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  • 2951.
    Wetter-Edman, Katarina
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. Experio Lab, County Council of Värmland, Karlstad, Sweden; Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Moritz, Stefan
    Veryday, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Empowering transformation through design inquiry in public healthcare2015In: Proceedings of the Third European Conference on Design4Health 2015, Sheffield,13 -16 July 2015, Sheffield: Sheffield Hallam University , 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In health and care service processes the coordination between different caregivers is one of the crucial challenges. This paper presents The patient journey project  as a practical application of a pragmatist pattern of inquiry (Dewey, 1938) and as fruitful way to work with/achieve transformative design. Situations of lived experience and moments of reflections perform as a carrier of knowledge and development. The paper argues that the design tools and mindset used in this project are of great importance in the ongoing transformation towards the patients focus in a Swedish public health care organization. 

  • 2952.
    Wetter-Edman, Katarina
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. Academy of Design and Crafts, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden; Experio Lab, County Council of Värmland, Karlstad, Sweden; FoUiS, County Council of Sörmland, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Vink, Josina
    Centre for Service Research, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden; Experio Lab, County Council of Värmland, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Blomkvist, Johan
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Staging aesthetic disruption through design methods for service innovation2018In: Design Studies, ISSN 0142-694X, E-ISSN 1872-6909, Vol. 55, p. 5-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Within the discourse connecting design and innovation, there has been a growing emphasis on the importance of cognitive processes in relation to design methods. However, the over-emphasis on cognition fails to clearly identify the triggers of change necessary for service innovation. In response, this article draws on classic American pragmatism and service-dominant logic to highlight the underappreciated role of actors' bodily experiences when using design methods for service innovation. The authors of this paper posit that design methods stage aesthetic disruption, a sensory experience that challenges actors' existing assumptions. In doing so, the use of design methods can lead to destabilizing the habitual action of participating actors, helping them to break free of existing institutions and contribute to service innovation.

  • 2953.
    Whalen, Peter
    et al.
    Department of Marketing, University of Denver, Denver CO, USA.
    Uslay, Can
    Department of Marketing, Rutgers University, Piscataway NJ, USA.
    Pascal, Vincent J.
    Management Department, Eastern Washington University, Spokane WA, USA.
    Omura, Glenn
    Michigan State University, East Lansing MI, USA.
    McAuley, Andrew
    Southern Cross University, Lismore NSW, Australia.
    Kasouf, Chickery J.
    Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester MA, USA.
    Jones, Rosalind
    Department of Marketing, University of Birmingham Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK.
    Hultman, Claes M.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Hills, Gerald E.
    School of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Bradley University, Peoria IL, USA.
    Hansen, David J.
    Department of Management and Marketing, College of Charleston, Charleston SC, USA.
    Gilmore, Audrey
    Department of Business and Enterprise, Ulster University, Coleraine, UK.
    Giglierano, Joe
    Department of Marketing and Decision Sciences, San Jose State University, San Jose CA, USA.
    Eggers, Fabian
    Department of Marketing, Menlo College, Atherton CA, USA.
    Deacon, Jonathan
    The South Wales Business School, University of South Wales, Newport, UK.
    Anatomy of competitive advantage: towards a contingency theory of entrepreneurial marketing2016In: Journal of Strategic Marketing, ISSN 0965-254X, E-ISSN 1466-4488, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 5-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurial marketing (EM), born out of the practice of firms operating in conditions of uncertainty, is emerging as a powerful alternative to cope with the decreasing effectiveness associated with traditional marketing. In this article, the authors provide their collective position regarding the field of EM. A brief history and conceptual background of EM is presented and the contextual differences that have shaped its evolution are considered. Distinctions between traditional and EM are derived based on discussions of the concepts of size, speed, market, opportunity, risk, and uncertainty. The perspective of value co-creation in uncertainty is used to develop a contingency framework to serve as the foundation towards a general theory of EM. Operand and operant resources and environmental conditions are proposed to moderate the EM process from opportunity recognition to entrepreneurial organization, EM, and temporary competitive advantage. The theoretical facets are illustrated with seven propositions and directions for future research.

  • 2954.
    Wickberg Brataas, Joakim
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Eftekhari, Ramin
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Internetbanktjänster vs mobila banktjänster: En studie om skillnader i anammandepreocesserna2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2955.
    Widell, Lars M
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Essays in International Trade: Measurement, Product Quality, Input-Output Modelling and Tax Evasion2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of four independent essays that deal with several measurement aspects within the field of international trade. The measurement problems addressed are related to measuring the human capital content of trade in exports relative to imports or measuring tax evasion

    Essay 1, The Human Capital Content of Trade and its Measurement. Evidence from Swedish Data, deals with various measurement problems related to calculations of the human capital content of trade in exports relative to imports. This builds on the Heckscher-Ohlin-Vanek extension to the Heckscher-Ohlin trade theory.

    Essay 2, Product Quality Adjustment and the Human Capital Content of Trade. A New Computational Framework, builds on the same theoretical background, but introduces a quality-adjustment in the calculations of the human capital content of trade in exports relative to imports, which builds on the idea underlying vertical intra-industry trade (VIIT). Quality adjustment is performed, first, by assuming that a product sold at a higher price has a higher quality than the same product sold at a lower price and, second, by assuming that a highquality product implies a higher content of skilled labour than a low-quality product.

    Essay 3, Estimation of commodity-by-commodity input–output matrices, focuses on a new method in constructing symmetric input-output tables (SIOTs), which has been termed the Bohlin and Widell model, using data contained within supply- and use-tables (SUTs). One key contribution is that it makes it possible to estimate SIOTs in cases when the underlying SUTs are rectangular. The method also addresses the problem of negative coefficients, a long-standing issue encountered in the derivation of SIOTs.

    Essay 4, Tax evasion in Kenya and Tanzania: Evidence from missing imports, focuses on estimating the amount of tax evasion in trade between Kenya and Tanzania. The study is empirically focused, and the measurement errors in reported trade flows between both countries are correlated with tax rates, to determine whether the measurement error increases with the tax rate.

  • 2956.
    Widell, Lars M
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Product Quality Adjustment and the Human Capital Content of Trade: A New Computational FrameworkManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 2957.
    Widell, Lars M
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    The Human Capital Content of Trade and its Measurement: Evidence from Swedish DataManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 2958.
    Widholm, Rickard
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Wahlgren, Fredrik
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    En identifiering av hot mot informationssystem och dess konsekvenser i den offentliga sektorn i Örebro2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2959.
    Wigblad, Rune
    et al.
    Department of Economy and Society, Dalarna University College, Borlänge, Sweden.
    Hansson, Magnus
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Townsend, Keith
    Centre for Research on Work, Organisation and Wellbeing, The Department of Employment Relations and Human Resources, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia.
    Lewer, John
    School of Business and Management, The University of Newcastle, Callagham, Australia.
    Shifting frontiers of control during closedown processes2012In: Personnel review, ISSN 0048-3486, E-ISSN 1758-6933, Vol. 41, no 2, p. 160-179Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This paper aims to explore and analyse how shifting frontiers of control emerge and, change the labour process so that restrictions to output become diminished, subsequently affecting organisational performance.

    Design/methodology/approach: Multiple case study design. Interviews with 104 respondents. Analysis of productivity statistics in order to test for the statistical significance of the closedown effect. Single multiple regression analysis of the comparative strength, of the closedown effect, between cases.

    Findings: Shifting frontiers of control arise during the closedown process, a control system characterised by markedly unrestricted autonomy for the workers as the management frontiers of control abate. This provides an operative space for informal work practices, innovation and emerging new industrial relations, accounting for the higher levels of output.

    Research limitations/implications: A multiple case study of three different manufacturing organisations, with comparably long closedown periods. The authors do not analyse the sustainability of the increase in output or the generalisibility of the closedown effect to other industries.

    Practical implications: It is possible to anticipate improved productivity if shiffing frontiers of control are rapidly replacing the old. If management abandons the old control mechanisms, previous to the closedown decision, and provides operative space for workers' initiatives and informal leadership during the closedown process, it is possible to expect good performance, enabling a scope for extended closedown periods.

    Originality/value: This is the first study that analyses the comparative strength of the closedown effect and how restricted work practices change under the process of closedown.

  • 2960.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Hedström, Karin
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Larsson, Hannu
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    e-government for all: Norm-critical perspectives and public values in digitalization2017In: 50th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences: IEEE conference proceedings, IEEE, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are hopes that e-government will bring many benefits, including efficiency, democratization, participation, and emancipation of citizens. However, despite some evidence that supports these claims there are also cases that digitalization can exclude citizens and build new barriers. This is a special challenge for already disadvantaged groups falling outside the norms. In this study we approach the notion of a norm-critical perspective in relation to e-government through a review of literature in combination with action research oriented workshops. From this we conclude that there is a need for more norm-critical perspectives in research on e-government, as most research today focuses on socio-economic digital-divide issues. We also show that it is difficult for involved actors to see beyond the norms and be norm-critical since the norms are embedded into the practices, which in this case, e-government has developed and used. 

  • 2961.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    et al.
    School of Management and Engineering, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden .
    Larsson, Hannu
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Hedström, Karin
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    The Computer Says No!”: A Case Study on Automated Decision-making in Public Authorities2016In: Proceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences / [ed] Tung X. Bui and Ralph H. Sprague, Jr., Piscataway, NJ: IEEE conference proceedings, 2016, p. 2903-2912Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In e-government automated decision-making increases, forming part of a trend towards “smart” and self-regulating systems. This necessitates the introduction of new relationships and practices, challenging the division of responsibilities in public administration. Using a case study approach, this paper elaborates on implications of automated decision-making for professional officers in a Swedish public organization. We conclude that automation should be framed in relation to the rules of law and ethics of justice. Furthermore, the roles and competences of professionals are changing, with automated systems beginning to resemble cobureaucrats. Professionals can either make an alliance with the automated system or the client. This choice of strategy is related to the issues of legitimacy and professional competences. We also identify practices as being either a form of caring ethics or a formal legal ethic norm. Such practices should be further addressed to influence practices promoting legitimate systems citizens can trust.

  • 2962.
    Wiklund, Matilda
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Andersson, Annika
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Student-initiated use of technology: friend and foe2018In: E-Learning and Digital Media, ISSN 2042-7530, E-ISSN 2042-7530, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 3-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A multitude of different technologies are used in school today. Some are provided by the school and others are brought by the individual teacher or student. In addition, different applications are available. In this study the focus is on student-initiated uses of technology and how it conditions learning. Based on a case study with surveys, interviews and an observational time study, it is shown that students appear to be the most frequent users of technology in the classroom and for the most part initiate its use. We also show that they often initiate uses directed towards communication and inquiry. Against the prevailing understanding that students mainly use technology for extra-curricular activities, we found that most of the student-initiated technology and applications related to the task in hand and were therefore not regarded as problematic by teachers or students. However, with regard to student-initiated uses of social media, games and communicative applications the picture is more diverse. In this context, teachers and students complain that such use may distract students, although some regard it as rewarding, for example due to the informal learning or time for contemplation and relaxation that results. We conclude by questioning the dichotomies of curricular–non-curricular and intended - unintended learning and we argue for the need to add contemplation to the taxonomy used for understanding the educational use of information technologies as conditions for learning. 

  • 2963.
    Williams, Helén
    et al.
    Service Research Center and Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Wikström, Fredrik
    Service Research Center and Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Wetter-Edman, Katarina
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Kristensson, Per
    Service Research Center and Department of Social and Psychological Studies, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Decisions on Recycling or Waste: How Packaging Functions Affect the Fate of Used Packaging in Selected Swedish Households2018In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 12, article id 4794Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The intention of this paper is to learn more about why consumers choose whether or not to recycle, with special attention given to the functions of the packaging itself, in order to provide suggestions for improvements in packaging design, recycling systems and the environmental assessment of different packaging designs. The study focussed on ten households in Sweden that where motivated to participate in the study in order to gain an understanding of the complex matter of this decision-making process. The intention of implementing an interview-based qualitative study was to gain rich data and to reach beyond the respondents’ immediate verbal responses. The respondents were interviewed with open-ended questions, which were supported with pictures of packaging; additionally, their waste bins were examined. This explorative study suggests a set of obstacles that cause consumers to dispose of packaging relating to the functions of packaging. The different obstacles that determine whether or not packaging is recycled were organised according to three different themes: the attitude towards cleanliness, the effort required to clean and sort and uncertainties about the best environmental alternative. The different functions of packaging do in fact influence all of the identified themes and; therefore, influence the decisions consumers make with regards to the recycling of specific packaging. The identified packaging functions were easy to separate different materials, easy to separate different parts, easy to clean, easy to empty, easy to reseal, easy to compress and communication regarding recycling. Consumer behaviour with regards to specific packaging functions and recycling should be further investigated. It should also be considered for inclusion in design processes, to increase the chance of materials being recycled, and in food-packaging life-cycle assessments, to provide results that align more closely with reality.

  • 2964.
    Willyams, Annikki
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Östlund, Angelica
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Generation Y:s val av bank En studie om kundlojalitet och nyckelfaktorer vid val av bank2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2965.
    Windahl, Charlotta
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. University of Auckland.
    Wetter-Edman, Katarina
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Designing for Service: From Service-Dominant Logic to Design Practice (and Vice Versa)2018In: The SAGE Handbook of Service-Dominant Logic / [ed] Stephen L. Vargo, Robert F. Lusch, Sage Publications, 2018, p. 674-688Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2966.
    Windahl, Charlotta
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.
    Wetter-Edman, Katarina
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Dynamic Market Design2018Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2967.
    Winkler, Mikael
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    American time series and cointegration: A study on causality between GDP, money supply and interest rate2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2968.
    Wirén, David
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Amini, Sara
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Design av prototyper och designprinciper för en dela-funktion i Journalen 1177 Vårdguiden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2969.
    Wisting, Kim
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Hedin, Robert
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Eliasson, Sabina
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Finansiella rapporters påverkan på aktiekursen: - Ett bidrag till debatten om slopandet av kvartalsrapporter på Stockholmsbörsen.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on an ongoing debate regarding the Stockholm Stock Exchange, which centers around the possible abolition of quarterly reports. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to this debate by examining how the relationship between financial reports and stock price correlates. The study's methodological approach is based on the Capital Market Research frame-work in which an ERC model and an extended model are used to measure the relationship. Three hypotheses were formed to categorize the direction of the study, these categorizations treats the differences in impact between quarterly and annual reports on stock price, as well as differences in impact as a casual effect of company size and seasonal sensitivity. The results of the study show that quarterly reports have a stronger impact on the share price than annual reports. Financial reports from smaller companies have greater impact on share price than financial reports from larger companies. The study also shows that there is a seasonality trend in the consumer industry's fourth quarter.

  • 2970.
    Wooldridge, Paul
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Using Zachman´s Framework: Key Learning Points from applying an Enterprise Architecture to a real scenario2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2971.
    Wykman, Niklas
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Kan vi lite på utvärderingarna av det svenska jobbskatteavdraget?2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2972.
    Wärnlund, Albin
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Winther, Angelika
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Eriksson, Elias
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Ledarskap i agila organisationer: En kvalitativ studie om tillit inom det agila ledarskapet genom undersökning av kvaliteter för tillitsvärdighet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2973.
    Wätterbjörk, Erik
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Income changes and voting in Sweden during the 1990’s:: Is voting an inferior good?2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2974.
    Xie, Yun
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Wang, Hao
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Utilization of M-Government Service in Rural China2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Electronic government (e-government) has developed rapidly, the Mobile Government service (m-government) as one of the import branches play a significant role in recent years, and it would be also an effective way to satisfy Chinese rural citizen’s information needs. Our research question is how the m-government service satisfies Chinese rural citizen’s information needs. The investigation is conducted with questionnaires in a rural town where in Guangdong Province. We find that the most needed information perceived or expresses by rural citizen are closely related to their basic survival. There is a big potential to develop m-government service in rural areas since most of rural citizen haven’t paid attention on it. Last we put forward some suggestions for improving m-government services for Chinese rural citizen.

  • 2975.
    Xu, Nuo
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    A Monte Carlo Study of Single Imputation in Survey Sampling2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Missing values in sample survey can lead to biased estimation if not treated. Imputation was posted asa popular way to deal with missing values. In this paper, based on Särndal (1994, 2005)’s research, aMonte-Carlo simulation is conducted to study how the estimators work in different situations and howdifferent imputation methods work for different response distributions.

  • 2976.
    Yang, Xuan
    et al.
    School of Business Administration, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Wuhan, China.
    Gao, Shang
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Understanding the Values of Live Game Streaming: a Value-Focused Thinking Approach2017In: WHICEB 2017: Proceedings, Association for Information Systems, 2017, p. 394-401Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, along with the development of information communication technology, live streaming is getting more and more popular in China. It has established an integrated industrial chain. There are a large number of users watching different live streams (e.g., games. sports, live shows) through personal computers and mobile devices. In this paper, we aim to investigate the values of live game streaming using the Value-Focused Thinking (VFT) approach. We analyze the values of live game streaming from the perspectives of both streamers and spectators. The identified values are represented in the form of a means-ends objective network. The means-ends objective network derived from this research can serve as a conceptual foundation for future studies and provide useful guidelines for practitioners to better operate live game streaming applications.

  • 2977.
    Yang, Yishen
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Comparison of methods for comparing two groups of paired ordinal dataManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 2978.
    Yang, Yishen
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    On Rank-invariant Methods for Ordinal Data2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Data from rating scale assessments have rank-invariant properties only, which means that the data represent an ordering, but lack of standardized magnitude, inter-categorical distances, and linearity. Even though the judgments often are coded by natural numbers they are not really metric. The aim of this thesis is to further develop the nonparametric rank-based Svensson methods for paired ordinal data that are based on the rank-invariant properties only.

    The thesis consists of five papers. In Paper I the asymptotic properties of the measure of systematic disagreement in paired ordinal data, the Relative Position (RP), and the difference in RP between groups were studied. Based on the findings of asymptotic normality, two tests for analyses of change within group and between groups were proposed. In Paper II the asymptotic properties of rank-based measures, e.g. the Svensson’s measures of systematic disagreement and of additional individual variability were discussed, and a numerical method for approximation was suggested. In Paper III the asymptotic properties of the measures for paired ordinal data, discussed in Paper II, were verified by simulations. Furthermore, the Spearman rank-order correlation coefficient (rs) and the Svensson’s augmented rank-order agreement coefficient (ra) were compared. By demonstrating how they differ and why they differ, it is emphasized that they measure different things. In Paper IV the proposed test in Paper I for comparing two groups of systematic changes in paired ordinal data was compared with other nonparametric tests for group changes, both regarding different approaches of categorising changes. The simulation reveals that the proposed test works better for small and unbalanced samples. Paper V demonstrates that rank invariant approaches can also be used in analysis of ordinal data from multi-item scales, which is an appealing and appropriate alternative to calculating sum scores.

  • 2979.
    Yang, Yishen
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    The use of rank-invariant method in analysis of change in multiitem scalesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 2980.
    Yang, Yishen
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Svensson, Elisabeth
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Analysing inter-rater agreement: Spearman’s rank order correlation coefficient vs. Svensson’s augmented rank order agreement correlationManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 2981.
    Yang, Yishen
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Svensson, Elisabeth
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Non-parametric analyses of change within group and between two groups of paired assessments on rating scalesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 2982.
    Yang, Zhuang
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Analysis on the Determinants of Residential Housing Prices in China2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2983.
    Yarmukhamedov, Sherzod
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    A study of asymmetric information problems in vehicle insurance2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Insurance is an indispensable part of modern welfare systems. It provides financial protection against unexpected losses and facilitates security and efficiency. Despite these benefits, the insurance literature predicts distortive effects of insurance provision in the form of asymmetric information problems such as adverse selection and moral hazard. However, empirical evidence does not provide unambiguous support for this theoretical prediction.

    This dissertation empirically examines a theoretical prediction of the presence of asymmetric information problems in the case of vehicle insurance.

    Essay 1 analyzes the effects of a tax reform in Sweden that raised the price of vehicle insurance. The results indicate that the tax reform has increased the odds of switching to lower insurance coverage, in particular among older drivers. However, this switching behavior has not resulted in a significant change of driver behavior in terms of claims.

    Essay 2 uses a two-stage procedure to test for the presence of asymmetric information problems in the provision of vehicle insurance. In the first stage, we check for the presence of residual asymmetric information; in the second stage, we identify the source of the information problem, i.e. either adverse selection or moral hazard, or both. Our findings from the first stage estimation indicate the presence of residual asymmetric information in the choice of full insurance with a low deductible. The second stage estimation results reveal that the source of this information problem is moral hazard.

    Essay 3 analyzes the impact of insurance on the probability of accidents by investigating the accident risk of insured and uninsured drivers. The results show that uninsured drivers have a higher probability of causing an accident than insured drivers, and that uninsured drivers aged 25-34 pose a greater accident risk than uninsured drivers in other age categories.

  • 2984.
    Yarmukhamedov, Sherzod
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Empirical analysis of asymmetric informationproblems in Swedish vehicle insuranceManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Vehicle insurance provides financial protection against unexpected personal injuries and property losses in case of a traffic accident. The theoretical literature predicts that this comes at a cost because of the negative incentive effects of insurance provision due to asymmetric information problems such as moral hazard and adverse selection.

    While theoretical studies are agreed on the presence of asymmetric information problems in insurance markets, empirical studies still provide mixed evidence. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to empirically test the presence of asymmetric information problems in the vehicle insurance market. Information asymmetries originate from the unobservability of driver behavior that hampers an efficient risk classification and leads to inaccurate contract pricing. Moreover, this paper proposes an alternative approach to distinguishing moral hazard from asymmetric learning by using a large panel dataset, obtained from a major Swedish insurance company for the period 2006-2010, to model the dynamics in coverage choice.

    The results indicate that there is residual asymmetric information in the choice of full insurance with a low deductible, where the source of information asymmetry is a moral hazard. However, no evidence of such a problem is found in cases of full insurance with a high deductible and partial insurance. Policy implications are discussed at the end.

  • 2985.
    Yarmukhamedov, Sherzod
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Empirical analysis of moral hazard: A study of avehicle insurance tax reformManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper uses discrete choice and count data models to analyze the effects of a tax on vehicle insurance levied in Sweden in 2007. The analysis is based on a large set of micro level panel data on individual insurance holders at the largest insurance company in Sweden for the period 2006- 2010. Two questions are addressed: How did the tax reform influence the choice of insurance coverage, and how did changes in coverage affect the incidence of claims? The results show that, on average, the tax reform increased the odds of choosing lower and cheaper insurance coverage, in particular for older policy holders. However, switching to lower coverage has not resulted in significant changes in claims.

  • 2986.
    Yarmukhamedov, Sherzod
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    How risky are uninsured drivers?Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Obtaining insurance is expected to have disincentive effects on driver behavior, and as such on accident probabilities due to the adverse selection and/or moral hazard effects, though empirical studies provide mixed evidence. The risks of an accident incurred by uninsured drivers are, however, indeterminate as well, because of the unavailability of individual level data on uninsured drivers. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to empirically analyze whether insured or uninsured drivers pose greater accident risks. It uses unique individual level data on privately owned insured and uninsured passenger vehicles in Sweden for the period 2006-2010.

    The results show that the accident probability of uninsured drivers is 34 percentage points higher than for insured drivers, with uninsured drivers aged 25-34 posing the highest risk of an accident. This implies that uninsured drivers are a high risk group and a significant threat to traffic safety. Possible solutions and policy implications are discussed at the end of the paper.

  • 2987.
    Yazdi, Daniel
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Sherwan Abduljalil, Raber
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Urvalsinstrument och Studieframgång: Effekter av gymnasiebetyg och högskoleprovsresultat på studieframgång2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2988.
    Yingqin, Zheng
    et al.
    School of Management, Royal Holloway University of London, Egham, UK.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Sahay, Sundeep
    Department of Informatics, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Andersson, Annika
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Conceptualizing development in information and communication technology for development (ICT4D)2018In: Information Technology for Development, ISSN 0268-1102, E-ISSN 1554-0170, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ICT4D research is faced with the challenge of rapidly changing technologies and increasingly complex social dynamics and development processes. We argue that ICT4D research requires a more acute sense of where our research is situated within a broader picture of development, e.g. with a better understanding of development processes, their ideological nature, the power structures and driving forces, and the mechanisms through which ICTs may be embedded in and shape these processes. Such a reflexivity is crucial not least in justifying our claims of contribution, but also in understanding the implications and potential impact of our research and practice. This editorial seeks to explore key conceptual components in ICT4D and their relationships, including dimensions of development, perspectives of development, conceptions of artefacts, and theory of change. A tentative conceptual schema is presented that connects these conceptual components.

  • 2989.
    Ylitalo, Oscar
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Zand Karimi, Nick
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Påstådd och faktisk efterfrågan på ekologiska livsmedel: En jämförelse mellan hypotetiska och faktiska valexperiment2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2990.
    Yngve, Ida
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Youno, Sabah
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Oktay, Alexander
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Arbetsmotivation: En kvalitativ studie som undersöker lärares arbetsmotivation på individnivå2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2991.
    Youssef, Thomas
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Alpha Värdeskapare eller slumpterm?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2992.
    Yu, Haishan
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    The EU ETS and firm profits: an ex-post analysis for Swedish energy firms2013In: Environmental Economics, ISSN 1998-605x, Vol. 4, no 3, p. 59-71Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In January 2005, the EU launched the first international emissions trading system (EU ETS), aimed at reducing carbon emissions in a cost-effective way by means of a market-based instrument. This paper uses the treatment/control, before/after design of the natural experiment approach to investigate the treatment effect of the EU ETS on the profitability of a sample of Swedish energy firms in 2005 and 2006. The author investigates whether over-allocated and under-allocated firms respond differently to the EU ETS. The estimation results in general suggest no significant impact in 2005 and a negative significant impact in 2006. The sub-sample analysis suggests that profitability of over-allocated and under-allocated firms were affected differently by the EU ETS in 2005, but not in 2006.

  • 2993.
    Yu, Liang
    et al.
    Qvantel Sweden AB, Karlskrona, Sweden; Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Alégroth, Emil
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Chatzipetrou, Panagiota
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Gorschek, Tony
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Utilising CI environment for efficient and effective testing of NFRs2020In: Information and Software Technology, ISSN 0950-5849, E-ISSN 1873-6025, Vol. 117, article id 106199Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Context

    Continuous integration (CI) is a practice that aims to continuously verify quality aspects of a software intensive system both for functional and non-functional requirements (NFRs). Functional requirements are the inputs of development and can be tested in isolation, utilising either manual or automated tests. In contrast, some NFRs are difficult to test without functionality, for NFRs are often aspects of functionality and express quality aspects. Lacking this testability attribute makes NFR testing complicated and, therefore, underrepresented in industrial practice. However, the emergence of CI has radically affected software development and created new avenues for software quality evaluation and quality information acquisition. Research has, consequently, been devoted to the utilisation of this additional information for more efficient and effective NFR verification.

    Objective

    We aim to identify the state-of-the-art of utilising the CI environment for NFR testing, hereinafter referred to as CI-NFR testing.

    Method

    Through rigorous selection, from an initial set of 747 papers, we identified 47 papers that describe how NFRs are tested in a CI environment. Evidence-based analysis, through coding, is performed on the identified papers in this SLR.

    Results

    Firstly, ten CI approaches are described by the papers selected, each describing different tools and nine different NFRs where reported to be tested. Secondly, although possible, CI-NFR testing is associated with eight challenges that adversely affect its adoption. Thirdly, the identified CI-NFR testing processes are tool-driven, but there is a lack of NFR testing tools that can be used in the CI environment. Finally, we proposed a CI framework for NFRs testing.

    Conclusion

    A synthesised CI framework is proposed for testing various NFRs, and associated CI tools are also mapped. This contribution is valuable as results of the study also show that CI-NFR testing can help improve the quality of NFR testing in practices.

  • 2994.
    Yuting, Feng
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Analyzing European National Accounts Data for Detection of anomalous observation2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2995.
    Zafeiropoulou, Styliani
    et al.
    Lunds universitet, Lund, Sweden.
    Carlsson, Sven
    Lunds universitet, Lund, Sweden.
    Andersson, Annika
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Towards the Understanding of Success in E-Participatory Budgeting Projects2015In: Case studies in e-government 2.0: changing citizen relationships / [ed] Imed Boughzala, Marijn Janssen, Saïd Assar, New York: Springer-Verlag New York, 2015, p. 103-120Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2996.
    Zec, Milos
    et al.
    Department of Informatics, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Kajtazi, Miranda
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. Department of Informatics, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Examining how IT Professionals in SMEs Take Decisions About Implementing Cyber Security Strategy2015In: PROCEEDINGS OF 9TH EUROPEAN CONFERENCE ON IS MANAGEMENT AND EVALUATION (ECIME 2015), Academic Conferences Limited, 2015, p. 231-239Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the significant growth of cyber space, business organizations have become more alert than ever before that cyber security must be considered seriously and that there is a need to develop up-to-date security measures. It has become an increasing trend that cyber-attackers concentrate more on small and medium than on large enterprises, due to their known vulnerability towards cyber security. In exchange of successful cyber security measures in organizations, the security risks must be taken into consideration more closely that could be helpful for re-thinking their decision-making on cyber security. This article develops a theoretical framework on cyber security with three aspects taken in consideration: organizational, technological and psychological, that deserves the attention of IT professionals while and after creating cyber security measures in their SMEs. The first two aspects (organizational and technological) focus on understanding the IT professionals' decision-making process, while the third aspect (psychological) focuses on understanding the IT professionals' post decision-making reactions. Firstly, the organizational aspect presupposes that the ones who create cyber security measures are exposed to unclear and undefined decision processes and rights that lead to system vulnerabilities. Secondly, the technological aspect focuses on disclosing how many IT professionals in their organizations fail to meet foundational technological measures, such as the existence of Internet firewall, logs of system events, existence of hardware and software inventory list, data backup, antivirus software and password rules. Lastly, the psychological aspect, explains how post cyber security decisions made by IT professionals may have a contra-effect on the organization. Our data analyses collected based on interviews with IT professionals across 6 organizations (SMEs) show that cyber security is yet to be developed among SMEs, an issue that must not be taken lightly. Results show that the IT professionals in these organizations need to strengthen and develop their security thinking, in order to decrease the vulnerability of informational assets among SMEs. We believe that a perspective on understanding decision-making processes upon the cyber security measures by IT professionals in SMEs may bring a theoretical redirection in the literature, as well as an important feedback to practice.

  • 2997.
    Zetterquist, Jakob
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Holfve, Carl-Olof
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Lindeborg, Mattias
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Riskhantering: Hur applicerar svenska fondbolag teoretiska riskhanteringsmodeller i praktiken?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are different types of risk, examples include credit risk, liquidity risk and financial risk. In DeMarzo & Berk (2011, s. 293) is a study presented which is based on the yield of different types of financial assets between 1925 and 2009, the study show that a high risk gave substantially higher reward. With the study as a background, it is interesting to study practical risk management within participants of the financial markets of Sweden. In risk management there are several theories about whether risk can be calculated and analyzed with scientific methods in practice. To generate new empirical data a qualitative method was used in the form of interviews. The selection, which was strategic, was based on mailed questionnaire sent to participants of the Swedish fund market.

    Theory can be problematic to apply in practice, since reality is often simplified in theory, as discussed by Franklin (2004). Franklin’s thoughts are accompanied by Baird (2010) in a similar discussion. The main model of the study is Value at Risk, which is recovered from Hull (2011) but has its origin from the financial company JP Morgan. Other models that are applied in the study are Capital Asset Pricing Model, CAPM, and the Sharpe ratio. There are known critiques against these models, which are discussed in this study.

    In the study it is shown that all the participants applied the model Value at Risk. The report also indicates that standard deviation has a central role in risk management. All the respondents were well aware of the critique against Value at Risk. To manage the flaws of the model they also used stress tests as a complement.

    The analysis of the study indicates that practical and theoretical application in many aspects are similar, the most apparent one being Value at Risk. Even though there are some differences, CAPM was indicated to have no practical use for any of the participants. Two vital factors for whether a model can be applied practically are the model’s simplicity and the need for assumptions to correlate with reality. Having completed this study, the conclusion that the participants successfully applied theoretical risk management models in practice can be validated. 

  • 2998.
    Zhang, Liqing
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Shi, Yingwan
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Multinational Spillovers on Chinese Exports at Regional Level2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2999.
    Zhang, Xuanyu
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Understanding the Economic Growth in China by a Simple Cointegration Analysis from 1978 to 20112014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3000.
    Zhu, Hongwei
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Testing for the Validity of Purchasing Power Parity: the China-Oriented "China-US-Europe" Case2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
575859606162 2951 - 3000 of 3065
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