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  • 51.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Architectural Design.
    Usefulness in architecture: accessibility, inclusion and usability as spatial sensory experiences2014In: Universal design 2014: Three days of creativity and diversity / [ed] Caltenco, H.; Hedvall, P-O.; Larsson, A,; Rassmus-Gröhn, K.; Rydeman, B., IOS Press Ebooks , 2014, p. 356-365Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The modern ageing process implies an improved fit between the human being and architecture. It has to be harmonized with both qualitative and quantitative requirements in order to create a space that is accessible, inclusive and usable for everyone, regardless of cognitive or physical disabilities. This study focuses on a continuing education course at the Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, which aimed at expanding teaching on accessibility, inclusion and usability. The course attracted eight professionals, seven women and one man. Two were trained architects, while the others had clerical professions. During seven five sessions, including study visits, lectures, and literature seminars the concept of ‘experienced space’ was addressed in order to assess ‘usefulness in architecture.’ Four examples of built environment highlighted spatial elements that promoted accessibility, inclusiveness, sustainability and usability of the building. The literature included three works, on universal design, on wayfinding, and a fictional work, in which spatial thinking is part of the plot. Seven out of eight participants fulfilled an essay or an oral presentation on the mentioned aspects. This study suggests that accessibility, usability and inclusion are spatial constituents that need to be activated on a personal level by the individual designer.

  • 52.
    Andersson, Jonna
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Jarl, Rebecka
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Restaurangbyggnad i Eskilstuna stadspark: Förslag på placering och utformning2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The city park of Eskilstuna is under development. In 2013 the municipal of Eskilstuna kept a dialog with its citizens about the city park. They were given the opportunity to leave wishes and proposals about the development of the park and the larger part of the proposals recieved were wishes of a serving building. The question was where to place it and what the configuration of this building is going to look like? The purpose of this undertaking is to work out a place of gathering with high comfort and service for the park visitors along with making it fit for the parks character. The natural light and beautiful views are to take into consideration and usage when designing a building. Large glass sections facing open views are growing more common. When choosing the type of glass to be used for this one should take into consideration the noise of surrounding traffic. The question here is what type of glass to use specifically for the serving building in Eskilstuna city park, based on the technical aspects of sound and light? When searching the Swedish literature for scientific papers on architecture considering the designing of a restaurant building, we discovered an existing gap. This paper only covers the requirements on noise, material, fire and availability, function and the placement of the building, together with the architechtural properties. In this paper three areas regarding placement taken from the city parks developmental plan have been audited. The aspects audited is the choice for placement of light, surrounding vegetation, view, quarter, noise, traffic, availability and the logistics regarding pedestrians and vehicles. Areas are named A, B and C. Area C was chosen as the most suitable as the traffic surrounding is most distant there. Area C also possesses a beautiful view, it’s located at the centre of the park and surrounding vegetation provides a light shade. The configuration of the building is made with support from Swedish literature regarding the architechtural aspects of alignment, movement, envelopment, light and areal organization. This is presented in the form of drawings and explanations. The glass chosen for the restaurant building is based on a comparison of several audited types of glass. The chosen glass, named Modell 1, have good and suiting properties regarding noise reduction, transmission, reflection and U-value and is therefore considered to hold a higher performance in comparison to the other types of audited glass. 

  • 53.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Energy Systems and Building Technology.
    Jonsson, Andreas
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Energy Systems and Building Technology.
    Nyström, Niklas
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Energy Systems and Building Technology.
    Insvällning av olimmade och limmade trädymlingar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Wood is a renewable material, unlike many other building materials. The amount of wood used in the construction industry can be increased by using wooden dowels as a substitute for screws and nails. Screws and nails are made of metals, which are non-renewable materials. The manufacturing process of metal-based materials is more energy consuming than it is for wooden materials and therefore it has a greater impact on our global environment.The purpose of this study was to investigate the adhesion capacity of wooden dowel-joints, non-glued and glued made out of beech and pine. The attachment of the non-glued wooden dowels was achieved by swelling of the wood. Swelling was achieved by first drying the wooden dowels in an oven and then letting them acclimatize with the surrounding materials and the relative air humidity. The adhesion capacity of the wooden dowels should be able to compete with the withdrawal strength of nails to be practically useful.Tensile strength tests have been carried out in the laboratory in house 45 at the University of Gavle to determine the adhesion capacity of wooden dowel-joints. The tensile strength tests were performed with a Shimadzu AG-X machine. The results of the tests have been compared with the theoretical withdrawal strength for nails. Characteristic strength values have also been calculated from the tensile strength test results for the wooden dowels.The results of the study shows that only the glued wooden dowels can compete with the withdrawal strength of nails. Glued wooden dowels can therefore be a substitute for screws and nails. The calculated characteristic values for glued beech-dowels and glued pine-dowels are 5,2 kN respectively 4,3 kN.

  • 54.
    Andersson, Matilda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Ekholm, Matilda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Källström, Sofia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Utveckling av en grönyta i ett miljonprogramsområde2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta examensarbete ger ett studerat utformningsförslag på ett outnyttjat grönområde imiljonprogramsområdet Norrliden i Kalmar.Studien har resulterat i ett förslag till förbättrad utformning, en visuell skiss utifrånrelevant teori, intervjuer med sakkunniga och enkätsvar från de som bor i området. Fokushar legat på att öka gemenskap mellan människor i olika åldrar, kön och bakgrund.

  • 55.
    Andersson, Morgan
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Svennerlind, Christer
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences. Chalmers University of Technology.
    Malmqvist, Inga
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Anckarsäter, Henrik
    The Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg.
    New Swedish forensic psychiatric facilities: visions and outcomes2013In: Facilities, ISSN 0263-2772, E-ISSN 1758-7131, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 24-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to map significant features of the physical design of nine recently planned facilities for forensic psychiatric care in Sweden. The present paper is focused on differences in the physical design, static security adaptations, visions and goals for the projects, economy and steering processes.

    Design/methodology/approach – In June 2008, records concerning major forensic psychiatric construction projects, planned or carried out between 1970 and 2008, were requested from all 21 regions in Sweden. The documents were collected, organized, critically examined, and analyzed in their contexts. Extensive data have also been retrieved from the internet.

    Findings – In spite of the common national legislation governing forensic psychiatric care, the projects show great diversity in the physical design and, after 2006, increasing emphasis on static security. The collected material indicates different visions and goals and little coordination between them. It also suggests that the decisions rarely have been preceded by scientific studies or, as it appears, systematic needs assessments. There were also considerable variations in the interpretation of the legislation stipulating public access to official documentation and the time-frame allowed for such requests.

    Research limitations/implications – Limitations of the project especially relate to the incompleteness of the documents received. Originality/value – This mainly descriptive paper provides an overview of contemporary Swedish forensic psychiatric construction projects, planned for or realized after 2000. This paper points out structural and physical differences between these projects. The systematised documents are made available for research purposes within different disciplines.

  • 56.
    Andersson, Rebecka
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Opera i Stockholm, Stadsgårdskajen2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En nyskapande byggnad, en opera. Trots det perfekta läget mellan berg och mot vattnet så vänder sig byggnaden innåt. Med formen av ett kvarter där innergården är det centrala. Runt den grönskande gården finns de publika rummen och så fort man kommit upp i dessa öppnar sig Stockholms inlopp för besökarna. Byggnaden har ett fokus, besökarna får ett fokus.

  • 57. Andersson, Roger
    et al.
    Molina, Irene
    Öresjö, Eva
    Pettersson, Lars
    Siwertsson, Christina
    Large Housing Estates in Sweden. Overview of developments and problems in Jönköping and Stockholm2003Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    All over Europe massive numbers of people live in large-scale housing estates built after the Second World War. The estates were carefully planned, but now often manifest a mulitude af problems. They house large numbers of low-income households, the unemployment rates are above average and in some countries they have become concentration areas for ethnic minorities. Many estates are becoming increasingly associated with crime and social exclusion. The circumstances on the estates and policy initiatives associated with these are focus of the RESTATE-project. RESTATE is the acronym for Restructuring Large-scale Housing Estates in European Cities: Good Practices and New Visions for Sustainable Neighbourhoods and Cities. The study draws on estates in ten European countries: France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. The present report deals specifically with large housing estates in two cities in Sweden: Jönköping och Stockholm. The basic questions are about physical structure, demographic-, economic- and socio-cultural developments. The same kind of information for estates in other countries in the RESTATE-project can be found in the parallel reports

  • 58. Andersson, Roger
    et al.
    Öresjö, Eva
    Pettersson, Lars
    Holmqvist, Emma
    Siwertsson, Christina
    Solid, Dennis
    Large Housing Estates in Stockholm and Jönköping, Sweden: Opinions of residents on recent developments2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    RESTATE is the acronyme for Restructuring Large-scale Housing Estates in European Cities: Good Practices and New Visions for Sustainable Neighbourhoods and Cities. All the participants in this project share the basic underlying conviction: if the problems of these large-scale housing estates are not resolved, they will increasingly hinder the good economic functioning of cities. The study draws on estates in ten European countries: France, Germany, Hungury, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Most results in this report are based on a survey carried out in the estates. The opinions and experiences of the inhabitants of the estates stand to the fore in this survey. This report is concerned with two Swedish cities, Stockholm and Jönköping; the same kind of information for estates in other countries in the RESTATE project can be found in parallel reports.

  • 59.
    Andersson Schaeffer, Jennie
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Communication space: Spatial design in manufacturing industry2011Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main concern of this licentiate thesis is to discuss how built space is used for communication in the manufacturing industry, from a visual communication perspective. The thesis presents and develops the notion of 'communication space' and presents a model to describe the relation between different factors in the communication space.

    In a multiple case study, six different cases from the manufacturing industry are described and analyzed to highlight how built space is used for communication in a lean production context. Research results on how built spaces such as improvement places, meeting places and a development workshop affect improvement processes and communication are presented. What the studied improvement areas, meeting places and workshop can be said to communicate about the improvement processes is analyzed.

    The research results show that the built spaces in manufacturing industry are used for communication on two levels, both as places for interaction between employees and as a part of a communication process. The study also shows a relation between architecture from a specific time and the relation to the improvement work in the industrial context. How the results can be used to facilitate communication in the built spaces used for improvement processes in manufacturing industry is suggested in the thesis.

  • 60.
    Anstey, Tim
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Architectural Technologies.
    Authority and Authorship in L. B. Alberti's De re aedificatoria2003In: Nordisk arkitekturforskning, ISSN ISSN 1102-5824, Vol. 4, p. 19-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the definition of the architect's role in Leon Battista' Alberti's instaurational text De re aedificatoria and considers the problems of judgement and authority for architectural authorship.

  • 61.
    Anstey, Tim
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Architectural Technologies.
    The ambiguities of disegno2005In: Journal of Architecture, ISSN 1360-2365, E-ISSN 1466-4410, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 295-306Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 62.
    Anstey, Tim
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Architectural Technologies.
    The Dangers of Decorum2006In: arq Architecture research quarterly, ISSN 1359-1355, E-ISSN 1474-0516, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 131-139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Decorum, "appropriateness", is deeply embedded in the psyche of architects as a means to justify their actions. This essay considers the shifting significance of this term for architectural discourse.

  • 63.
    Anstey, Tim
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Behaya, JakobKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.Burroughs, BradyKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.Karlsson, Klas RichardKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.Lindstrand, TorKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.Lundgren, StaffanKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.Mattsson, HelenaKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.Rosenberg, FridaKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.Samuelsson, KalleKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.Zenger, SigridKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    KTHA #12010Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Innehåll|Contents

    • "Gunnar Henriksson: Mannen bakom allt", Ola Andersson, Hans Loord
    • "Nittonhundraåttiofem" Ola Andersson
    • "Landscape as a Body (To Dress)", Katja Grillner
    • "Nya Slussen", Daniel Johansson, Johanna Håkansdotter- Karlsson, Tor Lindstrand, Martin Losos, Victor Mickelsson, Sara Vall, Ann-Charlotte Wiklander, Frida Öhlin
    • "Patchwork: Albano Sustainable Campus", Stephan Bartel, Johan Colding, Hanna Erixon, Henrik Ernstson, Sara Grahn, Matts Ingman, Carl Kärsten, Lars Marcus, Jonas Torsvall
    • "Multireligiös begravningsplats på Järva friområde", Henrik Vogt
    • "Bridging the Gap", Alexis Pontvik
    • "Tullinge Idea Store: Plats, struktur, program" Jesús Azpeitia
    • "Treasures from the Archive: Der Städtebau nach seinen künstlerischen Grundsätzen, Camillo Sitte", Anders Bergström
    • "Reading Architecture and Beauty: Conversations with Architects about a Troubled Relationship, Yael Reisner with Fleur Watson", Frida Rosenberg
    • "Leon Battista Alberti, Identical Copies, and the Early Modern Invention of Architectural Design", Mario Carpo
    • "Three Concepts of Performative Design: Proturbance, Porosity, Venation", Marcelyn Gow, Ulrika Karlsson, Daniel Norell

     

     

  • 64.
    Anstey, Tim
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Architectural Technologies.
    Grillner, Katja
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Critical Studies in Architecture.
    Hughes, Rolf
    Konstfack.
    Architecture and Authorship2007Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Architecture and Authorship comprises 16 essays that explore issues of authorship, attribution and intellectual property in architecture. The book examines how individual architects and movements, from the fifteenth century onwards, have endeavoured to maintain their status by defending what they see as their own unique territory—the origins and intentions of their work, and their signature style.

  • 65.
    Anstey, Tim
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Architectural Technologies.
    Kara, Hanif
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Architectural Technologies.
    Discourse Networks and the Digital: The Phaeno Science Centre2008In: Space Craft: Developments in Architectural Computing / [ed] David Littlefield, London: RIBA Publications , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 66.
    Arnehed, Sebastian
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Cykling och gående vid större vägar: Resultat av enkät2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport är en del i projektet ”Cykling och gående vid större vägar” och avser den enkät som genomförts för att studera resvanor, trygghet, säkerhet samt framkomlighet längs större vägar med fokus på gående och cyklister hos boende längs eller vid de aktuella platserna. Syftet med enkätundersökningen är att belysa hur fotgängare och cyklister upplever framkomligheten, säkerheten samt tryggheten längs de utvalda platserna i undersökningen. Syftet är även att om möjligt dra generella slutsatser om effekten av olika fysiska åtgärder som genomförts för att underlätta för gående och cyklister. Sammanlagt har tio vägsträckor och platser valts ut för enkätundersökningen. Platserna är lokaliserade från Luleå i norr till Ystad i söder. Urvalet har skett med åtanken att ge en representativ översikt över olika lösningar för att antingen färdas längs med eller korsa en större väg, till fots eller med cykel, med målet att ha en spridning över landet med olika klimat.Urvalet av respondenter har skett genom en geografisk avgränsning kopplad till de aktuella sträckorna och platserna. Till varje hushåll skickades två enkäter som två vuxna eller ungdomar i åldrarna 15 - 17 år ombads att fylla i. Enkäten skickades till 2535 hushåll och totalt svarade 1145 personer på enkäten ( svarsfrekvens 22,6 % per antaget antal respondenter, och 44,2 % per hushåll).Respondenterna utrycker generellt en oro för sin säkerhet och trygghet. De som är mest nöjda är de som bor vid och färdas längs en väg där separeringen sker med räcke, vilket var förväntat. De som är mest oroliga är de som bor vid en väg där separeringen sker genom målad kantlinje, vilket inte var förväntat. De är något mer oroliga än de som bor vid väg utan åtgärder för GC-trafik annat än bred vägren. I fortsatta arbete bör det därför undersökas hur fordonsflödet och hastigheterna påverkar respondenternas trygghet, dvs om det egentligen är de aspekterna man är orolig för och att åtgärderna inte har räckt till för att kompensera för hastigheterna. Det bör även undersökas om målningen inte efterlevs av fordonsförarna, samt hastighetsefterlevnad, vilket respondenternas svar indikerar.Vad gäller tillfällena när man korsar vägen är respondenterna som bor vid väg utan åtgärd förvånande nog mer trygg när de korsar vägen, än de som korsar vägen genom öppning i refug eller mitträcke. Även i detta fall bör fortsatta arbete därför undersöka hur fordonsflödet och hastigheterna påverkar respondenternas trygghet, dvs om det egentligen är de aspekterna man är orolig för och att åtgärderna inte har räckt till för att kompensera för hastigheterna. Det bör även undersökas hur fordonsförarna efterlever hastigheterna på platsen samt hur interaktionen mellan fordonsförare och oskyddade trafikanter går till på platserna.Det finns således anledning att fortsätta studera effekterna av de olika åtgärderna som har använts i vägmiljöer för att öka de oskyddade trafikanternas trygghet och rörlighet eftersom respondenterna tydligt uttrycker oro för trafikolycka, trots att olika åtgärder har använts för att öka tryggheten.

  • 67.
    Arnehed, Sebastian
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Underlag till trafikstrategi för Kiruna kommun: för hållbart resande, stadsomvandling och kallt klimat2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Aktuellt dokument är ett första steg i att formulera och ta fram en uppdragsbeskrivning gällande en trafikstrategi för Kiruna kommun. Dokumentet beskriver de huvudsakliga delarna för såväl processen med att utarbeta en trafikstrategi som det faktiska innehållet. Kiruna kommun har hittills inte varit delaktiga i denna del av processen, men är formellt ansvariga i ett fortsatt arbete.

  • 68.
    Arvidsson, Matilda
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Medborgardialog och kommunikation inom fysisk planering2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 69. Ashman, Helen
    Stadsomvandlingsvisioner - förklädd gentrifiering?: En studie av Gamlestaden i Göteborg2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 70.
    Aspengren, Erik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Frihamnsoperan2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 71.
    Axelsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Lacalendola, Stefania
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Kulturarvets själ och karaktär jämlik för alla: en studie om till- och frångänglighet i Kalmar residens2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This analysis has been conducted to show that it is possible to combine accessibility, accessible evacuation and cultural heritage buildings, in this case especially Kalmar residence, without distorting the building. 

    The study was performed as a case study. By studying laws, regulations and rules as well as interviewing experts and comparing solutions with other buildings, the residence will become accessible. The aim of this work is to deliver a solution proposal. This proposal should also be used as an inspiration for future projects of similar complex types. 

    The study has come to the conclusion that there is a need for more laws and rules on accessible evacuation and that accessibility is an aspect that should be taken more into consideration in cultural heritage buildings. It is important that everyone can take part in society on an equal basis. 

  • 72.
    Ay, Philip
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Attar, Ribhi
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Riktlinjer för social hållbarhet: vid gestaltning av socioekonomiskt utsatta områden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper illustrates how the built environment affects the social sustainability in areas with socio-economic difficulties. The focus is on how municipalities, real estate companies and other actors work on issues concerning design, housing, physical environment, security and safety, health, influence and participation. The purpose of this study is to gather knowledge about the subject and to highlight the meaning of it. The aim is to develop guidelines for the establishment of a social development plan or during the development of a region.

    Research that focuses on the subject as well as interviews with municipalities, real estate companies and an expert has been central to the preparation of the guidelines. Interviews and previous research correlate with each other and illustrate how the physical environment has an impact on the residents and their well-being. The study places important research in connection with an inclusive collaboration process and provides an explanation for involving concerned actors and existing residents in the development of the area's physical environment. A mix of buildings and operations is important. This together with an open and attractive physical environment, can in long terms contribute to increased movement and feelings of safety. Public transport in relation with activities and good connections can make it easier for residents to establish social contacts.

  • 73.
    Backström, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Wikström, Ludvig
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Effektivisering av ekologisk dagvattenhantering i stadsmiljö2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the city of Jönköping problems with the irregular flow, erosions and transport of sediment materials are recurring in the brook Strömsbergsbäcken. The problems is somewhat caused by an increased flow of storm water in the brook, which leads to high flow peaks in some parts of the brook since the original furrow is not dimensioned for the increased amount of water. The purpose of this project work is to make ecological drainage management in urban environments with a high amount of storm water discharge more efficient. The objective with the report is to create valuable material of how to accomplish ecological drainage management in urban areas and that the report will be useful for future similar connections. To fulfill the objective, the following three questions have been designed as a significant part of the final project report:

    • How can the load on the general drainage system be reduced?
    • How can the pollution effects of storm water runoff in urban areas be reduced?
    • Which treatments are appropriate to enhance the ecological storm water management in Strömsbergsbäcken ?

    The methods that have been used to solve these questions are document- and literature studies, and also a case study.The thesis results shows that the storm water flows from four of the nine areas that has its outlets in Strömsbergsbäcken, need to be treated through some kind of a solution or method that delays the water flow. The treatment could be performed in the area, before the storm water reaches the storm water network, which leads to Strömsbergsbäcken. The storm water flows can also be reduced by treatments adjacent to the outlets in the brook, where the largest flow peaks occurs. For example an essential solution to decrease the flows in Strömsbergsbäcken is to reconstruct the old dam located near one of the outlets into a basin, which will delay the stormwater flows.

  • 74.
    Bahho, Ashorita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Brodin, Clara
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Integrering av BIM i slutbesikting2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 75.
    Bakar, Asra
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology and Design.
    Mousi, Georgi
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology and Design.
    Solceller integrerade i anläggningskonstruktioner: En studie av hur solceller kan integreras i transportsektorns nyproduktion2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With a society that is becoming more environmentally conscious, we now find a growing interest in the application of efficient energy supply systems. One of the approaches for this is to utilize solar energy, which is possible with photovoltaics (PV) also known as solar cells. PV can briefly be described as a component which aims to convert solar energy into electricity. This technology has in recent years been an incentive for constructions companies and project owners to achieve the requirements for various environmental certifications. Photovoltaic technology can be used in building materials for new productions or renovations. Building structures where PV has been utilized are commonly referred to as solar systems. Depending on the solar cell type, these can be divided into building applied photovoltaics (BAPV) and building integrated photovoltaics (BIPV).

    With the help of literature research, interviews, case studies as well as workshop and observations, a study has been carried out which focuses on building integrated photovoltaic. The study was conducted with the intention to examine the potential extent that building integrated photovoltaics can be implemented in the transport sectors new production. The main aim of the dissertation is to provide with proposals for areas of application for BIPV, where construction technology and architecture is specifically taken into consideration. This dissertation also intends to contribute to the formation of an idea of photovoltaics as a building material.

    The result shown by the study is that there are opportunities for BIPV to be implemented in the transport sectors production of new constructions. Among these constructions are noise barriers and service houses for railways. In addition, it is noted that factors which regard PV building technology are orientation and tilt as well as shading and ventilation. The architectural factor that are considered when designing with BIPV is that the design of the construction needs to be aesthetically appealing, have a good composition with color and material, suitable with the visible grid's theme, it also needs to be contextualized and carefully planned. It is also required for BIPV constructions to have an innovative design.

    The dissertation also reveals possibilities and obstacles when designing with solar cells. The results show that the promises for BIPV come in the form of economic and ecological sustainability. The identified barriers relate to lack of knowledge in solar technology, which complicates the work of the involved operatives.

    The study's conclusion is that there is a potential for implementing PV technology in Sweden, but it is more profitable for larger constructions. However noise barriers and service houses for railways, occur continuously along Swedish roads and railways, therefore they are large in quantity. The large quantity of these constructions should be an incentive to implement BIPV in these constructions. In addition, it is stated that certain obstacles arising from production and maintenance can be avoided as early as in the design stage.

  • 76.
    Baker, Nicholas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Service and Energy Systems.
    Modelling and Analysis of Daylight, Solar Heat Gains and Thermal Losses to Inform the Early Stage of the Architectural Process2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The EU building sector is a main contributor to greenhouse gas emissions, which need to be cut as part of the global response to anthropogenic climate change. This cut can be realised through improvements in building energy performance, such as optimisation of facade design. The early stage of the architectural process has been identified as the ideal time to implement such sustainable design choices. There is need for simple guidelines and tools to provide quantitative data to support these architectural decisions. BIM and parametric design can provide this, by facilitating model-based analysis and simulation, as part of an unbroken flow of information through the design process. This study uses Dynamo (the visual programming add-in for Autodesk Revit) together with the Honeybee and Ladybug environmental plugins, to conduct daylight, solar heat gains and thermal losses analyses and simulations. The aim was to identify limitations and opportunities in using Dynamo-Revit, to establish an optimal range for glazing-to-wall ratio (GWR) and to provide some simple room-sizing guidelines for architects in the early stage of the design process. The Dynamo-Revit workflow was found to be effective for specific projects, but difficult to perfect for multiple different projects. An optimal range for GWR was found as 30-40% for east, south and west-facing rooms and around 50% for rooms facing only north. Results were tabulated, linking room orientation and depth with estimated daylight access, solar heat gains and thermal losses. The results were reasonable, but could be improved by the use of more sophisticated analysis and simulation techniques, which should be facilitated by forthcoming development of Honeybee and Ladybug in Dynamo.

  • 77.
    Bakhlina, Anna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Vocal college on Langholmen.2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Main idea of my project is how I can design a building for music and especially for voice - which is the natural instrument of a human body. The music college something more than the place for training music technical skills but the building by itself preform as instrument, as a platform for experimenting with different acoustic features, as a place of inspiration as well as an a performing venue. In theory music is a temporal art, and architecture – is spatial one. However music forms the spatial bounders while it` sounds in the certain space. Rhythm, harmony and movement – they are both reflected in music and architecture. Design of a school is based on integration of this principles into architecture. And I have been working at how the rethinking of musical education process can affect the shape, structure and appearance of the building for the singing.

  • 78.
    Balogh, Samu Márton
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Perceived safety of cyclists: The role of road attributes2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives

    Although the lack of perceived safety is an important deterrent to cycling, available knowledge is not comprehensive enough. The aim of this research is to contribute to academic knowledge by exploring the role of road section attributes in perceived safety of cyclists and to develop a method to use the theoretical results in practice.

    Methods

    A stated choice survey is carried out to estimate the effects of selected infrastructure attributes on perceived safety. A multinomial logit (MNL) model is used to estimate the effects. Results are used to develop an infrastructure assessment tool by counting aggregate perceived safety utility values of road sections.

    Results

    Cyclists perceive the presence of dedicated cycling facilities and physical separation similarly important, while other attributes (traffic volume, speed reduction and adjacent car parking) turned out to be less important. The Subjective Safety Score can be consciously used to evaluate existing and planned road sections and compare different design alternatives.

    Conclusions

    The results give a strong support for using physically separated cycling facilities (cycle tracks for example) to engage people to cycling. Further research is recommended to explore the effects of intersection attributes and to include interaction effects of attributes as well.

  • 79.
    Bardesi Isusi, Pablo
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Structural Engineering and Bridges.
    Fernandez Boschmonar, Gabriel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Structural Engineering and Bridges.
    Dynamic behavior of bridge bearings: Numerical modelling of frictional behaviour of POT Bearings1992Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 80.
    Barthel, Stephan
    et al.
    Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Colding, Johan
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Andersson, Erik
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Schewenius, Maria
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Campus Albano, Stockholm - Creating a social-ecological ‘best practices’ campus area in the Baltic region for supporting learning, innovation, and sense of community: In Live Baltic Campus: Inventory Reports2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Campus Albano is the newest addition to the Stockholm University campus, Stockholm, Sweden. Production commenced on Nov. 30, 2015, after a five-year planning and design process. The student- and researcher accommodations, and the university buildings are expected to be ready by 2018 and 2019, respectively. The project is significant both for its participatory planning process, and for the strong focus on supporting ecosystem services, for example wetlands and allotment gardens, in the final campus design.

  • 81.
    Beckman, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Umeå Moské: En ny moské i Umeå som en del av den nya översiktsplanen för stadsdelen Ön2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett examensarbete i Arkitektur om en ny moské i Umeå som en del av den nya översiktsplanen för stadsdelen Ön

  • 82.
    Berg, Daniel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Opera i Stockholm, Galärvarvet2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En Opera på en av Stockholms mest attraktiva tomter.

  • 83.
    Berg, Fredrik
    et al.
    Norwegian Inst Cultural Heritage Res NIKU, Pb 736 Sentrum, N-0105 Oslo, Norway..
    Flyen, Anne-Cathrine
    Norwegian Inst Cultural Heritage Res NIKU, Pb 736 Sentrum, N-0105 Oslo, Norway..
    Godbolt, Asne Lund
    SINTEF Bldg & Infrastruct, Pb 124 Blindern, N-0314 Oslo, Norway..
    Broström, Tor
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History, Conservation.
    User-driven energy efficiency in historic buildings: A review2017In: Journal of Cultural Heritage, ISSN 1296-2074, E-ISSN 1778-3674, Vol. 28, p. 188-195Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper draws from the general literature on energy efficiency and historic buildings to explain the importance and potential of user-driven energy efficiency in historic buildings. It is the first review that places the user as a central object of study in the research field of historic buildings and energy efficiency. Relevant interdisciplinary topics and research results that make up the core of the field are presented and discussed in relation to user behaviour and its impact on energy consumption. The paper also investigates how user behaviour aspects can be integrated in a procedural approach to energy refurbishment in historic buildings. Research and experience from the building stock in general clearly shows how a user's awareness and behaviour, such as choice of temperature, zone heating and controlled airing, can have a significant effect on energy demand yet have no physical impact on the building. However, this has not received enough attention with regards to the historic building stock, where many physical energy efficiency measures can have negative impacts on the historic qualities of the building. Modification of user behaviour can therefore be a way not only to reduce energy demand but also to minimise the physical impact of increasing energy efficiency on historic buildings. The paper concludes that the current research agenda on historic buildings and energy efficiency has broken much ground but remains focused more on technical solutions than bottom-up user perspectives. Two main topics are identified as key barriers and future research fields: First, energy performance modelling is identified as a general barrier to developing sustainable strategies that promote user impact in historic buildings. Accurate energy modelling of historic buildings is a complex field reliant on the thermal interplay between user-building and building-district. Improved knowledge and intensified research is necessary to avoid distorted energy modelling results and unwanted rebound effects. Practical tools also require that the modelling can be used for trade-off scenarios where other sustainability aspects such as cultural heritage and economy are weighed in. Second, awareness raising in order to foster a deeper understanding and knowledge about the construction, system and cultural heritage values of a building is proposed as a key ingredient and driver for improved and sustainable energy behaviour. The paper argues that while user-driven energy efficiency represents an important resource for fostering less energy-demanding and less intrusive interventions in historic buildings, there are no guarantees for achieving the planned level of energy efficiency without taking into account user behaviour and the actual operation and energy performance of the historic building. To do this without risking negative consequences, improved decision-making processes are needed on policy, building and user level. An interdisciplinary bottom-up approach to energy refurbishment is presented. The essence of the model is that users and residents should always play a central role in the decision-making process because the well-being of the historic building will always depend on its day-to-day users, and vice versa.

  • 84.
    Berg, Johanna
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Drömmen om den autentiska staden: Det förflutna som tongivande för stadsförnyelse i Como.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Städer som föränderliga och sinnebilder av det förflutna är utgångspunkter i denna studie där stadsomvandling och historiebruk i den postindustriella staden är i fokus. I skiftet mot ett postindustriellt samhälle sker en omställning som innebär att en ny stadsidentitet eftersöks och att nya former av tillväxt efterfrågas. Idén om den autentiska staden grundar sig i en förändrad syn på historia och ett ökat intresse för kulturarv. Baserat på de nya förutsättningar som råder för städer problematiserar arbetet innebörden av autenticitet och de rumsliga konsekvenser som tolkningen av autenticitet resulterar i. Sentida forskning visar på en förskjutning kring innebörden av autenticitet, som innebär att betydelsen snarare handlar om att skapa en upplevelse av ursprung istället för att anspela på det faktiska ursprunget. Med utgångspunkt i denna förändring studeras den betydelse som tillskrivs autenticitet i samband med bevarande- och förnyelseprocesser i staden Como, i norra Italien.

    I Como studeras betydelsen av autenticitet genom en kvalitativ innehållsanalys av visionära riktlinjer i kommunala plandokument och i projektet Fisionomie Lariane som drivs av en lokal arkitektorganisation. Semi-strukturerade intervjuer med verksamma politiker, planerare, arkitekter och forskare används för att fördjupa perspektivet på Comos utveckling och de olika föreställningar som finns i relation till stadens förflutna och utveckling. I analysen påvisas diskursiva rekonstruktioner av historia och ursprung på olika geografiska nivåer, på en provinsiell nivå till en platsspecifik nivå. Historia får en stor betydelse och en fundamental roll i stadsomvandling där historiska rekonstruktioner används i syfte att motivera utveckling och generera tillväxt. Den industriella identiteten som Como har haft sedan 1600-talet är viktig på en provinsiell nivå och används som ett legitimt skäl till att staden har utvecklingspotential. På en stadsnivå exkluderas dock dessa miljöer, på grund av att de anses bidra till en diskontinuitet med den historiska stadskärnan. Den autentiska staden framställs som eftersträvansvärd vilket speglas i den tyngd som den historiska stadskärnan får i framtida utveckling. Den betydelse som tillskrivs autenticitet påvisas i strävan som finns att upprätta en historisk kontinuitet, där den historiska stadskärnan blir en referenspunkt för den stadsomvandling som sker i Como. Detta kan även ses som ett sätt för staden att skapa en ny ”image” som riktas mot turistnäringen, vilken pekas ut som stadens framtida näring. I samband med stadsutveckling blir upplevelse av autenticitet en dominerande idé. Studien i Como visar på hur betydelsen av autenticitet förankras i historiska bebyggelsemönster som uppfattas vara ”äkta” och ”ursprungliga”. Föreställningar om autenticitet påvisas även i diskurser där ett hierarkiskt förhållningssätt upprättas angående kulturvärden i centrum och periferi. Fysiska rekonstruktioner av ”autentiska miljöer” sker genom omgestaltning av stadens offentliga platser. Nya element adderas som representerar en symbolisk form av autenticitet. Symboliken uttrycks genom materialitet och rumslighet som anspelar på det förflutna och en slags äkthet. Detta bekräftar att autenticitet i det postindustriella samhället bedöms utifrån upplevelser av platser och föreställningar om historia. I studien framkommer autenticitetsbegreppets komplexa innebörd och hur tolkningen ständigt förändras och får en ny mening beroende på samhällskontext.

    Nyckelord: Autenticitet, platsidentitet, historiebruk, genius loci, kulturarv, stadsomvandling, stadsförnyelse, den postindustriella staden.

  • 85.
    Berg, Samuel A.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    History of reinforced concrete to 1950: the developemnt of the composite in properties, computation models and safety2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 86.
    Berg, Therese
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Malmberg, Olivia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Utformning av skollokaler och deras inredning: Ett underlag vid byggnation av skolhus grundat på pedagogens åsikt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagsläget finns en problematik i att verksamhetenssyn på skolhusens utformning och deras inredning inte alltid når fram till arkitekten som har till uppgift att utforma ett skolhus. Därav undersöker detta examensarbete pedagogernas syn på skolhusens utformning och inredning, med avsikt att föra dessa två parter samman i ett gemensamt underlag om hur skolhus kan utformas på bästa sätt. Ur resultatet går att utläsa att pedagogerna är entydiga i många frågor som rör utformningen av skolhus. Trots detta visar den utförda fältstudien i undersökningen på att skolhusen inte ser ut så idag.

  • 87.
    Bergendal, Adam
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE).
    Opera i Stockholm, Galärvarvet2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En ny opera i Stockholms innerstad

  • 88.
    Berggård, Glenn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Aktivitet: Fotgängare vintertid - effekter av halkskydd2010Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Vintertid reducerar fotgängare sina förflyttningar vid halt väglag. Fallolyckor är vanligt förekommande på snö och is. I laboratoriestudier har 33 olika halkskydd för fotgängare testats och kvaliteter hos olika typer av skydd studerats. Testmetodik har utvecklats och bra och dåliga kvaliteter hos halkskydd har kunnat identifieras på olika typer av hala ytor som: grus på is, sand på is, ren is, snö på is samt salt på is. I en fältstudiestudie vårvintern 2008 har effekterna av användning av tre principiellt olika typer av bra halkskydd undersökts: hälskydd, helfotsskydd respektive fotbladsskydd. Tre olika grupper av försökspersoner i yrkesverksam ålder med likartade köns- och åldersfördelning deltog frivilligt. En grupp försågs med halkskydd. Försökspersonerna registrerade sin exponering mm i förflyttningsdagböcker. Vid upplevd halkincident/fall registrerades förhållandena vid incident/falltillfället på separat blankett. Effekten på exponering som fotgängare och förekomsten av halkincidenter/fall har analyserats. Gruppen som använde halkskydd hade högre exponering och mindre förekomst av halkincidenter/fall jämfört med gruppen som inte använde halkskydd. Halkskydd kan därigenom antas förbättra möjligheten att vistas ute vintertid på is och snö samt minska risken att halka och falla.

  • 89.
    Bergh, Isabella
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Nilsson, Holger
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Bye bye bygden?: En fallstudie om hur svenska kommuner agerar vid befolkningsminskning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Trots att Sveriges befolkning ökar i stadig takt minskar invånarantalet i väldigt många kommuner, något som pågått under en längre tid. Norrlands inland är ett typexempel på en region som fått erfara stora befolkningsminskningar. Ett sjunkande befolkningsunderlag leder bland annat till försämrat skatteunderlag som sätter den kommunala välfärden i en utsatt situation, vilket i sin tur bidrar till en fortsatt befolkningsminskning.

    Uppsatsen består av en fallstudie som tar stöd i Syssners begrepp tillväxt- och anpassningsstrategier för att på så sätt kunna kategorisera olika åtgärder som forskningen och de undersökta fallen tar upp. Tillväxt har länge varit normen i den kommunala planeringen medan anpassning är ett relativt nytt fenomen, då efterfrågan om en planering mer lämplig för kommuner präglade av befolkningsminskning ökat på senare tid. Med hjälp av en kvalitativ textanalys redovisar uppsatsen de visioner och strategier som de fyra svenska kommunerna Arvidsjaur, Gällivare, Pajala och Storuman tar upp i sina översiktsplaner för att hantera befolkningsminskning. Arbetet studerar även forskning inom området för att därefter redovisa likheter och skillnader mellan kommunernas arbete och forskningen.

    Det har gått att utläsa hur problematiken kring befolkningsminskning är komplex, där alla undersökningsobjekten upplever en missgynnande åldersstruktur samt låg utbildnings- och kompetensnivå som några av de främsta hindren. Det konstateras hur tre av kommunerna, i sina visioner och mål, strävar efter tillväxt men att det inte speglar de underliggande strategierna som utgår från både tillväxt och anpassning. En diskussion förs därefter kring hur det kan bero på planeringens politiska förankring; att de politiska partierna måste sträva efter tillväxt för att attrahera väljare, vilket speglar översiktsplanernas visioner och mål. Den fjärde kommunen är mer återhållsam och har visioner nära kopplade till anpassning, vilket till stor del speglar deras strategier. Det framkommer att tre strategier går att finna i alla översiktsplanerna och även i forskningen, detta i form av marknadsföring (främst genom turism), attraktiva livsmiljöer samt regional och kommunal samverkan. Även om forskningen tar upp rivning och samverkan med civilsamhället är det inget som någon av kommunerna tar upp. Samtidigt arbetar kommunerna med identitetsskapande åtgärder vilket forskningen inte tar upp. Med andra ord finns det flera likheter och skillnader mellan de undersökta fallen och forskningen.

  • 90.
    Berglund, Gabriella
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Mechanics, Byggteknik.
    Utveckling av fastighet i Uppsala innerstad: Förslagshandlingar till flerbostadshus för studenter2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 91.
    Berglund, Lotta
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Tossavainen, Mia
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Kostenius, Catrine
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Health on thin ice: methods of giving voice to Swedish citizens in urban planning and design to promote health in a cold climate2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the northern, sub-arctic, regions of the world the climate is cold a substantial part of the year which affecting people's health as low temperatures and darkness stress the body. At the same time the cold climate offers opportunities that can be utilized in an innovative manner, both technically and aesthetically, to develop the winter environment to be attractive and health promoting in outdoor activities.The aim of the study was to develop a methodology for giving voice to citizens to be used in the process of urban planning and design for good health in a cold climate. The qualitative investigations of citizen’s experiences of health promoting aspects included two workshops focused on the following questions; What are your experiences of health and well-being in a cold climate? How can this city be planned to promote health during the winter season? The 53 participants came from two cities in the northern part of Sweden. At Workshop 1 small groups of citizens (5-8) were asked to make a collective collage cutting and pasting images from magazines without talking to each other while soft music was playing in the background.When finished the silence was broken and the participants presented their contributions. At Workshop 2 small groups of citizens (5-8) were given maps of the city with different paths for walking tours aimed to pinpoint areas for improvement. After the walk the group presented their ideas for each other and a number of innovative ideas surfaced.Including citizens in the process of urban planning is not only a good source of ideas and information useful in the planning process but may be an opportunity to strengthen health literacy and healthy behavior. This study may serve as an example of an empowerment - based method including citizens in the process of urban planning and design.

  • 92.
    Bergqvist, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE).
    Opera i Stockholm, Galärvarvet2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Min ambition har varit att operabyggnaden ska imitera och spegla platsens karaktär och unika läge i staden.Galärvarvet är ett område som har direkt närhet till både staden (Strandvägen och Östermalm), parken (Galärparken och resten av Djurgården) samt till vattnet (Ladugårdsviken och Mälaren). Dessa tre stadselement är också starkt karaktäriserande för Stockholm som stad. Intentionen var dessutom att operabyggnaden skulle kunna erbjuda staden något mer än bara opera som konstform och att den ska vara inbjudande och tillgänglig både interiört och exteriört även för de som inte uppskattar operakonsten. Fasaden mot Strandvägen är till stora delar glasad med ytor för operabesökare, balettsalar, orkestersalar och loger för artister samt musiker som kommunicerar operans verksamhet mot staden. Längs med denna fasad löper en lång ramp för besökare ner till den lilla scenen och restaurangen. Fasaden mot söder och parken är mer uppbruten och har en organiskt, oregelbunden karaktär med möjligheter att röra sig upp på operans gröna tak. Kontakten och kopplingen till vattnet sker genom en pir som skjuter ut i vattnet och som avslutas med en resturang samt en brygga för småbåtar och en ny hållplats för Djurgårdsfärjan. Även pirens tak har vegetation vilket gör övergången från takparken och vattnet mer upplöst. Entréfasaden har en tung och (nästan) helt symmetrisk utformning som en referens till nordiska museet.

  • 93.
    Bergström, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
    Marcus, Lars
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Urban Design.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    KI Arkitektur och kunskapsmiljö: Tävlingen/Etableringen/Förnyelsen2010 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Universities, like many other institutions in today’s society, are to such an extent connected to their buildings that activity and built structures can be difficult to separate from each other. What we can begin to see is how people have always used building to establish and maintain both societal functions and more everyday customs and practices. Activities that manage to establish themselves in built form become a natural and supportive part of our material reality, whereas activities that do not may have problems surviving. In our times, characterized by continuous change, established solutions can also be in the way of new development and hinder us from seeing how the built environment could be designed in a different way.

    Seen from this perspective, KI – Karolinska Institutet – constitutes an interesting example between consciously shaped environment and highly qualified academic activity. Karolinska Institutet is since long one of Swedens most creative knowledge environments. The institute’s buildings have come to over a long period of time and is characterized by high ambitions, where different ideas of the conditions of knowledge production have governed both the overall plan and the design of individual buildings. By clarifying these ideas, and simultaneously investigating how the built result works, we hope to contribute not only to the understanding of the development of Karolinska Institutet, but to e more general knowledge of the relation between architecture and knowledge environment as well.

     

  • 94.
    Birger, Anna
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology and Design.
    Holmstedter, Christian
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology and Design.
    Nybyggnation av en fastighet till temporära bostäder i ett ljudutsatt område2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the increased globalization and expansion of larger cities, we’ve seen an increase in flight traffic around the airports in Sweden. At the same time, cities are getting more populated which leads to more roads that are being built to strengthen the communications between the cities. A consequence of this expansion is that more areas are being affected by sound pollution. This is a huge problem as sound pollution may have devastating consequences on the health of people being exposed by it. To counteract the exposure of sound pollution, Boverket (the national Board of Housing), has created specific regulations on real estate’s regarding the accepted levels of sound exposure for buildings. The allowed level of sound exposure are stricter to buildings that are meant to be permanently inhabited as the inhabitants run greater risk of health issues the longer they are exposed by it. As there are more people traveling across Sweden on e.g. business trips, there has been an increase in demand of temporary housing where people are allowed stay for up to 6 months. Just recently, plenty of new projects are taking advantage over the set regulations by the National Board of Housing because the regulations for sound exposure are lower on temporary housing. This thesis will investigate the possibilities regarding projecting a building meant for temporary housing in a sound polluted area. The project is limited to the Stockholm county and focus mainly on the architectural point of view in projecting a building. A projected architectural proposal of an apartment hotel on a property right next to Arlanda airport was made from the information that was provided by the site analysis and the theoretical framework. The property was located in an area where the sound exposure was above the regulations of maximum sound pollution by the facade of building meant for permanent housing. The result was a heavy constructed concrete building with thick layers of insulation and vegetation on the outside walls and roofs. The building was placed in an area where it was surrounded natural vegetation to improve the reduction of sound pollution. The thesis left a few unanswered questions however: Did the projected building meet the requirements of the property owners regarding architecture and lighting? By how much does the surrounding vegetation actually reduce sound pollution? Would it be more efficient to increase the width of the building rather than the height? These questions leaves room for further studies regarding the issues and how to solve them when projecting buildings in a highly sound polluted area. 

  • 95.
    Bjerke, Leonora
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Duo - ny skola på Hälsingehöjden2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 96.
    Bjärnström, Johan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Orrsjöpalatset: Ett sommarhus vid Orrsjön2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 97.
    Björklund, Fanny
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Bramfors, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    An architectural perspective on schools in the Philippines: A research into the importance of a classroom’s physical environment and possible improvements for a better learning environment2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The physical environment in schools is an important factor that benefits the educational quality and has an essential role in the student's learning process. In the Philippines the physical environment is underdeveloped in the schools, since the main focus is on developing a basic foundation and on making sure that every child can go to school. This thesis studied the classrooms' physical environment in three selected schools in the Philippines. It presents improvements of the classroom’s physical environment. This study can be used as indicative guidelines when designing classrooms in the Philippines.

    This study is supported by the Minor Field Study scholarship, founded by SIDA.

  • 98.
    Björkén Nilsson, Sofia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Hansson, Jennifer
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    En jämförelse av två arbetsmetoder för framtagning av rumsbeskrivningar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: BIM have been criticised as a standalone framework and the believe is that the next step in BIM development is cloud computing. The technology simplify planning of a sustainable construction and hasten the building process through a collaborative friendly information management among different project actors. The implementation of the technology hasn’t been that noticeable since companies are struggling to understanding the technologies contribution. The goal of this research is therefore to investigate the potential of using cloud technology in architects daily work with room finish schedule.

    Method: To answer the goal of the study, interviews about room finish schedules have been made with five architect companies to collect empirical data. The company's internal documents of room finish schedule have been analysed and the research also makes a literature study and an observation of the cloud service BIMeye.

    Findings: The study shows that the main differences between an analogue and digital approach are: the link to the model, input of information and management of revisions. The companies have generally a positive attitude towards the technology, but there are doubts about changing their way of working. The cloud service BIMeye meets the companies needs and has great potential to make several tasks, that are considered time consuming in today´s work, more efficient, such as lay-up of rooms, input of information, review of conflicting documents and management of revisions. This mainly through the database's connection to the model and the database's way of managing information more automated.

    Implications: The conclusion that can be made is that great potential is seen with cloud services as a working method for producing room finish schedules. The transition process to cloud services implies a change of working method but not in the final result. Where cloud services entail additional work in the model to enable a connection to the description, but at the same time contributes to an automatic input of information about rooms. Another change in working method is the ability of cloud services to create parameters that differs from the otherwise analogue paper-work. Revisions in the database get a break through throughout the whole description, in contrast to individual adjustments in the document. Recommendations as a result of the study is to inform companies about the possibilities and impact the technology has on their work. In order to achieve an overall perspective in the industry, new solutions are required so that companies see internal profits with the implementation.

    Limitations: The result is considered to be applicable to other architect firms since it has appeared from interviews and document analyses that the companies work in similar ways. However, whether the result of the test of BIMeye can be applied to other cloud services is uncertain. The research’s limitation to disregard investment cost has restrict the study as it is a significant factor when implementing new technology.

  • 99.
    Bladin, Ann-Marie
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment.
    Kv. Grillen 6 i Sandviken: Förslag till verksamhet för2008Student paper second term, 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 100.
    Blaga, Andreea-Cristiana
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Participation from Theory to Practice: To what extent can Citizens influence the Planning Procedures?: Planning by Dialogue: "The Living Urban Laboratory" Karlskrona (Revedin 2015)2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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