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  • 701.
    Pamment, James
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication. Univ Texas Austin, RTF, Austin, TX 78712 USA..
    Media Influence, Ontological Transformation, and Social Change: Conceptual Overlaps Between Development Communication and Public Diplomacy2015In: Communication Theory, ISSN 1050-3293, E-ISSN 1468-2885, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 188-207Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Development Communication and Public Diplomacy are twin products of U.S. political science and Cold War foreign policy. As contemporary diplomatic and development policies continue to converge, new ways of interpreting the relationship between the fields are necessary. This article analyses the 2 fields' emergence out of modernization policy and their reliance on a common conception of process: namely, that information propagated through media channels alters how foreign citizens know the world around them, and that this transformation can lead to positive social change. More recent paradigmatic shifts toward participatory communication models demonstrate that both fields have moved toward inclusive conceptualizations of influence and social change, but key differences suggest that they still have much to learn from each other.

  • 702.
    Pamment, James
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication. University of Texas at Austin.
    Political Economy of Development2013In: Handbook on Development and Social Change / [ed] Karin Wilkins, Thomas Tufte & Rafael Obregon, Wiley-Blackwell, 2013Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 703.
    Pamment, James
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication. University of Texas at Austin.
    “Putting the GREAT Back into Britain”: National Identity, Public-Private Collaboration & Transfers of Brand Equity in 2012’s Global Promotional Campaign2015In: British Journal of Politics & International Relations, ISSN 1369-1481, E-ISSN 1467-856X, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 260-283Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The GREAT campaign is one of the most ambitious national promotion efforts ever undertaken.Timed to make the most of Britain's raised profile during Olympic year, the aim was to promotetrade, investment and tourism under a unified identity emphasising British achievements.However, the campaign raises a number of issues. The first is how and why GREAT emerged as analternative to established structures for soft power, public diplomacy and marketing in the UK. Thesecond is the ways GREAT engages with collective identity through the nationalisation and com-modification of symbolic resources. Third is the practices used to include and exclude specific targetgroups and stakeholders. Fourth is the interaction between economic and symbolic resources,including public-private collaboration and the evidence used to determine impact and value. Thesethemes contribute to an analysis of GREAT that will be of interest to scholars of politics and IR inthe UK and internationally.

  • 704.
    Pamment, James
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication. University of Texas at Austin.
    Putting the GREAT Back into Great Britain2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 705.
    Pamment, James
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication. University of Texas at Austin.
    Swedish Public Diplomacy2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 706.
    Pamment, James
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    The 2012 Olympics and Its Legacies: State, Citizen, and Corporate Mobilizations of the Olympic Spirit2014In: International Journal of Communication, ISSN 1932-8036, E-ISSN 1932-8036, Vol. 8, p. 2578-2596Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The notion of legacy was intrinsic to London's 2012 bid, drawing upon the Olympic spirit in the form of personal challenges designed to motivate and mobilize individuals and communities in Britain and around the world. However, with the economic crisis and change in government in 2010, a distinct discourse of economic legacy also emerged. This increasingly saw the citizen mobilization associated with the Games in terms of the opportunity to promote the UK as a partner for trade investment. This article explores the state, citizen, and corporate mobilizations motivated by the Olympics. It analyses the structures and discourses supporting a changing conceptualization of legacy, with particular reference to the international communication strategies designed to co-brand national promotion with the Olympic spirit.

  • 707.
    Pamment, James
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication. University of Texas at Austin.
    West European Public Diplomacy2013In: European Public Diplomacy: Soft Power at Work / [ed] Mai’a K. Davis Cross & Jan Melissen, Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, p. 13-38Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 708.
    Pamment, James
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication. University of Texas at Austin.
    Wilkins, Karin
    Discourses of Global Citizenship in Development with the Emergence of BRICS2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 709.
    Pamment, James
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013). Univ Texas Austin, USA.
    Wilkins, Karin
    Univ Texas Austin, USA..
    Toward a Common Standard for Aid Transparency: Discourses of Global Citizenship Surrounding the BRICS2016In: International Journal of Communication, ISSN 1932-8036, E-ISSN 1932-8036, Vol. 10, p. 2989-3003Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The impact of BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) and other emerging economies on the field of international development has seen traditional donor nations wrestle with fundamental shifts in the geometry and makeup of the donor community. This has resulted in asymmetrical power relations in organizations such as the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) finding new modes of expression, as the one-way flows of cultural imperialism have given way to the multidirectional uncertainties of globalization. We question how the traditional aid donor community has taken this new geometry into account using discourses surrounding South-South cooperation as a focal point for analysis. The analysis engages with evolving discourses of indifference, skepticism, fear, integration, and conciliation, revealing complex tensions between the OECD's Development Assistance Committee membership, BRICS, and the motivations for aid effectiveness debates.

  • 710.
    Pamment, James
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication. University of Texas at Austin.
    Wilkins, Karin
    Towards a “Common Standard” for Aid Transparency: Discourses of Global Citizenship Surrounding the BRICS2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 711.
    Paulsen Harling, Nina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    "Red Cross-Listen In!": A case study of how beneficiary communication and accountability contribute to reaching and measuring results2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    While aiming to reach results (such as improved health status) humanitarian workers in aid organizations such as Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (RCRCM)[1], make use of outcomes in related global forums, standards and networks. Common concepts discussed related to humanitarian action are the following ones: effectiveness, local ownership and mutual accountability. In addition, concepts such as Results Based Management (RBM), highlighting the importance of delivering and accounting for results influences humanitarian organizations. Donors such as governments are pushing for RBM. The RBM reform impacts Swedish aid policy and RCRCM in Sweden, represented by Swedish Red Cross. However researchers and civil society actors find that RBM is not a silver bullet to facilitate results.

     

    Dialogue with beneficiaries goes back to the beginnings of humanitarian action, but dialogue using social media to capture beneficiaries’ views started only around a decade back.

     

    In this case study, I investigate RCRCM and focus on Swedish Red Cross. In particular I explore the following research problem: how does beneficiary communication and accountability using social media contribute to reaching and measuring results?

     

    My data includes individual and focus group interviews and RCRCM guiding documents. Conclusions include that: indeed beneficiary communication and accountability contributes to reaching results and have potential to better capture results. Direct RCRCM organizational benefits are potentially huge given RCRCMs extensive worldwide community level network. The benefits include better access, more relevant activities and funding opportunities. However challenges include perceived lack of expertize, management commitment and generally slow change of mind set with regards to downward accountability.

    [1] A) The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), B) the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and C) national societies in 189 countries around the world (see section 2.1)

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    "Red Cross -Listen In"
  • 712.
    Pedersen, Leo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Planering av handelsstrukturer: En studie av Karlstad och Uddevalla2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    ARKIVFIL
  • 713.
    Persson, Lise-Lotte
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Läroplanernas och geografiämnets förändring i skolan.: En studie av olika läroplansförändringar och geografiläraresupplevelser av dem.2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report looks at the content of the curricula that existed in the Swedish primary-schools. From the first one that came in 1962 to the present, introduced in 2011.It also handles the subject geography, how the content has been presented and changed over this period of time. I have also interviewed practicing teachers to see if there are any similarities.One can see that the curriculum has not changed much in its general part, but that the syllabus changed a lot with the shift from cartography and focus on the local environment to a more technical

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  • 714.
    Petersson Forsberg, Lena
    et al.
    Blekinge tekniska högskola, Karlskrona.
    Sandell, Klas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Emmelin, Lars
    Blekinge tekniska högskola, Karlskrona.
    Friluftslandskapets planering och tillgänglighet2013In: Friluftsliv i förändring: resultat från ett forskningsprogram : slutrapport / [ed] Fredman, Peter; Stenseke, Marie; Sandell, Klas & Mossing, Anders, Stockholm: Naturvårdsverket , 2013, p. 191-210Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 715.
    Rachid, Maroun
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Omer, Hamse
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Geografiskt förflyttningsmönster i Rosengård och Hässleholm: Trygghet och förflyttning inom särskilt utsatta områden2018Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 716.
    Radanova,
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Från New York till Värmland?: En studie om utvecklingen av Business Improvement Districts i Filipstad och TorsbyIndependent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 717.
    Ramovic, Dorita
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Kvinnors (otrygghet) i staden: En kvalitativ studie av kvinnors upplevelser av trygghet och otrygghet i Malmö2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Mitt syfte med uppsatsen har varit att undersöka kvinnors upplevda otrygghet i Malmös offentliga miljöer utifrån ett feministiskt och tidsgeografiskt perspektiv. Med utgångspunkt i kvinnornas upplevelser av otrygghet är syftet också att studera hur Malmö Stad planerar för att förebygga kvinnors otrygghet. Undersökningen har utförts med hjälp av tidsdagböcker som är ett verktyg inom det tidsgeografiska synsättet. Studien har också genomförts med hjälp av kvalitativ metod i form av semistrukturerade intervjuer. Tidsdagböckerna användes för att visualisera kvinnors upplevda otrygghet i vardagen, där sedan intervjuer kopplade till tidsdagböckerna utfördes för en djupare diskussion av kvinnornas upplevda otrygghet i Malmö. Intervjuer med tjänstemän på Malmö Stad genomfördes för en fördjupning av trygghets- och jämställdhetsarbetet. Materialet från intervjupersonerna består av kvinnornas otrygghetskänsla i relation till staden, vad otryggheten grundar sig på, samt hur Malmö Stad arbetar för en ökad trygghet. Resultatet av studien visar att kvinnor främst upplever otrygghet i Malmö beroende på vilken tid det är på dygnet. Kvinnornas otrygghet i staden är ett resultat av den könsmaktsordning som råder i Malmös offentliga rum. Resultatet från intervjupersonerna med Malmö Stad visar att det finns brister i trygghets- och jämställdhetsarbetet, som i sin tur försvårar kvinnors upplevelser av trygghet. Slutsatsen visar att det är av stor vikt att arbeta med ett införlivat genus- och jämställdhetsperspektiv i planeringen, för att öka kvinnors trygghet i staden.

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  • 718.
    Ramström, Fanny
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Drömmar om järnväg: En studie om hur idéer och påverkansarbete används för att driva fram beslutsprocesser för investeringar i infrastruktur2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Resandet ökar i Sverige och därmed ställs nya krav på transportsystemet. Under de senaste åren har såväl standard och storlek av landets infrastruktur diskuterats av både politiker och allmänheten. Flera miljömål som regeringen har satt berör transporter och infrastruktur, vilka antagligen kräver både en ny och grönare teknik samt att personer blir mer medvetna om när och hur de ska resa. Samtidigt präglas den svenska politiken av en stark tro om att tillväxt löser många av de problem som finns idag. Investeringar i infrastrukturen är en offentlig angelägenhet som planeras och koordineras av Trafikverket. Innan det kan förverkligas måste emellertid finansiering i regeringens nationella transportplan säkerställas. Initiativtagarna för storskaliga investeringsprojekt är i regel en eller flera kommuner och regioner som vill åstadkomma en rumslig förändring hos dem. Vanligtvis är denna beslutsprocess väldigt lång och aktualiserar flera frågor som handlar om makt och rum. Syftet med denna studie är att skapa en djupare förståelse om hur idéer och påverkansarbete används för att driva fram beslutsprocesser för investering i infrastruktur. Detta kommer att göras med hjälp av fallstudier om två stora järnvägsprojekt, vilka är Ostlänken och Oslo-Stockholm 2.55.

    Ostlänken är en ny och dubbelspårig höghastighetsbana som planeras att byggas mellan Järna och Linköping, med stationer för på- och avstigning vid Vagnhärad, Nyköping, Norrköping och Linköping. Under 1990-talet pågick ett omfattande påverkansarbete för att samla olika aktörer vid den här idén och lansera den på nationell nivå för att bli beviljade pengar. Förbättringar längs med järnvägsstråket mellan Stockholm och Oslo har också diskuterats sedan länge. År 2015 tog regionerna i Värmland och Örebro tillsammans med Karlstad och Örebro kommun ett gemensamt krafttag och bildade bolaget Oslo-Stockholm 2.55 AB. Idag bedriver bolaget ett omfattande påverkansarbete för att bli beviljade finansiella medel i den nationella transportplanen för att leda om tågtrafiken på ett delvis nytt stråk mellan de två huvudstäderna.

    För studien har politiker och tjänstepersoner intervjuats och dokument granskats närmare för att generera empiriskt material. I beskrivningarna av händelseförloppen för de båda fallen går det sedan att märka hur komplex en sådan process kan se ut. Många olika aktörer är inblandade och påverkansarbetet bedrivs på flera olika sätt samtidigt för att driva fram ett beslut om investering. En maktdiskurs som omfattar beslutsprocessen och dess mekanismer har även identifierats, samt hur olika former av maktutövande tar plats inom den. Det handlar framför allt om att placera sitt projekt på den nationella dagordningen, samt övertyga andra aktörer att projektets rumsliga föreställning är den rimliga att utgå ifrån när investeringar i infrastrukturen ska ske. Resultatet ska inte betraktas som en allmän modell om hur andra projekt ska planeras och drivas fram till egna beslut om investering. Varje projekt har sina egna motiv och förutsättningar för att lyckas. Genom att använda dem som en referens mot varandra, samt dra lärdomar av erfarenheter, kan det emellertid bidra till en större förståelse om processen som senare kan appliceras på liknade fall.

  • 719. Ranjan, Amit
    et al.
    Uppal, Charu
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Communicating a Relationship: Pakistan Through the lens of Hindi Cinema2016In: Communicating with Power: 66th Annual International Communication Association Conference, Japan, Fukuoka, June 9-13, 2016, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 720.
    Ranke, Ingrid
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    A Wind Farm as a Controversial Landscape Phenomenon: A qualitative study of local residents' attitudes towards wind power implementation in their neighborhood2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Wind power is often presented as a technique for energy production with many environmental benefits, especially since it does not emit any carbon dioxide. Most people are generally positive towards wind power. But when a wind farm is to be implemented on a local level, often resistance occurs. This study investigates how and why local perceptions of a wind farm differ. A qualitative method using interviews was chosen, and the focus has been on an area where a wind farm was planned.

    The results reveal that advocates have a users’ perspective on nature, while opponents have a conservation perspective. Advocates believe wind power can contribute to a better environment, while opponents believe that preserving natural areas is the best for the environment. Moreover, living in a calm landscape is part of the opponents’ identity, while the identities of the advocates, who often are active farmers, are connected to their ability to live from the land. Thirdly, whether a person recognizes the need for a change towards a renewable energy system or not also matters for the attitude.

    According to previous research, a person’s relationship to the landscape is of crucial importance for her/his attitude towards wind power implementation, and this is confirmed in the current study. Research also stresses that the visual impact of wind turbines is usually what creates most resistance, but this is not supported. The roles of information and citizen participation, which previous research found significant, are not confirmed as important either: Both were deficient, but this study cannot determine whether a better managed planning process would have made some of the interviewees more positive to it or not. Definitely, the claims from earlier research that Not-In-My-Back-Yard (NIMBY) motives are rarely the reason for resistance are supported.

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  • 721.
    Recica, Blerta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Förhållandet mellan stadsplanering och segregation i Göteborg med fokus på stadsdelen Angered: En studie om hur stadsplanering kan bidra till en väl fungerande integration och kunskapsutveckling kring samhällsplanerarens roll för att motverka segregation, synnerhet i Angered2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 722.
    Redander, Jesper
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Roos, Simon
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Fysiska miljön som potentiellt brottsförebyggande: En fallstudie av fyra svenska kommuner och deras fysiska miljö i utsatta och särskilt utsatta områden2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen har som syfte att undersöka hur den fysiska miljön potentiellt kan används som ett brottsförebyggande medel. En teoretisk utgångspunkt tas i teorierna Eyes on the street (Jacobs 2004) och Crime prevention through environmental design (Cozens et al. 2005). Genom att använda sig av dessa två teorier har uppsatsen som mål att besvara på vilka olika sätt den fysiska miljön kan användas brottsförebyggande samt om brottsförebyggande ansatser finns med i kommunal planering. En fallstudie har genomförts av fyra svenska kommuner som har utsatta eller särskilt utsatta områden inom sitt geografiskt avgränsade ansvarsområde, för att besvara de två frågeställningarna. De medverkande kommunerna är Göteborg stad med stadsdelen Bergsjön, Haninge kommun med Jordbro, Västerås stad med Bäckby och Botkyrka kommun med Alby. Det är fyra utsatta eller särskilt utsatta områden framtagna av polisen. Uppsatsen har en kvalitativ ansats och gör en innehållsanalys av offentliga handlingar från de valda kommunerna. Resultatavsnittet redogör hur mönster och teman har identifierats i kommunernas planprogram med mål att bekämpa otrygghet och reducera kriminalitet genom att bland annat stärka den naturliga övervakningen och förtäta stadsdelen. Stor del av vad kommuner redogör för i respektive planprogram hanterar idén om att invånarna utgör ett informellt övervakningssystem. Genom att skapa en fysiska miljön som tillåter invånarna att aktivt röra sig i stadsdelen förvandlas invånarna till ett kollektivt övervakningsmedel som potentiellt avskräcker eventuella förbrytare att begå kriminella akter då möjligheten att bli påkommen förstärks. I slutsatsen bekräftas det hur kommunerna går tillväga för att agera brottsförebyggande i sin fysiska planering genom att uppsatsens vänder sig till forskare som Jacobs (2004) och Cozens et al.(2005) för att undersöka om det finns paralleller mellan kommunernas fysiska planering och teorierna. Bland annat driver kommunerna ett arbete med mål att blanda bostadsbebyggelsen med andra typer av kommersiell eller offentliga service för att erbjuda invånarna anledningar till att befinna sig på särskilda geografiska platser.

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  • 723.
    Richardsson, Emma
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Torget: Torget En jämförande studie över två svenska torg2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Torg har genom historien varit en viktig del av stadslivet och fortsätter att vara en central del i städer världen över. Detta arbete syftar till att belysa hur torg planeras idag och vilka teorier som finns för utformandet av offentlig plats. En fallstudie av två torg ligger som grund för arbetet. De studerade torgen är: Norra och Södra torget i Kristinehamn och Fristadstorget i Eskilstuna. Dessa torg befinner sig i olika stadier av omvandling. Fristadstorgets omvandling är slutförd, Norra och Södra torget pågår.

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    ARKIVFIL
  • 724.
    Richter, Richter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Skolans medialisering: Lärares och elevers kommunikationskultur2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den skola som uppsatsen undersöker finns skilda meningar om hur kommunikation ska ske med hjälp av digitala hjälpmedel, samt till vad och hur dessa verktyg ska användas. Samhället arbetar samtidigt aktivt med att få Sveriges skolor mer och mer digitaliserade. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur lärare och elever på en skola upplever att digitala lärplattformar och digitala hjälpmedel används för kommunikation i skolan.

    De frågeställningar som utformats utifrån syftet är:

     

    • Vilken kommunikationskultur finns det i den medialiserade skolan?
    • På vilket sätt kan man se skolan som medialiserad?
    • Vad är skolans doxa i relation till lärplattformar och digitala hjälpmedel?

     

    I studien har 10 lärare och 11 gymnasieelever från samma skola intervjuats i fokusgrupper om 3-4 personer, vilket innebär att uppsatsen har en kvalitativ ansats. Intervjuernas resultat visar att lärare använder sig av digitala lärplattformar och digital kommunikation på olika sätt, där lärarna har olika syn på medieteknologiers användning. Elever har under intervjuerna beskrivit att de önskar en mer gemensam struktur och riktlinjer på hur de digitala verktygen och hjälpmedlen används. Slutsatser i studien visar att majoriteten föredrar muntlig kommunikation, dock har digital kommunikation blivit en stor del av skolans dagliga verksamhet. Den undersökta skolan befinner sig i en medialiseringsprocess, där majoriteten av lärare och elever har blivit beroende av medier i relation till skolan. Det framkommer i resultatet att elever vill ha fysiska läromedel istället för digitala, allt annat studiematerial vill de ha digitalt på lärplattformar. Det är uttalat av skolans ledning att lärare ska använda sig av Schoolsoft, dock framkommer det av studien att samtliga intervjuade lärare inte använder sig lärplattformen förutom vid administration, så som närvarohantering. Förväntningar finns från lärare och elever, att lärare bland annat ska ge resultat och feedback via lärplattformar samt svara på mail och meddelanden inom ett dygn, annars bryter de skolans doxa.

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  • 725. Rieder, Bernhard
    et al.
    Röhle, Theo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Digital Methods: Five Challenges2012In: Understanding Digital Humanities / [ed] Berry, David, Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, p. 67-84Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    While terms like ‘digital humanities’, ‘cultural analytics’, or ‘Web science’ are certainly buzzwords, there are many indicators for a ‘computational turn’ that runs deeper than a simple rise of quantitative or ‘scientific’ modes of analysis. Rich graphical interfaces, advanced visualisation techniques, and ‘fuzzy’ processing have led some of those who have held numbers, calculations, and computers at a safe distance for a long time to warm up to new computational possibilities. But what are we to make of all of this? If these new digital methods are more than just another set of tools in our arsenal, how do we deal with the more fundamental transformations that challenge established epistemological paradigms?

  • 726. Rieder, Bernhard
    et al.
    Röhle, Theo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Digital Methods: From Challenges to Bildung2017In: The Datafied Society: Studying Culture through Data / [ed] Mirko Tobias Schäfer & Karin van Es, Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2017, p. 109-124Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter starts with a short summary of what we consider to be five central challenges concerning the recent move towards Digital Methods. We then interrogate David Berry’s concept of ‘digital Bildung’ as a means of facing these challenges. Our goal in this discussion is, maybe paradoxically, to move the spotlight from ‘the digital’ and programming, to the plethora of concepts and knowledges mobilized in digital tools. To this end, we discuss three examples that allow us to both concretise and complicate the debate about what kind of skill set is needed by digital scholars.

  • 727.
    Rodrigo, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Yousef, Nina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Evenemangsfestival: Hållbarhetsfrågor inom festivalindustrin - med inriktning på Way Out West2019Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 728.
    Rohdin, Hanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Speciella Evenemang som Upplevelser: En undersökning av Picknick med BMW2015Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen undersöker vad evenemanget Picknick med BMW, som utspelar sig i Toruń i Polen, har för brister i tillfredställandet av besökarnas sinnen (syn, hörsel, lukt, smak och känsel), grundläggande mänskliga behov (fysiska, sociala, säkerhet, uppskattning och självförverkligande) och motiv till vistelsen. Den tar också upp hur bristerna kan åtgärdas för att förbättra upplevelsen av evenemanget. Då Picknick med BMW har framstått som ett speciellt evenemang studerades även evenemangsturismen och speciella evenemang i synnerhet för att få en uppfattning om vad det är som avgör om ett evenemang är speciellt eller inte.

     

    Uppsatsens empiri är baserad på en observationsstudie genomförd av författaren, en kvantitativ enkätundersökning samt kompletterande intervjuer. Enkäterna har berört frågor angående tillfredställelsen av sinnen, grundläggande mänskliga behov, helhetsuppfattning av evenemanget samt åsikter om schema och upplägg. Intervjurespondenterna har besvarat liknande frågor angående deras uppfattning av evenemanget i syfte att stärka trovärdigheten av resultatet från enkätundersökningen.

     

    Resultaten från enkäterna har visat att tillfredställelsen av olika behov och sinnen hos besökaren inte har varit helt positiva men helhetsuppfattningen av upplevelsen har varit mycket bra. Liknande resultat har också blivit fastställt från intervjuerna men båda undersökningarna har visat att brister finns hos evenemanget. Brister som blivit identifierade är till exempel orena toaletter, ohälsosam luft och efterfrågan av mer deltagande. Åtgärder som presenteras i uppsatsen är till exempel städning av toaletterna, förflyttning av stationer samt öka antal tävlingar.

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  • 729.
    Rohdin, Hanna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Ellmark, Diana
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Cirkeln och Jordskott som platsmarknadsföring: Från berättelse till verklighet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The purpose of this paper is to understand how to market a destination by using film and literature with a specific genre. Two case studies are discussed in the paper on how Fagersta and Sala are using the film Cirkeln and the series Jordskott in its place marketing. In order to answer the papers questions, a method triangulation were used, which in this case included interviews, observations and visual content analysis. The results of the study are that Fagersta and Sala has different views on how the series or the film is an asset in their place marketing. Both the film and the series is about supernatural phenomenon that is right in our time when the post-modern tourists want more experience of a hyper-reality than the ”authentic” traits of a place.

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  • 730.
    Roth, Frida
    et al.
    Karlstad University. 1996.
    Söderfeldt, Emma
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Hur hanterar de politiska partierna Liberalerna, Vänsterpartiet och Sverigedemokraterna segregationen i Sverige?: Med fokus på den svenska bostadssegregationen2017Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats redovisas en kvalitativ studie av Liberalerna, Vänsterpartiet och Sverigedemokraternas verklighetsuppfattning, framtidsvision samt politiskt utförande i anknytning till den svenska bostadssegregationen. Studien vilar på en kvalitativ textanalys av partiernas dokument angående bostadssegregationen och genom materialet besvarar vi Hermanssons tre begrepp som utgör intentionen av studien. Forskningen har visat att partiernas verklighetsuppfattning av den svenska bostadssegregationen orsakas av en bostadsbrist likväl uppfattningarna av vad som orsakar bostadsbristen ser olika ut. Partiernas framtidsvisioner var att Sverige är i behov av fler bostäder men åsikter av flera bostadsformer och en lägre massinvandringen var förekommande. Liberalernas och Sverigedemokraternas politiska utföranden av ökad byggnation var bland annat genom regelförenklingar jämfört med Vänsterpartiet som påstod att investeringsstöd var ett hjälpmedel för en minskad bostadsbrist och segregation. Sammantaget av studien förevisar att partierna är överens om att bostadsbristen är en orsak av Sveriges bostadssegregation och framtidsvisionerna bland partierna visar att flera bostäder behövs för att minska segregationen. Liberalerna samt Vänsterpartiet värdesätter en integration och invandring för Sverige och att det ska få delta i det svenska samhället. Bostäder ska byggas för både befintlig befolkningen även för invandring. Sverigedemokraterna anser däremot att bromsad invandring är en effektiv lösning för att Sverige inte ska blir mer överetablerad och utsättas för en bostadssegregation.

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  • 731.
    Ryan Bengtsson, Linda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Mapping networks: A case study of inner Scandinavia’s music community2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    To have expanded social and professional networks and media-related skills are considered valuable assets in today’s globalized society. It is sometimes suggested that individuals may interconnect their networks to facilitate global connectivity and thus a global market, independent of location. This is often referred to as network capital that then may be transformed into economic-material capital. However this study seek to problematize how both networks and network capital enfold in relation to local place-specific conditions – here referred to as a local cultural ecosystem. The study explores how the local cultural ecosystem plays into possibilities of global connectivity within creative communities in rural areas of Europe, using the music community as a case. The point of departure is local established networks amongst semi-professional and professional musicians and stakeholders in the region of Värmland (Sweden) and Hedmark (Norway). The two networks exist on each side of the countries shared boarder, thus placed within different local cultural ecosystem. However common activities, geographical closeness and digital networks also interconnect them. These networks are mapped through personal interviews and focus groups with musicians and stakeholders, and by participatory observations at local networking events. This is a work in progress, however the intention is to identify prerequisites and barriers within these local cultural ecosystems and use these findings to specify measures to support and strengthen a creative community within a rural area such as inner Scandinavia.

  • 732.
    Ryan Bengtsson, Linda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Nätverkskapital i kulturella ekosystem: fallstudie inre Skandinavien2016In: Musikliv i snabb förändring – hur förändras forskningen?: Mirac: Music-focused Interdisciplinary reserach and Analysis Center, konferensbidrag, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 733.
    Ryan Bengtsson, Linda
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Edlom, Jessica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    In Search for a methodological approach:: Challenges of capturing transmedia marketing in the music industry2020Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we present and discuss methodological aspects of studying engagement in promotional online campaigns within the music industry. We draw on learnings from exploring innovative methods and digital methods in two studies on transmedia marketing campaigns. Based on our method, we discuss researchers' premises when conducting digital data collection, the complexity of analyzing and comparing qualitative and quantitative data sets of different formats, and how to present and handle data in an ethical way. We contribute with innovative methods for studying how engagement is commercially produced, and move between the offline and online in the contemporary platform-based media landscape.

  • 734.
    Ryan Bengtsson, Linda
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Edlom, Jessica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Fast, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    "#LookWhatYouMadeMeDo" Mobilizing fans in the contemporary music industry: - the Taylor Swift case2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On August 21, 2017, American superstar Taylor Swift launched an immersive marketing campaign for her upcoming album “Reputation”. Her first action consisted in a 10 second black and white film clip of a rattling snake. The clip was posted simultaneously on her personal Facebook and Instagram accounts and, generated massive response from her fans, who immediately started to speculate about Swift’s intentions with the video footage. The clip was the first of several efforts to invite consumers to participate in the album’s transmedia marketing campaign. The rattling snake video was followed by an international social media campaign effectively interconnecting diverse digital media platforms (Instagram, Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Tumblr). The campaign involved very few traditional media appearances, but relied all the more on fan-based content and fan-initiated events. The fan base was anticipated to co-create content and take part in different joint events, not only online but also offline through for example pop-up museums, home-visits, and pop-up stores. 

     

    The music industry utilizes transmedia marketing due to its potential to foster fan engagement, or, as we understand it in this paper – fan labour. Fans produce and circulate content and facilitate the engineering of targeted marketing initiatives. The Swift campaign is thus an up-to-date example of how contemporary transmedia marketingemploy offline and online spaces to mobilize fans across and beyond media platforms. Buthow do fans responds to transmedia marketing and how do they navigate, act and perform across these online and offline spaces?

     

    This study investigates fan labour through a digital multi-method approach to the Swifttransmedia campaign. By collecting data from the artist’s social media accounts and hashtags specified by the campaign, we capture fan responses, actions, interactions and productions related to ‘laid out’ trails between the campaign’s online and offline spaces. The quantitative material allows us to map how fans move in the marketing time-space. Furthermore, the quantitative method guides us to places where more advanced forms of fan labour occur. As to deepen our understanding of how fan labour is performed within the Swiftmarketing universe, we complement the big data sampling with qualitative studies of specific transmedia places of engagement.

     

    Our results show that Swift fans (or ‘Swifties’) follow the paths prepared by the marketers. By placing events in different campaign milieus and by taking full advantage of technological affordances, fans are encouraged to migrate between campaign places. We identify different forms of labour in these places; notably, fans produce and share content with campaign producers as well as within their own networks, thus giving the campaign access to their social media networks and their productions. However, our study also detects instances of fan resistance. Fans use their voice to question specific campaign activities or if they feel sidestepped. Ultimately, our paper scrutinizes the blurry interplay between industry and fan engagement in transmedia spaces and offer – much needed – spatial perspectives on fan labour.

     

  • 735.
    Ryan Bengtsson, Linda
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Fast, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Transmedielandskapets geografi: Förädling av musikkonsumentens engagemang2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Marknadsföring av musik och artister blir i dagens medielandskap en aktivitet allt mer knuten till konsumenten. Konsumenter ombeds dela innehåll i sina nätverk, skapa eget innehåll som blir till marknadsföringsmaterial och besöka vissa specifika platser, både fysiska och digitala. Denna kvalitativa studie av 15 marknadsföringskampanjer åskådliggör hur konsumenternas engagemang blir värdeskapande för musikbranschen och hur konsumenternas aktiviteter kan ses som en form av (gratis)arbete. Studien visar också hur kampanjerna blir till vad vi har valt att benämna 'transmedielandskap' där konsumenter mobiliseras för att röra sig över detta landskap. Landskapsmetaforer hjälper oss att identifiera hur konsumenter uppmanas att följa tydligt utstakade stigar till olika fysiska och digitala platser (medieplattformar, events, konserter etc.) för att utföra väl specificerade uppgifter, och på så vis kultivera transmedielandskapet. Det synliggörs också hur samarbeten byggs mellan olika kommersiella aktörer för att mobilisera konsumenter där olika aktiviteter knyts till både tid och rum och ger ett kontinuerligt flöde i en kampanj. Genom denna studie bidrar vi till teoriutveckling kring konsumentengagemang som arbete och visa på engagemangets spatiala och temporala aspekter genom att teckna fram transmedielanskapets geografi.

  • 736.
    Ryan Bengtsson, Linda
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Fast, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Ferrer Conill, Raul
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Share! Like! Create! How fan is cultivated and practiced in the contemporary music industry2017In: 2017: AoIR Selected Papers of Internet Research, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When the band One Direction released their sixth album “Made in the A.M.” they marketed it through several joint events within different digital platforms. They used google streetview to create a fictional room, in which fans discovered new material and share it within their social networks using #MadeintheAM. In a joint event with Twitter they launched a 24-hour competition, asking which “country” loves One Direction the most. The 10 countries that were able to mobilize the most Twitter-activity on their country’s hashtag during a set period of time were rewarded with their own One Direction emoji. Just before the album release One Direction joined with Apple Music to stage an international competition that ran across several social media platforms and offered fans the chance to win tickets to an exclusive performance by the band. Connecting the music industry with media platforms combining social media happenings and live events, the campaign mobilized fans be part of the marketing of the album.

     

    Recently the music industry has struggled with how to make profit in times of illegal downloading, streaming, and Spotifycation. One overarching strategy developed in response is to rely on consumer engagement, making the One Direction campaign a contemporary example of transmedia marketing involving multiple platforms simultaneously. The willingness of the music industry to use transmedia marketing is related to its potential to foster consumers’ engagement in brand experiences across several content platforms (cf. Jenkins, 2006). Like other actors in the entertainment industries, labels and artists are increasingly interested in exploring the potentials of transmedia entertainment and how consumers – without payment – contribute to the production and circulation of content across and beyond media platforms. In this paper, we understand online consumer engagement as a form of labor that reconfigures users as digital publics. Since much of this labor is paid for in affect rather than money, such labor has been recognized as a form of free labor (se for example Andrejevic, 2008; Baym 2009; Fuchs, 2014; Fast, 2012).

     

    But the One Direction campaign also illustrates the spatial qualities of such campaigns through the diversity of initiatives taken to mobilize consumers to perform different actions and move between different media platforms. While both transmedia marketing and free labor have been subjected to many studies very few studies address the spatiality of both of these phenomena (though see e.g. Stork’s [2014] “transmedia geography” and “performance space” of the Glee franchise). Spatial metaphors offer both a way to represent and visualize the movements of the consumers, as well as to understand how marketing campaigns construct immersive worlds where free labor is promoted and exploited. Using spatial metaphors also enables a methodological approach to transmedia marketing, positioning actions and actors in relation to each other in time and space. We develop the concept of transmediascape to refer to such contexts, a term directly inspired by Appadurai’s (1996: 35) ‘scape’-metaphor, which accentuates the global flows of people, technology, capital, media content, discourses, and ideas. Indeed, we suggest that the music industry purposely constructs digital narratives that spill over from one media platform to another forming transmediascapes.

     

    This paper explores how music consumers perform and act within music marketing campaigns, posing the question: How do music consumers navigate across the transmediascapes constituted by marketing campaigns? In this study we follow the music audience movement within the promotional campaign of one internationally known artist, capturing the audiences’ actions and interactions by using the artist’s hashtag and additional hashtags specified by the campaign. A network analysis allows us to map how the audience moves through the campaign in time and space, and how the prepared trails guide the consumer to various media platforms (e.g. from the official website, to Instagram, to Spotify, etc.) It is important to note that the analysis includes the trails that run from online to offline spaces, or from virtual to physical places (e.g. from Facebook to festival site, or vice versa). However, we also seek to understand users engagement in the production of content, and how this content is then recirculates within the campaign. Thus we have chosen a nethnographic approach to the campaign material. The quantitative material guides us to instances where content production occurs, allowing a close study of these specific events. Thus this is an exploratory study, following the case study approach (Yin, 2003), to approach one specific campaign in depth by adopting a multi-method approach rooted in digital methods (se for example Kozinets 2009; Hjort & Sharp 2014).

     

    Our preliminary results indicate that consumers within the music industry are mobilized as they assemble consumer affect and promote physical as well as virtual fan movement. The consumer follows a path constructed by the marketing campaign, making consumers migrating between various spaces located in different platforms. We identify audience engagement in these events and how audiences both produce and share content with the campaign as well as within their own networks – thus giving the campaign access to their social media networks and their productions. We also detect instances of resistance, where the audience use the hashtag or distributed material in a way that was not intended by the campaign. Finally, our paper also contributes with methodological development where acknowledging the spatial dimensions of free labor and transmedia marketing provide an analytical approach to media consumers within the contemporary transmediascapes.

  • 737.
    Ryan Bengtsson, Linda
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Jansson, André
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Ambiguities of Network Capital: Experiences of connectivity and integration among artists and craftmen in the cultural ecosystem of Arvika, Sweden2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To have the resources and the ability to travel, to have experienced foreign cultures, to have expanded social and professional networks, and to possess media-related skills, are valuable assets in today’s globalized society. Individuals may expand and interconnect their networks, thereby facilitating global connectivity and a global market, independent of location. This network capital can then be converted into economic-material capital. This paper, however, demonstrates that local circumstances play into how network capital may be beneficial and converted into economic-material resources. This study builds upon individual interviews with artists and craftpeople with a mobile life history in possession of national, and international networks and moving into or returning to the provincial municipality Arvika, Sweden. They experience themselves as integrated into, and valuable to, local cultural life. However, they are prohibited from converting their network capital into local assets due to politico-economic structures and traditions built into the local cultural ecosystem. Thus even though local and regional culture life could benefit from their network capital, our findings show that local cultural ecosystem may resist and distance itself from possibilities to engage in and make use of accessible networks. This problematizes the relation between network capital as a “currency”, and, the local place-specific cultural ecosystem.

  • 738.
    Ryan Bengtsson, Linda
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Jansson, André
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Arvikas kulturella ekosystem: Förutsättningar och hinder för nätverksskapande och utveckling av kulturella och kreativa näringar i Arvika kommun2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Idag ser många landsbygdskommuner behovet av att aktivt arbeta med att locka till sig turister och nyinflyttade tillika behålla sin befolkning i kommunen. En del i detta arbete är att finna specifika värden och fokusområden som kan definiera olika lokala satsningar. Denna studie är en del i Arvika kommuns arbete med att identifiera och utveckla det unika i just deras kommun, vilket ligger inom kultursektorn. Studien tar därför utgångspunkt i kommunens kulturliv för att närmare förstå och identifiera de förutsättningar och barriärer som finns för att bygga starka lokala nätverk för utveckling av kulturella och kreativa näringar. På så sätt blir Arvika kommun till ett slags mikrokosmos där dynamiker liknande de som präglar samhället i stort går att studera. Det handlar om interaktionen mellan centrum och periferi (stad/land), liksom om spänningsfälten inom det kulturella fältet (olika kulturutövare och producenter). Via längre intervjuer har studien sökt fånga dels hur detta kulturella ekosystem ser ut, dels hur användningen av olika slags (ny) medieteknik påverkar och formas av detta system. Resultaten har betydelse inte bara ur ett akademiskt perspektiv utan också för utvecklingen av kulturpolitiska strategier på lokal/regional nivå.

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  • 739.
    Ryan Bengtsson, Linda
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Nahnfeldt, Cecilia
    Research Department, Church of Sweden, Uppsala.
    Experiencing Gendered Work Life Dilemmas Through Virtual Reality2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the finding and learning outcomes from a practice-based exploratory study investigating how immersive experiences in Virtual Reality (VR) environments can communicate awareness of structural gender inequality. Studies within organizational change show that working with real life stories in familiar situations is more likely to make individuals understand and change their attitude towards gender inequality. However, most organizations lack time, knowledge, and experience in conducting such work. We also know that for long-term organizational change, these issues need to be addressed over time, rather as one-time events. This suggests that to boost awareness and change attitudes to gender inequality in organizations, there is a need to explore different forms of representations that can emotionally engage individuals, represent subtle everyday situations and be used over time.

     

    Virtual Reality has the potential to offer engagement as they are immersive: individuals react to virtual situations and events as if they were real. Studies show that VR environments can evoke emotional responses from users even though the visual representation is not an exact copy of a real environment. Features that allow for experiences of immersion are: presence (being within the represented space), interactivity (responding to the actions by the user) and plausibility (representations are reasonable in relation to what is conveyed). Even though VR-technology has this potential the design of the interface is essential. This raises the following research questions: What types of stories function within such environments? How should stories be represented to evoke engagement in Virtual Reality? In addition, if a person feels intimidated or forced into a situation, they are less likely learn. What type of design allow users to feel immersed without overstepping their personal boundaries? To examine these issues, we put together an interdisciplinary team of interactive storytellers, VR-developers and researchers to develop and test an immersive VR-environment. 

     

    The material used in the VR-environment originates from a research based method developed specifically to work with issues of gender inequality in work places. It uses real life scenarios of gendered work life dilemmas abstracted from anonymous qualitative research interviews. Three different scenarios were developed to be able to investigate experience in relation to immersion, emotion, presence, interactivity and plausibility. The VR-environment was then tested by educated discussants with extended experiences in the method, followed by individual interviews and a group discussion. The study show that the scenarios conveyed plausibility and that users felt immersed and present, especially when addressed by someone in the environment and when using real film-footage. Interactivity ad to the experience of immersion when relating to body movement, however frustrating and insufficient when users are to be engaged in the scenario. However, a central learning outcome was that limitations of interactivity, experience of presence and plausibility can be beneficial. Using these limitations within the design can effectively convey frustration, go beyond stereotypical settings and ensure not to trespass personal boundaries. 

  • 740.
    Röhle, Theo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013). University of Gothenburg.
    “A sedate, hesitant, circumspect, little behavioral revolution”: The case of New Political History 1957–19702019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The presentation seeks to historicise current approaches to Digital History by focusing on New Political History, a branch of US political history that emerged in the late 1950s. While its proponents were especially enthusiastic about the merits of computation and quantification, it also sparked a heated debate in the field, culminating in the president of the American Historical Association's insistence "Nor will the historian worship at the shrine of that Bitch-goddess, QUANTIFICATION [sic]." The presentation looks at New Political History from three different angles: First, the role of actors and institutions for its development is described, then the impact of media technologies during this phase is assessed and finally 'external' factors such as changing funding policies and industry concerns are examined. The findings will finally be used in a comparison to today's situation in order to discuss the broader issue of continuity vs. discontinuity and to connect to the conferences question whether Digital History can be seen as a Field, a Method or just a Phase.

  • 741.
    Röhle, Theo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Big Data – Big Humanities?: Eine historische Perspektive2014In: Big Data: Analysen zum digitalen Wandel von Wissen, Macht und Ökonomie / [ed] Reichert, Ramón, Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag, 2014, p. 157-172Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [de]

    Dieser Beitrag versucht, die Rekonstruktion einer historischen Debatte für eine kritische Auseinandersetzung mit den Ansprüchen und Versprechen der Digital Humanities und des Humanities Computing fruchtbar zu machen. Ausgangspunkt ist die Beobachtung, dass viele Fragen, die heute im Umfeld von Big Data und Digital Humanities debattiert werden, in den 1960er Jahren zur Diskussion standen und die Positionen zum Teil erstaunliche Übereinstimmungen aufweisen.

  • 742.
    Röhle, Theo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    „Data should be cooked with care“: Digitale Kartographie zwischen Akkumulation und Aggregation2018In: Bedeutende Daten: Modelle, Verfahren und Praxis der Vermessung und Verdatung im Netz / [ed] Thorben Mämecke, Jan-Hendrik Passoth, Josef Wehner, Wiesbaden: Springer, 2018, p. 71-90Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 743.
    Röhle, Theo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Die Software sozialer Medien2017In: Handbuch Soziale Medien / [ed] Jan-Hinrik Schmidt, Monika Taddicken, Wiesbaden: Springer, 2017, 1, p. 321-342Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [de]

    Der Beitrag fokussiert aus der Perspektive der Software Studies auf die technischen Voraussetzungen sozialer Medien. Ausgangspunkt ist, dass die Ausgestaltung von Software politische Züge trägt. Diskutiert wird jeweils an konkreten Beispielen, wie in Datenstrukturen Sozialität repräsentiert wird, welche Rolle APIs und Algorithmen für die Zirkulation von Informationen spielen und wie Bots an kollaborativen Prozessen beteiligt sind. Abschließend wird erörtert, inwiefern sich anhand der Gegensatzpaare zentral/dezentral und offen/geschlossen kritische Perspektiven auf diese Fragen entwickeln lassen.

  • 744.
    Röhle, Theo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Disrupting Distribution: Online publishing after Mirai2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    During recent years, Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks have developed from singular disturbances to a persistent problem within online publishing. They have grown in strength to an extent that even large web hosting companies are struggling to protect their clients from them. At the same time, the level of technical knowledge and financial resources required to administer these attacks is continually decreasing. Often based on variants of the Mirai virus that recruits vulnerable Internet of Things devices into botnets, the so-called booter and stresser community offers powerful attack capabilities as a web service, complete with user-friendly interfaces and flexible payment options.

    A range of larger media organisations have already been exposed to DDoS attacks, e.g. the BBC in 2015 and Newsweek in 2016. In Sweden, several Swedish publishing companies were put offline during a weekend in 2016. In countries where investigative journalists and independent media organisations work under harsher conditions, DDoS attacks are seen as one among many threats faced both online and offline on a daily basis. Thus, media organisations’ websites are in increasing danger of being blocked by minor actors. In order to stay accessible in spite of attacks, websites have to be protected by sophisticated technical solutions based on algorithmic filtering of server requests. However, when faced with severe attacks, these kinds of solutions often become prohibitively expensive for individuals and small organisations, leaving freelance journalists and smaller media organisations particularly exposed – a situation that IT journalist Brian Krebs (2016) has described as the ”democratization of censorship”.

    This paper presents preliminary results from an interview study investigating media organisations’ responses to DDoS attacks. The study involves both journalists and IT professionals working in media organisations and focuses on their strategies for handling attacks as well as their conceptualisations of threats. This involves the question who the threats’ targets are presumed to be – an organisation, the profession, society? Another key question concerns attribution, since DDoS attacks by their nature rarely can be traced back to a single source. How is responsibility allocated and what motivations are ascribed to the assumed perpetrators? Based on these findings, the presentation attempts to disentangle the antagonistic relationships between the involved actors – DDoS providers, DDoS mitigation services and media organisations – and to discern how their respective discursive constructions of threats are interwoven with the different economies they embody.

  • 745.
    Röhle, Theo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Grand games of solitaire: Textuelle Ordnungen in den Digital Humanities2012In: Sortieren, Sammeln, Suchen, Spielen: Die Datenbank als mediale Praxis / [ed] Böhme, Stefan; Nohr, Rolf F.; Wiemer, Serjoscha, Münster: LIT Verlag, 2012, p. 75-95Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 746.
    Röhle, Theo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Mapping Home: Modalities of the cartographic negotiation of place2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The presentation focuses on the role of digital cartography in negotiating the meaning of home. It is widely recognised that maps play an important role for the representation of place. It has also been argued that the advent of digital media has redistributed power relations involved in cartography, e.g. by making digital mapping tools easily accessible. As many examples have shown, the maps created with these tools can potentially challenge prevailing representations of place.

    I take Jeremy Crampton's concept of "new spatial media" as my point of departure, but expand on its distinctive feature that "the public is gaining (some) access to the means of production of maps". The main question will be what "means of production" and "(some) access" actually means under digital conditions. By engaging with a seminal historical example – the "Guide psychogéographique de Paris“, created by Situationists Guy Debord und Asger Jorn in the 1950s, as well as the corresponding methodological concept of the "derivé" – I develop an analytical distinction between two modalities of mapping. Accumulative modes of mapping, it is argued with reference to Bruno Latour, reproduce categories established by "centres of calculation". In aggregative modes of mapping, on the other hand, the malleability and expandability of data collection takes centre stage, allowing for established categories to be challenged. Drawing on this terminology, several current examples of popular digital mapping services will be discussed in terms of their potential for negotiating the meaning of home.

  • 747.
    Röhle, Theo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    "One man's simulation exercise is still another man's game": Zum Verhältnis von Modell, Simulation und Spiel2019In: Unternehmensplanspiele 1955-1975: Die Herstellung unternehmerischer Rationalität im Spiel / [ed] Rolf F. Nohr, Münster: LIT Verlag, 2019, p. 209-228Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 748.
    Röhle, Theo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Power, Reason, Closure: Critical Perspectives on New Media Theory2005In: New Media and Society, ISSN 1461-4448, E-ISSN 1461-7315, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 403-422Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses the question of new media studies’ meta-theoretical premises. It is argued that the field’s exceptional openness towards theory and method is a valuable asset, which needs to be cultivated by means of a more explicit meta-theoretical debate. Drawing on critical theory, three meta-theoretical criteria concerning power, reason and closure are suggested and applied in a review of common theoretical perspectives at use in the field. A discussion of political economy and postmodern perspectives prepares the ground for an analysis of approaches inspired by Habermas and Foucault. The article concludes by advocating the theoretical concept of the dispositif or social apparatus, developed by Foucault and Deleuze. It is argued that the concept provides an effective tool to map the intricate relations of power and knowledge around the internet, as well as a possibility to analyse how processes of subjectification are fostered or circumscribed in specific settings.

  • 749.
    Röhle, Theo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Reduktion, Reputation, Reaktivität: Ultrashorts als Least Publishable Units2015In: No. 5 – ultrashort│reframed / [ed] Elke Rentemeister, Fred Truniger, Stefanie Bräuer, Robert Müller, Ute Holl, Luzern: Hochschule Luzern , 2015, no 5, p. 38-40Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 750.
    Röhle, Theo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Rezension von Felix Stalder ”Kultur der Digitalität”2016In: Medien & Kommunikationswissenschaft, ISSN 1615-634X, Vol. 64, no 4, p. 575-575Article, book review (Other academic)
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