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  • 301.
    Bergstedt, Mikaela
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Den svarta jordens mysterier: en jämförande studie av två aktivitetsytor på stenåldersboplatsen Ajvide2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The Pitted ware dwelling site Ajvide on the west coast of Gotland in the Baltic Sea is, because of its long continuity from the late Mesolithic to the middle of the Scandinavian Bronze Age, an interesting research object concerning Stone Age in the Baltic area. In this essay, a comparison between two activity areas on Ajvide have been carried out in the purpose of finding out what these areas may have been used for during the middle Neolithic.  It has been showed, through zooarchaeological analyses of animal bones, that the areas most likely are depositing sites for slaughters refuse and food debris. If it is a result of everyday or more ceremonial activities is left undetermined.

  • 302.
    Bergstedt, Märta-Lena
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier.
    Kvinnors roller i det vikingatida samhället: Spår av kvinnor i text och ting2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with rights of women and their social role during the Viking Age. The method is to compare things and written material.

    In the written material, three cases of rape have been identified. How each of these cases where looked upon differs; legally the punishment for rape was exile. Violence against wives implied their right to divorce, whereby they were entitled to take with them a great part of the family´s capital, namely their dowry and morning gift.

    A husband and wife did not inherit each other but a widow could inherit from her children if they died without offspring.

    Women buried in boat graves indicate that they had a function or were closely involved in the cult. From two graves, the Aska Grave and the Oseberg Grave, the findings can be interpreted as indicating a change in the social behaviour. I propose this was a way of breaking with the past and sabotaging the right to remember earlier cultural habits.

  • 303.
    Bergstedt, Märta-Lena
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier.
    Stridsyxor eller båtyxor: En diskussion om symboliken och dess betydelse2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    My intention with this paper is to try to understand the meaning of the double sex symbols which can be identified on a number of Neolithic so called battle axes from the region round the lake Mälaren in Sweden. My conclusions are drawn after having studied a number of archaeological thesises. I have realized that the society was egalitarian from what is said about the funeral habits since women and men were buried with the same care. Ceramics from the Skogsmossen site show a very long continuity over 15-20 generations. These facts indicate a peaceful society without traumatic breaks where knowledge would have been lost. The fingerprints produced on the ceramics are those of women, since they do not seem to fit with the hands of men. Women are by this fact persumed to be the producers of ceramics. In early and primitive farming digging sticks were used, often with a weight. My conclusion is that the boat axe can be a magic tool used on the digging sticks. We have to understand the boat axes as spiritual helpers to fruitful and fertile success.

  • 304.
    Bergström, Anders
    KTH, Tidigare Institutioner, Arkitekturskolan.
    En svensk gård på romersk grund. Arkitekten Ivar Tengbom och byggnaden för Svenska Institutet i Rom2002Inngår i: Humanist vid Medelhavet. Reflektioner och studier samlade med anledning av Svenska Institutets i Rom 75-årsjubileum / [ed] Börje Magnusson, Stockholm: Svenska Institutet i Rom , 2002, s. 402-410Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 305.
    Bergström, Liselotte
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Gräddat: Brödkultur under järnåldern i östra Mälardalen2007Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the carbonised bread findings from sites and cremation graves dated to the first millennium AD occurring in the eastern Mälar Valley region. The finds have been analysed by various methods including cell-structure analysis, chemical analysis, experimental and reconstructive examination, 14C-dating and statistical comparison. An attempt is made to identify the different stages and actors in the bread-making process. The finds of different utensils and other equipment usually related to food preparation, bread-making and a vegetable diet are presented.

    Bread was introduced into central Sweden at the same time that a series of food-technical artefacts turn up in the north-Germanic cultural sphere. When bread first appears during the Late Roman Iron Age it most likely is as a sign of power applied to official occasions. The introduction of bread seems to be connected with the rotary quern which is strongly associated with defended settlements in Scandinavia where finds of utensils and activities indicate a specialization of food-production and related processes.

    Bread burial appears to have been reserved for specific individuals in society and this custom seems to have continued over several centuries in the same cemetery. Bread obviously served as a social marker in the burial ceremony, playing a role which was obvious to the participants but not meant to be visible to outsiders after the burial. This probably indicated a distinguishing quality of the deceased’s specific earthly status rather than a burial tradition of general use.

  • 306.
    Bergström, Liselotte
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Hus och hantverk: Arkeologisk undersökning av de övre terrasserna i Birkas Garnison. RAÄ 173, Björkö, Adelsö sn, Uppland, 2001-20042013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 307.
    Bergström, Philip
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Block och skärvig sten. En arkeologi av det abiotiska: Ett symmetriskt perspektiv på blockanläggningar från yngre bronsålder - äldre järnålder med utgångspunkt i Kättsta i Uppland.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation investigates how a symmetrical approach to archaeology can be applied to identify the properties and effects of the non-living, abiotic materials. And to reconfigure the relationship between humans and non-human objects, bridging the divide between what has been termed ‘cultural’ and ‘natural’ and thus placed in different ontological realms. This is examined by studying the practices surrounding “boulder graves”, from the Late Bronze Age - Early Iron Age (approx. 1000 – 0 BC) in Kättsta, Ärentuna parish in Uppland, Sweden. The boulders tend to be studied from an anthropocentric point of view, in which they are seen primarily as passive objects, interpreted only for what they represent. The objective of this research, however, is to gain new insights into the agency of boulders, and how they contributed to the practices carried out adjacent to them. The dissertation is based on a case study where a thematic analysis is performed, focusing on the properties and characteristics of boulders, their affordances, the distribution of finds and their interrelations, and the effects their relations generated. The results show that the boulders themselves contributed in human-stone relations and were vital in the formation of the grave-like features they became part of. It is argued that a symmetrical, non-anthropocentric approach to these features will broaden our view on materialities in the past, affording ontological as well as ecological implications.

  • 308.
    Berling, Johan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV).
    Vapengravskicket på Öland och Gotland: En studie över regionala och överregionala drag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to evaluate the hypothesis that Öland and Gotland shared a superregional weapon burial custom during the older part of the Scandinavian iron age by comparing the weapon graves and a selection of graves on two cemeteries one from each isle. The essay concludes that the weapon graves on Öland and Gotland (or at least the examined cemeteries) was not connected by a super-regional weapon burial custom.

  • 309. Berndt-Ersöz, Susanne
    Phrygian rock-cut shrines and other religious monuments: a study of structure, function and cult practice2003Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 310.
    Berndt-Ersöz, Susanne
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Phrygian rock-cut step monuments: an interpretation2008Inngår i: Anatolian Iron Ages 6: The proceedings of the sixth Anatolian Iron Ages colloquium held at Eskisehir, 16-20 August 2004, 2008, s. 19-39Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 311.
    Berndt-Ersöz, Susanne
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Antikens kultur och samhällsliv. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Review of Mark Munn: The Mother of the Gods, Athens and the Tyranny of Asia. A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion.2009Inngår i: Phoenix, ISSN 0031-8299, Vol. 63, nr 1-2, s. 177-179Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 312.
    Berndt-Ersöz, Susanne
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Antikens kultur och samhällsliv. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Sacred space in Iron Age Phrygia2009Inngår i: Sacred landscapes in Anatolia and neighboring regions / [ed] C. Gates, J. Morin, T. Zimmerman, Oxford: ArchaeoPress , 2009, s. 11-19Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 313.
    Berndt-Ersöz, Susanne
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Antikens kultur och samhällsliv.
    The Phrygian Kingdom: Origins, History and Political Development2013Inngår i: Phrygians: in the land of Midas, in the shadow of monuments = Frigler: Midas'in Ulkesinde, Anitlarin Golgesinde / [ed] Hakan Sivas, Taciser Tüfekçi Sivas, Istanbul: Yapi Kredi Yayinlari , 2013, s. 16-41Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 314.
    Bernhard, Emelie
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, KV.
    Möten i kulturmiljöer: En studie av publika insatser i samband med arkeologiska utgrävningar2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is focused on the questions of and responsibility for where, when, how and why communication and meetings through archaeology should take place. I have critically studied Swedish public archaeology through three diverse archaeological excava­tions, one took place in the end of the 1980s, and two others in 2012.

    I have asked for under what circum­stances and with which goals the public efforts become possible. I have inter­viewed leaders for the archaeological excavations and/or the public efforts and questi­o­ned how and why they reached out to the public. I also searched for results and effects in order to problematize and value the public activities.

    Through interpretation of the resear­ched material it becomes clear that economic issues as well as archaeo­logists interests and engagements are of vital importance for public archaeology. Co-operation in the local community and archaeological documentation is crucial for the deve­lopment of archaeology and its role in society.

    Keywords: Public archaeology, Community archaeology, Heritage, Communication, Manage­ment, Historic environment education, Time Travel, Living history

  • 315. Beronius Jörpeland, Lena
    et al.
    Göthberg, Hans
    Ljungkvist, John
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Seiler, Anton
    Wikborg, Jonas
    Återigen i Gamla Uppsala: Förundersökningsrapport OKB-projektet i Gamla Uppsala. Utbyggnad av Ostkustbanan genom Gamla Uppsala Uppland; Gamla Uppsala socken; Gamla Uppsala S:3, 20:1, 21:7, 21:13, 21:27, 21:44, 21:56, 21:71, 21:76, 21:78, 26:4, 26:5, 74:3, 77:3, 77:5, 77:7, 77:19 och Dragarbrunn 32:1; Uppsala 134:4, 240:1, 284:2, 547:1, 586:1, 603:1, 604:1, 605:1, 605:2 och 682 Dnr 422-278-2011 och 422-1516-20112011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 316.
    Bertell, Maths
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusstudier, Religionshistoriska avdelningen.
    Anders Kaliff Fire, Water, Heaven and Earth: Ritual practice and cosmology in ancient Scandinavia: An Indo-European perspective2008Inngår i: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, nr 4, s. 133-135Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 317.
    Bertell, Maths
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusstudier, Religionshistoriska avdelningen.
    Lin och vit kvarts: Jämförelse som redskap och analogins förföriska lockelse2009Inngår i: Utskrift (Halmstad)Halmstad : Uppdragsverksamheten, Stiftelsen Hallands länsmuseer, s. 51-63Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Flax and white quartz. Comparison as a tool and the seductive temptation of analogy. At the site of Käringsjön, archaeologists have found food remains, flax and white quartz, all of which also play a significant role in later written sources concerning the pre-Christian religion in Scandinavia. But how relevant are those late sources for the sacrificial site of Käringsjön? Contemporary sources such as Tacitus’ Germania, on the other hand, have other difficulties. The Käringsjön finds tells us more about the Late Iron Age than other sacrificial sites from the same period. To a large extent they contain weapons, whereas no weapons have been found in Käringsjön. This article deals with some of the problems of the use of comparison and analogies, but also suggests how to use them and what they may tell us about the unique site of Käringsjön. Using late Iron Age or medieval sources for the early Iron Age, carries the risk of hiding the genuine conceptions of the period and filling gaps with material that may be totally irrelevant. Early Iron Age man, too, has a right to be unique.

  • 318.
    Bertell, Maths
    Stockholms universitet.
    Lin och vit kvarts: Jämförelse som redskap och analogins förföriska lockelse2009Inngår i: Järnålderns rituella platser: femton artiklar om kultutövning och religion från en konferens i Nissaström den 4-5 oktober 2007 / [ed] Anne Carlie, Halmstad: Stiftelsen Hallands länsmuseer , 2009, 1Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 319.
    Bertelsen, Lise
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Toch Barbarische Noormannen in Drenthe?: Een late Vikingsleutel van de Papeloze kerk bij Schoonord2015Inngår i: Nieuwe Drentse Volksalmanak, ISSN 9789023254690Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 320.
    Billengren, Sarah
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Archaeological site significance: the connection between archaeology and oral history in Palau2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Oral history is an important component of Palauan heritage and living culture. Interaction of oral history and archaeology is regarded as a policy when conducting research in Palau, both within the Bureau of Arts and Culture, responsible for protection and preservation of cultural remains in Palau, and among researchers not representing BAC. Legally, a material remain is proven significance if it is connected with intangible resources, such as "lyrics, folklore and traditions associated with Palauan culture".

    This paper examines and discusses the connection of oral history and archaeology, which will be presented through three case studies: the earthworks on Babeldaob, the traditional stonework village of Edangel in Ngardmau state, and the process of nominating a cultural remain for inclusion in the National Register for Historic Places. The nomination is a good reflection of the interaction between archaeology and oral history, where association with intangible resources is virtually necessary. The two specified types of archaeological remains are compared to one another regarding presence in oral traditions and significance for Palauans. Based on the information obtained from personal experience, interviews and literature, it can be concluded that an archaeological or historical site is valued more by its connection to oral history than to its archaeological qualities, which in turn effects how protection and preservation is administrated, financed, and carried out.

  • 321.
    Bindler, Richard
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Karlsson, Jon
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Rydberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Karlsson, Björn
    Berg Nilsson, Lena
    Biester, Harald
    Segerström, Ulf
    Copper-ore mining in Sweden since the pre-Roman Iron Age: lake-sediment evidence of human activities at the Garpenberg ore field since 375 BCE2017Inngår i: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, ISSN 2352-409X, E-ISSN 2001-1199, Vol. 12, s. 99-108Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Historical documents, archaeological evidence and lake-sediment records indicate thus far that significant mining of iron and copper ores in the Berglsagen mining region in central Sweden did not begin until the late 12th century -first with iron in Norberg - and thereafter spreading rapidly throughout the region during the 13th century when also copper was included (e.g. Falun). Prior to this, iron was produced domestically from secondary sources such as bog iron, while geochemical analyses of bronze artefacts indicate copper was imported. The parish of Garpenberg was at the intersection between historical iron-and copper-mining districts, and consequently we expected our sediment record from the lake Gruvsjon ('mine lake') to follow the established 13th century development. However, a 2-3-fold enrichment in copper and lead occurred already during 375-175 BCE (pre-Roman Iron Age), together with small increases in zinc, magnesium and charcoal particles, and changes in pollen. Together these indicate a clear pattern of human disturbance connected with the ore body bordering the lake. A second distinct phase occurred 115-275 CE, but with an 8-9-fold increase in copper and lead along with other indicators. From 400 CE a permanent increase in copper and lead occurred, which then accelerated from the 13th century as seen elsewhere in the region. Our results push back the evidence for early ore mining in Sweden from the Middle Ages to the pre-Roman Iron Age. 

  • 322.
    Bindler, Richard
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Rydberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Revisiting Key Sedimentary Archives Yields Evidence Of A Rapid Onset Of Mining In The Mid-13th Century At The Great Copper Mountain, Falun, Sweden2016Inngår i: Archaeometry, ISSN 0003-813X, E-ISSN 1475-4754, Vol. 58, nr 4, s. 642-658Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Mining in Falun, Sweden, was first mentioned in a deed from AD 1288, but previous studies of peat and lake sediments inferred that mining began during the fifth to eighth centuries. In order to reassess these findings, we performed new geochemical analyses on new samples from three key sites: Tisksjobergets myr, a buried mire alongside the mine; Tisken, a small lake in Falun; and Runn, the main recipient for waters draining through Falun. At Tisksjobergets myr, the peat contains up to 6% copper, giving it the characteristics of a cupriferous bog. Hence, this record is not useful for tracing early mining. The sediments of Tisken-upon which many of the old interpretations have relied-contain numerous cut wood fragments, and two of those gave young and reversed radiocarbon dates (19th and 16th centuries for 192 and 187 cm, respectively). This indicates that the sediment was derived from infilling and, thus, has little value as a historical record. Runn's sediment-the only reliable record-provides clear evidence of a rapid onset of large-scale mining from c. AD 1245, with abrupt increases in ore-related elements-for example, a 34-fold increase in copper-this increase is consistent with the mid-13th century burial of the mire at Tisksjoberget.

  • 323.
    Biribakken, Karin
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation.
    Ymers benknotor: Kan kala berg och berghällar, där det ser ut att ha förekommit forntida kultaktiviteter, kopplas till skapelsemyten om Ymer2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    The intention of this essay is to put the light on and to discuss if there is a connection between a pre-Christian creation mythology and naked rocks on prehistoric sacred places in Scandinavia. Archaeological as well as historical materials are studied. The historical material is mostly from Snorre Sturlasons Asasagan with the explanation of the creation of the world. In this story the world was built from the body of a killed and deposited giant named Ymer. Almost the same myth is told in all Indo-European countries. Asasagsan tells about the Gods and the people in the late iron-age. Sanda in Fresna socken and Helgö in Ekerö socken, both in Uppland and both in activity in late iron-age are used as archaeological example of places where naked rocks are used as some kind of altar for rites.

  • 324.
    Biström Freij, Felicia
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    De levandes gåvor och de dödas efterlämningar: -En kemisk analys på harts och ökendadel (Balanites aegyptiaca) från två egyptiska kärl2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to investigate the embalming process and the Balanites aegyptiaca from two pottery originated in ancient Egypt. The two objects were from Medelhavsmuseet in Stockholm. Samples were collected and analyzed with Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR) and Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry to identify which components the samples contained. The results show complex mixtures mainly consisting of resin origin from Pinaceae and the vegetable oils from the Balanites aegyptiaca.

  • 325. Biwall, A
    et al.
    Hernek, R
    Kihlstedt, B
    Larsson, Mats
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Torstensdotter Åhlin, I
    Stenålderns hyddor och hus i Syd och Mellansverige1997Inngår i: Regionalt och interregionalt: stenåldersundersökningar i Syd- och Mellansverige / [ed] M Larsson, E Olsson, Stockholm: Riksantikvarieämbetet , 1997, s. 265-300Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 326.
    Björck, Niclas
    Södertörns högskola, Avdelning 3, Arkeologi.
    Västeräng: arkeologisk undersökning Valbo socken, Gästrikland, 20002000Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 327. Björck, Niclas
    et al.
    Larsson, Fredrik
    Eriksson, Thomas
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Lindberg, Karl-Fredrik
    Ytterberg, Niklas
    Keramik: I: UV GAL Rapport 200:14. Snåret.Aspekter på sten-, brons och järnålder i Vendel, Väg E4, sträckan Uppsala-Mehedeby, Uppland, Vendels socken, Fallsboda 1:2, Karby 29:5, RAÄ 2912007Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Arkeologisk undersökning av boplats med lämningar från neolitikum, yngre bronsålder och vendeltid. På platsen fanns även sannolika gravar. Analyser görs av hus, keramik, pollen mm. Platsen har under vendeltid utnyttjats för tjärframställning

  • 328. Björck, Niclas
    et al.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörns högskola, Avdelning 3, Marinarkeologi.
    Lillegölens hemligheter2000Inngår i: Marinarkeologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1100-9632, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 329.
    Björk, Claude
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten.
    Early pottery in Greece: a technological and functional analysis of the evidence from Neolithic Achilleion, Thessaly1994Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 330.
    Björk, Niklas
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Värdig ett vapen: en analys och tolkning av Birkas vapengravars gravgåvor och kontext2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to interpret and discuss the weapon-graves of Viking Age Birka. The weapon-grave phenomenon is deemed differential in relation to the rest of the grave-material of the site, and thus the questions that motivate the thesis is: who was buried with weapons and why? Further questions arise regarding the social aspects of individuals who were buriedalong with weapons. The theoretical approach will be to evaluate any differences in 'social class', 'social age' and 'gender' between the weapon-grave contexts. By conducting qualitativeand quantified analysis of the grave-goods, this thesis adresses both overall and detailed patterns in correlation and constellations between weapons, other grave-goods and terms of burial.

  • 331.
    Björklund Andersson, Simone
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Spår av textilproduktion: En analys av sländtrissor och vävtyngder från yngre järnålderslokaler i Birkas omland.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna kandidatuppsats behandlar sländtrissor och vävtyngder från vikingatida lokaler samt yngre järnålderslokaler som angränsar till den vikingatida handelsplatsen Birka. Syftet är att studera sländtrissor och vävtyngder från vikingatida fyndlokaler i Birkas omland; vilket åsyftar geografiska områden i Södermanlands län (Södermanland), Stockholms län och Uppsala län (Uppland). Sländtrissor påverkar de textila råmaterialen och de spunna trådarna, vidare påverkar vävtyngderna varpen och de vävda tygerna. Vilka trådar och vilka tyger som har producerats inom vikingatida lokaler i angränsning till Birka diskuteras utifrån sländtrissornas och vävtyngdernas vikt, form och storlek (trots att fragmentariska artifakter förekommer). Studien omfattar spår av textilproduktion inom vikingatida lokaler i Birkas omland, samt en undersökning gällande om det har förekommit inhemska importer av textilier från fastlandet till Birka under vikingatiden. Resultatet påvisar om att gårdsbaserad textilproduktion har förekommit i Birkas omland och ett fåtalet gårdar i omlandet tolkas ha haft möjlighet att exportera textilier till Birka.

  • 332. Blanke, Louise
    et al.
    Barnes, Hugh
    Jensen, Marie Brøndgaard
    Rattenborg, Rune
    Durham University.
    Thing, Elise
    The 2011 Season of the Late Antique Jarash Project - Results from the Survey Southwest of the Umayyad Congregational Mosque2015Inngår i: Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan, Vol. 56, s. 229-238Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 333.
    Blanke, Louise
    et al.
    University of Copenhagen.
    Lorien, Patrick
    University of Copenhagen.
    Rattenborg, Rune
    University of Copenhagen.
    Changing Cityscapes in Central Jarash - Between Late Antiquity and the Abbasid Period2010Inngår i: Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan, Vol. 54, s. 311-327Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 334.
    Blid, Jesper
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Arkeologisk rapport från Istanbul2009Inngår i: Medusa. Svensk tidsskrift för antiken, ISSN 0349-456X, nr 3, s. 11-15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 335.
    Blid, Jesper
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Felicium temporum reparatio: Labraunda in Late Antiquity (c. AD 300-600)2012Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on a quantitative analysis of Late Antique remains that have been recorded at Labraunda from 1948 to 2011, and that date mainly to the period c. AD 300-600. The finds are presented according to context in order to form more reliable chronologies and more profound find-related contextualization of the specific areas of study. The studied sample comprises of all the diagnostic material from Late Antiquity found at Labraunda, including architecture, architectural sculpture, ceramics, glass, inscriptions/graffiti, coins, organic remains, and various other small finds. The architectural remains include two church complexes, a residence with a tetraconch bath, and several rebuilt structures within the Classical temenos. Both the architectural remnants and the small finds are brought into wider socio-religious and socio-economic contexts in order to increase our knowledge of Labraunda at the end of Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages.

  • 336.
    Blid, Jesper
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Kristnandet av Greklands klassiska helgedomar:  fokus på portar och källor2009Inngår i: Hellenika, nr 129, s. 13-14Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 337.
    Blid, Jesper
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Antikens kultur och samhällsliv.
    Labraunda 2010. A preliminary report on the Swedish excavations: Excavations in the West Church Complex2011Inngår i: Opuscula. Annual of the Swedish Institutes at Athens and Rome, Vol. 4, s. 30-51Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 338.
    Blid, Jesper
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    New research on Carian Labraunda in Late Antiquity2007Inngår i: Opuscula Atheniensia: Annual of the Swedish Institute at Athens, ISSN 0078-5520, Vol. 31/32, s. 231-255Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    New archaeological excavations and surveys have been initiated in Carian Labraunda during 2005 and 2006—aimed at investigating Late Antique activities on the site. The Late Roman and Early Byzantine remains of the sanctuary have not been closely examined previously. However, these epochs have left significant traces behind, in the form of large buildings such as the Byzantine Church and the South Thermae. There are also several Early Byzantine alterations of Classical Hekatomnid buildings, for example in the Oikoi and the Doric House. Excavations have been carried out in the church, resulting in new knowledge of the edifice’s architectural context and producing large quantities of Late Antique finds. Furthermore, a new plan of the South Thermae, the first complete one, is being produced, along with descriptions of the walls and building-materials. The new project also deals with the documentation of architectural marbles of Late Antiquity. Finally, an initial report is presented here, describing a sculptured marble capital, of Early Byzantine type, which was found in 2005. The capital is one of only a few Late Antique marbles to have escaped Labraunda’s medieval limekilns. The design of its ornament is described and discussed in relation to a comparable example found in Carian Bargylia.

  • 339.
    Blid, Jesper
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Om det religiösa klimatet i senantikens Labraunda: utgrävningarna 2005-20102012Inngår i: Dragomanen, ISSN 1402-358X, Vol. 14, s. 125-134Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 340.
    Blid, Jesper
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Roman & Byzantine Labraunda2010Inngår i: Mylasa Labraunda: archaeology and rural architecture in the southern Aegean region / [ed] Figen Kuzucu, Murat Ural, Istanbul: Milli Reasürans , 2010, s. 81-91Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 341.
    Blid, Jesper
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    THE BYZANTINE CHURCH AT LABRAUNDA2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the Christian context of the former pagan sanctuary of Zeus Labrandeusin Caria during the Early Byzantine period, ca. 325-730 A.D. The focus is on the church, positioned outside the pagan sanctuary’s temenos area. The architecture of the church has been empirically analysed. It is argued that the church shows strong Syrian influences. The Syrian features are a tripartite sanctuary enclosed by a straight back wall, an interior supported by pilasters and a west part with two towers. The study of the architecture has also been used in an attempt to discuss the liturgy at Labraunda.The finds from the excavations of 1951-2005 have been categorized and examined in order to establish a terminus post quem for the Christian presence at the site of the church. This has been crucial for the dating of the church. Furthermore, the finds illustrate the social and economic conditions that prevailed at Labraunda during the Early Byzantine period. Finally, this study tries to enlighten the process of transition from a pagan sanctuary into a Christian place of worship.

  • 342.
    Blid, Jesper
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    The Carian sanctuary of Zeus Labraundos: a late antique perspective2008Inngår i: Bollettino dell’associazione Iasos di Caria, nr 14, s. 40-43Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 343.
    Blid, Jesper
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Återbruk av romerska monument i det tidigmedeltida Konstantinopel2010Inngår i: Medusa. Svensk tidsskrift för antiken, ISSN 0349-456X, nr 4, s. 27-32Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 344.
    Blid, Jesper
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Karlsson, Lars
    Henry, Olivier
    Labraunda 2004-2007:  A preliminary report on the Swedish excavations2008Inngår i: Istanbuler Mitteilungen, ISSN 0341-9142, nr 58, s. 122-128Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 345.
    Blid, Jesper
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Karlsson, Lars
    Henry, Olivier
    Labraunda 2008. A preliminary report on the Swedish excavations with contributions by J. Blid & O. Henry: The Tetraconchos excavation2009Inngår i: Opuscula. Annual of the Swedish Institutes at Athens and Rome, Vol. 2, s. 67-79Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 346.
    Blid, Jesper
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Karlsson, Lars
    Henry, Olivier
    Labraunda 2009. A preliminary report on the Swedish excavations with contributions by J. Blid & O. Henry: Research on Labraunda in Late Antiquity2010Inngår i: Opuscula. Annual of the Swedish Institutes at Athens and Rome, Vol. 3, s. 80-88Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 347. Blomqvist, Lars
    Megalitgravarna i Sverige: typ, tid, rum och social miljö1989Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 348.
    Blundell, Geoffrey
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi.
    Nqabayo’s Nomansland: San Rock Art and the Somatic Past2004Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The most significant challenge facing modern southern African rock art research is the integration of rock paint­ings into the construction of San history. This challenge is made all the more difficult because of poor chronologi­cal control over the images. In the absence of reliable dating techniques, the challenge to interdigitate image and history becomes a profoundly theoretical one. Drawing on theoretical studies of body and embodiment, this work takes up the challenge of incorporating rock paintings into the production of the past.

    Primarily concerned with a small area, previously known as Nomansland, in the south-eastern mountains of South Africa, the work uses embodiment as a tool for extending present interpretations of the art before moving on to arguing that a focus on body allows us to detect change in certain images in Nomansland. Finally, embodiment is used to re-evaluate present understandings of the social consumption of the paintings.

    In using embodiment to investigate issues of meaning, change and the production and consumption of San rock art, it becomes clear that this theoretical concept offers a way of incorporating rock paintings into the writing of San history in Nomansland. This work, then, contributes to the broader field of southern African San historiog­raphy, where the question of San interaction with other peoples is sometimes treated too simply and in a manner that is not consistent with broader postcolonial writing.

  • 349. Bläuer, Auli
    et al.
    Arppe, Laura
    Niemi, Marianna
    Oinonen, Markku
    Lidén, Kerstin
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Taavitsainen, Jussi-Pekka
    Kantanen, Juha
    Inferring Prehistorical and Historical Feeding Practices from δ15N and δ13C Isotope Analysis on Finnish Archaeological Domesticated Ruminant Bones and Teeth2016Inngår i: Fennoscandia Archaeologica, ISSN 0781-7126, Vol. XXXIV, s. 38-55Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 350. Boethius, Adam
    et al.
    Storå, Jan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Osteoarkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Hongslo Vala, Cecilie
    Apel, Jan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Osteoarkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet. Lund University, Sweden.
    The importance of freshwater fish in Early Holocene subsistence: Exemplified with the human colonization of the island of Gotland in the Baltic basin2017Inngår i: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, ISSN 2352-409X, E-ISSN 2001-1199, Vol. 13, s. 625-634Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we explore the subsistence economy of the Mesolithic pioneers on the island of Gotland in the Baltic basin, in order to evaluate the importance of freshwater fish to the Early Holocene human population. By analysing faunal remains, the distribution of 14C dates and the location of the settlement sites, we argue that earlier assumptions concerning the importance of marine mammals to the early human populations should be reconsidered. We suggest that the pioneering settlers of Gotland relied on fish to a significant extent. Radiocarbon dates taken from human bones are skewed by a freshwater reservoir effect, which can be used as an indirect indication of the significance of freshwater fish. The numerous, overgrowing lakes on the island, with their extensive biomass production and large amounts of freshwater fish, provided an important subsistence base. Even if the faunal assemblages that have survived are dominated by seal bones, the hunting season for seals was limited and the hunters mostly targeted young seals. Thus, the importance of seal have previously been overestimated and it appears that the human use of marine resources on Gotland was more limited and related to raw material needs rather than dietary necessity or specialization. Although presented as a case study; the results highlight the need to identify a freshwater fish diet among ancient foragers on a larger scale, as implications thereof can fundamentally change how foraging societies are perceived.

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