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  • 301.
    Bender Jørgensen, Lise
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    Présentation du livre ”Purpureae Vestes II”2008Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 302. Bender Jørgensen, Lise
    Review of: Christensen, A.E. & Nockert, M. (red): Osebergfunnet Bd IV, Tekstilene2008Inngår i: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 3, s. 210-212Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 303. Bender Jørgensen, Lise
    Self-bands and other subtle patterns in Roman textiles2008Inngår i: Purpureae vestes II. Vestidos, Textiles y Tintes. Estudios sobre la producción de bienes de consumo en la Antigüedad. / [ed] C Alfaro, L Karali, Publicacions de la Universitat de Valencia (PUV). Ort : Valencia , 2008, s. 135-141Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 304.
    Bender Jørgensen, Lise
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Textilhögskolan.
    The Textiles from Oseberg: A History of Research2008Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 305.
    Bengtsson, Emmelie
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Vad individerna viskar: Människorna från Broa gravfältet i Halla2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This essay addresses and analyses the grave field from Broa in Halla, RAÄ 48:1 and SHM 11106 with objects in SHM 10796, dated to 800-900 a.d. The essay is done as part of examination in archaeology C with osteological orientation spring 2018 at Uppsala university, campus Gotland. Gustav Malmborg was supervisor for this essay. The objective of the essay is to give an osteological analysis since it hasn’t been done since the excavation 1899, but also to bring forth what information that can be pursued osteologically. This due to that grave A is the only one to be researched upon and not in full context, only partly focusing on the equestrian equipment, the amber lyre bridge and the sword. The questions of issue are; what can be told about the individuals from the grave field? Is there any grave that can be compared against grave A? What can be said about the contemporary society and the premises? Future research can use this essay as a stepping stone for other comparisons and use the osteological data to relate more information about lyre individuals.

     

    This quantitative essay presents the analysis each grave individually using morphological and metric methods, such as age, sex, paleopathological changes, MIND and estimated stature. After analysis is result presented as a table for easy overview (Table 1). Discussion and interpretation follows, one grave at a time over to the grave field and thereafter the premises. End discussion handles the questions of issue to summarize the discussion and interpretation. Conclusion summarizes the results from all of the above mentioned, such as one grave contains more than one individual which has been unknown before. Possible kinship is found in a grave and the possibility of the contemporary premises to be part of a larger house/farm.

  • 306.
    Bengtsson, Håkan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV).
    En resa över havet: en studie av stockbåtens användning inom Erteböllekulturen med ett fokus på Tybrind Vig och Stralsund2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Log-boats within the Ertebölle culture have had a broad use in the society. From social usesas transport and communication devises to economical uses within hunting and fishing. Thelog-boats have been quite large, larger than log-boats in later periods. With a length of up to 10 meters and a width of 0,5-1 meter the log-boat have been big enough to carry a family andthere gear along the cost. Even though the long and narrow shape of the log-boat have made them mostly suitable for calm and shallow water they have still aloud the people of theErtebölle culture to cross major waters such as the sound between Denmark and Sweden.

  • 307.
    Berg, Henrik
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Antikens kultur och samhällsliv. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Centrum för genusvetenskap.
    Modern maskulinitetsteori och antik litteratur2009Inngår i: Arkeologisk framtid: rapport från Svenskt arkeologmöte 2008 [redaktör: Tore Artelius och Anna Källén], Lund: Svenska Arkeologiska Samfundet , 2009, s. 95-106Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 308.
    Berg, Ingrid
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologi.
    Abu Simbel – ett kulturarv från det kalla kriget2019Inngår i: Medusa. Svensk tidsskrift för antiken, ISSN 0349-456X, Vol. 40, nr 1, s. 24-31Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 309.
    Berg, Ingrid
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologi.
    Athen mellan dåtid, nutid och framtid2013Inngår i: Hellenika, ISSN 0348-0100, nr 145, s. 11-13Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 310.
    Berg, Ingrid
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologi.
    Den Sundwallska korrespondensen2019Inngår i: Tidens landskap: En vänbok till Anders Andrén / [ed] Cecilia Ljung, Anna Andreasson Sjögren, Ingrid Berg, Elin Engström, Ann-Mari Hållans Stenholm, Kristina Jonsson, Alison Klevnäs, Linda Qviström, Torun Zachrisson, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2019, s. 269-271Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 311.
    Berg, Ingrid
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologi.
    Dumps and Ditches: Prisms of archaeological practice at Kalaureia in Greece2013Inngår i: Making cultural history: New prespectives on Western heritage / [ed] Anna Källén, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2013, s. 173-183Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 312.
    Berg, Ingrid
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologi.
    Kalaureia 1894 - den första svenska utgrävningen i Grekland2012Inngår i: Hellenika, ISSN 0348-0100, nr 142Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 313.
    Berg, Ingrid
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Kalaureia 1894: A Cultural History of the First Swedish Excavation in Greece2016Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The excavation of the Sanctuary of Poseidon at Kalaureia in 1894 marks the beginning of Swedish archaeological fieldwork in Greece. During a couple of hot summer months, two philologists from Uppsala University, Sam Wide (1861-1918) and Lennart Kjellberg (1857-1936), worked in the sanctuary together with the architect Sven Kristenson (1858-1937), the Greek foreman Pankalos and around twenty local workmen. In 1997, the Swedish Institute at Athens began new excavations at the sanctuary.

    This thesis examines the beginnings of Swedish fieldwork in Greece. Within the framework of a cultural history of archaeology, inspired by archaeological ethnography and the New Cultural History, it explores how archaeology functioned as a cultural practice in the late nineteenth century. A micro-historical methodology makes use of a wide array of different source material connected to the excavation of 1894, its prelude and aftermath.

    The thesis takes the theoretical position that the premises for archaeological knowledge production are outcomes of contemporary power structures and cultural politics. Through an analysis of how the archaeologists constructed their self-images through a set of idealized stereotypes of bourgeois masculinity, academic politics of belonging is highlighted. The politics of belonging existed also on a national level, where the Swedish archaeologists entered into a competition with other foreign actors to claim heritage sites in Greece. The idealization of classical Greece as a birthplace of Western values, in combination with contemporary colonial and racist cultural frameworks in Europe, created particular gazes through which the modern country was appropriated and judged. These factors all shaped the practices through which archaeological knowledge was created at Kalaureia.

    Some excavations tend to have extensive afterlives through the production of histories of archaeology. Therefore, this thesis also explores the representations of the 1894 excavation in the historiography of Swedish classical archaeology. It highlights the strategies by which the excavation at Kalaureia has served to legitimize further Swedish engagements in Greek archaeology, and explores the way in which historiography shapes our professional identities.

  • 314.
    Berg, Ingrid
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologi.
    Kalaureia 1894: Nytt ljus över svensk arkeologihistoria i Grekland2012Inngår i: Att återupptäcka det glömda: Aktuell forskning om forntidens förflutna i Norden / [ed] Påvel Nicklasson, Bodil Petersson, Lund: Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens historia, Lunds universitet , 2012Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 315.
    Berg, Ingrid
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologi.
    Ola Wolfhechel Jensen (ed.): Histories of Archaeological Practices: Reflections on Methods, Strategies and Social Organisation in Past Fieldwork2014Inngår i: Norwegian Archaeological Review, ISSN 0029-3652, E-ISSN 1502-7678, Vol. 47, nr 2, s. 223-225Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 316.
    Berg, Ingrid
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologi.
    Wongs anklagelser mot arkeologer absurda2017Inngår i: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 4 oktoberArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 317.
    Berg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Den privata staden?2006Inngår i: Nya stadsarkeologiska horisonter, Riksantikvarieämbetet, Stockholm , 2006, s. 318-Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 318.
    Berg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Enköping och dess närmaste omgivning under medeltiden i det skriftliga källmaterialet2019Inngår i: En stad växer fram : människor och bebyggelse i kvarteret Fältskären, Enköping 1050-1350: arkeologisk undersökning, RAÄ 26:1-2, Centrum 22:3-12, Enköpings socken och kommun, Uppsala län / [ed] Anna Lagerstedt, Upplands Väsby: Arkeologikonsult , 2019, s. 21-30Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 319. Bergenstråhle, Ingrid
    et al.
    Hellerström, Sven
    Stenåldersforskning i fokus: inblickar och utblickar i sydskandinavisk stenåldersarkeologi2001Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 320.
    Bergerbrant, Sophie
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur. allmän arkeologi.
    Body, Sex and Gender – Constructing Appearance in Archaeology.1999Inngår i: Aktuell Arkeologi, ISSN 1101-3087, Vol. VII, s. 147-154Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 321.
    Bergerbrant, Sophie
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Bronze Age Identities: Costume, Conflict and Contact in Northern Europe 1600-1300 BC2007Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation deals with male and female social identities during the Middle Bronze Age (1600-1300 BC) in southern Scandinavia and northern Germany. South Scandinavian Bronze Age research has traditionally focused on the male sphere, while women have seldom been seriously considered or analysed in terms of their roles, power or influences on society. This study addresses the imbalance through discussing the evidence for gender relations, social structures and identity. The topic will be approached using case studies from different areas of northern Europe and from a variety of angles (e.g. costume and appearance, age, violence, long distance contacts), always drawing on the rich material from burials.

    How people presented themselves varied not only between different areas, but also over time. Groups that treated material culture in a fairly similar way during Period IB (c. 1600-1500 BC) start treating it in different ways during Period II (c. 1500-1300 BC). In southern Scandinavia during Period II the material culture is fairly similar on the whole, but the different geographical groups use the artefacts in different ways. The level of violence seems to have fluctuated in the area during the Middle Bronze Age, with some areas showing more signs of violence at certain times. On the other hand the view on ageing seems to have been fairly similar over a large part of central and northern Europe, and from age 14 one seems to have been regarded as an adult. The dissertation also shows that long distance contacts were important and wide-ranging, and people seem to have moved across large areas of Europe, even if the visible exogamous marriage pattern seems to have decreased in distance from Period IB to Period II. In conclusion, although there seems to have been a general European pattern concerning e.g. the view on age, the archaeological record reveals many local variations in how this was expressed, e.g. on the body.

  • 322.
    Bergerbrant, Sophie
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Difference in the Elaboration of Dress in Northern Europe during the Middle Bronze Age2010Inngår i: The North European Symposium for Archaeological Textiles NESAT X / [ed] Anderson Strand, E; Gleba, M; Mannering, U, Munkholt, C & Ringgaard, M, Owbow Books: Oxford , 2010, s. 21-25Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 323.
    Bergerbrant, Sophie
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur. allmän.
    Female interaction during the early and middle Bronze Age Europe, with special focus on bronze tubes2005Inngår i: Gender locales and local genders in Archaeology, 2005, s. 13-23Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 324.
    Bergerbrant, Sophie
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur. allmän.
    Fremde Frau eller i lånade fjädrar?: Interaktion mellan Sydskandinavien och norra Europa under period I och II2005Inngår i: Mellan sten till järn: Rapport från det 9:e Nordiska bronsålderssymposiet, Göteborg oktober 2003-10-09/12, 2005, s. 229-240Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 325.
    Bergerbrant, Sophie
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur. Allmän Arkeologi. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Genus, identitet och kulturtillhörighet under äldre bronsåldern i Sydskandinavien: ett diskussionsinlägg om hur vi ser på närbronsåldern börjar2009Inngår i: Det 10. Nordiske bronzealdersymposium: Trondheim 5. - 8. Okt 2006, trondheim: Tapir Akademisk Forlag , 2009, s. 116-123Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses how the early south Scandinavian Bronze Age chronological systems have been created based on the evidence of raw material and artefacts as well as a gendered perspective. When does the south Scandinavian Bronze Age start? Are our chronologies gender-specific, and therefore fundamentally biased, or do they cross sex boundaries? This question is explored drawing mainly on burial material from the Sögel-Wohlde and Valsømagle cultures. The aim of this article is to inspire discussion and debate about how we classify the south Scandinavian Bronze Age.

  • 326.
    Bergerbrant, Sophie
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur. allmän arkeologi.
    Weaving Identity: Cultural Belonging and Cultural Change, 1600-1100 BC in Southern Scandinavia and Northern Germany2008Inngår i: Lund Archaeological Review, ISSN 1701-2189, Vol. 13-14, s. 5-17Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article considers technical, cultural and gender-related aspects of textile production in southern Scandinavia and northern Germany during the Middle Bronze Age. Specifically, female networks and weaving technology are discussed through the different combinations of s- and y- spun thread. It is argued that textile technology is a cultural phenomenon that was spread through female interaction. These lines of communication and interaction shift over time, but at a rate that is demonstrably different from other changes in the society as seen on e.g. bronze objects that are more likely to be a result of male interactions and exchange networks. The study as a whole demonstrates that the textile evidence is a rich and informative source for Middle Bronze Age society, providing a key to understanding female identity and cultural change

  • 327.
    Bergerbrant, Sophie
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur. allmän.
    Malmius, Anita
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur. AFL.
    A hidden treasure – Bronze Age textile remains from Lower Saxony2006Inngår i: Archaeological Textile News, Vol. 43, s. 2-3Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 328. Berggren, Åsa
    Reflexiv fältarkeologi?: återsken av ett seminarium2002Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 329.
    Berggren, Åsa
    et al.
    SAAB.
    Högberg, Anders
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV).
    Olausson, Deborah
    Lund University.
    Rudebeck, Elisabeth
    SAAB.
    Early Neolithic flint mining at Södra Sallerup, Scania, Sweden2016Inngår i: Archaeologia Polona, ISSN 0066-5924, Vol. 54, s. 167-180Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The area around the villages of Kvarnby and S.dra Sallerup in south-west Scania is the only known flint-mining site in Sweden. Radiocarbon dates show that the flint was mined mainly during the earliest phase of the Early Neolithic, between c. 4000 and 3600 BC, thus coinciding with the earliest evidence of the Funnel Beaker Culture in the region. The type of flint, the size of the flint nodules, production debris in the mining area and the concentration of point-butted axes to south-west Scania all suggest that the mining was related to the extraction of flint for the production of point-butted axes. However, considering the abundance of easily available flint elsewhere in the region, it seems clear that the mining was not motivated purely by economic reasons. We suggest that the very extraction of flint from pits and shafts in the chalk was socially and symbolically significant in itself.

  • 330. Berggren, Åsa
    et al.
    Nilsson, Björn
    Praktisk postprocessualism från den svenska sidan2005Inngår i: Arkæologisk Forum, ISSN 1399-5545, nr 12, s. 17-20Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 331.
    Berggren, Åsa
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Nilsson Stutz, Liv
    Oxford College of Emory University, UK.
    Ett utmanat koncept?: Ritualbegreppets möte med arkeologin2010Inngår i: Den rituella människan: Flervetenskapliga perspektiv / [ed] Anne-Christine Hornborg, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2010, s. 25-52Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Begreppet ritual är problematiskt. Sedan 1990-talets början har forskningen på området i allt högre grad kommit att ifrågasätta användningen av begreppet (Bell 1992; Humphrey & Laidlaw 1994; Thinès & de Heusch 1995; Stausberg 2002). Samtidigt som tidigare definitioner av begreppet har problematiserats, har det också vidgats till att omfatta allt fler kategorier av handlingar. Ämnet har också rört sig från sin religionshistoriska vagga och blivit en egen disciplin: Ritual Studies, som förutom religionsvetenskap och socialantropologi också inkluderar ämnen som konstvetenskap, teatervetenskap, litteraturvetenskap, etologi, etnologi, psykologi, sociologi osv. Vi vill här visa att också arkeologin har en plats i denna diskussion.

  • 332.
    Berggren, Åsa
    et al.
    Sydsvensk arkeologi.
    Nilsson Stutz, Liv
    Lund University.
    From Spectator to Critic and Participant: A New Role for Archaeology in Ritual Theory2010Inngår i: Journal of social archaeology, ISSN 1469-6053, E-ISSN 1741-2951, Vol. 10, nr 2, s. 171-197Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to understand ritual in the past, archaeology has long relied on theories developed in other disciplines. While these theories, which often rely on written or oral information, have added many important dimensions to our interpretation of the archaeological record, they have often proven difficult to successfully articulate with the archaeological sources. Moreover, archaeology has tended to remain on the receiving end of the formulation of social theory, and has only rarely participated in the theoretical development and critique. In this article we argue that we see a central role for archaeology to contribute to the development of ritual theory. Through two case studies from Scandinavian prehistory we illustrate how the application of a practice-based ritual theory allows us to more firmly connect the theoretical framework to our archaeological sources. This connection not only leads us toward a synchronization of materials, methods and theories, but it also allows us to engage in the broader interdisciplinary theoretical discussion about ritual. The specific challenges posed by the archaeological sources and the archaeological process of interpretation point to new questions relating to the application of theoretical frameworks, and may even suggest some solutions.

  • 333.
    Bergh, Stefan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet.
    Landscape of the monuments: a study of the passage tombs in the Cúil Irra region1995Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 334. Bergh, Stefan
    Landscape of the monuments: a study of the passage tombs in the Cúil Irra region1995Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 335.
    Bergh, Viktor
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Slaveri under det Nya Riket i Egypten2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of slavery in ancient Egypt is a debated issue, that has mostly focused upon the different uses of the phrasing and terminology of the different words for servitude. Without giving too much emphasis upon the different terminologies, this essay presents a summary of the state of slavery within the borders of Egypt during the New Kingdom. As different kinds of servitude existed in the country, the focus is upon the types of slaves who were the property of their master and could be bought and sold. The essay presents who the slave was and where he came from, as well as what kinds of duties the slave was used for. The process of acquisition is also covered, before finally discussing the rights of the slave as well as the means to become free of your bonds.

  • 336.
    Bergljung, Gustav
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Handle with care: Debates associated with reburial of human skeletal remains. A comparative study between Sweden and Vanuatu2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Excavations of human skeletal remains are sometimes followed by claims for reburial from the local community. This has led to debates between researchers and other elements of society, churches or minorities. This scientific paper sat out to examine the discussions and debates found in Sweden (Scandinavia), with the situation in Vanuatu, (Melanesia). The objective was to elucidate similarities and differences in people’s attitude when it comes to reburial. Religious beliefs, legislations and policies were compared to provide explanations for the different attitudes in the two countries. The study showed that the debates found in the Swedish material such as conflicts between researchers and the church or between the Saami population and Swedish researchers, haven’t got a counterpart in Vanuatu. This was much due to the research policies in Vanuatu and the strong Christian faith.

  • 337. Berglund, B
    et al.
    Welinder, Stig
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för humaniora.
    The historical archaeology of the medieval crisis in Scandinavia2009Inngår i: Current Swedish Archaeology, ISSN 1102-7355, Vol. 17, s. 55-78Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 338. Bergman, Ingela
    et al.
    Påsse, Tore
    Olofsson, Anders
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Arkeologi och samiska studier.
    Zachrisson, Olle
    Hörnberg, Greger
    Hellberg, Erik
    Bohlin, Elisabeth
    Isostatic land uplift and Mesolithic landscapes: lake tilting, a key to the discovery of Mesolithic sites in the interior of Northern Sweden2003Inngår i: Journal of Archaeological Science, ISSN 0305-4403, E-ISSN 1095-9238, Vol. 30, nr 11, s. 1451-1458Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Until recently only a few Mesolithic sites were known from the interior of N. Sweden, although extensive archaeological surveys have been carried out since the 1950s. The lack of archaeological data made every attempt to interpret the process of pioneer colonization quite fruitless. In this paper we present a model of non-uniform glacio-isostatic uplift and lake-tilting used to identify potential areas of Mesolithic habitation. By reconstructing shoreline displacement of ancient lakes, archaeological, palaeoecological and geological studies have resulted in the discovery of a significant number of Mesolithic sites and of an early post-glacial landscape previously unknown.

  • 339.
    Bergman, Ingela
    et al.
    Silvermuseet, Institute for Subarctic Landscape Research (INSARC), Arjeplog, Sweden.
    Ramqvist, Per H.
    Silvermuseet, Institute for Subarctic Landscape Research (INSARC), Arjeplog, Sweden.
    Farmer-fishermen: interior lake fishing and inter-cultural and intra-cultural relations among coastal and interior Sámi communities in northern Sweden AD 1200–16002017Inngår i: Acta Borealia, ISSN 0800-3831, E-ISSN 1503-111X, Vol. 34, nr 2, s. 134-158Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the productive fishing grounds had long attracted the Crown and the Church to northern Sweden, it was not until the sixteenth century that the judicial and fiscal powers of the Swedish Crown were exercised in full. Records show that the regular fishing in interior lakes formed a prominent enterprise among coastal farmer communities. This paper examines the social and economic context of farmers engaged in interior fishing with respect to the internal organization of village communities, principles of private and collective ownership, land-use strategies and inter-community relations. There are no a-priori assumptions about the coastal population being “Swedish”. Instead of applying ethnonyms, the terms “farmer” and “coastal” are used throughout the paper. The main area of investigation includes the coastal area of northernmost Sweden and the western parts of Finnish Lapland. The study shows that interior lakes fitted into village resource areas, long sanctioned by usage, and that usufruct belonged to village members collectively. A large part of the fishing lakes are situated in interior Sámi territory. Fishermen were internalizing Sámi place names, implying close relations between the groups. Archeological investigations point to subsistence strategies including systemic interior lake fishing being established before AD 1200. The authors propose that coastal and interior communities should be perceived as two economic strategies representing indigenous and pre-colonial land-use schemes.

  • 340.
    Bergman, Ingela
    et al.
    Silvermuseet Arjeplog.
    Ramqvist, Per H
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Hunters of forests and waters: Late Iron Age and Medieval subsistence and social processes in coastal northern Sweden2018Inngår i: Acta Borealia, ISSN 0800-3831, E-ISSN 1503-111X, Vol. 35, nr 1, s. 1-28Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    During the course of the 14th century the Swedish Crown and the Catholic Church made robust attempts to include the areas beside the Bothnian bay within their central fiscal and clerical organization. Salmon fishing in the productive river rapids became major targets for external commercial interests. Written records inform us about the situation from the perspective of the exploiters. However, there is a story running in parallel – that of the local population already occupying the lands and the fishing grounds. The study aims to analyse the significance of hunting and fishing to the overall subsistence of coastal communities in northern Sweden during the period AD 500–1600. The social context is of particular interest, specifically in relation to the successive conformation by the local communities to the Swedish fiscal system. The study draws on archaeological records and on historical records from the 14th to the 17th century, in addition to ethnographic accounts for hunting and fishing. We conclude that the legal cultures embraced by the indigenous population and that of the Swedish central powers were in essence incompatible. The acquisition of land and fishing rights was never settled between two equal parties, but one-sidedly enforced by the party holding the pen.

  • 341.
    Bergman, Ingela
    et al.
    Silver Museum, Arjeplog, Sweden.
    Zackrisson, Olle
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden.
    Early Mesolithic Hunter–Gatherers and Landscape Acquisition by the Arctic Circle: The Ipmatis valley 7000 BC–1 AD2007Inngår i: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 1, nr 1-2, s. 123-142Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Archaeological and palaeoecological studies in the Arjeplog area of northern Sweden have verified the arrival of hunter–gatherers soon after deglaciation. After modelling and subsequently surveying the reconstructed shorelines of tilted watercourses, Early Mesolithic settlements dating to 86008000 BP (14C years BP) were discovered. Makrosubfossil-, pollen- and charcoal analyses of peat stratigrafies and lake sediments corroborated that deglaciation was completed more than 1000 years earlier than has previously been postulated. Pollen records show that the early postglacial environment included complex plant communities lacking present day analogies, providing optimal subsistence conditions for the pioneer settlers. Studies of charcoal influx into lake sediments indicate that fires were more frequent than ever after, contributing to a productive natural environment. Regional studies in the Ipmatis valley in combination with in-depth analyses of selected archaeological sites, display that hunter–gatherers made the resources of the valley an integral part of their subsistence at an early stage. Landscape acquisition included not only the adjustment to existing conditions, but the actual manipulation of the environment. The interdisciplinary research approach has produced unique sets of archaeological and palaeoecological data. Results open new perspectives on human pioneer colonisation and landscape acquisition in relation to deglaciation and the development of postglacial ecosystems. The variety of methods applied sets a new standard for future research on early societies in sub-arctic regions.

  • 342.
    Bergman, Jonas
    Arkeolgerna.
    Ekblom, Anneli
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Med landet i centrum ˗ boskap, jordbruk och landskap iGamla Uppsala2017Inngår i: at Upsalum - människor och landskapandeUtbyggnad av Ostkustbanan genom Gamla Uppsala / [ed] Beronius Jörpeland, Lena; Göthberg, Hans; Seiler, Anton; Wikborg, Jonas (red.), stockholm: Arkeologerna , 2017Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 343. Bergold, Helmut
    et al.
    Bäck, Mathias
    Thorsberg, Karl
    Grytgjutare i Västerås: fragment av kvarteret Kleopatras historia2007Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 344.
    Bergquist, Lars-Göran
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    En enkel till Himlingøje. Dödens mode 1: ett virrvarr av varianter: Praktgravar i Sydskandinavien under 1000 år: ca 150 e.Kr. – ca 1050 e.Kr2005Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    One purpose of this dissertation is to show how these graves, set apart due to their often spectacular exterior and an abundance of rich contents, have been inspired as to construction and ideological contents by Roman influence from the south when local Scandinavian chieftains were buried with finesse extraordinaire – from the earliest Roman Iron Age via the more complex societal forms of the Migration and Vendel Periods to the regulated and strictly stratified society of the Viking Period.

    The dissertation also intends to show how the most magnificent burial customs the Scandinavian Iron Age was not necessarily influenced only by religious beliefs: imported (Roman) prestige goods and, in time, increasingly more lavish local props to bring into the grave became one way for the German farmer and warrior elite groups to manifest and maintain their superior social position and thus accelerating class differences in the Iron Age society of southern Scandinavia. I suggest that this type of German burial customs was dictated by a continuously changing fashion among chieftains and princes of northern Europe as they journeyed from life to death, rather than any ancient religious belief. The main characteristic of the elite strata of the Scandinavian Iron Age was long-distance communication: contacts with distant chiefdoms and the ability to travel themselves.

    The dissertation also aims to reinstate the cultural historical perspective that i.a. sees material remains as the result of culture, rather than as culture itself. In direct opposition to the over-theoretical archaeology of the late 20th century and the early 21st century I propose the use of a methodological analysis for the study of rich graves. The text also proposes to act as a counterpoint to the sort of ghostly impersonal presentations that too often written are by archaeologists.

  • 345.
    Bergqvist, Emma
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Gotlands hällristningar: En analytisk tolkning av motiven och placeringen i landskapet.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The rock carvings in southern Scandinavia are an important part of Bronze Age research and the Scandinavian cultural heritage. There are three known sites with rock carvings on the island of Gotland. They are located in the parishes of Lärbro, Fårö, and Lye. The rock carvings on Gotland has been somewhat forgotten and are not a big part of research regarding the Bronze Age on Gotland.

    The aim of this thesis is to analyse the images on the rock carvings as well as analyse their placements in the landscape, both the natural and the cultural. The images will be analysed and possible interpretations of them will be discussed individually and together. Their relation to other ancient monuments and archaeological features will also be analysed. Each area’s cultural landscape where the rock carvings are present will be presented and compared with the other sites on Gotland.

    The result of this thesis shows that the rock carvings in Lärbro and Fårö are similar in both images and placement in the landscape. Ships, cupmarks, and weapons are among images carved at both sites. They both have a connection to fresh water and are in close proximity to stone ships. These two rock carving sites show a connection to the sea and a maritime identity in both their images and the surrounding cultural landscape. The rock carving in Lye has a smaller number of images, only cupmarks and a pair of foot soles. It is located in a different landscape which does not exhibit a connection to water in any way but instead shows a link to the land. This indicates that the rock carvings on Gotland had a connection to both the water and the land.

  • 346.
    Bergqvist, Kim
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Recension av L. Ersgård (red.), Munkar och magnater vid Vättern. Studier från forskningsprojektet "Det medeltida Alvastra" (2012)2015Inngår i: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 110, nr 3, s. 214-216Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 347.
    Bergren, Åsa
    et al.
    Institutionen för arkeologi och anti¬kens historia, Lunds universitet, Sverige.
    Nilsson Stutz, Liv
    Oxford College of Emory University, UK.
    Ett utmanat koncept?: Ritualbegreppets möte med arkeologin2010Inngår i: Den rituella människan: Flervetenskapliga Perspektiv / [ed] Anne-Christine Hornborg, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2010, s. 25-52Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Begreppet ritual är problematiskt. Sedan 1990-talets början har forskningen på området i allt högre grad kommit att ifrågasätta användningen av begreppet (Bell 1992; Humphrey & Laidlaw 1994; Thinès & de Heusch 1995; Stausberg 2002). Samtidigt som tidigare definitioner av begreppet har problematiserats, har det också vidgats till att omfatta allt fler kategorier av handlingar. Ämnet har också rört sig från sin religionshistoriska vagga och blivit en egen disciplin: Ritual Studies, som förutom religionsvetenskap och socialantropologi också inkluderar ämnen som konstvetenskap, teatervetenskap, litteraturvetenskap, etologi, etno-logi, psykologi, sociologi osv. Vi vill här visa att också arkeologin har en plats i denna diskussion.

  • 348.
    Bergstedt, Mikaela
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Den svarta jordens mysterier: en jämförande studie av två aktivitetsytor på stenåldersboplatsen Ajvide2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The Pitted ware dwelling site Ajvide on the west coast of Gotland in the Baltic Sea is, because of its long continuity from the late Mesolithic to the middle of the Scandinavian Bronze Age, an interesting research object concerning Stone Age in the Baltic area. In this essay, a comparison between two activity areas on Ajvide have been carried out in the purpose of finding out what these areas may have been used for during the middle Neolithic.  It has been showed, through zooarchaeological analyses of animal bones, that the areas most likely are depositing sites for slaughters refuse and food debris. If it is a result of everyday or more ceremonial activities is left undetermined.

  • 349.
    Bergstedt, Märta-Lena
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier.
    Kvinnors roller i det vikingatida samhället: Spår av kvinnor i text och ting2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with rights of women and their social role during the Viking Age. The method is to compare things and written material.

    In the written material, three cases of rape have been identified. How each of these cases where looked upon differs; legally the punishment for rape was exile. Violence against wives implied their right to divorce, whereby they were entitled to take with them a great part of the family´s capital, namely their dowry and morning gift.

    A husband and wife did not inherit each other but a widow could inherit from her children if they died without offspring.

    Women buried in boat graves indicate that they had a function or were closely involved in the cult. From two graves, the Aska Grave and the Oseberg Grave, the findings can be interpreted as indicating a change in the social behaviour. I propose this was a way of breaking with the past and sabotaging the right to remember earlier cultural habits.

  • 350.
    Bergstedt, Märta-Lena
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier.
    Stridsyxor eller båtyxor: En diskussion om symboliken och dess betydelse2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    My intention with this paper is to try to understand the meaning of the double sex symbols which can be identified on a number of Neolithic so called battle axes from the region round the lake Mälaren in Sweden. My conclusions are drawn after having studied a number of archaeological thesises. I have realized that the society was egalitarian from what is said about the funeral habits since women and men were buried with the same care. Ceramics from the Skogsmossen site show a very long continuity over 15-20 generations. These facts indicate a peaceful society without traumatic breaks where knowledge would have been lost. The fingerprints produced on the ceramics are those of women, since they do not seem to fit with the hands of men. Women are by this fact persumed to be the producers of ceramics. In early and primitive farming digging sticks were used, often with a weight. My conclusion is that the boat axe can be a magic tool used on the digging sticks. We have to understand the boat axes as spiritual helpers to fruitful and fertile success.

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