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  • 51.
    Andersson, Christoph
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    SS-fruarnas uppdrag: Att föda åt Hitler2015In: Gefle Dagblad, Sundsvalls Tidning, Östersundsposten, Falu-Kuriren mfl, no 2015-09-05, p. 20-21Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 52.
    Andersson, Christoph
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Stasiagenten Radlers brott visas på turné2014In: Kyrkans Tidning, ISSN 1651-405X, no 49, p. 16-17Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 53.
    Andersson, Christoph
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Stasiprästens synder på turné2014In: Sydsvenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1104-0068, no 2014-11-12, p. 4-5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 54.
    Andersson, Christoph
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Stasis skugga faller över Växjö stift2016In: Dagen, ISSN 1652-5264, no 2016-04-01, p. 10-13Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    De kallades för Doktorn, Ingolf, Hiller och Orio­n. Bakom täcknamnen dolde sig höga östtyska kyrkofö­reträdare. Alla var involverade i Växjö stifts utbytesprogram med kyrkan i DDR – och samarbetade med den östtyska säkerhetspolisen Stasi. Dess främsta mål var att stoppa stiftet i Småland från att stödja kristna regimkritiker i öst.

  • 55.
    Andersson, Christoph
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Svensk Stasiforskning förstörs till nyår2014In: Expressen. Kvällsposten, GT, no 2014-12-28, p. 4-4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 56.
    Andersson, Christoph
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Svenskorna som gifte sig med SS-män2015In: Sydsvenska Dagbladet, Landskrona Posten mfl, no 2015-07-23, p. 14-15Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 57.
    Andersson, Christoph
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Svåra nya tider2015In: Helsingborgs Dagblad, ISSN 1103-9388, no 5 november, p. A15-A15Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 58.
    Andersson, Christoph
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Så skapades svenskornas dröm om att få föda barn åt Hitler2016In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 10 augusti/del 2 (Kultur), p. 8-8Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Deras dröm var att gifta sig med SS-män och föda Adolf Hitler många barn. Flera av dem var svenskor, med vilkas hjälp tyska SS-män senare fick en fristad i Sverige. Författaren Christoph Andersson gräver fram en outforskad historia ur arkiven.

  • 59.
    Andersson, Christoph
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Så skulle Stasi skaka Sverige2013In: Sydsvenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1104-0068, no 26 januari, p. 6-7Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 60.
    Andersson, Christoph
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Terrorcellen som fick hjälp av polisen2017In: Expo, ISSN 1400-9846, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 36-47Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    De tre nazisterna misstänks ligga bakom 14 bankrån, två bombattentat och tio mord. I ett hus någonstans i Mellansverige berättar en före detta tysk polisinformatör om hur allt hade kunnat stoppas innan det började

  • 61.
    Andersson, Christoph
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Tyskarnas intresse för Lasermannen är mycket välkommet2014In: Sydsvenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1104-0068, no 2014-09-22, p. 5-6Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 62.
    Andersson, Christoph
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Vardagen i en terroristcell2016In: Nordvästra Skånes tidningar, ISSN 1103-9728, no 16 februari, p. A15-A15Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 63.
    Andersson, Christoph
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Verner på villovägar: Tidigare okända brev från Heidenstam blir offentliga2015In: Sydsvenska dagbladet, ISSN 1104-0068, no 18 september, p. 7-7Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 64.
    Andersson, Christoph
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Åren när Stasi kom till Linköping2014In: Östgöta Correspondenten, ISSN 1104-0394, no 2014-12-03, p. 18-19Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 65.
    Andersson, Christoph
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Förster, Andreas
    Nazisten som teg: Drömmen om att skapa högerextrema terrorceller i Tyskland och Sverige2017 (ed. 3000)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Beate Zschäpe, 38, sitter i en domstol i München och tiger, iklädd en mörk businessdress och med håret utslaget. Det har hon gjort sedan 2013, åtalad för delaktighet i tio mord, flera bankrån och två bombattentat, begångna mellan 1999 och 2011. Här skulle också hennes kumpaner Uwe Mundlos och Uwe Böhnhardt ha suttit, men både hade dött under mystiska omständigheter 2011.

    Trion gick under namnet NSU, Nationalsozialisticher Untergrund. Målet var att bli en brun motsvarighet till RAF, Röda arméfraktionen, med Lasermannen John Ausonius som inspirationskälla. Men också svenska NRA, Nationella revolutionära armén Tony Olsson, Jackie Arklöv, Andreas Axelsson och andra militanta högerextremister i Sverige.

    Det här är berättelsen om trion och ett bakomliggande högerextremt nätverk, med förgreningar till Norden. Likaså om hur det indirekt stöddes av den tyska säkerhetspolisens Författningsskydd. Beate Zschäpe har goda skäl att tiga, men vill samtidigt gärna berätta om alla sina år i terrorcellen. Frågan är om hon ska våga ta bladet från munnen.

  • 66.
    Andersson, Elfrida
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Stormaktskonflikt i svenska medier: En kritisk diskursanalys av nyhetsrapporteringen om Irakkriget och Krimkrisen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how two Swedish newspapers, Dagens Nyheter and Svenska Dagbladet, described the US occupation of Iraq (2003) and the Russian annexation of Crimea (2014). The questions examined are: How did DN and SvD form their news report regarding the US occupation of Iraq and the Russian annexation of Crimea? How were the involved countries (The US, Russia, Iraq and Crimea (Ukraine) etc.) portrayed? What kind of ideological messages can be told from the articles? 

    Using the analysis method of Berglez (2019), as well as the method of critical discourse analysis (CDA) by Norman Fairclough (1995), ten news articles from each newspaper were analyzed. Theories used are the Gramscian theory of hegemony, the Bourdieu field theory and framing theory. The study shows that there are differences in how the two interventions were portrayed. The newspapers correspondents appeared to picture the conflicts in a way that may reflect the reporters own view of the conflict. Especially the SvD reporters appeared to be critical of the US war in Iraq. Both newspapers were prone to portraying Russia in a negative way as well as the US as a legitimate power. DN, to a greater extent than SvD, reproduced Russian stereotypes.

  • 67.
    Andersson, Emma
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Credibility in Comedy is No Joke: A multimodal study of the credibility of, and communication campaign manifested in, the political satire program Last Week Tonight with John Oliver2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research into political satire programs show that they can be informative in the same way traditional news inform citizens and that the audience trust the information told by satirists. The political satire program Last Week Tonight with John Oliver has inspired the phenomenon ‘the John Oliver Effect’ due to comedian John Oliver’s ability to influence the world of politics and beyond with his in-depth investigations in serious subjects. In the author’s previous research Last Week Tonight has been portrayed by the media as being a credible source despite being the work of a comedian. This study therefore aimed to research what it is that makes Oliver and Last Week Tonight a credible source and whether some aspects of the reporting can be seen as communication campaign. With the theory of source credibility as part of its core, this study used the method of multimodality to ascertain that the main aspect that spoke to Oliver’s credibility was his perceived trustworthiness rather that his expertise or attractiveness. Using the same method but with the theory of communication campaign as part of its core, the study also ascertained that the program in general possessed some characteristics of a communication campaign but to be completely successful an episode had to possess all characteristics of a communication campaign. Merging this with previous research would indicate that subjectivity – Oliver’s authenticity and honest opinions and feelings – play an important part in his perceived credibility.

  • 68.
    Andersson, Emma
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Serious news - a laughing matter?: How four segments from the satirical news program Last Week Tonight with John Oliver were portrayed in American news outlets2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Satirical news programs are a very popular concept where people tune in to them for a laugh and might leave with a bit more knowledge on the subjects reported. With the popularity of such shows growing the media’s covering of them grows as well. The question is then how the media portrays these satirical news shows. In this study a framing analysis is used to analyse articles by four American news outlets – two traditional and two modern – to assess how the media is portraying the newer satirical news program Last Week Tonight with John Oliver. There has been a lot of research done on how satirical programs affect the world around them but this study instead looks at how the media chooses to portray such a show. The focus is on whether the media treats the program as entertainment or more like another news outlet and what kind of effect that could have on the two genres satire and news. This study shows that the media presents the program as not just a comedy show that makes fun of news but also as a credible source of information. It is portrayed as a bit of both and one is not shown to contradict the other. This indicates that the distinction between genres such as satire and news is blurring which in turn can make it harder for the audience to separate the two and thereby make it more difficult to know what is news and what is not.

  • 69.
    Anikina, Maria
    et al.
    Lomonosov Moscow State Univeristy.
    Dobek-Ostrowska, Boguslawa
    University of Wroclaw.
    Nygren, Gunnar
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    A cross-national survey2013In: Journalists in three media systems: Polish, Russian and Swedish journalists about values and ideals, daily practice and the future / [ed] Maria Anikina, Boguslawa Dobek-Ostrowska, Gunnar Nygren, Moscow: Journalism Faculty, Lomonosov Moscow State University , 2013, p. 30-34Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 70. Anikina, Maria
    et al.
    Dobek-Ostrowska, BogusławaNygren, GunnarSödertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Journalists in three media systems: Polish, Russian and Swedish journalists about values and ideals, daily practice and the future2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 71.
    Anikina, Maria
    et al.
    Lomonosov Moscow State Univeristy.
    Johansson, Elena
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Russian journalists: Inclination toward moderate evaluations2013In: Journalists in three media systems: Polish, Russian and Swedish journalists about values and ideals, daily practice and the future / [ed] Maria Anikina, Boguslawa Dobek-Ostrowska, Gunnar Nygren, Moscow: Journalism Faculty, Lomonosov Moscow State University , 2013, p. 69-114Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 72.
    Annisius Askelöf, Alexia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Hemma är bäst?: Två jämförande fallstudier av vanor gällande nyhetskonsumtion bland svenskar bosatta på Island respektive islänningar bosatta i Sverige2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Människors uppfattning om sig själva och sin omvärld påverkas mycket av medierna de konsumerar, i synnerhet nyhetsmedier, och nu kanske mer än någonsin genom den ökade tillgängligheten. För personer med delad nationell identitet, till exempel immigranter, kan nyhetskonsumtionen både påverka och påverkas av hur relationen till det nuvarande respektive tidigare hemlandet är och utvecklas. Den här uppsatsen bygger på två jämförande fallstudier, båda bestående av webbenkäter och intervjuer, som kartlägger och jämför användarvanor gällande nyhetskonsumtion bland svenskar bosatta på Island respektive islänningar bosatta i Sverige. För att försöka förstå och förklara vilka faktorer som påverkar användningen av nyhetsmedier har en tredelad modell lånats från tidigare forskning (Wadbring & Andersson, 2016) och aningen modifierad använts som ramverk. Resultaten visar att fördelningen i konsumtion mellan det nuvarande och tidigare hemlandets nyhetsmedier är nästintill identisk för både svenskar på Island och islänningar i Sverige, där det nuvarande hemlandets nyhetsmedier dominerar något. Även gällande olika bakgrundsfaktorer följs de båda urvalsgruppernas nyhetsmedieanvändning åt. Förhoppningen är att uppsatsen ska kunna bidra till en större förståelse för det nuvarande respektive tidigare hemlandets nyheters betydelse för människor med delad nationell identitet. 

  • 73.
    Appelberg, Jonas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism. Mid Sweden University.
    Johansson, Elena
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism. Moscow State University.
    Nygren, Gunnar
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Baranowski, Pawel
    Wroclaw University.
    Social media in the professional work of Polish, Russian and Swedish journalists2014In: Journal of Print and Media Technology Research, ISSN 2223-8905, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 107-118Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Professional journalistic culture is a complex of journalistic values, practices, norms and media products. On the one hand it tends to unification across the globe, but on the other hand these cultures varies according to cultural diversities.  Technological development leads to a media convergence, increasing interactivity and plenty of opportunities for individualization of media content influence audience’s demands and consequently challenge of traditional routine of journalists’ work, affect professional practices and even undermine traditional role of a journalist in society. Social media creates new conditions for both actors: readers/viewers/listeners and for media professionals who use it as a tool for media work.  Journalists in the different countries, however, use social media for professional needs not equally. This paper is discussing differences and similarities in the patterns of social media use by Polish, Russian and Swedish journalists.  The research is based on a survey of 500 journalists in each country.  

  • 74.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    An Illusion of Interactivity: The paternalistic side of data journalism2018In: Journalism Practice, ISSN 1751-2786, E-ISSN 1751-2794, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 308-325Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores paternalism in contemporary data journalism, a hybrid form of journalism where parts of the engineering culture are blended with the culture of journalism. Technologists often question paternalistic elements in design, whereas journalists consider paternalistic decision-making to be justified as an inherent part of what journalism is. Based on a predominately qualitative content analysis of paternalistic elements in 31 data journalistic projects submitted to the Nordic Data Journalism Awards in 2013, 2015 and 2016, three characteristics of paternalism were found: controlling functionality, the illusion of interactivity and linearity. All three characteristics include several types of control over the audience control, embedded in the design, and as previous research has found that paternalism is often associated with negative effects, on the basis of journalistic choices in design and presentation involving technology, the problem is whether the audience begins to perceive data journalism as controlling, non-transparent or intrusive.

  • 75.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Bokrecension: Aske Kammer: Digital journalistik: kort og præcist om medier og kommunikation2018In: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 124-126Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 76.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    [Book review:] Mirko Tobias Schäfer and Karin van Es (Eds.), The Datafied Society: Reviewed by Ester Appelgren2018In: International Journal of Communication, ISSN 1932-8036, E-ISSN 1932-8036, Vol. 12, p. 433-435Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Will the current practice of data and digital analysis harm humanities scholarship? Or will increasing access to data and easy-to-use tools for digital analysis instead strengthen the ability to critically interpret culture and contemporary life? These two perspectives permeate The Datafied Society: Studying Culture through Data, edited by Mirko Tobias Schäfer and Karin van Es.

  • 77.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Book review: News, numbers, and public opinion in a data-driven world: by An Nguyen New York, Bloomsbury Academic, 2018, 304 pp., £86.40 (hardback.), ISBN: 9781501330353, £26.09 (paperback), ISBN: 97815013540072019In: Digital Journalism, ISSN 2167-0811, E-ISSN 2167-082XArticle, book review (Other academic)
  • 78.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism. Naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik.
    Commentary: Openness and Transparency in the Data Journalism Practice2018In: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 76-77Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 79.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Data Journalists Using Facebook: A Study of a Resource Group Created by Journalists, for Journalists2016In: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On Facebook there are interest groups created by journalists, for journalists, that focus on the journalistic profession and work methods. One example is the Swedish group, “Datajournalistik” (in English, “Data Journalism”), which was created in 2012. This article builds on Granovetter’s theory on the strength of weak ties and is focused on the skill development process taking place in the group. A content analysis has been carried out of all posts that received comments in order to explore the social functions of the group. The results indicate both a significant need for knowledge exchange and a need for self-affirmation. At the time of the study, the group was unique in the Nordic countries and as such has played a major role in data journalism’s development process in the Nordic region. 

  • 80.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Datajournalistikens fem framgångsfaktorer: Analys2014Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Valåret 2014 har inneburit att datajournalistik kommit igång på allvar inom desvenska medieföretagen. För att bli framgångsrik är fem områden centrala:datajournalistisk kompetens, nya organisatoriska lösningar på redaktionen,tillgång till data, användarupplevelsen och aff ärsmodellen.

  • 81.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Från kontroll till en illusion av interaktivitet: Datajournalistik som grävande arbetsmetod2016In: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 38, no 2, p. 58-61Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Datajournalistik som grävande arbetsmetod resulterar ofta i att journalistiska vinklar visualiseras i form av mönster eller specifika samband med hjälp av digitala medieformer. Här möts två tidigare åtskilda kulturer då journalistiska arbetsmetoder kombineras med tekniska arbetsmetoder. För att skapa en berättelse får journalister förtroende att fatta beslut åt publiken, i publikens intresse, medan en ingenjör istället kan bli anklagad för att fatta paternalistiska beslut över huvudet på människor. Med utgångspunkt från aktuell nordisk datajournalistik diskuteras i denna artikel därför vad som händer när just dessa två kulturer möts, i termer av beslutsfattande åt publiken, i publikens intresse.

  • 82.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    JOURNALISTS' USING FACEBOOK TO CLAIM THE TERRITORY, BRAG OR CRY IN DESPERATION FOR HELP: A CONTENT ANALYSIS OF A NORDIC JOURNALISTIC RESOURCE GROUP ON FACEBOOK2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On Facebook there are interest groups created by journalists, for journalists, that focus on the journalistic profession and work methods. One example is the Swedish group, "Datajournalistik" (in English, "Data Journalism") created in 2012. The group has grown to more than 1,000 Nordic members, most of whom are active data journalists working primarily at Swedish media companies. This article builds on Granovetter's theory on the strength of weak ties. A content analysis of all posts with comments has been carried out to discuss tie strength in relation to information sharing and addressivity in the group. The findings indicate that Datajournalistik forms a network where the individuals are mainly connected by weak ties. Another conclusion is that the group has a function in developing data journalistic competence, but it also functions as means for journalists to promote Nordic data journalistic work in their community giving others credit while at the same time taking some of the credit for oneself.

  • 83.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism. Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Remaining in Control with an Illusion of Interactivity: The Paternalistic Side of Data Journalism*2019In: Journalism Practice, ISSN 1751-2786, E-ISSN 1751-2794, no 8, p. 956-960Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 84.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    The Reasons Behind Tracing Audience Behavior: A Matter of Paternalism and Transparency2017In: International Journal of Communication, ISSN 1932-8036, E-ISSN 1932-8036, Vol. 11, p. 2178-2197Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes privacy agreement texts and cookie consent information collected from 60 news sites in three countries (U.S., UK, and Sweden) within the context of paternalism. The goal of this study is to explore how paternalism is present in news media companies’ stated reasons for collecting behavioral data. Twenty-five categories of reasons were identified and divided into six categories: personalization and enhanced user experience, delivery and maintenance of services, internal and corporate use of data, legal reasons, communication with the user, and third-party use of data. The analysis shows that the reasons can be formulated in both paternalistic and nonpaternalistic ways, and that the market-driven logic of Web analytics seems to collide with ethics in a journalistic context.

  • 85.
    Appelgren, Ester
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Leckner, Sara
    Malmö University.
    Att dela eller inte dela: Användarnas inställning till insamling av personlig data2016In: Ekvilibrium / [ed] Jonas Ohlsson, Henrik Ekengren Oscarsson och Maria Solevid, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2016, p. 403-418Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att dela personlig information i digitala sammanhang kan ge fördelar, men det finns också risker. Trots att insamling av beteendedata sker på många av de sajter svenska folket använder idag, visar 2015 års SOM-undersökning att 60 procent av befolkningen är negativa till att dela personliga data med företag. Endast en liten andel av befolkningen accepterar fullt ut att insamling sker. Majoriteten av befolkningen säger att de försöker begränsa sin personliga information på internet, samtidigt är det bara 15 procent som noga läser igenom användarvillkor. Kanske beror svenskarnas övervä- gande negativa attityd till att dela data på en omedvetenhet kring när data samlas in och vilka fördelar det ger. Frågan är om ökad medvetenhet ger en mer accepterande attityd eller om det leder till det motsatta? Oavsett vilken riktning utvecklingen tar kommer företagen att behöva bli tydligare jämtemot användare med hur och när de samlar in beteendedata.

  • 86.
    Appelgren, Ester
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Leckner, Sara
    Malmö University.
    Mediepubliken och stora datamängder2016In: Människorna, medierna och marknaden: Medieutredningens forskningsantologi om en demokrati i förändring / [ed] Oscar Westlund, Stockholm: Wolters Kluwer, 2016, p. 165-188Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 87.
    Appelgren, Ester
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Leckner, Sara
    Malmö Universitet.
    Tröga processer i en snabb medievärld2019In: På väg mot medievärlden 2030: Journalistikens villkor och utmaningar / [ed] Gunnar Nygren, Ingela Wadbring, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, 6, p. 31-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 88.
    Appelgren, Ester
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Leckner, Sara
    Malmö Högskola.
    Tröga processer i en snabb medievärld: En introduktion till att förutspå medieutveckling2013In: På väg mot medievärlden 2020: Journalistik, teknik, marknad / [ed] Gunnar Nygren och Ingela Wadbring, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013, 5, p. 41-58Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 89.
    Appelgren, Ester
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Leckner, Sara
    Malmö Högskola.
    Mejtoft, Thomas
    Umeå Universitet.
    Mediekonsumentens medvetna och omedvetna val: En nyckel till morgondagens mediekonsumtion.2014In: Medie-Sverige 2014: Statistik och analys / [ed] Ulla Carlsson & Ulrika Facht, Göteborg: Nordicom , 2014, p. 29-37Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 90.
    Appelgren, Ester
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Nygren, Gunnar
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Data Journalism In Sweden: Introducing new methods and genres of journalism into “old” organizations2014In: Digital Journalism, ISSN 2167-0811, E-ISSN 2167-082X, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 394-405Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Data journalism is an evolving form of investigative journalism. In previous research andhandbooks published on this topic, this form of journalism has been called computer-assistedreporting and data-driven journalism, as well as precision, computational or database journalism.In Sweden, data journalism is still fairly uncommon. The purpose of this paper is to providean overview of the development of data journalism at seven Swedish traditional mediacompanies, using action research methods. The content of this paper is based on an onlinesurvey of journalists and in-depth interviews with editors at these participating companies. Theresults indicate that, based on how this field is currently perceived by journalists in the interviews,there is a common definition of data journalism. Furthermore, the survey shows thatthe attitudes towards data journalism during the process of introducing new methods andgenres of journalism into “old” organizations are correlated with the level of perceived experiencein data journalism working methods. The main challenges facing the working methodsof data journalism today are a shortage of time and the need for training and developingdata journalism skills.

  • 91.
    Appelgren, Ester
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Nygren, Gunnar
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    HiPPOs (Highest Paid Person’s Opinion) in the Swedish media industry on innovation: A study of news media leaders’ attitudes towards innovation2019In: Journal of Media Innovations, ISSN 1812-7592, E-ISSN 1894-5562, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 45-60Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Decades of change in the media landscape and technological innovation have brought several uncertainties to media leadership. In this study, we build on the upper echelons theory to discuss the possible isomorphic behaviour of media leaders. Based on a survey of 372 Swedish media leaders, our results indicate that while innovation is considered to be a strength at media companies, innovation work may still stand in contrast to the institutional perspective. We found that Swedish media leaders perceive innovation as highly important and something they are good at. The perceived ability to work with innovation inside the organizations (rather than introducing knowledge from outside expertise) is undermined by the fact that, during the average work week, the majority of leaders set aside very little time for developing their own competences, individual talks with their employees, and time to reflect on their own work. Thus, in line with upper echelons theory, we find a paradox of trust in in-house innovative strength and, at the same time, media leaders fall back on their own experiences, limiting the inflow of new ideas into their strategic work.

  • 92.
    Appelgren, Ester
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Salaverría, Ramón
    Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.
    Interacting, but not contributing: fruitless news crowdsourcing in Spain2019In: Estudios sobre el Mensaje Periodí­stico, ISSN 1134-1629, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 639-655Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Trusting the audience to contribute data, a practice called crowdsourcing, is one of several procedures of contemporary data journalism. While previous research has embraced the idea of crowdsourcing as a transparent way of engaging the audience, the journalistic practice of crowdsourcing is currently still limited. The Spanish case is particularly illuminating of the gap between theoretical expectations and reality. Although online news media in Spain stands out because of its commitment to exploring interactive possibilities, and its audience is especially prone to comment on news, this qualitative study presents evidence that Spanish data journalists remain quite reluctant to embrace crowdsourcing as a research method. Based on semi-structured interviews with five Spanish data journalists, this paper explains the motivations behind this reluctance as well as the challenges of activating the audience.

  • 93.
    Appelgren, Ester
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Salaverría, Ramón
    School of Communication, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spa.
    The Promise of the Transparency Culture: A comparative study of access to public data in Spanish and Swedish newsrooms2018In: Journalism Practice, ISSN 1751-2786, E-ISSN 1751-2794, Vol. 12, no 8, p. 986-996Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2013, with the introduction of the Transparency Law in Spain, a number of Spanish newsrooms started working with data journalism methods. In Sweden, which has one of the oldest Freedom of Information acts in the world, newsrooms invested in the skill development of data journalism at approximately the same time. Because previous research suggests that access to public data has been one of the key driving forces for the development of data journalism worldwide, it is important to understand how legislation is actually shaping the practice of data journalism. Based on a survey of 66 key informants in Spain and Sweden and ten in-depth interviews with data journalists from five media companies in each country, we conducted a comparative study, building on the frameworks of media systems to explore data journalism practices in these two countries. The differences found indicate that the national and EU legislation in both nations shape journalistic strategies for accessing data, turning journalists at times into activists fighting for the right to access public data. Beyond the law, data journalists advocate for a transparency culture among the civil servants, in order to secure public accountability.

  • 94.
    Appelgren Gougoulakis, Alexis
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Söderberg, Vendela
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Blodet renner i gatene?: En komparativ studie om medierepresentationen i lokal press och oljekrisens konsekvenser för städerna Stavanger och Aberdeen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en jämförande studie om medierepresentationen av oljekrisen i Stavanger i Norge och Aberdeen i Skottland. I uppsatsens första del undersöker och jämför vi tre nyhetsartiklar från norska lokala tidningar i Stavanger med tre skotska lokala tidningar i Aberdeen genom en kvalitativ textanalys. I uppsatsens andra del lägger vi tyngd på journalisternas uppfattning om krissituationen och använder oss av semistrukturerade intervjuer. Genom kvalitativa intervjuer med norska och skotska journalister jämför vi hur de resonerar kring val av vinklar, nyheter, källor och hur de upplever sitt yrke och sin arbetsroll i relation till rapporteringen av oljekrisen.

    I arbetet lyfter vi fram skillnader i framställningen av situationen i Stavanger respektive Aberdeen. Vi använder oss av en etnografisk intervju i vårt tillvägagångssätt när vi träffar journalisterna, för att kunna använda detta som en ingång till historisk bakgrund för effekterna av oljekrisen och påverkan på städerna.

    En utgångspunkt för uppsatsen är att undvika att bedöma huruvida det rör sig om en kris eller inte och istället fokusera på gestaltningen i de valda medierna och journalisternas upplevelser av sitt arbete.

    Resultatet av vår studie visar att det finns nationella samband med hur journalisterna uppfattar oljekrisen. De norska journalisterna mörkar i högre utsträckning att det pågått en omfattande oljekris i Stavanger, medan de skotska journalisterna talar mer öppet om en kris. Vi kan genom denna studie konstatera att det återfinns skillnader i hur den lokala rapporteringen för oljekris sker, samt hur gestaltningen av oljekrisens konsekvenser ser ut i artiklarna som vi har valt att analysera. 

  • 95.
    Babovnikova, Margarita
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    The Construction of National Identity in Poland’s Newspapers: Content Analysis of Nasz Dziennik, Gazeta Wyborcza, and Rzeczpospolita2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis focuses on national identity, constructed and represented in Poland’s media, and analyzes three daily newspapers which are diverse in their orientations as follows:

    1. Catholic Nasz Dziennik,
    2. pro-establishment business-conservative Rzeczpospolita,
    3. and independent center-left Gazeta Wyborcza.

    The research questions are

    1. how Gazeta Wyborcza, Nasz Dziennik, and Rzeczpospolita constitute national identity in content and
    2. what differences there are in identity construction in Gazeta Wyborcza, Nasz Dziennik, and Rzeczpospolita.

    The method is quantitative content analysis.

    It was found out that the Polish media employ a broad spectrum of identity construction strategies which could be defined as

    1. identification with and antagonizing from the European Union,
    2. redefining and creating new meanings of past events.

    The prevalent identity represented in the media is an identity of a civic and law-abiding democratic society. This identity is an outcome of political struggles in the country since 1989.

    The differences between three media types are minor:

    1. the media lack one established identity agenda and
    2. media content tends to depict the national identity as ambivalent.
  • 96.
    Bach, Jakob
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Barnfamiljer eller 50 000 fascister?: En komparativ analys av hur en polsk självständighetsmarsch framställs i polska, svenska, tyska och brittiska nyhetstexter2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats var att besvara följande frågeställning:

    1) Hur gestaltas den polska självständighetsmarschen och dess deltagare? Går det genom öppen kodning att hitta återkommande frames? Går det att se nationella skillnader?

    2) Hur förhåller sig gestaltningen till tidigare journalistisk forskning om hur demonstrationer gestaltas? Kännetecknas gestaltningar av de frames som i hög utsträckning används? Går det att se nationella skillnader?

    3) Hur återspeglar framställningar av självständighetsmarschen hur journalister i de olika undersökta länderna förhåller sig till objektivitetsideal enligt en liberal modell?

    Frågeställningen besvarades genom en tvådelad kvantitativ objektivitetsanalys samt en tvådelad kvalitativ gestaltningsanalys. Resultatet av den första delen av den kvantitativa undersökningen visade att objektivitetsideal förknippade med hur informationskällor används var relativt lika; objektivitetsideal återspeglas inom detta område på ett relativt likartat sätt länder emellan. Resultatet av den andra delen av den kvantitativa undersökningen visade relativt stora skillnader mellan hur inrikes (polska) medier samt utrikesmedier beskriver marschen. Tydligast i detta sammanhang var att 46% av de utländska nyhetstexterna kallade marschen helt högerextrem, medan endast 7% av de polska nyhetstexterna kallade den i helhet som högerextrem. Liknande siffror kunde ses om man bytte ut begreppet ”högerextrem” mot ”nationalistisk”. I gestaltningsanalysens första del, kunde fem olika mindre ramar som beskrev marschens deltagare (”stöttade av regeringen”, ”representanter av allmän opinion”, ”vandaler/huliganer”, ”extremister” och ”harmlösa”) identifieras, och dessa bildade tillsammans en övergripande gestaltningsram. Den övergripande ramen gick att tillämpa på de flesta texter som analyserades. Resultatet av den andra delen visade att Dardis (2006) kartlagda marginaliseringsfigurer (som forskning visat frekvent använts i tidigare journalistisk forskning om demonstrationer) användes i liten utsträckning. Gestaltningsanalysen visade, tillskillnad från objektivitetsanalysen, relativt lika beskrivningar i samtliga länders medier, även om det gick att se nationella skillnader.När det gäller objektivitetsideal så indikerar resultatet generellt att journalister i Polen inom detta sammanhang förhåller sig annorlunda till västerländska objektivitetsideal, alternativt att journalister förhåller sig annorlunda till objektivitetsideal när det gäller utrikes- jämfört med inrikesrapportering.

  • 97.
    Balčytienė, Auksė
    et al.
    Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas, Lithuania.
    Malling, Milda
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Lithuania: Media-politics interaction shaped by benefits-oriented reasoning2019In: Close and Distant: Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries / [ed] Karl Magnus Johansson & Gunnar Nygren, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2019, p. 5-74Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter discusses how media and political information sources navigate change and adjust their needs-oriented behaviour to changing conditions. The results presented are based on 20 qualitative interviews with leading political journalists as well as government advisors and spokespersons in Lithuania. Although media and political sources gain power in different situations, both sides function in reciprocal interconnectedness. Formal contacts are quite consistent and professionalised, but they continue to work in the shadow of informal social networks, which create their own power relationships, dynamics and hierarchical structures. Though the findings are contextually fashioned, the views regarding the interaction indicate broader trends of communication professionalisation identified also in other cultures and political conditions.

  • 98.
    Bekele, Mesfin Negash
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Political Parallelism in Diaspora-based Transnational Media: The case of Ethiopian Satellite Television and Radio (ESAT)2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores political parallelism in the context of diaspora-based transnational media through the experience of the Ethiopian Satellite Television and Radio (ESAT). The station is conceived as a party media outlet and transformed into a diaspora-based, non-profit and mainly diaspora funded institution. It has been operating from its three studios in Amsterdam, London and Washington, D.C., until recently. ESAT has emerged as one of the most influential media outlets in the political landscape of Ethiopia in the last ten years. The research, through qualitative and in-depth case study interviews, examines the underlying ideological, political and organizational affiliations that defined ESAT’s position in the media landscape. The study concluded that political parallelism, as an indicator of the dynamics between media and politics, can be used in the diaspora-based transnational media context. However, the study also validated critics on the inapplicability of the two preconditions of political parallelism, namely the existence of competitive system and patterns. The analysis confirms a high level of political parallelism in ESAT in all the five indicators selected for the study. The indicators considered are Ownership, Organizational connections, Party or ideological loyalty, Media personnel’s political involvement, and Journalists’ role orientation. Each of them demonstrated a level of parallelism in ideological orientations or party connection with Ginbot 7 Movement for Democracy and Justice. The study concluded that the salient features of political parallelism should further be studied in the context of the transnational media space of diaspora-based media.

  • 99.
    Billengren, Ludwig
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Pearson, Sebastian
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Journalist eller varumärke?: En studie om hur Sportexpressen och SVT Sport bygger sina journalisters varumärken2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien ska belysa hur public service-bolaget SVT och det kommersiella mediehuset Expressen profilerar sina sportjournalister, men även hur SVT:s och Expressens profilerade journalister använder sociala medier och främst Twitter. Vidare ska studien även belysa om det går att se en kopplingmellan hur mediebolagen profilerar sina journalister till teorier om varumärkesstrategier. I uppsatsen används en kvantitativ innehållsanalys, där vi undersökte SVT Sports och Sportexpressens webbsidors löpsedlar för att se hur de framhäver sina journalister på löpsedlarna under två veckors tid. Det användes även en kvalitativ undersökning med intervjuer med en chef och två profilerade journalister från varjemediebolag för att ge sin syn på profilering och hur de utvalda journalisterna blev profilerade journalister. Resultatet visar att Expressen framhävde sina journalister mer på webbsidans löp än SVT. Däremot visade den kvalitativa undersökningen att bådamediebolagen arbetar aktivt med att profilera sina journalister.Vidare visar även resultatet att de profilerade journalisterna på Expressen och SVT har egenskaper som sticker ut från mängden och att de på så sätt är unika profiler. Resultatet visar också att de profilerade journalisterna är en del av mediehusens sätt att positionera sig gentemot konkurrenterna. Krönikor, blogginlägg och intervjuer med experter är de vanligaste sätten att profilera sportjournalister. Profilering kommer helt enkelt av tyckande från de egna journalisterna och på så sätt får de också synas i högre grad. Utifrån resultatet går det att titulera sportjournalister som ”semi-varumärken” eftersom det finns tendenser till att vissa strategierfungerar på profilerade sportjournalister liksom på produkter medan andra strategierenbart är lämpade för produkter.

  • 100.
    Björck, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    I tider av allmänt utbrett bedrägeri – Blir det en revolutionär handling att säga sanningen: En analys om hur sex dopinganklagade idrottsutövare beskrivs i Dagens Nyheter och Aftonbladet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats undersöks hur de sex professionella idrottsutövarna, Nicklas Bäckström, Alexandr Legkov, Abeba Aregawi, Marija Sjarapova, Nicklas Axelsson och Justin Gatlin framställs i två av Sveriges största morgon- respektive kvällstidningar: Dagens Nyheter och Aftonbladet. Detta efter att de alla sex idrottsutövarna, blivit avslöjade som fuskare och gett ett positivt resultat under en eller flera dopingkontroller. Observerade skillnader och likheter i rapporteringen av de idrottsutövande har analyseras utifrån två relevanta teorier om objektivitet och nationalism: Westerståhls objektivitetsmodell och Billigs teori gällande nationalism. De i studien utvalda texterna har granskats huruvida de utmålar värderingar om ”Vi” och ”dom andra”. Texterna har analyserat med komparativ kvalitativ textanalys med utgångspunkt i de tre frågeställningarna, Hur stor plats i medierna får de individuella fallen? Är det någon skillnad i hur utövarna och deras dopingfall framställs i två av Sveriges största tidningsmedier och om så är fallet, vilka är de? Dessutom undersöks huruvida nationaliteten på utövarna påverkar hur de återges i svenska medier.

     

    I analysen ingår 65 artiklar där resultaten visar klart och tydligt att vissa idrottsutövare fick en mer harmlös behandling där de nästintill sågs som offer medan andra fick utstå hård kritik där också högre grad av negativt värdeladdade ord tenderade att förekomma. Utrymmet de individuella idrottsutövarna fick i de två utvalda tidningarna, Dagens Nyheter och Aftonbladet tenderade att skifta rejält. Nationalitet och etnicitet spelade stor roll när journalisterna rapporterade om dopingfallen. Tydligt var att journalisterna strävade, eller omedvetet stod för ett skapande av ”Vi” och ”dom andra”, där ett återkommande tema var att Ryssland utmålades som fienden medan vi svenskar minsann aldrig fuskar. Analysen visar att Dagens Nyheter och Aftonbladet tenderar att växla i sin attityd när de rapporterar om händelserna kring de sex dopingfallen. I den svenska ishockeyspelaren Nicklas Bäckströms fall var det tydligt att de två tidningarna snarare ventilerade starka åsikter istället för att rapportera om händelseförloppet vilket journalisterna gjorde tydligare i de övriga fem dopingfallen.

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