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  • 301.
    Bergh, Viktor
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Slaveri under det Nya Riket i Egypten2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of slavery in ancient Egypt is a debated issue, that has mostly focused upon the different uses of the phrasing and terminology of the different words for servitude. Without giving too much emphasis upon the different terminologies, this essay presents a summary of the state of slavery within the borders of Egypt during the New Kingdom. As different kinds of servitude existed in the country, the focus is upon the types of slaves who were the property of their master and could be bought and sold. The essay presents who the slave was and where he came from, as well as what kinds of duties the slave was used for. The process of acquisition is also covered, before finally discussing the rights of the slave as well as the means to become free of your bonds.

  • 302.
    Bergljung, Gustav
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Handle with care: Debates associated with reburial of human skeletal remains. A comparative study between Sweden and Vanuatu2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Excavations of human skeletal remains are sometimes followed by claims for reburial from the local community. This has led to debates between researchers and other elements of society, churches or minorities. This scientific paper sat out to examine the discussions and debates found in Sweden (Scandinavia), with the situation in Vanuatu, (Melanesia). The objective was to elucidate similarities and differences in people’s attitude when it comes to reburial. Religious beliefs, legislations and policies were compared to provide explanations for the different attitudes in the two countries. The study showed that the debates found in the Swedish material such as conflicts between researchers and the church or between the Saami population and Swedish researchers, haven’t got a counterpart in Vanuatu. This was much due to the research policies in Vanuatu and the strong Christian faith.

  • 303. Berglund, B
    et al.
    Welinder, Stig
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för humaniora.
    The historical archaeology of the medieval crisis in Scandinavia2009Inngår i: Current Swedish Archaeology, ISSN 1102-7355, Vol. 17, s. 55-78Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 304. Bergman, Ingela
    et al.
    Påsse, Tore
    Olofsson, Anders
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Arkeologi och samiska studier.
    Zachrisson, Olle
    Hörnberg, Greger
    Hellberg, Erik
    Bohlin, Elisabeth
    Isostatic land uplift and Mesolithic landscapes: lake tilting, a key to the discovery of Mesolithic sites in the interior of Northern Sweden2003Inngår i: Journal of Archaeological Science, ISSN 0305-4403, E-ISSN 1095-9238, Vol. 30, nr 11, s. 1451-1458Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Until recently only a few Mesolithic sites were known from the interior of N. Sweden, although extensive archaeological surveys have been carried out since the 1950s. The lack of archaeological data made every attempt to interpret the process of pioneer colonization quite fruitless. In this paper we present a model of non-uniform glacio-isostatic uplift and lake-tilting used to identify potential areas of Mesolithic habitation. By reconstructing shoreline displacement of ancient lakes, archaeological, palaeoecological and geological studies have resulted in the discovery of a significant number of Mesolithic sites and of an early post-glacial landscape previously unknown.

  • 305.
    Bergman, Ingela
    et al.
    Silvermuseet, Institute for Subarctic Landscape Research (INSARC), Arjeplog, Sweden.
    Ramqvist, Per H.
    Silvermuseet, Institute for Subarctic Landscape Research (INSARC), Arjeplog, Sweden.
    Farmer-fishermen: interior lake fishing and inter-cultural and intra-cultural relations among coastal and interior Sámi communities in northern Sweden AD 1200–16002017Inngår i: Acta Borealia, ISSN 0800-3831, E-ISSN 1503-111X, Vol. 34, nr 2, s. 134-158Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the productive fishing grounds had long attracted the Crown and the Church to northern Sweden, it was not until the sixteenth century that the judicial and fiscal powers of the Swedish Crown were exercised in full. Records show that the regular fishing in interior lakes formed a prominent enterprise among coastal farmer communities. This paper examines the social and economic context of farmers engaged in interior fishing with respect to the internal organization of village communities, principles of private and collective ownership, land-use strategies and inter-community relations. There are no a-priori assumptions about the coastal population being “Swedish”. Instead of applying ethnonyms, the terms “farmer” and “coastal” are used throughout the paper. The main area of investigation includes the coastal area of northernmost Sweden and the western parts of Finnish Lapland. The study shows that interior lakes fitted into village resource areas, long sanctioned by usage, and that usufruct belonged to village members collectively. A large part of the fishing lakes are situated in interior Sámi territory. Fishermen were internalizing Sámi place names, implying close relations between the groups. Archeological investigations point to subsistence strategies including systemic interior lake fishing being established before AD 1200. The authors propose that coastal and interior communities should be perceived as two economic strategies representing indigenous and pre-colonial land-use schemes.

  • 306.
    Bergman, Ingela
    et al.
    Silvermuseet Arjeplog.
    Ramqvist, Per H
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Hunters of forests and waters: Late Iron Age and Medieval subsistence and social processes in coastal northern Sweden2018Inngår i: Acta Borealia, ISSN 0800-3831, E-ISSN 1503-111X, Vol. 35, nr 1, s. 1-28Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    During the course of the 14th century the Swedish Crown and the Catholic Church made robust attempts to include the areas beside the Bothnian bay within their central fiscal and clerical organization. Salmon fishing in the productive river rapids became major targets for external commercial interests. Written records inform us about the situation from the perspective of the exploiters. However, there is a story running in parallel – that of the local population already occupying the lands and the fishing grounds. The study aims to analyse the significance of hunting and fishing to the overall subsistence of coastal communities in northern Sweden during the period AD 500–1600. The social context is of particular interest, specifically in relation to the successive conformation by the local communities to the Swedish fiscal system. The study draws on archaeological records and on historical records from the 14th to the 17th century, in addition to ethnographic accounts for hunting and fishing. We conclude that the legal cultures embraced by the indigenous population and that of the Swedish central powers were in essence incompatible. The acquisition of land and fishing rights was never settled between two equal parties, but one-sidedly enforced by the party holding the pen.

  • 307.
    Bergman, Ingela
    et al.
    Silver Museum, Arjeplog, Sweden.
    Zackrisson, Olle
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden.
    Early Mesolithic Hunter–Gatherers and Landscape Acquisition by the Arctic Circle: The Ipmatis valley 7000 BC–1 AD2007Inngår i: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 1, nr 1-2, s. 123-142Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Archaeological and palaeoecological studies in the Arjeplog area of northern Sweden have verified the arrival of hunter–gatherers soon after deglaciation. After modelling and subsequently surveying the reconstructed shorelines of tilted watercourses, Early Mesolithic settlements dating to 86008000 BP (14C years BP) were discovered. Makrosubfossil-, pollen- and charcoal analyses of peat stratigrafies and lake sediments corroborated that deglaciation was completed more than 1000 years earlier than has previously been postulated. Pollen records show that the early postglacial environment included complex plant communities lacking present day analogies, providing optimal subsistence conditions for the pioneer settlers. Studies of charcoal influx into lake sediments indicate that fires were more frequent than ever after, contributing to a productive natural environment. Regional studies in the Ipmatis valley in combination with in-depth analyses of selected archaeological sites, display that hunter–gatherers made the resources of the valley an integral part of their subsistence at an early stage. Landscape acquisition included not only the adjustment to existing conditions, but the actual manipulation of the environment. The interdisciplinary research approach has produced unique sets of archaeological and palaeoecological data. Results open new perspectives on human pioneer colonisation and landscape acquisition in relation to deglaciation and the development of postglacial ecosystems. The variety of methods applied sets a new standard for future research on early societies in sub-arctic regions.

  • 308.
    Bergquist, Lars-Göran
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    En enkel till Himlingøje. Dödens mode 1: ett virrvarr av varianter: Praktgravar i Sydskandinavien under 1000 år: ca 150 e.Kr. – ca 1050 e.Kr2005Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    One purpose of this dissertation is to show how these graves, set apart due to their often spectacular exterior and an abundance of rich contents, have been inspired as to construction and ideological contents by Roman influence from the south when local Scandinavian chieftains were buried with finesse extraordinaire – from the earliest Roman Iron Age via the more complex societal forms of the Migration and Vendel Periods to the regulated and strictly stratified society of the Viking Period.

    The dissertation also intends to show how the most magnificent burial customs the Scandinavian Iron Age was not necessarily influenced only by religious beliefs: imported (Roman) prestige goods and, in time, increasingly more lavish local props to bring into the grave became one way for the German farmer and warrior elite groups to manifest and maintain their superior social position and thus accelerating class differences in the Iron Age society of southern Scandinavia. I suggest that this type of German burial customs was dictated by a continuously changing fashion among chieftains and princes of northern Europe as they journeyed from life to death, rather than any ancient religious belief. The main characteristic of the elite strata of the Scandinavian Iron Age was long-distance communication: contacts with distant chiefdoms and the ability to travel themselves.

    The dissertation also aims to reinstate the cultural historical perspective that i.a. sees material remains as the result of culture, rather than as culture itself. In direct opposition to the over-theoretical archaeology of the late 20th century and the early 21st century I propose the use of a methodological analysis for the study of rich graves. The text also proposes to act as a counterpoint to the sort of ghostly impersonal presentations that too often written are by archaeologists.

  • 309.
    Bergqvist, Emma
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Gotlands hällristningar: En analytisk tolkning av motiven och placeringen i landskapet.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The rock carvings in southern Scandinavia are an important part of Bronze Age research and the Scandinavian cultural heritage. There are three known sites with rock carvings on the island of Gotland. They are located in the parishes of Lärbro, Fårö, and Lye. The rock carvings on Gotland has been somewhat forgotten and are not a big part of research regarding the Bronze Age on Gotland.

    The aim of this thesis is to analyse the images on the rock carvings as well as analyse their placements in the landscape, both the natural and the cultural. The images will be analysed and possible interpretations of them will be discussed individually and together. Their relation to other ancient monuments and archaeological features will also be analysed. Each area’s cultural landscape where the rock carvings are present will be presented and compared with the other sites on Gotland.

    The result of this thesis shows that the rock carvings in Lärbro and Fårö are similar in both images and placement in the landscape. Ships, cupmarks, and weapons are among images carved at both sites. They both have a connection to fresh water and are in close proximity to stone ships. These two rock carving sites show a connection to the sea and a maritime identity in both their images and the surrounding cultural landscape. The rock carving in Lye has a smaller number of images, only cupmarks and a pair of foot soles. It is located in a different landscape which does not exhibit a connection to water in any way but instead shows a link to the land. This indicates that the rock carvings on Gotland had a connection to both the water and the land.

  • 310.
    Bergqvist, Kim
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Recension av L. Ersgård (red.), Munkar och magnater vid Vättern. Studier från forskningsprojektet "Det medeltida Alvastra" (2012)2015Inngår i: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 110, nr 3, s. 214-216Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 311.
    Bergren, Åsa
    et al.
    Institutionen för arkeologi och anti¬kens historia, Lunds universitet, Sverige.
    Nilsson Stutz, Liv
    Oxford College of Emory University, UK.
    Ett utmanat koncept?: Ritualbegreppets möte med arkeologin2010Inngår i: Den rituella människan: Flervetenskapliga Perspektiv / [ed] Anne-Christine Hornborg, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2010, s. 25-52Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Begreppet ritual är problematiskt. Sedan 1990-talets början har forskningen på området i allt högre grad kommit att ifrågasätta användningen av begreppet (Bell 1992; Humphrey & Laidlaw 1994; Thinès & de Heusch 1995; Stausberg 2002). Samtidigt som tidigare definitioner av begreppet har problematiserats, har det också vidgats till att omfatta allt fler kategorier av handlingar. Ämnet har också rört sig från sin religionshistoriska vagga och blivit en egen disciplin: Ritual Studies, som förutom religionsvetenskap och socialantropologi också inkluderar ämnen som konstvetenskap, teatervetenskap, litteraturvetenskap, etologi, etno-logi, psykologi, sociologi osv. Vi vill här visa att också arkeologin har en plats i denna diskussion.

  • 312.
    Bergstedt, Mikaela
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Den svarta jordens mysterier: en jämförande studie av två aktivitetsytor på stenåldersboplatsen Ajvide2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The Pitted ware dwelling site Ajvide on the west coast of Gotland in the Baltic Sea is, because of its long continuity from the late Mesolithic to the middle of the Scandinavian Bronze Age, an interesting research object concerning Stone Age in the Baltic area. In this essay, a comparison between two activity areas on Ajvide have been carried out in the purpose of finding out what these areas may have been used for during the middle Neolithic.  It has been showed, through zooarchaeological analyses of animal bones, that the areas most likely are depositing sites for slaughters refuse and food debris. If it is a result of everyday or more ceremonial activities is left undetermined.

  • 313.
    Bergstedt, Märta-Lena
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier.
    Kvinnors roller i det vikingatida samhället: Spår av kvinnor i text och ting2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with rights of women and their social role during the Viking Age. The method is to compare things and written material.

    In the written material, three cases of rape have been identified. How each of these cases where looked upon differs; legally the punishment for rape was exile. Violence against wives implied their right to divorce, whereby they were entitled to take with them a great part of the family´s capital, namely their dowry and morning gift.

    A husband and wife did not inherit each other but a widow could inherit from her children if they died without offspring.

    Women buried in boat graves indicate that they had a function or were closely involved in the cult. From two graves, the Aska Grave and the Oseberg Grave, the findings can be interpreted as indicating a change in the social behaviour. I propose this was a way of breaking with the past and sabotaging the right to remember earlier cultural habits.

  • 314.
    Bergstedt, Märta-Lena
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier.
    Stridsyxor eller båtyxor: En diskussion om symboliken och dess betydelse2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    My intention with this paper is to try to understand the meaning of the double sex symbols which can be identified on a number of Neolithic so called battle axes from the region round the lake Mälaren in Sweden. My conclusions are drawn after having studied a number of archaeological thesises. I have realized that the society was egalitarian from what is said about the funeral habits since women and men were buried with the same care. Ceramics from the Skogsmossen site show a very long continuity over 15-20 generations. These facts indicate a peaceful society without traumatic breaks where knowledge would have been lost. The fingerprints produced on the ceramics are those of women, since they do not seem to fit with the hands of men. Women are by this fact persumed to be the producers of ceramics. In early and primitive farming digging sticks were used, often with a weight. My conclusion is that the boat axe can be a magic tool used on the digging sticks. We have to understand the boat axes as spiritual helpers to fruitful and fertile success.

  • 315.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, Tidigare Institutioner, Arkitekturskolan.
    En svensk gård på romersk grund. Arkitekten Ivar Tengbom och byggnaden för Svenska Institutet i Rom2002Inngår i: Humanist vid Medelhavet. Reflektioner och studier samlade med anledning av Svenska Institutets i Rom 75-årsjubileum / [ed] Börje Magnusson, Stockholm: Svenska Institutet i Rom , 2002, s. 402-410Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 316.
    Bergström, Liselotte
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Gräddat: Brödkultur under järnåldern i östra Mälardalen2007Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the carbonised bread findings from sites and cremation graves dated to the first millennium AD occurring in the eastern Mälar Valley region. The finds have been analysed by various methods including cell-structure analysis, chemical analysis, experimental and reconstructive examination, 14C-dating and statistical comparison. An attempt is made to identify the different stages and actors in the bread-making process. The finds of different utensils and other equipment usually related to food preparation, bread-making and a vegetable diet are presented.

    Bread was introduced into central Sweden at the same time that a series of food-technical artefacts turn up in the north-Germanic cultural sphere. When bread first appears during the Late Roman Iron Age it most likely is as a sign of power applied to official occasions. The introduction of bread seems to be connected with the rotary quern which is strongly associated with defended settlements in Scandinavia where finds of utensils and activities indicate a specialization of food-production and related processes.

    Bread burial appears to have been reserved for specific individuals in society and this custom seems to have continued over several centuries in the same cemetery. Bread obviously served as a social marker in the burial ceremony, playing a role which was obvious to the participants but not meant to be visible to outsiders after the burial. This probably indicated a distinguishing quality of the deceased’s specific earthly status rather than a burial tradition of general use.

  • 317.
    Bergström, Liselotte
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Hus och hantverk: Arkeologisk undersökning av de övre terrasserna i Birkas Garnison. RAÄ 173, Björkö, Adelsö sn, Uppland, 2001-20042013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 318.
    Bergström, Philip
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Block och skärvig sten. En arkeologi av det abiotiska: Ett symmetriskt perspektiv på blockanläggningar från yngre bronsålder - äldre järnålder med utgångspunkt i Kättsta i Uppland.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation investigates how a symmetrical approach to archaeology can be applied to identify the properties and effects of the non-living, abiotic materials. And to reconfigure the relationship between humans and non-human objects, bridging the divide between what has been termed ‘cultural’ and ‘natural’ and thus placed in different ontological realms. This is examined by studying the practices surrounding “boulder graves”, from the Late Bronze Age - Early Iron Age (approx. 1000 – 0 BC) in Kättsta, Ärentuna parish in Uppland, Sweden. The boulders tend to be studied from an anthropocentric point of view, in which they are seen primarily as passive objects, interpreted only for what they represent. The objective of this research, however, is to gain new insights into the agency of boulders, and how they contributed to the practices carried out adjacent to them. The dissertation is based on a case study where a thematic analysis is performed, focusing on the properties and characteristics of boulders, their affordances, the distribution of finds and their interrelations, and the effects their relations generated. The results show that the boulders themselves contributed in human-stone relations and were vital in the formation of the grave-like features they became part of. It is argued that a symmetrical, non-anthropocentric approach to these features will broaden our view on materialities in the past, affording ontological as well as ecological implications.

  • 319.
    Berling, Johan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV).
    Vapengravskicket på Öland och Gotland: En studie över regionala och överregionala drag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to evaluate the hypothesis that Öland and Gotland shared a superregional weapon burial custom during the older part of the Scandinavian iron age by comparing the weapon graves and a selection of graves on two cemeteries one from each isle. The essay concludes that the weapon graves on Öland and Gotland (or at least the examined cemeteries) was not connected by a super-regional weapon burial custom.

  • 320.
    Berndt, Susanne
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Antikens kultur och samhällsliv.
    The hand gesture and symbols of Sabazios2018Inngår i: Opuscula: Annual of the Swedish Institutes at Athens and Rome, ISSN 2000-0898, Vol. 11, s. 151-168Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The material evidence left from the cult of Sabazios is meagre, apart from sculpted bronze hands dating to the Roman Empire. The hand is held in a certain pose, the so-called benedictio Latina gesture, and the hand was often covered with depictions of various objects and symbols. The bronze hands were probably attached to staffs and carried around in processions. This practice most likely spread via the channels of the Roman army during the Early Imperial period, but the gesture existed much earlier. The gesture is found on Attic black- and red-figured pottery, and is frequently associated with Hermes in his role as instructor and Psychopompos. From the beginning of the Hellenistic period the gesture was mainly used as an indication of speech, and for knowledge transmitted through speech. There are several examples of how the gesture was used to indicate the knowledge revealed through the initiations of mystery cults. Hermes is closely associated with Sabazios and is represented on the bronze hands, probably because of his role as instructor and Psychopompos; i.e. the position played by the mystagogue in the Sabazian mysteries. The gesture of the hands simply denoted the knowledge acquired through the initiation. The symbols on the hands are often associated with the Underworld, and it is suggested that knowledge acquired in the Sabazian mysteries dealt with life after death and the Underworld.

  • 321. Berndt-Ersöz, Susanne
    Phrygian rock-cut shrines and other religious monuments: a study of structure, function and cult practice2003Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 322.
    Berndt-Ersöz, Susanne
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Phrygian rock-cut step monuments: an interpretation2008Inngår i: Anatolian Iron Ages 6: The proceedings of the sixth Anatolian Iron Ages colloquium held at Eskisehir, 16-20 August 2004, 2008, s. 19-39Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 323.
    Berndt-Ersöz, Susanne
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Antikens kultur och samhällsliv. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Review of Mark Munn: The Mother of the Gods, Athens and the Tyranny of Asia. A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion.2009Inngår i: Phoenix, ISSN 0031-8299, Vol. 63, nr 1-2, s. 177-179Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 324.
    Berndt-Ersöz, Susanne
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Antikens kultur och samhällsliv. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Sacred space in Iron Age Phrygia2009Inngår i: Sacred landscapes in Anatolia and neighboring regions / [ed] C. Gates, J. Morin, T. Zimmerman, Oxford: ArchaeoPress , 2009, s. 11-19Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 325.
    Berndt-Ersöz, Susanne
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Antikens kultur och samhällsliv.
    The Phrygian Kingdom: Origins, History and Political Development2013Inngår i: Phrygians: in the land of Midas, in the shadow of monuments = Frigler: Midas'in Ulkesinde, Anitlarin Golgesinde / [ed] Hakan Sivas, Taciser Tüfekçi Sivas, Istanbul: Yapi Kredi Yayinlari , 2013, s. 16-41Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 326.
    Bernhard, Emelie
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, KV.
    Möten i kulturmiljöer: En studie av publika insatser i samband med arkeologiska utgrävningar2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is focused on the questions of and responsibility for where, when, how and why communication and meetings through archaeology should take place. I have critically studied Swedish public archaeology through three diverse archaeological excava­tions, one took place in the end of the 1980s, and two others in 2012.

    I have asked for under what circum­stances and with which goals the public efforts become possible. I have inter­viewed leaders for the archaeological excavations and/or the public efforts and questi­o­ned how and why they reached out to the public. I also searched for results and effects in order to problematize and value the public activities.

    Through interpretation of the resear­ched material it becomes clear that economic issues as well as archaeo­logists interests and engagements are of vital importance for public archaeology. Co-operation in the local community and archaeological documentation is crucial for the deve­lopment of archaeology and its role in society.

    Keywords: Public archaeology, Community archaeology, Heritage, Communication, Manage­ment, Historic environment education, Time Travel, Living history

  • 327. Beronius Jörpeland, Lena
    et al.
    Göthberg, Hans
    Ljungkvist, John
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Seiler, Anton
    Wikborg, Jonas
    Återigen i Gamla Uppsala: Förundersökningsrapport OKB-projektet i Gamla Uppsala. Utbyggnad av Ostkustbanan genom Gamla Uppsala Uppland; Gamla Uppsala socken; Gamla Uppsala S:3, 20:1, 21:7, 21:13, 21:27, 21:44, 21:56, 21:71, 21:76, 21:78, 26:4, 26:5, 74:3, 77:3, 77:5, 77:7, 77:19 och Dragarbrunn 32:1; Uppsala 134:4, 240:1, 284:2, 547:1, 586:1, 603:1, 604:1, 605:1, 605:2 och 682 Dnr 422-278-2011 och 422-1516-20112011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 328.
    Bertell, Maths
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusstudier, Religionshistoriska avdelningen.
    Anders Kaliff Fire, Water, Heaven and Earth: Ritual practice and cosmology in ancient Scandinavia: An Indo-European perspective2008Inngår i: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, nr 4, s. 133-135Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 329.
    Bertell, Maths
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusstudier, Religionshistoriska avdelningen.
    Lin och vit kvarts: Jämförelse som redskap och analogins förföriska lockelse2009Inngår i: Utskrift (Halmstad)Halmstad : Uppdragsverksamheten, Stiftelsen Hallands länsmuseer, s. 51-63Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Flax and white quartz. Comparison as a tool and the seductive temptation of analogy. At the site of Käringsjön, archaeologists have found food remains, flax and white quartz, all of which also play a significant role in later written sources concerning the pre-Christian religion in Scandinavia. But how relevant are those late sources for the sacrificial site of Käringsjön? Contemporary sources such as Tacitus’ Germania, on the other hand, have other difficulties. The Käringsjön finds tells us more about the Late Iron Age than other sacrificial sites from the same period. To a large extent they contain weapons, whereas no weapons have been found in Käringsjön. This article deals with some of the problems of the use of comparison and analogies, but also suggests how to use them and what they may tell us about the unique site of Käringsjön. Using late Iron Age or medieval sources for the early Iron Age, carries the risk of hiding the genuine conceptions of the period and filling gaps with material that may be totally irrelevant. Early Iron Age man, too, has a right to be unique.

  • 330.
    Bertell, Maths
    Stockholms universitet.
    Lin och vit kvarts: Jämförelse som redskap och analogins förföriska lockelse2009Inngår i: Järnålderns rituella platser: femton artiklar om kultutövning och religion från en konferens i Nissaström den 4-5 oktober 2007 / [ed] Anne Carlie, Halmstad: Stiftelsen Hallands länsmuseer , 2009, 1Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 331.
    Bertelsen, Lise
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Toch Barbarische Noormannen in Drenthe?: Een late Vikingsleutel van de Papeloze kerk bij Schoonord2015Inngår i: Nieuwe Drentse Volksalmanak, ISSN 9789023254690Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 332. Beskow-Sjöberg, Margareta
    Ölands järnåldersgravfält. Vol. 2, Högsrum, Glömminge, Algutsrum, Torslunda, Långlöt, Runsten, Norra Möckleby och Gårdby1991Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 333. Beskow-Sjöberg, Margareta
    Ölands järnåldersgravfält. Vol. 3, Vickleby, Resmo, Mörbylånga, Kastlösa, Sandby, Stenåsa och Hulterstad1996Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 334.
    Billengren, Sarah
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Archaeological site significance: the connection between archaeology and oral history in Palau2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Oral history is an important component of Palauan heritage and living culture. Interaction of oral history and archaeology is regarded as a policy when conducting research in Palau, both within the Bureau of Arts and Culture, responsible for protection and preservation of cultural remains in Palau, and among researchers not representing BAC. Legally, a material remain is proven significance if it is connected with intangible resources, such as "lyrics, folklore and traditions associated with Palauan culture".

    This paper examines and discusses the connection of oral history and archaeology, which will be presented through three case studies: the earthworks on Babeldaob, the traditional stonework village of Edangel in Ngardmau state, and the process of nominating a cultural remain for inclusion in the National Register for Historic Places. The nomination is a good reflection of the interaction between archaeology and oral history, where association with intangible resources is virtually necessary. The two specified types of archaeological remains are compared to one another regarding presence in oral traditions and significance for Palauans. Based on the information obtained from personal experience, interviews and literature, it can be concluded that an archaeological or historical site is valued more by its connection to oral history than to its archaeological qualities, which in turn effects how protection and preservation is administrated, financed, and carried out.

  • 335.
    Bindler, Richard
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Karlsson, Jon
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Rydberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Karlsson, Björn
    Berg Nilsson, Lena
    Biester, Harald
    Segerström, Ulf
    Copper-ore mining in Sweden since the pre-Roman Iron Age: lake-sediment evidence of human activities at the Garpenberg ore field since 375 BCE2017Inngår i: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, ISSN 2352-409X, E-ISSN 2001-1199, Vol. 12, s. 99-108Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Historical documents, archaeological evidence and lake-sediment records indicate thus far that significant mining of iron and copper ores in the Berglsagen mining region in central Sweden did not begin until the late 12th century -first with iron in Norberg - and thereafter spreading rapidly throughout the region during the 13th century when also copper was included (e.g. Falun). Prior to this, iron was produced domestically from secondary sources such as bog iron, while geochemical analyses of bronze artefacts indicate copper was imported. The parish of Garpenberg was at the intersection between historical iron-and copper-mining districts, and consequently we expected our sediment record from the lake Gruvsjon ('mine lake') to follow the established 13th century development. However, a 2-3-fold enrichment in copper and lead occurred already during 375-175 BCE (pre-Roman Iron Age), together with small increases in zinc, magnesium and charcoal particles, and changes in pollen. Together these indicate a clear pattern of human disturbance connected with the ore body bordering the lake. A second distinct phase occurred 115-275 CE, but with an 8-9-fold increase in copper and lead along with other indicators. From 400 CE a permanent increase in copper and lead occurred, which then accelerated from the 13th century as seen elsewhere in the region. Our results push back the evidence for early ore mining in Sweden from the Middle Ages to the pre-Roman Iron Age. 

  • 336.
    Bindler, Richard
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Rydberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Revisiting Key Sedimentary Archives Yields Evidence Of A Rapid Onset Of Mining In The Mid-13th Century At The Great Copper Mountain, Falun, Sweden2016Inngår i: Archaeometry, ISSN 0003-813X, E-ISSN 1475-4754, Vol. 58, nr 4, s. 642-658Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Mining in Falun, Sweden, was first mentioned in a deed from AD 1288, but previous studies of peat and lake sediments inferred that mining began during the fifth to eighth centuries. In order to reassess these findings, we performed new geochemical analyses on new samples from three key sites: Tisksjobergets myr, a buried mire alongside the mine; Tisken, a small lake in Falun; and Runn, the main recipient for waters draining through Falun. At Tisksjobergets myr, the peat contains up to 6% copper, giving it the characteristics of a cupriferous bog. Hence, this record is not useful for tracing early mining. The sediments of Tisken-upon which many of the old interpretations have relied-contain numerous cut wood fragments, and two of those gave young and reversed radiocarbon dates (19th and 16th centuries for 192 and 187 cm, respectively). This indicates that the sediment was derived from infilling and, thus, has little value as a historical record. Runn's sediment-the only reliable record-provides clear evidence of a rapid onset of large-scale mining from c. AD 1245, with abrupt increases in ore-related elements-for example, a 34-fold increase in copper-this increase is consistent with the mid-13th century burial of the mire at Tisksjoberget.

  • 337.
    Biribakken, Karin
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation.
    Ymers benknotor: Kan kala berg och berghällar, där det ser ut att ha förekommit forntida kultaktiviteter, kopplas till skapelsemyten om Ymer2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    The intention of this essay is to put the light on and to discuss if there is a connection between a pre-Christian creation mythology and naked rocks on prehistoric sacred places in Scandinavia. Archaeological as well as historical materials are studied. The historical material is mostly from Snorre Sturlasons Asasagan with the explanation of the creation of the world. In this story the world was built from the body of a killed and deposited giant named Ymer. Almost the same myth is told in all Indo-European countries. Asasagsan tells about the Gods and the people in the late iron-age. Sanda in Fresna socken and Helgö in Ekerö socken, both in Uppland and both in activity in late iron-age are used as archaeological example of places where naked rocks are used as some kind of altar for rites.

  • 338.
    Biström Freij, Felicia
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    De levandes gåvor och de dödas efterlämningar: -En kemisk analys på harts och ökendadel (Balanites aegyptiaca) från två egyptiska kärl2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to investigate the embalming process and the Balanites aegyptiaca from two pottery originated in ancient Egypt. The two objects were from Medelhavsmuseet in Stockholm. Samples were collected and analyzed with Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR) and Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry to identify which components the samples contained. The results show complex mixtures mainly consisting of resin origin from Pinaceae and the vegetable oils from the Balanites aegyptiaca.

  • 339. Biwall, A
    et al.
    Hernek, R
    Kihlstedt, B
    Larsson, Mats
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Torstensdotter Åhlin, I
    Stenålderns hyddor och hus i Syd och Mellansverige1997Inngår i: Regionalt och interregionalt: stenåldersundersökningar i Syd- och Mellansverige / [ed] M Larsson, E Olsson, Stockholm: Riksantikvarieämbetet , 1997, s. 265-300Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 340.
    Björck, Niclas
    Södertörns högskola, Avdelning 3, Arkeologi.
    Västeräng: arkeologisk undersökning Valbo socken, Gästrikland, 20002000Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 341. Björck, Niclas
    et al.
    Larsson, Fredrik
    Eriksson, Thomas
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Lindberg, Karl-Fredrik
    Ytterberg, Niklas
    Keramik: I: UV GAL Rapport 200:14. Snåret.Aspekter på sten-, brons och järnålder i Vendel, Väg E4, sträckan Uppsala-Mehedeby, Uppland, Vendels socken, Fallsboda 1:2, Karby 29:5, RAÄ 2912007Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Arkeologisk undersökning av boplats med lämningar från neolitikum, yngre bronsålder och vendeltid. På platsen fanns även sannolika gravar. Analyser görs av hus, keramik, pollen mm. Platsen har under vendeltid utnyttjats för tjärframställning

  • 342. Björck, Niclas
    et al.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörns högskola, Avdelning 3, Marinarkeologi.
    Lillegölens hemligheter2000Inngår i: Marinarkeologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1100-9632, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 343.
    Björk, Claude
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten.
    Early pottery in Greece: a technological and functional analysis of the evidence from Neolithic Achilleion, Thessaly1994Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 344.
    Björk, Niklas
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Värdig ett vapen: en analys och tolkning av Birkas vapengravars gravgåvor och kontext2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to interpret and discuss the weapon-graves of Viking Age Birka. The weapon-grave phenomenon is deemed differential in relation to the rest of the grave-material of the site, and thus the questions that motivate the thesis is: who was buried with weapons and why? Further questions arise regarding the social aspects of individuals who were buriedalong with weapons. The theoretical approach will be to evaluate any differences in 'social class', 'social age' and 'gender' between the weapon-grave contexts. By conducting qualitativeand quantified analysis of the grave-goods, this thesis adresses both overall and detailed patterns in correlation and constellations between weapons, other grave-goods and terms of burial.

  • 345.
    Björklund Andersson, Simone
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Spår av textilproduktion: En analys av sländtrissor och vävtyngder från yngre järnålderslokaler i Birkas omland.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna kandidatuppsats behandlar sländtrissor och vävtyngder från vikingatida lokaler samt yngre järnålderslokaler som angränsar till den vikingatida handelsplatsen Birka. Syftet är att studera sländtrissor och vävtyngder från vikingatida fyndlokaler i Birkas omland; vilket åsyftar geografiska områden i Södermanlands län (Södermanland), Stockholms län och Uppsala län (Uppland). Sländtrissor påverkar de textila råmaterialen och de spunna trådarna, vidare påverkar vävtyngderna varpen och de vävda tygerna. Vilka trådar och vilka tyger som har producerats inom vikingatida lokaler i angränsning till Birka diskuteras utifrån sländtrissornas och vävtyngdernas vikt, form och storlek (trots att fragmentariska artifakter förekommer). Studien omfattar spår av textilproduktion inom vikingatida lokaler i Birkas omland, samt en undersökning gällande om det har förekommit inhemska importer av textilier från fastlandet till Birka under vikingatiden. Resultatet påvisar om att gårdsbaserad textilproduktion har förekommit i Birkas omland och ett fåtalet gårdar i omlandet tolkas ha haft möjlighet att exportera textilier till Birka.

  • 346. Blanke, Louise
    et al.
    Barnes, Hugh
    Jensen, Marie Brøndgaard
    Rattenborg, Rune
    Durham University.
    Thing, Elise
    The 2011 Season of the Late Antique Jarash Project - Results from the Survey Southwest of the Umayyad Congregational Mosque2015Inngår i: Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan, Vol. 56, s. 229-238Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 347.
    Blanke, Louise
    et al.
    University of Copenhagen.
    Lorien, Patrick
    University of Copenhagen.
    Rattenborg, Rune
    University of Copenhagen.
    Changing Cityscapes in Central Jarash - Between Late Antiquity and the Abbasid Period2010Inngår i: Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan, Vol. 54, s. 311-327Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 348.
    Blid, Jesper
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Arkeologisk rapport från Istanbul2009Inngår i: Medusa. Svensk tidsskrift för antiken, ISSN 0349-456X, nr 3, s. 11-15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 349.
    Blid, Jesper
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Felicium temporum reparatio: Labraunda in Late Antiquity (c. AD 300-600)2012Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on a quantitative analysis of Late Antique remains that have been recorded at Labraunda from 1948 to 2011, and that date mainly to the period c. AD 300-600. The finds are presented according to context in order to form more reliable chronologies and more profound find-related contextualization of the specific areas of study. The studied sample comprises of all the diagnostic material from Late Antiquity found at Labraunda, including architecture, architectural sculpture, ceramics, glass, inscriptions/graffiti, coins, organic remains, and various other small finds. The architectural remains include two church complexes, a residence with a tetraconch bath, and several rebuilt structures within the Classical temenos. Both the architectural remnants and the small finds are brought into wider socio-religious and socio-economic contexts in order to increase our knowledge of Labraunda at the end of Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages.

  • 350.
    Blid, Jesper
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Kristnandet av Greklands klassiska helgedomar:  fokus på portar och källor2009Inngår i: Hellenika, nr 129, s. 13-14Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
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