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  • 251. Falcone, Pasquale Marcello
    et al.
    De Rosa, Salvatore Paolo
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Use of fuzzy cognitive maps to develop policy strategies for the optimization of municipal waste management: A case study of the land of fires (Italy)2020In: Land use policy, ISSN 0264-8377, E-ISSN 1873-5754, Vol. 96Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper applies an analytical method for developing policy strategies to optimize municipal waste management systems (MWMSs) to the case of the Land of Fires (LoF). The LoF is an area of Italy’s Campania region that is characterized by a legacy of authoritarian environmental governance and the improper dumping and burning of waste. In this paper, we employ the fuzzy cognitive maps (FCM) method, which draws on a participatory approach. Specifically, the complexity of the investigated system was determined from the causal relations identified by relevant stakeholders and experts. The results show that the most effective policy strategies to improve the LoF MWMS, as identified by informants, include: fostering social innovation (e.g. communication and information campaigns); promoting technological innovation (e.g. material and process design); and supporting scientific and technological cooperation among actors. The overall diversity of the identified policy strategies suggests that policy makers must move beyond a simple “best option” approach, given the systemic complexity of the waste management sector.

  • 252.
    Fjaestad, Maja
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Max Planck Inst Hist Sci, Germany; MIT, USA.
    Fast Breeder Reactors in Sweden Vision and Reality2015In: Technology and culture, ISSN 0040-165X, E-ISSN 1097-3729, Vol. 56, no 1, p. 86-114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The fast breeder is a type of nuclear reactor that aroused much attention in the 1950s and '60s. Its ability to produce more nuclear fuel than it consumes offered promises of cheap and reliable energy. Sweden had advanced plans for a nuclear breeder program, but canceled them in the middle of the 1970s with the rise of nuclear skepticism. The article investigates the nuclear breeder as a technological vision. The nuclear breeder reactor is an example of a technological future that did not meet its industrial expectations. But that does not change the fact that the breeder was an influential technology. Decisions about the contemporary reactors were taken with the idea that in a foreseeable future they would be replaced with the efficient breeder. The article argues that general themes in the history of the breeder reactor can deepen our understanding of the mechanisms behind technological change.

  • 253.
    Fjæstad, M.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Engineers and the environment: How the profession responded in the Swedish Society of Engineers, 1965-19722016In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 82, no 1, p. 66-92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how the Swedish engineers' main organization Svenska Teknologforeningen (the Swedish Society of Engineers, STF) reacted to the environmental debate in the late 1969s, and how this can be understood in terms of their professional identity. Several authors have singled out the importance of an apolitical scientific identity to the creation of the engineering profession. Criticism of technological development was an important part of the green movement, in Sweden as elsewhere, but it provoked the STF, who instead wanted to highlight how technology could be used to save the environment. The article discusses how the STF handled the dilemma of being relevant in society but at the same time at least appearing to be apolitical experts. It is concluded that the organisation did indeed act as a political force in all but name in its strong defence of technological progress.

  • 254.
    Fjæstad, Maja
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Teknikens kvinnor: Perspektiv på en mångfacetterad historia2014Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Ökningen av kvinnor inom den tekniska världen har gått mycket långsamt, och än idag är endast cirka en fjärdedel av utexaminerade kvinnliga ingenjörer kvinnor. Runt 24 procent av Sveriges Ingenjörers 139 000 medlemmar är kvinnor, och kvinnliga ingenjörer tjänar i ingångslön ungefär 800 kronor mindre i månaden än sina manliga kollegor. Kvinnliga chefer utgör endast fem procent inom tekniktunga företag, vilket kan jämföras med drygt 40 procent kvinnor bland de anställda över lag. Med våra kvinnliga pionjärer i ryggen har vi kommit en lång väg – men det finns också en bra bit kvar att gå.

  • 255.
    Fjæstad, Maja
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    The geopolitics of uranium: Swedish energy dependencies from a transnational perspective2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A metaphor that is often used to describe energy supply is that of a nation’s blood circulation. Indeed, a permanent interruption in the supply of energy would be lethal to any society. Sweden – a neutral country in cold war Europe – belongs to those countries that are, and have been, very strongly dependent on imports of energy, and this implies a special vulnerability. Today two imported energy carriers – oil and uranium – each covers some 30 % of the total.

     

    Sweden is of course not alone in its dependence on imported fuels. The world’s energy resources are unevenly distributed, and since the mid 19th century the pursuit of coal, oil, gas and uranium has been an important constituent of international politics and economics. Transnational fuel dependencies have a politics of their own: the strongest nations have used economical, political and if necessary military means to control energy sources in far away territories in order to secure their energy supplies at home. This is often referred to as the geopolitics of energy, and there has been quite some research about it. There has been less research on how small nations have tried to handle their dependencies on far away countries using “soft” means rather than “hard” ones. By studying how Sweden has done this we hope to contribute to an understanding of the geopolitics of energy of small nations.

     

    This paper is a part of a larger research project (together with prof Arne Kaijser and Dr Per Högselius) where we investigate Sweden’s strategies for coping with the dependencies on energy from abroad. My case study in the project will investigate the role of uranium import in Sweden.

     

    In the 1940s and 50s, Sweden planned to develop a domestic nuclear energy system based on Swedish uranium. However, this autarky policy was abandoned in the mid1960s for economic reasons, and the Swedish power industry decided to build light water reactors and import enriched uranium from the United States. In 1966, the Swedish Government signed a 30 year agreement with the United States concerning the purchase of enriched uranium. On the Swedish side, the imports of uranium were orchestrated by the Swedish Nuclear Fuel Supply company, SKBF, owned jointly by the major Swedish power companies. But a high ranking civil servant was made president of the board; a sign of the political influence on the company.

     

    Uranium imports had multiple steps and required contracts not only for uranium ore, but also for the conversion and enrichment. In the 1970s and 80s there was a gradual shift to purchasing uranium ore primarily from non-nuclear weapon states. And when it comes to enrichment, the initial dependency on the US was decreased by enrichment contracts with the joint European companies Eurodif and Urenco and with the Soviet company Techsnabexport. A central question is to what extent security policy considerations affected these changes.

     

    In 1984, SKBF changed name to SKB and changed its focus from ensuring nuclear fuel to handling nuclear waste, and uranium imports became the responsibility of the reactor owning power companies. I will discuss this tension between private and state initiative in Swedish nuclear fuel policy and why this balance has changed over time.

     

    I will focus at which actors and which motives that have been central in these decisions and whether it is possible to identify a distinct but evolving ‘Swedish model’ in actors’attempts to deal with vulnerabilities stemming from energy import dependence, and if this model has applied to the energy system as a whole, i.e. the same model has applied to all types of fuels. My analysis will be based on a LTS-perspective. 

  • 256.
    Fjæstad, Maja
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Kaiserfeld, Thomas
    Det tomma Ingenjörshuset: Sociala processer, historiska händelser och ingenjörernas professionalitet2015In: Med varm hand: Texter tillägnade Arne Kaijser / [ed] Wormbs&Kaiserfeld, Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 257. Fried, Hédi
    et al.
    Nagler, Camilla
    Persson, Kristina
    Sörlin, Sverker
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Frykman, Minea
    Ödling, Per
    Nathansson, Calle
    "Opinionsbildare i upprop: Hög tid att lagstifta mot nazisterna”2018In: Dagens Nyheter, Vol. DN Kultur, article id 28 AugustArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 258.
    Ganuza, Natalia
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Karlander, David
    University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
    Salö, Linus
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    A weave of symbolic violence: Dominance and complicity in sociolinguistic research on multilingualismIn: Multilingua - Journal of Cross-cultural and Interlanguage Communication, ISSN 0167-8507, E-ISSN 1613-3684, Vol. 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses symbolic violence in sociolinguistic research on multilingualism. It revisits an archived recording of a group discussion between four boys about their chances of having sex with a female researcher. The data is rife with symbolic violence. Most obviously, the conversation enacted a heterosexist form of symbolic violence. This was, however, not the only direction in which violence was exerted. As argued by (Bourdieu & Wacquant. 1992. An invitation to reflexive sociology. Cambridge: Polity), symbolic violence involves two fundamental elements – domination and complicity. In the case at hand, the boys’ sexist banter conformed to dominant expectations about their linguistic behavior, imbued in the research event. This is symbolic complicity of the kind that the Bourdieusian notion foresees. Yet another subordination to the dominant vision occurred when the researchers captured the conversation on tape, but decided to exempt it from publication. Here, we argue that giving deepened attention to sociolinguists’ own run-ins with symbolic violence during research is valuable, because it provides an opportunity to reflexively consider the social conditions of the research practices, in relation to the data produced and analyzed. Ultimately, this reflexive exercise may help sociolinguists sharpen their tools for understanding the give and take of dominance and complicity unfolding in their data.

  • 259. Gaynor, Andrea
    et al.
    Cook, Margaret
    Scherer, Cordula
    Sörlin, Sverker
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Environmental History and the Boundaries of Academia2019Other (Other academic)
  • 260. Gissibl, Bernhard
    et al.
    Höhler, SabinePhilosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.Kupper, PatrickETH Zurich.
    Civilizing Nature: National Parks in Global Historical Perspective2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    National parks are one of the most important and successful institutions in global environmentalism. Since their first designation in the United States in the 1860s and 1870s they have become a global phenomenon. The development of these ecological and political systems cannot be understood as a simple reaction to mounting environmental problems, nor can it be explained by the spread of environmental sensibilities. Shifting the focus from the usual emphasis on national parks in the United States, this volume adopts an historical and transnational perspective on the global geography of protected areas and its changes over time. It focuses especially on the actors, networks, mechanisms, arenas, and institutions responsible for the global spread of the national park and the associated utilization and mobilization of asymmetrical relationships of power and knowledge, contributing to scholarly discussions of globalization and the emergence of global environmental institutions and governance.

  • 261.
    Gough, Anne
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Gaza as metaphor2016In: Contemporary Levant, ISSN 2058-184X, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 146-147Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 262.
    Grainger, Sam
    et al.
    Imperial Coll London, Dept Civil & Environm Engn, London, England.;Imperial Coll London, Grantham Inst Climate Change & Environm, London, England.;Univ Leeds, Sch Earth & Environm, Sustainabil Res Inst, Leeds LS2 9JT, W Yorkshire, England..
    Hommes, Lena
    Wageningen Univ & Res, Water Resources Management Grp, Wageningen, Netherlands..
    Karpouzoglou, Timon
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Wageningen Univ & Res, Publ Adm & Policy Grp, Wageningen, Netherlands..
    Perez, Katya
    Consortium Sustainable Dev Andean Ecoreg CONDESAN, Lima, Peru..
    Buytaert, Wouter
    Imperial Coll London, Dept Civil & Environm Engn, London, England.;Imperial Coll London, Grantham Inst Climate Change & Environm, London, England..
    Dewulf, Art
    Wageningen Univ & Res, Publ Adm & Policy Grp, Wageningen, Netherlands..
    The development and intersection of highland-coastal scale frames: a case study of water governance in central Peru2019In: JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY & PLANNING, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 373-390Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scale framing makes an important difference to how complex environmental policy issues are defined and understood by different groups of actors. Increasing urban water demand and uncertain future climatic conditions in the Andes present major water governance challenges for the coastal regions of Peru. An understudied dimension of Peruvian water governance is how scale framing shapes the way problems are defined, and solutions are pursued. Here, we aim to strengthen the understanding of scale framing as it relates to highland-coastal interactions in central Peru between 2004 and 2015. By analysing this period of significant water governance reforms, we identify five prominent water-related frame dimensions and three differently scaled policy storylines and reveal how they developed and intersected over time. The storylines, supported by particular visualisations, either foreground 'urbanshed'-level investment in water supply infrastructure, community-level cultural restoration for improved local agricultural production, or nationwide watershed-level financial mechanisms for highland ecosystem conservation. Our study shows how the intersection of these storylines at different moments during the policy process often had a strengthening effect, creating a coalition of actors who were then able to generate sufficient momentum and support within the Peruvian government for the implementation of conservation-based watershed investments.

  • 263.
    Gullberg, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Den samhälleliga självreflexionens möjligheter: Big data på 1980-talet1991In: Fragment 80-tal / [ed] Anders Gullberg, Stockholm: Nordiska institutet för samhällsplanering , 1991, p. 180-187Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Möjligheterna att nå kunskap om dagens samhälle synes, särskilt om blott ”data-frågan” beaktas, mycket goda. Detta sken är dock på många sätt bedrägligt. Genom att kontrastera vårt i högsta grad levande och dessutom tecken- och textöversväm-mande samhälle mot möjligheterna att nå kunskap om utdöda och/eller illitterata kulturer belyses vad som kan vetas om vår egen värld.

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  • 264.
    Gullberg, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Det fängslande planeringstänkandet: och sökandet efter en verklighetsutväg1986 (ed. andra)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis I intended to deal with the problem: “what is plan­ning?” I especially planned to analyze the obvious, but in planning theory never the less foreseen fact that things (plans, projects) never become what they were intended to be. But, and in accordance with this, I found myself paying much more attention to another problem: “how to catch the effects of plans and reforms?”

    In my analysis of planning theory and planning thought I have tried to demonstrate 1. the aprioristic/rationalistic basis for this mode of thinking; 2. that it deals with problems central to the human fate; and 3. that it is unavoidable in a world modernized in a western way.

    The search for a point outside this mode of thinking led me to scrutinize the possibilities of answering the empirical question: “what difference does planning make?” Two prob­lems are identified: 1. separating the effects of a certain plan­ning activity from the influ­ences of all other circum­stances; and 2. avoiding destruction of the knowledge-producing process by interested parts. The distinction between causality and correlation is crucial for the first problem. Methods such as experiment, quasi-experiment and ”natural” experi­ment are found to be of limited capacity in this respect and the regularity theory of causality does not solve the problem. The counter factual approach to causality is shown to be dependent on that of regularity. A program called transcendental realism (Bhaskar) I found much more promising in evaluation tasks, but many problems remain. Still more problematic is the second question which I don’t even attempt to answer.

    Scientific thinking belongs to the same rationalistic tradition as planning thought. I therefore doubt if there can be any such thing as scientific liberation of planning idiosyncrasies. But I discern, nevertheless, some emancipating potential in the quest for truth.

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  • 265.
    Gullberg, Anders
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Företal: Brottsplats: Stockholm2012In: Brottsplats: Stockholm: Urban kriminallitteratur 1851-2011 / [ed] Borg, Alexandra, Stockholm: Stockholmia förlag, 2012, p. 8-10Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 266.
    Gullberg, Anders
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Företal: Byggboomen i Stockholm 1896-19082012In: Bubblan som sprack: Byggboomen i Stockholm 1896-1908 / [ed] Perlinge, Anders, Stockholm: Stockholmia förlag, 2012, p. 7-9Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 267.
    Gullberg, Anders
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Företal: Cykeltrafiken i Stockholm 1930-19802012In: Trafikslag på undantag: Cykeltrafiken i Stockholm 1930-1980 / [ed] Emanuel, Martin, Stockholm: Stockholmia förlag, 2012, p. 6-8Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 268.
    Gullberg, Anders
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Företal: Ett halvsekel i Stockholmstrafiken2012In: Ett halvsekel i Stockholmstrafiken: Politik, planering och utbyggnader / [ed] Holmstedt, Stig, Stockholm: Stockholmia förlag, 2012, p. 11-12Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 269.
    Gullberg, Anders
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Företal: Per Anders Fogelström2012In: Per Anders Fogelström: Ett liv för litteraturen, freden och miljön / [ed] Andersson, Karl-Olof, Stockholms: Stockholmia förlag, 2012, p. 7-10Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 270.
    Gullberg, Anders
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Företal: Sotare i Stockholm 1600-19002012In: Sotare i Stockholm 1600-1900 / [ed] Peterson, Gunilla, Stockholm: Stockholmia förlag, 2012, p. 11-12Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 271.
    Gullberg, Anders
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Företal: Stockholmsfotografer2012In: Stockholmsfotografer: En fotografihistoria från Stockholms stadsmuseum / [ed] Forsmark, Ann-Sofi,, Stockholm: Stockholmia förlag , 2012, p. 8-10Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 272.
    Gullberg, Anders
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Företal: Stockholmsolympiaden 19122012In: Stockholmsolympiaden 1912: Tävlingarna - Människorna - Staden / [ed] Bolling, Hans och Yttergren, Leif, Stockholm: Stockholmia förlag, 2012, p. 6-9Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 273.
    Gullberg, Anders
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Företal: Vägen till Citybanan2012In: Vägen till Citybanan: Spårfrågan mellan Norr och Söder under 150 år / [ed] Sandin, Gunnar, Stockholm: Stockholmia förlag , 2012, p. 6-6Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 274.
    Gullberg, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Konkurrens och samverkan i storstaden: Bostadsmarknaden som nyckel1991In: Fragment 80-tal / [ed] Anders Gullberg, Stockholm: Nordiska institutet för samhällsplanering , 1991, p. 146-164Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Med fördelningen av bostäder till hushåll följer inte bara de variationer i boende­kostnader och förmögenhetsbildning som blivit mycket uppmärksammade i massmedia under senare år. Med fördelningen av bostäder följer också fördelningen av mycket annat av detta livets goda. Bostadsmarknaden beskrivs som ett knippe sorteringsmekanismer där en matchning sker mellan bostäder och hushåll. Det stora beroendet mellan människor i en storstad påtalas och frågan om hur bostadskrisen ska kunna lösas ges en uppfordrande formulering. 

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  • 275.
    Gullberg, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Spelet om Nedre Norrmalm1998In: Stockholm blir stor stad: Tiden 1948 - 1998 / [ed] Karl-Erik Synnemar, Stockholm: Byggförlaget , 1998, p. 8-49Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Få projekt har skapat sådana konflikter i Stockholms stadsplanehistoria som citysa­neringen. De skiljaktiga meningarna skar rakt igenom partier och privata organisationer. Politikerna och näringslivets företrädare förhandlade och gjorde bytesaffärer. Av de 52 hektar som skulle totalsaneras enligt Cityplanen 1967 blev endast 24 förverkligade.

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  • 276.
    Gullberg, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Stadstrafiken är en usel tjänst: Så löser vi problemen!2012Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den som färdas i staden har rätt att få svar på frågan: När kommer jag fram? Inställda turer, förseningar, trafikstockningar och brist på lediga parkeringsplatser försinkar oftast utan förvarning. Det är hög tid att förbättra tjänstens kvalité. Med nytänkande och en nyordning inom stadstrafiken är detta möjligt. Alla former av stadstrafik skulle kunna betraktas som tjänster och samordnas i ett informations- och betalsystem, vilket öppnar möjligheter för en rad omvälvande förändringar.

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  • 277.
    Gullberg, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Stockholm, århundradets trafikhuvudstad?2014In: Samhällsbyggaren, ISSN 2000-2408, no 2, p. 12-13Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    De många snabbt växande städerna världen över utkämpar en ojämn kamp mot stegrade trafikvolymer, svårartad trängsel och allvarliga miljöproblem. . Det har visat sig omöjligt att hålla jämna steg med efterfrågan och att uppfylla uppställda miljömål. Långt över en miljard människor drabbas dagligen. Försöken att påverka efterfrågan har hittills bara haft marginella effekter. Med hjälp av ett integrerat informations- och betalsystem och dynamisk prissättning i realtid skulle stora framsteg kunna göras. Stockholmsregionen som redan infört trängselskatt har goda möjligheter att ta täten i försöken att skapa en hållbar stadstrafik.

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  • 278.
    Gullberg, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Så kan informationssamhällets landvinningar lösa stadstrafikens problem2012In: Plan - tidskrift för samhällsplanering, ISSN 0032-0560, Vol. 66, no 5-6, p. 64-71Article in journal (Other academic)
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    Reviderad version av den publicerade artikeln
  • 279.
    Gullberg, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    The Stockholm CBD Renewal 1951–1978: Good Business or Planning Disaster?2014 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Municipal site leasehold was implemented in the post-war renewal of Stockholm’s central business district in order to render the transformation process more efficient and secure the municipality a share in increased land values. The purpose of this study is to analyze the profitability of the project for the municipality. The results indicate real returns of over one percent per annum, which means the project cannot be considered a fiscal catastrophe. Private leaseholders have however benefited most, the lion’s share of land value increments having accrued to the building owners. Municipal site leasehold has not proven to be an effective policy instrument. More flexible instruments need to be designed for regulating the relations between private and public agents in urban renewal.

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  • 280.
    Gullberg, Anders
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Backlund, Ann-Charlotte
    Företal: Från handelshus till stadsmuseum2012In: Från handelshus till stadsmuseum / [ed] Ellehag, C. G., Stockholm: Stockholmia förlag, 2012, p. 8-8Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 281.
    Gullberg, Anders
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Höjer, Mattias
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies (moved 20130630).
    Pettersson, Ronny
    Bilder av framtidsstaden: Tid och rum för hållbar utveckling2007Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur mycket energi behöver staden i framtiden? Hur skulle ett stadsliv te sig där invånarna inte förbrukar mer naturresurser än vad jorden långsiktigt tål? Kan staden och stadslivet förändras så att denna vision om en hållbar utveckling förverkligas?

    Bilder av framtidsstaden presenterar sex olika bilder av den framtida staden. Bilderna byggs upp utifrån beskrivningar av hur stadens form och människor tidsanvändning ser ut idag och hur dessa faktorer påverkar användningen av naturresurser – och hur de skulle kunna förändras.

    Bilder av framtidsstaden handlar om staden femtio år framåt i tiden. Det långa tidsperspektivet ställer invanda sanningar om vad som är möjligt mot nya sanningar om vad som kan bli nödvändigt.

    Permanent länk för nedladdning:

    http://digitalastadsmuseet.stockholm.se/fotoweb/Grid.fwx?archiveId=5000&search=(IPTC187%20contains(SSMB_0026279_01_))

  • 282.
    Gullberg, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, Superseded Departments, History of Science and Technology.
    City-building regimes in post-war Stockholm2004In: The Journal of urban technology, ISSN 1063-0732, E-ISSN 1466-1853, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 13-39Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 283.
    Gärdebo, Johan
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Anders Boberg, intervju från 2017 av Johan Gärdebo, KTH2017Data set
    Abstract [en]

    In this interview, Anders Boberg describes his work for theSwedish Land Survey to develop aerial photography from the 1970s until mid-1980s. It was primarily the Swedish ResearchInstitute (FOA) that developed methodologies for remote sensing that became relevant for Anders Boberg and his colleagues whenworking with aerial photography. Anders Boberg’s first major collaboration with the Swedish Space Corporation was during the project MSS-75 that gathered a large group of researchers butwhose uses were not as useful as first expected. Collaborations existed through FOA’s infrastructure for image interpretation, but which later was challenged by the Swedish Space Corporation who secured support from the Swedish Board for Space Activities to develop its own receiving and processing capacity of satellite remote sensing data. While the technology continued to advance in terms of resolution, receiving- and storage capacity,the methods underwent little change until the late 1980s. Between1980-1985, Anders Boberg var responsible for all of the LandSurvey’s aerial photography. During this time, the National Land Survey developed super high-altitude photography that could simulate overviews and resolution later found in the SPOT satellite.He also supported Swedsurvey, a subsidiary of the Land Survey, to conduct aerial photography as part of development projects internationally, which corresponded to the winter periodin Sweden when these planes were in less demand. By mid 1980s, Anders Boberg’s aerial photography unit was subject to rationalisations, after which it lost some of its previous expertise, including Anders Boberg who left to teach at the KTH Royal Institute of Technology. During the late 1980s- and in the 1990s, Anders Boberg participated in various courses and projects for the development of digital aerial and space photogrammetry, remote sensing and geographical information systems (GIS).Research areas at KTH were then automation of satellite remote sensing methods, based on digital image matching algorithms.This was not a concerted effort of research groups or organisations working on remote sensing, but people did exchange ideas and were influenced by each other.

  • 284.
    Gärdebo, Johan
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Anders Gustavsson, Staffan Jonson, Anders Nelander och Hans Ottersten: En gruppintervju av Johan Gärdebo 12 maj 20172017Data set
    Abstract [en]

    The group interview treats the experiences of AndersGustavsson, Staffan Jonsson, Anders Nelander, and Hans Ottersten working for the Swedish National Defence Research Institute (FOA) on satellite remote sensing technology. Hans Ottersten began working on remote sensing in 1961, and Staffan Jonsson joined in 1965 to work on high-resolution radar applications technology. Anders Nelander began working on coherent radar signal processing in 1975. Anders Gustavssonjoined FOA in 1982 to work on radar for the identification of small objects, e.g. growlers, in the Arctic. The interview focuses on FOA’s shifting uses, and platforms, for remote sensing. The interview makes reference to how the term “remote sensing”was first used and how pioneering decision-makers, like Torleiv Orhaug, sought to build up expertise at FOA. Through competition with the Swedish Space Corporation in the Remote Sensing Committee, FOA over time shifted its emphasis on remote sensing from optical to radar.

  • 285.
    Gärdebo, Johan
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Bildens behandling och utvecklingen av digital fjärranalys: Transkript av ett vittnesseminarium på Tekniska museet i Stockholm den 14 juni 20172018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a transcript from the witness seminar “Bildens behan-dling och utvecklingen av digital fjärranalys” (Processing the im-age and the development of digital remote sensing), held at the Swedish National Museum of Science and Technology in Stock-holm, June 14, 2017, and was led by Håkan Olsson and Johan Gärdebo. The seminar participants, who were all pioneers from the early Swedish development of digital remote sensing, de-scribed their role in various initiatives and activities for devel-opment of remote sensing related image processing from the 1970s until the late 1990s. During this period, several university groups, government agencies and companies located all over Sweden took interest in remote sensing. The Swedish Defence Research Institute (FOA) developed the first digital image analy-sis system, Piccola, in the early 1970s. Piccola, hosted as a main frame computer at Stockholm’s computer centre QZ, became a central resource for the early development of digital remote sensing in Sweden. During this early period, Professor Gunnar Hoppe at Stockholm University took a leading role for technol-ogy- and method development by chairing the National Remote Sensing Committee, providing a forum for various initiatives to meet, grant funding, and build momentum for concerted efforts. In the end of the 1970s, the Swedish Space Corporation (SSC) became the central force for development of the remote sensing infrastructure in Sweden. Piccola was replaced by a more mod-ern interactive image analysis system at SSC, the IAS system. This was part of SSC efforts to make satellite remote sensing operational. Additional parts in this effort included establish-ment of a satellite data receiving station at Esrange and later in the 1980s the establishment of the SSC’s subsidiary Satellitbild AB in Kiruna, which processed SPOT satellite data for the world market. SSC also developed the EBBA series of image analysis systems, attached to a PC, which were used by several Swedish research groups. From the late 1970s and onwards, there were a number of spin-off companies from FOA, most notably Con-text Vision and Teragon, that developed image processing hard-ware and software for uses also beyond that of geographical in-formation. These companies also sold systems to the Swedish Land Survey and SSC. Swedish organisations had a large pres-ence internationally, for example as part of development projects by consultancy firms, which also led to more operational uses of image processing. As computer capacity increased, in particular the introduction of colour graphics on standard computers, im-age processing development moved from special hardware to standard work stations and eventually personal computers and the applications that have become operational, for example in the forest sector, has been integrated with GIS applications in tailor made production-oriented systems.

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  • 286.
    Gärdebo, Johan
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Claes-Göran Borg En intervju av Johan Gärdebo 28 november 20172017Data set
    Abstract [en]

    The interview treats Claes-Göran Borg’s experiences fromworking with the Swedish Space Corporation (SSC), primarily inhis capacity of developing various aspects of remote sensing andeventually his role in the management of its operations, and laterthat of the entire corporation. Claes-Göran Borg describe variouscollaborations that he and SSC contributed to that led to newforms of processing satellite remote sensing data, expanding theinfrastructure of receiving and processing such data bothnationally and internationally, and the commercialization of datathrough projects in developing countries. Claes-Göran Borg sharehis experiences of working with different people in leadershippositions and also his efforts to expand the expertise of SSC.

  • 287.
    Gärdebo, Johan
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Environing Technology: Swedish Satellite Remote Sensing in the Making of Environment 1969–20012019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The state-owned Swedish Space Corporation established a satellite remote sensing infrastructure and defined uses for the technology both within and beyond Sweden during the latter part of the twentieth century. This thesis studies Swedish satellite remote sensing as an environing technology – a technology that environs, that produces environments and our perceptions of the environment. This perspective is important in historicising Sweden’s role in developing a technology that now is used both to manage environments on a global scale and to provide an understanding of what the environment is. It is also important to understand these environing activities as motivated by and related to other aims, for example Swedish non-alignment, development aid, and the export of expertise to new markets. I ask two questions. Firstly, how did Swedish satellite remote sensing activities contribute to the making of environment? Secondly, why did the Swedish satellite remote sensing experts conduct these activities?

    Studying environing technologies requires combining the theoretical understandings of history of technology and environmental history and treats technology and environment as outcomes of environing activities. Methodologically, the thesis studies written and oral sources to find activities related to satellite remote sensing that take part in sensing, writing about, or shaping environments. From these activities, new understandings of technology and environment emerge over time.

    The thesis is structured around five empirical chapters: 1) the institutionalisation of remote sensing as part of environmental diplomacy in Sweden, 1969–1978; 2) the establishment and expansion of a French-Swedish remote sensing infrastructure, showcased by sensing the Chernobyl meltdown in 1986; 3) the export of Swedish technoscientific expertise as a form of development aid, 1983–1994; 4) the promotion of satellites as a tool for sustainable development, 1987–1993; and 5) the establishment of an environmental data centre to monitor the European environment as part of managing the expansion of the European Union, 1991–1999.

    Swedish satellite remote sensing experts contributed to numerous international demonstrations that emphasised the technology as a tool for sustainable development of environments on a global scale. These activities beyond Sweden, often through transnational collaborations, were undertaken to establish satellite remote sensing within Sweden. The lack of a long-term strategy for the Swedish government’s space activities forced the technoscientific experts to find ad hoc uses for their technology, of which environmental applications were the most significant.

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  • 288.
    Gärdebo, Johan
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Hans Rasch: Ett samtal med Lennart Björn 26 april, 20122018Data set
    Abstract [en]

    The interview is an audio recording made by Lennart Björn in a meeting with Hans Rasch. Björn and Rasch recalled various aspects ofworking with the Swedish Space Corporation (SSC) as well as its subsidiary company, Satellitbild AB. Björn described how several employees had thoughts about the role of SSC and sought to find more commercial applications for its technology. This received limited interest from management or from the Swedish National Space Board who provided most of SSC’s funding. Instead, the strategy was to make use of funding from the Swedish Government and from the European Space Agency. But SSC’s management was also able to adapt and endorse commercial opportunities when these presented themselves, for example in exporting remote sensing to developing countries and for coast guard services. Rasch described how SSC and Satellitbild conducted several international remote sensing projects based on satellite data, mainly in Southeast Asia, Africa and the Baltic States (following the disintegration of the Soviet Union in the early 1990-ies). In particular, Rasch described the mapping of the natural conditions of the entire Philippines 1987-1988. This project was later used as proof of concept for how to use satellite remote sensing technology as part of development aid. In acquiring and conducting international projects, Rasch worked closely with the Swedish Commission for Technical Co-Operation (BITS), personnel within ministries of foreign affairs, and with regional agents. Sometimes, meetings in overseas countries and in the Kiruna region in northern Sweden presented surprising experiences for both international and Swedish personnel, which Rasch provides some detail about. Rasch’s project on the coastal regions of the Baltic Sea during the late 1990s was financed by the European Union. The emphasis of the project was on environmental aspects in the Baltic states and Poland. Björn and Rasch also discussed aspects of working as professional consultants on the international market. Rasch pointed out the necessity of correlating the degree of detail in the satellite data, and in products derived from this data, with the degree of detail that clients requested.

  • 289.
    Gärdebo, Johan
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Jan Englund: En intervju av Johan Gärdebo 18 januari 20182018Data set
    Abstract [en]

    The interview treats Jan Englund’s experiences of working at Esrange from the 1960s until 2001. Englund studied in Uppsala and worked during the summers with building roads in Norrbotten. Through this work, Englund eventually received offers to work at Esrange, which at the time was operated by the European Space Research Organisation (ESRO). In the 1970s, the Swedish Space Corporation (SSC) took over and nationalised Esrange, which meant that Esrange became a smaller working place for several years to come. Englund worked closely with the CEO Fredrik Engström to expand operations and facilities at Esrange, for example balloon activities, satellite data, rocket launches. Over time, Esrange became one of the sites in Sweden that received formal visits from politicians and royalty. SSC also based many of the expansions at Esrange on funding from theSwedish Government and regional financing from the County Board of Norrbotten. Kiruna in general attracted environmental research from all over the world, which increased the international profile of Esrange. Englund recalls negotiations from the early 1990s between the employees at Esrange and the SSC management in Solna. Esrange in turn had continuous negotiations with the Sami villages regarding reindeer herding on land around Esrange. By late 1990s, Esrange had received more international investments and also contracts with the Swedish Defence. This also changed the character of Esrange towardsmore security facilities.

  • 290.
    Gärdebo, Johan
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Klas Änggård: Ett samtal med Lennart Björn 18 Juni, 20122018Data set
    Abstract [en]

    The interview is a recording of a meeting between Klas Änggård and Lennart Björn regarding the importance of negotiations for expanding the activities of the Swedish Space Corporation (SSC). Among the European partners, Änggård considered the French CNES and Spot Image to have been very important allies to SSC forbuilding expertise in the areas of Remote Sensing and Earth Observation. Änggård emphasizes his own interest in mobilizing political support to allow SSC to promote and develop Swedish space activities in addition to yielding revenue and return on investment. When focus on revenue alone increased in the early 2000s, a process followed whereby considerable parts of SSC were divested.

  • 291.
    Gärdebo, Johan
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Klimatforskarna förvärrar utsläpp2015In: Svenska DagbladetArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 292.
    Gärdebo, Johan
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Leif Wastenson: En intervju av Johan Gärdebo 14 mars 20172018Data set
    Abstract [en]

    The interview treats Leif Leif Wastenson’s experiences from working with research on remote sensing from the late 1960s until late 1990s. Wastenson describes how the Department of Physical Geography at Stockholm University were one of the pioneers in mapping land forms, and later land uses, using remote sensing techniques. Wastenson had been able to conduct some of this work during his military service and would also go on to produce educational material as part of promoting geography in Swedish schools. During the 1970s, Wastenson became increasingly involved in aerial photography as a means to conduct remote sensing research, which led to the CORINE-project during the 1980s and the “Sweden’s National Atlas”during the 1990s. Wastenson was part of building up a large research group at the Department of Physical Geography, as well as a national communityof remote sensing researchers. One of the major national collaborations was RESE during the 1990s. Wastenson collaborated with several developers of remote sensing, most importantly the Swedish Land Survey, the Swedish Research Institute (FOA), and the Swedish Space Corporation (SSC). Of these, it was primarily the SSC that sought to promote satellite remote sensing as a means to a host of applications. Wastenson and his colleagues conducted several evaluations to verify the validity of different types of remote sensing. Wastenson also noted that the Swedish Land Survey could have played a larger role than it did in developing remote sensing.

  • 293.
    Gärdebo, Johan
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Mats Söderberg: En intervju av Johan Gärdebo 31 mars 20172018Data set
    Abstract [en]

    The interview treats Mats Söderberg’s experiences from developing remote sensing for military geography since the late 1970s until late 1990s. Söderberg began working with digital aerial photography analysis in combination with field reconnaissance. Söderberg primarily relied on the Swedish Land Survey for geographical information. In 1990 he became responsible for the Swedish Defence’s geographical information systems. It was in this role that he regularly had contact with other decision-makers, technicians, and sellers of remote sensing. Söderberg continued to regularly meet with the Land Survey, but also with the Swedish Space Corporation and its subsidiary Satellitbild AB. During the Balkan Wars, Söderberg demanded new applications of data, most notably by gathering data into databases and using them through geographical information systems (GIS) by the Swedish Armed Forces, which Söderberg was also responsible for. Söderberg primarily worked towards making GIS understandable and useful to military personnel who had little prior training in using digital material or computers. Söderberg later expanded these GIS services for use by all of the UN-forces operating in the Balkans. These international commitments made Swedish expertise in GISone of the most advanced in the world during the 1990s. Söderberg explains how the Swedish Armed Forces were completely dependent on civil producers, primarily the LandSurvey, for geographical information. It was primarily due to traditionalism within the Land Survey that other organisations, like Satellitbild, could compete with providing satellite remote sensing services. Söderberg also purchased services from international providers of geographical information. Söderberg eventually established new forums for geographical information that had relevance for the Swedish Armed Forces. Much of this work have since then been disbanded or integrated into the Land Survey and its commercial branch, Metria. It is only recently that the Swedish Armed Forces have begun reinstating its own military geographic units.

  • 294.
    Gärdebo, Johan
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Ny Teknik-journalisterna och jakten på sanningen om Tjernobyl2016In: Ny Teknik, , p. 1Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Grävande journalistik från Sverige avslöjade mer om vad som egentligen hade inträffat. Johan Gärdebo, doktorand i teknikhistoria vid KTH, berättar mer.

  • 295.
    Gärdebo, Johan
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Per Tegnér: En intervju av Johan Gärdebo 8 november 20172017Data set
    Abstract [en]

    In this interview, Per Tegnér describes his work from the 1970s with the Ministry of Industry that later led to his work with space activities. Tegnér worked since 1971 with restructuring various Swedish industries. Eventually he became involved in researchand development, which included space activities of the Swedish Space Corporation (SSC). In 1998, Tegnér was recruited as general director for the Swedish National Space Board (SNSB),which was partially due to recommendations of the current leadership of SSC who hoped that he would continue the close relations between the Swedish state and SSC. However, some timeafter Tegnér had worked as GD for SNSB, he began reforming its operations to be more clearly distinguished from that of SSC's interests. Tegnér also formalised the conduct of SNSB with respect Swedish researchers as well as to other state ministries and the Swedish Government. Tegnér worked to position Swedish space activities with respect not only to the European Space Agency (ESA) but also to the European Union (EU),which affected relations to other Nordic countries, most notably Norway, who were not members of EU. After Tegnér ended asgeneral director for SNSB in 2009, he continued working as consultant for ESA until 2014.

  • 296.
    Gärdebo, Johan
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Processing SPOT images, a Trojan horse for the Swedish space conquest2014In: New Perspectives on Global Environmental Images / [ed] Sebastian Grevsmühl, Paris, 2014, p. 37-38Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 297.
    Gärdebo, Johan
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Svenska bidrag till europeisk radarfjärranalys: Transkript av ett vittnesseminarium på Kungliga Tekniska högskolan i Stockholm den 13 november 20172018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    The    witness    seminar    “Svenska bidrag    till    europeisk radarfjärranalys”  (Swedish contributions  to European radar remote   sensing)   was   held   at   KTH   Royal   Institute   of    Technology  on  November  13, 2017,  and  was  led  by  Eva Cronström and Johan Gärdebo. The seminar focused on the development  of   radar  remote  sensing  from  the  1960s  until  the  early  2000s. While  the  US  had  developed  radar  satellites  since the 1960s, the international demonstrations did not take place until the launch of  Seasat in 1978. In Sweden, the major industries  Saab  and  Ericsson had  conducted  seminar-series on    space    technology    since the    1960s.    The    Swedish    government  agencies  have  over  the  years  provided  limited  funding,  primarily  through  the  Swedish  Board  for  Space  Activities, that served to catalyse subsequent initiatives from a number of  groups within academia and the industries. Apart from environmental problems there were several projects th at initially  had  been  funded  by  national  defence  organisations. The  mid-1970s  was  a  period  when  many  of   the  major  organisations  on  radar data began  collaborating.  The  most  prominent  developers  of   radar  remote  sensing  were  the  Swedish  National  Defence  Research  Institute  (FOA),  the  Swedish Space Corporation, Saab and Ericsson. The Swedish Coast    Guardand the    Swedish    Meteorological    and    Hydrological  Institute  were  the  main  users  of   radar data. Experiments  with  airborne  systems  provided  the  embryo  to  subsequent radar data  from  satellites.  While  the  US  Seasat  demonstrated uses   of  radar data,   it   also   made   visiblelimitations  for  European  influence  over  American  systems. The  European  Space  Agency  (ESA)  embarked  in  late  1970son developing its own radar data through the satellites ERS-1, and  -2,  and  later  Envisat.  Since  uses  for  satellite  radar datawere defined  as  experimental,  it  could  be  described  as  “a solution in search of  a problem”. During the 1980s and 1990s, the   Chalmers   University   of    Technology,   along   with   the   above-mentioned groups,  were  central  to  experiments  and  applications   of    European   radar   data,   most   notably   for   monitoring  in  support  of   icebreaking  and  winter  monitoringin   the   Baltic   Sea. These   efforts   also   provided   various opportunities for  Swedish  industry,  gave  Swedish  research  groups a central position in European organisations for radar data,   and   developed   methods   for   ground-truthing   and   understanding  of   what  radar data  contained  and  could  be  used  for.  By  the  1990s,  the  infrastructure  for  receiving  radar data  expanded.  Experiences  from  the  ERS-satellite  had  been  integrated  as  part  of   the  new  Envisat-programme,  as  well  as  in the parallel development for the airborne CARABAS. The research groups began applying for more sources of  funding,which brought them closer to operational users, like the Coast Guard and the forest industry. This later led to new research questions,   for   example   how   to   study   stem   volume   and   biomass  of   forests,  and  subsequently  the  initiation  of   the  European  satellite  programme BIOMASS.  The  development  of  radar data  has seen  initiatives  on  the  ground,  on  airborne  systems,  and  on  satellites  that  all  remain  relevant  at  present.  Since the   time   for   developing   systems   are   very   long,   sometimes more than a decade, many applications often find their use first on airborne systems and later on satellites. With greater openness in data policy since the 1990s, there are also more  commercial  activities  downstream  for  data  uses.  The  Swedish  research  groups’  involvement  in  new  instruments and  applications  has stimulated  industry  directions,  financing by   SAAB   of   academic   positions,   and established   ESA’s   receiving   station   in   Kiruna.   In   sum,   the   efforts   havestrengthened Sweden’s  role  in  political-  and  climate  relateddiscussions regarding use of  radar remote sensing.

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  • 298.
    Gärdebo, Johan
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Buurman, Tom
    Perez-Ramos, Maria Isabel
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Svensson, Anna
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Introduction to Social Media in the Anthropocene2017In: Resilience: A Journal of the Environmental Humanities, Vol. 5, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 299.
    Gärdebo, Johan
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Helsing, Daniel
    Svensson, Anna
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Brenthel, Adam
    We Don't Need No Education: A Case Study for Situating the Environmental Humanities2014In: Resilience: A Journal of the Environmental Humanities, ISSN 2330-8117, Vol. 1, no 3, p. 42-53Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 300.
    Gärdebo, Johan
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Löwenborg, Daniel
    Smallholding Travel in the Agrarian Revolution: Using a Farmer Diary to Map Spatio-temporal Patterns in Late Nineteenth Century Sweden2016In: International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing, ISSN 1753-8548, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 179-204Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is an exploratory study using a smallholding diary and GIS to project the spatio-temporal pattern of a smallholding's travel in late nineteenth century Sweden. Through time-series of smallholding's daily diary notes, we develop an understanding for how smallholders adjusted to and participated in Swedish government policy, which resulted in the process termed 'agrarian revolution'. Between 1872-1892, Tomtas Smallholding altered its spatio-temporal patterns from seasonal travels to production according to market demands and along new lines of transportation like railways. While the smallholding also used railways to visit distant places, it was primarily their produce that travelled further unto international markets. This also influenced the smallholding demography, from an extended household towards a nuclear family. As market demands shifted from subsistence to dairy products, the smallholding contracted primarily female farm servants due to their specialisation in milking.

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