Change search
Refine search result
3456789 251 - 300 of 2332
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 251.
    Blomfelt, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Före detta kriminellas upplevelser av self-efficacyns betydelse för att inte återfalla2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En minskning av återfallen till kriminalitet är en viktig uppgift för kriminalvården. Behandling och återanpassning innan frigivning minskar återfallen men detta återanpassningsarbete har försämrats. Forskning har visat att self-efficacy var viktigt för individer gällande att klara av givna uppgifter. Individer som trodde sig kunna leva ett liv utan kriminalitet och hade mer kontroll återföll i mindre grad. Syftet med studien var bland annat att undersöka om self-efficacy har betydelse för att inte återfalla i en kriminell livsstil. Sju deltagare från föreningen KRIS ingick i en tematiserad intervjustudie där deltagarna också fick svara på två korta enkäter. Resultatet visade att self-efficacy har betydelse för att inte återfalla. Genom ökad self-efficacy kunde deltagarna skapa nya liv med mindre risk för återfall.

  • 252.
    Blomkvist, Evgeniya
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Khoshnaw, Chenar
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Salih, Sanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    En studie av kassaflödesanalysens upprättande på Hilton Food Group , Willys AB , Bostads AB Mimer och Eskilstuna kommun.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 253. Blomquist, Josefina
    et al.
    Quiero, Marina
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Förskolepersonals syn på och arbete med barns emotionella utveckling2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Emotioner har en central roll i människans liv. Forskning har visat att det är av stor vikt att redan tidigt lära sig förstå och hantera sina känslor. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka förskolepersonals uppfattning om barns emotionella utveckling, med fokus på de negativa emotionerna, och på vilket sätt de arbetar med att hjälpa barnen i densamma. En kvalitativ studie utfördes där 16 förskollärare intervjuades om deras syn på och deras sätt att arbeta med 3-5 åringars emotionella utveckling. Resultaten visade att man i förskolan idag lägger mycket tid på barns emotionella utveckling och att det anses vara betydelsefullt med hänvisning till att barndomen har en stor påverkan på resten av livet. Att ta barnen på allvar och möta dem på deras egen nivå ansågs vara två av de viktigaste delarna i detta arbete, tillsammans med att undvika att skuldbelägga barnen, vilket betonades starkt av deltagarna.

  • 254.
    Blomstrand, Helen
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Locus of control och självkänsla: En jämförelse mellan elit- och icke elitidrottare2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Locus of control och självkänsla

    En jämförelse mellan elit- och icke elitidrottare

    Helén Blomstrand

    Besitter individen en hög inre locus of control anser denne att

    individen själv är ansvarig för valen denne gör i livet, medan en hög

    yttre locus of control innebär det motsatta. Syftet med studien var

    bland annat att se om elit- och icke elitidrottare skiljde sig gällande

    locus of control; får elitidrottarna högre förvärvade än traitbaserade

    inre attityder gällande självkänsla och locus of control, än icke

    elitidrottare, har locus of control samband med självkänsla. En

    enkätundersökning genomfördes på 82 idrottare varav 42

    elitidrottare. Resultatet visade att elitidrottarna uppvisade signifikant

    högre resultat gällande inre locus of control än icke elitidrottarna

    samt att det fanns könsskillnader då männen uppvisade högre värden

    gällande en inre work locus of control. Resultatet indikerar även att

    bassjälvkänsla har ett positivt samband med locus of control.

    Diskussionen fördes kring om en högre inre locus of control leder

    till bättre idrottsliga resultat samt kritisk granskning av gällande

    uppsats.

    Keywords: locus of control, external and internal, athletes, self-esteem

  • 255.
    Blomér, Emma
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Öhlén, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Diskurser om det "äldsta yrket" En komparativ studie om attityden till, och synen på prostitution i Sverige och Nederländerna.2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the essay is to look at how support organizations are working and dealing with prostitution clients and the attitude the employees of these organizations have toward their clients. Discourse analysis is used in the interpretation of the data collected.

    The questions of the study were: What is the purpose of the organizations, which work with prostitution? What are the views of the employees of these organizations towards prostitution? What do the organizations have to offer their clients? Are there differences or similarities in the Swedish and Dutch discourse on prostitution?

    Interviews with a total of twelve respondents were performed, six in Sweden and six in the. Text material from the organizations was also collected and used in the study.

    The interview results and the text material collected from the two countries were analyzed separately and then compared. The result showed different subject positions. The Swedish discourse showed influences from radical feministic values, and the Dutch discourse from liberal feministic values. A micro- or individual understanding of the question is reflected in the Swedish discourse of prostitution. In the Dutch material, the focus is on the macro- or the society understanding, where prostitution is a question of society and has less to do with the prostitutes as individuals.

  • 256.
    Bochkareva, Anastasiya
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Petrova, Karina
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Advertising as a marketing communication tool.: Differences and similarities between customers’ perception and company’s expectations. Case study of Swedish telecommunications operator Tele2 AB2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title:  

    Advertising as a marketing communication tool. Differences and similarities between customer’s perception and company’s expectations. Case study of Swedish telecommunications operator Tele2 AB

    Authors:

    Anastasiya Bochkareva - 870208; Karina Petrova - 880613 

    Supervisor:

    Angelina Sundström 

    Examiner:

    Ole Liljetors

    Key Words:

    Marketing communications; Advertisement; Advertising models; TV Commercials; Customer Perceptions; Consumer Behavior; Company’s Expectations; Tele2; Black Sheep Frank 

    Institution:

    Mälardalen University Sweden, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology, Box 883, 721 23 Västerås 

    Course:

    Bachelor Thesis in Business Administration, 15 ECTS-points, spring semester 2010 

    Problem:

    What are the differences and similarities between public attitudes and responses towards the series of Tele2 commercials and actual Tele2’s expectations of customers’ attitudes towards their commercials? 

    Purpose:

    The aim of this study is to describe the correspondence between the feelings and reactions customers poses towards the advertisements and the company’s expectations embodied in the commercial appeal and the communicated message 

    Method:

    Method includes collection of the information concerning theories, models and Tele2 from different sources; interview with the company to figure out details about the advertising campaign, particularly TV commercials and the survey with a sample of respondents in order to investigate their perception of TV commercials. The retrieved data was analyzed statistically and theoretically according to the selected theoretical framework. 

    Results:

    The three steps sequence analysis (cognition-affect-conation) revealed that Tele2 was absolutely successful on the middle stage, where the company managed to make people remember and like their commercials. However, the more effort needs to be embodied into the first and the last stages, where the company seems not to understand customers’ perceptions and expectations fully, according the survey results. It was found out that the advertising campaign was perceived by TV watchers neither informative, nor persuasive.

     

  • 257.
    Bochkareva, Anastasiya
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Petrova, Karina
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Motivations of females to play poker online: (Business study of Swedish women)2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Motivations of females to play poker online. (Business study of Swedish women)

    Authors:

    Anastasiya Bochkareva - 870208

    Engelbrektsgatan 8A

    72216 Västerås, Sweden

    aba07001@student.mdh.se

    Karina Petrova - 880613

    Södergatan 22

    19547 Märsta, Sweden

    kpa07001@student.mdh.se

    Supervisor: Mikael Holmgren

    Examiner: Ole Liljetors

    Key Words: Online gambling; Online poker; Swedish women; Motivation; Emotional motivations; Material motivations, Atmosphere; Accessibility; Hypotheses; Regression analysis

    Institution: Mälardalen University Sweden, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology, Box 883, 721 23 Västerås

    Course: Master Thesis in Business Administration, 15 ECTS-points, spring semester 2011

    Problem: What motivates Swedish women to play poker online for money?

    Purpose:

    The aim of this study is to investigate the main motives behind Swedish females’ propensity to play poker online by means of hypotheses testing through regression analysis.

    Method:

    Method includes collection of the information on definitions, theories and modelsabout gambling, online gambling (precisely online poker) and motivations togamble. Five hypotheses have been constructed based on the collected informationand the survey have been created and conducted among 397 Swedish female onlinepoker players. Further, based on gathered data, hypotheses have been tested bymeans of simple linear and multiple regressions..

    Results:

    Regression analysis revealed that emotional and material motivations together withaccessibility of the game and surrounding atmosphere play a significant role in thereason why Swedish females play online poker for money. It was also found thatemotional motivation was a fundamental factor that triggers Swedish women togamble. Furthermore, research revealed the hypothetical target segment of femaleSwedish online poker players. Average Swedish woman is between 30-40 years oldsingle woman without children, who live high speed, active life (either studying orworking) and who spends around 30.3 hours per months on playing online poker.

  • 258.
    Bodin, Helena
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Lindberg, Therése
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Bemanningsbranschen - En bransch under utveckling?: En studie av tre bemanningsföretag i Västmanland2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel: Bemanningsbranschen – En bransch under utveckling? – En studie av tre bemanningsföretag i Västmanland

    Seminariedatum: 2013-01-09

    Högskola: Mälardalens högskola Västerås

    Institution: Akademien för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling.

    Ämne: Kandidatuppsats i företagsekonomi - FÖA300

    Författare: Helena Bodin, Therése Lindberg

    Handledare: Magnus Linderström

    Sidoantal: 33

    Bilagor: 1

    Nyckelord: Bemanning, rekrytering, bransch, marknadsstrategi

    Syfte: Syftet med den här studien är att utifrån valda teorier undersöka bemanningsbranschen genom att studera tre bemanningsföretag i Västmanland.

    Metod: Abduktiv ansats och kvalitativ metod. Tre halvstrukturerade intervjuer har genomförts. 

    Teoretiska perspektiv: Den teoretiska delen av uppsatsen grundar sig på vetenskapliga artiklar samt böcker inom det studerade området.

    Empiri: Empirin baseras till största del på de intervjuer som genomfördes med Roger Ragnebrant som är regionschef för Prime i Mälardalen, Sanna Riesten som är platsansvarig på Manpower i Västerås samt Anders Agarsson som är Arenas platschef i Västerås.

    Slutsatser: Den största utmaningen i bemanningsföretagens omvärld är svängningarna i konjunkturen. En viktig strategi är således att göra sitt företag mindre konjunkturkänsligt. Studien kom fram till att det råder en hård konkurrens på bemanningsmarknaden i Västmanland. Företag måste i sin marknadsstrategi ha en tydlig plan för hur de ska positionera sig bland sina konkurrenter. Kompetensen och relationen med kunderna är ytterst viktiga aspekter när det kommer till att stärka sin marknadsposition. Studien kom vidare fram till att införande av en inträdesbarriär till bemanningsbranschen skulle minska konkurrensen. LAS bidrar till att efterfrågan på bemanningsföretag ökar, vilket skapar möjligheter för bemanningsföretagen att utvecklas. Företagen skiljde sig till viss del åt när det gällde hur de såg på de olika möjligheter som finns på marknaden. De tre bemanningsföretagen har olika marknadspositioner. Prime och Arena skulle behöva marknadsföra sig lokalt i Västmanland i större utsträckning för att stärka sina positioner.

  • 259.
    Bodin, Rebecka
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    T-RFLP analyses of biocides influence on white water micro-organisms – planktonic and in biofilmIndependent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When paper is manufactured, deposits often form in the machines. These deposits are slimelike and can interfere with the papermaking process. The slimelike deposits are aggregates of micro-organisms, also known as biofilm. One single type of micro-organism can form a biofilm, but most biofilms consists of a mixture of several different kinds of micro-organisms and can form on about any conceivable surface. To control the aggregates of micro-organisms a slimecide is added, a so-called biocide. To examine what kind of bacteria that is included in the biofilm and also which bacteria that is killed or not killed by the biocide, Terminal Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism analysis (T-RFLP) can be used.

     

    In this report we examine biocides impact on biofilm produced in the laboratory.The biocides were first tested for possible interference with the PCR-step of the T-RFLP analysis. None of the tested ten biocides inhibited the PCR process the biofilm was formed on metal plates when these were lowered in a beaker with white water. Three different beakers were set up, one with addition of a biocide with active component 4,5-DICHLORO-1,2-DITHIOLONE from the start, one with the addition of the same biocide after three days and one with no addition at all of biocide. Samples were taken from the beakers and analyzed with T-RFLP.

     

    In this report, we show that biocides affect planktonic and biofilm micro-organisms differently. There are however some micro-organisms in the biofilm that does not get affected by the biocide.

     

    The experimental in this report is a good way of investigate the influence that biocides have on planktonic and biofilm micro-organisms, but to get even greater result the experiment should be done over a longer period of time and repeatedly.

  • 260.
    Bodlund, Per
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Elfström, Roderik
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Intersport & Skiljebo SK: Ett vinnande samarbete?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Date: 2008-06-04

    Level: Bachelor thesis in business economics, 15 Swedish credits

    Supervisor: Claes Jonsson

    Authors: Per Bodlund Roderik Elfström

    1983 Västerås 1981 Västerås

    pbd04002@student.mdh.se rem03001@student.mdh.se

    Keywords: Relationship marketing, commitment, trust, communication, connected relationship, loyalty.

    Title: Intersport and Skiljebo SK. A winning collaboration?

    Problem: Sponsorship is an important marketing channel for the business world and an important income source for the Swedish sports associations. It is therefore important that the relationship between the sponsor and the sponsorship receiver is working and that the sponsors get what they expects of the collaboration. Intersport and Skiljebo SK (SSK) has since many years back a sponsor and collaboration deal. Intersport is giving SSK club equipment and money so they in return can be the retailer and supplier to the club and their members. Intersport hope this collaboration will lead to loyal SSK customers. Intersport does not know the exact result of the collaboration so they are interested to found out if the club members are loyal customers or not. Intersport wants to strengthen the relationship with the club and their members. To be able to do this they have to found out, with the help of this research, how the situation looks today.

    Purpose: The purpose with the research is to describe and analyze the relationships between Intersport, SSK club and their members on the basis of the three attributes communication, trust and commitment. These three attributes are all very important parts in a relationship. The purpose is also to found out if the collaboration is leading to a mutual loyalty between Intersport and SSK club and respectively a buying loyalty between Intersport and SSK club members.

    Method: To be able to describe and analyze the relationships and to see if there is a loyalty, a rather unusual approach is used were, we ask all three involved parties. It is a triad of relationships where every relation is investigated on the basis of the before mentioned attributes. Interviews were done with Intersport and SSK club to get an answer how the relationship is working. A survey was done to see what opinion SSK club members had about the relationships.

    Result: The research show that there are some flaws in the relationships and the buying loyalty between SSK members and Intersport is not as high as Intersport maybe expected. The mutual loyalty between Intersport and SSK club is however very high.

  • 261.
    Bohlin, Maria
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Landås, Sofia
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Hellblom-Björn, Sanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Skatternas betydelse vid val och byte av företagsform2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examene which type of organisational form is the most beneficial in regard to taxation as well as examining if there are any tax related consequences associated with changing organisational form.

    This study is built upon both qualitative and deductive methods. The thesis makes use of primary data from semi-structured interviews with financial advisers and organizations. Secondary data has been collected from text books as well as scientific journals which are related to changing of organizational form. 

    The results of the study show that if organizations earnings are over the national income tax threshold, then a limited company is the most beneficial organizational form in regards to taxation. We have concluded that if a company is unable to start a limited company then the recommendation for owners is to start as a sole trader rather than a trading company. During the start period of an organization it was found that private law had the greatest impact upon the organization. However, during the reorganization tax related laws were found to be decisive. It was also found that there are tax related consequences associated with changing organizational form however if the reorganization is conducted in the right way these consequences can be avoided.

  • 262.
    Bohlström, Kristina
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
     Hur kvalitetssäkras en Facility Management upphandling.: Viktig aspekt att tänka på vid outsourcing av den tekniska fastighetsskötseln.2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport handlar om kvalitet på tekniska installationer i fastigheter. Det har blivit allt vanligare inom fastighetsbranschen att organisationer/företag handlar upp FM tjänster som stöd till sin kärnverksamhet. Detta för att kunna effektivisera sin kärnverksamhet och göra kostnadsbesparingar.

     

    Själv har jag arbetat några år som fastighetsförvaltare och då kommit i kontakt med FM tjänster. Funderingar som har funnits hos beställare av FM tjänster på den tekniska sidan har varit om FM leverantör utfört tillsyn och skötsel enligt avtal. Av egen erfarenhet har de uppenbarligen inte gjort tillsyn och skötsel enligt avtalen. Som ett exempel kan nämnas när nödbelysning inte har fungerat vid strömbortfall. Enligt avtalet skulle batterier till nödbelysning kontrolleras med jämna intervaller och bytas ut av FM leverantör. Denna kostnad ingick i det fasta arvodet till FM entreprenören. Eller när tillsyn och skötsel av hängrännor uppenbarligen inte hade rensas på flera år. Följden av det blev frostsprängning i tegelfasaden då det under senhöst/vinter byggde på så mycket mossa, löv och annat skräp att vattnet som rann på fasaden sögs in i tegelfasaden och frös till.

     

    Rapporten handlar inte om specifika fall som ovan utan om det finns några viktiga parametrar att tänka på som beställare av FM tjänster på de tekniska installationerna. Hur kan en beställare av FM tjänster kvalitetssäkra de tekniska installationerna?

  • 263.
    Bohman, Kaisa
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Gunstad, Anna-Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Revisorers arbetsuppgifter: En kvantitativ studie om revisorers arbetsuppgifters förväntade utveckling efter avskaffandet av revisionsplikten med paralleller dragna till Tyskland2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Titel: Auditors tasks - A qualitative study on auditor’s tasks expected development after the abolition of the audit requirement with parallels drawn to Germany Authors: Kaisa Bohman Anna-Karin Gunstad Advisor: Riitta Lehtisalo Seminar date: 2010-06-04 Institution: School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology Course: Bachelor Thesis, 15 hp Examiner: Cecilia Lindh Keywords: Audit requirement, review, auditor, tasks, Germany The main issues: 1 November 2010 a new law in force relating to the abolition of the audit requirement in Sweden. The Swedish companies, can after this date, freely choose whether they want to audit or not. When the framework around the auditors change, they must change to adapt to the new ground rules to ensure that they stay as efficient and as effective as possible. Germany has in the current situation a system where smaller companies do not have to revise their accounts; it takes place entirely on a voluntary basis. Sweden and Germany has its roots in continental accounting tradition, whereas Germany can be regarded as a leading country of Sweden. Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine how auditors believe that their tasks will change after the abolition of the audit requirement. The aim is also to draw parallels with the German development of the tasks of auditors to examine whether it can provide a picture of the future Swedish development. We will identify stakeholders who are likely to influence the development of auditors' work. Method: The study is qualitative in nature in which interviews with auditors has been conducted to obtain a better understanding of the problem. This study was conducted through interviews in both Sweden and Germany. Conclusions: One conclusion we can draw is that the Swedish auditors believe that their work will evolve in the direction of advisory and consultancy services. Another conclusion we can draw is that the Swedish auditors believe that stakeholders such as creditors, suppliers, other businesses and the Treasury, will influence their future task.

  • 264.
    Bohman, Tina
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    The USA Patriot Act: - en analys av debatten om frihet2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis takes a closer look at the USA Patriot Act and the literary debate that has followed the passing of that Act. The aim of the thesis is to define what freedom is for the two opposing sides using McCallum's freedom model.

    The literary analysis shows that the most common argument from authors who are pro Act is that in desperate times like these one must relinquish a part of the individual's freedom to ensure the safety of the collective. Amongst those authors who are against the Act concerns are raised for the possibilities of abuse as a result of increased government power such as the ability to detain immigrants for long periods of time, surveillance and increased exchange of information between federal agencies.

  • 265.
    Boija, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Lokala styrelser med elevmajoritet: varför eller varför inte?2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 266.
    Bokhari, Sven
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Del Duca, Fabrizio
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Economic Development through Globalisation in Nigeria: An analysis of Shell & the IMF Structural Adjustment Programs2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Date: 2008/06/03

    Level: Master thesis in International Business and Entrepreneurship, 10p (15ECTS)

    Authors: Sven Bokhari Fabrizio Del Duca

    Title: Economic Development through globalisation in Nigeria. An analysis of Shell & the IMF Structural Adjustment Programs

    Tutor: Leif Linnskog, Ph.D.

    Research Question: Can globalisation be seen as positive or negative for the Economic Development of Nigeria? A focus on Shell and the International Monetary Fund Research Issue: Globalisation in its current form is viewed in the Western world as a positive influence for the Economic Development of under developed countries. However

    these views on the benefits brought to developing countries have been

    frequently disputed.

    Method: The research we are undertaking is a pilot study based on documentary research. Our source of information is secondary data such as books, articles, newspapers and journals. The study employs a qualitative approach.

    Conclusions: Even though globalisation is often viewed as positive we have discovered that this is not always the case in relation to its effects in Nigeria. Judging from our analysis, globalisation through the IMF and Shell has had an overall negative impact on Economic Development. However, Shell is attempting to act more responsible by adjusting its position in order to have a more positive impact on

    Economic Development. On the other hand, the IMF has not adapted to Nigeria but obliges the country to adapt to the institution’s demands hindering Economic Development.

    Keywords: Globalisation, Economic Development, Shell, IMF, Nigeria

  • 267.
    Bolinder, Andreas
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Höög, Jesper
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Arbetslösas möjligheter till arbete : - Konstruktionen av en identitet2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare forskning kring arbetslöshet har visat på en mängd negativa effekter för den arbetslösa individen. Det behövs fler kvalitativa studier på detta område, eftersom de flesta tidigare studier är utförda med kvantitativa ansatser. Våra syften med studien är att ”nå en förståelse för hur yngre långtidsarbetslösa upplever sina möjligheter att få ett arbete”. Samt ”nå en förståelse av den arbetslösas identitet”. Vi använder en socialkonstruktionistisk utgångspunkt i tolkningen av identitetsbegreppet. Vi har valt tre socialpsykologiska begrepp för att analysera våra resultat, dessa är: stigma, utanförskap samt makt. Materialet har insamlats genom intervjuer med långtidsarbetslösa som befinner sig på AMA arbetsmarknad, vilket gett oss en mängd upplevelser av arbetslöshet. Denna studie har baserats på en hermeneutisk metod. Några centrala resultat är att respondenterna känner sig ekonomiskt begränsade, samt upplever ett utanförskap och skam. De visar att arbetet fortfarande är en stor del av identiteten. Trots stora påfrestningar för den arbetslösa individen visar vår studie på att yngre arbetslösa kan uppvisa en optimism inför framtiden.

     

  • 268.
    Bolmgren, Eva
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Kvinnliga chefers syn på begreppen makt och karriär2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskning visar att kvinnliga chefer har andra förhållningssätt än manliga chefer till begrepp som makt och karriär. Det visar sig bland annat genom att kvinnliga cheferna inte använder ord som makt, eller inte har en tydlig karriärstrategi jämfört med män i motsvarande position. Syftet med denna undersökning var att ta reda på hur kvinnliga chefer tänker kring begreppen makt och karriär. Åtta intervjuer genomfördes för att försöka ta reda på om tidigare forskningsresultat stämmer på dagens kvinnliga chefer, eller om det skett några förändringar. Resultatet visar att det i mångt och mycket stämmer med tidigare forskning, som visar på att det finns ett kvinnligt förhållningssätt till makt och karriär som också uttrycks genom ett kvinnligt språk.

  • 269.
    Bolmgren, Eva
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Linnberg, Lis
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Framtidens ledarskap inom offentligsektor.: Universalgeni, trollkonstnär eller bara en helt vanlig människa2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta arbete är att försöka ta reda på vilka egenskaper som framtidens ledare kommer att behöva inom den kommunala sektorn, men också om det finns eventuella förutsättningar som måste förändras för framtidens ledare. Tio intervjuer genomfördes med personer på ledande positioner inom fyra kommuner i Mellansverige. Utifrån detta sammanställdes intervjumaterialet, och ur detta framkom tre övergripande huvudområden organisation, egenskaper och framtid som sen utmynnade i ett antal ledord. Mot dessa tolkades teorier i ett försök att koppla de till det framtida ledarskapet. Slutsatsen är att det inte finns bara en teori att förhålla sig till, utan det gäller att kunna hantera kontexten och förutsättningarna, och utifrån den kunna anpassa sig. Ett transformativt synsätt kring ledarskap kan vara ett sätt att lyckas i framtiden.

  • 270.
    Boman, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Ekonomisk tillväxtmotor: Mälardalsrådets konstruktion av regional utveckling2008Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    As current capital accumulates in more flexible ways and is more often than before distinguished from national states, the options and possibilities for governments to control these financial flows change. Establishing regions and regional cooperation are seen as ways for governments to ensure continued economic growth. At these regional levels significant discussions on the development of society in general, and on the idea of sustainable development in particular, take place. However, there are also academic concepts arguing that current economic growth is in fact unsustainable. These concepts suggest an expansion of the current economic order.

    In this licentiate thesis the reader will meet Mälardalsrådet, the Council of the Mälar Region, a non-profit association for regional cooperation in the region of Mälardalen. In this study the activity of the Council of the Mälar Region will be understood as communication including ideas, statements, views and arguments.

    Based on a critical social science point of view this study has been inspired by discourse analysis, where language is seen as a major force. The purpose of this study is to highlight how the Council of the Mälar Region communicate development ideas in areas of economy, environment and sustainable development. This is done by identifying and analysing the Council’s communication on regional development.

    Behind the vision of growth communicated by the Council of the Mälar Region there is a deeper dimension of uncertainty for the changed social and economical conditions, but maybe the insecurity ends right there. While we should not forget that sustainability has been included in the discussion of growth, the ecological dimension of sustainability has become increasingly anonymous and a part of the national and international dominating consensus of growth and the environment.

  • 271.
    Boman-Andersson, Magne
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    ”Vingklippt och ensam” – men behövd, värdefull och älskad: Hästassisterad behandling av utsatta tonårsflickor2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Djur har historiskt haft en central roll i människans utveckling och behandling av ohälsa, och djurs hälso- och terapifrämjande egenskaper har de senaste decennierna börjat uppmärksammas. Med syfte att utröna hur hästar kan användas i terapeutiskt arbete intervjuades sex yrkesverksamma kvinnor på två behandlingshem med hästassisterad terapi (HAT) för tonårsflickor med psykosocial problematik. Därtill enkätintervjuades fyra kvinnor som genomgått HAT. Det framkom att hästar kan utgöra terapeutiska och kommunikativa verktyg som kringgår klientens försvarsmekanismer, reducerar det hotfulla i samtals-situationer samt underlättar koncentration och anknytning. Klienten upplever ett ömsesidigt förhållande med hästen, och meningsfullhet och kärlek. Det dis-kuteras att HAT effektivt kan komplettera redan etablerade behandlingsformer, samt att bredare acceptans av djurassisterade behandlingsmetoder tycks närmas genom ökad öppenhet och kunskap.

  • 272.
    Boonkhet, Jittavadee
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Meesook, Jeerapa
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    The Influence of Culture and the Level of Acculturation on the Perceptions of Service Quality: A Study of Thai – born Customer Segment in the Swedish Banking Industry in Sweden2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: The Influence of Culture and the Level of Acculturation on the Perceptions of Service Quality.

    Problem Statement: How important is the customers’ ethnic background, culture and level of acculturation when choosing a provider of financial services?

    Purpose: The main purpose of this research is to find out how a service company can measure Thai customer satisfaction and which factors to consider in order to improve their service qualities with respects to cultural dimensions.

    Theory and Method: The research is based on the quantitative approach in the form of questionnaires.  The structure is developed in accordance to the Service Quality Gap of measuring Thai customer satisfaction by comparing their expectation and perception of service during and after service approach.

    Conclusion: From elaborate results of the distributed questionnaires, Thai customers are flexible and have integrated into the Swedish culture; therefore the current level of bank service approach is appropriate to their needs.

  • 273.
    Boonumpaichaikul, Tossapon
    et al.
    Mälardalen University. Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Mongkoltada, Unnada
    Mälardalen University.
    Future of Thai Electronic Component Industry under ACFTA2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Explore factors that influence investors interested in investing in the electronic components sector in Thailand, with a focus on the consequences of Thailand‟s membership in the ASEAN-China Free Trade Agreement.

  • 274.
    Boqvist, Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Englund, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Johansson, Izabella
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Corporate Social Responsibility. Varför företagen tar ett ökat ansvar i samhället2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is a frequently discussed subject, therefore Media and business managers are paying close attention to the social and environmental responsibility of the companies. There can be many different driving forces behind the voluntary CSR activities. To reach a deeper understanding of the companies’ social and environmental commitment it is important to identify the reasons behind incorporating CSR regulations.

    The purpose of the study is to describe why the companies in the survey work with CSR and to identify the prime reasons behind integrating CSR activities into their business operations.

    The study is based on a qualitative method using telephone interviews. The method allowed for a deeper comprehension of why companies work with CSR. The interviews were semi-structured and based on the respondents from six companies. All the companies followed CSR guidelines. The companies were chosen from Innovests’ list of 100 most sustainable companies in the world of the year 2007, the company network CSR Sweden, proposal from the CSR consultant Ola Löhman and the website CSR I Praktiken.se.

    The study demonstrates several reasons why the companies work with CSR. One reason, according to the study, is ethical responsibility. The companies have to consider the impact of the stakeholders and society on behaving ethically. Acting unethically can lead to long-term negative consequences, such as a bad reputation and decreased attractiveness to the stakeholders. The study shows that the stakeholders' demands and needs influence how the companies work with CSR. A good relationship to the stakeholder, therefore, is one of the driving forces behind the companies' CSR activities. Furthermore, the companies connect their image and reputation to their brand, which is strengthened when they take-on social and environmental responsibility. The prime reasons that were identified in the survey are profitability, risk management, employees, long-term thinking and the brand. Therefore, the conclusion is the companies in this survey are working with CSR because it influences the company in a positive manner and not because they want to benefit society at large.

  • 275.
    Borell, Klas
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University.
    Lindblom, Jonas
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    På var sin sida av Cannon River: En fallstudie av liberal arts2003Report (Other academic)
  • 276.
    Borg, Rebecca
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Tonåriga pojkars självkänsla och kroppsmissnöje: Har massmedia, extraversion och BMI någon betydelse?2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare forskning kring pojkars självkänsla och kroppsmissnöje i relation till massmedieanvändning, extraversion och BMI har utfallit något olika och är inte lika omfattande som forskningen kring flickor. Syftet med denna undersökning var att ta reda på om massmedia, extraversion och BMI har betydelse för tonåriga pojkars självkänsla och kroppsuppfattning. Kvantitativ metod i form av en enkätundersökning användes. Sjuttiotvå gymnasiestuderande pojkar besvarade enkäten som innehöll instrument för att mäta BMI, extraversion, kroppsmissnöje, massmedieanvändning och självkänsla. Resultatet visade att massmedieanvändning inte korrelerar med vare sig självkänsla eller kroppsmissnöje. Extraversion hade däremot betydelse för självkänsla; ju högre grad av extraversion desto högre självkänsla hade deltagarna. BMI hade betydelse för kroppsmissnöje enligt EDE-Q (Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire); ju högre BMI desto högre kroppsmissnöje.

  • 277.
    Borgegård, Per
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Bergh, Anders
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Outcome expectancy i arbetslivet: Predicerar work locus of control, work self efficacy och collective efficacy outcome expectancy?2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bandura definierar (1997) outcome expectancy som individens skattning av sannolikheten att ett beteende ska leda till ett specifikt utfall. Utöver individens skattning av sitt eget beteendes följder (individual outcome expectancy), är hennes bedömning av sin grupps möjlighet att nå ett specifikt utfall (collective outcome expectancy) en del av begreppet (Riggs & Knight, 1994). Studien syftar till att undersöka huruvida arbetsrelaterad- self efficacy, locus of control och collective efficacy predicerar outcome expectancy. En enkätundersökning genomfördes med 102 deltagare från olika yrkesgrupper. Resultatet visade att arbetsrelaterad- self efficacy och locus of control samvarierade med individual outcome expectancy och att collective efficacy predicerade collective outcome expectancy. Dock var gruppstorleken av betydelse för prediktionen. Studiens hypoteser bekräftades av tidigare forskning.

  • 278.
    Boström, Cecilia
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Storleksoptimering av en etanolfabrik för integrering med ENA Energis kraftvärmeverk.: Baserat på en regional energibalans mellan tillgång på etanolbränsle i Enköping kommun och producerad etanol med hjälp av tillgänglig ånga från ENA kraftvärmeverk.2008Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The future of ethanol is depending on good solutions for the production. ENA energy power plant produces electrical power and district heating by heating biofuel. By building an integrated bioenergy plant surplus steam could be used to produce ethanol as fuel to vehicle.

    This would mean that ethanol is produced renewable energy and the energy for the process derives from the surplus of power.  ENA energy, MDH (the University of Mälardalen) and the energy authority has initiated a research project were different bioenergy combinations integrate with existing power plant.  As a part of the project which size an integrated factory should be to gain the best efficiency for the plant was investigated. Consideration will be taken to the cost of the production in order to be competitive to the price of imported ethanol.

     

     

    Etanolens framtid vilar på bra lösningar för framställning.  I ENA energi kraftverk i Enköping produceras el och fjärrvärme genom eldning av biobränsle.  Genom att bygga ett integrerat bioenergikraftverk där skulle man kunna använda överskottsånga till att framställa etanol som fordonsbränsle. Detta skulle innebära att etanolen framställs med ett förnybart bränsle och energin till framställningen kommer från ett överskott på värme.   ENA energi, MDH och energimyndigheten har initierat ett forskningsprojekt där en bioenergiintegrering skall undersökas.  Som del i detta skall här undersökas vilken storlek en integrerad etanolfabrik skall ha för att nå högsta totala verkningsgrad för verket samt om framställningspriset kan konkurrera med importerad etanol.

     

  • 279.
    Bouchnak, Micke Amir
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Erfarenhetsåterföring: Diskussionsforum ett nytt verktyg för erfarenhetsåterföringen2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    Abstract

    This is a bachelor’s thesis within the program society development on the collage Mälardalens

    högskola. The subject that will be handled is knowledge recycling, this intervenes very well

    with the program I am undergoing, and this is because Construction Company’s does in

    general do the same mistakes over and over again. In the long run this will mean higher end

    prices for the end user. Knowledge recycle is a subject that haven’t been researched a lot, and

    therefore the choice of the topic Erfarenhetsåterföring, knowledge recycling.

    The thesis will be divided in two parts, one part consisting of the study in the subject to

    determine were the research front is. The other part consists of a pilot project of a message

    board where the employees of Fastec can discuss known problems. The main purpose is for

    the message board to work as a place for frequently asked questions and answers. This will be

    a different way for Fastec to work according to how they earlier communicated and hopefully

    a step in the right direction towards perfection. Every discussion will be logged and become

    searchable after posted, this key function is the main principle of the forum to work as a tool

    to improve the knowledge recycling. And this is a key ingredient when an employee stands in

    front of an in certainty of choosing between two materials or ways of doing things.

    The message boards functionality will be reviewed after sometimes use, the result I receive

    will be the data that will be used for the final rapport whether a message board is useful for

    knowledge recycling or not. And hopefully this thesis will help someone else in the subject to

    continue the research in the field.

    The issues addressed in the work are:

     

    Discover what methods of work that are available in the subject knowledge recycling

    Investigate whether if a message board can come to play an important part of

  • 280.
    Bou-Hamdan, Rami
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Nilsson, Daniil
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Ismail, Idris
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Informationsasymmetri på finansiella marknaden: En studie om hur informationsgapet kan minskas mellan småsparare och företag2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 281.
    Bouzioti, Jennie
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Tillit och psykologiskt kontrakt: Kommunikation och inställning till arbetet bland fängelsepersonal2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 282.
    Brav, Agneta
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Gruppinitiativ: att gå utöver föreskrivet arbete2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Gruppinitiativ: att gå utöver föreskrivet arbete

    Många av dagens organisationer är i behov av proaktiva medarbetare i ett ständigt pågående förändrings- och förbättringsarbete. Vissa individer och grupper verkar lyckas bättre i sitt arbete än andra på samma arbetsplats. Syftet var att studera om dessa medarbetare hade utvidgat sina arbetsuppgifter för att uppnå önskat resultat. Gruppinitiativ kan betraktas som en process men även som resultat av en process. Begreppet är utvecklat från Fay och Freses (2001) koncept Personligt Initiativ. Tilltron till gruppens förmåga bidrar till bättre prestationer, men överskattning av förmåga kan också vara till förfång eller rent av skadlig för grupper (Guzzo, Yost, Campbell & Shea ,1993). Betydelsen av stöd från ledning, upplevd autonomi och tilltro till gruppens förmåga för gruppinitiativ mättes vid två tillfällen och 182 grupparbetande individer i fyra olika mellansvenska industriföretag var deltagare vid båda tidpunkterna. Resultat av hierarkiska regressioner visade att tilltron till gruppens förmåga hade störst prediktionsvärde för gruppinitiativet. Stöd från ledningen och upplevd autonomi bidrog också signifikant till att förklara variansen. Resultaten är överensstämmande med tidigare forskning som visar på betydelsen av att inspirera gruppmedlemmar att vara aktivt involverade och bidra till realisering av målen. Gruppinitiativ med sin inneboende proaktiva dimension kommer troligen att få ökad betydelse för gruppbaserade organisationer i framtiden. Rekommendationen till praktiker blir att skapa organisatoriska förutsättningar och kontext där tilltro till gruppens förmåga kan uppstå, utvecklas och växa. Psykosociala faktorer bör då också inkluderas.

  • 283.
    Brav, Agneta
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Industrial Work Groups: The impact of job design, leader support and group processes on initiative and self-organization2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    From an organizational perspective the issue of which organizational solutions will benefit productivity, efficiency and the innovation process is central. Work groups can be an effective means. The general aim of the studies from a psychological perspective was to examine work conditions and thereafter investigate how such conditions impact on whether the groups redefined stipulated tasks to incorporate initiative- taking and self-organization, thus enabling them to implement meaningful change. Based on action regulation theory, detailed work task analysis is assumed to be worthwhile as it provides data that cannot be captured with interviews or questionnaires exclusively. Data was based on work task analyses and questionnaires administered to work groups at four Swedish industrial organizations. In Study I a theoretical model of the relations of job design, work routines and social routines and reflexivity and learning processes was tested. Results showed that job design and work routines strongly impacted on reflexivity and learning processes.  In Study II this model was extended into a theoretical input-process-output model to include group initiative and self-organizational activities as outcomes of job design, mediated by group processes. The model provided substantial, but not complete, support. Job design strongly impacts on reflexivity, and reflexivity directly impacts self-organizational activities. To explore the importance of leadership support and potency longitudinally for group initiative, in Study III two data collections were included. The findings showed that potency, compared to perceived autonomy and support from leader, was the best predictor of group initiative. Together the studies show that the dimensions of job design, support from leader, reflexivity, and potency as well as cooperation and social support are important for the outcomes of work groups if the organization wants groups to take initiative and engage in self-organizational activities.  It is also advocated that job design contains an inherent potential for learning and the possibility to make use of one’s resources. Main findings, strengths, limitations, practical and theoretical implications, directions for future research and when it will be worthwhile to invest in group work are included in the discussion.

     

     

  • 284.
    Brav, Agneta
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Industrial Work Groups: The Impact of Job Design, Leader support and Group Processes on Initiative and Self-organization2008Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
  • 285.
    Brav, Agneta
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Andersson, Kin
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Lantz, Annika
    Uppsala Univ.
    Group initiative and self-organizational activities in industrial work groups2009In: European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, ISSN 1359-432X, E-ISSN 1464-0643, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 347-377Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Autonomous work groups are involved in goal setting and planning and hence can define their jobs and the outcome idiosyncratically. Our interest lies in how job design restricts or creates possibilities for groups to redefine their work and thus go beyond formal requirements. The aim was to test a model of the relationships between dimensions of job design, group processes, group initiative, and self-organizational activities. The results are based on work task analyses and questionnaires administered to 31 work groups at four Swedish industrial companies. The theoretical input-process-output model received substantial support. Dimensions of job design affect whether a group, through collective reflexivity, can redefine work and proactively create conditions and organize work so that uncertainty can be handled and new tasks mastered. Group processes such as cooperation and social support enhance group initiative to achieve such meaningful change. In this study, reflexivity does not impact on group initiative, but does explain the major amount of variance in self-organizational activities. Work task analyses can be a useful tool for providing groups with the prerequisites for self-organizational activities. We believe these to be essential for the groups' capacity to be involved in the innovation process from idea to finished product.

  • 286.
    Brav, Agneta
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Isaksson, Kerstin
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    RASK – Relationer, arbete och serviceklimat inom detaljhandeln2010In: FALF/ARBETSLIV I FÖRÄNDRING – Malmö 19-21 maj 2010, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 287.
    Brav, Agneta
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Isaksson, Kerstin
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Relationer, arbete och serviceklimat2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 288.
    Broberg, Elias
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Grön IT: Motiv, åtgärder och tillvägagångssätt för hållbara IT-lösningar2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den explosionsartade utvecklingen av informationsteknologi som underlättar och effektiviserar våra liv och arbeten på ett revolutionerande sätt, har även inneburit påfrestningar på miljön. IT-infrastruktur kräver stora mängder elektricitet och bidrar till utsläpp av växthusgaser under tillverkning och avveckling, men samtidigt som IT är en del av miljöproblemen kan det också vara en del av lösningen. Den effekt som IT har på miljön, diskuteras som konceptet Grön IT, vilket innebär olika åtgärder för minskad miljöpåverkan i samband med IT-aktiviteter. Vare sig det handlar om juridiska, moraliska, sociala eller kostnadsmässiga skäl, är Grön IT ett ytterst aktuellt område som på många olika sätt kan generera fördelar till en organisation. Undersökningar har visat att det finns ett stort intresse och en medvetenhet bland företag gällande Grön IT, men att det till trots är väldigt få som faktiskt tillämpat konceptet. Syftet med denna studie är skapa ytterligare förståelse för de bakomliggande motiv, åtgärder samt tillvägagångssätt som är avgörande för ett företags investeringar inom Grön IT. Undersökningen baseras på en teoriram som ställts samman utifrån förekommande forskning inom området, och bygger på de mest framträdande faktorerna inom fenomenet Grön IT. Därefter har en fallstudie av TeliaSoneras arbete med miljövänliga IT-lösningar genomförts efter intervjuer med företagets miljöchefer. Slutligen har materialet analyserats och utvärderats för att besvara uppsatsens frågeställningar. Efter att ha studerat fenomenet Grön IT och TeliaSoneras arbete inom området kan jag konstatera att motiven bakom satsningen utgör en helhetsbild av önskade effekter, där struktur och effektivisering är grundläggande och centrala delar. Faktorer som varit viktiga för projektets genomförande hittas i ledarskap, samarbete, strategisk prioritering, utbildning och kontinuerlig utvärdering.

  • 289.
    Broberg, Elias
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Wallin, Mattias
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Flödesekonomins dimensioner: supply chain management2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is of increasing importance to in the most effective possible way, manage and control all the transactions of raw materials, products and information that are exchanged between an organization and all its operators. These flows and the need for strategy and managing the processes of planning, implementing and control of the supply chain, has given name to the concept supply chain management. Supply chain management involves all movement and storage of raw material, and all the processes that is needed to manufacture a product from origin to consumption. Globalization, technology and increasing time and quality-based competition are all driving forces behind the concept and reasons for an increasing interest in supply chain management.

    The purpose of this essay is to by using a qualitative case study examine which decisive success factors that can be identified for effective supply chain management. We have compiled different theories on the subject to use for analyzing a case study Li & Fung, who is a successful supply chain management company. We intend to give a detailed description of this complex concept and identify decisive success factors for effective supply chain management.

    The study shows two prominent aspects for effective supply chain management; (1) Leadership and (2) control of the supply chain.

  • 290.
    Brolin, Sandra
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Global Regulatory Requirements for Medical Devices2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Medical devices are becoming more important in the health care sector. One of the major issues for companies developing and producing medical devices is to be updated on the regulatory requirements and implement them in the process. This thesis examines the regulatory requirements for medical devices in Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, India, Japan, Mexico, Russia, South Korea and Taiwan and compares them with the requirements in the European Union.

    The conclusion of this thesis is that most countries have similar requirements for registration of medical devices and are striving to harmonize with the GHTF guidelines. A company goes far by following the requirements in EU, USA or the GHTF guidelines.

  • 291.
    Brorsson, Kjell-Åke
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Experiences of pedagogical competence from the perspective of an academic appointments board2010In: A Swedish perspective on pedagogical competence / [ed] Åsa Ryegård, Karin Apelgren & Thomas Olsson, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet , 2010, 1, p. 104-120Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 292.
    Brorsson, Kjell-Åke
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Is Noise from Light Aircraft a Question of Technical Solutions or Pilot Understanding?2006In: Science for Sustainable Development.: Starting Points and Critical Reflections. / [ed] Björn Frostell, Uppsala: VHU , 2006, p. 68-75Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 293.
    Bruhn, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro Universitet.
    Frick, Kaj
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Why it was so difficult to develop new methods to inspect work organization and psychosocial risks in Sweden2011In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 49, no 4, p. 575-581Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2001-2003, the Swedish Work Environment Authority (SWEA) ran a project to develop better methods to inspect psychosocial risk factors at work. The objective was twofold: to develop methods to enable most inspectors to effectively inspect such health risks, and to set a standard for method development within SWEA. This article presents our evaluation of the project and a discussion of this as an example of regulatory implementation. The methods project largely failed. Major reasons were the lack of general provisions on psychosocial risks, isolation from other policies in SWEA that affect the inspection of such risks, and a lack of engagement and guidance by top management on how to prioritize and conduct this very challenging development project. Underlying this was possibly a preoccupation with other major internal reforms, a limited competence and an unwillingness to challenge the employers on psychosocial and organizational issues within SWEA's top management. Yet, the project probably had some indirect positive effects by raising awareness within the authority of psychosocial risk factors, of the complexities of inspecting such risks and of the difficulty to develop effective methods to supervise them.

  • 294.
    Brunnström, Fredrik
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Offentlig förvaltning och arbetarskydd: Arbetarskyddslagens tillämpningsområde, institutionella hinder och riksdagsdebatten 1943 - 1963.2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

     

    I denna uppsats behandlas den historiska utvecklingen av den svenska lagstiftningen kring arbetarskydd inom en tidsperiod som sträcker sig från andra hälften av 1800-talet fram till 1960-talet. Med begrepp lånade från Rolf Torstendahl kan uppsatsen sägas röra sig från tiden för ’den organiserade kapitalismen’ fram till tiden för ’den participatoriska kapitalismen’.

    Särskilt intresse ägnas åt att arbetarskyddslagstiftningen först år 1963 utvidgades till att också omfatta de anställda i den offentliga förvaltningen. Denna utvidgning av arbetarskyddslagen problematiseras utifrån det faktum att politiker inte bara är förtroendevalda till uppgift att företräda medborgarna, utan också är arbetsgivare åt dem som arbetar i det allmännas tjänst. Genom att betrakta lagstiftning som en institutionalisering av värderingar utgår uppsatsen från antagandet att aktörers handlingsutrymme begränsas av olika hinder som uppställs av ’det institutionella arvet’.

    Den empiriska undersökningen inriktas på riksdagens behandling åren 1943 till 1963 av frågan om huruvida arbetarskyddslagens tillämpningsområde skulle utvidgas till att omfatta den offentliga förvaltningen eller inte. Materialet utgörs i detta avsnitt av sådant riksdagstryck som motioner, propositioner och riksdagsprotokoll. I detta material återfanns ingen diskussion som tog upp frågan om politikers roll som arbetsgivare. Denna roll verkar inte ha varit något som politikerna själva reflekterade över. Att utvidgningen av arbetarskyddslagens tillämpningsområde till att omfatta den offentliga förvaltningen inte skedde år 1949 utan först år 1963 förklaras huvudsakligen av dels det institutionella arvets betydelse, dels det faktum att den år 1949 bildade myndigheten arbetarskyddsstyrelsen var drivande i frågan.

     

    Nyckelord: arbetarskyddslagen, institutionella hinder, offentlig förvaltning, rörelse, verksamhet, politiker som arbetsgivare.

  • 295.
    Bryunina, Daria
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Khodadad Safaei, Sara
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    The Influence of Eco-labeled Products on Consumer Buying Behavior: By focusing on eco-labeled bread2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research Question: How eco-label can influence on consumer buying behavior by focusing on bakery industry.

    Purpose: The main objective of this research is to identify and analyze how eco-label on bread can influence on consumer buying behavior. Furthermore, the thesis will propose suggestions for the food markets future improvements.

    Method: In this paper the literature review has based on the secondary data and telephone interview, e-survey and interview as the primary data has been carried out.

    Conclusion: Ecological labels do influence on buyer behavior, however it is difficult to make this statement about organic bread because of lack of supply and advertisement that makes it hard for people to get information about existence of such bread.

  • 296.
    Bråvik, Anna
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Häsänen, Annika
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Lek och lärande i uterummet vid förskolan2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Idag är mycket av den pedagogiska verksamheten förlagd inomhus, syftet med detta arbete var därför att belysa lekens samt uterummets betydelse för barns lärande. Detta arbete med innehållet lekfulla och lärande aktiviteter skall väcka nyfikenhet och ses som ett inspi-rationshäfte att flytta ut den pedagogiska verksamheten till uterummet. Dessa planerade aktiviteter är kopplade till läroplanen för att pedagogerna lättare skall kunna tillgodose strävansmålen i förskolan. Material samt en enkätundersökning har lämnats ut till en för-skola. Detta för att ta reda på om ett material med planerade aktiviteter för uterummet som är kopplade till läroplanen kan vara av intresse. Enkätundersökningen visar att det finns ett behov och intresse av ett häfte med lekfulla och lärande aktiviteter för uterummet.

  • 297.
    Bubphapant, Jitpisut
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Thammasaro, Ramrada
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    The Effects of Online Third-party Opinions toward Consumer Purchasing Decision on Cosmetic Products in the Thai Market2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     Title:  The effects of online third-party opinions toward Consumer Purchasing Decision on cosmetics products in Thai market

    Seminar date: June 4th , 2012

    Course: Master thesis in International marketing, 15 credits

    Purpose: The overall purpose of this research is to explain the understanding of the effects of online third-party opinions toward consumer purchasing decision process on cosmetics products in Thai market. This includes the investigation of effective used of online third-party opinions with regards to source credibility and product involvement, specifically toward cosmetics products.

    Theoretical framework: The theoretical framework of this research is based on literature concerning online third party opinion, consumer decision journey (CDJ), product involvement and source credibility.

    Methodology: Both quantitative and qualitative method was applied. And thus a questionnaire with 147 respondents on Thai market and two interviews of expert marketers were conducted. The respondents for questionnaire are Thai women with specific age range and criteria.

    Conclusion: The online third-party opinion plays the important role in nowadays in the marketing perspective. And it does affect the consumer purchasing decision process both pre-purchase and post-purchase stage. However, it mostly affects in Consider and Evaluation Stage. With regards to the product involvement and source credibility applying to cosmetics products, these two variables affect to the use of online third-party opinion. Online third-party opinion works best with high involvement product. However, low involvement product also be considered as suitable to use with online third-party opinion. For source credibility, both online expert and consumer reviews perform better when using with high involvement product comparing with low involvement one.

  • 298.
    Bulcha, Mekuria
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Causes and Consequences of Forced Oromo Migration: An Overview2002In: Journal of Oromo studies, ISSN 1070-2202, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 27-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Human rights issues have played a central role in political conflicts and wars throughout much of Ethiopia's history Oppressed nationalities' rights to self-determination, freedom of expression, and land reform are just a few of such issues that have ignited conflict, and consequently, resulted in the waves of refugees fleeing from the country One hundred years after its creation, Ethiopia still shows minimal progress in terms of political development or respect for human rights The exodus of Oromo refugees has been particularly exacerbated by the present government's human tights violations.. In essence, such an exodus is indicative of a country's socia-political malaise. The malaise, characteristic of Ethiopia, is rooted in the creation ofthe Ethiopian state at the end of the nineteenth century One can thus assume that the country's current political crisis cannot be disentangled from its past.

  • 299.
    Bulcha, Mekuria
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Conquest and Forced Migration: An Assessment of the Oromo Experience2006In: Arrested Development in Ethiopia: Essays on Underdevelopment, Democracy and Self-Determination, Trenton, Nj, USA: The Red Sea Press , 2006, p. 27-56Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 300.
    Bulcha, Mekuria
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Contours of the Emergent & Ancient Oromo Nation: Dillemmas in the Ethiopian Politics of State and Nation-Building2011Book (Refereed)
3456789 251 - 300 of 2332
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf