactional. Mangers also need to balance the intensity of their leadership styles as both styles need to be emphasized equally well.

  • 74590.
    Ziden, Patrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Nirelius, Daniel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Analys och Strategiutveckling - En strategi för utvärdering av SOS Alarms jourteletjänster2000Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen behandlar teorier om hur en strategi skapas. Teorierna tillämpas av författarna i ett uppdrag från SOS Alarm där en strategi för ett affärsområde skall utvecklas och formuleras. Uppsatsen behandlar analys och utvärdering inför val av strategi. Däremot behandlas inte delmomentet implementering.

  • 74591.
    Zidén, Karl
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Strategi och modell för underhållsverksamhet under avveckling: En studie av underhållsverksamheten på tunnelbanevagn modell C62014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Många industriföretag måste arbeta med att reducera sina kostnader för att överleva på

    marknaderna som blir allt hårdare. Samtidigt har medvetenheten om fördelarna med att arbeta

    för att förlänga livslängden på det som underhålls blivit det företagen arbetar mot.

    Utvecklingen och tiden leder till att introduceringar och avvecklingar genomförs men i

    dagsläget finns inga tydliga teorier och modeller för hur dessa bör genomföras i ett

    underhållsperspektiv.

    Under en period över 2017-18 ska 88 stycken tunnelbanevagnar av modell C6, vilka används i

    Stockholms tunnelbanenätverk, avvecklas. Detta beror av planerade inleveranser av en ny

    modell vilken benämns C30. Då tidigare avvecklingar genomförts har indikationer från

    inblandade getts gällande att de kunnat ske på smartare sätt. Eftersom tid finns innan

    avvecklingen påbörjas ges möjlighet till att se över hur den bör utformas. Vid utformningen

    finns tre grundpelare vilka måste beakta och de är; säkerheten, driftsäkerheten och kostnaden.

    Syftet med arbetet är dels att motivera för vilken strategi som ska väljas gällande underhållet

    under perioden. Vidare ska en avvecklingsmodell arbetas fram vilken svarar mot hur antalet

    vagnar ska reduceras. Resultatet av studien förväntas vidare vara applicerbar på nästa

    vagnsmodell samt bidra till ett generellt bidrag till det förhållande mellan avveckling och

    underhåll som idag saknar teorier och modeller.

    De undersökningar som bedrivits resulterade i att underhållsplanens rådande utformning inte

    ska frångås. Istället ska den modell som arbetats fram styra det urval som görs varje gång ett

    antal vagnar ska tas ur bruk.

    Den modell som arbetats fram testades på historiska data för att simulera en avveckling

    baserad på data fri från antaganden. Resultatet blev att en tredjedel av kostnaden under

    perioden kunde sparas, närmare 2,2 miljoner kronor.

    Viss indikation gavs gällande att driftsäkerheten genom urvalet kunde höjas. Vidare tar

    modellen hänsyn till många aspekter vilka inte alltid är lätta att värdesätta samt att den är

    anpassningsbar till de förutsättningar gällande avvecklingen som kan förändras.

  • 74592.
    Zieba, Malgorzata
    et al.
    Gdansk University of Technology, Gdansk, Poland.
    Durst, Susanne
    University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future. University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Knowledge Risks in the Sharing Economy2018In: Knowledge Management in the Sharing Economy: Cross-Sectoral Insights into the Future of Competitive Advantage / [ed] Elena-Mădălina Vătămănescu & Florina Pînzaru, Springer, 2018, p. 253-270Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this chapter is to present and analyze potential risks connected with knowledge that organizations operating in the sharing economy might potentially face. 

  • 74593.
    Ziecik Johansson, Monika
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Lundkvist, Susanne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Nya regler reducerar borgenärsskyddet2004Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Från och med den 1 januari 2006 träder en ny aktiebolagslag (ABL) i kraft som medför en rad förändringar. Den här uppsatsen fokuserar på de förändringar som berör borgenärsskyddet. Syftet med uppsatsen har varit att diskutera vilka förändringar den nya aktiebolagslagen tillsammans med redovisning av verkligt värde enligt IAS kommer att betyda för borgenärerna. De viktiga förändringarna gällande borgenärsskyddet inbegriper ett borttagande av koncernspärren och i gengäld en förstärkning av försiktighetsregeln. Vidare tas reservfonden bort och överkursfonden kommer att ingå i det fria egna kapitalet. Därtill kommer reglerna om redovisning enligt verkligt värde. Från och med januari 2005 ska alla noterade företag inom EU upprätta sin koncernredovisning i enlighet med IAS/IFRS. IFRS kräver eller tillåter värdering till verkligt värde vilket medför att det kommer att finnas möjlighet att värdera vissa tillgångar till verkligt värde. En effekt av värdering till verkligt värde blir att orealiserade vinster kommer att ingå i vissa balansposter, vilket medför en möjlighet att dela ut orealiserade vinster. Ytterligare en frågeställning som har fått stor betydelse i vår underökning är att det lagstadgade lägsta kapitalkravet för aktiebolag som syftar till att bereda borgenärerna säkerhet är otillräcklig. Trots vår och respondenters samstämmighet, har storleken på det egna kapitalet inte blivit föremål för en debatt i lagrådsremissen, snarare framträder en bild av att dagens rättsregler kring borgenärsskyddet fyller den funktion som behövs. Sammantaget medför regelförändringarna att en mycket stor vikt sätts till den förstärkta försiktighetsregeln eftersom övriga förändringar är till nackdel för borgenärerna. Tidigare strikta regler ersätts av en regel som är öppen för tolkning. Därmed kan bestämmelserna som är uppställda i borgenärernas intresse åsidosättas genom att värdeöverföringar kan göras inom lagens gränser men bortom hänsyn tagen till företagets soliditet och därmed företagets borgenärer.

  • 74594.
    Ziecik Johansson, Monika
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Parnebring, Jenny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Eriksson, Gunnar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Aktieägartillskott2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen ger inledningsvis en bakgrund till finansieringsalternativet aktieägartillskott. Vidare redogörs närmare behandligen av ovillkorat aktieägartillskott, villkorat aktieägartillskott, omvandling från villkorat till ovillkorat aktieägartillskott och regressfordran samt en analys över hur förluster hänförliga till dessa förluster behandlas skattemässigt samt juridiskt. Slutligen ges, i uppsatsen slutsats, rekommendationer om hur förlusterna rent juridiskt bör behandlas samt vägledning till personer som råkat i liknande situationer att uppnå bästa möjliga skattesituation.

  • 74595.
    Ziegler, Jessica
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Is there an EMU effect on trade inside the Eurozone?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A major economic reason for the development towards Economic and Monetary union of European union (EMU) was the extensive view that it would enhance trade between the member countries. The aim of this paper is to estimate if there is an EMU effect on trade for the countries inside the Eurozone, and in addition look how trade is affected between EMU members and countries outside the currency union. A panel data set has been used, covering bilateral trade from 10 developed countries, for the years 1995 to 2013. The regression is run on two different groups, one including all OECD countries in the sample, and one using data from only the European Union countries in the sample. I estimated that the adoption of the Euro inside the Eurozone has increased trade between 16 and 17,5 percent. Furthermore, i found that trade from Eurozone to outside countries has increased between 9,4 to 21 percent. After implemented yearly dummy variables for the Eurozone it can be detected that the EMU effect on trade has increased over time, from 10,3 percent in 1999 to 29 percent in 2013.

  • 74596.
    Ziegler, Max
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Business Administration.
    Schlaich, Heidrun
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Business Administration. Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg.
    Client Employment of previous Auditors: Banks' Views on Auditor Independence2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Through the audit of annual reports, auditors contribute to the credibility of financial information. To ensure trustworthiness, the auditor has to be independent from the audited company. Auditors’ independence has been a very broadly discussed topic for many years. The most discussed threat to auditors’ independence is the provision of non-audit services by audit firms. But there are other threats to auditors’ independence besides the provision of non-audit services, which are not that frequently discussed so far. There is a tendency that companies hire employees of their current audit firm, which can imply a threat to auditors’ independence. This threat is addressed in the present research paper.

    The purpose of this paper is to examine if banks, as important capital providers, are aware of the threat to auditors’ independence through the client employment of previous auditors.

    This study uses qualitative data, collected by a web-based self-completion questionnaire with open questions. This questionnaire was sent out to corporate account officers in German banks via email.

    The analysis of these results shows that banks perceive the client employment of previous auditors as a threat to auditors’ independence. But even though banks perceive this as a threat, most of the respondents do not see any possibility to counteract the dangers posed by such a move. The main reason is the missing capability to gather knowledge about the employment behavior of a company. Hence, the client employment of previous auditors often stays undetected. Such a move may affect the mind-set of the bankers in a theoretical way, but has no influence regarding their daily business with the customer firms.

    Different measures exist to counteract the threat to auditors’ independence as well as the negative impacts caused by the client employment of previous auditors. These countermeasures refer to all three parties – (I) the company, (II) the audit service providers and (III) the bank. Especially regulation, both of the audit and the bank, but as well voluntary acting can be consulted.

    Further research needs to be done in order to proof the results of this study preferably in a quantitative way. An extension to how banks act instead on looking how they perceive the client employment would be interesting in order to draw more conclusions and develop further countermeasures.

  • 74597.
    Ziehe, Oliver
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Hedgefonder och aktiefonder efter IT-bubblan: En studie av riskjusterad avkastning2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 74598.
    Ziemba, Alexander
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS).
    Prevolnik, Fabian
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS).
    The reverse logistics of electric vehicle batteries: Challenges encountered by 3PLs and recyclers2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:          The growing number of electric vehicles gives rise to a whole new reverse supply chain. Once the electric vehicle batteries reach their end-of-life, societal and governmental pressure forces automotive manufacturers to set up a network for disposing the hazardous batteries. Although, the volumes of returned batteries remain low, volumes will increase in upcoming years. Current networks and processes related to the return flow of electric vehicle batteries are not well established, nor well defined. Thus, creating an urgency to develop efficient collection networks.

     

    Purpose:                  The purpose of this study is to investigate how reverse logistics networks are currently set up and to provide an overview of how the different actors and processes are connected. In addition, this thesis aims to identify challenges encountered by logistics providers and recyclers. By doing so, we hope to contribute to the research gap of which factors that constitutes a bottleneck for further development of the reverse logistics chain of electric vehicle batteries.

     

    Method:                  The thesis conducts an interview study and is qualitative in nature. Semi-structured interviews generated empirical data, which was analysed through cross-case analysis incorporating a thematic analysis. Through this analysis we were able to achieve new theoretical understandings in connection to institutional theory.

     

    Conclusion:             Through empirical findings a detailed framework of the reverse logistics chain of EVBs is portrayed. Furthermore, different challenges span over the processes illustrated in the framework. This presents an overview which is not found in current literature and extends current research on this topic.

  • 74599.
    Zienau, Charlotta
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    What Determines a Region’s Capacity to Integrate Refugees?: A Study of the Swedish Municipalities’ Characteristics and their Relationship with Integration2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The current refugee crisis has affected many European countries, not least Sweden with the highest number of asylum applications per capita. The crisis has brought an intense discussion on how refugees should be allocated, both across the EU member states and on a sub-national level, and it has undoubtedly put current dispersion policies on trial. Through a study of Sweden’s 290 municipalities, this thesis aims to identify certain characteristics of a host region that facilitates integration, in order to see whether current dispersion policies are optimal, and if not, how they could be altered. Through simple and multiple OLS regressions certain characteristics have shown a clear relationship with integration (positive or negative), while some have been deemed irrelevant. As dispersion policies suggest, a larger population seems to facilitate integration. Also labor market conditions are as expected important, but it seems that the situation for youths is more relevant than the general condition. Finally, it seems as though an ethnically fractionalized population facilitates integration, although the process is aggravated as the refugee influx increases. As surprisingly little research has been conducted on this field, this thesis has only laid the foundation for the topic and further research is necessary. Still, the research has induced some doubts regarding the optimality of current dispersion policies, and this thesis suggests that additional factors should be taken into consideration when dispersion policies are elaborated.

  • 74600.
    Zietek, Nathalie
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Influencer Marketing: the characteristics and components of fashion influencer marketing2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The ad blocking hype has brought new challenges for fashion brands to be seen and heard. Therefore new marketing strategies have to be found. Since the usage of mobile devises increased and consumers spend more time on online social networks - influencer marketing had been found as a authentic marketing channel to reach the consumers. Therefore this thesis aims on providing fashion brands a guideline of the components and characteristics of influencer marketing. To accomplish this research objective the qualitative method approach of expert interviews had been chosen and four experts from the fashion influencer marketing were questioned about their daily work with influencers to elaborate their needs and the challenges they are facing. The interviews lead to four core components of influencer marketing: authenticity, long-term relations, co-creation and micro-influencers. Underneath these core components the following sub-components were found: brand fit, exclusivity, visual language, passion, trust, price, creative freedom, and frequent communication. The main conclusion of this study is that working with micro influencers is key a component of influencer marketing. These influencers tend to have high authenticity, are experts in a certain niche and are not motivated by monetary reasons.

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