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  • 2851. Wilkinson, Andra
    et al.
    Pettifor, Audrey
    Rosenberg, Molly
    Halpern, Carolyn T.
    Thirumurthy, Harsha
    Collinson, Mark A.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. MRC/Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit (Agincourt), School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Faculty of Health Sciences, Johannesburg, South Africa; Indepth Network, Accra, Ghana.
    Kahn, Kathleen
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. MRC/Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit (Agincourt), School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Faculty of Health Sciences, Johannesburg, South Africa; Indepth Network, Accra, Ghana.
    The employment environment for youth in rural South Africa: A mixed-methods study2017In: Development Southern Africa, ISSN 0376-835X, E-ISSN 1470-3637, Vol. 34, no 1, p. 17-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    South Africa has high youth unemployment. This article examines the predictors of youth employment in rural Agincourt, Mpumalanga Province. A survey of 187 out-of-school 18 to 24 year olds found that only 12% of women and 38% of men were currently employed. Men with skills/training were significantly more likely to report employment, mostly physical labour (adjusted odds ratio: 4.5; confidence interval: 1.3, 15.3). In-depth interviews with 14 of the youth revealed that women are perceived more suitable for formal employment, which is scarce, informing why women were more likely to pursue further education and yet less likely to be employed. Ten key informants from local organisations highlighted numerous local youth employment resources while, in contrast, all youth in the sample said no resources were available, highlighting a need for the organisations to extend their services into rural areas. Because these services are focused on entrepreneurship, programmes to increase financial literacy and formal employment opportunities are also needed.

  • 2852.
    Williamsson, Anna
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Ergonomics.
    Change agents and use of visual management tools in care process redesign: Implications on working conditions for operative managers and healthcare professionals2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish healthcare has been subject to change efforts to increase efficiency in care processes. In the 2000-2010’s lean production has influenced healthcare with change approaches such as visual management tools to increase patient flows and efficiency. Most previous research on lean healthcare has focused single hospitals or departments as case studies focusing lean production as successful for efficiency, or “mean” production affecting the work environment. Focus in this thesis though is instead on what strategies and approaches hospitals use in their care process redesign and their associations with working conditions and systems performance. This thesis’ overall aim was to assess change strategies and change approaches at strategic and operative levels during care process redesign at hospitals, focusing organization of change agents and use of visual management tools, and its implica-tions for alignment, working conditions and systems performance. Four studies were conducted at five Swedish hospitals, whereof three had lean-inspired change strategies. One qualitative cross-sectional study, one quantitative longitudinal study and two mixed method longitudinal studies are included in the thesis. Data was collected over three years with semi-structured interviews, structured interviews, staff questionnaires, manager questionnaires and photo document-ation. Qualitative data were analyzed by content analysis. Quantitative data were analyzed with Wilcoxon tests, mixed models of repeated measurements, ANOVA, and linear regression models. Results showed strategies involve operative manag-ers as change drivers, supported by change agent functions. Change agents’ contribution to change depends on e.g. closeness to operative managers due to the change agents place in the healthcare hierarchy, and also clarity regarding roles and responsibilities in change. Change agents with a close collaboration with operative managers, have better preconditions to contribute to alignment between change strategies and change approaches. Hospital care units in the 2010’s tend to use lean-inspired operative change approaches also without working with change strategies based on lean. Operative lean approaches show associations with positive working conditions for healthcare professionals. Visual management tools as change strategy has potential to support collaboration and communication within and between organizational levels and is considered to contribute to systems performance and alignment. Visual management tools as a cognitive job resource for operative managers show associations with e.g. lower burnout and more functioning collaboration as well as daily use among nurses show associations with cognitive, social and emotional benefits, perceived systems performance and buffering mental stress. Change agents and use of visual management tools are considered as contributors for operative managers’ and healthcare professionals’ sustainable work during care process redesign.

  • 2853.
    Winkel, Jörgen
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg .
    Birgisdottir, Birna Drofn
    Reykjavik University.
    Edwards, Kasper
    Technical University of Denmark.
    Gunnarsdóttir, Sigrún
    Harlin, Ulrika
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Jarebrant, Caroline
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Johansson Hanse, Jan
    Ulin, Kerstin
    May sustainability of patient flows at hospitals be increased by adding a work environment module to Value Stream Mapping (VSM)?: ANOVO Multicenter study in Denmark, Iceland and Sweden. 8th NOVO Symposium2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 2854. Winkel, Jörgen
    et al.
    Birgisdóttir, Birna Drofn
    Dudas, K.
    Edwards, Kasper
    Gunnarsdóttir, Sigrun
    Harlin, Ulrika
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Jarebrant, Caroline
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Johansson Hanse, Jan
    Ulin, Kerstin
    Factors facilitating and inhibiting Value Stream Mapping processes at hospital units in three Nordic countries: A Nordic Multicenter study2014In: 11th International Symposium on Human Factors in Organisational Design and Management 46th Annual Nordic Ergonomics Society Conference. / [ed] Broberg, O., Fallentin, N., Hasle, P., Jensen, P. L., Kabel, A., Larsen, M. E. and Weller, T., Centrum för personcentrerad vård vid Göteborgs universitet (GPCC) , 2014, Vol. 1, p. 127-128Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2855.
    Winkel, Jörgen
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Sociology and Work Science.
    Schiller, Bernt
    1University of Gothenburg, Department of Sociology and Work Science.
    Dellve, Lotta
    1University of Gothenburg, Department of Sociology and Work Science.
    Edwards, Kasper
    Technical University of Denmark, Department of Management Engineering.
    Neumann, W. Patrick
    Ryerson University, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Toronto.
    Öhrling, Therese
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Westgaard, Rolf H.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim.
    Scientific evidence suggests a changed approach in ergonomic intervention research2017In: The Nordic Ergonomic Society (NES) Conference Lund, August 20-23, 2017., 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ergonomic interventions have generally been unsuccessful in improving workers’ health, with concurrent rationalization efforts negating potentially successful intervention initiatives. We propose the two aims are considered simultaneously, aiming at the joint consideration of competitive performance and work environment in a long-term perspective (“organizational sustainability”). A prerequisite is a high level of dialogue between the different groups of stakeholders, and we argue that the Nordic countries, through high levels of trust and justice (social capital), have unique opportunity to carry out such research. The present authors bring forth the vision of “a Nordic Model for development of more sustainable production systems”.

  • 2856.
    Winroth, Jan
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Organisationshälsa: En bok om hållbart arbetsliv2018Book (Other academic)
  • 2857.
    Witell, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Business Administration. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Gustafsson, Anders
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Business Administration.
    Brax, S
    The Future of Service Infusion in Manufacturing Firms2010In: International Journal of Service Industry Management, ISSN 0956-4233, E-ISSN 1758-6704, Vol. 21, no 6Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2858.
    Witell, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Business Administration. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Gustafsson, Anders
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Business Administration.
    Brown, Stephen
    Service Logic: Transforming Product-Focused Businesses2010Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2859.
    Witell, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Business Administration. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Gustafsson, Anders
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Business Administration.
    Fischer-Hübner, Simone
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Computer Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    Gebauer, Heiko
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Managerial recommendations for service innovations in different product-service systems2010In: Introduction to Product-Service Systems design / [ed] Sakao, T.; M. Lindahl, London: Springer , 2010, p. 237-259Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to meet the increasingly complex needs of customers and to respond to decreasing product margins, typical product manufacturers have developed a growing interest in extending their service business. The extension of the service business requires a systematic development of innovative services. Unfortunately, in business practice it has been observed historically that manufacturing companies often fail to develop services systematically. Some customers asked for services and these desires were often fulfilled. Thus, the extension of the service business reflects a rather unstructured service innovation approach, which has not been consciously pursued. Rather than developing more formal structures to elicit ideas for new services, it is mostly performed ad hoc. Only a limited number of firms use formal approaches to service innovation and have implemented necessary determinants to success. Furthermore, the innovation of services in manufacturing companies captures two specific idiosyncrasies. First, manufacturing companies have to balance product and service innovations. Second, services can be either developed during the product development process or during the product usage. The major challenge to success in innovating services is to combine specific product-service systems with the right service strategy and way to develop service innovations.

  • 2860. Wood, Elin
    et al.
    Høyer, Hans Christian
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Kjærlighetens kår2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2861.
    Woode, Julia
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning.
    Svensson, Rebecca
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning.
    Talent Management: Strategin som alla talar om men på olika sätt2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att på en operativ nivå undersöka praktikers syn på talang, inom en och samma organisation, samt deras erfarenhet av Talent Management för att skapa en djupare förståelse för potentiella orsaker till att Talent Management inte upplevs fungera i praktiken. 

    Undersökningen genomfördes i en svensk högteknologisk organisation baserat på inledande intervjuer med en Talent Management-specialist samt djupgående intervjuer med HR-medarbetare och linjechefer. Studiens resultat visar att synen på talang kan skilja sig avsevärt mellan nyckelaktörer på operativ nivå inom en och samma organisation, vilket inte kan förklaras av tidigare studier inom forskningsfältet. Detta har visat sig få följer i arbetet med identifiering och utveckling av talanger, vilket innebär att arbetet med Talent Management kan bedrivas på olika sätt inom en och samma organisation. Vidare kan synen på talang till viss del bidra till att förklara upplevda svårigheter gällande intern rörlighet och kommunikation i arbetet med strategin.

  • 2862.
    Woolfson, Charles
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Employee “voice” and working environment in post-communist New Member States: An empirical analysis of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania2008In: Industrial relations journal, ISSN 0019-8692, E-ISSN 1468-2338, Vol. 39, no 4, p. 314-334Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines employee ‘voice’ in workplace health and safety in three Baltic New Member States by means of a cross-national survey. The data point to unresolved problems of voice in the context of rather poor working environments. These present opportunities for collective renewal by trade unions, but paradoxically are more likely to be addressed by employers in the context of significant labour shortages created by a post-European Union accession labour ‘exit’.

  • 2863.
    Woolfson, Charles
    Glasgow University.
    Labour Standards and Labour Migration in the new Europe: Post-communist legacies and perspectives2007In: European journal of industrial relations, ISSN 0959-6801, E-ISSN 1461-7129, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 199-218Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The post-communist New Member States of Eastern Europe have experienced significant forms of labour exploitation, with deterioration in labour standards and the working environment. This is leading to increasing labour force ‘exit’ on a scale not hitherto anticipated. Migrant workers from the Baltic states, paid lower wages and with poorer working conditions, have been at the centre of a number of high-profile labour disputes in the EU-15. This article uses Latvia as a case study in order to discuss the implications of increasing labour migration for the New Member States and for labour standards in the wider EU.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

  • 2864.
    Woolfson, Charles
    Glasgow University.
    ‘Pushing the envelope': The ‘informalisation’ of labour in post-communist new EU Member States2007In: Work, Employment and Society, ISSN 0950-0170, E-ISSN 1469-8722, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 551-564Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This contribution to debate explores one aspect of the reconfiguration of power in the workplaces of post-communist Eastern Europe in which relations between employer and employee are informalized to the detriment of employees’ rights and decent labour standards. It focuses on the new EU member state of Lithuania, one of the poorest of the new entrants in the 2004 enlargement which embraced eight former communist countries. In choosing a ‘worst-case’ example, a central argument is explored: that of informalization as a pervasive feature of employment relations in the new market economies of post-communism.

  • 2865.
    Woolfson, Charles
    University of Glasgow.
    Social Dialogue and Life-long learning in the new EU member states: “reform fit” in Latvia2008In: Journal of European Social Policy, ISSN 0958-9287, E-ISSN 1461-7269, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 79-87Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     Vocational education and training (VET) is regarded by EU policymakers as crucial to creating a high-skill workforce capable of adapting to European and global demands in an intensified competitive environment. It is part of the so-called Copenhagen Process, in which social dialogue between employers and employees is seen as an important means of realizing policy. However, many of the new member states from the Eastern European countries which joined the European Union in 2004 have only weak forms of social dialogue. Moreover, the prevailing neo-liberal environment in many post-communist new member states undermines ‘reform fit’ between broad European social policy goals and narrower domestic agendas. This article explores the resulting problems in social dialogue with regard to VET in the new member states, using Latvia as a case-study.

     

  • 2866.
    Woolfson, Charles
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The future of the construction industry: A Baltic view2012In: Construction Labour Research News, ISSN 1997-1745, no 4, p. 30-33Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a short contribution (an essay, a scenario, a vision paper) about the future of the building industry in Europe. It suggests that by the year 2020 there will have been a radical recalibrating of labour rights across the European space, in the name of restoring flexibility in the labour market and competitive dynamism to the European economy, and is a ‘warning parable’.

  • 2867.
    Woolfson, Charles
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Calite, Dace
    University of Latvia, Latvia.
    Kallaste, Epp
    Estonian Center for Social Research, Estonia.
    Employee “voice” and working environment in the New Member States: Translating policy into practice in the Baltic States2009In: Workplace Health and Safety : International Perspectives on Worker Representation / [ed] David Walters and Theo Nichols, London: Palgrave/Macmillan , 2009, 1, p. 134-153Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter examines employee ‘voice’ in workplace health and safety in three Baltic New Member States by means of a cross-national survey. The data point to unresolved problems of voice in the context of rather poor working environments. These present opportunities for collective renewal by trade unions, but paradoxically are more likely to be addressed by employers in the context of significant labour shortages created by a post-European Union accession labour ‘exit’.

  • 2868.
    Woolfson, Charles
    et al.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Fudge, Judy
    University of Kent, UK.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Migrant precarity and future challenges to labour standards in Sweden2014In: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, E-ISSN 1461-7099, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 695-715Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fears of a ‘race to the bottom’ in labour standards may have been overstated. Nevertheless, using Sweden as a case study, it is argued that the diminished capacity of trade unions to defend labour standards following the Laval judgement of the European Court of Justice, together with a decline in trade union density, a limited remit of enforcement authorities and recent changes to the Swedish labour migration regime, may have detrimental impacts on labour standards, particularly in low-skill low-wage occupations. In combination, these developments are creating new spaces for migrant precariousness within the context of a formerly well-regulated Swedish labour market model.

  • 2869.
    Woolfson, Charles
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Kallaste, Epp
    Estonian Center for Applied Research CentAR.
    Berzins, Janis
    Department of Political Science, Riga Stradins University, Latvia.
    Industrial relations and social dialogue in the Baltic states: crisis, conflict and compromise2011In: Globalising Employment Relations?: Multinational Corporations and Central and Eastern European transitions / [ed] S. Contrepois, V. Delteil, P. Dieuaide and S. Jefferys, London: Palgrave Macmillan , 2011, 1, p. 179-197Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter describes first, the economic contours of the crisis in the Baltic States , taking into account the differences between each country. Second, the various governmental crisis-response measures are outlined, and the key question is posed: how is it possible to sustain an accord between capital and labour, given the scale of sacrifices imposed on the latter? To answer this, the third part of the chapter, overviews existing arrangements for social dialogue and the structure and density of trade union organisation in the post-communist era. Fourth, the responses of organised labour to governmental policy are discussed. It is suggested that after initial potentially destabilising opposition, the trade unions have increasingly come to accept a revival of previous neo-corporatist compromise arrangements.

  • 2870.
    Woolfson, Charles
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    University of Gothenburg.
    Sommers, Jeffrey
    Department of Africology, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
    The Swedish model and the future of labour standards after Laval2010In: Industrial relations journal, ISSN 0019-8692, E-ISSN 1468-2338, Vol. 41, no 4, p. 333-350Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reflects on the European Court of Justice ruling in the case of Laval, involving Latvian posted workers in Sweden. It analyses the implications of the ruling and ensuing debate over the Laval case for the future of the ‘Swedish model’ and labour standards. It suggests that profound dilemmas now face trade unions both at Swedish national and European level as to appropriate strategies to adopt to defend national pay and working conditions in the light of the European Court decision and especially in the Swedish context due to the subsequent ruling by the Swedish Labour Court. Nevertheless, a human rights discourse is emerging in which the European Court of Human Rights may act as a counterbalance to the European Court of Justice, especially in the context of the Lisbon Treaty.

  • 2871.
    Ybrahim, Rawan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Kränkande särbehandling i arbetslivet: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om hur kränkande särbehandling uppstår i organisationer med utredningsfokus2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate why victimization occurs in organizations and to create an understanding for how working groups perceive faktaundersökning (a Norwegian investigation method for victimization). The method used is a qualitative interview study in which three investigators and three clients of the investigation method faktaundersökning were individually interviewed. Three reports from the investigations has also been analysed and later used in the result. Four different cases in three different organizations has been investigated for this study in total. The study shows that all organizations had an insufficient working environment with multiple factors that were the underlying cause of the emerge of victimization, bullying and conflicts. These factors were later able to be categorized as; communication, leadership and roles, organizational structure and culture, policies, understanding and values. The study thus showed that the individuals who performed the negative interpersonal actions were the result of an insufficient organizational and social work environment. Furthermore, the study showed that the respondents experienced the faktaundersökning as dry, direct and hard to go through for both the different parties, but also the working groups and the organizations. The study showed that it is important that all parties are offered emotional support as soon as possible in order for the parties to feel fairly treated and thus become more willing to cooperate in the investigations. According to the respondents, trust and impartiality between investigators and the parties were an important aspect for the investigation to generate in such a true result as possible, where the right of reply plays a crucial role in the legal certainty of the investigation.

  • 2872.
    Young, Amanda E.
    et al.
    Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety, Hopkinton, USA.
    Viikari-Juntura, Eira
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland.
    Boot, Cécile R L
    EMGO Institute, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Chan, Chetwyn
    The Hong Kong Polytechnic Institute, Hong Kong, China.
    de Porras, David Gimeno Ruiz
    The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston TX, USA.
    Linton, Steven J.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Workplace Outcomes in Work-Disability Prevention Research: A Review with Recommendations for Future Research2016In: Journal of occupational rehabilitation, ISSN 1053-0487, E-ISSN 1573-3688, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 434-447Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Outcome assessment is a central issue in work disability prevention research. The goal of this paper was to (1) ascertain the most salient workplace outcomes; (2) evaluate the congruence between business and science perspectives; (3) illustrate new perspectives on assessing longitudinal outcomes; and (4) provide recommendations for advancing outcome evaluation in this area of research.

    Methods: The authors participated in a year-long collaboration that culminated in a sponsored 3-day conference, "Improving Research of Employer Practices to Prevent Disability", held October 14-16, 2015, in Hopkinton, MA, USA. The collaboration included a topical review of the literature, group conference calls to identify key areas and challenges, drafting of initial documents, review of industry publications, and a conference presentation that included feedback from peer researchers and a question/answer session with a special panel of knowledge experts with direct employer experience.

    Results: Numerous workplace work-disability prevention outcome measures were identified. Analysis indicated that their applicability varied depending on the type of work disability the worker was experiencing. For those who were working, but with health-related work limitations (Type 1), predominant outcomes were measures of productivity, presenteeism, and work-related limitations. For those who were off work due to a health condition (Type 2), predominant outcomes were measures of time off work, supervisor/employee interactions, and return-to-work (RTW) preparation. For those who had returned to work (Type 3), predominant outcomes were measures of presenteeism, time until RTW, percentage of work resumption, employment characteristics, stigma, work engagement, co-worker interactions, and sustained or durable RTW. For those who had withdrawn from the labor force (Type 4), predominant outcomes were cost and vocational status.

    Discussion: Currently available measures provide a good basis to use more consistent outcomes in disability prevention in the future. The research area would also benefit from more involvement of employers as stakeholders, and multilevel conceptualizations of disability outcomes.

  • 2873.
    Ytterberg, Ulrika
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Forssell, Andrea
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Externa ledarskapsutbildningar: En studie kring ett fackförbunds externa ledarskapsutbildningar2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2874.
    Zackrisson, Mats
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Samordning av ledningssystem och Lean Production: 203 telefonintervjuer med verkstadsindustrins miljöchefer2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    203 miljöchefer i svensk verkstadsindustri har intervjuats via telefon på temat integration av formella ledningssystem som ISO 14001 och ISO 9001 med Lean-baserade förbättringsprogram.

    Intervjuerna tyder på att verkstadsföretag med lean-baserade förbättringsprogram och formella ledningssystem samordnar dessa i hög utsträckning. Hela 73% tycker att nivån på samordningen är lagom. Dock är studien för begränsad för att dra några slutsatser om hur väl systemen/programmen är integrerade i verksamheten i övrigt och den sammantagna effektiviteten.

    En hypotes som framförts av många är att leanarbete främjar miljöarbete på ett positivt sätt. Intervjuerna tyder på att verkstadsföretag med lean är mer miljöinriktade än verkstadsföretag i gemen, eftersom de låter miljöchefen sitta med i ledningsgruppen i större utsträckning. Dock ser de (verkstadsföretag med lean) inte större ekonomiska vinster av miljöarbetet än andra verkstadsföretag.

    En intressant observation i denna studie som bekräftas av andra data är att ISO 14001 håller på att bli vanligare än ISO 9000 i Sverige. Totalt i världen är ISO 9000 fyra gånger större än ISO 14001.

  • 2875.
    Zampoukos, Kristina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    "Det lilla extra" - om ekonomiseringen av vård och omsorg och det meningsfulla arbetet2008In: Arbete, hälsa och kön, Sundsvall: Mittuniversitetet , 2008, p. 61-72Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2876.
    Zetterberg, Camilla
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. Department of Medical Sciences, Section of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Hemphälä, Hillevi
    Ergonomics, Design Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Nylén, Per
    The Swedish Work Environment Authority, and The Royal Institute of Technology.
    Lighting, visual ergonomics and health implications : A workshop2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim of the workshop:

    Deficient visual ergonomics is a problem across many occupations. Poor viewingand lighting conditions is associated with both visual and neck/shoulder discomfort,and can also impact productivity. According to the provision from the Swedish WorkEnvironment Authority on prevention of musculoskeletal disorders (AFS 2012:02), riskassessment of the visual conditions are mandatory. The aim of this workshop is toincrease knowledge about visual ergonomics among practitioners working with riskassessment, and to allow participants hands-on practice in assessing the visual environment.

    Format of the workshop:

    The first part of the workshop will involve a brief presentation of the subject visualergonomics and its implications on health and performance. The impact of progressiveglasses, too small or blurred font letters, or blurred vision on posture at e.g. computerwork will be demonstrated together with advice how to proceed to improve the conditions.The second part of the workshop will allow participants some hands-on practicein for example; how to measure light (luminance and illuminance); how different lightconditions impact pupil size and visual comfort; how to measure and quantify amountof flicker, light modulation and colour rendering in different light sources. Several usefulmobile phone applications concerning light and vision will be demonstrated.

  • 2877.
    Zetterberg Löwgren, Zacharias
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning.
    Andersson, Adam
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning.
    De tillräckliga: HR-medarbetares väg till status2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore how HR employees experience their own profession, their status, and the strategic value that they contribute to the organization. Through a historical view of the HR profession, and the transformation that took place during the late 1900s, we examine the changes that helped to create the HR profession we see today. This process gives us the foundation of what this study seeks to explore. The discussion that takes place later on is inspired by a sociological perspective, as well as the tools originated by sociologist Pierre Bourdieu, which are used to analyze the reality of our interviewees. We conduct the study using a qualitative approach where HR generalists and HR specialists are interviewed about their perceived status (or lack thereof). HR employees with a title such as HR manager or HR supervisor have been excluded, since most of the previous studies already covered their experience regarding status and strategic value. The result shows that the HR employees participating in the study experience status and strategic value mainly through the assistant role that they have been appointed, acting as the right hand of the managers they are helping. However, by studying the transformation of HR, along with the data collected through the interviews, we find that there is a difference between how HR as a professional group acquire status, and how HR employees - the generalists and specialists - acquire status. 

  • 2878.
    Zineldin, Mosad
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Amsteus, Martin
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Negativity hurts your style?: A study of leaders' negative emotions and their leadership style2014In: International Journal of Work Organisation and Emotion, ISSN 1740-8938, E-ISSN 1740-8946, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 327-337Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between leaders' negative emotions and leadership styles. Faculty members at a Swedish university between 1995 and 2007 were surveyed. Members who had worked at the same institution the entire period provided a total of 48 assessments regarding the styles and emotions of their leaders (deans). The results show that some negative emotions and leadership styles are related. For an organisation to perform well (e.g., in terms of work environment), leaders should consider managing their emotions.

  • 2879.
    Zineldin, Mosad
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Medicine and Optometry.
    Singh, Sanjay Kumar
    Abu Dhabi University, United Arab Emirates.
    Editorial2016In: International Journal of Work Organisation and Emotion, ISSN 1740-8938, E-ISSN 1740-8946, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 165-167Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2880.
    Zjajo, Amir
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Lärande i arbetet utifrån medarbetares perspektiv: En kvalitativ studie om medarbetares upplevelse av och motivation till lärande i arbetet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2881.
    Zjajo, Faruk
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Lean production och arbetsmotivation: En studie om hur olika komponenter inom lean production inverkar på kollektivanställdas arbetsmotivation2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a master’s (1) thesis in working life science carried out during the spring term of 2014. The purpuse of the study was to examine work motivation among employees in a manufacturing plant that uses lean production principles and tools. The approach has been to investigate whether elements of lean production, such as teams and participation, has a positive impact on intrinsic motivation, which was operationalized as job satisfaction and engagement.

         The study was based on a qualitative approach with a hermeneutik perspective. Data has been obtained form a total of 12 respondents, all from the same factory in Svealand. The theoretical base regarding work motivation is largely based on the work of Abraham Maslow (1943), Frederick Herzberg (1987; 1993) and also Richard Hackman and Greg Oldham (1974; 1976).

         The results indicate that employees are driven by both intrinsic and extrinsic motivatators in their work. The results suggest that elements such as 5S and job rotation have a positive impact on job satisfaction but that no elements of lean production lead to engagement. Engagement is rather the cause of factors other than lean production.

  • 2882.
    Zovko, Davor
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Arbetsförmedlares erfarenheter av Arbetsförmedlingens utvärderingsverksamhet2019In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 25, no 3-4, p. 26-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Results of this interview survey with eight officers from the Swedish Public Employment Service show that the core business of the Employment Service is extensively evaluated within a major ongoing reorganization. Evaluation results are used at higher levels in the organization for development of information technology, organizational changes and method training of the officers in the core business. That promotes the prerequisites for professional practice. Evaluations can further support the development of the service to job seekers if used more directly in the practice and if the officers in the core business are given greater influence over the evaluation criteria.

  • 2883.
    Zovko, Davor
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, Sverige.
    Ekermo, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, Sverige.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, Sverige.
    Användning av utvärderingar inom Arbetsförmedlingen2016In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 6-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetsförmedlingen använder utvärdering huvudsakligen för kontroll och återrapportering till regeringen och inte för verksamhetsutveckling avseende förbättring av stödet till de arbetssökande. Det visar en analys av policydokument och kvalitativa intervjuer med ledningspersonal inom ett lokalt arbetsmarknadsområde. Arbetsförmedlingens utvärderingar genomförs centralt och kommuniceras nedåt i organisationen. New public management-modellen i organisationen tycks vara överordnad Arbetsförmedlingens funktion som människobehandlande organisation.

  • 2884.
    Zovko, Davor
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Mälardalens högskola.
    Ekermo, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Mälardalens högskola och Mälardalen Research Center.
    Användning av utvärderingar inom Arbetsförmedlingen2016In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 6-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetsförmedlingen använder utvärdering huvudsakligen för kontroll och återrapportering till regeringen och inte för verksamhetsutveckling avseende förbättring av stödet till de arbetssökande. Det visar en analys av policydokument och kvalitativa intervjuer med ledningspersonal inom ett lokalt arbetsmarknadsområde. Arbetsförmedlingens utvärderingar genomförs centralt och kommuniceras nedåt i organisationen. New public management-modellen i organisationen tycks vara överordnad Arbetsförmedlingens funktion som människobehandlande organisation.

  • 2885.
    Zovko, Davor
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Mälardalens högskola.
    Ekermo, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Arbetsförmedlingens utvärderingsproduktion 2010 och 2015: En jämförande studieManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 2886.
    Zovko, Davor
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Ekermo, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Brunnberg, Ellinor
    Mälardalens högskola, Mälardalen Research Center.
    Arbetsförmedlingens utvärderingsproduktion år 2010 och år 2015: En jämförande studie2017In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 7-26Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2887.
    Ängmo, Ludvig
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Att hantera livets alla delar: Upplevelser och attityder till work-life balance hos personal inom rättspsykiatri och vård2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2888.
    Åberg, Annika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Tjänstemötet: Interaktionens kommersiella, byråkratiska och sociala logik2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 2889.
    Åberg, Annika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Utvärdering av Kugghjulet ' ett rehabiliteringsprojekt i Värmland2001Report (Other academic)
  • 2890.
    Åberg, Annika
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Echeverri, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Business Administration. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Salomonson, Nicklas
    Borås universitet.
    Dealing with customer misbehavior: the role of practical judgment in service provision2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2891.
    Åberg, Annika
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Fellesson, Markus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Business Administration. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    The reluctant customer Financial service co-production or non-production?2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2892.
    Åberg, Annika
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Fellesson, Markus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Business Administration. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Salomonson, Nicklas
    Preventing or promoting customer misbehavior through service design2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2893.
    Åberg, Annika
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Fellesson, Markus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Business Administration. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Salomonson, Nicklas
    Tricks and tactics against threatening travelers2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2894.
    Åberg, Annika
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Salomonson, Nicklas
    Co-creating value in dialogue: a matter of communicative relationship, communicative balance and mutual understanding2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2895.
    Åberg, Annika
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Sandström, Sara
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Research on Regional Development.
    Hagsmo, Leena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Research on Regional Development.
    Utvärdering av Sunt Liv: Ett arbetsmiljöprojekt inom Landstinget i Värmland2008Report (Other academic)
  • 2896.
    Åberg, Linnéa
    Arbetsvetenskap, Göteborgs Universitet .
    Interprofessionellt arbete och standardisering: spänningar i kvalitetssäkring av samhällsorientering för nyanlända2020In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 26, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Integration initiatives aimed at newly arrived immigrants have been criticized for a lack of equivalence and a weak knowledge base. This article is about the interprofessional work to produce a standardized, national information material to improve civic orientation. In the study a process was followed when various occupational groups worked together to produce the material about Swedish society. The analysis shows how the work was characterized by ambiguities when the different groups oriented themselves towards different sub-goals: to create the scientifically correct, the pedagogically simplified, the politically neutral or the relevant for the newly arrived immigrants.

  • 2897.
    Åberg, Magnus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Centrum för genusforskning. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Nahnfeldt, Cecilia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Centrum för genusforskning. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Jansson, Ulrika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Centrum för genusforskning. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Openings for innovation and change?: Issues of masculinity in the world of engineering2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2898.
    Åberg, Rune
    Umeå universitet.
    Svensk arbetsmarknad mot polarisering efter millennieskiftet2015In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 8-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetsmarknaden i Sverige har under lång tid präglats av att antalet höglönejobb har ökat och låglönejobb minskat. Analyser baserade på lönestrukturstatistiken visar dock att den utvecklingen efter millennieskiftet övergått i polariserande riktning. Det mönstret avviker inte ifrån bilden i många andra länder trots låglönejobbens relativt höga löneläge i Sverige. Det som drivit utvecklingen är en kombination av faktorer som påverkat olika delar av ekonomin på olikartade sätt vilket sammantaget genererat en jobbstrukturförändring i polariserande riktning.

  • 2899.
    Åberg, Yngve
    Stockholm University.
    Arbetstidsförkortningens verkningar1964Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 2900.
    Ågstrand, Mikaela
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Långtidssjukskrivning för psykisk ohälsa: Kvinnors upplevelser av att vara sjukskrivna och återvända till arbetet2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Idag är psykisk ohälsa den vanligaste orsaken till långtidssjukskrivning i Sverige. Denna studie syftade till att undersöka vad det innebär för kvinnor att vara långtidssjukskrivna för psykisk ohälsa och återvända till arbetet. Datainsamlingen bestod av semistrukturerade intervjuer. Totalt intervjuades åtta kvinnor som varit sjukskrivna i minst två månader. Kvinnorna var bosatta i Uppsala län, Västmanlands län och Västra Götalands län. Dataanalysen genomfördes i linje med de riktlinjer IPA-metoden förespråkar. Resultatet påvisar att det förekommer en del svårigheter med att vara långtidssjukskriven för psykisk ohälsa. Mest framträdande var en känsla av orkeslöshet och isolering. Arbetsåtergången var utformad på olika sätt, den vanligaste rehabiliteringsåtgärden var arbetsanpassning. Studiens resultat tyder på att arbetsplatser saknar tydliga rutiner för arbetsåtergång vid långtidssjukskrivning för psykisk ohälsa. Vidare framgick det att delaktighet och inflytande, lyhörda chefer och den egna viljan var viktiga utgångspunkter för en god arbetsåtergång. Socialt stöd betraktades som en viktig förutsättning under hela sjukskrivningsförloppet.

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