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  • 301.
    Hort, Sven
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Välfärdskommunen: mellan det friska samhället och den murkna staten2013In: På cykeltur genom livet: En vänbok till Gunnar Wetterberg / [ed] Sven Hort, Stockholm: Bokförlaget Atlantis, 2013, 1, p. 189-210Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 302.
    Hort, Sven
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Kings, Lisa
    Södertörn University.
    Kravchenko, Zhanna
    Södertörn University.
    Still awaiting the storm?: The Swedish welfare state after the latest crisis2016In: Challenges to European Welfare Systems. / [ed] Schubert, Klaus, de Villota, Paloma, Kuhlmann, Johanna, Springer, 2016, 1, Vol. s. 671-691, p. 671-691Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the challenges to the Swedish welfare state after the credit crunch of 2008 focusing on several major challenges: the government’s reaction to the fiscal and economic crisis and its outcomes, the (re)balance of welfare policies addressing risks and opportunities. While the situation is almost excellent from a purely fiscal point of view, the outstanding private debt, unemployment, especially among youth, pressures on the pension, health and education systems are prominent concerns. They have led to the revitalization of the social investment paradigm, strict budgetary policies, increased number of welfare-to-work programmes and focus on using tax reductions as a means of stimulating the labour market. In this context, the main demographic concerns and social integration have come to the fore to an unprecedented extent.

  • 303.
    Hort, Sven
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Olofsson, Gunnar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    A Portrait of the Sociologist as a Young Rebel: Göran Therborn 1941-19812016In: Class, Sex and Revolutions: A Critical Appraisal of Gören Therborn / [ed] Gunnar Olofsson & Sven Hort, Lund: Arkiv förlag , 2016, 1, p. 19-51Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a short biographiclal account of Göran Therborns early years, hist studies, his early contribtions to sociology as well as to the New Left and the  Marxist discussions in the 1960's and the 1970's, with a focus on the Swedish context.

  • 304.
    Hultman, Henrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Liv och arbete i pizzabranschen2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis unravels the pizza trade through a sociological inquiry into its history, its businesses, and its people. In Sweden, the typical pizza place is a small independent business, owned and operated by one or a few people with immigrant backgrounds. Hence, the trade is an immigrant small business niche. The analysis is concerned with how the trade ‘works’; how its structural properties are established, maintained and challenged.

    Two questions serve as point of departure: how is the trade populated, and what does everyday life in the pizzeria look like? These ‘simple questions’ serve to uncover the diachronic and synchronic life nexus of the restaurant keeper, and how this is embedded in and shaped by the trade as a ‘social world’.

    Thirty-four life stories form the basis of the analysis of life courses as they lead up to, and continue in, the trade. The resulting life-course pattern is visible as three types of insertion sequences, distributing people to the trade in different ways. They differ in the extent to which they are smooth or fraught with friction. Some insertion sequences make life as a restaurant keeper appear acceptable, if not desirable, while others make it into a forced and awkward choice for the individual. The analysis of the life stories accounts for how people are installed in the social world, which is the precondition for its existence. Equally important is the way in which the social world is maintained on a day-to-day basis, thus directing attention to the workings of the pizzeria and the synchronic life nexus of the restaurant keeper. The inquiry details the everyday challenges which the restaurant keeper in the pizza trade must deal with. Operating a pizzeria entails working in an industry with sharp competition and low status. At the same time, it means working independently, being part of a life mode that both presupposes and enables a life pattern within the bounds of what some people regard as a ‘normal’ or ‘good life’.

  • 305.
    Hunt, Rebecca
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Climate Change & Security: A study of how the political rhetoric affects the conceptualisation of climate change 2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change is often described as a threat by IGOs and at international climate conferences. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change frequently presents climate change as a threat to the planet and emphasises its urgency. This responds to the rhetoric and grammar of security which constitutes the main part of the securitisation theory as presented by the Copenhagen School of Security Studies. This theory suggests that the grammar and rhetoric of security has contributed to a securitisation of climate change on the global level by presenting it as e.g. an acute threat. On national level however, such arguments are rarely used and as a result, climate change has not received the same priority as it has on the global level. Hence, this research sets out to investigate to what extent the grammar and rhetoric of security is used on the national level by analysing climate documents in two different countries: a developed (USA) and a developing country (India). A content analysis facilitated in coding the research documents into categories based on how climate change is presented and described. The content analysis found that on national level, the degree to which climate change is described with the rhetoric and grammar of security is used to a lesser extent than on the global level.

  • 306.
    Häggander, Linnea
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Japanska utbytesstudenter: en netnografisk studie om deras sociala liv på ett svenskt universitet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Globalization and social interaction between countries are two current topics in today’s research. A shown interest in exchange studies among students all over the world is one of the positive outcomes of globalization and the social interactions that comes with it. This essay examines how a group of Japanese exchange students studying at a university in Sweden experience their social meetings with the local Swedish students and fellow Japanese exchange students. A netnographic method was applied to interview the informants online, 12 synchronous interviews were thus carried out to better understand the experiences of the Japanese exchange students. To better understand the relations that occur between the informants and the Swedish students, and the relations that occur with fellow Japanese students, the theory of “the Established and the Outsiders” by Norbert Elias and John L. Scotson (2010) is applied. This theory examines the relationship that takes place between a group that is new and has a low sense of community, and a group that is established and has a high sense of community. This study shows that the Japanese exchange students have a positive attitude when it comes to getting to know Swedish students. The X-program and also the mix of local students and exchange students in classes contributes to create a social platform for the Japanese exchange students. This study also shows that the group of Japanese exchange students have a low sense of community within the group, the study examines different factors to discuss why that may be.

  • 307.
    Hägglöf, Emelie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Kvinnor som stödjer kvinnor: Kvinnojoursarbete mellan emotion och proffesion2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 308.
    Händel, Alexandra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    WOMEN, PEACE AND SECURITY WITHIN THE UNITED NATIONS: A DISCOURSE ANALYSIS ON GENDER, PEACE AND SECURITY2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    After its implementation 16 years ago, the UN security resolution 1325 highlighted gender

    perspectives in peace processes and made women’s problems and interests more visible.

    Nevertheless, critics argues that the Resolution is based on essentialist assumptions, women are

    not empowered as actors and a clear prioritisation of women’s interests is still absent in peace

    processes. This research is interested in whether the UN leadership is responsible, or partly

    responsible for the failure to implement 1325. It explores the discourse used by one of the main

    spokespersons within the organisation, namely the Secretary General. The UN Secretary General

    submits reports concerning the implementation of 1325 to the Security Council every year, where

    gaps and challenges as well as measures that should be addressed are reported. By using

    discourse theory provided by Chantal Mouffe and Ernesto Laclau the discourse in the reports

    have been deconstructed into nodal points and chains of equivalences. The findings have been

    analysed with an abductive approach through the lens of feminist perspectives on security to

    understand how gender, peace and security are portrayed dichotomously.

    What can be concluded from this research is that there are traces of gender stereotyping

    in the reports, where notions of hierarchies within dichotomies are visible. Gender seem to be

    equal to women and girls and women and girls are interpellated into conflicting identities, as

    either subjects or objects. When women are portrayed as objects, as victims, which is

    dominating the reports, they are so within the dichotomy of security. When women are

    described as subjects, as active actors it is in relation to peace and peacebuilding. Yet, to be

    able to participate in peace processes together with men, women need more education and

    special training. However, the Secretary General cannot be blamed entirely for this, since he

    simply describes a gender stereotyped reality that is shaping the discourse on women, peace

    and security.

  • 309.
    Håkansson, Erik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Förändringen av en organisation: Lean i Växjö kommun2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Is it possible to conduct a joint organizational change despite different circumstances and different starting points, and still talk about the same organizational change? Can all the work that leads to more efficient operations fall into the same category? How can such concept gain legitimacy? The result shows that by talking about a concept, in this case, Lean, as something that leads to a better and more efficient organization, without for that matter have to set a defined content of the concept you still can present the process as one concept. Tough the concept will be practically blank. But there is still a rhetorical value in the concept of Lean. The organization institutionalizes the concept and obtains in this way legitimacy from its surroundings. Although, the actual work performed would probably been implemented even without using the term.

  • 310.
    Hörberg, Hampus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Yrkesdestination okänd: En studie av sociologistudenters förhållningssätt gentemot sin utbildning och framtida arbetsmarknad.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study is to examine the attitude of sociology students to an education with an undefined professional destination. The empirical data consists of interviews with seven sociology students and four teachers at the sociology program at Linnaeus University. A survey has also been conducted to investigate the social backgrounds of the sociology students. The data was analyzed in the light of Gunnar Olofsson´s theoretical concept of ”educational contract”, combined with the theoretical concepts acquired and inherited study resources. The results of this study showed that most of the students in the sociology program came from homes where higher education was not well represented, something contrary to what previous research have said about educational choices. According to previous research, these students do not normally choose an education without a clear connection to a certain occupation. A key result was that it was for all students, of course, to proceed to higher education, which I have interpreted as a consequence of the expansion and normalization of higher education. Another key result was what I choose to call for “full-time abstract”. This phenomenon means that the teachers expect the students to (need) put down 40 hours a week on their studies. However, it turned out that the students studied significantly fewer hours, but they still thought they were doing full-time studies. The explanation for this was that they also worked in addition to the studies. The fact that the majority of the students choose to work in parallel with their studies can also be interpreted as a weak labour-market contract, meaning that the students do not fully trust that their education will generate a relevant work. The students generally had a positive picture of the labor market for sociologists. In addition, they could all see the professional relevance of the education in different ways. This has been explained by the education contract. In essence, the education contract in general and the labour-market contract specifically lacks a specified occupational destination, which serves as a lubricant in that the students lack a clear job of comparing the content of the education. This is an important explanation why the educational contract is maintained for the students during their education.

  • 311.
    Hörberg, Hampus
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Saedén, Lina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Ett liv i idrottens tjänst - vad händer sen?: En studie om elitidrottares idrottsavslut och positionering efter idrottskarriären2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study is to deepen the knowledge of elite athletes termination of their sport careers. The study also tries to understand the reasons behind where the former elite athletes position themselves in the labor market. The empirical data consists of interviews with 8 former elite atheltes, who all ended their careers within the last five years. The data was analyzed in light of Pierre Bourdieus theory, cultural capital and the related field concept. Based on Bourdieu's concept of capital, we understand elite athletes careers as a capital accumulation by something we call the elite sports capital.   The results of this study indicates that the termination of´a sports career is a complex process, where it proved important to have the decision to terminate into their own hands. We have also been able to show differences in capital compositions between those who experienced anxiety about life after their sporting careers and those who did not. In cases where the termination of career was associated with feeling anxious, we could show that the level of concern was dependent on informants' equity compositions, in which the resource-poor tended to experience more anxiety than them with strong resources.   Common to those who stayed in the clear sports related careers after own sporting careers, was their capital composition. Their assets are mainly in elite sports capital, which refers to the exact position in the sports field. For those who positioned themselves outside the sports field, made up of their resources above all a cultural capital along with elite sports capital.

  • 312.
    Hörnlund, Gabriella
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Den privata poliisen: En kvalitativ studie över hur poliser i yttre tjänst påverkas av sitt yrke privat2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to understand how police officers in Sweden are affected by their line of work in their personal life. The study is based on qualitative research where the empirical material has been gathered from interviews with Swedish police officers. A total of eight police officers have contributed to this study.

    The main theoretical concept used in this study is Göran Ahrnes notion of the “organizational centaur”. Alongside this concept, the essay also covers police culture and organizational concept.

    The results of this study reveal that several police officers find it hard to combine their line of work with their personal life. Not only does the occupation affect the police officers themselves, it also affects their family and acquaintances. Moreover, the results demonstrate how police officers relate to their profession in their spare time. Finally, the results of this study express how changes within the police organization has affected the work situation for many police officers in Sweden. 

  • 313.
    Idenfors Norrbacka, Carina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Välj mig!: En studie av framgångsrik och icke framgångsrik intrycksstyrning i det personliga brevet.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 314.
    Imsirovic, Amela
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    "Än vandrar jag från land till land": -en studie om bristande arbetsmarknadsintegration i en mellanstor stad i södra Sverige2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    English title: “I still wander from country to country”

    The essay is about newly arrived immigrants, academics from countries outside Europe and their integration at the Swedish labour market. The purpose of this essay is to increase knowledge about non-European academic’s abilities and needs, and at the same time bring better understanding about how this group can contribute to the labour market. The essay is based on qualitative semi-structured research and interviews with ten unemployed individuals living in a medium-size city in south Sweden. The theoretical starting points are: postcolonial theory, Antonovsky’s KASAM theory and Bourdieu’s theoretical concept named social capital. The essay´s main conclusions are: This group of immigrants is facing several obstacles that aggravates their integration into Swedish labour market such as discrimination, ethnic hierarchy, stereotypes, contacts with Swedes and language barriers. Lack of network, informational contacts and communication with natives Swedes are some of challenges for the integration into the Swedish society. One of the causes that prolongs establishment in the labour market for unemployed immigrant’s is the long process of the Swedish school system for new arrivals which takes long time and isn’t combined with internship. The employers often undervalue and outlook foreign-born people’s education and this is a reason why some academics starts to look for jobs which they are overqualified for. Informants experiences of discrimination in the Swedish labour market are often related to their ethnicity and foreign name which is, according to the informants, the main reason why they don’t meet a Swedish employer. Overall there is a big dissatisfaction with Arbetsförmedlingen that doesn’t have working structure to offer internship or job to the new arrival non-European academic’s in the early phase of the integration process.

  • 315.
    Ivarsson Hamberg, Hilda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    "Du ser inte ut som en hockeytjej!?": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om kvinnliga ishockeyspelare2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Historically, female sports have been something strange and different from men's sports, and it has mainly been physical team sports that were considered most inappropriate for women to participate in because of its masculinized effects. Ice hockey is such a team sport that is described as tough and hard with much close contact, and it is still very male dominated today. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate which notions and norms linked to gender that surround female ice hockey players within the masculine coded sport of ice hockey, and also how they handle and are affected by these. Method: This has been studied through qualitative method and through six semi-structured interviews with female ice hockey players who play or have played at a high level in Sweden. Result: In my result I can distinguish two beliefs linked to gender that surround female ice hockey players, those are that everyone is lesbian and masculine. The notion of the female ice hockey player as a lesbian and masculine can be described as a stereotyping. This stereotyping further strengthens the image of female ice hockey players as aberrant in relation to the normative men's hockey, but also in relation to normative femininity. When it comes to body and ideals, all informants agree that the normative and ideal female body is a slim but trained body, but also that it differs from the strong and muscular ice hockey body.

  • 316.
    Jakobsson, Ellen
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Transitional Justice – An Analysis of Restorative and Retributive Mechanisms in Sub-Saharan Africa2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Transitional justice is an essential part of the peacebuilding process, as the need to obtain justice for victims of conflict has been recognised as imperative when constructing peace. Subsequent to the established role of justice, the debate on approaches to justice has emerged. A debate concerned with whether restorative or retributive justice is suitable for the context, as the two are frequently presented as exclusive alternatives in academic debates.

     

    Restorative justice favours inclusion and participation as instruments to repair harm caused by crimes, while retributive justice favours accountability through criminal punishment. This study, aspires to influence the discussion by analysing if the debate on restorative versus retributive justice is present in practice and if there is a trend of implementing restorative approaches to justice in this context. The objective of this study is relevant for transitional justice as there is a debate among scholars on the applicability of restorative justice in transitional societies. 

     

    The method of structured, focused comparison is applied to detect which mechanisms are implemented in four Sub-Saharan African post-conflict countries. The countries were selected based on their similarities, as it allows for a focused comparison. The theoretical framework adopted is the TARR-model. The elements of the model are applied as a basis for the structured, focused comparison. Further, the model is used to detect restorative and retributive mechanisms and to assess the restorative basis of transitional justice. The model was selected, as it is the only restorative value-based model available.

     

    The findings detected the approaches to not be exclusive alternatives in practice. Further, a trend of fully restorative approaches to justice was not found in the four cases. However, retributive mechanisms were found to be contributing to restorative outcomes. A trend of combining the two approaches was detected. It is, therefore suggested, future research is conducted on hybrid approaches to justice, local ownership and traditional mechanisms.

     

    Keywords: Restorative Justice, Retributive Justice, Sub-Saharan Africa, Transitional Justice.

  • 317.
    Jakobsson, Olivia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Kaur Logani, Talvin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    CAPABILITIES INSIDE FOUR WALLS: A qualitative field study on the capabilities and freedoms for women in a developing context challenging the approach of Amartya Sen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The ‘’capability approach’’, developed by the Indian economist Amartya Sen, has been widely used in the field of development and has contributed a perception of development that is different from the traditional understanding of it. Despite this, the theory has received a great amount of feminist critique and it has been concluded that the field lacks empirical data on how women in developing countries can be fully understood from the approach of Sen. This field study aims at filling this gap of empirical data as well as to examine how well Sen’s approach can contribute to the understanding of women in a developing context. Responses such as the one of Martha Nussbaum and other feminist critique of Sen is examined using a field study on poor women conducted in the state of Karnataka, India. The collection of data has been conducted through interviews with urban poor women as well as with women working with women empowerment at a local organization. Participant observation in the field has been complementary to the interviews. This study reveals that Sen’s capability approach is incomplete to some extent in order to understand the situation of women in a developing context. This lack of understanding is further completed with Nussbaum’s work. Finally, the modern feminist critique against both Sen and Nussbaum shows a lack of analysis in them both in terms of intersectionality and power.

  • 318.
    Jammeh, Ebou
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    What could be a peacemaking strategy based on relative deprivation and provention perspective in Casamance?2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Casamance conflict for decades has been unable to produce a sustained peace settlement. This project utilised among others, the relative deprivation and basic human needs satisfaction theories respectively and concludes that the conflict is underpinned by relative deprivation, strongly felt and driven by the elite group. Both the current phase as well as in the past, the conflict has been driven and to an extent manipulated by these elite, motivated by self-empowerment. Masked under the struggle of a relatively deprived masses into collective violence, seeded in a classic social conflict of a type rooted in stereotyping, marginalisation and underdevelopment, primarily driven by basic human needs dissatisfaction expressed in terms of the levels of poverty.

     

    These stemmed in part from the colonial pass which set into motion the continuous suppression and segregation of the Casamance region. In particular, of the Diola ethnic identity thus, the conflict’s ethno nationalists dimension. This research presents a deprivation approach strategy to peace making, which among other factors includes addressing the socioeconomic and political causes of the conflict and also one that underscores the relevance of a credible third party involvement to resolving the dispute between a fractured MFDC and a reluctant Government of Senegal. 

  • 319.
    Jansson, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Meeting the Conditions of Being a Diaspora: The Case of the Cuban Diaspora in the United States of America2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to observe and distinguish if the Cuban Diaspora in the U.S. still meets the conditions of being a diaspora. To examine this purpose, the thesis answer the tree following research questions: 1. How has the immigration of Cubans in the United States of Americas developed over the years? 2. What are the features of the present Cuban Diaspora in the United States of America? 3. Has the Cuban Diaspora changed its affiliation towards its homeland or host land? To answer these questions a theoretical framework has been made with three main points of what characteristics a diaspora has, which has been summarized from different researcher’s definition of the meaning of diaspora. The study is a case study, which will be formed by the method of a qualitative desk study, using the tool of process tracing. This for the ability to collect and process vast amounts of data, systematically go through the historical process of the Cuban diaspora in the U.S. that leads up to the present time and then analyze this with the theoretical framework. The conclusion of this essay shows a change within the Cuban Diaspora in the U.S. but is unable to point out clear that the diaspora does not meet the conditions of the chosen framework. The conclusion states that further research needs to be done within this area.

  • 320.
    Jansson, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    The Water Wars: A Summer Game or Serious Business? A Qualitative Content Analysis of the Narratives Behind the Debate2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the decade of the 1990’s, people started to foresee a dark future wherein wars over the precious resource water would be a reality. This was to be called the water wars thesis and implied that countries would go to war to safeguard their own access to water. This sparked a debate over the legitimacy of the thesis. Although, even in 2018 the debate lives on and the water wars thesis still prevails as a quite influential thesis in media and on policymakers table. Therefore, an intriguing question arises as to why and how the thesis survives even when met with empirical data pointing to the other direction, cooperation. This research paper is examining this intriguing question by adopting a qualitative content analysis approach together with an analytical framework called narrative policy analysis. This framework seeks to explain complex policy issues such as the water wars thesis by examining the policy narratives behind them. Therefore, this will be used to examine documents and publication with the aim to observe policy narratives within the debate that may assist in explaining the prevalence of the water wars thesis. Thus, this research paper indicates that the prevalence of the water wars thesis may have roots in how the different positions portray the issue of water wars. Hence, this study has also indicated a divergence in what system beliefs the positions take. 

  • 321.
    Jensdotter, Stinne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    På egen risk: om tillförlitlighet och osäkerhet i riskbedömningar2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Every day, forensic risk assessments are carried out. The aim of this thesis was to

    evaluate their scientific grounds. Initially, a short description of the contexts in which

    risk assesments are carried out, as well as a description of the historical development

    of risk assesment instruments are provided. A summary of evaluations of different

    types of risk assessments and their predictive validity is presented, followed by a

    critique on the validity of the Psychopathy Checklist Revised (PCL-R, Hare, 1991)

    and its use in risk assesments. The psychopathy construct is analysed in relation to Ian

    Hacking’s theories of human kinds and looping effects and potential risks and

    consequences of the application of PCL-R and the psychopathy construct are

    discussed.

  • 322.
    Jensdotter, Stinne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    På egen risk: om tillförlitlighet och osäkerhet i riskbedömningar2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Every day, forensic risk assessments are carried out. The aim of this thesis was to evaluate their scientific grounds. Initially, a short description of the contexts in which risk assesments are carried out, as well as a description of the historical development of risk assesment instruments are provided. A summary of evaluations of different types of risk assessments and their predictive validity is presented, followed by a critique on the validity of the Psychopathy Checklist Revised (PCL-R, Hare, 1991) and its use in risk assesments. The psychopathy construct is analysed in relation to Ian Hacking’s theories of human kinds and looping effects and potential risks and consequences of the application of PCL-R and the psychopathy construct are discussed.

  • 323.
    Jitu, Jasika Alam
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Women Economic Empowerment and SMEs: A Case Study on Bangladesh2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Low income countries such as Bangladesh are among many of the developing countries in the world where people suffer from poverty which affect their living conditions, especially the empowerment, more specifically economic empowerment of rural and/or indigent women. Many actors such as non-government organizations (NGOs) aspire towards working on means which will improve the empowerment status of rural women in the economy of Bangladesh. It is hoped to thereby reduce poverty levels which in turn they hope will impact the society and its economy positively. One of the methods which many developing countries have chosen in order to increase economic empowerment of rural women is through encouraging their participation in the operation of small scale and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). 

    Bangladesh is thus trying to increase the power and control women have at different levels of society by exerting a significant role on the use of SMEs to generate empowerment among rural women and to transform the economic condition of these impoverished women and their families by providing them means of earning income and hence making them economically more stable.

    However, there are still many impediments which hinder the success of SMEs in empowering women in Bangladesh; such as entrenched gender inequalities, lack of knowledge and access to livelihood resources, unbalanced power structures, etc.. These impediments are even more prevalent among rural women and affect the impact that SMEs have on the lives of rural Bangladeshi women. If these issues can be resolved rural/indigent women of Bangladesh can be better empowered through the activities of women-owned enterprises to offer better standards of living for rural women.

    This study identified various ways that SMEs positively impact the lives of indigent women in Bangladesh and change their social and economic conditions, drawing on theories and concepts of empowerment, power, and alternative development. The connection between empowerment and livelihood resources have important implications for women economic empowerment. This connection was in turn used to discover the reasons behind why so many rural women suffer from lack of empowerment, power and social and political invisibility despite the push by NGOs and the government to make women a part of the paid workforce through women empowerment initiatives. 

  • 324.
    Joelson, Anton
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Elgtberg, Anders
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    One need not have been a lion to understand meat consumption: En surveyundersökning om svenskars miljövärderingar och konsumtionsbeteende av kött2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Indications show that the Swedish population is getting more aware of the environmental impact high meat consumption has. At the same time, the meat consumption in Sweden is breaking all previous records, and crossing the line for environmental sustainability by far. This resulted in us asking the question if this discrepancy between people’s environmental attitude and their meat consumption really existed. Where environmental attitudes are defined as the perception and attitude in line with the norm for a good environmental behavior. Regardless of the discrepancy, we want to make an understanding of why meat consumption looks the way it does. Using a combination of theories, we manage to construct a useful foundation to explain the actions of eating meat. From both rational and non-rational causes where a survey created to collect the information needed. Ratios of sex were created to match the even distributed population of Växjö, where the survey was handed out. The discrepancy between people’s environmental attitude and their meat consumption was found. People that consume more meat tend to be less positive to lower their intake of meat. But these persons are at the same time more aware of the consequences the impact that meat has on the environment. To future understand the consumption of meat we explain the behavior using one model constructed of Weber’s social theory of action.

  • 325.
    Johannisson, Emma
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Hed, Emma
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Män som är lite mjukare: En kvalitativ studie om manliga undersköterskors erfarenheter av att arbeta inom en kvinnodominerad bransch2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study intends to gain understanding of male assistant nurses’ experiences of working in a female-dominated industry. The empirical material is based on eight interviews with male assistant nurses working in elderly care. To understand the experiences that have been illustrated we have used Connells (2009) and Hirdmans (2003) gender theories and Alvesson & Billings (2011) theory about the labour markets segregation.

     

    The majority of the male assistant nurses described the career choice as a coincidence, although a number of underlying factors emerged. Such as the social factor and good job opportunities in elderly care. The characteristics that the male assistant nurses believed where required for the job where the ability to empathize and to be calm. They also highlighted the differences they experienced in terms of the characteristics between men and women. The male nurses claimed to possess physical strength and efficiency, while women possess the opposite characteristics. The experiences also illustrated the division of labour that appears in the elderly care, where men are expected to do tasks that are technically, mentally and physically demanding more frequently than female colleagues. The male assistant nurses’ experiences also portrayed prejudices and resistors from female patients when it comes to tasks that include personal hygiene. Some female patients do not want the help from men. The men also pointed out the advantages they experience when it comes to tasks such as cleaning and laundry, privileges they possess due to gender.

     

    The result shows that it appears gender stereotypes regarding the division of labour as portrayed by the male nurse’s experiences. Tasks are often distributed by gender, which leads to a gendered division in the elderly care. This means that the male nurse’s masculinity is maintained even if the elderly care is associated with women. When men enter elderly care a gendered division of labour emerges. There also emerges some sort of balance between acting and behaving masculine due to gender, whilst maintaining female characteristics that the job requires. 

  • 326.
    Johansson, Anton
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Idéburen och ideell välfärd: En studie kring non-profitaktörer i den svenska välfärden2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 327.
    Johansson, Cecilia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    The sanctioned students: -an empirical study of sanctions effects on Iranian students studying abroad.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study has been investigating effects on Iranian students who are studying, or recently studied, abroad out from the fact that their home country Iran in current time is being targeted with extensive international sanctions. With these Iranian students as a target group in which their perception of these circumstances has been analyzed and later on concluded in order to see to what the possible effects for citizens outside of a sanctioned state as Iran. As mentioned the research has looked into the personal perceptions of the students and by that taken into consideration private matters and circumstances that in some cases has lead to larger effects than in others. Out of the analyze this research can show a great deal of economic issues and problems for when trying to receive funding in order to cover essential expenses for when being abroad such as; tuition fee, rent, food and clothes and in one case this lead to the termination of studies for one of the students in this group. The conclusion made by the students is that the sanctions are affecting them in an unfair manner, rather than what are the official aims of the sanctions.

  • 328.
    Johansson, Emmie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Arneng, Carolinn
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Övergången mellan skola och arbete: En studie om den förlängda övergången för personer som av eget val haft flera olika sysselsättningsstatus samt vad de upplever som ett attraktivt arbete.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste åren har det blivit tydligt att de ungas övergång från skola till arbete, “school-to-work transition”, har förändrats. Det innebär att övergången idag är längre och mer komplex jämfört med tidigare. Samtidigt som en del har svårt att träda in på arbetsmarknaden finns det andra som har möjlighet att få anställningstrygghet men som själva väljer en längre övergång bestående av flera olika sysselsättningsstatus och arbeten. I denna studie har vi valt att fokusera på målgruppen som själva valt en längre övergång för att få en inblick i hur de upplever den förändrade övergången mellan skola och arbete. Syftet med studien är att beskriva hur övergången mellan skola och arbete skildras av personer som av eget val haft flera olika sysselsättningsstatus samt undersöka vad de upplever som ett attraktivt arbete. Vi har utifrån en kvalitativ metod intervjuat tio kvinnor 30–35 år för att ta del av deras berättelser. Studien har sökt svar på hur intervjupersonerna upplever sina erfarenheter och värderar sina val, vilka faktorer som har påverkat valen samt vad som är viktigt för att ett arbete ska upplevas som attraktivt. Det har resulterat i en fördjupning av valmöjligheter, upplevelser av övergången och attityder till arbete. Studiens resultat visar att målgruppens övergång till stor del har präglats av olika sysselsättningar, brytpunkter och val som påverkats av både inre och yttre faktorer. Respondenterna upplever att de själva har kunnat påverka sina val även om andra faktorer såsom; personer i omgivningen, utbildning- och arbetsmarknad, ekonomi, sjukdom, intressen och personliga egenskaper samt tidigare arbetslivs- och studieerfarenheter också har haft en påverkan.
 Respondenterna har till stor del haft positiva upplevelser av övergången men även tuffare perioder med osäkerhet och tvivel har präglat deras övergång.
 Trots att respondenterna upplevt intensiva perioder där de hoppat runt mellan flera olika sysselsättningsstatus kan de ändå blicka tillbaka och se en “röd tråd”. Viktiga faktorer för att trivas på en arbetsplats är kollegor, arbetsuppgifter och flexibilitet. Även bra chefer, ett gott ledarskap, god kommunikation och att visa uppskattning är av stor betydelse. Få av respondenterna upplever att de har nått sina yrkesmål trots att majoriteten av respondenterna idag arbetar med det yrke som de utbildat sig till.
 

  • 329.
    Johansson, Kajsa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    A broker of aid – to be breaking, broke or broken?2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper departs from experience and reflections from eight years working as a development practitioner within civil society support programmes on popular participation, governance, agriculture, land rights, accountability and at grass-root level in rural settings in Mozambique and Afghanistan. The reflections are based on in-depth experiences from the two countries mentioned above but also on shorter experiences from several other countries in Southern and East Africa and Latin America.

    Support to civil society is for many bilateral development agencies an important part of their portfolio with considerable amounts allocated. As an example, the 2014 civil society allocation of the Swedish development agency Sida, is 1, 7 billion at central level alone (the so called frame agreements), excluding programmes negotiated at country or embassy level. There are trends on what donor support within civil society both in terms of approaches as well as thematic directions. During my years working with Swedish NGOs such as Swedish Africa Groups, We Effect (formerly Swedish Cooperative Centre) and Swedish Committee for Afghanistan, several critical reflections both on the modality and content of aid have arose. Below I will briefly mention some of them that will be further developed in the paper.

    Firstly, at the same time as the international aid community states that its support is based on the ownership and agenda of the partner organisations and on the interest and rights of poor people, it seems to (still) decide the priorities. My observation from having worked with grass-root level associations in two of the poorest countries in the world (Afghanistan 175st and Mozambique 185th place in UNDP HDI list, where 186 is the last), is that poor people mobilise around material and rather short-term objectives, such as increased agriculture production, and less on long-term claims of for example political accountability. On the other hand, this short-term mobilisation has good opportunities to lay the solid foundation for a more long-term commitment. Donors, quite on the contrary, on beforehand decide their civil society programmes to focus on social and political accountability and political reform and advocacy, and that results at this level should be immediate and not as a result of a longer process. The two worlds seem to be far apart.

    The second problematic aspect concerns the actual ownership and the impact of the donor driven setting of the agenda where organisations develop their programmes based on funding opportunities. This creates a situation where civil society organisations risk becoming a deliverer of a result to donors, instead of defining their own programmes based on the interest of their constituencies. Civil society organisations following donor demands testify that the formal donor demands make them come further away from their constituencies. There are also numerous examples of organisations changing their whole agenda as funding opportunities change. One example is the excessive funding to aids organisations that was seen in the late 90’s early 00’s that is now on a clear decrease. Accountability becomes a practice that is performed to donors and that is demanded from government but that is rarely given priority within the organisations; between its leaders and its constituency. 

    Thirdly, as described above, donors presently tend to prefer to support strengthened citizens’ voice for enhanced social and political accountability. However, of the numerous programmes I have encountered targeting this, and studies carried out within them, the focus, together with the resources, tend to stay at the national level organisations or in the urban centres. Hence, it is problematic to claim that we are talking about citizens’ voice and accountability, in a broader sense, since the organisations included have limited constituencies and legitimacy speak on behalf of a larger share of the population. At the same time, the modern civil society organisations speak of themselves as the representative of the people – sometimes even representing them in the dialogue with the (assumedly elected) government.

    In the full paper I will develop these and other arguments around the role of different actors in the aid chain, based on experience from being in the broker in the middle; between the donor agencies and the target group. 

  • 330.
    Johansson, Kajsa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Reflections on contemporary class formation in Mozambique2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Reflections on contemporary class formation in Mozambique

    At the time of Mozambique’s independence, Frelimo, the former liberation movement that was turned into a political party, aimed to address the country’s “underdevelopment” through socialist policies and rapid modernisation. The peasantry was to be transformed into agriculture workers to form a working class with the industrial proletariat working in the state run industries. The socialist dream was interrupted by a destabilisation war raging until 1992. By the time of the peace accords the country was a market economy and has since become an economic growth success story. However, poverty levels have stagnated with over half of the population living in absolute poverty.

    This presentation explores how political consciousness is created and expressed in contemporary Mozambique, departing from two cases: First, the rise in large-scale agriculture investments currently taking place, generating struggles over land. Peasants increasingly organise to protest against not only the investors but also, more overall, the current development model. The second case is the expressions of urban discontent through food riots in Maputo 2008 and 2010. The riots were sparked by rise in the price of basic goods such as bread and water, but the rioters, alike the peasants, expressed a more profound critique against current neoliberal developments. Both the peasants’ movement and the food rioters refer to the fact that the still ruling Frelimo has turned against the values for which they all fought. The presentation will discuss how these two processes could be understood jointly in terms of possible conditions for formation of one class in and for itself. 

  • 331.
    Johansson, Kajsa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Sambo, Michael
    IESE.
    As revoltas do pão: um exercício de cidadania?2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 332.
    Johansson, Lina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Norman, Stina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Laget före jaget: En kvalitativ studie om sammanhållning inom en arbetsplats2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Leadership is considered one of the most important factors when it comes to the experience of a well-functioning workplace and therefore there are many studies about leadership.

    Our study aims to examine how the experiance of a well-functioning workplace can be explained by the cohesion instead of just leadership. To study the cohesion it has been important to ensure the corporate culture that prevails. We have studied this by examine the company's standards and values, the invisible culture. The study is conducted at a company that is in the middle of a valuation process, which means that they do not have any formal values that they work for. Despite this, the employees have a common understanding of how the values of the company are ​​perceived. This is a result of a strong cohesion.

    The study is based on a qualitative approach where we conducted interviews with eight employees in a recruitment company in southern Sweden.

    We have also done simple observations when we spent a lot of time at the company's office. We have analyzed our material using three key concepts; corporate culture, autonomy and roles. These concepts also became our keywords. The results of the study shows that a good cohesion is the key to a functioning workplace. Our conclusion is that it is not only the leadership that is the foundation for a well-functioning workplace. Leadership is a contributing factor, but it is the leardership together with the employes that create a well-functioning workplace.

  • 333.
    Johansson, Linnéa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Child prostituion in Southeast Asia: A qualitative case study on the factors that contributes to child prostitution in Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam and The Philippines2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study researches the issue of child prostitution in the Southeast Asia region. Child prostitution is a horrible phenomenon which is affecting millions of children worldwide and lives on despite the world’s knowledge about it and a lot of actors fighting to end it. The study is questioning which factors that contributes to child prostitution in four different countries and the conclusion will show which factors that are present in all these countries.

    The study is an abductive qualitative desk study with the method of structured focused comparison. The method was used by asking the same questions to the different cases for the purpose of finding similarities between them. The method by George and Bennet (2005) is especially used when the aim is to conclude a possible systematic comparison of different cases.

    The research is based on primary, secondary and tertiary sources, most of them being peer-reviewed texts but some sources from media is used when looking for relevant events and numbers. The findings have been analyzed by an own created analytical framework, which was formed from earlier research findings and conclusion and were later tested on the different cases. This was done to establish which factors that drives child prostitution the countries have in common.

    The analysis of the findings in this study suggest that there are various factors contributing to child prostitution, both cultural, political, socioeconomic and environmental. The countries problem with high corruption, norms and traditions posing women as subservient to men, widespread poverty and frequently natural disasters are all factors that contributes to child prostitution. 

  • 334.
    Johansson, Malin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Elmbro, Viktoria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Chefen och hennes personal: En studie om hur kvinnliga chefer inom äldreomsorgen befäster sin klassposition i det sociala rummet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This sociological study discusses the topics perceptions, organizations and social relations and has its base in the context of female managers within elderly care. The study is written in the field of human resources and the purpose is to contribute to the understanding of how social and organizational relations shape female managers’ perceptions of their situation.

            When collecting data, a qualitative method containing semi-structured interviews was used and documents were gathered. The result was analyzed with Skegg’s theory about social class which includes concepts like respectability and disidentification. Skegg’s takes inspiration from Bourdieu and the capital theory, whereon we also find concepts like social- and cultural capital, valid for this study.

            The study shows that the structure of the organization together with the social relations within it, affect managers to distance themselves from the employees with whom they used to be in the same social class. There are several examples that originate and make the distance clear, mainly the fact that there are large difficulties with communication between the managers and their employees, but also the fact that the managers agree on that you shouldn’t be friends privately with your employees.

            The distance which is negotiated between the manager and her staff serves to bolster and protect the respect and respectability that comes with her relocation in social space. 

  • 335.
    Johansson, Michaela
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Spelar det någon roll?: En kvalitativ studie av hur mellanchefer upplever en rollförändring2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to show how mid-level managers experience a role change while in a bigger organizational change.

    Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with ten mid-level managers in a wholesale company with approximately 650 employees. The study is about roles and role change and how a middle manager experience a change in roles. It aims to give a new contribution to management- and organization studies and to contribute with action-advices to practitioner in work life.

    The theoretical starting points are Helen Rose Fuchs Ebaughs (1988) theory about role exit. The result from the interviews was analyzed with this theory and the main conclusions are:

    A forced change of roles for a mid-level manager can show the same steps in role exiting as the examples in Ebaughs (1988) study. Throughout the change, the manager’s experiences doubt, seeking alternatives, the turning point and creating an Ex-role. The time it took, the managers to go through all these steps varied. The company’s actions created a bigger doubt than necessary. The fact that the company waited for up to two months to declare the new roles for the middle managers created most doubt. A clearer purpose, more information about the coming roles and more information about why the change was necessary could have shortened the time it took for the managers to get through all the role-exiting steps and some role-uncertainty could have been avoided.

  • 336.
    Johansson, Nathalie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Child Marriage: The underlying reasons and possible solutions 2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In despite of all attention drawn to child marriage across the world, there is a lack of improvement. The object of this research is to look into under what circumstances child marriage does exist and how girls’ living conditions can be improved. Focus shall be put on child marriage in general exemplified in particular by two countries in Africa, namely Niger and Chad, who both are countries with an extremely high rate of child marriage. This is a desk study based on various reports regarding the subject in the different countries and also in general. As the theoretical framework, the sex role theory is applied in order to analyze the phenomenon. Studies indicate a great difference in the number of young married girls in comparison to boys across the globe. Even though boys can be victims of child marriage, the consequences are less severe and therefore, focus shall be put on girls only in this thesis. The number of girls entering early marriage has not been found to stagnate everywhere, but the age of when entering marriage tends to increase. In fact, child marriage has become more common in some areas. From the research it is concluded that one cannot generalize all underlying causes of child marriage, but one must be aware of the specific circumstances in the particular areas. Conclusions regarding underlying factors and correlations are further to be found and presented in the text.  

  • 337.
    Johansson, Sanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Sjindjapkin, Amalia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    The Socially Empowering Impact of Entrepreneurship: A Study on Urban Ugandan Women2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Gender equality and women empowerment are two of the most up-to-date concerns on the international arena today. Several methods are being adopted with the aim to allow women’s equal social, economic and political participation. Entrepreneurship has been highlighted as a useful tool to foster women’s empowerment and hence the promotion of entrepreneurship has become a prominent approach in modern development efforts.

     

    In Uganda, women constitute the majority of the informal labour force and are widely engaged in micro-business activities. Thus, this ethnographically inspired research aimed to assess if entrepreneurship can contribute to increased social power among female entrepreneurs in urban and suburban Kampala, Uganda. To do this, John Friedmann’s (Dis)empowerment model has been used as the main frame of interpretation. To fit into the context of women, it has been complemented with a gender analysis in order to identify the structural inequalities that may constrain the empowering impact of entrepreneurship.

     

    This research was carried out as a field study in Kampala City and in three Kampala suburbs: Kyaliwajjala, Kireka and Kinawataka. It was financed by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) and was conducted during nine weeks in September-November 2014. In total, 45 interviews were carried out with local business women as well as with local representatives and stakeholders in women entrepreneurship and women empowerment.

     

    The conclusions drawn from this study is that entrepreneurship has contributed to increased social power among the women participating in this research, but that traditional gender norms and structures can constrain the empowering process. Greater economic responsibilities have not eased women’s obligations in the domestic sphere and thus created a double burden.

  • 338.
    Johansson, Therese
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics. Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Arbetsledningsrättens inverkan på sjuksköterskors legitimation: En studie om sjuksköterskors stressade arbetssituation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the past years in Sweden, there has been a lack of staff within the nursing profession. Due to that the employer may demand more of the employee than what usually is requested. This scenario can lead to work-related stress. What happens when the employer forces the staff to work so that the patient safety and that the registered nurse’s certification is put at risk? The purpose of the essay is to investigate what professional certification means within healthcare, what the legal value is in the certificate, and what the consequences can be with a management that does not observe stressors. The method being used is the legal dogmatic method together with a sociology perspective.

    Certification professions guarantee a specific qualification and knowledge provided for the profession. Abuse of this can lead to recall of the certification. The employers’ management is strong. Also, because of the nurse’s special liability relationship with the patient, it is almost impossible to abstain from the work one is being assigned. This relatively small opportunity to affect their working situation can lead to stress due to powerlessness. It is hard for employees to claim stress as a factor for a negative event to occur. Staff management can be identified as a system error which trigger a stressor and because of that patient safety and the certification is put at risk. But, management is a very important part of Swedish labour law and should preferably not be touched. National and international actors work for that through notice, routines and technical facilities build a safety system against human faults and for patient safety to be guaranteed. But, management is identified to be the most critical system error.

  • 339.
    Johansson, Viktor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    The Security and Development Nexus: A Policy Analysis2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 340.
    Johnsson, Christine
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Processen att byta social roll: En kvalitativ studie om individer som vuxit upp i dysfunktionella familjer2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: The process of leaving a social role

    Author: Christine Johnsson

     

     

    This paper aims to describe the process of role exit for individuals within dysfunctional families. The study begins with describing the upbringing of the individual within these families. The process of codependency inspired the approach for the study; a process that individuals go through when they leave their dysfunctional families. The theoretical approach is from Helen Rose Fuchs Ebaughs study about the process of exit a role; Becoming an ex- The process of Role exit (1988). This process that Ebaugh (1988) describes is divided into four stages. The individuals’ first step in the process is to define a doubt to the current role, the second one explains how the individual have to weigh new alternatives compared to the present situation. The third stage is about leaving the role and the fourth stage explains that the individual have to come up with an approach to the ex- role.

    Since this paper is about individual opinions the method that has been used is qualitative. Ten interviews has been made with individuals that grew up in dysfunctional families. The interviews were analyzed from a phenomenological approach. That means trying to understand social phenomena from the individuals’ perspective. The results presented that the informants had made a role change, they had left the dysfunctional settings and entered a new social role. Which can be compared to Ebaughs study (1988) about the process in role exiting.  

  • 341.
    Johnsson, Lotta
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Förekommer kränkande behandling?: En kvalitativ studie av förskolebarn och pedagoger.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following paper is about degrading treatment in preschools and the essay discuss degrading treatment according to the Swedish school law, in preschools and the chosen focus for this study is three to four year old children. The aim is to see whether or not preschool children proceed with degrading treatment towards other children and if preschool teachers believe that children this young have the ability to do so. The questions for this study are: Can children proceed with degrading treatment towards each other? Which conflicts evolve through children’s interactions? Can children in pre-schools have a degrading behavior? To answer these questions participant observation at two preschools and interviews with four preschool teachers were chosen as method. The perspective of this paper is based on the view on children as actors, which is used to acknowledge and enhance the possibilities of letting the children’s own voices be heard. Theories used for this paper is Van Ausdale and Feagin’s (2001) theory about three to four years olds awareness, one about children’s relation to adults presented by Thorne (1993) and Wyness (2012) and lastly Gripsruds explanation of the influence of media combined with statistics from Statens medieråd (Swedish media council).

    The result of this study show that children between the ages of three to four, use different strategies to include or exclude other children and used things such as age and limitations of participants in a play as excuses. However, these reoccurring excuses cannot be seen as degrading treatment or behavior, according to definition made by the school law. An interesting finding is that the children sometimes used their parents to excuse their actions or used them to threat others. Overall the observational study shows how difficult it can be to see and acknowledge degrading treatment within preschools. The interviews with the preschool teachers indicates that they do not spend much time on acknowledging or trying to prevent degrading treatment amongst children. The preschool teachers discussed children’s quarrels but they tended to see it as something natural within children’s interactions. The conclusion of this essay is that degrading treatment could not be seen at the two preschools, which is contradicting to some of the literature used in this paper.

  • 342.
    Jonsson, Alexander
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    A ‘snapshot’ of Swedish media’s portrayal of immigrants and refugees leading up to the 2018 election: A qualitative critical discourse analysis from Dagens Nyheter and Svenska Dagbladet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Immigration is a topic that is not an uncommon occurrence within Sweden, especially in regards to the long history of wars and crisis occurred since the beginning of the 21st century. It could take form of individuals fleeing for their lives as refugees from conflict, or as economic migrants seeking a higher quality of life in a new country. The aim of the study was to analyze the critical discourse on how the Swedish media portrays immigrants and refugees in line with Norman Fairclough’s three-dimensional framework and Dijk’s textual analysis from a socio-cognitive approach. The purpose was to focus on gaining an insight on how Swedish media portrays immigrants and refugees. The newspapers that were analyzed was Dagens Nyheter (DN) and Svenska Dagbladet (SvD) which are two of the largest newspapers in Sweden. The results showed that there was a tendency of the Swedish media to lean toward left-wing discourse in comparison to the rest of Europe. However, the perspective of ‘us’ vs ‘them,’ negative economic costs of refugees and less of a voice for the refugees and migrants was found. Some positive actions for future reporting of immigrants and refugees is to give newcomers to Sweden a stronger voice in the media, where a full account of the report is evident and to utilize neutral diction such as, ‘nyanlända’ when addressing refugees or migrants.

  • 343.
    Jonsson, Andrea
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Baard, Cornelia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Ägarbyte: organisationsförändring och anställdas socialisationsprocess2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study was conducted at an organization that experienced a change of corporate ownership. The organization that underwent the change was part of an international company. After the buy-out, the organization became a part of another company, which also is established on the international market. This study aims to explain what composes the socialization process of employees during an organizational change of this kind. During organizational change employees undergo a process of socialization to create an understanding of the new structure that the change brings. The study aims to identify the key elements that compose employee’s socialization process. To identify the key elements a method based on interviews with nine employees was applied. The theoretical perspectives applied on the study were Internalization, Objectification & Externalization (Berger & Luckmann 1966), Sensemaking (Omar, Davis-Sramek, Fugate och Mentzer 2012, & Van Maanen, 1978 & Whelan- Berry, Gordon & Hinings, 2003) and two of the theoretical findings, Hangover and Group Exit (Ebaugh, 1988). The findings reveal five key elements, which make up the socialization process. The key elements are: Information, Expectation, Encouragement, Method of work and Conversation. Employees need explicit and accurate information about what the change entails. They also need to know what is expected of them and the kind of behavior that the organization promotes. Employees are also in need of knowing the specific method of work the organization advocates. The last key element employee’s need is various forms of interaction with colleagues. 

  • 344.
    Jonsson, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Dannefjord, Per
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Svenska staten fortfarande inte livsåskådningsneutral2014In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 05-29Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 345.
    Jonsson, Ellen
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Host community and refugees – a healthy relationship?: Field study on the effects of the refugee influx on the host community in Kakuma, Kenya.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the impacts of the refugee influx on the host community in Kakuma, Kenya. This is done by a field study, in February-March 2016, with an abductive qualitative method, using semi-structured interviews. Interviews have been conducted with both refugees and members of the host community along with external actors in order to provide a more in-depth understanding of both the positive and negative impacts the refugees have had. The analysis was conducted using an analytical framework with a point of departure from Chambers theory on the Hidden Losers from 1986 and looking at five dimensions of impacts the refugees might have on the hosting community. This is used to better understand the co-existence between the refugees and the host community.

    The findings shows that there are both positive and negative impacts on the host community due to the refugee influx. There have been an important economic and social development in the remote and resource scarce area Kakuma. This has provided the local population with more services like education and medical service. At the same time there are many more people sharing limited resources which is a major cause of conflict, especially given the lack of water and food.  

    The future for the refugees and the host community is uncertain. Kenya has said (in May 2016) they till close the refugee camps due to environmental degradation, economic strains and security issues. How this will affect the people concerned is at this time to early so say. 

  • 346.
    Jonsson, Emelie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    "Jag tycker nog att jag bor på Araby, det är nog alla andra som tycker att jag inte gör det.": - En kvalitativ studie om hur distinktioner påverkar tryggheten2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis suggests an explanation for how it is possible for individuals living in an unsafe neighborhood to expressa highlevel of security. Araby is the district in Växjö municipality withthe highest level of insecurity. Within the district, there is acategory of individuals in security-measurements showing a high degree of security. Inhabitants living in house in Araby also seem to show a higher level of security than inhabitants in the same accommodation in other neighborhoods in the municipality.The study's purpose is to understand how individuals belonging to an unsafe neighborhood can experience a high degree of security.Qualitative data were collected from an observation in Araby and from interviews with individuals living in house in the district.

    Previous research has shown that security in the surrounding area depends on several factors, such as disorders, the degree of social control and personal opinions. Thestudy shows how a distinction to places and people in the district can explain the degree of security. When security is related to something more insecure, the level of security seems toincrease. The conclusion is therefor that individuals in an unsafe neighborhood can expressa high degree of security because security is seen in relation to something that describes asmore insecure.

  • 347.
    Jonsson, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Improving the Political Prospects of Women in Malawi by Promoting Gender Equality: A minor field study in Mpasa Village in Malawi 20132015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the gender equality in Mpasa Community in Malawi by measuring the access to work, education, health, and political empowerment as measurements. An investigation of how the pre-colonial social structure, based on matriarchy, will determine to what extent the cultural factors affects gender equality. This thesis is based on observations made possible through a minor field study scholarship financed by SIDA in 2013. Previous research and theories are used as framework for the thesis. The Malawian Parliament, consisting of mainly men, passing a gender equality bill hoping to empower women and increase female political representation is evidence of willingness to improve the current living situation of women and girls.

    It turns out the degree of gender equality is high for such an underdeveloped country as Malawi and the cultural factors do have a big impact on the political development. Inequality does occur in the field of political participation investigated at chief level in the district and matriarchy seems to be the underlying social structure that sets the norms and rules. 

  • 348.
    Jonsson, Ulrika
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Pettersson, Gunilla
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    För dig själv eller andra?: En studie om det är egoistiskt att vara med i en ideell förening.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Voluntary work - why? There are many people who work as volunteers within different organizations and we have chosen to study an organization that aims to help women and girls around the world. The members give their time and dedication in order to give other people a better life. The purpose of the study is to examine the factors that motivate people to join the organization. When we heard about the organization the first time we wondered if the volunteers were there to help others, or to have something to do for themselves. We chose to conduct a survey of the selected organization and have grouped the results according to different factors. One grouping is how long they have been members. Another is if there is a difference between two groups, where one is more comitted to voluntary work in their own neighborhood compared to those who are not. We have used altrusim, egoism and motivation as key concepts för understanding and analyzing our results. We have come to the conclusion that there are differences between different groups of why they are in this organization. One of the main reasons for all groups is that they truly want to help women and girls around the world. The social aspects of being in a group, to be on activities was not as high on the list as we first anticipated.

  • 349.
    Jormfeldt, Johanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sjöstrand, Glenn
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Miljö och ekonomisk tillväxt: attityder och samband2014In: SurveyJournalen, ISSN 2001-9327, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 34-45Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 350.
    Juhlin Lagrelius, Hannes
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Following Best Practices in Microfinance: The case of Disabled People’s Organisations in Nepal2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Microfinance has generally been acclaimed as one way to reduce poverty through the provision of financial services targeting the previously “unbankable” poor. Persons with Disabilities (PWDs) are amongst society’s most excluded groups financially and the absence of PWDs within mainstream Microfinance urges Disabled People’s Organisations (DPOs) to directly engage in Microfinance. The practices by such alternative actors are suggested to be generally rejected because they risk being inefficient and failing.

    The objective of this study is to analyse examples of how DPOs in Nepal practice Microfinance and whether they generally follow recommended best practices. The correlation with what is perceived as best practices provide evidence to suggest whether the DPOs’ practices should be generally rejected or motivated as plausible and justified accordingly. To accomplish this, a well-justified analytical framework of recommended best practices for DPOs engaged in Microfinance is created, and field research is undertaken in Nepal, April-May 2014.

    It can be concluded that recommended best practices are followed at a general level; however, the extent varies within and between the analysed practices. The results provide sufficient evidence to suggest that the practices are plausible and justified accordingly, and should not be generally rejected. 

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