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  • 301.
    Eriksson, Louise
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Nilsson, Saiza
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    ATT VARA HIV-POSITIV OCH MÖTA SJUKVÅRDEN: litteraturstudie baserad på biografier2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 302. Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Eriksson, Anni
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Jämlik vård: en undersökning om den tekniska hörselrehabiliteringen påverkas av patientens ålder2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Jämlik vård är att alla ska bemötas, behandlas och vårdas på lika villkor oavsett enskilda faktorer. I hörselrehabiliteringen ingår det flera delar och varje del ska utgå från helhetsperspektivet och ske i samverkan med den enskilde. Audionomen ska inte påverkas av faktorer såsom kön eller ålder. Tidigare studier visar dock att ålder är en avgörande faktor i många fall, det råder en form av ålderism och åldersdiskriminering inom vården. Inga tidigare studier har hittats på hur den tekniska rehabiliteringen påverkas av ålder inom hörselvården varför detta låg i vårt intresse.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur jämlik den tekniska rehabiliteringen är inom hörselvården beroende på patienternas ålder.

    Metod: Studien är deskriptiv retrospektiv och är gjord genom journalgenomgång.

    Resultat: Resultatet visar inte några tydliga skillnader i den tekniska rehabiliteringen beroende på patientens ålder. Patienternas behov varierade mycket både inom grupperna och mellan grupperna. Skillnader kunde dock ses gällande patienter med samma behov och typ av hörapparat där patienter oavsett ålder kunde ha fått olika typer av hörapparater trots samma behov/mål.

    Slutsatser: Inga generella slutsatser kan dras huruvida den tekniska hörselrehabiliteringen är jämlik eller ej. Fler studier behövs inom ämnet där urvalet är större.

  • 303.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Folkhälsa och salutogenes2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning] / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., 105-125 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 304.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Kritik av den salutogena teorin2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning] / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., 78-91 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 305.
    Eriksson, Monica
    Folkhälsans forskningscentrum, Helsingfors, Finland.
    Salutogenes och känsla av sammanhang: begrepp inom vården?2007In: Vård i fokus, Vol. 24, no 4, 5-8 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 306.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning]2015 (ed. 1. uppl.)Book (Other academic)
  • 307.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Salutogenes är mer än känsla av sammanhang2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning] / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., 92-104 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 308.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Samband mellan SOC och hälsa: en kunskapsinventering2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning] / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., 47-77 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 309.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Teorin om hälsans ursprung: en systematisk forskningsöversikt2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., 14-46 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 310.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Utblick2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning] / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., 209-211 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 311.
    Eriksson, Monica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Winroth, Jan
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Hälsa och hälsofrämjande: klargöra begrepp2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning] / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., 1-13 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 312.
    Eriksson, Nathalie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Damfotbollsspelares kostintag under 24 timmar retroperspektiv intervjustudie: En tvärsnittundersökning2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to examine the dietary intake of female amateur football players in the division 2, 3 and 5 in the middle part of Sweden. The study is a descriptive, cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach. Data collection consisted of 24 hour recall interviews and a questionnaire with background information about the participant. The participants consisted of 40 female football players from divisions 2, 3 and 5. The participants' average calorie intake was estimated using the program Dietist Net Pro 1979 kilocalories (kcal)/day, compared with the average recommended daily allowance (RDA), which was estimated at 2137 kcal. The low energy consumption contributed to the participants' inability to meet the RDA for iron, folate, vitamin D, calcium, magnesium and carbohydrates. There were 19 participants who ate more than the average amount of energy and 21 participants who ate below the average amount of calories. No statistically significant differences in energy or nutrient intake could be established between the participants in different divisions or age groups. Female football players in this study were found to eat too little energy (food) on the basis of their energy needs, which may potentially contribute to nutritional deficiencies, specifically in iron, folate, vitamin D, calcium, magnesium and carbohydrates. Deficiencies in these nutrients may lead to impaired performance in training and matches, impaired general health and recovery, and to a break-down of body tissues for energy.

  • 313.
    Eriksson, Sofia
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Gustavsson, Linn
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Förutsättningar och begränsningar med att bedriva medlingsverksamhet i svenska kommuner: -En kvalitativ studie2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Medling med anledning av brott har funnits i Sverige sedan 1980- talet då ungdomsbrottsligheten betraktades som ett ökande samhällsproblem. År 1997 fick Brottsförebyggande rådet (Brå) i uppdrag av regeringen att stötta och främja olika medlingsprojekt runt om i Sverige och idag är medling lagstadgat, bland annat ska alla kommuner i Sverige sörja för att kunna erbjuda medling till samtliga lagöverträdare under 21 år. Metod: Studien var av kvalitativ ansats och utfördes genom åtta semistrukturerade telefonintervjuer med medlingssamordnare i Sverige. Respondenterna representerade fyra olika kommunstorlekar och intervjumaterialet analyserades genom en deduktiv innehållsanalys. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att belysa förutsättningar och begränsningar med att bedriva medlingsverksamhet i svenska kommuner. Resultat: Den främsta förutsättningen för att kunna bedriva medlingsverksamhet var medlingssamordnares uppfattningar om medlingens positiva påverkan på brottsdrabbade och gärningspersoner. Bristfälligt ärendeflöde, avsaknaden av nationella riktlinjer om hur arbetet borde organiseras samt bristande samverkansrutiner med andra aktörer uppgavs som betydande begränsningar. Diskussion: Medlingsverksamheter i Sverige organiserades på olika sätt i olika kommuner vilket kunde bero på den ramlagstiftning som finns om medling. Det varierande ärendeflödet kunde ses som ett resultat av bristande kunskap om medlingens syfte och effekter. För att medlingsverksamheterna ska bedrivas rättssäkert föreslog författarna till den aktuella studien ett tydligt centralt ansvar för verksamheterna samt att riktlinjer och direktiv tydliggörs. Författarna ansåg också att en fungerande medlingsverksamhet i Sverige var viktig då tidigare forskning rapporterat att medling som intervention har minskat återfall och ökat välmående hos såväl gärningspersoner som brottsdrabbade.

  • 314.
    Eriksson Sörman, Daniel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sundström, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Rönnlund, Michael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Adolfsson, Rolf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Nilsson, Lars-Göran
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Sweden .
    Leisure Activity in Old Age and Risk of Dementia: a 15-Year Prospective Study2014In: The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences, ISSN 1079-5014, E-ISSN 1758-5368, Vol. 69, no 4, 493-501 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives. The aim of this study was to investigate whether leisure activity is associated with incident dementia in an older sample.

    Method. We examined a sample of 1,475 elderly (>= 65 years) who were dementia free at baseline over a follow-up period of up to 15 years. In addition to analyses involving the total time period, separate analyses of three time periods were performed, 1-5, 6-10, and 11-15 years, following baseline measurement of leisure activity.

    Results. After controlling for a variety of potential confounders, analyses of data for the total time period revealed that higher levels of "Total activity" and "Social activity," but not "Mental activity," were associated with decreased risk of dementia. However, analyses of the separate time periods showed that this association was only significant in the first time period, 1-5 years after baseline.

    Discussion. The results from this study provide little support for the hypothesis that frequent engagement in leisure activities among elderly serve to protect against dementia diseases across a longer time frame. The finding of a relationship for the first time period, 1-5 years after baseline, could indicate short-term protective effects but could also reflect reverse causality.

  • 315.
    Eriksson, Thomas
    et al.
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö.
    Isaksson, Marléne
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö.
    Tegner, Yelverton
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Medical Science.
    The use of photos from patch-test reactions on day 7 taken by mobile phones by professional ice hockey players in Sweden investigated for the presence of occupational dermatoses2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 316.
    Eriksson, Thomas
    et al.
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö.
    Isaksson, Marléne
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö.
    Tegner, Yelverton
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Medical Science.
    Bruze, M.
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, Skåne University Hospital.
    The use of photos from patch-test reactions on day 7 taken by mobile phones by professional ice hockey players in Sweden investigated for the presence of occupational dermatoses2016In: Contact Dermatitis, ISSN 0105-1873, E-ISSN 1600-0536, Vol. 75, no Suppl. 1, 39- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    survey was undertaken in all ice hockey players in 26 professional teams in Sweden representing the two highest divisions. All players answered a questionnaire and the players from six teams, three from each of the two divisions, were patch tested with 72 test preparations in a baseline series supplemented with a series representing the work environment of the players. For practical reasons, the patch testing and test reading on day 3 took place in the arenas of the teams. As a traditional dermatologist reading on day 7 was impossible to perform in all but one team, the players and coaches were asked to use their mobile phones to take photos of the tested backs of the players on day 7 and to send them to the investigative team. In one team a dermatologist reading took place on day 7 independently of the mobile phone photos. In total, 107 players in the six teams were patch tested, and a reading on day 3 was performed in 103. Fifty contact allergic reactions were noted in 26 players. When comparing the reactions present on day 3 with the photos from day 7, seven (14%) more positive reactions were registered. The seven additional reactions were noted to seven different sensitizers: hexavalent chromium, oxidized linalool, thiomersal, mercapto mix, mercaptobenzothiazole, PFR-2 (a resol resin based on phenol and formaldehyde) and methylenedianiline. In summary, 14% more contact allergic reactions were diagnosed when using photos of the tested backs to replace the traditional dermatologist reading.

  • 317.
    Eriksson, Tomas
    et al.
    Occupational and Environmental Dermatology.
    Isaksson, Marlene
    Occupational and Environmental Dermatology.
    Engfeldt, Malin
    Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, University of Malmo-Lund.
    Tegner, Yelverton
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Medical Science.
    Bruze, Magnus
    Occupational and Environmental Dermatology.
    conact allergy in ice hockey players in Sweden2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 318. Eriksén, Sara
    et al.
    Hofflander, Malin
    Nilsson, Lina
    Borg, Christel
    Georgsson, Mattias
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola.
    Lundberg, Jenny
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola.
    Transforming healthcare delivery: ICT design for self-care of type 2 diabetes2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 319. Erlandsson, Maja
    et al.
    Wiklund, Maria Lennernäs
    Department of Medical Sciences, Nutrition, Uppsala University.
    Månsson, Helena Lindmark
    Mjölk & mejeriprodukter: viktiga näringskällor2005In: Vaar Foeda, ISSN 0042-2657, Vol. 57, no 1, 30-35 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 320.
    Erlingsson, Christen
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Utvärdering av pilotprojektet Konst och Hemslöjd i Emmaboda (KoHiE)2016Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Pilotprojektet Konst och Hemslöjd i Emmaboda (KoHiE) genomfördes som en del av det treårigaprogramet Hälsa och kultur i hälsolänet Kalmar län. KoHiE hade som mål attundersöka om kulturinsatser i form av studiecirklar har effekt på upplevd hälsa ochrehabilitering hos personer med psykisk ohälsa. Hypotesen var att deltagande ikulturaktiviteter är en rehabiliteringsform som underlättar återhämtning och därigenomfrämjar hälsan hos deltagarna. Två cirklar, en baserad på konstaktiviteter, den andra påtovning, genomfördes under hösten 2015 fram till maj 2016. Varje cirkel pågick under 10veckor med två träffar i veckan á tre timmar/träff och leddes av en konstnär och enullslöjdare.Utvärdering av KoHiE skedde vid tre datainsamlingstillfällen (vid cirkel 1 start, vid cirkel 2start, och vid avslutning av cirkel 2). Vid dessa tillfällen var det möjligt för deltagare att låtasig intervjuas och lämna in en enkät. Tio personer medverkade vid utvärderingen och totaltgenomfördes 16 intervjuer och 14 enkäter inlämnades. Intervjuerna analyserades medmanifest innehållsanalys och enkäterna med deskriptiv statistik.Resultatet var entydigt att KoHiE har erfarits som hälsofrämjande och som ett forum förpersonlig utveckling och återhämtning. I resultatet framgick att deltagarna mådde bättre efteratt ha deltagit i aktiviteten och att verksamheten uppfattades som mycket positiv, motiverandeoch inspirerande. Träffarna upplevdes som ett andningshål och en plats där man kände siglugn och fokuserad så att man inte längre tänkte på vardagens bekymmer. Gemenskapen igruppen var av central betydelse i resultatet. Att skapa tillsammans med andra upplevdes somvärdefull då det blev en kraftfullare dynamik och öppet klimat att erbjuda och få återkopplingoch stöd. Träffarna utgjorde också en plattform att bygga nya sociala nätverk. Något som haruppfattats vara extra värdefullt i sammanhanget är att gruppens deltagare delar sammaproblematik i vardagen med att må dåligt psykiskt. Deltagarna berättade om ökadsjälvuppskattning och självförtroende och att det hade blivit lättare att umgås socialt.Resultatet tydliggör att aktiviteterna har hjälpt deltagarna att få tillbaka sin framtidstro och förmånga var det att hitta en väg framåt, se möjligheter, och att utvecklas, både privat och ioffentliga arenor. För en deltagare ledde deltagandet till att hon t.o.m. slutat användapsykofarmaka just för att upprätthålla sin mentala skärpa under KoHiE träffarna.En av deltagarna var en asylsökande kvinna. Hennes berättelse stödjer ett antagande att dennaoch liknande aktiviteter, dvs. kreativa, handfasta, praktiska aktiviteter i en grupp tillsammansmed svenskfödda deltagare, har en enorm potential i att bistå med en smidig övergång förnyanlända, både gällande att lindra symtom från traumatiska minnen såväl som att inge hopp,självförtroende, självuppskattning att man är en värdefull människa.KoHiE var planerad som ett återhämtningsorienterat rehabiliteringsprojekt med förhoppningarom att höja välbefinnande och hälsa hos personer med psykisk ohälsa. Deltagarnas mycketpositiva erfarenheter av att medverka i denna skapande aktivitet ger tydlig evidens på attKoHiE varit framgångsrik. Rekommendationen är därför att liknande cirkelverksamhet förkulturaktiviteter bör finnas att tillgå och det är högst befogat att implementera verksamheterliknande KoHiE som en beständig del av kommunal omsorg.

  • 321.
    Ernstgård, Anna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science. Capio Artro Clin AB, Stockholm.
    PirouziFard, MirNabi
    Ctr Registers Västra Götaland.
    Thorstensson, Carina A.
    University of Gothenburg ; Ctr Registers Västra Götaland.
    Health enhancing physical activity in patients with hip or knee osteoarthritis - an observational intervention study2017In: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, ISSN 1471-2474, E-ISSN 1471-2474, Vol. 18, 42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Osteoarthritis is one of the leading causes of inactivity worldwide. The recommended level of health enhancing physical activity (HEPA) is at least 150 min of moderate intensity physical activity per week. The purpose of this study was to explore how the proportion of patients, who reached the recommended level of HEPA, changed following a supported osteoarthritis self-management programme in primary care, and to explore how reaching the level of HEPA was influenced by body mass index (BMI), gender, age and comorbidity. Methods: An observational study was conducted using data from a National Quality Registry in which 6810 patients in primary care with clinically verified hip or knee osteoarthritis with complete data at baseline, 3 and 12 months follow-up before December 31st 2013 were included. HEPA was defined as self-reported physical activity of at least moderate intensity either a) at least 30 min per day on four days or more per week, or b) at least 150 min per week. HEPA was assessed at baseline, and again at 3 and 12 months follow-up. Cochran's Q test was used to determine change in physical activity over time. The association between reaching the level of HEPA and time, age, BMI, gender, and Charnley classification was investigated using the generalized estimation equation (GEE) model. Results: The proportion of patients who reached the level of HEPA increased by 345 patients, from 77 to 82%, from baseline to 3 months follow-up. At 12 months, the proportion of patients who reached the level of HEPA decreased to 76%. Not reaching the level of HEPA was associated with overweight, obesity, male gender and Charnley category C, i.e. osteoarthritis in multiple joint sites (hip and knee), or presence of any other disease that affects walking ability. Conclusions: Following the supported osteoarthritis self-management programme there was a significant increase in the proportion of patients who reached the recommended level of HEPA after 3 months. Improvements were lost after 12 months. To increase physical activity and reach long-lasting changes in levels of physical activity, more follow-up sessions might be needed.

  • 322.
    Ersson, Bernt
    et al.
    Allmänläkare, Gävle.
    Aurell, Inger
    Läkarhuset Hermelinen Luleå, Sjukgymnastiken.
    Billsen, Mats
    Ortopediska kliniken Hässleolm-Kristianstad.
    Dobrescu, Tudor
    Tudorkliniken, Halmstad.
    Dobrescu, Daniela
    Landstingshälsan, Halmstad.
    Flodin, Marianne
    Värmdö Primärvård.
    Pettersson-Hanning, Jan
    Läkarhuset Hermelinen Luleå, Sjukgymnastiken.
    Henriksson, Anders
    Läkarhuset Hermelinen Luleå, Sjukgymnastiken.
    Holmberg, Göran
    Jensen, Jörn
    Sjukhuset Varberg, Röntgenkliniken.
    Ludwig, Bernd
    Landskrona Läkargrupp.
    Magnusson, Ulla
    Möller, Agneta
    Läkarhuset Hermelinen Luleå, Sjukgymnastiken.
    Tegner, Yelverton
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Medical Science.
    Osteoporos: DXL-hälmätare använd med förstånd räcker långt för klinisk användning2003In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 100, no 3, 156-157 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 323.
    Erzurum, Seher
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Hur upplever elever miljön i omklädningsrummet2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte och frågeställningar

    Det är i skolan som den mesta mobbningen bland barn och ungdomar äger rum. Mobbning innebär att en person blir utsatt för kränkande behandlingar, och som består av avsiktliga handlingar. Det finns olika slags icke-önskevärda beteenden såsom utfrysning, trakasserier, retningar. (Skolverket, 2009). En av de många platserna där det finns stor risk att mobbning förekommer är bland annat i omklädningsrummen. Höistad menar att i omklädningsrummen kan det hända mycket som läraren ofta inte har en aning om (Höistad, 2001). Syftet med denna studie är att analysera hur elever i de lägre åldrarna upplever miljön i omklädningsrummen. Hur ser omklädningssituationen ut? Utifrån syftet formulerades två frågeställningar;

    Hur upplever elever i de lägre åldrarna miljön i omklädningsrummet? och Känner eleverna sig utsatta i omklädningsrummet i skolan, och i så fall på vilket sätt yttrar sig detta?

    Metod

    I studien används en kvalitativ metod, i form av intervjuer. För att få en djupare förståelse av resultatet användes Piagets kognitiva teori om olika utvecklingsstadier. Elevernas uppförande mot varandra kopplas med Piagets teori. Studien genomfördes på en skola i Stockholmsregionen, där 10 elever intervjuades.

    Resultat

    Resultatet visar att eleverna känner sig rätt så trygga i omklädningsrummen, de skojar och upplever att de har väldigt kul med varandra. Enligt Piaget så är eleverna i stadiet där de uppför sig moget, de intar ett vuxen tänk (Piaget 1978). Elevernas största problem är de ofräscha lokalerna såsom duschen och omklädningsrummen. Slutsatserna visar att utifrån elevernas berättelser upplever de omklädningssituationen positivt. Det förekommer sällan negativa handlingar. De uppgav också att de visste vilka de skulle vända sig till om de upplevde att det kände sig utsatta.

  • 324.
    Eshuis, Rienk
    et al.
    St. Antonius Hospital, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Nieuwegein.
    Lentjes, Gijsbertus Wilhelmus
    St. Antonius Hospital, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Nieuwegein.
    Tegner, Yelverton
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Medical Science.
    Wolterbeek, Nienke
    St. Antonius Hospital, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Nieuwegein.
    Veen, Maurits Remmelt
    St. Antonius Hospital, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Nieuwegein.
    Dutch Translation and Cross-cultural Adaption of the Lysholm Score and Tegner Activity Scale for Patients With Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries2016In: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, ISSN 0190-6011, E-ISSN 1938-1344, Vol. 46, no 11, 976-983 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Study Design Clinical measurement. Background The Lysholm score and Tegner Activity Scale are frequently used patient-reported instruments to determine the functional status and activity level after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Objectives To translate and cross-culturally adapt the Lysholm score and Tegner Activity Scale for use in the Dutch population and to evaluate reliability and validity of these questionnaires in individuals after ACL reconstruction. Methods The translation and adaptation was conducted in several steps according to the guidelines in the literature. The measurement properties of the Lysholm score and Tegner Activity Scale (internal consistency, construct validity, and floor and ceiling effects) were tested in 96 patients. Reproducibility was tested in 69 patients, for patient with anterior cruciate ligament injuries. On the first occasion, the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) and RAND-36 item Health Survey (RAND-36) were also administered. Results The Lysholm score and Tegner Activity Scale showed good test-retest reliability between repeated measures (respectively ICC 0.93 and 0.97). Internal consistency was reasonable to good (Cronbach's α=0.70-0.83). The Lysholm score had a very strong correlation with the IKDC (r= 0.83, p<0.01) and moderate correlation with the RAND-36 (r=0.55, p<0.01). The Tegner Activity Scale had a moderate correlation with both IKDC and the RAND-36 (r= 0.42 p<0.01 respectively r= 0.48 p<0.01). Conclusion This study demonstrated acceptable psychometric performances for the Lysholm score and the Tegner scale as outcome measures for Dutch patients after ACL reconstruction. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, Epub 28 Sep 2016. doi:10.2519/jospt.2016.6566.

  • 325.
    Eskilsson, Camilla
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Hörberg, Ulrica
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Ekebergh, Margaretha
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Högskolan i Borås.
    Carlsson, Gunilla
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Student nurses’ experiences of how caring andlearning is intertwined: A phenomenological study2014In: Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, ISSN 1925-4040, Vol. 4, no 2, 82-93 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Clinical studies in nursing education ought to create conditions for the students to link theory to praxis.Previous research in this field focuses on the gap between theory and practice, learning environments, supervision andreflection connected to caring and learning. In addition there are studies that propose the concept of learning and caring asintertwined. The aim of this study is to describe how caring and learning is intertwined from a student perspective.Methods: The study was carried out using Reflective Lifeworld Research (RLR) with a phenomenological approach.Lifeworld interviews were conducted with students after their clinical placement on a Dedicated Education Unit (DEU).Results: The essential meaning is a movement where caring and learning fall into place which appears in an atmospherefilled with appealing challenges, but has to be sensitive to the students’ readiness. The atmosphere depends on their senseof security and how they experience confirming and affirming responses. Encountering the patient means that the studentscan gain a sense of the whole and the theory falls into place. The results also highlight how the student, in this atmosphere,has a desire to find a new role in a personal style.Conclusions: The study emphasizes the importance of supporting the students in understanding learning and caring asintertwined and not separated. A dualistic approach could harm the students’ aim to get the knowledge embodied. Thisholistic perspective requires a reflective attitude on caring and learning and has to be further developed in the didactics andsupervision.

  • 326.
    Ettanen, Tarja
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Entreprenöriellt lärande - ett förhållningssätt i undervisningen2010Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Avsikten med detta arbete har varit att synliggöra och att utforma en lärarhandledning som baseras på det entreprenöriella förhållningssättet i undervisningen. Bakomliggande metod har inkluderat litteraturstudier, inventering av befintliga projekt inom området, deltagande av utbildningsdag om entreprenörskap, intervjuer av lärare samt västerås projektansvarige för entreprenörskap i Västerås skolor. Entreprenörskap för elever har tidigare drivits av organisationer utanför skolorna varför det har blivit mer angeläget att utbilda skolpersonal så att förhållningssättet kan börja utvecklas inne i den dagliga verksamheten inom skolans egen arena. Resultatet visade att det fanns lärare som framhöll att de alltid undervisat med ett entreprenöriellt förhållningssätt. Det fanns lärare som kände behov av att lära elever olika strategier som eleverna sedan själva kunde utnyttja i sitt lärande. Arbetet visade även att det fanns lärare som blev nyfikna och intresserade av det entreprenöriella förhållningssättet.

  • 327.
    Ewertsson, Mona
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Lärande av praktiska färdigheter inom sjuksköterskeprofessionen: studier av lärande i olika arenor2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A central part of the nursing profession is the performance of practical skills. In order to provide adequate care, maintain patient-safety, and feel comfortable in the profession, registered nurses (RNs) need to be equipped with requisite skills. Overall aim: To explore and describe how learning and development of practical skills occurs during the preparatory phases and within the nursing profession. Method: Qualitative (I, III, IV) and quantitative methods (II) were used. Data were collected through individual interviews (I, IV), questionnaires (II) and participant observations, including informal talks (III, IV). Results: Both students and new RNs expressed a need to learn and develop practical skills (I, II, III, IV). Less than half of the new RNs had access to a clinical skill laboratory (CSL), where they could learn and practice practical skills (II). The students described that learning at a CSL had been meaning for their clinical practice. They also expressed a great need for continuing learning in real patient situations (I, III, IV). During clinical practice, preceptors and students took different approaches which affected student’s learning processesö (I, III, IV). There was a tension between learning at a CSL and learning in clinical practice sites because students perceived differences in the performance of skills. Students described that they understood that performance of skills could be done in different ways without injuring patients. However, the data also showed deviations in performances that could jeopardize patientsafety. In these situations, student’s behavior differed (I, IV). One third of new RNs deviated from evidence based guidelines when they performed practical skills which they were unfamiliar with (II). Both students and new RNs reported that reflection in connection with the performance of practical skills was not common (I, II III, IV). Conclusions: Cooperation between university CSLs and clinical settings must be intensified in order to enhance the understanding of learning processes regarding practical skills. A consensus regarding academic approaches should be reached. Universities need to support preceptors in educational issues where the importance of reflection is clarified and exemplified. Increasing patient-safety requires that new RNs receive opportunities for training in artificial environments, and that a culture that reinforces the use of guidelines and a reflective stance is cultivated.

  • 328.
    Ewertsson, Mona
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta
    Jönköping University.
    Allvin, Renèe
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Örebro University Hospital.
    Blomberg, Karin
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Tensions in learning professional identities: nursing students narratives and participation in practical skills during their clinical practiceManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 329.
    Ewertsson, Mona
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Blomberg, Karin
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Nursing students’ socialisation into practical skillsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 330.
    Faag, Carina
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    A comprehensive nurse-led intervention for patients with peripheral vestibular disorders: the feasibility and benefits2015Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Dizziness and balance problems are common symptoms at all ages, the symptoms are more common in women than in men and increases with age. Several studies clearly demonstrate that peripheral vestibular disorders symptoms may lead to the patients reporting functional consequences of a physical, mental and social character. The overall aim of this thesis was to investigate the efficacy and feasibility of an intervention for patients with peripheral vestibular disorders that contains patient education in groups in combination with individual support. The study is a randomized controlled trial (RCT). Thirty-six patients participated in the study: the intervention group (n = 18), who received the intervention and standard care, and patients in a control group (n = 18), who received standard care. The intervention includes a patient education program and individualized nursing support during a six-month period. Outcomes were collected by self-assessment questionnaires about dizziness-related symptoms, well-being, sense of coherence, and self-care measured at baseline before randomization and at six and nine months later. All patients were also instructed to complete a diary where they recorded symptoms that arose during an episode of dizziness. The main results show that the patients who received the intervention rated statistically significant fewer vertigo-related symptoms and a higher sense of coherence than the control group at the ninemonth follow-up. The intervention was feasible and seems to support the patients to manage symptoms. The effects were small and must be considered in relation to the efforts of the intervention. Confirmative studies are warranted.

  • 331.
    Fagerlind Ståhl, Anna-Carin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Gustavsson, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Karlsson, Nadine
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Johansson, Gun
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Lean production tools and decision latitude enable conditions for innovative learning in organizations: a multilevel analysis2015In: Applied Ergonomics, ISSN 0003-6870, E-ISSN 1872-9126, Vol. 47, 285-291 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effect of lean production on conditions for learning is debated. This study aimed to investigate how tools inspired by lean production (standardization, resource reduction, visual monitoring, housekeeping, value flow analysis) were associated with an innovative learning climate and with collective dispersion of ideas in organizations, and whether decision latitude contributed to these associations. A questionnaire was sent out to employees in public, private, production and service organizations (n = 4442). Multilevel linear regression analyses were used. Use of lean tools and decision latitude were positively associated with an innovative learning climate and collective dispersion of ideas. A low degree of decision latitude was a modifier in the association to collective dispersion of ideas. Lean tools can enable shared understanding and collective spreading of ideas, needed for the development of work processes, especially when decision latitude is low. Value flow analysis played a pivotal role in the associations.

  • 332. Faggiano, Fabrizio
    et al.
    Allara, Elias
    Giannotta, Fabrizia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Molinar, Roberta
    Sumnall, Harry
    Wiers, Reinout
    Michie, Susan
    Collins, Linda
    Conrod, Patricia
    Europe Needs a Central, Transparent, and Evidence-Based Approval Process for Behavioural Prevention Interventions2014In: PLoS Medicine, ISSN 1549-1277, E-ISSN 1549-1676, Vol. 11, no 10, e1001740- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 333.
    Falk, Sara
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Rolltydlighet, rollkonflikt, socialt stöd och det uppmuntrande ledarskapet: -undersköterskor och vårdbiträdens komplexa arbeten2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 334.
    Faxe, Anette
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Faktorer som påverkar sjuksköterskor på ambulansen att lämna patienter på annan vårdnivå än akuten2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 335.
    Faxéus, Andreas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Samverkan inom Arbetsmarknadstorget: Framgångsnycklar och utmaningar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 336.
    Finke, Mareike
    et al.
    Hannover Medical Sch, Germany; Cluster Excellence Hearing4all, Germany; Cluster Excellence Hearing4all, Germany.
    Boenitz, Hanna
    Hannover Medical Sch, Germany.
    Lyxell, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology in Linköping. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
    Illg, Angelika
    Hannover Medical Sch, Germany.
    Cochlear implant effectiveness in postlingual single-sided deaf individuals: whats the point?2017In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 56, no 6, 417-423 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: By extending the indication criteria for cochlear implants (CI), the population of CI candidates increased in age, as well as range and type of hearing loss. This qualitative study identified factors that contributed to seek CI treatment in single-sided deaf individuals and gained insights how single-sided deafness (SSD) and hearing with a CI affect their lives. Design: An open-ended questionnaire and a standardised inventory (IOI-HA) were used. Qualitative data reflecting the reasons to seek CI treatment and the individual experiences after CI switch-on were collected. Study sample: A total of 19 postlingually deafened single-sided deaf CI users. Results: Participants use their CI daily and stated that their life satisfaction increased since CI activation. The analysis of the qualitative data revealed four core categories: sound localisation, tinnitus and noise sensitivity, fear to lose the second ear and quality of life. Conclusions: Our results show how strongly and diversely quality of hearing and quality of life is affected by acquired SSD and improved after CI activation. Our data suggest that the fear of hearing loss (HL) on the normal hearing (NH) ear is an important but so far neglected reason to seek treatment with a CI in individuals with postlingual SSD.

  • 337.
    Fletcher, Erika
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology.
    van Maren, Wendy
    Department of Immunohematology & Blood Transfusion, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden.
    Cordfunke, Robert
    Department of Immunohematology & Blood Transfusion, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden.
    Dinkelaar, Jasper
    Department of Bio-organic Synthesis, Leiden Institute of Chemistry, Leiden University, Leiden.
    Codee, Jeroen
    Department of Bio-organic Synthesis, Leiden Institute of Chemistry, Leiden University, Leiden.
    Marel, Gijs
    Department of Bio-organic Synthesis, Leiden Institute of Chemistry, Leiden University, Leiden.
    Melief, Cornelis
    Department of Immunohematology & Blood Transfusion, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden.
    Ossendorp, Ferry
    Department of Immunohematology & Blood Transfusion, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden.
    Drijfhout, Jan Wouter
    Department of Immunohematology & Blood Transfusion, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden.
    Mangsbo, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences.
    Formation ofimmune-complexes by a defined linear tetanus toxin-derived B cell epitope boosts human T cell responses to long peptides: ICs boost specific-T cellsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Enhancing T cell responses against both viral and tumor antigens requires efficient co-stimulation and directed delivery of peptide antigens into APCs. As short peptides can lead to T cell tolerance and can only be used in a specific set of patients, long peptides are considered favourable vaccine moieties from a clinical perspective as they can harbor more than one immunogenic epitope enabling a broader target population. In addition, longer peptides are not bound unselectively to MHC class I on any cell, but rather require processing and will thereby be presented to T cells in secondary lymphoid organs. However, as peptides are not actively targeted to and taken up by APCs, and the standard non-conjugated adjuvant-peptide mixtures do not ensure co-targeting of the two to the same APC. We have identified a linear tetanus-toxin derived B cell epitope that can mediate the formation of immune-complexes by the presence of circulating antibodies. Herein, we show that these complexes, improve both antigen uptake by APCs (blood monocytes and CD1c+ DCs) and thereby CD8+ T cell recall responses in a human ex-vivo blood loop system. The uptake of the peptide conjugate by blood monocytes is dependent on antibodies and the complement component C1q.  The defined linear peptide steers the immune-complex formation to a monoclonal-like complex and as a consequence we show that the number of linear tetanus sequences per T cell epitope determines the outcome of the response. We envision that this strategy can be used to facilitate active uptake of antigens into antigen-presenting cells to improve T cell responses against pathogens or cancer.

  • 338.
    Fletcher, Paul
    et al.
    University College Cork, Ireland.
    Ball, Martin
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Crystal, David
    University of Bangor, UK.
    Profiling grammar: more languages of LARSP2016 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book brings together twelve previously unpublished language profiles based on the original Language Assessment, Remediation and Screening Procedure (LARSP). The languages featured are: Afrikaans, Bulgarian, Cantonese, Finnish, Greek, Hindi, Hungarian, Japanese, Kannada, Korean, Malay and Swedish. Each chapter includes a grammatical sketch of the language, details of typical language development in speakers of the language, as well as a description of and justification for the profile itself. The book will be an invaluable resource for speech-language pathologists and others wishing to analyse the grammatical abilities of individuals speaking one of these languages. This new collection complements a previous book in this series on the same theme: Assessing Grammar: The Languages of LARSP (Ball et al., 2012,).

  • 339.
    Fletcher, Paul
    et al.
    Speech and Hearing Sciences, University College Cork, Ireland.
    Ball, Martin J.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Crystal, David
    University of Bangor, UK.
    Profiling grammar: more languages of LARSP2016 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book brings together twelve previously unpublished language profiles based on the original Language Assessment, Remediation and Screening Procedure (LARSP). The languages featured are: Afrikaans, Bulgarian, Cantonese, Finnish, Greek, Hindi, Hungarian, Japanese, Kannada, Korean, Malay and Swedish. Each chapter includes a grammatical sketch of the language, details of typical language development in speakers of the language, as well as a description of and justification for the profile itself. The book will be an invaluable resource for speech-language pathologists and others wishing to analyse the grammatical abilities of individuals speaking one of these languages. This new collection complements a previous book in this series on the same theme: Assessing Grammar: The Languages of LARSP (Ball et al., 2012,).

  • 340.
    Folkmarson Käll, Lisa
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Health and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Dimensions of Pain: Humanities and Social Science Perspectives2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Pain research is still dominated by biomedical perspectives and the need to articulate pain in ways other than those offered by evidence based medical models is pressing. Examining closely subjective experiences of pain, this book explores the way in which pain is situated, communicated and formed in a larger cultural and social context.

    Dimensions of Pain

    explores the lived experience of pain, and questions of identity and pain, from a range of different disciplinary perspectives within the humanities and social sciences. Discussing the acuity and temporality of pain, its isolating impact, the embodied expression of pain, pain and sexuality, gender and ethnicity, it also includes a cluster of three chapters discusses the phenomenon and experience of labour pains.

    This volume revitalizes the study of pain, offering productive ways of carefully thinking through its different aspects and exploring the positive and enriching side of world-forming pain as well as its limiting aspects. It will be of interest to academics and students interested in pain from a range of backgrounds, including philosophy, sociology, nursing, midwifery, medicine and gender studies.

  • 341.
    Forinder, Ulla
    et al.
    Socialhögskolan, Stockholms universitet.
    Lindahl Norberg, Annika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care. Karolinska Institutet.
    Posttraumatic growth and support among parents whose children have survived stem cell transplantation2014In: Journal of Child Health Care, ISSN 1367-4935, E-ISSN 1741-2889, Vol. 18, no 4, 326-335 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the current study, we investigated the occurrence of posttraumatic growth (PTG) among parents whose children had had stem cell transplantation (SCT) and survived. Although SCT is well established, it remains stressful and dangerous, and SCT is only performed if there is no other choice of treatment to be considered. A questionnaire batteries including the Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Check List-Civilian version and the Post-Traumatic Growth Inventory were sent out to a cross-sectional national sample of parents of children who had had SCT six months or more before the study. The response rate was 66% (n = 281). The data were analyzed in relation to parents' appraisal of the event, gender, and perceived social support. The results confirm that SCT in childhood is an event of extreme adversity for the parents. Indications of PTSD were found among an important minority of the parents. Nevertheless, a large proportion of the parents had experienced growth as a consequence of the child's illness. Appreciation of life and personal strength were the domains with the highest scores. Moreover, a higher level of PTG was correlated with a higher level of posttraumatic stress and with an experience of the trauma as more severe. In summary, the study indicates that PTG is a relevant concept for this group of parents.

  • 342.
    Forsberg, Anette
    et al.
    Örebro University Hospital. Division of Neurology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm; Family Medicine Research Centre, Örebro County Council, Örebro, Sweden.
    Widén-Holmqvist, Lotta
    Division of Neurology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm; Division of Physiotherapy, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund.
    Balancing everyday life two years after falling ill with Guillain-Barre syndrome: a qualitative study2015In: Clinical Rehabilitation, ISSN 0269-2155, E-ISSN 1477-0873, Vol. 29, no 6, 601-610 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim was to describe experiences of disability in everyday life and managing the recovery process two years after falling ill with Guillain-Barré syndrome.

    Design: Qualitative interview study.

    Methods: Interviews were conducted with 35 persons (22 male, mean age 50 years) two years after the onset of Guillain-Barré syndrome. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed using content analysis.

    Results: The analysis revealed four categories and an overall theme: ‘Striving for balance in everyday life’. The participants described persistent lived body restrictions that affected their arms, legs, and face. Bodily symptoms and loss of energy limited or restricted many everyday activities. In connection with healthcare, both satisfaction and feeling vulnerable in a critical situation were described. Experiences of the recovery process varied. The participants described acceptance and reappraisal of a new life situation despite their limitations, and having gained the knowledge that life can change suddenly. However, they also expressed disappointment following an overly positive prognosis in the early stages, and over a continuous wait for recovery. For some participants life had returned to as before.

    Conclusion: The participants experienced limitations in everyday life and decreased functioning in several parts of the body. The recovery process may still be ongoing two years after onset. Rehabilitation intervention with an extended focus on supporting individualized coping processes could facilitate ways to live with persistent disability.

  • 343.
    Forssén, Josephine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Varför väljer man bort friskvårdstimmen?: En studie om varför kommunanställda kvinnor väljer att inte nyttja friskvårdstimmen2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 344.
    Fransson, Emma
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, Ctr Hlth Equ Studies CHESS, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Sarkadi, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Pediatrics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Hjern, Anders
    Stockholm Univ, Ctr Hlth Equ Studies CHESS, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Karolinska Univ Hosp, Dept Med, Clin Epidemiol, S-17176 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Bergstrom, Malin
    Stockholm Univ, Ctr Hlth Equ Studies CHESS, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Why should they live more with one of us when they are children to us both?: Parents' motives for practicing equal joint physical custody for children aged 0-42016In: Children and youth services review, ISSN 0190-7409, E-ISSN 1873-7765, Vol. 66, 154-160 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Joint physical custody, i.e., children spending an equal amount of time in both parents' home after a separation or divorce, is increasing in many countries. In line with the national policy to promote paternal involvement in parenting, two-thirds of Swedish preschoolers with non-cohabiting parents live in two homes. Internationally, there has been a debate regarding the benefits or risks with joint physical custody for infants and toddlers. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore the reasons given by divorced parents for sharing joint physical custody of children 0-4 years of age. Interviews were conducted with 46 parents (18 fathers and 28 mothers) and analyzed using systematic text condensation. Two themes emerged in response to the research question. In the theme Same rights and responsibilities, parents described that joint physical custody was 'a given' as both parents were seen to have equal rights to and responsibility for the children. Both men and women described involved fatherhood as an ideal goal. In the theme For the sake of the child, parents emphasized that joint physical custody was in the best interest of the child. Some parents had conflicts with their ex-spouses, but were still convinced of the benefits of joint physical custody and strove to make it work.

  • 345.
    Fredriksson, Ingela
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Leisure-time youth-center as health-promotion settings2016Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Leisure time is an important part of young people’s lives. Despite this, leisure-time settings have hitherto had only a minor role in setting-based health-promotion initiatives. Improving adolescents’ quality of leisuretime activities can reduce social differences in health, thus youth-centers can be appropriate settings for promoting health. However, young people with immigrant backgrounds participate less in organized leisure-time activities.

    The overall aim of this study is to explore young people’s leisure time as their health-promotion setting in two NGO-run youth-centers in multicultural, socially deprived suburbs in Sweden.

    This study took a practice-based approach using a mixture of methods in close collaboration with the youth-centers. Data collection was done through surveys with young people (n = 207) and interviews with young people and leaders (n = 16). Study I, about who participates in youthcenter activities, used an explanatory mixed method. Study II, about the youth-centers’ strategies, used an explorative qualitative method with an inductive content analysis.

    This study shows that youth-centers have great potential to be a healthpromotion setting if their strategies include some important factors, both in theory and in daily practice. To be a health-promotion setting, a youthcenter needs to be open and inclusive for its target group, foster supportive relationships, emphasize youth empowerment, and integrate family, school, and community in its strategies.

    Local knowledge about young people's backgrounds, needs, interests, and motivations to attend youth-center activities – as well as good contact with young people's families – is important because it can increase participation in leisure-time activities for young people in multicultural and socio- economically disadvantaged neighborhoods and can thus help to reduce social inequalities in health.

  • 346.
    Friberg, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Strömsnäs, Cassandra
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Behandlingsalternativ för personer med ätstörningsproblematik: En litteraturstudie2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background.

    An eating disorder is a serious mental illness that affects the whole body, mentally and physically. Women are more likely to develop an eating disorder than men. The largest diagnostic group is the EDNOS group (Eating Disorders Not Otherwise Specified) which includes BED (Binge Eating Disorder). This study focuses on the two other diagnostic groups, Anorexia Nervosa (self-starvation) and Bulimia Nervosa (binging and self-induced purging).

    Aim

    This study’s aim is to describe treatment options for people with eating disorders.

    Method

    An examination of articles was conducted. Articles were retrieved from data bases andanalysed.

    Results

    The findings were divided into themes and subthemes. Four themes were found, psychotherapeutic treatment, psychopharmacological treatment,treatment with alternative methods and the importance of a therapeutic relationship.The result shows that there are several treatment methods for an eating disorder and that the caregiver has a major part in the recovery.

    Conclusion

    No universal treatment was found so it’s important to adapt the treatment to the person’s needs. It’s also important to remember to not insult or wound the person. As a caregiver it’s necessary to remember to see beyond the disorder and see the person behind it in order to build a therapeutic relationship

  • 347.
    Fridell Anter, Karin
    University College of Arts, Crafts and Design.
    SYN-TES Rapport 1:  OPTIMA: Metodstudie om färg-, ljus och rumsupplevelse,2011Report (Refereed)
  • 348.
    Fried-Oken, Melanie
    et al.
    Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, USA.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Guest editorial: AAC and ICF: A Good Fit to Emphasize Outcomes2012In: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC, ISSN 0743-4618, E-ISSN 1477-3848, Vol. 28, no 1, 1-2 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 349.
    Frigell, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Förlossningsrädsla under graviditet: Betydande bakgrundsfaktorer- Förekomst- Önskemål om förlossningssätt- Kvinnors kontakt med klinik för förlossningsrädda2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka förekomst av gravida kvinnors upplevelse av förlossningsrädsla i relation till deras sociodemografiska, psykiatriska och obstetriska bakgrund samt önskat förlossningssätt. Metod. Förstföderskor och omföderskor som skrevs in på barnmorskemottagning tillfrågades om deltagande i studien och fick besvara två frågeformulär under graviditeten. Resultat. Totalt 776 kvinnor svarade på båda frågeformulären och svarsfrekvensen för de flesta frågor som användes till studien var över 92 %. I tidig graviditet upplevdes förlossningsrädsla av 12 % av kvinnorna i studien och av 15,5 % i sen graviditet. Nästan hälften av de med tidig upplevelse av förlossningsrädsla upplevde i slutet på graviditeten ingen eller liten rädsla. Upplevd förlossningsrädsla var vanligare bland kvinnor som tidigare varit gravida, omföderskor med erfarenhet av kejsarsnitt, kvinnor födda utanför Sverige och kvinnor som tidigare haft kontakt med psykiater och kurator. Kvinnor med upplevd förlossningsrädsla var mer benägna att önska kejsarsnitt än de som upplevde ingen eller liten rädsla. Av kvinnor med upplevd förlossningsrädsla hade omkring en fjärdedel under graviditeten varit i kontakt med Klaramottagningen, en mottagning med specialisering på förlossningsrädsla och en femtedel av dessa kvinnor rapporterade mot slutet av graviditeten ingen eller liten rädsla. Kontakt med Klaramottagningen hade även kvinnor som i tidig graviditet rapporterade ingen eller liten rädsla. Av dessa kvinnor rapporterade 45,8 % att de upplevde förlossningsrädsla i slutet på graviditeten. Konklusion. Former för hur identifiering, fördelning av vårdens resurser och utformning av stödet till gravida kvinnor och framförallt till de med upplevd förlossningsrädsla bäst sker kan utvecklas ytterligare.

  • 350.
    Fristedt, Sofi
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Dahl, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Wretstrand, Anders
    Lunds universitet.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Community mobility in older men and women - a cross-sectional and 13 years prospective perspective2014In: Sharing traditions Creating futures, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
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