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  • 251.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Colliander, Cristian
    Persson, Olle
    Field normalized citation rates, field normalized journal impact and Norwegian weights for allocation of university research funds2012Inngår i: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 92, nr 3, s. 767-780Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We compared three different bibliometric evaluation approaches: two citation-based approaches and one based on manual classification of publishing channels into quality levels. Publication data for two universities was used, and we worked with two levels of analysis: article and department. For the article level, we investigated the predictive power of field normalized citation rates and field normalized journal impact with respect to journal level. The results for the article level show that evaluation of journals based on citation impact correlate rather well with manual classification of journals into quality levels. However, the prediction from field normalized citation rates to journal level was only marginally better than random guessing. At the department level, we studied three different indicators in the context of research fund allocation within universities and the extent to which the three indicators produce different distributions of research funds. It turned out that the three distributions of relative indicator values were very similar, which in turn yields that the corresponding distributions of hypothetical research funds would be very similar.

  • 252.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    School of Education and Communication in Engineering Sciences (ECE), KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Colliander, Cristian
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Umeå universitetsbibliotek (UB).
    Sjögårde, Peter
    School of Education and Communication in Engineering Sciences (ECE), KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden; Department of ALM, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Exploring the Relation Between Referencing Practices and Citation Impact: A Large-Scale Study Based on Web of Science Data2018Inngår i: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 2330-1635, E-ISSN 2330-1643, Vol. 69, nr 5, s. 728-743Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this large-scale contribution, we deal with the relationship between properties of cited references of Web of Science articles and the field normalized citation rate of these articles. Using nearly 1 million articles, and three classification systems with different levels of granularity, we study the effects of number of cited references, share of references covered by Web of Science, mean age of references and mean citation rate of references on field normalized citation rate. To expose the relationship between the predictor variables and the response variable, we use quantile regression. We found that a higher number of references, a higher share of references to publications within Web of Science and references to more recent publications correlate with citation impact. A correlation was observed even when normalization was done with a finely grained classification system. The predictor variables affected citation impact to a larger extent at higher quantile levels. Regarding the relative importance of the predictor variables, citation impact of the cited references was in general the least important variable. Number of cited references carried most of the importance for both low and medium quantile levels, but this importance was lessened at the highest considered level.

  • 253.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, ECE, Sch Educ & Commun Engn Sci, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Colliander, Cristian
    Umeå Univ, Dept Sociol, Inforsk, Umeå, Sweden; Umeå Univ, Univ Lib, Umeå, Sweden.
    Sjögårde, Peter
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM. KTH Royal Inst Technol, ECE, Sch Educ & Commun Engn Sci, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Exploring the relation between referencing practices and citation impact: A large-scale study based on Web of Science data2018Inngår i: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 2330-1635, E-ISSN 2330-1643, Vol. 69, nr 5, s. 728-743Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this large-scale contribution, we deal with the relationship between properties of cited references of Web of Science articles and the field normalized citation rate of these articles. Using nearly 1 million articles, and three classification systems with different levels of granularity, we study the effects of number of cited references, share of references covered by Web of Science, mean age of references and mean citation rate of references on field normalized citation rate. To expose the relationship between the predictor variables and the response variable, we use quantile regression. We found that a higher number of references, a higher share of references to publications within Web of Science and references to more recent publications correlate with citation impact. A correlation was observed even when normalization was done with a finely grained classification system. The predictor variables affected citation impact to a larger extent at higher quantile levels. Regarding the relative importance of the predictor variables, citation impact of the cited references was in general the least important variable. Number of cited references carried most of the importance for both low and medium quantile levels, but this importance was lessened at the highest considered level.

  • 254.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Universitetsförvaltningen, Planeringsavdelningen.
    Eriksson, Leif
    Uppsala universitet, Universitetsförvaltningen, Planeringsavdelningen.
    Wadskog, Daniel
    Uppsala universitet, Universitetsbiblioteket.
    Åkesson Kågedal, Erik
    Uppsala universitet, Universitetsbiblioteket.
    Uppsala University Annual Bibliometric Monitoring 20192019Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 255.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Grönqvist, Leif
    Evaluation of retrieval effectiveness with incomplete relevance data: theoretical and experimental comparison of three measures2008Inngår i: Information Processing & Management, ISSN 0306-4573, E-ISSN 1873-5371, Vol. 44, nr 1, s. 212-225Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates two relatively new measures of retrieval effectiveness in relation to the problem of incomplete relevance data. The measures, Bpref and RankEff, which do not take into account documents that have not been relevance judged, are compared theoretically and experimentally. The experimental comparisons involve a third measure, the well-known mean uninterpolated average precision. The results indicate that RankEff is the most stable of the three measures when the amount of relevance data is reduced, with respect to system ranking and absolute values. In addition, RankEff has the lowest error-rate.

  • 256.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Grönqvist, Leif
    Evaluation of retrieval effectiveness with incomplete relevance data: theoretical and experimental comparison of three measures2008Inngår i: Information Processing & Management, ISSN 0306-4573, E-ISSN 1873-5371, Vol. 44, nr 1, s. 212-225Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 257.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Grönqvist, Leif
    Measuring retrieval effectiveness with incomplete relevance data2006Inngår i: Current Research in Information Sciences and Technologies. Multidisciplinary approaches to global information systems / [ed] Vicente P Guerrero-Bote, Open Institute of Knowledge , 2006, s. 74-Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 258.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University College of Borås.
    Grönqvist, Leif
    Measuring retrieval effectiveness with incomplete relevance data2006Inngår i: Current research in information sciences and technologies: multidisciplinary approaches to global information systems, 2006, s. 74-78Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 259.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Grönqvist, Leif
    Retrieval evaluation with incomplete relevance data: a comparative study of three measures2006Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 260.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University College of Borås.
    Grönqvist, Leif
    Retrieval evaluation with incomplete relevance data: a comparative study of three measures2006Inngår i: Proceedings of the 15th ACM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management, 2006, s. 872-873Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 261.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Universitetsbiblioteket.
    Hinders, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Universitetsbiblioteket.
    Lindelöw, Camilla
    Stockholms universitet, Universitetsbiblioteket.
    Parmhed, Sara
    Stockholms universitet, Universitetsbiblioteket.
    Swedberg, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Universitetsbiblioteket.
    Research Collaboration between Stockholm University and other Swedish Academic Institutions: A Bibliometric Study to Support Decisions on Library Collaboration2015Inngår i: Qualitative and Quantitative Methods in Libraries, QQML, ISSN 2241-1925, E-ISSN 2241-1925, nr SI, s. 49-60Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Academic libraries collaborate in several ways. For instance, collaboration can concern standards for indexing and statistics, technical solutions or collection development. A question that a given academic library might ask is with which other academic libraries the library should principally collaborate. In this study, we show how bibliometric methods can be used to generate information that can support decision making with regard to the question at stake. We evaluate the amount of research collaboration between Stockholm University and other Swedish academic institutions across five publishing years, and for the whole considered time period, where research collaboration is operationalized as co-publishing. A dataset of publications obtained from Web of Science, where each publication has at least one Stockholm University address, is used in the study. Co-publishing rates, non-fractionalized and fractionalized, across the publishing years and for the whole for period, for Stockholm University and other Swedish academic institutions, are reported. Further, parts of the outcome of the study are visualized in terms of co-publishing networks.

  • 262.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Universitetsbiblioteket.
    Hinders, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Universitetsbiblioteket.
    Lindelöw, Camilla
    Stockholms universitet, Universitetsbiblioteket.
    Parmhed, Sara
    Stockholms universitet, Universitetsbiblioteket.
    Swedberg, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Universitetsbiblioteket.
    Research collaboration between Stockholm University and other Swedish academic institutions: a bibliometric study to support decisions on library collaborationInngår i: Qualitative and Quantitative Methods in Libraries, QQML, ISSN 2241-1925, E-ISSN 2241-1925Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Academic libraries collaborate in several ways. For instance, collaboration can concern standards for indexing and statistics, technical solutions or collection development. A question that a given academic library might ask is with which other academic libraries the library should principally collaborate. In this study, we show how bibliometric methods can be used to generate information that can support decision making with regard to the question at stake. We evaluate the amount of research collaboration between Stockholm University and other Swedish academic institutions across five publishing years, and for the whole considered time period, where research collaboration is operationalized as co-publishing. A dataset of publications obtained from Web of Science, where each publication has at least one Stockholm University address, is used in the study. Co-publishing rates, non-fractionalized and fractionalized, across the publishing years and for the whole for period, for Stockholm University and other Swedish academic institutions, are reported. Further, parts of the outcome of the study are visualized in terms of co-publishing networks.

  • 263.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Hinders, Johan
    Lindelöw, Camilla
    Parmhed, Sara
    Swedberg, Per
    Research collaboration between Stockholm University and other Swedish academic institutions: a bibliometric study to support decisions on library collaboration2015Inngår i: Qualitative and Quantitative Methods in Libraries (QQML), ISSN 2241-1925, Vol. 4, s. 49-60Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Academic libraries collaborate in several ways. For instance, collaboration can concern standards for indexing and statistics, technical solutions or collection development. A question that a given academic library might ask is with which other academic libraries the library should principally collaborate. In this study, we show how bibliometric methods can be used to generate information that can support decision making with regard to the question at stake. We evaluate the amount of research collaboration between Stockholm University and other Swedish academic institutions across five publishing years, and for the whole considered time period, where research collaboration is operationalized as co-publishing. A dataset of publications obtained from Web of Science, where each publication has at least one Stockholm University address, is used in the study. Co-publishing rates, non-fractionalized and fractionalized, across the publishing years and for the whole for period, for Stockholm University and other Swedish academic institutions, are reported. Further, parts of the outcome of the study are visualized in terms of co-publishing networks.

  • 264.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Jarneving, Bo
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Bibliographic coupling, common abstract stems and clustering: a comparison of two document-document similarity approaches in the context of science mapping2008Inngår i: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 76, nr 2, s. 273-290Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 265.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Jarneving, Bo
    Bibliographic coupling, common abstract stems and clustering: a comparison of two document-document similarity approaches in the context of science mapping2008Inngår i: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 76, nr 2, s. 273-290Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 266.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Jarneving, Bo
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Rousseau, R.
    Requirements for a cocitation similarity measure, with special reference to Pearson's correlation coefficient2003Inngår i: Journal of The American Society For Information Science And Technology, ISSN 1532-2882, E-ISSN 1532-2890, Vol. 54, nr 6, s. 550-560Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Ahlgren, Jarneving, and. Rousseau review accepted procedures for author co-citation analysis first pointing out that since in the raw data matrix the row and column values are identical i,e, the co-citation count of two authors, there is no clear choice for diagonal values. They suggest the number of times an author has been co-cited with himself excluding self citation rather than the common treatment as zeros or as missing values. When the matrix is converted to a similarity matrix the normal procedure is to create a matrix of Pearson's r coefficients between data vectors. Ranking by r and by co-citation frequency and by intuition can easily yield three different orders. It would seem necessary that the adding of zeros to the matrix will not affect the value or the relative order of similarity measures but it is shown that this is not the case with Pearson's r. Using 913 bibliographic descriptions form the Web of Science of articles form JASIS and Scientometrics, authors names were extracted, edited and 12 information retrieval authors and 12 bibliometric authors each from the top 100 most cited were selected. Co-citation and r value (diagonal elements treated as missing) matrices were constructed, and then reconstructed in expanded form. Adding zeros can both change the r value and the ordering of the authors based upon that value. A chi-squared distance measure would not violate these requirements, nor would the cosine coefficient. It is also argued that co-citation data is ordinal data since there is no assurance of an absolute zero number of co-citations, and thus Pearson is not appropriate. The number of ties in co-citation data make the use of the Spearman rank order coefficient problematic.

  • 267.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University College of Borås.
    Jarneving, Bo
    Rousseau, Ronald
    Author cocitation analysis and Pearson's r2004Inngår i: Journal of The American Society For Information Science And Technology, ISSN 1532-2882, E-ISSN 1532-2890, Vol. 55, nr 9, s. 843-843Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 268.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Jarneving, Bo
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Rousseau, Ronald
    Letter to the editor. Author Cocitation Analysis and Pearson's r2004Inngår i: Journal of The American Society For Information Science And Technology, ISSN 1532-2882, E-ISSN 1532-2890, Vol. 9, nr 55, s. 843-844Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 269.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Jarneving, Bo
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Rousseau, Ronald
    Letter to the editor. Rejoinder: In Defense of Formal Methods2004Inngår i: Journal of The American Society For Information Science And Technology, ISSN 1532-2882, E-ISSN 1532-2890, Vol. 10, nr 55, s. 935-936Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 270.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University College of Borås.
    Jarneving, Bo
    Rousseau, Ronald
    Rejoinder: In defense of formal methods2004Inngår i: Journal of The American Society For Information Science And Technology, ISSN 1532-2882, E-ISSN 1532-2890, Vol. 55, nr 10, s. 936-936Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 271.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University College of Borås.
    Jarneving, Bo
    Rousseau, Ronald
    Requirements for a cocitation similarity measure, with special reference to Pearson's correlation coefficient2003Inngår i: Journal of The American Society For Information Science And Technology, ISSN 1532-2882, E-ISSN 1532-2890, Vol. 54, nr 6, s. 550-560Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Author cocitation analysis (ACA), a special type of cocitation analysis, was introduced by White and Griffith in 1981. This technique is used to analyze the intellectual structure of a given scientific field. In 1990, McCain published a technical overview that has been largely adopted as a standard. Here, McCain notes that Pearson's correlation coefficient (Pearson's r) is often used as a similarity measure in ACA and presents some advantages of its use. The present article criticizes the use of Pearson's r in ACA and sets forth two natural requirements that a similarity measure applied in ACA should satisfy. It is shown that Pearson's r does not satisfy these requirements. Real and hypothetical data are used in order to obtain counterexamples to both requirements. It is concluded that Pearson's r is probably not an optimal choice of a similarity measure in ACA. Still, further empirical research is needed to show if, and in that case to what extent, the use of similarity measures in ACA that fulfill these requirements would lead to objectively better results in full-scale studies. Further, problems related to incomplete cocitation matrices are discussed.

  • 272.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Järvelin, Kalervo
    Measuring impact of twelve information scientists using the DCI index2010Inngår i: Journal of The American Society For Information Science And Technology, ISSN 1532-2882, E-ISSN 1532-2890, Vol. 61, nr 7, s. 1424-1439Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Discounted Cumulated Impact (DCI) index has recently been proposed for research evaluation. In the present work an earlier dataset by Cronin and Meho (2007) is reanalyzed, with the aim of exemplifying the salient features of the DCI index. We apply the index on, and compare our results to, the outcomes of the Cronin-Meho (2007) study. Both authors and their top publications are used as units of analysis, which suggests that, by adjusting the parameters of evaluation according to the needs of research evaluation, the DCI index delivers data on an author's (or publication's) "lifetime" impact or current impact at the time of evaluation on an author's (or publication's) capability of inviting citations from highly cited later publications as an indication of impact, and on the relative impact across a set of authors (or publications) over their "lifetime" or currently.

  • 273.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University College of Borås.
    Kekälainen, Jaana
    Indexing strategies for Swedish full text retrieval under different user scenarios2007Inngår i: Information Processing & Management, ISSN 0306-4573, E-ISSN 1873-5371, Vol. 43, nr 1, s. 81-102Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with Swedish full text retrieval and the problem of morphological variation of query terms in the document database. The effects of combination of indexing strategies with query terms on retrieval effectiveness were studied. Three of five tested combinations involved indexing strategies that used conflation, in the form of normalization. Further, two of these three combinations used indexing strategies that employed compound splitting. Normalization and compound splitting were performed by SWETWOL, a morphological analyzer for the Swedish language. A fourth combination attempted to group related terms by right hand truncation of query terms. The four combinations were compared to each other and to a baseline combination, where no attempt was made to counteract the problem of morphological variation of query terms in the document database. The five combinations were evaluated under six different user scenarios, where each scenario simulated a certain user type. The four alternative combinations outperformed the baseline, for each user scenario. The truncation combination had the best performance under each user scenario. The main conclusion of the paper is that normalization and right hand truncation (performed by a search expert) enhanced retrieval effectiveness in comparison to the baseline. The performance of the three combinations of indexing strategies with query terms based on normalization was not far below the performance of the truncation combination. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 274.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    University College of Borås.
    Kekälainen, Jaana
    Swedish full text retrieval: Effectiveness of different combinations of indexing strategies with query terms2006Inngår i: Information retrieval (Boston), ISSN 1386-4564, E-ISSN 1573-7659, Vol. 9, nr 6, s. 681-697Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, which treats Swedish full text retrieval, the problem of morphological variation of query terms in the document database is studied. The Swedish CLEF 2003 test collection was used, and the effects of combination of indexing strategies with query terms on retrieval effectiveness were studied. Four of the seven tested combinations involved indexing strategies that used normalization, a form of conflation. All of these four combinations employed compound splitting, both during indexing and at query phase. SWETWOL, a morphological analyzer for the Swedish language, was used for normalization and compound splitting. A fifth combination used stemming, while a sixth attempted to group related terms by right hand truncation of query terms. The truncation was performed by a search expert. These six combinations were compared to each other and to a baseline combination, where no attempt was made to counteract the problem of morphological variation of query terms in the document database. Both the truncation combination, the four combinations based on normalization and the stemming combination outperformed the baseline. Truncation had the best performance. The main conclusion of the paper is that truncation, normalization and stemming enhanced retrieval effectiveness in comparison to the baseline. Further, normalization and stemming were not far below truncation.

  • 275.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Kekäläinen, Jaana
    Indexing strategies for Swedish full text retrieval under different user scenarios2007Inngår i: Information Processing & Management, ISSN 0306-4573, E-ISSN 1873-5371, Vol. 43, nr 1, s. 81-102Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 276.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan.
    Kekäläinen, Jaana
    Swedish full text retrieval: effectiveness of different combinations of indexing strategies with query terms2006Inngår i: Information retrieval (Boston), ISSN 1386-4564, E-ISSN 1573-7659, Vol. 9, nr 6, s. 681-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 277.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskaplig kommunikation och lärande (ECE), Avdelningen för bibliotek, språk och ARC, Publiceringens infrastruktur.
    Pagin, Peter
    Persson, Olle
    Svedberg, Maria
    Bibliometric analysis of two subdomains in philosophy: free will and sorites2015Inngår i: SCIENTOMETRICS, ISSN 0138-9130, Vol. 103, nr 1, s. 47-73Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we tested the fruitfulness of advanced bibliometric methods for mapping subdomains in philosophy. The development of the number of publications on free will and sorites, the two subdomains treated in the study, over time was studied. We applied the cocitation approach to map the most cited publications, authors and journals, and we mapped frequently occurring terms, using a term co-occurrence approach. Both subdomains show a strong increase of publications in Web of Science. When we decomposed the publications by faculty, we could see an increase of free will publications also in social sciences, medicine and natural sciences. The multidisciplinary character of free will research was reflected in the cocitation analysis and in the term co-occurrence analysis: we found clusters/groups of cocited publications, authors and journals, and of co-occurring terms, representing philosophy as well as non-philosophical fields, such as neuroscience and physics. The corresponding analyses of sorites publications displayed a structure consisting of research themes rather than fields. All in all, both philosophers involved in this study acknowledge the validity of the various networks presented. Bibliometric mapping appears to provide an interesting tool for describing the cognitive orientation of a research field, not only in the natural and life sciences but also in philosophy, which this study shows.

  • 278.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Persson, Olle
    Globalization of citations and collaboration: A study of twelve journals2012Inngår i: Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Science and Technology Indicators, 2012, Vol. 1, s. 23-32Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 279.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskaplig kommunikation och lärande (ECE), Avdelningen för bibliotek, språk och ARC, Publiceringens infrastruktur.
    Persson, Olle
    Rousseau, Ronald
    An approach for efficient online identification of the top-k percent most cited documents in large sets of Web of Science documents2014Inngår i: ISSI Newsletter, ISSN 1998-5460, Vol. 10, nr 4, s. 81-89Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 280.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Department of e-Resources, University Library, Stockholm University.
    Persson, Olle
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Tijssen, Robert
    Centre for Science and Technology Studies (CWTS), Leiden University, PO Box 905, 2300 AX Leiden, The Netherlands.
    Geographical distance in bibliometric relations within epistemic communities2013Inngår i: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 95, nr 2, s. 771-784Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Scientists collaborate increasingly on a global scale. Does this trend also hold for other bibliometric relations such as direct citations, cocitations and shared references? This study examines citation-based relations in publications published in the journal Scientometrics from 1981 to 2010. Different measures of Mean Geographical Distance (MGD) are tested. If we take all citation links into consideration, there is no indication of MGD increase, but when we look at maximum distances of each relation, a weak tendency of increasing MGD could be observed. One major factor behind the lack of growth of mean distances is the form of the distribution of citation links over distances. Our data suggest that the interactions might grow simultaneously for both short and long distances.

  • 281.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Persson, Olle
    Tijssen, Robert
    Geographical distance in bibliometric relations within epistemic communities2013Inngår i: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 95, nr 2, s. 771-784Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 282.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Universitetsbiblioteket.
    Persson, Olle
    Umeå Universitet.
    Tijssen, Robert
    Geographical distance in bibliometric relations within epistemic communities2013Inngår i: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 95, nr 2, s. 771-784Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Scientists collaborate increasingly on a global scale. Does this trend also hold for other bibliometric relations such as direct citations, cocitations and shared references? This study examines citation-based relations in publications published in the journal Scientometrics from 1981 to 2010. Different measures of Mean Geographical Distance (MGD) are tested. If we take all citation links into consideration, there is no indication of MGD increase, but when we look at maximum distances of each relation, a weak tendency of increasing MGD could be observed. One major factor behind the lack of growth of mean distances is the form of the distribution of citation links over distances. Our data suggest that the interactions might grow simultaneously for both short and long distances.

  • 283.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskaplig kommunikation och lärande (ECE), Avdelningen för bibliotek, språk och ARC, Bibliotek, Publiceringens infrastruktur.
    Sjögårde, Peter
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskaplig kommunikation och lärande (ECE), Avdelningen för bibliotek, språk och ARC, Bibliotek, Publiceringens infrastruktur.
    Formal definitions of field normalized citation indicators and their implementation at KTH Royal Institute of Technology2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 284.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Waltman, Ludo
    The correlation between citation-based and expert-based assessments of publication channels: SNIP and SJR vs. Norwegian quality assessments2014Inngår i: Journal of Informetrics, ISSN 1751-1577, E-ISSN 1875-5879, Vol. 8, nr 4, s. 985-996Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the correlation between citation-based and expert-based assessments of journals and series, which we collectively refer to as sources. The source normalized impact per paper (SNIP), the Scimago Journal Rank 2 (SJR2) and the raw impact per paper (RIP) indicators are used to assess sources based on their citations, while the Norwegian model is used to obtain expert-based source assessments. We first analyze – within different subject area categories and across such categories – the degree to which RIP, SNIP and SJR2 values correlate with the quality levels in the Norwegian model. We find that sources at higher quality levels on average have substantially higher RIP, SNIP, and SJR2 values. Regarding subject area categories, SNIP seems to perform substantially better than SJR2 from the field normalization point of view. We then compare the ability of RIP, SNIP and SJR2 to predict whether a source is classified at the highest quality level in the Norwegian model or not. SNIP and SJR2 turn out to give more accurate predictions than RIP, which provides evidence that normalizing for differences in citation practices between scientific fields indeed improves the accuracy of citation indicators.

  • 285.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Universitetsbiblioteket.
    Waltman, Ludo
    The correlation between citation-based and expert-based assessments of publication channels: SNIP and SJR vs. Norwegian quality assessments2014Inngår i: Journal of Informetrics, ISSN 1751-1577, E-ISSN 1875-5879, Vol. 8, nr 4, s. 985-996Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the correlation between citation-based and expert-based assessments of journals and series, which we collectively refer to as sources. The source normalized impact per paper (SNIP), the Scimago Journal Rank 2 (SJR2) and the raw impact per paper (RIP) indicators are used to assess sources based on their citations, while the Norwegian model is used to obtain expert-based source assessments. We first analyze - within different subject area categories and across such categories - the degree to which RIP, SNIP and SJR2 values correlate with the quality levels in the Norwegian model. We find that sources at higher quality levels on average have substantially higher RIP, SNIP, and SJR2 values. Regarding subject area categories, SNIP seems to perform substantially better than SJR2 from the field normalization point of view. We then compare the ability of RIP, SNIP and SJR2 to predict whether a source is classified at the highest quality level in the Norwegian model or not. SNIP and SJR2 turn out to give more accurate predictions than RIP, which provides evidence that normalizing for differences in citation practices between scientific fields indeed improves the accuracy of citation indicators.

  • 286.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskaplig kommunikation och lärande (ECE), Avdelningen för bibliotek, språk och ARC, Bibliotek, Publiceringens infrastruktur.
    Yue, Ting
    Rousseau, Ronald
    Yang, Liying
    The role of the Chinese Key Labs in the international and national scientific arena revisited2017Inngår i: Research Evaluation, ISSN 0958-2029, E-ISSN 1471-5449, Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 132-143Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this contribution, which builds on and develops a study that was published more than 10 years ago, we address the role of the Chinese Key Labs (KLs) in the international and national scientific arena. We give a short overview of the position of KLs in China, including their budget and manpower. Based on large numbers of Chinese publications obtained from the Web of Science (WoS) and the Chinese Science Citation Database (CSCD), the KLs are compared across publication years to the rest of China (ChRest) with respect to publication output and citation impact. We also look at collaboration in terms of co-publishing between the KLs and the ChRest. As to publications in the WoS, we found that the contribution of KLs compared with the ChRest is slightly and irregularly increasing (using full counting as well as fractional counting), whereas a stronger increasing trend is observed for the corresponding contribution in the CSCD. We observed an increase in the number of collaborations between KLs and Chinese colleagues, regardless of database. For WoS and field normalized citation indicators, we obtained the expected results that researchers at KLs perform considerably better than other Chinese colleagues and, moreover, perform clearly better than database average. As such we may conclude that KLs have lived up to their promise and made real impact on the international arena.

  • 287.
    Ahlgren, Robin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Medie- och kommunikationsforskning.
    Börjeson, Jakob
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Medie- och kommunikationsforskning.
    Callas, Arvid
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Medie- och kommunikationsforskning.
    Marknadsföringsbegrepp i praktiken: En kvalitativ studie om tillämpningen av priming, upplevelserummet och relationsmarknadsföring i fallet HV712010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The study is based on the pragmatic question whether one can apply the theoretical perspectives priming, experience space and relationship marketing in a practical context. The authors visualize how these concepts appear practical and what advantages and disadvantages can be discerned in the particular case of HV71. The method used is a hypothetico-deductive approach, which is not entirely conventional in the humanistic and social scientific context. Consequently, it has been proven to be particularly suitable as it could expose the theoretical perspectives for a difficult scientific test.

    The result of the study demonstrated that a marketer could benefit from using the theoretical perspectives when exercising the profession. It also showed that the object of study applied these perspectives. Furthermore, the study contributes with new knowledge in two areas. First, it was shown that researchers could use the hypothetico-deductive method as tool for humanistic and social scientific studies such as this. Also, the study answered the fundamental questions whether the theoretical perspectives could be identified in practice and how the object of study benefited from applying them.

  • 288.
    Ahlgren Törmoen, Ronja
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Brandt, Vanda
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Ät dig lycklig!: En kritisk diskursanalys av kostrådgivning i tre hälsomagasin2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Healthy eating has become an important subject in society, particularly in the media. Food has always been a complex area but in recent years it has become even more distinct. Based on a critical discourse analysis, the purpose of this study is to examine and disclose what discourses that appear in articles regarding dietary counselling in three swedish health magazines, ToppHälsa, MåBra and Womens Health & Wellness. Analyzing three articles in each magazine we identified several discourses. The most prominent is the discourse about wellbeing. The majority of the articles reproduce this discourse by associating healthy eating with wellbeing. As the research field is limited, this study contributes with findings in a area that still needs further research.

  • 289.
    Ahlin, Josefine
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för mediestudier.
    Går det att sälja kläder via Facebook?: En fallstudie som undersöker ett företags möjligheter att använda sig av sociala medier i marknadsföringssyfte2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This Bachelor thesis is a case study that explores the possibilities and complications to use social media in marketing purposes. The case involves a company that sells garments for men. The company, named Mouli, has decided to use social media as their marketing platform. The company makes an interesting case, since they are still quite new on the market and have all the possibilities to succeed.

    The purpose for the thesis is to examine Mouli’s use of marketing in social media and to evaluate what could be done to amend the communication. The purpose is also to discuss and reflect certain effects that the company is exposed to when using these media channels. These questions has been subject throughout the thesis:

    1. Description of Mouli’s communication, what is said and how is it presented?
    2. How well is Mouli’s brand with its core values presented in their communication?
    3. What kind of expectations is there and what significance does the communication in the social media have for the company?

    The thesis is based on theories from marketing communication, such as the concepts brand, core values, superior value, brand image, brand identity and storytelling. These theories have been applied to the theories about communication on the web and social media.

    This case study was accomplished with qualitative analysis and interviews. The method being used was Kozinets´ nethnography, together with Roman Jakobson’s communication model and picture analysis based on Barthes theories.

    The results showed that Mouli’s communication functioned and it was well connected to the brand with its core values. The setback is that Mouli does not use the social media channels to their full potential and therefore there are measures that have to be executed.

  • 290.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    A generalized view of the nature of Benefit of Information2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Seeking out and understanding the benefits of information are essential to an organization. Internal in an organization it is important to understand created benefit in order to communicate, prioritize and increase or decrease prioritization in strategically important business areas. In modern society digitalized information is an area that is on the increase in enterprises, as is the knowledge that information is of importance. Therefore there should be a demand for understanding and measuring the beneficial factors that information gives an organization. In this study, empirical material was collected in a literature study from journals highly ranked in the Information Systems Area and with special focus on the benefit of information. The perspective of the study has been intra organizational. The purpose is to derive found benefit factors and use them as a basis to discuss and problematize on the nature of benefit of information and hereby give organizations help to understand this area.

  • 291.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Approaching the intangible benefits of a boundary object2014Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Today´s information society is constantly increasing the quantity of digital information that organisations have access to and depend on. Despite this dependency, few descriptions exist of the benefits which this digital information can provide the organisation with. Examples of what the organisation can use the information for include business intelligence or in a business process. The absence of such benefit descriptions results in missed opportunities in organisational management and a failure to cultivate the artefact. In terms of a practical operational work role, this means that the artefact just exists and that there are no decisions, communication and discussions connected to it. Earlier research about benefits in the Information Systems field is focused on describing the process of finding benefit factors from different IT investments and how these investments can be measured financially. The result of this was that it was only the measurable benefits that were taken into consideration. Later benefit management research has shown interest in the intangible benefit factors as well and added this as an activity in the evaluation process. Today´s view is that the benefit consists both of tangible and intangible benefit factors. This thesis emphasises benefit factors found by means of qualitative research in organisations producing Technical Information (TI). TI isinformation connected to goods and services and is a part of a product. The intangible benefit factors found which are connected to TI are semantic interoperability and knowledge. Semantic interoperability is beneficial both for the organisation and the individuals – in the first case exemplified by a uniform working process and in the second as efficiency in the internal communication. Knowledge also provides benefit both to the organisation and the individuals – the organisation can operate without depending on certain individuals and information gives the individuals mobility in their profession.The next part in the thesis discusses information management´simpact on benefit factors. In the case of an autocratic approach, it is the organisation that benefits most, whereas a decentralised management style provides the individual co-workers with a greater number of benefit factors. This proves that information management is an important and decisive ingredient, and that it affects benefit factors.One step in the direction of converting the intangible benefit factors into tangible ones is to visualise them. In this work the theoreticallens provided by a boundary object has been used. This lens adds a qualitative view on cross-boundary information and has efficiency approaches. These approaches are the syntactical, semantic andpragmatic. Via interpretations from the thesis´s two empirical cases, those approaches are "measured" by interpretations and visualised by the three leaves of a clover. This gives the opportunity to describewhat information efficiency, in this case connected to a positiveexpectation, can contribute to the organisation or the individuals. By this procedure, different cases or time aspects can be compared,thereby providing a basis for decision-making, communication and discussion. Future research in this area can be made in different directions – one is to investigate whether the intangible benefit factors can be turned into measurable ones. In this way, the internal organisation can be provided with better knowledge of the digital information's impact. Another research direction is to investigate how the passage of time affects the benefit factors that digital information gives the organisation.

  • 292.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Design and test of a measurement method for the benefits of technical information2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 293.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    The emergence of Service Oriented Architecture from a Business Perspective2011Inngår i: Challenges for the Future in an ICT Context...for Stig / [ed] Viveca Asproth, Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University , 2011, s. 166-176Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 294.
    Ahlin, Karin
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Ingelsson, Pernilla
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för kvalitetsteknik, maskinteknik och matematik.
    Information management, Lean and efficiency:  are we focusing on the customer?2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine what happens with the internal view an organisation has on information management when a holistic view is diminished into a blinkered view and the consequences it conveys for the customer. The customer consequences are divided into two parts – creation of external customers’ values and creation of value for the internal customer explored in terms of efficiency.

    Methodology/approach – Interviews with both outsourced co-workers and project leaders still in the organization.

    Findings – The organisations lack of listening to the external customer affects all three areas lifted in the analysis. The studied organisations have great opportunities for developing their process for producing TI, both regarding their mutual relationship as well as in regards to the external customer with the help of Lean and by applying a more holistic view on the production of Technical Information.

    Keywords – Information management, Lean, Customer value, Technical Information, Efficiency

    Paper type – Case study

  • 295.
    Ahlin, Karin
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Saarikko, Ted
    Umeå University.
    Exploiting Information: Seeking Long-term Preservation of organisational knowledge2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Long-term preservation of organisational knowledge gives the business opportunities to reuse stored knowledge. This preservation of knowledge is present both in the organisation as such, found explicitly in the organisational stock, and also in the individual workers, implicit in their flow of action. Theoretically have the reuse of knowledge been named organisational memory and also been addressed in knowledge management. In a single case-study of a manufacturing company, the authors study the utilisation of product configuration information (PCI) and its role in meeting requirements on long-time preservation of product-related knowledge. This structured and standardised information is used throughout the organisation, serving as a base for both organisational and individual knowledge for the entire company. Since the information has been used in the same way for decades it is a part of the organisation´s culture and influences structures and procedures connected to the information base. The result of the study implies that usage of PCI grants the individual worker a high degree of task-related freedom as well as intra-organisational mobility. The downside for the individuals is the long time period it takes to get familiar with PCI due to its complexity. For the organisation as such, PCI provides a stable stock of knowledge which is available over extended periods of time, drastically reducing dependence upon individual workers.

  • 296.
    Ahlin, Karin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University.
    Saarikko, Ted
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Exploiting Information: Seeking Long-term Preservation of organisational knowledge2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Long-term preservation of organisational knowledge gives the business opportunities to reusestored knowledge. This preservation of knowledge is present both in the organisation as such,found explicitly in the organisational stock, and also in the individual workers, implicit intheir flow of action. Theoretically have the reuse of knowledge been named organisationalmemory and also been addressed in knowledge management. In a single case-study of amanufacturing company, the authors study the utilisation of product configuration information(PCI) and its role in meeting requirements on long-time preservation of product-relatedknowledge. This structured and standardised information is used throughout the organisation,serving as a base for both organisational and individual knowledge for the entire company.Since the information has been used in the same way for decades it is a part of theorganisation´s culture and influences structures and procedures connected to the informationbase. The result of the study implies that usage of PCI grants the individual worker a highdegree of task-related freedom as well as intra-organisational mobility. The downside for theindividuals is the long time period it takes to get familiar with PCI due to its complexity. Forthe organisation as such, PCI provides a stable stock of knowledge which is available overextended periods of time, drastically reducing dependence upon individual workers.

  • 297.
    Ahlin, Petra
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Johanson, Jennie
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    En stor stark mjukis: - en studie om representation av maskulinitet i svensk ölreklam2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 298.
    Ahlinder, André
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Jerner, Marcus
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    viljan att dela med sig: En undersökning i svenska användares delningsvanor på Facebook.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis work researches what motivates swedish Facebook users to pass along and share

    information on Facebook, their attitude towards shared information and what affects this behavior. The goal of this thesis is to research todays behavior and motivations to enlighten  what makes information worth sharing to others on Facebook, instead of simply attracting attention. By using a web survey we have collected data by sampling a part of the actual population  of  swedens Facebook users.Our results show that swedish Facebook users main reason for using Facebook is to socialize with offline friends and share information to show others

    something

    they

    belive

    they

    will

    have

    use

    for

    and/or

    will

    appriciate.

    We

    compare

    our

    findings

    to

    existing

    research

    and

    the

    FIRO

    theory

    about

    human

    interpersonal

    needs.

    We

    find

    that

    users

    sharing

    habits

    can

    be

    identified

    as

    motivated

    by

    interpersonal

    needs

    to

    maintain

    social

    bonds,

    influence

    others

    opinion

    about

    themselves,

    feel

    unique

    and

    stand

    out

    in

    the

    crowd.

    We

    conclude

    that

    human

    needs

    are

    contributing

    to

    sharing

    activity

    on

    Facebook

    and

    influence

    the

    sharing

    habits

    of

    the

    Swedish

    Facebook

    users.

    The

    users

    show

    a

    critical

    view

    on

    sharing

    behavior

    in

    general

    but

    do

    not

    believe

    that

    they

    share

    for

    the

    same

    reason

    themselves.

  • 299.
    Ahlm, Daniel
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Lindgren, Johanna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Game, Set and Cohesion: A case study of sport for social cohesion in Timor Leste2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis addresses how sports can encourage social cohesion amongst youth in Dili, Timor Leste. It is a case study, conducted in Timor Leste and is based on interviews with staff working at organizations that offer sport for peace programs as well as with other interested parties. The sport for peace programs involves youth in and around Dili and were initiated as a peace-building method.

    The communication aspect is analyzed through a participatory communication approach. The thesis investigates sports effect on social behavior from a sport pshycology perspective. It brings up both challenges and improvements for the sport for peace programs. The thesis also show the positive aspects of using sports as a tool for social cohesion.

  • 300. Ahlquist, Martin
    et al.
    Borglund, Tommy
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Medierna och etiken: ansvar i ett nytt medielandskap2017 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
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