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  • 51.
    Abdirahman, Zakariye
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Nordander, August
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    "Jag trodde inte att mitt arbete skulle vara så viktigt": En studie om vilken betydelse ungdomscoacher har för ungdomar2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study deals with youth coaches and their work with young people at various youth venues in areas that the police believe are vulnerable areas in Halmstad and Växjö. The purpose of this study is to see the importance of youth coaches for young people and how they shape them into good citizens. Young people visit different youth venues to find a community and an adult they can talk to. The method used in this study is a qualitative method with semi-structured interviews. The results show that youth coaches influence young people and many young people see coaches as role models. This opportunity arises from the relationship created between a youth and a coach. The results also show that this relationship is important for many young people as some of them can go for a whole day without talking to any adult. When the coaches choose to listen to young people individually and invite them to conversations a confidence and trust is created that gives the coaches the opportunity to influence the young people's day to day life. 

  • 52.
    Abdo, Manal
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Abdul Rahman, Nadin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Konsekvenser av individens belastningsregister: En studie om brottsdömdas återintegrering i arbetslivet2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The study provides a comprehensive overview of how it has become increasingly common in today's job market for employers to request criminal record checks during the hiring process. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine how the criminal record affects the employment prospects of individuals with a criminal background and to analyze the methods identified as effective in supporting individuals who have been denied employment due to their criminal record. Method: To address the study's objectives, a qualitative research approach was chosen, involving content analysis and document analysis. Results: Individuals with a criminal record face greater challenges in reintegrating into the labor market due to the stigmatization and labeling associated with having a criminal record. The results showed that individuals with a criminal record experience social exclusion, discrimination, and stigmatization. Furthermore, the findings indicate that these individuals are indirectly punished even after serving their sentence, as they face limitations in their opportunities for labor market reintegration. Society views them as deviant, further hindering the reintegration of individuals with previous criminal convictions and increasing the likelihood of recidivism. Therefore, it is important to implement strategies and interventions that focus on the rehabilitation and reintegration of individuals with criminal backgrounds into the labor market.

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  • 53.
    Abdollah, Shamal
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck - En studie om hur socialsekreterare i enkommun i Sverige arbetar med hedersrelaterat våld2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 54.
    Abdrahman Aden, Ayan
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Omar Mohamed, Mustafa
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    VID MISSTANKE OM ATT BARN FAR ILLA: EN INTERVJUSTUDIE OM SOCIALTJÄNSTENS ARBETE2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the thesis is to investigate what the social services work process looks like when a child is in danger or is suspected to be in danger. The study consists of three questions and in order to provide answers to the purpose, a qualitative research method is used with the help of semi-structured interviews. The result is based on five social secretaries from five different municipalities in Central Sweden. When it comes to the social secretary's investigation process, the results of the study show that all county to witch the interviews belongs have the same goal but are based on different working methods. Some common challenges for the social secretaries are a heavy workload, low resources and the loss of the clients trust in social services. An additional result shows that the study demonstrates the secretary's description of the investigation process in relation to the theoretical starting point. The system theory is essential for the social worker to gather important information from the individuals and organisations in the child’s local environment. While the attachment theory shows the child’s attachment relationship to the caregivers. Empowerment is used in the investigation process by motivating clients to regain power over their situation. 

  • 55.
    Abdu, Hayat
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Vilka ungdomar är det som tar SMS-lån och varför?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    SMS-lån är ett samhällsproblem där olika aktörer är inblandade. Utifrån treforskningsmetoder; kvantitativ- och kvalitativ undersökning samt innehållsanalys av tidningsartiklarna, har synsättet på fenomenet vidgats. Undersökningspopulationen som består av unga SMS-låntagare mellan 18-25 år, var en väldigt svår grupp att nå. Av allt att döma berodde detta på att de är en utsatt och sårbar grupp med ekonomiska svårigheter. SMS-lånet är ett snabbt och lättillgängligt lån vilket stärker ungdomarnas tendens att agera utifrån begär, som i enlighet med Maslows motivationsteori saknar en kognitiv förbindelse. Variationen var stor mellan respondenterna i fråga om vad pengarna användes till, där en del befann sig i den nedersta delen i behovstrappan för att kunna tillgodose de fysiologiska behoven, medan andra konsumerade över sina tillgångar. Låneföretagens systematiska marknadsföring förenklar för ungdomar att ta ett sådant lån med korta återbetalningstider. De ungdomar som inte betalar tillbaka lånet i tid hamnar i ekonomiska svårigheter, vilket påverkar deras liv för flera år framåt i tiden.

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  • 56.
    Abdul Rahim, Osama
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Özgur, Merdan Mulla
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Organisatoriska förutsättningar för socialsekreterare inom ekonomiskt bistånd: En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares upplevelser av organisatoriska förutsättningars betydelse för arbetet med klienter inom ekonomiskt bistånd2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Financial assistance from social services can be described as an important protection against financial vulnerability. Many of the people that seek out to get support in the form of financial aid are vulnerable people that are in need of an income. The purpose of this study is to explore the organizational conditions that caseworkers in financial assistance perceive as significant for their work with clients. We’ve performed semi-structured interviews with seven caseworkers that work in the department of financial assistance to gather in-depth insights into their experiences and perspectives about the organizational conditions. Using Lipsky's theory of street-level bureaucracy to analyze our results, we also connected our findings to previous research in the field. The findings reveal that control, demands and information are critical organizational factors that have a significant importance for their client work. Caseworkers experience that organizational conditions complicate client interactions, worsen relationships, and limit discretion. Caseworkers also desire more understanding, trust, clearer information, and reduced workloads. Previous research highlights the importance of balancing organizational demands with client needs, emphasizing the need for supportive policies and effective communication to enhance social work practice. Future research could explore implementing new approaches suggested by caseworkers to see how these changes would impact their work and improve the quality of financial assistance. Furthermore, future research could also investigate the perspectives of the organization to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the subject.

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  • 57.
    Abdulahad, Nathalie
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Holmström, Jannike
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Anorexia Nervosa: Friskförklarade kvinnors upplevelser kring orsaksfaktorer för insjuknande2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Anorexia is a global issue but occurs mainly in the Western world. Anorexia nervosa is a complex disease caused by biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors which often interacts with each other. The purpose of this phenomenological study is to gain a greater understanding of how recovered women created meaning in their illness and if there are mutual factors in their life-stories. We have especially focused on family patterns and the communication within the family. We have based our study on symbolic interactionism as our theoretical perspective. The study is of a qualitative nature and we used semi structured interviews which later were interpreted from a hermeneutic phenomenological approach. In our result we could see that creating meaning was central throughout the disease and was expressed in different ways by our respondents. Ten themes appeared and the most vital findings were that anorexia was an active action and that it is an expression for self-hatred and low self-esteem. We could also see that lack of expression regarding emotions within the families and not being emotionally recognized by their parents were crucial factors. The most important result was the respondents own perception of anorexia as a symbolizing action and the content of the disease is about so much more than weight and looks.

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    Anorexia Nervosa
  • 58. Abdulahi Saleban, Safiya
    et al.
    Sekersöz, Meral
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
    Samverkan med förhinder - Skolkuratorers och socialsekreterares samarbete kring barn och unga med psykisk ohälsa2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 59.
    Abdulahiayan, Shaho
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Eliassi, Razgar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Om inkludering och exkludering och ungdomars idrottsdeltagande.: Kvalitativ studie om idrottsflreningars och ideella personers arbetssätt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper was to study what impact sports participation has on young people and how nonprofit people and representatives of sports associations work to counter exclusion and how they contribute to inclusion. We investigated if, and if so how, participation in sports and physical activities can generate inclusion and counteract exclusion for young people. In this study we have completed six qualitative interviews with non-profit persons and representatives of sports associations. We interviewed two people who work voluntarily in sports and four people who have a leadership role in sports associations in a specific municipality. This selection was made in order for us to get a broader picture of how the strategies of non-profit and associations might differ in practice regarding exclusion and inclusion for young people. Based on our respondents' answers from the interviews, we have identified four main themes; expectations and demands, the socialization arena, working methods and the negative and positive factors of sports. We analyzed these themes based on previous research and theory sections and to our purpose and issues. The main conclusion we made was that sport contributes to community, belonging, joy, exercise, reduced risk of physical and mental illnesses and facilitates the integration of newly immigrated youth. Our conclusion regarding negative factors with sports are that young people might develop some form of eating disorder, overload their bodies if they exercise too much and that the risks of getting physical injuries might increase if they participate in sports too much. In response to our last research question, it emerges that economy might be an exclusive factor that sport associations try to prevent in different ways. The associations and the working methods of the non-profit people differ in terms of generating inclusion and counteracting exclusion.

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  • 60.
    Abdulcadir, Jasmine
    et al.
    Univ Geneva, Univ Hosp Geneva, Ob Gyn Emergency Unit, Geneva, Switzerland; Univ Geneva, Univ Hosp Geneva, FGM C Outpatient Clin, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Merli, Claudia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Warren, Nicole
    Johns Hopkins Univ, Sch Nursing, Baltimore, MD USA.
    Medically Unnecessary Genital Cutting and the Rights of the Child: Moving Toward Consensus2019In: American Journal of Bioethics, ISSN 1526-5161, E-ISSN 1536-0075, Vol. 19, no 10, p. 17-28Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 61.
    Abdul-Fattah, Lina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Elhagehassan, Sandra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    En studie av två socioekonomiska områden i Landskrona: Borstahusen & Karlslund2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study investigates youth perception of juvenile delinquency in Landskrona utilising a research sample from the local districts Borstahusen and Karlslund. The research sample was split between these socio-economic areas to provide an in-depth understanding of perception variances, their root cause, and the occurrence of prejudice against individuals from Karlslund as a direct result of negative associations with the district. To ensure a quality-focused data collection process a qualitative interview method was used, these interviews were recorded and then transcribed to reveal various similarities and differences throughout the sample. A key conclusion from this sample found that youth perception of juvenile delinquency remains relatively comparable, whereas their perception of the geographic location of these issues differs vastly. This research also concluded high levels of prejudice against individuals from the Karlslund province, immediately labelling them criminals without any further consideration. This research utilised the following theories and concepts to analyse the data; ‘the established and the outsiders’, ‘labelling theory’, and ‘subcultures’

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  • 62.
    Abdulhadi, Nora
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Olsson, Zuzanna
    Örebro University, School of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Sardar, Kaijan
    Örebro University, School of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    RÄDSLA FÖR SKJUTNINGAR: Finns det ett samband till nyhetskonsumtionen och en skillnad mellan män och kvinnors rädsla?2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom den rådande digitaliseringen påverkar nyhetskonsumtionen individers vardag och syn på brottslighet. I linje med ett ökat skjutvapenvåld i samhället är rädsla för skjutningar relaterat till nyhetskonsumtion ett relevant forskningsområde. Därmed var syftet med studien att undersöka om individens rädsla för skjutningar relaterat till gängkriminalitet har ett samband med nyhetskonsumtion och om det fanns en skillnad mellan män och kvinnor i deras rädsla för skjutningar relaterat till gängkriminalitet. Tidigare studier på området visade på att kvinnor är mer rädda för brott och skjutningar än män, samt att en ökad nyhetskonsumtion leder till större rädsla för skjutningar. En kvantitativ enkätundersökning genomfördes med ett urval som bestod av 119 personer (72 kvinnor och 47 män), mellan 19 och 71 år (M=27,7, SD=9,8). Resultatet visade inte några signifikanta samband mellan nyhetskonsumtion och rädsla för skjutningarna, inte heller några signifikanta skillnader i rädsla för skjutningar mellan män och kvinnor. Det kunde urskiljas en medelvärdesskillnad där kvinnor var mer rädda än män. Sammanfattningsvis har studiens resulterat till att belysa kunskapsgapet gällande rädsla för skjutningar specifikt och dess samband till individers nyhetskonsumtion, samt den bristande forskningen om män och kvinnors rädsla för skjutningar.

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  • 63.
    Abdulhadi, Nora
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
    Omerovic, Kenan
    University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
    Attityder kring etnicitet hos anställda på socialtjänsten & dess påverkan på mötet med klienter2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Attitudes and prejudice about ethnicity is a phenomenon that occurs in many different contexts. When working with people, attitudes about ethnicity is essential for how the workplace is experienced, both for the employees and clients. The work-life in Sweden consists of employees with different backgrounds and ethnicities. Norms about ethnicity create obstacles to achieve equality and the risk of ethnic discrimination enhances. The issue can be complex and requires employees to critically examine themselves and their colleagues. Experiences of attitudes depends on several individual factors, therefore they may differ in different workplaces. The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate attitudes about ethnicity among Social Services' employees and how the attitudes affect the work with clients. With a social psychological approach, this study was conducted based on theories of social cognition theory, attitudes, social attribution theory and ethnicity, we and them-thinking & indirect discrimination. The essay contains ten semi-structured interviews with social workers in three different municipalities. The results show that it exists negative attitudes about ethnicity in the social services, both between employees and clients. How attitudes appear in the work is affected by several different factors such as experience, awareness of negative attitudes and open dialogues between employees. Whilst working with clients, the influence of attitudes has a basis in the employees´ level of understanding, treatment and ability to maintain the professional role. 

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  • 64.
    Abdulkader, Daiana
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Kashkooli, Niloo
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Unga män i socialt utsatta bostadsområden: En kvalitativ studie om unga män som begår narkotikabrott2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ur ett socialarbetarperspektiv ämnar studien att utforska vilka levnadsvillkor som kan bidra med att unga män involveras i drogrelaterad brottslighet i socialt utsatta bostadsområden, där frågor om skyddsfaktorer och riskfaktorer är förekommande. Studien använder sig av stämplingsteorin som ett ramverk. Studien använder en kvalitativ metod genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med socialarbetare för att förstå deras perspektiv på arbetet med unga män som påverkas av drogrelaterad brottslighet. Resultaten tyder på att de vanligaste anledningarna till att unga män engagerar sig i drogrelaterad brottslighet är en bristande föräldraroll, bristande motivation samt svart ekonomi och status. Studien visar också att unga män stigmatiseras och stämplas som "droganvändare" och "brottslingar" av samhället. Stämplingarna kan ha en betydande påverkan på deras identitetsutveckling, självkänsla och livsbana. Studien betonar vikten av att kunna förstå de underliggande orsakerna till drogrelaterad brottslighet, istället för att enbart fokusera på unga mäns avvikande beteenden. Således belyser studien det komplexa samspelet som finns mellan sociala sammanhang och drogrelaterad brottslighet bland unga män i socialt utsatta bostadsområden, vilket uppmanar till en mer nyanserad förståelse av frågan.

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  • 65.
    Abdul-Karim, Nora
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Charafeddine, Yassmine
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Samma stad - Skilda livsvillkor2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how second generation immigrants perceive their belonging and integration into Swedish society and their belongings to the area in which they live in. The study has a qualitative approach and semistructured interviews have been conducted. The selection consisted of a snowball survey with eight Swedish-born informants between the ages of eighteen and thirty whose parents were born outside of Europe. A thematic analysis was conducted and showed that the majority of informant experienced stigmatization and exclusion, partly because of that they live in certain residential areas which affect the identity of the informants design and social ties. This is supported by earlier research which showed that people living with dual ethnicities live with a constant struggle to be accepted among the majority group in the Swedish society, and this struggle has led to the people in the study experiencing exclusion. The empirical material was analyzed using the following theories: Richard Jenkins theory of social identity, Ervin Goffmans theory about stigma and Scheffs theory of shame and pride.

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  • 66.
    Abdulla, Afrah
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Risenfors, Signild
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Kursen för samhällsorientering för nyanlända: mobilisering och integration för deltagare2013In: Gemenskaper: socialpedagogiska perspektiv / [ed] Eriksson, Lisbeth, Nilsson, Gunilla & Svensson, Lars A., Göteborg: Daidalos, 2013, 1, p. 117-138Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 67.
    Abdulla, Ahmed Wahid
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
    En kvalitativ studie om hur socialarbetare upplever sin kulturella bakgrund samt synen på kulturkompetens i det sociala arbetet ensamkommande flyktingbarn och ungdomar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna kvalitativa studie är att undersöka hur personal som innehar socionomexamen yrkesutövare på HVB-hem där ensamkommande flyktingbarn- och ungdomar är placerade, förhåller sig till ensamkommande flyktingbarns- och ungdomarnas kulturella bakgrund, samt personalens syn på kulturkompetensen i det utövande sociala arbetet. Denna studie är baserad på fyra semistrukturerade intervjuer med personal på HVB-hem som arbetar med ensamkommande flyktingbarn- och ungdomar. Det empiriska insamlade materialet har analyserats med hjälp av studiens teoretiska utgångspunkter, socialkonstruktivism och symbolisk interaktionism med fokus på huvud begreppet kulturkompetens. Studiens resultat visar att socialarbetaren upplever att såväl de ensamkommades som socialarbetarens kulturella bakgrund påverkar det sociala arbetet. I resultatet framkommer det även att det finns flera olika definitioner av kulturkompetens. Det har framkommit två olika synsätt på kulturkompetens under intervjuerna med respondenterna i resultatet, den ena är att kulturkompetens är ett förhållningssätt och den andra är att det är en kombination av tidigare kunskaper och förhållningssätt.

  • 68.
    Abdulla, Awder
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Söderberg, Anders
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Det här måste upphöra igår” En undersökning om diskriminering på arbetsplats och potentiella förklaringar till minskade anmälningar till DO.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats är riktad till att ta reda på hur det kommer sig att allt färre personer anmäler till Diskrimineringsombudsmannen (DO) vid diskriminering på arbetsplatser. Uppsatsen kommer även illustrera hur diskriminering kan upplevas bland de utsatta genom kvalitativa intervjuer samt hur arbetstagare i Östersund och Eskilstunas kommun ställer sig till ämnet genom kvantitativ enkätundersökning. Undersökningen har visat att majoriteten av de som blir utsatta för diskriminering söker stöd från annat håll i första hand istället för att anmäla till DO. När medarbetare vid bevittning av diskriminering hanterade situationen visade sig i två delar där ena sidan var medvetna om diskriminering på sin arbetsplats och inte agerade eller agerade minimalt, resterande ställde sig till antagandet att diskriminering eller trakasserier/kränkningar inte förekom på arbetsplatsen. Det råder brist på kunskap om DO och deras arbete i arbetslivet och det här kan vara orsak till att arbetstagare inte anmäler.

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  • 69.
    Abdullah, Anas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    PRO i Österåkers kommun: en studie över PRO: s roll inom äldreomsorgen2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna c-uppsats har varit att kartlägga Pensionärernas riksorganisations (PRO) roll inom äldreomsorgen i Österåkers kommun. I vilket avseende PRO är ett komplement eller en ersättning till kommunens verksamhet. Den här studien faller under kvalitativ forskning och bygger enbart på skriftligt underlag. Materialet är PRO: s mål, handlingsprogram på riksnivå och verksamhetsberättelse 2004 för Österåkers kommun och kommunens mål, riktlinjer och verksamhetsberättelse 2004. Studien har visat att frivilliga organisationer i nästan alla under-sökningar man har gjort har haft en stark roll inom den offentliga sektorn. Även från politiskt håll har man också velat att dessa organisationer ska sköta en del av kommunens verksamhet. Studien har också visat genom resultatet och analysen att PRO som frivilligorganisation i Ös-teråkers kommun varken är ett komplement eller en ersättning till kommunens verksamhet. Däremot har PRO en roll som kooptering d.v.s. att de kan påverka beslut som berör äldre människor genom sin plats i pensionärsrådet.

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  • 70.
    Abdullah, Firas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Afram, Cimel
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Psykisk ohälsa bland högstadieelever utifrån skolkuratorernas perspektiv2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate mental illness among high school students from the perspective of school counselors. The questions asked for this study are how the experiences are examined from the school counselors' perspective, what strategies are used to counteract this phenomenon and what the causes are for mental illness. The method used for this study was to implement interview five school counselor questions concerning the subject of mental illness among young students. The results showed that mental illness has increased during recent years and that supportive talks and lectures are used by school counselors as a strategy to counteract mental illness among young people. According to the school counselors' statements, there are reasons such as stress, the influence of social media, problematic relationships within the family and with friends, love relationships and socio-economic vulnerability. The study also describes the role as school curator and the curator's professional attitude towards students. In conclusion, the results indicate that there is a lack of research in the chosen area, which requires more further research.

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  • 71.
    Abdullah, Hawkar
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Mohamud, Ashraf
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Vilken betydelse har Mälardalens fritidsgård för ungdomar som besöker den?: En kvalitativ analys utifrån ungdomars perspektiv2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 72.
    Abdullah, Payman
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Jacobsson, Fanny
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Motiverande ledarskap -En kvalitativ studie inom transport- och logistiskbranschen 2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 73.
    Abdullah, Shayee
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Rezai, Laila
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ungdomsarbetslöshet och stigmatisering: En kvalitativ studie om unga vuxnas upplevelser av att vara arbetslös2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Youth unemployment has been a controversial topic in many Swedish debates. However, youth unemployment has been studied in several different ways. There are some research that usually investigate the cause of unemployment while others highlight the experience of being out of work. This study, however, seeks to increase the knowledge about the experience of unemployment when it comes to foreign born young people, which is investigated through these research questions:How do foreign born young people experience the reactions from their social environment when they are not working?How does the social relations of foreign born young people become affected when they are not working?How do foreign born young people handle the experience of the social environments reactions?The above research questions have been studied using 6 qualitative research interviews. The results of this study shows that foreign-born young people feel labeled because of their unemployment, but also because of their ethnic background, which is associated with double stigmatization. This also affects their social relationships by simply hanging out with their unemployed friends, which leads to an exclusion from the friends who are employed. These experiences are then handled by the fact that some respondents choose to conceal their unemployment while others choose to share their experiences with others around their surroundings. These results differ from previous studies, which above all highlight the unemployed in general. For this reason, further research needs to focus more on foreign born young people's experiences by highlighting experiences of unemployment, but also other factors such as ethnicity.

  • 74.
    Abdullah, Suzan
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
    Barsom, Martin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
    ‘’Vissa dagar önskar jag att få kunna få styra över mig själv’’: En kvalitativ studie om ungdomars upplevelser av institutionsvård2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 75.
    Abdullah, Zobin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
    Jafari, Hussein
    University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
    Tryggheten som stressar - stress och stresshantering bland unga vuxna - tidigare ensamkommande barn med rötter i Afghanistan2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Individuals who have come to Sweden as unaccompanied refugee minors meet different difficulties. In previous research, the main focal points have been the unaccompanied minors' previous experiences of violence and war, and the importance of social support. The aims of this study were firstly to gain a greater understanding regarding stress and stress management among unaccompanied refugee minors, and secondly, to look at the importance of social relationships regarding stress management. This qualitative study is based upon ten semi-structured interviews. Ten young adults gave their subjective narrative. The interviewees had their roots in Afghanistan. They all came to Sweden as unaccompanied refugee minors. The interview was analyzed based on Bronfenbrenner´s Ecological systems theory and Lazarus stress theory, using thematic analysis. The results drawn were that unaccompanied refugee minors experience stress because of a) expressed and perceived demands from the family, b) for the family's situation in the home country, c) the oral interaction with ethnical Swedes, d) be able to find work, and e) not recognizing the physical environment. The result regarding stress management shows that social relations, help from professional contacts, and their own personality were of importance for the study participants. Furthermore, the results show that being able to work and to educate themselves were important stress management strategies. Friends from the homeland and the mother tongue were sources of comfort for the participants.

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  • 76.
    Abdullahad, Claudia
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Boya, Dalia
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Younan, Amanda
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    "Hur nischad är man på heder?": En kvalitativ vinjettstudie om socialsekreterares bedömningar kring hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative vignette study aims to examine how social workers within social services assess honor-related violence directed towards women, and whether the ethnic background of the victim affects the assessment. Additionally, the study aims to investigate the interventions offered by social services for victims living in an honor context and whether they differ from interventions for intimate partner violence. Data collection was conducted through six semi-structured interviews with social workers from different municipalities, based on a vignette. The results are analyzed using previous research and theoretical frameworks such as intersectionality and systems theory. The study's findings indicate that all participants identified honor in the case description, regardless of whether the woman had a Swedish-sounding name or a Middle Eastern-sounding name. The participants argue that ethnicity should not be decisive in the assessment, but it needs to be taken into account to evaluate the severity of honor practices. The interventions offered for victims in an honor context include sheltered accommodation and counseling support. It is also evident that the interventions for honor-related violence and oppression do not differ from interventions for intimate partner violence. Finally, all participants believe that more research and specialized interventions are needed for honor-related violence and oppression.

  • 77.
    Abdullahi, Khadra
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society, Division of Social Work.
    Berg, Elvira
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society, Division of Social Work.
    Projekt Svensk: En kvalitativ studie om migranters identiteter och identitetsprocesser2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med vår studie är att fördjupa kunskapen om hur migranter som kommer till Sverige från länder utanför EU upplever och beskriver sina identitetsprocesser. Vi har använt tre självbiografiska berättelser skrivna av personer med utländsk bakgrund: Sverigevänner (2019), Den udda fågeln (2022) och Min väg från flykting till hela Sveriges polis (2022). Vi har använt en hermenutisk utgångspunkt, en narrativ analysmetod, Jenkins sociala identitetsteori, Goffmans stigmateori, Baumans teori om "Vi" och "De andra", samt Hammarén och Johanssons hybrida identitetsbegrepp.

    Vi kom fram till att identitet ändras i individens interaktion med omgivningen. Studien visar också att faktorer, som kan tolkas ha betydele i identitetsprocesser, är individens sociala positioner, respekt och erkännande, språksvårigheter, relationen med arbetsmarknaden och behärskande av sociala koder, individens annanhet och upplevelsen av grupptillhörighet. Utifrån detta har vi observerat att migranter strävar efter att bli en del av majoritetssamhället, men även upplever att de skulle vilja kunna behålla sin integritet. 

    Studien fokuserar på migranters upplevelser av sina identitetsprocesser. Vi har observerat att för att bli en del av det svenska samhället, krävs det mycket arbete och ansträngning från migrantens sida att utveckla en identitet som passar in i det nya samhället. Vi har likställt detta arbete med ett projekt. Med inspiration från boken Sverigevänner (2019) skriven av Arash Sanari, har vi valt att benämna denna studie till Projekt Svensk.

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  • 78.
    Abdullahi, Mohamed Bashe
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Alkoholberoende: En studie på alkoholbehandlares förklaringar till alkoholberoende.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att, från behandlares perspektiv, undersöka vilka bakomliggandefaktorer som kan leda till alkoholberoende i arbetet med vuxna alkoholberoende. Studien hargenomförts med hjälp av en kvalitativ ansats genom att tre intervjuer gjorts med behandlareinom den privata öppenvården. Bakgrunden till studien är att det finns attityder ochgrupperingar i samhället som inte anser att alkoholberoende är en sjukdom, att det finns olikasynsätt på de bakomliggande faktorerna till beroendet. Studiens resultat stämmer i stor delöverens med det som finns i den tidigare forskningen inom ämnet. Tidigare forskning påvisaratt det finns två huvudsakliga faktorer som kan ligga bakom alkoholberoende, där den ena ärgenetik och den andra är miljö. Denna studies resultat stämmer i stor del överens med dentidigare forskningen eftersom behandlarna som intervjuats ser alkoholberoende som ensjukdom med flera symtom och de ser själva beroendet som en sjukdom. Enligtrespondenterna kan det även vara ett samspel mellan genetik och miljö, och att man ej skallutesluta det ena över det andra. Miljöfaktorer fokuserar mer på livshändelser och socialasituationer, medan genetiken fokuserar på ärftlighet och gener. Vid vändpunkten närklienterna söker behandling så finns det en rädsla för att förlora sin identitet när det måste taslivsviktiga beslut.

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  • 79.
    Abdullahi Mustaqim, Diini
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
    ”Sekundär traumatisering är en del av vår arbetsdag.” - Socialarbetares sekundär traumatisering i arbete med våld i nära relationer.2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 80.
    Abdullahi, Zahra
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society.
    Danielsson Benachir, Chahrazad
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society.
    Porträtteringar av den missbrukande föräldern: En kvalitativ analys av fyra nordiska filmer2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna kvalitativa studie är att undersöka vilka egenskaper och beskrivningar som ingår i konstruktionen av en missbrukande förälder i fyra nordiska filmer. De studerade filmerna är Trädgårdsgatan (2017), Mig äger ingen (2013), Submarino (2010) och Svinalängorna (2010). Syftet med studien är även att undersöka hur framställningen av familjemedlemmars reaktioner på missbruket i filmerna bidrar till konstruktionen av den missbrukande föräldern. Studien utgår ifrån ett socialkonstruktionistiskt perspektiv och använder narrativ metod. Två centrala teoretiska begrepp som används är normalitet och avvikelse för att analysera hur förälderns föräldraskap konstrueras som antingen normalt eller avvikande. Eftersom narrativ metod används analyseras filmerna som berättelser, mer specifikt berättelser om familjer. I studien har vi funnit att den missbrukande föräldern konstrueras genom önskvärda respektive avvikande egenskaper.

    I analysen har vi utifrån nyckelscener och nyckelcitat synliggjort de fem mest utmärkande egenskaperna som föräldern tillskrivits genom filmernas berättelser. Dessa är att vara socialt utsatt, ansvarslös, kontrollös, medveten (kring det som avviker) och känslomässigt nära till sitt barn. Egenskaperna har sorterats efter fem teman och under dessa har vi analyserat varje tillskriven egenskap och hur de bidrar till konstruktionen av den missbrukande föräldern i de studerade filmerna. Sammantaget visar vår studie att det är en viss stereotypisk bild av en förälder som förmedlas, men även en komplex sådan. Vår förhoppning med studien är att skapa medvetenhet kring hur film kan framställa, producera och reproducera vissa stereotypa bilder eller föreställningar för ett fenomen, som i detta fall är ett föräldraskap i missbruk.

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  • 81.
    Abdulrahim, Jihan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Kvinnors politiska deltagande i irakiska Kurdistan: en kvantitativ studie2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka kvinnors politiska deltagande i irakiska Kurdistan. utifrån syftet undersökt sex frågeställningar: Hur stor andel av kvinnorna i irakiska Kurdistan röstade i förra valet, är medlemmar i ett politiskt parti, arbetar i ett politiskt parti, har kontaktat en politiker eller deltagit i en manifestation, vad kvinnor själva anser vara vilka faktorer som hindrar deras politiska deltagande samt om det finns ett samband mellan utbildning och kvinnors politiska deltagande. En enkätundersökning genomfördes i irakiska Kurdistan. Arbil, Dohuk och slemaniya, sammanlagt mottogs 200 enkäter. Resultaten visar att det politiska deltagande är högt bland de undersökta kvinnorna i alla deltagandeformerna. Det finns inget samband mellan utbildning och kvinnors politiska deltagande i urvalet. Få av kvinnorna uppgav att kulturella eller religiösa normer är ett hinder för deras politiska deltagande. Den vanligaste rapporterade orsaken till att inte delta var ointresse för att engagera sig i politiken eller otillräckligt kunskap. Dessa resultat skiljer sig från forskning som har visat att kvinnor i Mellanöstern deltar i politiken i liten utsträckning. 

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  • 82.
    Abdulrahman, Daria
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Khalighi, Shabbo
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    "...Jag har äntligen hittat hem!": En kvalitativ studie om hur medlemmarna i organisationen Unga KRIS uppfattar organisationen2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the link between the individual and social network, what social forces and social mechanisms involved in the interaction between individuals and groups and how we can explain and consider this relationship with the aim of understanding this connection. Through qualitative interviews, based on interviews of six active members in the organization Young KRIS (Young Criminal’s Return in the Society) examines the active social processes that the young members undergo, and motivates those who have been outside the expected conformed and regular society, to be included in the regular community and how this can be explained. The study shows that the organization through high availability, openness, knowledge of the needs of young people, good treatment, range of meaningful activities, has created a great venue for the young to develop and thus regain their place in the society.

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  • 83.
    Abdulrahman, Mawj
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Dahl, Thea
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Ett tillfälligt andrum för svenskt flyktingmottagande'': En kritisk diskursanalys om Sveriges asyllagstiftning mellan 2015–2021 2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The idea of this study is based on the legislative process of the Swedish temporary asylum law. Due to an increasing number of request for asylum in 2015, the parliament appointed a temporary asylum law to create a more restrictive migration policy. This measure was criticized by several parliamentary committees which were emphasising different negative aspects that could possibly affect the refugees. The government responded to the critics by referring to the EU minimum level and by comparison with other EU countries. In 2019 the parliament decided to extend the temporary law even though the number of asylum seekers had decreased. The main argument for this extension was to prevent an increasing amount of asylum seekers as soon as the migration policy in Sweden were to become more generous again. Previous research has shown that not long after the first proposition of the temporary asylum law the law was implemented, indicating a rushed decision made by the Swedish parliament.

    Thus is our purpose with this study to examine the political negotiations of the legislative process regarding the temporary asylum law and its extension. In addition to that the aim of the study is also to research if the extension of the law contributed to different discourses. Through a critical discourse analysis our main conclusion is that the underlying negotiations of the legislative process cover four main areas: economy and resources, EU, the asylum system and consequences. Within each field we discovered discourses that could be applicable in both the legislative process of 2016 and in the process of extension 2019. Nevertheless the result of the analysis also presented two discourses that became important parts in relation to the extension. These discourses were convention on the rights of the child and EU. Even though these discourses could be found in the first legislative process, they reach a remarkably higher state of importance in the extension of the asylum law and therefore are appointed as new since they did not held the same level of relevance before.

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  • 84.
    Abdulzahra, Rweeda
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Självpresentation hos högskolestudenter genom sociala medier - med välbefinnandet i fokus2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to gain an increased understanding of the college students 'self-presentation on social media, emphasizing whether the use of social media affects the college students' well-being. It is also studied whether the use of social media has changed due to the corona pandemic. This essay aims to gain an in-depth understanding of the research topic. A qualitative approach was used in the study, where a total of four semi-structured interviews were conducted. All participants were students at Södertörn University. The collected material was interpreted with the help of theories of Goffman's dramaturgical perspective on role appearances and self-presentation, as well as Scheff's theory of social ties and its role in human life. The theories were used interchangeably to conduct a content analysis. The survey shows that the informants have a daily use of social media that is focused on communication purposes and a social interaction with family and friends. The results of the study show numerous positive aspects of the use of social media. However, there are considerably negative impacts on the informants' well-being. In addition, the participants were continuously seeking approval from others, as well as an idealization of themselves in order to place themselves in social cohesion. This resulted in the college students engaging in presenting themselves in a favorable way on social media. Finally, the results show that the informants experienced a negative impact on self-esteem, stress, anxiety and depression due to their use of social media platforms.

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  • 85.
    Abdulzahra, Rweeda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Llanes García, Stefhan
    “Det känns som att jag inte existerar!”: En kvalitativ studie om distansundervisningens påverkan på social interaktion för nyanlända gymnasieelever2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to gain an in-depth understanding of how the transition from campus to distance education can change newly arrived high school students’ social interactions at school, and how the transition can affect students' experiences of schooling. Previous national research on newly arrived students in relation to social interaction has found that the school environment can play an important role, namely to be the meeting place where students have the opportunity to establish influential social relationships, which can contribute to, for example, study motivation or future aspirations, so-called social energy. After the transition to distance education, the Swedish National Agency for Education has established, with the help of follow-ups and statistics, that the student group of new arrivals is particularly exposed to the transition, which is illustrated by poorer study results and/or less study motivation. This essay thus attempts to gain an in-depth understanding of how the transition can be experienced by newly arrived high school students, based on their own stories. The study is qualitative and a total of seven semi-structured interviews with newly arrived high school students have been conducted. Based on Goffman's dramaturgical perspective, in particular the concepts of appearances and regions, as well as Thompson's four interaction models, the results suggest, firstly, that newly arrived high school students may experience language learning difficulties and less study motivation, due to the missing physical interaction. Secondly, the results show that opportunities for individual support decrease, especially linguistically, since the teaching takes place via a joint video call where all students are time-bounded. The results also indicates that students who have had negative experiences of physical interaction at school, discrimination as an example, can perceive distance learning positively, as they are given the opportunity to turn off their cameras, but at the same time attend the lesson. Thirdly, the results show that the methods of communication between teacher and student (and vice versa) have changed in connection with the transition to distance studies. The changed communication can be illustrated by personal support taking place instead via email, or by teachers using other digital platforms, such as google images, in order to convey a message.

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    “Det känns som att jag inte existerar!” En kvalitativ studie om distansundervisningens påverkan på social interaktion för nyanlända gymnasieelever
  • 86. Abe, Sarah Krull
    et al.
    Stickley, Andrew
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition).
    Roberts, Bayard
    Richardson, Erica
    Abbott, Pamela
    Rotman, David
    McKee, Martin
    Changing patterns of fruit and vegetable intake in countries of the former Soviet Union2013In: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, E-ISSN 1475-2727, Vol. 16, no 11, p. 1924-1932Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 87.
    Abedali, Besma
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Karlstrand, Moa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    ”Man ska vara den man är, men man blir lite större”: En kvalitativ studie om hur boendepersonal på HVB för ensamkommande barn förstår och omsätter begreppet ”integration”2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine the concept of “integration” within residential care homes for unaccompanied children. More specifically its aim was to find out how the social workers themselves within residential care homes for unaccompanied children understand the concept of integration and how they work for it. The study was based on a qualitative semi-structured interviews with seven social workers within four residential care homes for unaccompanied children. Six themes were identified that seemed to play a role in the discussions about integration: development-acceptance, learning process, communication & relationships, process, personality and common sense. The analysis was based on previous research in the field and the theory of action by Pierre Bourdieu called practical reason. As a conclusion the first three themes can be seen as an understanding of the concept of “integration”. The last three themes exemplify the practical integration work. Despite the lack of regulatory documents, the social workers show a common understanding of the concept and a similar implementation which can be explained by a dominant implicit doxa within the field.

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    "Man ska vara den man är, men man blir lite större"
  • 88.
    Abedi Dunia, Oscar
    et al.
    independent researcher, DRC, Bukavu, DRC.
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Maria Toppo, Anju Oseema
    Department of History, St. Xavier’s College, Ranchi, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India.
    Parashar, Swati
    School of Global Studies, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Utas, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Vincent, James B.M.
    independent researcher, Freetown, Sierra Leone.
    Visibilising hidden realities and uncertainties: the ‘post-covid’ move towards decolonized and ethical field research practices2023In: International Journal of Social Research Methodology, ISSN 1364-5579, E-ISSN 1464-5300, Vol. 26, no 5, p. 549-564Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article seeks to move beyond the Euro/North-centrism recurrent in methodological discussions on what we may learn from the COVID-19 pandemic. Such debates often centre on uncertainty and involuntary immobility – aspects which are hardly new for many researchers. In this article, we argue that the pandemic offers an opportunity to rethink research relations between what we term ‘contracting researchers’ in the Global North and ‘facilitating researchers’ in the Global South. Such relations are often marked by rampant inequalities in remuneration, working conditions, and visibility/authorship. Drawing upon experiences in DR Congo, Sierra Leone, and India, we argue that the pandemic increased the dependence on – and highlighted the invaluable contributions and skills of – facilitating researchers, in part slightly refiguring bargaining power. We also propose pathways for change, arguing for a strong collaborative approach and the need for institutional change, without discarding the responsibilities of individual researchers.

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  • 89.
    Abegaz Brandt, Elsabet
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Belysning av tystnaden kring sexualitet: En litteraturstudie om fysiska funktionsnedsättningar & sexualitet2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to research how sexuality is managed within the Swedish care system, LSS, for people with physical disabilities. A literature review has been conducted, with the purpose of highlighting aspects that may affect the possibility to express sexuality for people with physical disabilities. Furthermore, the purpose of this study was to investigate how sexuality is handled within the Swedish care system. The reason for aforementioned aspects have been to produce an understanding of functional as well as not functional aspects. The approach used in the study is social constructivism. To enhance the understanding of the approach two theories were applied: crip theory and sexual scripts. Results are presented in a series of themes that emerged during the processing of the empirical material. The results showed a lack of knowledge and a culture of silence on the subject of sexuality and physical disabilities. Furthermore, the results showed a de-sexualisation of people with disabilities, that arises from stigma, norms and morals. These aspects affected both professionals and people with disabilities within the Swedish LSS care system. From the empiric material it appeared that the obstacles stem from a lack of policies regarding how to approach sexuality, as well as norms and morals affecting both professional's decisions and management.

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  • 90. Abellan, A.
    et al.
    Perez, J.
    Pujol, R.
    Sundstrom, G.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Malmberg, B.
    Partner care, gender equality, and ageing in Spain and Sweden2017In: International Journal of Ageing and Later Life, E-ISSN 1652-8670, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 69-89Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We used national surveys to study how older persons’ changing household patterns influence the gender balance of caregiving in two countries with distinct household structures and cultures, Spain and Sweden. In both countries, men and women provide care equally often for their partner in couple-only households. This has become the most common household type among older persons in Spain and prevails altogether in Sweden. This challenges the traditional dominance of young or middle-aged women as primary caregivers in Spain. In Sweden, many caregivers are old themselves. We focus attention to partners as caregivers and the consequences of changing household structures for caregiving, which may be on the way to gender equality in both countries, with implications for families and for the public services.

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  • 91.
    Abelli, Annika
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Promotionsarbete med unga i förorten: - En kvalitativ fallstudie av RGRA, Rörelsen gatans röst & ansikte2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This studie explores how a promotive youth movement that aims to activate adolescents in economically and socially exposed areas, can affect the youth’s participation in society and oppose their experience of stigmatization. The youth movement, whom is being studied, uses urban art expressions as a mean to engage and motivate the adolescents. The empirism has mostly been collected by a limited participatory observation, and through qualitative interviews with staff and adolescents in the movement. The result has been analyzed through Pierre Bourdieus field theory. To summarise, field theory consists in the hypothesis that the individual is socialized in to his or her way of thinking and being (habitus), based on in which circumstances the individual is raised (in which field). Habitus affects the choices the individual makes throughout life. An individuals habitus is affected by three types of capital, which Bourdieu has named economical-, social-, and cultural capital. This essay analyzes how the promotive youth movement contributes to the adolescent’s social- and cultural capital. I have found that this largely happens by giving the adolescents different types of tools to be seen and heard, based on the concept of hip hop as a political instrument. The most prominent tool in the everyday activities is the opportunity to record music in a professional studio. Other tools that are used are the opportunity to host the movements own radio show, participate in the arranging of different types of events, and such. I have also found that the support from an extra adult and the connection within the movement are central providers of social capital.

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  • 92.
    Abens, Liene
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Hellström, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Barnavårdsutredningar av ensamkommande barn: En kvalitativ studie av socialsekreterares erfarenheter2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Det utredningsverktyg som idag används vid barnavårdsutredningar är verktyget Barns behov i centrum (BBIC), ett verktyg som är anpassat till att stötta nätverk som finns i barnets närhet, vanligtvis familjen, som socialt system runt barnet. För ensamkommande barn däremot, lyser dessa sociala nätverk med sin frånvaro. Ensamkommande barn till Sverige är en idag ökande grupp av människor i samhället vilket har skapat ett behov av väl anpassade verktyg i utredningsarbetet för att identifiera, strukturera, och utreda insatser för dessa grupper, inom ramen för det sociala arbetet.

    Syfte: Studiens syfte är att undersöka socialsekreterares erfarenheter av det sociala utredningarbetet av ensamkommande barn till Sverige.

    Metod: För att uppnå studiens syfte har nio semi-strukturerade intervjuer med socialsekreterare i Mellansverige genomförts och analyserats med en hermeneutisk deduktiv tolkningsmetod.

    Resultat: Resultatet visar på svårigheter i det praktiska sociala arbetet kring ensamkommande barn enligt socialsekreterares erfarenheter. Svårigheter beskrevs som att (i) utredningsverktygen inte var anpassade till uppgiften, (ii) att det fanns bristande riktlinjer kring arbetets utförande, (iii) att det kunde finnas en misstro från barnens sida gentemot myndigheter, (iv) att utreda inom den lagstadgade tidsramen, samt (v) att det kunde finnas bristande resurser för arbetets genomförande. Socialsekreterarna hade även erfarenhet av stå ensamma i att finna lösningar på dessa brister. Erfarenheterna analyseras utifrån Bronfenbrenners utvecklingsekologiska modell.

    Slutsatser: Utformningen av BBIC-verktyget kan möjligtvis skapa svårigheter i socialsekreterares utredningsarbete av ensamkommande barn, då ensamkommande barn kan ha en annan utvecklingsekologi än vad BBIC förutsätter.

    Implikationer för det sociala arbetet: En anpassning av BBIC-verktyget efter de särskilda omständigheter och behov som gäller för ensamkommande barn i Sverige kan vara till fördel för framtida socialt arbete. Vidare forskning bör göras inom området utredningsarbetet av barn som lever i en utvecklingsekologi skild från den BBIC förutsätter. 

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  • 93.
    Abiala, Kristina
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    "Som en i familjen": invandrade kvinnor i turkiska hushåll2013In: Arbete & Jämställdhet: Förändringar under femtio år / [ed] Eva Blomberg, Kirsti Niskanen, Stockholm: SNS Förlag , 2013, p. 133-159Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 94.
    Abiala, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Säljande samspel: en sociologisk studie av privat servicearbete2000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Interaction between people can be seen as a distinctive feature of 'post-industrial society'. In this study I investigate some of the conditions for this encounter in private service work in Sweden. I start by discussing some important concepts: service, service encounter and emotional labour. Three parties in an interactional triangle can be perceived: the service enterprise, the service worker and the customer.

    The service encounter is embedded in organisational frames. Recruiting for social competence and training for selling interaction are two facets of these frames. In interactive service work, control is complicated by the fact that a third party, the customer, is involved and that the borders between worker, work process and result are somewhat indistinct. Indirect forms of control can be used to affect workers' attitudes and thinking, as well as behaviour.

    Service work can be described as a form of acting. Different service workers will identify differently with their work role. In my study I observe both positive and negative experiences of work. A majority report that they sometimes are so tired of people that they want to be alone after work.

    I distinguish two dimensions of interactive service work: type of interaction and sales situation. Interaction can be more or less important, and the sales situation can be more or less concealed. Based on these dimensions I suggest a typology to illustrate some differences between different service occupations. Four types are suggested: (1) Work first, and customer later; (2) Personalised services; (3) Routine selling; and (4) Persuasive selling. In the second group we find the experts of interaction, but also the strongest signs of social strain.

  • 95.
    Abic, Leyla
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Caliskan, Shilan
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    En studie om kurdiska bröders relation till sina systrar: -"Kanske vara en broder som hon kan prata med och inte ses som en beskyddare..."2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 96.
    Abid, Ahmed
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Mårtensson, Ida
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Unga vuxnas erfarenhet av vårdnadstvist i barndomen: En kvalitativ studie kring separationens och vårdnadstvistens inverkan på samlevnadsfrågor2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the essay is to examine whether, and if so how, young adults' experiences of separation and contested custody between parents during childhood influenced their attitudes to coexistence issues. Further, the intention is to seek answers to questions regarding: the best interests of the child, attitudes towards relationships, separation and marriage, as well as the current relationship to the parents. The interpretative framework adopted to interpret and understand the empirical material is based on the initial provisions under chapter 6, some risks with the social workers' approach, the children's sense of responsibility, loyalty and concealment, the child’s survival strategies as well as cognitive dissonance theory.  These are considered effective to highlight young adults' experiences in childhood and their attitudes to coexistence issues. A qualitative method was applied to obtain the empirical material. Five female respondents were interviewed using a semi-structured interview guide. The essay’s findings indicate that the principle of the child’s best interests is not always applicable for the young adults during childhood. Their attitude towards relationships, separation and marriage is characterized by an open attitude to different family constellations with good qualities, positive and negative consequences of their parents' separation and a desire to get married in the future. The relationship today remains good with one parent, while the relationship with the other parent differs.

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  • 97.
    Abidin, Crystal
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). National University of Singapore, Singapore.
    ‘Just Asian’?: inscribing east Asian ‘mixed race’ in Australia2017In: Mixed Race Identities in Australia, New Zealand and the Pacific Islands / [ed] Kirsten McGavin, Farida Fozdar, New York: Routledge, 2017, p. 84-99Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 98.
    Abidin, Crystal
    et al.
    University of Western Australia.
    Ots, Mart
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    The Influencer’s dilemma: The shaping of new brand professions between credibility and commerce2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The new "liquid" media environment involves a range of new professions, practices and practitioners (Deuze 2011). Based on a rich ethnographic study containing personal interviews and participant observation, this paper looks at semi-professional Influencers in the social media marketing industry and asks how these new branding professions and their practices emerge and institutionalize. Specifically, the material draws on data collected between 2011 and 2015 among women Influencers in the ‘lifestyle’ genre in Singapore who advertise products and services in the industry verticals of Fashion, Beauty, and Electronic goods on blogs, Twitter, and Instagram.

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    Full-length paper
  • 99.
    Abiib, Ahmed
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Skapandet av motståndskraftiga samhällen: En fallstudie om hur Jönköpings kommun arbetar för att motverka våldsbejakande extremism och radikalisering2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien har varit att belysa hur samverkande lokala aktörer skildrar arbetet med att motverka våldsbejakande extremism och radikalisering på lokal nivå. I ett försök att besvara studiens syfte har studien utgått från frågeställningarna vilka faktorer identifierarde lokala aktörerna som viktiga i arbetet för att motverka våldsbejakande extremism och radikalisering i Jönköping, samt vilka dilemman beskriver de lokala aktörerna i det förebyggande arbetet mot våldsbejakande extremism och radikalisering i Jönköping? För att besvara studiens syfte utfördes en fallstudie riktad mot Jönköpings kommun, där tolv semi-strukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med samverkande lokala aktörer. Intervjuerna gav respondenterna möjlighet att ge sina professionella utsagor om vilka faktorer och aktörer som bidrar till möjligheter eller dilemman. Som analysredskap användes tematisk analys för att identifiera centrala teman utifrån respondenternas utsagor.

    Studiens empiriska fynd visar att motverkandet av våldsbejakande extremism och radikalisering är komplext. Studiens respondenter beskriver b.la. att ett proaktivt områdesarbete samt en ökad kunskapsnivå hos första linjens aktörer avseende företeelserna som viktiga faktorer i skapandet av lokal motståndskraft. Dock belyser respondenterna en utmaning i att utvärdera effekten av det förebyggande arbetet i Jönköpings kommun och respondenterna uttrycker även att ovissheten avseende delgivning av känslig information mellan olika lokala aktörer som ett hinder för det förebyggande arbetet i Jönköpings kommun.

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    Skapandet av motståndskraftiga samhällen
  • 100.
    Abiib, Ahmed
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Johansson Garellick, Filip
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Haines Gärding, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Pojkar och Mäns heder - Finns den?: En kvalitativ studie om mäns utsatthet i hedersrelaterade förhållanden.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Pojkar och Mäns Heder - Finns den?
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