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  • 301.
    Armelius, Hanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Tax avoidance, saving and income distributionManuscript (Other academic)
  • 302.
    Armelius, Hanna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Tax Avoidance, Saving and Income Distribution2002Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 303.
    Armerin, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    A Comment on "The effectiveness of carbon pricing: The role of diversification in a firm's investment decision"2024In: Energy Economics, ISSN 0140-9883, E-ISSN 1873-6181, Vol. 132, article id 107487Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We show that the set of parameter values satisfying the constraints, needed in order to make the stopping rule used in the extended model in Compernolle et al. (2022) an optimal one, is empty. Using the stopping rule in their paper will result in a strictly smaller stopping time than the optimal stopping time. It follows that the stopping rule used in Compernolle et al. (2022) will result in a lower bound of the expected time until an investment is done.

  • 304.
    Arnarsdottir, Joanna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Hansson, Kristina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Can Export Diversification Save sub-Saharan Africa from Extreme Weather?: An instrumental variable approach2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Growth and development in the context of climate change and environmental challengesare issues of increasing importance in the economic debate. With higher levels of greenhousegases in the atmosphere, droughts and other forms of extreme weather are expected to increasein frequency. Some of the worst affected are people living in sub-Saharan African countries. However, there are literature showing that countries who diversify their production becomesmore resilient against negative shocks. This study aims to determine the relationship betweenprecipitation anomalies and GDP per capita growth under different levels of concentrationof the export portfolio, in order to understand what kind of diversification reduces economicrisks connected to precipitation. Precipitation anomalies, such as abnormally heavy rainfallor droughts, is seen as a good measurement for climate change, and can thus be treated aseconomic shocks. We are using data on export product shares and monthly precipitation todetermine whether the level of sectoral diversification in exports affects the influence precipitation anomalies have on GDP per capita growth. The effects are estimated using a two-stageleast squares model, only targeting countries in SSA for our estimations. The results show thatpositive weather anomalies correlate with lower levels of GDP per capita growth. But the samenegative trend cannot be seen for negative precipitation anomalies. The results also show thatthe level of diversification within exports does not have any significant effect on the influencethat precipitation anomalies have on GDP per capita growth.

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  • 305.
    Arnek, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Empirical Essays on Procurement and Regulation2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Essay 1: This paper reports the results of an empirical analysis of the effect of competitive tendering on road operation and maintenance expenses in Sweden. Contrasts of procurement expenses between operation and maintenance contracts let in competitive tendering and similar sole-sourced contracts indicate that competitive tendering reduces procurement expenses by 22-27 percent. Further, there is no evidence that service quality is lower for tendered contracts than for non-tendered contracts.

    Essay 2: Data on firms’ entries in the Swedish National Road Administration’s procurement auctions of road maintenance are used to estimate what factors determine potential bidders decisions to enter. I find the number of potential bidders to affect the probability for firms to bid. Increasing potential competition tends to decrease the probability of firms participating in the auctions. Other factors affecting entry decisions are firm size, project size, time limit for the submission of bids, and time span of the contracts that are up for tender.

    Essay 3: (With Per Johansson) This paper presents the results of an empirical analysis of the effect of contract form on the costs of road maintenance in Sweden. Firms’ bidding and production behavior under two different contract forms are compared using bid and cost data from the Swedish National Road Administration’s procurement of road operation and maintenance. Both contracts are variants of a fixed-price contract that differ in the extent of risk imposed on firms, and in the incentives for cost reductions they provide. We find evidence of a considerable moral-hazard effect. Thus, contract form affects behavior and hence expenses.

    Essay 4: Yardstick competition is a regulatory mechanism, which, according to theory, could induce efficient price regulation in a whole industry. This paper reports results from a laboratory experiment testing this theory. Specifically, the paper reports the results from an investigation of whether yardstick competition can work in situations with few firms. It is found that the theory of yardstick competition predicts behavior well. The average outcome does, however, depend on the number of participating firms: the yardstick competition model predicts behavior better when the number of firms is four that when they are two.

    Essay 5: I test whether violations of expected utility theory in an Allais Paradox environment are sensitive to payoff size. I find a positive relationship between the fraction of people violating expected utility theory and payoff size.

  • 306.
    Arnek, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Three Essays on Procurement of Road Maintenance1999Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 307.
    Arnroth, Lukas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Hedin, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Understanding Diversity: How Do Value-Systems of Swedish Civil Society Organizations Affect Their Allocation of Foreign Aid?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines how officially funded Swedish Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) adhering to certain values and principles choose to allocate aid. With data gathered from the Sida CSO project database, we utilize a Tobit model to outline these patterns. Through separating the CSOs into categories in accordance with their value-systems, we subsequently contrast the results with previous findings. In conclusion, we establish different outcomes for each group. Religious and environmental organizations seem to primarily allocate aid to poorer countries whereas non-specific organizations tend to target more developed countries, responding to indicators of governance. Religious and political organizations show signs of mimicking Sidas aid allocative patterns.

  • 308.
    Arntyr, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Climate Information and it's Effects on Demand: Evidence from a Randomized Field Trial in a Swedish Setting2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to estimate information’s capacity in closing the gap between consumers’ expressed preferences for climate protection and observed behavior. A discrepancy between Swedish consumers’ claimed demand for climate certified milk and actual consumption is observed. Consequently, a randomized controlled field trial is devised where information is randomly varied within 17 grocery stores in Uppsala and Stockholm Counties, Sweden. Results suggest, at a ten percent significance level, that consumption of climate certified milk increases with approximately 4.5 percent in the presence of climate information. However, the shift in consumption appears to be temporary as no effects on consumption can be traced after the information has been removed. This implicates that additional information on the climate certification scheme has little potential in permanently closing the gap between consumers’ claimed strong preferences for climate certified milk and observed consumption.

  • 309.
    Arntyr, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Issues of Non-Compliance and Their Effect on Validity in Field Experiments: A case study of the field experiment “Taxis and Contracts”2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 310.
    Aronsson, Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Nordström, Emil
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Prissättning av livsfallsförsäkring2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 311.
    Aronsson, Gustav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    What is the effect of political coalitions on economic outcomes?: A Regression Discontinuity approach for Swedish municipalities during 1994-20172023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis identifies the effect of traditional political coalitions on the left-right spectrum in Swedish municipal politics on economic outcomes such as Municipal Revenues, Expenditures, Net-expenditures, Municipal Tax-rates, Unemployment, and the share of Municipal Employment. To do so, varying time spans of Swedish municipal data from 1994-2017 are used in a regression discontinuity design, basing its identification on quasi-random variation created by close municipal elections. The results indicate that the left-leaning Red-Green coalition has no isolated impact on economic variables when considering the entire sample, but seems to have a significant impact on some economic variables compared to others when the sample is restricted to decrease the number of mixed coalitions in the sample. These results indicate that the increase in mixed governing coalitions in recent years could have watered down the clear left-right dimension in Swedish politics found in previous research.

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  • 312.
    Aronsson, T., S. Blomquist and H. Sacklen
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Identifying Interdependent Behavior in an Empirical Model of Labor Supply1999In: Journal of Applied Econometrics, Vol. 14, p. 607-626Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 313. Aronsson, Thomas
    et al.
    Bastani, Spencer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Blomquist, Sören
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Vad är optimal beskattning?2010In: Framtider, ISSN 0281-0492, no 3, p. 18-21Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 314.
    Aronsson, Thomas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Blomquist, Sören
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    On environmental taxation under uncertainty1999Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses optimal taxation, when the relationship between consumption and environmental damage is uncertain and treated as a random variable by policy makers. The main purpose is to analyze how additional uncertainty about this relationship affects the optimal unit tax on the consumption good that is causing environmental damage. We find that the optimal response to this tax depends on (i) the attitudes towards risk and (ii) how other policy instruments affect the demand for the good that is causing damage to the environment.

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  • 315.
    Aronsson, Thomas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Blomquist, Sören
    On environmental taxation under uncertainty1999Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses optimal taxation, when the relationship between consumption and environmental damage is uncertain and treated as a random variable by policy makers. The main purpose is to analyze how additional uncertainty about this relationship aff

  • 316.
    Aronsson, Thomas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Blomquist, Sören
    Optimal Taxation, Global Externalities and Labor Mobility2000Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses transboundary environmental problems in the context of an optimal tax problem, when part of the labor force is mobile across countries. The policy instruments include both commodity taxation and nonlinear income taxation. We show how

  • 317.
    Aronsson, Thomas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Blomquist, Sören
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Optimal taxation, global externalities and labor mobility2000Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses transboundary environmental problems in the context of an optimal tax problem, when part of the labor force is mobile across countries. The policy instruments include both commodity taxation and nonlinear income taxation. We show how the tax policy in a noncooperative equilibrium differs from that corresponding to a cooperative equilibrium. The results also indicate how a ’global policy maker’ must act in order to make the national policy makers replicate the cooperative equilibrium.

  • 318. Aronsson, Thomas
    et al.
    Blomquist, Sören
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Redistribution and Provision of Public Goods in an Economic Federation2004Report (Other scientific)
  • 319.
    Aronsson, Thomas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Blomquist, Sören
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Redistribution and provision of public goods in an economic federation2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper concerns redistribution and provision of public goods in an economic federation with two levels of government: a local government in each locality and a central government for the economic federation as a whole. We assume that each locality is characterized by two ability-types (high and low), and that their distribution differs between localities. The set of policy instruments facing the central government consists of a nonlinear income tax and a lump-sum transfer to each local government, while the local governments use proportional income taxes and the transfers from the central government to finance the provision of local public goods. The purpose is to characterize the tax and expenditure structure in a decentralized setting, where the central and local governments have distinct roles to play, and also compare this tax and expenditure structure with the second best resource allocation. We show how the redistributive role of taxation is combined with a corrective role, since tax base sharing among the central and local governments gives rise to a vertical fiscal external effect. In addition, the central government does not in general implement the second best resource allocation with the instruments at its disposal.

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  • 320.
    Aronsson, Thomas
    et al.
    Department of Economics, Umeå University.
    Blomquist, Sören
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Redistribution and provision of public goods in an economic federation2008In: Journal of Public Economic Theory, ISSN 1097-3923, E-ISSN 1467-9779, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 125-143Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper concerns redistribution and public good provision in an economic federation with two levels of government:a local government in each locality and a (first mover) central government. Each locality is characterized by two ability-types, and the ability-distribution differs across localities. The central government redistributes via a nonlinear income tax and a lump-sum transfer to each local government, while the local governments use proportional income taxes and provide local public goods.We show how the redistributive role of taxation is combined with a corrective role, and how the central government can implement the second best resource allocation.

  • 321.
    Aronsson, Thomas
    et al.
    Umeå Universitet.
    Blomquist, Sören
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    The Standard Deviation of Life-Length, Retirement Incentives, and Optimal Pension Design2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we consider how the retirement age as well as a tax financed pension system ought to respond to a change in the standard deviation of the length of life. In a first best framework, where a benevolent government exercises perfect control over the individuals’ labor supply and retirement-decisions, the results show that a decrease in the standard deviation of life-length leads to an increase in the optimal retirement age and vice versa, if the preferences for “the number of years spent in retirement” are characterized by constant or decreasing absolute risk aversion. A similar result follows in a second best setting, where the government raises revenue via a proportional tax (or pension fee) to finance a lump-sum benefit per year spent in retirement. We consider two versions of this model, one with a mandatory retirement age decided upon by the government and the other where the retirement age is a private decision-variable.

  • 322.
    Aronsson, Thomas
    et al.
    Umeå universitet.
    Blomquist, Sören
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Micheletto, Luca
    University of Milan, Italy.
    Where Should the Eldery Live and Who Should Pay for Their Care?2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442, Vol. 112, no 2, p. 289-314Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider a model with a population consisting of earners and retired persons; elderly care is publicly provided. There is one big city, where congestion effects and agglomeration forces are at work, and a number of small villages. We show how the externalities related to population mobility lead to an inefficient spatial distribution of earners and retirees, and we characterize the second-best solution. Decentralization of this solution in a fiscal federalism structure requires the use of taxes and subsidies proportional to the number of earners and retired persons living in the city and the villages.

  • 323. Aronsson, Thomas
    et al.
    Micheletto, Luca
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
    Sjogren, Tomas
    A note on public goods in a decentralized fiscal union: Implications of a participation constraint2014In: Journal of Urban Economics, ISSN 0094-1190, E-ISSN 1095-9068, Vol. 84, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper re-examines the question of whether federal ex-post redistribution in terms of public funds leads to under-provision of public goods when member states may leave the economic federation. We show that federal ex-post redistribution under a binding participation constraint does not necessarily mean under-provision of local and federal public goods.

  • 324.
    Aronsson, Thomas
    et al.
    Department of Economics, Umeå School of Business and Economics, Umeå University.
    Micheletto, Luca
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
    Tomas, Sjögren
    Department of Economics, Umeå School of Business and Economics, Umeå University,.
    A note on public goods in a decentralized fiscal union: Implications of a participation constraint2012Report (Other academic)
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  • 325. Aronsson, Tomas
    et al.
    Blomquist, Sören
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Micheletto, Luca
    Where Should the Elderly Live and Who Should Pay for their Care? A Study in Demographics and Geographical Economics2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a rich literature analyzing the problems that will arise as the share of elderly and retired in the population increases in the near future. However, the locational decisions among the elderly as well as their implications in terms of taxes/transfers and of allocation of responsibilities for elderly care between the federal and local levels have not received much attention. In this paper we aim at investigating these issues. For this purpose we explore a model where there is a big city and a set of small villages, and where congestion effects and agglomeration forces are at work at the level of the big city. We also assume that the population is divided between two groups of agents, workers and retired, which differ with respect to the degree of mobility. In the first part of the paper we study and characterize the inefficiencies that arise because of individuals’ free location choice in the context of a unitary government. In the second part of the paper we consider a fiscal federalism structure and we investigate the suitable instruments that are needed in order to decentralize the optimal allocation obtained under full centralization.

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  • 326.
    Arpe, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Prisbildningen på småhus: Påverkas börskurserna och priset på småhus av samma faktorer?2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 327.
    Arremark, Louise
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Lindblad, Susanna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Fusioner i svensk näringsliv - motiv och konkurrensbedömning2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 328.
    Arslanogullari, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Household adjustment to unemployment2000Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of three self-contained studies on labour economics.

    Is the dramatic increase in the number of social assistance (SA) recipients in Sweden during the 1990s,in part, due to an increase in the propensity to receive SA? I investigate this question in essay I andfind no evidence of a general increase in the mentioned propensity although some behaviouralchanges seem to have occurred. First, I find evidence that the recipients may be subjected to tougherjudgement criteria in 1995 compared to 1990, which could, mask a possible increase in the studiedpropensity. Second, the propensity to become a SA recipient has increased among people withuniversity education. Third, the propensity to receive SA among young people seems to be lower in1995 than in 1990 but this may be due to a tougher attitude shown by the authorities that is particularlyaffecting this group.

    Essay II examines the added worker effect (AWE) in the presence of unemployment benefits in theshort run. The results suggest that Swedish women, but not men, increase their earnings in response totheir spouses' unemployment. Further, the woman's response seems to be directly related to thehusband's loss of earnings from unemployment, since it increases with the duration of the husband'sunemployment and decreases with the amount of unemployment benefit that the husband receives.However, although a significant AWE can be documented, its economic significance is relativelysmall in the short run. Finally, the households' ability to smooth their earnings by other resources(such as previous savings) seems to reduce the spouses' earning response.

    In essay III, I analyse if liquid assets are used to smooth variations in consumption that results fromunemployment. My findings indicate that households do use liquid assets for this purpose. First, I findthat among working households, those facing a higher risk of becoming unemployed, on average,accumulate more assets. Second, households utilise previously accumulated assets during spells ofunemployment. Third, unemployment benefits (UB) crowd out the utilisation of assets, whichdemonstrates that assets are used as a consumption-smoothing device along with unemploymentbenefits during unemployment. Also, increases in UB generosity reduce the amount of assetsaccumulated, which implies that UB have important effects on people's saving behaviour. Finally, Ifind that both asset accumulation and asset use during unemployment are lower among couplescompared to singles and these differences increase further if the spouse is working.

  • 329.
    Arslanogullari, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Social Assistance in Sweden 1990-19951999Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 330.
    Arslanogullari, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Social Assistance in Sweden 1990-19952000Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite being a very hot subject in the public debate, the causes behind the increase in social assistance (SA) in the 1990s are relatively unknown. In this paper, I try to investigate if the increase is in part a result of an increase in the propensity t

  • 331.
    Arslanogullari, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Social assistance in Sweden 1990-19952000Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite being a very hot subject in the public debate, the causes behind the increase in social assistance (SA) in the 1990s are relatively unknown. In this paper, I try to investigate if the increase is in part a result of an increase in the propensity to receive SA. Despite what is usually argued in the public debate, I find no evidence of a general increase in the mentioned propensity in Sweden during the period 1990 to 1995. But although there is no evidence of an increased propensity to receive SA, some behavioural changes seem to have occurred. First, I find evidence that the recipients may be subjected to tougher judgement criteria in 1995 than in the 1990, something that could mask a possible increase in the studied propensity in the empirical analysis. Second, the propensity to become a SA recipient has increased among people with university education. Thirdly the propensity to receive SA among young people seems to be lower in 1995 than in 1990 but this may be due to a tougher attitude shown by the authorities that is particularly affecting this group.

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  • 332.
    Arvidsson, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Mest för syns skull?: en studie av effekten på Sveriges utlandsexport av statsbesök2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en undersökning av Sveriges statsbesöks effekt på Sveriges export. För att mäta effekten använder jag mig av en empirisk modell, den så kallade handelsgravitationsmodellen. Jag finner att det är svårt att hitta starka och statistiskt signifikanta bevis på att Sveriges statsbesök har en positiv effekt på exporten. När man isolerar för statsbesök i Europa utanför Norden finner jag till och med tecken på att de kan ha en negativ effekt. Jag har även jämfört effekten av Sveriges statsbesök med effekten av Storbritanniens och funnit att Sverige har en generellt lägre effekt än Storbritannien, oavsett vilken modell som används.

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  • 333.
    Arvidsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Toivonen, Göran
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Tillväxt och Historisk Volatilitet2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en empirisk undersökning av sambandet mellan tillväxt och historisk volatilitet på tillväxt. Många uppsatser har tidigare studerat sambandet mellan tillväxt och volatilitet på tillväxt, t ex Ramey och Ramey (1995), Hnatkovska och Loayza (2004), Siegler (2005). Vi menar dock att volatilitet på tillväxt inte är en tillräckligt exogen variabel. Vi har funnit att det, för alla länder, inte finns ett generellt samband mellan tillväxt och historisk volatilitet.

    Däremot kan det finnas ett samband mellan tillväxt och historiskt volatilitet för industrialiserade länder (OECD länder). Vi har även studerat om det är någon skillnad i sambandet mellan tillväxt och historisk volatilitet beroende på den historiska tillväxten, men

    funnit att så inte är fallet.

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  • 334.
    Arvidsson, Martin
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    EMU:s effekt på utrikeshandeln i Europa: En empirisk paneldatstudie2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats studeras hur den Europeiska Monetära Unionen inverkat på några europeiska

    länders export till EMU-länder och icke-EMU-länder. Skattningen görs med paneldatametod

    på kvartalsobservationer mellan 1985 och 2003. Modellen som används är en dynamisk

    exportfunktion. Resultaten tyder på en signifikant effekt. Den genomsnittliga exporten för de

    europeiska nationerna till EMU-länderna ökade 1999 med 10 % och till icke-EMU-länderna

    med 14 %. För de exportländer som var medlemmar skattades en extra effekt på ungefär lika

    mycket vilket innebär att totaleffekten på exporten för medlemsländerna var cirka det dubbla

    mot icke-medlemmarna. Det uppseendeväckande med resultaten är att exporten till icke-

    EMU-länderna skattades konsekvent till att ha ökat mer än exporten till EMU. Resultaten är

    dock mycket känsliga för förändringar i specifikationen och stämmer dåligt då modellen

    skattas på varje land för sig. Slutsatsen som dras av studien är således att en effekt på

    exporten verkar finnas till följd av unionen men är något mindre än tidigare forskning visat

    och fortfarande osäker.

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  • 335.
    Asheim, Geir B.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Dufwenberg, Martin
    Admissibility and common knowledge1996Report (Other scientific)
  • 336.
    Ashouri Mehranjani, Farzad
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    You Are What You Search: Can Google Search Queries Accurately Measure Investor Sentiment?2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims at investigating the relationship between volumes of Google searches for finance related words and stock market movements in Sweden. The method follows Preis et al. (2013) who show that a superior investment strategy can be developed by incorporating search volumes data in the decision making process. Moreover, several econometric regression models will be applied in order to evaluate the significance of Google search volumes as a proxy for investor sentiment. The findings suggest that Google search volume data can predict short term downturns for certain words relating to finance which also bear a negative connotation. For some other words which are strongly related to household savings, the Google strategy can predict upturns in the market. However, any excess returns from the Google investment strategy are diminished to zero when transaction costs are incorporated into the model. This research could save policy makers time and resources by measuring investor sentiment for a fraction of the cost of current methods.

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  • 337.
    Ashton, Louise
    et al.
    World Bank, Washington, DC 20433 USA..
    Friedman, Jed
    World Bank, Washington, DC 20433 USA..
    Goldemberg, Diana
    World Bank, Washington, DC 20433 USA..
    Hussain, Mustafa Zakir
    World Bank, Washington, DC 20433 USA..
    Kenyon, Thomas
    World Bank, Washington, DC 20433 USA..
    Khan, Akib
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Zhou, Mo
    World Bank, Washington, DC 20433 USA..
    A Puzzle with Missing Pieces: Explaining the Effectiveness of World Bank Development Projects2023In: The World bank research observer, ISSN 0257-3032, E-ISSN 1564-6971, Vol. 38, no 1, p. 115-+Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The identification of key determinants of aid effectiveness is a long-standing question in the development community. This paper reviews the literature on aid effectiveness at the project level and then extends the inquiry in a variety of dimensions with new data on World Bank investment project financing. It confirms that the country institutional setting and quality of project supervision are associated with project success, as identified previously. However, many aspects of the development project cycle, especially project design, have been difficult to measure and therefore under-investigated. The paper finds that project design, as proxied by the estimated value added of design staff, the presence of prior analytic work, and other specially collected measures, is a significant predictor of ultimate project success. These factors generally grow in predictive importance as the income level of the country rises. The results also indicate that a key determinant of the staff's contribution is their experience with previous World Bank projects, but not other characteristics such as age, education, or country location. Key inputs to the project production process associated with subsequent performance are not captured in routine data systems, although it is feasible to do so. Further, the conceptualization and measurement of the success of project-based aid should be revisited by evaluative bodies to reflect a project's theorized contribution to development outcomes.

  • 338.
    Askar, Jamila
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Khavari, Mostafa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Amorteringskravet och unga vuxna: En kvantitativ studie om amorteringskravet och dess påverkan på unga vuxna med olika ekonomisk bakgrund2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Amorteringskravet infördes som en åtgärd för att minska de möjliga risker som följde av hushållens stigande skuldnivåer. Reformens införande har debatterats flitigt då somliga hävdar att den lett till oönskade fördelningseffekter.

    Uppsatsen ämnar fastställa om unga som grupp har blivit negativt påverkade av amorteringskravet jämfört med äldre vuxna, samt undersöka om bolånereformen har medfört fördelningseffekter bland unga från olika inkomstområden. Undersökningen sker genom analys av enrummare i låg- och höginkomstområden inom Stockholm, Göteborg och Malmö kommun. Metoden som används är Difference-in-Differences och bygger på paneldata över de genomsnittliga månatliga kvadratmeterpriserna mellan mars 2015 - mars 2017. Resultatet fastställer ej att unga har blivit annorlunda påverkade jämfört med äldre vuxna. Det visar inte heller på statistisk signifikanta skillnader bland unga från olika inkomstområden. Detta skiljer sig från tidigare forskning, som hävdat att reformen påverkat unga vuxna i högre utsträckning än äldre vuxna, samt att reformen medfört fördelningseffekter bland unga med olika inkomstbakgrund.

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  • 339.
    Aspemo, Otto
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Grönblad, Joel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    How does unexpected news about employment affect the exchange rate?2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The research conducted intends to examine how unexpected changes in employment may affect both exchange rates and interest rates. The results used in the analysis are extracted by running two ordinary least squares regressions with data structured as an unbalanced panel. Furthermore, a two stage least squares regression has been constructed to evaluate how interest rates, instrumented by unexpected outcomes of employment, affect exchange rates through the uncovered interest rate parity condition (UIP). In contradiction to the UIP, relative percentual changes in interest rates had no effect on exchange rates, hence no support could be presented for a causative relationship between unexpected changes in employment and exchange rate movements. In line with previous studies, results are thought to lack significance due to exchange rate movements being measured as the total intraday change, constituting too long of an interval.

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  • 340.
    Assarsson, B.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Efterfrågan på tjänster i Sverige. Beräkning av efterfrågeelasticiteter och sysselsättningseffekter.1997In: SOU 1997:17, 1997, no 2Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 341.
    Assarsson, B.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Introduction1996In: The econometrics of demand systems. With applications to food demand in the Nordic countries., Kluwer Academic Publishers , 1996, p. 3-5Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 342.
    Assarsson, B.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Sverige i och utanför EMU. Analys av chocker i en ekonometrisk modell för världsekonomin.1996In: SOU 1996:158, Vol. 6Book (Other scientific)
  • 343.
    Assarsson, B., Berg, C., Jansson, P.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Investments in Swedish manufacturing: Analysis and forecasts1999In: Working paper, no 95Report (Other scientific)
  • 344.
    Assarsson, B., Edgerton, D.L.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    A common dynamic AIDS model for the Nordic countries1996In: The econometrics of demand systems. With applications to food demand in the Nordic countries., Kluwer Academic Publishers , 1996, p. 93-140Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 345.
    Assarsson, B., Edgerton, D.L.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    The consumption of food in the Nordic countries1996In: The econometrics of demand systems. With applications to food demand in the Nordic countries., Kluwer Academic Publishers , 1996, p. 7-54Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 346.
    Assarsson, B., Gidehag.R., Zettergren, G.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Fiscal policy in Sweden: An analysis of the budget over the business cycle1999In: Indicators of structural budget deficits, Banca d'Italia , 1999Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 347.
    Assarsson, B., Jansson, P.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Unemployment persistence: The case of Sweden1998In: Applied Economic Letters, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 25-29Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 348.
    Assarsson, Bengt
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Inflation and Higher Moments of Relative Price Changes in Sweden2003In: BIS Papers, Bank for International Settlements, Basel , 2003, Vol. 19, p. 383-397Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 349.
    Assarsson, Bengt
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Inflation and Relative-Price Changes in the Swedish Economy2004In: Sveriges Riksbank Economic Review, Vol. 3, p. 43-61Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 350.
    Assarsson, Bengt
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Riksbank forecasts of import prices and inflation2007In: Riksbank Economic Review, no 3Article in journal (Other scientific)
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