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  • 301.
    Bohman, Helena
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Nilsson, Désirée
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Income Inequality as a Determinant of Trade Flows2007In: International Journal of Applied Economics, ISSN 1548-0003, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 40-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Consumer studies have a long tradition of incorporating non-homothetic preferences in their models, whereas this has been very uncommon in studies of international trade. We use a model from Mitra and Trindade (2005) to set up a gravity model in which we include income distribution measures as explanatory variables for the exporting as well as for the importing countries. Our results indicate that non-homothetic preferences significantly affect both exports and imports.

  • 302.
    Bohman, Helena
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Nilsson, Désirée
    Swedish Institute for Transport and Communication Analysis.
    Knowing me, Knowing you: A new approach of assessing the Linder hypothesisManuscript (Other academic)
  • 303. Bohne, Eberhard
    et al.
    Karlsson, CharlieJönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Repositioning Europe and America for Growth: The Role of Governments and Pri­vate Actors in Key Policy Areas2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 304. Borg, Hannes-Carl
    et al.
    Klaesson, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre.
    Johansson, Börje
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre.
    Pettersson, Lars
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre.
    Regional utveckling och attraktionskraft i Norra Bohuslän: en ekonomisk analys av grunder för tillväxt i kommunerna Munkedal, Sotenäs, Strömstad och Tanum2003Report (Other academic)
  • 305.
    Brask, Jeanette
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Falck, Josefine
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Political risk, FDI and economic growth: A cross national studie2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With this thesis the aim is to investigate the effect political risk has on economic growth and how it influences the inflow of foreign direct investment (FDI). The purpose is also to investigate the relationship between inflow of FDI and economic growth. In order to em-pirically examine if there is a relevant correlation between the variables a study of cross-section data is performed. In the regressions carried out, an index of property rights is used as an indicator of political risk. The findings from the analysis clarify that the inflow of FDI is affected by the degree of political risk, and thus FDI increases economic growth in the country through technological spill-overs. Furthermore, from the empirical results it can be concluded that countries with secure property rights experience positive economic growth whereas countries with poor protection of property rights have negative economic growth.

  • 306.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (KTH).
    Eklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Entreprenörskapsforum.
    Henrekson, Magnus
    Institutet för Näringslivsforskning (IFN).
    Kreicbergs, Johan
    Kreicbergs Utredning & Opinion.
    Malm, Arvid
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (KTH).
    Skatterna och entreprenörskapet: Företagsbyggande, optioner och tillväxt2017Report (Other academic)
  • 307.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Eklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Thulin, Per
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Taxes, the tax administrative burden and the entrepreneurial life cycle2019In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a modified version of the entrepreneurial choice model, where it is shown that the expected utility of becoming an entrepreneur is decreasing in both the levels of taxes and the tax administrative burden. We extend previous empirical findings by examining how these variables influence entrepreneurs at different stages in the entrepreneurial life cycle. Our findings imply that the effect of the tax administrative burden varies over the entrepreneurial life cycle from strongly negative to insignificant. The most pronounced negative effects appear in the early stages of entrepreneurship. We conclude that a 10% reduction in the tax administrative burden increases the propensity for new business establishments by 4%. Our findings support the idea that tax simplification is one way to encourage entrepreneurship, without any reduction in tax revenues.

  • 308. Brown, Allan
    et al.
    Picard, Robert G.Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Digital Terrestrial Television in Europe2005Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 309. Brueck, Tilman
    et al.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Do Eurozone Countries Cheat with their Budget Deficit Forecasts?2006In: Kyklos (Basel), ISSN 0023-5962, E-ISSN 1467-6435, Vol. 59, no 1, p. 17-29Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 310.
    Budak, Sevim
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Trade and Economic Growth: An analysis based on Sub-Saharan African Countries2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 311.
    Buhre, Louise
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Dynamics of Trade Affinities: An Assessment of the Globalization of the European Continent2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is an assessment of the dynamics of trade affinities and how they have influenced trade flows in the European continent. The focus is how trade affinities have altered over a time span of four time periods stretching from the 1970s up to today and how these alterations have influenced globalization.

    A total of 41 countries belonging to the European continent have been selected. Furthermore four variables were selected to represent trade affinities; distance, border, colony, and language. These have been selected as they are generally believed to be static and thus should not change over time. Also, this thesis aims to show the separate influence of each trade affinity as other papers usually estimate trade affinities as one collective variable.

    By the use of a gravity model 9 variables are tested in order to determine their influence on trade flows. This is done through a regression with a log-log equation where the dependent variable is Export and the affinity variables are estimated as dummy variables.

    The regression is divided into four time periods in order to more easily determine how the trade affinity variables have altered in influence on trade flows in Europe. The first time period represent an average of the time period 1974-1976, the second 1984-1986, the third 1994-1996 and the fourth 2004-2006.

    The regression results illustrate that the majority of the selected variables are significant but most importantly that the trade affinity variables are proven to have altered over the time periods. The performance of a Wald estimation gives an indication that trade affinities are in fact dynamic although the results are not entirely significant for all variables.

    Based on the results, it is apparent that trade affinities still have a significant effect on trade flows in the European continent. Although, their effects have altered to become less significant in some cases while others have become stronger they all jointly share the attributes of affecting trade. These alterations can in turn be interpreted as dependent on the globalization process of the European continent. As globalization has progressed some affinities have decreased in influence while others have regained new importance.

  • 312.
    Bulduk, Burak
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Shyti, Nensi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Determinants of Comparative Advantage in the ICT Goods Market: A Cross-Country Analysis2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the determinants of revealed comparative advantage that accounts for the ICT goods market. A thorough exploration of the factors and literature related to geographical clustering, innovation, R&D, labor productivity and FDI is provided to promote a complete overview of the ICT sector. Moreover, a brief comparison is made to the ICT service sector. Technological progress resulting from investments in R&D, high innovation activity, and capital accumulation, is the main indicator of dynamic comparative advantage and export specialization. Our analysis is conducted with a special focus on 21 OECD countries and China, whose presence has provided the goods market with substantial dynamism. The results obtained provide an interesting outlook in regards to comparative advantage, with two of our variables yielding unexpected outcomes. The potential for future research is high concerning the ICT industry, in particular the recent surge of exports in services.

  • 313.
    Button, Kenneth J.
    et al.
    Schar School of Policy and Government, George Mason University, Arlington VA, USA.
    Eklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Department of Industrial Economics, Blekinge Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Are there inherent biases in applying cost–benefit analysis?2018In: Applied Economics Letters, ISSN 1350-4851, E-ISSN 1466-4291, Vol. 25, no 7, p. 461-464Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article extends discussions of potential biases that can exist in applying cost–benefit analysis. While there is extensive evidence that capture can result in stakeholder manipulation of inputs, there are also claims that the analysis is inherently theoretically bias in favour of over acceptance. The article shows that, contrary to these latter claims, treating projects in isolation is unlikely to produce such bias; indeed, it is as likely as not to lead to suboptimally low acceptance rates. The reason for excessive acceptance of projects therefore is largely due to institutional capture of the analysis for either self-interest or natural human over-optimism.

  • 314.
    Cabaravdic, Ademir
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Nilsson, Martin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Effect of Corruption on Economic Growth2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 315. Cadot, Olivier
    et al.
    Röller, Lars-Hendrik
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    A Political Economy Model of Infrastructure Allocation: An Empirical Assessment1999Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 316. Cadot, Olivier
    et al.
    Röller, Lars-Hendrik
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Contribution to Productivity or Pork Barrel?: The Two Faces of Infrastructure Investment2006In: Journal of Public Economics, ISSN 0047-2727, E-ISSN 1879-2316, Vol. 90, no 6-7, p. 1133-1153Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 317.
    Cardona Cervantes, Gabriel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Formation of House Prices in Sweden2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this research, Sweden’s municipalities are categorized into five economic regions which put emphasis on location. Furthermore, since house prices reflect and are reflected by the existing cycles in the economy, four time periods are considered. By using extensive data collected by Sweden Statistics (SCB), this study tests eight variables factors to be used in a cross-section analysis which will help researchers understand which factors are consistent in explaining the formation of house prices in terms of location and time. The conclusion that can be drawn is that no factor can fully explain house prices at a national level and that the Population variable was consistent in regional changes and Employment was consistent in time changes. This has lead to a greater understanding of the field of regional house prices in order for it to contribute to real estate investments or purchases.

  • 318.
    Carlson, Johanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Malmfors, Hanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Gender Differences in Commuting over Municipality Borders: A study of regional Human Capital’s effect on commuting in Sweden2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Gender equality has increased over time, and the question of how it progresses is highly important. Commuting behavior is an essential theme in Economic research since it, for example, affects the market structure, the distribution of labor, and economic growth. The purpose is to investigate how human capital impacts individuals’ commuting to work, and especially if human capital has different effects on women and men. To construct our model, we present several factors of interest that affect commuting, where human capital is the main variable investigated. Previous research show that women’s commuting behavior differs from men’s. By analyzing data from 2016, we aim to study the difference between women and men, by investigating the factors that impact their commuting for work over municipality borders in Sweden. The contribution of this paper is to increase the understanding of commuting within regional economics and gender studies. Our result show that human capital affects net outgoing commuting for both women and men, but the extent of the effect differs. Women are less affected by the level of human capital, and they still commute less than men although more women obtain higher human capital, in terms of education. 

  • 319.
    Carlsson, Anders
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Fredriksson, Henrik
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Production Organization at Husqvarna AB: A Study of Chainsaw Production at Three Factories2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis looks at the organization of the production of chainsaws in three different Husqvarna AB plants; one in Sweden, one in Brazil and one in the USA. The field of production organization carries the mark of men like Adam Smith, Frederick Taylor and Henry Ford, and it is with reference to the approaches of these men, and others, that we ask how Husqvarna AB organizes its production of chainsaws.

    We found that production in the Swedish plant consisted of a worker philosophy influenced by the “group thinking” that was prominent in Sweden in the 1970s, coupled with a production philosophy sharing many traits with Ford’s mass production while incorporating elements of lean production. The production lines in Brazil are identical to the newer lines in the Swedish plant. The differences are fewer influences from “group” approaches such as the socio-technical view. The US plant provides a sharp contrast to the other two. It produces saws for the consumer market and not the professional market. Quality and longevity demands are radically different, which enables for another production approach to be used. With simple operations and very short times at each work station, the US plant is not many steps away from Ford’s mass production approach.

  • 320.
    Carlsson, Georg
    et al.
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Röös, Elin
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Tidåker, Pernilla
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Witthöft, Cornelia
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    ”Ät hälften så mycket kött och mer ärtor och bönor”2018In: Dagens Nyheter 2018-10-13, ISSN 1101-2447Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 321.
    Carlsson, Martin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Performance differences across markets: A study of mutual funds2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, I examine the performance of a sample of ten Swedish-based internationally diversified mutual funds managed by one of the largest commercial banks in the Nordic region.

    The investigation cover a time span between 2000 and 2005 divided into two sets, 2000-2002 and 2003-2005. To measure the performance of the funds, I will utilize the Jensen’s index.

    The results shows that there is no empirical evidence which indicates that managers seize superior stock selection skills when investing locally compared with investing on different markets for the selected funds. It does on the other hand shows that two out of the seven funds increases the beta towards the market when the market goes up. Finally, this thesis shows that inclusion of emerging markets creates further possibilities for diversification in a portfolio due to more developed markets tends to have high level of integration and move together.

  • 322.
    Carstensen, Pierre
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Bremberg, Ludwig
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Spillovers from Higher Education on Regional Innovation Propensity2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of accessibility to higher education on innovation propensity. The study includes two forms of higher education – university/college and vocational. A reason for this is that although the relationship between accessibility to higher education and innovation propensity has been investigated many times over the recent years, there is a lack of research on the implications that the vocational education system has. The dependent variable representing innovation is patent grant counts for every municipality in Sweden between 2002 and 2013. By following the theoretical bases of Regional Innovation Systems, human capital and accessibility, we estimate two negative binomial regressions in a knowledge production function setting. Significant and positive effects are found for all of our explanatory variables, suggesting that access to both universities and vocational education has a positive effect on regional innovation propensity, although in different degrees. As access to education may increase people’s level of economically useful knowledge and human capital, we suggest that policies should be applied to support this access.

  • 323.
    Castro, José Luis
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Determinants of the Economic Growth in Mexico: An Exogenous Growth Model2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

     

    This bachelor thesis aims to uncover the determinants of the economic growth in Mexico with an exogenous growth model. The study is based in an Augmented Solow Model em-ployed by Mankiw, Romer and Weil in

    "A contribution to the Empirics of the Economic Growth" (1992). The model uses annual data of Mexico from 1960-2007 and the regressions and tests are developed in the econometric package Stata 10 for eight different periods. The thesis not only uses the Effective Labour and Physical Capital as Inputs in the production Function, but also employs the variable of Human Capital as an economic determinant of growth in the production function. The results of the model correspond with the actual scenario in Mexico; more weight to the Effective Labour (76.34%) rather than to Human Capital (2.12%) or Physical Capital (21.54%) as determinants of growth.

     

     

  • 324.
    Chen, Xi
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    R&D and ICT Investment and GDP: A study of OECD countries2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 325.
    Chirico, Francesco
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Backman, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Baù, Massimo
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Karlsson, M.
    Pittino, Daniel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    No Firm is an Island: Local Embeddedness and Rural-Urban Contexts for Business Growth in Family versus non-Family Firms.2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 326.
    Cicek, Sevim
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Economic Growth in China: During the Period of 1980-20032007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Prior to China’s open-door policy, China was considered among one of the worlds’ most isolated economies. However, that changed when they allowed the market force to go before central planning, and decided on an outward orientation for their development strategy. This was a sign indicating that China allowed foreign trade to play a leading role in its economic development.

    This thesis, with the help of income terms of trade (ITT) and GDP per capita, aim to study if there is any relation between trade and growth in China during 1980-2003. The purpose is with help of the econometric tool, time series, to find a positive correlation between these variables. ITT include both the value of exports and imports. That is why the theory ITT is being used for this thesis, since the theory indicates that exports alone cannot explain growth if imports is not considered as well.

    The test, time series, was performed by doing a unit root problem, co integration, and a Granger causality test. The result given when doing these tests show of statistically significant result, which indicates that trade is of relevance for growth in China during 1980-2003.

  • 327.
    Cicek, Sevim
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Engine of Growth: The ASEAN-4 case2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    Indonesia, Malaysia, The Philippines, and Thailand, have all chosen outward-oriented strat-egy over inward-oriented strategy to gain economic growth. This approach was due to the Asian miracles development. Therefore, protectionism had to cave in (Edwards, 1993).

    This thesis aim with the help of income terms of trade and GDPCAP to study the relation between trade and growth for these countries mentioned. Therefore, see if income terms of trade would work as an engine of growth for these countries. The purpose is to find a posi-tive correlation between the variables. ITT capture the price and volume effects when trade increases. That is why, ITT is used in this thesis, for the purpose that exports alone cannot explain growth if imports are left out.

    Time series was conducted with help of a unit root test, co-integration, and Granger causal-ity test. In each test made, the result provided showed of statistically significant values, hence, ITT is of relevance for growth in these countries, during 1980-2006.

     

     

  • 328.
    Clarin, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Johansson, Sara
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Hållbar konsumtion av jordbruksvaror: Hur påverkas klimat och miljö av olika matvanor?2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vilka livsmedel man väljer att konsumera har stor betydelse för klimat och miljö. Genom att välja mellan olika livsmedel kan konsumenterna påverka hur mycket växthusgaser och vilken mängd växtnäring som förloras på vägen från jord till bord. Syftet med den här rapporten är att genom hypotetiska konsumtionsscenarier visa hur konsumenters val är avgörande för miljöpåverkan. De analyser av olika livsmedels klimatpåverkan som presenteras i rapporten har utförts av Institutet för Livsmedel och Bioteknik AB (SIK) på uppdrag av Jordbruksverket.

    Om hela Sveriges befolkning helt slutade äta nöt,- lamm-, kyckling- och griskött skulle utsläppen av växthusgaser från invånarnas totala konsumtion minska med tio procent. Det är i synnerhet idisslande djur, det vill säga nötkreatur och får, som har en negativ påverkan på klimatet. Samtidigt finns det ett starkt och viktigt samspel mellan dessa djurslag och andra miljömål. Betande djur är till exempel en förutsättning för att bevara vissa landskapsmiljöer och de växt- och djurarter som lever där. Nötkött orsakar drygt fem procent av befolkningens totala utsläpp.

    Om hela Sveriges befolkning skulle sluta att slänga bort livsmedel och äta lagom mycket skulle den totala konsumtionens växthusgasutsläpp minska med cirka sex procent. Denna minskning beror huvudsakligen på minskad köttkonsumtion men också på minskad konsumtion av läsk, godis och snacks som har förhållandevis stora klimatpåverkande utsläpp. En återhållsam konsumtion av alla livsmedel ger således en potentiell utsläppsminskning som storleksmässigt har samma effekt på klimatet som en kostförändring där alla Sveriges invånare ersätter nötkött med kött av gris och kyckling. Odlingslandskapet och den biologiska mångfalden skulle dock kunna påverkas.

    Att äta frukt och grönt efter svensk odlingssäsong är bättre ur klimatsynpunkt än att äta importerade frukter och grönsaker, men effekten på totala klimatpåverkande utsläpp är jämförelsevis liten. En minskning av växthusgasutsläppen skulle också uppnås om konsumtionen av ris ersattes med potatis eller vetebaserade produkter. Dessa ändrade konsumtionsmönster skulle kunna innebära en tillväxt i svensk frukt- och grönsaksproduktion men också medföra att miljöbelastning, i form av övergödning och spridning av växtskyddsmedel flyttar till Sverige från de länder som idag exporterar dessa produkter till oss.

    Det är inte självklart att det är bättre ur klimatsynpunkt att välja närodlade livsmedel istället för ”fjärrodlade”. Till att börja med måste man definiera vad närodlade livsmedel är. Likaså är det inte alltid självklart att ekologiskt producerade livsmedel är mer klimatvänliga än konventionella. Det finns studier som visar att ekologisk produktion ger mindre eller lika stora klimatpåverkan som konventionell produktion. Däremot gynnar ofta ekologisk produktion biologisk mångfald och bidrar till en giftfri miljö. En produkts totala klimat- och miljöpåverkan beror på alla produktionsled, från jord till bord.

    Trots att varje individs enskilda konsumtion bara har en ytterst liten påverkan på globala konsumtionsmönster är den förändring som görs av en individ ändå en förändring. Om många ändrar sina konsumtionsmönster kan miljökonsekvenserna minska, men om ingen förändrar sin konsumtion kommer miljöpåverkan oundvikligen att växa.

  • 329.
    Cover, Yanin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Impact of Corporate Taxes on Foreign Direct Investment2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates the impact that the corporate income tax rate has on inflows offoreign direct investment (FDI) in high-income OECD countries during the periods1998-2006. The thesis has a small focus on Sweden and how this country’s policies canaffect inward FDI. Moreover, the determinants of FDI are analyzed in order to build amodel that allows to see the influence that the statutory corporate income tax rate has onthese countries. OLS regressions are used to find the degree to which certain variables,specifically the corporate tax rate, have an impact of the dependent variable (i.e.aggregate inflows of FDI). The independent variables are: GDP, skilled labour, labourcosts, economic freedom as a proxy for trade openness and property rights,infrastructure, the corporate income tax rate, dummy variables to account for timeeffects and three dummy variables for continental location targeting whethergeographical location is of relevance of not.It is concluded that the corporate income tax rate does have a significant impact on FDIinflows in OECD members for the specified period. Additionally, economic freedom,gdp and geographical location are also found to be important variables that determinethe inflows of FDI. Other variables are found insignificant in almost all regressions.

  • 330.
    Creane, Anthony
    et al.
    University of Kentucky.
    Manduchi, Agostino
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Informative advertising in monopolistically competitive marketManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In their seminal paper Grossman and Shapiro (1984) find that informative advertising is socially excessive in an oligopoly (entry is also socially excessive). However, to derive the results, it was assumed that all consumers receive at least one ad, i.e., advertising does not have a demand creation effect. Christou and Vettas (2008), Tirole (1988), among others, have presented counter-examples in alternative settings, showing when the assumption does not hold, advertising may socially advertising. Christou and Vettas (2008) also show that quasiconcavity may not hold and present examples in which the equilibrium does not exist as firms would deviate to a higher price. We revisit the question by modeling firms (like consumers) as a continuum, which eliminates the discontinuity that bedeviled both papers and allows us to not use the assumption that all consumers receive at least one ad. As a result, we are able to derive explicit and intuitive conditions for an equilibrium. More importantly, we find instead advertising is socially insufficient regardless of the fraction of the consumers who receive an ad, including when there is effectively no demand creation. We also find that there is insufficient entry instead of excess entry. We provide intuition for the difference between our and previous results, which partly turns on firms deviating to a lower (supercompetitive) price.

  • 331.
    Dahlkild, Jenny
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Are foreign acquisitions more successful?: A study of Swedish target firms2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies the changes in profitability and employment during a three-year period for 71 Swedish firms that were targets of acquisitions in the years 1998-2001. The aim is to test whether foreign-owned firms are better in generating profitability and employment than domestically-owned firms. The results show that there is a relationship between the nationality of the acquirer and profitability. Foreign ownership has a positive relationship to profitability in general and also account for the highest profitability increases in the period studied. Domestically-owned firms have a positive relationship to decreased profitability which means that the domestically-owned firms have a greater tendency to generate lower profitability than foreign-owned firms in the period studied. No statistically significant results were attained when testing the relationship between nationality of acquirer and change in employment. Nevertheless the figures show a pattern of positive relationships between foreign ownership and increased employment. Tests were made to see if there is any relationship between nationality of acquirer and the economic performance of target firms at the time of acquisition. The results show that foreign acquirers tend to acquire targets with a negative profitability while domestic investors tend to acquire firms with a positive profitability.

  • 332.
    Dahlström, Tobias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Causes of corruption2009Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of an introductory chapter and four essays. Although possible to read individually they all analyse the causes of corruption and hence complement each other.

    The four essays collectively illustrate the complex nature of corruption. Often many interrelated factors work together in causing corruption. Hence, discovering how these factors, individually and together, cause corruption is vital in combating corruption.

    The first essay helps to explain the path dependency of corruption. It shows that even if the legal system and enforcement level in a corrupt country or organisation is altered to become identical to that in a non corrupt, the level of corruption may not converge.

    The second essay analyses how the decision making structure influences corruption. It is found that even though the profits of corruption may be monotonically related to changes in the organisational structure the incidence of corruption is not necessarily so.

    The third essay looks on how corruption may spread between different organisations or countries as they interact with each other, with corrupt/non corrupt behaviour being more likely to be transmitted from successful to nonsuccessful entities than vice versa.

    The fourth and final essay investigates how the freedom of information can impact on corruption. Looking on both regulatory and technical constraints on information flows, the conclusion is that relaxation of both constraints simultaneously is needed to combat corruption.

  • 333.
    Dahlström, Tobias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Detection of corruptionManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    One often mentioned reason for why it seems very hard to change the amount of corruption in an economy is that those enforcing the laws might also be corrupt. It seems as if the general belief is that if this problem of law enforcement is solved, combating corruption will be as easy to do in heavily corrupt economies as in less corrupt economies. The paper investigates this often implicit assumption by testing two similar propositions; first whether the amount of people being corrupt in a country has any effect on the probabilityof getting caught given the same legal system and enforcement. Second,whether it is harder to influence the probability of detection in a country with a high level of corruption than in a country with a low level of corruption given the same legal system and enforcement level. This is done in two ways; first through an analysis of a simple case and then through numerical simulation of a more extensive case. It is shown that the number of people being corrupt has both a direct negative impact on the likelihood of getting detected as well as an indirect negative impact, since it lowers the positive marginal effect that an increase in the degree of enforcement has on the probability of detection.

  • 334.
    Dahlström, Tobias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Detection of corruption2008In: Economic corruption: detection, costs and prevention, New York: Nova Science Publishers , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    One often mentioned reason for why it seems very hard to change the amount of corruption in an economy is that those enforcing the laws might also be corrupt. It seems as if the general belief is that if this problem of law enforcement is solved, combating corruption will be as easy in heavily as in less corrupt economies. The paper investigates this often implicitly assumed reasoning by testing two similar propositions; first whether the amount of people being corrupt in a country has any effect on the probability of getting caught given the same legal system and enforcement. Second, whether it is harder to influence the probability of detection in a country with a high level of corruption than in a country with a low level of corruption given the same legal system and enforcement. This is done in two ways; first through an analysis of a simple case and then through numerical simulation of a more extensive case. It is shown that the number of people being corrupt have both a direct negative impact on the likelihood of getting detected as well as an indirect negative impact since it lowers the positive marginal effect that an increase in the degree of enforcement has on the probability of detection.

  • 335.
    Dahlström, Tobias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Globalisation and corruption - Learning how to become less corruptManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    When countries do business with each other, be it through trade or investments, they expose themselves to foreign culture, behaviour and values (cultural traits). Previous research has shown that exposure to foreign cultures entails possible transmission of cultural traits. This paper demonstrates that when countries interact, domestic corruption may be influenced by the level of corruption in a foreign country. The empirical assessment of a panel of countries produces evidence that there indeed exists transmission of corruption between countries that interact. However, this transmission seems to be one directional going from rich to poor countries.

  • 336.
    Dahlström, Tobias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The role of information in combating corruptionManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The dynamics and existence of corruption has been attributed to many different factors. This study specifically looks at the links between information and corruption. The paper asserts the importance of a free press in anti-corruption work. However, the novelty is to stress not only freedom of expression but also show why technological constraints on the circulation of information play an important role in anti-corruption work. The empirical result suggests that freedom of press only has a positive impact on corruption if the informational infrastructure is of a sufficiently good quality.

  • 337.
    Dahlström, Tobias
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Johnson, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Bureaucratic corruption, MNEs and FDI2005In: Host country effects of foreign direct investment: The case of developing and transition economics, Jönköping: Jönköping International Business School , 2005Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper adds to the limited number of studies analysing the relationship between host country corruption and FDI inflows. A model describes the incentives that foreign MNEs and host country bureaucrats have for engaging in corruption and shows how corruption increases the MNE cost of operations in the host country. The model prediction that the costs caused by corruption reduce FDI inflows is verified by regression analysis using panel data. Host country corruption has a significant negative effect on FDI inflows to developing economies but not for developed economies.

  • 338.
    Dahlström, Tobias
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Lundström, Christian
    Corruption and growth2007Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The note adds to the growing body of studies analysing the relationship between corruption and growth. The novelty is that the study cleans the corruption data from the impact of a country’s institutional setting. This enables the authors to verify if it is the absence of corruption and/or the institutional standard of a country that cause growth. The conclusion drawn is that corruption is only a symptom and does not in itself lower the GDP growth rate of a country.

  • 339.
    Dahlström, Tobias
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Picard, Robert
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Humphreys, Edward
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    The Economics of Criminal Enforcement of Copyright2007In: 6th SERCI Annual congress, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the implications of the criminalization of copyright violations, the economics of law enforcement, and the incentives and disincentives for national criminal enforcement of copyrights purely from the economic point of view. It provides a model of optimal criminal enforcement of copyright based on those factors and an assessment of how effective criminalization will be. It does not focus on the general issues of the contributions of copyright to producer and national economies or whether and how harm occurs from appropriation.

  • 340.
    Dahlström, Tobias
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Raviola, Elena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Power and decision making2006In: 2oo6 Hawaii International Conference on Business, 2006Conference paper (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims at giving a micro-foundation to the phenomenon of corruption, focusing on intra-organisational corruption. Internal corruption (intra-organisational corruption and internal corruption will be used interchangeably) is defined as the use of power granted in an organisation to enrich oneself. Two additional restrictions are applied as to further limit the definition of corruption. For an act to be labelled as corruption it has to consist, of at least, two parties who actively agree on the transaction without the threat of illegal violence or other types of illegal punishments. Further the transaction has to be a two way transfer where both receive a revenue. Thus we do not consider extortion or theft as corruption, while embezzlement or insider trading could be classified as corruption dependent on the situation.

  • 341.
    Dahlström, Tobias
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Raviola, Elena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Power corruptsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Deviating from the standard corruption literature the focus of this paper is on private corruption instead of bureaucratic corruption. We model an organisation's decision making process in two dimensions, complexity and concentration, and explore how these dimensions affect the existence and extent of corruption in an organisation. As expected, the decision making process affects corruption. However, changes of the decision making process do not necessarily have a monotonic influence on corruption.

  • 342.
    dal Zotto, Cinzia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Picard, Robert
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Business Models of Newspaper Publishing Companies2006Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 343.
    Dalteg, Tomas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Bank Rates and the Yield Curve: A Study on the Relationship Between Banks' Deposit and Lending Rates to Treasury Yield Rates2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate how well Swedish banks’ follow the interest rate development of Swedish Treasury Bills and Swedish Government Bonds when they are determining the levels for their deposit and lending rates. Individuals’ deposits in a bank serves as one of the banks main assets in the balance sheet, and the spread between the bank’s deposit rate and the short-term market rate is a large source of funding for the bank. If there is a strong relationship of this spread over time, one may assume that this spread is of great importance for financing of the banking firm.

    The spread between the bank’s lending rate and the long-term market rate – credit risk spread – also serves a large source of interest income for the bank, and if this relationship is strong over time, one may assume that this spread is of great importance for financing of the banking firm as well.

    The banks subjected for investigation in this paper are Handelsbanken (SHB) and Föreningssparbanken (FSB). This paper finds a weaker relationship between the banks’ deposit rates and the short-term market rates, than for the lending rates and the long-term market rates. This indicates that the credit risk spread is of greater importance for financing of the banking firm than the funding spread. The weaker relationship between the banks’ deposit rates and the short-term market rate may be due to the great variability of savings alternatives offered in the market place today. The fact that banks today have deposit-deficit may also explain the weaker relationship, which may be explained by the Baumol-Tobin transaction model – where the higher the interest rate, the greater amount is being kept in the account. The stronger relationship between the banks’ lending rate and the long-term market rate may be due to the nature of the credit risk spread to function as a price-discrimination tool between lending clients.

  • 344.
    Daryanavard, Gloria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Targa, Trent
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Foreign Aid in Developing Countries: The effects of foreign aid on Human Development Index (HDI) in different continents2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 345.
    Daunfeldt, Sven Olov
    et al.
    Institute of Retail Economics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Mihaescu, Oana
    Institute of Retail Economics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Helena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Institute of Retail Economics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Rudholm, Niklas
    Institute of Retail Economics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Spillover effects when IKEA enters: Do incumbent retailers win or lose?2019In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate the effects of IKEA entry in three Swedish municipalities, finding that revenues for incumbent retailers located 1 km from the new IKEA store experienced a 7% increase due to positive spillover. The effect was insignificant for retailers located in city centres or more than 1 km from IKEA. Moreover, the positive agglomeration effects only dominate the negative competition effects for stores that sell complementary products, while same-market retailers located between 2 and 5 km from the new IKEA store experienced revenue loss due to IKEA entry. In contrast to retail revenues, the effects on employment were statistically insignificant. 

  • 346.
    Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Nationalekonomi.
    Mihaescu, Oana
    Högskolan Dalarna, Kulturgeografi.
    Nilsson, Helena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies.
    Rudholm, Niklas
    Högskolan Dalarna, Nationalekonomi.
    What happens when IKEA comes to town?2017In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 51, no 2, p. 313-323Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effects of a new IKEA store on retail revenues, employment and inflow of purchasing power in the entry municipalities as well as in neighbouring municipalities were investigated using data from 2000–11. A propensity score-matching method was used to find non-IKEA entry municipalities that were as similar as possible to the entry municipalities based on the situation before entry. The results indicate that IKEA entry increased entry municipality durable goods revenues by about 20% and employment by about 17%. Only small and, in most cases, statistically insignificant effects were found in neighbouring municipalities.

  • 347.
    Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Nationalekonomi.
    Mihaescu, Oana
    Högskolan Dalarna, Kulturgeografi.
    Nilsson, Helena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Högskolan Dalarna, Nationalekonomi.
    Rudholm, Niklas
    Högskolan Dalarna, Nationalekonomi.
    When IKEA enters: Do local retailers win or lose?2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    IKEA is one of the world’s largest retailers, but little is known about how IKEA impact incumbent retailers when deciding to enter a local market. Previous studies on the effects of big-box entry on surrounding retailers have also generated inconclusive results, and mainly been focused towards entry of Wal-Mart in the United States. We contribute to this literature by investigating the effects of IKEA entry on revenues and employment for incumbent retail firms in three Swedish municipalities during 2000-2010. Our results indicate that a new IKEA store increases average revenues for incumbent retailers within the entry municipality by 11%, but also that the effect is highly heterogeneous within the municipality. Retailers that were located up to 1 km from IKEA experienced a 26% increase in revenues when IKEA entered the municipality. However, the positive spillover effect of a new IKEA store on retail revenues diminished with the distance to IKEA, and turned insignificant for retailers in the city centers and those that were located 5-10 km from IKEA. The effects on employment were much less pronounced, and in most cases statistically insignificant.

  • 348.
    Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies.
    Mihaescu, Oana
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies.
    Nilsson, Helena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies.
    Rudholm, Niklas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies.
    When IKEA enters: Do local retailers win or lose?2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 349.
    Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies.
    Mihaescu, Oana
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies.
    Nilsson, Helena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies.
    Rudholm, Niklas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies.
    When IKEA enters: Do local retailers win or lose?2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 350.
    Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov
    et al.
    HUI Research.
    Nilsson, Helena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. HUI Research.
    Webbpaneler vs telefonundersökningar: Vad är att föredra?2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Statistiska Centralbyrån har i en rapport kritiserat användandet av webbpaneler för att samla in data. Den huvudsakliga kritiken går ut på att webbpaneler oftast är självrekryterande och därmed, till skillnad från telefonundersökningar, inte baserade på ett sannolikhetsurval. Ingen direkt jämförelse görs dock mellan de olika undersökningsmetodikerna. Syftet med denna rapport är därför att genomföra en litteraturgenomgång i vetenskapliga tidskrifter under de senaste tio åren för att se om slutsatsen har ett vetenskapligt stöd. Resultaten visar att ickesannolikhetsbaserade i de flesta fall har lett till mer tillförlitliga resultat än traditionella telefonundersökningar. Detta kan troligen förklaras av att de senare har problem med stora icke-slumpmässiga bortfall, samt mätfel i samband med intervjusituationen. Slutligen konstateras att det finns ett starkt vetenskapligt stöd för att webbpaneler baserade på ett sannolikhetsurval är att föredra framför telefonundersökningar.

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