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  • 301.
    Berwari, Heve
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Braim, Hero
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Att undervisa om slöja: En undersökning om hur sex lärare undervisar om slöjan i religionsundervisningen om islam2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A study about how six teachers teach about the veil in the teaching of islam

  • 302.
    Berzell, Love
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Learning.
    Hamlin, Magdalena
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Learning.
    Undervisning om hållbar utveckling: Utveckling, implementering och utvärdering av ett lärarstöd2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable development has a prominent role in the curriculum for Swedish primary school and the ambition is that sustainable development will permeate the school’s work. Though it has been showed that teachers think that implementation of sustainable development is difficult to execute in practice. Perceived obstacles are, for instance, lack of time, knowledge within the area and inspiring examples and that sustainable development is fragmentedly presented in the curriculum. This leads to the fact that sustainable development is in practice either dealt with as small, separate units which in turns leads to the fact that students do not see the context, or with transdisciplinary teaching in specific themes that demands much time that teachers have difficulties to find time to teach all other matter in the curriculum.

    In this study a set-up of two teaching tutorials have been developed and evaluated in order to give a basis for a new teaching support, “Rädda vattnet – Rädda världen” (Swedish, “Save the water – Save the world”). The support can contribute to give the students a more holistic understanding of sustainable development, that is to say a more interdisciplinary understanding, if the teaching support is further developed. The two teaching tutorials were developed within the water-, chemistry- and technology related areas “plastics in the oceans” and “acidification”. They were then evaluated with help of a focus group interview consisting of teachers for grade 4-6 who had tested the teaching tutorials with their students.

    Four aspects that the teachers thought were significant for the applicability were identified, namely that the teaching support:

    • Make the students think it is fun

    • Is teaching content that are authentic and/or exists in the curriculum

    • Is simple for the teacher to use

    • Take time consumed and other frame factors into consideration (for example size of the student group).

  • 303.
    Birgersson, Emelie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    IKT i förskolan: En studie om förskollärares upplevelser av IKT som verktyg för språkutveckling2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 210 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a qualitative interview study which examines preschool pedagogues' experiences and thoughts about digital learning resources as a pedagogical tool for working with language development in preschools and how this may affect the pedagogical design of the work environment with children. The method consists of a qualitative scientific procedure grounded in semi-structured interviews with four preschool teachers. The results show that the preschool teachers see digital learning resources as an enriching pedagogical tool for language development and with a potential in several varying areas in relation to the learning of language. Most preschool teachers deemed themselves sufficiently knowledgeable and competent while working with these resources. They also considered the children as very competent and with lots of experience in the area. There were also shortcomings outlined in relation to proficiency and clear guidelines in the work with digital learning resources for the development of language. This may depend on several different factors such as clarity regarding guidelines in the Swedish national preschool curriculum, Lpfö98, and deficient understanding in this area. The study has outlined both possibilities and limitations in the work with digital learning tools for development of language which, hopefully, will contribute for further development in this area.

  • 304.
    Bisholt, Birgitta
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Ohlsson, Ulla
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Engström, Agneta Kullén
    School of Health, University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Sundler, Annelie Johansson
    School of Life Sciences, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Gustafsson, Margareta
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Nursing students' assessment of the learning environment in different clinical settings2014In: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 304-310Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: Nursing students perform their clinical practice in different types of clinical settings. The clinical learning environment is important for students to be able to achieve desired learning outcomes. Knowledge is lacking about the learning environment in different clinical settings.

    AIM: The aim was to compare the learning environment in different clinical settings from the perspective of the nursing students.

    DESIGN: A cross-sectional study with comparative design was conducted.

    METHOD: Data was collected from 185 nursing students at three universities by means of a questionnaire involving the Clinical Learning Environment, Supervision and Nurse Teacher (CLES + T) evaluation scale. An open-ended question was added in order to ascertain reasons for dissatisfaction with the clinical placement.

    RESULTS: The nursing students' satisfaction with the placement did not differ between clinical settings. However, those with clinical placement in hospital departments agreed more strongly that sufficient meaningful learning situations occurred and that learning situations were multi-dimensional. Some students reported that the character of the clinical setting made it difficult to achieve the learning objectives.

    CONCLUSION: In the planning of the clinical placement, attention must be paid to whether the setting offers the student a meaningful learning situation where the appropriate learning outcome may be achieved.

  • 305.
    Bisholt, Birgitta
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Ohlsson, Ulla
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Kullén Engström, Agneta
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Sundler J, Annelie
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Gustafsson, Margareta
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Nursing students' assessment of the learning environment in different clinical settings2014In: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 304-310Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction Nursing students perform their clinical practice in different types of clinical settings. The clinical learning environment is important for students to be able to achieve desired learning outcomes. Knowledge is lacking about the learning environment in different clinical settings. Aim The aim was to compare the learning environment in different clinical settings from the perspective of the nursing students. Design A cross-sectional study with comparative design was conducted. Method Data was collected from 185 nursing students at three universities by means of a questionnaire involving the Clinical Learning Environment, Supervision and Nurse Teacher (CLES + T) evaluation scale. An open-ended question was added in order to ascertain reasons for dissatisfaction with the clinical placement. Results The nursing students' satisfaction with the placement did not differ between clinical settings. However, those with clinical placement in hospital departments agreed more strongly that sufficient meaningful learning situations occurred and that learning situations were multi-dimensional. Some students reported that the character of the clinical setting made it difficult to achieve the learning objectives. Conclusion In the planning of the clinical placement, attention must be paid to whether the setting offers the student a meaningful learning situation where the appropriate learning outcome may be achieved.

  • 306.
    Bjerke, Kajsa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Hanna, Andersson
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Utomhuspedagogik som metod för lärande: i ämnet biologi2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Litteraturstudien är systematisk och baseras på vetenskapliga artiklar. Syftet är att undersöka vad forskning belyser angående hur biologi i en utomhusmiljö påverkar elever samt beskriva vad forskningen visar om hur lärare ser på utomhuspedagogik. De frågeställningar studien baseras på är: Vad belyser forskningen om elevers lärande i en utomhusmiljö inom biologi? och Vad visar forskningen om lärares uppfattningar angående möjligheter och hinder med utomhuspedagogik? I resultatet framkommer det att flertalet av lärarna som deltagit i studierna var positiva till utomhuspedagogik eftersom det bidrog till ett förbättrat lärande, gynnade elevernas hälsa och skapade variation. Trots att de flesta lärare var positiva till utomhusundervisning var det även flertalet lärare som ansåg att det fanns svårigheter och hinder med arbetssättet. Eleverna själva ansåg att lektioner utomhus bidrog till en förbättrad hälsa  samtidigt som de ansåg att koncentration och inlärning förbättrades. Den slutsats vi drar av detta är att både lärare och elever är positivt inställda till utomhuspedagogik samtidigt som det sällan bedrivs lektioner utomhus. För att få fler lärare och skolor att bedriva undervisning utomhus anser vi att det borde bli mer utbildade inom utomhuspedagogik för att på så vis känna sig säkrare och tryggare att undervisa ute på ett pedagogiskt sätt. Förslag för vidare forskning inom området utomhuspedagogik skulle kunna vara att genom praktiskt utförande undersöka om och hur det påverkar elevers lärande. Då vi utförde manuella och systematiska sökningar upplevde vi att det var få studier där det beskrivits hur utomhuspedagogik påverkar eleverna, därför anser vi det vore passande att undersöka det som nämns ovan i vidare forskning.

  • 307.
    Bjers, Sanna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Hovius, Felicia
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Samspelets betydelse i kemiundervisningen: En aktionsforskningsstudie om hur yngre elever kommunicerar kemi med stöd av experiment2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Varje elev ska inhämta och utveckla kunskaper i de naturorienterade ämnena för att kunna vidareutbilda sig och skaffa sig en framtid inom ämnena. Studier visar att elever brister i förståelsen av naturvetenskapliga begrepp och saknar helhetsförståelse i ämnena. Samtalets betydelse i naturvetenskapsundervisningen är avgörande för vad eleverna lär sig. Ansatsen är baserad på aktionsforskning för att kunna utveckla praktiken i verksamheterna. Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur samspel och kommunikation mellan elever, genom ett undersökande arbetssätt, kan stötta elevers förståelse i kemi. Frågan som studien baseras på är: Hur samtalar elever i årskurs tre om kemi med stöd av experiment? Studien är utförd i två klasser i årskurs tre där totalt 28 elever deltog. Empirin samlades in med hjälp av videoupptagning och loggboksskrivande som sedan analyserades. Resultatet mynnade ut i fyra kategorier: eleverna samtalar genom att använda vardagsspråket, eleverna samtalar med och om begrepp, eleverna använder hypoteser och eleverna associerar till egna erfarenheter. Studiens centrala slutsats är att samspelet mellan eleverna i meningsfulla kontexter, möjliggjorde att eleverna kunde stötta varandra till att förstå naturvetenskapliga begrepp och fenomen. 

  • 308.
    Bjervås, Lise-Lotte
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Fairness in a preschool context2016In: Abstract book. 26th EECERA Annual Conference, Happiness, Relationships, Emotion & Deep Level Learning, Dublin, 31st-3rd September, 2016, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to add to the knowledge of how fairness as a value can be communicated between teachers and children in preschool. The questions are: What do the teachers' actions and words convey to the children about the meaning of the value fairness? How is fairness imagined in relation to the collective versus in relation to the individual? What seems to be fair or unfair from the children's point of view? This study is based on research on moral values in Norwegian and Swedish preschools conducted by Johansson (2002, 2007a, 2007b, 2009, 2011) and Emilson (2007, 2008, 2009). The theoretical framework is taken from Habermas. Data has been gathered at a preschool and consists of video observations of interactions between teachers and children, as well as of the teachers' own narratives. The study was conducted in accordance with the ethical guidelines of the Swedish Research Council. The participants are informed about the study in accordance with these guidelines. They have signed a voluntary agreement to participate. The parents have also approved the video-recording of their children. No child has been filmed if they showed that they don't want to participate. The result shows that the teachers' ideas and actions concerning fairness are not always perceived by children in accordance with the adults' intentions. In order to broaden their understanding of how the value fairness may be expressed in the pedagogical practice, teachers need to become aware of both their own view of fairness and the children's view of fairness.

  • 309.
    Bjervås, Lise-Lotte
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Spänningsfält i det värdepedagogiska arbetet i förskolan2016In: Värdefull förskola : Perspektiv på värdepedagogiskt arbete / [ed] Anette Emilson & Ingeborg Moqvist-Lindberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, p. 61-87Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 310.
    Bjervås, Lise-Lotte
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Emilson, Anette
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Pedagogisk dokumentation för lärande2017In: Förskolan och barns utveckling / [ed] Anne-Li Lindgren, Niklas Pramling, Roger Säljö, Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2017, 1, p. 227-244Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 311.
    Bjureland, Sofie
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Genus- och könsroller i läromedel: - En läromedelsanalys av Magic och Happy, engelska årskurs 4-62017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines gender roles, with a basis in the fundamental values of the Swedish curriculum. I analyse dialogues in two commonly used textbooks, Magic! Classbook 5 by Hedencrona, Smed-Gerdin and Watcyn-Jones (2009) and Happy textbook year 6 by Sutcliffe, Thunman and Mälström Timling (2011) for English, 4-6. The dialogues are analysed with a quantitative and a qualitative method. In the qualitative analysis, I investigate gender awareness, using levels from negligence to a high level of gender awareness. The result of this study shows that the dialogues in the two textbooks do not entirely correspond with the fundamental values in the curriculum as some stereotypes appears.

  • 312.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    A virtual study in higher education2018In: INTED 2018 Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A study visit is when an individual or a group visits a site to learn about the context and to exchange knowledge with the people at the site. Study visits are often connected to efforts to create intercultural understanding within a course. Traditionally, study visits are connected to geographical sites: students travel to other countries or visit organisations relevant to their education and training. With the development of online environments, virtual study visits are emerging as an alternative to traditional study visits. This paper explores a virtual study visit. The purpose of the virtual study visit was for students to prepare for a laboratory exercise by getting familiar with the context where the exercise would take place. The virtual environment where the study visit took place was a model of the Foundry School they would visit later in the course. There were nine students in the course, and the results of their evaluation of the virtual study visit are presented in the paper. The discussion centres on the students’ perception of the virtual study visit in the course as well as a general consideration of how a virtual study visit can provide additional value in a higher education course. Some unique features of an educational virtual environment, which cannot be achieved in traditional classroom education, are discussed in the paper. The conclusion is that a virtual study visit can provide flexibility in time and space and the possibility to zoom between micro and macro levels in the model of the building. To achieve educational goals, both teachers and students need to engage in the preparation as well as in the virtual study visit itself.

  • 313.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Active ageing through work and learning2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The demographic changes, with an ageing population in many countries, are usually seen as a financial problem and the solution is to discuss a higher retirement age. In Sweden, the government is working with changes on several levels to make it possible to continue working later in life. This discussion is however paradoxical. People who are sick or worn-out are afraid of being forced to prolong their work life. People, who want to continue working, cannot stay because of employers’ negative attitude towards older employees. To work longer can be a way for individuals to stay active which promotes good health and well-being, but the discussion needs to include alternative solutions and a broader perspective, not just prolonging working life. Work is often equal to fulltime employment and the role of learning throughout (work)life is seldom addressed. In addition, one often forgets to ask the older adults themselves about their experience and opinion in this matter. We talk about them and not with them.

    The purpose of this paper is to study the role of work and learning in older adults lives. A survey was distributed in four pensioner's associations in one of Sweden’s county’s. 232 individuals replied and out of these, 83 (35,8%) have worked in some form after retirement. Only four of these had worked fulltime. About half had worked for payment and the rest had worked for non-profit organizations. The primary context for learning activities was to be involved in a study circle.

    Based on the results of this study, there was an expressed need for individual flexibility and adjustment so that pensioners could stay active and productive on their own terms. In today’s working life, flexibility is usually a demand on the workforce but rarely expected from employers. There is also a lack of the systematic integration of education in a lifelong perspective.

  • 314.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    E-mentorship for lifelong learning2019In: INTED 2019 Proceedings, 2019, p. 9750-9759Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It has long been known that mentorship programs can provide both vocational and psycho-social support and development opportunities for program participants. Mentorship has proven itself to be a superior way to learn ‘on the job’, as this education and training are based on problem-oriented learning relevant for the specific work setting. It has been reported that traditional educational approaches with a fixed curriculum are not efficient when it comes to meeting an organizations’ needs and that it might be difficult, or even impossible, to apply what one has learned when one returns to one’s workplace. Problem-oriented learning that takes place at the workplace, as an alternative to traditional courses, has many advantages; for example, such learning can be linked to everyday tasks. The digitalization of mentorship can benefit from knowledge that has been developed within traditional mentorship programs, and in particular the structure of a program. At the same time, technological development can allow for the introduction of new and innovative ways of working with lifelong learning in organizations. This paper addresses the potential benefits from e-mentorship for workplace learning. E-mentorship and mentorship systems have been studied before but not to a large extent. Based on the continuous development of digital tools and the digitalization of work practices, there is a need to understand if and when these tools can contribute to strengthening mentorship aimed at workplace learning. A model for strategic mentorship that was developed to assist mentorship in the foundry industry is presented: Strategic Mentorship for Inclusion, Learning, and Equality (SMILE). The model is discussed in relation to three advantages with e-mentorship: (i) flexibility in time and space, (ii) variety of learning formats and, (iii) access to global expertise. The general conclusion is that since the model covers several aspects of inclusion in working life, with respect to the individual’s whole life-situation, e-mentorship may not be the most functional approach. Since psycho-social support is central in the model, in-person mentorship is preferred since this kind of mentorship tends to be more interactive. When it comes to online learning and e-mentorship, there are several tools that support interactivity, but they still have limitations compared to the physical meeting. The model also comprises several different areas which makes the mentorship more complex than just discussing a single task or problem. E-mentorship can however be a very good complement when there is need for flexibility in time and space, variety of learning formats and, access to global expertise. Finally, the organizational support from managers, in terms of structure and resources, determines what can be done. The provision of education to build competencies in mentorship as well as ICT skills are other aspects to include if there is a need to work strategically with mentorship and e-mentorship.

  • 315.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    EMIL’s EY 2012 Programme of Events: Report from Encell – National centre for lifelong learning in Sweden2012Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 316.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Kartläggning av lärande mellan generationer och utvärdering av utbildningsaktiviteter i projektet Affärsnytta och sociala medier2013Other (Other academic)
  • 317.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Knowledge management technology supporting individual learning preferences2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This conceptual paper focuses on variations in the preferred learning spaces of knowledge workers and resulting implications for the construction of an effective knowledge management technology system. The discussion in the paper is based on the cross-reference of ideas from literature on Knowledge Management (KM) and Experiential Learning Theory (ELT). When developing a Knowledge Management Technology (KMT) system, the technological possibilities are often the point of departure. Based on the discussion in this paper, I propose that the knowledge workers’ learning styles should be the proper point of departure. The paper presents a conceptual model based on the concept of learning spaces. An important finding is that data base technology is over-emphasized. Instead, more attention should be given to the role of ICT and social media in managing knowledge. This paper answers to calls for a focus on the knowledge worker in KM.

  • 318.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Organizing for Intergenerational Learning and Knowledge Sharing2015In: Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, ISSN 1535-0770, E-ISSN 1535-0932, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 285-301Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The increased age diversity in society challenges organizations to rethink the purpose and structuring of learning. This article proposes that an intergenerational learning (IL) approach can be useful for addressing the emergent needs, since IL implies a reciprocal process of learning and knowledge development. Taking an IL approach involves a shift from “succession of knowledge” to “co-creation of knowledge” in knowledge-sharing efforts. This shift becomes crucial as the digital generation enters the workforce. This paper presents insights from a case where students and entrepreneurs were engaged in an IL project to learn about business advantages and social media.

  • 319.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Engström, Annika
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    A Lewinian approach to managing barriers to university–industry collaboration2019In: Higher Education Policy, ISSN 0952-8733, E-ISSN 1740-3863, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 129-148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Calls are made by governments, university management and industry to increase university–industry (U–I) collaboration to find solutions for societal and economic problems that are too complex to be tackled within one sector alone. Researchers are often expected to realise these ideas, but when it comes to everyday research and knowledge development, individuals may encounter barriers to accomplishing this. The paper presents an empirical study of researchers’ view on U–I collaboration. Our focus in the analysis, inspired by the Lewinian field theory, is on the hindering forces that might create barriers to collaboration from a researcher’s perspective. Contrary to the previously used approaches taken in force field analysis, we perform a qualitative study, which might be better suited for this framework. In the literature on U–I collaboration, ‘orientation-related’ and ‘transaction-related’ barriers have been identified. In our analysis, we discuss hindering forces on the individual, intra- and interorganisational levels. In total, we find 18 key areas to identify possible hinders for collaboration and based on a Lewinian perspective, we suggest that removing hindering forces can benefit U–I collaboration. The paper recognises the need to regard universities as equal partners in U–I collaboration for sustainable knowledge production.

  • 320.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Engström, Annika
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Barriers to managing knowledge and learning in university: Industry cooperation2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Calls are made by governments, university management, and industry to increase university–industry cooperation to find solutions for societal and economic problems that are too large and complex to be tackled within one sector alone. These actors want to stimulate knowledge development and learning in university – industry cooperation to achieve innovation and growth. Researchers are often expected to take charge for realizing these ideas but when it comes to everyday research and knowledge development, individuals may encounter barriers for doing this. In this paper, we present an empirical study of researchers’ view on university – industry cooperation. Our focus in the analysis, inspired by the Lewinian field theory, is on the hindering forces that might create barriers for cooperation from a researcher’s perspective. Contrary to the previously used approaches taken in force field analysis, we perform a qualitative study which might be better suited for this framework. In the literature on cooperation and collaboration, ‘orientation-related’ and ‘transaction-related’ barriers have been identified. In our analysis, we also find other hindering forces related to person-task fit, identity, career and resources. These barriers are found on the individual and societal level, in addition to the previous two categories that are on the organizational level.

  • 321.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Florin Sädbom, Rebecka
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Mentorship programs - a way to inclusion and diversity at the workplace2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 322.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Florin Sädbom, Rebecka
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Epistemic Cultures & Teaching Practices.
    Mentorship programs in the manufacturing industry2018In: European Journal of Training and Development, ISSN 2046-9012, E-ISSN 2046-9020, Vol. 42, no 7/8, p. 455-469Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    This paper aims to present a literature review of studies of mentorship programs in the manufacturing industry so as to lay a theoretical basis for learning at work.

    Design/methodology/approach

    A literature review with focus on mentorship programs in the manufacturing industry was used. A search for relevant peer-reviewed articles, in four databases, rendered 315 hits, but only one article dealt with mentorship programs in an industry similar to the manufacturing industry. Thus, it is concluded that there is a lack of research on this area. The selection criteria were broadened so as to include 16 articles on mentorship programs for learning at work.

    Findings

    Three dominant areas emerged from this review: definitions of mentorship, characteristics of a good mentor and mentorship program structures. The establishment of a mentorship program requires a clear purpose; contextual knowledge; and adaption to the profession, the organization and to individual needs. In addition to their findings, the authors discuss relationships in mentoring programs, what can be understood by “reading between the lines” and the ongoing digitalization of mentorship programs.

    Originality/value

    Mentorship has proven itself to be a superior way to learn on the job. This paper provides practical information about establishing mentorship programs in the manufacturing industry, with a particular focus on the moulding industry.

  • 323.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Florin Sädbom, Rebecka
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Strategiskt mentorskap: Mentorskapsprogram för arbetsplatsförlagt lärande2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Mentorskap erbjuder ett överlägset sätt att lära sig yrkeskunskap och för attsocialiseras in på arbetsplatsen enligt flera studier som vi har tagit del av. Den här rapporten presenterar en modell för ett strategiskt mentorskap som utvecklades i ett ESF-projekt och jämför den med forskningslitteratur om mentorskapsmodeller för arbetsplatslärande.

    SMILE-modellen utvecklades baserat på tidigare kunskaper och erfarenheter från Ingjuta-projektet. SMILE är en akronym för strategiskt mentorskap för inklude- ring, lärande och jämlikhet. Modellen består av följande fyra delar:

    • Ledningens stöd. På vilket sätt är mentorskap en strategisk fråga i organi- sationen och hur stödjer ledningen detta med konkreta insatser?

    • Inkludering. Hur samverkar företaget med andra aktörer så att individens livssituation som helhet fungerar?

    • Lärande. Vilka verktyg och metoder har de anställda tillgång till för att stödja sitt eget och andras lärande?

    • Jämlikhet. Hur uppmuntras och tillvaratas variation och olikheter på ett jämlikt sätt och till företagets bästa?

    Ledningens stöd är avgörande för att de övriga tre ska fungera.

    I litteraturstudien återkom följande områden:

    • Innebörden av mentorskap. Det finns flera sätt att definiera mentorskap men i grunden handlar det om överföring av kunskap från en erfaren person till en annan person med mindre erfarenhet. För att betona vikten av att både mentor och adept fortsätter utvecklas har vi i den här rapporten definierat mentorskap som en lärandesituation då två individer möts för att ge varandra inspiration och vägledning för att vidareutvecklas, ofta i relation till ett yrke.

    • Mentorns egenskaper. Mentorskapsprogram är inte starkare än de mentorer som ingår och i rapporten går vi igenom en rad egenskaper och förmågor som en effektiv mentor ska ha. Centralt är att fungera som en förebild och att kunna ge både positiv och negativ återkoppling för att stödja denyrkesmässiga och den psykosociala utvecklingen. En viktig bit är att arbeta med utveckling av en mentor eftersom mentorskap är något annat än yrkes- kunskap. Med andra ord, en erfaren och kunnig medarbetare är inte samma sak som en erfaren och kunnig mentor.

    • Mentorskapsprogram. Utbildning och träning som sker på arbetsplatsen har flera fördelar: det är ofta kostnadseffektivt, det kan anpassas till individens och organisationens kompetensbehov och det kan vara ett sätt att ta tillvara medarbetarnas kompetens. De programstrukturer som beskrivs i den här rapporten poängterar en bredare ansats där yrkeskunskaper sätts i relation till andra kompetenser. Ledningens stöd uttrycks genom att erbjuda organisatoriska förutsättningar som främjar lärande och förändring.

    • Effekter av mentorskap. Effekter avser den förändring som sker efter en viss insats men eftersom forskning kan ha olika karaktär och ansatser valde vi en bredare definition. Med effekter menar vi de slutsatser som visar på effekter eller som kan förväntas få effekter när de tillämpas i en konkret situation. Utifrån artiklarnas slutsatser framträder programstrukturer, mentorns egenskaper och förmågor, e-mentorskap, IT-system och kvinnors karriär som centrala områden.

    Rapporten avslutas med ett avsnitt där vi presenterar några konkreta rekommendationer för den som ska starta ett mentorskapsprogram i sin organisation.för den som ska starta ett mentorskapsprogram i sin organisation.

  • 324.
    Björck, Catrine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education.
    Communication with images2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this presentation I would like to present an example of my visual research material and discuss methods of analysis.

    The aim with my research is to get an understanding for how teachers work and can work with picture analysis in the compulsory school on the basis of young people's own image world and with digital techniques.

    My experience is that teachers work with this following a tradition and that teachers feels secure in having a picture or a recognized process to assess and to evaluate. I think art education to a greater extent must work with the consumption and use of images.

    In art education today we also have to work with digital techniques in a greater extent so that we prepare pupils for the big amount of pictures they meet in everyday life. In work with picture communication and digital techniques we give pupils a possibility to take an active interest in ideological and cultural questions and to be an active citizen.

    The National Evaluation of the art subject NU-03 supports my opinions and is the basis for my thoughts. The report highlights the use of converting the subject to more of a communication subject, where interpretation and reception of images play a more prominent part than we see today. The authors of the report NU-03 also point out the importance of using digital techniques in order to strengthen the use in working life and society.

    My principal research focus lies on the teacher role in work with digital techniques. How do they work with images from e.g. homepages, films on the Internet, where pupils often locate themselves? In what way do teacher design lessons to make pupils understand the impact of images and in order to develop pupils own creativity and understanding of the visual culture that is surrounding us in society? In the use of a digital medium the pupils will be given another possibility to expose their creativity for others in society.

    In the study I want to elucidate the teacher's role in this kind of work.

    Central issues for the study are:

    • How can teachers work with communication on the basis of the pupils own world of images?

    • Which role do teachers have in work with digital techniques?

    • How can assessment be made of interpretation and reflection rather than the production of images?

    Theoretical framework and Method

    My theoretical framework is in the social semiotic area and I am also interested in using ethno methodology and conversation analysis in my study.

    In spring 2009 I made observations in three different compulsory schools in art classes. When I did these observations I found it difficult to hear what the teachers said to the pupils in different locations in the classroom. In the autumn 2009 I did a test-study in an art class in compulsory school, to see how the use of observation with video cameras would work out. I had one stationary camera and one hand camera, with which I followed the teacher. I also placed a MP3 player round the neck of the teacher to test if that was a way to hear the conversations better.

    One insight of these studies is that, when I did observations without a camera I had a better overview of the action in the class. But with the hand camera I could catch different conversations and analyze them afterwards. 

  • 325.
    Björck, Ville
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Problematizing work integrated learning2018In: VILÄR abstraktbok / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2018, p. 1-1Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The discourse on Work-integrated Learning (WIL) has long promoted a binary reading of graduate employability. This reading is problematic because in key ways it polarises 'theory' and 'practice' for students, and thereby create the very theory- practice gap that WIL seeks to bridge. To explore this problem, I conduct a genealogical discourse analysis of how the idea of graduate employability operates in 87 present and past official documents about the Cooperative Education (Co-op) WIL model. The bulk of the empirical material consists of student-oriented brochures that the University of Cincinnati (USA), the University of Waterloo (Canada) and University West (Sweden) have used between 1928 and 2018 to promote Co-op to prospective and enrolled Co-op students. The results show that two accounts of this idea are often used in both present and past documents. These are the practice acclaiming account and the theory and practice account. The former account is merely creating the theory-practice gap while the latter is in one way creating this gap and in another way bridging it. I argue that a non-binary reading of graduate employability could be useful for students because it could emphasise that employability is about knowing how theories (ideas and principles etc.) and practice co-exist in professional work. This message does not disconnect theory from practice but could instead encourage students to learn how they co-exist in this work, an insight which could make them experts at 'doing' theories at work. I finally argue that one way of providing scope for a non-binary reading of graduate employability is to create a non-dualistic WIL desig s how theories and practice co-exist in professional work.

  • 326.
    Björfeldt, Emmy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Estetikens betydelse för barns lärande i förskolan: Förskollärares arbete med estetik i förskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to examine how preschool teacher looks at aesthetics and how they are using the aesthetics of everyday activities. As a method I have used a qualitative interview form, and I interviewed four preschool teachers. My study is based on a socio-cultural perspective with the direction of Vygotsky's theory of the child's interaction and learning.

    The results showed that preschool teachers who participated in my survey agreed that the aesthetics and the aesthetic forms of expression are important for children's learning. That offers all kinds of aesthetics and all sorts of materials and the chance to give an expression of what you think is fun is important for my respondents.

  • 327.
    Björk, Anna
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education.
    AKK och Flerspråkighet: en intervjustudie med speciallärare och specialpedagoger om AKK för flerspråkiga elever i gymnasiesärskolan2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 60 credits / 90 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine the work carried out at Swedish upper-secondary special schools for pupils with learning disabilities in the subject area of language and communication, with particular focus on augmentative and alternative communication and multilingualism. The learning process is approached from a sociocultural perspective in this study, which entails that learning is taken to occur in social contexts in which interaction, communication, and co-operation play key roles. The method takes the form of semi-structured qualitative interviews inspired by a phenomenographical approach in the hope of highlighting five areas communication, possibilities, obstacles, AAC and competence development, that special education teachers and special educators are faced with in their work with students with language and communication impairments. The results show that special education teachers and special educators demonstrate a high capacity to see both possibilities and obstacles in the teaching process, together with an understanding for the students’ differing functional impairments and needs. The challenges facing special education teachers and special educators when dealing with multilingual student groups give an indication of the difficulties attached to determining remedies capable of leading to students’ increased participation and comprehension of the subject area. The two alternatives offered by Swedish special schools are individual native language instruction (in which the student is separated from the class) and support within the classroom in the form of a personal assistant with knowledge of the native language. The study demonstrates that the latter is preferable as means for a student to progress in their learning. The result also indicates that special education teachers and special educators have great understanding for the importance of using AAC in instructing materials but at the same time there are many things to be done about translating AAC material in order to increase educational participation for multilingual students. Results also indicates that peer learning within the profession is desirable.

  • 328.
    Björk, Annika
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Nilsson, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    ”Det finns jättemycket luckor, att de inte förstår”: –      En studie om barns och pedagogers kunskap i antalsuppfattning.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Matematik finns överallt men trots det har vi genom studien fått fram att ”det finns jättemycket luckor, att de inte förstår”.  Detta citat är hämtat ifrån en av våra intervjuer och speglar vårt resultat. Studien är kvalitativ och vi har intervjuat pedagoger samt låtit barn, i förskola och årskurs 1, utföra matematikuppgifter. I denna studie har vi fokuserat på grunderna i matematik. Syftet med studien har varit att utröna kunskaper inom antalsuppfattning hos barn. Vi har även belyst pedagogernas kunskaper inom antalsuppfattning samt hur de arbetar med detta. I studien har vi influerats av Piagets och Vygotskijs tankar om hur barn lär. Resultaten i vår studie har analyserats med inspiration av hermeneutiken. Resultaten visar att det finns okunskap hos både barn och pedagoger gällande antalsuppfattning. Det gäller bland annat barn som helt saknar kunskaper inom detta samt att pedagoger uppfattar att subitizing, se stycke 3.4., och ett till ett-principen, se stycke 3.5., är detsamma som antalsuppfattning. Pedagoger behöver djupare förståelse för de matematiska begreppen inom den grundläggande matematiken. Det i sin tur kan medföra ett tydligare matematiskt språk vilket kan underlätta kommunikationen sinsemellan. I sin tur kan det möjliggöra för pedagoger att tillsammans lättare kunna utveckla barns matematiska färdigheter som de behöver i sin vardag som vuxna samhällsmedborgare. 

  • 329.
    Björk, Jessica
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Kränkningar i fritidshemmet: Lärares förståelse av kränkningar och arbetet med att motverka dessa2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här undersökningen är att bringa kunskap om vad lärare i fritidshem anser vara kränkningar och kunskap om hur de arbetar för att motverka dessa i fritidshemmet.

    • Vad har lärare i fritidshem för förståelse av begreppet kränkningar?
    • Hur beskriver lärare i fritidshem att de arbetar för att motverka kränkningar i fritidshemmet?

    Studien är kvalitativ och för insamling av empirin har semistrukturerade intervjuer använts.

    Fem lärare i fritidshem har intervjuats och efter bearbetning och analys av empirin, har studien fått ett resultat. Studiens resultat presenteras under olika teman. I resultatet framkom att lärarna anser att en kränkning är när en elev känner sig kränkt, oavsett om det är en fysisk, verbal, psykosocial eller kränkning via digitala verktyg. Fritidshemmen där lärarna är anställda har arbetssätt och rutiner för att motverka kränkningar.

  • 330.
    Björk, Jonas
    Karlstad University.
    Betygsättning och bedömning i Idrott och hälsa: En studie om betygsättning och dess pedagogiska konsekvenser2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 331.
    Björklund, Camilla
    et al.
    Department of Education, Communication and Learning, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Kullberg, Angelika
    Department of Pedagogical, Curricular and Professional studies, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Runesson Kempe, Ulla
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Mathematics Education Research. Wits School of Education, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Structuring versus counting: critical ways of using fingers in subtraction2019In: ZDM - the International Journal on Mathematics Education, ISSN 1863-9690, E-ISSN 1863-9704, Vol. 51, no 1, p. 13-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The idea of using fingers as a key component in arithmetic development has received a great deal of support, much of which is based on neuroscientific evidence. However, this body of work pays limited attention to how fingers are used and possible different outcomes in arithmetic problem solving. The aim of our paper, based on an analysis of 126 observations of 4–5-year-olds solving a simple subtraction task, is to discuss different ways of using fingers, with some of the ways appearing more, and others less, powerful. The analysis suggests there is much more complexity to children’s finger-related strategies than prior research has indicated. Empirical findings in our study point to the decisive effects of different ways of using fingers, and in particular for either keeping track of counted units or for presenting a structured awareness of number. Three ways of using fingers emerge in the analysis, which are discussed in relation to their rate of success in solving the subtraction task and with attention to why the differences matter for the success rate. Through this discussion we suggest that the complexity of how fingers are used must be considered. 

  • 332.
    Björklund, Camilla
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Palmér, Hanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Att undervisa i matematik i förskolan2017In: Förskolan och barns utveckling: Grundbok för förskollärare / [ed] Anne-Li Lindgren, Niklas Pramling, Roger Säljö, Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2017, p. 171-184Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 333.
    Björklund, Johan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Johannisson, Emil
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Möjligheter med en digital och interaktiv lärresurs i matematik för gymnasieskolan: ur ett elev- och lärarperspektiv2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste årtiondena har matematikbokens format inte utvecklatsnämnvärt, man har försökt att blir mer digital genom att skickamed en cd-skiva med digitalt material och för de lägre årskurserna igrundskolan finns det matematikspel. För gymnasielever finns inte mycketinteraktivt och digital material idag. Behovet av en ny lärresurs ärstort och vi vill med detta arbete utröna vilka funktioner som bör ingå.Elever och lärare är överlag mycket positiva till utvecklingen ochde undersökningar vi tagit del av visar på ökat användande av datorerute på skolorna. Vi tog fram två gränssnittsskisser med en lärargruppoch en elevgrupp oberoende av varandra. Dessa två skisser sammanfogadestill en prototyp. Prototypen visades upp för lärare och elever ochgenom enkäter och intervjuer kunde vi utvärdera funktioner. Vi analyseraderesultatet och kom fram till ett underlag för en digital lärresurs.Prototypens pedagogiska effekt har inte gått att mäta.

  • 334.
    Björkman, Anna
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Learning.
    Joelsson, Yuri
    The Technical Innovation System of Self-Driving Vehicles in Road Freight Transport: Towards an understanding of Actor Dynamics, Sustainability Outcomes & New Competencies2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last decade, advancements in connectivity, driving automation technology and electrification in combination with changing customer demands have started to rapidly transform the way in which goods are being transported. Following this fast rate of development, self-driving vehicles (SDVs) in road freight transport are anticipated to operate on public streets within the next couple of decades.

     

    The road freight transport sector is particularly feasible and attractive for driving automation technology. In this sector, there are strong economic incentives and rationales to implement SDVs in road freight transport as it presents possibilities to eliminate or drastically reduce driver costs, optimize vehicle usage rates and improve energy efficiency. Widespread adoption of SDVs is especially feasible for so called node-to-node freight transport flows, carried out between important logistics hubs. Node-to-node road freight transport is characterised by repetitive and predictive flows of goods, conducted in less complex driving environments such as highways and industrial areas.

     

    Although SDVs are predicted to bring significant impacts to the transport system and society, research on the potential influence of commercial use cases of SDVs in road freight transport is scarce. Research aiming to provide an overview of how different type of actors are involved in shaping the development, deployment and future operations of SDVs in road freight transport is also limited.

     

    This paper provides an understanding of system-level impacts of SDVs in node-to-node road freight transportation. It also provides a synthesized view of opportunities and barriers that actors are facing in relation to a large scale use of SDVs in road freight transport.  This understanding makes it possible for stakeholders to identify expectations, needs, policies and strategies to govern a sustainable transitions of the transport system. In addition, the paper provides an investigation of requirements for new knowledge and competencies along with development.

     

    By using technical innovation systems (TIS) as a theoretical approach for the study, different components and aspects of the Swedish freight transport system are described and analysed in relation to SDV development and innovations. The TIS framework consists of a set of system components involved in the generation, diffusion and utilisation of a technology, and the relationships between the components. TIS components include actors, institutions, and networks, where networks describe the relationships between actors and institutions.  In the paper, Sweden is used as case study. The results are based on 19 qualitative interviews with representatives from a broad spectrum of actors all being part of, or expected to be part of, a road freight transport system where SDVs is a central component.

     

    By analysing the interview results using the TIS framework, one of the main findings is that the public sector together with truck manufacturers are key actors in governing and enabling a commercialization of SDVs in road freight transport. Truck manufacturers have a great power in shaping the system by driving the technical development of SDVs, while government agencies are responsible for regulations and guidelines influencing the direction of development.

     

    The results further indicate that the introduction of SDVs in road freight transport would imply changing dynamics between the actors and other components of the TIS. One example is the role of road carriers and freight forwarders who are currently two of the most central actors in the freight transport system. In a transport system with SDVs, those actors may become less influential. Likewise, actors that are currently not having a central role in the freight transport system may become more influential. For instance, SDVs can catalyse a development towards electrification. This is a way of expanding the system boundaries and implies that new actors, such as energy companies and fuel retailing companies, begin to investigate how they could develop their business models to become a part of an evolving market. This is important in order to be able to compete and engage in a system with SDVs.

     

    Another finding is that there is a consensus among interviewed actors that SDVs must be adapted to the existing road infrastructure system rather than the other way around. At the same time, a completely new digital infrastructure system is being created around SDVs, which is necessary to handle the large amounts of data required for SDVs to operate. Furthermore, the connection between electrification and automation is somewhat ambiguous - some claim that there is clear symbiosis between the two technologies while others argue that they just happen coincided in time.

     

    Finally, the results indicate a lack of holistic and systematic perspectives among the actors on how the development and deployment of SDVs could contribute to sustainability in the freight transport system. It is critical to at this early state of implementation govern and shape technological development and business models in a direction that ensures a sustainable path for a future transport system with SDVs.

  • 335.
    Björkman, Oscar
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE).
    Meaning-making knowledge sharing: Learning aspects of a Sandvik knowledge management system2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this thesis is the KMS at a Sandvik design department. Purposed to deal with information overload using user-generated content, it is also intended to enable the employees to share knowledge. Previous research has studied what motivates employees to use technology for knowledge sharing. This study seeks beyond what is motivating and instead asks what it is that creates meaning for the employees in using and contributing to the KMS. Based on what is found to be meaning-making the thesis discusses and highlights design considerations for the KMS. Qualitative methods as well as theories on learning, motivation and meaning-making is used. Six employees were interviewed and the analysis suggests using thematization that what is meaning-making for the employee is linked with the approach towards work tasks. Meaning-making aspects is seen as either instrumental or social. The use of communicative and social features should be considered.

  • 336.
    Björkstrand, Tove
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    ”Det handlar om att se varandras olikheter”: – En kvalitativ studie om lärares erfarenheter av hörselskadade och teckenspråkiga elever samt användandet av teckenspråk i kommunala skolor.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I Sverige går barn i skolan i ungefär 12 år och det är i skolan de ska ges möjligheten att utveckla sitt språk. I Sverige talas det runt 150 olika språk och ett av dem är svenskt teckenspråk. Svenskt teckenspråk talas av bland annat personer med hörselnedsättning. För att barn som föds med hörselnedsättning på bästa sätt ska kunna tillägna sig kunskaper och ges möjlighet att utveckla sitt språk i skolan bör de undervisas på både talad svenska och svenskt teckenspråk. Många barn som föds idag med hörselnedsättning placeras i kommunala skolor där de får gå integrerat med barn som har normalhörsel och lärare som inte behärskar svenskt teckenspråk. Detta kan leda till att elever med hörselnedsättning hamnar utanför gemenskapen och går miste om viktig kunskap.Denna uppsats syftar till att undersöka lärares erfarenheter av hörselskadade och teckenspråkiga elever som går integrerat i kommunala skolor. Uppsatsen syftar också till att undersöka lärarnas erfarenheter av användandet av svenskt teckenspråk.Uppsatsen utgår från semistrukturerade intervjuer som gjorts under vårterminen -17 med fem yrkesverksamma lärare. Av resultatet från intervjuerna framkommer det att dessa lärare inte har mycket kunskap inom teckenspråket men är öppna för att lära sig och på så sätt kunna möta hörselskadade och teckenspråkiga elever och deras behov på bästa sätt.

  • 337.
    Björkstrand, Tove
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Heikkinen, Cecilia
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    ”Först ska jag gå på universitet, såklart!”: En kvalitativ undersökning om barns framtidsvisioner2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 338.
    Björk-Willen, Polly
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Svenska som andraspråk i förskolan2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur kan vi på bästa sätt stödja förskolebarns andraspråkslärande och flerspråkiga utveckling, så att de blir väl rustade att klara av skolan? Hur ska vi tänka och hur bedrivs en väl fungerande språkundervisning i svenska som andraspråk?

    I den här teoretiska grundboken tar författarna upp centrala aspekter av förskolebarns två- och flerspråkiga utveckling och lärande ur olika perspektiv: språkliga, didaktiska, sociala, familjeorienterade och samhälleliga. Syftet med antologins olika kapitel är att ge en trygg kunskapsgrund att planera sin verksamhet utifrån i enlighet med förskolans nyreviderade läroplan.

    Boken vänder sig till förskollärarutbildningen, verksamma förskollärare samt övrig förskolepersonal, förskolechefer och skolpolitiker.

  • 339.
    Björlin Svozil, Louise
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Learning.
    Beslutsgrund: en studie av utbildningsval bland kvinnliga elever på gymnasieskolans Naturvetenskaps- och Teknikprogram2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Education in engineering sciences in Sweden have for the past hundred years gone from solely recruiting men to a 36 percentage of female students. Even though the number of women is progressing in some fields, other fields still have as low proportion as 16 percent. The largest base for recruiting engineering students is the Swedish gymnasium programs in Sciences (NV) and in Technology (TE). The research method grounded theory (GT) was used when female students in NV and TE were interviewed to investigate the main concern of these students making choices about present and future studies. A broad spectrum of reasons, summarized in the core category Reasons for Decision (Beslutsgrund), showed that the students took into consideration the labour market, eligibility to university, the ranking of an education, expectations for social belonging, self-efficacy, grades, avoidance of a school subject, if the education led to the desired career, work load and work load in relation to eligibility. The execution of GT showed that this method could be used within the frame of a master thesis and that there are challenges and advantages in the combination.

  • 340.
    Björnberg, Sophie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Politics and History.
    Vilka får komma upp ur arkiven?: En studie av innehållet i webbplatserna Arkivnycklar och Stockholmskällan2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 341.
    Björnlund, Kajsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Ålderssammansättning i Förskolan: En studie om olika barngrupper och de yngsta barnens lärande2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har som syfte att lyfta pedagogers och förskolechefers tankar om olika åldersammansättningar i förskolan och om de små barnens lärande och utveckling i dessa. För att komma fram till ett resultat så intervjuades pedagoger och förskolechefer på tre olika förskolor med olika åldersindelning; åldershomogen, småbarnsavdelning samt utvidgad syskongrupp. Jag analyserade intervjusvaren och kom fram till att pedagogerna och förskolecheferna ansåg att en blandning med barn från ett- två år möjligtvist var mest lämpligt för de små barnen med tanke på inskolning och trygghet. De motiv som finns bakom hur en förskola är ålderindelad blev synliga, och de som nämndes mest var hur organisationen med lokal, antal barn och pedagoger och föräldrars nöjdhet, såg ut.  Något som också sågs som motiv var anpassning av material och aktiviteter, samlärande med äldre barn och en lugn stämning som ger chans till trygghet för barnen.   

  • 342.
    Blackmore, Ashley
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    TO JOKE OR NOT TO JOKE – some upper-secondary school students’ perceptions and experiences of humour in the classroom.2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this qualitative study was to attain an increased understanding as to how several upper-secondary school students perceived and experienced teachers using humour during classroom discourse. The study was based on the following questions: What does humour mean to the students? What are the forms of humour utilized by teachers? How do students perceive the use of humour with regards to learning processes? Are there recommendations and cautionary measures for teachers to consider when incorporating humour in teaching? Methodology used was a semi-structured interview of 13 questions. Participants consisted of six students aged 16 to 19 years. The length of the interviews varied between 20-35 minutes. Results of the interviews indicated that openness and understanding the unique sense of humour existing in each classroom, as well as self-confidence and a moderate use of humour, are necessary to effectively incorporate humorous text and anecdotes in lessons to facilitate learning processes. However, the study revealed that openness is pivotal in the construction and maintenance of positive learning climates. Students did not experience humour during ESL lessons, indicating a possible lack of contextual knowledge in language teaching practices.

  • 343.
    Blanco Diez, Juan Carlos
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning.
    Learning contexts available for Japanese teachers in a top tier public high school: encompassing a demanding work environment with adult education needs.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Japanese high school teachers are extremely busy. They are covering a myriad of duties in exceedingly long shifts when compared to their colleagues from across the world. The tasks that teachers have to undergo on a daily basis could vary greatly every semester and so does their need for interaction with peers, superiors, society, parents and students. This puts them at the forefront of a wide array of ever changing learning contexts while perhaps also compromising their needs for personal and professional development. Nevertheless, the degree of sophistication and variety of learning settings available to teachers, quite often, mirrors their work commitment and obligations.     Teachers are also aware of additional threats hampering their performance and aims for empowering their students with holistic education. The aim of this research is to identify the strategies that teachers use for satisfying their own adult learning interests and professional development while highlighting the biggest impediments to their learning goals. This study pretends to be a snapshot of the current state of affairs of high school English teachers in Japan as well as a reflection of the resilience of other English teachers across Japan.    I have used a qualitative approach using theme analysis in the interpretation of semi-structured interviews.  

  • 344.
    Blom, Veronica
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Gelius-Lundberg, Ulrika
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Samband mellan de fyra räknesätten- en läromedelsanalys2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sambandet mellan de fyra räknesätten är en del i utvecklingen av den matematiska förståelsen. Syftet med denna studie är att analysera hur ett antal olika läromedel i matematik riktade till årskurs 1-3 tar upp dessa samband. Med läromedel menas då läroböcker, samt tillhörande lärarhandledningar. Resultatet visar att flertalet av de analyserade läromedlen inte tar upp alla samband, medan ett fåtal tar upp alla samband men i olika stor omfattning. Dessutom visar analysen hur viktig lärarhandledningen är för att ge eleverna fler övningstillfällen i att träna de fyra sambanden, eftersom en stor del av dessa tillfällen förekommer i lärarhandledningen och inte i läroböckerna. Lärare som endast följer ett enskilt läromedel i sin undervisning kan alltså gå miste om mycket när det gäller sambandet mellan de fyra räknesätten.

  • 345. Blomberg, Gunilla
    et al.
    Wolrath-Söderberg, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Dilemman i förhörsledarrollen2019 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    ”Det kan väl inte vara så svårt att hålla förhör, jag kan ju snacka med folk”, tänkte Gunilla Blomberg i början av sin poliskarriär. Men erfarenheten lärde henne snart att det är en komplex utmaning. Utöver kännedom om relevanta lagar kräver det bland annat psykologisk kunskap, kommunikativa strategier, tolkningsförmåga, förtrogenhet med rättssystemet och praktisk klokhet.

    I den här essän analyserar Gunilla Blomberg, tillsammans med Maria Wolrath Söderberg, ett fall som ruskade om henne och som gjorde att hon kom att se på förhörsledarrollen på ett nytt sätt.

  • 346.
    Blomgren Fridén, Mikaela
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Larsson, Hanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Specialpedagogen - en superhjälte: En studie om vad arbetsgivare i tjänsteannonser söker hos specialpedagoger2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersöker tjänsteannonser för specialpedagoger, i syfte att ta reda på hur specialpedagogens roll och uppdrag beskrivs i dessa. Likaså vilka egenskaper och kompetenser som efterfrågas, och hur dessa överensstämmer med examensordningen för specialpedagogexamen. De 309 undersökta annonserna består av en stor mångfald av beskrivningar och egenskaper, med konsekvens av ett brett spektrum av vad specialpedagogens roll och uppdrag innebär - sällan överensstämmande med examensordningen. Studien visar bland annat en stor efterfrågan av personliga egenskaper som kan sammanfattas som ambitiösa och stora krav. Att denna efterfrågan är så stor skapar ett dilemma – dels i att specialpedagogen riskerar att ses som något högre stående och dels försätts i en position att acceptera de ambitiösa och kravstarka egenskaperna trots att detta inte ingår i examensordningen. De olika beskrivningarna av specialpedagogens roll och uppdrag i tjänsteannonserna kan också ses som en del av en identitetsproblematik då kombinationen specialpedagog/speciallärare ofta är synlig i annonsernas efterfrågan. Detta kan möjligen vara ett resultat av den bakomliggande historien om skolan och utbildningen till specialpedagog. Att annonserna ibland och relativt ofta inte är tydliga med om de söker en specialpedagog eller speciallärare kan vara en rest av dåtidens ändringar av utbildningen.

    De beskrivningar och egenskaper som författas i annonserna är också präglade av ett maktperspektiv, eftersom förväntningarna på specialpedagogen troligen formas efter verksamhetens beskrivning av uppdraget. Det innebär en tolkning av att arbetsgivaren besitter makten över specialpedagogens arbete, oavsett vad som står i examensordningen. Beskrivningarna i tjänsteannonserna stämmer sällan eller endast till viss del överens med examensordningen för specialpedagogen. Detta landar i en vidare fråga huruvida landets specialpedagoger arbetar utifrån samma förutsättningar, och om deras arbete och uppdrag tolkas olika. Detta beroende av hur arbetsgivaren beskrivit tjänsten samt utifrån det behov som finns på skolan. Kanske är arbetsgivarna en bidragande faktor till den rådande förvirringen av skillnaden mellan specialpedagoger och speciallärare.

  • 347.
    Blomkvist, Linnea
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Ohlsson, Stefan
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Bravkod: En undersökning om en avkodningsmetod2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med undersökningen är att se hur lärares och specialpedagogers syn på Bravkod är. Vi ville också ta reda på varför de arbetar med Bravkod och hur de anser att elevernas uppfattning om metoden är. Vi har intervjuat totalt fem personer varav två var lärare och tre specialpedagoger. Resultatet av undersökningen visar att personerna upplever metoden som enkel och motiverande för eleverna, samt att attityden är positiv hos såväl vuxna som elever. Alltså uppfattar vi metoden som fungerande, då både elever och pedagoger snabbt kan se en förändring i läsutvecklingen. 

  • 348.
    Blomkvist, Pär
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Sustainability and Industrial Dynamics.
    Hallin, Anette
    Method for engineering students: Degree projects using the 4-phase Model2015 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Method for engineering students provides an overview of how to formulate, design, produce and deliver a thesis of good quality. The book is relevant for all types of degree projects on bachelors’ and masters’ levels and is also useful when performing research work in other contexts. This is the first comprehensive book on research methodology for engineering students who are performing their degree project within or close to the social sciences. The book has been inspired by modern product design – the thesis is seen as a product – and takes as its starting point the fact that one may have two clients when carrying out a degree project (Academia and Industry). It also describes how to work one’s way through the process through the development of different prototypes. We see the thesis work as a form of craft and the book contains the most important scientific tools that are needed in order to make informed choices.

  • 349.
    Blomkvist, Pär
    et al.
    KTH, Sweden.
    Hallin, Anette
    Method for engineering students: Degree projects using the 4-phase Model2015 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Method for engineering students provides an overview of how to formulate, design, produce and deliver a thesis of good quality. The book is relevant for all types of degree projects on bachelors’ and masters’ levels and is also useful when performing research work in other contexts. This is the first comprehensive book on research methodology for engineering students who are performing their degree project within or close to the social sciences. The book has been inspired by modern product design – the thesis is seen as a product – and takes as its starting point the fact that one may have two clients when carrying out a degree project (Academia and Industry). It also describes how to work one’s way through the process through the development of different prototypes. We see the thesis work as a form of craft and the book contains the most important scientific tools that are needed in order to make informed choices.

  • 350.
    Blomqvist, Jessica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Lindén, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Det är inte lätt att vara konstnär": lärarens förhållningssätt i organiserade bildaktiviteter i förskolan2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Bild och bildskapande har under historiens gång alltid varit en del inom barnverksamheten, men innehåll och upplägg har förändrats över tid. Bildskapandet har gått från styrt till fritt skapande och i dagens förskola ingår bildskapandet i den pedagogiska verksamheten där barnen både får möjligheten att skapa fritt men också under lärarens vägledning. Enligt läroplanen för förskolan, Lpfö98/10 (Skolverket, 2011), är förskolans uppdrag att ge barnen möjligheten att lära sig använda de estetiska uttrycksformerna bland vilka bilden är en viktig uttrycksform. Studien belyser och problematiserar lärarens förhållningssätt i organiserade bildaktiviteter och vill därmed bidra till en djupare förståelse för lärarens viktiga roll i barnens bildskapande.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att undersöka på vilket sätt förskollärarens förhållningssätt och handlingar kommer till uttryck i organiserade bildskapande aktiviteter.

    Metod: Studien är av kvalitativ art där observationer har genomförts på fem olika förskolor vid nio tillfällen sammanlagt. Vid dessa observationer fördes fältanteckningar som i direkt anslutning till observationerna sammanställdes och renskrevs. Dessa observationer har kompletterats med informella samtal med lärarna samt fotografering av bland annat barnens bilder.

    Resultat: Resultatet visar att bildskapandet i förskolan har olika betydelser. Bildskapande innebär både en process- och produktorienterad aktivitet samt ett stöd i barnens språkutveckling och matematiska färdigheter. Lärarens roll i bildskapandet är att vara organisatör av aktiviteten där läraren ofta finns i bakgrunden och passar upp barnen. Lärarens roll är även att vara kunskapsutvecklare genom att rikta barnens uppmärksamhet mot aktivitetens innehåll genom metasamtal med barnen.

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