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  • 251.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Andersson, Martin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Högberg, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Corporate Governance Structure, Legal Origin and Firm Performance: A Comparative margnial Q-Analysis of Taiwan, HongKong and Sweden2007Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 252.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Andersson, Åke E.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Johansson, Börje
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Kommunal markskatt är mycket bättre2006In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, Vol. 22 septemberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 253.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Bohman, Helena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Institutional Framework and Ownership in the Swedish Newspaper Sector: Implications for profitability and pluralism2004In: Transatlantic Perspectives on Liberalization and Democratic Governance, Munster: Lit Verlag , 2004, p. 40-57Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 254.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Bohman, Helena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Ownership, control and performance in the most actively traded companies on Stockholm stock exchange: A comparison between 1999 and 20012006In: Corporate ownership & control, ISSN 1727-9232, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 146-155Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 255.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Domeij, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet.
    Horn, Anna
    Stockholms universitet.
    Sverige måste hantera patent snabbare2015In: Svenska Dagbladet, Vol. 13 novemberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 256.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Domeij, Bengt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Horn, Anna
    Stockholm University.
    Swedish patent litigation in comparison to European2015In: NIR: Nordiskt immateriellt rättsskydd, ISSN 0027-6723, no 5, p. 504-522Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 257.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Domeij, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet, Juridiska institutionen.
    Horn, Anna
    IPQ IP Specialists.
    Swedish Patent Litigation Survey of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises2017In: Nordic Intellectual Property Review, ISSN 0027-6723, no 3, p. 234-248Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What are the opinions of small and medium-sized enterprises with experience of Swedish patent litigation? We offer description and analysis from a 2016 inter-view survey of nine small and medium-sized enterprises that had been involved in Swedish patent litigation on infringement and/or invalidity. Our results show that the companies are of the opinion that the proceedings were too slow and costly. They financed the litigation mainly with their own resources. Insur-ance played only a minor role. We also find that the proceedings seem to have affected their position in the market in terms of customers, suppliers and banks. Half the small and medium sized companies after the litigation had a reduced propensity to patent and almost all are less inclined to engage in future Swedish patent litigation.

  • 258.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Dzansi, James
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Remittances and Investment2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 259.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Dzansi, James
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Palmberg, Johanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Investment Performance of Swedish Liesed Family Firms2007In: 8th Workshop in Corp9rate Governance and Invesetment, 2007Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 260.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Eklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Property rights and the cost of capital2015In: European Journal of Law and Economics, ISSN 0929-1261, E-ISSN 1572-9990, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 523-537Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In countries with more secure property rights, the cost of capital is lower, suggesting higher investment rates. Using data from 49 countries we extend the conventional capital-asset pricing model (CAPM) to include a property rights risk-factor. In the conventional CAPM model only a single risk factor—systemic risk—is considered. However, when using a world market portfolio to estimate systemic risk in national portfolios, little of the required rate of return is explained in less developed as compared to more developed countries. Adding a factor representing institutional risk increases predictive power substantially. Further, we find that property rights affect the transmission of information, which suggests that markets price information differently, and allocate resources less efficiently, in countries with less secure property rights. We find that the CAPM model performs better in countries with more secure property rights.

  • 261.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Eklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Svenska storföretag måste höja sina aktieutdelningar2010In: Dagens Industri, Vol. 6 aprilArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 262.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Eklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    The cost of legal uncertainty: The impact of insecure property rights on cost of capital2009In: The Modern Firm, Corporate Governance and Investment / [ed] Per-Olof Bjuggren, Dennis C. Mueller, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar , 2009, p. 167-184Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 263.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Eklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Turnover and mobility of firms and establishments in the Swedish service sector: A structural survey2006In: Entrepreneurship and Dynamics in the Knowledge Economy, New York: Routledge , 2006, p. 149-166Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 264.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Eklund, Johan E.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Cost of Legal Uncertainty: The Impact of Insecure Property Rights on Capital Costs2005In: the 22nd Annual Conference of the European Association of Law and Economics, Ljubjljana, Slovenia, 2005Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 265.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Eklund, Johan E.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Wiberg, Daniel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Instutional Owners and teh Return on Investments2007In: the 9th Annual Conference on European Integration Mölle Sweden, May 22-25, 2007Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 266.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Eklund, Johan E.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Wiberg, Daniel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Ownership structure, control and firm performance: The effects of vote-differentiated shares2007In: Applied Financial Economics, ISSN 0960-3107, E-ISSN 1466-4305, Vol. 17, no 6, p. 1323-1334Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 267.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Eklund, Johan E.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Wiberg, Daniel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Ändra hellre skattereglerna än lex Leo2007In: Dagens Industri, ISSN 0346-640X, Vol. 24 aprilArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 268.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Eklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Wiberg, Daniel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Ownership, Control and Performance in Swedish Listed Companies2004In: The Annual Conference of the International Society for New Institutional Economics: Tucson, Arizona, 2004, 2004Conference paper (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper contributes to the literature of ownership, control and performance by exploring these relationships for Swedish listed companies (1997-2002). A marginal q will be used as measures of economic performance. Marginal q was presented in an article by Mueller and Reardon in 1993 and has recently been used in empirical studies of ownership and performance by among others Gugler and Yurtoglu (2003). Frequently an average Tobin’s q is used in studies of this type, but Tobin’s q has a number of disadvantages which can be circumvented by employing a marginal q. In addition to marginal q estimations have been made with the valuation ratio as performance measure. The valuation ratio is interesting from a theoretical viewpoint, as it is an efficiency measure that plays a central role in Marris (1964) growth model of the firm. It is also easy to compute and is related to Tobin´s q. This study adds to earlier studies by using Swedish data with its specificities in form of pyramid ownership and a vote differential. The relationships between the two performance measures and different ownership characteristics like ownership concentration and foreign ownership is investigated. We find that firms, on average, are making inferior investment decisions and that the Swedish corporate governance system have some efficiency drawbacks.

  • 269.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Johansson, Dan
    Du Rietz, Gunnar
    3.12-reglerna: en ekonomisk analys2007In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, no 7, p. 18-30Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 270.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Laufer, Michel Elmoznino
    The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Startups, financing and geography – findings from a survey2018In: Geography, open innovation and entrepreneurship / [ed] U. Gråsjö, C. Karlsson, & I. Bernhard, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, p. 257-284Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 271.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Melin, Leif
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Ericsson, Anders
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Hall, Annika
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Haag, Kajsa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Nordqvist, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, EMM (Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Management). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Ägarskiften och ledarskiften i företag: En fördjupad analys2004Book (Other academic)
  • 272.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Mueller, Dennis, C.University of Vienna, Austria.
    The Modern Firm, Corporate Governance and Investment2009Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 273.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Nordström, Louise
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Palmberg, Johanna
    Department of Economics, Södertörn University, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Are female leaders more efficient in family firms than in non-family firms?2018In: Corporate Governance : The International Journal of Effective Board Performance, ISSN 1472-0701, E-ISSN 1758-6054, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 185-205Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of this study is to investigate whether female leaders are more efficient in family firms than in non-family firms.

    Design/methodology/approach: This paper uses a unique database of ownership and leadership in private Swedish firms that makes it possible to analyze differences in firm performance due to female leadership in family and non-family firms. The analysis is based on survey data merged with micro-level data on Swedish firms. Only firms with five or more employees are included in the analysis. The sample contains more than 1,000 firms.

    Findings: The descriptive statistics show that there are many more male than female corporate leaders. However, the regression analysis indicates that female leadership has a much more positive impact on the performance of family firms than on that for non-family firms, where the effect is ambiguous.

    Originality/value: Comparative studies examining the impact of female leadership on firm-level performance in family and non-family firms are rare, and those that exist are most often either qualitative or focused on large, listed firms. By investigating the role of female directors in family and non-family firms, the study adds to the literature on management, corporate governance and family firms. 

  • 274.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Palmberg, Johanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    A contractual perspective of the firm with an application to the maritime Industry2009In: The Modern Firm, Corporate Governance and Investment, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar , 2009, 1, p. 63-81Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 275.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Palmberg, Johanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    A Contractual Perspective of the Firm with an Application to the Maritime Industry2007Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 276.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Palmberg, Johanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Swedish Listed Family Firms and Entrepreneurial Spirit2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 277.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Palmberg, Johanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Swedish Listed Family Firms and Entrepreneurial Spirit2008Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 278.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Palmberg, Johanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Swedish Listed Family Firms and the Entrepreneurial Spirit2007In: 3rd EIASM Workshop on Family Firm Management Research, 2007Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 279.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Palmberg, Johanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    The Impact of Vote Differentiation on Investment Performance in Listed Family Firms2010In: Family Business Review, ISSN 0894-4865, E-ISSN 1741-6248, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 327-340Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates the effects of separation of ownership and control because of vote differentiation on listed family firms’ investment performance. The authors study the question of whether family-controlled firms have better investment performance than nonfamily firms and whether this investment performance is negatively affected by a separation of ownership and control because of vote differentiation. Marginal q is used as a performance measure. The empirical analysis shows that family control has a positive impact on investment performance when ownership and control are aligned, whereas separation of ownership and control in terms of vote-differentiated shares reduce investment performance.

  • 280.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Sund, Lars-Göran
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    A Transaction Cost Rationale for Transition of the Firm within the Family2002In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 123-133Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 281.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Sund, Lars-Göran
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Organisering av generationsskifte i små och medelstora familjeföretag2003In: Skattenytt, ISSN 0346-1254, no 7-8, p. 527-Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 282.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Sund, Lars-Göran
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Organization of transfers of small and medium-sized enterprises within the family: Tax law considerations2005In: Family Business Review, ISSN 0894-4865, E-ISSN 1741-6248, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 305-319Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 283.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Sund, Lars-Göran
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Strategic Decision Making in Intergenerational Successions of Small- and Medium-Size Family-Owned Businesses2001In: Family Business Review, ISSN 0894-4865, E-ISSN 1741-6248, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 11-23Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 284.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Wiberg, Daniel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Industry Specific Effects in Investment Performance and Valuation of Firms2008In: Empirica, ISSN 0340-8744, E-ISSN 1573-6911, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 279-291Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 285.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Wiberg, Daniel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership.
    Ownership, Succession and Entrepreneurship in an Aging Society: Is There a Transition Problem?2009In: Innovation, Agglomeration and Regional Competition / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Börje Johansson & Roger R. Stough, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2009, p. 57-76Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 286.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Nystedt, Paul
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Sternäng, Ola
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change (SCOHOS).
    Education level explains participation in work and education later in life2017In: Educational gerontology, ISSN 0360-1277, E-ISSN 1521-0472, Vol. 43, no 10, p. 511-521Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A prolonged working life is crucial for sustaining social welfare and fiscal stability for countries facing ageing populations. The group of older adults is not homogeneous; however, differences within the group may affect the propensity to continue working and to participate in continuing education. The aim of this paper is to explore how participation in work and education vary with gender, age, and education level in a sample of older adults. The study was performed in Sweden, a context characterized by high female labour-market-participation rates and a high average retirement age. The participants were 232 members of four of the major senior citizens? organizations. We found no differences in participation in work and education based on gender. People older than 75 years were found to be as active as people 65?75 years old in education, but the older group worked less. There were positive associations between education level and participation in both work and education. Hence, this study implies that socio-economic inequalities along these dimensions are widened later in life. This highlights the importance of engaging workers with lower education levels in educational efforts throughout life. It also emphasizes the need for true lifelong learning in society.

  • 287.
    Björklund Carlstedt, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Brushammar, Gunilla
    Jönköping University, The University Library.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Nystedt, Paul
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Nilsson, Gunilla
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    A scoping review of the incentives for a prolonged work life after pensionable age and the importance of “bridge employment”2018In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 60, no 2, p. 175-189Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: With a growing share of older people in almost every population, discussions are being held worldwide about how to guarantee welfare in the immediate future. Different solutions are suggested, but in this article the focus is on the need to keep older employees active in the labor market for a prolonged time.

    Objective: The aim was to find out and describe the incentives at three system levels for older people 1) wanting, 2) being able, and 3) being allowed to work.

    Material: The literature search embraced articles from the databases Scopus, PsycInfo, Cinahl, AgeLine and Business Source Premier, from May 2004 until May 2016. After the removal of 507 duplicates, the selection and analysis started with the 1331 articles that met the search criteria. Of these, 58 articles corresponded with the research questions.

    Method: The design was a ‘scoping review’ of the research area bridge employment and prolonged work life.

    Results: The results show that most investigations are conducted on individual-level predictors, research on organizational-level predictors is more scattered, and societal-level predictor information is scarce.

    Conclusions: Attitudes and behavior according to a prolonged work life could be summarized as dependent on good health, a financial gain in combination with flexible alternative working conditions.

  • 288.
    Björkman, Adam
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Rodriguez, Oscar Andres
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Migration in the European Union: Determinants and Effects of Enlargement2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an empirical analysis of the determinants of migration in the European Union with a focus on how enlargements and labour market restrictions affect migration flows. As of 2017, there are five potential candidates that can be part of the next enlargement. Therefore, it is important to analyse if the migration patterns changed with the expansion of the European Union in 2004 and 2007. In the analysis, we estimate the bilateral migration flows from ten origin countries to eleven destination countries in the period 1997-2014 by means of panel least squares. As a theoretical framework, we use the gravity model of migration to analyse the flows while assuming that individuals migrate based on a cost-benefit analysis. The results from the analysis indicate that the migration flows increased significantly in the years that the labour market restrictions were removed. Furthermore, the results from the EU enlargement show a positive effect on migration, although they are not significant across all specifications.

  • 289.
    Blomberg, Camilla
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Commercial and Consumer Credit in Russia: A case study and comparative analysis of five international companies2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Consumer credit has become increasingly popular in Russia over the past few years. With the rapid growth of lending to individuals and companies, the need for accumulation of credit histories and information, collection services of bad debts, and credit insurance and financing also become of increased importance.

    It was found in this thesis that the larger credit limit given to corporate clients, the greater will the loss be if there is a default and the money cannot be collected. Giving credit to a small number of customers also increases the concentration of the risk.

    The opportunity to diversify in consumer credit is, however, limited because of the geo-graphic concentration of the customers, and the macro economic risk cannot be elimi-nated. Credit periods in consumer credit are in general longer, leading to higher uncertainty of payment and hence higher exposure to risk. Personal relationships are not established with customers in consumer credit, which are argued to act as “insurances” in corporate credit.

    Consumer credit is more common among international companies, leading to better offers and more flexibility in the service. Insurers of corporate credit have a restrictive policy with higher premiums and more administrative work, which is less attractive for companies to take on. Creditors also have to share the risk with insurance companies, often having to pay more than 15 percent of a default.

    With respect to what was mentioned above, it was concluded in this thesis that the risk of giving credit to individuals does not necessary have to be higher than that of corporate cli-ents, but that the terms of the contract is more favourable for the creditor in consumer credit.

  • 290. Blum, U.
    et al.
    Haynes, K
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Regional and Urban Effects of High Speed Trains: Introduction to the Special Issue1997In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 1-20Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 291.
    Bo, Pingjing
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Manduchi, Agostino
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Disclosure-based price discrimination by information exchange platforms2017In: Information Economics and Policy, ISSN 0167-6245, E-ISSN 1873-5975, Vol. 41, p. 54-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Consumers often face a trade off when considering whether to share more information with firms - for example, by letting an app access their list of contacts, location or browsing history. More precise information can help the sellers to make more targeted offers, and can yield multiple relevant offers and lower prices. However, information disclosure can entail costs via identity theft, fraud, extortion etc. In this paper, we explore this trade-off in a model in which a monopoly platform can gather personal customer information, and offer it to other sellers. The consumers differ relatively to their aversion to information disclosure, and the platform can offer them menus with different disclosure levels. In equilibrium, options featuring greater disclosure levels command a premium, and information about the consumers choosing them is sold to the sellers at a lower price. If we compare scenarios with alternative menus, a greater number of options corresponds to a greater average disclosure level and a greater surplus. If the potential surplus from the induced exchanges is relatively large, equilibrium with a binary menu features levels of the platform’s profit and the surplus close to those achieved with a continuum of offers.

    The full text will be freely available from 2019-09-02 08:00
  • 292.
    Bo, Pingjing
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Manduchi, Agostino
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Informative transactions, disclosure and privacy2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates a model in which a monopolist obtains information about her customers’ preferences by delivering her product, and can disclose the same information to other sellers, at a price. More refined information is a more effective facilitator of further exchanges, and boosts competition among the sellers using it, but entails a greater nuisance for the consumers. The actual nuisance implied by any given disclosure level differs across consumers. The monopolist makes two alternative offers. In equilibrium, the prices can induce too many consumers to choose the low disclosure-offer, the disclosure levels can be inconsistent with surplus maximization, and the average disclosure level is lower than the surplus-maximizing one. A lower proportional participation of the monopolist in the profits from the induced exchanges typically entails more differentiated disclosure levels; the response of the average level is non-monotonic. The high disclosure-offer can feature a higher price, due to the higher probability of further trade and to the more intense competition among the sellers.

  • 293.
    Boca, Gleba
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Financial Development, Institutions and Economic Growth: An Empirical Evidence2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    What is the impact of financial development on economic growth and how institutional quality affects the role of financial development on economic growth? This thesis attempts to answer to these questions using a fixed effects estimation and two-step GMM estimator on a panel dataset of 93 countries from 2000-2007. The preposition is that financial sector development increases the availability of extra finance thereby increasing firms investment, which is essential for economic growth.

    The findings suggest that bank credit has anegative impact on economic growth. However when interacted with protection of property rights, bank credit has a positive impact economic growth. Additionally results further indicate that stock market capitalization is important for economic growth. For Countries that exhibit low levels of protection of property rights, stock market capitalization has a negative impact but countries that exhibit high protection of property rights the impact of stock market capitalization on growth is positive.

  • 294.
    Bohman, Helena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Everybody knows?: Media, Information, and ExportsManuscript (Other academic)
  • 295.
    Bohman, Helena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Income Destribution and the Diffusion of Networks: An Empirical Study of Brazilian Telecommunications2008In: Telecommunications Policy, ISSN 0308-5961, E-ISSN 1879-3258, Vol. 32, no 9-10, p. 600-614Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 296.
    Bohman, Helena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Stranger in a Strange land: The effect of international immigration on Swedish exports and importsManuscript (Other academic)
  • 297.
    Bohman, Helena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Trade, Knowledge and Income Distribution2008Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of four independent essays which address two main areas of research. The first area deals with the role of income distribution in economic transactions. The first paper in the thesis, Knowing me, Knowing you, suggests a new method of incorporating income distribution into international trade analysis. The method suggested provides a way to compare the distribution of income between two countries, and this is used to proxy demand similarities between the countries in question. The article Income Distribution and the diffusion of networks analyzes the impact of income distribution on the diffusion of fixed telecommunications in Brazil by showing how income distribution affects aggregate demand.

    The second line of research has to do with the impact of information on international trade. Insufficient information generates transaction costs, and in order to reduce costs it may be preferable to trade with known partners. The article Everybody knows? focuses on news flows as an explanatory variable in trade models. The determinants of news flows are estimated in a gravity model and subsequently in a structural equation model of international trade. The results suggest that information flow is an important determinant of international trade, but that traditional variables used in gravity models, such as income level and distance, also can be interpreted as taking information into account. Finally, the chapter Stranger in a strange land addresses the effects of international migration on explaining international trade patterns. The results reveal that immigration to Sweden has had a positive and robust effect on Swedish exports.

  • 298.
    Bohman, Helena
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Nilsson, Désirée
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Income Inequality as a Determinant of Trade Flows2007In: International Journal of Applied Economics, ISSN 1548-0003, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 40-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Consumer studies have a long tradition of incorporating non-homothetic preferences in their models, whereas this has been very uncommon in studies of international trade. We use a model from Mitra and Trindade (2005) to set up a gravity model in which we include income distribution measures as explanatory variables for the exporting as well as for the importing countries. Our results indicate that non-homothetic preferences significantly affect both exports and imports.

  • 299.
    Bohman, Helena
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Nilsson, Désirée
    Swedish Institute for Transport and Communication Analysis.
    Knowing me, Knowing you: A new approach of assessing the Linder hypothesisManuscript (Other academic)
  • 300. Bohne, Eberhard
    et al.
    Karlsson, CharlieJönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Repositioning Europe and America for Growth: The Role of Governments and Pri­vate Actors in Key Policy Areas2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
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