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  • 51.
    Berntsson, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Josefsson, Johanna
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Att leva med ett barn som drabbats av cancer – ett syskons perspektiv: En litteraturbaserad studie grundad på analys av kvalitativ forskning2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Every year, in Sweden, 250 children and adolescents below 15 years of age are diagnosed with cancer. Over 75% of those diagnosed are cured. Cancer affects not only the child but the whole family. Siblings of the affected child can easily suffer from a lack of attention.

    Aim:

    This study aimed to illuminate siblings' experiences of living in a family with a child affected by cancer.

    Method:

    A literature-based study based on nine qualitative studies.

    Results:

    The result showed that it was important for siblings to have someone close and not be alone, they needed to feel a community. Not to know and not to understand what has happened made them to feel grief, fear, stress and jealousy. Many siblings felt an insecurity because of a feeling of being forgotten, neglected and a feeling of loneliness due to the changes in everyday life.

    Conclusion:

    Parents to a child with cancer have often prioritized the sick child and the needs of the siblings, are left aside. Because the siblings often get sidelined they feel an insecurity when their everyday living get different. If the siblings get a positive experience from this period of illness, this may lead to a positive experience in life which make it easier to process what was happened.

  • 52.
    Bjärne, Erica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Björsell, Torbjörn
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Sjuksköterskans erfarenhet av att identifiera kvinnor som utsatts för våld i nära relationer2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: There is a perceived lack of knowledge among nurses when it comes to identifying women suffering from intimate partner violence (IPV).

    Aim: The aim of this study is to highlight nurses' experiences in the identification of women who are victims of IPV.

    Method: The study is a literature overview containing both qualitative and quantitative research articles. Nine articles, four qualitative and five quantitative, were analyzed according to Friberg’s (2012b) method.

    Results: This study shows two themes: flaws and strengths; with five sub themes; lack of education, lack of guidelines, stereotyping, confidence in the nurse-patient relationship and intuition.

    Conclusion: Conclusions were that nurses are lacking education in how to identify a patient woman who is suffering from IPV. Lack of guidelines concerning IPV was also a problem for many nurses. Many nurses also were stereotyping women suffering from IPV. A confidence building nurse-patient relationship was seen by many nurses as something positive in the identification of IPV. Intuition was something that many nurses used in the identification of IPV.

  • 53. Björk, Maria
    et al.
    Jenholt Nolbris, Margaretha
    Hedman Ahlström, Britt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Att vara barn och möta sjukdom2012In: Att möta familjer inom vård och omsorg / [ed] Eva Benzein, Margaretha Hagberg, Britt-Inger Saveman, Lund, 2012, p. 191-206Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 54.
    Bladh, Amanda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Vouros, Rebecca
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Vårdarens betydelse i flickors kamp mot anorexia nervosa: En litteraturöversikt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A desire to be beautiful enough from the eyes of society by losing weight is something that many girls struggle with. Anorexia nervosa is a disease that affects the individual both physically and mentally and is because of that difficult to treat. Even though the disease is difficult to treat health professional's should behave consistently and strive to create a mutual relationship in which individuals have confidence and affirmation.

    Aim: To illuminate the health professional's importance for girls' recovery from anorexia nervosa.

    Method: A literature review was chosen to this study and an analysis was made of eleven systematically searched articles and one unsystematic searched article. All articles were qualitative.

    Result: The analysis of the results revealed three themes: (1) Support to a better wellbeing, (2) The caring relationship, (3) Control and power. Six subthemes emerged: Motivation and participation, Health professional's response, Difficulties in the relationship, Structure and rules and Authority of care.

    Conclusion: The study confirms a number of ways that the health professional and the interpersonal relationship are significant for individuals suffering from anorexia nervosa. The results may contribute to an increased awareness and knowledge of individuals' perception of the health professional, which can facilitate and develop active health professional's understanding of individuals suffering from anorexia nervosa and how the health professional can support individuals to a better wellbeing.

  • 55.
    Blomberg, Simon
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Lundberg, Anitha
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Hivpositiva patienters upplevelser i mötet med sjukvården2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 56.
    Bohlin, Karl Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Wall, Petra
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Närståendes upplevelser av sjuksköterskans stöd i samband med plötsligt dödsfall: En litteraturbaserad studie grundad på analys av kvalitativ forskning2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In Sweden about 19000 people fall victims of sudden death every year. This covers around 20% of all deaths. Relatives are those who are closest to the patient, regardless of the type of relationship. When a patient suddenly dies this affects the relatives and they can suffer from high risk of complicated grief reactions or crises. Being the nearest professional contact in these situations, the nurse has an important role in supporting and guiding the relatives.

    Aim: The aim of this literature review was to nominate the relatives' needs of support from the nurse when a loved person suddenly dies.

    Method: The literature review was based on seven articles with a quality approach.

    Results:The analysis resulted in four themes; "to be seen and confirmed", "information", "take farewell" and "follow-up ".

    To be able to give support both mentally and physically, it is important for the nurse to give proper attention to the relatives. The nurse supports according to individual circumstances, giving clear and concise information. With privacy, peace and quiet the nurse may create the conditions for a dignified farewell. Afterwards, when the shock phase subsides, many questions need to be answered and a follow-up meeting is important.

    Conclusion:

    As nurses we will meet with relatives of patients who have suddenly died. Our results are, however, useful in all types of care, not only in cases of sudden death. The nurse´s attention to the relatives is an important factor in health care. Knowledge about the benefits of taking care of relatives in a situation of sudden death is, currently insufficient. Knowledge of the reactions of relatives who are confronted with sudden death needs to be further explored and existing research needs to be conducted / implemented in health care.

  • 57.
    Bohm, Hanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Ottosson, Erika
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Ett stormande hav – ett liv med bipolär sjukdom: En självbiografistudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Mental illness affects approximately 20-40% of the population in Sweden. To be able to meet these patients in a good way you need to understand the complexity of everyday life for a person with bipolar disorder. Each year about 1500 people commits suicide, of which about 90% has some form of mental illness.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to elucidate the experiences from people living with bipolar disorder. Method: The study was based on narratives, which in this case means analysis of autobiographies. Three autobiographies, written by people with bipolar disorder, were analyzed using Dahlborg-Lyckhage's method for inductive narrative analysis. Results: Four categories and ten subcategories emerged which describes positive and negative experiences about how it is to live with bipolar disorder. Negative experiences of healthcare result in powerlessness, anxiety and mental lability, whereas positive experiences of healthcare result in hope.

    Conclusion: As a nurse it is very important to keep in mind how complex it is to live with bipolar disorder. As a nurse you need to remember how important it is to understand and support the patients and their relatives.

  • 58.
    Bolinder, Therése
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Kvinnors upplevelser av sjuksköterskans bemötande i samband med ett missfall innan graviditetsvecka 162015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    A miscarriage counts as a women´s disease which brings the women into contact with a gynecological ward or emergency room. There she usually meet nurses that takes care of her. Pre-vious studies show that the nurse treatment during and after a miscarriage plays a big part how well women can cope a miscarriage.

    Aim

    This study aims to describe women´s experience of nurse´s treatment during miscarriage before the 16th week of pregnancy.

    Method

    A qualitative literature review was performed, based on eight qualitative articles. The articles were found from two differ-ent databases, Cinahl and Pub Med. Four articles were found unsystematic. All articles were re-viewed critically by the author.

    Results

    The result show four main themes: "Absence of support", "Absence of respect", "Making invisible" and "Nurses understanding". The four main themes gen-erated eight sub themes: "Perfunctory treatment", "Lack of empathetic treatment", "Not being taken seriously", "Inaccessible treatment", "Not being seen", "Being left alone", "To show honesty" and "To show dedication".

    Conclusion

    In this study a big need of being treated with empathy and taken seriously was identified. The women experience the nurses treatment inadequate. The nurse´s treat-ment to women who experience miscarriage must be improved, to satisfy the women´s different di-mensions of needs.

  • 59.
    Borgede, Emma
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Vuxna personers upplevelser av att leva med funktionsnedsättningen ADHD: - en självbiografistudie2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    ·ADHD  is a syndrome characterized by attention deficits, difficulty of concentration, restlessness and lack of control. The number of persons diagnosed with ADBD have increased over the past few years. One reason for the increase is believed to be that the knowledge has increased in recent years and more persons can be diagnosed . As a nurse it is important to know about ADHD and how it affects the persons with it.

    Aim. The purpose of this autobiography study was to describe the experience of adult persons living with the disability ADHD.

    Method. A qualitative approach was used for this literature review. In this study two biographies were analyzed. Qualitative content analysis was used with a manifest focus.

    Results The analysis of the biographies revealed two main categories; perceptions of lack of control and experiences of various emotions. The results shows that the person experience disorder in life, impulsiveness, difficulty of concentration, feeling different, anger and anxiety and being brave and curious.

    Conclusion To live with ADHD is something that effects the whole life for the person. To get the diagnosis is a relief and an explanation for their behavior. The authors of the biographies had both had a hard school time where extra help and support would have been valuable. The persons thinks that ADHD gives them both benefits and difficulties. Nurses can better help the persons by seeing each individual based on their own potential

  • 60.
    Brink, Eva
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Alsén, Pia
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Cliffordson, Christina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Validation of the Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R) in a sample of persons recovering from myocardial infarction – the Swedish version.2011In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 52, no 6, p. 573-579Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When people’s health is threatened, they generally develop illness perceptions to make sense of their illness. The Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R), developed by Moss-Morris et al (2002), has been widely used in many countries to measure such representations. However, since studies in this crucial research area are lacking in Sweden a Swedish version of IPQ-R was validated with a focus on the seven subscales: timeline acute/chronic, timeline cyclical, consequences, personal control, treatment control, illness coherence and emotional representations. Using confirmatory factor analysis, the aim of the present study was to validate the internal structure of the Swedish version in a sample of 202 persons (144 men and 58 women) who had been diagnosed with myocardial infarction four months earlier. Additionally, inter-correlations among the seven subscales and external concurrent validity were also investigated. The results of confirmatory factor analysis revealed that, in line with the English version of the IPQ-R, the specified seven-factor model had a satisfactory fit. One item was however not considered reliable and was therefore excluded from the instrument. The internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha coefficients) and the inter-factor correlations were relatively similar to those reported in the validation study of the original English IPQ-R. In tests of concurrent validity, the seven IPQ-R subscales were, as hypothesized, mainly associated with external variables. To conclude, the Swedish version of the IPQ-R’s seven dimensions, with one item removed, (total 37 items) was found to be a reliable and valid measure of illness perception.

  • 61.
    Brodin, Frida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Forsberg, Ludwig
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Föräldrars upplevelse av att leva med barn som har Autismspektrumtillstånd2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    There are several reasons why children are born with Autism Spectrum Disorder. The diagnosis is usually obtained in the child´s early years, often before the age of three years. Limits in social interaction, communication and emotions follow with the Autism Spectrum Disorder.

    Aim:

    To describe parents´ experiences of living with a child with Autism Spectrum Disorder in the daily life.

    Method:

    A literature-based study of nine articles with qualitative approach. The authors analyzed the articles with the purpose to obtain a greater understanding of parents´ experiences.

    Results:

    Three themes were constructed with suitable sub-themes. The main findings were that parents experienced isolation from their child and the community. Parents also described their life situation as greatly changed. Emotions that parents felt were anxiety, stress, grief, anger and frustration.

    Conclusion:

    This study provides information about how parents experience living with a child who has Autism Spectrum Disorder. One of the major problems was that the parents felt isolated both from their own child and the community. Parents also found it troublesome to complete family activities. This information gives the nurse opportunity to support and help the parents in an adequate way. Despite this, more study needs to be done to achieve an even better care for these families.

  • 62.
    Brolin, Andreas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Johansson, Ida
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Riskfaktorer för suicid hos män inom kriminalvård: En litteraturöversikt2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Suicide is a globally problem and it is the commonest cause of death among young men. Inmates in correctional facilities have higher suiciderate than general population. More knowledge about riskfactors could prevent suicide.

    Aim:

    The aim of this study was do describe suicide riskfactors among men in correctional facilities.

    Method:

    A literature review where both qualitative and quantitative articles were included. Twelve articles were analyzed and thematised into three themes and twelve subthemes.

    Results:

    Three themes were identified as the main riskfactors of suicide. The first theme is individual riscfactors, such as psychiatric disorders and substance abuse. The second theme is riskfactors related to incarceration, which involves enviromental aspects and lack of social relations. The last theme is riskfactors related to history of psycological, physical and social trauma.

    Conclusion:

    Awareness of riskfactors for suicide in correctional facilities is necessary to take adequate actions, in purpose to prevent suicide

  • 63.
    Brzovic, Ana
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Alm, Nikolina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    "Jag är inte mer än människa": En kvalitativ studie om de utmaningar behandlingsassistenter möter i att skapa och upprätthålla en professionell relation till ungdomar vid transitboenden2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Health is a broad definition and can be explained in different ways. Regardless of how different individuals perceive health, all clients need a good relationship towards professionals to achieve health. To create and maintain a good professional relationship can be demanding for care assistants, especially when working with adolescents under difficult circumstances.

    The aim was to enlighten challenges that care assistants encounter while creating and maintaining a professional relationship with adolescents at transit accommodations.

    The study had a qualitative approach and was based on five semi-structured interviews with care assistants at transit accommodations. The interviews were transcribed with the use of qualitative content analysis.

    Results showed the importance for care assistants to separate private life while working and to have clear boundaries to create a good professional relationship towards the adolescents. During the interviews all the participants agreed on the importance of theoretical and practical knowledge to accomplish a professional relationship towards the adolescents. Results also showed how various factors such as age, gender and culture can affect the care assistants ability to create and maintain a professional relationship.

    The conclusion was that care assistants encounter many challenges while working with adolescents. The care assistants need to build up a good professional relationship towards the adolescents in the transit accommodations for adolescents to feel safe and secure. To be able to do so the care assistants need theoretical knowledge and to have a unified staff group through explicit rules and policies.

  • 64.
    Brändström, Linnea
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Mazaz Pozveh, Nader
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Berggren, Ingela
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Nurses experience of collaboration between community healthcare and psychiatric in-patient care: a Swedish study2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of the study is to examine register nurses experiences of collaboration between community healthcare and psychiatric in- patient care.

    Background: Register nurses indicate a need of routines in collaboration between community health care and psychiatric inpatient care in the western Sweden region.

    Method: Qualitative content analyses of focus group interviews.

    Results: Register nurses experienced the healthcare communication program as a big obstacle in a developing process of a collaboration plan. The deficiencies in collaboration between the register nurses were due to poor knowledge about each group of nurses working tasks.

    Conclusion: The findings contribute an understanding of the barriers in collaboration between register nurses in the Community healthcare and Psychiatric in- patient care. That requires improvement from the nurse managers to contribute well function routines.

    Implications for Nursing Management: Nurse Managers need to develop a more structured collaboration plan between units to create a better collaboration in caring of the patient

  • 65.
    Bräutigam, Filippa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Hossain, Golam
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Hur sjuksköterskor främjar välbefinnande hos barn med malnutrition i Indien: en intervjustudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract:

    Malnutrition is a widespread problem in India and the rest of the developing countries. Children, adolescents and especially female children are suffering from it. Poor diet leads to an increased health risk in terms of infections, neurological diseases and stunting. The aim of the study was to illuminate what nurses do in order to promote wellbeing for children suffering from malnutrition in India. The study was a qualitative interview study with an inductive approach. The seven informants worked as nurses or clinical teachers at a pediatric clinic in a private hospital, East India. All informants had a long working experience of children care. Content analysis has been used to analyze the data material. The informants underlined the fact that there is an overall lack of knowledge about nutrition in the Indian society. The concept of a balanced diet is missing. The result also showed that the children´s wellbeing is promoted by playing and building their self-esteem. The findings can be used by nurses choosing to work in developing countries or when they meet refugees with a bad nutritional status.

  • 66.
    Buic, Ivan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Kazempour, Mitra
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Patienters upplevelser och erfarenheter av att leva med fatigue efter en stroke: En litteraturbaserad studie grundad på analys av kvalitativ forskning2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Stroke is the third largest cause of death in Sweden, each year about 30 000 people are diagnosed. Fatigue after stroke is a common hidden dysfunction that has been known only the last 10 years. It has earlier been perceived and treated as a symptom of depression after stroke. The prevalence of fatigue is 72 % in the first year after stroke, with evidence illustrating a decrease to 33% after 2 years. The aim of this study was to illustrate patient's experiences of living with fatigue after stroke. The method used was a literature study based on qualitative scientific articles.

    The results of the study shows five core themes: 'Barriers to return to employment', 'Lack of knowledge and understanding', 'Change in roles', 'Invisible disabilities' and 'Limitation to perform activities'. Conclusion: Fatigue after stroke leads to the suffering of the patient and relatives. Commonly, fatigue manifests itself most often when the patient is discharged from the hospital and can occur without the presence of physical disabilities. Fatigue limits the social life and creates conflicts in family relations. Furthermore, it creates difficulties to work and to perform physical activities. This ultimately leads to a loss of 'the self' and threatens the patient's sense of coherence. Healthcare workers have insufficient knowledge regarding fatigue to be able to provide adequate care and rehabilitation.

  • 67.
    Bylund, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Olsson, Marielle
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Faktorer av betydelse vid överrapportering mellan ambulans och akutmottagning2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Handover occurs as a daily task for health care professionals in all levels of care. Handover between ambulance crew and emergency department staff stands for the first exchange of information about a patient’s condition. Different factors may impact the handover communication and make it vulnerable.

    Aim

    The aim is to highlight factors of importance at handover between the ambulance and emergency room.

    Method

    A literature review of thirteen studies with qualitative and quantitative research approach. The purpose of this literature review was to provide an overview of the area.

    Results

    Experiences for health care professionals is that communication is important for patient handover between ambulance and emergency department. This information, as well as how information is structured and communicated, is an important part of the handover process. Knowledge, skills, responsibility and professionalism is conducive for making professional judgments. Health care workers pressured work environment, and lack of organizational structure are factors that can compromise patient safety.

    Conclusion

    Lack of good work environment, structure and common language has a negative impact on communication. Good attitudes as active listening and interest among staff increases prerequisites for good cooperation in handover

  • 68.
    Bäckebjörk, Christine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Gustafsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Distriktssköterskans erfarenheter av att uppmärksamma och tillgodose patientens andliga och existentiella behov2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In today's society and in health care are interests increasing in spiritual matters and spirituality importance. As district nurses, we shall meet the whole human consisting of body, soul and spirit. The district nurse ability to see and recognize the spiritual and existential needs are crucial for the holistic care.

    Aim: To describe district nurses’ experiences to observe and meet the patient´s spiritual and existential needs.

    Method: An empirical qualitative study was set up. Eight district nurses were interviewed about their experiences to observe and meet the patient´s spiritual and existential needs. The interviews were analyzed by using a content analysis.

    Results: The analysis resulted in two main categories and nine subcategories. The main categories were: "To observe and feel of the patient's state of mind" and "To have a developed excellent dexterity in meeting the patient." A main theme pervaded the result: "To be responsive."

    Conclusion: This study can work as a basis for discussion for professionals in health care and thereby contribute to increased knowledge about the experiences of observing and meet the patient's spiritual and existential needs. It can contribute to reflection that result in increased awareness of the spiritual and existential dimension in the holistic health care

  • 69.
    Bågenholm, Elin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Halvarsson, Gunnel
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Patienters erfarenheter relaterat till livsstilsförändringar efter en hjärtinfarkt: en litteraturstudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Myocardial infarction (MI) is a serious condition which may lead to sudden death. More and more people in Sweden survives after having suffered an MI. That means that more people are in need of follow-ups and health care advices regarding lifestyle changes after an MI. It is important for nurses to know how to behave, both towards the patients but also as a team leader, and to see the whole patient in his or her situation to be able to maintain hope.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe patients' experiences related to lifestyle changes after a myocardial infarction.

    Method: A literature study was made based on ten qualitative studies.

    Results: Three themes were found; "Moods and its effect on conducts", "Need of support and information" and "Prospects". The result showed that it was problematic for patients to make lifestyle changes due to fear of not knowing their own limits, lack of support and understanding from relatives as well as from health care personnel. The result also showed a lack of knowledge in patients regarding their illness and not knowing how to regain health. Hope and a sense of getting a second chance seamed to motivate patients in the recovery process.

    Conclusion: During the recovery process after a myocardial infarction is it important for the nurse to support and give information to both patients and relatives in order to help patients to achieve and maintain lifestyle changes. It is of great importance that the nurse may discover the different needs of the patients and individualize the care given to them. Regular follow-ups are significant to maintain motivation and to be able to make adjustments if necessary

  • 70.
    Börjesson, Elin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Strömberg, Sara
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Att vara förälder till ett barn med självskadebeteende: En litteraturbaserad studie2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Self- harm among children is a growing problem in Sweden. The behavior means that persons deliberately hurt themselves. It´s not only the child who suffer from this behavior, it also affect the parents and siblings. It’s important that the nurse can give parents the support and information that they need. Research is limited when it comes to parents’ experience of having a child who deliberately harm her-/himself.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to illuminate parents’ experiences of living with a child with deliberate self-harm.

    Method: A literature-based study based on analysis of ten qualitative articles was performed.

    Results: The result are presented in three categories; "Feeling responsible", "Desire to be a better parent", "Feeling invisible and extradited"

    Conclusion: Nurses need more knowledge about self-harm and how parents perceive their situation. Parents need more support and information from the nurse.

  • 71.
    Bøhmer Jensen, Bjørnar
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Sköld Reuterskiöld, Frida
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Patienters erfarenheter av sjuksköterskans bemötande på en akutmottagning: En litteraturöversikt2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    : During the first half-year of 2013 2.4 million people sought care at Sweden's hospital-bound emergency departments. The national board of health and welfare describes problems like long waiting times and a high workload on the emergency departments. The nurse has a central place in patient care at emergency departments, and patients´ experiences of nurse's attitude is an important factor in the quality of care.

    Aim:

    The aim was to describe patients´ experiences of nurses' treatment and aspects that affect the meeting at a somatic hospital-bound emergency department.

    Method:

    Literature review based on qualitative and quantitative empirical research.

    Results:

    The result showed that nurses encounter patients in an environment where the patient may be worried about their medical condition, about long waiting time, about the new environment, being in pain or the patient may feel alone and abandoned. The results are organized in three themes: "Responding to the waiting patient", "treatment during triage and priority" and "the patient's need for nurse's attention".

    Conclusion:

    The patient's experience of nurses is that a positive attitude and communication during the waiting period give the patient a feeling of being seen and reduces anxiety. Inadequate treatment during the waiting time can create a feeling of being neglected, ignored, forgotten and not being taken care of. In general patients are impressed by the nurses caring skills and almost all patients felt they were treated with respect and consideration, and they experienced the nurse as good or very good.

  • 72.
    Cardesjö, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Karlsson, Caroline
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Hellre sjuk och mager än frisk och fet: En litteraturbaserad studie av kvinnors upplevelser under behandlingen för anorexia nervosa2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Background

    Anorexia nervosa is a growing problem in society and it is most common among women. It is a complex disease that affects both the mental and the physical health. The disease expresses itself differently from person to person, therefore, treatment should be individualized. Nurses need to gain insight into how patients feel about the treatment in order to understand their experience. Previous studies use statistical research to evaluate treatment. This study focuses on describing patients' concrete experiences during care and treatment for anorexia nervosa.

    Aim

    The aim is to highlight women's experiences of care and treatment for anorexia nervosa at hospital wards.

    Method

    The study was based on qualitative articles containing interviews. Nine articles were analysed according to Friberg's (2012) qualitative content analyse for literature-based studies.

    Results

    Four themes and twelve subthemes emerged from the analyse. The findings of the results are characterized by feeling isolated, not being seen, feeling trust and taking one step at the time. The quality of care affects the outcome of the treatment.

    Conclusion

    Nursing patients with anorexia nervosa is a complex task and skilled staff is required. The whole patient should be treated, both physically and mentally. When treating only the physical the underlying problem still exist and relapse is inevitable. Every individual is different and everyone has different problems. Individualized care is therefore required for the best treatment results.

  • 73.
    Carlsson, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Johansson, Therese
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Sjuksköterskans förhållningssätt gentemot patientermed psykisk ohälsa: en litteraturöversikt2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Mental illness is a growing global burden of disease. Research shows it is common that patients with mental illness are objects for stigmatization. The nurse shall meet the individual needs for all patients. A holistic perspective will embody the view of the patient as a whole and integrate mind and body. Aim: The aim of this study was to illustrate the factors contributing to nurses’ approach toward patients with mental illness in the somatic care. Method: A literature review was used to analyze scientific articles related to the subject area. Five qualitative- and three quantitative studies are included in this review. Results: A central theme of Stigmatization was developed and linked to the major themes of Fear, Frustration and Engagement. Many nurses’ felt frightened and threatened by patients’ unpredictable behavior while some nurses had a more positive attitude. Conclusion: General stigma is common and may have developed early in life. Nurses’ negative approach is also affected by a lack of knowledge in mental illness, resources and support. Some nurses though, show empathy and interest in patients with comorbid mental illness.

  • 74.
    Christensson Forsberg, Michaela
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Ekekrantz, Linn
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Faktorer som påverkar patienters upplevelse av integritet i vården: en litteraturöversikt.2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Privacy is a human value which means the human being is inviolable and should be treated with respect for her identity. Privacy and dignity go hand in hand. When the nurse is listening sees the whole person and understands the patient, both dignity and integrity are preserved.

    Aim: The aim of this literature review was to highlight factors that affect patients' experience of integrity.

    Method:A literature review where nine qualitative scientific articles were reviewed according to the method described by Friberg.

    Results: In the analysis three themes and five subthemes emerged. Confidentiality and Dignity emerged as the main themes and sub-themes were: The experience of treatment, The experience of participation, The experience of trust, The experience of exposure and The experience of private zone.

    Conclusion: Patients did not feel that their privacy was preserved in a satisfactory manner. To preserve patients' privacy it’s important to understand how vulnerable they are and the nurse need to do everything possible to preserve patients' privacy. All nurses should think about and reflect on how they respond and treats the patients and how this affects their integrity. 

  • 75.
    Dahl, Hanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Michis, Ramona
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Att förebygga och lindra barns procedursmärta, oro och rädsla i samband med perifer venpunktion2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: By experiencing pain, children can recall to the situation and the pain can have a negative effect in the future. Painful procedures constitute a major part of the experience that children have of pain. Children cannot understand the benefits of the painful procedure based on their level of development neither that the procedure may be important for their health. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe different nursing interventions to prevent and alleviate children's procedural pain, anxiety and fear associated with peripheral venipuncture in children (aged 2-12 years). Method: This study was designed as a literature review and 10 articles, which corresponded to the aim of the study, were analyzed. Results: The results showed that distraction, support, and information can facilitate peripheral venipuncture for children. Various distraction techniques can be used to relieve children's pain, anxiety and fear during venipuncture. Examples of distraction methods is blowing soap bubbles, looking in a kaleidoscope or watching television. Nurses' positive approach can lead to successful procedure. Closeness of a parent during venipuncture can have a positive effect for the child while information is the key to a good relationship between nurse, parent and a child. Conclusion: Using distraction methods associated with peripheral venipuncture is a practical tool for children independent of age and development to relieve and prevent pain, anxiety and fear. Parental participation creates the ability to motivate the child to implement a peripheral venipuncture. A nurse can facilitate the peripheral venipuncture by supporting and informing the child with humor and the use of a simple language.

  • 76.
    Dahlberg, Eleonor
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Ernebro, Linnea
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Mötet mellan sjuksköterskan och den misshandlade kvinnan2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Nurses can meet women who have been victims of abuse anywhere in the healthcare. Healthcare providers have a responsibility to these women, and it requires a broad range of skills to identify the women and thus be able to help them. It is important to see all patients as unique individuals and provide good care to maintain their specific needs. This paper was done to increase the understanding of nurses' experiences in the encounter with the battered woman.

    Aim:

    The aim of this study was to illustrate how nurses experience the encounter with the battered woman.

    Method:

    Literature review with both qualitative and quantitative studies. Nine articles were chosen to be read, reviewed and analyzed.

    Results:

    Three themes and ten subthemes appeared. The nurse’s experience of the encounter with battered woman resulted in the following themes, the nurse's feelings in the encounter, the nurse's experience of the abused woman and the nurse's experience of their own profession.

    Conclusion:

    The results show that the encounter is a lack of knowledge within the studied subject. It appears that nurses' experiences in meeting with the battered woman are influenced by both personal and professional experience, knowledge and training, and an empathetic understanding of her

  • 77.
    Dahlborg Lyckhage, Elisabeth
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Fredén, Lars
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Hassler, Sven
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Pennbrant, Sandra
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Skyvell Nilsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Gränshinder: en kvalitativ och kvantitativ studie av samverkandesjukvård2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The project "Health care interaction" among different care providers was introduced as a trial activity in the municipalities of Strömstad and Tanum in the spring of 2010. The aim of health care interaction is to provide citizens health care adapted to their specific need within shortest possible time frame; Is emergency care not needed, the aim is to avoid that the care seeker ends up in an emergency room at the hospital. In this study experiences from health care interaction is described with quantitative as well as qualitative data. Empirical data is based on available medical statistics, focus group interviews with nurses with long experience from pre-hospital emergency care and home health care, questionnaires data gathered from other health professionals involved in the activity, individual interviews with nurses and physicians at call centers for medical information, primary health care centers, home health care, pre-hospital health care and elderly care. The analysis of the data reveal opportunities and expectations among the personnel as well as their willingness to develop and improve the health care. It's also evident that the general impression among health care personnel is that increased interaction among health care providers improves the quality of the health care given. Health care interaction also contributes to improved opportunities for person-centered care with an increased degree of continuity and participation for the patient. The study also reveals that collaboration between colleagues promotes development of individual and collective knowledge. Conclusions drawn from the study is that the documentation and information system used in health care interaction needs to strengthen the participation of the care seekers as well as to improve in accessibility for the personnel involved. In order for health care interaction to evolve and develop through close follow-up and evaluation, a more transparent and uniform system for documentation is recommended. It's also concluded from the study that the call center for medical information (1177) as one of the major actors in the health care interaction program has the best potential to instigate an expansion and development of the health care interaction among care providers.

  • 78.
    Dervisevic, Anel
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Olsson, Mary
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Föräldrars upplevelse av att ha ett barn som vårdas för cancersjukdom: en litteraturöversikt2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background. When a child is treated for cancer this affects the whole family for long periods. In Sweden about 250 children aged 0 to 15 years are diagnosed with cancer yearly. Aim- The aim of this study was to highlight parent's experiences when having a child treated for cancer.Method- Literature search has been done in Cinahl, Medline and PsycINFO where 8 articles were chosen. The articles have been reviewed to ensure quality. After that, the result was read and phrases that stood out were separated from the text and a summary of each was written.Then the codes were divided into subthemes and after that the subthemes created main themes.Result- The first period after the child's diagnosis the experiences often take form as chock, denial and stress. When the child underwent treatment parent's felt as the family were separated and change in daily life. After the treatment had ended parent's experienced being abandoned by the nurse staff. They also felt they lacked structure regarding the future. Conclusion- The parents experience anxiety, stress, and distress which lead to suffering.This suffering will always be there and cannot be eliminated. The health care should try to relieve and help parents through this tough situation. Be being there, giving support and meeting their needs, the nursing care can make it easier for parents.

  • 79.
    Dolderer, Zandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Friberg, Matilda
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Bli berövad sin barndom: växa upp tillsammans med en förälder som lider av bipolärt syndrom2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mental illness is a global problem, affecting up to one in ten people some time during their lives. In Sweden about two percent of all children aged 0-15 years live with a parent who suffers from mental illness. Bipolar disorder is a disease that affects approximately one to two percent of the global population. Studies have shown that children of parents who suffers from bipolar disorder is adversely affected by growing up with their ill parent. The aim of this literature review is to describe children´s experiences of growing up with a parent who suffers from bipolar disorder. A literature review with both quantitative and qualitative scientific articles was used. Four themes emerged during the analyze. Increased responsibility implies that the children had to take on a parenting and caring role for their ill parent. The second theme exclusion, means that children feel that they are not getting the information they need to manage their situation, and they experience ignorance from the environment. The third theme emotional effects and consequences illustrates children´s negative emotions during their childhood and the consequences they lead to in adulthood. The final theme coping strategies, highlights the fact that children had to develop strategies to deal with the chaotic situation they live in. Family care and family interventions is proven helpful for the children in managing their situation. Healthcare personnel need to pay attention to the patients children and give them more information about bipolar disorder.

  • 80.
    Dominguez Svensson, Itahisa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Ivarsson, Frida
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser och erfarenheter av att vårda patienter med självskadebeteende2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to illuminate the nurse's experiences when meeting with patients who have a self-harming behavior. The method used was a literature review with both qualitative and quantitative studies based on ten articles, studies were published in Scientific Publications. The result of the study shows that the nurse has different experiences and feelings regarding patients with a self-harming behavior. The nurses perceive themselves insufficient due to lack of knowledge in the area which affected their feelings and attitude. The result was divided into two areas, mixed emotions and limitations in health care.Conclusion: The lack of knowledge, training, supervision and guidelines were great. The results of the study show that the nurse's experiences were reflected by mostly negative emotions but that this may be related to lack of knowledge and structure in how to care for this population.

  • 81.
    Drottz, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Karlsson, Hampus
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Mötet mellan sjuksköterskan och den suicidnära patienten2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 82.
    Dunder, Ann-Catrin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Tegelström, Emmy
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    När livet blir begränsat: En litteraturöversikt av medelålders patienters erfarenheter av att leva med hjärtsvikt2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Heart failure is a chronic disease that usually is associated with the elderly patient. Heart failure also affect people in the middle-age but most studies have been done on the elderly patients' experience of living with heart failure.

    Aim:

    The aim of this study was to describe middle-aged patients' experience of living with heart failure.Method: The method used was a literature review which included both qualitative and quantitative articles published between 1999 - 2014.

    Result:

    The result showed four categories, Altered existence, Uncertainty, Changed life situation and Present and future.

    Conclusion:

    The presented results show life changes for patients with heart failure in middle age, both physical and mental. Patients could no longer handle their daily lives without rest or help. Vacuuming or going to the store to buy groceries can be the most physically demanding activity during the day. Many of the patients felt depressed.

  • 83.
    Edvardsson, Ingela
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Nysten, Maria
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Kartläggning av sjuksköterskors användning av kvalitetsindikatorer för god palliativ vård inom kommunal hemsjukvård2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 84.
    Ekberg, Therese
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Theodorsson, Sarah
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Att leva med bipolär sjukdom: En självbiografistudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Bipolar disorder is a chronic lifelong disease, which often occurs early in life. This disease contains diverse periods of depression, mania, hypomania, psychosis and mixed state. The symptoms of this disease can develop suicidal tendency. The bipolar disease provides experiences of instability, limitations in life and feelings of hopelessness. This leads to a difficulty of the acceptance of the illness. It is important, in caring for individuals with bipolar disorder, to communicate with respect, empathy and responsiveness.

    Aim:

    The aim of this study is to highlight people’s experiences of living with bipolar disorder.

    Method:

    This study is based on four autobiographies, and analyzed with a qualitative approach.

    Results:

    Four themes and twelve subthemes were created, based on the contents of the analyzed data. The four themes chosen were shades of bipolar disorder, to live or to die, to be "crazy" and mentally ill in the community.

    Conclusion:

    The result of this study reveals that many and varied experiences in conjunction with different disease periods occur, like joy and sorrow. Nurses need to be aware of these different experiences to be able to provide good care

  • 85.
    Elbing, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Gustavsson, Lise
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Anhörigas upplevelser av att leva med en närstående med Alzheimers sjukdom: En självbiografistudie2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background.

    Alzheimer´s disease is the third biggest disease in the west world and many people who has Alzheimer´s disease are living with their relative. It´s the relative who is one of the first to notice changes in their partner´s behavior. The fact that the relative is taking care of their partner for many years often leads to stress.

    Aim.

    The aim of this study was to illuminate what relative´s experience when they are living with a person who has Alzheimer´s disease.

    Method.

    The method performed was qualitative content analysis of autobiographies, described by Lundman and Hällgren Graneheim. The study was based on five autobiographies from Swedish authors.

    Results.

    Four categories with subcategories emerged. The categories were concern about the future, confinement with their partner, guilt over the decision they make and frustration over the situation that has occurred. Concern was about not longer recognizing their partner and that it is hard to let go of their partner. Confinement was how the life situation changed, limitation in their daily living and being constantly needed. Guilt was associated with fear of making wrong decisions and concealing the situation from outsiders or their own partner. The frustration was about irritation and resignation.

    Conclusion.

    It has been known from this study that concern about the future, confinement with their partner, guilt over the decision they make and frustration over the situation that has occurred is common among relative´s and it´s therefore important to take note of the relative´s experiences in order to design care as good as possible for the person who has Alzheimer´s disease.

  • 86.
    Emilsson, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Skyvell Nilsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Berndtsson, Ina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Pennbrant, Sandra
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Pedagogical challenges in nurse education: a case study focusing on the completion rate in theoretical education at a Swedish University2014In: Vol. 6, no 11, p. 14 s.-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The purpose of this survey was to relate completion rate and results on national clinical final examinations to student’s admission background and examination results for nursing and medical courses.

    Methods: The research data were based on a quantitative case study, with 286 nursing students, using statistical analysis.

    Results: The programme's overall completion rate was 76%, i.e. almost one out of four students did not complete the programme. The higher students' upper secondary/high school grades, the fewer attempts they needed to pass the nursing and medical courses exams (p<0.001). The average examination attempts needed to pass courses in medical science was significantly greater than the number needed to pass courses in nursing science (p<0.001). In a multivariate analysis both upper secondary/high school grades and average examination attempts needed to pass were significant predictors for national clinical final examination score.

    Conclusion: In sum, upper secondary/high school grades and examination attempts needed, especially for courses in medical science, may be regarded as important indicators of achieved knowledge and skills which are tested in the national final examination.

  • 87.
    Engelbrektsson, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Kniplén, Sanna
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Akut till sjukhus: Föräldrars upplevelser och erfarenheter då deras barndrabbats av akut sjukdom eller olycka2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    The number of children in Sweden is projected to rise over the next few decades. Right now, the proportion of children is about 20 percent of the entire population. As the pediatric population grows so does the pressure on emergency care, which in turn leads to an increased need for a good emergency care of the child and family.

    Aim:

    This study aims to highlight parents' experiences when their child needed medical care due to acute illness or accident. Method: A literature-based study based on ten qualitative studies.

    Results:

    When a child needs hospital care due to illness or accident, parents felt a need to be informed about their child's condition and treatment. They also felt a need of encouragement and support from health professionals. An important factor for parents was to be close to their children, they also wanted to be involved in their child's care. Feelings that could occur were anxiety, guilt and helplessness. The parents also had opinions about the hospitalization that included safety, environment and waiting time. The parents wanted to get their parenting confirmed by nursing staff and they were happy when the staff listened to their knowledge about their child. The parents expressed that their everyday life was affected by having their child in hospital. Conclusion: It is important that the nurses have knowledge about what parents experience in situations where their children’s health is acutely threatened. The result shows that parents experience many strong emotions in these situations and they all react in different ways. It is therefore important that the nurse is there to help and guide them

  • 88.
    Engström, Rebecca
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Sylvén, Johanna
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Svart mot vitt, Att leva med Borderline Personlighetsstörning: En kvalitativ litteraturstudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Borderline personality disorder is a complex mental disorder that has become increasingly common in those individuals who seek care today. These individuals are often perceived as being different by society and the health care system, because of the prejudice and lack of knowledge that exists around mental illness and borderline personality disorder. Aim: Highlighting adults experiences of living with a diagnosis of borderline personality disorder. Method: Literature study with qualitative approach. Seven articles were chosen to be read, reviewed and analyzed. Results: Three categories with seven subcategories appeared. Experiences of emotional pain, feelings of not being like everyone else and experiences of social interactions. Conclusion: The results show in general negative experiences in several different aspects. Feelings of hope for the future were countered with suicidal thoughts and self-destructive behavior. Negative emotions in behavior from society but also from health professionals, stigma that constantly surrounded their life-world, an attitude which in most cases is due to large gaps in knowledge. The authors included research that was done 20 years ago, and the results of this study show that the response and experience of the individuals has not been changed. This means that the knowledge is not as high as it should be and the skills of health professionals are not as current as it should be. Future research should focus on how health professionals should be able to raise their level of knowledge and respond to individuals in a more customized way.

  • 89.
    Eriksson, Annie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    olsson, Malin
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Föräldrars behov när barn vårdas på sjukhus2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Having a child who is hospitalized is difficult for parents when the hospital

    environment feels

    unfamiliar and stressful. Parental concerns and uncertainty about the

    diagnosis, treatment and prognosis worsens the situation further. The family is considered to

    have the greatest influence when it comes to a child's health and well-being, and therefore

    today´s care has become more family-centered.

    Purpose:

    The purpose of this study is to describe parents’ needs when their child is

    hospitalized.

    Method:

    A literature study based on qualitative research and articles were analyzed according

    to Fribergs model. Thirteen articles were analyzed.

    Results:

    Three themes emerged regarding parental needs during a child's hospitalization:

    "need for information” that is clear and individualized, "need for interaction for participation"

    and "need for support and encouragement."

    Conclusion:

    Parents want to be present when the child is in hospital. Parents’ uncertainty

    about their own

    participation lead to difficulties in becoming involved with their child’s care.

    Future research in this area is needed to improve the quality of care

  • 90.
    Eriksson, Carolina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Karlsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av arbetsrelaterad stressoch faktorer som bidrar till arbetsrelaterad stress: en litteraturöversikt2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Long-term stress can lead to reduced health among nurses which can result in impaired quality of care. Stress in nurses' work needs to be studied in order to prevent stress and impaired quality of care. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe nurses' experience of occupational stress and factors that contribute to occupational stress. Method: The method used was a literature review. Results: The analysis resulted in five themes which describe nurses' experiences of occupational stress and factors that contribute to occupational stress. These themes are; The nursing profession's change, Experience and education, High workload, Organization and work environment and Practical nursing. The result in this study shows that the strongest factors contributing to occupational stress in the nursing profession was; administrative work, objectification of patients, nurses' work experience and level of education, understaffing, high workload, time pressure, lack of support from management, cost savings, patient safety and palliative care. The nurses' experienced that their profession is changing and that the management does not appreciate or listen to them. Nurses' experienced feelings of inadequacy and powerlessness when they could not give patients good care because of occupational stress. They were afraid to hurt patients because of the stressful work environment. Conclusion: This study gives a deeper understanding of how nurses experience occupational stress and found several factors contributing to occupational stress. These findings can be used by health management and others to prevent occupational stress for nurses.

  • 91.
    Eriksson, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Hultén, Nathalie
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Personers upplevelser av att leva med psykisk ohälsa och vara en del av samhället: En litteraturstudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Most people with mental illness has experienced stigma in society in terms of discrimination and negative attitudes. This can lead to isolation and experiences of exclusion. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe people's experiences of living with mental illness. Method: The method was a qualitative literature study of nine qualitative articles. Results: The result showed three themes; "to be needed", "to be a part of the normal society" and "experiencing society's attitudes" Conclusion: The conclusion from this study is that people with mental illness experience feelings of despair, hopelessness, fear, loneliness, worthlessness, isolation, shame and low self-esteem because of their illness

  • 92.
    Eriksson, Jessika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Näseth, Maria
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Närståendes behov av stöd vid palliativ vård2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Relatives are those persons who are closest to the patient, regardless of relationship and included into the patient´s life world. When a person is in a palliative stage this affects not only the patient but also the relatives, as it implies such a big change in life for all. The nurse has an important role for both the patient and the relatives.

     Aim: The aim is to highlight the relative´s needs of support for palliative care.

     Method: A literature review based on previous research. Ten articles were found, nine with a qualitative approach and one with both qualitative and quantitative approach.

     Results: The analysis resulted in six themes, these were the result of the study. The six themes were, “to be seen an confirmed”, “good communication”, “continuous information”, “availability and continuity”, “to participate” and “to share responsibility with the staff”.

     Conclusion: As a nurse we come in contact with relatives of patients in a palliative setting in any form. Our result is useful in all types of care not only in palliative care. It´s much a question of attitude in our performance and attitude is such a large and vital component in health care.

     

  • 93.
    Erlandsson, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Olander, Marie
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Hur HBTQ-personer upplever det professionella bemötandet i samband med att de söker hjälp för psykisk ohälsa: En litteraturöversikt2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 94.
    Ferm, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Olsson, Nicklas
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Plötslig spädbarnsdöd, ett känsligt ämne: En litteraturöversikt om risker, förebyggande åtgärder och sjuksköterskans roll vid SIDS2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    The sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has always existed. In the early 1990's, researchers discovered that prone position was associated with a significantly higher risk for SIDS. This resulted in a lowered incidence of SIDS in the world. The campaign showed the value of risk knowledge and risk reducing methods, that's why new information campaigns about other risks regarding SIDS must occur.

    Aim:

    The aim was to describe the risk factors and preventive actions for SIDS, and the nurse's role regarding the preventive work. Method: A literature review based on 16 articles based on qualitative and quantitative studies. Result: This study shows that there are much more risk factors concerning SIDS than just the sleeping position. Use of a pacifier and breastfeeding have a risk reducing effect on SIDS, meanwhile high tog values, bedsharing and smoking during pregnancy increases the risk. SIDS is a very sensitive subject and parents can react with fear; this implies that the nurse has to have good communicating skills. Individual education gives the best parental compliance of risk reducing behavior regarding SIDS. The information that parents' should be given are risk factors and preventive methods in relations to SIDS. Conclusion: The risk factors and preventive methods that are of importance for SIDS, must be further investigated. Methods for how the nurse can inform the parents' is also a subject for further research on SIDS.

  • 95.
    Fernström, Jasmine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Linden Allu, Nadja
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Vårdpersonalens följsamhet till handhygienrutiner, faktorer som påverkar och dess konsekvenser: En Litteraturöversikt2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    The most common route of infection in health care is contact transmission via hands. In order to kill microorganisms and cut off transmission routes, it is important to adhere to proper hand hygiene guidelines.

    Aim:

    To examine health professionals' adherence to hand hygiene practices, factors that influence them and their consequences.

    Method:

    A literature review was used with quantitative and qualitative studies.

    Results:

    Our results are based on a compilation of seven analyzed articles. The combined results show that the nurses' lack of hand hygiene affected several factors. These factors are the application of hand hygiene practices, the use of gloves, the availability of resources, knowledge, education, and economic aspects. Lack of adherence to established hand hygiene guidelines affect patients extensively and can lead to nosocomial infections.

    Conclusion:

    The results demonstrate that availability is important for the adherence to hand hygiene practices. Work experience, training and working conditions are all important factors that affect the outcome of said hand hygiene guidelines

  • 96.
    Fetiu, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Akkaya, Aylin Linda
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    "Människor mår bäst av att känna betydelse i något": En kvalitativ studie om personliga strategier yrkesverksamma inom Rättspsykiatrin använder sig av för att främja välbefinnande.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Research tells us that mental illness, stress, exhaustion and burnout have become more noticed among staff in psychiatry especially among staff in forensic psychiatry. Lack of knowledge, social support and motivation are some of the factors that affect staff in a negative way. Satisfaction and respect among colleagues are things that instead brings joy and strength at work.

    Aim:

    The aim of this study was to examine the personal strategies professionals in forensic psychiatry uses to promote and preserve their well-being.

    Method:

    A qualitative approach was chosen and six professionals were interviewed with semi-structured interviews. The transcribed texts were analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results:

    The results of the interviews resulted in three themes: the experience of security and confidence at work, the art of seeing a difficulty as a challenge and well-being of different dimensions. The themes in turn resulted in six subthemes: security and confidence, sense of security, the network's importance to the well-being, self-motivation and personal strategies, meaningfulness in work and leisure and well-being factors characterized by.

    Conclusion:

    Personal strategies professionals in forensic psychiatry uses are the strategies that come with the experience. Colleagues, leadership, work environment, life outside work are some of the important factors that professionals feel provides energy to work in the best possible way. Family and friends are important for the professionals well-being and at work the security and confidence to the colleagues are important.

  • 97.
    Forsgren Gebring, Susanne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Forsman, Berit
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Working with Manchester Triage-job satisfaction in nursing2012In: Montreal 2012 International Biomedical & Nursing Forum, Sept 27-28, Program & Abstract Book, Montreal, 2012, p. 1-1Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 98.
    Forsgren Gebring, Susanne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Forsman, Berit
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Carlström, Eric
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Working with Manchester triage: job satisfaction in nursing2014In: International Emergency Nursing: Oral abstracts – 1st Global Conference on Emergency Nursing & Trauma Care: Dublin, Ireland, 18–21 September 2014, Elsevier, 2014, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 254-254Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: This study covers nurses' job satisfaction during triage at emergency departments in Western Sweden. Method: Data were collected from 74 triage nurses using a questionnaire containing 37 short form open questions. The answers were analysed descriptively and by measuring the covariance. Two open questions were analysed by content analysis. Results: The results showed a high degree of job satisfaction (88%). Triage as a method, the interesting nature of the work, and a certain freedom in connection with the triage tasks contributed to job satisfaction (R2 = 0.40). The nurses found their work interesting and stimulating, although some reported job dissatisfaction due to a heavy workload and lack of competence. Most of the nurses thought that Manchester Triage System (MTS) was a clear and straightforward method but in need of development. One result from the content analysis was difficulties in decision-making during the assessment of patients with multiple diseases. Since this patient group had increased in number, greater demands were placed on the nurses' competence. Conclusions: The rational modelling structure by which the triage method is constructed is unable to distinguish all the parameters that an experienced nurse takes into account. When the model is allowed to take precedence over experience, it can be of hindrance and contribute to certain estimates not corresponding with the patient's needs. The participants requested regular exercises solving and discussing patient scenarios, which can contribute to develop the instrument.

  • 99.
    Forsgren, Susanne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Forsman, Berit
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Carlström, Eric
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Working with Manchester triage: Job satisfaction in nursing2009In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 226-232Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article covers nurses' job satisfaction during triage at emergency departments in Western Sweden. Methods: Data was collected from 74 triage nurses using a questionnaire containing 37 short form open questions. The answers were analyzed descriptively and by measuring the covariance. The open questions were analyzed by content analysis. Results: The results showed a high degree of job satisfaction (88%). Triage as a method, the interesting nature of the work, and a certain freedom in connection with the triage tasks contributed to job satisfaction (R2 = 0.40). The nurses found their work interesting and stimulating, although some reported job dissatisfaction due to a heavy workload and lack of competence. Most of the nurses thought that Manchester triage (MTS) was a clear and straightforward method but in need of development. Conclusions: The rational modelling structure by which the triage method is constructed is unable to distinguish all the parameters that an experienced nurse takes into account. When the model is allowed to take precedence over experience, it can be of hindrance and contribute to certain estimates not corresponding with the patient's needs. The participants requested regular exercises solving and discussing patient scenarios. They also wanted to participate on a regular basis in the development of the instrument.

  • 100.
    Forsman, Berit
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Carlström, Eric
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Working with Manchester Triage: Job satisfaction in nursing2011In: EPS Montreal High-Technology Forum 2011: August 15-16, 2011, Montreal, Quebec, Canada : Abstracts, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study covers nurses' job satisfaction during triage at emergency departments in Western Sweden. Because more and more patients tend to seek care at emergency departments, it is of increasing importance to use methods that secure the patient's medical needs. It is therefore important to treat patients according to need, instead of according to order of arrival.The research question was: What contributes to job satisfaction during triage work? Data was collected from 74 triage nurses using a questionnaire containing 37 short form open questions. The answers were analyzed descriptively and by measuring the covariance. Two open questions prompted the participants to describe two triage scenarios. One of these related to a high level of job satisfaction. The other one was based on an unsatisfactory situation, which meant low or no job satisfaction. From the content analysis, the following core categories were extracted: the MTS method, the work environment at the emergency department, and the individual competence. The results thus consisted of individual and external factors. The open questions revealed that older colleagues at times questioned the triage of the younger ones. Difficulties in decision-making were encountered primarily during the assessment of patients with multiple diseases. Since this patient group had increased in number, greater requirements were placed on the nurses' competence.The results of the survey showed a high degree of job satisfaction (88%). Triage as a method, the interesting nature of the work, and a certain freedom in connection with the triage tasks contributed to job satisfaction (R2=0,40). The nurses found their work stimulating and interesting, although some reported job dissatisfaction due to a heavy work load and lack of competence. Most of the nurses (63%) thought that MTS was a difficult method with some disadvantages. MTS could not always distinguish all the parameters that an experienced nurse took into account during triage estimates. This could imply that the rational modeling structure by which the triage method is constructed is unable to distinguish all the parameters that an experienced nurse takes into account. When the model is allowed to take precedence over experience, it can be of hindrance and contribute to certain estimates not corresponding with the patient's needs. This was reflected in that as many as a third of the participants did not feel that MTS was safe for patients. Such factors reduced job satisfaction.The participants requested regular exercises solving and discussing patient scenarios. They also wanted to participate on a regular basis in the development of MTS. The method can thus contribute to a smooth work environment with high precision for certain groups of nurses. There are therefore good reasons to further research the influence of MTS in triage work. 

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