Change search
Refine search result
45678910 301 - 350 of 2385
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 301. Brezinsek, S.
    et al.
    Fundamenski, W.
    Eich, T.
    Coad, J. P.
    Giroud, C.
    Huber, A.
    Jachmich, S.
    Joffrin, E.
    Krieger, K.
    McCormick, K.
    Lehnen, M.
    Loarer, T.
    de la Luna, E.
    Maddison, G.
    Matthews, G. F.
    Mertens, Ph.
    Nunes, I.
    Philipps, V.
    Riccardo, V.
    Rubel, Marek
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Fusion Plasma Physics.
    Stamp, M. F.
    Tsalas, M.
    Overview of experimental preparation for the ITER-Like Wall at JET2011In: Journal of Nuclear Materials, ISSN 0022-3115, E-ISSN 1873-4820, Vol. 415, no 1, p. S936-S942Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Experiments in JET with carbon-based plasma-facing components have been carried out in preparation of the ITER-Like Wall with beryllium main chamber and full tungsten divertor. The preparatory work was twofold: (i) development of techniques, which ensure safe operation with the new wall and (ii) provision of reference plasmas, which allow a comparison of operation with carbon and metallic wall. (i) Compatibility with the W divertor with respect to energy loads could be achieved in N-2 seeded plasmas at high densities and low temperatures, finally approaching partial detachment, with only moderate confinement reduction of 10%. Strike-point sweeping increases the operational space further by re-distributing the load over several components. (ii) Be and C migration to the divertor has been documented with spectroscopy and QMBs under different plasma conditions providing a database which will allow a comparison of the material transport to remote areas with metallic walls. Fuel retention rates of 1.0-2.0 x 10(21) D s(-1) were obtained as references in accompanied gas balance studies.

  • 302.
    Brezinsek, S.
    et al.
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, TEC, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Kirschner, A.
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, TEC, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Mayer, M.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Baron-Wiechec, A.
    CCFE Fus Assoc, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Borodkina, I
    Czech Acad Sci, Inst Plasma Phys, Prague 18200, Czech Republic..
    Borodin, D.
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, TEC, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Coffey, I
    CCFE Fus Assoc, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Coenen, J.
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, TEC, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    den Harder, N.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Eksaeva, A.
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, TEC, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Guillemaut, C.
    Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Inst Plasmas & Fusao Nucl, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Heinola, K.
    IAEA, POB 100, A-1400 Vienna, Austria.;Univ Helsinki, Dept Phys, POB 64, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland..
    Huber, A.
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, TEC, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Huber, V
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, TEC, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Imrisek, M.
    Czech Acad Sci, Inst Plasma Phys, Prague 18200, Czech Republic..
    Jachmich, S.
    Ecole Royale Mil, LPP, Koninkllijke Mil Sch, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium..
    Pawelec, E.
    Opole Univ, Inst Phys, Oleska 48, PL-45052 Opole, Poland..
    Rubel, Marek
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Fusion Plasma Physics.
    Krat, S.
    Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Sergienko, G.
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, TEC, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Matthews, G. F.
    CCFE Fus Assoc, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Meigs, A. G.
    CCFE Fus Assoc, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Wiesen, S.
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Inst Energie & Klimaforsch Plasmaphys, TEC, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Widdowson, A.
    CCFE Fus Assoc, Culham Sci Ctr, Abingdon OX14 3DB, Oxon, England..
    Erosion, screening, and migration of tungsten in the JET divertor2019In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 59, no 9, article id 096035Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The erosion of tungsten (W), induced by the bombardment of plasma and impurity particles, determines the lifetime of plasma-facing components as well as impacting on plasma performance by the influx of W into the confined region. The screening of W by the divertor and the transport of W in the plasma determines largely the W content in the plasma core, but the W source strength itself has a vital impact on this process. The JET tokamak experiment provides access to a large set of W erosion-determining parameters and permits a detailed description of the W source in the divertor closest to the ITER one: (i) effective sputtering yields and fluxes as function of impact energy of intrinsic (Be, C) and extrinsic (Ne, N) impurities as well as hydrogenic isotopes (H, D) are determined and predictions for the tritium (T) isotope are made. This includes the quantification of intra- and inter-edge localised mode (ELM) contributions to the total W source in H-mode plasmas which vary owing to the complex flux compositions and energy distributions in the corresponding phases. The sputtering threshold behaviour and the spectroscopic composition analysis provides an insight in the dominating species and plasma phases causing W erosion. (ii) The interplay between the net and gross W erosion source is discussed considering (prompt) re-deposition, thus, the immediate return of W ions back to the surface due to their large Larmor radius, and surface roughness, thus, the difference between smooth bulk-W and rough W-coating components used in the JET divertor. Both effects impact on the balance equation of local W erosion and deposition. (iii) Post-mortem analysis reveals the net erosion/deposition pattern and the W migration paths over long periods of plasma operation identifying the net W transport to remote areas. This W transport is related to the divertor plasma regime, e.g. attached operation with high impact energies of impinging particles or detached operation, as well as to the applied magnetic configuration in the divertor, e.g. close divertor with good geometrical screening of W or open divertor configuration with poor screening. JET equipped with the ITER-like wall (ILW) provided unique access to the net W erosion rate within a series of 151 subsequent H-mode discharges (magnetic field: B-t = 2.0 T, plasma current: I-p = 2.0 MA, auxiliary power P-aux = 12 MW) in one magnetic configuration accumulating 900 s of plasma with particle fluences in the range of 5-6 x 10(26) D(+ )m(-2) in the semi-detached inner and attached outer divertor leg. The comparison of W spectroscopy in the intra-ELM and inter-ELM phases with post-mortem analysis of W marker tiles provides a set of gross and net W erosion values at the outer target plate. ERO code simulations are applied to both divertor leg conditions and reproduce the erosion/deposition pattern as well as confirm the high experimentally observed prompt W re-deposition factors of more than 95% in the intra- and inter-ELM phase of the unseeded deuterium H-mode plasma. Conclusions to the expected divertor conditions in ITER as well as to the JET operation in the DT plasma mixture are drawn on basis of this unique benchmark experiment.

  • 303. Brezinsek, S.
    et al.
    Widdowson, A.
    Mayer, M.
    Philipps, V.
    Baron-Wiechec, P.
    Coenen, J. W.
    Heinola, K.
    Huber, A.
    Likonen, J.
    Petersson, Per
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Fusion Plasma Physics.
    Rubel, Marek
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Fusion Plasma Physics.
    Stamp, M. F.
    Borodin, D.
    Coad, J. P.
    Carrasco, Alvaro Garcia
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Fusion Plasma Physics.
    Kirschner, A.
    Krat, S.
    Krieger, K.
    Lipschultz, B.
    Linsmeier, Ch.
    Matthews, G. F.
    Schmid, K.
    Beryllium migration in JET ITER-like wall plasmas2015In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 55, no 6, article id 063021Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    JET is used as a test bed for ITER, to investigate beryllium migration which connects the lifetime of first-wall components under erosion with tokamak safety, in relation to long-term fuel retention. The (i) limiter and the (ii) divertor configurations have been studied in JET-ILW (JET with a Be first wall and W divertor), and compared with those for the former JET-C (JET with carbon-based plasma-facing components (PFCs)). (i) For the limiter configuration, the Be gross erosion at the contact point was determined in situ by spectroscopy as between 4% (E-in = 35 eV) and more than 100%, caused by Be self-sputtering (E-in = 200 eV). Chemically assisted physical sputtering via BeD release has been identified to contribute to the effective Be sputtering yield, i.e. at E-in = 75 eV, erosion was enhanced by about 1/3 with respect to the bare physical sputtering case. An effective gross yield of 10% is on average representative for limiter plasma conditions, whereas a factor of 2 difference between the gross erosion and net erosion, determined by post-mortem analysis, was found. The primary impurity source in the limiter configuration in JET-ILW is only 25% higher (in weight) than that for the JET-C case. The main fraction of eroded Be stays within the main chamber. (ii) For the divertor configuration, neutral Be and BeD from physically and chemically assisted physical sputtering by charge exchange neutrals and residual ion flux at the recessed wall enter the plasma, ionize and are transported by scrape-off layer flows towards the inner divertor where significant net deposition takes place. The amount of Be eroded at the first wall (21 g) and the Be amount deposited in the inner divertor (28 g) are in fair agreement, though the balancing is as yet incomplete due to the limited analysis of PFCs. The primary impurity source in the JET-ILW is a factor of 5.3 less in comparison with that for JET-C, resulting in lower divertor material deposition, by more than one order of magnitude. Within the divertor, Be performs far fewer re-erosion and transport steps than C due to an energetic threshold for Be sputtering, and inhibits as a result of this the transport to the divertor floor and the pump duct entrance. The target plates in the JET-ILW inner divertor represent at the strike line a permanent net erosion zone, in contrast to the net deposition zone in JET-C with thick carbon deposits on the CFC (carbon-fibre composite) plates. The Be migration identified is consistent with the observed low long-term fuel retention and dust production with the JET-ILW.

  • 304. Brezinsek, Sebastijan
    et al.
    Wirtz, Marius
    Dorrow-Gesprach, Daniel
    Loewenhoff, Thorsten
    Rubel, Marek
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Fusion Plasma Physics.
    16th International Conference on Plasma-Facing Materials and Components for Fusion Applications2017In: Physica Scripta, ISSN 0031-8949, E-ISSN 1402-4896, Vol. T170, article id 010201Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 305.
    Brinkfeldt, Klas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Space Science.
    Instrumentation for energetic Neutral atom measurements at Mars, Venus and The Earth2005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with the development and calibrations of sensors to measure energetic neutral atoms (ENAs) at Mars, Venus, and the Earth. ENAs are formed in charge exchange processes between energetic, singly--charged ions and a cold neutral gas. Since ENAs can travel in long straight trajectories, unaffected by electric or magnetic fields, they can be used to remotely image plasma interactions with neutral atmospheres. ENA instrument techniques have matured over the last decade and ENA images of the Earth's ring current for example, have successfully been analyzed to extract ion distributions and characterize plasma flows and currents in the inner magnetosphere.

    Three different ENA sensors have been developed to image ENAs at Mars, Venus, and the Earth. Two of them, the nearly identical Neutral Particle imagers (NPIs) are on-board the Mars Express and Venus Express spacecraft as a part of the Analyzer of Space Plasmas and Energetic Atoms (ASPERA-3 and 4) instruments. The third is the Neutral Atom Detector Unit, NUADU, aboard the TC-2 spacecraft of the Double Star mission. The NPI design is based on a surface reflection technique to measure low energy (~0.3-60 keV) ENAs, while the NUADU instrument is based on a simple design with large geometrical factor and solid state detectors to measure high energy ENAs (~20-300 keV).

    The calibration approach of both NPI sensors were to define the detailed response, including properties such as the angular response function and efficiency of one reference sensor direction then find the relative response of the other sensor directions. Because of the simple geometry of the NUADU instrument, the calibration strategy involved simulations to find the cutoff energy, geometrical factor and angular response. The NUADU sensor head was then calibrated to find the response to particles of different mass and energy. The NPI sensor for the Mars Express mission revealed a so-called priority effect in the sensor that lowers the angular resolution at high detector bias. During the calibration of the Venus Express NPI sensor tests were made which showed that the priority effect is a result of low amplitude (noise) pulses generated in the detector system. The conclusion is that the effect is caused by capacitive couplings between different anode sectors of the sensor. The thresholds on the preamplifiers were set higher on the Venus Express NPI, which removed the priority effect.

    Two of the three ENA experiments, the Double Star NUADU instrument and the Mars Express NPI sensor, have successfully measured ENAs that are briefly described in the thesis. The first ENA measurements at Mars were performed with Mars Express. Initial results from the NPI include measurements of ENAs formed in the Martian magnetosheath and solar wind ENAs penetrating to the nightside of Mars. The first results from NUADU in Earth orbit show the expected ENA emissions from a storm time ring current. Also, together with the HENA instrument on the IMAGE spacecraft, NUADU have produced the first multi-point ENA image of the ring current.

  • 306.
    Brodin, G.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    Stenflo, Lennart
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    A new decay channel for upper-hybrid waves2016In: Physica Scripta, ISSN 0031-8949, E-ISSN 1402-4896, Vol. 91, no 10, article id 104005Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We look here at a three-wave interaction process involving only electrostatic waves in an electron plasma with stationary ions. Special attention is given to the case with an upper-hybrid wave as a pump wave, where a new decay channel is pointed out. The corresponding growth rate is calculated.

  • 307.
    Brodin, G.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    Stenflo, Lennart
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    A simple electron plasma wave2017In: Physics Letters A, ISSN 0375-9601, E-ISSN 1873-2429, Vol. 381, no 11, p. 1033-1035Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Considering a class of solutions where the density perturbations are functions of time, but not of space, we derive a new exact large amplitude wave solution for a cold uniform electron plasma. This result illustrates that most simple analytical solutions can appear even if the density perturbations are large. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 308.
    Brodin, G.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    Stenflo, Lennart
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Nonlinear dynamics of a cold collisional electron plasma2017In: Physics of Plasmas, ISSN 1070-664X, E-ISSN 1089-7674, Vol. 24, no 12, article id 124505Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the influence of collisions on the dynamics of a cold non-relativistic plasma. It is shown that even a comparatively small collision frequency can significantly change the large amplitude wave solution. Published by AIP Publishing.

  • 309.
    Brodin, Gert
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Ekman, Robin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Zamanian, Jens
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Do hydrodynamic models based on time-independent density functional theory misestimate exchange effects?: Comparison with kinetic theory for electrostatic waves2019In: Physics of Plasmas, ISSN 1070-664X, E-ISSN 1089-7674, Vol. 26, no 9, article id 092113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have extended previous quantum kinetic results to compute the exchange correction to the electrostatic electron susceptibility for arbitrary frequencies and wavenumbers in the low temperature limit. This has allowed us to make a general comparison with a much used hydrodynamic expression, based on density functional theory, for exchange effects. For low phase velocities, as for ion-acoustic waves, wave-particle interaction leads to a strong enhancement of the exchange correction and the hydrodynamic result is smaller by an order of magnitude. The hydrodynamic expression gives a useful approximation when the phase velocity is 2.5 times the Fermi velocity. If this condition is not fulfilled, the hydrodynamical theory gives misleading results. We discuss the implications of our results for the model choice for quantum plasmas, especially regarding particle dispersive effects.

  • 310.
    Brodin, Gert
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Ekman, Robin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Zamanian, Jens
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Nonlinear wave damping due to multi-plasmon resonances2018In: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, ISSN 0741-3335, E-ISSN 1361-6587, Vol. 60, no 2, article id 025009Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For short wavelengths, it is well known that the linearized Wigner-Moyal equation predicts wave damping due to wave-particle interaction, where the resonant velocity shifted from the phase velocity by a velocity v(q) = hk/2m. Here h is the reduced Planck constant, k is the wavenumber and m is the electron mass. Going beyond linear theory, we find additional resonances with velocity shifts nv(q), n= 2,3, ..., giving rise to a new wave-damping mechanism that we term multi-plasmon damping, as it can be seen as the simultaneous absorption (or emission) of multiple plasmon quanta. Naturally this wave damping is not present in classical plasmas. For a temperature well below the Fermi temperature, if the linear (n = 1) resonant velocity is outside the Fermi sphere, the number of linearly resonant particles is exponentially small, while the multi-plasmon resonances can be located in the bulk of the distribution. We derive sets of evolution equations for the case of two-plasmon and three-plasmon resonances for Langmuir waves in the simplest case of a fully degenerate plasma. By solving these equations numerically for a range of wave-numbers we find the corresponding damping rates, and we compare them to results from linear theory to estimate the applicability. Finally, we discuss the effects due to a finite temperature.

  • 311.
    Brodin, Gert
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Ekman, Robin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Zamanian, Jens
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Quantum kinetic theories in degenerate plasmas2017In: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, ISSN 0741-3335, E-ISSN 1361-6587, Vol. 59, no 1, article id 014043Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this review we give an overview of the recent work on quantum kinetic theories of plasmas. We focus, in particular, on the case where the electrons are fully degenerate. For such systems, perturbation methods using the distribution function can be problematic. Instead we present a model that considers the dynamics of the Fermi surface. The advantage of this model is that, even though the value of the distribution function can be greatly perturbed outside the equilibrium Fermi surface, deformation of the Fermi surface is small up to very large amplitudes. Next, we investigate the short-scale dynamics for which the Wigner-Moyal equation replaces the Vlasov equation. In particular, we study wave-particle interaction, and deduce that new types of wave damping can occur due to the simultaneous absorption (or emission) of multiple wave quanta. Finally, we consider exchange effects within a quantum kinetic formalism to find a model that is more accurate than those using exchange potentials from density functional theory. We deduce the exchange corrections to the dispersion relations for Langmuir and ion-acoustic waves. In comparison to results based on exchange potentials deduced from density functional theory we find that the latter models are reasonably accurate for Langmuir waves, but rather inaccurate for ion acoustic waves.

  • 312.
    Brodin, Gert
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Lundin, Joakim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Marklund, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Nonlinear quantum electrodynamics in vacuum and plasmas2010In: New frontiers in advanced plasma physics, American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2010, p. 24-34Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider high field physics due to quantum electrodynamics, in particular those that can be studied in the next generation of laser facilities. Effective field theories based on the Euler-Heisenberg Lagrangian are briefly reviewed, and examples involving plasma- and vacuum physics are given.

  • 313.
    Brodin, Gert
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Marklund, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Zamanian, Jens
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Spin kinetic models of plasmas: semiclassical and quantum mechanical theory2009In: New developments in nonlinear plasma physics, American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2009, p. 280-289Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work a recently published semiclassical spin kinetic model, generalizing those of previous authors are discussed. Some previously described properties are reviewed, and a new example illustrating the theory is presented. The generalization to a fully quantum mechanical description is discussed, and the main features of such a theory is outlined. Finally, the main conclusions are presented.

  • 314.
    Brodin, Gert
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Stenflo, L.
    A new decay channel for upper-hybrid waves2016In: Physica Scripta, ISSN 0031-8949, E-ISSN 1402-4896, Vol. 91, no 10, article id 104005Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We look here at a three-wave interaction process involving only electrostatic waves in an electron plasma with stationary ions. Special attention is given to the case with an upper-hybrid wave as a pump wave, where a new decay channel is pointed out. The corresponding growth rate is calculated.

  • 315.
    Brodin, Gert
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Stenflo, L.
    A simple electron plasma wave2017In: Physics Letters A, ISSN 0375-9601, E-ISSN 1873-2429, Vol. 381, no 11, p. 1033-1035Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Considering a class of solutions where the density perturbations are functions of time, but not of space, we derive a new exact large amplitude wave solution for a cold uniform electron plasma. This result illustrates that most simple analytical solutions can appear even if the density perturbations are large.

  • 316.
    Brodin, Gert
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Stenflo, L.
    Large amplitude electron plasma oscillations2014In: Physics Letters A, ISSN 0375-9601, E-ISSN 1873-2429, Vol. 378, no 22-23, p. 1632-1635Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider a cold plasma in order to find new large-amplitude wave solutions in the long-wavelength limit. Accordingly we derive two generic coupled equations which describe the energy exchange between the electrostatic and electromagnetic waves. A new kind of quasi-periodic behavior is found. Our derivations may be considered as a prerequisite to extended studies of stimulated Raman scattering for cases where the wave amplitudes are so large that standard perturbation techniques are not applicable.

  • 317.
    Brodin, Gert
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Stenflo, L.
    Nonlinear dynamics of a cold collisional electron plasma2017In: Physics of Plasmas, ISSN 1070-664X, E-ISSN 1089-7674, Vol. 24, no 12, article id 124505Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the influence of collisions on the dynamics of a cold non-relativistic plasma. It is shown that even a comparatively small collision frequency can significantly change the large amplitude wave solution.

  • 318.
    Brodin, Gert
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Stenflo, L.
    Nonlinear dynamics of large amplitude modes in a magnetized plasma2014In: Physics of Plasmas, ISSN 1070-664X, E-ISSN 1089-7674, Vol. 21, no 12, article id 122301Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We derive two equations describing the coupling between electromagnetic and electrostatic oscillations in one-dimensional geometry in a magnetized cold and non-relativistic plasma. The nonlinear interaction between the wave modes is studied numerically. The effects of the external magnetic field strength and the initial electromagnetic polarization are of particular interest here. New results can, thus, be identified. 

  • 319.
    Brodin, Gert
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Stenflo, L.
    Nonlinear wave interactions of kinetic sound waves2015In: Annales Geophysicae, ISSN 0992-7689, E-ISSN 1432-0576, Vol. 33, no 8, p. 1007-1010Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We reconsider the nonlinear resonant interaction between three electrostatic waves in a magnetized plasma. The general coupling coefficients derived from kinetic theory are reduced here to the low-frequency limit. The main contribution to the coupling coefficient we find in this way agrees with the coefficient recently presented in Annales Geophysicae. But we also deduce another contribution which sometimes can be important, and which qualitatively agrees with that of an even more recent paper. We have thus demonstrated how results derived from fluid theory can be improved and generalized by means of kinetic theory. Possible extensions of our results are outlined.

  • 320.
    Brodin, Gert
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Stenflo, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    On the parametric decay of waves in magnetized plasmas2009In: Journal of Plasma Physics, ISSN 0022-3778, E-ISSN 1469-7807, Vol. 75, p. 9-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We reconsider the theory for three-wave interactions in cold plasmas. In particular, we demonstrate that previously overlooked formulations of the general theory are highly useful when deriving concrete expressions for specific cases. We also point out that many previous results deduced directly from the basic plasma equations contain inappropriate approximations leading to unphysical results. Finally, generalizations to more elaborate plasma models containing, for example, kinetic effects are given.

  • 321.
    Brodin, Gert
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Stenflo, Lennart
    Department of Physics, Linköping University, SE-581 83 Linköping, Sweden .
    Stimulated Brillouin scattering in magnetized plasmas2013In: Journal of Plasma Physics, ISSN 0022-3778, E-ISSN 1469-7807, Vol. 79, no Special Issue 06, p. 983-986Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous theory for stimulated Brillouin scattering is reconsidered and generalized. We introduce an effective ion sound velocity that turns out to be useful in describing scattering instabilities.

  • 322.
    Brodin, Gert
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Stenflo, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Wave Generation in a Warm Magnetized Multi-Component Plasma2014In: Contributions to Plasma Physics, ISSN 0863-1042, E-ISSN 1521-3986, Vol. 54, no 7, p. 623-625Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The resonant interaction between three waves propagating perpendicularly to an external magnetic field in a plasma is considered. We present the explicit expressions for the three wave coupling coefficients of a warm multi-component plasma. The results of previous work on the generation of THz radiation by laser plasma interaction are significantly improved. (C) 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

  • 323.
    Broiles, Thomas W.
    et al.
    Southwest Res Inst, Div Space Sci & Engn, 6220 Culebra Rd, San Antonio, TX 78238 USA..
    Burch, J. L.
    Southwest Res Inst, Div Space Sci & Engn, 6220 Culebra Rd, San Antonio, TX 78238 USA..
    Chae, K.
    Southwest Res Inst, Div Space Sci & Engn, 6220 Culebra Rd, San Antonio, TX 78238 USA..
    Clark, G.
    Johns Hopkins Univ, Appl Phys Lab, 11100 Johns Hopkins Rd, Laurel, MD 20723 USA..
    Cravens, T. E.
    Univ Kansas, Dept Phys & Astron, 1450 Jayhawk Blvd, Lawrence, KS 66045 USA..
    Eriksson, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Uppsala Division.
    Fuselier, S. A.
    Southwest Res Inst, Div Space Sci & Engn, 6220 Culebra Rd, San Antonio, TX 78238 USA.;Univ Texas San Antonio, Dept Phys & Astron, San Antonio, TX 78249 USA..
    Frahm, R. A.
    Southwest Res Inst, Div Space Sci & Engn, 6220 Culebra Rd, San Antonio, TX 78238 USA..
    Gasc, S.
    Univ Bern, Phys Inst, Sidlerstr 5, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland..
    Goldstein, R.
    Southwest Res Inst, Div Space Sci & Engn, 6220 Culebra Rd, San Antonio, TX 78238 USA..
    Henri, P.
    CNRS, LPC2E, F-45071 Orleans, France..
    Koenders, C.
    Tech Univ Carolo Wilhelmina Braunschweig, Inst Geophys & Extraterr Phys, Mendelssohnstr 3, D-38106 Braunschweig, Germany..
    Livadiotis, G.
    Southwest Res Inst, Div Space Sci & Engn, 6220 Culebra Rd, San Antonio, TX 78238 USA..
    Mandt, K. E.
    Southwest Res Inst, Div Space Sci & Engn, 6220 Culebra Rd, San Antonio, TX 78238 USA.;Univ Texas San Antonio, Dept Phys & Astron, San Antonio, TX 78249 USA..
    Mokashi, P.
    Southwest Res Inst, Div Space Sci & Engn, 6220 Culebra Rd, San Antonio, TX 78238 USA..
    Nemeth, Z.
    Wigner Res Ctr Phys, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary..
    Odelstad, Elias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Space Plasma Physics. Univ Kansas, Dept Phys & Astron, 1450 Jayhawk Blvd, Lawrence, KS 66045 USA..
    Rubin, M.
    Univ Bern, Phys Inst, Sidlerstr 5, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland..
    Samara, M.
    Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Heliophys Div, 8800 Greenbelt Rd, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Statistical analysis of suprathermal electron drivers at 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko2016In: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, ISSN 0035-8711, E-ISSN 1365-2966, Vol. 462, p. S312-S322Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We use observations from the Ion and Electron Sensor (IES) on board the Rosetta spacecraft to study the relationship between the cometary suprathermal electrons and the drivers that affect their density and temperature. We fit the IES electron observations with the summation of two kappa distributions, which we characterize as a dense and warm population (similar to 10 cm(-3) and similar to 16 eV) and a rarefied and hot population (similar to 0.01 cm(-3) and similar to 43 eV). The parameters of our fitting technique determine the populations' density, temperature, and invariant kappa index. We focus our analysis on the warm population to determine its origin by comparing the density and temperature with the neutral density and magnetic field strength. We find that the warm electron population is actually two separate sub-populations: electron distributions with temperatures above 8.6 eV and electron distributions with temperatures below 8.6 eV. The two sub-populations have different relationships between their density and temperature. Moreover, the two sub-populations are affected by different drivers. The hotter sub-population temperature is strongly correlated with neutral density, while the cooler sub-population is unaffected by neutral density and is only weakly correlated with magnetic field strength. We suggest that the population with temperatures above 8.6 eV is being heated by lower hybrid waves driven by counterstreaming solar wind protons and newly formed, cometary ions created in localized, dense neutral streams. To the best of our knowledge, this represents the first observations of cometary electrons heated through wave-particle interactions.

  • 324.
    Brosch, Noah
    et al.
    The Wise Observatory and the Raymond and Beverly Sackler School of Physics and Astronomy, the Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel.
    Häggström, Ingemar
    EISCAT Scientific Association.
    Pellinen-Wannberg, Asta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Westman, Assar
    EISCAT Scientific Association.
    Unusual features in high statistics radar meteor studies at EISCAT2010In: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, ISSN 0035-8711, E-ISSN 1365-2966, Vol. 401, no 2, p. 1069-1079Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We describe results of an experiment conducted with the European Incoherent Scatter (EISCAT) radars during three 8-h runs on consecutive nights in 2008 December aiming to detect and study the high-altitude meteor population along with the meteors detected at classical ~100-km altitudes. The experiment used coaxial ultra-high-frequency (UHF) and very high-frequency (VHF) radar beams pointed vertically to the zenith of Ramfjordmoen near Tromsø (Norway), and remote UHF receivers at Kiruna (Sweden) and Sodankyl¨a (Finland) for tristatic observations of a very limited volume at an altitude of 170 km above the transmitter site.

    The EISCAT VHF radar detected during the 24-h period 22 698 echoes identified as meteors. The number of UHF echoes in the same period was 2138, most detected also at VHF. Among the VHF meteors, 11 were detected at altitudes higher than 150 km. Of these, the record highest meteor was at 246.9 km. No high-altitude UHF echoes were detected, none was tristatic, and no echoes with a Doppler velocity above ~60 km s−1 were identified. Given the large number of echoes, which argues in favour of a highly significant characterization of the meteoroid population, we discuss the statistical properties of the detections and their possible physical nature.

    The average detection rate of VHF radar meteors was about 16 min-1. Comparing this high rate with that of the faintest optically detected meteors indicates that the radar detections originate from a meteoroid population that could be as optically faint as 13–14 mag. We did not observe a marked enhancement of the rates at the peak of the Geminid shower, confirming once again the proposal that most faint meteors, be these radar or optical, belong to the sporadic population and not to a specific shower.

    For a few meteors, our data show definite deceleration and possible fragmentation. A simple calculation indicates that one of the detected meteoroids was a submillimetre body that fragmented when the ram pressure reached about 0.5 pascal. This is much lower than the pressure that fragments brighter cometary meteors, which is at least two orders of magnitude higher.

  • 325.
    Brown, M. R.
    et al.
    Swarthmore College, PA, USA.
    Browning, P. K.
    University of Manchester, UK.
    Dieckmann, Mark Eric
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Furno, I.
    Ecole Polytechnique Federal de Lausanne, Switzerland .
    Intrator, T. P.
    Los Alamos National Laboratory, NM, USA .
    Microphysics of Cosmic Plasmas: Hierarchies of Plasma Instabilities from MHD to Kinetic2013In: Space Science Reviews, ISSN 0038-6308, E-ISSN 1572-9672, Vol. 178, no 2-4, p. 357-383Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we discuss the idea of a hierarchy of instabilities that can rapidly couple the disparate scales of a turbulent plasma system. First, at the largest scale of the system, L, current carrying flux ropes can undergo a kink instability. Second, a kink instability in adjacent flux ropes can rapidly bring together bundles of magnetic flux and drive reconnection, introducing a new scale of the current sheet width, , perhaps several ion inertial lengths (δ i ) across. Finally, intense current sheets driven by reconnection electric fields can destabilize kinetic waves such as ion cyclotron waves as long as the drift speed of the electrons is large compared to the ion thermal speed, v D v i . Instabilities such as these can couple MHD scales to kinetic scales, as small as the proton Larmor radius, ρ i .

  • 326.
    Brown, Michael R
    et al.
    Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, PA 19081, USA.
    Browning, Philippa K
    Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, UK.
    Dieckmann, Mark E
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Furno, Ivo
    EPFL Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Intrator, Tom P
    Los Alamos National Lab, USA.
    Microphysics of Cosmic Plasmas: Hierarchies of Plasma Instabilities from MHD to Kinetic2014In: Microphysics of cosmic plasmas / [ed] André Balogh, Andrei Bykov, Peter Cargill, Richard DendyThierry and Dudok de WitJohn Raymond, Boston: Springer, 2014, 1, p. 281-307Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we discuss the idea of a hierarchy of instabilities that can rapidly couple the disparate scales of a turbulent plasma system. First, at the largest scale of the system, L, current carrying flux ropes can undergo a kink instability. Second, a kink instability in adjacent flux ropes can rapidly bring together bundles of magnetic flux and drive reconnection, introducing a new scale of the current sheet width, , perhaps several ion inertial lengths (δ i ) across. Finally, intense current sheets driven by reconnection electric fields can destabilize kinetic waves such as ion cyclotron waves as long as the drift speed of the electrons is large compared to the ion thermal speed, v D v i . Instabilities such as these can couple MHD scales to kinetic scales, as small as the proton Larmor radius, ρ i .

  • 327.
    Brown, P.
    et al.
    Imperial Coll London, Blackett Lab, London, England.
    Auster, U.
    TU Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany.
    Bergman, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Uppsala Division.
    Fredriksson, Jesper
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Uppsala Division.
    Kasaba, Y.
    Tohoku Univ, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan.
    Mansour, M.
    Ecole Polytech, Lab Phys Plasmas, Palaiseau, France.
    Pollinger, A.
    Austrian Acad Sci, Space Res Inst, Vienna, Austria.
    Baughen, R.
    Imperial Coll London, Blackett Lab, London, England.
    Berglund, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Uppsala Division.
    Hercik, D.
    TU Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany.
    Misawa, H.
    Tohoku Univ, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan.
    Retino, A.
    Ecole Polytech, Lab Phys Plasmas, Palaiseau, France.
    Bendyk, M.
    Imperial Coll London, Blackett Lab, London, England.
    Magnes, W.
    Austrian Acad Sci, Space Res Inst, Vienna, Austria.
    Cecconi, B.
    Observ Paris, LESIA, Meudon, France.
    Dougherty, M. K.
    Imperial Coll London, Blackett Lab, London, England.
    Fischer, G.
    Austrian Acad Sci, Space Res Inst, Vienna, Austria.
    Meeting the Magnetic Emc Challenges for the In-Situ Field Measurements on the Juice Mission2019In: Proceedings of 2019 ESA Workshop on Aerospace EMC (Aerospace EMC), IEEE, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The JUICE (JUpiter ICy moon Explorer) mission features instrument designs tailored to meet the specific challenges of the respective measuring environment, including EMC constraints. We describe the magnetic field science requirements for this mission and show how they drive the EMC requirements on the spacecraft and selected in-situ instrument configurations. We describe the results of two mutual interference campaigns and discuss the design mitigations employed in order to realise in-situ magnetic and electric field data in-flight with the accuracy required to meet very challenging mission science goals.

  • 328. Brunetti, D
    et al.
    Cooper, W A
    Graves, J P
    Halpern, F
    Wahlberg, C
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Space Plasma Physics.
    Lutjens, H
    Luciani, J F
    MHD properties in the core of ITER-like hybrid scenarios2012In:  , 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 329.
    Brunetti, D.
    et al.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Graves, J. P.
    SPC, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Lazzaro, E.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Mariani, A.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy.;SPC, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Nowak, S.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy..
    Cooper, W. A.
    SPC, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Wahlberg, Christer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Space Plasma Physics.
    Analytic stability criteria for edge MHD oscillations in high performance ELM free tokamak regimes2018In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 58, no 1, article id 014002Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A new dispersion relation, and associated stability criteria, is derived for low-n external kink and infernal modes, and is applied to modelling the stability properties of quiescent H-mode like regimes. The analysis, performed in toroidal geometry with large edge pressure gradients associated with a local flattening of the safety factor, includes a pedestal, sheared toroidal rotation and a vacuum region separating the plasma from an ideal metallic wall. The external kink-infernal modes found here exhibit similarities with experimentally observed edge harmonic oscillations.

  • 330.
    Brunetti, D.
    et al.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy.
    Graves, J. P.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, SPC, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Lazzaro, E.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy.
    Mariani, A.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy.
    Nowak, S.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy.
    Cooper, W. A.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, SPC, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Wahlberg, Christer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Space Plasma Physics.
    Excitation Mechanism of Low-n Edge Harmonic Oscillations in Edge Localized Mode-Free, High Performance, Tokamak Plasmas2019In: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 122, no 15, article id 155003Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The excitation mechanism for low-n edge harmonic oscillations in quiescent H-mode regimes is identified analytically. We show that the combined effect of diamagnetic and poloidal magnetohydrodynamic flows, with the constraint of a Doppler-like effect of the ion flow, leads to the stabilization of short wavelength modes, allowing low-n perturbation to grow. The analysis, performed in tokamak toroidal geometry, includes the effects of large edge pressure gradients, associated with the local flattening of the safety factor and diamagnetic flows, sheared parallel and E x B rotation, and a vacuum region between plasma and the ideal metallic wall. The separatrix also is modeled analytically.

  • 331.
    Brunetti, D.
    et al.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy.
    Graves, J. P.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, SPC, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Lazzaro, E.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy.
    Mariani, A.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy.
    Nowak, S.
    CNR, IFP, Via R Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan, Italy.
    Cooper, W. A.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, SPC, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Wahlberg, Christer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Space Plasma Physics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Astronomy and Space Physics. EURATOM VR Fus Assoc, POB 515, SE-75120 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Helical equilibrium magnetohydrodynamic flow effects on the stability properties of low-n ideal external-infernal modes in weak shear tokamak configurations2019In: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, ISSN 0741-3335, E-ISSN 1361-6587, Vol. 61, no 6, article id 064003Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The impact of equilibrium helical flows on the stability properties of low shear tokamak plasmas is assessed. The corrections due to such helical flow to the equilibrium profiles (mass density, pressure, Shafranov shift, magnetic fluxes) are computed by minimising order by order the generalised Grad-Shafranov equation. By applying the same minimisation procedure, a set of three coupled equations, suitable for the study of magnetohydrodynamic perturbations localised within core or edge transport barriers is derived in circular tokamak geometry. We apply these equations to modelling the impact of strong poloidal flow shear in the edge region caused by a radial electric field on the stability of edge infernal modes retaining vacuum effects. Due to the poloidal flow shearing, the effect of plasma rotation is not simply a Doppler shift of the eigenfrequency. Stabilisation is found even for weak flow amplitude.

  • 332.
    Brunetti, Daniele
    et al.
    CNR, IFP, Milan, Italy.
    Graves, J. P.
    SPC, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Lazzaro, E.
    CNR, IFP, Milan, Italy.
    Mariani, A.
    CNR, IFP, Milan, Italy.
    Nowak, S.
    CNR, IFP, Milan, Italy.
    Cooper, W. A.
    SPC, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Wahlberg, Christer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Analytic study on low-n external ideal infernal modes in tokamaks with large edge pressure gradients2018In: Journal of Plasma Physics, ISSN 0022-3778, E-ISSN 1469-7807, Vol. 84, no 2, article id 745840201Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The problem of pressure driven infernal type perturbations near the plasma edge is addressed analytically for a circular limited tokamak configuration which presents an edge flattened safety factor. The plasma is separated from a metallic wall, either ideally conducting or resistive, by a vacuum region. The dispersion relation for such types of instabilities is derived and discussed for two classes of equilibrium profiles for pressure and mass density.

  • 333.
    Brunetti, Daniele
    et al.
    EPFL, Lausanne, Schweiz.
    Wahlberg, C
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Space Plasma Physics.
    Resistive instabilities in low magnetic shear tokamak configuration2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 334.
    Brunsell, P
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Alfvén Laboratory.
    Cecconello, M
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Alfvén Laboratory.
    Drake, J R
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Alfvén Laboratory.
    Malmberg, J-A
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Alfvén Laboratory.
    Franz, P
    Martin, P
    Marrelli, L
    Piovesan, P
    Spizzo, G
    Quasi Single Helicity in EXTRAP-T2R2003In: Europhysics Conf. Abstracts Vol. 27A, 2003, p. P-1.211-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 335.
    Brunsell, P R
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Alfvén Laboratory.
    Bergsåker, H
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Fusion Plasma Physics.
    Brzozowski, J H
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Alfvén Laboratory.
    Cecconello, M
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Alfvén Laboratory.
    Drake, J R
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Alfvén Laboratory.
    Malmberg, J-A
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Alfvén Laboratory.
    Scheffel, J
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Alfvén Laboratory.
    Schnack, D D
    Mode dynamics and confinement in the reversed-field pinch2000In: IAEA-CN-77: Fusion Energy 2000, 2000, p. Paper EXP3/14-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 336.
    Brunsell, P R
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Alfvén Laboratory.
    Malmberg, J-A
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Alfvén Laboratory.
    Yadikin, D
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Alfvén Laboratory.
    Resistive wall mode studies in the EXTRAP T2R reversed-field pinch2002In: Europhysics Conf. Abstracts 26B, 2002, p. P-1.107-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 337.
    Brunsell, Per
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Fusion Plasma Physics.
    Frassinetti, Lorenzo
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Fusion Plasma Physics.
    Volpe, Francesco
    Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.
    Olofsson, Erik
    Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.
    Fridström, Rickard
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Fusion Plasma Physics.
    Setiadi, Agung Chris
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Fusion Plasma Physics.
    Resistive Wall Mode Studies utilizing External Magnetic Perturbations2014In: Proceeding of the 25th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference, 2014, article id Paper EX/P4-20Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 338.
    Brunsell, Per
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Fusion Plasma Physics.
    Frassinetti, Lorenzo
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Fusion Plasma Physics.
    Volpe, Francesco
    Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.
    Olofsson, Erik
    Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.
    Fridström, Rickard
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Fusion Plasma Physics.
    Setiadi, Agung Chris
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Fusion Plasma Physics.
    Resistive Wall Mode Studies utilizing External Magnetic PerturbationsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 339.
    Brunsell, Per
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Fusion Plasma Physics.
    Olofsson, K. Erik J.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Fusion Plasma Physics.
    Frassinetti, Lorenzo
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Fusion Plasma Physics.
    Menmuir, Sheena
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics.
    Cecconello, Marco
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Fusion Plasma Physics.
    Yadikin, D.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Fusion Plasma Physics.
    Kuldkepp, Mattias
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics.
    Drake, James Robert
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Fusion Plasma Physics.
    Rachlew, Elisabethth
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics.
    Resistive wall mode feedback control experiments in EXTRAP T2R2007In: 34th EPS Conference on Plasma Physics 2007, EPS 2007 - Europhysics Conference Abstracts, 2007, p. 544-547Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Experiments in EXTRAP T2R on RWM stabilization using intelligent shell feedback with a P-controller showed that mode suppression improves with increasing gain up to the system stability limit. A PD-controller gives faster response and allows operation with higher gain. The PI-controller is useful for suppression of modes driven by external resonant field error. Best mode suppression was in the present study achieved with a PID-controller.

  • 340.
    Brunsell, Per R.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, Alfvén Laboratory Centre for Space and Fusion Plasma Physics.
    Kuldkepp, Mattias
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics.
    Menmuir, Sheena
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics.
    Cecconello, Marco
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, Alfvén Laboratory Centre for Space and Fusion Plasma Physics.
    Hedqvist, Anders
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics.
    Yadikin, Dimitry
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, Alfvén Laboratory Centre for Space and Fusion Plasma Physics.
    Drake, James Robert
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, Alfvén Laboratory Centre for Space and Fusion Plasma Physics.
    Rachlew, Elisabeth
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics.
    Reversed field pinch operation with intelligent shell feedback control in EXTRAP T2R2006In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 46, no 11, p. 904-913Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Discharges in the thin shell reversed field pinch (RFP) device EXTRAP T2R without active feedback control are characterized by growth of non-resonant m = 1 unstable resistive wall modes (RWMs) in agreement with linear MHD theory. Resonant m = 1 tearing modes (TMs) exhibit initially fast rotation and the associated perturbed radial fields at the shell are small, but eventually TMs wall-lock and give rise to a growing radial field. The increase in the radial field at the wall due to growing RWMs and wall-locked TMs is correlated with an increase in the toroidal loop voltage, which leads to discharge termination after 3-4 wall times. An active magnetic feedback control system has been installed in EXTRAP T2R. A two-dimensional array of 128 active saddle coils (pair-connected into 64 independent m = 1 coils) is used with intelligent shell feedback control to suppress the m = 1 radial field at the shell. With feedback control, active stabilization of the full toroidal spectrum of 16 unstable m = 1 non-resonant RWMs is achieved, and TM wall locking is avoided. A three-fold extension of the pulse length, up to the power supply limit, is observed. Intelligent shell feedback control is able to maintain the plasma equilibrium for 10 wall times, with plasma confinement parameters sustained at values comparable to those obtained in thick shell devices of similar size.

  • 341.
    Brunsell, Per R.
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Alfvén Laboratory.
    Yadikin, Dmitriy
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Alfvén Laboratory.
    Gregoratto, D.
    Bolzonella, T.
    Cecconello, Marco
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Alfvén Laboratory.
    Drake, James Robert
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Alfvén Laboratory.
    Luchetta, A.
    Malmberg, Jenny-Ann
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Alfvén Laboratory.
    Manduchi, G.
    Marchiori, G.
    Liu, Y.
    Ortolani, S.
    Paccagnella, R.
    First results from intelligent shell experiments with partial coil coverage in the EXTRAP T2R reversed field pinch2004In: Europhysics Conf. Abstracts Vol 29C, 2004, p. P-5.190-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 342.
    Brändström, B. U. E.
    et al.
    Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Kiruna, Sweden.
    Enell, C. F.
    Widell, O.
    Hansson, T.
    Whiter, N.
    Mäkinen, S.
    Mikhaylova, D.
    Axelsson, K.
    Sigernes, F.
    Gulbrandsen, N.
    Schlatter, N. M.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Space and Plasma Physics.
    Gjendem, A. G.
    Cai, L.
    Reistad, J. P.
    Daae, M.
    Demissie, T. D.
    Andalsvik, Y. L.
    Roberts, O.
    Poluyanov, S.
    Chernouss, S.
    Results from the intercalibration of optical low-light calibration sources 20112012In: Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems, ISSN 2193-0856, E-ISSN 2193-0864, Vol. 1, p. 43-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Following the 38th Annual European Meeting on Atmospheric Studies by Optical Methods in Siuntio in Finland, an intercalibration workshop for optical low light calibration sources was held in Sodankylä, Finland. The main purpose of this workshop was to provide a comparable scale for absolute measurements of aurora and airglow. All sources brought to the intercalibration workshop were compared to the Fritz Peak reference source using the Lindau Calibration Photometer built by Wilhelm Barke and Hans Lauche in 1984. The results were compared to several earlier intercalibration workshops. It was found that most sources were fairly stable over time, with errors in the range of 5–25%. To further validate the results, two sources were also intercalibrated at UNIS, Longyearbyen, Svalbard. Preliminary analysis indicates agreement with the intercalibration in Sodankylä within about 15–25%.

  • 343.
    Brändström, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Rymdvetenskap.
    The Auroral Large Imaging System: design, operation and scientific results2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Auroral Large Imaging System (ALIS) was proposed in 1989 by Åke Steen as a joint Scandinavian ground-based nework of automated auroral imaging stations. The primary scientic objective was in the field of auroral physics, but it was soon realised that ALIS could be used in other fields, for example, studies of Polar Stratospheric Clouds (PSC), meteors, as well as other atmospheric phenomena.

    This report describes the design, operation and scientic results from a Swedish prototype of ALIS consisting of six unmanned remote-controlled stations located in a grid of about 50 km in northern Sweden. Each station is equipped with a sensitive high-resolution (1024 x 1024 pixels) unintensified monochromatic CCDimager. A six-position filter-wheel for narrow-band interference filters facilitates absolute spectroscopic measurements of, for example, auroral and airglow emissions. Overlapping fields-of-view resulting from the station baseline of about 50 km combined with the station field-of-view of 50° to 60°, enable triangulation as well as tomographic methods to be employed for obtaining altitude information of the observed phenomena.

    ALIS was probably one of the first instruments to take advantage of unintensi- fied (i.e. no image-intensifier) scientific-grade CCDs as detectors for spectroscopic imaging studies with multiple stations of faint phenomena such as aurora, airglow, etc. This makes absolute calibration a task that is as important as it is dificult.

    Although ALIS was primarily designed for auroral studies, the majority of the scientific results so far have, quite unexpectedly, been obtained from observations of HF pump-enhanced airglow (recently renamed Radio-Induced Aurora). ALIS made the first unambiguous observation of this phenomena at high-latitudes and the first tomography-like inversion of height profiles of the airglow regions. The scientific results so far include tomographic estimates of the auroral electron spectra, coordinated observations with satellite and radar, as well as studies of polar stratospheric clouds. An ALIS imager also participated in a joint project that produced the first ground-based daytime auroral images. Recently ALIS made spectroscopic observations of a Leonid meteor-trail and preliminary analysis indicates the possible detection of water in the Leonid.

  • 344.
    Brändström, Urban
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Space Science.
    The Auroral Large Imaging System: design, operation and scientific results2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Auroral Large Imaging System (ALIS) was proposed in 1989 by Åke Steen as a joint Scandinavian ground-based nework of automated auroral imaging stations. The primary scientic objective was in the field of auroral physics, but it was soon realised that ALIS could be used in other fields, for example, studies of Polar Stratospheric Clouds (PSC), meteors, as well as other atmospheric phenomena.

    This report describes the design, operation and scientic results from a Swedish prototype of ALIS consisting of six unmanned remote-controlled stations located in a grid of about 50 km in northern Sweden. Each station is equipped with a sensitive high-resolution (1024 x 1024 pixels) unintensified monochromatic CCDimager. A six-position filter-wheel for narrow-band interference filters facilitates absolute spectroscopic measurements of, for example, auroral and airglow emissions. Overlapping fields-of-view resulting from the station baseline of about 50 km combined with the station field-of-view of 50° to 60°, enable triangulation as well as tomographic methods to be employed for obtaining altitude information of the observed phenomena.

    ALIS was probably one of the first instruments to take advantage of unintensi- fied (i.e. no image-intensifier) scientific-grade CCDs as detectors for spectroscopic imaging studies with multiple stations of faint phenomena such as aurora, airglow, etc. This makes absolute calibration a task that is as important as it is dificult.

    Although ALIS was primarily designed for auroral studies, the majority of the scientific results so far have, quite unexpectedly, been obtained from observations of HF pump-enhanced airglow (recently renamed Radio-Induced Aurora). ALIS made the first unambiguous observation of this phenomena at high-latitudes and the first tomography-like inversion of height profiles of the airglow regions. The scientific results so far include tomographic estimates of the auroral electron spectra, coordinated observations with satellite and radar, as well as studies of polar stratospheric clouds. An ALIS imager also participated in a joint project that produced the first ground-based daytime auroral images. Recently ALIS made spectroscopic observations of a Leonid meteor-trail and preliminary analysis indicates the possible detection of water in the Leonid.

  • 345.
    Brünteson, Jonathan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Analysis of the dynamical drift of a persistent train from the Leonid meteor shower2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The drift of persistent meteor train from the 2009 Leonid shower is studied. A Matlab simulation is performed using cardinal wind data from the National Institute of Polar Research (NIPR) meteor radar in Tromsø. The simulation is compared with NIPR all-sky images of the train to see if the wind velocity can explain its drift. The lower altitude part of the simulated train correlates decently with the images in both northward and eastward directions. The higher altitude part of the simulation have the correct northward movement but moves with high speed to the east while the all-sky images indicate a fast westward movement. This discrepancy can likely be attributed to the ~200 km2  averaging of the wind field by the meteor radar and turbulence in the atmosphere.

  • 346. Bucalossi, J.
    et al.
    Neu, R.
    Joffrin, E.
    Lomas, P.
    Nunes, I.
    Rimini, F.
    Beurskens, M.
    Frassinetti, Lorenzo
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Fusion Plasma Physics.
    Baruzzo, M.
    Bourdelle, C.
    Challis, C.
    Coenen, J.
    De Vries, P.
    Dux, R.
    Giroud, C.
    Giruzzi, G.
    Maddison, G.
    Mayoral, M.
    Characterization of the ELMy H-mode regime with the ITER-like wall in JET2012In: 39th EPS Conference on Plasma Physics 2012, EPS 2012 and the 16th International Congress on Plasma Physics: Volume 1, 2012, 2012, p. 45-48Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 347. Buck, A.
    et al.
    Wenz, J.
    Xu, Jiancai
    Khrennikov, K.
    Schmid, K.
    Heigoldt, M.
    Mikhailova, J. M.
    Geissler, M.
    Shen, B.
    Krausz, F.
    Karsch, S.
    Veisz, László
    Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik, Garching, Germany.
    Shock-Front Injector for High-Quality Laser-Plasma Acceleration2013In: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 110, no 18, article id 185006Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report the generation of stable and tunable electron bunches with very low absolute energy spread (ΔE≈5  MeV) accelerated in laser wakefields via injection and trapping at a sharp downward density jump produced by a shock front in a supersonic gas flow. The peak of the highly stable and reproducible electron energy spectrum was tuned over more than 1 order of magnitude, containing a charge of 1–100 pC and a charge per energy interval of more than 10  pC/MeV. Laser-plasma electron acceleration with Ti:sapphire lasers using this novel injection mechanism provides high-quality electron bunches tailored for applications.

  • 348. Budny, R. V.
    et al.
    Andersson Sundén, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Binda, F.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Conroy, Sean
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Dzysiuk, N.
    Ericsson, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Eriksson, Jacob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Hellesen, C.
    Hjalmarsson, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Possnert, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Sjöstrand, Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Skiba, M.
    Weiszflog, Matthias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Zychor, I.
    Alpha heating, isotopic mass, and fast ion effects in deuterium-tritium experiments2018In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 58, no 9, article id 096011Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Alpha heating experiments in the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) and in the Joint European Torus (JET) 1997 DTE1 campaign arc reexamined. In TFTR supershots central electron heating of both deuterium only and deuterium-tritium supershots was dominated by thermal ion-electron heat transfer rate p(ie). The higher T-e in deuterium-tritium supershots was mainly due to higher T-i largely caused by isotopic mass effects of neutral beam-thermal ion heating. The thermal ion-electron heating dominated the electron heating in the center. The ratio of the predicted alpha to total electron heating rates f(alp) is less than 0.30. Thus alpha heating (and possible favorable isotopic mass scaling of the thermal plasma) were too small to be measured reliably. The JET alpha heating Hot-Ion H-mode discharges had lower T-i/T-e, and thus had lower p(ie) and the deuterium-tritium DT discharges had higher f(alp), than in TFTR. There were not enough comparable discharges to verify alpha heating. The high performance phases consisted of rampup to brief flattop durations. At equal times during the rampup phase central T-e and T-i were linearly correlated with the thermal hydrogcnic isotopic mass < A >(hyd) which co-varied with beam ion pressure, the tritium fraction of neutral beam power, and the time delay to the first significant sawteeth which interrupted the T-e increases. For both devices the expected alpha healing rate and the null hypothesis of no alpha heating arc consistent with the measurements within the measurement and modeling uncertainties.

  • 349. Bunce, E. J.
    et al.
    Grodent, D. C.
    Jinks, S. L.
    Andrews, David J.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Uppsala Division.
    Badman, S. V.
    Coates, A. J.
    Cowley, S. W. H.
    Dougherty, M. K.
    Kurth, W. S.
    Mitchell, D. G.
    Provan, G.
    Cassini nightside observations of the oscillatory motion of Saturn's northern auroral oval2014In: Journal of Geophysical Research - Space Physics, ISSN 2169-9380, Vol. 119, no 5, p. 3528-3543Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years we have benefitted greatly from the first in-orbit multi-wavelength images of Saturn's polar atmosphere from the Cassini spacecraft. Specifically, images obtained from the Cassini UltraViolet Imaging Spectrograph (UVIS) provide an excellent view of the planet's auroral emissions, which in turn give an account of the large-scale magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling and dynamics within the system. However, obtaining near-simultaneous views of the auroral regions with in situ measurements of magnetic field and plasma populations at high latitudes is more difficult to routinely achieve. Here we present an unusual case, during Revolution 99 in January 2009, where UVIS observes the entire northern UV auroral oval during a 2h interval while Cassini traverses the magnetic flux tubes connecting to the auroral regions near 21 LT, sampling the related magnetic field, particle, and radio and plasma wave signatures. The motion of the auroral oval evident from the UVIS images requires a careful interpretation of the associated latitudinally oscillating magnetic field and auroral field-aligned current signatures, whereas previous interpretations have assumed a static current system. Concurrent observations of the auroral hiss (typically generated in regions of downward directed field-aligned current) support this revised interpretation of an oscillating current system. The nature of the motion of the auroral oval evident in the UVIS image sequence, and the simultaneous measured motion of the field-aligned currents (and related plasma boundary) in this interval, is shown to be related to the northern hemisphere magnetosphere oscillation phase. This is in agreement with previous observations of the auroral oval oscillatory motion.

  • 350. Buratti, P.
    et al.
    Andersson Sundén, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Asp, E.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Binda, Federico
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Cecconello, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Conroy, Sean
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Dzysiuk, Nataliia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Ericsson, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Eriksson, Jacob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Hellesen, Carl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Hjalmarsson, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Possnert, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Sjöstrand, Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Skiba, Mateusz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Weiszflog, Matthias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Zychor, I.
    Diagnostic application of magnetic islands rotation in JET2016In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 56, no 7, article id 076004Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Measurements of the propagation frequency of magnetic islands in JET are compared with diamagnetic drift frequencies, in view of a possible diagnostic application to the determination of markers for the safety factor profile. Statistical analysis is performed for a database including many well-diagnosed plasma discharges. Propagation in the plasma frame, i.e. with subtracted E x B Doppler shift, results to be in the ion diamagnetic drift direction, with values ranging from 0.8 (for islands at the q = 2 resonant surface) to 1.8 (for more internal islands) times the ion diamagnetic drift frequency. The diagnostic potential of the assumption of island propagation at exactly the ion diamagnetic frequency is scrutinised. Rational-q locations obtained on the basis of this assumption are compared with the ones measured by equilibrium reconstruction including motional Stark effect measurements as constraints. Systematic shifts and standard deviations are determined for islands with (poloidal, toroidal) periodicity indexes of (2, 1), (3, 2), (4, 3) and (5, 3) and possible diagnostic applications are indicated.

45678910 301 - 350 of 2385
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf