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  • 2751.
    Ödlund, Charina
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Ångermanlands kristnande1994Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
  • 2752.
    Öhman, Annelie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    De Avrättade: En studie om avrättade på Gotland2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A study has been made about two individuals who were found buried in caskets on an medieval execution site on Gotland. The author has researched what we know about executions on Gotland and if we can learn something new about executions on Gotland when comparing an osteological material with literary sources. The study also aims to figure out who the two individuals in the caskets could have been.

  • 2753.
    Öhnfeldt, Rebecca
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Ordinary and Extraordinary: Heritage plants and their farmers2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores how Swedish farmers, who have chosen to farm with heritage plant varieties, motivate their choices and how they as a result of their choices view themselves as farmers. This is investigated against present and future challenges regarding food security and the loss of agricultural biodiversity and biocultural heritage, which, in order to be faced, will require a wider range of plants in cultivation. To find out why farmers make certain choices is vital if we are to make necessary structural changes within the agricultural sector. The farmers’ motives are broad and they are, based on the concept of hybridity, presented and analysed through the categories memory, identity and reciprocity. These motives are also closely linked to how they view themselves as farmers. The findings are further interpreted through the concept of biocultural refugia, which is a means of studying how certain places can harbour different species while simultaneously being an area for sustainable food production. In this thesis biocultural refugia represents how the respondents are part of creating and maintaining diversity within plant cultivation and its surrounding practices. This diversity will be required in order for agriculture to handle current challenges in a sustainable way.

  • 2754.
    Öhrström, Britt-Marie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Gudinna, kvinna eller prästinna: vad visar de kvinnliga hällristningarna i Bohuslän2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Tanum, is situated in the north part of Bohuslän in Sweden and is the most famouse area of Rock Art of the world. It´s now a World Heritige since 1994. More than 100 000 images are carved on the rocks near by the sea. Archaeologists believe that carved feet and cupmarks can date from mesoliticom and neoliticum. During bronze age the sealevel was 15-20 meters higher. Carvings of humans can date from the beginning of bronze age around 1800, period I, but during late bronze age 1000-300 bc, period III-V, motives of humans became more common. Of all the 4154 carvings of human figures, only a few of them, aboute 45 figures, can be identifide as woman.  This study will try to answere why there are so few carvings of woman, what the carvings of female figures shows on the rocks and in what context are the they carved? Is the female figures an image of a godess, a woman or a priestess? Can the carvings tell us something aboute the womans life during the the bronze age?

    Key words: axes, menstruation, birthing, boats, Bohuslän, bronze age, cairns, carvings, fertilitycult, rock art, sealevel, weddings, godess, women, priestess, neoliticum, mesoliticum.                             

    Nyckelord: yxor, förlossning, menstruation, båtar, Bohuslän, bronsålder, rösen, ristningar, fruktbarhetskult, stenkonst, havsnivån, bröllop, gudinna, kvinna, prästinna, neolitikum, mesolitikum.

  • 2755.
    Östlund, Elfrida
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Kroppskultur på liv och död: En osteoarkeologisk studie av kroppskultur i ett gotländskt cistercienskloster2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis aims at portraying the living and dead body in Roma monastery at the island of Gotland through archaeological and osteological analyses. The osteo-archaeological material from Roma analysed consists of two individuals from coffin burials in the chapter-house and possibly four individuals from a chamber in the cloister. The main question in this thesis is to investigate the relationship between these individuals and the understanding of the religious body in the Cistercian order, especially in respect to the Rule of Sankt Benedict. Manual and spiritual work have been two important factors in Cistercian houses, and this could be seen in the osteo-archaeological material. Through osteological analysis degenerative changes in the spine and knees of the individuals were detected. These changes indicate that the individuals were active workers during a period of their life, and thereby lived according to the Rule. By means of an isotopeanalysis and a study of the dental status it is argued that the buried individuals were omnivores. The two burials from the chapter house are interpreted as abbot burials. It is also argued that all the interments studied in terms of burial practice display a high degree of liturgical expertise within the congregation of Roma monastery. The living had a will and a need to provide physical and spiritual care for their dead in line with the Rule of Sankt Benedict.

  • 2756.
    Östlund, Elfrida
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Lika inför Gud, eller?: En osteologisk analys av nio individer från medeltida S:t Hans kyrkoruin i Visby2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis deals with the correlation between social status and health at the medieval church ruin S:t Hans in Visby. Osteological analysis has been performed on nine adult individuals from the site of S:t Hans. The material was obtained at Gotlands Museum and has diary number 7498/89. The main question was if it is possible to indicate some kind of correlation between social status, in other words the placing of the graves, and the pathological differences in the material. Age, sex, stature and pathological differences has been documented during the osteological analysis to get an understanding of the individuals health status. To understand social status at the site spatial analysis was performed. A grave was explained as ”high status” or ”low status” depending on where at the grave site these were situated. Graves in the church is considered to be of high status while the ones at the older church yard is considered to be of lower status because of its distance from the church. A hypothesis was that individuals in the high status graves would show less pathological differences than the ones in the low status graves. The results obtained from the study tells two different, but interesting, stories. Yes, social status and health status does correlate in some cases, while in other cases they don’t.

  • 2757.
    Östrand, Anne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Publik arkeologi från ett publikt perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2758.
    Østigård, Terje
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History. Nord Africa Inst, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Holy water: the works of water in defining and understanding holiness2017In: Wine Economics and Policy, ISSN 1934-5070, E-ISSN 2049-1948, Vol. 4, no 3, article id UNSP e1205Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Holy water has a central role in shaping the understanding and beliefs of holiness in general, but how does holy water work, and what defines holy water? By analyzing holy water in three different religious traditions-Christianity in Northern Europe, Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, and Hinduism-the aim is to discuss the metaphysical essence of water in human understanding and ideas of holiness embodied in water. On the one hand, holy water represents purity and has to be protected from defilement, but on the other hand, many holy rivers are severely polluted. This seeming paradox will be analyzed by focusing on actual beliefs and uses of holy water in ritual and religious practices. Holy water transmits purity and holiness, but it also transfers, transports, and transforms impurities. In the process of obtaining spiritual purity, devotees may pollute the holy because holy water is believed to have a divine agency. By comparing ritual practices and beliefs in three distinct religious traditions in Europe, Africa, and Asia, it is possible to enhance the understanding of the ways holiness and holy water are perceived to work in cultural-specific religious worldviews based on essential capacities of water cross-culturally. This directs the attention to the structuring mechanisms at work because water is conceptualized and used as holy in remarkably similar ways in many religions.

  • 2759.
    Østigård, Terje
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Nilens livgivende vann: Ritualer og religioner fra kildene til den egyptiske sivilisasjonen2018Book (Other academic)
  • 2760.
    Østigård, Terje
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History. Nord Africa Inst, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Water from stone: archaeology and conservation at Florida's springs2018In: Antiquity, ISSN 0003-598X, E-ISSN 1745-1744, Vol. 92, no 362, p. 549-551Article, book review (Other academic)
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