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  • 51.
    Andersson, Gunnar
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Critical rationalism and the principle of sufficient reason2009Inngår i: Rethinking Popper, Berlin: Springer , 2009, s. 21-30Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    According to the principle of sufficient reason we should always try to give sufficient reasons for the truth (or high probability) of our opinions. All such attempts lead to a trilemma of justification: they force us to choose between infinite regress, logical circle, or dogmatism. According to the principle of critical testing we should always try to test our opinions critically. It is reasonable to claim that opinions that has survived critical tests are true. Such truthclaims are conjectural and do not confront us with any trilemma of justification. Scientific theories can be tested through observations and experiments. Statements about observations and experiments can be tested by experience. Although Critical Rationalism is a philosophical position, it can also be critically discussed. If we follow the principle of critical testing, no trilemma of justification arises when we claim that it is reasonable to accept Critical Rationalism. This opens the way for a critical philosophy stressing the fallibility of human knowledge.

  • 52.
    Andersson, Linus
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria.
    "En individ som ingenting är, ingenting representerar": Meningskapande kring demokratiseringen i den liberala debatten om anarkisterna på 1890-talet2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 53.
    Andersson, Madeleine
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för humaniora (HUM).
    Upplevd realism i dokusåpans verklighet: En studie om hyperrealitet i Expedition: Robinson2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats studerar dokusåpan Expedition: Robinson som exempel på en hyperrealitet. Syftet är att förtydliga betydelsen av hyperrealitet som teoretiskt begrepp på ett svenskt sammanhang. Uppsatsen börjar därför med en introduktion av Jean Baudrillards teori om hyperrealitet och därefter en fördjupning i dokusåpagenrens historia, innan dokusåpans bemötande i pressen analyseras. Uppsatsen argumenterar för att det finns ett nära samband mellan dokusåpan som medialt fenomen och hyperrealiteten som teoretiskt begrepp, då båda är fiktioner som utger sig för att vara verkligheter: hyperrealitet är ett slags overklighet som ger intryck av förhöjd verklighet och dokusåpa är ett programkoncept som påstås visa verkligheten men egentligen konstruerar den.

    Uppsatsen undersöker hur och vad produktionen av dokusåpan betonar som ”verklighet”, dvs. vilka faktorer framhävs som verklighetstrogna. Som den första svenska, och tidigt kontroversiella, dokusåpan ligger uppsatsens fokus på Expedition: Robinson; som ett tävlingsprogram utspelad i en exotisk miljö, inspirerad av en litterär förlaga, är effekten av realism särskilt intressant i detta fall. Analysen av Expedition: Robinson koncentreras till produktionen och mediareceptionen främst av säsongerna 1 och 7, som resulterar i en diskussion kring mediebevakningens förändring och huruvida man kan uppfatta ett skifte i hyperrealitet i samband med den utvecklingen.

  • 54.
    Andersson, Rasmus
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Metodologiska utmaningar vid jämförande studier:: En fallstudie av Aaron Stalnakers "Overcoming Our Evil: Human Nature and Spiritual Exercises in Xunzi and Augustine"2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines Aaron Stalnakers,” Overcoming Our Evil: Human Nature and Spiritual Exercises in Xunzi and Augustine”; with respect to how he manages to avoid misinterpretations and anachronism in the face of handling two separate traditions of thought, as is required in comparative studies.

  • 55.
    Andersson, Samuel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria.
    God and the moral beings: A contextual study of Thomas Hobbes’s third book in Leviathan2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The question this essay sets out to answer is what role God plays in Thomas Hobbes’s Leviathan, in the book “Of a Christian Common-wealth”, in relationship to humans as moral beings. The question is relevant as the religious aspects of Hobbes’s thinking cannot be ignored, although Hobbes most likely had rather secular and sceptical philosophical views. In order to answer the research question Leviathan’s “Of a Christian Common-wealth” will be compared and contrasted with two contextual works: the canonical theological document of the Anglican Church, the Thirty-Nine Articles (1571), and Presbyterian-Anglican document the Westminster Confession (1648). Also, recent scholarly works on Hobbes and more general reference works will be employed and discussed. Hobbes’s views provide a seemingly unsolvable paradox. On the one hand, God is either portrayed, or becomes by consequence of his sceptical and secular state thinking, a distant God in relationship to moral humans in “Of a Christian Common-wealth”. Also, the freedom humans seem to have in making their own moral decisions, whether based on natural and divine, or positive laws, appears to obscure God’s almightiness. On the other hand, when placing Hobbes in context, Hobbes appears to have espoused Calvinist views, with beliefs in predestination and that God is the cause of everything. Rather paradoxically it not unlikely that Hobbes espoused both the views that appear to obscure the role of God, and his more Calvinistic views.

  • 56.
    Andersson Schwarz, Jonas
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Bloggen som annex till akademin: En skådeplats för kunskapande och vänskapande2015Inngår i: Universitetet som medium / [ed] Matts Lindström, Adam Wickberg Månsson, Lund: Mediehistoria, Lunds universitet , 2015, s. 109-134Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 57.
    Andersson, Åsa
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Bertha Wellin, Folke Henschen och gränsöverskridandets genusimplikationer2008Inngår i: Mångsysslare och gränsöverskridare: 13 uppsatser i idéhistoria, Umeå: Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier , 2008, s. 73-88Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 58.
    Andersson, Åsa
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Ett högt och ädelt kall: kalltankens betydelse för sjuksköterskeyrkets formering 1850-19332002Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis describes the impact of the notion of a calling on the development of the nursing profession during the period 1850–1933. The focus of the study is on how perceptions andnotions of a calling were altered over time, and in which way this historically shaped conceptinfluenced the professionalisation of the female health care work. Some contexts of relevancefor the notion of a calling and which are emphasised in the thesis are the women’s rights movement, the expansion of the civil servants’ movement, the professionalisation and modernisationof the health care system as well as the general secularisation of society.

    The study consists of three parts. The first part constitutes a conceptual background tothe notion of a calling and here the Christian heritage of ideas is examined. The second partof the thesis describes three leading institutions of nursing education: the Ersta Institution ofdeaconesses (1851), the Red Cross education (1867), and the Sophia Home (1884). The study shows how Lutheran features influenced these educational institutions, mainly the educationof the deaconesses. The meaning of the calling differed between the deaconesses and thenurses of the Sophia Home. The deaconnesses’ notion of a calling emphasised the value ofhumbly serving fellow beings, whereas the Sophia Home attached more importance to theelevated and noble aspect of the calling.

    The third part of the thesis is the most comprehensive one. It is here analysed how the circlearound the Swedish Nursing Association (SNA), used and related to the notion of a calling during the period 1910–1933. The description is structured under four themes. The first describes how the notion of a calling expresses a particular professional ideal and an ethical attitude characterised by a Lutheran work ethics with strong altruistic features. Under the second theme, the gendered perception of the vocation is discussed. It is claimed that the nursingprofession was not unambiguously permeated by feminine gendered perceptions. Instead the nurses’ professional ideal espoused a mixture of masculine and feminine gendered metaphors.Under the third theme, it becomes clear that the nurses’ proclamation of a calling strengthened and increased the status of the profession. Under the fourth theme, the nurses’notion of a calling is related to two male professional groups, doctors and clergymen, and thepessimistic and sombre spirit of time at the turn of the century, 1900. The general secularisation of society, and the gradual modernisation of the health care sector seemed to have contributedto a need for a professional corps, marked by strong tradition, apparently considereda guarantee for a health care system that would still comprise Christian love.

  • 59.
    Andersson, Åsa
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Förgubbningen av befolkningen: diskussioner om åldrandet i svenska läkartidskrifter 1945-19502004Inngår i: Historiens mångfald: presentation av pågående forskning vid Institutionen för historiska studier, Umeå universitet / [ed] Ann-Katrin Hatje, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2004, Vol. 1, s. 110-119Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 60.
    Andersson, Åsa
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur. Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för hälsa och kultur.
    Knife in the Heart: Suburban mythology in the new post-industrial order2010Inngår i: (Re)searching Gothenburg: Essays on a Changing City / [ed] Holgersson, Helena m. fl., Göteborg: Glänta produktion , 2010Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 61.
    Andersson, Åsa
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Successful ageing in modern social gerontology: a historical perspective on theories of activity and disengagement2013Inngår i: Social science in context: historical, sociological, and global perspectives / [ed] Rickard Danell, Anna Larsson & Per Wisselgren, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2013, s. 132-144Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 62.
    Andersson, Åsa
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Kalman, Hildur
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Kan man göra så i ditt ämne?2009Inngår i: Undervisning på tvären: Student - och lärarerfarenheter / [ed] Mona Fjellström, Umeå: Universitetspedagogiskt centrum (UPC), Umeå universitet , 2009, s. 47-58Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    I artikeln diskuteras de pedagogiska utmaningar som följer av att undervisa i tvärvetenskapliga sammanhang. Följande frågor ställs: på vilka sätt kan olika ämnesbakgrunder vara till hinder eller till hjälp i lärandesituationer?; vilka pedagogiska utmaningar ställs man inför som lärare?; vad sker med förståelsen av det egna ämnet efter möten med nya och annorlunda ämnestraditioner?; vilken roll spelar förmågan att kunna läsa texter från olika ämnen och traditioner än det egna, för att kunna uppnå en gynnsam lärandeprocess?

  • 63.
    Anstey, Tim
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur. KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitekturteknik.
    The ambiguities of disegno2005Inngår i: Journal of Architecture, ISSN 1360-2365, E-ISSN 1466-4410, Vol. 10, nr 3, s. 295-306Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 64. Arke, Pia
    et al.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköpings universitet, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om Migration, Etnicitet och Samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Scoresbysundshistorier: fotografier, kartor & kolonialism2010 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 65.
    Arnberg, Klara
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Pia, LaskarSundevall, FiaStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Sexualpolitiska nyckeltexter2015Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 66.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap.
    Draksjukan: mytiska fantasier hos Tolkien, Wagner och de Vries2007Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 67.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för humaniora.
    Draksjukan: Mytiska fantasier hos Tolkien, Wagner och de Vries2007Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 68.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV).
    Morgonrodnad: Socialismens stil och mytologi 1871-19142016Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Socialismen är den ideologiska rörelse som troligen haft snabbast spridning över världen någonsin. Sedan 1800-talets mitt har den satt avtryck inte bara på politikens och det sociala livets domäner, utan även på konst, litteratur, religion och livsåskådning. Många har beskrivit socialismens rationella sidor, men ingen rörelse blir mäktig utan att sätta hjärtan i brand. I Morgonrodnad. Socialismens stil och mytologi 1871–1914 får vi återupptäcka en romantisk och mytisk sida hos socialismen där Jesus är en större hjälte än Marx och strävan efter ”det vackra” är ett argument för det klasslösa samhället. Religionshistorikern Stefan Arvidsson beskriver först socialisternas bruk av myter och historier i konst och propaganda, och fördjupar sig sedan i den kulturella stil som dominerade rörelsen runt förra sekelskiftet. Idealen spåras här till det mäktiga amerikanska ordenssällskapet The Holy and Noble Order of the Knights of Labor. Samtidigt försökte konstnärer i Europa skapa en helt ny socialistisk kultur som skulle förvandla livets alla sysslor till ”skön konst”.

  • 69.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV).
    The Style and mythology of socialism: Socialist idealism, 1871-19142017Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Arguably no modern ideology has diffused as fast as socialism. From the mid-nineteenth century to the last quarter of the twentieth, socialist ideals played a crucial part not only in the political sphere, but also influenced the way people worked and played, thought and felt, designed and decorated, hoped and yearned. By proposing general observations on the relationship between socialism, imagination, myth and utopia, as well as bringing the late nineteenth century socialist culture – a culture imbued with Biblical narratives, Christian symbols, classic mythology, rituals from freemasonry, Viking romanticism, and utopian speculations – together under the novel term ‘socialist idealism’, The Style and Mythology of Socialism: Socialist Idealism, 1871–1914 draws attention to the symbolic, artistic and rhetorical ways that socialism originally set the hearts of people on fire.

  • 70.
    Axelsson, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Litteraturvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Shaftesbury om poetisk sanning och det naturliga samhället2017Inngår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 11-26Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the most original voices in British post-revolutionary philosophy belongs to the third Earl of Shaftesbury (1671–1713). Rather than supporting the Hobbesian and Lockean idea of modern political society as an artificially formed creation, Shaftesbury perceives society as a beneficial outcome of nature and natural rationality. Shaftes­bury’s understanding of natural society is furthermore entwined with aesthetic mat­ters. The aim of the following article is twofold. First, due to the fact that Shaftesbury’s ideas rarely are analysed in any detail by Swedish scholars, it offers an introduction to Shaftesbury’s take on the complex relation between society and poetry to readers of eighteenth-century intellectual history in general, and readers of the history of literature in particular. Second, given that Shaftesbury is frequently regarded as the first modern advocate of aesthetic autonomy, I wish to problematize such an account by showing how Shaftesbury opposes the idea that poetry holds an instrumental value for society, while he simultaneously maintains the inseparability of poetical truth, artistic whole, and political naturalism. As this article shows, the Promethean myth of creativity is central for Shaftesbury’s understanding of the relation between society and poetry.

  • 71.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam). Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Urfolkshälsa: utmanande  och svårfångad2015Inngår i: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 92, nr 6, s. 726-735Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines Swedish health research regarding the Indigenous Sami people and the lack of epidemiological data. A historical overview underlines that Swedish research is hampered by Sami people having been the subject of studies by the National Institute of Racial Biology between 1920 and 1950. Public health research has mainly taken place during the last 20 years. There are no current epidemiological studies and this is linked to the fact that Swedish official statistics do not report on ethnic groups in the country. Ethnic statistics is a sensative issue and new ethical principles need to be worked out where the Sami, as constitutionally recognized indigenous people, are allowed to decide whether they want to be part of official statistics, and if so, what statistics would be relevant and how it should be collected.

  • 72.
    Axelsson, Roger
    et al.
    Riksarkivet.
    Christensson, Jakob
    Riksarkivet.
    Karlsson, Åsa
    Riksarkivet.
    Milton, Lena
    Svenskt biografiskt lexikon 100 år2017Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 73.
    Aydin, Sami
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik och filologi.
    Sergius of Reshaina: Introduction to Aristotle and his Categories, Addressed to Philotheos.: Syriac Text, with Introduction, Translation, and Commentary.2016Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 74.
    Aydin, Sami
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik och filologi.
    Sergius of Reshaina, Introduction to Aristotle and his Categories, Addressed to Philotheos: Syriac Text, with Introduction, Translation, and Commentary2015Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    There are two related texts extant in Syriac written by the physician and commentator Sergius of Reshaina (d. 536) about the philosophy of Aristotle. This book provides a critical edition and a facing English translation of the shorter of these texts. The edition is based on the single preserved manuscript of the text (Berlin, Petermann I 9). An introduction to Sergius’ life and works, and an analysis of the text in its intellectual context, is also provided. His writing is one of the earliest analyses on Aristotelian philosophy in the Syriac language and presents concepts that were taught at the Neoplatonist school of Ammonius Hermeiou (d. 517-526) in Alexandria.

    Sergius received his philosophical and medical education in Alexandria and was active in the city of Reshaina as one of the first translators of profane Greek material into Syriac. He translated chiefly medical works by Galen, especially those that were studied in the Alexandrian school, but also the theological corpus of Pseudo-Dionysius. Sergius composed some original works on Aristotle’s philosophy as well. Through his translation work and literary activity, he paved the way for the later engagement in medicine and Aristotelian philosophy among Syriac writers. His importance and influence is acknowledged by the historical testimonies to him, as well as by the numerous ways in which his works were read and used.

    The text of Sergius, edited here, treats themes that are primarily found in Aristotle’s Categories. After a preface, in which the author refutes potential criticism and justifies his writing, he begins his work with a traditional division of the philosophy into theory and practice with their respective subdivisions. He also presents the Platonist notion of universals, before introducing the ten categories of reality into which, according to him, Aristotle had arranged all existing things. However, Sergius discusses the categories of substance, quantity, quality, and relatives more extensively, since these four were considered to be the main categories. Many problems related to these categories are presented together with proposed solutions. Other topics described by Sergius are such as what is a distinctive property, the natural philosophers’ view of the four elements, the modes of opposition and its difference from contrariety, and the five kinds of priority. Moreover, Sergius provides a relatively lengthy discussion of the nature of space and whether it belongs to the category of quantity. This discussion is based on the Alexandrian commentators’ interpretations of Aristotle’s Physics rather than the Categories. In the commentary section of this edition, Sergius’ line of thought is clarified and compared to some Greek commentaries from the same tradition.

  • 75.
    Backman, Fredrick
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Från föhn till feu!: Esrange och den norrländska rymdverksamhetens tillkomsthistoria från sekelskiftet 1900 till 19662010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about the origin, planning and establishment of the European Space Research Organisation's (ESRO) sounding rocket base Esrange outside Kiruna in Northern Sweden. Three main questions are examined. First I show there were not just scientific and technical but also political, economical as well as military reasons to build a European rocket base. Second, I scrutinize the reasons to choose Northern Sweden as the location for the rocket base. As it turns out, the main reasons were the favourable location of Northern Sweden within the aurora oval zone, the proximity of the Kiruna Geophysical Observatory, and the possibility to use a large, although not quite uninhabited, area where the launched rockets could crash. Finally, I examine the difficulty of talking about boundaries of various kinds, such as temporal, spatial and functional. The essay also provides a discussion on possible ways to continue research on this topic.

  • 76.
    Backman, Fredrick
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Making Place for Space: a History of 'Space Town' Kiruna 1943-20002015Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Science and technology have a tendency to clump together in places where they spawn other forms of societal activities. Sometimes these places become famous through processes known as place-making, or the social construction of place. Because the scientific and technological activities affect the places, and the places conversely affect the science and technology, it is relevant to study how and why these connections emerge.

    This dissertation examines the particular case of the northern Swedish town of Kiruna, which has become known for being a `space town' because of its scientific, technological, and other activities that relate to the near space around the earth. The overall objective is to analyse the processes underlying the making of Kiruna as a space town in the period 1943--2000.

    Five parts make up the study. First is an examination of how the development of space physics research in Kiruna led to the setting up of a scientific observatory. The second part studies how the Swedish participation in the European Space Research Organisationmade Kiruna the place for a rocket base. Next follows an analysis of how local business efforts contributed to forming a new satellite technology business and the Space House office building. The fourth part concerns how the visions to establish a space `university' eventually led to the emergence of the Space Campus. Last is an epilogue that briefly analyses the space tourism efforts in Kiruna.

    A central finding is that the space town has emerged as the result of entwined processes where, on the one hand, ideas about the near space around the earth have led to new activities and physical structures, and, on the other hand, these new activities and built structures conversely have inspired to new ideas. Of importance is also the geographical place where these developments have occurred. Here, a reoccurring argument to placing the activities and structures in Kiruna was the town's geographically favourable location for specific scientific and technological activities.

    Another finding is that the development has gradually led to the emergence of a kind of identity or notion of Kiruna as a particular place for space activities. Although this form of place-making has occurred largely through spontaneous processes, it was also the result of intentional efforts.

    Together, these different place-making processes have formed the `space town' of Kiruna.

  • 77.
    Backman, Fredrik
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Is there a Nordic Model for the treatment of introduced tree species?: A comparison of the use, policy, and debate concerning introduced tree species in the Nordic countries2016Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891, Vol. 31, nr 2, s. 222-232Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article compares the use, policy, and debate concerning introduced tree species in the five Nordic countries (Finland, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, and Iceland). These countries have a long common history and are culturally similar. They are often framed under the benchmark of the Nordic Model or even the Nordic Forestry Model. Therefore, we hypothesize that the Nordic countries' treatment of introduced tree species share common aspects, and that global environmental agreements and international currents in science and policy have reinforced these similarities. The comparison shows that globalization is strong and it seems, at least at a first glimpse, that the Nordic countries follow a kind of Nordic Model in their approach to introduced tree species. However, the history and importance of forestry, ecological conditions, afforestation campaigns, traditions of using introduced trees, understandings, and stakeholder positions have shaped different national and even regional path dependencies and circumstances. This, in turn, has transmuted international policy-making, regulations, and discussions into different specific ways to interpret, control, and implement the use of introduced trees in practice. This article concludes that global environmental agreements and international currents in science and policy adapt to diverse national contexts.

  • 78.
    Barow, Thomas
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen för Pedagogik.
    Begreppet "obildbar" som en social konstruktion. Teoretisk diskussion och praktisk tillämpning inom den svenska sinnesslövården under 1900-talets första hälft2011Inngår i: Omsorg i förändring: en vänbok till Karl Grunewald / [ed] Olov Andersson, Thomas Barow, Magnus Tideman, Intra , 2011Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Teoretisk diskussion och praktisk tillämpning inom den svenska sinnesslövården under 1900-talets första hälft

  • 79.
    Barow, Thomas
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen för Pedagogik.
    Normaliseringens uppkomst och tidiga utveckling i Sverige2012Inngår i: Handicaphistorisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 1399-4786, Vol. 28, s. 73-100Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    THE ORIGIN AND EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF NORMALISATION IN SWEDEN. Normalisation can be seen as a key concept, both in disability research and in special education. In Sweden so far, the origin of this basic approach is connected to the time period after World War II. The purpose of this paper is to nuance this perspective. The existing Swedish historiography on normalisation, to some extent written by protagonists of the concept, will be discussed. We agree on the full effectiveness of normalisation based on a reform-oriented social policy from the 1960s. However, by means of historical research and based on hermeneutic methods, this study aims to demonstrate the concept’s origin and early development in Sweden already some decades before. For that purpose historical sources from contemporary Swedish litera-ture and reports from school authorities will be analysed. In particular the so called external schools for the feeble-minded had a certain impact on the emergence and spreading of the normalisation approach. As a result of our research, and by linking it to the development of the Swedish welfare state, normalisation can be contextualised historically. This outcome is of high relevance for understanding the history of a path-breaking concept. Finally, and with regard to the future, the question of adaptability and modernity of normalisation arises.

  • 80.
    Barow, Thomas
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen för Pedagogik.
    The Origin and Early Development of Normalisation in Sweden2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Origin and Early Development of Normalisation in Sweden: Normalisation can be seen as a key concept, both in disability research and in special education. In Sweden so far, the origin of this basic approach is connected to the time period after World War II. The purpose of this paper is to nuance this perspective. The existing Swedish historiography on normalisation, to some extent written by protagonists of the concept, will be discussed. We agree on the full effectiveness of normalisation based on a reform-oriented social policy from the 1960s. However, by means of historical research and based on hermeneutic methods, this study aims to demonstrate the concept’s origin and early development in Sweden already some decades before. For that purpose historical sources from contemporary Swedish literature and archives will be analysed. In particular the so called external schools for the feeble-minded (externatskolor för sinnesslöa) had a certain impact on the emergence and spreading of the normalisation approach. As a result of our research, and by linking it to the development of the Swedish welfare state, normalisation can be contextualised historically. This outcome is of high relevance for understanding the history of a path-breaking concept. Finally, and with regard to the future, the question of adaptability and modernity of normalisation arises.

  • 81.
    Bartonek, Anders
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Filosofi.
    Burman, AndersSödertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Idéhistoria.
    Hegelian Marxism: The Uses of Hegel’s Philosophy in Marxist Theory from Georg Lukács to Slavoj Žižek2018Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Since Georg Lukács and Karl Korsch in the 1920s, Hegelian Marxism has played a prominent role as a radical intellectual tradition in modern political theory. This anthology investigates how these Hegelian Marxists, in different historical, political and intellectual contexts during the last century, have employed Hegel’s philosophy with the aim of developing and renewing Marxist theory.

    Besides Lukács and Korsch the volume includes articles dealing with the thoughts of Herbert Marcuse, Theodor W. Adorno, Walter Benjamin, Evald Ilyenkov, Lucio Colletti and Slavoj Žižek. The overall purpose is to investigate if, and the degree to which, these thinkers could be interpreted as Hegelian Marxists, and how they use the Hegelian philosophy to better understand their own current society as well as situate themselves in relation to orthodox forms of Marxism. Taken together, the articles can hopefully contribute to an intensification of discussions about the critical and self-criticalphilosophy of Marxism today.

  • 82.
    Bartosiewicz, László
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Osteoarkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    János Matolcsi and the development of archaeozoology [Matolcsi János és a régészeti állattan fejlődése]2015Inngår i: Hungarian Grey, Racka, Mangalitsa [Szürkék, rackák, mangalicák]: Papers presented at the international conference honouring János Matolcsi, 25–26 November 2013 / [ed] Andrea Kőrösi, Ágnes Szotyori-Nagy, Budapest: Museum and Library of Hungarian Agriculture , 2015, s. 29-36Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 83.
    Bassin, Mark
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Idéhistoria.
    Etnicietet och ekologi: Lev Gumiljov och det poststalinistiska sovjetiska 1960-talet2014Inngår i: Tillsammans: Politik, filosofi och estetik på 1960- och 1970-talen / [ed] Anders Burman & Lena Lennerhed, Stockholm: Bokförlaget Atlas, 2014, s. 105-131Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 84.
    Bassin, Mark
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Idéhistoria. Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES).
    Kotkina, Irina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Idéhistoria.
    The Etnogenez Project: Ideology and Science Fiction in Putin's Russia2016Inngår i: Utopian studies, ISSN 1045-991X, E-ISSN 2154-9648, Vol. 27, nr 1, s. 53-76Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines the Etnogenez series of science fiction and fantasy novels. Launched in 2009 by the media producer, "political technologist," and Kremlin insider Konstantin Rykov, Etnogenez has enjoyed truly phenomenal success, developing into one of the most ambitious publishing projects of the post-Soviet period. At present it numbers more than fifty works, which circulate in millions of copies and additionally are broadly disseminated on the Internet and as e-books, audiobooks, and podcasts. There are Etnogenez fan clubs, computer games, and dozens of Internet discussion groups. Although the novels in the series differ widely in their plots and subjects, and are written in a variety of different science fiction genres, all of them are loosely inspired by the work of the historian and geographer Lev Nikolaevich Gumilev, in particular his theories of ethnogenesis (from which the project takes its name), passionarnost', and Eurasianism. The essay explores the powerful resonances between the Etnogenez project, the Gumilevian legacy, and the leading political and social narratives of Putin's Russia.

  • 85.
    Bassin, Mark
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Idéhistoria. Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES).
    Pozo, Gonzaldo
    Stockholm University.
    Introduction2017Inngår i: The politics of Eurasianism: identity, popular culture and Russia's foreign policy / [ed] Bassin, Mark ; Pozo, Gonzaldo, London: Rowman & Littlefield International, 2017, s. 1-16Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 86.
    Bassin, Mark
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Idéhistoria. Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES).
    Richardson, P.
    University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK.
    Kolosov, V.
    Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.
    Clowes, E. W.
    University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA.
    Agnew, J.
    University of California-Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA.
    Plokhy, S.
    Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.
    1917–2017: The Geopolitical Legacy of the Russian Revolution2017Inngår i: Geopolitics, ISSN 1465-0045, E-ISSN 1557-3028, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 665-692Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The essays collected in this forum discuss the geopolitical legacy of the Russian Revolution of 1917, one of the most momentous political events of the twentieth century. From a range of different academic disciplines and perspectives, the authors consider how the profound transformations in society and politics were refracted through space and geography, and how enduring these refractions proved to be. The authors focus on three themes that have been dominant in Russian affairs over the past century: 1)the problem of center-periphery relations, 2)the civilizational dynamics of Russia’s self-identification in relation to Europe and to Asia, and 3)the geopolitics of national identity.

  • 87. Becker, Karin
    Frédérique Rémy, Le monde givré, Paris: Éditions Hermann 20162016Inngår i: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 127-133Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 88. Becker, Karin
    Osmo Pekonen & Anouchka Vasak, Maupertuis en Laponie. À la recherche de la figure de la Terre, préface d’Élisabeth Badinter, postface de Jean-Pierre Martin, Paris: Éditions Hermann, 2014, ISBN 9782705688677, 234 S.2015Inngår i: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 143-147Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 89.
    Beckman, Jenny
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria.
    Collecting Standards: Teaching Botanical Skills in Sweden, 1850-19502011Inngår i: Science in Context, ISSN 0269-8897, E-ISSN 1474-0664, Vol. 24, nr 2, s. 239-258Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Standards of botanical practice in Sweden between 1850 and 1950 were set, not only in schools and universities, but also in naturalist societies and botanical exchange clubs, and were articulated in handbooks and manuals produced for schoolboys. These standards were maintained among volunteer naturalists in the environmental movement in the 1970s, long after the decline and disappearance of collecting from the curriculum. School science provides a link between the laboratory, the classroom, and the norms and practices of everyday life: between the various "insides" and "outsides" of educational and research settings.

  • 90.
    Beckman, Jenny
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria.
    Le projet Linné: Mobiliser et organiser les botanistes amateurs en Suède, 1972-19862007Inngår i: Des sciences citoyennes?: La question de l’amateur dans les sciences naturalistes, 2007Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract
  • 91.
    Beckman, Jenny
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria.
    Linneanska traditioner?: skolor, jubileer och botanisk praktik2014Inngår i: Svensk snillrikhet? Nationella föreställningar om entreprenörer och teknisk begåvning 1800-2000 / [ed] Staffan Bergwik, Michael Godhe, Anders Houltz, Magnus Rodell,, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2014, Vol. S. 199-220, s. 199-220Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 92.
    Beckman, Jenny
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria.
    The publication strategies of Jons Jacob Berzelius (1779-1848): negotiating national and linguistic boundaries in chemistry2016Inngår i: Annals of Science, ISSN 0003-3790, E-ISSN 1464-505X, Vol. 73, nr 2, s. 195-207Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article follows the publication strategies of the Swedish chemist Jons Jacob Berzelius (1779-1848). It focuses on the role of language and translation in Berzelius' efforts to strengthen his own reputation, and that of Swedish science. As an author and editor, Berzelius encouraged the translation of his own works into several languages, while endeavouring to preserve the status of Swedish as a language of scientific publication in the face of French, and increasingly German and English, dominance. Reforming the Transactions of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and launching several new scientific periodicals, Berzelius also attempted to influence the publication practices in other countries. Recent scholarship on the history of scientific publication has drawn attention to the practical difficulties of determining and getting hold of the relevant publications in one's field, the 'malleability' of the journal medium, and the common practice of reprinting and summarising papers published elsewhere. Berzelius' publication strategies highlight translation - time-consuming, unreliable and problematic in terms of authorisation and ownership - as one aspect of the wider problem of communicating across national and linguistic boundaries. Berzelius' struggles with the practicalities of communicating across borders in times of war, the choice of language and its consequences, and national standards of publication, demonstrate the importance of a transnational perspective on the history of scientific publication.

  • 93.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria.
    A Suitable Country: The Relationship between Sweden's Interwar Population Policy and Family Planning in Postindependence India2010Inngår i: Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte, ISSN 0170-6233, E-ISSN 1522-2365, Vol. 33, nr 3, s. 297-320Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article delineates a strong continuity, particularly in terms of personnel, between interwar domestic population policies and Sweden’s postwar participation in international and transnational population-control programs. It argues that Swedish engagement in population control and family planning in the emerging Third World, and particularly in South Asia, was motivated by the conviction that poverty and underdevelopment must be attacked on several fronts simultaneously, with population control being one of the most important. In its first bilateral aid programs Sweden would prioritize the promotion of birth control primarily because it was still too controversial to be promoted multilaterally, not least for religious reasons; and because Swedish experts were regarded as especially liberal, rational, and secularized. Sterilization expertise played no decisive part in this continuity. When first establishing themselves in South Asia, Swedish experts would recommend the rhythm method and other contraceptive methods that depended on self-control.

  • 94.
    Berg, Annika
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur och estetik.
    Anna Katarina Sissak-Bardizbanian2018Inngår i: Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2018Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 95.
    Berg, Annika
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur och estetik.
    Birgitta Almgren, Dröm och verklighet: Stellan Arvidsson - kärleken, dikten politiken, Stockholm: Carlssons 20162018Inngår i: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 138, nr 3, s. 588-590Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 96.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria.
    Den gränslösa hälsan: Signe och Axel Höjer, folkhälsan och expertisen2009Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation investigates the mutual life project of Signe (1896-1988) and Axel Höjer (1890-1974), a married couple who were key actors in the construction of the Swedish welfare state. It emphasises the ways in which they went about asserting a special public health expertise in different contexts. As starting points I take the malleability of the concept folkhälsa (people’s health or population health) and the centrality of expertise in the governance of modern societies. Theoretical concepts such as gender, policy transfer, biopower and governmentality are central to the analysis.

    The dissertation includes three parts. The first part investigates how the Höjers agreed to coordinate their work and how they, with reference to ideas picked up in France and England at the end of World War I, attempted to reform mother and child health care in Sweden. Their strategies where rhetorical but also practical, using Hagalund outside Stockholm as their experimental ground.

    The second part investigates, firstly, how Axel Höjer, as General-Director of the Medical Board of Sweden (1935-52) asserted a sociomedical expertise, integrating the emerging social sciences and universalist views on the organisation of the welfare state into the realm of medicine, in order to launch ideas of a thorough reorganisation and expansion of the Swedish health care system. His focus was on preventive medicine and health care, with the complete physical, mental and social health of the whole population as an explicit goal. Secondly, it explores how Signe Höjer at the same time tried to launch ideas on health and wellbeing as a social politician and a public committee member. She also tried to define family policy as a specific policy area. However, despite her training as a nurse and a social worker, she was largely confined to asserting a particularly ”female” expertise, which made her position rather ambiguous in terms of authority.

    The third part investigates how the Höjers, in the 1950s and 60s, worked with international health, Axel mainly for the WHO in India and Ghana, Signe as a policy entrepreneur, primarily in the fields of childcare and family planning. My findings partly confirm theories that see development aid as an extension of domestic social policy, but they challenge the view of aid as a simple one-way process. I demonstrate how the Höjers at least tried to adapt their projects abroad to meet local circumstances, and also show how they brought lessons from the third world to a domestic public. In the latter case they did not primarily act as experts of Swedish-style social policy, but as experts on the developing countries and on development aid.

  • 97.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria.
    Det politiska privatlivet: samarbete, konflikter och kompromisser i Signe och Axel Höjers äktenskap2011Inngår i: Par i vetenskap och politik: intellektuella äktenskap i moderniteten / [ed] Annika Berg, Christina Florin, Per Wisselgren, Umeå: Boréa , 2011, s. 253-300Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 98.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria.
    En ful vana: Cigaretten och den nya kvinnan i 1930- och 40-talens Sverige2010Inngår i: In på bara huden: Medicinhistoriska studier tillägnade Karin Johannisson / [ed] Torbjörn Gustafsson Chorell & Maja Bondestam, Nora: Nya Doxa , 2010, s. 87-110Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 99.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria.
    From Copycats to Double Agents: Axel and Signe Höjer and the Transfer of Public Health Policies in 20th Century Sweden2007Inngår i: Transferring Public Health, Medical Knowledge and Science in the 19th and 20th Century: Conference Proceedings, 2007, s. 133-154Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 100.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria.
    Kristina Engwall, Magdalena Bengtsson Levin und Stefanie von Schnurbein (red.): Hälsa – makt, tolkning, styrning. Stockholm: Institutet för Framtidsstudier 2008 (= Framtidens samhälle; 13), 231 S. [recension]2009Inngår i: NORDEUROPAforum: Zeitschrift für Politik, Wirtschaft und Kultur, ISSN 1863639X, Vol. 12, nr 1, s. 163-164Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
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