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  • 301.
    Ekelund Book, Ekelund
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    The consultant doctor`s experience of how their competence is being utilized and what impact this has o their perceived psychosocial work environment2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 302. Eklöf, Motzi
    Journalförda liv: Vårdpolitiska, juridiska och etiska aspekter på livsberättelser i vård och omsorg2015In: Livsberättelser, kultur & hälsa / [ed] Motzi Eklöf, Margareta Petersson, Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2015, p. 53-58Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 303.
    Ekstam, Lisa
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Div Occupat Therapy, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Huddinge, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ Hosp, Dept Occupat Therapy, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Johansson, Ulla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Research and Development, Gävleborg. Karolinska Inst, Div Occupat Therapy, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Huddinge, Sweden..
    Guidetti, Susanne
    Karolinska Inst, Div Occupat Therapy, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Huddinge, Sweden..
    Eriksson, Gunilla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Rehabilitation Medicine. Karolinska Inst, Div Occupat Therapy, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Huddinge, Sweden..
    Ytterberg, Charlotte
    Karolinska Inst, Div Occupat Therapy, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Huddinge, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ Hosp, Div Neurol, Dept Clin Neurosci, Huddinge, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Div Physiotherapy, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Huddinge, Sweden..
    The combined perceptions of people with stroke and their carers regarding rehabilitation needs 1 year after stroke: a mixed methods study2015In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 5, no 2, article id e006784Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: The aim of the study was to explore the associations between the dyad's (person with stroke and informal caregiver) perception of the person with stroke's rehabilitation needs and stroke severity, personal factors (gender, age, sense of coherence), the use of rehabilitation services, amount of informal care and caregiver burden. Further, the aim was to explore the personal experience of everyday life changes among persons with stroke and their caregivers and their strategies for handling these 1 year after stroke. Design: A mixed methods design was used combining quantitative and qualitative data and analyses. Setting: Data were mainly collected in the participants' homes. Outcome measures: Data were collected through established instruments and open-ended interviews. The dyad's perceptions of the person with stroke's rehabilitation needs were assessed by the persons with stroke and their informal caregivers using a questionnaire based on Ware's taxonomy. The results were combined and classified into three groups: met, discordant (ie, not in agreement) and unmet rehabilitation needs. To assess sense of coherence (SOC) in persons with stroke, the SOC-scale was used. Caregiver burden was assessed using the Caregiver Burden Scale. Data on the use of rehabilitation services were obtained from the computerised register at the Stockholm County Council. Participants: 86 persons with stroke (mean age 73 years, 38% women) and their caregivers (mean age 65 years, 40% women). Results: Fifty-two per cent of the dyads perceived that the person with stroke's need for rehabilitation was met 12 months after stroke. Met rehabilitation needs were associated with less severe stroke, more coping strategies for solving problems in everyday activities and less caregiver burden. Conclusions: Rehabilitation interventions need to focus on supporting the dyads' process of psychological and social adaptation after stroke. Future studies need to explore and evaluate the effects of using a dyadic perspective throughout rehabilitation.

  • 304.
    Ekstam, Lisa
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Div Occupat Therapy, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Huddinge, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ Hosp, Dept Occupat Therapy, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Johansson, Ulla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Research and Development, Gävleborg. Karolinska Inst, Div Occupat Therapy, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Huddinge, Sweden..
    Guidetti, Susanne
    Karolinska Inst, Div Occupat Therapy, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Huddinge, Sweden..
    Eriksson, Gunilla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Rehabilitation Medicine. Karolinska Inst, Div Occupat Therapy, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Huddinge, Sweden..
    Ytterberg, Charlotte
    Karolinska Inst, Div Occupat Therapy, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Huddinge, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ Hosp, Div Neurol, Dept Clin Neurosci, Huddinge, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Div Physiotherapy, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Huddinge, Sweden..
    The combined perceptions of people with stroke and their carers regarding rehabilitation needs 1 year after stroke: a mixed methods study2015In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 5, no 2, article id e006784Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: The aim of the study was to explore the associations between the dyad's (person with stroke and informal caregiver) perception of the person with stroke's rehabilitation needs and stroke severity, personal factors (gender, age, sense of coherence), the use of rehabilitation services, amount of informal care and caregiver burden. Further, the aim was to explore the personal experience of everyday life changes among persons with stroke and their caregivers and their strategies for handling these 1 year after stroke. Design: A mixed methods design was used combining quantitative and qualitative data and analyses. Setting: Data were mainly collected in the participants' homes. Outcome measures: Data were collected through established instruments and open-ended interviews. The dyad's perceptions of the person with stroke's rehabilitation needs were assessed by the persons with stroke and their informal caregivers using a questionnaire based on Ware's taxonomy. The results were combined and classified into three groups: met, discordant (ie, not in agreement) and unmet rehabilitation needs. To assess sense of coherence (SOC) in persons with stroke, the SOC-scale was used. Caregiver burden was assessed using the Caregiver Burden Scale. Data on the use of rehabilitation services were obtained from the computerised register at the Stockholm County Council. Participants: 86 persons with stroke (mean age 73 years, 38% women) and their caregivers (mean age 65 years, 40% women). Results: Fifty-two per cent of the dyads perceived that the person with stroke's need for rehabilitation was met 12 months after stroke. Met rehabilitation needs were associated with less severe stroke, more coping strategies for solving problems in everyday activities and less caregiver burden. Conclusions: Rehabilitation interventions need to focus on supporting the dyads' process of psychological and social adaptation after stroke. Future studies need to explore and evaluate the effects of using a dyadic perspective throughout rehabilitation.

  • 305.
    Ekstedt, Malin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Arbetsmiljö i ny kontext: En diskursiv analys av krav-och kontrollmodellen2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 306.
    Ekstedt, Mirjam
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Ödegård, Synnöve
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Exploring Gaps in Cancer Care Using a Systems Safety Perspective2015In: Cognition, Technology & Work, ISSN 1435-5558, E-ISSN 1435-5566, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 5-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gaps in the continuity of care may appear as losses of information or momentum or as interruptions in the delivery of care. To systematically improve patient safety, we need to know more about how gaps in the continuity of health care are identified and mitigated. This study seeks to describe healthcare professionals’ understanding of how they anticipate, detect and handle gaps in cancer care. Ten focus-group interviews and two individual interviews were conducted with a total of 34 cancer-care professionals (physicians, nurses, managers and administrators)from three counties in mid-Sweden. Various specialties in cancer care were covered: primary care, inhospital care, palliative care, advanced home are, and children’s care. Interviews were analyzed inductively using qualitative content analysis. The results show that patient safety in cancer care is dependent on a resilient organization that is capable of anticipation, monitoring, adapting and learning at all levels of care. The professionals anticipated gaps in situations where contacts between healthcare providers were limited and when they were faced by time or resource constraints. The extent to which aps could be managed by professionals at the sharp end was largely determined by their bility to adapt to complex and unexpected situations in their daily work. The management of gaps was perceived differently by managers and clinicians, however. The study also indicates hat the continuity of care could be improved by patients’ participation in decisions about reatments and care plans, and by a mutual responsibility for the transfer of information and knowledge across professional boundaries. These results are discussed from a resilience ngineering perspective, and they emphasize the management’s responsibility to address gaps identified in the system. Designing resilient healthcare organizations enables professionals at  the sharp end to prevent human error or mitigate its consequences.

  • 307.
    Ekstrand, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Ekstrand, Irina
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Överviktiga barns upplevelser av hälsa och lidande2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In the background important concepts as health, suffering, obesity, consequences of overweight, treatment, vulnerability and importance of activity are described. This for the reader will be able to understand the extent of the problem. The study will focus on overweight children and adolescents. Problem: Overweight in children and adolescents are a growing problem, leading to a number of negative consequences, many physical but also psychological, spiritual and social. Objective: To describe overweight children and adolescents experiences of health and suffering. Method: A qualitative literature study with an inductive approach and manifest content analysis based on Graneheim & Lundmans (2004) methodology article. The study was conducted in autobiographies for adults to describe their experiences of growing up with being overweight. Results: The study shows that overweight children and adolescents experiences on the basis of its overweight relating to health and suffering. The results are presented in categories of self-esteem, self-loathing, despair, vulnerability, alienation and love. Conclusion: Many children and adolescents with overweight are experiencing considerable suffering and barely any health. They have poor self-esteem and are experiencing self-loathing and desperation. They are often teased and subjected to bullying which can lead to alienation. They feel they cannot find the true love because of their overweight.

  • 308.
    Ekstrand-Hammarström, Barbro
    et al.
    FOI, Umeå.
    Akfur, Christine
    FOI, Umeå.
    Andersson, Per Ola
    FOI, UMEÅ.
    Lejon, Christian
    FOI, Umeå.
    Österlund, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Buch, Anders
    FOI, Umeå.
    Human Primary Bronchial Epithelial Cells are more Responsive to Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles than the Lung Epithelial Cell Lines A549 and BEAS-2B2012In: Nanotoxicology, ISSN 1743-5390, E-ISSN 1743-5404, Vol. 6, no 6, p. 623-634Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have compared the cellular uptake and responses of fivepreparations of nanocrystalline titanium dioxide (TiO2) betweennormal human bronchial epithelial (NHBE) cells and epithelialcell lines (A549 and BEAS-2B). The P25 nanoparticles, containingboth anatase and rutile modifications, induced reactive oxygenspecies (ROS) and secretion of the neutrophil chemoattractantIL-8 in all three cell types used. Pure anatase and rutile particlesprovoked differential IL-8 response in A549 and no response inBEAS-2B cells despite similar formation of ROS. The pure TiO2modifications also provoked release of the inflammatorymediators: IL-6, G-CSF and VEGF, in NHBE cells but not in the twocell lines. We conclude that the responsiveness of lung epithelialcells is strongly dependent on both the physicochemicalproperties of TiO2 nanoparticles and the type of responder cells.The differential pro-inflammatory responsiveness of primarylung epithelial cells compared with immortalized cell linesshould be considered in the assessment of adverse reactions toinhaled nanoparticles.

  • 309.
    Ekström, Anette
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Thorstensson, Stina
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Nurses and midwives professional support increases with improved attitudes - design and effects of a longitudinal randomized controlled process-oriented intervention2015In: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, ISSN 1471-2393, E-ISSN 1471-2393, Vol. 15, no 1, article id 275Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Becoming parents for the first time is challenging. Mothers need both social and professional support to handle these challenges. Professionals’ attitudes affect quality of care and support. So to improve professional support, an intervention consisting of a process-oriented training was performed. Due to the positive results of the intervention there is a need to illuminate the methodological approach further. The overall aim was therefore to describe a methodological approach to improve and evaluate health care professionals’ attitudes toward breastfeeding and parental support in order to improve quality of care in childbearing.

    Methods: This study was a longitudinal randomized control intervention study, in which groups of mothers received care in childbearing from midwives and child health nurses. These health professionals had gone through a process-oriented training, or not. In order to improve attitudes of health professionals the training was based on evidence, practical skills and reflective processes (both private and professional experiences) in relation to breastfeeding and parental support. Included in the longitudinal study were health professionals from five intervention municipalities n = 36 and health professionals from five control municipalities n = 45. All mothers who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were consecutively identified from the hospital register and asked to participate in the study. Mothers who accepted to participate were included in the interventions group (n = 206) or control groups (n = 162, n = 172 respectively) based on which municipality they belonged to.

    Results: The results of the process-oriented training improved the professionals’ attitudes toward breastfeeding and parental support. These improved attitudes in health professionals increased intervention-group mother’s satisfaction with professional and social support. Intervention-group mother’s relation to and feelings for their baby as well as breastfeeding was also improved.

    Conclusion: These results stress the importance of professionals’ attitude in quality of care during childbearing, as well as pointing to the possibility to improve professionals’ attitudes with a process-oriented training.

    Trial registration: Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ANZCTR), trial registration:ACTRN12611000354987.

  • 310.
    Ekström, Anette
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Thorstensson, Stina
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Validation of Measurement Scales in Health Care2015In: Journal of Nursing & Care, ISSN 2167-1168, Vol. 4, no 2, article id 1000236Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 311.
    Elbadawi, Mohammed
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences. Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Sheffield.
    Meredith, James
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Sheffield.
    Hopkins, Lynne
    Department of Material Science and Engineering, University of Sheffield.
    Reaney, Ian
    Department of Material Science and Engineering, University of Sheffield.
    Progress in Bioactive Metal and, Ceramic Implants for Load-Bearing Application2016In: Advanced Techniques in Bone Regeneration / [ed] Alessandro Rozim Zorzi and Joao Batista de Miranda, Croatia: INTECH, 2016Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The field of biomaterials is an exuberant and enticing field, attracting interest across a number of scientific disciplines. Synthetic materials such as metals and ceramics have helped civilisation accomplish many feats, and this can also be said for the achievements in orthopaedic applications. Metals and ceramics have achieved success in non-load-bearing applications and attempts are made to translate the accomplishments into weight-bearing applications. For this, a material needs to be porous but with sufficient strength to withstand daily loading; however, both properties are mutually exclusive. The implant must also avoid causing adverse reactions and toxicity and, preferably, bond to the surrounding tissues. Metals such as stainless steels and chromium-cobalt alloys have been used due to their excellent mechanical properties that can withstand daily activities, but retrospective studies have alluded to the possibilities of significant adverse reaction when implanted within the human body, caused by the elution of metal ions. Lessons from metals have also demonstrated that materials with significantly higher mechanical properties will not necessarily enhance the longevity of the implant—such is the complexity of the human body. Ceramics, on the other hand, exhibit excellent biocompatibility, but their mechanical properties are a significant hindrance for load-bearing use. Thus, the chapter herein provides a select overview of contemporary research undertaken to address the aforementioned drawbacks for both metals and ceramics. Furthermore, the chapter includes a section of how metals and ceramics can be combined in a multi-material approach to bring together their respective properties to achieve a desirable characteristics.

  • 312.
    Elbadawi, Mohammed
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Medical Science.
    Meredith, James
    Mosalagae, Mosalagae
    Reaney, Ian M
    Porous hydroxyapatite scaffolds fabricated from nano-sized powder via honeycomb extrusion2017In: Advanced Materials Letters, ISSN 0976-3961, E-ISSN 0976-397X, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 377-385Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we have developed hydroxyapatite (HA) scaffolds for synthetic bone graft from nano-sized HA particles using ceramic extrusion. We also demonstrate that these HA scaffolds show enhanced compressive strength (29.4 MPa), whilst possessing large pore sizes (> 600 µm) that are suitable for bone grafting. The extrusion process involved forming a ceramic paste by mixing the HA powder with a binder and distilled water. The ceramic paste was then fabricated using a ram extruder that was fitted with a honeycomb die to impart large, structured pores. Several green bodies were extruded and then subjected to the same drying and thermal debinding treatment. The samples underwent three different sintering temperatures and two varied dwell times, in order to determine the optimum sintering parameters. The scaffolds were then analysed for their chemical, physical, mechanical and biological properties to elucidate the effects of the sintering parameters on extruded HA scaffolds. The results revealed that the nano-sized particles exhibited a high sinterability, and XRD analysis showed phase purity until 1300 oC. At 1300 oC, trace amounts of phase impurities were detected, however, scaffolds sintered at this temperature exhibited the highest mean compressive strength. The findings demonstrated that traces of phase impurities were not detrimental to the scaffold’s compressive strength. In addition, scanning electron microscopy and density measurements revealed a highly densified solid phase was attained.

  • 313.
    Elbadawi, Mohammed
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Medical Science.
    Mosalagae, Mosalagae
    Goodall, Russell
    Tape casting and lost carbonate sintering processes for production of heat sinks for portable electronics2017In: Advanced Materials Letters, ISSN 0976-3961, E-ISSN 0976-397X, Vol. 8, no 7, p. 807-812Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Porous copper was fabricated by means of a powder metallurgy process applied to tape casting. Lost Carbonate Sintering (LCS) was employed to control porosity within the component during processing. The weight ratio of the potassium carbonate introduced into the matrix ranged from 30-40 wt%. Additives such as; plasticizers, binders, dispersant and solvents were utilized to control the properties throughout the processes and ease fabrication. The component was debinded and sintered at 400 °C and 900 °C respectively, under vacuum. The potassium carbonate was removed from the sintered component via dissolution in water. By using X-ray Florescence (XRF) and Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry (EDS) techniques, the effectiveness of the dissolution route at removing the space holder was investigated. The results shows that porous copper produced in this way has porosity ranging from 75-85 % and pore size from 500-766 mm. The component produced has thickness ranging from 1300 -1800 mm.

  • 314.
    Elbadawi, Mohammed
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Medical Science. Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom; .
    Wally, Zena J.
    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.
    Reaney, Ian
    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.
    Porous Hydroxyapatite-Bioactive Glass Hybrid Scaffolds Fabricated via Ceramic Honeycomb Extrusion2018In: Journal of The American Ceramic Society, ISSN 0002-7820, E-ISSN 1551-2916, Vol. 101, no 8, p. 3541-3556Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The successful fabrication of hydroxyapatite-bioactive glass scaffolds using honeycomb extrusion is presented herein. Hydroxyapatite was combined with either 10 wt% stoichiometric Bioglass® (BG1), calcium-excess Bioglass® (BG2) or canasite (CAN). For all composite materials, glass-induced partial phase transformation of the HA into the mechanically weaker β-tricalcium phosphate (TCP) occurred but XRD data demonstrated that BG2 exhibited a lower volume fraction of TCP than BG1. Consequently, the maximum compressive strength observed for BG1 and BG2 were 30.3 ± 3.9 and 56.7 ± 6.9 MPa, respectively, for specimens sintered at 1300 °C. CAN scaffolds, in contrast, collapsed when handled when sintered below 1300 °C, and thus failed. The microstructure illustrated a morphology similar to that of BG1 sintered at 1200 °C, and hence a comparable compressive strength (11.4 ± 3.1 MPa). The results highlight the great potential offered by honeycomb extrusion for fabricating high-strength porous scaffolds. The compressive strengths exceed that of commercial scaffolds, and biological tests revealed an increase in cell viability over seven days for all hybrid scaffolds. Thus it is expected that the incorporation of 10 wt% bioactive glass will provide the added advantage of enhanced bioactivity in concert with improved mechanical stability.

  • 315.
    Eldh, Ann Catrine
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Health Services Research. School of Education, Health, and Social Studies, Dalarna University, SE.
    Fredriksson, Mio
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Health Services Research.
    Halford, Christina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Health Services Research.
    Wallin, Lars
    School of Education, Health, and Social Studies, Dalarna University, SE.
    Dahlström, Tobias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Health Services Research.
    Vengberg, Sofie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Health Services Research.
    Winblad, Ulrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Health Services Research.
    Facilitators and barriers to applying a national quality registry for quality improvement in stroke care2014In: BMC Health Services Research, ISSN 1472-6963, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 14, p. 354-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: National quality registries (NQRs) purportedly facilitate quality improvement, while neither the extent nor the mechanisms of such a relationship are fully known. The aim of this case study is to describe the experiences of local stakeholders to determine those elements that facilitate and hinder clinical quality improvement in relation to participation in a well-known and established NQR on stroke in Sweden. Methods: A strategic sample was drawn of 8 hospitals in 4 county councils, representing a variety of settings and outcomes according to the NQR's criteria. Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with 25 managers, physicians in charge of the Riks-Stroke, and registered nurses registering local data at the hospitals. Interviews, including aspects of barriers and facilitators within the NQR and the local context, were analysed with content analysis. Results: An NQR can provide vital aspects for facilitating evidence-based practice, for example, local data drawn from national guidelines which can be used for comparisons over time within the organisation or with other hospitals. Major effort is required to ensure that data entries are accurate and valid, and thus the trustworthiness of local data output competes with resources needed for everyday clinical stroke care and quality improvement initiatives. Local stakeholders with knowledge of and interest in both the medical area (in this case stroke) and quality improvement can apply the NQR data to effectively initiate, carry out, and evaluate quality improvement, if supported by managers and co-workers, a common stroke care process and an operational management system that embraces and engages with the NQR data. Conclusion: While quality registries are assumed to support adherence to evidence-based guidelines around the world, this study proposes that a NQR can facilitate improvement of care but neither the registry itself nor the reporting of data initiates quality improvement. Rather, the local and general evidence provided by the NQR must be considered relevant and must be applied in the local context. Further, the quality improvement process needs to be facilitated by stakeholders collaborating within and outside the context, who know how to initiate, perform, and evaluate quality improvement, and who have the resources to do so.

  • 316.
    Eliasson, Ann-Christin
    et al.
    Department of Womens and Childrens Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ullenhag, Anna
    Department of Womens and Childrens Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wahlström, Ulla
    Region Östergötland, Local Health Care Services in Central Östergötland, Department of Child and Adolescent Habilitation.
    Krumlinde-Sundholm, Lena
    Department of Womens and Childrens Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Mini-MACS: development of the Manual Ability Classification System for children younger than 4 years of age with signs of cerebral palsy2017In: Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, ISSN 0012-1622, E-ISSN 1469-8749, Vol. 59, no 1, p. 72-78Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To develop the Mini-Manual Ability Classification System (Mini-MACS) and to evaluate the extent to which its ratings are valid and reliable when children younger than 4 years are rated by their parents and therapists.

  • 317.
    Eliasson, Kristina
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Occupational health services in the prevention of musculoskeletal disorders: Processes, tools and organizational aspects2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are associated with high costs and it is essential to prevent them. Occupational Health Services(OHS) provide expert services regarding work environment, health and rehabilitation of work related disorders. Risk assessments of the work environment can be an initial step for preventive measures, and ergonomists can be assigned by clients to assess exposures in the work environment. For such assignments different tools can be used. The aim of this thesis was to explore prerequisites, processes and practices of OHS consultants in Sweden within the domain of primary prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders. This was explored through the work of ergonomists in their role of assessing ergonomics risks. The research methodology was both quantitative and qualitative. Data collection includes a web questionnaire, semi-structured interviews and inter- and intra-observer reliability tests. The results shows that ergonomics risk assessments were most commonly initiated reactively and a systematic work methodology for the risk assessment process was often lacking. Swedish ergonomists used only a few standardized tools for risk assessment. The Ergonomics provision from the Swedish Work Environment Authority, AFS-98, was widely used, but other observation-based tools were used far less often. Ergonomics risks were often assessed solely by means of observation, based on ergonomists’ knowledge and experience. The results also pointed to that that the reliability was not acceptable when risk assessment was performed without any standardized tool. Furthermore, the results point to that support from the OHS organizations is an important prerequisite for ergonomists to work with primary prevention. Further, opportunities for specialization within a specific industry sector seem to facilitate ergonomic interventions. It is also important to have close relationships with clients and to make them aware about ergonomists competence. Conclusively, this thesis identifies a numbers of areas in which OHS must develop to improve primary preventive services regarding work environment.

  • 318.
    Eliasson, Kristina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Carl, Lind
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Nyman, Teresia
    Ergonomics Risk Assessment: Tool Use and ProcessesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 319.
    Eliasson, Kristina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Palm, Peter
    Nyman, Teresia
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH). Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Uppsala University and Uppsala University Hospital, Sweden.
    Forsman, Mikael
    Inter- and Intra-Observer Reliability of Risk Assessment of Repetitive Work without an Explicit MethodIn: Applied Ergonomics, ISSN 0003-6870, E-ISSN 1872-9126Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 320.
    Elisabet, Sundewall Thorén
    et al.
    Eriksholm Reserach Centre, Denmark.
    Öberg, Marie
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology in Linköping.
    Wänström, Gunilla
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Eriksholm Research Centre, Denmark.
    Rehabiliteringsprogram för vuxna hörapparatanvändare2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 321.
    Elisabeth, Cartaxo
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sophia, Montero
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Kvinnlig könsstympning: Kvinnors upplevelser av könsstympning och mötet med västerländsk vård efter ingreppet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Kvinnlig könsstympning är ett ingrepp då kvinnans klitoris, inre blygdläppar och yttre blygdläppar skärs bort och sys ihop i ett icke-medicinskt syfte, det finns fyra olika typer. Är vanligast förekommande i 29 länder. Lagen förbjuder att utföra könsstympning med eller utan flickornas samtycke. Det blir allt vanligare att människor från andra länder med annorlunda seder och traditioner bosätter sig i Sverige, detta leder till att sjuksköterskor möter människor med annan härkomst.

    Syfte: Syftet var att studera hur kvinnor upplever könsstympning samt bemötandet inom västerländsk vård efter ingreppet.

    Metod: Den kvalitativa studien byggde på sex biografier där kvinnorna utsatts för könsstympning och sedan mött vården i västvärlden. Biografierna analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Tre kategorier genomlyser resultatet; Att lida i det tysta, Makt och kontroll och Mötet med vården.

    Slutsats: De krävs information och utbildning för förebyggandet av könsstympning och för att identifiera flickor i riskzon. Vårdpersonal måste vårda på ett varsamt sätt där kvinnan bejakas och hela upplevelsen förstås för att tillfredsställa kvinnors behov, för att kunna möta och ge god vård till de kvinnor som redan genomgått könsstympning.

  • 322.
    Ellonen, Noora
    et al.
    University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland.
    Lucas, Steven
    Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala Sweden.
    Tindberg, Ylva
    Department of Women's and Children's Health and Centre for Clinical Research Sörmland, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Janson, Staffan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Parents' Self-Reported Use of Corporal Punishment and Other Humiliating Upbringing Practices in Finland and Sweden: A Comparative Study2017In: Child Abuse Review, ISSN 0952-9136, E-ISSN 1099-0852, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 289-304Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden and Finland were the first countries to ban corporal punishment 30years ago. Since then, the prevalence of attitudes supporting the use of corporal punishment and the practice itself have decreased. This study examines the current frequencies of corporal punishment and other humiliating upbringing practices in Finnish and Swedish families. The analysis is based on survey data among 3170 Finnish and 1358 Swedish parents with children from newborn to 12years of age. Data were analysed using univariate tests (chi-square) and logistic regression. According to the analysis, a larger proportion of Finnish parents, and especially mothers, use humiliating upbringing practices compared to Swedish parents. This difference is not found with regard to corporal punishment. A larger proportion of Finnish parents push their children compared to Swedish parents, while a larger proportion of Swedish parents shake their children. In both countries, corporal punishment is more frequently used by fathers, boys are more often victimised than girls, toddlers are more often exposed to corporal punishment and school-age children are more often subjected to psychologically abusive practices. Corporal punishment and other humiliating upbringing practices are strongly correlated in both countries. The differences found between countries were not explained by socio-demographic factors.

  • 323.
    Elmerstig, Eva
    et al.
    Malmö University.
    Wijma, Barbro
    Linköping University.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Linköping University.
    Swahnberg, Katarina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Linköping University.
    Being “good in bed”: body concerns, self-perceptions and gender expectations among Swedish heterosexual female and male senior high-school students2017In: Journal of sex & marital therapy, ISSN 0092-623X, E-ISSN 1521-0715, Vol. 43, no 4, p. 326-342Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigated gender differences regarding body perceptions, self-perceptions, values and expectations in sexual situations, and factors associated with expectations, among Swedish heterosexual female and male high-school students. A total of 2,765 students (aged 18 to 22) completed questionnaires. Women reported lower satisfaction with themselves and their body appearance (p < 0.001), and felt more inferior to their partner (p < 0.001). Men felt more superior to their partner, and felt higher expectations (p < 0.001). Male sex, difficulty saying no to sex, dissatisfaction with the body, feeling inferior or superior to partner, and considering partner's satisfaction as more important, were all associated with feeling expectations during sex.

  • 324.
    Elofsson, Kieron
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sandin, Ida
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Delaktighetens mångtydighet: En begreppsanalys2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The concept of participation lacks a clear definition. Nevertheless, nurses in Sweden have an obligation under law to work to make their patients participate. The significance of what participation implies is not cleared and therefore problems may arise in the work for participation. Aim: The purpose is to clarify the meaning of the concept of participation from a health science perspective. Method: Concept analysis in eight steps according to care researchers Walker and Avant. Results: The term's five attributes are; active participation, confirmation, information, communication and partnership. All of which must be met in order for participation to be incorporated. Conclusion: Participation is a subjective experience that can be difficult to achieve. Work is required to create opportunities for all attributes to be met.

  • 325.
    Emmanouil, A.
    et al.
    Centre for Health Telematics, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Klein, Gunnar O.
    Centre for Health Telematics, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Anamnesis via the Internet: Prospects and pilot results2001In: MEDINFO 2001: Proceedings of the 10th World Congress on Medical Informatics, PTS 1 and 2 / [ed] V.L. Patel, R. Rogers, R. Haux, Amsterdam, Netherlands: IOS Press, 2001, Vol. 84, p. 805-809Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A comprehensive computerized questionnaire was developed to obtain the anamnesis of patients seeking contact with a physician for any type of new problem. The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate ifa structured questionnaire filled out by the patient and complementing an interview at the physician’s office would contribute to a better quality of the total anamnesis and/or lead to savings in time at the visit. The results encourage further developments in this direction. The potential uses proposed are, in addition to being used to improve a visit, the correct assessment of the history for prioritization and scheduling of visits and in some situations, the anamnesis obtained over the net may be the basis for medical advice without a visit. This study emphasizes the great improvement of information captured by this type of questionnaire based on medical knowledge about associated symptoms and relevant questions depending on the problem presented compared to the results obtained by a simple open question used in many e-health services today.

  • 326.
    Engberg, Amanda
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    The weight lifting belt’s impact on power output, velocity and range of motion in a squat2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background: Using a weight lifting belt when performing a variety of resistance exercises is becoming more and more common. The purpose of using a weight lifting belt is its supposed ability to reduce compressive forces on the lumbar spine and enhancement of athletic performance. Although the weight lifting belt has been proven to increase the intra abdominal pressure that helps reduces the shear forces during a squat, little is known about the weight lifting belts effect on the performance.

    Studies have suggested that wearing a weight lifting belt during a squat can increase the vertical velocity and range of motion. Few studies have focused on the power output, but improvements have been seen while wearing a weight lifting belt when performing a deadlift. Variables such as power, velocity and range of motion are of importance for an athlete when making individual training plans as well as measuring the progress. Therefore more research is needed to identify the actual influence of the weight lifting belt on the performance.

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to examine if weight lifting belts have an impact on an athletes ability to develop power, velocity or improve range of motion in a squat.

    Methods: Fifteen healthy men and women familiar with the squat exercise participated in the study. During the study they performed six repetitions of the squat divided into two sets, one set without a weight lifting belt and one with a weight lifting belt. Power and velocity were measured during every squat with a linear encoder and videotapes were made to later calculate the angles in the hip- and knee joints at the lowest position of the exercise.

    Results: No significant differences were found in power (p = 0.25) or concentric and eccentric velocity (p = 0.61, p = 0.16) with or without a weight lifting belt. Range of motion in the knee joint was greater when not wearing a weight lifting belt (p = 0.03), but no differences in the hip angles were found (p = 0.70).

    Conclusion: The result from the current study shows that when performing a squat the weight lifting belt has little to no effect on power, velocity or range of motion. Although a noticeable change in range of motion of the knee joint were observed, further studies on larger populations are needed to determine if it is of clinical value. 

  • 327.
    Engberg, Sandra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Public health science.
    Stärka barnens integritet: En kvalitativ studie om hur förskolan arbetar med att stärka barnens integritet och förebygga sexuella kränkningar mot barn2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    2440 cases of sexual child abuse was reported in 2015 in Sweden that is about one out of five children. Research shows that prevention strategies that focus on strengthening children’s integrity have proven effective for helping children recognize abusive behaviors as well as gain confidence to disclose.

       The aim of this study is to investigate and describe the preschools role in strengthening children’s integrity to prevent child abuse, and describe how the work is done. The study has a qualitative approach with mix of semi-structured and unstructured interviews, called a qualitative interview form. This study used a purposive selection, four informants with management position within preschool were interviewed. The interviews were recorded and then transcribed, which will serve as a database for analysis.  For this study a content analysis was chosen.

       The results showed that the preschool work aims to strengthen children’s integrity, but that the pre-schools do not use any specific strategies to strengthen children’s integrity with the aim of preventing child abuse.

    The conclusion showed that the preschool does not work consciously to prevent sexual child abuse, instead they are focusing in strengthening children’s integrity and values.

  • 328.
    Englund, Ulrika
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Samverkansprojekt, och sen då?: en uppföljande studie av samverkansprocessen kring barn och unga som far illa eller riskerar att fara illa2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Satisfactory collaboration regarding children and youth in need of a comprehensive support is particularly important. Despite extensive research on collaborative work, knowledge of long term development of the collaboration process is lacking. The present thesis concerns inter-organizational collaboration within the framework of a former Swedish policy effort – focusing collaboration between schools, social services, police and the child and youth psychiatry – for the benefit of children and young people in distress or at risk. Applying a critical realist perspective, the overall aim of the thesis is to describe how former collaboration projects develop over time, and to identify significant mechanisms within this development. Through three questionnaire studies, the collaborative process development within the same collaborative settings is described (n=66) over a period of close to seven years. Estimations of 58 collaboration quality indicators within three categories *rules and regulations, *structural aspects and *shared perspectives/ consensus were collected at baseline in 2008, after one year at the final project stage in 2009, as well as five years after the project period (and the policy effort) ended, in 2014 (n=38). Two developmental trends occur: I) an overall positive trend and II) a negative trend on a comprehensive level. I) Collaboration on the target group has increased over time, are mainly incorporated into permanent organizational structures and is judged to have worked well/very well over time. II) Overall deteriorations of high estimates of the 58 quality indicators for collaborations is seen over the five year period, following the project period. However, less dramatic changes is noted on quality indicators concerning shared perspectives/consensus than on matters regarding rules and regulations and structural aspects. Five mechanisms of particular importance for the collaboration development are identified: anchoring, holistic perspectives, engagement, knowledge and clarity.

  • 329.
    Englund, Victoria
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Gustavsson, Maja
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    ÄR DET NU LIVET BÖRJAR?: En litteraturstudie om patienters upplevelser av att leva med ett transplanterat organ2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Ordet organtransplantation betyder överflyttning av ett organ från en individ till en annan. Att få ett nytt organ innebär många omställningar i individens vardag. Det kan för individen innebära fysiska, sociala och psykiska problem.

    Syfte: Syftet var att studera patienters upplevelser av att leva med ett transplanterat organ.

    Metod: Litteraturstudien grundade sig i en kvalitativ design baserad på fem självbiografiska böcker. Böckerna analyserades med hjälp av en manifest innehållsanalys enligt Lundman och Hällgren Graneheim (2012).

    Resultat: Fyra kategorier och elva underkategorier framkom efter analys; Nya möjligheter, Nya hinder (Ökad infektionsrisk, läkemedelsbiverkningar, en förändrad kropp, livslång läkemedelsbehandling och regelbundna sjukhusbesök), Emotionella upplevelser (Tacksamhet gentemot närstående, trygghet genom tröst och stöd från sjukvårdspersonal, känslor av sorg och tacksamhet gentemot donatorn, skuldkänslor och att födas till ett nytt liv), Gemenskap med andra transplanterade individer.

    Slutsatser: Att leva med ett transplanterat organ innebär en livsomvälvande upplevelse. Det ger en andra chans till livet, men det innebär även många nya risker och begränsningar. I mötet med en individ som lever med ett transplanterat organ är det viktigt att sjuksköterskan ser till dennes livsvärld, för att kunna ge en så god omvårdnad som möjligt.

  • 330.
    Engström, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Nursing Care.
    Johansson, Maria
    Intensive Care Unit, Gällivare Hospital.
    Mattsson, Mia
    Intensive Care Unit 57, Sunderby Hospital.
    Strömbäck, Ulrica
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Medical Science.
    Nursing Care of ICU Patients Lightly Sedated with Dexmedetomidine2016In: Journal of Clinical Intensive Care and Medicine, Vol. 1, p. 5-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Intensive care patients are often in need of sedation to endure being intubated. Lightsedation is increasingly common since it has been proved to offer benefi ts such as faster recovery to patients.Aim: The aim of this study was to describe critical care nurses’ experiences of nursing patients lightlysedated with dexmedetomidine.Research Methodology: Qualitative personal interviews were conducted during 2015 with 10 critical carenurses in Sweden. Interview transcripts were analysed using inductive qualitative thematic analysis.Results: Light sedation of the patient facilitated communication and interaction with him or her, and therelationship between the patient and his or her family members. Dexmedetomidine was described as a fairlynew drug, and the critical care nurses stated that they needed more knowledge about it and about sedationscales in order to learn more about the drug’s mechanism of action and its potential side effects on patients.Conclusion: It is important to critical care nurses to learn more about dexmedetomidine and about sedationscales to assess levels of sedation, as light sedation has been shown to benefi t the patient as opposed to deepsedation that can increase recovery time.

  • 331.
    Enlund, John
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Mattsson, Petter
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Fysiologiska skillnader mellan dominant och icke-dominant ben vid motviktad enbenscykling2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:

    Counterweighted single-leg cycling is a new training method that can be used to increase intensity. Studies have shown differences between dominant and non-dominant leg during normal cycling. The purpose of this study was to analyse physiological assymetries during counterweighted single-leg cycling. Method: Eight volunteers (age 24,1 ± 4,2 years, height 177,0 ± 5,5 cm , weight 74,6 ± 9,0 kg, vo2max 69,0 ± 6,4 ml/kg/min) participated in this study. Participants were randomly divided into two groups (dominant or non-dominant). Waterloo Footedness Questionnaire was used to decide participants dominant leg. The dominant group used their dominant leg in the first interval at the second test, and the non-dominant group used their non-dominant leg in the first interval. At the first test a standarized incremental cycling test was performed until exhaustion. The second test , >48 hours later, consisted of four ten-minute intervals of counterweighted single-leg cycling, alternating legs.The second test was blinded. Results: Differences were observed, but no significant differences. Tendencies showed a higher power-output with the dominant leg (dominant leg 168 ±18,9 W, non-dominant leg 162 ±18,1W), but a higher cadence with the non-dominant leg (dominant leg 93 ± 12,7 rpm, non-dominant leg 95 ± 10,3 rpm). Conclusion: Differences exist between dominant and non-dominant leg in counterweighted single-legged cycling, but no significant differences. Our conclusion is that the learning effect affected the results in this study. To counteract this in future studies concerning counterweighted single-legged cycling the studies should include a learning period with the training method.

  • 332.
    Enström, Therés
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
    Hedman, Zara
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
    Tack!: Kvinnors upplevelse av att föra tacksamhetsdagbok2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is strong evidence that gratitude can create wellbeing; for example by increasing self-esteem, reduce stress and enable healthy habits. Keeping a gratitude journal may be a way of practicing a grateful approach by reflecting on, and writing down, things to be grateful for on a daily basis. The aim of this study was to describe women’s experiences with keeping a gratitude journal and to shine light on what they feel grateful for. To address the aim of the study, a qualitative method was used. A one week long internet based intervention with 19 participants took place and the data collection consisted of both the journals of the participants as well as open letters. The collected material was analyzed through a latent content analysis and resulted in the development of one main theme “gratitude brightens up your day and increases quality of life” and four sub-themes; (1) a stronger relationship to oneself through a mirror of appreciation, (2) reflection shines light on life and creates coherence, (3) increased presence adds value to big and small things and (4) gratitude feeds gratitude and creates everyday happiness. The result shows that keeping a gratitude journal helps form a stronger relationship to oneself as well as to one’s surroundings and to life as a whole, thereby creating appreciation and wellbeing. The result is discussed in relation to health promotion theories with a focus on practical usage of the gratitude journal as a health promotion tool to be used for the purpose of strengthening mental health and wellbeing.

  • 333.
    Ericson, Lisa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Medicine and Optometry.
    Hovstadius, Bo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Medicine and Optometry.
    Magnusson, Lennart
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Swedish Family Care Competence Centre (NKA).
    Hälsoekonomisk studie av barn och vuxna med fetalt alkoholsyndrom2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att barn och unga lever i hem med missbruk och/eller allvarlig sjukdom medför direkta och indirekta kostnader för samhället på kort och lång sikt. Denna hälsoekonomiska studie är en beräkning av samhällets årliga kostnad för den andel av befolkningen som vuxit upp som barn som anhörig till förälder med psykisk sjukdom eller missbruk av alkohol eller narkotika.

  • 334.
    Eriksson, Andrea
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Dellve, Lotta
    Strömgren, Marcus
    KTH.
    Emma, Edström Bard
    Utveckling av hållbart och hälsofrämjande ledarskap –  i vardag och förändring: Utvärdering av interaktiv metodik för företagshälsovårdsdrivna interventioner2016Report (Other academic)
  • 335. Eriksson, Anna
    et al.
    Josefsson, Linda
    Jag styrs av pengarna -som jag inte har: En litteraturstudie om hur personer med psykiskt funktionshinder upplever att ekonomin inverkar på deras vardag.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:Persons living with a mental illness often have to put up with a financial disadvantage. Their ability to work is often limited and because of that they have to rely on the welfare reform to get an income. This income is often low compared to other citizens which by itself is something strongly associated with mental illness. Purpose: The purpose in this study was to describe how people living with a mental illness experience that their economic situation has an impact on their daily life. Method: This study is a literature review containing nine scientific articles from previous research. Findings: The study’s findings show that people living with mental illness find it hard to meet basic needs, and that their money is not enough to last a whole month. They feel limited in their daily life, for example their lack of money has a big impact on their spare time. It also makes contact with families and friends harder to maintain. They also felt that they had to put up with things not worthy a human being. Conclusion: The people living with mental illness struggle to fit in to society, but are constantly reminded that they are different.

  • 336.
    Eriksson, Emma
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Heidi, Molin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Det hälsofrämjande ledarskapet: Enhetschefers möjlighet att arbeta hälsofrämjande2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 337.
    Eriksson, Jessica
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Karlsson, Camilla
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Fysisk aktivitet och känslan av sammanhang hos undersköterskor och vårdbiträden i äldreomsorgen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 338.
    Eriksson, Josefine
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Hellström, Josefine
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Kost- och munhygienvanor hos en grupp 15-åringar i ett mångkulturellt område: En enkätstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Femtonåringar experimenterar mycket med sin livsstil vilket kan påverka den orala hälsan negativt. Studier har även visat att 15-åriga ungdomar med utländsk bakgrund har en ökad kariesförekomst vilket gör det viktigt att få en inblick i ungdomars munhygienvanor och kostvanor.

    Syfte: Att undersöka kost- och munhygienvanor hos en grupp 15-åringar i ett mångkulturellt område.

    Frågeställningar: Hur såg 15-åringars kost- och munhygienvanor ut? Fanns det skillnader i 15-åringars kost och munhygienvanor i förhållande till etnisk bakgrund? Fanns det några könsskillnader gällande 15-åringarnas kost- och munhygienvanor?

    Metod: Kvantitativ enkätstudie där 70 stycken 15-åringar i Mellansverige har deltagit i studien.

    Resultat: Majoriteten av ungdomarna hade en intagsfrekvens på 1-3 mål utöver huvudmålen. De flesta respondenterna uppgav att de åt/drack godis/läsk några gånger i veckan. Den största törstsläckaren bland respondenterna var vatten. Av populationen borstade 21,5 % endast tänderna en gång per dag. De flesta respondenterna använde approximala hjälpmedel mer sällan än några gånger i månaden. Det kunde inte ses någon stor procentuell skillnad överlag på vanorna gällande kön eller bakgrund.

    Konklusion: Ungdomarna angav goda tandborstvanor och relativt goda kostvanor. Användande av approximala hjälpmedel var bristfällig och användning av fluorpreparat förekom inte i så hög grad. Frekvensen av godis- och läskintag var högre än rekommenderat.

  • 339.
    Eriksson, Karolin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Luts, Linda
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Medarbetarperspektiv på maktrelationer och deras koppling till hälsa: en studie bland anställda på en sluten behandlingsavdelning för unga män.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Människor är en förutsättning för arbetsmiljön och är därför också en förutsättning förarbetsplatshälsan. Detta är framförallt viktigt att ha i åtanke vid arbeten med människor ikomplexa situationer som har problem med till exempel droger, kriminalitet eller våld. Syftetmed föreliggande studie är att synliggöra medarbetarnas upplevelser av handlingsutrymme ochmaktrelationer i förhållande till sin arbetskontext på ett behandlingshem för unga män. Medfokus på tidigare erfarenheter utifrån ett sociokulturellt perspektiv är syftet även att belysarelationernas koppling till medarbetarnas hälsa. Tidigare forskning har visat att relationer ochpersonligheter har betydelse för intagna individers hälsa inom fängelsemiljöer, institutioner ochpsykiatriska behandlingskliniker (Wästerfors, 2009; dosReis och Davarya, 2008; Woodall, 2007).Det är dock inte helt självklart hur medarbetarna påverkas av relationerna i deras arbetskontext,något som därmed är viktigt och intressant att undersöka.Denna studie har en kvalitativ ansats som utgår från metodtriangulering med hjälp avfrågeformulär och intervjuer. Empirin består av tretton besvarade frågeformulär och tvådjupgående intervjuer som har analyserats genom kodning för att till slut svara på studiens syfte.Resultaten belyser vikten av flexibilitet för att kunna anpassa sig till en ombytlig arbetskontext,men också att stödet från och samarbetet med kollegorna påverkar relationen till de unga männen.Arbetsplatsens relationer påverkar makt och handlingsutrymme, vilka är individuella upplevelsersom ständigt förändras. Medarbetarnas makt och handlingsutrymme i förhållande till de ungamännen upplevs vara större i de situationer där kollegornas stöd och kompetens är närvarandeoch mindre då de unga männen vistas i grupp. Detta kan betraktas som en form av kollektivthandlingsutrymme där kollegorna delar gemensamma uppfattningar och upplevelser rörande ensituation, under förutsättningen att det finns tid och möjlighet till kommunikation mellankollegorna. Makt och handlingsutrymme i relationer och situationer på behandlingshemmetpåverkar upplevelsen av stöd och trygghet, något som i sin tur har betydelse för den upplevdahälsan. Karaktär och flexibilitet är egenskaper som enligt studien krävs av medarbetarna påbehandlingshemmet för att kunna utföra arbetet framgångsrikt. Förutsättningar som främjar relationsskapande främjar därför också medarbetarnas hälsa.

  • 340.
    Eriksson, Louise
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Nilsson, Saiza
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    ATT VARA HIV-POSITIV OCH MÖTA SJUKVÅRDEN: litteraturstudie baserad på biografier2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 341. Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Eriksson, Anni
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Jämlik vård: en undersökning om den tekniska hörselrehabiliteringen påverkas av patientens ålder2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Jämlik vård är att alla ska bemötas, behandlas och vårdas på lika villkor oavsett enskilda faktorer. I hörselrehabiliteringen ingår det flera delar och varje del ska utgå från helhetsperspektivet och ske i samverkan med den enskilde. Audionomen ska inte påverkas av faktorer såsom kön eller ålder. Tidigare studier visar dock att ålder är en avgörande faktor i många fall, det råder en form av ålderism och åldersdiskriminering inom vården. Inga tidigare studier har hittats på hur den tekniska rehabiliteringen påverkas av ålder inom hörselvården varför detta låg i vårt intresse.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur jämlik den tekniska rehabiliteringen är inom hörselvården beroende på patienternas ålder.

    Metod: Studien är deskriptiv retrospektiv och är gjord genom journalgenomgång.

    Resultat: Resultatet visar inte några tydliga skillnader i den tekniska rehabiliteringen beroende på patientens ålder. Patienternas behov varierade mycket både inom grupperna och mellan grupperna. Skillnader kunde dock ses gällande patienter med samma behov och typ av hörapparat där patienter oavsett ålder kunde ha fått olika typer av hörapparater trots samma behov/mål.

    Slutsatser: Inga generella slutsatser kan dras huruvida den tekniska hörselrehabiliteringen är jämlik eller ej. Fler studier behövs inom ämnet där urvalet är större.

  • 342.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Folkhälsa och salutogenes2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning] / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., p. 105-125Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 343.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Kritik av den salutogena teorin2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning] / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., p. 78-91Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 344.
    Eriksson, Monica
    Folkhälsans forskningscentrum, Helsingfors, Finland.
    Salutogenes och känsla av sammanhang: begrepp inom vården?2007In: Vård i fokus, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 5-8Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 345.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning]2015 (ed. 1. uppl.)Book (Other academic)
  • 346.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Salutogenes är mer än känsla av sammanhang2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning] / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., p. 92-104Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 347.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Samband mellan SOC och hälsa: en kunskapsinventering2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning] / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., p. 47-77Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 348.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Teorin om hälsans ursprung: en systematisk forskningsöversikt2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., p. 14-46Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 349.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Utblick2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning] / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., p. 209-211Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 350.
    Eriksson, Monica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Winroth, Jan
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Hälsa och hälsofrämjande: klargöra begrepp2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning] / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., p. 1-13Chapter in book (Other academic)
45678910 301 - 350 of 1555
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