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  • 301.
    Eliasson, Kristina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Palm, Peter
    Nyman, Teresia
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH). Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Uppsala University and Uppsala University Hospital, Sweden.
    Forsman, Mikael
    Inter- and Intra-Observer Reliability of Risk Assessment of Repetitive Work without an Explicit MethodIn: Applied Ergonomics, ISSN 0003-6870, E-ISSN 1872-9126Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 302.
    Elisabet, Sundewall Thorén
    et al.
    Eriksholm Reserach Centre, Denmark.
    Öberg, Marie
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology in Linköping.
    Wänström, Gunilla
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Eriksholm Research Centre, Denmark.
    Rehabiliteringsprogram för vuxna hörapparatanvändare2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 303.
    Elisabeth, Cartaxo
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sophia, Montero
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Kvinnlig könsstympning: Kvinnors upplevelser av könsstympning och mötet med västerländsk vård efter ingreppet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Kvinnlig könsstympning är ett ingrepp då kvinnans klitoris, inre blygdläppar och yttre blygdläppar skärs bort och sys ihop i ett icke-medicinskt syfte, det finns fyra olika typer. Är vanligast förekommande i 29 länder. Lagen förbjuder att utföra könsstympning med eller utan flickornas samtycke. Det blir allt vanligare att människor från andra länder med annorlunda seder och traditioner bosätter sig i Sverige, detta leder till att sjuksköterskor möter människor med annan härkomst.

    Syfte: Syftet var att studera hur kvinnor upplever könsstympning samt bemötandet inom västerländsk vård efter ingreppet.

    Metod: Den kvalitativa studien byggde på sex biografier där kvinnorna utsatts för könsstympning och sedan mött vården i västvärlden. Biografierna analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Tre kategorier genomlyser resultatet; Att lida i det tysta, Makt och kontroll och Mötet med vården.

    Slutsats: De krävs information och utbildning för förebyggandet av könsstympning och för att identifiera flickor i riskzon. Vårdpersonal måste vårda på ett varsamt sätt där kvinnan bejakas och hela upplevelsen förstås för att tillfredsställa kvinnors behov, för att kunna möta och ge god vård till de kvinnor som redan genomgått könsstympning.

  • 304.
    Elmerstig, Eva
    et al.
    Malmö University.
    Wijma, Barbro
    Linköping University.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Linköping University.
    Swahnberg, Katarina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Linköping University.
    Being “good in bed”: body concerns, self-perceptions and gender expectations among Swedish heterosexual female and male senior high-school students2017In: Journal of sex & marital therapy, ISSN 0092-623X, E-ISSN 1521-0715, Vol. 43, no 4, p. 326-342Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigated gender differences regarding body perceptions, self-perceptions, values and expectations in sexual situations, and factors associated with expectations, among Swedish heterosexual female and male high-school students. A total of 2,765 students (aged 18 to 22) completed questionnaires. Women reported lower satisfaction with themselves and their body appearance (p < 0.001), and felt more inferior to their partner (p < 0.001). Men felt more superior to their partner, and felt higher expectations (p < 0.001). Male sex, difficulty saying no to sex, dissatisfaction with the body, feeling inferior or superior to partner, and considering partner's satisfaction as more important, were all associated with feeling expectations during sex.

  • 305.
    Emmanouil, A.
    et al.
    Centre for Health Telematics, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Klein, Gunnar O.
    Centre for Health Telematics, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Anamnesis via the Internet: Prospects and pilot results2001In: MEDINFO 2001: Proceedings of the 10th World Congress on Medical Informatics, PTS 1 and 2 / [ed] V.L. Patel, R. Rogers, R. Haux, Amsterdam, Netherlands: IOS Press, 2001, Vol. 84, p. 805-809Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A comprehensive computerized questionnaire was developed to obtain the anamnesis of patients seeking contact with a physician for any type of new problem. The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate ifa structured questionnaire filled out by the patient and complementing an interview at the physician’s office would contribute to a better quality of the total anamnesis and/or lead to savings in time at the visit. The results encourage further developments in this direction. The potential uses proposed are, in addition to being used to improve a visit, the correct assessment of the history for prioritization and scheduling of visits and in some situations, the anamnesis obtained over the net may be the basis for medical advice without a visit. This study emphasizes the great improvement of information captured by this type of questionnaire based on medical knowledge about associated symptoms and relevant questions depending on the problem presented compared to the results obtained by a simple open question used in many e-health services today.

  • 306.
    Engberg, Amanda
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    The weight lifting belt’s impact on power output, velocity and range of motion in a squat2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background: Using a weight lifting belt when performing a variety of resistance exercises is becoming more and more common. The purpose of using a weight lifting belt is its supposed ability to reduce compressive forces on the lumbar spine and enhancement of athletic performance. Although the weight lifting belt has been proven to increase the intra abdominal pressure that helps reduces the shear forces during a squat, little is known about the weight lifting belts effect on the performance.

    Studies have suggested that wearing a weight lifting belt during a squat can increase the vertical velocity and range of motion. Few studies have focused on the power output, but improvements have been seen while wearing a weight lifting belt when performing a deadlift. Variables such as power, velocity and range of motion are of importance for an athlete when making individual training plans as well as measuring the progress. Therefore more research is needed to identify the actual influence of the weight lifting belt on the performance.

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to examine if weight lifting belts have an impact on an athletes ability to develop power, velocity or improve range of motion in a squat.

    Methods: Fifteen healthy men and women familiar with the squat exercise participated in the study. During the study they performed six repetitions of the squat divided into two sets, one set without a weight lifting belt and one with a weight lifting belt. Power and velocity were measured during every squat with a linear encoder and videotapes were made to later calculate the angles in the hip- and knee joints at the lowest position of the exercise.

    Results: No significant differences were found in power (p = 0.25) or concentric and eccentric velocity (p = 0.61, p = 0.16) with or without a weight lifting belt. Range of motion in the knee joint was greater when not wearing a weight lifting belt (p = 0.03), but no differences in the hip angles were found (p = 0.70).

    Conclusion: The result from the current study shows that when performing a squat the weight lifting belt has little to no effect on power, velocity or range of motion. Although a noticeable change in range of motion of the knee joint were observed, further studies on larger populations are needed to determine if it is of clinical value. 

  • 307.
    Engberg, Sandra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Public health science.
    Stärka barnens integritet: En kvalitativ studie om hur förskolan arbetar med att stärka barnens integritet och förebygga sexuella kränkningar mot barn2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    2440 cases of sexual child abuse was reported in 2015 in Sweden that is about one out of five children. Research shows that prevention strategies that focus on strengthening children’s integrity have proven effective for helping children recognize abusive behaviors as well as gain confidence to disclose.

       The aim of this study is to investigate and describe the preschools role in strengthening children’s integrity to prevent child abuse, and describe how the work is done. The study has a qualitative approach with mix of semi-structured and unstructured interviews, called a qualitative interview form. This study used a purposive selection, four informants with management position within preschool were interviewed. The interviews were recorded and then transcribed, which will serve as a database for analysis.  For this study a content analysis was chosen.

       The results showed that the preschool work aims to strengthen children’s integrity, but that the pre-schools do not use any specific strategies to strengthen children’s integrity with the aim of preventing child abuse.

    The conclusion showed that the preschool does not work consciously to prevent sexual child abuse, instead they are focusing in strengthening children’s integrity and values.

  • 308.
    Englund, Ulrika
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Samverkansprojekt, och sen då?: en uppföljande studie av samverkansprocessen kring barn och unga som far illa eller riskerar att fara illa2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Satisfactory collaboration regarding children and youth in need of a comprehensive support is particularly important. Despite extensive research on collaborative work, knowledge of long term development of the collaboration process is lacking. The present thesis concerns inter-organizational collaboration within the framework of a former Swedish policy effort – focusing collaboration between schools, social services, police and the child and youth psychiatry – for the benefit of children and young people in distress or at risk. Applying a critical realist perspective, the overall aim of the thesis is to describe how former collaboration projects develop over time, and to identify significant mechanisms within this development. Through three questionnaire studies, the collaborative process development within the same collaborative settings is described (n=66) over a period of close to seven years. Estimations of 58 collaboration quality indicators within three categories *rules and regulations, *structural aspects and *shared perspectives/ consensus were collected at baseline in 2008, after one year at the final project stage in 2009, as well as five years after the project period (and the policy effort) ended, in 2014 (n=38). Two developmental trends occur: I) an overall positive trend and II) a negative trend on a comprehensive level. I) Collaboration on the target group has increased over time, are mainly incorporated into permanent organizational structures and is judged to have worked well/very well over time. II) Overall deteriorations of high estimates of the 58 quality indicators for collaborations is seen over the five year period, following the project period. However, less dramatic changes is noted on quality indicators concerning shared perspectives/consensus than on matters regarding rules and regulations and structural aspects. Five mechanisms of particular importance for the collaboration development are identified: anchoring, holistic perspectives, engagement, knowledge and clarity.

  • 309.
    Englund, Victoria
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Gustavsson, Maja
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    ÄR DET NU LIVET BÖRJAR?: En litteraturstudie om patienters upplevelser av att leva med ett transplanterat organ2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Ordet organtransplantation betyder överflyttning av ett organ från en individ till en annan. Att få ett nytt organ innebär många omställningar i individens vardag. Det kan för individen innebära fysiska, sociala och psykiska problem.

    Syfte: Syftet var att studera patienters upplevelser av att leva med ett transplanterat organ.

    Metod: Litteraturstudien grundade sig i en kvalitativ design baserad på fem självbiografiska böcker. Böckerna analyserades med hjälp av en manifest innehållsanalys enligt Lundman och Hällgren Graneheim (2012).

    Resultat: Fyra kategorier och elva underkategorier framkom efter analys; Nya möjligheter, Nya hinder (Ökad infektionsrisk, läkemedelsbiverkningar, en förändrad kropp, livslång läkemedelsbehandling och regelbundna sjukhusbesök), Emotionella upplevelser (Tacksamhet gentemot närstående, trygghet genom tröst och stöd från sjukvårdspersonal, känslor av sorg och tacksamhet gentemot donatorn, skuldkänslor och att födas till ett nytt liv), Gemenskap med andra transplanterade individer.

    Slutsatser: Att leva med ett transplanterat organ innebär en livsomvälvande upplevelse. Det ger en andra chans till livet, men det innebär även många nya risker och begränsningar. I mötet med en individ som lever med ett transplanterat organ är det viktigt att sjuksköterskan ser till dennes livsvärld, för att kunna ge en så god omvårdnad som möjligt.

  • 310.
    Engström, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Nursing Care.
    Johansson, Maria
    Intensive Care Unit, Gällivare Hospital.
    Mattsson, Mia
    Intensive Care Unit 57, Sunderby Hospital.
    Strömbäck, Ulrica
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Medical Science.
    Nursing Care of ICU Patients Lightly Sedated with Dexmedetomidine2016In: Journal of Clinical Intensive Care and Medicine, Vol. 1, p. 5-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Intensive care patients are often in need of sedation to endure being intubated. Lightsedation is increasingly common since it has been proved to offer benefi ts such as faster recovery to patients.Aim: The aim of this study was to describe critical care nurses’ experiences of nursing patients lightlysedated with dexmedetomidine.Research Methodology: Qualitative personal interviews were conducted during 2015 with 10 critical carenurses in Sweden. Interview transcripts were analysed using inductive qualitative thematic analysis.Results: Light sedation of the patient facilitated communication and interaction with him or her, and therelationship between the patient and his or her family members. Dexmedetomidine was described as a fairlynew drug, and the critical care nurses stated that they needed more knowledge about it and about sedationscales in order to learn more about the drug’s mechanism of action and its potential side effects on patients.Conclusion: It is important to critical care nurses to learn more about dexmedetomidine and about sedationscales to assess levels of sedation, as light sedation has been shown to benefi t the patient as opposed to deepsedation that can increase recovery time.

  • 311.
    Enlund, John
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Mattsson, Petter
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Fysiologiska skillnader mellan dominant och icke-dominant ben vid motviktad enbenscykling2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:

    Counterweighted single-leg cycling is a new training method that can be used to increase intensity. Studies have shown differences between dominant and non-dominant leg during normal cycling. The purpose of this study was to analyse physiological assymetries during counterweighted single-leg cycling. Method: Eight volunteers (age 24,1 ± 4,2 years, height 177,0 ± 5,5 cm , weight 74,6 ± 9,0 kg, vo2max 69,0 ± 6,4 ml/kg/min) participated in this study. Participants were randomly divided into two groups (dominant or non-dominant). Waterloo Footedness Questionnaire was used to decide participants dominant leg. The dominant group used their dominant leg in the first interval at the second test, and the non-dominant group used their non-dominant leg in the first interval. At the first test a standarized incremental cycling test was performed until exhaustion. The second test , >48 hours later, consisted of four ten-minute intervals of counterweighted single-leg cycling, alternating legs.The second test was blinded. Results: Differences were observed, but no significant differences. Tendencies showed a higher power-output with the dominant leg (dominant leg 168 ±18,9 W, non-dominant leg 162 ±18,1W), but a higher cadence with the non-dominant leg (dominant leg 93 ± 12,7 rpm, non-dominant leg 95 ± 10,3 rpm). Conclusion: Differences exist between dominant and non-dominant leg in counterweighted single-legged cycling, but no significant differences. Our conclusion is that the learning effect affected the results in this study. To counteract this in future studies concerning counterweighted single-legged cycling the studies should include a learning period with the training method.

  • 312.
    Enström, Therés
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
    Hedman, Zara
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
    Tack!: Kvinnors upplevelse av att föra tacksamhetsdagbok2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is strong evidence that gratitude can create wellbeing; for example by increasing self-esteem, reduce stress and enable healthy habits. Keeping a gratitude journal may be a way of practicing a grateful approach by reflecting on, and writing down, things to be grateful for on a daily basis. The aim of this study was to describe women’s experiences with keeping a gratitude journal and to shine light on what they feel grateful for. To address the aim of the study, a qualitative method was used. A one week long internet based intervention with 19 participants took place and the data collection consisted of both the journals of the participants as well as open letters. The collected material was analyzed through a latent content analysis and resulted in the development of one main theme “gratitude brightens up your day and increases quality of life” and four sub-themes; (1) a stronger relationship to oneself through a mirror of appreciation, (2) reflection shines light on life and creates coherence, (3) increased presence adds value to big and small things and (4) gratitude feeds gratitude and creates everyday happiness. The result shows that keeping a gratitude journal helps form a stronger relationship to oneself as well as to one’s surroundings and to life as a whole, thereby creating appreciation and wellbeing. The result is discussed in relation to health promotion theories with a focus on practical usage of the gratitude journal as a health promotion tool to be used for the purpose of strengthening mental health and wellbeing.

  • 313.
    Ericson, Lisa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Medicine and Optometry.
    Hovstadius, Bo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Medicine and Optometry.
    Magnusson, Lennart
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Swedish Family Care Competence Centre (NKA).
    Hälsoekonomisk studie av barn och vuxna med fetalt alkoholsyndrom2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att barn och unga lever i hem med missbruk och/eller allvarlig sjukdom medför direkta och indirekta kostnader för samhället på kort och lång sikt. Denna hälsoekonomiska studie är en beräkning av samhällets årliga kostnad för den andel av befolkningen som vuxit upp som barn som anhörig till förälder med psykisk sjukdom eller missbruk av alkohol eller narkotika.

  • 314.
    Eriksson, Andrea
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Dellve, Lotta
    Strömgren, Marcus
    KTH.
    Emma, Edström Bard
    Utveckling av hållbart och hälsofrämjande ledarskap –  i vardag och förändring: Utvärdering av interaktiv metodik för företagshälsovårdsdrivna interventioner2016Report (Other academic)
  • 315. Eriksson, Anna
    et al.
    Josefsson, Linda
    Jag styrs av pengarna -som jag inte har: En litteraturstudie om hur personer med psykiskt funktionshinder upplever att ekonomin inverkar på deras vardag.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:Persons living with a mental illness often have to put up with a financial disadvantage. Their ability to work is often limited and because of that they have to rely on the welfare reform to get an income. This income is often low compared to other citizens which by itself is something strongly associated with mental illness. Purpose: The purpose in this study was to describe how people living with a mental illness experience that their economic situation has an impact on their daily life. Method: This study is a literature review containing nine scientific articles from previous research. Findings: The study’s findings show that people living with mental illness find it hard to meet basic needs, and that their money is not enough to last a whole month. They feel limited in their daily life, for example their lack of money has a big impact on their spare time. It also makes contact with families and friends harder to maintain. They also felt that they had to put up with things not worthy a human being. Conclusion: The people living with mental illness struggle to fit in to society, but are constantly reminded that they are different.

  • 316.
    Eriksson, Emma
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Heidi, Molin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Det hälsofrämjande ledarskapet: Enhetschefers möjlighet att arbeta hälsofrämjande2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 317.
    Eriksson, Jessica
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Karlsson, Camilla
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Fysisk aktivitet och känslan av sammanhang hos undersköterskor och vårdbiträden i äldreomsorgen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 318.
    Eriksson, Josefine
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Hellström, Josefine
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Kost- och munhygienvanor hos en grupp 15-åringar i ett mångkulturellt område: En enkätstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Femtonåringar experimenterar mycket med sin livsstil vilket kan påverka den orala hälsan negativt. Studier har även visat att 15-åriga ungdomar med utländsk bakgrund har en ökad kariesförekomst vilket gör det viktigt att få en inblick i ungdomars munhygienvanor och kostvanor.

    Syfte: Att undersöka kost- och munhygienvanor hos en grupp 15-åringar i ett mångkulturellt område.

    Frågeställningar: Hur såg 15-åringars kost- och munhygienvanor ut? Fanns det skillnader i 15-åringars kost och munhygienvanor i förhållande till etnisk bakgrund? Fanns det några könsskillnader gällande 15-åringarnas kost- och munhygienvanor?

    Metod: Kvantitativ enkätstudie där 70 stycken 15-åringar i Mellansverige har deltagit i studien.

    Resultat: Majoriteten av ungdomarna hade en intagsfrekvens på 1-3 mål utöver huvudmålen. De flesta respondenterna uppgav att de åt/drack godis/läsk några gånger i veckan. Den största törstsläckaren bland respondenterna var vatten. Av populationen borstade 21,5 % endast tänderna en gång per dag. De flesta respondenterna använde approximala hjälpmedel mer sällan än några gånger i månaden. Det kunde inte ses någon stor procentuell skillnad överlag på vanorna gällande kön eller bakgrund.

    Konklusion: Ungdomarna angav goda tandborstvanor och relativt goda kostvanor. Användande av approximala hjälpmedel var bristfällig och användning av fluorpreparat förekom inte i så hög grad. Frekvensen av godis- och läskintag var högre än rekommenderat.

  • 319.
    Eriksson, Karolin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Luts, Linda
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Medarbetarperspektiv på maktrelationer och deras koppling till hälsa: en studie bland anställda på en sluten behandlingsavdelning för unga män.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Människor är en förutsättning för arbetsmiljön och är därför också en förutsättning förarbetsplatshälsan. Detta är framförallt viktigt att ha i åtanke vid arbeten med människor ikomplexa situationer som har problem med till exempel droger, kriminalitet eller våld. Syftetmed föreliggande studie är att synliggöra medarbetarnas upplevelser av handlingsutrymme ochmaktrelationer i förhållande till sin arbetskontext på ett behandlingshem för unga män. Medfokus på tidigare erfarenheter utifrån ett sociokulturellt perspektiv är syftet även att belysarelationernas koppling till medarbetarnas hälsa. Tidigare forskning har visat att relationer ochpersonligheter har betydelse för intagna individers hälsa inom fängelsemiljöer, institutioner ochpsykiatriska behandlingskliniker (Wästerfors, 2009; dosReis och Davarya, 2008; Woodall, 2007).Det är dock inte helt självklart hur medarbetarna påverkas av relationerna i deras arbetskontext,något som därmed är viktigt och intressant att undersöka.Denna studie har en kvalitativ ansats som utgår från metodtriangulering med hjälp avfrågeformulär och intervjuer. Empirin består av tretton besvarade frågeformulär och tvådjupgående intervjuer som har analyserats genom kodning för att till slut svara på studiens syfte.Resultaten belyser vikten av flexibilitet för att kunna anpassa sig till en ombytlig arbetskontext,men också att stödet från och samarbetet med kollegorna påverkar relationen till de unga männen.Arbetsplatsens relationer påverkar makt och handlingsutrymme, vilka är individuella upplevelsersom ständigt förändras. Medarbetarnas makt och handlingsutrymme i förhållande till de ungamännen upplevs vara större i de situationer där kollegornas stöd och kompetens är närvarandeoch mindre då de unga männen vistas i grupp. Detta kan betraktas som en form av kollektivthandlingsutrymme där kollegorna delar gemensamma uppfattningar och upplevelser rörande ensituation, under förutsättningen att det finns tid och möjlighet till kommunikation mellankollegorna. Makt och handlingsutrymme i relationer och situationer på behandlingshemmetpåverkar upplevelsen av stöd och trygghet, något som i sin tur har betydelse för den upplevdahälsan. Karaktär och flexibilitet är egenskaper som enligt studien krävs av medarbetarna påbehandlingshemmet för att kunna utföra arbetet framgångsrikt. Förutsättningar som främjar relationsskapande främjar därför också medarbetarnas hälsa.

  • 320.
    Eriksson, Louise
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Nilsson, Saiza
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    ATT VARA HIV-POSITIV OCH MÖTA SJUKVÅRDEN: litteraturstudie baserad på biografier2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 321. Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Eriksson, Anni
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Jämlik vård: en undersökning om den tekniska hörselrehabiliteringen påverkas av patientens ålder2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Jämlik vård är att alla ska bemötas, behandlas och vårdas på lika villkor oavsett enskilda faktorer. I hörselrehabiliteringen ingår det flera delar och varje del ska utgå från helhetsperspektivet och ske i samverkan med den enskilde. Audionomen ska inte påverkas av faktorer såsom kön eller ålder. Tidigare studier visar dock att ålder är en avgörande faktor i många fall, det råder en form av ålderism och åldersdiskriminering inom vården. Inga tidigare studier har hittats på hur den tekniska rehabiliteringen påverkas av ålder inom hörselvården varför detta låg i vårt intresse.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur jämlik den tekniska rehabiliteringen är inom hörselvården beroende på patienternas ålder.

    Metod: Studien är deskriptiv retrospektiv och är gjord genom journalgenomgång.

    Resultat: Resultatet visar inte några tydliga skillnader i den tekniska rehabiliteringen beroende på patientens ålder. Patienternas behov varierade mycket både inom grupperna och mellan grupperna. Skillnader kunde dock ses gällande patienter med samma behov och typ av hörapparat där patienter oavsett ålder kunde ha fått olika typer av hörapparater trots samma behov/mål.

    Slutsatser: Inga generella slutsatser kan dras huruvida den tekniska hörselrehabiliteringen är jämlik eller ej. Fler studier behövs inom ämnet där urvalet är större.

  • 322.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Folkhälsa och salutogenes2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning] / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., p. 105-125Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 323.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Kritik av den salutogena teorin2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning] / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., p. 78-91Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 324.
    Eriksson, Monica
    Folkhälsans forskningscentrum, Helsingfors, Finland.
    Salutogenes och känsla av sammanhang: begrepp inom vården?2007In: Vård i fokus, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 5-8Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 325.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning]2015 (ed. 1. uppl.)Book (Other academic)
  • 326.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Salutogenes är mer än känsla av sammanhang2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning] / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., p. 92-104Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 327.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Samband mellan SOC och hälsa: en kunskapsinventering2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning] / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., p. 47-77Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 328.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Teorin om hälsans ursprung: en systematisk forskningsöversikt2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., p. 14-46Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 329.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Utblick2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning] / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., p. 209-211Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 330.
    Eriksson, Monica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Winroth, Jan
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Hälsa och hälsofrämjande: klargöra begrepp2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning] / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., p. 1-13Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 331.
    Eriksson, Nathalie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Damfotbollsspelares kostintag under 24 timmar retroperspektiv intervjustudie: En tvärsnittundersökning2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to examine the dietary intake of female amateur football players in the division 2, 3 and 5 in the middle part of Sweden. The study is a descriptive, cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach. Data collection consisted of 24 hour recall interviews and a questionnaire with background information about the participant. The participants consisted of 40 female football players from divisions 2, 3 and 5. The participants' average calorie intake was estimated using the program Dietist Net Pro 1979 kilocalories (kcal)/day, compared with the average recommended daily allowance (RDA), which was estimated at 2137 kcal. The low energy consumption contributed to the participants' inability to meet the RDA for iron, folate, vitamin D, calcium, magnesium and carbohydrates. There were 19 participants who ate more than the average amount of energy and 21 participants who ate below the average amount of calories. No statistically significant differences in energy or nutrient intake could be established between the participants in different divisions or age groups. Female football players in this study were found to eat too little energy (food) on the basis of their energy needs, which may potentially contribute to nutritional deficiencies, specifically in iron, folate, vitamin D, calcium, magnesium and carbohydrates. Deficiencies in these nutrients may lead to impaired performance in training and matches, impaired general health and recovery, and to a break-down of body tissues for energy.

  • 332.
    Eriksson, Sofia
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Gustavsson, Linn
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Förutsättningar och begränsningar med att bedriva medlingsverksamhet i svenska kommuner: -En kvalitativ studie2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Medling med anledning av brott har funnits i Sverige sedan 1980- talet då ungdomsbrottsligheten betraktades som ett ökande samhällsproblem. År 1997 fick Brottsförebyggande rådet (Brå) i uppdrag av regeringen att stötta och främja olika medlingsprojekt runt om i Sverige och idag är medling lagstadgat, bland annat ska alla kommuner i Sverige sörja för att kunna erbjuda medling till samtliga lagöverträdare under 21 år. Metod: Studien var av kvalitativ ansats och utfördes genom åtta semistrukturerade telefonintervjuer med medlingssamordnare i Sverige. Respondenterna representerade fyra olika kommunstorlekar och intervjumaterialet analyserades genom en deduktiv innehållsanalys. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att belysa förutsättningar och begränsningar med att bedriva medlingsverksamhet i svenska kommuner. Resultat: Den främsta förutsättningen för att kunna bedriva medlingsverksamhet var medlingssamordnares uppfattningar om medlingens positiva påverkan på brottsdrabbade och gärningspersoner. Bristfälligt ärendeflöde, avsaknaden av nationella riktlinjer om hur arbetet borde organiseras samt bristande samverkansrutiner med andra aktörer uppgavs som betydande begränsningar. Diskussion: Medlingsverksamheter i Sverige organiserades på olika sätt i olika kommuner vilket kunde bero på den ramlagstiftning som finns om medling. Det varierande ärendeflödet kunde ses som ett resultat av bristande kunskap om medlingens syfte och effekter. För att medlingsverksamheterna ska bedrivas rättssäkert föreslog författarna till den aktuella studien ett tydligt centralt ansvar för verksamheterna samt att riktlinjer och direktiv tydliggörs. Författarna ansåg också att en fungerande medlingsverksamhet i Sverige var viktig då tidigare forskning rapporterat att medling som intervention har minskat återfall och ökat välmående hos såväl gärningspersoner som brottsdrabbade.

  • 333.
    Eriksson Sörman, Daniel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sundström, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Rönnlund, Michael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Adolfsson, Rolf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Nilsson, Lars-Göran
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Sweden .
    Leisure Activity in Old Age and Risk of Dementia: a 15-Year Prospective Study2014In: The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences, ISSN 1079-5014, E-ISSN 1758-5368, Vol. 69, no 4, p. 493-501Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives. The aim of this study was to investigate whether leisure activity is associated with incident dementia in an older sample.

    Method. We examined a sample of 1,475 elderly (>= 65 years) who were dementia free at baseline over a follow-up period of up to 15 years. In addition to analyses involving the total time period, separate analyses of three time periods were performed, 1-5, 6-10, and 11-15 years, following baseline measurement of leisure activity.

    Results. After controlling for a variety of potential confounders, analyses of data for the total time period revealed that higher levels of "Total activity" and "Social activity," but not "Mental activity," were associated with decreased risk of dementia. However, analyses of the separate time periods showed that this association was only significant in the first time period, 1-5 years after baseline.

    Discussion. The results from this study provide little support for the hypothesis that frequent engagement in leisure activities among elderly serve to protect against dementia diseases across a longer time frame. The finding of a relationship for the first time period, 1-5 years after baseline, could indicate short-term protective effects but could also reflect reverse causality.

  • 334.
    Eriksson, Thomas
    et al.
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö.
    Isaksson, Marléne
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö.
    Tegner, Yelverton
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Medical Science.
    The use of photos from patch-test reactions on day 7 taken by mobile phones by professional ice hockey players in Sweden investigated for the presence of occupational dermatoses2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 335.
    Eriksson, Thomas
    et al.
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö.
    Isaksson, Marléne
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö.
    Tegner, Yelverton
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Medical Science.
    Bruze, M.
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, Skåne University Hospital.
    The use of photos from patch-test reactions on day 7 taken by mobile phones by professional ice hockey players in Sweden investigated for the presence of occupational dermatoses2016In: Contact Dermatitis, ISSN 0105-1873, E-ISSN 1600-0536, Vol. 75, no Suppl. 1, p. 39-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    survey was undertaken in all ice hockey players in 26 professional teams in Sweden representing the two highest divisions. All players answered a questionnaire and the players from six teams, three from each of the two divisions, were patch tested with 72 test preparations in a baseline series supplemented with a series representing the work environment of the players. For practical reasons, the patch testing and test reading on day 3 took place in the arenas of the teams. As a traditional dermatologist reading on day 7 was impossible to perform in all but one team, the players and coaches were asked to use their mobile phones to take photos of the tested backs of the players on day 7 and to send them to the investigative team. In one team a dermatologist reading took place on day 7 independently of the mobile phone photos. In total, 107 players in the six teams were patch tested, and a reading on day 3 was performed in 103. Fifty contact allergic reactions were noted in 26 players. When comparing the reactions present on day 3 with the photos from day 7, seven (14%) more positive reactions were registered. The seven additional reactions were noted to seven different sensitizers: hexavalent chromium, oxidized linalool, thiomersal, mercapto mix, mercaptobenzothiazole, PFR-2 (a resol resin based on phenol and formaldehyde) and methylenedianiline. In summary, 14% more contact allergic reactions were diagnosed when using photos of the tested backs to replace the traditional dermatologist reading.

  • 336.
    Eriksson, Tomas
    et al.
    Occupational and Environmental Dermatology.
    Isaksson, Marlene
    Occupational and Environmental Dermatology.
    Engfeldt, Malin
    Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, University of Malmo-Lund.
    Tegner, Yelverton
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Medical Science.
    Bruze, Magnus
    Occupational and Environmental Dermatology.
    conact allergy in ice hockey players in Sweden2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 337. Eriksén, Sara
    et al.
    Hofflander, Malin
    Nilsson, Lina
    Borg, Christel
    Georgsson, Mattias
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola.
    Lundberg, Jenny
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola.
    Transforming healthcare delivery: ICT design for self-care of type 2 diabetes2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 338. Erlandsson, Maja
    et al.
    Wiklund, Maria Lennernäs
    Department of Medical Sciences, Nutrition, Uppsala University.
    Månsson, Helena Lindmark
    Mjölk & mejeriprodukter: viktiga näringskällor2005In: Vaar Foeda, ISSN 0042-2657, Vol. 57, no 1, p. 30-35Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 339.
    Erlingsson, Christen
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Utvärdering av pilotprojektet Konst och Hemslöjd i Emmaboda (KoHiE)2016Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Pilotprojektet Konst och Hemslöjd i Emmaboda (KoHiE) genomfördes som en del av det treårigaprogramet Hälsa och kultur i hälsolänet Kalmar län. KoHiE hade som mål attundersöka om kulturinsatser i form av studiecirklar har effekt på upplevd hälsa ochrehabilitering hos personer med psykisk ohälsa. Hypotesen var att deltagande ikulturaktiviteter är en rehabiliteringsform som underlättar återhämtning och därigenomfrämjar hälsan hos deltagarna. Två cirklar, en baserad på konstaktiviteter, den andra påtovning, genomfördes under hösten 2015 fram till maj 2016. Varje cirkel pågick under 10veckor med två träffar i veckan á tre timmar/träff och leddes av en konstnär och enullslöjdare.Utvärdering av KoHiE skedde vid tre datainsamlingstillfällen (vid cirkel 1 start, vid cirkel 2start, och vid avslutning av cirkel 2). Vid dessa tillfällen var det möjligt för deltagare att låtasig intervjuas och lämna in en enkät. Tio personer medverkade vid utvärderingen och totaltgenomfördes 16 intervjuer och 14 enkäter inlämnades. Intervjuerna analyserades medmanifest innehållsanalys och enkäterna med deskriptiv statistik.Resultatet var entydigt att KoHiE har erfarits som hälsofrämjande och som ett forum förpersonlig utveckling och återhämtning. I resultatet framgick att deltagarna mådde bättre efteratt ha deltagit i aktiviteten och att verksamheten uppfattades som mycket positiv, motiverandeoch inspirerande. Träffarna upplevdes som ett andningshål och en plats där man kände siglugn och fokuserad så att man inte längre tänkte på vardagens bekymmer. Gemenskapen igruppen var av central betydelse i resultatet. Att skapa tillsammans med andra upplevdes somvärdefull då det blev en kraftfullare dynamik och öppet klimat att erbjuda och få återkopplingoch stöd. Träffarna utgjorde också en plattform att bygga nya sociala nätverk. Något som haruppfattats vara extra värdefullt i sammanhanget är att gruppens deltagare delar sammaproblematik i vardagen med att må dåligt psykiskt. Deltagarna berättade om ökadsjälvuppskattning och självförtroende och att det hade blivit lättare att umgås socialt.Resultatet tydliggör att aktiviteterna har hjälpt deltagarna att få tillbaka sin framtidstro och förmånga var det att hitta en väg framåt, se möjligheter, och att utvecklas, både privat och ioffentliga arenor. För en deltagare ledde deltagandet till att hon t.o.m. slutat användapsykofarmaka just för att upprätthålla sin mentala skärpa under KoHiE träffarna.En av deltagarna var en asylsökande kvinna. Hennes berättelse stödjer ett antagande att dennaoch liknande aktiviteter, dvs. kreativa, handfasta, praktiska aktiviteter i en grupp tillsammansmed svenskfödda deltagare, har en enorm potential i att bistå med en smidig övergång förnyanlända, både gällande att lindra symtom från traumatiska minnen såväl som att inge hopp,självförtroende, självuppskattning att man är en värdefull människa.KoHiE var planerad som ett återhämtningsorienterat rehabiliteringsprojekt med förhoppningarom att höja välbefinnande och hälsa hos personer med psykisk ohälsa. Deltagarnas mycketpositiva erfarenheter av att medverka i denna skapande aktivitet ger tydlig evidens på attKoHiE varit framgångsrik. Rekommendationen är därför att liknande cirkelverksamhet förkulturaktiviteter bör finnas att tillgå och det är högst befogat att implementera verksamheterliknande KoHiE som en beständig del av kommunal omsorg.

  • 340.
    Ernstgård, Anna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science. Capio Artro Clin AB, Stockholm.
    PirouziFard, MirNabi
    Ctr Registers Västra Götaland.
    Thorstensson, Carina A.
    University of Gothenburg ; Ctr Registers Västra Götaland.
    Health enhancing physical activity in patients with hip or knee osteoarthritis - an observational intervention study2017In: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, ISSN 1471-2474, E-ISSN 1471-2474, Vol. 18, article id 42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Osteoarthritis is one of the leading causes of inactivity worldwide. The recommended level of health enhancing physical activity (HEPA) is at least 150 min of moderate intensity physical activity per week. The purpose of this study was to explore how the proportion of patients, who reached the recommended level of HEPA, changed following a supported osteoarthritis self-management programme in primary care, and to explore how reaching the level of HEPA was influenced by body mass index (BMI), gender, age and comorbidity. Methods: An observational study was conducted using data from a National Quality Registry in which 6810 patients in primary care with clinically verified hip or knee osteoarthritis with complete data at baseline, 3 and 12 months follow-up before December 31st 2013 were included. HEPA was defined as self-reported physical activity of at least moderate intensity either a) at least 30 min per day on four days or more per week, or b) at least 150 min per week. HEPA was assessed at baseline, and again at 3 and 12 months follow-up. Cochran's Q test was used to determine change in physical activity over time. The association between reaching the level of HEPA and time, age, BMI, gender, and Charnley classification was investigated using the generalized estimation equation (GEE) model. Results: The proportion of patients who reached the level of HEPA increased by 345 patients, from 77 to 82%, from baseline to 3 months follow-up. At 12 months, the proportion of patients who reached the level of HEPA decreased to 76%. Not reaching the level of HEPA was associated with overweight, obesity, male gender and Charnley category C, i.e. osteoarthritis in multiple joint sites (hip and knee), or presence of any other disease that affects walking ability. Conclusions: Following the supported osteoarthritis self-management programme there was a significant increase in the proportion of patients who reached the recommended level of HEPA after 3 months. Improvements were lost after 12 months. To increase physical activity and reach long-lasting changes in levels of physical activity, more follow-up sessions might be needed.

  • 341.
    Ersson, Bernt
    et al.
    Allmänläkare, Gävle.
    Aurell, Inger
    Läkarhuset Hermelinen Luleå, Sjukgymnastiken.
    Billsen, Mats
    Ortopediska kliniken Hässleolm-Kristianstad.
    Dobrescu, Tudor
    Tudorkliniken, Halmstad.
    Dobrescu, Daniela
    Landstingshälsan, Halmstad.
    Flodin, Marianne
    Värmdö Primärvård.
    Pettersson-Hanning, Jan
    Läkarhuset Hermelinen Luleå, Sjukgymnastiken.
    Henriksson, Anders
    Läkarhuset Hermelinen Luleå, Sjukgymnastiken.
    Holmberg, Göran
    Jensen, Jörn
    Sjukhuset Varberg, Röntgenkliniken.
    Ludwig, Bernd
    Landskrona Läkargrupp.
    Magnusson, Ulla
    Möller, Agneta
    Läkarhuset Hermelinen Luleå, Sjukgymnastiken.
    Tegner, Yelverton
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Medical Science.
    Osteoporos: DXL-hälmätare använd med förstånd räcker långt för klinisk användning2003In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 100, no 3, p. 156-157Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 342.
    Erzurum, Seher
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Hur upplever elever miljön i omklädningsrummet2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte och frågeställningar

    Det är i skolan som den mesta mobbningen bland barn och ungdomar äger rum. Mobbning innebär att en person blir utsatt för kränkande behandlingar, och som består av avsiktliga handlingar. Det finns olika slags icke-önskevärda beteenden såsom utfrysning, trakasserier, retningar. (Skolverket, 2009). En av de många platserna där det finns stor risk att mobbning förekommer är bland annat i omklädningsrummen. Höistad menar att i omklädningsrummen kan det hända mycket som läraren ofta inte har en aning om (Höistad, 2001). Syftet med denna studie är att analysera hur elever i de lägre åldrarna upplever miljön i omklädningsrummen. Hur ser omklädningssituationen ut? Utifrån syftet formulerades två frågeställningar;

    Hur upplever elever i de lägre åldrarna miljön i omklädningsrummet? och Känner eleverna sig utsatta i omklädningsrummet i skolan, och i så fall på vilket sätt yttrar sig detta?

    Metod

    I studien används en kvalitativ metod, i form av intervjuer. För att få en djupare förståelse av resultatet användes Piagets kognitiva teori om olika utvecklingsstadier. Elevernas uppförande mot varandra kopplas med Piagets teori. Studien genomfördes på en skola i Stockholmsregionen, där 10 elever intervjuades.

    Resultat

    Resultatet visar att eleverna känner sig rätt så trygga i omklädningsrummen, de skojar och upplever att de har väldigt kul med varandra. Enligt Piaget så är eleverna i stadiet där de uppför sig moget, de intar ett vuxen tänk (Piaget 1978). Elevernas största problem är de ofräscha lokalerna såsom duschen och omklädningsrummen. Slutsatserna visar att utifrån elevernas berättelser upplever de omklädningssituationen positivt. Det förekommer sällan negativa handlingar. De uppgav också att de visste vilka de skulle vända sig till om de upplevde att det kände sig utsatta.

  • 343.
    Eshuis, Rienk
    et al.
    St. Antonius Hospital, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Nieuwegein.
    Lentjes, Gijsbertus Wilhelmus
    St. Antonius Hospital, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Nieuwegein.
    Tegner, Yelverton
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Medical Science.
    Wolterbeek, Nienke
    St. Antonius Hospital, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Nieuwegein.
    Veen, Maurits Remmelt
    St. Antonius Hospital, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Nieuwegein.
    Dutch Translation and Cross-cultural Adaption of the Lysholm Score and Tegner Activity Scale for Patients With Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries2016In: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, ISSN 0190-6011, E-ISSN 1938-1344, Vol. 46, no 11, p. 976-983Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Study Design Clinical measurement. Background The Lysholm score and Tegner Activity Scale are frequently used patient-reported instruments to determine the functional status and activity level after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Objectives To translate and cross-culturally adapt the Lysholm score and Tegner Activity Scale for use in the Dutch population and to evaluate reliability and validity of these questionnaires in individuals after ACL reconstruction. Methods The translation and adaptation was conducted in several steps according to the guidelines in the literature. The measurement properties of the Lysholm score and Tegner Activity Scale (internal consistency, construct validity, and floor and ceiling effects) were tested in 96 patients. Reproducibility was tested in 69 patients, for patient with anterior cruciate ligament injuries. On the first occasion, the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) and RAND-36 item Health Survey (RAND-36) were also administered. Results The Lysholm score and Tegner Activity Scale showed good test-retest reliability between repeated measures (respectively ICC 0.93 and 0.97). Internal consistency was reasonable to good (Cronbach's α=0.70-0.83). The Lysholm score had a very strong correlation with the IKDC (r= 0.83, p<0.01) and moderate correlation with the RAND-36 (r=0.55, p<0.01). The Tegner Activity Scale had a moderate correlation with both IKDC and the RAND-36 (r= 0.42 p<0.01 respectively r= 0.48 p<0.01). Conclusion This study demonstrated acceptable psychometric performances for the Lysholm score and the Tegner scale as outcome measures for Dutch patients after ACL reconstruction. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, Epub 28 Sep 2016. doi:10.2519/jospt.2016.6566.

  • 344.
    Eskilsson, Camilla
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Hörberg, Ulrica
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Ekebergh, Margaretha
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Högskolan i Borås.
    Carlsson, Gunilla
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Student nurses’ experiences of how caring andlearning is intertwined: A phenomenological study2014In: Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, ISSN 1925-4040, E-ISSN 1925-4059, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 82-93Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Clinical studies in nursing education ought to create conditions for the students to link theory to praxis.Previous research in this field focuses on the gap between theory and practice, learning environments, supervision andreflection connected to caring and learning. In addition there are studies that propose the concept of learning and caring asintertwined. The aim of this study is to describe how caring and learning is intertwined from a student perspective.Methods: The study was carried out using Reflective Lifeworld Research (RLR) with a phenomenological approach.Lifeworld interviews were conducted with students after their clinical placement on a Dedicated Education Unit (DEU).Results: The essential meaning is a movement where caring and learning fall into place which appears in an atmospherefilled with appealing challenges, but has to be sensitive to the students’ readiness. The atmosphere depends on their senseof security and how they experience confirming and affirming responses. Encountering the patient means that the studentscan gain a sense of the whole and the theory falls into place. The results also highlight how the student, in this atmosphere,has a desire to find a new role in a personal style.Conclusions: The study emphasizes the importance of supporting the students in understanding learning and caring asintertwined and not separated. A dualistic approach could harm the students’ aim to get the knowledge embodied. Thisholistic perspective requires a reflective attitude on caring and learning and has to be further developed in the didactics andsupervision.

  • 345.
    Ettanen, Tarja
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Entreprenöriellt lärande - ett förhållningssätt i undervisningen2010Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Avsikten med detta arbete har varit att synliggöra och att utforma en lärarhandledning som baseras på det entreprenöriella förhållningssättet i undervisningen. Bakomliggande metod har inkluderat litteraturstudier, inventering av befintliga projekt inom området, deltagande av utbildningsdag om entreprenörskap, intervjuer av lärare samt västerås projektansvarige för entreprenörskap i Västerås skolor. Entreprenörskap för elever har tidigare drivits av organisationer utanför skolorna varför det har blivit mer angeläget att utbilda skolpersonal så att förhållningssättet kan börja utvecklas inne i den dagliga verksamheten inom skolans egen arena. Resultatet visade att det fanns lärare som framhöll att de alltid undervisat med ett entreprenöriellt förhållningssätt. Det fanns lärare som kände behov av att lära elever olika strategier som eleverna sedan själva kunde utnyttja i sitt lärande. Arbetet visade även att det fanns lärare som blev nyfikna och intresserade av det entreprenöriella förhållningssättet.

  • 346.
    Ewertsson, Mona
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Lärande av praktiska färdigheter inom sjuksköterskeprofessionen: studier av lärande i olika arenor2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A central part of the nursing profession is the performance of practical skills. In order to provide adequate care, maintain patient-safety, and feel comfortable in the profession, registered nurses (RNs) need to be equipped with requisite skills. Overall aim: To explore and describe how learning and development of practical skills occurs during the preparatory phases and within the nursing profession. Method: Qualitative (I, III, IV) and quantitative methods (II) were used. Data were collected through individual interviews (I, IV), questionnaires (II) and participant observations, including informal talks (III, IV). Results: Both students and new RNs expressed a need to learn and develop practical skills (I, II, III, IV). Less than half of the new RNs had access to a clinical skill laboratory (CSL), where they could learn and practice practical skills (II). The students described that learning at a CSL had been meaning for their clinical practice. They also expressed a great need for continuing learning in real patient situations (I, III, IV). During clinical practice, preceptors and students took different approaches which affected student’s learning processesö (I, III, IV). There was a tension between learning at a CSL and learning in clinical practice sites because students perceived differences in the performance of skills. Students described that they understood that performance of skills could be done in different ways without injuring patients. However, the data also showed deviations in performances that could jeopardize patientsafety. In these situations, student’s behavior differed (I, IV). One third of new RNs deviated from evidence based guidelines when they performed practical skills which they were unfamiliar with (II). Both students and new RNs reported that reflection in connection with the performance of practical skills was not common (I, II III, IV). Conclusions: Cooperation between university CSLs and clinical settings must be intensified in order to enhance the understanding of learning processes regarding practical skills. A consensus regarding academic approaches should be reached. Universities need to support preceptors in educational issues where the importance of reflection is clarified and exemplified. Increasing patient-safety requires that new RNs receive opportunities for training in artificial environments, and that a culture that reinforces the use of guidelines and a reflective stance is cultivated.

  • 347.
    Ewertsson, Mona
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta
    Jönköping University.
    Allvin, Renèe
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Örebro University Hospital.
    Blomberg, Karin
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Tensions in learning professional identities: nursing students narratives and participation in practical skills during their clinical practiceManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 348.
    Ewertsson, Mona
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Blomberg, Karin
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Nursing students’ socialisation into practical skillsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 349.
    Faag, Carina
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    A comprehensive nurse-led intervention for patients with peripheral vestibular disorders: the feasibility and benefits2015Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Dizziness and balance problems are common symptoms at all ages, the symptoms are more common in women than in men and increases with age. Several studies clearly demonstrate that peripheral vestibular disorders symptoms may lead to the patients reporting functional consequences of a physical, mental and social character. The overall aim of this thesis was to investigate the efficacy and feasibility of an intervention for patients with peripheral vestibular disorders that contains patient education in groups in combination with individual support. The study is a randomized controlled trial (RCT). Thirty-six patients participated in the study: the intervention group (n = 18), who received the intervention and standard care, and patients in a control group (n = 18), who received standard care. The intervention includes a patient education program and individualized nursing support during a six-month period. Outcomes were collected by self-assessment questionnaires about dizziness-related symptoms, well-being, sense of coherence, and self-care measured at baseline before randomization and at six and nine months later. All patients were also instructed to complete a diary where they recorded symptoms that arose during an episode of dizziness. The main results show that the patients who received the intervention rated statistically significant fewer vertigo-related symptoms and a higher sense of coherence than the control group at the ninemonth follow-up. The intervention was feasible and seems to support the patients to manage symptoms. The effects were small and must be considered in relation to the efforts of the intervention. Confirmative studies are warranted.

  • 350.
    Fagerlind Ståhl, Anna-Carin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Gustavsson, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Karlsson, Nadine
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Johansson, Gun
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Lean production tools and decision latitude enable conditions for innovative learning in organizations: a multilevel analysis2015In: Applied Ergonomics, ISSN 0003-6870, E-ISSN 1872-9126, Vol. 47, p. 285-291Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effect of lean production on conditions for learning is debated. This study aimed to investigate how tools inspired by lean production (standardization, resource reduction, visual monitoring, housekeeping, value flow analysis) were associated with an innovative learning climate and with collective dispersion of ideas in organizations, and whether decision latitude contributed to these associations. A questionnaire was sent out to employees in public, private, production and service organizations (n = 4442). Multilevel linear regression analyses were used. Use of lean tools and decision latitude were positively associated with an innovative learning climate and collective dispersion of ideas. A low degree of decision latitude was a modifier in the association to collective dispersion of ideas. Lean tools can enable shared understanding and collective spreading of ideas, needed for the development of work processes, especially when decision latitude is low. Value flow analysis played a pivotal role in the associations.

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