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  • 51.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Floro, Maria
    Uppsala University.
    Effect Of Microfinance On Vulnerability, Poverty and Risk In Low Income Households2007Report (Other academic)
  • 52.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Floro, Maria
    Effect Of Microfinance On Vulnerability, Poverty and Risk In Low Income Households2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Uncertainty and unpredictability faced by low-income households increase their vulnerability making poverty even more unbearable. India’s National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)-initiated Self-Help Group (SHG) program, which is currently the largest and fastest growing microfinance program in the developing world, has been aggressively promoted as a way of combating poverty. This paper investigates whether or not SHG participation results in reducing poverty and vulnerability. A theoretical framework is developed to examine the mechanisms through which the pecuniary and non-pecuniary effects of the SHG program on the beneficiaries’ earnings and empowerment, influence their households’ ability to manage risk. Going beyond the traditional poverty estimates, we use a vulnerability measure which quantifies the welfare loss associated with poverty as well as different types of risks like aggregate and idiosyncratic risks. Applying this measure to an Indian panel survey data for 2000 and 2003, we find that SHG members have lower vulnerability as compared to a group of non-SHG (control) members. Furthermore, we find that the poverty contributes to about 80 percent of the vulnerability faced by the household followed by aggregate risk.

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  • 53.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Floro, Maria
    Microfinance, Vulnerability and Poverty among Low Income Households2014In: International review of applied economics, ISSN 0269-2171, E-ISSN 1465-3486, Vol. 28, no 5, p. 539-561Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 54.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Floro, Maria
    American University, NW Washington, DC, United States .
    Microfinance, Vulnerability and Risk in Low Income Households2014In: International review of applied economics, ISSN 0269-2171, E-ISSN 1465-3486, Vol. 28, no 5, p. 539-561Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 55.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Floro, Maria
    Microfinance, Vulnerability and Risk in Low Income Households2014In: International review of applied economics, ISSN 0269-2171, E-ISSN 1465-3486, Vol. 28, no 5, p. 539-561Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate if participation in the Indian Self Help Group (SHG) program results in reducing poverty and vulnerability. The theoretical framework examines the mechanisms through which the pecuniary and non-pecuniary effects of the SHG impacts the households’ ability to manage risk. We use a vulnerability measure that quantifies the welfare loss associated with poverty and different types of risks, on an Indian panel survey data. Our results show that SHG members are less vulnerable compared with a group of non-SHG (control) members. About 80% of the vulnerability faced by the households is poverty related.

  • 56.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Floro, Maria
    Uppsala University.
    Reducing Vulnerability through Microfinance: Evidence from Indian Self Help Group Program2010Report (Other academic)
  • 57.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Floro, Maria
    Department of Economics, American University.
    Reducing Vulnerability through Microfinance: Evidence from Indian Self Help Group Program2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate if participation in Indian Self Help Group microfinance program (SHG) results in reducing vulnerability. Vulnerability estimates are constructed using cross-sectional SHG rural household survey data, collected in 2003. The potential selection bias is eliminated by propensity score matching to estimate the average treatment on treated effect using nearest neighbour matching and local linear regression algorithm. We find that despite a disproportionately high percentage of poor in the SHG members, vulnerability is not significantly different between the SHG and non-SHG members. This result is found to be robust using sensitivity analysis and Rosenbaum bounds method.

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  • 58.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Misum, Stockholm School of Economics.
    Garikipati, S.
    University of Liverpool Management School, Liverpool, UK.
    Wallentin, F. Y.
    Department of Statistics, Uppsala University.
    Does Foreign Aid Improve Gender Performance in Recipient Countries?2020In: Journal of International Development, ISSN 0954-1748, E-ISSN 1099-1328, Vol. 32, no 7, p. 1171-1193Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An explicit goal of foreign aid is to promote female empowerment and gender equality in developing countries. We investigate if foreign aid achieves this intended goal by examining its impact on gender performance of recipient countries at the country level. Employing structural equation models, our results suggest that aid alone, even when targeted to directly improve gender outcomes, is unlikely to shift systemic inequalities. Aid will need to bolster civil society efforts that challenge institutional structures and norms in order to impact gender outcomes at country level.

  • 59.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden.
    Garikipati, Supriya
    University of Liverpool Management School, UK.
    Group-based financial services in the global South: Evidence on social efficacy2021In: The Routledge Handbook of Feminist Economics / [ed] G. Berik; E. Kongar, Abingdon: Routledge, 2021Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Women’s community-based savings clubs were observed as early as the late 19th century across the Global South. Microfinance promised to provide financial services to the poor (predominantly women in the Global South) that lack access to formal banking. This chapter provides a synthesis of the existing evidence on the impact credit services have had. It covers two specific issues: the impact of credit on poverty and its impact on women’s empowerment. The chapter uses an analytical framework drawn from a coalescence of basic methodological principles within feminist economics scholarship described by Power as the “social provisioning approach.” Specifically, it also uses well-being as a central measure of economic success and the notion that human agency is important. From the perspective of a “social provisioning” framework, impact on income alone would give us at best a partial picture on the social efficacy of credit.

  • 60.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Center for Sustainability Research and Misum, Stockholm School of Economics; Södertörn University.
    Garikipati, Supriya
    Group-based financial services in the global south: Examining evidence on social efficacy2021In: The Routledge Handbook of Feminist Economics / [ed] G. Berik & E. Kongar, London: Routledge, 2021, p. 433-440Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Women’s community-based savings clubs were observed as early as the late 19th century across the Global South. Microfinance promised to provide financial services to the poor (predominantly women in the Global South) that lack access to formal banking. This chapter provides a synthesis of the existing evidence on the impact credit services have had. It covers two specific issues: the impact of credit on poverty and its impact on women’s empowerment. The chapter uses an analytical framework drawn from a coalescence of basic methodological principles within feminist economics scholarship described by Power as the “social provisioning approach.” Specifically, it also uses well-being as a central measure of economic success and the notion that human agency is important. From the perspective of a “social provisioning” framework, impact on income alone would give us at best a partial picture on the social efficacy of credit.

  • 61.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Misum, Stockholm School of Economics; Department of Economics, Södertörn University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Garikipati, Supriya
    Yang-Wallentin, Fan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics.
    Does Foreign Aid Improve Gender Performance In Recipient Countries?2020In: Journal of International Development, ISSN 0954-1748, E-ISSN 1099-1328, Vol. 32, no 7, p. 1171-1193Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An explicit goal of foreign aid is to promote female empowerment and gender equality in developing countries. We investigate if foreign aid achieves this intended goal by examining its impact on the gender performance of recipient countries at the country level. Employing structural equation models, our results suggest that aid alone, even when targeted to directly improve gender outcomes, is unlikely to shift systemic inequalities. Aid will need to bolster civil society efforts that challenge institutional structures and norms in order to impact gender outcomes at the country level.

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    fulltext
  • 62.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Hilding, Per
    Impact of Technological Change on the Incidence of Child Labour in the Indian Match Industry2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Indian match industry in the southern state of Tamil  Nadu has been characterized by child labour and a stagnant technology for  over half a century. We investigate the technological changes and  industrial restructuring, catalysed by the changing duty structure that has  moved the match industry towards greater mechanization. Our examination  indicates that increased mechanization in the production processes has  implied greater demand for skilled labour and a decline in child labour.

  • 63.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Jonsson, Per
    Microfinance in Sweden2010In: Handbook of microcredit in Europe: social inclusion through microenterprise development / [ed] Bárbara Jayo, Maricruz Lacalle, Silvia Rico, Karl Dayson, and Jill Kickul, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2010, p. 239-246Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 64.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Jonsson, Per
    Microfinance in Sweden2009In: Handbook of microcredit in Europe : social inclusion through microenterprise development / [ed] Bárbara Jayo Carboni, Maricruz Lacalle Calderón, Silvia Rico Garrido, Karl Dayson, Jill Kickul, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2009, p. 239-246Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 65.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. School of Economics, Sweden.
    Kambhampati, U.
    University of Reading, United Kingdom.
    Introduction2022In: The Informal Sector and the Environment / [ed] Ranjula Bali Swain; Uma Kambhampati, Abingdon: Routledge, 2022, p. 1-15Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The informal sector is core to the growth and livelihoods of many economies and is seen as both a highly dynamic sector and a fragile one. It provides significant amounts of employment across the world but the quality of this employment is often problematic, with employment in this sector characterised by ‘small or undefined work places, unsafe and unhealthy working conditions, low levels of skills and productivity, low or irregular incomes, long working hours and lack of access to information, markets, finance, training and technology’. As with all areas of regulatory control, there are two types of environmental regulation policies: command and control policies and economic incentives. Many studies suggest that informal economic activity should be formalised. Since pollution is an externality from production, government attempts to reduce it often take the form of taxes on pollutants and subsidies on the disposal of waste. This chapter presents an overview on the key concepts discussed in this book.

  • 66.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden.
    Kambhampati, U.University of Reading, United Kingdom.
    The Informal Sector and the Environment2022Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The informal economy - broadly defined as economic activity that is not subject to government regulation or taxation - sustains a large part of the world's workforce. It is a diverse, complex and growing area of activity. However, being largely unregulated, its impact on the environment has not been closely scrutinised or analysed. This edited volume demonstrates that the informal sector is a major source of environmental pollution and a major reason behind the environmental degradation accompanying the expansion of economic activity in developing countries. Environmental regulation and economic incentive policies are difficult to implement in this sector because economic units are unregistered, geographically dispersed and difficult to identify. Moreover, given their limited capital base, they cannot afford to pay pollution fees or install pollution- abating equipment. Informal manufacturing units often operate under unscientific and unhealthy conditions, further contributing to polluting the environment. The book emphasizes and examines these challenges, and their solutions, encountered in various sectors of the informal economy, including urban waste pickers, small- scale farmers, informal workers, home- based workers, street vendors and more. If the informal sector is to "Leave no one behind" (as the Sustainable Development Goals promise) and contribute to "inclusive growth" (an objective of the green economy), then its impact on the economy as well as the environment has to be carefully considered. This book marks a significant contribution to the literature on both the informal economy and sustainable development, and will be of great interest to readers in economics, geography, politics, environment studies and public policy more broadly.

  • 67.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden.
    Kambhampati, U.
    University of Reading, United Kingdom.
    Karimu, A.
    University of Cape Town, South Africa.
    Regulation, governance and the role of the informal sector in influencing environmental quality2022In: The Informal Sector and the Environment / [ed] Ranjula Bali Swain; Uma Kambhampati, Abingdon: Routledge, 2022, p. 16-41Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate the effect of the informal sector and a range of governance indicators on both global and local pollutants for a panel of 58 countries during 1996–2011. The analysis employs a fixed effects-instrumental variable generalized method of moments approach. We find that the size of the informal sector has a significant impact on environmental quality, which is conditional on the level of economic development. For developing countries, the informal sector has a significant positive impact on local pollutants, whereas for the developed countries the informal sector has a significantly negative effect on global pollutants. The findings also reveal that the impact of governance depends on the type of governance measure, the level of economic development and the type of pollutant. Control of corruption emerges as the single most important factor, especially in the non-OECD countries, in improving environmental quality. We argue that the efficacy of an environmental policy for a country with a large informal sector will be low if the policy measures do not address governance, size of the informal sector and environmental policy targets.

  • 68.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Kar, Ashim
    Competition in Microfinance: Does it affect Performance, Portfolio quality and Capitalization?2014In: Microfinance Institutions: Financial and Social Performance / [ed] Roy Mersland, R. Øystein Strøm, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 69.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Kar, Ashim
    Competition in Microfinance: Does it affect Performance, Portfolio quality and Capitalization?2014In: Microfinance Institutions: Financial and Social Performance / [ed] Roy Mersland and Øystein Strøm, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Growing competition amongst the microfinanceinstitutions (MFIs) in recent years has been blamed for the repayment crises inthe microfinance industry. This paper aims to investigate how competitionimpacts on MFIs’ outreach, financial performance, quality of loan portfolio andcapitalization. We control for potential endogeneity of the measures of marketpower. Employing Generalized Methods of Moments (GMM) estimation we find that increasedcompetition has no significant impact on MFIs’ depth of outreach andprofitability, but it can improve their capitalization levels. So, overall riskof MFIs’ can be offset to some extent by higher equity capital, if required ratios. 

  • 70.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Kar, Ashim
    Increased Competition among Microfinance Institutions and its effect on Outreach, Financial Performance and Efficiency: Recent Cross-country Evidence2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years the growing competition amongst the microfinance institutions (MFIs), has been blamed for the ‘repayment crisis’ in the microfinance industry. This paper is a comprehensive investigation of the impact of competition on the MFIs’ financial performance, outreach, repayment and efficiency. Using instrumental variables (IV) estimations to account for the endogeneity issues, the analysis is based on the global Microfinance Information Exchange (MIX) database. Preliminary results suggest that increased competition leads to lower efficiency but does not have an impact on MFIs’ financial performance, its outreach or repayment. 

  • 71.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Karimu, A.
    University of Ghana Business School, Legon, Ghana.
    Renewable Electricity and Sustainable Development Goals in the EU2020In: World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, E-ISSN 1873-5991, Vol. 125, article id 104693Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Renewable energy (RE) has a strong synergy with some of the sustainable development goals (SDGs), thus its successful deployment can potentially result in an impact on these SDGs. In this study, we examine the synergy effect of renewable electricity on selected SDGs via the electricity prices for the European Union (EU) countries. Using panel data and a two-step estimation approach, our findings indicate a strong synergy effect between renewable electricity prices, SDG 7 (affordable and clean energy) and SDG 8 (decent work and economic growth). The results further reveal that SDG 12 (responsible production and consumption) accounts for most of the future renewable electricity price variation (excluding self-effect), whereas future variation in SDG 7 (affordable and clean energy) and SDG 13 (climate action) are explained mostly by SDG 8 and SDG 12, respectively.

  • 72.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Stockholm School of Economics; Södertörn University.
    Karimu, Amin
    Renewable Electricity and Sustainable Development Goals in the EU2020In: World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, E-ISSN 1873-5991, Vol. 125, article id 104693Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Renewable energy (RE) has a strong synergy with some of the sustainable development goals (SDGs), thus its successful deployment can potentially result in an impact on these SDGs . In this study, we examine the synergy effect of renewable electricity on selected SDGs via the electricity prices for the European Union (EU) countries. Using panel data and a two-step estimation approach, our findings indicate a strong synergy effect between renewable electricity prices, SDG 7 (affordable and clean energy) and SDG 8 (decent work and economic growth). The results further reveal that SDG 7 accounts for most of the future renewable electricity price variation, whereas future variation in SDG 7 (affordable and clean energy) and SDG 13 (climate action) are explained mostly by SDG 8 and SDG 12 (responsible production and consumption), respectively. 

  • 73.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Center for Sustainability Research (CSR) & Misum, Stockholm School of Economics.
    Karimu, Amin
    University of Ghana Business School, Legon, Ghana.
    Gråd, Erik
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Renewable energy transformation and employment impact in the EUManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 74.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Center for Sustainability Research (CSR), Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Karimu, Amin
    School of Economics, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa.
    Gråd, Erik
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Sustainable development, renewable energy transformation and employment impact in the EU2022In: International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology, ISSN 1350-4509, E-ISSN 1745-2627, Vol. 29, no 8, p. 695-708Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The renewable energy transformation will impact the entire economy. We investigate the impact and interlinkages in employment and non-renewable energy with the renewable energy transition in Europe. We further assess the potential contributions of renewable energy and non-renewable energy to the variability (changes) of future employment, output, and carbon emissions within the European Union (EU). Analyzing recent data from 28 EU countries and Norway, we employ a panel vector autoregressive regression model to estimate the potential interlinkages. Our results suggest that the transition to renewable energy sources has a positive but small and significant net impact on average employment in EU. We further find that renewable energy consumption contributes substantially to the future changes in employment in the short and the medium term. The potential effect of employment on non-renewable fossil-fuel-based energy consumption is relatively lower. Moreover, future renewable energy consumption contributes significantly to variations in non-renewable energy, per capita carbon emissions and GDP per capita in the short and the medium-term. The contribution of non-renewable energy to the future variability in renewable energy consumption is low, reflecting the diminishing impact of fossil-fuel-based energy on renewable energy consumption.

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    fulltext
  • 75.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Stockholm School of Economics.
    Khambampati, Uma
    University of Reading, Reading, UK.
    Karimu, Amin
    University of Ghana Business School, Madina, Ghana.
    Regulation, governance and the role of the informal sector in influencing environmental quality?2020In: Ecological Economics, ISSN 0921-8009, E-ISSN 1873-6106, Vol. 173, article id 106649Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate the effect of the informal sector and a range of governance indicators on both global and local pollutants for a panel of 58 countries during 1996-2011. The analysis employs a fixed effects-instrumental variable generalized method of moments approach. We find that the size of the informal sector has a significant impact on environmental quality, which is conditional on the level of economic development. For developing countries, the informal sector has a significant positive impact on local pollutants, whereas for the developed countries the informal sector has a significantly negative effect on global pollutants. The findings also reveal that the impact of governance depends on the type of governance measure, the level of economic development and type of pollutant. Control of corruption emerges as the single most important factor especially in the non-OECD countries in improving environmental quality. We argue that the efficacy of an environmental policy for a country with a large informal sector will be low if the policy measures do not address governance, size of the informal sector and environmental policy targets.

  • 76.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Liljefrost, Emilia
    The democratisation of finance: future directions for microfinance2005Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 77.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Liljefrost, Emilia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    The democratisation of finance: future directions for microfinance2005Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 78.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden.
    Lin, Xiang
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Wallentin, Fan Yang
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    COVID-19 pandemic waves: Identification and interpretation of global data2024In: Heliyon, E-ISSN 2405-8440, Vol. 10, no 3, article id e25090Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The mention of the COVID-19 waves is as prevalent as the pandemic itself. Identifying the beginning and end of the wave is critical to evaluating the impact of various COVID-19 variants and the different pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical (including economic, health and social, etc.) interventions. We demonstrate a scientifically robust method to identify COVID-19 waves and the breaking points at which they begin and end from January 2020 to June 2021. Employing the Break Least Square method, we determine the significance of COVID-19 waves for global-, regional-, and country-level data. The results show that the method works efficiently in detecting different breaking points. Identifying these breaking points is critical for evaluating the impact of the economic, health, social and other welfare interventions implemented during the pandemic crisis. Employing our method with high frequency data effectively determines the start and end points of the COVID-19 wave(s). Identifying waves at the country level is more relevant than at the global or regional levels. Our research results evidenced that the COVID-19 wave takes about 48 days on average to subside once it begins, irrespective of the circumstances.

  • 79.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden.
    Min, Yongyi
    United Nations Secretariat, USA.
    Interlinkages and interactions among the sustainable development goals2023In: Interlinkages between the Sustainable Development Goals / [ed] Ranjula Bali Swain; Yongyi Min, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2023, p. 1-15Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 80.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden.
    Min, YongyiUnited Nations Secretariat, USA.
    Interlinkages between the sustainable development goals2023Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Interlinkages between the Sustainable Development Goals explores the complex relationships between the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by 193 United Nations Member States in 2015. The book provides an in-depth analysis of the interconnections between the economic, social, and environmental dimensions of sustainable development and the five pillars of the SDGs: peace, people, planet, prosperity, and partnerships. Covering a wide range of topics and themes, this timely book examines interlinkages at the thematic, regional, and country levels. Featuring case studies from across the globe, contributors explore the synergies and trade-offs among the SDGs using a variety of methodological approaches. Chapters also include examples of best practices and applications, demonstrating how interlinkages can be leveraged to achieve multiple SDGs simultaneously. This book will be an essential resource for a diverse range of audiences, including students and scholars in the areas of climate action, gender equality, industry, innovation, and infrastructure, and sustainable cities and communities. It will also be beneficial for policymakers, practitioners, researchers, and stakeholders in both the private and public sectors and civil society. 

  • 81.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden.
    Min, Yongyi
    United Nations Secretariat, USA.
    Preface2023In: Interlinkages between the sustainable development goals / [ed] Ranjula Bali Swain; Yongyi Min, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2023, p. xi-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 82.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Stockholm School of Economics and Economics, Sweden.
    Nsabimana, Aimable
    United Nations University-World Institute Development Economics Research, Finland.
    Financial inclusion and nutrition among rural households in Rwanda2024In: European Review of Agricultural Economics, ISSN 0165-1587, E-ISSN 1464-3618Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using Rwandan Integrated Household Living Conditions surveys (2013/2014 and 2016/17), we investigate whether financial inclusion leads to improved nutrition in rural Rwanda. Our empirical evidence shows a robust positive impact of financial inclusion by formal financial institutions, although informal institutions like tontines were ineffective in improving food expenditure or nutrition. Furthermore, the heterogeneous marginal effects of financial inclusion reduce the gender gap between the food expenditure and nutrition of female- and male-headed households. The results, hence, suggest that the country should promote formal financial inclusion to provide wide-ranging welfare effects by improving food security, nutrition and food expenditure in its rural communities.

  • 83.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Stockholm School of Economics.
    Ranganathan, Shyam
    Virginia Tech, USA.
    Modeling interlinkages between sustainable development goals using network analysis2021In: World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, E-ISSN 1873-5991, Vol. 138, article id 105136Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Universal, ambitious, and arguably ambiguous, the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) are difficult to measure, monitor, prioritize and achieve. They are a multi-dimensional construct of economic, social and environmental indicators that work through complex interlinkages. We investigate these interlinkages at the SDG target level to identify the trade-offs and synergies between the SDGs. Second, we identify the community of interlinked SDG targets to determine if the SDGs can be benchmarked and prioritized for different regions. Employing network analysis approach the analysis is based on the IAEG-SDG data for the period 2000–2017. We find several positive and negative interlinkages (reinforcing and balancing feedbacks) between the SDG targets. The trade-offs, however, are much weaker than the synergies. Analyzing network structures for different regions, our results suggest that universal benchmarking of SDGs is counterproductive. We argue that it may be useful to identify a specific community of SDG targets, and use them as a guide to prioritize certain goals in different regions.

  • 84.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Misum, Stockholm School of Economics and Department of Economics, Södertörn University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ranganathan, Shyam
    Modeling interlinkages between sustainable development goals using network analysis2021In: World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, E-ISSN 1873-5991, Vol. 138, article id 105136Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Universal, ambitious, and arguably ambiguous, the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) are difficult to measure, monitor, prioritize and achieve. They are a multi-dimensional construct of economic, social and environmental indicators that work through complex interlinkages. We investigate these interlinkages at the SDG target level to identify the trade-offs and synergies between the SDGs. Second, we identify the community of interlinked SDG targets to determine if the SDGs can be benchmarked and prioritized for different regions. Employing network analysis approach the analysis is based on the IAEG-SDG data for the period 2000–2017. We find several positive and negative interlinkages (reinforcing and balancing feedbacks) between the SDG targets. The trade-offs, however, are much weaker than the synergies. Analyzing network structures for different regions, our results suggest that universal benchmarking of SDGs is counterproductive. We argue that it may be useful to identify a specific community of SDG targets, and use them as a guide to prioritize certain goals in different regions.

  • 85.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Ranganathan, Shyam
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Mathematics.
    Setting Sustainable Development Goals – A Dynamical Systems approach2014Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Employing a novel dynamical system modeling approach with global data, our best-fit model identifies the mechanisms for reducing global greenhouse gas emissions to under 44 gigatonnes of carbondioxide equivalent (GtCO2e) by 2020. Our results show that with a business-as-usual scenario the global emissions will reach 61 GtCO2e by 2020. We test the estimated parameters to suggest options to set the Sustainable Development Goals in the post-2015 scenario. The analysis shows that a democratic equal reduction in the total emissions of all countries would imply a reduction of about 27.6% . The burden of reducing emissions, however, would not change much if the top 25 global emitters (includes, China, India, United States, Canada, Germany etc.) bear the full burden of this reduction. In a business-as-usual scenario where no global emission cuts are implemented, the model suggests that the emission-reduction technology should improve by at least 2.6 percent and tastes and preferences should improve by 3.5 percent, if the global emissions reduction target is to be met.

  • 86.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden.
    Sweet, SusanneStockholm School of Economics, Sweden.
    Sustainable Consumption and Production, Volume I: Challenges and Developmen2021Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Economic growth and increasing population impose long-term risks to the environment and society. Approaches to address the impact of consumption and production on bio-diversity loss, resource availability, climate change, and mounting waste problems on land and in seas have yet not proven to be successful. This calls for innovative approaches to address the complex environmental, social, and economic interrelationships that have to be addressed in transforming to sustainable development.  

    Sustainable Consumption and Production, Volume I: Challenges and Development aims to explore critical global challenges and addresses how consumers, producers, the private sector, international organizations, and governments can play an active role in innovating businesses to support a transitioning towards sustainable consumption and production. The book explores different approaches and innovations to address sustainable consumption and production. It details multiple social and economic contexts to the challenges and developments towards a sustainable consumption and production. The book is of interest to economists, students, businesses, and policymakers.

  • 87.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    van Lieshout, susanne
    Assessment Guidelines to the Quasi-Experimental Design for I-WEB and Managing People programmes in Trinidad and Tobago2001Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 88.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Van Sanh, Nguyen
    Van Tuan, Vo
    Microfinance and Poverty Reduction in the Mekong Delta in Vietnam2008In: African and Asian Studies, ISSN 1569-2094, E-ISSN 1569-2108, Vol. 7, no 2-3, p. 191-215Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 89.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Van Sanh, Nguyen
    Van Tuan, Vo
    Microfinance and Poverty Reduction in the Mekong Delta in Vietnam2008In: African and Asian Studies, ISSN 1569-2094, E-ISSN 1569-2108, Vol. 7, no 2-3, p. 191-215Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One common solution to resolve poverty is providing microfinance to the poor. Microfinance has been claimed to positively impact the livelihoods of the poor through accumulation of social, human, financial, natural, and physical assets. This paper empirically examines if microfinance contributes to the reduction of poverty in the Mekong Delta region of Vietnam. Analysing household survey data collected in 2006, from Hoa An commune in the Mekong Delta area, it investigates if microfinance leads to accumulation of assets. It further investigates how poor women are enabled to adopt livelihood strategies that lead to poverty reduction. Information is collected by implementing a household survey. This is further supplemented with qualitative information from Participatory Rural Appraisal, interviews with key informants and focus group discussions with members and non-members of the microfinance programs in the area. The main findings suggest that the process of accumulation of assets, leads to creation of livelihoods that result in increased household income and poverty reduction.

  • 90.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Varghese, A.
    Delivery mechanisms and impact of microfinance training in indian self-help groups2013In: Journal of International Development, ISSN 0954-1748, E-ISSN 1099-1328, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 11-21Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 91.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Varghese, A.
    Delivery mechanisms and impact of microfinance training in indian self-help groups2013In: Journal of International Development, ISSN 0954-1748, E-ISSN 1099-1328, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 11-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We evaluate the effect of delivery mechanisms for training provided by facilitators of self-help groups. Indian self-help groups are unique in that they are mainly non-government organisation-formed microfinance groups but later funded by commercial banks. We correct for both membership and training endogeneity. Training impacts assets but not income. Underlying conditions that benefit training include better infrastructure (as in paved roads), linkage model type and training organiser.

  • 92.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Varghese, Adel
    Uppsala University.
    Being Patient with Microfinance: The Impact of Training on Indian Self Help Groups2010Report (Other academic)
  • 93.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Varghese, Adel
    Department of Economics, Texas A & M University.
    Being Patient with Microfinance: The Impact of Training on Indian Self Help Groups2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We evaluate the impact of training provided by facilitators of Self Help Groups (SHGs).  This evaluation provides one of the first studies of the impact of ‘microfinance plus,’ or the disbursement of services beyond credit. Indian SHGs are mainly NGO-formed microfinance groups but funded by commercial banks. We correct for membership selection bias with data on current as well as future SHG members. We then account for potential training endogeneity with propensity score matching. Regression and unadjusted matching results indicate that training does not aid in asset accumulation but can reverse the negative impact of credit on income.  However, regression adjusted matching which controls for both participation and training selection bias reveals that training impacts assets but not income. These results are robust to sensitivity analyses performed on these estimates.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 94.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Varghese, Adel
    Uppsala University.
    Delivery Mechanisms and Impact of Training through Microfinance2011Report (Other academic)
  • 95.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Varghese, Adel
    Department of Economics, Texas A & M University, TAMU 4228.
    Delivery Mechanisms and Impact of Training through Microfinance2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We evaluate the effect of delivery mechanisms for training provided by facilitators of self help groups (SHGs). Indian SHGs are unique in that they are mainly NGO ‐formed microfinance group  but later funded by commercial banks. We correct for both membership and training endogeneity. Training impacts assets but not income. Underlying conditions that benefit training include better infrastructure (as in paved roads), linkage model type, and training organizer.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 96.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University / Texas A&M Univ, College Stn, USA .
    Varghese, Adel
    Does Self Help Group Participation Lead to Asset Creation?2009In: World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, E-ISSN 1873-5991, Vol. 37, no 10, p. 1674-1682Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 97.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Varghese, Adel
    Uppsala University.
    Does Self Help Group Participation Lead to Asset Creation?2008Report (Other academic)
  • 98.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Varghese, Adel
    Uppsala University.
    Does Self Help Group Participation Lead to Asset Creation?2009In: World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, E-ISSN 1873-5991, Vol. 37, no 10, p. 1674-1682Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We evaluate the effect of Self Help Group participation on a long term impact parameter, namely asset creation. Indian Self Help Groups (SHGs) are unique in that they are mainly NGO-formed microfinance groups but later funded by commercial banks. The results reveal that longer membership in SHGs positively impacts asset creation, robust to various asset specifications. With longer participation in SHGs, members move away from pure agriculture as an income source towards other sources such as livestock income. Training by NGOs positively impacts asset creation but the type of SHG linkage per se has no effect.

  • 99.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Varghese, Adel
    Does Self Help Group Participation Lead to Asset Creation?2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We evaluate the effect of Self Help Group participation on a long term impact parameter, namely asset creation. Indian Self Help Groups (SHGs) are unique in that they are mainly NGO-formed microfinance groups but later funded by commercial banks. The results reveal that longer membership in SHGs positively impacts asset creation, robust to various asset specifications. With longer participation in SHGs, members move away from pure agriculture as an income source towards other sources such as livestock income. Training by NGOs positively impacts asset creation but the type of SHG linkage per se has no effect.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 100.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Varghese, Adel
    Evaluating the Impact of Training in Self Help Groups in India2014In: European Journal of Development Research, ISSN 0957-8811, E-ISSN 1743-9728, Vol. 26, no 5, p. 870-885Article in journal (Refereed)
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