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  • 251.
    Nyström, Esbjörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, German.
    Rezension: Detken, Anke (2009). Im Nebenraum des Textes. Regiebemerkungen in Dramen des 18. Jahrhunderts. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag2011In: Moderna Språk, ISSN 0026-8577, Vol. 105, no 2, p. 124-127Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 252.
    Nyström, Esbjörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, German.
    Wann gehören Partiturtexte zum 'Werkganzen' eines Opernlibrettos?2012In: Editio: Internationales Jahrbuch für Editionswissenschaft, ISSN 0931-3079, E-ISSN 1865-9446, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 108-122Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay deals with one of the main questions in a future Germanistic editorial theory of the opera libretto as a literary work: under which circumstances are texts contained in musical scores to be regarded parts of the genesis of the libretto and these text carriers to be seen as parts of its transmission? In this essay, it is argued that the answer to this question is dependent on the individual development process of the libretto and decided by three criteria: an author-oriented, an authorization-oriented and a stemmatic one. A preliminary classification of development processes of librettos, based upon these criteria, is sketched.

  • 253.
    Nyström, Esbjörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, German.
    Zieltext als Dichtung? Bemerkungen zu einigen 'Meistersinger'-Übersetzungen2012In: Musicorum, ISSN 1763-508X, no 12, p. 203-220Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines translation strategies in six versions of [Richard Wagner's] Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, respectively in Dutch, Danish and Swedish. The first part deals with the translations of Beckmesser’s version of Walther’s "Preislied". The understanding of this passage in the source text is very much dependent on its phonological parallels with the original "Preislied". Four of the target texts also treat their own translation of Walther’s "Preislied" as the starting point and let Beckmesser render a distorted version of it. The other two, however, translate Beckmesser’s song semantically. These differences may partly be explained by the different purposes and functionalities of the target texts. The second part of the essay discusses related problems: the different functionalities of the possible source texts of Die Meistersinger, especially the differences between authorized reading texts and texts in musical scores, and the question of which source text should have been used for a certain translation in the light of the individual target text’s intended functionality.

  • 254.
    Nyström, Esbjörn
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, German.
    Stokstad, Ingunn
    Tartu Ülikool.
    Kangur, Katrin
    Tartu Ülikool.
    Förord2011In: Litteratur och film: Samband och samspel ur skandinaviskt perspektiv, Tartu: Tartu University Press , 2011, p. 7-10Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 255.
    Nyström, Esbjörn
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, German.
    Stokstad, IngunnTartu Ülikool.Kangur, KatrinTartu Ülikool.
    Litteratur och film: Samband och samspel ur skandinaviskt perspektiv2011Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
  • 256.
    Oellig, Cornelia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, German.
    Mystische Gefäße als Romantische Sphärenwächter: Gefäßsymbolik in Der Goldne Topf von E.T.A. Hoffmann2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 257.
    Oja, Outi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, Finnish.
    Absurdi mutta silti niin tosi tarina syrjäytymisestä2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 258.
    Oja, Outi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, Finnish.
    Asuntokuplako Tukholmassa?2014In: Urjalan Sanomat, ISSN 0782-5358Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 259.
    Oja, Outi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, Finnish.
    Joulunviettoa rapakon toisella puolella2014In: Urjalan Sanomat, ISSN 0782-5358Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 260.
    Oja, Outi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, Finnish.
    Kuka muuttuu seteliksi ja stadioniksi?2014In: Urjalan Sanomat, ISSN 0782-5358Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 261.
    Oja, Outi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, Finnish.
    Loppis-kulttuuria Ruotsin pääkaupunkiseudulla2013In: Urjalan Sanomat, ISSN 0782-5358Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 262.
    Oja, Outi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, Finnish.
    Maahanmuuttajanainen arkkipiispaksi2014In: Urjalan sanomat, ISSN 0782-5358Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 263.
    Oja, Outi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, Finnish.
    Makeita pullia, hot dogeja ja wrappeja2014In: Urjalan Sanomat, ISSN 0782-5358Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 264.
    Oja, Outi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, Finnish.
    Monikulttuurisuuden sulatusuunissa2013In: Urjalan Sanomat, ISSN 0782-5358Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 265.
    Oja, Outi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, Finnish.
    Muumit maailmalla2014In: Urjalan Sanomat, ISSN 0782-5358Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 266.
    Oja, Outi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, Finnish.
    Runo nousee lamasta2013In: Suomen nykykirjallisuus 1: Lajeja, poetiikkaa / [ed] Mika Hallila, Yrjö Hosiaisluoma, Sanna Karkulehto, Leena Kirstinä och Jussi Ojajärvi, Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura, 2013, p. 127-145Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 267.
    Oja, Outi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, Finnish.
    Runo nousee lavalle2013In: Suomen nykykirjallisuus I: Lajeja, poetiikkaa / [ed] Mika Hallila, Yrjö Hosiaisluoma, Sanna Karkulehto, Leena Kirstinä och Jussi Ojajärvi, Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura, 2013, p. 130-131Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 268.
    Oja, Outi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, Finnish.
    Susiluodon siivekkäitä ja hännäkkäitä2013In: Suomen nykykirjallisuus I: Lajeja, poetiikkaa / [ed] Mika Hallila, Yrjö Hosiaisluoma, Sanna Karkulehto, Leena Kirstinä, Jussi Ojajärvi, Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura, 2013, p. 181-182Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 269.
    Oja, Outi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, Finnish.
    Tietokirja suomalaisten sotilaiden särkyneistä sieluista2014Other (Other academic)
  • 270.
    Oja, Outi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, Finnish.
    Vinoja novelleja traumaattisista ihmissuhteista2014Other (Other academic)
  • 271.
    Oja, Outi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, Finnish.
    Yleisesitys monikulttuurisesta lasten- ja nuortenkirjallisuuden tutkimuksesta2014In: Avain - Kirjallisuudentutkimuksen aikakauslehti, ISSN 1795-3790, E-ISSN 2242-3796, no 4, p. 99-102Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 272.
    Oja, Outi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, Finnish.
    Äänestämässä Ruotsin eurovaaleissa2014In: Urjalan Sanomat, ISSN 0782-5358Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 273.
    Oja, Outi
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, Finnish.
    Nyqvist, Sanna
    Valekirjailijoita ja kirjallisia väärennöksiä2013In: Suomen nykykirjallisuus 2: Kirjallinen elämä ja yhteiskunta / [ed] Mika Hallila, Yrjö Hosiaisluoma, Sanna Karkulehto, Leena Kirstinä, Jussi Ojajärvi, Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura, 2013, p. 211-213Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 274.
    Oja, Outi
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, Finnish.
    Vaittinen, Pirjo
    University of Tampere, Finland.
    Ääneenajattelu 9.-luokkalaisten kaunokirjallisuuden lukemiskokemusten kuvaajana2013In: Ainedidaktinen tutkimus koulutuspoliittisen päätöksenteon perustana / [ed] Liisa Tainio, Kalle Juuti & Sara Routarinne, Unigrafia Oy, Helsinki: Suomen ainedidaktinen seura , 2013, p. 123-139Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [fi]

    Artikkelissa tutkitaan ääneenajatteludokumenttien pohjalta Juha Itkosen novellin lukemista äidinkielen ja kirjallisuuden opetuksessa. Lukemiskokeiluun osallistuu ryhmä 9. luokan oppilaita. Lukiessaan he pysähtyvät vastaamaan tekstiin lisättyihin kysymyksiin ja puhuvat vastauksensa ääni- tai videonauhalle tai kirjoittavat ne tietokoneella. Oppitunti päättyy pienryhmäkeskusteluihin ja luokan yhteiseen keskusteluun. Tallenteet on litteroitu, ja kokeilua on kuvattu tutkijoiden muistiinpanojen pohjalta. Artikkelissa paneudutaan ääneenajattelukommentteihin, jotka kohdistuvat lukemiskokemukseen tai ilmaisevat metakognitiivisia kokemuksia ja taitoja. Ne kuvaavat tietoisuutta itsestä lukijana, lukemisen prosessoinnin ymmärtämistä sekä sitä, miten teksti ja lukeminen herättävät tunteita ja miten ne kytkeytyvät kirjallisuusosaamiseen. Tutkimus osoittaa, että ääneenajattelun avulla on mahdollista saada tietoa kaunokirjallisuuden lukemisesta. Kaksi tässä artikkelissa tarkemmin esiteltyä informanttia kommentoi puheenvuoroissaan rikkaasti kysymyksiä, joissa lukijaa pyydettiin ennakoimaan, kertomaan uudelleen ja päättelemään novellissa tapahtuvaa tai arvioimaan novelli-henkilöiden käyttäytymistä novellissa kerrotun pohjalta. Muiden informanttien tavoin he toivat myös esille tunteenomaisia reaktioitaan lukemisprosessin aikana. Esimerkkejä verrataan muiden tutkimusten esittämiin taitavan kaunokirjallisuuden lukijan menettelytapoihin. Lopuksi pohditaan ääneenajattelua kirjallisuuden opettamisen kannalta.

  • 275.
    Ottosson, Cathrine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German.
    Über den Tod und die Ehre in der Novelle Leutnant Gustl von Arthur Schnitzler2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 276.
    Palm, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, German.
    Unbehauste Zeit: Variationen über das Thema Zeit in Goethes Faust2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 277.
    Paula, Ehrnebo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German.
    Vaaliaineistoa suomeksi2006In: Kieliviesti, ISSN 0280-350X, Vol. 4, no 4, p. 9-12Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    puolue, sanavalinnat, sanajärjestys, sijamuodot

  • 278.
    Pavan, Matteo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, German.
    Die Entwicklung des definiten Artikels im Althochdeutschen. Einige Bemerkungen zum Ludwigslied und zum Georgslied2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 279.
    Pernevill, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, German.
    Abwrackprämie - Das Wort des Jahres 2009: Eine linguistische Untersuchung des Wortes des Jahres2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 280.
    Peterson, Viking
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, German.
    Die Darstellung des Dichters bei Thomas Mann und Hjalmar Söderberg: eine vergleichende Studie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 281.
    Peterson, Viking
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German.
    Die Darstellung des Dichters bei Thomas Mann und Hjalmar Söderberg: eine vergleichende Studie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 60 credits / 90 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 282.
    Petersson, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German.
    Freie Prädikative in der Satzanalyse im Deutschen: Eine syntaktisch-semantische Analyse2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This survey focuses on the omissible constituents of a sentence, which not only relate to the verb but also describe the subject or object. In a sentence analysis, they cannot be determined by the syntactic structure alone, but need an additional semantic approach. These units are commonly used, but so far have been insufficiently described in grammars and research literature, although the understanding of the function of these units is necessary in order to be able to make a complete sentence analysis. Further, there is no consensus regarding terminology and classification. The term depictive secondary predication is commonly used in English, and the terms prädikatives Attribut, freies Prädikativ and Koprädikativ are the most widely used terms in German. In this study, the term freies Prädikativ (FP) is used. The classification of these constituents in the literature varies between FP, adverbials and in some cases attributes.

    Based on the information available in German grammars and mainly German research literature, a model was developed, which makes it possible to distinguish FP from adverbials and attributes. A corpus containing German novels and newspapers was analysed in the light of this model. The controlled sentences of grammar books and research literature almost always use adjectives as examples of FP. This study shows that FP can be found in all types of phrases like adjective phrases, participle constructions, als- phrases and prepositional phrases. In addition, it is shown that FP occur with all types of verbs.

  • 283.
    Petersson, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German.
    Idiomatische Phraseologismen in der ZEIT, der Bild-Zeitung und in einem Harry Potter-Roman2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [de]

    In diesem Aufsatz werden idiomatische Phraseologismen, der Kernbereich der Phraseologie, in der ZEIT, der Bild-Zeitung und im Roman Harry Potter und der Feuerkelch, quantitativ und qualitativ untersucht. Vergleich mit früheren Studien werden auch gemacht.

  • 284.
    Pettersson, Kent
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, German.
    Hauptsatzstellung in deutschen Nebensätzen2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 285.
    Piispanen, Peter Sauli
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German.
    A description of Finnish male hypocoristics: an optimality theory approach2014In: Studia Anthroponymica Scandinavica, ISSN 0280-8633, Vol. 32, p. 139-168Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The formation of standard Finnish male nicknames in terms of Optimality Theory (OT) is described. Formation of these nicknames is subject to phonological, morphological, segmental and prosodic restrictions and often proceeds via suffixation of a truncated, left-anchoredstem, invariably producing a disyllabic, semantically narrow nicknamewith no coda, long vowels or diphthongs. Such foot binary-restricted items never include a second syllable onset. Disyllabic names are regularly shortened (CV.CV), while mono- and trisyllabic names often become geminate nicknames (CVC.CV) through expressive marking. Geminate names lose the coda consonant in the nickname. Very long names are truncated and sometimes take an additional suffix. Nicknames and their suffixes are strictly controlled to have either mixed harmonic back (a, o, u) and neutral front vowels (e, i), or only harmonic front vowels (y, ö, ä). Curious exceptions to the rules are found with names containing a word-internal sonorant, which therefore become uniquely suffixed nicknames through a Sonorant Sequencing Principle (SSP) constraint, leading to a three-consonant cluster and a shift of the sonorant from the syllable edge (CVCC.CV). Some nicknames have a limited geographical distribution (i.e. they are dialectal only), while a few others exhibit traces of diminutive markings. The data suggest the following ranking order for nickname formation in Finnish according to OT: FtBin >> SSP for resonant-containing or RlzRed for trisyllabic >>AnchorLeftBT >> NoLong-Vowel >> NoDiphthong >> NoCoda >>MaximalityBT.

  • 286.
    Piispanen, Peter Sauli
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German.
    Further lexical borrowings from (Pre-)Yakut into the Yukaghiric Languages2013In: Turkic languages, ISSN 1431-4983, Vol. 17, no 1/2, p. 115-139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents twelve newly found suggested borrowings from (Pre-)Yakut, a Turkic language previously known to be a considerable source of borrowings, into the Yukaghiric languages of far northeastern Siberia. All suggestions are given both with solid phonologicaland semantic considerations, and the chronology of the borrowings is considered. Several of the new borrowings are quite recent and relate to hunting and wandering and surprisingly many are semantically connected to elementary phenomena, actions and perceptions, while a few others clearly find their etymological origins as borrowed from the tales of the surrounding tribes.

  • 287.
    Piispanen, Peter Sauli
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German.
    Statistical Dating of Uralic Languages through Comparative Linguistics with added Sound Change Law Analyses2012In: Fenno-Ugrica Suecana - Nova Series, ISSN 1504-1921, E-ISSN 2001-6204, Vol. 14, p. 61-74Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The planned and currently ongoing research by the author at the Stockholm University related to modern and ancient Finnish language history as well as Uralic and comparative linguistics - focusing on lexicon, sound changes, dating, language contact situations, archaeology and genetics - is briefly summarized and presented.

  • 288.
    Piispanen, Peter Sauli
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German.
    Suomalaisten miesten lempinimistä2012In: Kieliviesti, ISSN 0280-350X, no 2, p. 4-8Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 289.
    Piispanen, Peter Sauli
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, Finnish.
    Suomen Kielen Leksikaalisista Erikoispiirteistä Uralilaisten Kielten Joukossa2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 290.
    Piispanen, Peter Sauli
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German.
    The Uralic-Yukaghiric connection revisited: Correspondences of Geminate Clusters2013In: Suomalais-Ugrilaisen Seuran Aikakauskirja / Journal de la Société Finno-Ougrienne, ISSN 0355-0214, E-ISSN 1798-2987, Vol. 94, p. 165-197Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents and discusses regular correspondences between Uralic geminate items and Yukaghiric with proposed sound change laws and new and some modified older cognate suggestions (twenty-four nouns and eight verbs). Geminate items were found to contain surprisingly stable, relatively unchanging vowels in Yukaghiric in regard to the Proto-Uralic form. The results suggest that degemination – taking place in all cases except in a few forms that can otherwise be explained – was an early process in Yukaghiric and occurred after or while many vowel changes had already taken place in the Yukaghiric vocabulary. The data shows that the relationship between Uralic and Yukaghiric is more extensive than previously believed. Some very early possible sound changes are discussed. Furthermore, a correspondence to Proto-Uralic *-ü- has been found in Late Proto-Yukaghiric *-ö-. Also, it is shown that the early suffixation in Yukaghir to Uralic-like stems has produced several modern words through grammaticalization.

  • 291.
    Piispanen, Peter Sauli
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German.
    Uralilaisen Kantakielen ja Nykysuomen Samankaltaisuuksista ja Eroista2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 292. Portin, Marja
    et al.
    Lehtonen, Minna
    Harrer, Gabor
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, Finnish.
    Wande, Erling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, Finnish.
    Niemi, Jussi
    Laine, Matti
    L1 effects on the processing of inflected nouns in L22008In: Acta Psychologica, ISSN 0001-6918, E-ISSN 1873-6297, Vol. 128, no 3, p. 452-465Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated the effect of L1 on the recognition of L2 Swedish inflected nouns. Two groups of late L2 learners with typologically very different native languages, Hungarian (agglutinative) and Chinese (isolating), participated in a visual lexical decision experiment. The target words were matched inflected vs. monomorphemic nouns from three frequency levels. The Hungarian group showed it morphological processing cost (longer reaction times for the infected words) for low and medium frequency words but not for high frequency words, suggesting morphological decomposition of low and medium frequency Swedish inflected nouns. In contrast, for the Chinese group the reaction times of the inflected vs. monomorphemic words were similar at all frequency levels, indicating full-form processing of all the inflected nouns. This cross-language difference suggests that L1 can exert an effect on the morphological processing in L2. The application of full-form processing for the Swedish inflected nouns in the Chinese group might reflect strategy transfer from their isolating native language to Swedish.

  • 293.
    Reinsch-Campbell, Anette
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German.
    Tradition and Modernity: Images of Jews in Latvian Novels 1934 – 19442008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Jews have been represented in Latvian literature for centuries. This dissertation investigates the images of Jews in a comprehensive selection of Latvian novels published between 1934–1944 in order to establish whether, and to what extent, the traditional images are subject to change under the pressure of modernity, nationalism and a rapidly changing political situation.

    Since most representations of, and references to, Jews in this literature are very brief, it is necessary to initially deprive the individual works of their titles and authors and let them form an authorless entity, a Corpus, however diverse, yet representative of Latvian society at the time.

    Through this approach the centres of attention are put aside, and the scattered images of Jews are brought into focus. With the help of a Matrix designed for this purpose, all ‘Jews’ are sorted and analysed. The Matrix, including also linguistic references, illustrates how Jews in the discourse are made to represent the ‘other’ through the provision of certain pieces of information and the omission others. The Jews in the Corpus, with very few exceptions, are thus systematically and consistently reduced to blank images and stereotypes. Through this process they are also subject to ‘othering’ and dehumanisation, albeit not necessarily articulated as such.

    The social distance between Latvians and Jews becomes more pronounced in the Corpus compared to in the Latvian literary tradition, and there are several examples of negative attitudes and anti-Semitism. Yet, with regard to the extreme political situation, especially under Soviet and Nazi occupations, these examples are fewer than expected: the investigated literature follows its own traditions and, with hardly any exceptions, does not reflect societal and political changes immediately.

  • 294.
    Renting, Vibeke
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German, German.
    Energiepolitische Konzepte: Eine Analyse zentraler Begriffe der Energiepolitik und der Konzeptualisierung von Energiewende in den Wahlprogrammen zur Bundestagswahl 20132013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis has investigated how the energy policy positions of the parties currently represented in the German Bundestag are reflected in their language. After the relevant background and methods have been introduced, the thesis continues with a quantitative and a qualitative keyword analysis. The analysis focuses on energy policy in the current election platforms of the five parties to determine the keywords regarding the respective policies, and how the concept of Energiewende is negotiated. As a result of the analysis, it is clear that the ideological positions of the parties are reflected in the keywords used as well as in the conceptualization of Energiewende. The analysis also shows that energy policy is both a question of economic policy and of German identity - for example, Germany as a pioneer and model for other countries. Finally, a consensus on Energiewende and Atomausstieg seems to prevail, even though there is a clear semantic struggle surrounding Energiewende.

  • 295.
    Ringblom, Natalia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German.
    Language Dominance: What is it and how should it be measured?2013In: Проблемы онтолингвистики - 2013: Материалы международной научной конференции 26 - 28 июня 2013 г. / [ed] Т.А. Круглякова, Санкт-Петербург: Издательство РГПУ им. А.И.Герцена , 2013, p. 394-395Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 296. Ross, Kristiina
    et al.
    Vanags, PēterisStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German.
    Common Roots of the Latvian and Estonian Literary Languages2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 297.
    Rozenska, Agnieszka
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German. Stockholm University.
    Der Slogan als zentrale Profilierungsaussage: Eine Analyse am Beispiel der Landtagswahl 2008 in Bayern2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

     

    The aim of the thesis is a political-linguistic analysis of slogans used during the 2008 election campaign to the Landtag of Bayern. The purpose of this analysis is to establish whether political slogans represent each party’s profile and in what way. What do the potential voters learn about the parties from their slogans? How do the slogans differ among the parties? What issues are raised in them? How are they used in a political battle?

    In the theoretical part of the thesis, the word slogan is defined and characterized from a linguistic point of view. The function of political slogans is presented, as well as the role of slogans in political communication. In addition, the first part introduces the criteria of political slogan analysis compiled by Monika Toman-Banke and explains the role and procedure of the Landtag elections 2008 in Bayern, Germany. The empirical part is devoted to the analysis of political parties, such as: die Christlich-Soziale Union (CSU), die Freie Demokratische Partei (FDP), die Grünen, die Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (SPD), die Freien Wähler, die Republikaner und die Linke.

    The following thesis proves that political slogans, more or less direct, convey a lot of information about the profile of a given political party. Moreover, it is easy to distinguish what issues are important to which party. The topics of the slogans in the 2008 Landtag elections did not differ much from the previous election. Most of the parties concentrated on weakening the CSU’s power and the willingness to revive the political scene in Bayern, which meant criticizing the CSU and the political situation in Bayern.

     

     

     

  • 298.
    Rozītis, Juris
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German.
    Displaced Literature: Images of Time and Space in Latvian Novels Depicting the First Years of the Latvian Postwar Exile2005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the years immediately following the Second World War, the main part of Latvian literature was produced by writers living outside Latvia. To this day Latvian literature continues to be written outside Latvia, albeit to a much smaller extent.

    This study examines those Latvian novels, written outside Latvia after the Second World War, which depict the realities of the early years of exile. The aim of the study is to describe the image of the world of exile as depicted in these novels. Borrowing from Bakhtin's concept of the chronotope, images relating to time and space in these novels are examined in order to discern a mental topography of exile common to all these novels - a chronotope of exile.

    The novels are read as part of a collective narrative, produced by a particular social group in unordinary historical circumstances. The novels are regarded as this social group’s common perception of its own experience of this historical reality.

    The early years of exile fall into two distinct periods: first, the period of flight from Latvia and life in and around the Displaced Persons camps of postwar Germany; second, the early years of settling in a new country of residence after emigration from Germany.

    A model of the perceived world is constructed in order to compare these two periods, as well as their divergence from a standard perception of oneself in the world. This model consists of various time-spaces radiating concentrically out from the individual – ranging from the physically and psychologically near-lying time-spaces of one’s personal and intimate life, through everyday social time-spaces, as well as formal societal time-spaces, to the more distant abstract and conceptual perceptions of one’s place in the universe.

    Basic human concepts such as home, family, work, intimate relationships, social administration, and most notably the homeland – Latvia – are plotted at various points within these models. Divergences between the models describing the perception of time and space in the two early periods of exile thus become apparent.

  • 299.
    Salomonsson, Johanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German.
    Das Missverständnis als Beziehungsarbeit in deutschsprachigen Diskussionsforen2008In: Missverständnis. Malentendu.: Kultur zwischen Kommunikation und Störung., 2008, p. 75-90Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Die Kommunikation im Internet wird mit verschiedenen Strategien aufrechterhält. "Missverstehen" wird als Aufrechterhalten der Kommunikation eingesetzt, um eine Störung zu vermeiden, und die Beziehungen zwischen den Kommunizierenden im Internet zu stabilisieren. Diese Beziehungsarbeit wird mit verschiedenen Höflichkeitsstrategien festgehalten, die auf die Höflichkeitstheorie von Brown/Levinson (1987) zurückzuführen ist. Dabei zeigt die Verwendung von Phrasen mit dem Wort "missverstehen" eine Funktion auf, wenn sie als Höflichkeitsarbeit benutzt werden.

  • 300.
    Salomonsson, Johanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German.
    Verbale Interaktion mit missverstehen : Eine empirische Untersuchung zu deutschsprachigen Diskussionsforen2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the functions of phrases with the word missverstehen in any inflected form in German discussion groups. The corpus consists of about 600 different messages with a phrase containing the verb missverstehen from all kinds of discussion groups speaking the German language. The hypothesis is that those phrases do not always refer to a factual misunderstanding in the communication. There is no such thing as total understanding in communication, since people cannot fully know how other people are thinking. Instead understanding is a social construct. Misunderstanding occurs when a group member cannot interpret a message so that it correlates with what the sender has meant. This understanding contains both the discussed theme as well as the relation between the group members.

    Relevance occurs when interpretable information is communicated through contextualization cues. Some cues carry information about the discussed theme, others communicate face work. A misunderstanding is caused by missing contextualization cues, i. e. the message is irrelevant. The study shows how the communicators can construct a disagreement as a misunderstanding, which it in turn has an impact on face work. The phrase is then being used together with added contextualization cues in order to construct a common understanding. Thereby the communicators can influence the interaction.

    This is done in a sequence in the discussion group. Hence the script theory (Schank/Abelson 1977) aims to describe the phenomenon of how a phrase with the word missverstehen can be used for different purposes. One script is defined for each purpose. The difference between the scripts is being maintained by the contextualization cue that carries the information about how the relations between group members are interacted.

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