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  • 51.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Ekonomiska perspektiv på etnisk diskriminering2010 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 52.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Sexual orientation and earnings: A register data-based approach to identify homosexuals2010In: Journal of Population Economics, ISSN 0933-1433, E-ISSN 1432-1475, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 835-849Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [nb]

    This paper examines earnings differentials between homo- and heterosexual individuals by identifying sexual orientation with the help of information from register data. Register data enable us to avoid the misclassifications of sexual orientation often mentioned as a potential bias in survey-based studies. The results show that gay men are at an earnings disadvantage as compared to male heterosexuals while the earnings differential between lesbians and heterosexual women is very small. Our results are in line with results from previous research but are more reliable since we use a more reliable measure of sexual orientation than previous research.

  • 53.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    The effect of subtle religious representations on cooperation2011In: International Journal of Social Economics, ISSN 0306-8293, E-ISSN 1758-6712, Vol. 38, no 11, p. 900-910Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 54.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics. Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study.
    Salas, Osvaldo
    University of Gothenburg.
    Implicit influences of Christian religious representations on dictator and prisoner’s dilemma game decisions2011In: The Journal of Socio-Economics, ISSN 1053-5357, E-ISSN 1879-1239, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 242-246Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate how implicit influences of Christian religious representations affect prosociality. We examine the direct impact of religion as an independent variable on prosocial behavior. We do so by priming participants with religious words in a scrambled sentence task before they make a dictator game and a prisoner's dilemma game decision. Priming religious words significantly increased prosocial behavior in both games: participants in the treatment group were more generous and cooperative than participants in the control group. The priming effect was present regardless of participants’ self-reported religiosity. Self-reported religiosity was not correlated with generosity or cooperation.

  • 55.
    Ahrbom, Petter
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Norberg, Merita
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Med hjärta, själ och öron: om managerns roll och relation till artister.2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to increase the understanding for the different roles, division of work and the relationships between artists and music managers and what factors that may affect it, as well as what influence the new technological changes within the music industry have on the music managers’ work. The study is based on interviews with six artist managers and four artists.

    We can draw the conclusion that roles, division of work and the relationships between artists and music managers may look very different from one case to another. Basically, both artists and managers believe that the creative parts should be the artists’ responsibility while the business parts should be the managers’ responsibility. However, we have found that it is common that both actors want to participate in the other’s work and that is often is difficult to separate the creative tasks from the business tasks.

    The relationship between artists and music managers is often both personal and professional. However, trust is always important.

    The changes in the music industry have not reduced the importance of the music manager, but might have changed the roles and tasks that the manager will have to face.

  • 56.
    Aidemark, Lars-Göran
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Baraldi, Stefano
    Catholic University, Milan.
    Funck, Elin K.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Jansson, Andreas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    The importance of balanced scorecards in hospitals2010In: Performance measurement and management control: Innovative concepts and practices / [ed] Epstein, M.J., Manzoni, J-F and Davila, A., Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2010, p. 363-385Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 57.
    Akan, Fatih
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Backman, Wilhelm
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Kok, Kim Fai
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    How to wrestle the Dragon to overcome the Great Wall: A case study on how Swedish SME’s handle institutional barriers in China2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the past decade there have been a large increase of Swedish companies entering the Chinese market. It has been explained that entering the Chinese market can be the biggest challenge a firm will face. It has therefore been of great interest to study this problem. We have in this thesis chosen to study Swedish SME’s established in China, and how they have used their business network to overcome institutional barriers. This study also has the objectives of giving a description of the general procedures of setting up a business in China, and to prepare other firms that have plans on entering the Chinese on what the most common obstacles there are when setting up a business in China.

    To be able to fulfill our objectives a qualitative research method and an abductive research approach must be applied. The empirical findings will consist of primary data and that is collected through semi-structured interviews in both Sweden and China. The theoretical framework consists of theories regarding Institution theory, Business Network theory, and the concept of guanxi.

    In our analysis we have combined our empirical data with our theoretical framework to be able to analyze and answer to what extent a business network can be used to overcome institutional barriers when setting up a business in China.

    Through our analysis we have drawn the conclusion that through the business network’s knowledge, experience and guanxi it has made it possible for firms to set-up in China.

    Keywords

    Institutional Barriers, Legitimacy, Business Network, Experiential Knowledge, Guanxi, China.

  • 58.
    Akhabari, Mohammad
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Alpenberg, Jan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Scarbrough, Paul
    Brock University, St Catharines, Canada.
    Wennberg, Eric
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Target Costing as a Dynamic Capability in Swedish Publicly Traded Companies2012In: Paper presented at the 8th Asia-Pacific Management Accounting Association Annual Conference, Xiamen, China, November 14-17, 2012, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The increased importance of product development can be seen in both recent research on Dynamic Capabilities as well as research on the use of Target Costing (TC). The Dynamic Capabilities literature is primarily developed in the USA and Europe, while the TC practice is rooted in Japanese practices and has been transferred to the west. This study examines the relationship between the Dynamic Capabilities of the product development team and the implementation of Target Costing (TC) in publicly traded companies in Sweden. Using established concepts from both the Dynamic Capabilities and Target Costing literatures we find partial support for the relationship. We suggest that there may be a bias in the development of Dynamic Capability research that does not comprehend organization practices such as those seen in Japan, Sweden and in Lean Production organizations more generally. Reasons for this are discussed and proposals for further research are proposed.

  • 59.
    Akhbari, Mohammad Reza
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Sullivan Svensson, Johanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Påverkan mellan ekonomistyrningen och inköpsfunktionen: En studie av Sandvik och Scania2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Title:

    The Impact of Management Control Systems on the Purchaser Function - A study of Scania and Sandvik Authors: Mohammad Reza Akhbari and Johanna Sullivan Svensson Published: 2011 Keywords: Management control, purchasing function, impact, control, control instruments, Key Performance Indicators, measurement, communication and organizational structure. Background and problem formulation: In order for a company’s business idea or vision to be fulfilled, the management of a company needs assistance from various means to intentionally affect the operation in the desired direction. Management control concerns activities of both financial and non-financial character in order to implement the strategy of a company and to reach profitability. Since the purchaser function is responsible of spending 50 percent of a company’s total revenue, the function has an optimal starting point to be a key actor in the shaping and execution of a company’s strategic plan. The management control and the purchaser function can therefore impact each other, and how this appears and why, constitutes the problem that we have studied. Objective: The objective of this study is to examine the impact between the management control and the purchaser function and to explain why it appears this way.

    Method:

    To answer our objective we chose to interview and to study two companies in the manufacturing industry in order to compare and draw similarities, as well as differences in how our problem seems in reality. The approach of our study can be seen as deductive as we have built upon theory in order to compare the result with the empirical data when we drew the conclusion.

    Theory:

    We have studied a variety of literature and articles that treat the management control system in its entirety and governance within the purchaser function. In our theoretical references one can find Inga-Lill Johansson different perspectives of the use of information in 4

    an organization, the aspect of measurement and follow-up on the management control system by van Weele, as well as the theory of the purchaser function as a gatekeeper by Lau et al.

    Conclusion:

    The result of the study proves that there is an impact between the management control system and the purchaser function. This influence already occurs when the choices of the control instruments are being made, as these are based on the overall strategy and vision of the company. By doing performance measurements the companies can se whether the impact is negative or positive. We further prove the impact of the purchaser function on the management control based on its location in the organizational structure. Finally we draw the conclusion that the flow of information between the management control and the purchaser function is used as basis for the impact between the two.

  • 60.
    Akhbari, Mohammad Reza
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Wennberg, Eric
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Target Costing i Large Cap: -2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Master Thesis G3 in Business Administration, Business School at Linnaeus University, Management Control, 4FE90E, Spring 2012

    Authors: Mohammad Akhbari och Eric Wennberg

    Tutor: Jan Alpenberg

    Title: Target Costing in Large Cap

    Background and problem formulation: Since the 1980s, the product of the company has become increasingly important, because of increased competition and rapid technological development. To succeed in the Product development, “Target Costing” can be used as an important financial tool to calculate costs based on an established price and profit margin. Research shows that the method widely has been applied in Japan, but studies of the method’s prevalence in Sweden, however, are quite limited.

    Objectives: The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyze the Swedish companies applying “Target Costing” in their product development process. Furthermore, the study aims to analyze respondents’ dysfunctional, performance related, successfulness and dynamic experiences of the method. Finally, the intention is to interpret the correlation between the use and experiences of the method in relation to the corporate influential factors. The essay is limited to the companies listed on the “Large Cap” on the Stockholm Stock Exchange and engaged in activities related to product development.

    Theory: We have studied a variety of literature and articles that treat the Target Costing in its entirety within the product development processes. In our theoretical references one can find Ansari et al, Cooper, Robinson and several other researcher describing the implementation and performance factors of Target Costing.

    Method: The study is based on a quantitative survey carried out to 40 companies. The empirical data have been analyzed by theoretical studies and research in this area. Study findings and conclusions are finally discussed based on the thesis of reference.

    Conclusion: Target Costing is used by 22 of 32 companies on Large Cap, which amounts to 69 percent. The use is influenced by the factors; industrial type, sales orientation, profit margin, revenue and staff numbers. Correlations have also been established between their experiences and the factors mentioned above, where the sales approach excels.

  • 61.
    Alaeddine, Ahmad
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Eismar, Christian
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Kalkylering i handelsverksamhet: Inriktning mot bilåterförsäljare2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 62.
    Alaeddine, Ahmad
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Ismail, Gulaid
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Hur överlever en aktiesparare i den rådande aktiedjungeln?: En kvanitativ studie över hur aktiesparare använder handlingsregler för att förhålla sig till riskerna förknippade med aktiehandeln.2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: 

    På senare år sparar nästan alla svenskar mer aktivt och den positiva utvecklingen på aktier har gjort att allt fler aktiesparare lockats in i aktiemarknaden. Detta har bidragit till att aktier blivit den främsta tillgången för sparare. Ägandet av aktier är förknippat med har medfört flertalet risker då det finns en risk att aktiekurserna kan falla. Flertalet investerare har en diffus uppfattning om vilka risker som tas. Identifierar aktiespararen riskerna med aktiesparandet så förbättras förutsättningarna för en bra avkastning. Människor föredrar att undvika risk olika och anledningen till varför människor utsätter sig för en risk är för att de vill bli framgångsrika genom att de vill få en bra avkastning. För att detta ska bli möjligt är det viktigt att aktiespararen hanterar riskerna förknippade med aktiehandeln vilket kan ske om att aktiespararna använder regler.

    Syfte: 

    Syftet med studien är att få en förståelse för hur aktiesparare i praktiken använder sig av handlingsreglerna för att förhålla sig till riskerna som är förknippade med aktiehandeln. Vi har också för avsikt att undersöka om det finns ett samband mellan hur frekvent aktiespararna använder sig av handlingsreglerna beroende på deras riskbenägenhet, ålder och kön.

    Metod: 

    I studien har vi använt en kvantitativ forskningsansats med en deduktiv ansats som vetenskaplig metod. Empirisk data har insamlats genom enkätundersökningar.

    Slutsats: 

    Aktiespararna har ett förhållningssätt till samtliga handlingsregler för att förhålla sig till riskerna förknippade med aktiehandeln. Det finns inte ett samband att aggressiva aktiesparare använder handlingsreglerna mindre frekvent i förhållande till balanserade och försiktiga aktiesparare. Det finns inte ett samband att försiktiga aktiesparare använder handlingsreglerna mer frekvent i förhållande till aggressiva och balanserade aktiesparare. Det finns inte ett samband att aktiesparare i åldern 18-35 använder handlingsreglerna mindre frekvent i förhållande till aktiesparare i åldern 36-50 och 51+. Det finns ett samband att män använder handlingsreglerna mer frekvent i förhållande till kvinnor.

  • 63.
    Albertini, Francesco
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Auffray, Jean-Daniel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Aziz, Yasir
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Entry strategy for SMEs in the Russian market -Focus on challenges, entry modes and network relations.2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Russia’s economy is growing at a very fast pace and it has an enormous potential for the international enterprises. Although Russian market has a huge potential for international enterprises but at the same time it has challenges and pitfalls that need to be addressed before getting into the Russian market. Often international enterprises fail in Russia due to the reason that they are not fully aware of the challenges and difficulties of the market. Entry mode of SMEs is affected by the challenges and pitfalls of the Russian market and network relationships play vital role for the success of SMEs in the Russian market.

     

    The aim of the thesis is to identify the main challenges of the Russian market that international SMEs can face while entering the Russian market and also how SMEs can choose a specific entry mode while taking into consideration the challenges that Russian market poses to international enterprises. Thesis also deals with the importance of network relationships and how SMEs can take benefit of the network relationships in order to serve the market better.

     

    Empirical data has been collected by conducting interviews with representatives of different Swedish SMEs that are operating already in the Russian market. After the empirical analysis, the challenges of the Russian market are stated that were experienced by the interviewees. Common mode of Swedish SMEs based on the interviews is stated and it is also stated that how Swedish SMEs establish and maintain relationships with Russian counter parts.

     

    This thesis will be helpful for the SMEs that are going to enter in Russia; to identify the key successful factors of the internationalization in Russia through a theoretical background, and cases of Swedish SMEs competing there. Moreover, the present study could also be of great interest for the Russian authorities that try to improve the business environment in Russia as it shows the perceptions of international enterprises on challenges of the Russian market.

  • 64.
    Albin, Björn
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Hjelm, Katarina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Ekberg, Jan
    Lunds universitet.
    Elmståhl, Sölve
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    County Differences in Mortality among Foreign-Born Compared to Native Swedes 1970-19992012In: Nursing Research and Practice, ISSN 2090-1429, E-ISSN 2090-1437, Vol. 2012, p. Article ID 136581-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Regional variations in mortality and morbidity have been shown in Europe and USA. Longitudinal studies have found increased mortality, dissimilarities in mortality pattern, and differences in utilization of healthcare between foreign- and native-born Swedes. No study has been found comparing mortality among foreign-born and native-born Swedes in relation to catchment areas/counties. Methods. The aim was to describe and compare mortality among foreign-born persons and native Swedes during 1970–1999 in 24 counties in Sweden. Data from the Statistics Sweden and the National Board of Health and Welfare was used, and the database consisted of 723,948 persons, 361,974 foreign-born living in Sweden in 1970 and aged 16 years and above and 361,974 matched Swedish controls. Results. Latest county of residence independently explained higher mortality among foreign-born persons in all but four counties; OR varied from 1.01 to 1.29. Counties with a more rural structure showed the highest differences between foreign-born persons and native controls. Foreign-born persons had a lower mean age (1.0–4.3 years) at time of death. Conclusion. County of residence influences mortality; higher mortality is indicated among migrants than native Swedes in counties with a more rural structure. Further studies are needed to explore possible explanations. 

  • 65.
    Albin, Björn
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences. Lund University.
    Hjelm, Katarina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences. Lund University.
    Ekberg, Jan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Elmståhl, Sölve
    Lund University.
    Residential mobility among foreign-born persons living in Sweden is associated with lower morbidity2010In: Clinical Epidemiology, ISSN 1179-1349, E-ISSN 1179-1349, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 187-194Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: to analyze the pattern of mortality in deceased foreign-born persons living in Sweden during the years 1970-1999 in relation to distance mobility.

    MEthods: Data from Statistics Sweden and the National Board of Health and Welfare was used, and the study population consisted of 281,412 foreign-born persons aged 16 years and over who were registered as living in Sweden in 1970.

    Results: Distance mobility did not have a negative effect on health. Total mortality was lower (OR 0.71; 95% CI 0.69-0.73) in foreign-born persons in Sweden who had changed their county of residence during the period 1970-1990. Higher death rates were observed, after adjustment for age, in three ICD diagnosis groups "Injury and poisoning", "External causes of injury and poisoning", and "Diseases of the digestive system" among persons who had changed county of residence.

  • 66.
    Albin, Björn
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Hjelm, Katarina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Ekberg, Jan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Elmståhl, Sölve
    Hälsa, Vård och Samhälle, Lunds universitet.
    Utilization of In-Hospital Care among Foreign-Born Compared to Native Swedes 1987-1999 (Open Access)2012In: Nursing Research and Practice, ISSN 2090-1429, E-ISSN 2090-1437, Vol. 2012, p. Article ID 713249-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In previous longitudinal studies of mortality and morbidity among foreign-born and native-born Swedes, increased mortality and dissimilarities in mortality pattern were found. The aim of this study is to describe, compare, and analyse the utilization of in-hospital care among deceased foreign- and Swedish-born persons during the years 1987–1999 with focus on four diagnostic categories. The study population consisted of 361,974 foreign-born persons aged 16 years and upward who were registered as living in Sweden in 1970, together with 361,974 matched Swedish controls for each person. Data from Statistics Sweden (SCB) and the National Board of Health and Welfare Centre for Epidemiology, covering the period 1970–1999, was used. Persons were selected if they were admitted to hospital during 1987–1999 and the cause of death was in one of four ICD groups. The results indicate a tendency towards less health care utilization among migrants, especially men, as regards Symptoms, signs, and ill-defined conditions and Injury and poisoning. Further studies are needed to explore the possible explanations and the pattern of other diseases to see whether migrants, and especially migrant men, are a risk group with less utilization of health care.

  • 67.
    Aldén, Lina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Earnings and occupational attainment among immigrants from the new EU member states in Sweden2012Report (Other academic)
  • 68.
    Aldén, Lina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Inkomst- och yrkesposition bland invandrare från de nya EU-länderna2012In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 50-58Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 69.
    Aldén, Lina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Neuman, Emma
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Residential mobility, tipping behaviour, and ethnic segregation: Evidence from Sweden2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies tipping behaviour in residential mobility of the native population in Sweden between 1990 and 2007. Using regression discontinuity methods, we find that the growth in native population in a neighbourhood discontinuously drops once a neighbourhood’s immigrant share exceeds the identified tipping point. In the 1990s the drop can be attributed both to increased out-migration of natives (native flight) and decreased in-migration of natives (native avoidance). In 2000-2007, native flight appears to be driving the segregation pattern. Thus, the native residential mobility has contributed to increased ethnic segregation in Sweden between 1990 and 2007.

  • 70.
    Alexandersson, Anna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Aronsson, Peter
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Holtorf, Cornelius
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Gustafsson, Birgitta E.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Westergren, Ebbe
    Introduction2011In: Museum International, ISSN 1350-0775, E-ISSN 1468-0033, Vol. 63, no 1-2, p. 6-7Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The papers in this issue were first presented at the interdisciplinary conference “Applied Cultural Heritage: How telling the past at historic sites benefits society” held at Linnaeus University in Kalmar, Sweden, 17-19 November 2010. The conference was organised jointly by Linnaeus University, Kalmar County Museum and Bridging Ages, International Organisation in Historic Environment Education and Time Travels. The aim of the conference was to explore how cultural heritage and stories about the past benefit society today. Given the major changes of society in recent decades and a fast developing globalisation, we proposed that it is no longer self-evident which historic sites are meaningful (and to whom), which stories about the past should be told (and why), and how cultural heritage can best benefit society (and what that means). It was therefore time to ask these questions anew and explore them together with practitioners in the heritage sector from around the world.

  • 71. Alfredsson, Eva
    et al.
    Månsson, Jonas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Vikström, Peter
    Environmental efficiency and costs of environmental regulations: The Swedish pulp and paper industry 2000 - 20072011In: Yearbook on Productivity 2011: Yearly conference on productivity at Saltsjöbaden Analysis and development of its statistical base, 5-6 October 2011, Stockholm: SCB , 2011, p. 11-34Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we apply Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to analyse efficiency in presence of both desired and undesired outputs. We use register data from the Swedish national environmental accounts. The study concerns the Swedish pulp and paper industry. To compute efficiency, we use a directional distance function approach that allows scaling for different directions, both desired and undesired output directions under the assumption of equal importance. The analysis show that efficiency have increased over time, both in terms of desired output and in terms of environmental efficiency. The first analysis measure inefficiency if scaling is done with equal importance given to desired output and undesired output. This analysis shows an inefficiency of around 12 % meaning that there is a 12% potential to simultaneously reduce pollution and increase production of pulp and paper. In the second analysis scaling is only allowed in the direction of undesired outputs. This analysis shows that the average potential reduction in pollution is 22%. If, on the other hand, the potential is computed in terms of only desired output keeping undesired output constant, the average potential increase in desired output is 14%. In a forth analysis we discuss the potential to evaluate the costs of environmental regulations using the DEA methodology.Keywords: Environmental efficiency, directional distance function,

  • 72.
    Alic, Ervin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Toro, Sebastian
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    STYRELSERUMMETS DOLDA PROCESSER: En fallstudie kring sociala processer i två familjeföretags styrelserum.2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Family businesses are a major part of everyday life and the society of Sweden. The majorityof existing companies and the companies that started are small family business, somethingseen in Gandemos (2000:6) study. Family businesses are defined by Anna Vikström, lecturerat Luleå University of Technology, as: "A company in which one or more members of onefamily owns the company, while one or more members of the family actively participates inmanaging the company's daily operations." The family is important in the company and thecompanies that are joint-stock-companies have statutory requirementes that they must have aboard, and this board is obviously represented by family members. The people who are a partof the family controling a company can according to authors within corporate governencecreate problems and therefore such as Nielsen & Lekvall (2008) demand that boards aretaking an external member to the board to get a better board and corporate governence. But isthere really a difference in how the family business boards of directors work according towhether they include an external member or not? In our observational study, we found thatthere are advantages in having an external person to be a member of a board that is made upof families and individuals who have a previous relationship with each other. The externalmember influences on the social processes that exist within the group and this has an effect onhow the board is working.

  • 73.
    Alic, Muamer
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Tiukhtiaeva, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Is Green Good? - A Study of Environmental Management Strategy and its Impact on Competitiveness2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to analyze environmental management in companies and how it affects competitiveness. In order to do this a case study of two Swedish and two Russian companies was done by conducting interviews.

    The theoretical framework consists of environmental management strategy and competitiveness literature which are relevant to the study and research questions. The empirical findings include the case firm’s view of environmental management and competitiveness in their company.

    The conclusions of this thesis are that environmental management strategy can have a positive impact on competitiveness, but it depends on the management attitude in the company.

     

    Key words: Environmental management; strategy; competitiveness. 

  • 74.
    Alimadadi, Siyavash
    et al.
    Uppsala Universitet, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Forsling, Christer
    Uppsala Universitet, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Pahlberg, Cecilia
    Uppsala Universitet, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Pourmand Hilmersson, Firouze
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Business and political interactions in emerging markets: experiences from China, South Africa and Turkey2012In: Business, society and politics: multinationals in emerging markets / [ed] Ulf Elg, Amjad Hadjikhani and Pervez Ghauri, Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2012, p. 209-230Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter deals with firms’ relationships in particular with political actors when expanding in emerging markets. Our main purpose is to illustrate the importance of including such relationships when describing how firms develop insidership in networks in these markets. Emerging markets are often described as if they pose similar challenges but we will focus on the heterogeneity and how firms handle the diversity of the non-business foreign environment. Based on experiences from three Western multinationals — Sandvik, Ericsson and ABB — the main challenges in China, South Africa and Turkey are described. In addition to relationships with political actors, the discussion indicates the importance of also including other non-business actors, such as NGOs. The cases also illustrate that knowledge acquired in one cultural setting may not easily be transferred to another since the contexts are so different.

  • 75.
    Al-kuwaity, Samar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Klara färdiga Investera: En studie om investeringsprocessen i riskkapitalbolag2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Titel:                                      Klara färdiga Investera

    Författare:                            Samar Al-kuwaity

    Handledare:                          Thomas Karlsson 

    Nivå:                                      C – uppsats 15 hp, HT 2010

    Nyckelord:                            Samarbete, Varumärke, Relationer och Marknadsföring

    Problemformulering:           Hur ser investeringsprocessen ut i svenska riskkapitalbolag vid investering i tillväxtföretag och vilka problem kan påverka investeringsprocessen?

    Syfte:                                     Syftet med denna studie är att utifrån ett riskkapitalbolags

                                                  perspektiv beskriva hur investeringsprocessen går till vid

                                                  investering i ett tillväxtföretag.

     

    Metod:                                   Jag har använt mig utav en kvalitativ forskningsmetod och intervjuat Håkan Nelson VD för Malmöhus Invest AB samt en anonym respondent från ALMI Företagspartner AB.

     

    Teoretiskt & Empirsikt

    perspektiv:                            Jag kommer att börja med att presentera vad investeringsprocessen innebär för att sedan gå djupare in på varje steg i investeringsprocessen. Därefter kommer jag att komplettera teorin med hjälp av mn empiriska data som jag fått genom mina intervjuer.

     

    Slutsats:                                 Jag har kommit fram till under min studie att riskkapitalbolagen genom går sex olika steg i investeringsprocessen. Dock går man inte lika djupt in på varje steg. Det kan uppstå problem under investeringsprocessen. För att lösa dessa problem bör riskkapitalbolagen vara kritiska vid bedömning av informationen de får av entreprenören samt ha inflytande i verksamheten. Detta inflytande kan innebära att de sitter med i styrelsen.

  • 76.
    Allenbäck, Elias
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Hedström, Fredrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Lindkvist, Sofia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Hur påverkar regeringen företagens internationella konkurrensfördelar?: En studie av den svenska miljöteknikbranschen2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden experienced a decline in exports of 16 percent in the period after the financial crisis. The decline has created a lot of question marks regarding the traditional exports which has started a process with the aim of finding Sweden’s next cash cow in export.

    Sweden adopted stringent environmental laws early which positioned them as a strong nation in environmental awareness. The stringent environmental legislation meant that the Swedish companies were required to minimize the environmental impact, which created a demand for eco-efficient products. Despite the early demand for eco-efficient products, the international success of the Swedish cleantech companies has been modest.

    The government can increase firms international competitiveness by encouraging, supporting and promoting activities on the domestic market. This is primarily done through implementations of various policies and incentives.

    The purpose of this thesis is to analyze the government’s efforts in promoting the Swedish cleantech industry. In order to give recommendations on which improvements that can be made, two perspectives will be used when analyzing the government’s efforts, the firm approach and the theoretical approach.

  • 77.
    Allmér, Hans
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Mystery shopping2011In: Principles of Marketing: Swedish edition, Harlow, England: Pearson Education Academic Publisher, 2011, p. 350-351Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 78.
    Allmér, Hans
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Phantom shoppers2011In: Principles of Marketing: Swedish Edition, Harlow, England: Pearson Education Academic Publisher, 2011, p. 360-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 79.
    Almasri, Abdullah
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    A New Approach for testing Periodicity2011In: Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods, ISSN 0361-0926, E-ISSN 1532-415X, Vol. 40, no 7, p. 1196-1217Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes testing for periodicity in the presence of FD processes. We

    propose two approaches for testing the periodicity based on Fisher’s test. The first

    one is performed using the periodogram which has been divided into different parts.

    The second one is based on the discrete wavelet transform. Properties of the tests are

    illustrated by means of Monte Carlo simulations.

  • 80.
    Almasri, Abdullah
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Tests for Trend: a Simulation Study2010In: Communications in statistics. Simulation and computation, ISSN 0361-0918, E-ISSN 1532-4141, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 598-611Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we use the wavelet analysis to construct a test statistic to test for the existence of a trend in the series. We also propose a new approach for testing the presence of trend based on the periodogram of the data. Since we are also interested in the presence of a long-memory process among the data, we study the properties of our test statistics under different degrees of dependency. We compare the results when using the band periodogram test and the wavelet test with results obtained by applying the ordinary least squares (OLS) method under the same conditions.

  • 81.
    Almberg, Jan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Användning av LCC: Vad krävs för att utforma en LCC-modell?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel: Användning av LCC. Vad krävs för att utforma en LCC-modell?

    Bakgrund: Försvarsmakten äger och anskaffar komplicerad materiel som ska fungera

    under en lång livslängd. Materielförsörjningen ska vara kostnadseffektiv och

    kostnaderna kända ur ett livscykelperspektiv i största möjligaste mån. Life Cycle Cost

    (LCC) är en metod som kan bidra härtill. Vid anskaffningar och upphandlingar påbjuds

    det att LCC ska användas bland annat i syfte att öka kostnadseffektiviteten och få

    kontroll på kostnader. Till detta krävs en organisation som vet hur man genomför LCC

    på lämpligaste sätt.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att beskriva och belysa hur det går till och vad som krävs

    vid framtagning av LCC-modeller och praktisk användning av LCC och därigenom

    även bidra till ökad kunskap och förståelse för LCC-arbetet.

    Avgränsningar: I den här uppsatsen avgränsas arbetet att gälla inom FMV:s

    organisation och till huvudsak avhandla vad som krävs av organisationen, t.ex. i form

    av kompetens hos personal, för att utforma LCC-modeller.

    Metod: Delvis strukturerade intervjuer har genomförts med tre inom området erfarna

    och kunniga personer. Intervjuunderlag med öppna svar konstruerades utifrån studiens

    syfte och frågeställning som underlag för intervjuerna. Resultatet från intervjuerna

    bildade empiri. Empirin diskuterades och tolkade i förhållande till teorin varefter

    resultatet presenteras.

    Resultat, slutsatser: Studien ger en bild av vad som krävs för att bedriva LCC-arbete.

    Den visar vilka kompetenser som behövs (stor bredd av kompetenser krävs) och hur

    man kan organisera arbetet. Studien visar vad som styr utformning av LCC-modeller

    och poängterar olika risker och svårigheter i sammanhanget. Hur man kan förebygga

    och minimera risker och missförstånd framkommer. Studien poängterar problem och

    svårighet kopplat till kvaliteten på uppföljningssystem och likaså kvalitet vad avser

    data, både tillgänglighet och relevans.

  • 82.
    Almgren, Daniel
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Ek, Peter
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Göransson, Oliver
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    The Relationship Between Internal Branding and Affective Commitment2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Service firms increasingly need to rely on other attributes than traditional quality and performance of their service employees to become and stay truly competitive. Strong brands are essential for differentiation in today's marketplace and it becomes naturally important to align the customer contact employees with the company brand to ensure consistency in all communication externally. For a service firm employee to fully enact the brand and display on brand behavior outwards it is pivotal to make them truly committed to the brand and organization. Internal branding processes have been shown to be an enabler of employee commitment to the organizational brand. While internal branding is stated to have a connection to commitment, the concept as such is according to Meyer & Allen (1991) constituted by three dimensions, normative, affective and continuance commitment. The bulk of the existing research has so far focused on internal branding and commitment as a single construct and not these dimensions. Much of this research is in addition limited to a few service sectors.The aim of this study was to determine the components of internal branding in order to clarify the relationship between internal branding and brand commitment of customer contact employees. The empirical investigation was conducted in the retail sector from the perspective of the customer contact employee by the use of a self-completion questionnaire measuring the affective commitment of the employees and the presence of the internal branding activities. The conceptual model for the study shows hypothesized positive relationships between the four internal branding activities and affective commitment. However, while all internal branding activities were significantly present, only three of these were found to have a significant positive relationship to affective commitment, excluding internal communication.The conclusions of this study gives managers of customer contact employee’s insights about how to enable affective commitment through the use of internal branding. Our results show that brand oriented training, recruitment and leadership all have a significant impact on affective commitment of customer contact employees. Although they had similar Beta values, brand oriented leadership showed a slightly higher predicting power indicating that leadership can play a greater role regarding the affective commitment of customer contact employees.

  • 83.
    Almlöf, Nijole
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Jensen, Tilde
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Lindblom, Dan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Balanced Scorecard för kollektivtrafik2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med uppsatsen är att belysa vilka förutsättningar som krävs för att upprätta ett underlag till styrningsbeslut i form av ett Balanced Scorecard. Avsikten är även att hjälpa trafikbolag att skapa en ökad förståelse för Balanced Scorecard och därigenom uppmärksamma viktiga faktorer för att nå framgång med konceptet. Vi avser även att visa på förslag huruvida framtagande av perspektiven och perspektivens mål och mått kan gå till. Metod: Vi har genomfört en kvalitativ studie med en abduktiv inriktning, i vilken vi samlat in empirisk data genom intervjuer. Dessa intervjuer, tillsammans med vår referensram har vi sedan försökt knyta samman utifrån ett hermeneutiskt och tolkande perspektiv. Slutsats: Vi anser att BSC är ett verktyg som kan hjälpa kollektivtrafikbolag att identifiera de viktigaste målen och bygga upp en kedja av händelser för varje enskilt mål som kan skapa en balans mellan de olika målen. Genom att upprätta vision, mål, mått och strategier kan kollektivtrafikbolag kommunicera en klar och tydlig bild av sin verksamhets ambition. Det är därför viktigt att målen och strategierna följer samma linje som den utsatta visionen. Vid framtagandet av BSC anser vi det viktigt att ta hänsyn till tre olika infallsvinklar för kollektivtrafiksbolag, nämligen att se på kollektivtrafikbolag som en del av ett strategiskt nätverk, som en organisation ur ett intresseperspektiv och som en imaginär organisation. För att nå full potential genom BSC är viktigt att hålla en god kommunikation inom verksamheten samt med verksamhetens externa intressenter. Samma sak gäller vid förankringen av visionen och de resterande delarna som följer visionens linje

  • 84.
    Almqvist, Emelie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Dahlesson, Charlotte
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Lagergren, Victor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Liten mot Stor: - En studie om press i affärsrelationer2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel: Liten mot Stor: En studie om press i affärsrelationer

    Ämne: Företagsekonomi III – ledning och utveckling i handelsföretag, 30 hp

    Författare: Emelie Almqvist, Charlotte Dahlesson och Victor Lagergren

    Handledare: Christine Tidåsen

     

    Bakgrund: Inköpsorganisationer har funnits länge och växer sig allt större på dagens marknader, därmed har de en stark position som har allt fler konkurrensfördelar gentemot andra aktörer. Detta bidrar till att inköpsorganisationerna erhåller makt i affärsrelationen till deras leverantörer, genom fördelaktiga avtal samt högre krav. Detta medför att leverantören producerar allt större volymer och anpassar sig efter den större aktörens behov.

    Syfte: Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka om press kan uppstå mellan svenska, något mindre leverantörer och stora inköpsorganisationer. Vidare ämnar vi undersöka om det uppstår någon form av beroendeställning samt hur hanterar de etik och makt i relationen.

    Metod: Vi har analyserat hur pressen av en större inköpsorganisation upplevs av leverantörer genom att genomföra en kvalitativ studie. I studien har vi intervjuat två stora aktörer på den svenska detaljhandelsmarknaden, en för sällanköpsvaror och en för dagligvaruhandeln, och två leverantörer till respektive företag.

    Slutsats: Den beroendeställning som vi ursprungligen befarat uppkomma och varit verklig i många fall hos respondenterna, uppstår till stor del av att inköpsföretagen utnyttjat sin storlek för att nå olika leverantörer. Studien har skildrat att pressen mellan leverantör och inköpsorganisation är naturlig på en fri, konkurrenssatt marknad. Det råder skilda uppfattningar hur pressen upplevs mellan företagen och vi antar att med ärligare kommunikation och rimlig maktbalans där strävan efter överlevnad är gemensam kan förbättra hur pressen upplevs i relationen. Vår slutsats är att leverantörer upplever att de är pressade från inköpsorganisationerna, men att inköpsorganisationerna själva inte anser att de ställer för höga krav.

  • 85.
    Alpenberg, Jan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Scarbrough, D. Paul
    Department of accounting, Brock University.
    Lean production practices2011In: Paper presented at the American Accounting Association Annual Conference, Denver, USA, August 5-10, 2011, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper unpacks the integrative practices (Schatzky, 1996) of Lean Production (LP)/Toyota Production System (TPS) operations and reveals that practices which normally function as dispersed practices function, instead, as part of the LP/TPS integrative practices. We present a set of these practices. We also show that the normally dispersed practices are recast as components of integrated practices (Schatzky, 1996) across contexts, revealing aspects of the LP/TPS situation that may be amenable to cross-level investigation. This insight supports the importance of the practice theory lens in study of organizations as well as suggesting practical avenues for development of LP/TPS operations.

  • 86.
    Alpenberg, Jan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Scarbrough, D. Paul
    Department of Accounting, Brock University, Kanada.
    Reflection and action in connection2010In: Paper presented at the 6th Asia-Pacific Management Accounting Association Annual Conference, Taipei, Taiwan, November 5-7, 2010, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we examine whether three concepts unique to the TPS Archetype (Alpenberg and Scarbrough 2009) are observed in an advanced and experienced Lean Production organization (Scania AB). The concepts are: waste reduction, improvement, and people and teamwork. All three concepts appear to bind reflection and action very firmly, and are seen in many sources of the TPS Archetype. Our analysis of empirical data from Scania AB confirms that two of those items exhibit the “binding” indicated in the TPS Archetype, while one does not. The item that was not supported is the item that is the most strongly developed in the TPS Archetype: Waste reduction.

    In general the two items that were supported (improvement, and people and teamwork) appear to be middle-level structures that firmly fuse Norms with Rites/Rituals (c.f. Schein 1984).

  • 87.
    Alsamaraie, Dureid
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Lejonqvist, Emil
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    En överfull brevlåda: En undersökning om direktreklamens utvecklingsmöjligheter2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this essay is to identify new development opportunities for direct mail.

    • What impact has direct mail on the companies?

    Method This essay we have chosen to implement is based on a deductive approach with a qualitative nature. We made this choice to be able to answer our research problem. We have conducted six interviews, to collect our empirical data, with managers in companies that are working or in contact with direct mail. Three of these were personal interviews, two telephone interviews and one was made by e-mail.

    Conclusions We have found that direct mail is still a very strong and very current marketing channel. Despite the stigma that direct mail has been received to be spam and junk mail it has something special to bring to the customers. Direct mail´s physical attributes creates a special feeling among consumers. Direct mail has several positive features, since we believe that it can both drive sales and build brands as long as its message is relevant to the consumer. For the relevance to be included in the message, companies have to deal with consumer privacy with respect. Companies can conform to consumer´s integrity by having a sufficiently close communication with the customer, which in time also strengthens the relationship. Companies communicate with customers through the addressed direct mail, which therefore has to be defined for us to develop. The potential is therefore in that the consumer can by using an internet based technology choose the advertising that they want in their mailbox. This permission marketing based solution helps companies to have a better look on their clients, which also could ultimately lead to strength consumer´s loyalty. As customers become more loyal so will the companies' success rates by mailing to be better. The total volume of direct mail will be reduced which leads to a better environment conditions, while companies distribution costs will be also decreased. When the percentage of satisfied customers grows, the profitability of companies will increase. Therefore, we believe that this proposal is something that both businesses and customers benefit from in the long run as the model contributes to a win - win situation where both parties end up being winners.

  • 88.
    Alsér, Emma
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Waage, Linn
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    "Det är någonting udda med den här ön": - En kandidatuppsats om samarbetet mellan aktörerna på Öland2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    SAMMANFATTNING

    Öland är en känd och välbesökt destination. Trots det har Öland blivit en destination som konkurrerar mindre väl om de nationella och internationella besökarna jämfört med liknande destinationer. Idag är samarbetet mellan de olika aktörerna på Öland svagt. Däremot vill de vända denna trend och sträva mot ett tätt samarbete. Att det idag inte finns ett samarbete aktörer emellan kan vara en bidragande orsak till varför Öland konkurrerar mindre väl om de nationella och internationella besökarna. Det finns ingen gemensam målbild för hur Öland ska marknadsföras utåt, och ön står inte heller som en enad destination. Vårt syfte med denna kandidatsuppsats är att göra en kartläggning av hur samarbete kan utveckla destinationen.

    Genom djupintervjuer med våra informanter fann vi att det finns olika grader av samarbete på Öland. Den mest grundläggande förutsättningen för att samarbete mellan aktörer ska fungera är att aktörerna känner tillit till varandra. Den önskade bilden av samarbete var enligt våra informanter att de olika aktörerna arbetar tillsammans med gemensam marknadsföring, vision och varumärke. För att nå dit ska nätverk skapas, "Ölands Turistnätverk". Vi fann även att det finns konflikter mellan norra och södra sidan av ön. Konflikten beror främst på att Öland är uppdelat i två kommuner vilka har olika typer av turism. För att lyckas med ett samarbete som ger goda resultat i destinationens utveckling krävs att ölänningen är med i det turistiska arbetet. Därför anser våra informanter att det bästa sättet att nå dem är att jobba underifrån och upp. Vi anser att ölänningens engagemang i turism och utveckling av destinationen bäst sker genom samarbete med de aktörer som finns på Öland. Tillsammans skapar de ett starkt varumärke som alla kan stå för. På så vis tror vi att Öland blir en konkurrenskraftig och enad ö. Först när ölänningen och de olika aktörerna gemensamt skapat ett varumärke, kan en plattform med aktörer i ledande roll skapas. Resultatet av detta blir en lyckad destinationsutveckling genom samarbete. En enad, stark och konkurrenskraftig destination.

  • 89.
    Althin, Rikard
    et al.
    EMQ, USA.
    Behrenz, Lars
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Färe, Rolf
    Department of Economics, Oregon State University.
    Grosskopf, Shawna
    Department of Economics, Oregon State University.
    Mellander, Erik
    IFAU.
    Swedish employment offices: A new model for evaluating effectiveness2010In: European Journal of Operational Research, ISSN 0377-2217, E-ISSN 1872-6860, Vol. 207, no 3, p. 1535-1544Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We measure how well Swedish employment offices perform in delivering the services required of them by the Swedish government. In contrast to earlier studies we use a dynamic efficiency framework, which allows us to better model the intertemporal nature of these services, explicitly allowing for placements of intermediate nature across periods. Rather than using second stage analysis to assess the effects of varying local labor market conditions and differences in client characteristics on performance, we include a measure of the office’s expected work load directly in the model. This measure, derived from duration analysis, is designed to capture the variation across offices in resources needed before an average individual can obtain employment. It is estimated from the characteristics of all unemployed individual and local labor market conditions.

    The empirical results demonstrate an increase in the office’s expected work loads over time and point to substantial differences in performance across offices. The results also point toward more than optimal placements in intermediate outputs such as non-matching jobs, training, and continued unemployment.

     

  • 90.
    Amsteus, Martin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    A Valid Matter for Managerial Foresight2012In: Journal of Futures Studies, ISSN 1027-6084, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 59-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to qualitatively assess the validity of the managerial foresight concept. Social, environmental and technological aspects of past developments of a company, as well as self reported managerial behavior are interpreted and analyzed in terms of foresight and in terms of eight sub-components of the managerial foresight concept. The results of the study reveal that developments of the company and the managers’ behavior may be interpreted in terms of their foresight. It appears that individuals rather than structured procedures have been the ones who decide and define technology and operations. Evidence is provided for the construct validity of a definition of managerial foresight and for the potential significance of specific individuals’ foresight. Qualitative empirical evidence is added to theexistent pool of quantitative evidence for the construct validity of the managerial foresightconcept. The potential importance of foresight at the level of individual managers’ is illustrated.

  • 91.
    Amsteus, Martin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Managerial foresight and firm performance2011Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – To specify what defines managerial foresight and to assess the association between managerial foresight and firm performance

    Methodology/Approach – First, previous research was reviewed and foresight was defined. Second, an instrument for measuring managerial foresight was developed. Third, an empirical case served as an illustration and as anassessment of validity. Fourth, managerial foresight was tested for association with firm performance.

    Findings – Foresight was specified as behavior with eight sub-components. A moderate and statistically significant positive relationship between managers’ foresight and firm performance was found.

    Research implications – The empirical evidence for the importance of managerial foresight provides a strong rationale for further studies. In distinguishing eight sub-components of foresight, and developing a managerial foresight measurement instrument, the dissertation makes relating foresight to various research fields possible, both on individual managerial andorganizational levels.

    Practical implications – Managers may consider whether foresight is important to them or to their organization. Managers, practical foresight tools, foresight programs et cetera, may now be assessed and compared in terms of foresight.

    Originality/Value – The dissertation provides empirical evidence of the importance of managerial foresight to firm performance. It conceives and advances foresight as a distinct construct. In developing and estimating aninstrument for measuring managerial foresight, the dissertation advancesforesight into a quantitatively measurable concept.

  • 92.
    Amsteus, Martin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Managerial foresight: measurement scale and estimation2011In: Foresight, ISSN 1463-6689, E-ISSN 1465-9832, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 58-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This paper aims to develop and assess an instrument measuring managerial foresight.

    Design/methodology/approach – The paper outlines the construction and estimation of the instrumentthrough a seven-step process. A total of 57 preliminary Likert items were developed based on an extantreview and synthesis of definitions of foresight. The items were assessed through interviews andpre-testing. A preliminary instrument was administered to a selection of managers. Exploratory andconfirmatory factor analyses were employed to assess sub-scales and model fit. The instrument wasevaluated in terms of reliability and validity.

    Findings – The study demonstrates a valid and reliable 12 Likert item scale for measuring managerialforesight.Research limitations/implications – Managerial foresight can now be assessed and tested forassociation with, for example, managerial or organizational performance variables.

    Practical implications – Managers can now be assessed and compared in terms of foresight.Originality/value – In developing and estimating an instrument for measuring managerial foresight, thepaper advances foresight into a quantitatively measurable concept.

  • 93.
    Amsteus, Martin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Managers' foresight matters2011In: Foresight, ISSN 1463-6689, E-ISSN 1465-9832, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 64-78Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – To assess the relationship between the foresight of managers and firm performance.

    Design/methodology/approach – An evolutionary perspective is deployed to specify thepresumed relationship between managerial foresight and firm performance measures. Apositive relationship between managerial foresight and firm performance is proposed. Thehypothesis is tested through Spearman’s rho, on Swedish managers, and firms in the computerprogramming industry. Managers’ foresight as well as performance is assessed as indexes.

    Findings – A moderate and statistically significant positive relationship between managers’foresight and firm performance.

    Theoretical implications – There is support for the theoretical relationship betweenmanagerial foresight and firm performance. There is a strong rationale for further studies.

    Originality/value – The paper provides empirical evidence regarding the importance ofmanagerial foresight for firm performance.

  • 94.
    Amsteus, Martin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    The origin of foresight2012In: World Futures: Journal of General Evolution, ISSN 0260-4027, E-ISSN 1556-1844, Vol. 68, no 6, p. 390-405Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to develop a framework for the origin of foresight. Following a review of arguments for foresight as genetically inherited versus environmentally acquired, the understanding of foresight is expanded through a behaviorist perspective and through an evolutionary perspective. The framework established makes it possible to deploy evolutionary logic to explain foresight as well as to enhance our understanding of foresight, both on individual (e.g., managerial) and aggregated (e.g., organizational) levels.

  • 95.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Public vs. private managers.: How public and private managers differ in leadership behavior.2010In: PAR. Public Administration Review, ISSN 0033-3352, E-ISSN 1540-6210, Vol. 70, no 1, p. 131-141Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to find out whether there are behavioral differences between public and private sector managers. Two groups of public managers (managers of social insurance agencies and public school principals) and a group of private managers (two samples) are investigated. Behavioral dimensions are investigated including leadership style (task, relationship, and change orientation), decision-making style (the functions of sensing, intuition, thinking, and feeling), and motivation profile (achievement, affiliation, and power motivation). An analysis of data from 459 managers in four organizations in Sweden reveal significant differences in behavior between public and private managers. However, no significant differences in leadership behavior are discovered among public managers. Possible explanations for such differences and similarities are explored.

  • 96.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Reintroducing the Owner: On Corporate Governance, Goals, Organisation and Leadership Theories2012In: PROCEEDINGS OF THE 8TH EUROPEAN CONFERENCE ON MANAGEMENT LEADERSHIP AND GOVERNANCE / [ed] Politis, J, NR READING: Academic Conferences Limited , 2012, p. 1-7Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article illustrates that contemporary literature on organisation and leadership attributes little attention to the topic of corporate governance. Textbooks on organisation and leadership theory yield no or few listings of corporate governance and owner (ownership). This paper does not deal with corporate governance and the agency theory as such, but rather the way in which these theories are linked to organisation and leadership theory. Additionally, several incidents from business and private organisations have shown the problems and dramatic consequences of inadequate corporate governance, which in itself call for more research on this topic. The main reason why corporate governance has been marginalised in the literature appears to be the prevalence of the open system theory, in which ownership and organisational goals are not essential theoretical concepts. According to this theory the owners are but one of many stakeholders. Some scholars even claim that organisations do not have any owners. Moreover, the organisational goals are not the goals of the owners, but the goals of the stakeholders or goals of the managers. In order to promote corporate governance a sound theoretical foundation is called for. The rationalistic organisation theory constitutes a sound theoretical foundation for the principal agency theory and thus for the study of corporate governance. In the rationalistic theory the owners and their goals are given as the reason for the establishment of an organisation. The chief execute officer is hired to run the organisation on behalf of the owners in order to achieve organisational goals as decided by the owners. The principal and agency theory is based on the rationalistic organisation theory in which owners play a central role in the formulation of goals and establishing as well as controlling the organisation and its managers. Both corporate governance and agency theory need to regain a dominant place in organisation theory textbooks and in organisation, management, and leadership research. In present-day literature on organisation, management and leadership theories - based on the open system theory - the owner has disappeared. The time has come to reinstate the owner.

  • 97.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Seven pitfalls in organisation literature2012In: Dynamic relationships management journal, ISSN 2232-5867, E-ISSN 2350-367X, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 48-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Current organisation literature is rife with several incorrect and confusing assertions which continually create problems for students and researchers alike. Seven of these unfortunate beliefs are presented here and provocatively called ‘pitfalls’. The aim of this article is to draw attention to some of these theoretically incorrect assertions and how they can be avoided in scholarly work. The implications for managers are also presented.

  • 98. Andersen, Otto
    et al.
    Gössling, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Simonsen, Morten
    Walnum, Hans Jakob
    Peeters, Paul
    Neiberger, Cordula
    CO2-emissions from the transport of China’s exported goods.2010In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 38, no 10, p. 5790-5798Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Emissions of greenhouse gases in many European countries are declining, and the European Union (EU) believes it is on track in achieving emission reductions as agreed upon in the Kyoto Agreement and the EU's more ambitious post-Kyoto climate policy. However, a number of recent publications indicate that emission reductions may also have been achieved because production has been shifted to other countries, and in particular China. If a consumption perspective is applied, emissions in industrialized countries are substantially higher, and may not have declined at all. Significantly, emissions from transports are omitted in consumption-based calculations. As all trade involves transport, mostly by cargo ship, but also by air, transports add considerably to overall emissions growth incurred in production shifts. Consequently, this article studies the role of transports in creating emissions of CO2, based on the example of exports from China. Results are discussed with regard to their implications for global emission reductions and post-Kyoto negotiations.

  • 99.
    Andersen, Peter
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Vergic, Dragan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Konkurrenskraft genom rätt strategier.: En kvalitativ studie om småföretagens konkurrensstrategier inom den svenska trycksaksbranschen.2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Examensarbete G3 i företagsekonomi, Ekonomihögskolan vid Linnéuniversitet, ekonomistyrning, Kurskod 2FE 90E Metod och examensarbete, VT 2010.

     

     

    Titel:                                                        Konkurrenskraft genom rätt strategier. En kvalitativ studie om småföretagens konkurrensstrategier inom den svenska trycksaksbranschen.

     

    Bakgrund:                                                Varje företag har idag konkurrensstrategier vare sig de är medvetna eller omedvetna. Vikten av att ha en stark konkurrenskraft är stor inom en sådan bransch som trycksaksbranschen.

     

    Författare:                                               Peter Andersen och Dragan Vergic

     

    Handledare:                                             Dr. Magnus Willesson

     

    Syfte:                                                       Syftet med studien är ta reda på vilka konkurrensstrategier som de undersökta företagen använder sig av samt om de med hjälp av dessa strategier har lyckats upprätthålla en uthållig konkurrensfördel.

     

    Avgränsningar:                                        Vi avgränsar oss till att undersöka tre företag samt att vi enbart fokuserar oss på ämnen runt konkurrensstrategier.

     

    Metod:                                                     Vår studie har utgått ifrån en abduktiv ansats. Vidare har vi använt oss av en kvalitativ metod och upplysningar har insamlats genom intervjuer.

     

    Slutsatser:                                               Alla företag har tydliga strategier för vad de gör även om dessa är outtalade. De tydligaste strategierna hos alla tre företagen är: hög kundservice, hög kvalitet på produkterna samt hög kompetens inom företaget. Med hjälp av dessa strategier har våra fallföretag lyckats nå hållbara konkurrensfördelar inom branschen.

     

    Förslag till fortsatt forskning:                Ett förslag till vidare forskning är att göra en liknande undersökning på de större företagen inom tryckeribranschen för att få reda på vilken skillnad det är på konkurrensstrategierna mellan de små företagen och de stora inom trycksaksbranschen i Sverige.

  • 100.
    Andersson, Alexandra
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Magnusson, Julia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Tillväxt och dess konsekvenser för den interna organisationen i småföretag: -Prima Travel AB2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vårt arbete började när fick i uppdrag av resebyrån Prima Travel att finna möjligheter för dem att effektivisera dess organisation i takt med att dess omsättning ökade vilket satte högre krav på verksamheten. Förutsättning var att effektivisera organisationen men fortfarande hålla den lika smal som i nuläget. Företaget hade under en tid upplevt en allt större efterfrågan på deras produkter samt en ökande omsättning. För att finna lösningar på uppdraget utfördes en processkartläggning för att förstå hur organisationen fungerade i nuläget. Detta gav en god förståelse för företaget och dess aktiviteter. Eftersom vårt fallföretag befann sig i en situation där de ville fokusera på tillväxt men saknade en plan för hur detta skulle genomföras inom den interna organisationen så föddes vårt intresse att fördjupa oss i detta teoretiskt. Vår problematisering handlar därför om vilka interna konsekvenser en vald tillväxtstrategi ger ett småföretag.

     

    För att få svar på vår frågeställning har vi fördjupat oss i teorier kring olika tillväxtstrategier där vi valt ut koncentrationsstrategin som vi anser passar småföretag, såsom vårt fallföretag, bäst. Vidare har vi undersökt olika sätt för implementering och där vi fokuserat på intern utveckling eftersom vi vill ta reda på de interna konsekvenserna en vald tillväxtstrategi ger ett småföretag. Vårt arbete har genom vår analys mynnat ut i ett antal slutsatser som rör tre större områden inom organisationen som vi har uppfattat får konsekvenser av vår valda tillväxtstrategi. Den första är strukturen som vi anser kan behöva ändras då företaget arbetar för tillväxt. Sedan handlar det även om produktionen som kommer få konsekvenser då denna del måste kunna hantera en högre belastning. Sista området är personal där en viktig slutsats handlar om att börja arbeta som ett stort företag. Detta för att fokusera på tillväxt utan att anpassa organisationen innebär att växa utan att faktiskt växa.

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