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  • 301.
    Axelsson, Isabelle
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Granström, Sofia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Delad föräldraförsäkring: Ökad jämställdhet eller ekonomisk bestraffning?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to, from a theoretical perspective, analyze the possible effects of a shared parental leave reform on women’s labor market participation and the income equality between men and women. The theory of Household Allocation, the Identity Model and the Signaling Theory are used to evaluate the theoretical base behind such a reform. The result shows that in case of a decrease of the social cost for fathers to use their parental leave, such a reform would induce both women’s labor force participation and the income equality. If the social cost is not reduced, such a reform would probably result in a higher labor force participation of women but the income inequality would remain.

  • 302.
    Axelsson, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Bostadspriser i inflationsmått och penningpolitik: En analys av effekterna av alternativa inflationsmått på den svenska reporäntan 2005-20172020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    De svenska bostadspriserna har de senaste åren ökat betydligt snabbare än inflationen. Uppsatsen beräknar Sveriges inflation under perioden 2005–2017 med ett inflationsmått som använder anskaffningsansatsen för att mäta boendekostnader. Taylorregeln används för att förutspå reporäntan då ett sådant inflationsmått och den förutspådda reporäntan enligt en sådan modell jämförs med en identisk modell som istället använder KPIF som inflationsmått samt med det faktiska reporänteutfallet. Inflationen är genomgående högre då anskaffningsansatsen för boendekostnader används och Taylorregeln förutspår därmed en högre reporänta än det faktiska utfallet under större delen av perioden. Dessutom sker många reporänteförändringar i motsatt riktning mot vad som förutspås av regeln. 9 av 33 förändringar kan inte förklaras av regeln då ett inflationsmått som använder anskaffningsansatsen för boendekostnader används.

  • 303.
    Axelsson Malmqvist, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Heldemar, Carolina
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Utländska direktinvesteringar i Shenzhen2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 304.
    Backman, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Blir du lönsam lille vän?: En empirisk studie av utbildningens lönsamhet för kvinnor i Sverige2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Trots att kvinnor sedan början av 2000-talet gått om männen i termer av högre utbildning återstår en markant löneskillnad mellan manliga och kvinnliga akademiker. Frågan är då om män och kvinnor har olika avkastning på sin utbildning och hur det påverkar utbildningens lönsamhet för kvinnor i Sverige.

    Efter att flertalet yrkes- och/eller lönerelaterade variabler kontrolleras för i en multivariat regressionsanalys uppgår det oförklarade könslönegapet till 5,3%. Inkluderandet av interaktionstermer mellan kön och utbildningsnivå generar inga signifikanta resultat. Det tyder på att kvinnor och män inte har signifikant åtskild avkastning på samma utbildningsnivå. Lönegapet beror då främst på andravariabler såsom befattning och yrke.

    Nuvärdet av en utbildning beräknas genom att summera och diskontera genomsnittlig yrkeslivslön och subtrahera alternativkostnaden av att inte jobba och kostnader för studiemedel för  respektive kön, utbildningsinriktning och utbildningsnivå. Nuvärdet är som högst för de med 180-240 högskolepoäng och längre utbildningar lönar sig därmed inte. Kvinnor har ett lägre nuvärde än män för samtliga utbildningsnivåer.

  • 305.
    Backman, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Is the feeling mutual?: The effect of same-sex teachers: Disentangling teacher bias from role model effects2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the effect of same-sex teachers on students attending Economics A at Uppsala University from 2013 to 2018. Having a female teacher has no significant effect on female students’ exam performance but a significant and positive effect on the likelihood of attending the subsequent course in Economics. Certain types of female teachers have negative effects on male students’ exam performance in certain specifications and no effect on the likelihood of them attending the subsequent course. It was not possible to identify the underlying mechanism behind these results.

  • 306.
    Backéus, Kalle
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Wage dispersion, trade and foreign direct investment: Evidence from 13 Central and Eastern European countries2002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
  • 307.
    Badulescu, Petre
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Inter-country knowledge and research transfers1995Report (Other scientific)
  • 308.
    Bager-Sjögren, Lars and Klevmarken, Anders
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Inequality and Mobility of Wealth in Sweden 1983/84-1992/931995In: Tax Reform Evaluation Report, no 21Report (Other scientific)
  • 309.
    Bager-Sjögren, Lars
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Klevmarken, Anders
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Inequality and mobility of wealth in Sweden 1983/84 - 1992/931997Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Using longitudinal data which include real estate wealth, financial assets as well as consumer durables, changes in the distribution of wealth in Sweden are related to major changes in asset prices and in incentives to hold various assets in the 1980s and the beginning of the 1990s. Our analysis of the mobility of wealth indicates that mobility is higher in Sweden than in the United States, while the analysis of who is gaining and who is loosing shows results similar to those of previous studies.

  • 310.
    Bager-Sjögren, Lars
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Klevmarken, Anders
    Inequality and mobility of wealth in Sweden 1983/84 - 1992/931997Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Using longitudinal data which include real estate wealth, financial assets as well as consumer durables, changes in the distribution of wealth in Sweden are related to major changes in asset prices and in incentives to hold various assets in the 1980s and

  • 311.
    Baghi, Nasim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    The Effect of Social Networks on Entry Wages2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the effect of finding a job through social networks on entry wages and how this effect differs for different types of contacts. Further, this study examines firms’ abilities in screening workers’ productivity using social networks and if firms value unobservable abilities of referred workers more than the same abilities for workers without a connection. The data used is the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 (NLSY97) for the United States of America. The results indicate that very young workers receive higher entry wages when they are hired via social networks and the most beneficial contacts to be referred by are parents or relatives. Firms are better at screening older employees than very young ones through social networks. I find no support that firms give higher returns to the referred workers’ unobservable abilities.

  • 312.
    Bahar Baziki, Selva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Cross-border Acquisitions and Restructuring: Multinational Enterprises and Private Equity firms " and "Cross-border Leveraged Buyouts2015Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 313.
    Bahar Baziki, Selva
    et al.
    Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.
    Ginja, Rita
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Borota Milicevic, Teodora
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Trade Competition, Technology and Labor Re-allocation2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the changes in labor allocation across firms and industries in response to changes in technology (captured by the adoption of information and communication technologies, ICT) and import competition, due to increased exposure to trade competition from China. We use detailed matched worker-firm data from the Swedish manufacturing sector. We provide new evidence on the mobility of heterogeneous workers across firms and document increased assortative matching of workers in ICT intensive industries. However, the sorting patterns are not uniform across industries within this group. The adoption of ICT along with stronger Chinese import competition results in a significant skill upgrade within high-wage firms. In contrast, in the absence of strong pressures in import competition, sorting occurs at the low end of the worker-firm distribution, i.e. low-skill workers allocate to low-wage firms. Industries with low ICT intensity do not exhibit any of these sorting patterns. We rationalize our empirical findings through a labor market matching model which is able to explain the increased assortative matching in ICT intensive industries through an increase in the relative demand for qualified workers.

  • 314.
    Baitemirova, Aliya
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Factors associated with attitudes towards domestic violence against women: a comparative analysis of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In modern societies there is great concern with the incidents of domestic violence. The two Central Asian countries studied here, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, are no exception. However, there is a large difference between perceptions about domestic violence among females of the two countries. Ten percent of Kazakhstani women approve of domestic abuse by their intimate partners, while in Kyrgyzstan 36% of women do. The main objective of this study is to examine what factors are associated with acceptance of domestic abuse. This is done by comparing two countries with a common cultural and, until independence from the Soviet Union was gained in the early 1990s, political heritage. Thereafter, the two countries have pursued different economic development and political paths. The results show that overall economic performance, and implicitly the environment that enables this, has significant direct and indirect effects on females’ beliefs through shaping living standards and welfare. A considerable gap in economic performance of the two countries has developed since 1990; and poorer Kyrgyzstan is still strongly attached to its traditional social views and norms where women are treated as inferior to men.

  • 315.
    Balabay, Oksana
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Is the Taylor Rule a Good Approximation of the Norwegian Monetary Policy?2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this research is to check whether the Taylor rule in its simple linear form can be viewed as an appropriate description of the monetary policy pursued by Norway’s central bank – Norges Bank, and whether this rule can be used for forecasting purposes. Not only does this research focus on the original Taylor rule, but it also deals with its extended version designed for small open economies such as Norway. A conclusion about whether regressions can produce reliable coefficient estimates is drawn on the basis of time series’ properties tests and cointegration tests. The performance of the simple-form Taylor equation is compared to its alternative forms through forecasting exercises.

    The study has shown that the extended version of the Taylor rule with interest rate smoothing and augmented with the real exchange rate, the policy rate of the EU and oil prices can be viewed as a close approximation of Norges Bank’s monetary policy and can be used for forecasting purposes.

  • 316.
    Balaile, Shubila
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Rajnak, Robert
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Bör Riksbanken använda taylorregeln?: En tillämpning av taylorregeln för svensk penningspolitik 1993-20052005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 317.
    Bali, Ranjula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. School of Social Science, Södertörn University, Sweden; Misum (the Mistra Center for Sustainable Markets), Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden; Center for European Research in Microfinance (Cermi) at the Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management.
    Environmental Challenges in the Baltic Region2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book explores environmental challenges in the Baltic region from an economic perspective. Featuring contributions from regional experts from Nordic, Baltic and Eastern European countries it addresses the response to eutrophication caused by increased loads of nutrients to the sea from agriculture, wastewater, industry and traffic, and cost-effective solutions to reach the Baltic Sea Action Plan (BSAP) targets, set up through the Helsinki Commission (HELCOM). Contributions also explore the environmental impacts of rural landscape change during the post-communist period in the Baltic Sea region and a review of the ex-post evaluations of the costs and benefits generated by Baltic Sea nutrient abatement policies. Public policies towards marine protection, wind power establishment, and attitudes to paying for environmental protection, environmental resilience and the international cooperation in the Baltic region are also discussed.

  • 318.
    Bali, Ranjula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    The Agrarian Credit Markets, Rate of Interest and the Collateral: Some Indian Evidence.1995Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 319.
    Bali, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Garikipati, Supriya
    Microfinancein the Global South: Examining Evidence on Social Efficacy2020In: Handbook of Feminist Economics / [ed] G. Berik and E. Kongar, Routledge, 2020Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 320.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    A Critical Report on the Econometric Analysis of the Prices of Food Grains in India1997In: Economic Development And Agricultural Productivity / [ed] Amit Bhaduri and Rune Skarstein, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 1997Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 321.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Can Microfinance Empower Women? Self-Help Groups in India2007In: Dialogue, ISSN 1990-9357, Vol. 37, p. 61-82Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 322.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Contemporary Macroeconomic Issues in Developing Economies2004In: Contemporary Issues in Macroeconomic Management / [ed] B.N. Ghosh, Leeds, UK: Wisdom House , 2004, p. 45-68Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 323.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Credit programs in Eritrea1998In: Afraca NewsletterArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 324.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Credit Rationing in Rural India2002In: Journal of Economic Development, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The view that households are credit rationed by the formal sector, rests on the assumptions that all households have a positive demand for formal credit and it is a cheaper source for borrowing. To empirically verify formal credit rationing three different models are estimated in this paper. The first model is a conventional credit-rationing model. The second model assumes that the probability to borrow from the formal sector is jointly determined by the demand for credit and the decision of the bank on access. Finally, the third model relaxes both these assumptions and the household chooses between borrowing from the formal or the informal sector. Empirical results using recently collected data from Puri, India, confirm that the access to the formal sector in the rural credit markets is limited and there exists a high demand for credit. This suggests a high degree of effective credit rationing by the formal sector in Puri.

  • 325.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Demand, segmentation and rationing in the rural credit markets of Puri2001Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of five chapters.

    Chapter 1 and 2 The first chapter presents the introduction and the summary and the second chapter provides details on the survey and the data collection.

    Chapter 3 The demand and supply of credit in the rural finance markets are investigated in this paper using data on 989 households, in Orissa, India. The aim is to study the effects of household, farm productive characteristics and the policy variables on the demand and supply of credit. A type 3 Tobit model is estimated which corrects for sample selection and endogeniety bias. In addition, a generalised Double Hurdle model is estimated where the household's access to credit is treated distinctly from decisions about the interest rate charged. The results from the type 3 tobit model suggest that the size of the operational holdings, net-wealth, the dependency ratio, educational level of the household and the wages and output prices are important determinants of the demand and supply of credit. The Double Hurdle model suggests the important result that the size of land owned plays a crucial role in whether the household obtains a loan or not.

    Chapter 4 Based on the 'Rural Credit Market Survey of the Puri district in India', this paper investigates evidence on segmentation in the rural credit markets of Puri district. It further investigates the presence of any systematic association between the type of collateral offered by the household and the rate of interest at which it borrows. The data shows differences in the loan characteristics between the households borrowing from the formal and the informal sector. The empirical results confirm the presence of segmentation in the Puri credit market. For the households borrowing from the informal sector and the moneylenders, evidence also shows that the marketability of the collateral is inversely related to the interest rate. However, no such clear relationship is found for households borrowing from the formal sector.

    Chapter 5 In the theoretical and the empirical literature on rural credit markets it is widely assumed that the households are credit rationed in the formal sector, which offers subsidised credit. This view rests on the assumptions that all households have a positive demand for formal credit and that it is the cheaper source of credit. Three different models of formal credit rationing are estimated in this paper. The first model is a conventional credit-rationing model. The second model assumes that the probability to borrow from the formal sector is jointly determined by the demand for credit and the decision of the bank on access. Finally, the third model relaxes both these assumptions and the household chooses between borrowing from the formal or the informal sector. The results confirm that the access to the formal sector in the Puri rural credit markets is limited and that there exists a high demand for credit. This suggests a high degree of effective credit rationing by the formal sector in Puri.

  • 326.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Differential impact of microfinance delivery mechanism on vulnerability2012In: Applied Economics Letters, ISSN 1350-4851, E-ISSN 1466-4291, Vol. 19, no 8, p. 721-724Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Microfinance reduces vulnerability. We investigate if this impact varies by the delivery mechanism used. Correcting for the membership selection bias using Propensity Score Matching (PSM), the household's vulnerability is estimated using the Self-Help Group (SHG) microfinance programme data in India. The results show that the reduction in vulnerability is greater for villages with better infrastructure and for SHGs that are formed by NGOs and linked by banks (linkage model 2).

  • 327.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Evidence from Impact Assessment: Is Microfinance a Good Poverty Alleviation Strategy?2004Report (Other academic)
  • 328.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Financial Services for low-income households2009In: Journal of Human Development, Vol. 1, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 329.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Financial Services for low-income households2010In: Handbook of human development and management / [ed] Ashutosh Priya, New Dehli: Serials Publications , 2010, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 173-205Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 330.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Microfinance: a Catalyst for Development at Macroeconomic Level?2006In: Finance & the Common Good/Bien Commun, ISSN 1422-4658, no 25, p. 83-87Article, review/survey (Other academic)
  • 331.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Microfinance and Women empowerment2007In: Microfinance: Impacts and Insights, ICFAI University Press , 2007Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 332.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Microfinance and Women's empowerment: evidence from the self help group bank linkage programme in India2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This publication is an extract from research work within microfinance at the Department of Economics at Uppsala University done by the author Ranjula Bali Swain. The purpose of the paper is to capture the relationship between microfinance and Millennium Development Goal number three, which concerns gender equality and women empowerment. The research is based on the Self Help Group Bank Linkage Programme in India and has revealed that the clients are in fact in the process of empowering themselves. The results show however that a greater emphasis needs to be placed on business training and awareness programmes. Therefore a minimalist approach to microfinance might not have the same outcome.

  • 333.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Money With a Mission, Volume 1, Microfinance and Poverty Reduction, by James Copestake, Martin Greely, Susan Johnson, Naila Kabeer, and Anton Simanowitz. Warwickshire, UK: Practical Action, 2006. 272 pp. ISBN-978-18533961442009In: Feminist Economics, ISSN 1354-5701, E-ISSN 1466-4372, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 103-106Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 334.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Participation: Challenges for Policy and Practice in Approaches to Poverty Reduction and DemocratisationIn: Developing Participation: Challenges for Policy and Practice in Approaches to Poverty Reduction and Democratisation, Uppsala University Collegium for development studies: 2004Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 335.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Reducing Poverty and Empowering Women through Microfinance2010In: International Handbook of Gender and Poverty: concepts, research, policy / [ed] Sylvia Chant, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2010, p. 594-598Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 336.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Self Help Group Bank Linkage Program in India2013In: Micfrofinanzas y Banca Social (Microfinance and Social Bank Review)Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 337.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    The Demand and Supply of Credit for households2007In: Applied Economics, ISSN 0003-6846, E-ISSN 1466-4283, Vol. 39, no 21, p. 2681-2692Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The demand and supply of credit in the rural credit markets is investigated in this article using household data from India. The aim is to study the effects of household, farm productive characteristics and the policy variables on the demand and supply of credit. A type 3 Tobit model is estimated which corrects for sample selection and endogeniety bias. In addition, a generalized Double Hurdle model is estimated where the information on the household's access to credit is included to estimate the demand and supply of credit. The results suggest that the size of the operational holdings, net-wealth, dependency ratio, educational level of the household and the wages and output prices are important determinants of the demand and supply of credit for farm households. The Double Hurdle model confirms that the 'size of land owned' plays a crucial role in whether the household has access to a loan or not.

  • 338.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    The impact of microfinance on factors empowering women: Differences in regional and delivery mechanisms in India's SHG programme2016In: Journal of Development Studies, ISSN 0022-0388, E-ISSN 1743-9140, ISSN ISSN 0022-0388Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine how the impact on women empowerment varies with respect to the location and type of group linkage of the respondent. Using household survey data from five states in India, we correct for selection bias to estimate a structural equation model. Our results reveal that in the southern states of India empowerment of women takes place through economic factors. For the other states, we find a significant correlation between women empowerment and autonomy in women’s decision-making and network, communication and political participation respectively. We do not however find any differential causal impact of different delivery methods (linkage models).

  • 339.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    The Microfinance Impact2012Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Financial inclusion through microfinance has become a powerful force in improving the living conditions of poor farmers, rural non-farm enterprises and other vulnerable groups. In its unique ability to link the existing extensive network of India’s rural bank branches with the Self Help Groups (SHG), the National Bank of Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has covered up to 97 million poor households by March 2010 under its Self Help Group Bank Linkage Programme. Policy-makers have proclaimed SHGs as ‘‘the most potent initiative … for delivering financial services to the poor in a sustainable manner."

    This book presents a comprehensive scientific assessment of the impact of the Self Help Group Bank Linkage Programme (SBLP) on the member households. The book discusses wide-ranging topics, including the rural financial sector in India, the history and structure of the SBLP, the impact methodologies, the economic and social impact of microfinance, its role in building assets while reducing poverty and vulnerability, the role of women and their empowerment, training and accumulation of human capital and policy implications of lessons learned.

    The empirical results show that vulnerability of the more mature SHG members declines significantly. Vulnerability also falls for villages with better infrastructure and for SHGs that are formed by NGOs and linked by banks. The results strongly demonstrate that on average, there is a significant increase in the empowerment of the female participants. The economic impact of SBLP is found to be the most empowering. Greater autonomy and changes in social attitudes also lead to female empowerment. The investigation further reveals that training (especially business training) has a definite positive impact on assets but not on income. The impact of training can be improved through better infrastructure (as in paved roads), linkage model type, and the training organiser.

    Bridging the gap in the existing literature and between academics and practitioners, this book moves beyond the usual theoretical issues in the impact assessment literature and draws on new developments in methodology. It will be of interest to academics, development practitioners and students of economics, political science, sociology, public policy and development studies.

  • 340.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Andrehn, Inga-Lynn
    Christensen, Jens
    Finnegan, Gerry
    Steps Towards Impact Assessment of SED Interventions on Employment, SEED, ILO2002Report (Other academic)
  • 341.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Blomqvist, Björn
    Sumpter, David
    Last Night In Sweden? Using Gaussian Processes to Study Changing Demographics at the the Level of Municipalities2020In: European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, ISSN 0928-9569, E-ISSN 1571-8174, Vol. 28, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     The increased immigration in Western Europe has been linked by some

    political parties to increased criminality rates. We study the statistical relationship

    between the proportion of foreign-born to three types of reported criminality - rapes,

    burglary, and assault. The analysis is based on Swedish municipality level data for

    2002-2014, years with signicant immigration. Using non-parametric Gaussian processes

    models, we find that while reported rape rates have increased, they are likely best

    explained by changes in reporting. The reported burglary rates have decreased, while

    reported assault rates are positively correlated to the proportion of foreign-born residents

    in the municipality.

  • 342.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Floro, Maria
    Assessing the Effect of Microfinance on Vulnerability and Poverty among Low Income Households2012In: Journal of Development Studies, ISSN 0022-0388, E-ISSN 1743-9140, Vol. 48, no 5, p. 605-618Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We empirically investigate whether participation in the Indian Self Help Group (SHG) microfinance programme has helped reduced poverty and household vulnerability using cross-sectional SHG rural household survey data. The potential selection bias is eliminated by propensity score matching to estimate the average treatment on treated effect using nearest neighbour matching and a local linear regression algorithm. We find that vulnerability in SHG members is not significantly higher than in non-SHG members, even though the SHG members have a high incidence of poverty. However, vulnerability declines significantly for those that have been SHG members for more than one year. These results are found to be robust using sensitivity analysis and the Rosenbaum bounds method.

  • 343.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Floro, Maria
    Effect Of Microfinance On Vulnerability, Poverty and Risk In Low Income Households2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Uncertainty and unpredictability faced by low-income households increase their vulnerability making poverty even more unbearable. India’s National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)-initiated Self-Help Group (SHG) program, which is currently the largest and fastest growing microfinance program in the developing world, has been aggressively promoted as a way of combating poverty. This paper investigates whether or not SHG participation results in reducing poverty and vulnerability. A theoretical framework is developed to examine the mechanisms through which the pecuniary and non-pecuniary effects of the SHG program on the beneficiaries’ earnings and empowerment, influence their households’ ability to manage risk. Going beyond the traditional poverty estimates, we use a vulnerability measure which quantifies the welfare loss associated with poverty as well as different types of risks like aggregate and idiosyncratic risks. Applying this measure to an Indian panel survey data for 2000 and 2003, we find that SHG members have lower vulnerability as compared to a group of non-SHG (control) members. Furthermore, we find that the poverty contributes to about 80 percent of the vulnerability faced by the household followed by aggregate risk.

  • 344.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Floro, Maria
    Microfinance, Vulnerability and Poverty among Low Income Households2014In: International review of applied economics, ISSN 0269-2171, E-ISSN 1465-3486, Vol. 28, no 5, p. 539-561Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 345.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Floro, Maria
    Microfinance, Vulnerability and Risk in Low Income Households2014In: International review of applied economics, ISSN 0269-2171, E-ISSN 1465-3486, Vol. 28, no 5, p. 539-561Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate if participation in the Indian Self Help Group (SHG) program results in reducing poverty and vulnerability. The theoretical framework examines the mechanisms through which the pecuniary and non-pecuniary effects of the SHG impacts the households’ ability to manage risk. We use a vulnerability measure that quantifies the welfare loss associated with poverty and different types of risks, on an Indian panel survey data. Our results show that SHG members are less vulnerable compared with a group of non-SHG (control) members. About 80% of the vulnerability faced by the households is poverty related.

  • 346.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Floro, Maria
    Department of Economics, American University.
    Reducing Vulnerability through Microfinance: Evidence from Indian Self Help Group Program2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate if participation in Indian Self Help Group microfinance program (SHG) results in reducing vulnerability. Vulnerability estimates are constructed using cross-sectional SHG rural household survey data, collected in 2003. The potential selection bias is eliminated by propensity score matching to estimate the average treatment on treated effect using nearest neighbour matching and local linear regression algorithm. We find that despite a disproportionately high percentage of poor in the SHG members, vulnerability is not significantly different between the SHG and non-SHG members. This result is found to be robust using sensitivity analysis and Rosenbaum bounds method.

  • 347.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Hilding, Per
    Impact of Technological Change on the Incidence of Child Labour in the Indian Match Industry2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Indian match industry in the southern state of Tamil  Nadu has been characterized by child labour and a stagnant technology for  over half a century. We investigate the technological changes and  industrial restructuring, catalysed by the changing duty structure that has  moved the match industry towards greater mechanization. Our examination  indicates that increased mechanization in the production processes has  implied greater demand for skilled labour and a decline in child labour.

  • 348.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Jonsson, Per
    Microfinance in Sweden2009In: Handbook of microcredit in Europe : social inclusion through microenterprise development / [ed] Bárbara Jayo Carboni, Maricruz Lacalle Calderón, Silvia Rico Garrido, Karl Dayson, Jill Kickul, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2009, p. 239-246Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 349.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Kar, Ashim
    Competition in Microfinance: Does it affect Performance, Portfolio quality and Capitalization?2014In: Microfinance Institutions: Financial and Social Performance / [ed] Roy Mersland and Øystein Strøm, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Growing competition amongst the microfinanceinstitutions (MFIs) in recent years has been blamed for the repayment crises inthe microfinance industry. This paper aims to investigate how competitionimpacts on MFIs’ outreach, financial performance, quality of loan portfolio andcapitalization. We control for potential endogeneity of the measures of marketpower. Employing Generalized Methods of Moments (GMM) estimation we find that increasedcompetition has no significant impact on MFIs’ depth of outreach andprofitability, but it can improve their capitalization levels. So, overall riskof MFIs’ can be offset to some extent by higher equity capital, if required ratios. 

  • 350.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Kar, Ashim
    Increased Competition among Microfinance Institutions and its effect on Outreach, Financial Performance and Efficiency: Recent Cross-country Evidence2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years the growing competition amongst the microfinance institutions (MFIs), has been blamed for the ‘repayment crisis’ in the microfinance industry. This paper is a comprehensive investigation of the impact of competition on the MFIs’ financial performance, outreach, repayment and efficiency. Using instrumental variables (IV) estimations to account for the endogeneity issues, the analysis is based on the global Microfinance Information Exchange (MIX) database. Preliminary results suggest that increased competition leads to lower efficiency but does not have an impact on MFIs’ financial performance, its outreach or repayment. 

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