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  • 301.
    Albrecht, Frederike
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Ctr Nat Hazards & Disaster Sci CNDS, Box 514, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Government Accountability and Natural Disasters: The Impact of Natural Hazard Events on Political Trust and Satisfaction with Governments in Europe2017In: Risk, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy, ISSN 1944-4079, E-ISSN 1944-4079, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 381-410Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Do natural disasters generally affect individuals' political trust and satisfaction with the government? To answer this question, 10 cases of minor and major disasters in Europe are examined using a quasi-experimental quantitative design that is based on ordinary least squares regression models. The results indicate that alterations in satisfaction with the government are possible, but only occur in very specific instances, and that effects are small. Changes in political trust are even more unlikely. While it was expected that disasters and their management have at least some effect on how individuals perceive their government's performance because they hold incumbents accountable for their actions, generally speaking this effect hardly occurs in relation to natural disasters. Political attitudes among individuals appear largely unaffected and cases of disasters when incumbents benefit from or are blamed for the perceived management of disasters appear to be uncommon.

  • 302.
    Albrecht, Frederike
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Ctr Nat Disaster Sci, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Natural hazard events and social capital: the social impact of natural disasters2018In: Disasters. The Journal of Disaster Studies, Policy and Management, ISSN 0361-3666, E-ISSN 1467-7717, Vol. 42, no 2, p. 336-360Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates if and to what extent natural disasters affect social capital. Twelve differentevents in Europe are examined in a quantitative analysis, using data derived from the EuropeanSocial Survey and the EM-DAT International Disaster Database. The study uses social trustas an indicator of social capital and offers evidence that a change in social trust is a possible occurrenceduring or after a disaster, but that it is not an inevitable consequence of it. The results revealthat social trust decreases after a disaster with a death toll of at least nine. Changes in socialcapital, therefore, are found to be more probable as the severity of the event increases. National,rather than regional, disasters lead more frequently to significant shifts in social trust. This evaluationof 12 separate cases pinpoints several disasters that have had an effect on social trust, but itdoes not identify any general patterns, underlining the significance of contextual dependency.

  • 303.
    Albrecht, Frederike
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Perceptions of Successful and Failed Disaster Management in the Media: A Comparative Analysis of News Media Coverage following Natural DisastersManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 304.
    Albrecht, Frederike
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The Social and Political Impact of Natural Disasters: Investigating Attitudes and Media Coverage in the Wake of Disasters2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Natural disasters are social and political phenomena. Social structures create vulnerability to natural hazards and governments are often seen as responsible for the effects of disasters. Do social trust, political trust, and government satisfaction therefore generally change following natural disasters? How can media coverage explain change in political attitudes? Prior research suggests that these variables are prone to change, but previous studies often focus on single cases, whereas this dissertation adopts a broader approach, examining multiple disasters. It investigates the social and political impact of natural disasters by examining their effect on social and political attitudes and by exploring media coverage as a mechanism underlying political consequences.

    The results reveal that natural disasters may have a comparatively frequent, although small and temporary, effect on social trust. Substantial effects are less likely. Social trust was found to decrease significantly when disasters cause nine or more fatalities (Paper I). Political attitudes were expected to be prone to change after natural disasters, but Paper II illustrates that political trust and government satisfaction among citizens are generally hardly affected by these events. Finally, media framing and the political claims of actors explained the variation in political consequences after disasters of similar severity. Paper III also illustrates the importance of the political context of natural disasters, as their occurrence can be strategically exploited by actors to further criticism towards the government in politically tense situations.

    This dissertation contributes to existing disaster research by investigating more cases than disaster studies typically do. It also uses a systematic case selection process, and a quantitative approach with a, for disaster research, unique research design. Hence, it offers methodological nuance to existing studies. A broader analysis, factoring in the variation of disaster severity and the increased number of cases offers new answers and tests assumptions about underlying patterns. The main contribution of this thesis is that it examines how common political and social effects of disasters are. Furthermore, this dissertation contributes to existing disasters research by emphasizing contextual and explanatory factors, e.g., properties of disasters and the political context that affects the media coverage of natural disasters.

  • 305.
    Albrecht, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Enabling socio-technical transitions – electric vehicles and high voltage electricity grids as focal points of low emission futures2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Today humankind is facing numerous sustainability challenges that require us to question CO2 intensive practices like those present in the transport and energy sector. To meet those challenges, many countries have adopted ambitious climate targets. Achieving such targets requires an understanding of the wider socio-technical context of transitions. The aim of this licentiate thesis is therefore to analyse such socio-technical transitions towards low-emission futures enabled by the electrification of passenger cars and high voltage grid development.

    A combination of different transitions theories (for ex. Multi-level perspective and Technological innovation systems) and institutional theory has been used. To reach the aim paper I analyses the climate impacts of electric vehicles (EVs) and policy measures to achieve a breakthrough scenario for EVs. The results show that a mixture of short and long term policies are needed that take into account the technology development stage and behavioural aspects of EV adopters. Paper II addresses the need to include the high voltage transmission grid and its planning procedures as a central part of debates on transitions. Therefore the opportunities, challenges and reasons for conflict in the established regime are studied. The results show that in order to achieve a sustainable grid development regime, it is necessary to spend time on achieving legitimacy and social sustainability. The third paper uses semi-structured expert interviews and focuses on innovation dynamics for EV adoption. By focusing on dynamics instead of single policy measures, it is possible to grasp interactions within a niche, but also in between a niche, regime and landscape. The results show that strong initial technology legitimacy was needed to start substantial innovation dynamics. This could be further strengthened with a strong and broad coalition of actors. Both those factors led, if present, to an improved variety and match of policy instruments.

    As such this thesis has shown that transitions are not just about technology or policy instruments as such but about the dynamics and processes needed to enable them. This can be relevant in other transitions that otherwise may underestimate the importance of these components.

  • 306.
    Albrecht, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Nordic power road map 2050: Strategic choices towards carbon neutrality. D4.1.R Institutional grid review.2013Report (Other academic)
  • 307.
    Albrecht, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    System innovation dynamics around electric vehicles. The cases of Norway, Denmark and Sweden.Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the comparison of electric car innovation patterns in Norway, Sweden and Denmark. Doing so, it takes a closer look at what the most essential dynamics in the systems were over time and what enabled those dynamics. The main research aim is to contribute to a wider understanding of why Norway is so much ahead of Sweden and Denmark in electric car adoption. The purpose is also to adopt a perspective that goes beyond a mere focus on economic policy instruments. In order to do so different theory elements are combined in a framework. These elements stem from the transition theory literature field, especially the technological innovation system (TIS) and the multi-level perspective (MLP). This combination allows analysing the development behind a dynamic, not just when it comes to an innovation itself but also with regards to the established regime. The data is gathered through analysis of existing documents and data as well as a series of 27 expert interviews conducted in the three case countries. The findings suggest that there are important differences in transition patterns that can account for the electric vehicle (EV) diffusion situation we can find nowadays in the three Nordic countries. An important stepping stone was the need for a very strong legitimacy of the original EV vision that is also anchored in a coordinated, sector overarching coalition of actors that thinks strategically and long term. Moreover some general beneficial dynamics could be identified across the countries in question. In Norway these beneficial dynamics can be summarised as a systems motor, in Denmark as a failed entrepreneurial motor that shifted towards a constrained municipal motor and in Sweden as a loosely, coordinated and weaker version of a systems motor.

  • 308.
    Albrecht, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Nilsson, Måns
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms). Stockholm University, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Åkerman, Jonas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Electrification of vehicles – policy drivers and impacts in two scenarios.2013In: Grid Integration of Electric Vehicles in Open Electricity Markets / [ed] Qiuwei Wu, John Wiley & Sons, 2013Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter examines current policy drivers of battery electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid EVs, the current and anticipated impacts on carbon emissions, as well as what potential role policy can play in enhancing the innovation system and market development around such vehicles in the future. We start with a policy review of key targets in the Nordic countries and the EU, up to 2030, and discuss to what extent they are consistent with industry and expert estimates of how the systems can grow. On the basis of this, the second part elaborates two simple scenarios of EV development in the EU: one breakthrough expansion scenario and one incremental expansion scenario. Building on that is an analysis of the climate impacts of the two scenarios, given different assumptions relating to, for example, electricity production as well as EV penetration in the fleet. The third part examines what policy drivers might be needed to enable the breakthrough scenario, using a technological innovation systems perspective to describe the needed processes, drivers and developments.

  • 309.
    Albrecht, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Nilsson, Måns
    Åkerman, Jonas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Nordic power road map 2050:Strategic choices towards carbon neutrality. D4.2.R Policy and Institutional Review Electric Vehicles (EV).2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report examines policy drivers of electric vehicles (EVs), and what potential role policy can play in enhancing the innovation and market development of EVs. We start with a policy review of key targets in the Nordic countries and the EU, up to 2030, and discuss to what extent they are consistent with industry, government and expert estimates of how the EV innovation systems can grow. On the basis of this, the second part examines what policy drivers might be needed to enable a breakthrough scenario, using a technological innovation systems (TIS) perspective to describe the needed processes, drivers and developments in policy and technology.

  • 310.
    Al-Dahlaki, Tiba
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Voting of foreign-born citizens in Sweden: A case study of naturalized Swedish citizens and the motives behind their non-voting in the general election events in Sweden.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The voting turnouts in Sweden has been increasing through the years, as there are more people that are willing to vote for a candidate or a political party during the general election events. However, despite the increase of voter turnouts during elections, there is a decrease in the voting of one group in the Swedish society and are the foreign-born citizens, i.e. immigrants. It has been observed that immigrants, with naturalized Swedish citizenship and born in another country than Sweden, vote less in the general election events in Sweden than others, e.g. home-born citizens. The low voting of immigrants has been an issue for a while, and it was noticed that the numbers of immigrants that vote is becoming less with each general election event. Therefore, this thesis investigated the reasons behind the non-voting of immigrants in Sweden, by interviewing six Iraqi-born immigrants with naturalized Swedish citizenship that did not vote for at least two general events, and examined the reasons and motives behind their non-voting. 

  • 311.
    Alegria Alvarez, Li
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Jämställdhet i politisk debatt: en argumentationsanalys av riksdagsdebatt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study involves an analysis of arguments on parental allowance debates and sex legislation debates. The debates that will be analyzed are the following; allowance, equality bonus, stricter punishment for the purchase of sexual services and men's violence against women, violence and oppression, and violence in same-sex relationships.

    This empirical research is a qualitative study in its entirety, as for the method is an argumentation analysis. The arguments which the debates contain will be analyzed from a gender perspective.

    The theoretical question is: What is considered equality as a gender perspective?

    The empirical question is: How did parliament debates the issue of parental and prostitution laws issue from a gender perspective?

    The debates about genus and gender equality perspective have been a crucial issue in the Swedish Parliament. That women and men are equal or unequal has been heavily emphasized in the debates.

    My study aims at an in depth investigation in these debates based on an analysis of arguments. Moreover, I have evaluated what gender combined with democracy and democratic self-determination entails. I have structured my analysis up by various arguments and analyzed these arguments on the basis of the perspectives above.

    My conclusion is that the first two debates were treated particularly in the genus and the gender equality perspective and there was a possibility to connect the theories in relevant argumentations/discussions. However, complex problems emerged in the last two debates, stricter penalty regarding the purchase of sexual services, violence against women, violence and oppression, and violence in same-sex relationships where gender and equality issues have been avoided to be treated. Generally occurring from the bourgeois side than from the opposition.

  • 312.
    Aler, Emma
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Contested identity, contested struggle: A critical discourse analysis on victim-agent narratives regarding commercial sex in Thailand2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines how efforts regarding the commercial sex industry in Thailand can be positioned in relation to an agent-victim framework. In the context of the expanding sex industry in Thailand, it becomes relevant to look at how efforts regarding it risks reproducing notions of ‘the prostitute’ as the victimised Other, and thus reinforcing neo-colonialism. However, the response in the form of an agent narrative has also been criticised for not taking into account intersecting forms of oppression. Here, a model coming from an emerging literature on the ‘third way feminist approach’ is used to illustrate how these instead can be combined. Using critical discourse analysis, this study draws on postcolonial feminist theory to scrutinise the ways in which non-governmental organisations imagine women as either agents or victims, or rather a combination of the two. The starting point has been that this binary definition might not be sufficient, neither for theoretically addressing the issue, nor for describing discourse. Two ideal types based on the agent-victim framework has been used to study to what extent the discursive practice of the organisations NightLight and Asia Pacific Network of Sex Workers can be placed neatly into one of these ideal types, or whether a third perspective is indeed needed to account for their perception of the women they work with. The analysis has been conducted using different forms of information gathered from the official websites of the organisations, in order to understand they ways in which the organisations themselves choose to communicate their work. The results show that the discursive practices of these organisations to some extent can be accounted for using this framework, yet that in order to fully understand them, one should consider the third way which combines the strengths of both.

  • 313.
    Alexander, Eriksson
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Samhällskunskapslärares bedömningspraxis: i relation till likvärdighet och utbildningens mål2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att undersöka samhällskunskapslärares tankar och upplevelser kring bedömningspraxis. Den undersöker hur lärare tänker kring sin egen bedömning i relation till likvärdighet, samt vad de uppfattar som målet med sin bedömning. Detta undersökningsin-tresse undersöks med hjälp av kvalitativa intervjuer med fem stycken lärare för att undersöka hur de tänker kring bedömning på en djupare nivå.Resultatet visar att lärarna ser bedömning som något bra eller åtminstone nödvändigt. Studien visar att lärare försöker jobba formativt i sin bedömning för att hjälpa eleven utvecklas. Den summativa bedömningen har på så vis mindre plats i bedömningen hos de undersökta lärarna. Den kunskap lärarna söker är både faktakunskap och förmågor där fakta ses som en nödvän-dig grund för att utveckla elevernas förmågor. Målet med bedömningen enligt lärarna är att ge eleverna kunskaper som de har nytta av genom hela livet och inte enbart under sin skolgång. Lärare ser likvärdighet som något som uppnås på deras egen skola mellan dem och deras kol-legor. Likvärdighet ses dock på nationell nivå ouppnåeligt vilket anses problematiskt. För att uppnå likvärdig bedömning mellan elever anser lärarna att beprövad erfarenhet i de flesta fal-len säkerställer detta, metoder som matriser är mindre vanligt. Lärare uppfattar på så vis lik-värdighet som ett problem men skolan och lärarna har få konkreta metoder för att stärka sin likvärdighet.

  • 314.
    Alexandersson, Gunnar
    et al.
    Stockholm school of economics.
    Hultén, Staffan
    Stockholm school of economics.
    Nilsson, Jan-Eric
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics Stockholm.
    Pyddoke, Roger
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics Stockholm.
    The liberalization of railway passenger transport in Sweden: outstanding regulatory challenges2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to describe Sweden’s recent reforms to open the railway passenger markets to entry, and to addresses four critical issues for the success of the reforms; the allocation of infrastructure capacity, the provision of maintenance and terminal facilities, the access to rolling stock and the provision of information and ticketing to travelers. The analysis shows that the legislation and regulatory tools that are needed to handle these challenges to a large extent remain to be developed.

  • 315.
    Alexandersson, Philip
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    da Silva Örlin, Erik
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    En fallstudie av visionsstyrningsmodellen i Halmstads kommun: - Ur ett New Public Management-teoretiskt perspektiv2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens syfte är att utifrån ett New Public Management-perspektiv undersöka i vilken utsträckning visionsstyrningsmodellen i Halmstads kommun följer New Public Management och utifrån det undersöka vad det resulterat i. Uppsatsen grundar sig i en intervjumetod där ledande politiker och tjänstemän från kommunen intervjuats. Den teoretiska ansatsen utgörs av en New Public Management–teori grundad på olika dimensioner av New Public Management. Uppsatsens huvudsakliga empiriska material kommer från de intervjuer som genomförts. Det finns även ett brett och representativt material för New Public Management som främst presenteras som tidigare forskning. Uppsatsens resultat tyder på att visionsstyrningsmodellen inte entydigt följer ett New Public Management i alla indikatorer utifrån den teoretiska ansatsen. Det framgår dock tydligt att visionsstyrningsmodellen influeras av alla de New Public Management-teoretiska dimensionerna uppsatsen utgår från.

  • 316.
    Alexandersson, Robert
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Taiwan In Sino-American Relations: An Ontological Security Study2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to explain why China put so much emphasizes on the Taiwan issue in their relations with the U.S. This will be explored by looking at what elements are affecting the commitment to the Taiwan question in Sino-American relations and how this can be explained by using ontological terms such as "rooted identity" and "significant others". Two key elements has been identified to analyze this; victimization and legitimacy. To evaluate the subject two research questions will be used; how can legitimacy and victimization explain China’s commitment to the Taiwan question when it comes to Sino-American relations? What is the connection between legitimacy, victimization and the PRC’s rooted identity? Policy-statement and official documents will be used to sheed light on the Taiwan-questions affects on Sino-American relations from an ontological security theory perspective. The thesis will argue that the PRC’s early history has great effects on their commitment to this issue and that legitimacy and victimization is affecting China’s commitment to Taiwan to the extent that it cannot accept an independent Taiwan. Hence this issue will continue to have great impact on China’s foreign relations, especially with the U.S. However, despite strong rhetoric’s China does not necessarily need to achieve unification with Taiwan in the near future.

  • 317.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Child and Youth education, Special Education and Counselling.
    Lange, Bettina
    Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, University of Oxford, UK.
    Deflecting European Union Influence on National Education Policy-Making: The Case of the United Kingdom2013In: Journal of European Integration, ISSN 0703-6337, E-ISSN 1477-2280, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 37-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how education policies developed in the European Union (EU) through the open method of co-ordination (OMC) are received at the member state level of the United Kingdom (UK). We argue that the UK’s response to the education OMC can be understood mainly in terms of deflecting EU influence on the process and in particular content of national education policy-making. We focus on three manifestations of deflecting EU influence on national education policies. On a level of institutional structures, first, few organizational resources are made available for responding to the education OMC. Second, there is limited communication between domestic policy teams and UK civil servants involved in international work. Third, on a level of discourse UK education policy makers have retained a commitment to the continued sovereignty of the UK over education policy and its role as a potential leader of education policy agendas in the EU. Deflecting the education OMC involves here constructing images of ‘fit’ between UK and EU OMC education policies.

  • 318.
    Alfredsson, Emelie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences. Karlstad University.
    Ett Förändrat Ledarskap?: En studie av EU:s ledarskap sett ur ett institutionellt perspektiv, kopplat till internationella miljöförhandlingar2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Political Science, level III thesis

    Spring semester 2010

    Author: Emelie Alfredsson

    Supervisor: Tomas Mitander

    "A Changed Leadership? - A study of the EU leadership from a institutional standpoint, related to multilateral environmental negotiations"

    The EU has for a relatively long time considered itself a leader in the environmental policy area as a whole as well as in multilateral environmental negotiations. This study attempts to classify and identify the European leadership with the purpose of relating it to the institutional framework of the Union. The treaties of the European Union decide its ability to act and its institutions the right to engage in different policy areas, the environmental area being the focus of this study. With the recent ratification of the Lisbon treaty this study aims to make out if the type of leadership the Union showed during the Kyoto negotiations has changed with the new treaty, into a new type during the COP-15 meeting in Copenhagen. The results shows that the Union has kept the same type of leadership despite the change in treaties, though with great potential of changing leadership if or when the new reforms of the new treaty are better implemented. This result points to the fact that institutional changes have a small effect on the EU leadership and that other factors such as ability to unite the member countries may play a bigger role.

    Keywords: EU, leadership, multilateral environmental negotiations, Copenhagen, Kyoto

  • 319.
    Algotsson, Karl-Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Arbetsdomstolen, EU och den tilltagande rättsrötan2010In: Tiden, ISSN 0040-6759, no 4, p. 20-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 320.
    Algotsson, Karl-Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Från katekestvång till religionsfrihet: debatten om religionsundervisningen i skolan under 1900-talet1975Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 321.
    Algotsson, Karl-Göran
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Grundläggande rättigheter eller handelshinder?: Den svenska debatten om EU, föreningsfriheten och rätten till fackliga stridsåtgärder2008Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 322.
    Algotsson, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Afrikanska Unionen2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 323.
    Ali Akbar, Avin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Förverkligandet av Barnkonventionen: En jämförande analys av två kommuners mål och medel för implementeringen av barnets rätt till delaktighet2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the light of the Convention on the Rights of the Child gaining legal status in Sweden this thesis examines the implementation of the convention on a municipal level, specifically the implementation of Article 12 and children’s right to participate in all matters affecting them. With this purpose objectives and means are examined and compared between two municipalities: the municipality of Uppsala and the municipality of Örebro. By creating a frame of analysis based on previous research and theory on children’s participation, a text analysis has been conducted on key municipal policy documents and a case study has been conducted of municipal channels for participation. In conclusion the implementation of Article 12 differs between the municipalities where the responsibility to realize children’s right to participate is a shared responsibility in Örebro municipality in comparison to Uppsala municipality where the responsibility lies with some departments. In Örebro municipality children’s participation is often defined as a right while it in Uppsala municipality often is defined as an instrument to reach other goals. The case study emphasizes the importance of critically examining who actually participates in initiatives for children’s participation, who has power over the agenda and with what effects. For the realization of children’s right to participate initiatives must be inclusive, important and with clear intentions and effects.

  • 324.
    Alirani, Gertrud
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Miljöhänsyn vid offentliga upphandlingar: En fallstudie på tre kommuner i Sverige2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats har varit att ta reda på om skillnader finns i hur stora miljöhänsyn som tas vid offentliga upphandlingar i kommuner där en aktiv miljöstrategi finns integrerad i förvaltningarna än i kommuner där de inte integrerats.

    Jag har utfört en fallstudie på tre kommuner i Sverige där jag kvantitativt samt kvalitativt jämfört förfrågningsunderlag från tre typer av offentliga upphandlingar. Den kvantitativa undersökningen har utgått från Miljöstyrningsrådets och Vägverkets kriteriedokument som ger rekommendationer för hur miljökrav kan ställas vid offentliga upphandlingar.

    Utifrån tidigare teorier om hur institutioner över tid formar normer och värderingar samt påverkar individers handlingar har jag utformat tre hypoteser där slutsatsen kunde dras att en av hypoteserna stämde. Jag kom fram till att oavsett om kommunen hade integrerat en aktiv miljöstrategi eller inte syns inga större skillnader i hur stora miljöhänsyn som tas vid offentliga upphandlingar.

     

  • 325.
    Alirani, Gertrud
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Olausson, Pär M.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Different approaches to flood risk management in Sweden: The river groups in Indalsälven/Ljungan and Ljusnan2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Network management has become important in flood risk management in Sweden. Previous studies on flood risk management groups has shown variations in focus among the groups (see Olausson & Nyhlén, 2017; Petridou & Olausson, 2017; Hedelin, & Hjerpe, 2015). Some of the groups has a societal focus while others has a more technical approach which means that different actors are participating depending on focus of the group. More knowledge is needed to understand the implications this has on network cooperation and the networks capacity to meet expected increase in flooding and high flows because of climate change. The study aims at explaining the consequences of the different approaches on cooperation within the network and the multilevel coordination of flood risk management. The theoretical approach of the study depart from theories of policy networks with an emphasis on the interaction between public and private actors. (see Rhodes 1996, 1997; Sörensen & Torfing 2005, 2007; Enander et.al. 2015; Wimmelius & Engberg, 2015) Two case studies are conducted of two river groups, Indalsälven/Ljungan and Ljusnan. While Indalsälven/Ljungan has a societal approach, Ljusnan has a more technical approach.

  • 326.
    Alizade, Hasrat
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Zetterberg, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Frontex, EU:s försvar mot (il)legala invandrare?: En diskursanalytisk studie om Frontex säkerhetiseringsarbete2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Frontex, som är EU:s gemensamma gränskontrollbyrå arbetar med att samordna EU:s medlemsstaters gränsbevakning för att på så sätt stoppa illegal invandring och bekämpa de illegala nätverk som organiserar denna. Detta arbete är dock någonting som resulterar i att det blir svårt, för att inte säga omöjligt för flyktingar att ta sig in i EU på ett legalt sätt för att söka asyl. Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka varför Frontex arbetar för att öka säkerheten vid EU:s yttre gränser.

    Det empiriska materialet, som består av Frontex arbetsprogram analyseras genom Köpenhamnsskolans säkerhetsteorier och vår valda metod, diskursanalys. Säkerhetiseringsteorin bidrar till en djupare förståelse av säkerhet medan diskursanalysen bidrar med analysredskap. Genom att dela upp materialet i tre diskurser fann vi att Frontex säkerhetisering riktar sig mot illegal invandring, människosmuggling/människohandel och terrorism. Utifrån vår analys kom vi fram till att Frontex inte gör någon skillnad på migranter i sin säkerhetisering av EU:s yttre gränser. De som inte har giltigt tillstånd får inte tillträde till unionens område, oavsett om de är kriminella eller flyktingar i behov av internationellt skydd.

  • 327.
    Al-khalidi, Ali
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    The Failure of Democracy in Iraq2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The motivation of the bachelor thesis is to provide an understanding of democracy in Iraq from 2003 until present. After the fall of Saddam’s regime, there have been general elections but there is still an unstable democracy in Iraq. What are the reasons behind the failure of democracy in Iraq? Of course, there are many reasons behind this but my choice is to focus on three specific ones. How do these three variables that I have chosen, affect the possibility of democracy in Iraq? These two questions will be answered in this bachelor thesis, using Path Dependence Theory and Dahl’s Polyarchy Model and its Criteria that help to analyze and answer the research questions. Iraq has many major problems but the three I have focused on are ethnic and religious divides between Shia and Sunni, the violent environment and the presence of terrorist groups.

  • 328.
    Alkstål, Emelie
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Development Studies.
    Doing development right; the Rights-based approach: A comparative case study on NGO accountability2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Over the past decades, a convergence between civil and political human rights non governmental organisations (NGOs) and development NGOs have occurred. The fusion of the two disciplines have led to the construction of so called ‘Rights-Based approaches’ (RBA). One principal concept for RBA’s is the question of accountability. Functional accountability is no longer seen as sufficient and more focus on social accountability have advanced. In previous research NGOs are repeatedly questioned for their level of accountability. This comparative qualitative case study therefore aim to examine how three Swedish based NGOs perceive accountability, with the purpose to contribute to the academic discussion of NGO accountability.

    By using grounded theory and selective coding, this study will contribute with new empirical data to the ongoing development of RBA theory. Empirical data is collected through interviews, NGOs official strategies documents and analysed in relation to the empirically grounded theory. The main findings in this comparative case study is that organisations different backgrounds and values influence how they perceive RBA and accountability, and which methods are used to reconcile with accountability claims. The collected empirical data concludes perceptions of accountability mostly focuses on four interconnected key principles; power relations, democracy, transparency and empowerment.

  • 329.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Socialdemokratin måste se rött igen2016In: Dalademokraten, ISSN 1103-9183, no 29 novArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 330.
    Allansson, Marie
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research. Uppsala Univ, Uppsala Conflict Data Program, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Melander, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research. Uppsala Univ, Uppsala Conflict Data Program, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Themnér, Lotta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research. Uppsala Univ, Uppsala Conflict Data Program, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Organized violence, 1989-20162017In: Journal of Peace Research, ISSN 0022-3433, E-ISSN 1460-3578, Vol. 54, no 4, p. 574-587Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The dramatic increase in the number of fatalities in organized violence, seen between 2011 and 2014, did not continue in 2015 and 2016. Rather, the notation of some 131,000 fatalities in 2014 was followed by a steep decline, with just below 119,000 in 2015 and a little over 102,000 fatalities in 2016. Despite the decrease, the number was the fifth highest during the entire 1989-2016 period. Most of the fatalities - over 87,000 - were incurred in state-based conflicts, the main driver behind the trend. Just as the number of fatalities, the number of state-based conflicts, albeit remaining on a high level, continued to decrease in 2016, going from 52 to 49, with 12 of them reaching the level of war, with at least 1,000 battle-related deaths. Also the non-state conflicts dropped in number in 2016, from 73 to 60. This was followed by a decrease in the number of fatalities, and only one conflict caused more than 1,000 deaths. Twenty-one actors were registered in one-sided violence, down by five from 2015. A number this low has only been recorded twice before; in both 2009 and 2010, 21 one-sided actors were listed in UCDP data. The number of fatalities also decreased, going from almost 9,800 to a little over 6,000.

  • 331.
    Allar, Piirsoo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hur ska vi få äpplet att falla långt ifrån trädet?: En ecperimentell studie av hur elever väljer gymnasieprogram2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Social snedrekytering är ett stort samhällsproblem, och en av orsakerna till klassbildningen i samhället idag. För två decennier har universitet och högskolor i Sverige aktivt arbetat med att bredda rekryteringen av elever från icke-akademisk bakgrund, men detta utan framgång. Denna studie försöker ta ett första steg i att hitta effektiva metoder som univeristeten kan använda sig av. Det teoretiska ramverket utgörs av nudging-teorin som går ut på att "knuffa" elever mot rätt riktingt genom att exponera dem för högskolealternativet, något som elever med akadeiska bakgrund får naturligt hemifrån. Det är en experimentell studie där eleverna har delats in två gruppern där den ena gruppen för behandling, och den andra gruppen används som kontrollgrupp. Studien utgår från hypotesen att en ökad närvaro av universitetet i utsatta områden kommer påverka målgruppen positivt. Resultaten ger stöd åt denna hypotes. Trots att den misslyckade randomiseringen gjorde det svårt för hypotesen förblev sambandet positivt. Alltså elever som hade fått behandlingen var mer benägna att ange högskoleförberedande program som sitt först val på gymnasiet än kontrollgruppen. 

  • 332.
    Allard, Anders L.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics.
    Medborgerligt deltagande bland marginaliserade grupper2000Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att vissa grupper deltar på samhällets olika arenor i lägre utsträckning än andra, är tämligen klarlagt. Detta kan betraktas som ett demokratiproblem. Mitt sätt att angripa problemet är att studera dem som trots allt deltar från dessa så kallade marginaliserade grupper. Tanken är att härigenom finna ledtrådar till hur medborgerligt deltagande kan uppstå och vilka effekter det i så fall får. Huvudsakligt studieobjekt för uppsatsen är ett ombyggnadsprojekt (Ringdansen) i Norrköpingsförorten Navestad. Det deltagardemokratiska teoriperspektivet, som betonar att samhället ska fyllas av medborgerligt inflytande och deltagande, utgör en viktig referenspunkt i utformning och analys av uppsatsens data. En vilja att delta måste, för vem det än gäller, finnas vid ett frivilligt engagemang. Denna vilja uppstår lättare under vissa förutsättningar. För grupper som deltar i relativt låg grad bör särskild hänsyn tas för att skapa en gynnsam miljö. De i min studie uppdagade förutsättningarna av vikt är att deltagandet: (1) upplevs beröra frågor med direkt betydelse (ofta vardagsnära), (2) har sitt ursprung i en mänsklig kontaktyta, (3) kan utövas i närheten av hemmet, (4) sker i kollektiv form, (5) inte är allt för komplicerat. Initiativtagarna, i det här fallet ett bostadsbolag, har således en viktig möjliggöranderoll, där även förtroende spelar in. Deltagarna i Ringdansprojektet, framför allt de resursbegränsade, har förbättrat följande medborgerliga resurser: självtilltro, tolerans/kritisk rationalism, samhällsintresse/delaktighet och gemenskap. Detta i något av en positiv kedjereaktion. Det visar sig att individuella förutsättningar, arbetsformer och nivån på deltagandearenan har inverkan på vilka effekter som infinner sig. En rad frågetecken kvarstår, bl.a. gällande beständigheten i effekterna, men som helhet anser jag att de positiva resultaten berättigar ökade satsningar på möjliggörande av medborgerligt deltagande bland marginaliserade grupper.

  • 333.
    Allard, Markus
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Doroteaupproret: - En fallstudie i det svenska folkinitiativet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay focus on the use of the democratic innovation known as the People Initiative, implemented in the case known as the Dorotea uprising. The purpose of this essay is to answer questions regarding the difference between the People Initiative as described in its legal form compared to its actual manifestation in the examined case of Dorotea. The essay also focus on the role of the leading politicians involved in the case, examining their attitude towards the process of the Dorotea uprising and towards democracy in general. The method used for this case study is policy tracing consisting of primarily two kinds of sources deriving from 1) a textual analyses of documents and articles and 2) the use of elite interviewing.The study concludes that the very same politicians who are responsible for the implementation of the democratic innovation are trying to use it for their own partizan agenda. For the ruling politicians this means that they are trying to hinder the implementation of the People Initiative by inventing new rules. A part of the explanation to why the politicians act like that is due to their understanding of the political system as an arena for partizan politics wherein the democratic innovation is seen as another rival actor rather than what it is meant to be. The implications of the politicians actions are increased voter alienation towards the ruling elites combined with the surge of new political parties operating in synergy with the democratic innovation.

  • 334.
    Alldén, Susanne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Indonesiens demokratiska utveckling2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 335.
    Alldén, Susanne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Nato och ESDP2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 336. Alldén, Susanne
    et al.
    Amer, Ramses
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Oriental Languages.
    The United Nations and Peacekeeping: Lessons Learned from Cambodia and East Timor2009Report (Other academic)
  • 337.
    Alldén, Susanne
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Amer, Ramses
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The United Nations and peacekeeping: Lessons learned from Cambodia and East Timor2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The United Nations’ role in securing peace and promoting democracy has developed in the post-Cold War Era. Only a few of the Unite Nations peacekeeping missions undertaken since 1989 have been deployed in Asia. However, two of the more ambitious operations have been carried out in Asia, namely in Cambodia in the early 1990s and in East Timor in the late 1990s. Both these operations had mandates that provided the United Nations with the possibility to control the national institutions in peace building attempts; i.e. cases of international administrations. In Cambodia the United Nations carried out its most ambitious operation to that date and the mission undertaken in East Timor was the most extensive and expensive peace building attempted by the United Nations. As such, both operations have served as ‘blueprints’ for future United Nations missions.

    The paper will study these two cases in-depth, looking specifically at what lessons can be learned, from the mandates, the contexts, the challenges encountered during the operations, and the outcomes. What problems and possibilities can be identified based on how the operations were initiated, planned and implemented?

  • 338. Allern, Elin Haugsgjerd
    et al.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Overcoming the fear of commitment: Pre-electoral coalitions in Norway and Sweden2009In: Acta Politica, ISSN 0001-6810, E-ISSN 1741-1416, Vol. 44, p. 259-285Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we examine the occurrence of pre-electoral coalitions (PECs). Recent research points to when and why they are likely to occur, but these explanations are pitched at aggregate level, and they are less satisfying when applied to our particular cases. Rather than institutional or party-system features, we concentrate on the parties themselves – a level of analysis that raises theoretical and methodological challenges, which we discuss. Empirically, we investigate two cases of PEC in 2005–2006. One involved three Norwegian left-of-centre parties, the other involved four Swedish right-of-centre parties; both marked major departures from established behavioural patterns. We suggest certain conditions that may be necessary for a PEC to be formed. In particular, we argue that ‘decisive’ parties must prioritize office at the moment of decision, and that this preference order may be induced by some sort of environmental or intra-party stimulus.

  • 339. Allern, Elin Haugsgjerd
    et al.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Christiansen, Flemming Juul
    Social Democrats and trade unions in Scandinavia: The decline and persistence of institutional relationships2007In: European Journal of Political Research, ISSN 0304-4130, E-ISSN 1475-6765, Vol. 46, no 5, p. 607-635Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the institutional arrangements between Social Democratic parties and trade unions in Denmark, Norway and Sweden. First, the authors show how these relations have weakened at a varying pace. Party–union ties are now quite distant in Denmark, but remain relatively close in Norway and, especially, Sweden. Second, the authors explore this variation using a simple model of political exchange. The finding is that the intensity of the relationship is correlated with the resources that each side can derive from the other, which in turn reflects national differences. Yet it is also clear that the degree of change is related to the formative phase of the institutional arrangement itself: the weaker the ties were from the beginning, the more easily they unravel in response to environmental changes.

  • 340. Allern, Elin Haugsgjerd
    et al.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Juul Christiansen, Flemming
    Scener fra et æktenskab: Socialdemokratiske partier og fagforeninger i Skandinavien2008In: Partier og partisystemer i forandring: festskrift til Lars Bille / [ed] Karina Kosiara-Pedersen, Peter Kurrild-Klitgaard, Odense: Syddansk universitetsforlag , 2008, p. 251-280Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 341.
    Allgoth, Philip
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    U.S. Diplomatic relations: How has it been used in Iran and North Korea?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study of how the United States has used different diplomatic strategies towards Iran and North Korea. The concept of coercive diplomacy is defined and explained, in or-der to see if it has been used by the United States, and if so, to what extent. After giving a brief historical background between the U.S and the two countries, the study will put a fo-cus on what and why the Bush administration has acted the way they have in their diplo-matic relation with Iran and North Korea. The study presents cases where you can see par-allels between strategies used, but also some significant differences. The latter part of the study will examine the reasoning behind the different strategies used. Conclusion drawn from this study was that, in the case of Iran, the United States has been forced to act in a certain way due to the other conflicts they are involved with in the region, i.e. the war in Iraq and the situation in Afghanistan. Due to the fear for North Koreas al-ready existing nuclear arsenal, the U.S. has shown a more restricted diplomatic policy to-wards the country, not wanting to push them towards starting a nuclear war.

  • 342. Allodi, Mara
    et al.
    Almgren, Ellen
    Amnå, Erik
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Ekman, Tiina
    Eriksson, Cecilia [ Arensmeier ]
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Johansson, Susanna
    Theodorsson, Niklas
    Munck, Ingrid
    Zetterberg, Pär
    Ungas demokratiskolor i internationell belysning2007In: Resultatdialog 2007: forskning inom utbildningsvetenskap, Stockholm: Vetenskapsrådet , 2007, p. 7-13Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 343.
    Alm, Jens
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    OS i Kina, oberoende idrott eller politisk propaganda?: A Study of the Chinese Regime’s Political involvement, in the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to describe which view the Chinese government in connection with the Olympics wants to display for the natural world and analyze if this view coincide with China’s foreign-policy goals. A qualitative content analysis is used. By using the theory of rational choice and a model with three different political approaches I want to examine whether or not the foreign-policy goals of the Chinese regime comport with the view that displays in two major newspapers in China. Since the runoff voting in Moscow in 2001 for the 2008 Olympics the Chinese government has been able to act rational and to compose different strategies to use the Games in Beijing for political propaganda. The analysis show that the governing in China make use of domestic media to put across their political message and some of the most important foreign-policy goals also occur in articles that handle the Olympic Games of 2008.

  • 344.
    Alm, Josef
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Youth political participation in an emerging democracy: A case study of political participation among Tanzanian youths in urban Mwanza2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is based on a case study of Tanzanian youths’ political participation in urban Mwanza. The purpose of this study is to examine how urban youths understand their participation in various political activities in an emerging democracy like Tanzania. The research question guiding the study is how youths understand and value voting in elections in comparison to other forms of political participation. The study focuses on three different political activities; to vote, to contact a politician and to participate in a demonstration. The three political activities are combined with Verba et al.’s (1995) theory of the attributes of political activities into a theoretical analysis model. The thesis uses a qualitative methodology based on 19 semi-structured interviews with Tanzanian youths living in urban Mwanza. The results indicated that the youths in Mwanza understood voting as their prime opportunity to communicate their political voices to politicians. However, the youths expressed that political activities beyond voting facilitate them with opportunities to communicate more specific political messages to politicians multiple times. 

  • 345.
    Alm, Oskar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Klimatförändring i samhällskunskapsämnet: Lärares syften med undervisning om klimatförändring i samähllskunskap på gymnasiet2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 346.
    Alm, Susanne
    et al.
    Institutet för Framtidsstudier.
    Palme, JoakimUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Fjorton perspektiv på framtiden: Samhälls- och humanvetenskapliga framtidsstudier2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 347.
    Al-Maawaly, Nura
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Demoneycrazy: A case study of the United Arab Emirates2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 348.
    Almberg, Josefin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Vem bär ansvaret?: En diskursanalytisk policystudie av jämställdhetspolitiken på den svenska arbetsmarknaden2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study builds on the gender equality in the Swedish labor market and critical

    voices in research stating that the gender policies implemented are "missing the

    target." The purpose of this essay is to examine and compare how the Swedish

    political parties, the Moderates and the Social Democrats, problematize the unequal

    labor market. It also aims to examine what these problematisations says about

    women's and men's responsibilities in the promotion of gender equality. To achieve

    my chosen purposes, I have used the inductive method of analysis "What's the

    problem represented to be?" I have also used a feministic approach of institutions as

    an analytical tool. The study results show that the parties represents the problem of

    inequality as a problem of "women". Thus, it is women who are assigned

    responsibility for gender equality in the labor market. The study results also show that

    the gender equality policies implemented are based on a male-centered perspective.

  • 349.
    Almgren, Joanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Att vara objektiv respektive subjektiv: En begreppsutredande studie av två olika forskningsmetoder i fältstudier2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 350.
    Almgren, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Att agera lokalt och leva hållbart tillsammans: En kvalitativ fallstudie av Suderbyn.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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