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  • 65451.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Leminen, Seppo
    Laurea University of Applied Sciences, Espoo, Finland; Department of Marketing, Aalto University School of Business, Aalto, Finland.
    Gap analysis for innovative firm acquisition - acquirer and acquired party perspectives2017In: Journal of Organizational Change Management, ISSN 0953-4814, E-ISSN 1758-7816, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 380-395Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Companies often aspire to create advantages for their businesses through acquisitions. Their participation has increasingly been documented to include different motives for acquirers, while focusing less on the ambitions of acquired parties with the acquisitions. The purpose of this paper is to describe and discuss gaps and the handling of gaps between acquirers and acquired parties in acquisitions of innovative firms.

    Design/methodology/approach: In the paper, the authors specifically focus on acquisitions of innovative firms. Four case studies illustrate gaps between the acquirers and the acquired parties.

    Findings: The authors conclude that gaps may be present from the start as latent gaps, and become activated in integration or as the consequence of non-integration decisions. Gaps between the acquirer and the acquired party may be further manifested in external parties' reactions to the integration. The handling of gaps emphasizes a transition time and communication about expectations between the acquirer and the acquired party.

    Originality/value: The paper contributes to previous research on mergers and acquisitions in general, and acquisitions of innovative firms in particular. Prior literature on acquisitions is scarce on descriptions of gaps or the handling of gaps. Gaps complement ideas on differences in culture between acquirers and acquired parties. It also highlights how acquired parties have as much intention with an acquisition as acquirers.

  • 65452.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Leminen, Seppo
    Gap analysis for innovative firm acquisition: Acquirer and target company perspectives2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 65453.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Shams, Tawfiq
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Asnafi, Nader
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Additive manufacturing - Current knowledge and missing perspectives2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 65454.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Shih, Tommy Tsung Ying
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Diverging network logics: barriers for commercialisation of innovations2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 65455.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. Department of Business Administration, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Shih, Tommy Tsung-Ying
    Department of Business Administration, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Strategy in an ambiguous innovation environment: the case of a Taiwanese biopharmaceutical firm2015In: Journal of Strategy and Management., ISSN 1755-425X, E-ISSN 1755-4268, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 326-341Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: An ambiguous environment indicates how rules and interests may not be outspoken or clear. In an emerging industry sector, such ambiguity may follow from different sets of rules to adapt to, changes to these rules, and how various parties surrounding a firm act based on these rules and individual interests, interaction goals, and priorities. The purpose of this paper is to describe and discuss how a company balances its relationships with others to achieve strategic intentions in an ambiguous environment. Specifically, the paper focusses on innovation in the biopharmaceutical sector in Taiwan.

    Design/methodology/approach: The empirical part of the paper is based on a single case study portraying multiple parties surrounding an innovative Taiwanese biopharmaceutical firm.

    Findings: The paper points to how partner selection and interaction are highly affected by the ambiguous environment. Ambiguity leads to transactional exchanges on the domestic level, while the focal firm engages in collaborative, relational interactionwith international parties to accomplish innovations.

    Originality/value: The paper contributes to literature on company strategies in emerging sectors with its specific focus on innovation strategies, and how a company balances ways of interacting based on an ambiguous environment. To Asian management research, contributions include an in-depth description of company-level strategizing in Taiwan

  • 65456.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. Lund University, Department of Business Administration, Lund, Sweden.
    Shih, Tommy Tsung-Ying
    Lund University, Department of Business Administration, Lund, Sweden.
    Chou, Hsin-Hui
    National Cheng Kung University, Department of Business Administration, Tainan, Taiwan.
    Network strategies and effects in an interactive context2016In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 52, p. 117-127Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper adoptsthe industrial marketing approach to investigate how companies strategize in networks, and to link network strategies to different effects. Based on a case study from the optical recording media industry, the paper finds five types of strategies: complementary, shared, copying, company-rooted, and challenging. Effects indicate how the focal company's strategies triggered reactions of various magnitudes and characteristics. Specifically, effects diverge from intentions among parties not considered in the strategy, and increasingly so the more confronting the strategy is. This implies that the kind of strategy matters for the effects. This paper contributes to the growing interest for strategizing in business networks through introducing a typology of network strategies and effects.

  • 65457.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Tarba, Shlomo Y.
    Department of Economics and Management, Open University, Raanana, Israel.
    Knowledge transfer following horizontal international acquisitions2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 65458.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Tarba, Shlomo Yedidia
    What do we know about post-merger integration following international acquisitions?2013In: Advances in International Management, Volume 26 - Philosophy of Science and Meta-Knowledge in International Business and Management / [ed] Timothy M. Devinney, Torben Pedersen, Laszlo Tihanyi, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2013, Vol. 26, p. 469-492Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter presents a review of the state of the art on the topic of knowledge transfer following post-merger integration (PMI) in international mergers and acquisitions (M&A) and identifies points of agreement and disagreement, recognizes underexplored areas and provides suggestions on how they could be explored in future studies. The chapter points to the limited amount of literature that describes knowledge transfer following international acquisitions, while highlighting it as an emerging field of research. The knowledge transfer literature mainly refers to innovation and innovation capabilities, while areas such as marketing and customer knowledge are vitally absent in the literature. In any international acquisition, such knowledge transfer would be of fundamental importance, given the acquisition motive to reach new markets or customers. Two case studies on the transfer of knowledge about customers following international acquisitions are provided. The case illustrations point to a focus on knowledge transfer on strategic levels in the post-merger integration following international acquisitions, while the operational sales forces’ transfer of knowledge is largely disregarded in practice. Since much of the tacit knowledge about customers is handled on that level, it needs to be recognized and developed. The chapter indicates that raising the awareness of the transfer of knowledge about customers following international acquisitions is important from a practitioner’s as well as a research point of view.

  • 65459.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Tsung Ying Shih, Tommy
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Getting into the established network: Logic barriers for young innovative firms2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the difficulties for young, innovative firms to establish relationships with other companies based on differences in logics among firms. Logics refer prioritizations and interests that underpin interaction decisions. In the paper we make a distinction in logics between orientation to technology advancements and to present structures, and in terms of timeframes. The empirical part of the paper consists of two case studies. Differences in logics inhibit the establishment of relationships, and four parameters have consequences for the young, innovative firm and the possibility to establish business relationships: (i) its lack of present or inherited network ties: (ii) its logic towards technology rather than marketing: (iii) the structure of established firms, and (iv) the difference in logics between established and young, innovative firms. We conclude that divergences in orientation to technology advancements or present structures hinder the establishment of relationships. Such orientations may however shift during the course of their present interactions. Differences in timeframes do not hinder the establishment of relationships, but continue to be a conflicting issue once the relationship is established. The paper contributes to research on innovations in networks through highlighting issues of differences in firms’ logics and their effects on the likelihood for establishing relationships among them. It further indicates that similarities in logics is not only a consequence of interaction, but is also widely decisive for the choice of interaction partners.

  • 65460.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden; University of Exeter Business School, United Kingdom.
    Tsung-Ying Shih, Tommy
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Divergent and convergent logic of firms: Barriers and enablers for development and commercialization of innovations2014In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 43, no 3, p. 419-428Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes and discusses similarities and differences in the priorities, interests, and interactional goals of companies involved in the development and commercialization of innovation. We refer to such priorities, interests, and interactional goals as the logic of firms, and point to how differences among companies in these regards may enable or inhibit the development and commercialization of innovation. A case study in drug development, from a Taiwanese biopharmaceutical, illustrates two types of innovations: generic and novel drug development. Findings suggest how logic places focus on how certain actors may be more motivated toward innovation, but also on how the logic portrayed by actors can promote certain types of innovations (in this case generic ones), while inhibiting others (novel innovations). The paper concludes that companies need to have convergent logic (i.e. have the same priorities and similar or complementary interests and interaction goals) if an innovation process is to be successful. The focus on priorities, interests, and interactional goals of companies in innovation processes complements previous research that has primarily focused on the actual interaction, not what motivates it. The construct of shared logic nets as a means of analyzing convergent logic and gaps between different types of logic help to understand enablers and barriers to innovation.

  • 65461.
    Öberg, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    On Money and Consumption2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Price Level Determination When Tax Payments Are Required in Money. We formalize the idea that the price level can be determined by a requirement that taxes be paid in money. We show that if households have to pay a money tax of a fixed real value and the money supply is constant, there is a unique stationary price level, and a continuum of non-stationary deflationary equilibria. The non-stationary equilibria can be excluded if we introduce an arbitrarily lax borrowing constraint. Thus, in the basic model, tax requirements can uniquely determine the price level. When money has liquidity value, tax requirements can exclude self-fulfilling hyperinflations.

    The New Keynesian Transmission Mechanism: A Heterogeneous-Agent Perspective. We argue that a two-agent version of the standard New Keynesian model - where a "worker'' receives only labor income and a "capitalist'' only profit income - offers insights about how income inequality affects the monetary transmission mechanism. Under rigid prices, monetary policy has no effect on output as workers choose not to change their hours worked in response to wage movements. In the corresponding representative-agent model, in contrast, hours do rise after a monetary policy loosening due to a wealth effect on labor supply: profits fall, thus reducing the representative worker's income. If wages are rigid too, however, the monetary transmission mechanism is active and resembles that in the corresponding representative-agent model.

    Consumption Dynamics under Time-varying Unemployment Risk. We argue that adjustment frictions for durable goods generate a powerful amplification channel from fluctuations in unemployment risk to aggregate consumption demand. First, we use survey data to document that durable expenditures react strongly to increased unemployment risk, while the effect on nondurable expenditures is indistinguishable from zero. Second, we propose and calibrate a buffer-stock savings model that includes adjustment frictions for durable goods. Although not targeted in the calibration, we find that the model reproduces the semi-elasticities of expenditures to unemployment risk estimated in the data. Using the model, we find that the inclusion of adjustment frictions raises the aggregate demand response of durable goods to fluctuations in perceived unemployment risk by approximately 200 percent. Moreover, upon experiencing an adverse risk shock, the responsiveness of aggregate demand for durable goods to the interest rate and transitory income shocks is dampened.

    Consumption Dynamics under Time-varying Unemployment Risk: Evidence from Time Series Data. We investigate the relationship between consumption expenditures and unemployment risk using aggregate time series data for the US and ten EU countries. As a proxy for perceived unemployment risk, we use data on households' subjective expectations over the future unemployment rate. First, we employ a single-equation framework to test whether subjective unemployment expectations predict aggregate consumption growth when controlling for predicted aggregate income growth. Second, we exploit the timing of the survey interviews in relation to the publication of official statistics to isolate exogenous innovations to unemployment expectations in a small-scale vector autoregression. For the US, both methods suggest that there is a large effect of unemployment risk on aggregate consumption. For the ten EU countries, the evidence is mixed.

  • 65462.
    Öberg, Fredrik
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Relationer i Sociala Medier: En studie om hur företag lyssnar på sina kunder i sociala medier2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 65463.
    Öberg, Gudrun
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Infrastructure, Infrastructure maintenance.
    Arvidsson, Anna K
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Infrastructure, Infrastructure maintenance.
    Skadade fotgängare: kostnad för fotgängarskador jämfört med vinterväghållningskostnader2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The project’s aim was to analyse the importance of the authority or the association responsible for winter maintenance. Did it make a difference in the number of injury cases if it was the road authority or a property association who managed the winter maintenance? What was the pedestrian injury cost in relation to the cost of winter maintenance?

    Injured pedestrian data from STRADA (Swedish Traffic Accident Data Acquisition) healthcare client, from the period 2003/07/01 to 2010/06/30, provided a basis for the analysis. Often, it was only the Kalmar, Skåne, Värmland, Västmanland, Västernorrland and Jämtland regions that were included in the analysis. This was because hospitals from these regions had registered injured pedestrian data in STRADA during the whole analysis period. All injured persons do not necessarily seek hospital treatment. Treatment may have been obtained from other health care providers. The greater the distance to the hospital, the more likely it is to seek other health care treatment. This means that there will be an underestimate of the number of injured.

    Winter maintenance costs were obtained for the years 2005 and 2007. The costs related to road the authorities’ total winter maintenance costs. Property associations’ maintenance costs for footway surfaces are not included in road authority costs so the costs are for road maintenance. Where the road authority is also responsible for footway surfaces, the cost of maintaining these surfaces is included in the total cost. This means that road authority costs are overestimated. Pedestrian injury costs are much higher than winter maintenance costs.

  • 65464.
    Öberg, Irina
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Smirnova, Ekaterina
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Etableringsmöjligheter på den ryska livsmedelsmarknaden2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Traditionellt isolerad från internationella marknader har Ryssland under de senaste femton åren genomgått stora förändringar, vilket ledde till landets ökade deltagande i världsekonomi och som resultat till större intresse från utländska aktörer. Detaljhandelsbranschen är en av de mest attraktiva sfärer för utländska investeringar och då inte minst när det gäller livsmedelsförsäljningen. Innan företag bestämmer sig att gå in på en marknad måste de genomföra en utförlig marknadsanalys för att se om det finns potential för ytterligare etableringar inom branschen. Syftet med detta arbete är därför att undersöka om det finns etableringsmöjligheter för utländska etablerare på den ryska livsmedelsmarknaden. Fokus läggs främst på att genomföra en branschanalys genom att titta på branschutvecklingen, konkurrenssituationen samt eventuella inträdeshinder. Undersökningen begränsas till Sankt Petersburgsregionen.

    Undersökningen har visat att det råder goda ekonomiska samt branschförutsättningar på den ryska livsmedelsmarknaden. Befolkningens välståndsökning, starkare köpkraft och minskad inflation tyder på ökad ekonomisk stabilitet. Branschen befinner sig fortfarande i tillväxtstadium. För detta talar det faktum att konkurrenssituationen inte är väldigt intensiv då det finns ett fåtal ledande aktörer som är ganska differentierade sinsemellan samt ökande efterfrågan på konsumtionsvaror. Därför kan man konstatera att det finns utrymme för fler etableringar inom denna bransch. Dock bör man uppmärksamma att inom snar framtid kommer konkurrenssituationen att intensifieras vilket kan försvåra en framgångsrik etablering.

    Ett visst antal svårigheter vid utlandsetableringen har likaså uppmärksammats under undersökningsgång. Det största är att de inhemska företag har funnits på marknaden i flera år och har redan en väletablerad verksamhet när det gäller marknadskunskap, etablerade relationer med kunder och leverantörer samt tillgång till gynnsamma lokaler. För att övervinna dessa etableringshinder krävs det lång tid och omfattande investeringar. Dessa etableringshinder kan dock övervinnas under förutsättning att potentiella utländska etablerare innehar speciella fördelar i form av t.ex. differentierad produkt eller service, erfarenheter av internationellt företagande samt stora kapitalresurser.

  • 65465.
    Öberg, Jacob
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Björmsjö, Lars
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Koll på SOX: En fallstudie av implementeringen av SAP GRC Version 10  inom delar av ABB-koncernen2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Master Thesis in Business Administration within the Civilekonomprogram at Jönköping International Business School

    Title                                   Keeping track of SOX – A case study of the implementation of SAP GRC Version 10 in parts of the ABB Group

    Authors                              Lars Björmsjö, Jacob Öberg

    Tutor                                                        Gunnar Rimmel

    Subject terms            GRC, internal control, SAP, Sarbanes-Oxley Act

    Abstract

    Background (and problem): In the reflections of the accountings scandals that occurred in the beginning of this millennium, legislations have tightened to prevent this kind of event to reoccur. Legislations like SOX provide clear directives on how companies should strengthen their internal controls. Compliance with SOX is a costly affair when, they place heavy demands on internal controls and systems to manage the increased controls. Problem discussion to this thesis is based on the requirements to comply with SOX and how an international company can use a tool like SAP GRC to meet the stricter requirements 

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to conduct a case study on how the process behind the implementation of SAP GRC version 10 looks in a multi-national company such as ABB and the role played by SOX in the implementation process.

    Delimitations: The authors have chosen to delimitate thesis merely to look at the implementation of SAP GRC, and do not look at other players at the market, nor their GRC solutions. Furthermore, the authors have chosen to only look at the implementation of SAP GRC at ABB in the United Kingdom.

    Method: The study has only a qualitative approach. The study is a case study which means that personal contact in the form of telephone interviews has been the only method to gather data for empirical choose of the authors.

    Results and Conclusions: The authors' conclusion of the study acknowledges that SOX has a very important role in the implementation of SAP GRC, and is the main reason for the implementation. Furthermore, it has emerged that the implementation is a very comprehensive work, which is very costly in both monetary and time measures. However the authors have concluded that implementing SAP GRC is the most efficient and cost effective way to comply with SOX from an ABB perspective.

    Discussion: According to the authors opinion there are a few areas for improvement in the use of GRC at ABB, in order to get the most out of the tool and to streamline the management of risks. Due to the lack of current research within the field, the authors would find it very interesting if a scientifically based definition of GRC would be investigated.

     

  • 65466.
    Öberg, Jessica
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Gahnström, Karin
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Why has a ‘little Sweden’ emerged in Brazil?: A study of Swedish direct investments in Brazil2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Not long ago, Brazil was a country with an unstable economic system; inflation and interest rates were high and the political system was corrupt and complex. Still Brazil has for a long time been a successful market for Swedish companies. In São Paulo, the financial center of Brazil, a “little Sweden” has emerged which is considered to be the largest center for Swedish industry outside of Sweden.

    The purpose of this thesis is to examine why a ‘little Sweden’ has emerged in Brazil as well as examining what importance different economical factors have had for Swedish foreign direct investments in Brazil. Theories regarding foreign direct investments as well as other business theories have been used in the research. To get a deep understanding of the subject, four interviews have been made with organizations involved in helping Swedish companies in Brazil.

    The research has shown that the most important factors in the creation of the ‘little Sweden’ has been; access to production factors such as natural resources, the competitiveness of the home market together with the size of Brazil’s market, the financial capacity of the Swedish companies, the fact that Swedish companies could offer products and services that suited the demands of Brazil, as well as the fact that the Swedish entrepreneurs had a long term thinking and a great optimistic visions for the future.

  • 65467.
    Öberg, Joachim
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Zammit, Daniel
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Att utveckla en säljstyrka: En undersökning angående Securitas Aroundios säljutbildning och coachning2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Summary

    The purpose of this thesis is to evaluate Securitas Aroundio’s sales training and coaching

    from the view of the firm’s employees. It is of great importance for Securitas Aroundio to

    receive an honest opinion about their sales training and coaching. No previous evaluation has

    been made by external researchers. By continuous evaluation of a firms sales training and

    coaching, the firm can get an awareness of matters that need to be changed or fixed.

    This thesis is based on a qualitative approach where the employees at Securitas Aroundio in

    Linköping were interviewed. All interviews took place at Aroundio’s headquarters in

    Linköping on the 5th of May 2008. All of the respondents gave consent for the recording of

    the interviews. Also notes were taken during the interviews. The questions asked during the

    interviews were based on a semi structured interview format, dealing with the two areas of the

    investigation, Aroundio’s sales training and coaching.

    The result indicates the sales training and coaching provided by Securitas Aroundio is

    adequate. This statement is based on the overall satisfaction of the employees concerning the

    sales training and coaching provided by the firm. The overall indication is that the salespeople

    are provided with the tools and support they need to work autonomously. In conclusion,

    Securitas Aroundio’s goals with the sales training and coaching are being met.

  • 65468.
    Öberg, Johan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Gloudemans, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Ehnar, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Skuldsättningsgrader - En jämförelse mellan O-listans IT-bolag och A-listan2000Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats går i huvudsak ut på att undersöka kapitalstrukturen bland IT-bolag på O-listan samt jämföra dessa med A-listans genomsnitt.

  • 65469.
    Öberg, Josefin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Franzén, Marcia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Hur överförs tyst kunskap?: En studie av kunskapsintensiva företags tillämpade metoder2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Problem: Hög personalomsättning är en realitet i många branscher, vilket gör att företag står för utmaningen att framgångsrikt bevara kunskapen inom företaget när de anställda väljer att lämna. Eftersom att kunskapen i ett företag är starkt relaterad till företagets konkurrenskraft är det av stor vikt att ta till vara på och sprida kunskapen som har utvecklats och som existerar hos de anställda. Tyst personlig kunskap är svår att kodifiera, och på så sätt svår att bevara.

    Syfte: Denna uppsats syftar till att inom ämnet Knowledge Management undersöka hur kunskap överförs via face-to-face processer. Studien ämnar examinera frågan hur tyst kunskap överförs och bevaras i ett kunskapsintensivt företag, och då vilken roll interaktionen mellan individer spelar i kunskapsöverföringsprocessen.

    Metod: Denna studie antar en kvalitativ ansats, med karaktären av både deskriptiv och explorativ studie. Data har primärt samlats in genom intervjuer på två olika företag inom revisionsbranschen.

    Slutsatser: Face-to-face processer såsom teamarbete, nätverk och sociala aktiviteter används på de kunskapsintensiva företagen som metoder för överföring av tyst kunskap, flera av dessa processer är dock inte vedertagna kunskapsöverföringsprocesser för medarbetare. Anställda ser sina kollegor som den främsta källan till kunskap på arbetsplatsen, vilket kan förklaras med att det personliga mötet inkorporerar just den tysta dimensionen av kunskap. Företag kan i större utsträckning tydliggöra för sina anställda vilken betydelse social interaktion har för överföring och bevaring av tyst kunskap inom företaget.

  • 65470.
    ÖBERG, MIKAELA
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Sustainability and Industrial Dynamics.
    A Study of the Implementation, Maintenance and Continual Improvement of an Information Security Management System2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The high adoption rate of cloud computing technology is changing the strategic, operational and functional aspects of businesses. Though, as cloud computing is seeing massive global investment, the vast concentration of resources and information argues for new sources of vulnerabilities and challenges for the cloud computing adopters. Hence, the cloud computing technology is argued to see its full potential once solid information security is established.

    There has been a palpable development of theories, guidelines and standards of how to implement, maintain and continually improve a security information management system. The outcome has resulted in recognized standards. However, the comprehensiveness and the complexity to implement, maintain and continually improve a security information management system remain. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate how cloud computing oriented firms succeed with the realization of an information security management system. This was done by identifying frameworks and processes used by cloud computing oriented organizations.

  • 65471.
    Öberg, Mikaela
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Stenberg, Anneli
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Smoothers och icke-smoothers: en kartläggning och probleminventering av income smoothing hos svenska börsnoterade företag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 65472.
    Öberg, Robert
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Storbankernas Sverigefonder - en jämförelse under fem år2009Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den turbulenta konjunkturen som vi befinner oss i fortsätter fondsparandet att öka i Europa. De svenska fondbolagen försöker anpassa sina produkter till vad de tror deras kunder söker. Majoriteten av dessa kunder känner sig dock tveksamma till alltför exotiska produkter och föredrar därför en aktiefond med inriktning mot Sverige. Storbankerna är de som har den största delen av denna lönsamma kaka. Men det finns även alternativ som har blommat upp de sista åren med en betydligt lägre avgift de sk indexfonderna. Trots detta verkar storbankernas kunder trögrörliga och stanna troget kvar med sina dyrare fonder. Men vilken avkastning har de fått de sista fem åren? Och hur har deras fonder utvecklats mot index? I denna uppsats försöker jag kortfattat beskriva indexens uppbyggnad och resultatet av bankernas strategi att investera nära dessa index. Kontentan blir kanske inte helt oväntat en fondutveckling som hamnar strax ovan eller strax under index, trots att dessa banker tar bra betalt för att bedriva en aktiv förvaltning, som ska hitta de bästa mest köpvärda aktierna som finns för tillfället på marknaden. Slutsatsen blir alltså att kunderna kanske bör bli mer aktiva och i alla fall titta på alternativen som åtminstone finns på marknaden.

  • 65473.
    Öberg, Sebastian
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Eriksson, Hilda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Vilka granskningsmetoder använder revisorer?: En kvantitativ studie om skillnader utifrån storlek, interna kontroller och rådgivningsservice.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    De granskningsmetoder som revisorer använder sig av kan delas in som riskbedömning, granskning av kontroller och substansinriktad granskning. Inom dessa tre typer finns ett antal olika typer av granskning som revisorer utför i sina revisioner. Denna studie är ämnad till att undersöka vilka granskningsmetoder som utförs utifrån olika variabler.

     

    Detta är en kvantitativ studie med ett deduktivt angreppssätt som syftar till att undersöka frågeställningen “Vilka granskningsmetoder utförs vid en revision av bolag i olika storlek, med olika kvalitet på den interna kontrollen och om de har rådgivningsservice?” och har som syfte att undersöka andelen tid som revisorer ägnar åt granskningsmetoderna för att få kunskap om skillnader mellan de granskningsmetoder som utförs vid en revision av bolag i olika storlek, kvalitet på interna kontroller och rådgivningsservice. Detta undersöks genom att utgå från befintlig teori om de olika granskningsmetoderna och en webbenkät som skickas ut till alla auktoriserade revisorer i Sverige. Vidare bearbetas det insamlade data för att sedan analyseras och jämföras med den tidigare teorin inom området.

     

    Studien undersöker om andelen tid som ägnas åt riskbedömning, granskning av kontroller och substansinriktad granskning påverkas av faktorerna klientens storlek, om klienten har interna kontroller av hög eller låg kvalitet samt om klienten har rådgivningsservice eller inte. Studien undersöker även om olika typer av granskning inom dessa tre grupper påverkas av dessa faktorer. I empirikapitlet och analyskapitlet visar det sig att granskning av kontroller påverkas och utförs i större utsträckning när klienten ökar i storlek samt att andelen tid ägnad för granskning av kontroller ökar när interna kontroller är av hög kvalitet. Rådgivningsservice påverkar inte andelen tid ägnad åt de olika granskningsmetoderna. Vissa resultat skiljer sig från tidigare forskning som menat att rådgivningsservice påverkar vilka granskningsmetoder som utförs. Även för storlek och interna kontroller skiljer sig resultaten till viss del från tidigare forskning som visat på en påverkan av både riskbedömning och substansinriktad granskning för interna kontroller och substansinriktad granskning för storlek.

  • 65474.
    Öberg, Sofia
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Nilsson, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Högfrekvenshandel: En studie kring högfrekvenshandel med fokus på skillnader mellan attityder och tidigare forskning.2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 65475.
    Öberg, Theodor
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Oldby, Marcus
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Interactive Marketing: E-mail - Tomorrow´s Tool for Online Purchases2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to gain a better understanding of how customers behave with email

    and spontaneous online shopping and in which degree prospects or customer would be

    affected by functions in interactive e-mails.

  • 65476.
    Öberg, Åsa
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Innovation driven by meaning2012Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Hi-tech companies that want to innovate their products use, quite often, and quite naturally, technology as a driver. But, technology is only one of several drivers of change within product development. It is becoming more and more accessible and alone, cannot serve as the only mean to stay competitive.  This research sheds light on a different driver of innovation – namely, through the perspective of “meaning”. An innovation, driven by the search for a new meaning of a product, is connected to the purpose of “why” a product is used. It is not about “how” it is used. In this sense, innovations driven by meaning, are connected to a human’s new experience of use – rather than to the improvement of an existing performance. This type of innovation builds on people and their interpretation of why a product or service make sense in their life and therefore, it is subjective rather than objective. It represents a move, from the classic business perspectives of optimization and control to approach the unpredictable and ambiguous views of humans in a wider, cultural context.   

    A company that reconsidered the meaning of their product, is Germany-based KUKA with their “RoboCoaster”. This product uses existing technology to transform an industrial robot from a powerful, efficient and accurate tool into an exciting amusement ride system, delivering excitement, enjoyment and pleasurable fear. Another example is the Da Vinci surgical system in which, instead of replacing humans in an industrial application, a robot interacts with humans by acting as a surgeon in performing invasive surgery.  Through finding new applications of existing technologies – (the Robocoaster )– or through new technologies (the Da Vinci surgical system) – these products are not “better” than existing industrial robots: they have changed the reason why people use them. 

    But, theories on how to innovate with a “meaning” perspective, (i.e. on how to develop new interpretations for products and services) are rare. Indeed, dominant streams of innovation research have been connected to problem solving (Simon, 1996, Clark, 1985, Pahl and Beitz, 1988, Clark and Fujimoto, 1991, Teece et al., 1997 , Krishnan and Ulrich 2001) or idea generation (Brown, 2008, Martin, 2007). This research instead, set the focus on the context. It is a move from a cognitive focus to a social one. A move from user driven innovation strategies to also embrace a wider network of actors in the process of interpretation. The nature of this innovation is different and therefore, it requires a different approach. In this licentiate thesis the nature of innovation of meaning is examined and its relevance and practice discussed with the help of hermeneutics. The research suggests that innovation of meaning calls for new theoretical frames in innovation studies: from innovation as a process of problem solving and creative thinking to innovation as a process of interpreting and envisioning

  • 65477.
    Öberg, Åsa
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Verganti, Roberto
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Taking a Meaning Perspective: – A Third Dimension of Innovation2013Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Theories of innovation, and especially of radical innovation, have often overlooked the innovation of meanings, especially in its more radical form. In this chapter we will illustrate how this innovation is related to other types of innovation, will discuss its nature and will show that radical innovation of meanings always occur, in every industry, and has the power to shape competition thereafter.

  • 65478.
    Öberg, Åsa
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Verganti, Roberto
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    When meaning drives innovation: - A study of innovation dynamics in the robotic industry2012In: When meaning drives innovation, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    No one nowadays dare to question the value of innovation. Indeed, several studies, from macroeconomics, to innovation economics, from strategy to innovation management, have investigated and discussed how innovation drives competitive advantage and the wealth of nations. However, in most studies, “innovation” is usually a shortcut for “technological innovation”, i.e. improvement driven by technological change. There are instead multiple drivers of change, within which technology is only one (and not necessarily what builds most value) both in business and society. In this article we focus on another driver of innovation, namely the search for “meaning”. Innovation of meaning is defined as a change in the “purpose” for people to buy and use products. It’s not necessarily associated to an improvement in performance, but, rather, by a change of performance and the creation of a new reason for people to use things. Meanings are concerned with the “why” of use, not the “how”. It is about making sense of an experience of use.

      Innovation of meaning seems to be a significant driver of differentiation, as shown in Verganti, 2009, Hekkert et al., 2011, Verganti and Öberg, 2012 and in some extent also in studies on technologies (Christensen, 1997) and market innovation (Kim and Mauborgne, 2005, Moon, 2010). However, we lack a deep understanding of if and how innovation of meaning creates value, and how it shapes competition in industries. The purpose of this article, therefore, is to contribute to create a better understanding of the value of innovation of meaning. Is innovation of meaning relevant for business and competition? If so, “how” (i.e. through which assets and economics is a new product meaning contributing to create value for businesses), and “when” (i.e. in which context is innovation of meaning a more or less fruitful strategy?). These questions are not marginal and cannot rely on traditional theories on the value of innovation. If indeed technological innovation creates an improvement in performance and therefore has a direct impact on value, innovation of meaning cannot be put on a scale (i.e. it is impossible to quantitatively claim that a meaning is “better” than another meaning). Therefore assessing the value of a change in meaning implies to redefine our assumptions about the value of innovation and challenges the related theoretical frameworks.    

      In order to grasp the profound dynamics of innovation and its impacts on competition, our analysis focuses on a specific industry: industrial robotics. By analyzing major changes in meanings in this industry, and in particular innovations associated with safe robotics (a breakthrough in meaning for industrial robots, whose traditional meaning was of being dangerous and to be kept far from people), we show that innovation of meaning can indeed create significant value, even in an business-to-business environment that is typically considered to be driven by performance rather than by purpose. We also show that innovation of meaning may create value through several factors. Not only sales volumes, but also, and above all, through profit margins, brand, and positioning. Even if a change in meaning does not necessarily substitute an incumbent dominant solution. This implies that, differently than technological change, that is predestined to saturation cycles, there is always a potential for creating value (or destroying value) by a change in meaning. In fact, it leaves major questions open about how to assess and capture this potential. We therefore conclude by discussing the major theoretical questions about when and how investments in innovation of meaning are more likely to create value and possible research directions, namely: what are the circumstances that make people willing to re-interpret the meaning of a product? And, conversely, what are the circumstances that make people prefer to stay within the existing meaning of a product? And most of all, how can businesses recognize these two different situations?

  • 65479.
    Öbrink, Anton
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Kian, Leila
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Flows and Bottlenecks: Study of the physical flow of goods to and from the Region of Jönköping County and the possible bottlenecks2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A considerable amount of research has concentrated on the modes of transportation. Research has tended to focus on the growth and trends of the different modes of transportation on the national scale. Very little research has been undertaken into each region, and even less on those factors that prevent or act as barriers for transportation of goods in each region. Furthermore, very little research has been undertaken that examines the bottlenecks of the transportation flows in Jönköping.

    By interviewing the main actors in the region, this thesis identifies the main product flow in the Jönköping County. The study also examines the perceived bottlenecks to transportation of goods that logistics companies face. In conducting the study, the main impediments to transportation flows were identified, analysed and ranked. The findings indicate that there are many common bottlenecks between firms in Jönköping. The study also, to an extent, supports findings that have been made in studies carried out previously by other researchers.

  • 65480.
    Öbrink, Charlott
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Damm, Jenny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Corporate branding and the implications of emotional values2001Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this thesis was to explore the process of corporate brandin and the implications emotional values may have on this process. With this aim, there is in a hermeneutic philosophy way an aspiration to create an understanding of the subject. The empirical results are gained through qualitative interviews. The understanding that has been reached in this thesis are among others that one of the characteristics of a corporate brand is that the employees' values have a more complex influence on the brand. Emotional values make the brand distinct and create customer - and employee loyalty throuhg creating a feeling for the brand. The result of this is that in order to be able to build a strong corporate brand, the corporation needs to consider not only the functional values within the corporation but also its emotional values.

  • 65481.
    Öbrink, Charlott
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Damm, Jenny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Positionering: En utredning av framgångfaktorer och fallgropar vid positionering av konsumentföretag2001Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att identifiera, utreda och skapa förståelse för ett antal framgångsfaktorer och fallgropar vid positionering av konsument företag. För att uppfylla syftet har ett antal konsulter inom marknadsföring, positionering och corporate design intervjuats. Det har i uppsatsen framkommit att för en framgångsrik positionering krävs kunskap om konsumenter, konkurrenter, och företagets identitet.

  • 65482.
    Öckert, Björn
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    What's the value of an acceptance letter?: Using admissions data to estimate the return to college2010In: Economics of Education Review, ISSN 0272-7757, E-ISSN 1873-7382, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 504-516Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper exploits discontinuities and randomness in the college admissions in Sweden in 1982, to estimate the economic return to college in the 1990s. At the time, college admissions were highly selective and applicants were ranked with respect to their formal merits. Admissions were given to those ranked higher than some threshold value. At the margin, applicants were sometimes randomly assigned to college. Exploiting this Regression-Discontinuity design, individuals who were admitted in 1982 are estimated to have about 0.20 years longer college education in 1996. However, the earnings effects for applicants at the margin of admission are insignificant. Controlling for the college admission determinants, the OLS-estimates of the return to college is 1.4 percent in 1991-96. The IV-estimates are not significantly different from the OLS counterparts.

  • 65483.
    Ödhall, Matilda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Lindesson, Amanda
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Lagen om anmälningsskyldighet: Ur ett klient perspektiv2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Civilekonomuppsats i företagsekonomi, Ekonomihögskolan vid Linnéuniversitetet, VT 2013.

    Författare: Amanda Lindesson och Matilda Ödhall

    Handledare: Andreas Jansson

    Examinator: Anna Stafsudd

    Titel: Lagen om anmälningsskyldighet - Ur ett klientperspektiv

    Bakgrund: Lagen om revisorers anmälningsskyldighet innebär att revisorer i Sverige enligt lag är skyldiga att anmäla sina klienter då misstanke om ekonomisk brottslighet föreligger. Då såväl revisorer som deras klienter lyder under anmälningsskyldigheten, påverkas bägge parter av den. För revisorerna är det av stor vikt att ha en god relation till sina klienter och det blir därför av intresse att undersöka om anmälningsskyldigheten får några effekter på klientrelationen. För att undersöka detta krävs att bägge parters åsikt belyses för att slutsats ska kunna dras. I denna undersökning görs en jämförande undersökning på klienternas perspektiv mot tidigare genomförda undersökningar på revisorernas perspektiv. På så vis fås en helhets bild av båda parters åsikt om såväl anmälningsskyldigheten i sig och de eventuella effekterna på relationen dem emellan.

    Syfte: Syftet med denna undersökning är att kartlägga klienternas kännedom och inställning till anmälningsskyldigheten och om detta stämmer överens med revisorernas uppfattning om sina klienter. Vidare vill vi utforska ifall klientens faktiska kännedom och inställning påverkar förtroendet och om detta får effekter på relationen till dess revisor.

    Metod: Vi genomförde en kvantitativ metod i form av en enkätundersökning. Denna enkät skickades ut till 1000 svenska aktiebolag och resulterade i 102 svar.

    Resultat/Slutsatser: Undersökningens slutsats visade att klienterna ställde sig positiva till anmälningsskyldigheten men att de även hade en låg grad av kännedom om dess innebörd. Detta stämde väl överrens med revisorernas åsikt om sina klienter. Vi fann vidare inga belägg för att anmälningsskyldigheten skulle inverkat på klienternas förtroende för revisorn och därmed leda till effekter på klientrelationen. Det är klientens förväntningar som påverkar deras förtroende för revisorn och dessa verkar inte ha förändrats tillföljd av anmälningsskyldigheten. Orsaken till det oförändrade förtroendet beror förmodligen på att klienterna redan införandet av anmälningsskyldigheten förväntade sig att revisorer hade till uppgift att upptäcka ekonomiska oegentligheter.

  • 65484.
    Ödling, Camilla
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Täfvander, Jennifer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Insourcing after outsourcing, A study of the opportunities and challenges in the insourcing process2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Outsourcing has been a common topic in relation to business strategy for many decades. It is when an organization transfer some activities to an external vendor. In order to achieve a competitive advantage organizations use external vendors to perform the activities more efficiently and effectively. The global competitive environment has increased the use of outsourcing worldwide, concequently the use of outsourcing has changed the boundaries of todays firms. Lately, backsourcing has gained more attention, which is when an organization has outsourced an activity that was previously executed in house, and then bring it back into the organization again. Insourcing on the other hand, has been given less attention. It is when an outsourced activity that has not been executed within the organization previously, is internalized. The reason for choosing this research topic was that we wanted to write about something that could be applied to the “real world” and the decisions that business leaders face in their occupation. Therefore, when we were offered the chance to write our degree project for Alfa Sweden we accepted their proposal.

    We identified two main research gaps in the existing research regarding insourcing, there is no study that covers the insourcing process and the steps inherent in it. Additionally, how the organization’s capabilities are linked to the opportunities and challenges organizations face during insourcing, has not been examined before. Therefore, the purpose of this thesis is to build a model of the insourcing process and the steps included in each phase of the process. Additionally, to explore the opportunities and challenges that can arise when organizations go through the insourcing process. These opportunities and challenges will be connected to the company’s capabilities, meaning its resources and competences.

    In order to fulfill this purpose and gain a deeper understanding of this relatively unexplored field, a qualitative study was conducted. Eight semi-structured interviews were pursued where seven interviewees represented different companies belonging to the same group and one interviewee represented the perspective of an accountant firm.

    From the results of the interviews, we derived four themes, namely design of the sourcing solution, the insourcing process, resources and competences. Through analyzing the results of our study we have been able to create a model for what the insourcing process looks like and the steps included in the planning, implementation and control phase. This model can contribute and guide companies who are planning to insource certain activities in the future. Furthermore, our results revealed several opportunities and challenges and their connection to the company’s resources and competences. In addition to these theoretical contributions and practical implications we also provide practical recommendations for Alfa Sweden. 

  • 65485.
    Ödling, Lisa
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Sandsjö, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Kvinnor i bolagsstyrelser: Hur reagerar marknaden vid nominering av kvinnliga styrelseledamöter?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The number of female directors of companies has increased in recent years and studies show that companies with diverse boards report higher profitability than other companies. Several of these studies are based on data from small, medium and large listed companies. The government recently proposed a quota law where women will constitute 40 per cent of the directors of companies to push for more equal boards. Hence, studying the benefits of diverse boards and its investor reactions and how the market is moving is of interest. The study shows that when the nomination of female board members is published, it has a negative impact on the company's market, but this effect is not statistically significant. Furthermore, the nomination affect does not have an impact on the stock price change regarding the company's industry affiliation.

  • 65486.
    Ödling, Ulrika
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Lindh, Ingrid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Samfinansiering: Public Private Partnership2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att vi dagsläget diskuterar Public Private Partnership, beror till stor del på att vi i Sverige just nu har en mycket dålig tillväxt, klart är att läget är akut och att tillväxten behöver komma igång snarast. För att finna lösningar på tillväxtproblematiken måste staten våga pröva på olika finansieringsalternativ som gagnar den lokala och regionala tillväxten i landet.

  • 65487.
    Ödling, Ulrika
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Villaggi, Angelo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Pensionsredovisning: Ger koncernens årsredovisning en rättvisande bild vid användandet av ”tioprocentskorridoren”, enligt IAS/IFRS2004Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Pensionsproblemet

  • 65488.
    Öggesjö, Mikael
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Lexander, Robin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Partnerskapets påverkan: Vilken påverkan har revisionsbolagens ägarstruktur på revisionens kvalitet?2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Examensarbete, Civilekonomprogrammet, Ekonomihögskolan vid Linnéuniversitetet, 4FE03E Examensarbete Redovisning 30 hp, VT 2011

    Författare: Robin Lexander och Mikael ÖggesjöHandledare: Professor Sven-Olof Yrjö Collin

    Titel: Partnerskapets påverkan – Vilken påverkan har revisionsbolagens ägarstruktur på revisionens kvalitet?

    Bakgrund: Revisorslagen (2001:883) reglerar att 75 procent av rösterna i ett revisionsbolag skall ägas av kvalificerade revisorer. Lagen innebär konkret att revisionsbolagen ägs av individer verksamma inom bolaget, och detta fenomen benämns populärt partnerskap. Forskning om revision belyser dock sällan revisionsbolagens ägande, vilket medfört att det finns en begränsad kunskap om hur revisionsarbetet påverkas av partnerskapet.

    Syfte: Uppsatsens syfte är att förstå och förklara hur olika aspekter i revisionsbolagens partnerskap påverkar revisionens kvalitet, för att på så sätt kunna uttala oss om vilken inverkan partnerskapet har på denna variabel. 

    Metod: För att utreda hur partnerskapet och dess struktur påverkar revisionskvaliteten görs tre olika empiriska datainsamlingar: dokumentgranskning, intervjuer och enkätundersökning. Datan som samlas in är både kvalitativ och kvantitativ, och uppsatsen har både ett deduktivt och ett induktivt angreppssätt. 

    Slutsats: Studiens resultat visar att partnerskapet påverkar revisionskvaliteten positivt, där en större andel partners av totalt antal anställda leder till en högre revisionskvalitet. När uppsatsens teoretiska resonemang relaterades till den empiriska datan fann vi underlag för att utveckla en ny teori, partnerteorin. Denna teori förklarar hur partnersammansättningen bör se ut för att revisionsbolaget ska kunna prestera revisioner av hög revisionskvalitet.

    Viktiga ord: Revision, partnerskap, revisionskvalitet, revisionsbolagens ägarstruktur.

  • 65489.
    Ögren, Alexander
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Edlund, Henrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Affärssystemsanvändning i små och medelstora företag: En utvärderingsmodell2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 65490.
    Ögren, Alexander
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business.
    Kristiansson, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business.
    Goodwillstorlek - ett incitament för opportunistiskt beteende?: En kvantitativ studie om förhållandet mellan goodwills storlek och företagens antaganden vid nedskrivningsprövningar2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 65491.
    Ögren, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Affärsbankerna, penningmarknaden och räntorna: Riksbanken och fem affärsbankers räntesättningar 1871-19111996Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 65492.
    Ögren, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Uppsala Centre for Business History.
    Central banking and monetary policy in Sweden during the long nineteenth century2012In: The gold standard peripheries: monetary policy, adjustment and flexibility in a global setting / [ed] Anders Ögren and Lars-Fredrik Øksendal, Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, p. 17-36Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 65493.
    Ögren, Anders
    Institutet för ekonomisk historisk forskning, Handelshögskolan, Stockholm.
    Empirical Studies in Money, Credit and Banking: The Swedish Credit Market in Transition under the Silver and Gold Standards, 1834 – 19132003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 65494.
    Ögren, Anders
    Institute for Economic and Business History at the Stockholm School of Economics and Histoire et Théorie Economique – EconomiX Université Paris X La Defense Nanterre.
    Financial revolution and economic modernisation in Sweden2009In: Financial History Review, ISSN 0968-5650, E-ISSN 1474-0052, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 47-71Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of a well-adapted financial system was a main part of the successful Swedish economic modernisation in the latter half of the nineteenth century. In this article it is shown that this development followed the pattern of a financial revolution. Major institutional and organisational changes that took place roughly between the late 1850s and early 1870s led to a rapid increase in liquidity and financial services. This financial revolution preceded the acceleration in economic growth in general and in the modern, industrial sector in particular. Monetisation especially encouraged growth, both in the industrial sector and in GDP as a whole. The basis of the financial system, measured as commercial bank assets and equity capital, affected overall GDP growth. The results also clearly promoted the importance of the development of the financial sector and monetisation as an interlinked and complementary process.

  • 65495.
    Ögren, Anders
    Stockholm School of Economics and Stern School of Business, New York University.
    Free or central banking?: Liquidity and financial deepening in Sweden, 1834–19132006In: Explorations in economic history (Print), ISSN 0014-4983, E-ISSN 1090-2457, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 64-93Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During Sweden’s nineteenth-century modernization, Enskilda banks contributed to economic expansion and integration by providing generally accepted means of payment beyond what would have been possible for the central bank, the Riksbank. The Riksbank was constrained by specie-convertibility requirements for Sweden’s currency. Contrary to previous arguments, however, the Enskilda banks did not operate according to free banking theory. The Enskilda banks held Riksbank notes instead of specie as base-money reserves. This arrangement led to a higher supply of formal liquidity than what would have been the case with either a free banking system or a pure deposit-based commercial banking system. The consequence for Sweden was a rapid rate of monetization and financial deepening.

  • 65496.
    Ögren, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Riksbanken och prisstabiliteten: En institutionell studie av riksbankens penningpolitik åren 1869-18811995Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 65497.
    Ögren, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Riksbankens penningpolitik: kreditförsörjning och prisstabilitet 1869-18811995Report (Other academic)
  • 65498.
    Ögren, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Uppsala Centre for Business History.
    The Swedish financial revolution2010Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 65499.
    Ögren, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Uppsala Centre for Business History.
    The Swedish financial revolution: an in depth study2010In: The Swedish Financial Revolution / [ed] Anders Ögren, Palgrave Macmillan, 2010, p. 1-13Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 65500.
    Ögren, Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Uppsala Centre for Business History.
    Baubeau, Patrice
    Université de Paris Ouest Nanterre la Défense / IDHE .
    Determining National Financial Systems: What is the role of historical events?2010In: Convergence and Divergence of National Financial Systems: Evidence from the Gold Standards, 1871 – 1971, Pickering & Chatto, 2010, p. 127-144Chapter in book (Refereed)
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