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  • 301.
    Enman, Mirron
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Stadsförnyelse och utomhusmiljö: En analys av fysiska faktorer och behov av förbättringar i Andersberg, Gävle kommun2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    After the Second World War, Sweden was facing a strong economic growth and urbanization, which led to the time period of time called the record years. One million housing units were built in ten years. Shortcomings in the environments created were strongly criticized. The center facility was instead a facility that would provide residents with necessities. Today, central squares and common areas are in need of renovation to guarantee a stimulating environment. The Andersberg neighborhood in Sweden is typical for the so called Million homes programme and is currently undergoing renovation. The purpose of the study is to investigate whether the ongoing renewal created by the housing company Gavlegårdarna is a step in the right direction and if the outdoor environment in this community needs further development. An observation study of common space, environment, and a survey of residents was performed to investigate the area. The results revealed that common meeting places, such as green space, playground and the local square needs supervision and improved design. Although many of the Million homes programme have bad reputations, the results of this study indicated that perceived safety of residents is good, and overall satisfaction with the environment. Also the study indicates that the negative qualities of these areas can be assets. The Million programs was a big investment, however future environment improvements in Andersberg should take small steps such as adding more benches and improved site design. A study of citizen participation in the planning process in Andersberg would be an important follow-up to this study.

  • 302.
    Ennerfors, Senny
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Områdesförnyelse som strategi: för att förbättra den socioekonomiska statusen i Rågsved2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Rågsved is a suburb of Stockholm. It is located on the city’s south side and it was built in the 1950s. Rågsved’s population has lower socioeconomic status and it’s neighborhood has long been characterized as a segregated area. Rågsved’s residential areas and public spaces like those in many other segregated communities have problems and are in need of modernization and renovation. The purpose of the study is to examine how it is possible to increase the socioeconomic status of vulnerable areas. The goal of the study is to examine if area renewal through physical measures in the environment could be an appropriate strategy for increasing the socioeconomic status in segregated areas. The study focusses on the suburb Rågsved in Stockholm. The strategy formulated is applicable for other areas that are characterized by segregation and exclusion.The study was carried out using three methods, two of which involved meeting with citizens. The first method explores how students of Rågsved’s school perceive the area as well as the improvements in the physical environment they want to see. A public dialogue using a focus group with adults living in Rågsved also explored how the physical environment could be improved. Finally, the socio-economic status in Rågsved was examined by a statistical analysis. The results of the study indicate that students at the Rågsved School believe that the area could be improved if changes to the physical environment are undertaken. The public dialogue demonstrate that renovations to public spaces would help improve the identity of Rågsved and change attitudes towards the area. The statistical analysis regarding the socio-economic status in Rågsved shows that the area has the lowest socioeconomic status among the southern suburbs of Stockholm.The study finally demonstrated that renewal strategies should change focus and invest in identity-enhancing measures such as renovating public places in Rågsved’s centrum to increase the attractiveness of the area. It is also important to provide a variety of housing in segregated neighborhoods so that changes in demand can be met throughout residents’ life cycles.

  • 303.
    Ennerfors, Senny
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Land management, GIS.
    Värdering och prissättning av fastigheter som är upplåtna med tomträtt för småhus: – En studie kring friköp2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Site-leasehold is a right to access and use a property for an indefinite period. It is possible to lease a property belonging to the state and the municipality. It is also possible to lease a site-leasehold in a property belonging to a foundation if the government gives its consent.Most municipalities let their site-leaseholders purchase their leaseholds at a discounted price, which is usually based on a certain percentage of the property tax value. There are a number of challenges with valuing a site-leasehold such as the lack of a free and open market because there is only one buyer, i.e. the leaseholder. There is also often a lack of location based price material.The purpose of the study is to investigate how site-leaseholds are priced by municipalites real estate valuation companies. The study is about investigating the underlying causes that affect the pricing.The aim of the study is to provide answers to whether a site-leasehold even can be sold to a market value, and in that case how such a valuation model may look like.The study has been conducted using two methods. One method consisted of surveys that were sent to 68 municipalities in Sweden and the purpose was to investigate how municipalities priced their site-leaseholds and what challenges they see with pricing. Then interviews were conducted with three different real estate valuation companies. The purpose of the interviews is to investigate how real estate valuation companies view valuation and pricing of site-leaseholds.The study shows that municipalities feel that site-leaseholds are sold at a low price but that there are some underlying factors explaining this. The interviews also showed that valuation and pricing of site-leaseholds are divided into two issues, i.e. real estate valuation and land policy. Finally, it was found that municipalities can sell leaseholds at a market value, but that there are some important aspects that speak against doing so, for an example the lack of a free and open market.

  • 304.
    Enoch, John
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Application of Decision Analytic Methods to Cloud Adoption Decisions2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis gives an example of how decision analytic methods can be applied to choices in the adoption of cloud computing. The lifecycle of IT systems from planning to retirement is rapidly changing. Making a technology decision that can be justified and explained in terms of outcomes and benefits can be increasingly challenging without a systematic approach underlying the decision making process. It is proposed that better, more informed cloud adoption decisions would be taken if organisations used a structured approach to frame the problem to be solved and then applied trade-offs using an additive utility model. The trade-offs that can be made in the context of cloud adoption decisions are typically complex and rarely intuitively obvious. A structured approach is beneficial in that it enables decision makers to define and seek outcomes that deliver optimum benefits, aligned with their risk profile. The case study demonstrated that proven decision tools are helpful to decision makers faced with a complex cloud adoption decision but are likely to be more suited to the more intractable decision situations.

  • 305.
    Ericson, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Nyttan av en höjdmodell för Örebro kommun2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the municipality of Örebro the elevation model provided by the National Land Survey is used. This elevation model offers an accuracy of around 2 m. In the city of Örebro, height information is also available in the form of contours with an equidistance of 1 m. Along with progress, uses for a new, improved elevation model are seen. In order to produce such an elevation model it is necessary to collect large amounts of data.

     

    The method best suited for data collection of this extent is airborne laser scanning. Laser scanning is a relatively new method that is based on the fact that distances to objects can be calculated with the aid of emitted laser beams. The method allows information about the position of tens of thousands of points to be collected per second. This makes airborne laser scanning a very time efficient method. The National Land Survey is planning on collecting data over the whole of Sweden using airborne laser scanning. This will be done in order to produce a new, improved elevation model. In the municipality of Örebro the alternative of conducting an own scan of the municipality is being examined. The purpose of this report is to examine the benefits for the municipality of producing an elevation model that offers better accuracy than the one available today.

     

    The report is based on literature studies and interviews. Members of staff at the municipality of Örebro have been interviewed in order to find out what different uses they can see for a new elevation model. Interviews with staff at Stockholms Stad and Borås Stad have been carried out in order to find out some of the benefits they have had with their respective elevation models and also learn of their experiences.

     

    From the result the following conclusions are drawn: An elevation model over the municipality of Örebro will be useful for flood prediction models and urban planning; In order for the elevation model to be of as much use as possible, and also be useful for future projects, an accuracy of 10 cm is recommended; The option of waiting for the National Land Survey’s new elevation model should be investigated further, also taking economic aspects into account.

  • 306.
    Ericsson, Elin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Land management, GIS.
    Lindberg, Albin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Land management, GIS.
    Development opportunities in the land management process in Rwanda: In order to achive a more effective and efficient land use2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A well-functioning property system is a criterion for a country to have good opportunities in social development. This study looks into one of the development opportunities in Rwanda’s real estate system, especially the provision and the updating of the country’s management in the land use process. The problems in Rwanda are described as a combination of lack of communication and knowledge from the authorities and the population. The methods in this study conducted of a qualitative interview combined with a literature review. This in order to gain the fact needed to answer the research questions of this study were the aim was to find some difference between the Master Plan and the physical reality and suggestions in how to establish effective and efficient land use in Rwanda. At first the study aimed to perform a comparative analysis but while performing the methods it was showed that the comparison method was impossible to go through with, instead the study got depended on a literature review along with interviews to be able to answer the research questions of the study. The results from the methods are presented in two steps, first the results from the interviews and then is the results from the literature review presented. The different interviews gave similar results in four main categories which made the conclusion obvious. The land use planning law needs to be reviewed and that the Ministry of Lands and Forestry have a lack of concrete tolls and power to prevent illegal land use.

  • 307.
    Ericsson, John
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Lovén, Anders
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Gränsmarkering i behövlig omfattning: Förrättningslantmätares och mätningsingenjörers förhållningssätt till markering av gränser vid fastighetsbildning2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to gain knowledge how surveying engineers together with cadastral surveyors relates to necessary existent when marking a boundary. The term necessary extent can be found in the Swedish property formation law, chapter 4 § 27.

     

    The methods used to reach the purpose of the study were, besides a pilot study, interviews and a qualitative questionnaire. A selection was made among employees from the National cadastral authority and Municipal cadastral authority. 11 people were interviewed and 36 people answered the questionnaire. In the pilot study 2 people were interviewed.

     

    Experience of the profession is an important factor which affects the view of marking a boundary in cadastral procedure. Assessment, interpretation and application of necessary extent are based on the interested parties’ need of clear understanding of property boundaries location. The opinion is divided of how clear existing guidelines are. The instruction manual Handbok för Enhetligt arbetssätt is used for assessments which consist of a base level for field work. The most important factor for necessary extent is to ensure the rule of law from a legal perspective when marking a boundary. Surveying engineers has in reality a major part in the decision making.

     

    The conclusion from completed study shows difficulties when marking boundaries in land development sites. Experience is often the basis for the evaluation, interpretation and application of the necessary extent.

  • 308.
    Ericsson, Martin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Hast, Anders
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Seipel, Stefan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    A Heterogeneous Cluster framework for Computationally Heavy Visualizations2009In: Proceedings of IADIS Applied Computing 2009, 2009, p. 337-339Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 309.
    Eriksson, Alexander
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Eklund, James
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Kvalitetsaspekter vid generering av triangulära nät baserade på punktmoln2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) är en teknik för att samla in data om terräng. Genom att använda dessa data kan man skapa olika terrängmodeller. Denna studie syftar till att undersöka hur olika procentuella reduceringar av ursprungsdata påverkar kvalitén hos genererade höjdmodeller i form av Triangular Irregular Network (TIN). Detta görs genom att med hjälp av statistiska metoder göra jämförelser mellan punkter i den genererade TIN modellen och motsvarande punkter i det ursprungliga LIDAR punktmolnet. Studien visar att, beroende på noggrannhetskrav och topografi, en så liten andel som 5 % av punkterna kan vara tillräckligt, samt att noggrannhetsförbättring vid användning av mer än 50 % av ursprungsdata inte kan motivera den ökade arbetsbelastningen för datahantering.

  • 310.
    Eriksson, Anders
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Metoder för framtagning av byggnader till virtuella stadsmodeller2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Flera av Sveriges storstadskommuner har under det senaste årtiondet börjat ta fram virtuella stadsmodeller. Även Mät- och Kartavdelningen på Falu kommun är intresserade av att ta fram en stadsmodell, men ännu vet man inte hur det arbetet bör utföras. Därför har jag fått i uppdrag att utreda hur byggnaderna till en sådan modell kan tas fram, vilket också är syftet med den här studien. Anledningen till att Falu kommun vill ha en stadsmodell är främst att den skall vara ett stöd vid stadsplanering. Kommunen har bestämt att den norska SOSI-standardens (Systematic Organisation of Spatial Information) 3D-nivå 2 skall följas. Den detaljnivån redovisar byggnaderna med enkla takformer. Standarden anger bland annat vad som skall mätas in, hur stort punktmedelfelet får vara och hur modellen för datalagring skall se ut.

     

    Ett noggrannhetstest för inmätning med datorprogrammet Pictometry utfördes. Testresultaten användes för att beräkna det totala medelfelet för inmätning med Pictometry. För övriga inmätningsmetoder beräknades de totala medelfelen från schablonvärden och uppskattade medelfel.

     

    Det finns många tänkbara inmätningsmetoder och mätinstrument, till exempel fotogrammetri och totalstation. Som höjdreferens för några av metoderna kan Lantmäteriets nya nationella höjdmodell användas. De största städerna i Sverige har laserskannats från luften. Den valda inmätningsmetoden bestämmer hur den geometriska rekonstruktionen av byggnaderna skall göras. Om de föreslagna rekonstruktionsmetoderna följs kommer byggnadsmodellerna bara att bestå av plana ytor utan onödiga diagonala veck. Överbestämningar kan användas under rekonstruktionen både för kontroll av grova fel och för att förbättra noggrannheten. Det sätt på vilken textur på ytor bör göras beror mest på hur lång tid textureringen tillåts ta och om modellerna skall användas i programmet Google Earth. De färdiga modellerna skall lagras både som ytor och linjer. Linjerna skall delas upp i separata dataset enligt anvisningarna i SOSI-standarden. En stadsmodell med platta tak och betydligt lägre noggrannhetskrav verkar vara ett tänkbart alternativ tills laserskannade punkter eller flygbilder på nya byggnader finns tillgängliga.

  • 311.
    Eriksson, Anders
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Sektionsindelade gemensamhetsanläggningar: Om dess användning utifrån förrättningslantmätarens och ett rättsligt perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Collaboration between different properties can be central for creating suitable properties. Collaboration may be through the creation of joint facilities that for example meets the real estates need of roads. Once formed the costs for a joint facilities operation and execution must be divided among its members. These costs are distributed through the awarding of "shared numbers" (andelstal). Shared numbers may refer to the whole joint facility or a part of the joint facility. When shared numbers refer to a part of the joint facility the facility is divided into sections, which is called sectiondivision. Sectiondivision is made possible by the way the law is formulated but has been highlighted as inappropriate in many contexts by multiple sources, making it important to study.

    The purpose of this study was to describe the use of sectiondivision based on cadastral surveyor’s perspective and a legal perspective. The purpose of this study was answered with the help of four questions. The questions were answered by two methods. Firstly, a legal method was used in which the law, preliminary work of the law, legal cases and doctrine was examined. Secondly, interviews where conducted with six cadastral surveyors.

    The results of the legal method indicate that difficulties in the latter management of the joint facility are one of the main reasons why sectiondivision should not be used as much. Roads are the type of facility that sectiondivision is most suitable for. The results from the interviews show that cadastral surveyors are making greater use of sections of execution than sections of operation. A number of factors are central for the use of sectiondivision. The size of the joint facility is one important factor. Another is the relations between the participants in the joint facility. Sectiondivision for different types of costs are not used in a wide extent.

  • 312.
    Eriksson, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Hedlund, Emmy
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Avveckling av gemensamhetsanläggningar: Hur nuvarande lagstiftning har tillämpats och förslag till förbättringar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Joint facilities have a well-established framework in shape of the joint facility act, where terms of the facilities formation and distribution of costs for the facilities construction and operation is statuated. When the facility is no longer in use and the owners of the participating property units wishes to liquidate and remove the facility, a complete legislation framework is missing regarding the removal of the facility and how to distribute resulting costs.

    The purpose of the study is to provide support on how pertinent legislation and the application of the legislation regarding liquidations of joint facilities can improve, in order to facilitate conduction in the cadastral procedure in the future, where liquidations of joint facilities are performed.

    To achieve the purpose of the study an inspection of cadastral dossiers were made, where earlier liquidations of joint facilities have been accomplished. The cadastral dossiers were reviewed to give information about occurring problems in earlier liquidations of joint facilities, regarding the responsibility for the removal of the facility and the distribution of resulting costs. As a complement to the inspection of the cadastral dossiers, interviews and a legal method were used, where relevant sections of the law, preparatory work and doctrine were examined.

    The result of the study shows that there is a need for liquidation of joint facilities. The result also shows that previously performed cadastral processes regarding liquidations of joint facilities have been performed differently by the cadastral surveyor in charge. The cost distribution and the responsibility for the physical facilities removal have been handled differently and in one performed cadastral procedure parts of a physical facility still remains after the liquidation. Our own conclusions are that there are flaws in pertinent legislation regarding liquidations of joint facilities, and how pertinent legislation can be applied. We therefore consider that reforms are needed to facilitate the conduction in the cadastral process in the future.

  • 313.
    Eriksson, David
    et al.
    Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Hilletofth, Per
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Svensson, Göran
    Oslo School of Management, Kristiania University College, Oslo, Norway.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Exploring opportunities for moral disengagement in codes of conduct from the textile industry2018In: World Review of Intermodal Transportation Research (WRITR), ISSN 1749-4729, E-ISSN 1749-4737, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 371-389Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this research is to assess how codes of conducts are outlined and formulated in relation to moral disengagement along the supply chain. The research is focused on the idea that supply chain structure may reduce the actors' sense of moral responsibility for the actions and impacts of the supply chain on workers and environment. The research has been conducted as a case study including Swedish firms in the textile industry. The research has used secondary data from codes of conducts. The findings show that codes of conduct do not cover all supply chain practices linked with moral disengagement. This does not cause immoral behaviour as such, but might cause moral disengagement. Supply chain research needs to focus on what should be included in codes of conduct and other ethical guidelines, so as to reduce the risk of immoral behaviour. In order to reduce the likelihood for moral disengagement, there are several supply chain practices that should be included in codes of conduct, such as power asymmetry, managerial support, and incentives.

  • 314.
    Eriksson, Emma
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Grönområden som en strategi för hållbar utveckling.: En fallstudie av Skutskär i Älvkarleby kommun.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Green areas have a significant part in people's health, both physically and mentally, and the importance of closeness to green areas has led to Boverket’s guidelines of 300 meters for nature close to where people live. A healthy population is of general interest because it leads to improved public health. Green areas and parks offers a good quality of life for people and green spaces can also serve as a strategy for municipalities to secure an occupancy of more residents to the municipality and to break negative population trends.

    The study focuses on the community of Skutskär. Skutskär is located in the municipality of Älvkarleby some 200 km north of Stockholm and 20 km south of Gävle. The municipality of Älvkarleby’s current population of right above 9000 has experienced, like many small municipalities in rural parts of Sweden, periods of decline or stagnation over the last 40 years. Water and natural resources is a natural part of the environment in the municipality of Älvkarleby, but in the city of Skutskär these assets are marketed poorly.

    Several methods were used in the study. A SWOT analysis of Skutskär’s existing green areas was conducted through the assistance of a focus group composed of local community leaders. Case studies of green strategic-plans in three municipalities – Habo, Nykvarn and Örebro –were also conducted. The strategies were evaluated using a theoretically derived checklist of key qualities. The results of the case studies were summarized using a simple content analysis procedure. The case study results indicate that the three municipalities have clear visions and strategies for using green open spaces to encourage people to stay or relocated to their communities.

    All three municipalities have a clear plan for how green spaces should be used, maintained, developed and prioritized. The focus group was well aware of the value of Skutskär’s natural resources but also of their weaknesses. A logical strategy for Älvkarleby is to develop and showcase existing green areas for residents and to create a clear role for green areas within the municipality's long-term and sustainable development plans.

  • 315.
    Eriksson, Erik
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Mechanical Engineering.
    Eriksson, Linus
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Mechanical Engineering.
    Omkonstruktion av kilverktyg och flänsöppnare: till Simson Power Tools hydrauliska handpump2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The company Simson Power Tools in Hofors manufactures and sells hydraulic power tools. One of the company’s product is a compact hydraulic hand pump. The pump is primarily used as a power source for jacks, but can also be used for other hydraulic tools. Two tools to which the pump is used for is a wedge tool and a flange opener. These two tools are mainly used in industry, for example when replacing gaskets in flange joints. The constructions are powerful and manage to handle loads of 4 and 15 tons.

     

    In meetings with the company it emerged that they saw potential for the wedge tool and the flange opener to be able to sell better than before. The tools together with the hand pump are flexible and easy to use in difficult environments. In order to increase the sales of the products, the company wants to lower prices but at the same time maintain, alternatively increase the quality.

     

    The wedge tool and flange opener are currently purchased from other manufactures, which limits Simson Power Tools pricing. Because the tools are old and no patent exist, the company wants to manufacture the tools on its own, which provides opportunity to combine the tools with the company’s hand pump as well as optimize technical manufacturing and economic manufacturing.

     

    When the customer’s desires were identified a current situation analysis was performed. The work process began by sketching up the purchased tools in Autodesk Inventor 2017 in order to create an overview of geometries and functions. Then material analyzes were performed on the tools. The purpose of analyzes was to provide a basis for decisions about material selection and machining of components surfaces as toughness, hardness and roughness which are crucial parameters for the functionality of the tools.

     

    The project resulted in that the tools became more compact and weigh less than the purchased, especially when cylinder is integrated with the hand pump. The wedge tools plates and the upper and lower part of the flange opener which are exposed to great wear are recommended to be manufactured in Hardox 450 which has higher strength than previous design. Further work is to make tests on manufactured prototypes to check whether design changes work in real cases.

     

    A price staircase has been developed for the manufacture of the tools components and purchase of return spring, gaskets and sliding bearing. The price staircase indicates price per tool depending on order quantities. With the price basis, the company can plan the amount of tools that should be manufactured based on manufacturing cost and customers demand.

  • 316.
    Eriksson, Helen
    et al.
    Lantmäteriet – the Swedish mapping, cadastral and land registration authority, Gävle, Sweden; Department of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Harrie, Lars
    Department of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Paasch, Jesper M.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Land management, GIS. Lantmäteriet – the Swedish mapping, cadastral and land registration authority, Gävle, Sweden.
    What is the need for building parts? - A comparison of CityGML, INSPIRE building and a swedish building standard2018In: International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences - ISPRS Archives / [ed] Agugiaro G., Stoter J., Labetski A., Koeva M., and Arroyo Ohori K., International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing , 2018, Vol. 42, p. 27-32Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The need for digital building information is increasing, both in the form of 3D city models (as geodata) and of more detailed building information models (BIM). BIM models are mainly used in the architecture, engineering and construction industry, but have recently become interesting also for municipalities. The overall aim of this paper is to study one way of dividing a building, namely the division of a building into building parts in both 3D city models and in BIM models. The study starts by an inventory of how building parts are defined in 3D city model standards (CityGML, the INSPIRE building specification and a Swedish national specification for buildings) and in BIM models (Industry Foundation Classes, IFC). The definition of building parts in these specifications are compared and evaluated. The paper also describes potential applications for the use of building parts, on what grounds a building could be divided into building parts, advantages and disadvantages of having building parts and what consequences it can have on the usage of the building information. One finding is that building parts is defined similar, but not identical in the studied geodata specifications and there are no requirements, only recommendations on how buildings should be divided into building parts. This can complicate the modelling, exchange and reuse of building information, and in a longer perspective, it would be desirable to have recommendations of how to define and use building parts in for example a national context.

  • 317.
    Eriksson, Helen
    et al.
    Lantmäteriet; Lunds universitet.
    Harrie, Lars
    Lunds universitet.
    Paasch, Jesper M.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Land management, GIS. Lantmäteriet.
    Persson, Andreas
    Lunds universitet.
    Techniques for and consequences of using INSPIRE extensions: a case study with Swedish hydrological data2018In: International Journal of Spatial Data Infrastructures Research, ISSN 1725-0463, E-ISSN 1725-0463, Vol. 13, p. 172-201Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The demand for easily available geographic information is increasing in society. Moreover, knowledge of spatial data infrastructures (SDIs) has increased in many European governmental agencies, in large part because of the implementation of the INSPIRE directive. Many countries, thus, recognise the need to provide more detailed geographic information as network services at the national level. One means of realising this goal is to create INSPIRE extensions, i.e., to extend the INSPIRE data specifications with more detailed and specific national information. This paper describes a study where a complex INSPIRE extension has been created to describe the national need of hydrography information in Sweden, based on the Swedish water system standard (SWSS). The study includes the creation of a UML application schema that extends the INSPIRE Hydrography (HY) theme, the transform from UML to an XSD schema, the creation of GML files, and finally, testing and evaluating the approach of using INSPIRE extensions. When evaluating the results, the consequences of replacing existing dataset/download services with one extended INSPIRE HY dataset/download service are evaluated from the perspectives of both users and data providers. The evaluation is carried out as quantitative tests of the resulting GML files, in a user-centric test where a user tests the applicability of the GML files in hydrological analyses, and by telephone interviews with personnel from Lantmäteriet, the Swedish mapping, cadastral and land registration authority. Beside these evaluations, the possible effects on the information modelling process when creating an INSPIRE extension are also examined. The study shows that it is possible to create complex INSPIRE extensions that include many object types, attributes and relations. From a user perspective, extended INSPIRE HY files do not differ substantially from SWSS files, and can be used in hydrological analyses. Data providers can relatively simply replace their current download services with one for the extended INSPIRE HY, but the specific economic consequences for this could not be drawn. It could be expected, though, that there can be both economic, administrative and maintenance advantages if today’s separate INSPIRE and national download services are replaced with services exposing datasets based on an extended INSPIRE data model for all adequate themes.

  • 318.
    Eriksson, Jennie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Användning av 3D-modeller hos kommuner i Gävleborgs län2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Visualisering av 2D-data, dvs. kartor, bilder och papper/trämodeller har gjorts på kommuner i decennier, till exempel inom samhällsplanering för att ge en bild av hur en planerad byggnad ska passa in i det nuvarande området. Nu under 2000-talet har det blivit mer populärt att använda sig av 3D för att visualisera kommande projekt inom samhällsplanering och GIS.

     

    Syftet med arbetet var att få en bild över hur 3D-användningen ser ut hos kommunerna i Gävleborgs län och göra en realistisk 3D-modell av en byggnad i Google SketchUp, för att demonstrera hur det fungerar att göra en 3D-modell från inmätningsdata.

     

    För att ta reda på hur användningen av 3D-modeller ser ut i Gävleborgs län gjordes en enkätundersökning, där samhällsplanerare, GIS-ingenjörer och mätingenjörer i länets tio kommuner fick svara på en enkät som sedan skickades tillbaka via e-post. För att demonstrera hur visualisering av ett hus kan göras gjordes en modell i Google SketchUp 7.0. Först gjordes en inmätning av en fastighet med hjälp av totalstation. Samtidigt togs fotografier som användes till textureringen av modellen i Google SketchUp.

     

    Resultatet av enkätundersökningen visar att 8 av 10 kommuner i Gävleborgs län inte använder sig av 3D-modellering i sitt arbete och detta beror till största del på att det inte finns kompetens, tid eller pengar att börja använda 3D-modellering, viljan att börja använda 3D-modellering finns. De kommuner som använder 3D-modellering är Hudiksvall och Gävle. Hudiksvall använder 3D-modellering till bygglovshandläggning och Gävle använder 3D-modellering till bland annat visualisering av hus/områden, visualisering av planerade objekt och visualisering av t.ex. radonmätning.

     

    Resultatet visar att det är brist på kompetens som gör att utvecklingen av 3D-modeller inte ökar. Det finns inte många högskolor/universitet i Sverige som erbjuder kurser inom 3D-modellering för t.ex. samhällsplanerare. För att få fler kommuner att börja kombinera 2D med 3D kommer det att behöva utbildas fler personer med 3D-kompetens, detta kan göras antingen genom att erbjuda 3D-modelleringskurser inom GIS- och samhällsplanerarutbildningar. De anställda på kommunen skulle kunna få chansen att gå kurser inom 3D-modellering, antingen på en högskola/universitet eller genom internkurser som kommunen själva anordnar.

     

    Nyckelord: 3D-modellering, 3D, visualisering, Google SketchUp, Gävleborgs län

     

  • 319.
    Eriksson, Jessika
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Westerlund, Daniel
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Processkartläggning vid tillverkning av stång hos Erasteel i Söderfors2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To be able to withstand competition in a more competitive market, it requires a good delivery service and to deliver the right amount of material at the right time. Erasteel in Söderfors are working to achieve their set goal of 90 % for their OTIF on delivery safety.

    The purpose of the thesis was to map the planning and manufacturing process with the starting point to find the causes that cause deviations in the weight delivered to the customer. The goal was to identify the main causes for the deviations of the weight and to deliver a proposal on how the process could be improved to enhance the delivery of safety.

    An analytical model was created. It consisted of operations as mapping, data collection, analysis of the collected data and improvements were created. A hierarchical mapping was done of the entire process, from planning to delivery, and a detailed study was made in order to identify possible causes of deviant delivered weight. Data were collected from different parts of the process, mainly deviations from tolerance and scrap reasons.

    To identify the dimension intervals and steel grades that deviated most from In-Full, a chart was created in Minitab. There, all the values of tolerance were set up and compared for all diameter intervals. To pass In-Full, the values must be within ±10% and the other parameters below -10% or above 10% tolerance. The same type of graph was created for all steel grades. The result of the charts was that three (3) different diameter intervals, were selected and six (6) steel grades. Pareto charts were created in order to identify the most common causes of scrap. The diagrams showed that the planned scrap from the process, account for a large part of weight loss for all diameters studied closer. Scrapping due to the length requirements and crooked materials had a significant impact on the amount of scrap. Noteworthy was that the scatter plot, for one of the diameter interval, gave a blade-like profile, when delivered weight was compared to Minimum Order Quantity (MOQ (). That indicates that the yields, used for the different operations, are probably not up to date.

    One of the reasons that one of the diameter interval differ, can be due to difficulties when the capsule is divided in three. There are some uncertainties in the analysis because the values and weights that were analyzed are based on theoretical weights. This means that follow-up in a proper manner cannot be performed and therefore it becomes difficult to identify areas for improvement.

  • 320.
    Eriksson, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    VDI - är framtiden redan här?2010Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    De senaste åren har det börjat dyka upp system för att köra virtuella skrivbordsdatorer. Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI) är ett koncept för just det, och ett av de system som finns på marknaden är utvecklat av VMware och har fått namnet View. Frågeställningen som har legat till grund för denna utredning var om prestandan och användarupplevelsen hos en virtuell maskin i ett VDI-system idag är tillräckligt bra för att kunna ersätta en fysisk dator som arbetsdator. För att utreda detta skapades en View-miljö med två olika virtuella maskiner som sedan användes och utvärderades. Därtill användes även prestandatestmjukvaran PassMark PerformanceTest för att utvärdera datorernas prestanda och för att kunna jämföra resultaten med de hos två vanliga laptops. Resultatet av utredningen blev att de virtuella maskiner som skapades inte är tillräckligt bra att arbeta med för att idag kunna ersätta fysiska arbetsdatorer fullt ut, men att det finns användning för dem inom begränsade områden och att framtiden för teknologin är ljus.

  • 321.
    Eriksson, Karin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Master Data Management: en undersökande studie på Sandvik AB2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens utvecklingssamhälle är det mer en regel än undantag att data lever längre än applikationen. Detta innebär att en organisations masterdata, grunddata, måste överleva förändringar i applikationslandskapet. Masterdata har stort värde i en organisations affärsprocesser varför det är av högsta betydelse att kontrollera dessa. Master Data Management är en applikationsoberoende process för hantering av masterdata vilken används inom många stora företag för att kontrollera kvalitén på masterdata. Syftet med studien var att få insikt i hur ett stort globalt företag arbetar med Master Data Management, för att på detta sätt kunna bidra med förståelse och erfarenhet vilket kan vara till nytta för andra aktörer i området.

  • 322.
    Eriksson, Kristina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Ekholm, Moa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Jordbruksarrendatorers investeringar: Hur jordbruksarrendatorer förhåller sig till investeringar på arrenderad mark2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Leasing land is today in Sweden a right to use land for different kinds of use. In Swedish law there is four different forms of lease, this study deals with lease of land for agriculture and leaseholders of agricultural land. The current legal regulations in this study is the possession protection, the preemption right, the obligation to invest in the real property they lease and the security leaseholders have for their investments.

    Some scientists think that land degradation is increased when land is leased. The researchers mean that a farmer cultivates the soil different if he is leasing the land than if he is the owner of the land. This problem is interesting to study because in lots of countries the amount of land that is leased is big. This study has a focus on agricultural leaseholders and how they relate to the real property that they lease. It is also studying the leaseholders attitude to their investments in relation to their legal rights.

    Data for this study is based on questionnaires and interviews of various agricultural leaseholders. It was 21 leaseholders that responded on the questionnaires and five leaseholders were interviewed. The legal rights of the possession of protection affects the majority of the participants to carry out larger and long-term investments. The approach that agricultural leaseholders have about the investments are different from leaseholder to leaseholder. The approach differs depending on what kind of investment it is. Factors such as cost, scale and time-consuming investments is affecting leaseholders approach to investments on the real property they lease.

  • 323.
    Eriksson, Olov
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Land management, GIS.
    Den yngre befolkningens flykt från landsbygden: En fallstudie över Bollnäs2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay describes the process of urbanization, focusing on the younger population that moves away from the countryside. As a background material, statistics has been gathered and is presented in the theory section of this study. The main part of this data constitutes of demographic statistics and is presented in diagrams. The data has been analysed using Excel and the computer program Tableau. The study specifically investigates whether there are any particular reasons why young people have moved from Bollnäs, in the province of Hälsingland. Hence, 10 young persons who have left Bollnäs in favour of a larger city have been asked questions in semi-structured interviews. In the study analysis, push and pull theory has been applied. This theory assumes that the young people are exposed to both pulling and pushing factors. The result of the study shows that a common reason why these young persons moved away was the prospect of higher studies, a pulling factor. Several participants also expressed a want to leave their hometown Bollnäs that they considered to be small and without prospects, a pushing factor. Moreover, some interviews with the governing politicians in the municipality of Bollnäs were carried out within this study. These politicians are aware of the demographical challenges that face the community. However, they do not have any clearly defined common strategies that prevent young people to move away from Bollnäs.

  • 324.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Call-Off Production, Triggered by the Traditional Kanban Card or by Electronic Kanban: A Case Study at Ericsson2010In: POMS 21st Annual Conference, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyzes a concept for materials supply called call-off production, used by the telecom company Ericsson, where a case study was performed. Call-off orders are initiated from the production area and submitted through electronic data interchange (EDI) to an external supplier, a third-party logistics provider, skipping the traditional purchase ordering process. In call-off production Ericsson applies two forms of kanban for triggering the replenishment, namely the conventional kanban card and electronic kanban. For both variants, call-off production implies a short lead time, frequent deliveries, and the potential for controlling tied-up capital, using few resources, and providing a high level of delivery service. The study indicates that the conventional kanban card requires more handling than electronic kanban. On the other hand, electronic kanban could hide problems in the stock. To conduct the analysis, a theoretical framework and an analysis model were created as a foundation. Call-off production could be an uncomplicated and efficient method for manufacturing companies to manage some of the purchased products. This study’s intended contribution is to increase the knowledge of a supply model in practice.

  • 325.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. KTH, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Visual replenishment methods in the manufacturing industry and suggestion for a decision tool2013Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In almost all supply chains, materials need to be stored or buffered, implying that manufacturing companies need effective replenishment methods. However, this is challenging, since companies must balance inventory costs and customer service in complex and different situations. Therefore, it is important to choose replenishment methods carefully. One well-known and widespread method is Material Requirements Planning (MRP). But the method has problems, such as regarding volume flexibility. There are other methods, but the literature lacks case studies and detailed descriptions and analysis of them, especially for visually oriented methods. Therefore, it is important to explore different methods for materials supply.

    The purpose of this study is to analyze the application of visually oriented replenishment methods in manufacturing industry and further to design a tentative decision tool for selecting methods. The research aims to provide some answers to three key questions.

    The first research question concerns general factors that are important for evaluating how effective replenishment methods are. From the literature review, different factors emerged such as product characteristics (fit in the Kraljic matrix, volume issues, size, etc.); information, trust, and geographical proximity between supplier and customer; and different logistics goals (delivery service elements, tied-up capital, use of resources, inventory accuracy). It is also import to include the basic principles methods are related to. The factors were summarized in an analysis model, which is structured with three main areas (planning environment/conditions, basic principles, and effects). The model is used to analyze four case studies.

    The  second research  question focuses  on  the  characteristics for  visually orientedreplenishment methods. Examples of characteristics are: easy to understand and operate, offers uncomplicated flows, substantially applicable for noncritical and leverage parts with high yearly requirement and fairly even consumption, provides potential for  reduced  errors  in  stores/flows, potential for  providing high  delivery service and low levels of tied-up capital and resource utilization.

    The third research question focuses on what a tentative decision tool for selecting replenishment methods might look like, based on the factors that emerged from the other research questions and studies by others. In order to achieve an efficient materials supply, companies need to consider these factors when selecting replenishment methods. The decision tool consists of different steps, considering aspects of the planning environment/conditions in relation to the product and the supplier. The importance of the companies’ goals/motives for materials supply must also be assessed. The output from the decision tool is appropriate replenishment methods.

  • 326.
    Eriksson, Tim
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Land management, GIS.
    Jansson, David
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Land management, GIS.
    GIS baserad kartering av urbana ekosystemtjänster: Fallstudie av Bomhus, Gävle2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Preserving of ecosystems generally but more specifically ecosystems in urban environments is an important factor with regards to human health. Because ecosystems provide us with ecosystem services (ESS). ESS are the functions ecosystems have that in any way improves the environment for humans. Urbanization which over the last decade has increased rapidly, does not seem to decrease. It is also urbanization that is the driving force of land use changes, which is the biggest threat to urban ESS. Planning the right type of development at the right location is crucial to ensure that the supply and production of urban ESS will not decrease or be lost. Knowledge of which services that are produced, were they are produced and to what extent they are produces could facilitate for planners and decision makers to make better and more informed decisions.The aim with this study was to examine what capacity a district with mixed housing and land use has to produce the four most commonly mapped regulating ESS. The goal was to analyse, evaluate and map the supply of the regulating services: temperature regulation, air purification, water regulation and water purification. The study is a case study of Bomhus, Gävle where we with remote sensing of satellite images identified the different land covers in the study area. Each land cover where assigned a value based on how much they contributed to each service. The values were partly based on previous research and partly on the knowledge of two experts in the field of study.The results show that Bomhus has a high capacity to produce the examined services, especially temperature regulation and air purification. This is mostly because Bomhus has large areas of the highly valuated land covers, coniferous forest, water and deciduous forest. Coniferous forest which were the second biggest land cover class covering almost 20% of the study area were also the land cover that got the highest value. Wetlands which was the smallest land cover class and got the second highest value along with water is therefore, considered to be most vulnerable land cover and should be protected from exploitation. Open land with vegetation however, that was the biggest land cover class and received the lowest value was considered to be most suitable for exploitation.

  • 327.
    Eshagh, M.
    et al.
    K N Toosi University of Technology, Department of Geodesy, Tehran, Iran .
    Bagherbandi, Mohammad
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Urban and regional planning/GIS-institute. Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Division of Geodesy and Geoinformatics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Quality description for gravimetric and seismic moho models of fennoscandia through a combined adjustment2012In: Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica Hungarica, ISSN 1217-8977, E-ISSN 1587-1037, Vol. 47, no 4, p. 388-401Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The gravimetric model of the Moho discontinuity is usually derived based on isostatic adjustment theories considering floating crust on the viscous mantle. In computation of such a model some a priori information about the density contrast between the crust and mantle and the mean Moho depth are required. Due to our poor knowledge about them they are assumed unrealistically constant. In this paper, our idea is to improve a computed gravimetric Moho model, by the Vening Meinesz-Moritz theory, using the seismic model in Fennoscandia and estimate the error of each model through a combined adjustment with variance component estimation process. Corrective surfaces of bi-linear, bi-quadratic, bi-cubic and multi-quadric radial based function are used to model the discrepancies between the models and estimating the errors of the models. Numerical studies show that in the case of using the bi-linear surface negative variance components were come out, the bi-quadratic can model the difference better and delivers errors of 2.7 km and 1.5 km for the gravimetric and seismic models, respectively. These errors are 2.1 km and 1.6 km in the case of using the bi-cubic surface and 1 km and 1.5 km when the multi-quadric radial base function is used. The combined gravimetric models will be computed based on the estimated errors and each corrective surface.

  • 328.
    Eskehed, Frida
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Land management, GIS.
    Jordförvärvslagen: Uppfylls syftet vid Jordbruksverkets och länsstyrelsens prövning?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Land that are used for agricultural purpose in Sweden are taxed by the 100-series. The land acquisition law can regulate acquisitions of agricultural land and permits are needed for acquisition. Land located in sparsely populated areas, land in areas with poor farm layout (omarronderingsområde) and purchases made by legal persons from natural person are covered by the law. Permits are applied for at county agencies and the Swedish Board of Agriculture depending of the size of the acquisition. The aim with the study is to enlighten the difficulties among permits by the law. 

     

    The research questions; How is the aim with the law fulfilled by the way it is carried out?and Are there differences between permits given by the county agencies and the Swedish Board of Agriculture?, was answered by using juridical method, studies of permit documents and interviews. The juridical method enlightened the aim with the law. The study of permit documents was used to see similarities in the permits. Documents were studied from the Swedish Board of Agriculture and three county agencies. The authorities and three interest groups was interviewed two answer both the research questions. 

     

    The result shows that the largest difficulties to make decisions about permits are with acquisitions made by legal persons. Especially when permits are given for special reasons (6§ 2 st. 4p.). The interviews showed that there are doubts about if a control of acquisitions in primarily sparsely populated areas leads to higher employment and settlements in those areas. Is also shown that there is a difference in how the authorities make decisions about permits. Primarily shown by statements from the county agencies to the Swedish Board of Agriculture.  

     

    Two conclusions can be made. The aim with the law is not fulfilled as the law is carried out today. The aim regarding legal persons is fulfilled partly or fully but it is most difficult to make decisions about permits. The aims about sparsely populated areas and areas with poor farm layout are not fulfilled as the law is carried out. There is a difference in the decision making about permits between the authorities in the study. Is primarily shown in the cases that are handed over to the Swedish Board of Agriculture and cases regarding specific reasons. 

  • 329.
    Essvik, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Geodataportalen som hjälpmedel för kommuner i Sverige: En fallstudie av Härjedalens kommun2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Geodataportalen är en portal med geodata som är framtagen av Lantmäteriet för att hjälpa till att tillgodose det behov av geodata som finns hos kommuner i Sverige. Den ska också bidra till Sveriges genomförande av INSPIRE-direktiven från EU.  Portalen innehåller data från de större svenska leverantörerna av geodata. Geodataportalen har dock inte fått önskat genomslag på marknaden på grund av att det finns brister i portalen. Rapporten syftar därmed till att undersöka vilka bakomliggande problem som bidrar till att portalen inte fått något större genomslag. För att studera detta har en fallstudie av Härjedalens kommun genomförts. Studien undersöker hur kommunen använder sig av Geodataportalen och hur de upplever den. Studien ger också förslag på förbättringar som kan öka portalens popularitet. Respondenterna från Härjedalens kommun använder portalen i sitt vardagliga arbete och alla respondenter hade klagomål på användbarheten i portalen och baserade detta på svåra sökningar och hämtningar av data. Förslag till lösning på problemen är att genom justeringar i gränssnittet erbjuda färre alternativ i sökningen för att användaren lättare ska hitta rätt alternativ, samt att lägga till rutiner för datatransaktioner för att göra hämtningen av data mer integrerad i portalen.

  • 330.
    Estenberg, Mattias
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Hedman, Olle
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Effekter för skogsägare vid förläggning av ledning intill skogsväg2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I Sverige finns möjligheten för staten och företag att expropriera mark från fastighetsägare för att utöka eller effektivisera en allmännyttig anläggning. En ”allmännyttig anläggning” kan till exempel handla om ett företags önskemål att anlägga teleledningar i syfte att tillgodose eller förbättra en teleförbindelse till ett område. När det gäller rätten för ett företag att dra fram ledningar av olika slag tillämpas ledningsrättslagen som är speciellt utformad för markåtkomst angående anläggandet av ledningar. I de flesta länder har staten eller exploatörer möjligheten att ta mark i anspråk för att utveckla landets infrastruktur och att gynna allmännyttan. Genom att bygga ut eller dra om en motorväg kan man se till att den utnyttjar marken på bästa sätt utan att påverka omgivningen alltför negativt. Syftet med detta arbete är att undersöka huruvida skogsägare blir påverkade eller inte av att ledningsrätter upplåts nära eller alldeles intill deras skogsvägar istället för i skogsgator som är normalfallet. Material till arbetet har samlats in genom studier och analyser av publikationer angående gällande rätt, normer och rekommendationer om ersättning, empiriskt material har införskaffats genom expertintervjuer.

     

    Resultatet visar att skogsägare blir negativt påverkade av ledningens placering intill väg genom att den kan begränsa möjligheterna till lastning och skotning av virke vid vägen. Denna påverkan kan dock minimeras genom kommunikation och god planering parterna emellan. Vanligast är det att ledningshavaren och markägaren kommer överens om planeringen och ersättningen. Om det blir tal om expropriation används ledningsrättslagen som i sin tur hänvisar till expropriationslagen som anger vad som ska stå till grund för ersättning.

  • 331.
    Falk, Sandra
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Hallqvist, Camilla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    En undersökning av Söderhamns kommuns avgifter för bostadsarrenden: Förslag till marknadsanpassad prissättning2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Söderhamns kommun, belägen på Sveriges östkust, är upplåtare av bostadsarrenden med anknytning till Söderhamns skärgård. Avgifterna för bostadsarrendena har inte följt den prisutveckling som skett på fastighetsmarknaden de senaste åren därför var syftet med detta arbete att beskriva och analysera en marknadsanpassad arrendeavgiftsnivå samt en marknadsanpassad prissättning vid friköp av arrendetomter som ägs av kommunen. En skälig avkastning på mark som utarrenderas ansågs vara 3 – 4 %. Målsättningen var att ta fram förslag på prissättning av bostadsarrende som Söderhamns kommun skulle kunna använda sig av.

    I denna rapport har kvantitativa metoder använts, den första var att beräkna ett simulerat markvärde för bostadsarrendena och utifrån det erhålla en årlig arrendeavgift. Den andra var ortsprismetoden där både sålda fastigheter i Söderhamns kommun samt arrendeavgifter för bostadsarrenden i olika kommuner jämfördes för att få fram årliga arrendeavgifter och den tredje var avkastningsmetoden där friköpspriserna vid friköp av arrendetomterna beräknades. Slutligen gjordes en ekonomisk rekommendation av de årliga arrendeavgifterna och friköpspriserna. I en karta som skapades med hjälp av Geografiskt informationssystem (GIS) har de årliga arrendeavgifterna från metoden "simulerat markvärde" visualiserats för att lättare kunna analyseras och förstås. Beräkningarna resulterade i olika förslag på årliga arrendeavgifter utifrån de tre metoderna samt förslag på friköpspriser av arrendetomter.

    En svårighet med arbetet var att hitta information om tillvägagångssätt vid prissättning av bostadsarrenden, trots detta har vi dragit slutsatsen att resultatet från "simulerat markvärde" borde visa de mest rättvisa arrendeavgifterna och friköpspriserna, men det bästa är att jämföra arrendeavgifter i närliggande områden.

  • 332.
    Fallström, Robin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Wiklund, Robert
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Kvalitetsbrister i medelstora företag: En arbetsmodell för kvalitetsförbättring2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When a new product is launched, product defects in various processes and process steps willprobably appear that were not previously known or detected. The purpose of this study is to create aworking model for how middle-sized companies should manage to handle defects in quality thatwill appear in manufacturing productions. To be able to create a realistic model, this thesis will bebased on a case study of a manufacturing company by the name of AQ ParkoPrint AB, located in Gävle, Sweden.

    The following research questions are answered in order to support the main purpose:

    • What defects in quality occur most often in middle-sized manufacturing companies?

    • How can these defects in quality be managed, and if possible, be reduced?

    The methods used in this study are interviews and observations. Five interviews and twoobservations were performed on AQ ParkoPrint AB. The working model that was created wasnamed “Five-step-model” and involves the process of managing defects in quality divided into fivesteps: document, investigate, illustrate, propose action and implement. The “Five-step model” isdesigned for middle-sized manufacturing companies focused on creating a way to worksystematically with how to managing quality defects and how to reduce them if possible. The stepsin this model are flexible because every single company should be able to customize each step tosuit their company needs, and only use the “Five-step model” that is created in this study as thebasic structure of the quality work. The case study shows that the suppliers are the majorcontributors of causing quality defects. Middle-sized companies can use the developed five stepmodel to handle and reduce their quality defects. The “Five-step model” itself requires no expensivetools. It is the extent of the work in every specific step that determines the costs.This study also presents some question formulations that companies can use to reduce their qualitydefects that can be traced back to the subcontractors.

  • 333.
    Fan, Ruoxi
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Jin, Xiaoguang
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    How CSR create advantages in Chinese logistics SMEs: A case study of YHYB Co2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the development of China's economy, it is found that the importance of corporate social responsibility is increasing. SME as a large proportion of the economy, its importance is evident. Logistics industry in China developed very fast in recent 30 years, it has formed a large-scale industry. Due to the nature of logistics industry, the impact on environment is huge, the demand of CSR is increasing. Many large companies have already adopted CSR in recent years, but SMEs receive less attention. In this thesis, we conducted a case study of a small logistics company which has implemented CSR from its very beginning. From the case study, we compared the company’s behaviors and the existing theories and explained how does a SME work with CSR. It is approved that most of CSR theories can apply to a Chinese logistics SME. The company applied CSR into business strategy from the very beginning, communication with stakeholders plays a very important role in CSR strategy, and the company owner’s personal attitude and background plays a decisive role. In the end, we found out the advantages that CSR can bring to Chinese logistics SME. It can improve company’s reputation, employee’s loyalty and customer’s satisfaction, thus improve company’s sales and other business opportunities. 

  • 334.
    Fan, Ruoxi
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Li, Yingli
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    The coordination of E-commerce and Logistics : A case study of Amazon.com  2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the further promotion and application of e-commerce, logistics is becoming necessary. Logistics and the importance of e-commerce are more and more getting people’s attention, but what is the relationship between e-commerce and logistics still needs to be explored.

     

    The purposes of thesis are to research the relationship between e-commerce and logistics in B2C (business to consumer) companies. The aims of the thesis are threefold. Firstly, describe the coordination mechanism between e-commerce and logistics in general and particularly in Amazon.com. Secondly, find out the strengths and shortcoming of logistic when the company is developing e-commerce in general. Thirdly, In general, we focus on finding out the way to coordinate logistic in developing e-commerce, and how the logistic helps companies to develop e-commerce.

     

    The qualitative research method is used in our thesis in order to fulfill our purposes. It is a case study of Amazon China as the study subject. We analyzed the data, collected from the interview and documentation. There are certain limitations for our thesis: the interviewees were working, and they only had one hour for us to make the interview. Because of the time limitation, we could not get satisfactory and detailed information from them. So we collected some secondary data in order to support our thesis. In order to get much specific data i.e. more logistics information about logistics in Amazon, we phoned the customer service and in order to get some detail data.

     

    After the research, we found if e-commerce and logistics go hand in hand and converge; they create a unique mechanism which can help the business and market. 

  • 335.
    Fan, Yunyou
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Mobile Room Schedule Viewer Using Augmented Reality2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work aims to present a historical overview and analysis on the current technical details within one category of Augmented Reality systems – Mobile Augmented Reality (MAR). In addition, this research shows what practical and enjoyable mobile applications can be made with MAR.  A sample application has been developed for demonstration. The general aim of this sample application is to develop a room number recognition system using Augmented Reality technology. The work has demonstrated that an Android mobile phone equipped with this sample application can overlay augmented room schedule onto the mobile screen. Several experiments were carried out to evaluate the application. Recognition rate is an average of 91% in continuous real time testing. The application is also tested for varying viewing angles as well as different distances between the hand-held device and the targets to be tracked. Some cases of failure have been identified and shown. Future work and results of an evaluation are also discussed.

  • 336.
    Farah, Sagal
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics.
    Arshamian, Izabella
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics.
    Skillnader mellan Sverige och Kina- Utrikeshandel & Hinder i samband med godstransport2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den ökade globaliseringen har främjat utrikeshandeln. Vidare har de minskaderestriktionerna och handelshindren medfört att företag numera är verksamma på en global och turbulent marknad. Syftet med denna studie är att jämföra Sverige och Kina medavseende på utrikeshandel och hinder. Inom utrikeshandeln är hinder i samband medgodstransport ett vanligt förekommande problem av den anledningen kommer dessahinder analyseras och studeras. Sverige har valts att undersökas för att tillföra ett svensktperspektiv och bidra till en ökad insikt inom svensk utrikeshandel. Kina har valts attundersökas eftersom det är en ekonomisk världsledande nation inom utrikeshandeln.Vidare har forskningsfrågor formulerats och dessa har besvarats med hjälp avtillhandahållen data av Världsbankens enkätundersökning. Den erhållna datan harbearbetats och analyserats med hjälp av envariabels- och flervariabelanalys som harbehandlats av statistikprogrammet Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Iden teoretiska referensramen har data samlats in genom kurslitteratur, vetenskapligaartiklar och webbkällor.

    I resultatavsnittet har tabeller och diagram upprättats för att åskådliggöra skillnader mellan Sveriges och Kinas utrikeshandel och hinder med avseende på export, import, stöld, skadat gods, och transporttid. Av resultatet framgår det att andelen importeratmaterial och råvaror anges vara dubbelt så stor i Sverige i jämförelse med Kina. I slutsatsen framgår det att finns markanta skillnader mellan Sverige och Kina gällandeländernas utrikeshandel och hinder. Vidare har förbättringsåtgärder och lösningarpresenterats med teorin som utgångspunkt. Några av dessa innefattar implementering aveffektiviserade och optimerade distributionssystem och utformningen av hållbara ochsäkra godsförpackningar för att minska förekomsten av skadat gods under transport.

    Denna studie behandlar ett nytt forskningsområde och kommer huvudsakligen tillföra nykunskap inom Sveriges och Kinas utbyteshandel och hinder i samband med godstransportvilket är ett aktuellt fenomen med hög relevans. Med hjälp av aktuell forskning kanförekommande hinder i samband med godstransport analyseras och förebyggas.

  • 337.
    Fawcett, Peter
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Urban and regional planning/GIS-institute.
    Brenner, Mats
    University of Gävle, Library.
    Chinese International Students’ First-year Learning and Teaching Perceptions at the University of Gävle, Sweden2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Given the accelerating growth in the international student market, Chinese international students are increasingly becoming an important feature of higher education in many countries worldwide. The number of students attending Swedish universities although small compared to more traditional country destinations has, up to recent times, continued to increase. For Swedish universities not so accustomed to teaching and supporting the Chinese students, the challenge is considerable.

    This study explores the learning experiences of Chinese undergraduate students during their first year at the University of Gävle (Sweden). All of the students were young (most 17 to 19) and came from areas of China with strong Confucian heritage cultures. The study draws on previous research and a questionnaire to examine the students’ success in the classroom, how their attitudes to learning evolved, and how they adapted to Swedish culture. The study also discusses students’ opinions as to the academic and support services that have been or could be provided. The questionnaire developed for the study includes ideas and contributions from a United Kingdom university. An Interview Guide was also prepared to facilitate the study and to frame possible follow-up questions to participants.

    The study reveals that the students experienced a wide variety of difficulties. Lack of English language proficiency, communication difficulties, periods of isolation and loneliness together with a lack of social activities all featured significantly. Other areas highlighted included difficulties with academic writing, poor study skills awareness, and difficulties with making friends. On a more positive note, the students showed interest in and an ability to adjust, adapt and gain from a totally different style of teaching and learning. In terms of the implications for the University, these findings suggest that attention should be given in finding ways to improve the overall quality of student learning, teaching and support provided not only for Chinese students but for all international students. In this light, a series of recommendations are presented.

    Recommendations of note are to undertake a longitudinal study and offer an international foundation year programme with English language support services.

  • 338.
    Fehér, Marcus
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Borghult, Mikael
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    En arbetsprocess för att skapa 3D datorgrafik till film: Från karaktärsdesign till 3D animation2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det är svårt att veta hur man på snabbast möjliga sätt kan skapa 3D datorgrafik till film. Detta arbete handlar om processen (pipeline) för att skapa ett troll i 3D till filmat material med målet att arbeta så tidseffektivt som möjligt utan att försämra kvaliteten. Vi utformar en specifik pipeline med hjälp av kunskaper från nyckelpersoner i filmindustrin, egna erfarenheter samt en litteraturstudie. Kortfilmen består av ett 3D troll sammansatt till en minuts filmat material. Kortfilmen förklarar de olika stegen i arbetsprocessen; filmskapandet och vad man ska tänka på från idé till slutlig animerad produkt samt val av programvaror.

  • 339.
    Fekolkin, Roman
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Analysis of Augmented Reality Games on Android platform2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the research surrounding the Augmented Reality in games on Android platform was performed by testing 108 games from Google Play Market and by analyzing the hundreds of user reviews to determine the level of acceptance and the level of technical stability of the mobile games based on that technology. The Location-based, Marker-based and games based on somewhat different approach were studied and compared by the runtimes, game genres and by the featuring aspects including the presence of multiplayer mode, sound effects and the dimension that the virtual objects were positioned in. The overview of the studied games was presented in this paper. The results, for instance, include that the AR game variation is very narrow in terms of gameplay style and technical issues are very commonly encountered and it makes them very influential to the gameplay experience. The rareness of the multiplayer mode among the AR games was discovered meaning the domination of the single-player game designs. The Marker-based games were in general more computationaly heavy than Location-based games when it comes to the runtime performance.

  • 340.
    Feng, Weinan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Multiple Human Body Detection in Crowds2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this project is to use digital imaging devices to monitor a delineated area of the public space and to register statistics about people moving across this area. A feasible detecting approach, which is based on background subtraction, has been developed and has been tested on 39 images. Individual pedestrians in images can be detected and counted. The approach is suitably used to detect and count pedestrians without overlapping. Accuracy rate of detection is higher than 80%.

  • 341.
    Fermskog, Helena
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Klassificering och värdering av solkraft vid fastighetstaxering2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 342.
    Fernström, Åsa
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Bergström, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Godtagbara ändamål vid fastighetsbildningenligt 3:1 FBL: - en studie om ”udda” ändamål2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective with this study was to investigate so called odd purposes acceptable when registrating property along with how social development affects these purposes, furthermore to investigate how the cadastral surveyors estimates a foreseeable time. Tradition and praxis is used for several obvious purposes such as housing, farming, forests, offices and industry. Praxis is yet to be defined regarding more unique purposes. There is no mention in the law about which purposes are found acceptable to assure the demands on suitability are met. Cadastral authorities are responsible for making sure the division into property units is uniform and rule of law-accordingly. This study illustrates the issue of how the cadastral operation applies the rules to support a uniform application of the rule.

    A legal method, a survey analysis, an interview analysis and a case study were methods used in the study to answer the purpose and research questions. The legal method was used to learn more about the legal position. The survey was performed in order to gather data and information about which purposes previously have been regarded as odd by the cadastral surveyors. To obtain an understanding about and background to the selected odd purposes, an interview study was conducted with the cadastral surveyors. The intent of the case study was to form a base and insight in how the odd purposes are valued.

    The result of the legal method showed proof of how to interpret the prerequisite in the law. The survey provided information about which odd purposes are used in dividing of property. The interview study was based on the results from the survey and the information gathered from it. Answers regarding the background to the cadastral procedures were given, as well as the concept purpose, its origin and the evaluation of the time concept foreseeable time. The case study provided a background to the decision making and history about the debate as well as how purpose has been a question when making assessments.

    The most important conclusion made was that the prerequisite, intended function, current circumstances and requirements determine an acceptable purpose. The same factors determine the assessment of foreseeable time and as a result the concept varies from case to case. Social development causes the conditions for dividing into property units to be interchangeable, as a result the possible purposes changes with them. A more uniform application of the rule, considering the prerequisites, intended function, current circumstances and requirements should so be applied.

  • 343.
    Findler, Florian
    et al.
    Vienna University of Economics and Business, Vienna, Austria.
    Schönherr, Norma
    Vienna University of Economics and Business, Vienna, Austria.
    Lozano, Rodrigo
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Reider, Daniela
    Vienna University of Economics and Business, Vienna, Austria.
    Martinuzzi, André
    Vienna University of Economics and Business, Vienna, Austria.
    The impacts of higher education institutions on sustainable development: a review and conceptualization2019In: International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, ISSN 1467-6370, E-ISSN 1758-6739, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 23-38Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    This paper aims to conceptualize impacts of higher education institutions (HEIs) on sustainable development (SD), complementing previous literature reviews by broadening the perspective from what HEIs do in pursuit of SD to how these activities impact society, the environment and the economy.

    Design/methodology/approach

    The paper provides a systematic literature review of peer-reviewed journal articles published between 2005 and 2017. Inductive content analysis was applied to identify major themes and impact areas addressed in the literature to develop a conceptual framework detailing the relationship between HEIs’ activities and their impacts on SD.

    Findings

    The paper identifies six impact areas where direct and indirect impacts of HEIs on SD may occur. The findings indicate a strong focus on case studies dealing with specific projects and a lack of studies analyzing impacts from a more holistic perspective.

    Practical implications

    This systematic literature review enables decision-makers in HEIs, researchers and educators to better understand how their activities may affect society, the environment and the economy, and it provides a solid foundation to tackle these impacts.

    Social implications

    The review highlights that HEIs have an inherent responsibility to make societies more sustainable. HEIs must embed SD into their systems while considering their impacts on society.

    Originality/value

    This paper provides a holistic conceptualization of HEIs’ impacts on SD. The conceptual framework can be useful for future research that attempts to analyze HEIs’ impacts on SD from a holistic perspective.

  • 344.
    Fobbe, Lea
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Lozano, Rodrigo
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Carpenter, Angela
    Abid, Muhammad
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Sustainability assessment of seaports: Towards a comprehensive holistic framework2018In: 24th Annual ISDRS Conference, Actions for a Sustainable World. From Theory to Practice, Messina, 13 -15 June, 2018, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 345.
    Fogel, Anna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Likvärdighet, målstyrning och mätbarhet: en skolhuvudmans dilemma2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Likvärdighet är ett centralt begrepp inom skolans värld med utgångspunkt i skollagen. Med avgränsning till den obligatoriska grundskolan eftersöks i denna uppsats kriterier för likvärdighet med avseende på utbildning, bland annat genom begreppsanalytiska resonemang kring ”utbildning”, ”likvärdighet” och ”likvärdig utbildning”. Även ett mätningsteoretiskt resonemang förs, liksom en diskussion om vad det kan tänkas innebära att, utifrån Skolverkets tolkning av ”likvärdig utbildning”, ge elever ”samma möjligheter” att nå de nationellt uppsatta kunskaps- och värdegrundsmålen. Indikatorer för likvärdig utbildning framtagna av Skolverket och Rädda Barnen diskuteras också.

  • 346.
    Fohlin, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Home Storage Manager2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 347.
    Folea, Ion
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Utvärdering av onlineversionen av MakeItRational – vilken metod som används för att beräkna vikter på basis av parvisa jämförelser?2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att utvärdera onlineversionen av programvaran MakeItRational med avseende på metoden som används för att beräkna så kallade vikter (weights) på basis av parvisa jämförelser. Studiens teoretiska del bygger på T.L. Saatys analytic hierarchy process (AHP). Större vikt läggs på tillämpningen av AHP-metoden med tonvikt på beräkning av vikter och hantering av parvisa jämförelsematriser. Uppsatsen empiriska del bygger på två beslutsanalyser utförda med hjälp av onlineversionen av MakeItRational och motsvarande egna beräkningar. Studiens resultat indikerar att onlineversionen av MakeItRational använder högeregenvektorsmetoden för att beräkna vikter.

  • 348.
    Forkman, Mats
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    A review of decision-making in the Authorisation regime of Regulation (EC) 1907/2006 REACH2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Chemicals are integral to almost all sectors of society, bringing many benefits, but the sound management throughout their lifecycle is essential in order to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all. The object of this study, the Authorisation regime in EU’s REACH-regulation, is one regulatory instrument to control chemicals.

    It is important that decision-making is consistent, transparent and open to ensure legitimacy. This is particularly true for the control of chemicals because it is a contested policy area, where policy effectiveness does not have an objective standard of measurement. With reference to this, the aspects studied were the form and application of rules and procedures for making decisions.

    Overall findings are that the decision-making includes published procedures and justifications for made decisions. The studied individual decision problems are open with mandatory public consultations, allowing input and participation from interested parties. Justification for choosing decision support tools with consequent effects on outcomes is less transparent. This also applies to operationalisation of some critical concepts.

    There is no definite or value-free method that can be applied to measure to what extent the objectives are met in all of the various decisions in the REACH Authorisation regime. This could potentially lead to decisions based on individual’s subjective judgments. The influence of individual value-based judgments on the outcome is mitigated by having groups of persons as decision-makers, rather than individuals, and by transparency. Certain decisions include value judgments on the acceptability of risk either made by expert judgment embedded in standards and protocols or included in a formal type of assessment. The underlying assumptions regarding values are not evident in these cases.

    The methodology for the decision-making has developed over time, with a decision support tool introduced for prioritisation. This algorithm-based tool supports decision-making, but actual prioritisations were often based on aspects not considered in the tool. This is likely to continue to be the case, even if (as foreseen) relevant and structured information on substances becomes more readily available.

    The first phase in the REACH authorisation decision procedures, clarifying and defining issues, is probably the single most important phase. It can also be demanding in time and resources. The regime includes sequential decisions, where the decision-maker’s information requirements includes increasing number of aspects from the first to the last decision. Since not all substances go through the entire sequence, this is efficient in terms of use of resources to elicit information.

  • 349.
    Forsberg, Marina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Åtgärder för att skapa säkrare hämtning och lämning vid skola: Undersökning vid Ludvigsbergsskolan i Valbo2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Researchers, planners, and government agencies agree that road safety for children must be a priority and in particular that children should have a safe and secure way to travel to and from school regardless of age or the distance travelled. In Sweden, child traffic safety is a key part of the country’s Nollvision, a long-term traffic policy goal of “no deaths or serious injuries”. Unfortunately, many countries have recorded increases in child traffic accidents as the percentage of parents who drive their children to school and thus congestion around schools has increased. Common strategies include traffic safety education for children, the redesign and improvement of traffic infrastructure, bicycle training, and carpooling.

    This thesis assesses the traffic problem around Ludvigsberg School in the district Valbo in Gävle, Sweden. The assessment is based on direct observation, questionnaires with parents, and focus groups with students. A second goal is to identify proposals for easing the traffic situation around Ludvigsberg School and increasing the safety of the school’s students.

    The results of the study indicate that a large proportion of parents drop off and collect their children by car. The majority of school children arrive at 8:00 am, creating congestion along roads and in parking lots. The questionnaire and focus group methods indicate that parents and children believe the amount of traffic is a problem and that solutions are required.

    Parents and students put forward a number of strategies for reducing traffic and improving safety around Ludvigsberg School. One of the potentially most effective ideas is to increase the percentage of children who walk or cycle to and from school. Another preferred option is to arrange and increase the use of carpools.

  • 350.
    Forslund, Camilla
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Larsson, Annika
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Möjligheter och begränsningar med exploateringssamverkan2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Act on development cooperation (ESL) came into force in 1987 and the purpose of the Act is to provide a tool allowing property owners in consultation with the municipality to consolidate land parcels and provide infrastructure for development, as part of the cadastral survey process (Boverket, 2009). Development cooperation is a useful method when there is a need of collaboration in areas with fragmented real estate (Proposition 1985/86: 2). In areas of fragmented real estate development cooperation can make it easier for property owners and municipalities to design and implement a detailed plan without being tied to property boundaries. The perceived complexity of the legislation is probably one reason why ESL has been applied in only a handful cases, according to the Planning and Building review (SOU, 2005).

     

    The purpose has been to examine the process of development cooperation and its potential and limitations. Furthermore, the application of ESL in the survey process and communication between the various actors in development cooperation was studied. The methods used in the work are literature review, case studies and interviews.

     

    The potential offered to individual property owners in development cooperation was to implement development with other property owners and development cooperation can take place regardless of property boundaries. It is essential that property owners have a good knowledge of the planning process and are interested in development to drive the project forward. The restrictions were that compulsory acquisition can be done despite the fact that property owners do not participate in development cooperation. Implementation perceived complexity and probably do not the property owners know the possibility of development cooperation.

     

    InSweden, land parcels for development are widely available and as a result land values are low, but regardless of location development costs are high. Although a positive factor in itself, the equitable distribution of development rights becomes less of a deciding factor in the absence of valuable land in the area. It is more attractive with development cooperation in areas with high land values where development needs and the potential gain is large.

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