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  • 501.
    Trönnberg, Frida
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    State Regulation of Anti-Democratic Parties: A Comparative Study of Germany, Spain and Sweden2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to study state regulation of anti-democratic parties, i.e. party regulation. The term ‘Party regulation’ refers to laws that may regulate the activities and behavior of political parties. This thesis uses a comparative method, conducted on three European countries which regulate anti-democratic parties differently. The cases studied are Germany, Spain and Sweden.The basis for understanding state regulation of anti-democratic parties rests on a historical institutionalist perspective along with theories of democratic tolerance. The analysis reveals that states regulate anti-democratic parties differently as a result of their historical past which has made them adopt different ideas of how political parties should be seen. Further, the analysis shows that there is no connection between the party regulation adopted and the effect it has on the anti-democratic parties.

  • 502.
    Uleviciute, Gertruda
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    HOW DO POST-CONFLICT ENVIRONMENTAL INITIATIVES AFFECT WOMEN'S EMPOWERMENT WITHIN NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN THE SHORT TERM?2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to explain how post-conflict environmental initiatives affect women’s empowerment within natural resource management in the short term. It argues that the lack of causal effect between the variables can be explained by the robustness of patriarchal institutions. Gender-sensitive environmental peacebuilding lacks the strength to counter traditional and well-established formal and informal societal structures. Using a structured focused comparison on Sudan and Democratic Republic of Congo the analysis shows that UNEP Country Recovery Programmes, which are used as an example of the post-conflict environmental initiatives, were unable to change women’s position within natural resource management in the first five years of the establishment. Even though presented theoretical frameworks partially explain the results, more research is needed to draw informed and conclusive inferences.

  • 503.
    Upadhyaya, Prabhat
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning, CSPR.
    National Appropriateness of International Climate Policy Frameworks in India, Brazil, and South Africa2017Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur influerar ramverken för internationell klimatpolicy nationella institutionella åtgärder för att begränsa utsläpp av växthusgaser i framväxande ekonomier? Och hur påverkar, i sin tur, dessa länders nationella institutioner och politik dessa ramverk för internationell klimatpolicy? Denna avhandling studerar nationella engagemang i Nationellt lämpliga utsläppsminskande åtgärder (s.k. NAMAs) i tre framväxande ekonomier – Indien, Brasilien, och Sydafrika. Avhandlingen studerar i synnerhet hur dessa engagemang har påverkats av de tre ländernas nationella klimatpolicy, normer, och institutionella kapacitet. Genom att använda policycykeln som heuristiskt analysverktyg identifierar avhandlingen variationer i hur länderna utvecklat sitt engagemang i NAMAs. Avhandlingen visar att och hur engagemang med nationellt lämpliga utsläppsminskande åtgärder varierar mellan Indien, Brasilien, och Sydafrika vad det gäller fastställande av dagordning, policyformulering, beslutsfattande, implementering, och policyutvärdering. I de fall internationellt stöd anses vara avgörande för att vidta utsläppsminskande åtgärder kan externa faktorer såsom bristande definition av de internationella policyramverken för åtgärder samt tillgänglighet på internationellt stöd försvåra utsikterna för att internationella ramverk tas upp i de nationella dagordnings- och policyformuleringsstadierna. Arbetet med dessa ramverk försvåras även av icke-beslut och ojämn interministeriell koordinering samt om tvingande nationell klimatpolicy inte ligger i linje med de internationella besluten. Avhandlingens slutsatser har betydelse för implementeringen av ett annat framväxande ramverk för internationell klimatpolicy: Nationellt fastställda bidrag (s.k. NDC:er). En framgångsrik implementering av   NDC:er kommer att influeras av en stats förmåga att anpassa dem till nationell klimatpolicy samt transnationella normer, så att dessa överensstämmer eller jämkas med nationella normer, samt den institutionella kapaciteten för att koordinera implementering av nationell klimatpolicy. En effektiv implementering av ramverk för internationell klimatpolicy kommer, sammanfattningsvis, att vara beroende av staters villighet att tillhandahålla tillsyn och koordinering, samt tydlighet vad gäller tillgänglighet till internationellt stöd.

  • 504.
    van Dooren, Anouk
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Teologiska fakulteten, Teologiska institutionen.
    The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals: A Corporate Social Responsibility?2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 505.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Socialantropologiska institutionen.
    Barrio women's invited and invented spaces against urban elitisation in Chacao, Venezuela2014Ingår i: Antipode, ISSN 0066-4812, E-ISSN 1467-8330, Vol. 46, nr 3, s. 835-856Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Outright victories against urban elitisation are rare in the current urban revolution. This article highlights how urban elitisation is confronted in Chacao, the most elite and urban part of Venezuela. Initially it reviews how this urban elitisation created the main economic, political and military strongholds of the opposition to the Bolivarian revolution. Then, in contesting it, the urban and Bolivarian revolutions feed each other through women's participation in invited and invented spaces of citizenship. From such spaces, Chacao women in their settler's movement organised struggles of insurgent citizenship to stop elitist urban renewal agendas and develop further forms of insurgent urbanism to conduct an urban renewal from below and establish a New Socialist Community for 600 families. They emerged as a revolutionary class to implement Bolivarian policies addressing the inefficiency and opportunism of the bureaucratic state and contesting urban elitisation with an anti-capitalist and anti-imperialist insurgent urbanism.

  • 506.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om internationell migration och etniska relationer (CEIFO).
    Internationella solidariteten som bäst: Samarbetet Kuba-Venezuela2011Ingår i: Tidskriften Kuba, ISSN 1402-8638, nr 4, s. 21-22Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 507.
    Vestling, Veronika
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Globala studier.
    Forsberg, Viktoria
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Globala studier.
    The livelihoods of female seaweed farmers: A study about women's experiences of old and new techniques of seaweed farming on Zanzibar, Tanzania.2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Seaweed has been hit hard by climate change around the world. The island of Zanzibar, which is the world’s third biggest exporter of seaweed, is one of the places where seaweed is affected. 80 percent of the seaweed farmers on Zanzibar are women who are directly affected by climate change since they are making a living from seaweed farming. New efforts to tackle the impact of climate change on seaweed has been made on Zanzibar through the SEA PoWer project which is a new technique of growing seaweed and enables twenty-four female seaweed farmers to grow in deep and cooler waters instead of the more traditional way which is in shallow waters. The aim of this study is to, from a livelihood perspective, examine women’s experiences and perceptions of the old versus the new techniques of farming seaweed on Zanzibar, Tanzania.  The research questions for this study focus on finding out the women’s experiences and perceptions of the changes in the techniques in relation to opportunities for livelihoods through seaweed farming. Furthermore, this study investigates if women experience conflicts of interest with men regarding the use of ocean space. Semi-structured interviews with eleven women who have used the new technique of growing seaweed were conducted and the results was analyzed in the light of previous research, through the definitions of livelihood and gender, and the theoretical concept of feminist political ecology. The result has shown that all women experienced improvements in their livelihoods through the new technique of seaweed farming. One clear improvement was that there were no negative health effects when using the new technique. The study also found that there are no conflicts of interest between men and women regarding the use of ocean space when using the new technique of seaweed farming. The women had a positive view on the future and had high expectations, they had already noticed positive effects on their livelihoods in form of social, human, physical capital and health.  

  • 508.
    Victor Tillberg, Lotta
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för praktisk kunskap. Kungliga Tekniska högskolan.
    Erfarenheters betydelse för kunskapsutveckling i militär praktik2011Ingår i: Med alla nödvändiga medel: Brigadgeneral Jan-Gunnar Isbergs erfarenheter från tjänstgöring i Kongo 2003-2005 / [ed] Jan-Gunnar Isberg, Lotta Victor Tillberg, Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2011, s. 189-221Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 509.
    Victor Tillberg, Lotta
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för praktisk kunskap. Kungliga Tekniska högskolan.
    Uppdrag chef: åtta militära chefers erfarenheter från internationella operationer2011Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 510.
    Viklund Rundgren, Frida
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Gender policy narratives in development organizations: A qualitative content analysis of development organizations’ approaches to gender equality in Bolivia, Cambodia, and Malawi2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 511.
    Viktorov, Ilja
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Abramov, Alexander
    Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia.
    The state capture of Russian non-bank financial institutions and markets after the 2008 crisis2016Ingår i: Competition & change, ISSN 1024-5294, E-ISSN 1477-2221, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 3-20Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the expansion of the Russian state into financial markets after the 2008 global financial crisis. The main argument is that the Russian state has been unable to pursue its own developmental agenda in the sector despite increased regulation and state takeovers. While independent private market participants were pushed aside by state-controlled financial intermediaries, the state failed to follow its own policy strategy towards establishing an international financial centre in Moscow. Instead, the Russian financial market institutions were rendered into a vehicle for inter-bank lending under control of the Central Bank of Russia. Data from Russian stock market and corporate bond market trading highlights the trend. The study discusses the role played by informal power networks in redistribution of state-controlled resources and financial flows, and how this factor influenced the state regulation of financial markets in Russia.

  • 512.
    von Unge, Agnes
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Peruvian women in Catalonia: A Study on the social position of Peruvian female migrants in the labour market2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This    qualitative research investigates the social positions of Peruvian female migrants in the Catalan labour market in Spain. It questions how social categories interactin order to determine the social positions of individuals, a nd how the positions can be related to a global  world structure.   Four unstructured life story interviews with  Peruvian women resident in  Catalonia were realized in December 2014. The interviews and two previously made studies have then been reviewed by a narrative analysis. The research formed a theoretical framework of intersectionality interpreted by Nina Yuval-Davis, and a globalization and female migration theory by Saskia Sassen.  The analysis with the  implementation of theories showed that nationality has a particularly strong influence in the intersection of social categories, though one must understand how all the identifications lay imbedded in each other in order to determine the social position of each individual. It was  also concluded that an intersection of the identifications of the individuals interacts with global structures in order to determine the  social positions of the study participants in the Catalan labour market.The city of Barcelona  could through the lives of the four Peruvian females be seen as an economic centre that demands cheap labour by migrants, and where the social positions in the labour market can show a division of core and peripheral countries.

  • 513.
    Voyer, Andrea
    Pace University.
    Strangers and Neighbors: Multiculturalism, Conflict and Community in America2013Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    The city of Lewiston, Maine, has struggled since its mills began closing in the 1950s. Historically recognized for its large French-speaking population descended from the Canadians who staffed the city's mills, in the new millennium Lewiston acquired a new identity as "Maine's Mogadishu." Beginning in 2001, substantial Somali immigrant settlement gave Lewiston the largest per capita Somali population in the United States and sparked controversies and collaborations that redefined the city. In Strangers and Neighbors, Andrea M. Voyer shares five years of observations in the city of Lewiston. She shows how long-time city residents and immigrant newcomers worked to develop an understanding of the inclusive and caring community in which they could all take part. Yet the sense of community developed in Lewiston was built on the appreciation of diversity in the abstract rather than by fostering close and caring relationships across the boundaries of class, race, culture, and religion. Through her sensitive depictions of the experiences of Somalis, Lewiston city leadership, anti-racism activists, and even racists, Voyer reveals both the promise of and the obstacles to achieving community in the face of diversity.

  • 514.
    Walch, Colin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Peace in Colombia? A regional perspective to a regional problem2012Ingår i: New Routes, ISSN 1403-3755, E-ISSN 2000-8082, Vol. 17, nr 4, s. 10-12Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 515.
    Walch, Colin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Typhoon Haiyan: natural disaster meets armed conflict2013Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 516.
    Wallander, Frida
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Kvinnliga kvinnor och manliga män?: En analys av normer i EUs jämställdhetsstrategier2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is a bachelor’s thesis in the field of International Relations. The purpose is to make visible and analyse how problem representations in policies can reproduce norms, and how this has changed over a limited period of time. The purpose includes the ambition to be able to illustrate deficiencies in the European Union’s policies on gender equality. The essay intends to analyse the representations and norms in terms of a gender system. The theoretical framework consists of theories on normalization and gender system. The method used is called "What’s the problem?" developed by Carol Lee Bacchi. To achieve gender equality the EU produces policies on gender mainstreaming, this study analyses three of these policy documents. The result of the analysis shows that there has been no major change in the representation of problems in the documents and that they are reproducing stereotypical norms. The result also shows that the representations of problems are possible to explain with the theory on gender system, which allows further studies to develop a well-grounded critique of the EU policies.

  • 517.
    Wangwacharakul, Promporn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Cross-Cultural Challenges in Product Realization Process2015Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    With increased global competition, companies need to diversify their product realization process to gain advantages offered by different geographical areas. However, different cultural backgrounds of people and companies situated around the world can lead to challenges in crosscultural collaboration. Taking into account the whole product realization process, this thesis focuses on the three main areas of the product realization research field: product development, product introduction, and production ramp-up/serial production. The aim is to identify crosscultural challenges in the product realization process and contribute to knowledge on possible strategies facilitating a cross-cultural collaboration.

    This thesis is based on a qualitative research approach. First, a systematic literature review was conducted to explore the research field and gain more understanding regarding challenges in cross-cultural human collaboration. Then, case study methodology was adopted to explore cross-cultural transfer of management concepts and possible strategies to facilitate crosscultural human collaboration.

    Results reveal that cross-cultural challenges exist both directly, when people from different cultural backgrounds work together, and indirectly, when management concepts are transferred across cultural contexts. In the case of human collaboration, different cultures lead to crosscultural challenges such as misunderstanding, tensions at work, difficulties in communication and knowledge transfer as well as a mismatch in resource planning and control. Regarding transfer of management concepts, there is a cultural imprint in management concepts causing challenges when they are implemented in a different culture. However, this is a two-way adaptation in which both the organization and some principles of the management concepts can be adapted to better fit with each other during the implementation process.

    The study also suggests that Quality Management is a possible strategy to mitigate crosscultural challenges in human collaboration. Quality Management may serve as a guideline to establish working procedures to facilitate collaboration and help employees overcome cultural boundaries.

  • 518.
    Wangwacharakul, Promporn
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Berglund, Martina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    Swerea IVF, Department of Product Realization, Mölndal, Sweden / Chalmers University of Technology, Division of Production Systems. Department of Product and Production Development, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Quality management – a means to bridge cultural differences?2014Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The aim of the paper is to explore how quality management (QM) principles can be used to mitigate cross-cultural challenges in new product introduction across national borders.

    Design/Methodology/Approach – Data for this longitudinal case study were collected through semi-structured interviews in the planning phase, during and after a product introduction involving one Swedish and one Chinese company. In total, 35 interviews were conducted with employees and managers from several organizational functions in Sweden and China.

    Findings – Several challenges in the collaboration project were revealed that affected the product realization process. The study showed that QM dimensions may be used to handle the cross-cultural challenges. Strategy and leadership are essential in terms of top management support to set a high priority for the cross-cultural collaboration projects. The study demonstrated that lack of understanding of cultural differences negatively affected the product realization process and product quality, and that these outcomes could be mitigated by a QM approach. The means that may be used include continuous improvements, the development of measurement systems and the use of checklists. Employee development and involvement, finally, is an important QM dimension for cross-cultural management in order to set the same understanding and standards throughout the whole project.

    Practical implications – The results demonstrate the strong need to take a systematic approach to work on quality issues in cross-cultural collaboration contexts. Furthermore the study shows that specific attention needs to be paid to understanding cultural differences, as these may have significant impact on quality outcome. Knowledge about cultural characteristics should be integrated in the QM model and tools to mitigate cross-cultural challenges.

    Originality/Value of paper – This paper proposes the possibility of using quality management as a means to mitigate cultural challenges in cross-cultural product introduction.

  • 519.
    Wangwacharakul, Promporn
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Berglund, Martina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    Department of Production System Development, Swerea IVF, Mölnda l, Sweden.
    Gullander, Per
    Swerea IVF AB, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Cultural Aspects when Implementing Lean Production and Lean Product Development: Experiences from a Swedish Perspective2014Ingår i: Quality Innovation Prosperity, ISSN 1335-1745, E-ISSN 1338-984X, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 125-140Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Lean principles and methods, originating in a Japanese cultural context, have spread to a large number of companies throughout the world. The aim of this case study research is to identify and compare national cultural aspects that influence Lean Production and Lean Product Development implementation in Swedish companies. Data were collected through questionnaires, interviews and an industrial workshop with Swedish Lean practitioners. The study shows that some sub-areas in Lean, such as value definition, control systems, leadership, team development, knowledge management, and strategies, are highly dependent on contextual factors related to human, cultural and organizational aspects. These are related to the national culture and should be considered to a higher extent for successful sustainable implementation of Lean in different cultural contexts. As for implementing Lean in Sweden, national cultural characteristics, such as individualism, autonomy and supportive management style fit well with Lean thinking.

  • 520.
    Wangwacharakul, Promporn
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Gullander, Per
    Swerea IVF AB, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    Swerea IVF AB, Mölndal, Sweden / Chalmers University of Technology, Division of Production Systems, Department of Product and Production Development, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Berglund, Martina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    The Influences of National Culture on Product Development and Industrialization: A Systematic Literature ReviewManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Increased globalization provides both opportunities and challenges. It requires the development of new means of collaboration within cross-national functional groups, processes, and projects related to product development and industrialization (PD&I). The objective of this paper is to review the relevant research on national cultural issues in the context of multicultural collaborations in PD&I. Findings are reported concerning national cultures, cultural challenges, and key findings show that previous research is mostly a comparison of different national cultures in a specific phase of PD&I. The review reveals that most studies have looked at crosscultural issues related to product development rather than industrialization. Furthermore, Power Distance, Individual vs. Group Identity, and relation to time and environment are considered to be key cultural factors that influence global collaboration, as they have impact on the innovative knowledge transfer process. Further research is suggested to examine cultural issues in relation to all aspects of PD&I, especially the industrialization process, which has only been the subject of a few research studies. A need to further explore cultural effects in the PD&I research field has also been identified. Future research should address how to utilize, integrate, and operationalize culture research into a wide span of business practices in different phases of the PD&I.

  • 521.
    Wasserloos, Britta
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Decolonising Development2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 522.
    Watkiss, Paul
    et al.
    Paul Watkiss Associates, Oxford, UK.
    Benzie, Magnus
    Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Klein, Richard J T
    Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    The complementarity and comparability of climate change adaptation and mitigation2015Ingår i: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, ISSN 1757-7780, E-ISSN 1757-7799, Vol. 6, nr 6, s. 541-557Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Both mitigation and adaptation can reduce the risks of climate change. This study reviews the complementarity and comparability between the two, looking first at the global level and then at the national-to-local domain. At the global level, the review finds differing definitions and viewpoints exist in the literature. Much of the economic literature reports that global mitigation and adaptation are substitutes (in economic terms). In contrast, the scientific literature considers them to be complementary (in policy terms), as they address different risks that vary temporally and spatially. The degree of complementarity and comparability therefore depends on the perspective taken, although there is a policy space where the two can overlap. However, the governance, institutional, and policy-based literature identifies that even if a global mitigation and adaptation mix could be defined, it would be highly contentious and extremely difficult to deliver in practice. The review then considers the complementarity and comparability of mitigation and adaptation at the national-to-local domain, in national policy and at sector level. The review finds there is greater potential for complementarity at this scale, although possible conflicts can also exist. However, the institutional, governance, and policy literature identifies a number of barriers to practical implementation, and as a result, complementary mitigation and adaptation action is unlikely to happen autonomously. Finally, the lessons from the review are drawn together to highlight policy relevant issues and identify research gaps. WIREs Clim Change 2015, 6:541–557. doi: 10.1002/wcc.368This article is categorized under: * Integrated Assessment of Climate Change > Methods of Integrated Assessment of Climate Change * The Carbon Economy and Climate Mitigation > Benefits of Mitigation * Climate and Development > Sustainability and Human Well-Being

  • 523. Watts, Nick
    et al.
    Adger, W. Neil
    Agnolucci, Paolo
    Blackstock, Ason
    Byass, Peter
    Cai, Wenjia
    Chaytor, Sarah
    Colbourn, Tim
    Collins, Mat
    Cooper, Adam
    Cox, Peter M.
    Depledge, Joanna
    Drummond, Paul
    Ekins, Paul
    Galaz, Victor
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Grace, Delia
    Graham, Hilary
    Grubb, Michael
    Haines, Andy
    Hamilton, Ian
    Hunter, Alasdair
    Jiang, Xujia
    Li, Moxuan
    Kelman, Ilan
    Liang, Lu
    Lott, Melissa
    Lowe, Robert
    Luo, Yong
    Mace, Georgina
    Maslin, Mark
    Nilsson, Maria
    Oreszczyn, Tadj
    Pye, Steve
    Quinn, Tara
    Svensdotter, My
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Venevsky, Sergey
    Warner, Koko
    Xu, Bing
    Yang, Jun
    Yin, Yongyuan
    Yu, Chaoqing
    Zhang, Qiang
    Gong, Peng
    Montgomery, Hugh
    Costello, Anthony
    Health and climate change: policy responses to protect public health2015Ingår i: The Lancet, ISSN 0140-6736, E-ISSN 1474-547X, Vol. 386, nr 10006Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The 2015 Lancet Commission on Health and Climate Change has been formed to map out the impacts of climate change, and the necessary policy responses, in order to ensure the highest attainable standards of health for populations worldwide. This Commission is multidisciplinary and international in nature, with strong collaboration between academic centres in Europe and China. The central finding from the Commission's work is that tackling climate change could be the greatest global health opportunity of the 21st century. The key messages from the Commission are summarised below, accompanied by ten underlying recommendations to accelerate action in the next 5 years.

  • 524.
    Weidstam, Erik
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Sustainability passion in fashion: Challenges and Opportunities for Small and Medium-sized Swedish Apparel Brands when Working with Corporate Social Responsibility in their Global Supply Chain2014Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall economic development during the nineteenth and twentieth century has left us with an interconnected global society. However, the pollution does not adhere to the boundaries of nation-states. Therefore, the sustainability issue calls for holistic solutions on all levels of society, from individuals to states, large NGOs, and in particular the companies that produce the goods we consume.

    Corporate initiatives on this matter are usually referred to as Corporate Social Responsibility, or CSR. Many large corporations have been under scrutiny from different stakeholders ever since the early 1990’s and it is no longer possible for them to neglect their responsibility for i.e. pollution or human rights. However, smaller actors do not receive as much attention as their larger competitors, due to lower stakeholder awareness.

    With this background, this master thesis aims at investigating how small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) within the apparel industry in Sweden perceive their opportunities and challenges when working with CSR in their global supply chain. Thus, the thesis hopes to help bridge a scientific gap, and also connects to Supply Chain Management, SCM. This was accomplished through a literature review that identified and categorized different aspects of the problem. Following this, a multiple-case study with eight different brands was carried out, interviewing representatives from the organizations.

    The results show, among other things, that for SMEs, top management and/or owner values and commitment are of significant importance. This is in line with the literature. On the other hand, aspects like difficulties with language and cultural barriers were not an issue, contrary to the current academic research on SMEs. This was said to be due to the organizations extensive implementation or use of social capital through long-lasting business relations, which is another characteristic of the SME sector identified by the literature. Existing industry initiatives and cooperation between brands can work, but external help to manage these projects is essential for their success. Available Environmental Management Systems (EMS) on the other hand are often considered too expensive, time-consuming or unknown to end-consumers to be implemented. On the contrary, harsher government regulation and enforcement, both in Sweden as well as in the production countries are advocated. This is particularly noticeable, since generally, private sector representatives tend to be against government regulations.

  • 525.
    Weissmann, Mikael
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Taktikavdelningen (TA), Marksektionen (Mark). The Swedish Institute of International Affairs.
    Rappe, Elin
    The Swedish Institute of International Affairs.
    Sweden’s approach to China’s Belt and Road Initiative: Still a glass half-empty2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2013 China’s President Xi Jinping launched the “One Belt, One Road” (OBOR) initiative, later renamed the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), which involves China undertaking to make infrastructure investments worth billions of US dollars in the countries along the old Silk Road connecting China with Europe. While commonly seen as an infrastructure initiative aimed at strengthening the Chinese economy, it is also a political project with far-reaching strategic aims.

    This UI Brief outlines how China has approached the BRI with Sweden, how Sweden has responded and the perceptions of major Swedish stakeholders. It finds that Swedish officials are often highly cautious, maintaining a wait-and see policy. While also cautious, members of the business community are cautiously optimistic and have been more actively following BRI-related developments, seeking out avenues for potential business. The actual impact of BRI in Sweden, however, is so far very limited.

    The Brief concludes that Sweden’s approach to BRI has been too reactive and too passive. It argues that both the government and the business community need to engage more actively with the BRI in order to maximize its possible benefits. To this end, a national strategy is needed that includes the government and the business sector. Better coordination is also needed between government agencies and to link existing intra-governmental cooperation with the business community. Their importance cannot be overemphasized as the BRI is a political project, not an idealistic free-market endeavour.

  • 526.
    Wennö, Stina
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Unexpected Headwind: A Mexican case study of a policy proposal's failure – and the effects this failure had on subsequent re-mobilisation efforts2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The study sets out to contribute to research regarding the failure of a gender equality policy

    proposal. This case study, drawn from Mexico, examines the proposed legislation on “Violence

    against women in politics”. This policy proposal was approved in the senate, however later

    stalled within the Mexican Chamber of deputies, and was therefore never adopted. The study

    also describes the re-mobilisation efforts that were made due to this failure, in terms of tracing

    the progress of further policy proposals presented on “Violence against women in politics”. By

    using theory regarding feminist triangles, veto-players and narratives of how to re-mobilise

    after defeat, this study finds that the collaboration became more extensive and coherent as

    subsequent policy proposals on violence against women were presented. Further remobilisation

    also occurred despite some of the specific narratives of defeat suggesting this

    would not have been the case. However, as this research shows, those collaborations that

    occurred were not strong enough to achieve the adoption of the bill as a critical veto-player

    failed to provide the necessary support.

  • 527.
    Wester, Misse
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Strategiska hållbarhetsstudier.
    Mobjörk, Malin
    A Brief Survey of the Work Being Performed by Crisis Organisations in European Union Member States on Climate Change Effects2017Ingår i: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 25, nr 4, s. 364-369Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The negative effects of climate change are calling for action to mitigate and adapt to future challenges. National crisis management authorities need to prepare to handle crisis caused by direct or indirect effects. In this study, we investigate how crisis management authorities within the European Union prepare for the effects of climate change by conducting a small questionnaire study. The questionnaire used consisted of 12 questions and was answered by 17 counties. Results indicate that most crisis management agencies focus on weather-related incidents, such as floods, heatwaves and forest fires. Indirect effects are not prepared for to the same extent. The gulf between crisis management and climate adaptation is discussed.

  • 528.
    Westerlind, Christopher
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Teologiska fakulteten, Teologiska institutionen.
    Humanitarian Assistance to North Korea: Ethical evaluation of the Swedish humanitarian assistance to the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Within the field of humanitarian work, the question of what kind of aid or assistance that is appropriate is ever present. This thesis examines the humanitarian assistance to the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and the subsequent conundrums when dealing with an authoritarian and brutal regime. The focus is on the Swedish humanitarian assistance during the years 2012-2016. The question emerges if its ethical to give aid to the DPRK considering their gross human rights violations? And if the aid given towards the suffering North Korean reaches their intended beneficiaries. An ethical viewpoint and the theory of Prioritarianism is applied to the case with the intent to evaluate and assess the Swedish assistance to North Korea. The thesis concludes that ethical standards within the field compel us to help the people of the DPRK as their situation is so dire and furthermore that there are certain approaches that seem to ensure that the aid reaches the intended beneficiaries rather than directly assisting the regime. 

  • 529.
    Wicht, Ida
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Kvinnligt deltagande i DDR-processer: En jämförande studie mellan Liberia och Nepal2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Trots att medvetenheten om väpnade konflikters påverkan på kvinnor har ökat under de senaste åren är kvinnor fortfarande underrepresenterade i fredsprocesser, i vilka DDR-program är en viktig del av. Problemet idag är att många kvinnosoldater inte får delta i DDR-processer och lämnas utan återintegreringsstöd efter konflikt, vilket hindrar länders fredsbyggande. Denna studie syftar till att studera anledningar till lågt kvinnligt deltagande i DDR-processer i två konfliktdrabbade länder som genomgått DDR-processer under 2000-talet. Studien har utförts genom att bygga upp en egen analysram utifrån det teoretiska antagandet om att DDR-processer misslyckas att ta hänsyn till kvinnosoldaters olika behov och erfarenheter, vilket begränsar deras möjligheter att delta. Studien kommer fram till att den främsta anledningen till lågt kvinnligt deltagande i dessa DDR-processer var kvinnosoldaters rädsla för stigma att associeras med den väpnade konflikten. Rädslan för stigma grundar sig i samhällets konservativa syn på de traditionella könsrollerna. Eftersom att kvinnosoldaters roll i konflikten avviker sig från de könsrollerna kan de utsättas för stigmatisering.

  • 530.
    Widlund, Johannes
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Framing for Change: Effects of Message Framing on Attitudes Towards Personal- and Societal Climate Change Mitigation Efforts 2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study has made use of an experimental method to investigate if and how exposure to an integrated 'socioeconomic- and climate justice' framing, and a 'catastrophe' framing, alter Swedish post highschool students attitudes towards climate change mitigation efforts, both on a personal- and societal level. The experiment was conducted through 287 surveys where equal shares of the respondents were given different stimuli through a short text at the beginning of the surveys. Results indicate that contrary to the hypotheses, exposure to the 'catastrophe' frame had a larger and more positive effect on especially attitudes towards personal climate change mitigation efforts, but also to some extent on societal efforts, than did exposure to a 'justice' framing. This is possibly due to the salience of catastrophe framings in the Swedish public discourse, and /or the integrated approach the educational system has taken on the subject of sustainable development. 

  • 531.
    Widén, Hanna
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Money walks, not talks: The role of remittances as a bridge between migration and development2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis is a case study on the remittance corridor between South Africa and Zimbabwe. The purpose of the study was to explore and evaluate the dilemmas the remittances senders face in the migration process and how they are dealt with. This was further investigated in the connection to what possibilities the remittances sender have in the host country to increase both the own, as well as the family’s, level of development. Research about the remittance process from the remittances sender’s perspective suffers from shortcomings, a problem this study addresses. A collection of life stories helped to identify the dilemmas and trade-offs the remittances sender faces. The results show that dilemmas exist in every phase of the migration process. How well the remittances senders cope with these dilemmas, seems to be connected to their socio-economic background to a large extent. The pressure to remit affects the available possibilities in the host country to improve the remittances sender’s level of development. An exciting finding and contribution of this study is the remittances senders’ perspective on their future, whether to stay or return home. This complex dilemma, that lacks research, is so interesting that it calls for more investigation. 

  • 532.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    En bok som utmanar2018Ingår i: Ett smartare samhälle?: Sju perspektiv på digitaliseringen av vår vardag / [ed] Lotta Gröning och Elin Whilborg, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2018, 1, s. 155-156Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Med denna bok har vi ur olika perspektiv belyst hur vi kan förstå digitaliseringens samhällsförändring. Vi har rört oss från folkhemmets teknikbyggen för demokrati, öppenhet och innovation, till dagens politik för bredbandsutbyggnad i glesbygd. Det visar på behovet av politisk styrning av tekniken i samhället.

  • 533.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Tillit till staten i digitala relationer2018Ingår i: Ett smartare samhälle?: Sju perspektiv på digitaliseringen av vår vardag / [ed] Lotta Gröning och Elin Whilborg, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2018, 1, s. 52-70Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Tillit till staten är avgörande för en fungerande demokrati. Det bygger bland annat på mötet med tjänstemän. Den tillitsbaserade styrningen måste även gälla de digitala tjänster som brukare och medborgare möter. Digitala tjänster är en slags robotar. Men hur skapar vi tillit till robotarna när de utför sitt arbete i statens och samhällets tjänst?

  • 534.
    Wirtén, Amanda
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Attitudes towards women in agriculture: A case study of Nepali news media2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 535.
    Woolfson, Charles
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om migration, etnicitet och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Sommers, Jeffrey
    University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, USA.
    Austerity and the Demise of Social Europe: The Baltic Model versus the European Social Model2016Ingår i: Globalizations, ISSN 1474-7731, E-ISSN 1474-774X, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 78-93Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article draws on the experience of the imposition of radical austerity measures in the Baltic states. It challenges the myth that austerity can be achieved in a socially and economically ‘costless’ manner. Baltic-style austerity has now become a template of ‘successful adjustment’ and a recipe for recovery of the Eurozone. The authors argue contra such ‘myth-making’ that austerity is compromising the longer run sustainability of societies that follow this path, while simultaneously ending prospects of the adhesion of a European ‘Social Model’ in the post-communist periphery. The article is a contribution to an emerging debate in academic and policy circles concerning the viability and future of Europe’s ‘Social Model’ in an age of austerity.

  • 536.
    Woolfson, Charles
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om migration, etnicitet och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Sommers, Jeffrey
    University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, USA.
    Conclusion: The neoliberal Baltic austerity model against Social Europe2014Ingår i: The Contradictions of Austerity : The Socio-Economic Costs of the Neoliberal Baltic Model / [ed] Jeffrey Sommers and Charles Woolfson, London and New York: Routledge, 2014, 1, s. 103-110Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 537.
    Yuksekdag, Yusuf
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik.
    Domination and Global Justice: Implications of a Social-Republican Account2016Ingår i: Global Justice: Theory Practice Rhetoric, ISSN 1835-6842, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 108-113Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 538.
    Zettergren, Linn
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Responsibility failure or too high expectations?: From humanitarian crisis to legal dispute in cholera-struck Haiti2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In the aftermath of the earthquake in Haiti 2010 a second disaster hit the small Caribbean country. This time in the shape of a cholera epidemic, imported by Nepalese UN soldiers. The disease outbreak culminated in a previously unpresented lawsuit against the United Nations in which their principle of absolute immunity was questioned. This study highlights the complex causal paths that preceded the legal dispute, by investigating three hypotheses on why the controversy with the UN got out of hand and could not be resolved through other means. The findings imply that the framing of the Haitian state as fragile and corrupt led to a shift in the perception of responsibilities. As the government was rendered incapable, international organizations were expected to provide health and well-being to the Haitian people. This however proved to be an expectation they could not live up to. The case of Haiti illustrates a good example of the difficulties in the delivery of large-scale humanitarian aid and how this can undermine existing institutions if implemented unwisely.

  • 539.
    Zhang, Ya
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell ekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Contextualization of Evolving Patterns in the Internationalization of Small Firms2015Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The internationalization of SMEs has been recognized as one of the important paths to growth in SMEs. However, internationalization is also a resource and competence-demanding process. This is especially true for smaller-sized SMEs – the small and micro-sized firms – which have a large resource constraint, making internationalization even more challenging. Although this group of small firms counts for an average of over 98% of the total population of enterprises in EU countries, extant research on the internationalization of this group is still limited. Therefore, the main purpose of this dissertation is to contribute to a better understanding of evolving patterns of internationalization in the smaller-sized SMEs.

    The study uses emerging market entry along the internationalization of small firms as a context to probe the dynamics of perceived risk (uncertainty) and perceived opportunity in different foreign markets which influence the important decisions of small firms during their internationalization. The main study takes a longitudinal approach and uses mixed methods to investigate the features in both the initial period and the continued period of internationalization. It mainly builds on a multiple-case study of 12 Swedish firms, which have/had emerging market entry experience and/or involvement. This study illustrates influences from the environmental, organizational and individual levels on evolving patterns of internationalization in the investigated firms.

    This dissertation concludes that critical decisions and actions taken in the internationalization process depend on interactions among the influence and resources from the three levels. Such interactions form a conditional preference on perceived risk (uncertainty) and perceived opportunity during the internationalization of small firms. The study further proposes that the dynamics in the internationalization process are caused by a prospect-guided change mechanism.

    This dissertation contributes to the literature by: differentiating patterns of internationalization; enriching the study of “born global” in the continued period of internationalization; introducing a new perspective on the interpretation of dynamics in the internationalization; and increasing the understanding on the interactions of resources from three levels on the internationalization of small firms.

  • 540.
    Zurek, Karolina
    Stockholms universitet, Juridiska fakulteten, Juridiska institutionen.
    Analiza powstawania i funkcjonowania globalnego reżimu bezpieczeństwa i jakości żywności2012Ingår i: Wprowadzenie do problematyki globalnych reżimów regulacyjnych / [ed] A. Surdej, J. Brzozowski, Torun: Wydawnictwu Adam Marszalek , 2012Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 541.
    Zurek, Karolina
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES).
    Analiza powstawania i funkcjonowania globalnego reżimu bezpieczeństwa i jakości żywności2012Ingår i: Wprowadzenie do problematyki globalnych reżimów regulacyjnych / [ed] A. Surdej, J. Brzozowski, Torun: Wydawnictwu Adam Marszalek, 2012Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 542.
    Åkebo, Malin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The Politics of Ceasefires: On Ceasefire Agreements and Peace Processes in Aceh and Sri Lanka2013Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent decades we have seen an increase in peace processes aimed at solving armed conflicts through peaceful means. The often fragile characteristics of such processes and the settlements that they produce underline the essential importance of improving our understanding of the dynamics at play in transitions from war to peace. This thesis aims to contribute to this overarching objective by analysing ceasefire agreements in relation to peace processes in two protracted intrastate armed conflicts: Aceh, Indonesia, and Sri Lanka. In the scholarly literature, ceasefire agreements are often assumed to create momentum due to their ability to pave the way to a peaceful solution. At the same time, it has also been suggested that ceasefires can influence conflict dynamics in negative ways. Although there are many unanswered questions about ceasefire agreements in contemporary peace processes, few studies have been devoted to systematic and in-depth analysis of how ceasefire agreements can be characterized and analysed in relation to peace processes in protracted intrastate conflicts. This thesis, which is based on written documents and on interviews conducted during four research trips to the region, contributes to filling this research gap by presenting comparative case studies of Aceh and Sri Lanka. The point of departure in the study is a process-oriented, conflict dynamics approach and a view that war-to-peace transitions require changes in the conflicting parties’ attitudes, behaviours and relationships. I analyse and compare ceasefire agreements by looking at their initiation, form and content, and by examining their implementation and the unfolding of the processes. I identify six key factors in the literature that can influence the conflicting parties’ attitudes, behaviours and relationships. I then use these factors to analyse ceasefire agreements in relation to the dynamics of the broader peace processes. In this thesis I show how these key factors – including issues of recognition, trust, whether the parties’ claims are met, international involvement, contextual changes and intra-party dynamics – have mattered. I also show that context is important for understanding how and why they have mattered. The results suggest that ceasefire agreements can facilitate war-topeace transitions; however, it also illuminates challenges and the risk that such agreements can be counter-productive in the context of intrastate conflicts. The study also shows that ceasefire agreements have a historical legacy, as illustrated by their impact on subsequent interactions and agreements, and it underlines the symbolic politics of ceasefires in asymmetrical intrastate conflicts. The thesis ends with a number of propositions, among others that ceasefire agreements tend to become more comprehensive over time and that power struggles and developments within the conflicting parties are important for understanding ceasefire agreements in relation to contemporary peace processes.

  • 543.
    Åkerdahl, Helena
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Nationally Initiated Local Peace Committees: On the structure and functioning of the Nakuru Peace Committees in Kenya2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    With the evolving concept of Infrastructure for Peace as a starting point, and its emphasis on local ownership of peacebuilding initiatives, I analyse the structure and functioning of Local Peace Committees (LPCs) with the focus on one county in Kenya. The thesis explores a gap in the knowledge of these committees by focusing on the friction between a nationally initiated LPC structure and the creation of local ownership of this peacebuilding operation. The case study analysis is conducted by exploring different perspectives regarding the mandate, role, composition and external support of the nationally initiated Nakuru Peace Committees with the aim to contribute to our knowledge of nationally initiated LPCs and their possibilities and challenges.

  • 544.
    Ålund, Aleksandra
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om migration, etnicitet och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om migration, etnicitet och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Making or Unmaking a Movement?: Challenges for Civic Activism in the Global Governance of Migration2018Ingår i: Globalizations, ISSN 1474-7731, E-ISSN 1474-774X, Vol. 15, nr 5, s. 809-823Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses dilemmas of global civic activism from a neo-Gramscian perspective as both subordinated and a potential challenge to hegemonic neoliberal order. With the investigational focus on the People’s Global Action on Migration, Development and Human Rights (PGA) event, the space for civic activism relating to the intergovernmental Global Forum on Migration and Development (GFMD) and its associated Civil Society Days and Common Space (CSD/CS) is analysed. The article asks how the future of PGA activism may be influenced by its formalised representation within the GFMD. It posits that the PGA has landed at a crossroad between becoming a global activist counterhegemonic movement to a dominant neoliberal migration policy and being captured in a tokenist subordinated inclusion within a truncated ‘invited space’ for interchange. This ambiguous position jeopardises its impact on global migration governance, discussed with reference to theories of transversal politics and issues of counterhegemonic alliance-building.

  • 545.
    Ålund, Aleksandra
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om migration, etnicitet och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    Linköpings universitet, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om Migration, Etnicitet och Samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om migration, etnicitet och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Осень или весна демократии?: Эссе о миграции, социальных движениях и переменах в Швеции [Democratic fall or spring? An essay on migration, social movements and Sweden's current transformation]2016Ingår i: Транснациональные миграции и современные государства в условиях экономической турбулентности [Transnational migrations and modern states in times of economic turbulence] / [ed] Vladimir Malahov, Mark Simon, Moscow: Delo , 2016, s. 77-115Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 546.
    Åström, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The need for leadership on Climate Change: A study examining the framing of leadership by the UNEP2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 547.
    Öfverholm, Ragnar
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Svensk Underrättelsetjänst inom COIN2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens syfte är att titta på hur det svenska underrättelsereglementet från 2010 förhåller sig till kontemporära COIN teorier i en internationell miljö. Sverige saknar en egen COIN doktrin och nyttjar idag den amerikanska doktrinen FM 3-24 samtidigt som ett arbete sker för att anpassa reglementen mot NATO doktriner för ökad interoperabilitet. Undersölningen jämför därför FM UndR med underrättelsedoktriner samt COIN doktriner från USA och NATO. Uppsatsen utgår från David Kilcullens COIN teorier för underrättelsetjänst vilka operationaliserats i ett analysverktyg som anlagts på empirin.

    Resultatet av undersökningen visar att det svenska underrättelsereglementet har stora brister kopplat till det perspektiv som förespråkas inom COIN-sfären. Trots detta finns stora likheter till både amerikanska så väl som NATO doktrinerna 2.0 vilka rör underrättelsetjänst. Med detta som bakgrund kan slutsatsen dras att FM UndR utgör en tillräcklig grund för att svensk underrättelse personal ska kunna tillgodogöra sig av både amerikanska och NATO COIN doktrinerna.

  • 548.
    Öhman, Lisa
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The Importance of Educating Girls: A critical discourse analysis of western development approaches to girls’ education2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 549.
    Öjehag-Pettersson, Andreas
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap (from 2013).
    Skilda vär(l)dar: Globalisering, gränser och attityder till invandring i Inre Skandinavien2012Ingår i: På gränsen: interaktion, attraktivitet och globalisering i Inre Skandinavien / [ed] Eva Olsson, Atle Hauge, Birgitta Ericsson, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2012Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 550.
    Öjehag-Pettersson, Andreas
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap (from 2013).
    Världen i Värmland: Attityder till mångkultur och flyktingmottagande2012Ingår i: Värmländska landskap: politik, ekonomi, samhälle, kultur, medier / [ed] Lennart Nilsson, Lars Aronsson och P.O Norell, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2012Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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