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  • 251.
    Andersson, Viveka
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik.
    Test Platform for Automation System2006Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    There are different automation systems to control processes in industry. One of them is DeltaV, which is a product from Emerson Process Management. Recently, Sandvik Coromant, bought the DeltaV automation system for using it in production. To increase the knowledge about DeltaV at Sandvik Coromant a project was initiated with the aim to create a test platform and a course compendium for self learning. This thesis describes how the test platform was developed and its functionality.

  • 252.
    Andreas, Svensson
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Model Predictive Control with Invariant Sets in Artificial Pancreas for Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with Model Predictive Control (MPC) for artificial pancreas for Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus patients. A control strategy exploiting invariant sets in MPC for blood glucose level control is developed, to the authors knowledge for the first time. The work includes various types of invariant sets relevant for the artificial pancreas problem, and different ways to incorporate them into the MPC strategy. The work is an extension to the zone MPC controller for artificial pancreas developed at University of California Santa Barbara and Sansum Diabetes Research Institute.

    The evaluation of the proposed control strategy is done in silico in the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved metabolic simulator. The trials show some promising results in terms of more rapid meal responses and decreased variability between the subjects than the zone MPC. An attempt to robust control employing invariant sets proved to be less promising in the evaluations. The results indicate that the direct application of known robust control techniques is not appropriate, and that more appropriate robust control techniques must be searched for, or developed, more specific to the artificial pancreas control.

    Altogether, this thesis pinpoints a possible future direction of artificial pancreas control design, with MPC based on invariant sets.

  • 253.
    Andreasson, Martin
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Control of Multi-Agent Systems with Applications to Distributed Frequency Control Power Systems2013Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Multi-agent systems are interconnected control systems with many application domains. The first part of this thesis considers nonlinear multi-agent systems, where the control input can be decoupled into a product of a nonlinear gain function depending only on the agent's own state, and a nonlinear interaction function depending on the relative states of the agent's neighbors. We prove stability of the overall system, and explicitly characterize the equilibrium state for agents with both single- and double-integrator dynamics.

    Disturbances may seriously degrade the performance of multi-agent systems. Even constant disturbances will in general cause the agents to diverge, rather than to converge, for many control protocols. In the second part of this thesis we introduce distributed proportional-integral controllers to attenuate constant disturbances in multi-agent systems with first- and second-order dynamics. We derive explicit stability criteria based on the integral gain of the controllers.

    Lastly, this thesis presents both centralized and distributed frequency controllers for electrical power transmission systems. Based on the theory developed for multi-agent systems, a decentralized controller regulating the system frequencies under load changes is proposed. An optimal distributed frequency controller is also proposed, which in addition to regulating the frequencies to the nominal frequency, minimizes the cost of power generation. 

  • 254.
    Andreasson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Amin, Saurabh
    TRUST Center, University of California, Berkeley.
    Schwartz, Galina
    Johansson, Karl Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Sandberg, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Sastry, Shankar
    TRUST Center, University of California, Berkeley.
    Correlated Failures of Power Systems: Analysis of the Nordic Grid2011Inngår i: Preprints of Workshop on Foundations of Dependable and Secure Cyber-Physical Systems, 2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work we have analyzed the effectsof correlated failures of power lines on the total systemload shed. The total system load shed is determined bysolving the optimal load shedding problem, which is thesystem operator’s best response to a system failure.We haveintroduced a Monte Carlo based simulation framework forestimating the statistics of the system load shed as a functionof stochastic network parameters, and provide explicitguarantees on the sampling accuracy. This framework hasbeen applied to a 470 bus model of the Nordic power systemand a correlated Bernoulli failure model. It has been foundthat increased correlations between Bernoulli failures ofpower lines can dramatically increase the expected valueas well as the variance of the system load shed.

  • 255.
    Andreasson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Johansson, Karl H.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Undamped Nonlinear Consensus Using Integral Lyapunov Functions2012Inngår i: 2012 American Control Conference (ACC), IEEE Computer Society, 2012, s. 6644-6649Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes a class of nonlinear consensus algorithms where the input of an agent can be decoupled into a product of a gain function of the agents own state, and a sum of interaction functions of the relative states of its neighbors. We prove the stability of the protocol for both single and double integrator dynamics using novel Lyapunov functions, and provide explicit formulas for the consensus points. The results are demonstrated through simulations of a realistic example within the framework of our proposed consensus algorithm.

  • 256.
    Andreasson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, Centrum för Autonoma System, CAS.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Johansson, Karl H.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Sandberg, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Distributed vs. centralized power systems frequency control2013Inngår i: 2013 European Control Conference, ECC 2013, 2013, s. 3524-3529Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper considers a distributed control algorithm for frequency control of electrical power systems. We propose a distributed controller which retains the reference frequency of the buses under unknown load changes, while asymptotically minimizing a quadratic cost of power generation. For comparison, we also propose a centralized controller which also retains the reference frequency while minimizing the same cost of power generation. We derive sufficient stability criteria for the parameters of both controllers. The controllers are evaluated by simulation on the IEEE 30 bus test network, where their performance is compared.

  • 257.
    Andreasson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik.
    Sandberg, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik.
    Johansson, Karl H.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik.
    Control of MTDC Transmission Systems under Local Information2014Inngår i: Decision and Control (CDC), 2014 IEEE 53rd Annual Conference on, IEEE conference proceedings, 2014, s. 1335-1340Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    High-voltage direct current (HVDC) is a commonly used technology for long-distance electric power transmission, mainly due to its low resistive losses. In this paper a distributed controller for multi-terminal high-voltage direct current (MTDC) transmission systems is considered. Sufficient conditions for when the proposed controller renders the closed-loop system asymptotically stable are provided. Provided that the closed loop system is asymptotically stable, it is shown that in steady-state a weighted average of the deviations from the nominal voltages is zero. Furthermore, a quadratic cost of the current injections is minimized asymptotically.

  • 258.
    Andreasson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, Centrum för Autonoma System, CAS.
    Sandberg, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Johansson, Karl H.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Distributed controllers for multiterminal HVDC transmission systems2017Inngår i: IEEE Transactions on Control of Network Systems, ISSN 2325-5870, Vol. 4, nr 3, s. 564-574Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    High-voltage direct current (HVDC) is a commonly used technology for long-distance electric power transmission, mainly due to its low resistive losses. In this paper the voltagedroop method (VDM) is reviewed, and three novel distributed controllers for multi-terminal HVDC (MTDC) transmission systems are proposed. Sufficient conditions for when the proposed controllers render the closed-loop system asymptotically stable are provided. These conditions give insight into suitable controller architecture, e.g., that the communication graph should be identical with the graph of the MTDC system, including edge weights. Provided that the closed-loop systems are asymptotically stable, it is shown that the voltages asymptotically converge to within predefined bounds. Furthermore, a quadratic cost of the injected currents is asymptotically minimized. The proposed controllers are evaluated on a four-bus MTDC system.

  • 259.
    Andreasson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Sandberg, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Johansson, Karl Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Distributed Control of Networked Dynamical Systems: Static Feedback, Integral Action and Consensus2014Inngår i: IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, ISSN 0018-9286, E-ISSN 1558-2523, Vol. 59, nr 7, s. 1750-1764Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes distributed control protocols for first- and second-order networked dynamical systems. We propose a class of nonlinear consensus controllers where the input of each agent can be written as a product of a nonlinear gain, and a sum of nonlinear interaction functions. By using integral Lyapunov functions, we prove the stability of the proposed control protocols, and explicitly characterize the equilibrium set. We also propose a distributed proportional-integral (PI) controller for networked dynamical systems. The PI controllers successfully attenuate constant disturbances in the network. We prove that agents with single-integrator dynamics are stable for any integral gain, and give an explicit tight upper bound on the integral gain for when the system is stable for agents with double-integrator dynamics. Throughout the paper we highlight some possible applications of the proposed controllers by realistic simulations of autonomous satellites, power systems and building temperature control.

  • 260.
    Andreasson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Li, N.
    Dynamical decentralized voltage control of multi-terminal HVDC grids2017Inngår i: 2016 European Control Conference, ECC 2016, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2017, s. 1519-1524, artikkel-id 7810505Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    High-voltage direct current (HVDC) is a commonly used technology for long-distance electric power transmission, mainly due to its low resistive losses. When connecting multiple HVDC lines into a multi-terminal HVDC (MTDC) system, several challenges arise. To ensure safe and efficient operation of MTDC systems, the voltage of all terminals need to be steered to within an operational range. In this paper we study the commonly used decentralized voltage droop controller, and show that it in general does not steer the voltages to within the operational range. We propose a decentralized PI controller with deadband, and show that it always steers the voltages to within the operational range regardless of the loads. Additionally we show that the proposed controller inherits the property of proportional power sharing from the droop controller, provided that both the loads and the line resistances are sufficiently low. The results are validated through simulation in Matlab.

  • 261.
    Andreasson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik.
    Nazari, Mohammad
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Elektriska energisystem.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik.
    Sandberg, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik.
    Johansson, Karl H.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik.
    Ghandhari, Mehrdad
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Elektriska energisystem.
    Distributed Voltage and Current Control of Multi-Terminal High-Voltage Direct Current Transmission Systems2014Inngår i: Proceedings of the 19th IFAC World Congress, 2014, IFAC Papers Online, 2014, Vol. 19, s. 11910-11916Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    High-voltage direct current (HVDC) is a commonly used technology for long-distance power transmission, due to its low resistive losses and low costs. In this paper, a novel distributed controller for multi-terminal HVDC (MTDC) systems is proposed. Under certain conditions on the controller gains, it is shown to stabilize the MTDC system. The controller is shown to always keep the voltages close to the nominal voltage, while assuring that the injected power is shared fairly among the converters. The theoretical results are validated by simulations, where the affect of communication time-delays is also studied.

  • 262.
    Andreasson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Tegling, Emma
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Sandberg, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Johansson, Karl Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Performance and scalability of voltage controllers in multi-terminal HVDC networks2017Inngår i: Proceedings of the American Control Conference, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2017, s. 3029-3034, artikkel-id 7963412Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we compare the transient performance of a multi-terminal high-voltage DC (MTDC) grid equipped with a slack bus for voltage control to that of two distributed control schemes: A standard droop controller and a distributed averaging proportional-integral (DAPI) controller. We evaluate performance in terms of an ℋ2 metric that quantifies expected deviations from nominal voltages, and show that the transient performance of a droop or DAPI controlled MTDC grid is always superior to that of an MTDC grid with a slack bus. In particular, by studying systems built up over lattice networks, we show that the ℋ2 norm of a slack bus controlled system may scale unboundedly with network size, while the norm remains uniformly bounded with droop or DAPI control. We simulate the control strategies on radial MTDC networks to demonstrate that the transient performance for the slack bus controlled system deteriorates significantly as the network grows, which is not the case with the distributed control strategies.

  • 263.
    Andreasson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Wiget, R.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Johansson, Karl Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Andersson, G.
    Coordinated frequency control through MTDC transmission systems2015Inngår i: IFAC Proceedings, Elsevier, 2015, Vol. 48, nr 22, s. 106-111Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we propose a distributed dynamic controller for sharing frequency control reserves of asynchronous AC systems connected through a multi-terminal HVDC (MTDC) grid. We derive sufficient stability conditions, which guarantee that the frequencies of the AC systems converge to the nominal frequency. Simultaneously, the global quadratic cost of power generation is minimized, resulting in an optimal distribution of generation control reserves. The proposed controller also regulates the voltages of the MTDC grid, asymptotically minimizing a quadratic cost function of the deviations from the nominal voltages. The proposed controller is tested on a high-order dynamic model of a power system consisting of asynchronous AC grids, modelled as IEEE 14 bus networks, connected through a six-terminal HVDC grid. The performance of the controller is successfully evaluated through simulation.

  • 264.
    Andreasson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Wiget, Roger
    ETH Zurich.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Johansson, Karl H.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Andersson, Göran
    ETH Zurich.
    Distributed Primary Frequency Control through Multi-Terminal HVDC Transmission Systems2015Inngår i: American Control Conference (ACC), 2015, IEEE conference proceedings, 2015, s. 5029-5034Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a decentralized controller for sharing primary AC frequency control reserves through a multi-terminal HVDC grid. By using passivity arguments, the proposed controller is shown to stabilize the closed-loop system consisting of the interconnected AC and HVDC grids, given any positive controller gains. The static control errors resulting from the proportional controller are quantified and bounded by analyzing the equilibrium of the closed-loop system. The proposed controller is applied to a test grid consisting of three asynchronous AC areas interconnected by an HVDC grid, and its effectiveness is validated through simulation.

  • 265.
    Andreasson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik.
    Wiget, Roger
    Power Systems Laboratory,Switzerland.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik.
    Johansson, Karl H.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik.
    Andersson, Göran
    Power Systems Laboratory,Switzerland.
    Distributed Secondary Frequency Control through MTDC Transmission Systems2015Inngår i: Decision and Control (CDC), 2015 IEEE 54th Annual Conference on, IEEE conference proceedings, 2015, s. 2627-2634Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we present distributed controllers for sharing primary and secondary frequency control reserves for asynchronous AC transmission systems, which are connected through a multi-terminal HVDC grid. By using passivity arguments, the equilibria of the closed-loop system are shown to be globally asymptotically stable. We quantify the static errors of the voltages and frequencies, and give upper bounds for these errors. It is also shown that the controllers have the property of power sharing, i.e., primary and secondary frequency control reserves are shared fairly amongst the AC systems. The proposed controllers are applied to a high-order dynamic model of of a power system consisting of asynchronous AC grids connected through a 6-terminal HVDC grid.

  • 266.
    Andrikopoulos, George
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    HUmanoid Robotic Leg via pneumatic muscle actuators: implementation and control2018Inngår i: Meccanica (Milano. Print), ISSN 0025-6455, E-ISSN 1572-9648, Vol. 53, nr 1-2, s. 465-480Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, a HUmanoid Robotic Leg (HURL) via the utilization of pneumatic muscle actuators (PMAs) is presented. PMAs are a pneumatic form of actuation possessing crucial attributes for the implementation of a design that mimics the motion characteristics of a human ankle. HURL acts as a feasibility study in the conceptual goal of developing a 10 degree-of-freedom (DoF) lower-limb humanoid for compliance and postural control, while serving as a knowledge basis for its future alternative use in prosthetic robotics. HURL’s design properties are described in detail, while its 2-DoF motion capabilities (dorsiflexion–plantar flexion, eversion–inversion) are experimentally evaluated via an advanced nonlinear PID-based control algorithm.

  • 267.
    Andrikopoulos, Georgios
    et al.
    Department of Electrical and Computer Science, University of Patras.
    Arvanitakis, John
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Patras.
    Manesis, Stamatis
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Patras.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    A switched system modeling approach for a pneumatic muscle actuator2012Inngår i: 2012 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology, ICIT 2012, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2012, s. 833-839Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to present a switched system approach for the dynamic modeling of Pneumatic Muscle Actuators (PMAs). PMAs are highly non-linear pneumatic actuators where their elongation is proportional to the interval pressure. During the last two decades, various modeling approaches have been presented that describe the behavior of PMAs. While most mathematical models are characterized by simplicity and accuracy in describing the attributes of PMAs, they are limited to static performance analysis. Static models are proven to be insufficient for real time control applications, thus creating the need for the development of dynamic PMA models. A collection of experimental and simulation results are being presented that prove the efficiency of the proposed approach.

  • 268.
    Andrikopoulos, Georgios
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Design, development and control of a human-inspired two-arm robot via Pneumatic Artificial Muscles2017Inngår i: 2017 25th Mediterranean Conference on Control and Automation, MED 2017, Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2017, s. 241-246, artikkel-id 7984125Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, the design and implementation of a 10 Degree-of-Freedom (DoF) human-inspired two-arm robot is presented. Multiple Pneumatic Artificial Muscles (PAMs) in antagonistic formations are incorporated for undertaking the two arms' movements, while the design goal is the replication of human-like motion patterns, described by smoothness, inherent compliance and accuracy. To evaluate the feasibility of the proposed concept, the 10-DoF robot is developed and experimentally tested in open and closed-loop control scenarios via the use of a multiple Advanced Nonlinear PID (ANPID) based scheme.

  • 269.
    Andrikopoulos, Georgios
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Design, Development and Experimental Evaluation of a Vortex Actuation System2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, the potential of utilizing a commercially available Electric Ducted Fan (EDF) as a negative-pressure actuator for adhesion purposes is experimentally tested. To this purpose, a novel EDF-based Vortex Actuation System (VAS) is proposed and presented from a design, development and experimental evaluation perspective. The effect of different EDF design properties and design alterations to the actuation system is analyzed, for providing novel considerations on optimizing the adhesion efficiency of such a system.

  • 270.
    Andrikopoulos, Georgios
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    On the design, development and motion control of a HUmanoid Robotic Leg via pneumatic artificial muscles2017Inngår i: 2016 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Biomimetics, ROBIO 2016, Piscataway, NJ, 2017, s. 1637-1642, artikkel-id 7866562Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, the design and implementation of a HUmanoid Robotic Leg (HURL) is presented. The motion of the HURL is achieved via pneumatic muscle actuators, a pneumatic form of actuation possessing crucial attributes for the implementation of a biomimetic design that mimics the motion characteristics of a human ankle. The HURL's properties are described in detail, while its 2-DoF motion capabilities (dorsiflexion - plantar flexion, eversion - inversion) are experimentally evaluated via an advanced nonlinear PID-based control algorithm

  • 271.
    Andrikopoulos, Georgios
    et al.
    Department of Electrical and Computer Science, University of Patras.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Arvanitakis, Ioannis
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Patras.
    Manesis, Stamatis
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Patras.
    Multi-parametric constrained optimal control of a pneumatic artificial muscle2012Inngår i: 10th Portuguese Conference in Automatic Control: University of Madeira, July 16-18, 2012, s. 135-140Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Pneumatic Artificial Muscle (PAM) is a highly non-linear form of actuation that is characterized by a decrease in the actuating length when pressurized. Its non-linear nature and time-varying parameters cause difficulties in modelling their characteristics and designing controllers for high-performance positioning systems. In this article, the control problem of a PAM is considered. A constrained linear and PieceWise Affine (PWA) system model approximation is utilized and a controller composed of: a) a feedforward term regulating control input at specific setpoints, and b) a Constrained Finite Time Optimal Controller (CFTOC) handling any deviations from the system’s equilibrium points is synthesized. Simulation studies are used to investigate the efficacy of the suggested controller.

  • 272.
    Andrikopoulos, Georgios
    et al.
    Department of Electrical and Computer Science, University of Patras.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Arvanitakis, Ioannis
    Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, University of Patras.
    Manesis, Stamatis
    Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, University of Patras.
    Switching model predictive control of a pneumatic artificial muscle2013Inngår i: International Journal of Control, Automation and Systems, ISSN 1598-6446, E-ISSN 2005-4092, Vol. 11, nr 6, s. 1223-1231Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, a switching Model Predictive Controller (sMPC) for a Pneumatic Artificial Muscle (PAM) is presented. The control scheme is based on a switching PieceWise Affine (PWA) system model approximation that is able to capture the high nonlinearities of the PAM and improve the overall model accuracy, and is composed of: a) a feed-forward term regulating control input at specific reference set-points, and b) a switching Model Predictive Controller handling any deviations from the system's equilibrium points. Extended simulation studies indicate the overall scheme's efficiency.

  • 273.
    Andrikopoulos, Georgios
    et al.
    Department of Electrical and Computer Science, University of Patras.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Arvanitakis, John
    Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, University of Patras.
    Manesis, Stamatis
    Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, University of Patras.
    Piecewise affine modeling and constrained optimal control for a pneumatic artificial muscle2013Inngår i: IEEE transactions on industrial electronics (1982. Print), ISSN 0278-0046, E-ISSN 1557-9948, Vol. 61, nr 2, s. 904-916Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, the modeling and control problem of a Pneumatic Artificial Muscle (PAM) is being considered. The PAM is an actuator characterized by a decrease in the actuating length when pressurized. Its non-linear nature and time-varying parameters cause difficulties in modeling their characteristics, as well as in designing controllers for high-performance positioning systems. A constrained linear and PieceWise Affine (PWA) system model approximation is formulated and a control scheme composed of: a) a feedforward term regulating control input at specific setpoints, and b) a Constrained Finite Time Optimal Controller (CFTOC) handling any deviations from the system’s equilibrium points is being synthesized. Extended experimental studies are utilized to prove the efficacy of the suggested controller.

  • 274.
    Andrikopoulos, Georgios
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Kominiak, Dariusz
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Unander-Scharin, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Musik och dans.
    Towards the Development of a Novel Upper-Body Pneumatic Humanoid: Design and Implementation2016Inngår i: 2016 European Control Conference, ECC 2016, Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2016, s. 395-400, artikkel-id 7810317Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, the conceptual design of a 14 Degree-of-Freedom (DOF) upper-body pneumatic humanoid is presented. The movement capabilities of this novel robotic setup are achieved via Pneumatic Artificial Muscles (PAMs), a form of actuation possessing crucial attributes for the development of biologically-inspired robots. To evaluate the feasibility of the humanoid’s design properties, a 5-DOF robotic arm is developed and experimentally tested, while being studied from the scope of implementing a robotic structure capable of producing smooth and human-like motion responses, while maintaining the inherent compliance provided by the PAM technology.

  • 275.
    Andrikopoulos, Georgios
    et al.
    Department of Electrical and Computer Science, University of Patras.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Manesis, Stamatis
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Patras.
    A Survey on applications of pneumatic artificial muscles2011Inngår i: 19th Mediterranean Conference on Control and Automation, MED 2011, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2011, s. 1439-1446Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to present a survey on applications of Pneumatic Artificial Muscles (PAMs). PAMs are highly non–linear pneumatic actuators where their elongation is proportional to the interval pressure. During the last decade, there has been a significant increase in the industrial and scientific utilization of PAMs due to their advantages such as high strength and small weight, while various types of PAMs with different technical characteristics have been appeared in the relative scientific literature. This article will summarize the key enabling applications in PAMs that are focusing in the following areas: a) Biorobotic, b) Medical, c) Industrial, and d) Aerospace applications

  • 276.
    Andrikopoulos, Georgios
    et al.
    Department of Electrical and Computer Science, University of Patras.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Manesis, Stamatis
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Patras.
    Adaptive internal model control scheme for a pneumatic artificial muscle2013Inngår i: European Control Conference (ECC), July 17-19, Zurich, Switzerland 2013, 2013, s. 772-777Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Pneumatic Artificial Muscle (PAM) is a highly non-linear form of actuation that is characterized by a decrease in the actuating length when pressurized. Its nonlinear nature and time-varying parameters cause difficulties in modeling their characteristics and designing controllers for high-performance positioning systems. In this article, the model identification and control problem of a PAM is being considered. The identification of the PAM’s model parameters is being carried out by a Recursive Least Square (RLS) based algorithm, while an Internal Model Control (IMC) structure is being synthesized. Experimental studies are being utilized to prove the overall efficiency of the suggested control scheme, regarding: a) set-point tracking performance through selected positioning scenarios, b) robustness through disturbance cancellation, and c) adaptability through hysteresis shift compensation.

  • 277.
    Andrikopoulos, Georgios
    et al.
    Department of Electrical and Computer Science, University of Patras.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Manesis, Stamatis
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Patras.
    Advanced nonlinear PID-based antagonistic control for pneumatic muscle actuators2014Inngår i: IEEE transactions on industrial electronics (1982. Print), ISSN 0278-0046, E-ISSN 1557-9948, Vol. 61, nr 12, s. 6926-6937, artikkel-id 6786031Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, the positioning control problem of pneumatic muscle actuators (PMAs) is being considered. A two-degree-of-freedom nonlinear proportional-integral-derivative structure is being synthesized, providing ameliorated compensation of the PMAs' nonlinear hysteretic phenomena and advanced robustness through disturbance cancellation. Experimental studies are being utilized to prove the overall efficiency of the proposed control scheme with regard to set-point tracking performance for the position control of a single PMA, torsion angle control of a nonsymmetrical antagonistic PMA setup, and disturbance rejection in both single and antagonistic control scenarios.

  • 278.
    Andrikopoulos, Georgios
    et al.
    University of Patras.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Manesis, Stamatis
    University of Patras.
    An experimental study on thermodynamic properties of pneumatic artificial muscles2012Inngår i: 2012 20th Mediterranean Conference on Control & Automation: Barcelona, Spain, July 3-6, 2012, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2012, s. 1334-1340Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the past fifty years, several attempts have been made to model the characteristics of Pneumatic Artificial Muscles (PAMs). PAM models based on their geometrical properties are the most commonly found ones in the scientific literature. In the process of deriving those models a lot of assumptions and simplifications are made due to the fact that PAM is a highly non-linear form of actuation. The purpose of this study is to propose additional considerations for future model improvements that will augment the overall model accuracy, and will best describe the relationship between force, displacement and non-linear thermal properties of PAM actuators through extensive observation and analysis of its thermodynamic characteristics during long-run operation experiments. In this article multiple experimental results will be presented that prove the relation between the thermodynamic properties of the PAMs, especially in iterative operations, and the accuracy on the muscle's force-prolongation relationship.

  • 279.
    Andrikopoulos, Georgios
    et al.
    Department of Electrical and Computer Science, University of Patras.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Manesis, Stamatis
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Patras.
    Design and Development of an Exoskeletal Wrist Prototype via Pneumatic Artificial Muscles2015Inngår i: Meccanica (Milano. Print), ISSN 0025-6455, E-ISSN 1572-9648, Vol. 50, nr 11, s. 2709-2730Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Full or partial loss of function in the shoulder, elbow or wrist is an increasingly common ailment caused by various medical conditions like stroke, occupational and sport injuries, as well as a number of neurological conditions, which increases the need for the development and improvement of upper limb rehabilitation devices. In this article, the design and implementation of the EXOskeletal WRIST (EXOWRIST) prototype is presented. This novel robotic appliance’s motion is achieved via pneumatic artificial muscles, a pneumatic form of actuation possessing crucial attributes for the development of an exoskeleton that is safe, reliable, portable and low-cost. Furthermore, the EXOWRIST’s properties are presented in detail and compared to the recent wrist exoskeleton technology, while its two degrees-of-freedom movement capabilities (extension-flexion, ulnar-radial deviation) are experimentally evaluated via a PID- based control algorithm. Experimental results involving initial testing of the proposed exoskeleton on a healthy human volunteer for the preliminary evaluation of the EXOWRIST’s attributes are also presented.

  • 280.
    Andrikopoulos, Georgios
    et al.
    Department of Electrical and Computer Science, University of Patras.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Manesis, Stamatis
    Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, University of Patras.
    Development and control of a hybrid controlled vertical climbing robot based on pneumatic muscle actuators2011Inngår i: Journal of Control Engineering and Technology (JCET), ISSN 2223-2036, Vol. 1, nr 2, s. 53-58Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents the development and control of a novel hybrid controlled vertical climbing robot based on Pneumatic Muscle Actuators (PMAs). PMAs are highly non–linear pneumatic actuators where their elongation is proportional to the internal pressure. The vertical sliding of the robot is based on four PMAs and through the combined and sequential contraction–extension of the pneumatic muscles and cylinders, upward and downward movements are executed. For controlling the movement of the robot and to cope with the high non–linearities of the system, a simplified and highly functional hybrid control scheme, based on PID and On/Off control, has been adopted. The efficacy of the proposed scheme is presented through multiple experimental results where it is shown that the utilized controller is able to provide fast (on/off) and accurate (PID) translations to the robot.

  • 281.
    Andrikopoulos, Georgios
    et al.
    Department of Electrical and Computer Science, University of Patras.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Manesis, Stamatis
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Patras.
    Incorporation of Thermal Expansion in Static Force Modeling of Pneumatic Artificial2015Inngår i: IEEE Mediterranean Conference on Control and Automation, Torremolinos, Spain, June, 16-19, 2015 / [ed] V. Munoz, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2015, s. 414-420, artikkel-id 7158784Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, the thermal expansion effect is considered as the main cause of the gradual shift in the force- displacement relationship, which describes the operation of Pneumatic Artificial Muscles (PAMs). A modified static force modeling approach is proposed, based on fundamental PAM modeling techniques, while incorporating the geometrical properties that are being affected by the thermal build-up occurring during PAM’s continuous operation. The effects of thermal expansion are documented via experimental studies and the acquired data are utilized for the validation of the proposed modeling method. Further evaluation is performed via comparison of modeling accuracy between the proposed modeling approach and the fundamental static force modeling techniques.

  • 282.
    Andrikopoulos, Georgios
    et al.
    Department of Electrical and Computer Science, University of Patras.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Manesis, Stamatis
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Patras.
    Motion control of a novel robotic wrist exoskeleton via pneumatic muscle actuators2015Inngår i: Proceedings of 2015 IEEE 20th International Conference on Emerging Technologies & Factory Automation (ETFA 2015): Luxembourg, 8-11 Sept. 2015, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2015, artikkel-id 7301464Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, the motion control problem of a robotic EXOskeletal WRIST (EXOWRIST) prototype is considered. This novel robotic appliance’s motion is achieved via pneumatic muscle actuators, a pneumatic form of actuation possessing crucial attributes for the development of an exoskeleton that is safe, reliable, portable and low-cost. The EXOWRIST’s properties are presented in detail and compared to the recent wrist exoskeleton technology, while its two degrees- of-freedom movement capabilities (extension-flexion, ulnar- radial deviation) are experimentally evaluated on a healthy human volunteer via an advanced nonlinear PID-based control algorithm.

  • 283.
    Andrikopoulos, Georgios
    et al.
    Department of Electrical and Computer Science, University of Patras.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Manesis, Stamatis
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Patras.
    Non-linear control of pneumatic artificial muscles2013Inngår i: 21st IEEE Mediterranean Conference on Control and Automation, June 25-28, Platanias, Chania, Crete, Greece, 2013, 2013, s. 729-734, artikkel-id 6608804Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, the control problem of Pneumatic Artificial Muscles is being considered. A non-linear PID structure is being synthesized, providing ameliorated compensation of the PAMs’ non-linear hysteretic phenomena and advanced robustness. Experimental studies are being utilized to prove the overall efficiency of the proposed control scheme regarding: a) set-point tracking performance for the position control of a single PAM and torsion angle control of an antagonistic PAM setup, as well as b) disturbance rejection in both single and antagonistic control scenarios.

  • 284.
    Andrikopoulos, Georgios
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Manesis, Stamatis
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Patras , Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, University of Patras.
    Novel Considerations on Static Force Modeling of Pneumatic Muscle Actuators2016Inngår i: IEEE/ASME transactions on mechatronics, ISSN 1083-4435, E-ISSN 1941-014X, Vol. 21, nr 6, s. 2647-2659, artikkel-id 7501612Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, an overview of the most significant static force modeling approaches of Pneumatic Muscle Actuators (PMAs) is presented, while a modified static force modeling approach, which is based on fundamental PMA modeling techniques, is proposed. In addition, the thermal expansion effect is considered as the main cause of the gradual shift in the PMA’s force-displacement relationship and the geometric properties, which are being affected by the thermal build-up occurring during PMA’s continuous operation, are incorporated into the static force models. The effects of thermal expansion are documented via experimental studies and the acquired force-displacement data are utilized for the validation of the proposed modeling method in PMAs of different nominal dimensions and at constant test pressures. Finally, an additional evaluation is performed via the comparison of the accuracy between the proposed model and the existing geometric static modeling approaches.

  • 285.
    Andrikopoulos, Georgios
    et al.
    Department of Electrical and Computer Science, University of Patras.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.
    Manesis, Stamatis
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Patras.
    Pneumatic artificial muscles: a switching model predictive control approach2013Inngår i: Control Engineering Practice, ISSN 0967-0661, E-ISSN 1873-6939, Vol. 21, nr 12, s. 1653-1664Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, a switching Model Predictive Controller (sMPC) for a Pneumatic Artificial Muscle (PAM) is presented. The control scheme is based on a switching PieceWise Affine (PWA) system model approximation that is able to capture the high nonlinearities of the PAM, while improving the overall model accuracy, and is composed of: a) a feed-forward term regulating control input at specific reference set-points, and b) a switching Model Predictive Controller handling any deviations from the system’s equilibrium points. Extended experimental studies are being presented that prove the overall scheme’s efficiency.

  • 286.
    André, Simon
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Design and Optimization of Controllers for an Electro-Hydraulic System2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Electro-Hydraulic (EH) systems are commonly used in the industry for applications that require high power-weight ratios and large driving forces. The EH system studied in this master thesis have recently been upgraded with new hardware components and as a part of this upgrade a new controller was requested. The system consists of a controller that computes a control signal for an electric motor. The motor drives a gear pump that generates a flow of hydraulic fluid. The flow is then directed to a cylinder. The movements of a piston in the cylinder is affected by the flow and the piston position can be measured. The measured piston position is then fed back to the controller and the control loop is complete. The system was previously controlled using a Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) controller and the purpose of this thesis is to compare the old controller with alternative control strategies suitable for this application. The evaluation of the controllers is based on both software and hardware simulations and results in a recommendation for final implementation of the best suited controller. The control strategies chosen for investigation are: a retuned PID controller, a PID controller with feed forward from reference, a PID based cascade controller, a Linear Quadratic (LQ) controller, and a Model Predictive Controller (MPC). To synthesize the controllers an approximate model of the system is formed and implemented in the software environment Matlab Simulink. The model is tuned to fit recorded data and provides a decent estimation of the actual system. The proposed control strategies are then simulated and evaluated in Simulink with the model posing as the real system. These simulations resulted in the elimination of the cascade controller as a possible candidate since it proved unstable for large steps in the reference signal. The remaining four controllers were all selected for simulation on the real hardware system. Unfortunately the MPC was never successfully implemented on the hardware due to some unknown compatibility error and hence eliminated as a possible candidate. The three remaining control strategies, PID, PID with feed forward from reference and the LQ controller, were all successfully implemented and simulated on hardware. The results from the hardware simulations compared to simulations made with the old controller, as well as the results from the software simulations, were then evaluated. Depending on the purpose one of two control strategies is recommended for this application. The LQ controller achieved the best overall performance and is presented as the control strategy best suited for this application.

  • 287.
    Angelakis, Vangelis
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Papadakis, Stefanos
    FORTH.
    Traganitis, Apostolos
    FORTH & UoC.
    Vasilios, Siris
    AUEB.
    Adjacent Channel Interference in 802.11a Is Harmful: Testbed Validation of a Simple Quantification Model2011Inngår i: IEEE COMMUNICATIONS MAGAZINE, ISSN 0163-6804, Vol. 49, nr 3, s. 160-166Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Wireless LAN radio interfaces based on the IEEE 802.11a standard have lately found widespread use in many wireless applications. A key reason for this was that although the predecessor, IEEE 802.11b/ g, had a poor channelization scheme, which resulted in strangling adjacent channel interference (ACI), 802.11a was widely believed to be ACI-free due to a better channelization combined with OFDM transmission. We show that this is not the case. ACI does exist in 802.11a, and we can quantify its magnitude and predict its results. For this, we present minor modifications of a simple model originally introduced by [1] that allow us to calculate bounding values of the 802.11a ACI, which can be used in link budget calculations. Using a laboratory testbed, we verify the estimations of the model, performing experiments designed to isolate the affected 802.11 mechanisms. This isolation was enabled by not using the wireless medium, and emulating it over cables and attenuators. Our results show clear throughput degradation because of ACI in 802.11a, the magnitude of which depends on the interfering data rates, packet sizes, and utilization of the medium.

  • 288.
    Anistratov, Pavel
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Fordonssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Olofsson, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Fordonssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Nielsen, Lars
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Fordonssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Lane-Deviation Penalty for Autonomous Avoidance Maneuvers2018Inngår i: Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Advanced Vehicle Control, Beijing, July 16-20, 2018, 2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A formulation of an offline motion-planning method for avoidance maneuvers based on a lane-deviation penalty function is proposed,which aims to decrease the risk of a collision by minimizing the time when a vehicle is outside of its own driving lane in the case ofavoidance maneuvers. The penalty function is based on a logistic function. The method is illustrated by computing optimal maneuversfor a double lane-change scenario. The results are compared with minimum-time maneuvers and squared-error norm maneuvers. Thecomparison shows that the use of the considered penalty function requires fewer constraints and that the vehicle stays less time in theopposing lane. The similarity between the obtained trajectories for different problem configurations was noticed. This property couldbe used in the future for predicting an intermediate trajectory online from a sparse data set of maneuvers.

  • 289.
    Anistratov, Pavel
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Fordonssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Olofsson, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Fordonssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Nielsen, Lars
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Fordonssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Segmentation and Merging of Autonomous At-the-Limit Maneuversfor Ground Vehicles2018Inngår i: Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Advanced Vehicle Control, Beijing, July 16-20, 2018, 2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    To decrease the complexity of motion-planning optimizations, a segmentation and merging strategy for maneuvers is proposed. Maneuvers that are at-the-limit of friction are of special interest since they appear in many critical situations. The segmentation pointsare used to set constraints for several smaller optimizations for parts of the full maneuver, which later are merged and compared withoptimizations of the full maneuver. The technique is illustrated for a double lane-change maneuver.

  • 290.
    Ankelhed, Daniel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    An Efficient Implementation of Gradient and Hessian Calculations of the Coefficients of the Characteristic Polynomial of I-XY2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a report about a project in robust multivariable control. In the project we investigated how to decrease the computational complexity of calculating the gradient and Hessian of coefficients of the characteristic polynomial of the matrix I-XY that often appear in H-infinity controller synthesis. Compared to a straight-forward implementation, our new implementation managed to decrease the number of operations required to calculated the gradient and Hessian by several orders of magnitude by utilizing the structure of the problem.

  • 291.
    Ankelhed, Daniel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    On design of low order H-infinity controllers2011Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    When designing controllers with robust performance and stabilization requirements, H-infinity synthesis is a common tool to use. These controllers are often obtained by solving mathematical optimization problems. The controllers that result from these algorithms are typically of very high order, which complicates implementation. Low order controllers are usually desired, since they are considered more reliable than high order controllers. However, if a constraint on the maximum order of the controller is set that is lower than the order of the so-called augmented system, the optimization problem becomes nonconvex and it is relatively difficult to solve. This is true even when the order of the augmented system is low.

    In this thesis, optimization methods for solving these problems are considered. In contrast to other methods in the literature, the approach used in this thesis is based on formulating the constraint on the maximum order of the controller as a rational function in an equality constraint. Three methods are then suggested for solving this smooth nonconvex optimization problem.

    The first two methods use the fact that the rational function is nonnegative. The problem is then reformulated as an optimization problem where the rational function is to be minimized over a convex set defined by linear matrix inequalities (LMIs). This problem is then solved using two different interior point methods.

    In the third method the problem is solved by using a partially augmented Lagrangian formulation where the equality constraint is relaxed and incorporated into the objective function, but where the LMIs are kept as constraints. Again, the feasible set is convex and the objective function is nonconvex.

    The proposed methods are evaluated and compared with two well-known methods from the literature. The results indicate that the first two suggested methods perform well especially when the number of states in the augmented system is less than 10 and 20, respectively. The third method has comparable performance with two methods from literature when the number of states in the augmented system is less than 25.

  • 292.
    Ankelhed, Daniel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    On low order controller synthesis using rational constraints2009Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to design robust controllers, H-infinity synthesis is a common tool to use. The controllers that result from these algorithms are typically of very high order, which complicates implementation. However, if a constraint on the maximum order of the controller is set, that is lower than the order of the plant, the problem is no longer convex and it is then relatively hard to solve. These problems become very complex, even when the order of the system to be controlled is low.

    The approach used in the thesis is based on formulating the constraint on the maximum order of the plant as a polynomial equation. By using the fact that the polynomial is non-negative on the feasible set, the problem is reformulated as an optimization problem where the nonconvex polynomial function is to be minimized over a convex set defined by linear matrix inequalities.

    To solve this optimization problem, two methods have been proposed. The first method is a barrier method and the second one is a method based on a primal-dual framework. These methods have been evaluated on several problems and compared with a well-known method found in the literature. To motivate this choice of method, we have made a brief survey of available methods available for solving the same or related problems.

    The proposed methods emerged as the best methods among the three for finding lower order controllers with the same or similar performance as the full order controller. When the aim is to find the lowest order controller with no worse than +50% increase in the closed loop H-infinity norm, then the three compared methods perform equally well.

  • 293.
    Ankelhed, Daniel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Utvärdering av DC-labben2006Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    I denna rapport jämförs två olika metoder för att ta fram en modell för att kunna reglera en DC-motor med lead-lagreglering. I den ena metoden identifieras två parametrar i en given modell av andra ordningen, medan i den andra metoden skattas ett antal punkter i ett bodediagram direkt med hjälp av frekvensanalys. Resultaten indikerar att de två metoderna är ungefär likvärdiga för den process som studerats.

  • 294.
    Ankelhed, Daniel
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Helmersson, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hansson, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    A Partially Augmented Lagrangian Method for Low Order H-Infinity Controller Synthesis Using Rational Constraints2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    When designing robust controllers, H-infinity synthesis is a common tool touse. The controllers that result from these algorithms are typically of very high order, which complicates implementation. However, if a constraint on the maximum order of the controller is set, that is lower than the order of the (augmented) system, the problem becomes nonconvex and it is relatively hard to solve. These problems become very complex, even when the order of the system is low.

    The approach used in this work is based on formulating the constraint onthe maximum order of the controller as a polynomial (or rational) equation.This equality constraint is added to the optimization problem of minimizingan upper bound on the H-innity norm of the closed loop system subjectto linear matrix inequality (LMI) constraints. The problem is then solvedby reformulating it as a partially augmented Lagrangian problem where theequality constraint is put into the objective function, but where the LMIsare kept as constraints.

    The proposed method is evaluated together with two well-known methodsfrom the literature. The results indicate that the proposed method hascomparable performance in most cases, especially if the synthesized con-troller has many parameters, which is the case if the system to be controlledhas many input and output signals.

  • 295.
    Ankelhed, Daniel
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Helmersson, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hansson, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    A Partially Augmented Lagrangian Method for Low Order H-Infinity Controller Synthesis Using Rational Constraints2012Inngår i: IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, ISSN 0018-9286, E-ISSN 1558-2523, Vol. 57, nr 11, s. 2901-2905Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This technical note proposes a method for low order H-infinity synthesis where the constraint on the order of the controller is formulated as a rational equation. The resulting nonconvex optimization problem is then solved by applying a partially augmented Lagrangian method. The proposed method is evaluated together with two well-known methods from the literature. The results indicate that the proposed method has comparable performance and speed.

  • 296.
    Ankelhed, Daniel
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Helmersson, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hansson, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    A Primal-Dual Method for Low Order H-Infinity Controller Synthesis2010Inngår i: Proceedings of Reglermöte 2010, Lund, 2010Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    When designing robust controllers, H-infinity synthesis is a common tool to use. The controllers that result from these algorithms are typically of very high order, which complicates implementation. However, if a constraint on the maximum order of the controller is set, that is lower than the order of the (augmented) system, the problem becomes nonconvex and it is relatively hard to solve. These problems become very complex, even when the order of the system is low.

    The approach used in this work is based on formulating the constraint on the maximum order of the controller as a polynomial (or rational) equation. By using the fact that the polynomial (or rational) is non-negative on the feasible set, the problem is reformulated as an optimization problem where the nonconvex function is to be minimized over a convex set defined by linear matrix inequalities.

    The proposed method is evaluated together with a well-known method from the literature. The results indicate that the proposed method performs slightly better.

  • 297.
    Ankelhed, Daniel
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Helmersson, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hansson, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    A Primal-Dual Method for Low Order H-Infinity Controller Synthesis2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    When designing robust controllers, H-infinity synthesis is a common tool to use. The controllers that result from these algorithms are typically of very high order, which complicates implementation. However, if a constraint on the maximum order of the controller is set, that is lower than the order of the (augmented) system, the problem becomes nonconvex and it is relatively hard to solve. These problems become very complex, even when the order of the system is low.

    The approach used in this work is based on formulating the constraint on the maximum order of the controller as a polynomial (or rational) equation. By using the fact that the polynomial (or rational) is non-negative on the feasible set, the problem is reformulated as an optimization problem where the nonconvex function is to be minimized over a convex set defined by linear matrix inequalities.

    The proposed method is evaluated together with a well-known method from the literature. The results indicate that the proposed method performs slightly better.

  • 298.
    Ankelhed, Daniel
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Helmersson, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hansson, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    A Primal-Dual Method for Low Order H-Infinity Controller Synthesis2009Inngår i: Proceedings of the 48th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control held jointly with the 28th Chinese Control Conference, IEEE , 2009, s. 6674-6679Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    When designing robust controllers, H-infinity synthesisis a common tool to use. The controllers that result from these algorithms are typically of very high order, which complicates implementation. However, if a constraint on the maximum order of the controller is set, that is lower than the order of the (augmented) system, the problem becomes nonconvex and it is relatively hard to solve. These problems become very complex,even when the order of the system is low.

    The approach used in this work is based on formulating the constraint on the maximum order of the controller as a polynomial (or rational) equation. By using the fact that the polynomial (or rational) is non-negative on the feasible set, the problem is reformulated as an optimization problem where the nonconvex function is to be minimized over a convex set defined by linear matrix inequalities.

    The proposed method is evaluated together with a wellknown method from the literature. The results indicate that the proposed method performs slightly better.

  • 299.
    Ankelhed, Daniel
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Helmersson, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hansson, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    A Quasi-Newton Interior Point Method for Low Order H-Infinity Controller Synthesis2011Inngår i: IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, ISSN 0018-9286, E-ISSN 1558-2523, Vol. 56, nr 6, s. 1462-1467Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This technical note proposes a method for low order H-infinity synthesis where the constraint on the order of the controller is formulated as a rational equation. The resulting nonconvex optimization problem is then solved by applying a quasi-Newton primal-dual interior point method. The proposed method is evaluated together with a well-known method from the literature. The results indicate that the proposed method has comparable performance and speed.

  • 300.
    Ankelhed, Daniel
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Helmersson, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hansson, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Additional Numerical Results for the Quasi-Newton Interior Point Method for Low Order H-Infinity Controller Synthesis2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Here we present numerical results and timings obtained using our quasi-Newton interior point method on a set of 44 systems. We were not able to include these results in the article due to limited amount of space. Also results from our evaluation of HIFOO on the same systems are included.

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