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  • 65451.
    Wahlström, Rikard
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Öman, Pether
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Samband mellan Forskning & Utveckling och Företags Marknadsvärde En litteraturstudie2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 65452.
    Wahlund, Ann-Sophie R.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    En studie av aktie och optionsinnehav hos styrelsen och ledningen i fem olika branscher 2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har undersökt hur aktie och optionsinnehaven inom fem olika branscher ser ut när man ser på ledning och styrelses innehav. Branscherna i studien är Förvaltningsbolag, Forsknings- och projektbolag, Tjänsteföretag, Finansiella tjänster samt Skogsindustri.

  • 65453.
    Wahlund, Ann-Sophie R.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Sabalas, Marijus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Retail Banking is going Online: The Case of Internet Banking in Lithuania2002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    No summary is available.

  • 65454.
    Wahlund, Elisabeth V
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Bankens pedagogiska problem i IT-världen2000Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    IT-företagen söker sig till banken på sin väg till sin finansieringslösning och ofta resulterar propån i ett avslag. Dagligdags kan vi läsa i media om hur gott om riskkapital det finns. Varför söker då dessa företag sig till banken? Tror de att banken ställer upp med riskkapital eller anser dessa företag att detta ej är riskkapital eller finns det andra skäl? Då banken ger ett avslag är det viktigt för bankens del att kunna förklara detta pedagogiskt så att kunden kommer tillbaka till banken med andra och framtida affärer.

  • 65455.
    Wahlund, Magnus
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Friberg, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Värdering av tidiga läkemedelsprojekt: Teori och praktik2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att beskriva olika modeller för värdering av tidiga läkemedelsprojekt, rekommendera vilken modell som skall användas när och av vem, samt se ifall det överensstämmer med hur det är i praktiken.

  • 65456.
    Wahlund, Patrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Örn, Annica Eva Margaretha
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Olovsson, Ulf
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Tjäder, Helene
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Anmälningsplikten: Påverkan på revisorer och redovisningskonsulter2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    År 1999 infördes revisorers anmälningsplikt i aktiebolagslagen. Lagändringen tillkom för att förebygga och stävja den ekonomiska brottsligheten. Efter ikraftträdandet har anmälningspliktens påverkan på revisorer, redovisningskonsulter och klienter flitigt debatterats. Vi har försökt att skapa en ökad förståelse för hur revisorernas och redovisningskonsulternas arbete samt relationer har påverkats av anmälningsplikten. Av den litteraturstudie vi gjort framgår att revisorerna initialt har varit mycket kritiska till anmälningsplikten. I vår studie framkommer fortfarande kritik mot anmälningsplikten men kritiken har nu mildrats. Revisorerna anser dock fortfarande att anmälningsplikten inte borde åligga dem. Anmälningsplikten har enligt teorin och vår empiriska studie medfört ett ökat kunskapsbehov för både revisorer och redovisningskonsulter. Vi anser att bristande kunskap om anmälningspliktens tillämpande utgör det största hotet mot en användning av anmälningsplikten i enlighet med lagstiftarens intentioner. Vår studie visar även att relationen mellan revisorerna, redovisningskonsulterna och klienterna har stor betydelse, där nyckelbegreppet är förtroende. Det går dock inte att dra slutsatsen att anmälningsplikten i sig påverkat relationen mellan parterna.

  • 65457.
    Wahnström, Kristin
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    In the aftermath of Rana Plaza: Challenges for safety within the garment industry of Bangladesh2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this bachelor's thesis is to investigate the safety culture among employees within the garment factory industry in Bangladesh. This is made in order to increase the understanding of the need for improvements and how these can be made.

    Methodology: This qualitative thesis has an abductive approach. The empirical findings are based on semi-structured interviews with 26 garment factory workers.

    Theoretical framework: The thesis deals with two theoretical areas. It addresses the concepts of safety culture and safety climate as well as their relation to organizational culture. Thereto it addresses theories on method implementations and changes in organizational culture.

    Results: Five recurring themes were found in the semi-structured interviews with factory workers: a new focus among management, training, risk and dangers at work, speaking about safety at work and wish for changes at work. It is hoped that the recurring themes reflect distinctive patterns within organizational and safety culture among garment factory workers in Bangladesh.

    Conclusions: In the aftermath of Rana Plaza the safety culture within the ready-made garment industry have seen major improvements. However, the safety culture still possesses several of shortcomings. In order for international initiatives to succeed in their objective of creating a safer and healthier ready-made garment industry in Bangladesh these shortcomings must be acknowledged. Thereto a bottom-up perspective must complement a top-down perspective in the ongoing implementation process of an organization culture which aim to empower factory workers and support factory owners to take responsibility for safety and health at work.

  • 65458.
    Wai, Honey Htun
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE).
    Noichangkid, Pittana
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE).
    The internationalization of born-global SMEs in Northern Sweden: A network perspective2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 65459.
    Waij, Reinier
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    The effect of entrepreneurial passion on funding at crowdfunding platforms2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Passion is seen as one of the most influential drivers of entrepreneurs. It was firstly described in order to explain entrepreneurial behaviour which was different from non-entrepreneurs due to the unconvential risk taking, motivational energy, courage, unflagging pursuit of challenging goals, persistence in the face of goals, uncommonly intensity of focus and unwavering belief in a dream of the entrepreneur. Passion is experienced when the entrepreneur performs activities that are associated with his/her entrepreneurial role. One of the vital entrepreneurial tasks that is required for an entrepreneur to perform is to acquire the needed funding. Funding enables an entrepreneur to pursue opportunities and facilitates the firm’s ability to survive, grow and generate a profit.

    Scholars have researched a vast amount of factors that would increase the possibility of getting funded. Passion is one of these and has been found to enhance getting funded in the traditional setting. Yet, little is known about its effect in a crowdfunding context. Therefore, this study takes a closer look at the relationship between passion and funding at crowdfunding sites. It is investigated how an entrepreneur’s passion affects the level of funding received by analysing the texts in videopitches at crowdfunding sites.

    This study draws upon a vast collection of data collected from the well-known crowdfunding site FundedByMe. Coding was used in order to identify the occurrence of passion in the videopitches. To empirically investigate the research question, a content analysis was carried out by the software NVivo, which enabled the researcher to test the relationship between the use of passion expressed in words and funding. This was followed by multiple statistical tests (nonparametric and logistic).

    The results could not support the hypotheses that the sole use of passion increases the amount of funding received, neither could it be supported that an increase of expressed passion by the entrepreneur positively influences the chances of getting successfully funded. Future research should examine all the different expressions of passion (e.g. body language, facial expression, tone of voice), instead of only looking at passionate words, in order to find support for the relationship between passion and funding.

  • 65460.
    Wainikka, Christina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Att skydda innovationer: Affärer, risker och möjligheter2013 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 65461. Wainikka, Christina
    Företagshemligheter: En introduktion2010 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 65462.
    Waisman, Gisela
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for International Economic Studies.
    Essays on Discrimination and Corruption2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis consists of four papers, summarized as follows.

    "Do attitudes towards immigrants matter?" analyses the consequences of negative attitudes towards immigrants to Sweden. If attitudes changed from the average level to the most positive level, the wage earned by a well educated immigrant from a non developed country would increase by 12%. This change in attitudes would increase the welfare of immigrants from Africa and Asia, through their wage and local amenities, by an equivalent to one third of their wage and the welfare of immigrants from South America and Eastern Europe by one fourth of their wage if they are well educated, and one tenth otherwise.

    In "Who is hurt by discrimination?", the effects of discrimination of immigrants on the labour market are studied in a search and wage-bargaining setting, including a risk of losing skills during the experience of unemployment. The negative effects of discrimination in the form of higher unemployment and lower wages spread to all workers, immigrants and natives, in all sectors of the economy. An increase in the share of immigrants in the economy exacerbates the problem of discrimination.

    In "Complementary controls of corruption", a theoretical model shows that when the judiciary and the media are more dependent and the elections less competitive, corruption flourishes. The three institutions are shown to be complementary. The empirical analysis indicates that the dependence of the judiciary and the media has a positive effect on perceived corruption and that the media is complementary with both the judiciary and the electoral system.

    "Decision making in the ECB's Governing Council -- Should minutes and forecasts be published ?" analyses if the publication of forecasts and minutes of the meetings of the Governing Council could have a negative effect due to the influence of governments on their representatives' votes. The information provided is shown to reduce their influence and benefit the Executive Board.

  • 65463.
    Wajahat, Ali
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business.
    Hammad ul Hassan, Syed
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business.
    Relationship between the profitability and working capital policy of Swedish companies2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Over the years there has been a big debate on the effect of working capital policy on theprofitability. Few researchers argue that working capital is just an idle resource with ahigh cost and low benefit associated with it so, companies should follow zero workingcapital policy but such a policy is very risky because it reduces the liquidity and it mightleads to a default. Other researchers support companies to have a working capital policybecause they believe that proper management of components of working capital canbalance cost and benefits of the company and it will reduce the risk of default by raisingthe level of liquidity. Companies can choose among three different types of workingcapital i.e. aggressive, conservative and moderate but their choice depends on their desirelevel of liquidity and risk.Researchers realize the importance of the topic and lot of research has been carried out allover the world especially in developing countries like Pakistan, India, and Taiwan etc.Despite the importance of topic we were unable to find any research carried out inSweden or in any other Scandinavian country. So, this study is conducted with thepurpose to explore the relationship between working capital policy and profitability ofSwedish firms. Furthermore this study also investigates the nature of relationshipbetween working capital policy and component of cash conversion cycle. For the purposeof our study we used the sample of 37 listed companies in the OMX Stockholm stockexchange over the period of five years (2004-2008).The study has been conducted in a natural environment and it follows the explanatoryresearch strategy. Moreover it is a quantitative study which follows the deductiveapproach and it is longitudinal in nature.We used GOP as a measure to profitability and CCC is used as a gauge to measure theaggressiveness of working capital policy. We used the secondary data, which has beenextracted from the annual financial reports of the companies, to calculate the GOP,financial debt, firm size, fixed financial asset, component of CCC and CCC.In this study, six regressions were run on 185 observations in SPSS software. In eachregression analysis dependent variable (GOP), independent variable firm size, financialdebt ratio, and fixed financial asset ratio remains the same but independent variableCCCS, CCCA, CCCD, day’s inventory held, days account receivable and days accountpayable replace each other. The reason for this replacement of independent variables is tofind out that how CCC and component of CCC affects the GOP.The result of regression analysis shows that managers can’t change the level ofprofitability by adopting any of the working capital policy i.e. there exist no relationshipbetween working capital policy and profitability. Furthermore profitability is directlyassociated with days inventory held and days account payable but it is in inverse relationwith days account receivables.

  • 65464.
    Wakas, Firas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Piperidis, Odysseas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Monteiro, Steven
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Newcomers' entrepreneurial ventures in Smaland,Sweden:Dream or Reality?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this research was to explain the practices that govern or

    influence the relationship between moneylender ALMI and newcomers (refugees or

    immigrants) seeking entrepreneurial ventures1.

    Design/methodology/approach - This is a descriptive, qualitative research study that

    entails an inductive reasoning approach and an interpretivism philosophy

    (epistemological stance). A cross-sectional research design was adopted that entails the

    grounded theory as a data analysis tool. Data will be collected through semi-structured

    interviews.

    Trustworthiness - This study adopts the grounded theory approach and includes the

    reiterative approach within its research procedures. The researchers will have to go

    back and forth along the research steps to validate data, thus, render it as reliable as

    useful research.

    Research limitations/implications – The concluded thesis should be able to generate a

    conceptual framework that will guide and examine the hypothesis (testing). The

    framework should include all related variables to the observed phenomena: the perceived

    predicaments that newcomers face when starting an entrepreneurial venture in Smålland,

    Sweden.

    Practical implications – Results are grounded in data, however recommendations may

    touch upon future credit criteria issues such as language capabilities, integration period

    and maybe others. The study provides local moneylenders with suggestions for deeper

    understanding of the new emerging category of newcomers that may be worth focusing

    upon.

    Results This study concludes that both sides, moneylenders and newcomer

    entrepreneurs should take steps in order to approach more effectively one another.

    Moneylenders , on the one hand, should create a more ‘friendly’ ,to newcomers,

    environment by publishing leaflets in English or better in more languages besides

    Swedish and even better create a universal –language website. On the other hand,

    newcomers should adjust and follow the policy of learning the language or attending SFI

    classes since this will help them entering the market in a more efficient way.

  • 65465. Wakerius, Victor
    et al.
    Isaksson, Albin
    Wiklund, Emil
    Service Quality in Swedish Ice-Hockey: Case Study on HV712015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 65466.
    Wakim, Riad Samir
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Drak Al Sebai, Lara
    Jönköping University.
    Miladinovic, Mira
    Jönköping University.
    Öztürkcan, Selcen
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    A Study of Swedish Eyewear Retailer's Smartphone-Based Augmented Reality Application2018In: Engineering and Technology Management Summit 2018: Engineering and Technology Management in the Smart Age / [ed] Ferhan Çebi, Faik Tunç Bozbura & Sıtkı Gözlü, Istanbul: Istanbul Technical University, 2018, p. 350-355Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Applications of Augmented Reality (AR) have recently increased due to advances in technology and improved accessibility of smart devices. Nowadays shoppers can virtually try and interact with various products. This study examined the impacts that a smartphone-based AR application may have on the customer’s Product Purchase Intentions. A smartphone-based AR app launched by Nordic eyewear retailing leader Synsam is chosen for exposing respondents (N=103) to the AR experience, followed by an interviewer administered survey. Findings showed that AR technology impacts Product Purchase Intentions, where involved technology characteristics of importance include information about products (Product Information), virtual interaction with the product (Telepresence) and the enjoyment of using this technology (Hedonic Motivation), but not the commonly referred Perceived Ease of Use.

  • 65467.
    Waks, Caroline
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Arbetsorganisering och professionella gränsdragningar: Sjukgymnasters samarbete och arbetets mångfald2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Organisational analyses of health care often characterise its constituent professions as building blocks, each having a clear-cut identity and well-defined task. The fact that professional structures rather than the work itself have been the focus of the literature on professional groups has reinforced this image. This thesis replaces this approach with one that takes into consideration the heterogeneity of occupational groups. Both the work performed and the structures that condition this work are explored. The content and diversity of the work physiotherapists perform and how this has changed over time has been investigated, as well as how the group co-operates with other occupational groups in given contexts.

    The results indicate that well-articulated professional boundaries are often a precondition for flexible co-operation, and that it is difficult to plan in advance for co-operation that involves crossing professional boundaries. In addition, the struggle of the professional group to control its work does not necessarily run counter to the demands of the organisation. Co-operation and the work itself create possibilities for controlling work.

  • 65468.
    Waks, Caroline
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    The Persistence of the Audit Culture : Supervision within Swedish Ambulance Services 2009In: International Journal of Public Sector Management, ISSN 0951-3558, E-ISSN 1758-6666, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 35-45Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 65469.
    Walan, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Får positiva attityder till vindkraft snurr på etableringen av nya vindkraftverk?: En kvantitativ analys av attityder till vindkraft.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    När Sverige tacklar klimatutsläppen för att nå Parisavtalets mål är energisektorn och vindkraften en essentiell del i arbetet. Att veta vad som behövs för att utbyggnaden av vindkraft ska öka är därmed av stort intresse. I uppsatsen undersöks sambandet mellan attityder till utbyggnad av vindkraft i Sverige och etableringen av ny vindkraft. Undersökningen skedde genom att sammanställa en modell med variabler som rimligen har en påverkan på utbyggnaden av vindkraftverk och sedan utföra en regressionsanalys med paneldata på länsnivå för åren 2003 till 2016. Resultatet visar att det inte går att finna ett samband mellan större andel som vill satsa mer på vindkraft och effekten från vindkraftverk. Däremot finner studien andra variabler som korrelerar med effekten från vindkraftverk. 

  • 65470.
    Walberg, Christin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Åsberg, Evelina
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Kan användandet av arketyper stärka varumärken?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Denna studie syftar till att undersöka huruvida vissa arketyper kan betraktas som mer effektfulla än andra vid marknadsföring. Vi ämnar även ta reda på om varumärken som använder sig av arketyper förmedlar starkare och tydligare känslor än varumärken som inte använder ett arketypiskt perspektiv. Metod: Data har samlats in från gruppdiskussioner i tre olika fokusgrupper med sex deltagare i respektive fokusgrupp. Fokusgrupperna bestod av manliga och kvinnliga deltagare som var över 25 år och representerade olika nationaliteter. Gruppdiskussionerna genomfördes på ett fastighetsföretag i Barcelona där vi fått tillåtelse att tillfråga de anställda att delta i studien. Under genomförandet av gruppdiskussionerna fick respondenterna observera 24 olika reklamfilmer, varav hälften med arketypiskt innehåll och hälften utan arketypiskt innehåll. Frågorna som ställdes till respondenterna efter visandet av reklamfilmerna utgick från de känslor, tankar och personligheter som deltagarna relaterade varje reklamfilm till. Slutsatser: Utifrån det resultat vi fått fram är vår första slutsats att varumärken som använder sig av arketyper i sin marknadsföring generellt förmedlar starkare och tydligare känslor än varumärken som inte använder ett arketypiskt tillvägagångssätt. Vår andra slutsats är att en del arketyper är mer effektfulla än andra inom marknadsföring, detta främst eftersom att vissa arketypers attribut uppfattas starkare och tydligare än andras. De arketyperna som visat sig mest effektfulla i vår studie var de som förmedlat humor, glädje, kärlek och omtanke, men även som anspelat på magi, hjältemod, kreativitet och innovation. Bland dessa arketyper finner vi hjälten, vårdaren, skaparen, utforskaren, älskaren, rebellen, magikern och gyckelmakaren

  • 65471.
    Walberg, Peder
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Hur bör statsbidraget för läkemedel fördelas inom landstingen?2002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
  • 65472.
    Waldau, Annie
    Gotland University, School of the Humanities and Social Science.
    Bemanningsanställda: Upplevelsen av arbetsklimatet hos kundföretag utifrån bemanningsanställdas perspektiv2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how temporary agency workers experience the working climate in client firms, i.e. how their psychological climate is affected. The study has a qualitative approach based on semi-structured interviews with temporary agency workers. The purpose of the study is to contribute with knowledge about the triangular relationship between the temporary worker, the temporary employment agency and the client firm. Another purpose is to describe how the temporary workers experience the working climate and how this experience is influenced by a number of circumstances. The research question this study aims to answer is How do temporary agency workers experience the working climate in client organisations? And What factors influence this experience? The conclusion of this study shows that the volun- tariness of the psychological contract positively influence the psychological climate, and also whether the temporary workers’ expectations correspond to those of the client firm or not. The treatment of the temporary worker in the client firm as well as positive social relations with other employees, also have an impact on the psychological climate. Finally, a temporary employment agency that has a prominent role in the triangular relationship might intensify the role stress of the temporary agency worker, particularly if the psychological contracts between the temp and the two firms lack in congruence. 

  • 65473.
    Waldehag, Henning
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business.
    Brännström, Joel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business.
    Ägarskiften i fåmansföretag: En studie om problemen vid ägarskifte2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrunden till vårt arbete ligger i att Sverige står idag inför stora pensionsavgångar. Undersökningar visar att uppemot 140 000 företag kommer att behöva byta ägare inom den kommande 10-årsperioden och undersökningar visar även på att en stor andel av ägarskiften misslyckas. Den största anledningen till misslyckanden är dålig planering från företagarnas sida. Ägarna tycker det är jobbigt att ta itu med medan de fortfarande är verksamma.

    Syftet med vår uppsats är att diskutera problematiken kring ägarskiften i fåmansföretag. Samt att beskriva om det regelverk som finns för dessa fåmansföretag påverkar för att kunna göra lyckade ägarskiften i fåmansföretag. Vi vill även diskutera hur man går tillväga praktiskt för att genomföra dessa skiften så ekonomiskt och skattemässigt effektivt som möjligt både för gamla och nya generationen. För att undersöka detta har vi att använt oss av en kvalitativ undersökning där vi intervjuat personer som jobbar med dessa ägarskiften. Dock har respondenterna lite olika roller i arbetet med dessa skiften.

    I vår undersökning kom vi fram till att den vanligaste överlåtelsemetoden vid ett generationsskifte inom familjen är en gåva av aktierna till barnen. Här anser våra respondenter att avskaffandet av arvs- och gåvoskatten har haft stor inverkan och gjort det mycket enklare att genomföra ett sådant generationsskifte. Ägarbytena har blivit mycket renare och mindre ”gråzoner” måste användas. Det blir dock mindre och mindre vanligt att barnen tar över företagen. Detta då de sett hur föräldrarna slitit och de tycker inte att de fått tillräckligt tillbaka. Så försäljning till utomstående är kanske det vanligaste förfarandet nu och då är en ren försäljning av aktierna den vanligaste överlåtelsemetoden men det blir allt vanligare med inkråmsaffärer. D.v.s. själva rörelsen i företaget.

    De flesta företag brukar genomgå en förberedelsefas innan ett ägarskifte för att få ut pengar skattebilligt ur företaget. Då är en intern aktieöverlåtelse ett vanligt förekommande sätt. Man vänder sig också ofta till k:10an för att se om det finns något sparat utdelningsutrymme kvar till att dela ut en större summa pengar. k:10an är en blankett som personer som är företagsledare eller närstående till en företagsledare skall lämna som bilaga till deklarationen.

    Ett av de större problemen vid ett ägarskifte är finansieringen. Dels för köparen om företaget ska säljas till extern part, men även att hitta medel för att kunna kompensera den generation som ska lämna över företaget, och även eventuella syskon som inte ska jobba aktivt i företaget. Här är det inte ovanligt att reverser skrivs för att lösa problemet. Ett annat större problem är de familjerättsliga frågorna. Det är inte ovanligt att olika parter har olika värderingar av företaget. Speciellt när det ska räknas på vilken kompensation som skall utgå till syskon. Här kan det vara bra att ha en oberoende part som värderar företaget.

    Skattereglerna som berör dessa fåmansföretag, de så kallade 3:12-reglerna har ingen hämmande effekt vid genomförandet av ägarskiften. De påverkar dock möjligheterna för företagaren att ta ut lågbeskattade medel ur företaget innan försäljning och vilka möjligheter företagaren har att placera pengarna efter försäljning för att undvika så mycket skatt som möjligt. Istället är det arvs- och gåvoskattens avskaffande som förändrat genomförandet av ägarskiften mest de senaste åren.

  • 65474.
    Waldemarsson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Energy considerations in planning slab furnaces at a steel company: A case study at SSAB2014Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    To save energy and reduce costs we suggest production planning to consider issues with clear and large impact on both usage and costs of energy. This paper investigates how the energy system interacts with the production processes early in the value chain at a steel company. A case study at one of the company’s production facilities reveals promising opportunities to achieve increased energy efficiency by considering an energy‐related approach in planning of the continuous slab furnaces and the hot rolling processes. Analysis shows that energy can be saved and costs reduced through an alternative planning approach without taking any noteworthy investment cost. Improved communication within the different parts of the organization plays also a significant part in actualizing the managerial opportunities located. Real company data provided from the case company SSAB is used and analyzed. This paper contributes with a model used for analytical calculations on how market conditions could motivate a company to select different planning approaches. This by choosing a primary and secondary slab furnace based on their energy characteristics. As such, when the opportunities are beneficial enough, the impact of energy issues on production and supply chain planning should not be neglected.

  • 65475.
    Waldemarsson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Planning production and supply chain in energy intensive process industries2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    To make a difference among the energy intensive process industries, this dissertation addresses production planning and supply chain planning problems related to industrial energy management issues. The energy issue is turning more and more important from different angles, involving price as well as environmental problems due to climate change leading to political pressure on all energy users. The process industry sector is one of the largest users of energy, and thus important to analyse. Process industries are also capital intensive and operate on large and expensive process equipment, making it imperative to plan their production well in order to reach preferable capacity utilisation. Therefore this dissertation strives to locate the most important energy management issues for the long term profitability of process industries, and investigates the  symbiotic effects of including energy issues in production and supply chain planning.

    Three different studies at three case companies are carried out, analysed, and presented in five papers. The cases represent the process industry sectors: chemicals, pulp, and steel. Both qualitative case study methodologies as well as quantitative mathematical modelling and optimisation approaches have been practiced. The research questions are analysed from both an energy system and from a production process point of view, separately as well as combined. Energy is somewhat considered to be the main workforce for process industries and this dissertation exemplifies some of its most important dimensions in this context.

    Several prerequisites for putting energy management on the strategic agenda are located in a specialty chemical industry where the importance of introducing a strategic perspective on energy, the way energy is used, and the possibilities of increasing alternative revenue from utilising by- and/or co-products differently are pinpointed. Approaches for including energy issues in planning processes are also suggested in terms of a MILP model for the entire supply chain of a pulp company, including decisions on purchase and transportation of raw maerials, production allocation, energy mix, and distribution. Another example is presented based on the perspectives of economics of scale and lot sizing through economic order quantity principles in a steel company. By using real company data, energy smart approaches in planning and scheduling are developed with respect to the most important intersections between the production processes and their supporting energy system. The accumulated resource intensity and embedded energy could, and probably should, hence be more fairly  reflected in the product price. The research finally shows some possible impact with including energy issues in a production and supply chain planning model. By planning differently, production prioritisations can be done, and it is not only possible without any large investments, but also prosperous with savings on both energy and money within reach.

    To conclude, planning of production and supply chain has either a direct or an indirect impact on the energy cost-effectiveness of a company. This dissertation argues that such impact also exists in its mutual form, and is very important when the energy issues are large enough, as they often are in the energy intensive process industry sector. Decision makers should thus beware of the short end of the stick that might be  devastating in the long run, but also aware of all the possibilities that can bring success and prosperity when the future begins.

  • 65476.
    Waldemarsson, Martin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Lidestam, Helene
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Karlsson, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Energy Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Energy issues in supply chain and production planning in the steel industry: A case study at SSAB2014Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    How can a different planning of production and supply chain increase energy efficiency and effectiveness? This descriptive and rather exploratory case study investigates these possibilities by mapping the production system and its supporting energy system at a steel company’s production site. Several possibilities for improvement in the planning processes have been located and evaluated. Our findings resulted in identifying four different improvement areas: 1) planning slab furnaces, 2) utilizing embedded heat and shortening lead times, 3) broader frame when scheduling for decreasing waste at set-ups, and 4) demandresponse opportunities related to electricity price variations. The first improvement area: planning of the slab furnaces, shows the largest potential, both in terms of energy savings and reduced costs. The second and the third improvement areas are similar to each other in terms of potential energy savings, but if the lead-time also could be decreased in the second it would be more economically beneficial than the other. Additional possibilities are found in the fourth improvement area where electricity demand response actions by rescheduling the energy-intensive production into times of low electricity price might save electricity costs. To conclude, the company could reach both higher energy efficiency and profitability simultaneously, by utilizing the energy- and the production systems combined in a more efficient and effective way.

  • 65477.
    Waldemarsson, Martin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Lidestam, Helene
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Karlsson, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Energy Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Energy issues in supply chain and production planning in the steel industry: A case study at SSAB2014In: in Grubbström, R.W, Hinterhuber, H.H., (Eds), PrePrints, Vol. 1, 18th International Working Seminar on Production Economics, Innsbruck, Austria, 2014, p. 489-501Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the possibilities of merging suitable processes for energy management into operations management processes within a steel company. The descriptive and rather exploratory case study maps the production system and its supporting energy system within one of the company’s production sites. Several possibilities for improvement in the planning processes have been located and evaluated. Our findings resulted in that four different improvement areas could be identified: planning furnace ovens, utilizing embedded heat and shortening lead times, wider scheduling for decreasing waste at set-ups, and demand-response opportunities related to electricity price variations. Improved planning of the furnace ovens shows the largest potential, both in terms of energy savings and reduced costs. To utilize embedded heat and to reduce waste at set-ups are similar to each other in terms of potential energy savings, but if the lead-time also could be decreased the economical benefits would excel. There are moreover possible economical benefits of electricity demand response actions by rescheduling the energy-intensive production into times of low electricity price. To conclude, the company could reach both higher environmental performance and economical profitability simultaneously, and thus utilizing the energy- and the production systems combined in a more efficient and effective way.

  • 65478.
    Waldemarsson, Martin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Lidestam, Helene
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Karlsson, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Energy Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    How energy affects supply chain planning at a pulp company2013In: 22nd International Conference on Production Research (ICPR 22), 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Integrated planning of the supply chain at a multi-site pulp company has previously been considered, in whichenergy are included with respect to its revenue generating capabilities. When energy intense raw materials notonly give fiber to the pulp process but also generate an energy surplus, there is room for different planningapproaches to maximize the total profit. This paper deeply analyses the model with more analytical scenariosand reveals promising changes that can be done in terms of both refining the current planning, but also byimproving the production system and its corresponding energy system. The scenarios considered involvemarket changes for energy demand and price, and alternative production opportunities. The scenarios arecross-analyzed and compared in order to reveal additional relations that are worthy to consider. The findingstherefore point out the usefulness of the model and its advantages.

  • 65479.
    Waldemarsson, Martin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Lidestam, Helene
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Rudberg, Martin
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Including energy in supply chain planning at a pulp company2012In: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Applied Energy (ICAE) 2012, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we consider integrated planning of the supply chain at a multi-site pulp company. In addition to the traditional focus on pulp products, also energy aspects are considered, both in the form of raw material and as revenue generating products. The idea is that energy intense raw materials not only gives fiber to the pulp process but also generates an energy surplus that can be used in different ways to create additional value or revenues. The planning horizon is one year and monthly time periods are considered. Decisions included in the planning are purchase and transportation of raw materials from harvest areas to pulp mills, production allocation by dividing the production among the pulp mills, energy mix by choosing the energy input at the pulp mills and distribution of products from mills to customer. An MILP model for the entire supply chain is proposed. A number of different scenarios including real data from the case company are analyzed and evaluated. The aim of the study is thus to investigate the effects on profitability while taking energy issues in consideration.

  • 65480.
    Waldemarsson, Martin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Lidestam, Helene
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Rudberg, Martin
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Including energy in supply chain planning at a pulp company2013In: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 112, p. 1056-1065Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we consider integrated planning of the supply chain at a multi-site pulp company. In addition to the traditional focus on pulp products, also energy aspects are considered, both in the form of raw material and as revenue generating products. The idea is that energy intense raw materials not only gives fibre to the pulp process but also generates an energy surplus that can be used in different ways to create additional value or revenues. The planning horizon is one year and monthly time periods are considered. Decisions included in the planning are; purchase and transportation of raw materials from harvest areas to pulp mills, production allocation by dividing the production among the pulp mills, energy mix by choosing the energy input at the pulp mills, and distribution of products from mills to customer. An MILP model for the entire supply chain is proposed. A number of different scenarios including real data from the case company are analyzed and evaluated. The aim of the study is thus to investigate the effects on profitability while taking energy issues into consideration.

  • 65481.
    Waldemarsson, Martin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Rudberg, Martin
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Lidestam, Helene
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Energy management in process industries:current practices and future challenges2010In: Proceedings of the 17th EurOMA Conference, 2010, 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research indicates a great potential within process industries regarding the use, distribution, and supply of energy, affecting manufacturing costs and revenues. The purpose of this study is thus to analyze, and to provide suggestions for improvements for, energy management in a process industry company. This will be done by mapping the energy flow and usage for a case company. The results of this study indicate that a strategic perspective on energy issues is necessary in order to reach the full potential of energy savings and for establishing an effective energy management system.

  • 65482.
    Waldenström, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    An Economic History of Modern Sweden2015In: Journal of Economic History, ISSN 0022-0507, E-ISSN 1471-6372, Vol. 75, no 1, p. 274-276Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 65483.
    Waldenström, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Regeringen ochojämlikheten: En granskning av budgetens fördelningspolitiska redogörelser1992–20112012Report (Other academic)
  • 65484.
    Waldenström, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Swedish stock and bond returns, 1856–20122014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter presents historical evidence about Swedish stock prices, dividends, and yields on government fixed-interest securities. Monthly returns are presented since 1901 for stocks, since 1874 for government long-term bonds and since 1856 for short-term Treasury bills or central bank discount rates. Annual stock price and returns indices from 1870 are also presented. Altogether, these series comprise the longest financial asset price database for Sweden to date. An important ambition is to provide information about the quality of the financial data, how they are constructed and how they are modified so as to ensure consistency across time. The chapter also outlines the basic institutional and economic framework of the Swedish stock and money markets. Research has shown that asset prices are influenced by the extent of trading activity as well as by the legal setting and microstructural characteristics. Finally, the chapter offers some initial analysis of the new evidence: calculation of returns for different periods, examination of trends and trend breaks in returns, dividends, volatility and cross-country returns correlations, and computation of equity risk premia across holding periods and historical eras.

  • 65485.
    Waldenström, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. CEPR, London, England.;IZA, Bonn, Germany.;IFN, Stockholm, Sweden..
    The national wealth of Sweden, 1810-20142016In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 64, no 1, p. 36-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study presents a new database, the Swedish National Wealth Database, which contains annual data on private, public, and national wealth and sectoral saving rates in Sweden over the past two centuries. The paper reviews previous investigations of national wealth, compares their estimates with the ones presented here and discusses method approaches and measurement problems. The main results from data series are presented for assets and liabilities and their subcomponents, for the private and public domestic and foreign sectors. By complementing the past literature with its traditional focus on economic flow variables to understand long-run economic developments, this new database offers potentially new perspectives on a number of important issues in Sweden's economic history.

  • 65486.
    Waldenström, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    The National Wealth of Sweden, 1810–20142015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study presents a new database, the Swedish National Wealth Database (SNWD), which contains annual data on private, public and national wealth and sectoral saving rates in Sweden over the past two centuries. The paper reviews previous investigations of national wealth, compares their estimates with the new ones and discusses method approaches and measurement problems. Then the main data series are presented for assets and liabilities and their subcomponents, for the private and public do-mestic and foreign sectors. Complementing the traditional focus on economic flow variables in the past literature on long-run economic developments, this new database offers potentially new perspec-tives of a number of important issues in the modern economic history of Sweden.

  • 65487.
    Waldenström, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
    The National Wealth of Sweden, 1810–20142015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study presents a new database, the Swedish National Wealth Database (SNWD), which contains annual data on private, public and national wealth and sectoral saving rates in Sweden over the past two centuries. The paper reviews previous investigations of national wealth, compares their estimates with the new ones and discusses method approaches and measurement problems. Then the main data series are presented for assets and liabilities and their subcomponents, for the private and public do-mestic and foreign sectors. Complementing the traditional focus on economic flow variables in the past literature on long-run economic developments, this new database offers potentially new perspec-tives of a number of important issues in the modern economic history of Sweden.

  • 65488.
    Waldenström, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Wealth-income ratios in a small, late-industrializing, welfare-state economy: Sweden, 1810–20142015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper uses new data on Swedish national wealth over a period of two hundred years to study whether the patterns in wealth-income ratios previously found by Piketty and Zucman (2014) for some very rich and large Western economies extend to smaller countries that were historically backward and developed a different set of political and economic institutions during the twentieth century. The find-ings point to both similarities and differences. In the pre-industrial era, Sweden had much lower wealth levels than the rest of Europe, and the main explanation is that the Swedes were too poor to save their income. Over the twentieth century, Swedish aggregate trends and levels are much more similar to those of the rest of Europe, but the structure of national wealth differs. In Sweden, govern-ment wealth grew much faster and became more important, not least through its relatively large public pension system. This suggests an explicit role of historical economic and political institutions for the long-run evolution of wealth-income ratios.

  • 65489.
    Waldenström, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
    Wealth-income ratios in a small, late-industrializing, welfare-state economy: Sweden, 1810–20142015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper uses new data on Swedish national wealth over a period of two hundred years to study whether the patterns in wealth-income ratios previously found by Piketty and Zucman (2014) for some very rich and large Western economies extend to smaller countries that were historically backward and developed a different set of political and economic institutions during the twentieth century. The find-ings point to both similarities and differences. In the pre-industrial era, Sweden had much lower wealth levels than the rest of Europe, and the main explanation is that the Swedes were too poor to save their income. Over the twentieth century, Swedish aggregate trends and levels are much more similar to those of the rest of Europe, but the structure of national wealth differs. In Sweden, govern-ment wealth grew much faster and became more important, not least through its relatively large public pension system. This suggests an explicit role of historical economic and political institutions for the long-run evolution of wealth-income ratios.

  • 65490.
    Waldenström, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    What Determines the Long-Run Evolution of Income Inequality? Evidencefrom Top Income Shares2012In: i: C. Beria di Argentine, Disparità Economiche e Sociali: Cause, Conseguenze e Rimedi, Collana dell’Osservatorio “Giordano Dell’Amore” sui rapporti tra diritto edeconomia 19, Milano, Giuffrè Editore., 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 65491.
    Waldenström, Daniel
    et al.
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN) ; Paris School of Economics, France.
    Bastani, Spencer
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Hansson, Åsa
    Lund University.
    Kapitalbeskattningens förutsättningar2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I rapporten från SNS Konjunkturråd 2018 analyserar och diskuterar tre nationalekonomer kapitalbeskattningens förutsättningar i Sverige. Författarna finner brister i kapitalinkomsternas beskattning och föreslår en enhetligare beskattning. De förespråkar också en löpande fastighetsskatt för både småhus och bostadsrätter men lägre skatt på omsättning av fastigheter. Rapporten pekar också på att en skatteväxling från arbete till kapital kan ge samma intäkter och omfördelning men till högre ekonomisk effektivitet.

  • 65492.
    Waldenström, Daniel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Bergh, Andreas
    Nilsson, Therese
    Blir vi sjuka avinkomstskillnader? En introduktion till sambanden mellan inkomst, ojämlikhetoch hälsa2012Book (Other academic)
  • 65493.
    Waldenström, Daniel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Björklund, Anders
    Roine, Jesper
    Intergenerational Top Income Mobility in Sweden: Capitalist Dynasties inthe Land of Equal Opportunity?2012In: Journal of Public Economics, ISSN 0047-2727, E-ISSN 1879-2316, Vol. 96, no 4-5, p. 474-484Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 65494.
    Waldenström, Jannika
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Svensson, Amanda
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Belöningssystem och Motivation: En kvalitativ studie på Swedbank Juristbyrås belöningssystem och dess påverkan på de anställdas motivation2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Belöningssystem har länge varit omdebatterat huruvida det påverkar anställdas motivation och

    det finns ingen universallösning som är möjlig att tillämpa generellt. Samtidigt är det av stor

    strategisk betydelse att ha ett välfungerande belöningssystem. Vi fick i uppdrag av Swedbank

    Juristbyrå att undersöka deras belöningssystem och hur de påverkar de anställdas motivation.

    Eftersom Swedbank Juristbyrå är en franchiseorganisation är det franchisetagarna själva som

    bestämmer vilket belöningssystem de vill använda. De har tre olika belöningssystem inom

    organisationen, fast lön, enbart provision samt kombinerat fast lön och provision. För att förstå

    hur de anställdas motivation påverkades av belöningssystemen användes teorier inom inre och

    yttre motivation, belöningssystem och vilka problem dessa kan medföra. Genom vår

    undersökning kom vi fram till att samtliga belöningssystem fungerar inom organisationen trots

    att det har tre olika belöningssystem och utför identiska arbetsuppgifter. Detta kan bero på att

    motivationen är ytters individuell men också att det är andra faktorer än belöningssystem som

    spelar en stor roll. Det är också mycket viktigt som franchisetagare att vara medveten om vilka problem de olika systemen kan föra med sig och hitta lösningar för att minimera risken för dessa att inträffa.

  • 65495.
    Walderton, Linn
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Wennberg, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    En studie av det långsiktiga sambandet mellan aktiemarknaden och småhusmarknaden i Sverige2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a quantitative approach, this paper examines the long term relationship between the stock market and house market in Sweden between 2004 and 2013 using Granger causality test and VAR analysis. The result is divided into different areas to examine if there are any differences in the relationship between the areas.The result shows that there exists a long term relationship between the stock market and house market in 8 of 10 areas in Sweden. This relationship is positive and runs from the stock market to the house market, which means that a rising in the stock market causes a rise in the house prices. This is consistent with a wealth effect. The VAR analysis shows divergent results where Stockholm has a negative relationship between the house market and the stock market.

  • 65496.
    Waldkirch, Matthias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    From professional interactions to relational work: Investigating relationships around non-family CEOs in family firms2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Relationships constitute a central and significant part of our lives and form the very foundation on which organizations are built. They provide meaning to work, create connections, and ultimately shape organizations. This dissertation adds to the growing literature on workplace relationships by studying the chief executive officer (CEO) in an organizational form that is inherently built on relationships: the family firm. Focusing on the introduction of a non-family CEO in a family firm, this dissertation investigates the meaning of relationships for non-family CEOs, the work they perform, and the organizations they reside in. It builds on a diverse set of relational perspectives and uses conceptual approaches and in-depth longitudinal case research.

    The first paper reviews, organizes and extends the literature on non-family CEOs by using gap-spotting and assumption-challenging. The second paper outlines how relationships in the triad between a non-family CEO and members of the current and next generation family owners influence whether a CEO stays or leaves the family firm. The third paper investigates how family firms adopt professional practices and outlines four modes of professionalization, showing how family firms‘ overprofessionalize’. The fourth paper follows a CEO succession and reorganization in a family firm over 16 months and investigates how contesting processes of job design and crafting change and create job systems.

    This dissertation contributes by introducing relational work as a core aspect of a CEO’s work, by extending our knowledge about non-family CEOs in family firms and by challenging the understanding of professionalization in family firms. It also contributes to practice by providing guidelines for structuring relations between family owners and (prospective) non-family CEOs.

  • 65497.
    Waldkirch, Matthias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Investigating the impact of non-family CEOs: A review and agenda for future researchManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As the field of family business matures, research has focused on actors outside the owner family. The most important non-family member a family firm can hire is arguably a non-family CEO. Given the limited pool of family members, family firms regularly hire such actors, but our knowledge of them is fragmented. Using a systematic literature review, this article collects, organizes and structures current knowledge on the impact of non-family CEOs in family firms. I then propose a research agenda by engaging in ‘gapspotting’ and ‘assumption-challenging’, first outlining gaps in the existing literatures and proposing research questions to fill them, then identifying and problematizing three underlying assumptions in the literature. Finally, I develop alternatives to stimulate new research about non-family CEOs.

  • 65498.
    Waldkirch, Matthias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Pulled apart but held together: Job system change as a contestation processManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the most prevalent elements shaping organizations is that of jobs and the systems they form. Building on the literature on job design, job crafting and their interplay, I investigate how job systems change during a reorganization. The findings show that job systems change through a contestation process between designing and crafting that undermines the existing job system while unintentionally creating a framework for an emerging job system. The emergent system stabilizes as employees increasingly accomplish work through that system. The article contributes to the literature on work design by investigating the interplay between job design and crafting and by outlining the consequences of crafting for job systems. The article further contributes to the understanding of the actors involved in job design and crafting, and it adds to the growing literature investigating the interplay of formal and informal structures.

  • 65499.
    Waldkirch, Matthias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Social identity theory and the family business2015In: Theoretical Perspectives on Family Businesses / [ed] Mattias Nordqvist, Leif Melin, Matthias Waldkirch and Gershon Kumeto, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 137-155Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social identity theory has given one of the most compelling answers to the question ‘who am I’ by linking identity to membership in social groups. After its adoption to organisational studies, where it has been used to understand, explain and forecast group behaviour, social identity theory has recently been adapted to family business research. After shortly briefly introducing social identity theory and its development, the chapter reviews how the theory has been used in family business research. As social identity theory in family business research has not been used to its fullest potential, the chapter then outlines several ways through which new insights into issues such as succession, non-family management and ownership could be created. In the conclusion, the chapter suggests a possible methodology for capturing social identity processes and proposes how family business research could offer new insights into social identity

  • 65500.
    Waldkirch, Matthias
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Melin, Leif
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Nordqvist, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Tonic or toxin? Investigating the adoption of  ‘professional’ practices in family firmsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Family firms have long faced pressures to “professionalize” their business and even their owner family’s systems. However, how professionalization unfolds over time and what it means for the business and family systems are unclear. We combine literature on professionalization and practice adoption to investigate how family firms adopt professional practices and adapt them to the underlying family and business systems. Relying on a longitudinal single case study, we have followed the professionalization process in a family firm for over a decade. Our findings show how family firms utilize four distinct modes of professionalization to balance family and business needs with professional practice requirements. We observe and conceptualize how family firms “overprofessionalize” when they adopt practices with an excessive degree of extensiveness, fidelity, and synchrony and show how overprofessionalization can be especially harmful to the family system. Thus, our study contributes by critiquing professionalization and focusing on the systems for which practices are adopted.

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