Change search
Refine search result
45678910 301 - 350 of 5029
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 301.
    Bengtsson, Ingemar
    Swedish Defence University.
    Militärteknikens betydelse för operationskonst – en fallstudie utav operativ planering2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats tar sin utgångspunkt i att den tekniska utvecklingen påverkar hur krig genomförs idag, där strid på operativ nivå utövas med sensor- och vapensystem från någon form av plattform. Därmed kommer teknik i högre grad påverka utgången av militära operationer. Vilket gör att det är viktigt att förstå hur militärteknik påverkar operationskonst. Då operativ planering kan ses som operationalisering av operationskonst torde militär-tekniska perspektiv återfinnas i planeringsmetodbeskrivningar. För att påvisa det kausala sambandet mellan operationskonst och militärteknik formulerades hypotesen – Militärteknik omhändertas i operativ planering genom att utgöra perspektiv på operationskonstens beståndsdelar. Denna hypotes prövades sedan gentemot två svenska planeringsmetoder, utan att kunna förkastas. Därmed är hypotesen tills vidare verifierad.

    Även om hypotesen prövats på svenska planeringsmetoder finns det stöd för att hypotesen även är giltig för andra planeringsmetoder. Faktum är att det snarare är detaljeringsgraden på metodbeskrivningarna som avgör om hypotesens indikatorer kan återfinnas. Då operations-konst kan vara både vetenskap och konst, räcker det inte med en tydlig metodbeskrivning. Chefer och planerare måste själva omsätta underlaget till en faktisk plan. Därför är det viktigt att dessa har kunskap och vetskap om hur de ska tänka. Vilket gör att militärteknik måste vara en naturlig del av utbildningen när operationskonstens beståndsdelar diskuteras.

  • 302.
    Bengtsson, Ingemar
    Swedish Defence University.
    Vad innebär införandet av FMN för Försvarsmaktens insatsledningssystem?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Armed Forces have declared that by the year 2023, the Swedish Armed Forces C2-systems are to be fully FMN compliant. This thesis is to answer what initially needs to change in the C4ISR to enable them to achieve FMN compatibility.

    The current FMN Spiral specification provides, in principle, only support for the essential human-to-human communication services. With this, the SA, JISR and MEDEVAC Mission Thread are to be conducted.

    The Swedish Armed Forces is clear about the importance of interoperability in order to act together with others, both within and outside its region. But it is less clear which of the Swedish Armed Forces C2-system that is affected by FMN.

    This thesis has come to the conclusion that SWECCIS probably is the C4ISR that best represents what FMN is trying to achieve today, and that SWECCIS basically is FMN compliant. SWECCIS provides, however, only four of the six human-to-human communications services, and the Swedish Armed Forces' current solution to provide audio-based collaboration services is not FMN compliant.

    The future FMN Spiral specifications will place more demands on the Swedish Armed Forces C4ISR for those to maintain their FMN compliant.

  • 303.
    Bengtsson, Jenny
    Swedish Defence University.
    Från falska narrativ till informationspåverkan: en narrativ analys av ryska statsmediers rapportering om Sverige2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis offers an insight in how information influence works in the digital modern age, through the use of strategic narratives in news reporting. The study uses a combination of a textual and narrative analysis in order to examine what kind of patterns are possible to distinguish in how the Russian state-funded news agencies RT and Sputnik are portraying Sweden in their reporting. Insights obtained by analyzing articles from the mentioned news outlets shows that four strategical ’master’-narratives can be found in the reporting: 1) Sweden is being ridiculed, 2) Sweden is portrayed as a collapsing state, 3) conspiracy theories about Sweden are made up and, 4) Russia is portrayed in friendly and peaceful terms. The analysis ultimately demonstrates how these four ‘master’-narratives can be understood as information produced in order to spread a negative image about Sweden and to promote a positive image of Russia. The study emphasizes the importance of continued research in the area and discusses the difficulties with addressing something that cannot be termed as fake news, but rather as fake narratives.

  • 304.
    Bengtsson, Kristofer
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Golanhöjderna, den strategiska betydelsen 1967-19732009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of this essay is the strategic importance of the Golan Heights during the period 1967-1973, specifically targeting the following questions;

    -          Why were the heights strategically important?

    -          What are the gains of either of the states in controlling the Golan Heights?

    A theoretical framework based on Jerker Widén´s and Jan Ångström´s Militärteorins grunder (The fundamentals in Military Theory) and its chapter regarding the strategic context will be used as an analytical framework.

    The framework has been applied on the specific conditions of the Golan Heights during a given and limited period of time; stretching from 1967 to 1973, however, the study will not deal with the war of attrition in 1970 as the impact on the Golan Heights and the surrounding geographical strategically important area was limited if at all. The two wars waged during this particular time are used in an attempt to give a somewhat objective picture of the strategic importance of the area.

    The conclusions are that the importance of the Golan heights during the selected period was significant as the Golan Heights provided a “strategic lock” both ways and provides a favourable area to deploy artillery, intelligence and surveillance sensors.

  • 305.
    Bengtsson, Magnus
    Swedish National Defence College.
    UCAV vs. Armed UAV - en studie i realiteters inverkan på visioner2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decade of the 20th century, visionary theorists predicted that advanced UCAVswould replace or complement existing fighter aircraft of today. Those predictions have not beenfulfilled. The Armed UAVs used in today’s conflicts could almost be seen as armed sailplanes andthe development can be described as more pragmatic then innovative. The development could beexplained as two separate development tracks, Armed UAV and UCAV. The analysis shows thatArmed UAVs characteristic persistence is the driving factor in today’s low intensive conflicts. Themore glamorous UCAV on the other hand has showed to be more complex and expensive thanexpected, and especially that its characteristics: speed, autonomy and stealth are not demanded intoday’s conflicts.

  • 306.
    Bengtsson, Ola
    Swedish Defence University.
    Infanteriet - pånyttfött eller återanvänt?: En jämförelse av infanterireglemente under kalla kriget och idag2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims at studying how swedish infantry regulations have changed from the invasion-deterring army of the Cold War to today’s modern expeditional army, but also to show likenesses between these.The essay is based upon two regulations, Infanterireglemente Skyttebataljon 1974 and Markstridsreglemente 6: Manöverbataljon Förhandsutgåva 4 2012, which are compared with an analytical tool constructed from elaborated and operationalized parts of the six basic abilities.The thesis shows that there is a difference concerning the use of indirect method in order to defeat the opponent, and also in the terms of mission tactics. Similarities can be found in the description delaying the opponent and the use of indirect fire.

  • 307.
    Bengtsson, Rikard
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Stigmatisering: upphov till mörkertal efter genomförd internationell militär insats?2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Receiving support and help for physical injuries when returning from a military operation is natural and fully acceptable. As far as doing the same thing when having mental illness is not as likely to happen. The shame of admission in front of the people around you holds you back.  The problem might be stigma; you do not want to be seen as odd or different, seen as someone who mentally could not cope with the experience.

     

    If the need for care is unknown to the Armed Forces then there will be an unknown number of individuals who do not receive the support they are entitled to by law.

     

    This thesis aims to investigate how much impact the fear of stigmatization is after an international military operation.

  • 308.
    Bengtsson, Rikard
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Tjänstvillighet för Internationell militär insats2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this essay is to present the reasons and explanations behind the decision to go or not to go on missions abroad and how obliging you can be. The essay relay on an examine of opinions due out of five categories of people, who either have an employment with or relative who is in connections with one who have an employment with the Swedish Defence Forces. Besides that two interviews have been conducted to get to know the thoughts or decisions behind for the relatives. The result is to give answer on what the main reasons are for the willingness of service abroad and what the Swedish Defence Forces and their principal can do about it to promote foreign service further more.

    The essay can be seen as a parallel investigation as the Veteran policies which have been conducted by the Defence ministry in 2008.

  • 309.
    Berg, Bo
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Nyttan med modulär design av stridsfartyg2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 310.
    Berg, Claes
    Swedish Defence University.
    Utan svans - inga tänder: Framgång ur ett logistikperspektiv2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Professionella militärer menar att logistik har en avgörande roll för krigföringen. Trots detta är det få forskare som studerat logistikens betydelse. Fram till 1900-talets senare hälft var området i stort sett outforskat men sedan dess har fler och fler intresserat sig för logistiken. Jämfört med exempelvis strategi är det få, och relativt små, studier som genomförts men alla är överens om att området är dåligt utforskat. De få teorier som utvecklats om logistikens betydelse har prövats av respektive författare men ingen har jämfört och ställt teorierna mot varandra.

    I en studie av Falklandskriget 1982 kommer därför logistikens roll för utgången av konflikten att undersökas ur två teoretiska perspektiv. Thomas M. Kanes teori om logistiken som skiljedomare och Mark Erbels & Christopher Kinseys teori om det logistiskstrategiska navet kommer båda att appliceras på fallet och resultatet användas för att jämföra teoriernas skillnader i syfte att visa på möjligheter för framtida teoriutveckling.

    Resultatet visar att logistik spelade en avgörande roll för utgången av Falklandskriget och att den sida som hade de bästa logistiska förutsättningarna segrare. De båda teorierna visar sig kunna förklara detta men de skiljer sig åt. Dessa skillnader och de frågor som skapas visar på behovet av ytterligare forskning om logistik och dess relation till strategi.

  • 311.
    Berg, Hillevi
    Swedish National Defence College.
    IMPROVISATIONSKRIS: Improvisation i svenska nationella krishanteringsövningar2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen syftar till att beskriva hur improvisation tagit sig uttryck i utformandet och genomförandet av de fyra samverkansövningar (SAMÖ) som hitintills genomförts i Sverige. SAMÖ ska öka den nationella krisberedskapsförmågan och då robust och effektiv krishantering kräver improvisation studeras hur improvisation tagit sig uttryck i dessa övningar. Tre improvisationstyper har identifierats i tidigare forskning; nyskapande, adaptiv och återskapande improvisation. Förekomst av dessa i form av implicita respektive explicita uttryck eftersöks i övningsutvärderingarna genom att operationaliseringar av begreppen används som raster vid analys av materialet. Studien har funnit att uttryck av improvisation saknas i utformandet av övningarna men att uttryck av nyskapande improvisation förekommer i övningsdeltagarnas genomförande av SAMÖ 2004, 2007 och 2008 och SAMÖ-KKÖ 2011 samt att adaptiv improvisation förekommer i genomförandet av SAMÖ 2004 och 2007.

  • 312.
    Berg, Magnus
    Swedish Defence University.
    Förändring genom inlärning: Händelserelaterad policyförändring inom svensk krisberedskap2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen syftar till att förklara uppkomsten av förändringsförslagen som presenterades i MSB:s rapport ” Ansvar, samverkan, handling. Åtgärder för stärkt krisberedskap utifrån erfarenheterna frånskogsbranden i Västmanland 2014” Med hjälp av processpårning görs en inomfallsanalys där Västmanlandsbranden ses som en ”fokus händelse”. Denna händelse agerar som ett stimuli till förändring. Till detta används Birklands teori krig den händelserelaterade policyförändringen och dess indikatorer för att förklara förändring genom inlärning. Studien visar det troligt att lärdomar från Västmanlandsbranden tagits till vara och gett upphov till förslag till förändring inom svensk krisberedskap.

  • 313.
    Berg, Magnus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division.
    Nanostrukturell ytbeläggning på utsatta delar av marina drivlinor2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays naval units are participating in international missions, where new and in many cases tougher conditions will affect their propulsion.

     

    This essay deals with some of the now developed nanostructure coatings and gives a presentation of how the coatings could function on some exposed parts of the naval powertrain. The essay investigates the possibility that the coatings can be used as a protective layer that will reduce or prevent wear on selected parts of the naval powertrains. As a basis for the essay, nanotechnology is described, as well as different reasons that wear occurs and application techniques for coatings

     

    The conclusion is that nanostructured coatings can be applied and provide a much better result on hardness and wear resistance as of naval powertrains compared to micro-structural coatings, both for manufacturing and renovation.

     

    The essay presents a few examples of the military utility of the nanostructure coatings as well as suggestions for further research.

  • 314.
    Berg, Magnus
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Självsanerande ytbeläggning i nanostruktur: Är det möjligt att applicera på elektrooptiska sensorer och till vilken nytta?2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study deals with now developed self-cleaning coatings and gives a presentation of how they work on some electro-optical sensor lenses used in the navy. The study also examines the coatings transmittance and how efficient they can clean the sensor lenses from undesired salt layers and other soiling particles.

    After the introduction the study presents basic facts of the chosen sensors, nanotechnology, surface wettability and also salts and salinity. Thereafter the study describes current nano-research on self-cleaning coatings and possible results there of, when the coatings are applied on the different sensors.

    In the study I give my opinion of the military benefit of using self-cleaning coatings, which from a general point of view is that there mostly are positive effects using such a coating, in a technical perspective.

    The study ends with conclusions that there are self-cleaning coatings based on TiO2-nanoparticles which can transmit within the visual spectra and also can clean undesired soiling particles. But can not confirm that these coatings have the desired effect on salt crystals, or transmit within wavelengths spectrum for IR-detectors and lasers.

  • 315.
    Berg, Stefan
    Swedish Defence University.
    Hybridkrigföring och svenska strategiska inriktningar2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hybrid warfare is a phenomenon that have gained an ever increasingly amount of attention in the aftermath of the events in Ukraine 2014. A war broke out between on one hand Ukraine and the other hand an opponent who seems to be composed of so called “little green men”. The war has been waged with methods that has reached beyond the conventional way of waging. And while there are many discussions amongst the cadets at the Swedish Military Academy concerning what exactly hybrid warfare is, not much have been said about what to do about it.

     The following essay will address hybrid warfare and defence against hybrid warfare and with the help of a theoretical framework based upon military science investigate how Sweden responds to the threats connected to hybrid warfare on a strategic level.

     The result of the research done will show how Swedish strategic doctrines identifies the threats of hybrid warfare and suggests a holistic approach in both how to deny the opponent the opportunity to use hybrid warfare and how to counter hybrid threats.

     

  • 316.
    Berg, Torgeir
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Anvenderlogistikkens betydning for tempo i et manøverkonsept2002Student paper otherStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with operational logistics. The transition from a static conceptbased on attrition, to a consept based on tempo and maneuver, put newdemands on the logistic system. It is therfore interesting to look closer into theconnection between tempo and logistical support. This is done by describingand anlysing possibilities and limitations regarding support of tactical armyunits, with the aim of gaining a deeper understanding of the significance oflogistics in a maneuver concept. The basic question is how logistics cansupport tempo in army operations and what kind of distribution procedureshould be used in logistical support? The method used is qua litative textualanalysis and I use the perspective of general systems theory.The first part of the paper examines logistics as an integral part of maneuverwarfare. Because it is an integral part of war, logistics is also subject tocharacteristics of war, as non- linearity, friction, uncertainty and fluidity. At thesame time the battlespace is expanding and creating an non linear array offorces with conciderable separation between units and an intermixing offriendly and enemy forces. This factors will together put more strain on thelogistic system and delivery of resources can never be taken for grantedManeuver warfare depends heavily upon the use of tempo, both as a means ofexploiting opportunities and as a weapon on its own right. This first part of thepaper focuses upon analyzing logistics as a critical contributor for thegeneration and maintenance of tempo.The second part of the paper focuses primarily upon the distribution process atthe tactical level. The discussion of the levels of logistics, combined withexamples from the Gulf War, illustrates the complexity and interrelationship oflogistics and shows that the system must be able of operating at all three levelsog logistics in order to fully support the commander. In examining the make upof the logistic system, I identified the procedures being used as a key element.Basically there are two types of procedures that can be employed to effectdistribution. The first, pull, places almost total responsibility on the needingunit. The second, push, places most responibility on the logistic system itself.My key findings are that an army must use a combination of push and pullprocedures, although the push procedure seem to be the best system in amaneuver warfare concept. Finally I found that the maneuver warfarephilosophy will demand units to be self sufficient for longer periods in order tobe able to exploit opportunities and maintain tempo.

  • 317.
    Bergdahl, Oscar
    Swedish Defence University.
    Dynamiken i slaget om befolkningens stöd: Upprorsmakarnas misslyckande i Malaya2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The military interventions in Afghanistan and Iraq in the early 21st century evolved into extended counterinsurgency operations based on lessons from The Malayan Emergency 1948-1960. However, these lessons have been questioned as the study of the emergency has concentrated on one-sided studies, looking to explain the outcome merely as a result of the counterinsurgent’s actions. Furthermore, the case contradicts former research stating that the use of coercive measures leads to failure, which indicates that other factors also affect the outcome. Therefore - to be able to draw correct lessons from cases of counterinsurgency - it is not only needed to study the acts of the counterinsurgent, but also the actions of the insurgent. Hence, this case study examines what measures the insurgent used and how these, combined with the acts of the counterinsurgent, affected the outcome. The study suggests that the insurgent embraced an enemy-centric strategy which, through the substantial use of coercive measures, outweighed the coercive measures of the counterinsurgent and consequently alienated the insurgent’s cause from the population. Therefore, the findings complement past explanations to why the uprising failed and highlights the dynamics of insurgency warfare.

  • 318.
    Berge, Patrik
    Swedish Defence University.
    Hur förklaras framgång i kustförsvarsoperationer genom tillämpningen av kombinerade vapen?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    När det föreligger ett hot om angrepp via havet är förmågan till kustförsvar vitalt. Kustförsvaret ska verka i en utmanande stridsmiljö där elementen hav, luft och land möts. Genomförande av kustförsvar samlas normalt under begreppet kustförsvarsoperationer. Forskningsläget pekar på att förmågan till kustförsvar är viktigt för en kuststat, samtidigt är det konceptuella teoretiska ramverket för dess genomförande outvecklat. Ur ett manöverteoretiskt perspektiv utgör kombinerade vapen en generell konceptuell metod avseende genomförande av strid. Undersökningens syfte utgörs av att utöka den förståelsen för hur framgång i kustförsvarsoperationer kan förklaras genom tillämpning av kombinerade vapen. Forskningsdesignen är konstruerad såsom en jämförande fåfallsstudie, med olika utfall. Undersökningens analysenheter består av två empiriska fall, kustförsvarsoperationerna vid Salerno 1943 respektive Falklandsöarna 1982.

    Resultatet pekar på ett samband mellan tillämpning av kombinerade vapen och graden av framgång i kustförvarsstriden. Resultatet pekar också på att dessa principer ofta, men inte alltid, är interrelaterade mellan varandra och att det finns ett samband mellan förmågan att exploatera en vunnen framgång och dess varaktighet och effekt. Generalieringsambitionen avseende resultatet måste betraktas utifrån att endast två fall som undersökts. Detta medför att fler empiriska prövningar på fall av kustförsvarsoperationer kan utgöra förslag för fortsatt forskning.

  • 319.
    Berge, Patrik
    Swedish Defence University.
    Överraskning och tempo i amfibieoperationer: Om två av krigföringens grundprincipers innebörd och betydelse på amfibieanfallen vid Inchon samt Anzio2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An amphibious assault can open new fronts and totally change the operational and strategic situation. Amphibious assault often depends on the principles of surprise and tempo.

     

    The principles of war, surprise and tempo are the main focus in this thesis. The context consists of the operational type, amphibious assault. The main problem that the study will try to answer is the paradox that theorists highlight these principles as essential conditions for amphibious operations, but they have not developed specifically why and how. In this context it is interesting because there are a number of paradoxes between the type of operation and the principles.

     

    To be able to examine the principles a higher degree of concreteness has to be applied. This is done by examining what other modern theorists has developed on the principles. The most prominent factors then become the thesis operationalized indicators that provides the analysis tool for the thesis. The theory will then be tested by analysing two case studies, Operation Shingle in Anzio and Operation Chromite in Inchon.

     

    The result shows that the indicators of surprise consists of unexpected acting, diversion and operations security. The results of the case study regarding this comes to the conclusions that unexpected acting and operation security are key factors. The indicators of tempo are rapid decision-making and quick physical movement. The case study result indicates that both are criterias for success and are based on a mutual relationship between the indicators.

  • 320.
    Bergfeldt, Sandra
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Biased Mediators and Sustainable Peace: Why are some peace agreements more durable than others?2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mediator characteristics have been found to affect both the process of getting warring parties to sign an agreement and how sustainable that agreement will turn out to be. Since the type of peace agreement also has been found to affect the sustainability of peace agreements, this study aims at examining whether the identity of the mediator is related to which type of agreement is being signed and to see if this could be an explaining factor to the previous results in this field. Many earlier studies have defined success in different ways, mainly either as the signing of an agreement or the durability of agreements. This study contributes to the research field by combining these two definitions. Since type of agreement has been shown to affect the durability of peace, factors that influence what type of agreement is signed will also affect how sustainable the agreement will be. Peace agreement sustainability is seen as the definition of success, but in the search for what makes an agreement last, you might have to look at what makes the parties sign the agreement in the first place. This will therefore develop the concept of successful mediation and analyze the two definitions as one. It is argued that international mediators will have a higher degree of comprehensive agreements compared to regional mediators and that this is the reason for why international mediators have been found to generate more durable peace. The results indicate that there is no difference between the two types of actors in terms of how much of the incompatibility is solved in the agreement, but when looking at how many parties are signatories, international and mixed mediators were correlated with a higher degree of comprehensiveness than regional mediators.

  • 321.
    Berggren, Anders W.
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Weibull, Louise
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Hedlund, Erik
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Granberg, Magnus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Hyllengren, Peder
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Gustavsson, Björn
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Makt, pedagogik, ledarskap och organisation: En studie av ett mekaniserat skyttekompani2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport sammanfattar en studie som genomförts vid P4 i Skövde, där forskargruppen följt 414. Skkomp från augusti 2010 till juni 2011.

    Utbildningen av 414. skyttekompaniet aktualiserar frågor rörande rollspelet mellan solda­ter och officerare, utbildningens utformning, samt frågor om yrkeskunnande och yrkesidenti­tet.

    Mer konkret identifierar studien följande områden för Försvarsmakten att fokusera:

    • begreppen ”soldat” och ”officer” i det nya personalförsörjningssyste­met, och vad det innebär att vara professionell i Försvarsmakten.
    • soldaten och kompetensutveckling av dessa.
    • grpC tänkta roll och kompetensutveckling av dessa.
    • hur man på förbanden kan involvera GrpC i ”chain of command”?
    • hur kan Försvarsmakten i handling visa att soldaterna är viktiga”.
    • kring erfarenhetsresonemanget/trappan i syfte att stärka officerarna samt att utveckla professionen totalt sett.
    • hur utbildning skall genomföras när PRIO-org är intagen?

     

    Vidare pekar studien ut frågor kring hur man lokalt hanterar att alla anställda soldater inte kan ingå i en insats (givet att t ex FS-organisationen skiljer sig numerärt från förbandets grund­organisation), samt hur ett förband vidmakt­håller förmågor över tiden.

    I rapporten beskrivs även ett fenomen som handlar om ett informationsglapp mellan kompa­niets ordinarie ledningsstruktur (kompanichef och plutonchefer) och de som genomför olika utbildningsmoment, d v s när den som genomför en trupputbildning inte har ett direkt chefsansvar.

  • 322.
    Berggren, Jonatan
    Swedish Defence University.
    Mål och metoder i svensk säkerhetspolitik: Policykoherens i Ett användbart försvar2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Propositionen Ett användbart försvar från 2009 innebar ett slutgiltigt brott med den gamla idén om alliansfrihet och neutralitet – ersättningen blev vad som kommit att kallas en ”solidaritetstrategi”. Parallellt med denna strategiska omläggning har omfattande förändringar skett på andra områden inom säkerhetspolitiken, bl.a. i det att värnplikten i praktiken avskaffats. Dessa olika reformer sammanfaller förvisso i tid, men de kausala sambanden är inte självklara. Utgångspunkten i undersökningen är därför att söka klargöra hur väl den svenska säkerhetspolitikens mål och metoder hänger samman, givet att utformningen av dessa är sprungna ur olika faktorer. Föreligger överensstämmelse, dels inbördes mellan olika metoder för att nå målen, dels mellan dessa metoder och den övergripande målsättningen, eller går det att identifiera brister och oklarheter?

    Den metodologiska utgångspunkten har varit en innehållslig idéanalys, där propositionen Ett användbart försvar tillsammans med regeringens utrikesdeklaration använts för att teckna en bild av den säkerhetspolitiska målsättningen och strategin utifrån den strategiska hierarkin. Denna bild har i sin tur sedan analyserats med utgångspunkt i begreppet policykoherens. Slutligen har analysen placerats i en kontext, i det att den sätts i relation till motsvarande förhållande i den föregående svenska säkerhetspolitiska epoken, det kalla kriget.

    Undersökningen visar att den säkerhetspolitiska strategin hänger relativt väl samman på de högre nivåerna, i det att den betonar samarbetesstrategier för att nå säkerhet tillsammans med andra länder. I de stratgier som syftar till konkret genomförande återfinns dock koherensproblem, främst knutet till den unilaterala solidaritetsförklaringen och den militära allianfriheten; säkerhet ska skapas tillsammans med andra, men samtidigt saknas garantier för att hjälp faktiskt kommer i händelse av kris eller konflikt. Mindre koherensproblem uppstår som följd av detta, men förekommer också självständigt i det att hotbilden som beskrivs i propositionen är mångtydig och därmed undandrar sig den analys som skulle krävas för att kunna beskriva politiken som sammanhängande.

  • 323.
    Berggren, Magdalena
    Swedish Defence University.
    Planering i militär kontext: En studie av PUT-modellen utifrån den svenska doktrinen2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 324.
    Berggren, Peter
    et al.
    Department of Computer and Information Science, Linköping University, Sweden.
    Johansson, Björn J E
    Swedish Defence Research Agency, Information and Aeronautical Systems, Linköping, Sweden.
    Baroutsi, Nicoletta
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Assessing the quality of Shared Priorities in teams using content analysis in a microworld experiment2017In: Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, ISSN 1463-922X, E-ISSN 1464-536X, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 128-146Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective, easy to use, and easy to comprehend assessment methods for measuring shared understanding in teams are hard to find. This paper describes an experiment where a measure called Shared Priorities, which is based on ranking of self-generated strategic items, is assessed. Trained teams were compared to non-trained teams in a dynamic problem-solving task. The maturity of the participating teams was also assessed using a content analysis measure. The Shared Priorities measure was used alongside other well-documented measures of team awareness based on self-rating. Results show that the Shared Priorities measure correlates with task performance and could also distinguish between trained and non-trained teams. However, the Shared Priorities measure did not correlate with the other team measures (cf. CARS – Crew Awareness Rating Scale – and DATMA – Distributed Assessment of Team Mutual Awareness), suggesting that it captures a different quality of teamwork than the self-rating measures. Further, the Shared Priorities measure was found to be easily administered.

  • 325.
    Berggren, Peter
    et al.
    FOI.
    Johansson, Björn JE
    FOI.
    Baroutsi, Nicoletta
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Dahlbäck, Nils
    Department of Computer and Information Science, Linköping University.
    The shared priorities measure as a way of assessing team strategic awareness: a bridge between self-assessment and the deep blue sea of field recordings2014In: Proceedings of the 2014 European Conference on Cognitive Ergonomics, ACM Digital Library, 2014, p. 13-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective, easy to use, easy to comprehend, high face-validity assessment methods for measuring shared awareness in teams are hard to find. This paper describes an experiment where a new measure called Shared Priorities, which is based on ranking of self-generated strategic items, is tested. Trained teams were compared to non-trained teams in a dynamic problem-solving task in terms of performance and shared awareness. The shared priorities measure was used alongside other, well-documented measures of team awareness based on self-rating. The results show that the Shared Priorities measure correlate with performance and could also distinguish between trained and non-trained teams. However, the Shared Priorities measure did not correlate with the other team measures, suggesting that it captures a different quality of team work than the self-rating measures. Further, the shared priorities measure was found to be easily administered and gained a high user acceptance.

  • 326.
    Berggren, Peter
    et al.
    FOI.
    Johansson, Björn JE
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Baroutsi, Nicoletta
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division. Linköping University, Sweden.
    Turcotte, Isabelle
    Laval University, Canada.
    Tremblay, Sébastien
    Laval University, Canada.
    Assessing team focused behaviors in emergency response teams using the shared priorities measure2014In: Proceedings of the 11th International ISCRAM Conference / [ed] S.R. Hiltz, M.S. Pfaff, L. Plotnick, and P.C. Shih, Pennsylvania, USA: ISCRAM , 2014, p. 130-134Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this work in progress paper is to report on the method development of the Shared Prioritiesmeasure to include content analysis, as a way of gaining a deeper understanding of team work incrisis/emergency response. An experiment is reported where the performance of six trained teams is comparedwith the performance of six non-trained teams. The experiment was performed using an emergency responsemicroworld simulation with a forest fire scenario. Dependent measures were simulation performance, the CrewAwareness Rating Scale (CARS), and content analysis. Trained teams performed better and scored higher onmeasures of team behaviors.

  • 327.
    Berggren, Peter
    et al.
    FOI.
    Johansson, Björn JE
    FOI.
    Svensson, Erland
    Baroutsi, Nicoletta
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
    Dahlbäck, Nils
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Statistical modelling of team training in a microworld study2014In: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, Sage Publications, 2014, p. 894-898Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A command and control environment is a dynamic and complex setting with complicated technical systems where teams of operators interact to reach shared goals. This study presents an experiment in which we, by means of Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), explain the relations between basic concepts of command and control environments: mental workload, frustration, situational awareness, and performance. This paper reports a LISREL analysis of the Baroutsi, Berggren, Nählinder, & Johansson (2013) data. From that data, a new latent variable “Frustration” emerges, which now can be included in the model.

  • 328.
    Berggrund, Ebba
    Swedish Defence University.
    “You can choose your friends, but not your neighbours”: A field study of the informal practice of restorative justice and its ties to community resilience in rural communities in Nakuru County, Kenya2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The justice system in the east-African country Kenya has long been subject to severe corruption and lengthy bureaucracy.  Both historical and current injustices have been left unattended and unaddressed, obstructing community resilience. This has lead to the development of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) mechanisms that often build on traditional practices. In this study the ADR of restorative justice is examined. The study seeks to explore the relationship between the informal practice of restorative justice and the social dimensions of community resilience in the rural communities of Nakuru County in western Kenya. By merging questions on the practice of restorative justice with indicators of community resilience the study has found that the informal practice of restorative justice indeed has links to the shaping of community resilience. The practice has enabled dialogue between different ethnic groups. This has facilitated reconciliation and healing of trauma partly because new narratives have formed and partly because the culture of silence has been broken allowing people to share testimonies of violence and conflict. The study has also informed the community resilience field on the importance for collectivistic communities to have historical and ancestral events honoured, shared and addressed in order to fully enable conditions under which community resilience can form. However the practice shows ambiguous tendencies when it comes to inclusion of all members of society as community elders’ possesses a lot of power over the process, partially restricting community resilience to form. 

  • 329.
    Bergh, Andreas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Intentionen att tillämpa uppdragstaktik: en fallstudie av TD012009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 330.
    Bergh, Mats
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Manövertänkande inom armén: "nytt" namn på gammalt tänkande?2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Military Strategic Doctrine was published in 2002 and it stated for the first time, that allactivity performed by the Swedish Armed Forces was to be influenced by the concept ofManeuver Thinking. A concept known since the 1980s and established, among others, byWilliam S. Lind in connection with his work concerning new doctrines for the U.S. MarineCorps. In Sweden we have talked about the concept since the 1990s, but we have not madeany formal expression of it in regulations and governing documents.Taking a starting point in the time after the Second World War and moving forward to the endof the 20th century this investigation will take a closer look at three occasions, which all markimportant events for the Swedish Armed Forces and the Army. First the 1950s, which meant acontinuing quantitative development as a consequence of the rearmament during the SecondWorld War. Second the 1970s, which was the beginning of the disarmament by the SwedishArmed Forces that is still in progress, as a result of the Defence Resolution in 1968. Finally,the 1990s, which meant an increased mechanization of the Army with the procurement of theLeopard 2 Improved, Combat Vehicle 90 and various vehicles from the former Eastern states.By using some specifically selected indicators representing the concept of Maneuver Thinkingand a number of governing documents and regulations from the three chosen periods, thisinvestigation will be able to find out to what degree the concept of Manoeuvre Thinkingexisted in the Army before it was formalized in The Military Doctrines. The literature anddocuments that are to be investigated consist of everything from the political and militarystrategic level and the Defence Resolutions down to the common soldier and his instructionsin the “Soldier’s Handbook” (Svensk soldat).The results prove that there has been a concept of Maneuver Thinking within the Army and ithas been expressed in different ways, especially in the investigated Army regulations.

  • 331.
    Bergkvist, Erik
    Swedish National Defence College.
    En relation med problem: problematiken kring den politiska styrningen av Försvarsmakten2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay, at a C-level as a part of the National Defense College Senior Staff Course, has as purpose

    to contribute to the general understanding of the problems connected to the political governance

    of armed forces.

    The main method used in the empiric part of this essay is a text analysis of the political guidelines

    to the military part of the states finances budget process and the corresponding military counterpart.

    A comparison between the documents will be done in order to seek discrepancies in the directives

    from the government and the way they are interpreted by the armed forces.

    The main question is if the governments´ guidelines are indistinct and difficult to interpret or if the

    military, on the contrary, is unable to apprehend?

    In the essay some possible interpretations of how to understand the problems about political governance

    of armed forces will be presented.

  • 332.
    Berglund, Anna Karin
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Alvinius, Aida
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Om höga chefer trivs/inte trivs på jobbet - "smittar det av sig" ända ned till soldater och sjömän?2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med undersökningen var att få fördjupad förståelse om upplevelsen av engagemang i arbetet ”smittar” mellan hierarkiska nivåer. Avsikten var att belysa denna form av påverkan såväl uppifrån och ned som nedifrån och upp. Intervjuer med totalt 26 informanter genomfördes på följande fyra nivåer: (1) Produktions-avdelningen på Högkvarteret, (2) förbands och bataljons-/divisionsledning, (3) kompani och plutons-/fartygsledning och (4) soldater och sjömän.

    Resultatredovisningen fokuserar på betydelsen av informanternas eget handlande för andras engagemang i arbetet och betydelsen av andras handlande för informanternas engagemang i arbetet. Både positiva och negativa aspekter tas upp.

    Resultatet visar att det finns en viss smittoeffekt uppifrån och ned på så sätt att handlingar utförda av ledningen på Högkvarteret har en effekt på förbands-ledningsnivå, som i sin tur har en viss effekt på kompaniledningsnivå, som slutligen har en viss effekt på soldat/sjömansnivå. Smittoeffekten finns i hela den hierarkiska kedjan men är svag när man är två eller fler hierarkiska nivåer från ”smittspridaren”.

    Smittokraften kan däremot vara stark gentemot närmsta hierarkiska nivå, framförallt nedåt i hierarkin. På soldat/sjömansnivå, som är den viktigaste för Försvarsmaktens personalförsörjning, innebär detta att de som betyder mest är de officerare och specialistofficerare som soldaterna och sjömännen dagligen möter. Sannolikt förhåller det sig så att engagerade befäl på denna nivå kan övervinna att ogynnsamt engagemang högre upp i hierarkin. På ett likartat sätt kan sannolikt en brist på engagemang på den lägsta befälsnivån kullkasta effekten av ett stort engagemang högre upp i organisationen.

    Ur personalförsörjningssynpunkt är det således angeläget att den lägsta chefsnivån är engagerad och att organisationen gör sitt yttersta för att optimera förutsättningarna för detta engagemang. Enkelt uttryckt, det är viktigare att gruppchefer, instruktörer samt plutons- och kompanibefäl är engagerade än att förbandsledning och försvarsmaktsledning är det.

  • 333.
    Berglund, Lars
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Rätt människa på rätt plats - under rätt tid2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay was to study how the Swedish Armed Forces, officers manningsystem provides officers for Armed Forces HQ and The National Defence College oncompletion of The Advanced Command Program. How is selection turned out and whathappens after the program when the officer is to be posted? The aim was to examine if theofficer manning system is up to date, or if change is required.The essay begins with an introduction of Jay Hall´s theories about competences. Thiscompetence process is strengthened with Sandberg and Targama´s theory about the issue ofcomprehension.Most part of the empiric material is interviews with officers of this level (lieutenant-colonel).The method used in this essay is a qualitative and investigational analysis of the interviewswithin the hermeneutic tradition of science. The purpose is not to fully describe the attitude ofthe Swedish officer corps on this subject, but rather to explore the ideas and thoughts of theseofficers who have actually experienced the situation.Summary: The role of the Swedish Armed Forces is changing, but the officer manning processwith support of officers to higher levels has its limitations, because the overall process has notchanged and must be reviewed. The lack of a clear vision and all-embracing goals for theorganization makes this picture even darker.

  • 334.
    Berglund, Martin
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Sturesson, Peter
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division. Uppsala University.
    Persson, Anders
    Uppsala University.
    Thornell, Greger
    Uppsala University.
    Manufacturing Miniature Langmuir probes by Fusing Platinum Bond Wires2015In: Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, ISSN 0960-1317, E-ISSN 1361-6439, Vol. 25, no 10, article id 105012Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on a novel method for manufacturing microscopic Langmuir probes with spherical tips from platinum bond wires by fusing for plasma characterization in microplasma sources. Here, the resulting endpoints, formed by droplets on the ends of a fused wire, are intended to act as spherical Langmuir probes. For studying the fusing behavior, bond wires were wedge bonded over a 2 mm wide slit, to emulate the final application, and fused with different voltages and currents. For electrical isolation, a set of wires were coated with a 4 μm thick layer of Parylene before they were fused. After fusing, the gap size, as well as the shape and area of the ends of the remaining stubs were measured. The yield of the process was also investigated, and the fusing event was studied using a high-speed camera for analyzing its dynamics. Four characteristic tip shapes were observed: spherical, folded, serpentine shaped and semi-spherical. The stub length leveled out at  ~400 μm as the fusing power increased. The fusing of the coated wires required a higher power to yield a spherical shape. Finally, a Parylene coated bond wire was integrated into a stripline split-ring resonator (SSRR) microplasma source, and was fused to form two Langmuir probes with spherical endpoints. These probes were used for measuring the IV characteristics of a plasma generated by the SSRR. In a voltage range between  −60 V and 60 V, the fused stubs exhibited the expected behavior of spherical Langmuir probes, and will be considered for further integration.

  • 335.
    Berglund, Nicolas
    Swedish Defence University. 9305177496.
    Försvarsmaktens implementering av COIN i nutida normativa dokument2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since 1949, irregular conflicts have been the primary type of conflict. Although the Swedish government has found that a restructuring of focus from international operations to national defence is fundamental for Swedish security policy, the Swedish Armed Forces are still engaged in several irregular conflict arenas around the globe.By applying a theoretical framework based on counterinsurgency theory, this study ventures to explore whether this theory has been implemented in the main Swedish armed forces policy documents. The purpose of this is to facilitate an understanding for the potential strengths and weaknesses that these documents have when implementing counter insurgency in irregular conflicts.This study finds that there exists an implementation of counter insurgency theory in these policy documents as a prerequisite for Swedish operations in irregular conflicts. Furthermore, this proves a correlation between theory and policy something that may be a positive prerequisite for this kind of operations.Furthermore, this study finds that future studies in to the relevance of COIN theory in potential conflicts to come.

  • 336.
    Berglund, Viktor
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Värnplikt eller frivillighet?: Nya krav på Försvarsmaktens ledare2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the changes in the objectives for the Swedish Armed Forces, where national defense is beingreplaced by international missions in defense of Sweden’s interests, some major changes are taking place within the organization. One of these is replacing the conscription-based army with a professional employed one. One can assume that the human resource direction will have consequences for the demands on the Armed Forces and its leaders. The focus of this paper is on the platoon commanders leadership and management. The aim of the paper is to determine if there are any differences between being a platoon commander over conscripts versus employed soldiers. The question this paper is attempting to answer is whether there is a difference in their leadership and management. The paper is based primarily upon literature concerning leadership and organizations and interviews with platoon commanders. The results of the paper can be summarized with two conclusions. The first is that through realistic and relevant goals, the units become more effective and motivated, unlike when goals are abstractand theoretical, as Sweden’s national defense once was. The second conclusion is that by using a transformational leadership that permeates the organization, personnel and training, end results are much better. The commitment, motivation and openness within the studied units became much higher when transformational leadership was applied.

  • 337.
    Bergman, Amanda
    Swedish Defence University.
    Sveriges avskräckningsstrategi som småstat under två perioder2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Deterrence was during the cold war and is still today an important part of being war deterrent. The military defence of Sweden has since the end of the cold war been under disarmament. Despite the disarmament of the Swedish military, the military strategic policy is still that Sweden shall be able to deter a superpower.

    In what way has the deterrence strategy changed between the periods 1957 to 1963 and 2014 to 2017, regarding the strategic threat, security policy and military capability?

    The aim with this thesis is to mediate an understanding, how Sweden as a small state is trying to accomplish deterrence against a superpower and how Sweden has changed its view of deterrence.

    The analysis show that there has been a change of the deterrence strategy, based on the strategic threat, security policy and military capability, but still some parts remain the same. The biggest change between to two periods is that today deterrence is regarded best achieved together with other countries rather then alone.

     

  • 338.
    Bergman, Andreas
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), Strategy Section.
    The Regulation of Private Military and Security Services in Sweden2010Report (Other academic)
  • 339.
    Bergman, Nicklas
    Swedish Defence University.
    Avskräckande effekt hos defensiva luftstridskrafter: En motstridighet?2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Svensk doktrin stipulerar att grunden för Försvarsmaktens uppträdande att avskräcka olika aktörer från att använda våld. Detta ifrågasätts här grundat på att avskräckning oftast utgår ifrån numerär överlägsenhet, och Sverige kan anses ha en hotbild från regionala stormakter.

    Vilka luftoperativa förmågor kan då ligga bakom en avskräckande effekt hos en numerärt underlägsen luftstridskraft?  Syftet är att förklara detta genom en flerfallstudie utifrån avskräckningsteorier kopplade till luftmaktsteori i ett småstatsperspektiv. I en avslutande diskussion återkopplas detta mot Sveriges luftoperativa förmågor för att utröna om dessa bidrar till den avskräckande effekt som beskrivs som grundläggande i Försvarsmaktens doktrin.

    Fallstudien gav att Jaktflyg var den enda variabeln som sågs samvariera med lyckad avskräckning. I diskussionen om Sveriges motsvarande förmågor framkom att Försvarsmakten har en relativt hög förmåga till jaktflyg.

  • 340.
    Bergman, Nicklas
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Syfte och mening inom svensk doktrinutveckling?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I och med Militärstrategisk doktrin 2012 och senast Operativ doktrin 2014 har Försvarsmakten gått ifrån att vara en debutant i doktrinära sammanhang till att faktiskt genomföra doktrinutveckling. Detta mitt under en tidsperiod som varit säkerhetspolitiskt omvälvande och där doktrinutvecklingen globalt har accelererat under åren som följt efter 9/11. För att få djupare förståelse och insikt för doktrinutveckling går uppsatsen in bakom doktrinens egen text för att analysera dess innebörd och syfte utifrån ett vetenskapligt angreppssätt.

    Uppsatsen syftar till att systematiskt analysera Operativ doktrin 2014 för att få en djupare förståelse för vilken roll och utformning Försvarsmaktens rådande doktrin har.

  • 341.
    Bergqvist, Carl
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Den svenska försvarsreformens drivkrafter 1994-20042014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I och med de tre försvarsbesluten 1996, 2000 och 2004 genomgick det svenska försvaret en omfattandereform där stora delar av försvaret avvecklades, samtidigt som en radikal ominriktning skeddeav försvarets huvuduppgifter. 2014 när det nationella försvaret åter börjar bli en huvuduppgiftför Försvarsmakten ställer sig många frågande till varför så lite av försvaret är kvar idag.Uppsatsen syftar till att identifiera vilka drivkrafter som låg bakom denna mycket omfattande försvarsreformoch även se huruvida drivkrafterna förändrades under reformens gång. För att identifieradrivkrafterna används två analysmodeller för beslutsfattande ur Graham Allisons Essence ofDecision.Resultatet visar att de huvudsakliga drivkrafterna bakom den svenska försvarsreformen kan förklarassom ekonomiska och som en vilja från både politiskt håll och Försvarsmakten att använda försvarettill att genomföra internationella insatser. Under försvarsreformens gång har den ekonomiskadrivkraften bestått och förstärkts av ett köpslående mellan de olika partier som behövts föratt en minoritetsregering ska överleva. Viljan till internationella insatser har under perioden kommitatt bli en allt starkare drivkraft.

  • 342.
    Bergset, Tor Steinar
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Deteksjon av optikk og elektro-optikk ved hjelp av laser: En studie av den militære nytten med et lasersystem for deteksjon av en motstanders optikk og elektro-optikk2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Detection of the optics of an opponent has proven to be of military interest, in order to detect snipers before they have fired. This kind of detection is also of interest when it comes to locating forward observers and other observers, who also use optics to affect our forces indirectly. The principle of such detection is called retro-reflection, where one applies a laser to scan an area and then detect the retro-reflected signal from the opponents optics, and thereby the opponent himself. This thesis investigates what parameters such a system should have, in order to achieve military utility, in a situation where one is typically securing a base or an object in one’s own rear area of operations. This utility is measured against a situation where one does not have systems for detection of the threat. The objects in question may be command posts or other installations of special interest to a sophisticated opponent.

    This thesis examines this topic from a perspective where the military need for such a system is analysed first, followed by identifying what overall functions are needed to fulfill this need and finally what the technical requirements are. The analysis, results and discussions point to four such functions central to fulfilling the military need. It is necessary to have a range that matches the ranges an opponent will operate from. The system must be able to reduce the number of false targets that appear. The safety of one’s own personnel must be adequate. The system configuration must support the other functions at the same time as it fulfills the need for increased situational awareness and flexibility. The examination of the technical factors has shown that the best possible balance of these factors is essential in achieving the desired effects, and avoiding the undesired effects of the system. These factors are described and include laser pulse energies, wavelengths, scanning methods, beam divergence, techniques to minimize the number of false targets and different system configurations, which can increase situational awareness and the usability of the system.

    In order to achieve military utility for the system it is crucial to understand the technical and procedures that can counter the weaknesses of the technology, and in thus produce a flexibility that enables the user to utilize the system as appropriate to the situation

  • 343.
    Bergstrand, Anna
    Swedish National Defence College.
    FN - en organisation i tiden?: en historisk analys av hotbegreppets konstruktion2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien har varit att dekonstruera FN:s förståelse av hot över tid för att diskutera organisationens möjligheter att bekämpa dessa hot i relation till de förväntningar som FN har och har haft på framtiden. Det analysen har visat är att hoten mot internationell fred och säkerhet inte längre konstrueras som dispyter eller konflikter mellan nationer. Istället är det ekonomiska hot, hot mot global goods, internationell terrorism, spridningen av massförstörelsevapen och individer i nöd som Ban Ki-moon konstruerar som hotbilder mot internationell fred och säkerhet, det vill säga det FN syftar till att motverka.

    Lösningen har alltid varit att hot emot internationell fred och säkerhet ska lösas inom ramen för FN, men själva lösningen har skiftat i karaktär. Från att FN kan ses som en arena där nationer får möjlighet till samtal, till att FN ska verka som en neutral eller oberoende aktör, och slutligen att FN ska ta ledarskapet genom att hantera hoten genom organisationens komparativa fördelar och ingå partnerskap med både statliga och icke-statliga aktörer för att bekämpa hoten. Vilket analysen visar då de aktörer som är involverade för att åstadkomma internationell fred och säkerhet har förändrats över tid. Innan Ghali var det nationer som det talades om, med undantag från Waldheim som diskuterade Röda Korset och andra icke-statliga aktörer. Men under Boutros Ghali, Annan och Ki-moon konstrueras en annan bild då icke-statliga och statliga aktörer tillsammans med FN ska åstadkomma lösningen.

    Av de förväntningar som de olika generalsekreterare har haft på framtiden är det fyra begrepp som synliggör förändringen inom organisationen. Den första är frihet, där begreppet tidigare var odefinierat men kan betraktas som frihet för individen inom staten att välja, och som det senare kom att uttryckas var frihet hos individen frihet från begär och rädsla. Detta är en mer abstrakt målsättning än negativ frihet, och något som tidigare endast innebar en positiv frihet; friheten att välja statsskick. Det andra och tredje begreppet är relationen mellan fred och rättvisa, där generalsekreterare innan Boutros Ghali hade förväntningar om en framtid i fred, och att efter Boutros Ghali kom en förväntan på framtiden att glida från en värld i fred till en rättvis värld. Där en rättvis värld är ett bredare och mer abstrakt sätt att uttrycka framtidsförväntningarna. Det sista begreppet som kan beskriva förändringen hos FN:s förväntan på framtiden är initiativ, där det innan Boutros Ghali förväntades att initiativet skulle komma från medlemsnationerna, men i och med ett ökat omfång i FN:s ambition kommer initiativet numera från FN och sprids ned i organisationen och dess partners, i syfte att åstadkomma ett effektivt FN.

    En slutsats att dra är att FN har kommit att konstruera hot, lösningar, aktörsbild och framtidsförväntningar på ett sätt som är alltmer abstrakt och därför är det svårare att skapa en förståelse för vad exakt organisationen ska ägna sig åt, och desto abstraktare hot och lösningar, desto mer abstrakta och svårtydliga blir förväntningarna. Utifrån detta går det också att förstå varför FN idag inte uppfyller de förväntningar som ställs på organisationen.

  • 344.
    Bergstrand, Anna
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Nationellt ägandeskap; lösningen som blir ett problem: den svenska biståndsinsatsen i Afghanistan2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det övergripande syftet med studien är att pröva om teoribildningen "soptunnemodellen" kan skapa en förståelse för att nationellt ägarskap presenteras som en lösning på den svenska biståndsinsatsen till Afghanistan, trots att regeringens beskrivning av Afghanistan och biståndsmedlens fördelning kan uppfattas som motsägelsefullt.

    Med grund i soptunnemodellen där lösningar söker efter problem beskrivs det diskursiva brottet i svensk biståndspolitik runt 2003 där regeringen i en propositionen beskrev hur den svenska biståndspolitiken skulle läggas om till att utgå från principen om nationellt ägarskap, där mottagarländerna skulle gå från att vara objekt till att vara subjekt. Denna princip, eller lösning som soptunnemodellen skulle beskriva den som, har sedan präglat de svenska biståndsinsatserna och beskrivs även i utvecklingsstrategin från 2007. Nationellt ägarskap kan därför ses som en etablerad, och färdig lösning när det kommer till att genomföra biståndsinsatser. Den ska visserligen då skifta mellan olika nationer, då nationellt ägarskap ska vara behovsstyrt, men själva grundantagandet om att en viss stabilitet ska finnas etablerad för att möjliggöra nationellt ägarskap tycks ha förbisetts. Med anledning av att dessa typer av insatser, eller i alla fall den insats som Afghanistan har varit, egentligen har haft alla typer av insatser: humanitära, utvecklingssamarbete och militära är kontexten annorlunda. I Afghanistan pågår alltså flera olika typer av insatser som pågår samtidigt. Slutsatsen i denna studie är att lösningen om nationellt ägarskap blir själva problemet för biståndsinsatsen i Afghanistan, och därför kan lösningen behöva problematiseras ytterligare för att skapa en förståelse för hur insatsen i Afghanistan ska kunna genomföras i praktiken. Det blir även viktigt för framtida insatser, för att undvika att Sveriges biståndspolitik kan komma att bli kontraproduktiv, vilket soptunnemodellen tillsammans med det institutionella perspektivet hjälper till att synliggöra.

  • 345.
    Bergstrand, Anna
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Tysklands agerande i libyenkonflikten: Fortsatt normalisering?2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen handlar om hur inrikespolitiken i Tyskland påverkar det tyska utrikespolitiska handlandet. Den tar sin utgångspunkt i det tyska beslutet att inte delta i insatsen i Libyen och att lägga ned den tyska rösten i Förenta Nationernas (FN) säkerhetsråd.

  • 346.
    Bergstrand, Anna
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Engelbrekt, Kjell
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    To Deploy or Not to Deploy a Parliamentary Army?: German Strategic Culture and International Military Operations2016In: European Participation in Military Operations: The Role of Strategic Culture / [ed] Malena Britz, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, p. 49-75Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 347.
    Bergstrand, Martin
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Det nätverksbaserade försvaret ur ett flygvapenperspektiv: en studie av erfarenheter från flygvapnets stridsledning av flygstridskrafter2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2001 the Swedish Parliament decided that the Armed Forces would headtowards a Network Centric Warfare (NCW) So far much of the efforts havefocused on technical solutions and not much on human factors such ascooperation, trust and shared information and shared situational awareness.The aim of this essay is to analyse, from a cognitive perspective, experiences fromthe cooperation between fighter controllers and fighter pilots that might bevaluable for the development of the Swedish NCW programme. The essay usesan investigating and qualitative method. As a basis for theory, specializedliterature from the Swedish Armed Forces as well as American works onNCW has been used. In addition, modern civilian management literature hasalso been used. Five Air force officers have been interviewed regarding theirwork. The conclusions are that several experiences from the Air Force mightbe used in the development of Swedish NCW. The following items are ofgreat importance in this area: a holistic perspective, understanding and trustand proper regulations.

  • 348.
    Bergström, Alfred
    Swedish Defence University.
    Littoral Warfare: Two Perspectives2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Littoral warfare implies a disproportionate advantage to the coastal navy or “defending” side. Small navies sometimes lean on larger navies in doctrinal production. A coastal navy’s goals, methods and capabilities can be considered thought to be different from that of a larger navy’s regarding in regards to littoral warfare. This paper answers the question “What does littoral warfare mean for different types of states?”.

    An ideal type analysis was used to answer the question, and the doctrines of Sweden (type A state), USA (type B), and the UK (type B) were analysed in regards to the research question. This paper found inds that each type of state viewed littoral warfare in regards to themselves, from their own perspective; a type A state can be seen as a defender and a type B state as an aggressor. In the context of littoral warfare context, each the types of states employed different goals, methods and means as pertaining to littoral warfare.

  • 349.
    Bergström, Claes
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för luftoperationer (KV Luft).
    Tyskt operativt tänkande: del 22009In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 6, p. 73-104Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 350.
    Bergström, Claes
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för luftoperationer (KV Luft).
    Tyskt operativt tänkande efter 1945: del 12009In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 5, p. 63-88Article in journal (Other academic)
45678910 301 - 350 of 5029
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf